CN1828760B - Information recording medium and reproduction device - Google Patents

Information recording medium and reproduction device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1828760B
CN1828760B CN 200610068300 CN200610068300A CN1828760B CN 1828760 B CN1828760 B CN 1828760B CN 200610068300 CN200610068300 CN 200610068300 CN 200610068300 A CN200610068300 A CN 200610068300A CN 1828760 B CN1828760 B CN 1828760B
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area
defect management
recording
information
recorded
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CN 200610068300
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1828760A (en
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吉田昌义
幸田健志
片多启二
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日本先锋公司
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Priority to JP2003-207281 priority
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Priority to CN200480023164.02004.07.22 priority
Publication of CN1828760A publication Critical patent/CN1828760A/en
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Publication of CN1828760B publication Critical patent/CN1828760B/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B20/1883Methods for assignment of alternate areas for defective areas
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/02Editing, e.g. varying the order of information signals recorded on, or reproduced from, record carriers
    • G11B27/031Electronic editing of digitised analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals
    • G11B27/034Electronic editing of digitised analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals on discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/11Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information not detectable on the record carrier
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/19Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier
    • G11B27/28Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording
    • G11B27/32Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording on separate auxiliary tracks of the same or an auxiliary record carrier
    • G11B27/327Table of contents
    • G11B27/329Table of contents on a disc [VTOC]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B2020/10861Finalising a record carrier after a recording operation, e.g. to ensure compatibility with a ROM medium
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B2020/10898Overwriting or replacing recorded data
    • G11B2020/10907Overwriting or replacing recorded data using pseudo-overwriting, i.e. virtually or logically overwriting data on WORM media by remapping recorded blocks to alternate areas
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B20/1816Testing
    • G11B2020/1823Testing wherein a flag is set when errors are detected or qualified
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B20/1816Testing
    • G11B2020/1826Testing wherein a defect list or error map is generated
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B2020/1873Temporary defect structures for write-once discs, e.g. TDDS, TDMA or TDFL
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/18Error detection or correction; Testing, e.g. of drop-outs
    • G11B20/1883Methods for assignment of alternate areas for defective areas
    • G11B2020/1893Methods for assignment of alternate areas for defective areas using linear replacement to relocate data from a defective block to a non-contiguous spare area, e.g. with a secondary defect list [SDL]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/21Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc is of read-only, rewritable, or recordable type
    • G11B2220/215Recordable discs
    • G11B2220/218Write-once discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/23Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc has a specific layer structure
    • G11B2220/235Multilayer discs, i.e. multiple recording layers accessed from the same side
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/23Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc has a specific layer structure
    • G11B2220/235Multilayer discs, i.e. multiple recording layers accessed from the same side
    • G11B2220/237Multilayer discs, i.e. multiple recording layers accessed from the same side having exactly two recording layers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/25Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc is based on a specific recording technology
    • G11B2220/2537Optical discs
    • G11B2220/2562DVDs [digital versatile discs]; Digital video discs; MMCDs; HDCDs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/60Solid state media
    • G11B2220/65Solid state media wherein solid state memory is used for storing indexing information or metadata

Abstract

An information recording medium is provided with: a user data area for recording therein record data; a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily recording therein defect management information which is a basis of defect management for a defect in the data area; and a flag area for recording therein distinction information for distinguishing a temporary defect management areain which the defect management information that is effective is recorded, from the plurality of temporary defect management areas, the distinction information being recorded as a type of a combination pattern of an area set to be in a recorded condition and an area left to be in an unrecorded condition according to a predetermined rule, in the flag area.

Description

记录装置和重放装置 Apparatus for recording and reproducing apparatus

[0001] 本申请是PCT/JP2004/010771的分案申请。 [0001] The present application is a divisional application PCT / JP2004 / 010771 is. 技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及一种信息记录介质、用于将记录数据记录到信息记录介质上的记录装置和记录方法、用于对记录在信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放的重放装置和重放方法、用于控制记录或重放的计算机程序、以及包括用于控制记录或重放的控制信号的数据结构。 [0002] The present invention relates to an information recording medium for recording data to the recording apparatus and a recording method on an information recording medium, means for reproducing the record data recorded on the information recording medium is reproduced and reproducing method, a computer program for controlling record or reproduction, and a data structure including a control signal for controlling the recording or reproduction.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 作为可改善将记录数据记录在诸如光盘、磁盘、以及磁光盘这样的高密度记录介质上并读取该记录数据的可靠性的技术,存在缺陷管理。 [0003] As can improve the reliability of recording data in techniques such as the recording medium and reads data such as high-density recording optical disks, magnetic disks, and magneto-optical disks, there is defect management. 也就是说,当记录介质上存在划痕或粉尘或者磨损(被整体称为“缺陷”)时,将要记录在或者已记录在该缺陷位置上的数据记录在记录介质的另一区域(被称为“备用区”)中。 That is, when there are scratches or dusts, or worn on a recording medium (to be referred to as integral "defect"), will be recorded in the recorded data on the position of the defect is recorded in another area on the recording medium, or (referred to It is a "spare area") in. 按照这种方式,通过将由于该缺陷而可能不完全或者不完善记录的或者读取的记录数据撤离到备用区,可改善记录及读取记录数据的可靠性(参考公开号为NO. Hei 11-185390的日本专利申请)。 In this manner, by recording the evacuation data into the spare area due to the defect or imperfection may not be fully recorded or read, a recording and reading can improve the reliability of recording data (the reference number Publication NO. Hei 11 -185,390 Japanese patent application).

[0004] 通常,形成了缺陷列表以执行缺陷管理。 [0004] In general, a defect list is formed to perform defect management. 在该缺陷列表上,存在有记录的用于表示缺陷在记录介质上的位置的地址信息以及这样的地址信息,该地址信息用于表示要记录在或者已记录在缺陷位置上的数据要撤离到的备用区中的位置(例如,备用区中的记录位置)。 On the defect list, there are recorded address information for indicating a position of a defect on the recording medium, and address information such as, for indicating the address information to be recorded or already recorded at the position of the defect data to be evacuated to the position of the spare area (e.g. a recording position in the spare area).

[0005] 通常,当执行用于对记录介质进行初始化或者记录文件系统数据等等的初始逻辑格式时形成了缺陷列表。 [0005] In general, a defect list is formed when performing a recording medium for recording the file system data is initialized or the like initial logical format. 当将记录数据记录在记录介质上时也形成了缺陷列表。 When recording data on a recording medium, the defect list is also formed. 当若干次的对记录数据进行记录和重写时,每当对记录数据进行记录和重写并且检测到缺陷区域时或者每当记录数据撤离到备用区时,则形成或者更新缺陷列表。 When several data records in the recording and rewriting, every time the recording data is recorded and rewritten and a defect area is detected, or when evacuated into the spare area, the defect list is formed or updated whenever the record data. 此外,当从记录介质中重放出记录数据时,可形成缺陷列表。 Further, when the reproduce recording data from the recording medium, the defect list can be formed. 例如,如果预定数目的或更多的数据是当对记录数据进行重放时就记录数据的预定单元(例如扇区单元或簇单元)而言已进行了错误校正,那么判断出或确定出记录数据的预定单元是这样的缺陷,该缺陷不是在将来可进行错误校正并且将成为撤离的目标。 For example, if a predetermined number or more data when reproducing the record data recorded on a predetermined data unit (e.g. a sector unit or a cluster unit) has been in terms of error correction, it is judged or determined that the recording the predetermined unit of data is a defect, the defect can not perform error correction and a target future evacuation. 如上所述,每当记录数据撤离到备用区时,则形成或更新缺陷列表。 As described above, each time recording the evacuation data into the spare area, is formed or updated defect list.

[0006] 当将记录数据记录到记录介质上时,参考缺陷列表。 [0006] When data is recorded onto a recording medium, referring to the defect list. 这可将记录数据记录在记录介质上远离缺陷的位置。 This record data is recorded away from the position of the defect on the recording medium. 另一方面,当对记录在记录介质上的记录数据进行重放或读取时, 也参考该缺陷列表。 On the other hand, when the record data recorded on the recording medium is reproduced or read, also referring to the defect list. 根据该缺陷列表,这可安全的读取记录在正常记录区域中的记录数据以及因为存在缺陷而记录在备用区中的记录数据。 According to the defect list, which can be safely read recording data in a normal recording area and the recording because of a defect in the spare area data.

[0007] 如果缺陷列表是由用于记录数据的记录装置本身来管理的,那么通常将缺陷列表记录在记录介质上的下述特定区域中,所述特定区域是形成或更新缺陷列表的目标。 [0007] If the defect list by recording means for recording the management data to itself, the defect list is generally recorded in the following specific area on the recording medium, is formed in the specific region or the target update defect list. 当对记录在记录介质上的记录数据进行重放时或者当对其它记录数据进行重写或进行附加记录(即一次写入)时,从记录介质中读取该缺陷列表。 When recording data on the recording medium is reproduced or when other record data is rewritten or additionally recorded (i.e. written once), the defect list is read from the recording medium. 此后读取装置在读取操作中或者重放装置在重放操作中参考该缺陷列表。 After reading means in a read operation or a reproducing apparatus with reference to the defect list in the reproducing operation. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 如果缺陷列表是由记录装置来管理的,那么将缺陷列表记录在记录介质的特定区域中。 [0008] If the defect list is managed by the recording apparatus, the defect list recorded in a specific area of ​​the recording medium. 例如,就利用蓝色激光的可重写型光盘而言,将缺陷列表记录在该盘片的导入区或导出区中保留的预定区域中(以下简称为“缺陷管理区”)。 For example, for a rewritable optical disc using a blue laser, the defect list recorded in a predetermined area reserved for the disc lead-in area or lead-out area (hereinafter referred to as "defect management area"). 此后,还将最初记录在缺陷位置上的记录数据记录到记录介质上的特定区域中。 Thereafter, the recording data will be the initial position of the defect is recorded to a specific area on the recording medium.

[0009] 如上所述,每当对记录数据进行记录和重写并且在该位置找到了缺陷区域时或者每当记录数据撤离到备用区时,则更新该缺陷列表。 [0009] As described above, each time recording data is recorded and rewritten and a defect area found in this position, or whenever the record data is evacuated to the spare area, the defect list is updated. 此后,在通过记录数据的记录和重写来对缺陷列表进行更新之后的适当时间,将该缺陷列表覆盖或附加的记录(即一次写入) 到作为记录和重写目标的记录介质上的缺陷管理区中。 Thereafter, the recording by overwriting and after an appropriate time to update the defect list, the defect list recorded or additional coverage (i.e., write-once) recording and rewriting the defect on the recording medium, the recording data target management area. 此外,还将最初记录到缺陷所处位置上的记录数据覆盖到或附加的记录(即一次写入)到记录介质的特定区域中。 Further, the defect cover will initially recorded location data recorded on the recording or additional (i.e. written once) into the specific area of ​​the recording medium.

[0010] 仅在记录介质是可重写型的情况下可实现通过对其进行重写来更新缺陷列。 [0010] Only in the recording medium is a rewritable-type case may be implemented to update the defect list by rewriting them. 在记录介质是所谓的诸如一次写入型光盘这样的“一次写入型信息记录介质”的情况下,在对缺陷列表进行更新之后,例如在适当时间将更新的缺陷列表附加的记录(即一次写入)到信息记录介质上的新的未记录或空白区域中。 In the recording medium is a so-called time such as "write-once type information recording medium" in the case of write-optical disc, after the defect list is updated, for example, at the appropriate time to update the additional defect list recording (i.e., primary written) to a new unrecorded or blank area on the information recording medium.

[0011] 然而,如果附加的记录(即一次写入)缺陷列表,那么在重放的过程中很难或者不可能判断出最新缺陷列表记录在记录介质上的位置,并且需要彻底地搜索用于记录缺陷列表的保留区。 [0011] However, if additional recording (i.e., write once) defect list, then the reproduction process is judged impossible or difficult latest defect list recorded on the recording medium positions and a thorough search for record defect reserved area of ​​the list. 并且,甚至对于用于记录缺陷列表的保留区分散在多个点的记录介质而言,需要按照相同的方式来彻底搜索多个区域。 And, even for recording a defect list for a reserved area of ​​the recording medium is dispersed in terms of a plurality of points, in the same manner required to completely search for a plurality of regions.

[0012] 在这种环境下,尤其是在诸如光盘这样的高密度记录介质中,存在这样的问题,即对最新缺陷列表进行搜索所需的时间长度增加了并且因此重放或记录的效率降低了。 [0012] In this environment, especially at high-density recording medium such as an optical disk, there is a problem, i.e., the latest defect list length of time required to search for increased efficiency and thus recording or reproduction is reduced a.

[0013] 因此本发明的一个目的就是提供一种可对其上的已更新缺陷列表进行有效搜索的信息记录介质、一种用于将记录数据记录到信息记录介质上的记录装置和记录方法、一种用于对记录在信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放的重放装置和重放方法、一种用于记录装置或重放装置的计算机程序、以及包括用于控制记录或重放的控制信号的数据结构。 [0013] It is therefore an object of the present invention is to provide a on which the updated defect list information recording medium effective search, a method for recording data to the recording apparatus and a recording method on an information recording medium, a method for recording data on an information recording medium and reproducing apparatus performs reproduction method for reproducing a recording apparatus for reproducing a computer program or device, and comprises means for controlling the recording or reproducing of signal control data structure.

[0014](信息记录介质) [0014] (information recording medium)

[0015] 本发明的上述目的是通过这样一种信息记录介质来实现的,该信息记录介质上具有:数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将缺陷管理信息记录在其中,所述缺陷管理信息是对所述数据区中的缺陷进行缺陷管理的基础;以及标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,在所述标志区中,根据预定规则,将该区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型。 [0015] The object of the present invention is achieved by such an information recording medium, the information recording medium has: a data area for recording data therein; a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily wherein the defect management information is recorded, the defect management information is the defect in the data area defect management basis; and a flag area for recording therein distinction information, the distinction information from said plurality temporary defect management area in which the difference between the effective defect management information recorded within a temporary defect management area, the flag area, according to a predetermined rule, the distinction information is recorded is set as the area in the recorded state is left as the type region in the unrecorded state of the combination pattern.

[0016] 根据本发明的信息记录介质,将下述记录数据记录到数据区中,所述记录数据主要是重放或执行的目标并且包括例如图像数据、音频数据、文本数据、内容数据、计算机程序等等。 [0016] The information recording medium according to the present invention, the following data is recorded in the data recording area, the recording or reproduction target primary data includes, for example performed and image data, audio data, text data, content data, computer procedures. 此后,通过将下述控制信息记录到例如随后所描述的控制信息记录区中可对记录在数据区中的记录数据进行适当的记录和重放,所述控制信息包括:用于表示本发明信息记录介质属性和类型的信息;用于对记录数据的地址进行管理的信息;用于对驱动装置的记录和读取操作进行控制的信息;等等。 Thereafter, the recording can be performed by, for example, the following control information to the control information recording area described later in the recording of the data in the data area of ​​the recording and reproducing appropriate, the control information includes: information indicating the present invention, and recording media attribute type; address for recording data management information; drive means for recording and reading information to control the operation; and the like. 顺便说一下,根据其内容,不能总是清楚的区分记录数据和控制信息。 By the way, according to their content, can not always distinguish clearly between recording data and control information. 然而,控制信息主要是直接用于对驱动装置的操作进行控制,而记录数据主要仅是记录和读取的目标并且主要用在后端或主机的数据重放操作或程序执行操作过程中。 However, the control information is mainly used directly for the operation of the drive means is controlled to record data is mainly only the recording and reading target and is mainly used in the data reproduction process or program operation is performed back-end or host operation.

[0017] 将数据区的缺陷管理信息临时记录到临时缺陷管理区中。 [0017] The defect management information of the data area is temporarily recorded into the temporary defect management area. 本发明中的"缺陷管理信息"是用于缺陷管理的信息,并且包括:撤离源地址,该撤离源地址是缺陷在数据区中的位置地址;以及撤离目的地地址,该撤离目的地地址是与原始记录或已记录在该缺陷位置上的记录数据相对应的撤离数据的记录位置地址。 In the present invention "defect management information" is information for defect management, and includes: a source address of the evacuation, the evacuation source address is a defective address location in the data area; and a withdrawal destination address, the destination address is evacuated or recorded with the original recording position of the defect on the recording data corresponding to the recording position of address data is evacuated. 缺陷管理如下。 The defect management is as follows. 当在本发明的信息记录介质中或上存在诸如划痕、粉尘、以及磨损这样的缺陷时,那么对记录数据进行记录以远离缺陷位置。 When the information recording medium of the present invention or as scratches, dust, and when worn such defects, then the record data is recorded away from the defect location. 同时,将撤离数据记录到下述备用区中,所述备用区是用于将记录数据记录在其中以远离该缺陷的区域。 Meanwhile, following the evacuation data is recorded into the spare area, the spare area is used for recording data in which the area away from the defect. 此外,还执行以下处理以作为缺陷管理的一部分:当对记录在信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放时,识别缺陷位置的识别处理;以及从备用区中读取撤离数据的读取处理。 In addition, the following process is performed as part of the defect management: When recording data on the information recording medium is reproduced, the defect position recognition process of the recognition; and reading data from the reading process to evacuate the spare area.

[0018] 此外,最好是对缺陷管理信息进行顺序记录(即串行或连续记录)。 [0018] Moreover, the defect management information is preferably recorded sequentially (i.e. in series or continuously recorded). 即使其不是顺序记录的,也可获得合理的效果。 Even if it is not the order of the records, and obtain a reasonable effect.

[0019] 例如,临时缺陷管理区是用于将缺陷管理信息记录在其中直到本发明的信息记录介质最终化的区域。 [0019] For example, the temporary defect management area is for recording therein defect management information until the information recording medium of the present invention, the final region. 因此,在对记录在其最终化之前的信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放的过程中,通过从临时缺陷管理区中读取缺陷管理信息来执行缺陷管理。 Thus, in the process of recording data on the information recording medium prior to the final of reproduced, the defect management is performed by reading the management information from the temporary defect management area in a defect.

[0020] 尤其是,在本发明中,信息记录介质具有多个(即两个或更多)临时缺陷管理区, 并且将有效缺陷管理信息记录在该区域的任何一个中。 [0020] In particular, in the present invention, the information recording medium having a plurality of (i.e. two or more) temporary defect management area, and the effective defect management information recorded in any of the region. 本发明中的“有效缺陷管理信息”表示最新的缺陷管理信息并且表示这样的缺陷管理信息,该缺陷管理信息具有与在当前时间在数据区上检测到的缺陷有关的信息。 An "effective defect management information" in the present invention indicates the latest defect management information and defect management information refers to the defect management information having information on the data detected in the current time zone of defects. 在下文中,将其内包括有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区称为"正在使用的临时缺陷管理区"。 Hereinafter, within the effective defect management information includes temporary defect management area is referred to as "temporary defect management area being used."

[0021] 此外,将区别信息记录在标志区中并且它表示哪一个临时缺陷管理区中记录有有效缺陷管理信息。 [0021] In addition, the distinction information recorded in the flag area, and it indicates which one of the temporary defect management area the effective defect management information is recorded. 换句话说,它表示多个临时缺陷管理区当中的正在使用的临时缺陷管理区(即其位置和地址等等)。 In other words, it represents a temporary defect management area (i.e. the position and address and the like) being used among the plurality of temporary defect management areas.

[0022] 因此,例如当随后所述的重放装置对记录数据进行重放时,通过参考标志区可相对容易且有效的指定出其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区。 [0022] Thus, for example, when subsequently said reproducing means reproducing the recorded data, by referring to the flag area may be relatively easy and effective to specify a valid record therein defect management information of the temporary defect management area. 如果不存在这种标志区,那么随后所述的重放装置必须通过对多个临时缺陷管理区进行彻底搜索来搜索正在使用的缺陷管理区。 If this flag area does not exist, then the reproducing apparatus must search for defect management area being used by thoroughly searching the plurality of temporary defect management areas. 然而,根据本发明的信息记录介质,如上所述通过参考该标志区而无需对多个临时缺陷管理区进行彻底搜索即可搜索到正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 However, according to the information recording medium of the present invention, as described above by referring to the flag area without the need for a plurality of temporary defect management areas thoroughly searched to search the temporary defect management area being used. 换句话说,可对有效缺陷管理信息进行更加有效的搜索,并且其结果是,可使重放操作加速。 In other words, the effective defect management information more efficiently search, and as a result, the reproducing operation can be accelerated.

[0023] 此外,根据本发明,在标志区中,根据预定规则,将区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型。 [0023] Further, according to the present invention, in the flag area, according to a predetermined rule, the distinction information is recorded is set as a region in the recorded state is left and the type of combination pattern is in the region of the unrecorded state. 在这里,本发明中的"记录状态"表示这样的状态,即将一些记录数据写入到标志单元区中而不管写入的记录数据是否有含义。 Here, in the present invention, "recording state" indicates a state, whether the recording data to be written to a number of the flag unit area regardless of whether the recording data is written meaningful. 相反,本发明中的“未记录状态”表示根本未写入记录数据这样的状态。 In contrast, in the present invention "unrecorded state" indicates a state record data is not written. 因此,每当正在使用的临时缺陷管理区未变化时,则不必将新的区别信息写入到新标志区中。 Thus, every time a change is not temporary defect management area being used, no difference will write new information to the new flag area. 换句话说,甚至在一次写入型的情况下,通过写入一些数据而使标志区中的根据临时缺陷管理区的数目所预先分配的处于未记录状态的标志单元区改变为处于记录状态的区域, 也可将区别信息作为记录状态与未记录状态的组合模式而写入到标志区中。 In other words, even in the case of write-once type, the number of flag data area by writing the number of the temporary defect management area allocated in advance in the unrecorded state flag unit area in the recorded state is changed in accordance with the region, the difference information may also be written into the flag area as a recorded state and an unrecorded state combination patterns. 因此,如上所述,不必增加标志区或区别信息以便写入可引起这种显著效果的区别信息。 Thus, as described above, unnecessary to increase the flag area or the distinction information in order to write information on such difference may cause a remarkable effect. 并且可节省信息记录介质上的区域。 And saves area on the information recording medium. 因此,本发明是极其有用的,尤其是用于一次写入型信息记录介质。 Accordingly, the present invention is extremely useful, particularly for the write-once type information recording medium.

[0024] 此时,例如,可将下述信息记录在随后所述的控制信息记录区中,所述信息表示多个临时缺陷管理区在本发明的信息记录介质上的各个位置等等。 [0024] In this case, for example, the following information may be recorded in the information recording area of ​​the subsequent control, the respective information indicating the position of a plurality of temporary defect management areas on the information recording medium of the present invention, and the like.

[0025] 因此,根据本发明的信息记录介质,可更加有效的区分正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 [0025] Thus, according to the information recording medium of the present invention, it can be more effectively distinguish the temporary defect management area being used. 因此,可有效的搜索已更新的(即最新的)缺陷管理信息(即缺陷列表)。 Therefore, effective search has been updated (ie, the latest) defect management information (ie the defect list). 这可改善记录数据的记录或重放操作的效率(即加速、使操作简单化等等),甚至在对缺陷管理进行操作的过程中。 This process improves the data recording or reproducing operation efficiency (i.e., the acceleration, the operator simplification, etc.), even in the defect management operation.

[0026] 顺便说一下,最好是串行的或连续的使用多个临时缺陷管理区。 [0026] Incidentally, preferably a serial or continuous use of a plurality of temporary defect management areas. 换句话说,在一个临时缺陷管理区中的空闲空间(或未记录区)用完之后,最好是使用另一临时缺陷管理区。 In other words, after a temporary defect management area of ​​the free space (or unrecorded area) runs out, it is preferable to use another temporary defect management area. 此外最好是预先确定使用的顺序。 Further preferably used is a predetermined sequence. 将信息记录在随后所述的控制信息记录区、其他区域中寸寸。 The information is recorded in the subsequently described control information recording area, other areas begins.

[0027] 此外,本发明的信息记录介质最好是一次写入型信息记录介质。 [0027] Further, the information recording medium of the present invention is preferably a write-once type information recording medium. 即使其是可重写型信息记录介质,也可适当地得到本发明信息记录介质拥有的益处。 Even if it is a rewritable-type information recording medium, it can be appropriately obtained benefits of the information recording medium of the present invention have.

[0028] 在本发明信息记录介质的一个方面中,如果信息记录介质具有"η"个临时缺陷管理区(n :整数,η彡2),那么标志区包括〃 η-1〃个标志单元区。 [0028] In one aspect of the information recording medium of the present invention, if the information recording medium has "η" temporary defect management areas (n: integer, San [eta] 2), the flag area includes 〃 η-flag unit areas 1〃 .

[0029] 根据这个方面,通过利用〃 η-1 〃个标志单元区可区分〃 η"个临时缺陷管理区。 在这里,本发明中的"标志单元区"表示包含在标志区之内的具有预定大小的记录区。换句话说,通过利用"η-1"个标志单元区的组合而示出了上述区别信息。此外,如果配备了" η-1"个标志单元区,那么甚至在可将记录数据仅一次记录在各个位置上的一次写入型信息记录介质上,也可从"η"个临时缺陷管理区中区分出其中包括有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区。 [0029] According to this aspect, η-1 〃 flag unit areas by using 〃 distinguishable 〃 [eta] "temporary defect management areas. Here, in the present invention" flag unit area "means included in the flag area of ​​having recording area of ​​a predetermined size. in other words, by using a combination of "η-1" flag unit areas is shown for the above-described distinction information. Further, if equipped with a "η-1" flag unit areas, it may be even the write-once type information recording medium for recording data only once at each location on the recording, but also from "η" temporary defect management areas to distinguish the effective defect management information including a temporary defect management area.

[0030] 尤其是,因为"η"采用了很大的数目,因此更难以指定其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区。 [0030] In particular, since "η" a large number of uses, thus more difficult to specify the effective defect management information is recorded in the temporary defect management area. 这就是需要更多的搜索处理以便对临时缺陷管理区进行彻底搜索的原因。 This search process is the need for more thorough search for the cause of the temporary defect management area. 根据本发明的信息记录介质,可进行有效搜索而无需考虑临时缺陷管理区的数目。 The information recording medium according to the present invention, the search can be efficiently performed irrespective of the number of the temporary defect management area.

[0031] 如上所述,在包括〃 η-1〃个标志单元区的信息记录介质的一方面中,通过η-1个标志单元区的每一个是处于记录状态或是处于未记录状态,将区别信息表示为整体标志区。 [0031] As described above, in an aspect comprises 〃 η-1〃 flag unit area of ​​the information recording medium by η-1 flag cell region each is in the recorded state or the unrecorded state, the difference information indicates that the marked area as a whole.

[0032] 通过按照这种方式进行构造,通过对"η-1"个标志单元区的每一个拥有的两种状态的组合来构造上述组合模式的类型。 [0032] By configured in this manner, by combination of the type "η-1" of each of the two states has a flag cell region to the structure of the combination pattern. 其结果是,可区分正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 As a result, the distinction between temporary defect management area being used.

[0033] 就一次写入型信息记录介质而言,如果一旦将标志单元区设置为处于记录状态, 那么很难将标志单元区设置为处于未记录状态。 [0033] For write-once type information recording medium, if once the flag unit area is set in the recorded state, it is difficult to set the flag unit area in the unrecorded state. 然而,甚至在一次写入型信息记录介质的情况下,如上所述,如果提供了" η-1"个标志单元区,那么根据通过对记录状态与未记录状态进行组合获得的组合模式的类型可适当将其记录为区别信息。 However, even in the case of write-once type information recording medium, as described above, if the provided "η-1" flag unit areas, the type of combination pattern by the recording state and the unrecorded state composition obtained according to It can be appropriately recorded as the difference information.

[0034] 如上所述,在其上的每个标志单元区处于记录状态或未记录状态的信息记录介质的一方面中,将与记录数据对应的备份数据记录到"η-1"个标志单元区当中的处于记录状态的至少一个标志单元区中。 In one aspect of the information recording medium [0034] As described above, in which each of the flag unit area in the recorded state or the recorded state, the backup data corresponding to the recording data is recorded to "η-1" flag unit at least one flag unit area in the recorded area among the state.

[0035] 通过按照这种方式进行构造,标志单元区不但起标志区的作用,而且还起备份区的作用。 [0035] By configured in this manner, not only the flag unit area functions as the marked area, but also functions as a backup area. 通过此,可向标志区的标志单元区施予这两个功能,并且还可得到本发明的信息记录介质拥有的益处。 By this, the two functions can be administered to the flag unit area of ​​the flag area, and may also obtain the benefits of the information recording medium of the present invention have.

[0036] 顺便说一下,可构造成不限于将备份数据记录在其中,而是可将记录之后的一些应用所使用的记录数据记录到其中。 [0036] Incidentally, not limited to be configured to backup data recorded therein, but some applications may be recorded after the data used for recording recorded therein. 或者,可构造成将下述记录数据记录在其中,所述记录数据具有对其他应用有用的含义。 Alternatively, the following may be configured to record therein the record data, the recording data useful for other applications having meanings.

[0037] 在具有〃 n-1 〃个标志单元区的信息记录介质的一方面中,“n-1 〃个标志单元区的每一个与信息记录介质的最小记录区对应。 [0037] In one aspect of the information recording medium having n-1 〃 〃 flag cell area, "corresponds to a minimum recording area of ​​each information recording medium, n-1 〃 flag cell region.

[0038] 通过按照这种方式进行构造,可极大的降低用于保留为标志区的记录容量。 [0038] By configured in this manner, it can greatly reduce the recording capacity for reserving as the flag area. 因此, 通过利用标志区可搜索正在使用的临时缺陷管理区,同时抑制了标志区所需的记录容量。 Thus, by using the flag area to search the temporary defect management area being used, while suppressing the storage capacity required for the flag area.

[0039] 此外,通过将每个标志单元区设置为信息记录介质的最小记录区,可将信息记录到标志区中以作为随后所述记录装置上的正常记录操作的一部分,并且可从标志区中读取该信息以作为随后所述重放装置上的正常重放操作的一部分。 [0039] Further, by setting each flag unit area to the smallest recording information zone recording medium, information can be recorded into the flag area as part of the normal operation of the recording apparatus and then the recording, from the flag areas and reading this information as part of a normal playback operation on the reproducing apparatus described later.

[0040] 顺便说一下,即使〃 nl〃个标志单元区的每一个在大小上不是最小记录区,而是具有任意大小的区域,那么也可得到本发明上述信息记录介质拥有的各种益处。 [0040] Incidentally, even if each 〃 in size is not the smallest recording area nl〃 flag cell region, but a region having an arbitrary size, it can be obtained the information recording medium of the present invention has various benefits. "n-1"个标志单元区的大小可以是相同的,或者可以是彼此不同。 Flag unit area size "n-1" may be the same or may be different from each other.

[0041] 在本发明信息记录介质的另一方面中,标志区排列在信息记录介质的内圆周侧上。 [0041] In the information recording medium of the present invention, in another aspect, the flag area arranged on the inner circumferential side of the information recording medium.

[0042] 根据这个方面,例如很容易存取该标志区。 [0042] According to this aspect, for example, it is easy to access the flag area. 因此,可降低要区分正在使用的临时缺陷管理区所需的处理负荷。 Therefore, to reduce processing load required to distinguish the temporary defect management area being used.

[0043] 顺便说一下,即使标志区不在内圆周侧上,例如即使在信息记录介质的外圆周侧或任意位置上,也可区分正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 [0043] Incidentally, even if the flag area is not on the inner circumferential side, even if the outer circumferential side or an arbitrary position on the information recording medium, can be distinguished temporary defect management area being used.

[0044] 在本发明信息记录介质的另一方面中,包括控制信息记录区,所述控制信息记录区用于将用于对相对于所述数据区的记录与读取中的至少一个进行控制的信息记录在其中,该标志区排列在控制信息记录区中。 [0044] In the information recording medium of the present invention, in another aspect, includes a control information recording area, said control information recording area used for recording and reading with respect to said data area in the at least one control wherein information is recorded in the flag area arranged in the control information recording area.

[0045] 根据这个方面,在重放或记录过程中对控制信息进行存取的同时,可参考包含在标志区之内的区别信息。 [0045] According to this aspect, in reproducing or recording process of simultaneous access control information, reference may be contained in the difference information of the flag area. 因此,例如,在信息记录介质的初始设置等等过程中可参考该区别信息以作为伴随着正常操作的一系列操作。 Thus, for example, in the initial setting of the information recording medium and the like may refer to the distinction information as the normal operation accompanied by a series of operations. 这可更加有效的选择正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 This can be more effective option temporary defect management areas being used. 其结果是,可相对容易且更加有效的搜索已更新的缺陷管理信息。 As a result, it is relatively easy and more efficient search the updated defect management information.

[0046] 顺便说一下,控制信息记录区可包括用于将缺陷管理信息记录在其中的确定的缺陷管理区。 [0046] Incidentally, the control information recording area may include means for determining the defect management information recorded in the defect management area therein. 例如,这可保持本发明记录介质当中的一次写入型信息记录介质与可重写型信息记录介质之间的兼容性。 For example, it can maintain compatibility between the write-once type information recording medium and the rewritable-type information recording medium among the recording medium of the present invention.

[0047] 在本发明信息记录介质的另一方面中,标志区排列在多个临时缺陷管理区当中的一个临时缺陷管理区中。 [0047] On the other hand, the flag area arranged in a plurality of temporary defect management areas in which a temporary information recording medium of the present invention, the defect management area.

[0048] 根据这个方面,可对该区别信息进行记录而不会使其与包括音频数据和视频数据等等的记录数据混合。 [0048] According to this aspect, the difference information can be recorded without mixing it with the recording data includes audio data and video data, and the like.

[0049] 例如,如果在随后所述的记录装置或重放装置上缺省的确定第一次存取的临时缺陷管理区,那么该标志区最好是排列在第一次存取的临时缺陷管理区上。 [0049] For example, if the default is determined in a subsequent section of the recording apparatus or reproducing apparatus accesses a temporary defect management area, then the flag area is preferably arranged in the first temporary defect access the management area. 这可更加有效的获得有效缺陷管理信息。 This can be more effective access to effective defect management information.

[0050] 顺便说一下,即使该标志区不排列在临时缺陷管理区上,例如即使排列在数据区或备用区等等上,也可区分正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 [0050] Incidentally, even if the flag area is not arranged in the temporary defect management area, for example, even if the data area are arranged on a spare area or the like, can also be distinguished temporary defect management area being used. [0051] 如上所述,在标志区排列在一个临时缺陷管理区中的信息记录介质的一方面中, 该标志区排列在该一个临时缺陷管理区的末端部。 [0051] As described above, arranged in one aspect of the information recording medium, the temporary defect management area in the flag area, the flag area arranged at the end portion of the one temporary defect management area.

[0052] 根据这个方面,例如,可易于对随后所述记录装置和重放装置上的标志区进行存取。 [0052] According to this aspect, for example, the flag area may be easy for the device recording and reproducing apparatus described later access.

[0053] 因为临时缺陷管理区排列在上述控制信息记录区中,因此可相对容易的识别临时缺陷管理区的起始地址和大小等等。 [0053] Since the temporary defect management area arrayed in the control information recording area, and therefore relatively easy to identify the start address and size of the temporary defect management area and the like.

[0054](记录装置和方法) [0054] (recording apparatus and method)

[0055] 本发明的上述目的可以是通过一种用于将记录数据记录到信息记录介质上的记录装置来实现的,所述信息记录介质包括:(i)数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;(ii) 多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将缺陷管理信息记录在其中,所述缺陷管理信息是对所述数据区中的缺陷进行缺陷管理的基础;以及(iii)标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,在所述标志区中,根据预定规则,将该区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型,所述记录装置包括:第一记录设备,用于对记录数据与缺陷管理信息中的至少一个进行记录;以及第二记录设备,如果其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区变 [0055] The object of the present invention may be a method for recording data to the recording means on the information recording medium to achieve said information recording medium comprising: (i) a data area for recording data therein; (ii) a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily recording therein defect management information, the defect management information is the basis of the defect management data area defect; and (iii) the flag area , the distinction information for recording therein distinction information for distinguishing from the plurality of the temporary defect management area in which the effective defect management information of the recording of the temporary defect management area, in said flag area according to a predetermined rule, the distinction information is recorded is set as the area in the recorded state and the composition is left to be in an unrecorded state mode type region, said recording apparatus comprising: a first recording device for recording data defect at least one recording management information; and a second recording device, which if the recording temporary defect management area the effective defect management information becomes 了,则该第二记录设备通过根据已变化的临时缺陷管理区将被留置为处于未记录状态的区域改变为处于记录状态的区域并且由此改变组合模式,来更新并记录该区别信息。 A, the second recording device thereby changing the combination mode according to the changed temporary defect management area is retained to be in an unrecorded area is changed to the state in the recorded state area and to the difference information is updated and recorded.

[0056] 根据本发明的记录装置,通过利用例如包括光学拾取器以及用于对光学拾取器进行控制的控制器等等的第一和第二记录设备,可将记录数据适当的记录到本发明的上述信息记录介质上。 [0056] The recording apparatus according to the invention, for example, by using a recording apparatus comprising a first and a second optical pickup and a controller for controlling the optical pickup and the like, can be recorded into recording data suitable to the present invention the information recording medium.

[0057] 具体地说,第一记录设备将记录数据记录到信息记录介质的数据区中。 [0057] Specifically, the first recording device to record data into the data area of ​​the information recording medium. 同时,例如通过本发明记录装置上的缺陷管理信息产生设备形成了缺陷管理信息,该缺陷管理信息例如包括用于表示缺陷在信息记录介质上的位置这样的缺陷列表。 Meanwhile, for example by defect management on the recording apparatus information generating apparatus of the present invention formed a defect management information, the defect management information includes, for example for indicating a defect position on the information recording medium of this defect list. 将其构造成将形成的或获得的缺陷管理信息存储在包括诸如RAM这样的存储器的存储设备中。 It is configured to be formed or obtained defect management includes a storage device such as a RAM memory stores information.

[0058] 此后,第一记录设备将按照这种方式形成的缺陷管理信息记录到临时缺陷管理区中。 [0058] Thereafter, the first recording device defects formed in this way the management information is recorded into the temporary defect management area. 第一记录设备将缺陷管理信息记录到临时缺陷管理区中的时间可以有很多,但是下面所述的时间是可以想得到的,例如:紧接在对信息记录介质进行初始化或格式化之后;在将一系列记录数据记录到信息记录介质上之后;紧接在通过对记录进行检查(通过核实) 而检测到缺陷之后;等等。 First recording device records the defect management information into the temporary defect management area in time there can be many, but the time period is below conceivable, for example: immediately after the information recording medium is initialized or formatted; the after a series of record data is recorded onto the information recording medium; immediately after checking by the recording (by verifying) detected defect; and the like. 此外,第一记录设备将撤离数据记录到备用区中。 Furthermore, the first recording device records the evacuation data into the spare area.

[0059] 尤其是在本发明中,如果其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区在第一记录设备对缺陷管理信息进行记录前后之间变化了,那么第二记录设备记录或更新该区别信息。 [0059] Especially in the present invention, if within the effective defect management information is recorded in the temporary defect management area between before and after the first recording device records the defect management information is changed, the second recording device records or updates the difference information. 换句话说,例如,如果其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息的区域从多个临时缺陷管理区当中的一个临时缺陷管理区变化为另一临时缺陷管理区,那么第二记录设备将该事实作为区别信息记录到标志区中。 In other words, for example, if it is the recording region of the effective defect management information from among a plurality of temporary defect management areas change a temporary defect management area to another temporary defect management area, the second recording device as the fact that the difference between information recorded in the flag area. 具体地说,第二记录设备使被留置为处于未记录状态的区域变化为处于记录状态的区域并且因此改变了组合模式。 Specifically, the second recording device is left as is in the region that the change of state is an unrecorded area in the recorded condition and thus changes the combination pattern. 这可适当地将区别信息记录到标志区中并对其进行更新。 This information can be properly recorded to mark the difference between zone and update it.

[0060] 因此,根据本发明的记录装置,可适当地将记录数据记录到本发明的上述信息记录介质上,并且可得到信息记录介质拥有的各种益处。 [0060] Thus, the recording apparatus according to the present invention, may be appropriately record the record data onto the information recording medium of the present invention, the information recording medium and obtain various benefits owned. [0061] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述信息记录介质的各个方面,本发明的记录装置还可采用各个方面。 [0061] Incidentally, in response to various aspects of the present invention, the above-described information recording medium, the recording apparatus of the present invention may also adopt various aspects.

[0062] 此外,可构造成从信息记录介质中或通过其他通信信道而获得缺陷管理信息。 [0062] In addition, or may be configured to obtain the defect management information from an information recording medium by other communication channels. 在这种情况下,最好是构造成缺陷管理信息产生设备可从信息记录介质或通过其他通信信道而获得缺陷管理信息以代替形成或更新缺陷管理信息。 In this case, preferably configured defect management information generating device may manage information from an information recording medium or the defect obtained by other communication channel instead of forming or updating the defect management information.

[0063] 如果信息记录介质是光记录介质,那么最好是光学拾取器作为用于将数据或信息直接记录到信息记录介质上的直接记录设备。 [0063] If the information recording medium is an optical recording medium, the optical pickup is preferably used as the data or information recorded directly on a recording device directly to the information recording medium. 如果信息记录介质是诸如磁型、磁光型、以及利用介电常数的改变的类型这样的其他类型、那么可使用适合于这类信息记录介质的拾取器、磁头、或探针等等。 If the information recording medium such as a magnetic type, a magneto-optical type, and other types such as by changing the dielectric constant type, it may be appropriate to the pickup such information recording medium, a magnetic head, probe, or the like.

[0064] 本发明的上述目的可以是通过一种用于将记录数据记录到信息记录介质上的记录方法来实现的,所述信息记录介质具有:(i)数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;(ii) 多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将下述缺陷管理信息记录在其中,所述缺陷管理信息是对所述数据区中的缺陷进行缺陷管理的基础;以及(iii)标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,在所述标志区中,根据预定规则,将该区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型,所述记录方法包括:第一记录处理,用于对记录数据与缺陷管理信息中的至少一个进行记录;以及第二记录处理, 如果其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理 [0064] The object of the present invention may be achieved by a recording method of recording data on an information recording medium, recording is achieved, the information recording medium has: (i) a data area for recording data therein; (ii) a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily recording defect management information will be described below in which the defect management information is the basis of the defect data area defect management; and (iii) flag area except for recording information therein, the distinction information for distinguishing from the plurality of temporary defect management area in which the effective defect management information of the recording of the temporary defect management area, the flag area, according to a predetermined rule, as the distinction information recording area is set in the recorded state is left as the type of combination pattern of an area in the unrecorded state, the recording method comprising: a first recording process for recording data with at least one recording defect management information; and a second recording process, if it is within the effective defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management 变化了,则该第二记录设备通过根据已变化的临时缺陷管理区将被留置为处于未记录状态的区域改变为处于记录状态的区域并且由此改变组合模式,来更新并记录该区别信息。 Changed, the second recording device changes an area in the recorded condition and thus changes the combination pattern, and records the updated information in the difference between the unrecorded state area is left by the changed according to the temporary defect management area.

[0065] 根据本发明的记录方法,与本发明的上述记录装置相同,可将记录数据适当的记录到本发明的上述信息记录介质上(包括其各个方面),并且还可得到该信息记录介质拥有的各种益处。 [0065] The recording method of the present invention, the above-described recording apparatus of the present invention, the same can be recorded on a suitable recording data to the information recording medium of the present invention (including its various aspects), and also to obtain the information recording medium It has various benefits.

[0066] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述信息记录装置(或信息记录介质)的各个方面,本发明的记录方法还可采用各个方面。 [0066] Incidentally, in response to the information recording apparatus of the present invention (or information recording medium) of various aspects of the recording method of the present invention may also adopt various aspects.

[0067](重放装置和方法) [0067] (reproducing apparatus and method)

[0068] 本发明的上述目的可以是通过一种用于对记录到信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放的重放装置来实现的,所述信息记录介质具有:(i)数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;(ii)多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将下述缺陷管理信息记录在其中,所述缺陷管理信息是对所述数据区中的缺陷进行缺陷管理的基础;以及(iii)标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,在所述标志区中,根据预定规则,将该区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型,所述重放装置包括:选择设备,用于读取区别信息并且从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中选择其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区;读取设备,用于 [0068] The object of the present invention may be recorded by a method for recording data on an information recording medium reproducing apparatus for reproducing achieved, the information recording medium has: (i) a data area, with to record therein record data; (ii) a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily recording defect management information will be described below in which the defect management information is the defect in the data area defect management basis ; and (iii) the flag area except for recording information therein, the distinction information for distinguishing from the plurality of temporary defect management area in which the effective defect management information of the recording of the temporary defect management area, in the said flag area according to a predetermined rule, and the information is recorded as the difference is set as the area in the recorded state is left as is and the type of combination pattern of the unrecorded state area, said reproducing apparatus comprising: a selection device, with for reading the distinction information and selecting from a plurality of temporary defect management area in which the recording temporary defect management area the effective defect management information; reading apparatus, for 从选择的临时缺陷管理区中读取有效缺陷管理信息:以及重放设备,用于根据读取的缺陷管理信息来对记录在所述数据区中的记录数据进行重放。 Reading from the selected active defect management area in the temporary defect management information: and a playback device for reading the defect management information according to reproducing the record data recorded in the data area.

[0069] 根据本发明的重放装置,通过利用包括光学拾取器以及用于对光学拾取器进行控制的控制器等等的读取设备以及包括用于将图像数据转换成可在显示器上显示的图像信号的解码器等等的重放设备,可对记录在本发明上述信息记录介质上的记录数据进行适当地重放。 [0069] The reproducing apparatus according to the present invention, by using the reading device includes an optical pickup and the like and a controller for controlling the optical pickup and comprises means for converting the image data to be displayed on a display the decoder of the image signal reproducing apparatus, etc., may be recorded on a data recording the information recording medium of the present invention is suitably reproduced.

[0070] 具体地说,首先,包括控制处理单元(CPU)等等的选择设备读取记录在标志区中的区别信息。 [0070] Specifically, first, includes a control processing unit (CPU) and the like selection device reads the distinction information recorded in the flag area. 尤其是,CPU可识别出标志区中的处于记录状态的区域以及处于未记录状态的区域,并且通过区分组合模式的类型可读取区别信息。 In particular, the CPU can recognize the area flag area in the recorded state and the unrecorded state in the region, and can read the information category distinguishing difference between the combination pattern. 此后,CPU从区别信息的记录内容中选择其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区。 Thereafter, CPU selected within the effective defect management information is recorded in the temporary defect management area from a difference between the recorded contents information. 此后,读取设备读取记录在所选(即正在使用)临时缺陷管理区中的有效缺陷管理信息。 Thereafter, the reading device reads information recorded in the selected (i.e., use) temporary defect management area the effective defect management information. 可将有效缺陷管理信息存储在诸如存储器这样的存储设备中。 Effective defect management information may be stored in a storage device such as a memory. 在记录过程中,对记录数据进行记录以远离信息记录介质上数据区中的缺陷。 During recording, the recording data is recorded on the recording medium away from the defect information in the data area. 也就是说,例如,使要记录到的或已记录到数据区中该缺陷位置上的记录数据撤离到备用区。 That is, for example, to enable to be recorded or already recorded data on the data recording area of ​​the defect position evacuated to the spare area. 由此,为了对按照这种方式记录的记录数据进行重放,需要知道缺陷在数据区中的位置。 Accordingly, in order to record data recorded in this manner is reproduced, the defect needs to know the location in the data area. 由此,重放设备根据读取设备读取的缺陷管理信息(即有效缺陷管理信息)可识别出缺陷在该数据区中的位置并且可识别出所记录的远离缺陷的记录数据所处的位置,从而对记录在数据区中的记录数据或记录在备用区中的撤离数据进行重放。 Thus, the reproduction apparatus according to defect management information read by the reading apparatus (i.e. the effective defect management information) that can identify a defect in the data area can recognize the position and the position of the recording data recorded away from the defect is located, thereby recording data recorded in the data area or the evacuation data recorded in the spare area is reproduced.

[0071] 因此,可对记录在上述信息记录介质上的记录数据进行适当地重放,并且可得到信息记录介质拥有的各种益处。 [0071] Thus, to record data on the information recording medium appropriately reproduce and obtain various benefits owned by the information recording medium.

[0072] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述信息记录介质的各个方面,本发明的重放装置还可采用各个方面。 [0072] Incidentally, in response to various aspects of the present invention, the above-described information recording medium, the reproducing apparatus of the present invention may also adopt various aspects.

[0073] 在本发明重放装置的一个方面中,标志区具有多个标志单元区并且多个标志单元区的每一个处于记录状态或未记录状态,并且选择设备通过判断所述多个标志单元区的至少一个所处的记录状态和未记录状态的状态来选择其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息的临时 [0073] In one aspect of the reproducing apparatus of the present invention, the flag area has a plurality of flag cell region and each of the plurality of flags in the recorded state or unrecorded state of the cell area, and the selection device is determined by means of the plurality of markers at least one state in which the recorded state and an unrecorded state area within which to select the effective defect management information is recorded temporarily

缺陷管理区。 Defect management area.

[0074] 根据这个方面,通过参考下述区别信息可相对容易地获得有效缺陷管理信息,所述区别信息是通过对记录状态与未记录状态这两类记录状态的组合而适当记录的。 [0074] According to this aspect, by reference to the following distinction information may be obtained relatively easily the effective defect management information, the distinction information is recorded by a combination of state and the unrecorded state of the two types of recording state appropriately recorded.

[0075] 本发明的上述目的可以是通过一种用于对记录到述信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放的重放方法来实现的,所述信息记录介质具有:(i)数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;(ii)多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将下述缺陷管理信息记录在其中,所述缺陷管理信息是对所述数据区中的缺陷进行缺陷管理的基础;以及(iii)标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,在所述标志区中,根据预定规则,将该区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型,所述重放方法包括:选择处理,用于读取区别信息并且从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中选择其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区;读取处理,用 [0075] The object of the present invention may be recorded by a method for recording data on a recording medium, said information reproducing method for reproducing achieved, the information recording medium has: (i) a data area, It means for recording data therein; (ii) a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily recording defect management information will be described below in which the defect management information is the defect in the data area defect management base; and (iii) the flag area except for recording information therein, the distinction information for distinguishing from the plurality of temporary defect management area in which the effective defect management information of the recording of the temporary defect management area, said flag area according to a predetermined rule, and the information is recorded as the difference is set as the area in the recorded state is left and the type is in the region of the unrecorded state combination pattern of the reproduction method comprising: a selecting process, for reading the distinction information and selecting the effective record therein defect management information from the temporary defect management area of ​​the plurality of the temporary defect management area; reading process, with 于从选择的临时缺陷管理区中读取有效缺陷管理信息:以及重放处理,用于根据读取的缺陷管理信息来对记录在所述数据区中的记录数据进行重放。 To read from the selected temporary defect management area the effective defect management information: and a playback processing for the defect management information according to the read playback of recorded data recorded in the data area.

[0076] 根据本发明的重放方法,与本发明的上述重放装置相同,可对记录在本发明信息记录介质(包括其各个方面)上的记录数据进行适当地重放,并且还可得到信息记录介质拥有的各种益处。 [0076] The reproducing method of the present invention, the above-described reproducing apparatus of the present invention is the same, may be of recording data on the information recording medium of the present invention (including its various aspects) will be properly reproduced, and also to give the information recording medium has various benefits.

[0077] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述重放装置(或信息记录介质)的各个方面,本发明的重放方法还可采用各个方面。 [0077] Incidentally, in response to the present invention, the above-described reproducing apparatus (or information recording medium) of various aspects of the reproducing method of the present invention may also adopt various aspects. [0078](计算机程序) [0078] (a computer program)

[0079] 本发明的上述目的还可以通过第一计算机程序来实现,该第一计算机程序用于记录控制以对位于本发明上述记录装置(包括其各个方面)中的计算机进行控制以可使该计算机起第一记录设备和第二记录设备的至少一个的作用。 [0079] The object of the present invention can be also achieved by a first computer program, the first computer program for recording control to control the recording means is positioned in the present invention (including its various aspects) to make the computer at least one computer to effect a first and a second recording device recording apparatus.

[0080] 根据本发明的用于记录控制的第一计算机程序,通过从诸如ROM、⑶-ROM、 DVD-ROM、硬盘等等这样的用于将计算机程序存储在其上的记录介质中读取并运行计算机程序,或者通过经由通信设备而将该计算机程序下载到计算机中并使其运行,可相对容易的实现本发明的上述信息记录装置。 [0080] According to a first computer program for recording control of the present invention, by reading a computer program stored in a recording medium on which such as from ROM, ⑶-ROM, DVD-ROM, a hard disk, etc. Such and running a computer program, or downloaded to a computer program and the computer via the communication device and running by the information recording apparatus of the present invention can be relatively easily achieved.

[0081] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述记录介质的各个方面,本发明的第一计算机程序还可采用各个方面。 [0081] Incidentally, in response to various aspects of the recording medium of the present invention, the first computer program of the present invention may also adopt various aspects.

[0082] 本发明的上述目的还可以通过第二计算机程序来实现,该第二计算机程序用于重放控制以对位于本发明上述重放装置(包括其各个方面)中的计算机进行控制以使计算机起选择设备、读取设备、以及重放设备的至少一个的作用。 [0082] The object of the present invention may also be achieved by a second computer program, the second computer program for reproduction control to control the reproducing means is positioned in the present invention (including its various aspects) to make the computer a computer to select a device, the reading device, and at least one playback device effects.

[0083] 根据本发明的用于重放控制的第二计算机程序,通过从诸如ROM、⑶-ROM、 DVD-ROM、硬盘等等这样的用于将计算机程序存储在其上的记录介质中读取并运行计算机程序,或者通过经由通信设备而将该计算机程序下载到计算机中并使其运行,可相对容易的实现本发明的上述信息重放装置。 [0083] According to a second computer program for reproduction control of the present invention, by a computer program stored thereon is read from the recording medium such as a ROM, ⑶-ROM, DVD-ROM, a hard disk, etc. Such taking and executing a computer program or a computer program downloading via the communication device by the computer and allowed to run, can be relatively easily realize the above-described information reproducing apparatus of the present invention.

[0084] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述记录介质的各个方面,本发明的第二计算机程序还可采用各个方面。 [0084] Incidentally, in response to various aspects of the recording medium of the present invention, the second computer program of the present invention may also adopt various aspects.

[0085] 本发明的上述目的还可以通过计算机可读介质中的用于记录控制的第一计算机程序产品来实现,该第一计算机程序产品切实的具体体现为为本发明上述记录装置(包括其各个方面)提供的计算机可执行的指令程序,该程序可使该计算机起第一记录设备和第二记录设备的至少一部分的作用。 [0085] The object of the present invention can also be controlled by a computer-readable medium for recording a first computer program products, the first tangible computer program product embodied as the above-described recording apparatus of the present invention (including various aspects) providing a computer-executable program of instructions, the program causing the computer to function as at least a portion of the first recording device and the second recording apparatus.

[0086] 本发明的上述目的还可以通过计算机可读介质中的用于重放控制的第二计算机程序产品来实现,该计算机程序产品切实的具体体现为为本发明上述重放装置(包括其各个方面)提供的计算机可执行的指令程序,该程序可使该计算机起选择设备、读取设备、以及重放设备的至少一部分的作用。 [0086] The object of the present invention can also be realized by a computer-readable medium, a second computer program product for reproduction control, the computer program product effectively embodied as the above-described reproducing apparatus of the present invention (including various aspects) providing a computer-executable program of instructions, the program causing the computer to select a device, the reading device, and the at least a portion of the playback device.

[0087] 根据本发明的第一或第二计算机程序产品,通过从诸如ROM、CD-ROM、DVD-ROM、硬盘等等这样的用于将计算机程序存储在其上的记录介质中读取并运行计算机程序,或者通过经由通信设备而将第一或第二计算机程序产品下载到计算机中并使其运行,可相对容易的实现本发明上述第一记录设备、第二记录设备、选择设备、读取设备、以及重放设备的至少一部分。 [0087] According to the first or second computer program product of the present invention, by reading the computer program from a memory such as ROM, CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, hard disk, etc. on which a recording medium and running a computer program, and running or by downloading the first or the second computer program product to the computer via a communication device, the first recording apparatus of the present invention can be relatively easily achieved, a second recording device selection device, read taking device, and at least a portion of the playback device. 更准确地说,第一或第二计算机程序产品是由计算机可读代码(或者计算机可读命令)构成的以使该计算机起第一记录设备、第二记录设备、选择设备、读取设备、以及重放设备的至少一部分的作用。 More specifically, the first or second computer program product is a computer-readable codes (or computer readable commands) to make the computer function constituting the first recording device, the second recording device, the selection device, the reading device, and the role of at least a portion of the playback device.

[0088](数据结构) [0088] (Data Structure)

[0089] 本发明的上述目的可以是通过这样一种数据结构来实现的,所述数据结构具有: 数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将缺陷管理信息记录在其中,所述缺陷管理信息是对所述数据区中的缺陷进行缺陷管理的基础;以及标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,在所述标志区中,根据预定规则,将该区别信息记录为被设置为处于记录状态的区域与被留置为处于未记录状态的区域的组合模式的类型。 [0089] The object of the present invention may be achieved by a data structure, the data structure comprising: a data area for recording data recorded therein; a plurality of temporary defect management areas for temporarily defect wherein the management information is recorded, the defect management information is the basis for a defect in said data area defect management; and a flag area for recording therein distinction information, the distinction information from said plurality temporary defect management area in which the difference between the effective defect management information recorded within a temporary defect management area, the flag area, according to predetermined rules, is provided as the distinction information is recorded as the area in the recorded state is left as is type of combination pattern unrecorded state area.

[0090] 根据包括本发明控制信号的数据结构,与本发明的上述信息记录介质的情况相同,可有效地搜索缺陷管理信息(缺陷列表)。 [0090] The data structure including a control signal according to the present invention, as in the case of the information recording medium of the present invention, can efficiently search for the defect management information (the defect list). 也就是说,可得到信息记录介质拥有的各种益处。 In other words, to obtain information recording medium has various benefits.

[0091] 顺便说一下,为响应本发明上述记录介质的各个方面,包括本发明控制信号的数据结构还可采用各个方面。 [0091] Incidentally, in response to various aspects of the present invention, the recording medium, comprising a data control signal according to the present invention may also adopt various aspects structures.

[0092] 当结合下述简略附图来阅读时,参考本发明的优选实施例可从以下详细说明中更清楚的得知本发明的特性、实用性、以及进一步的特征。 [0092] When read in conjunction with the following schematic drawings, with reference to a preferred embodiment of the present invention may be more clearly known feature of the present invention, utility, and further features from the following detailed description.

[0093] 如上所述,根据本发明的信息记录介质,具有数据区、临时缺陷管理区、以及标志区。 [0093] As described above, according to the information recording medium of the present invention having a data area, the temporary defect management area, and a flag area. 将区别信息作为组合模式的类型而记录在标志区中。 The distinction information as a type of a combination pattern is recorded in the flag area. 因此,可有效地搜索缺陷管理信息并使用它。 So, can efficiently search defect management information and use it.

[0094] 根据本发明的记录装置,具有第一记录设备和第二记录设备。 [0094] The recording apparatus according to the present invention, a recording apparatus having a first and a second recording device. 根据本发明的记录方法,具有第一记录处理和第二记录处理。 The recording method of the present invention, having a first and a second recording process recording process. 因此,可将记录数据适当地记录到本发明的信息记录介质上。 Thus, data can be recorded properly recorded onto the information recording medium of the present invention. 根据本发明的重放装置,具有选择设备、读取设备、以及重放设备。 Reproducing apparatus according to the invention, having a selection device, reading device, and a playback device. 根据本发明的记录方法,具有选择处理、读取处理、以及重放处理。 The recording method of the present invention, having a selecting process, reading process and a playback process. 因此,可从本发明的信息记录介质中适当地读取记录数据并对其进行重放。 Thus, recorded data can be appropriately read from the information recording medium of the present invention and replay.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0095]图1示意性的给出了本发明信息记录介质的实施例的示意图; [0095] FIG 1 schematically shows a schematic of an embodiment of the information recording medium of the present invention;

[0096]图2示意性的给出了该实施例中的缺陷管理信息的内容的示意图; [0096] FIG. 2 schematically shows a schematic embodiment of the defect management content information of the embodiment;

[0097] 图3示意性的给出了该实施例中的缺陷列表的一个示例的示意图; [0097] FIG. 3 schematically shows a schematic diagram of an exemplary embodiment of a defect list in the embodiment;

[0098] 图4示意性的给出了该实施例中的临时缺陷管理区的记录内容的- [0098] FIG 4 schematically illustrates a recorded content of this embodiment of the temporary defect management area -

-个示例的示 - shows an example of a

意图; intention;

[0099]图5示意性的给出了该实施例中的临时缺陷管理区的记录内容的一个示例的示 [0099] FIG. 5 shows a schematic diagram of one example of the record content of a temporary defect management area in the embodiment of the embodiment

意图; intention;

[0100] 图6示意性的给出了本发明信息记录介质的另一实施例的示意图;[0101] 图7示意性的给出了该实施例中的标志区的数据结构的示意图;[0102] 图8A至图8D给出了该实施例中的标志区的记录状态的示意图; [0100] FIG. 6 schematically shows a schematic of another information recording medium of the present embodiment of the invention; [0101] FIG 7 schematically shows the diagram of a data structure of the flag area in the embodiment; [0102 ] FIGS. 8A to 8D shows a schematic diagram of the recording state flag area of ​​the embodiment of this embodiment;

[0103]图9给出了本发明记录装置和重放装置实施例的记录/重放装置的方框图; [0103] Figure 9 shows a recording and reproducing apparatus of the present invention means a recording / reproducing apparatus a block diagram of an example of embodiment;

[0104] 图10给出了该实施例中的记录/重放装置的盘片驱动器的方框图; [0104] FIG. 10 shows a block diagram of the embodiment records embodiment / reproducing disk drive apparatus;

[0105]图11给出了该实施例中的记录/重放装置的后端的方框图; [0105] Figure 11 shows a block diagram of the rear end of the recording / reproducing apparatus in the embodiment;

[0106] 图12给出了该实施例中的记录/ 重放装置的初始设置操作的流程图;[0107]图13给出了该实施例中的记录/ 重放装置的正在使用临时缺陷管理区的部分操作的流程图; [0106] FIG. 12 shows a flowchart of initial setting operation of the embodiment of the recording / reproducing apparatus of the embodiment; [0107] FIG. 13 shows the embodiment in this embodiment the recording / reproducing apparatus are in the temporary defect management of the flowchart of the operation region;

[0108] 图14给出了该实施例中的记录/重放装置的记录操作等等的流程图; [0108] FIG. 14 shows a flowchart of the recording / reproducing operation of the recording apparatus in this embodiment like the embodiment;

[0109] 图15给出了该实施例中的记录/'重放装置上的缺陷管理信息的记录操作和标志区中的记录操作的流程图; [0109] Figure 15 shows a flowchart of the recording / 'embodiment of the apparatus embodiment defects recording operation and the reproduction management information in the flag area of ​​operation;

[0110] 图16给出了该实施例中的记录/重放装置的最终化的流程图;以及[0111] 图17给出了该实施例中的记录/重放装置的重放操作的流程图; 具体实施方式 [0110] Figure 16 shows the embodiment example recording / Finalizing flowchart reproducing apparatus; and [0111] Figure 17 shows a flow of reproducing operation of the recording / reproducing apparatus in the embodiment of FIG; DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0112] 在下文中参考附图对本发明的实施例进行说明。 [0112] In the following embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention will be described. 在下面的实施例中,本发明的信息记录介质应用于一次写入型光盘,并且本发明的记录装置和重放装置应用于一次写入型光盘的记录/重放装置。 In the following embodiment, the information recording medium of the present invention is applied to write-once optical disc, and the recording and reproducing apparatus according to the present invention is applied to write-once optical disc recording / reproducing apparatus.

[0113](信息记录介质的实施例) [0113] (information recording medium of Example)

[0114] 首先,对本发明实施例中的一次写入型光盘的记录结构以及记录在该光盘上的信息和数据进行描述。 [0114] First, the write-once type optical disc record structure recorded on the optical disc and the information and data described in the embodiment of the present invention. 图1给出了作为本发明实施例的一次写入型记录介质的记录结构。 Figure 1 shows the recording structure of the write-once-type recording medium of the embodiment of the present invention. 顺便说一下,图1左侧是一次写入型光盘100的内圆周侧,并且右侧是一次写入型光盘100 的外圆周侧。 Incidentally, FIG. 1 is a left side inner circumferential side of the write-type optical disc 100, and the right side is the outer circumference of the write-once type optical disc 100 side.

[0115] 如图1所示,在一次写入型光盘100的记录面上存在有位于最内圆周侧上的导入区101,并且在朝着外圆周侧的方向排列有临时缺陷管理区104、备用区109、用户数据区108、备用区110、临时缺陷管理区105、以及导出区103。 [0115] As shown, in the presence of a recording surface of the write-once optical disc 100 has lead-in area 101 is located on the most inner circumferential side, and are arranged in the temporary defect management area 104 toward the outer circumferential side, a spare area 109, the user data area 108, the spare area 110, the temporary defect management area 105, and lead-out area 103.

[0116] 在导入区101和导出区103中,记录用于对相对于光盘100而言的信息或数据的记录和读取进行控制的控制信息以及用于对其进行管理的管理信息。 [0116] In the lead-in area 101 and a lead-out area 103, recording control information for controlling the phase for recording in terms of the optical disc 100 and reading of information or data and management information for managing them. 导入区101具有确定的缺陷管理区106。 Lead-in area 101 having a defect management area 106 is determined. 导出区103也具有确定的缺陷管理区107。 Lead-out area 103 has a defect management area 107 is determined. 在确定的缺陷管理区106 和107中,将记录缺陷管理信息120(参见图2)。 In determining the defect management area 106 and 107, the recorded defect management information 120 (see FIG. 2).

[0117] 尤其是在该实施例中,标志区111排列在导入区101中。 [0117] In this particular embodiment, the flag area 111 are arranged in the lead-in area 101. 标志区111是用于将下述区别信息记录在其中的一区域,所述区别信息用于区分有效缺陷管理信息120记录在临时缺陷管理区104和105的哪一个中(即正在使用临时缺陷管理区104和105的哪一个)。 Flag area 111 is used to distinguish the following information is recorded in an area therein distinction information for distinguishing the effective defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 104 and 105 one of which (i.e. are in the temporary defect management regions 104 and 105 in which a). “ 有效缺陷管理信息120"是用于表示光盘100的最新状态的缺陷管理信息120。 An "effective defect management information 120" is used to indicate the state of the optical disc 100 latest defect management information 120. 顺便说一下,随后对标志区111进行详细的描述(参见图7)。 Incidentally, the flag area 111 is subsequently described in detail (see FIG. 7).

[0118] 顺便说一下,在该实施例中,标志区111排列在导入区101中。 [0118] Incidentally, in this embodiment, the flag area 111 are arranged in the lead-in area 101. 然而,并不局限于此,可将该实施例构造成其排列在例如临时缺陷管理区104(105)、或导出区103、或其他区域中。 However, not limited thereto, this embodiment may be configured, for example, 103 in which are arranged, or other area of ​​the temporary defect management area 104 (105), or lead-out area. 可将其构造成该标志区111的位置等等是由记录在随后所述的设置信息121中的信息或者记录在导入区101中的信息等等来表示的。 It may be configured to mark the location of the region 111 and the like are provided in the subsequent information 121 recorded by the recording information or the like in the lead-in area 101 represented.

[0119] 将诸如图像数据、音频数据、以及内容数据这样的记录数据记录在用户数据区108 中。 [0119] such as image data, audio data, and contents data such as recording data in the user data area 108. 备用区109和110是备择的记录区,这些记录区用于使记录数据从用户数据区108的缺陷中撤离到其上。 Spare areas 109 and 110 are alternative recording area, the recording area for recording the evacuation data from the defect in the user data area 108 thereto. 换句话说,当用户数据区108中存在缺陷时,要记录在或已记录在该缺陷位置上的记录数据(如必要时以下简称为"撤离数据")备择的记录到备用区109或110 中。 In other words, when there is a defect in the user data area 108, data to be recorded have been recorded (hereinafter referred to as necessary, such as when "evacuation data") in this alternative position of the defect is recorded into the spare area 109 or 110 or in.

[0120] 将缺陷管理信息120临时记录到临时缺陷管理区104和105中。 [0120] The defect management information 120 is temporarily recorded into the temporary defect management areas 104 and 105. 顺便说一下,还将缺陷管理信息120记录到确定的缺陷管理区106和107中。 Incidentally, also record the defect management information 120 into the definite defect management areas 106 and 107. 随后对确定的缺陷管理区106/107与临时缺陷管理区104/105之间的不同之处进行描述。 Subsequently 106/107 definite defect management area will be described with the difference between the temporary defect management areas 104/105.

[0121] 接下来,对缺陷管理信息120进行说明。 [0121] Next, the defect management information 120 will be described. 缺陷管理信息120是记录/重放装置200(参考图9)执行缺陷管理使用的信息。 120 is the defect management information recording / reproducing apparatus 200 performs the defect (see FIG. 9) use of management information. 当将记录数据记录在光盘100上时或者当从光盘100中重放出记录数据时,记录/重放装置200执行缺陷管理。 When recording data on the optical disk 100 or reproduce data recorded when the optical disc 100, the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 performs the defect management. 在该实施例中,缺陷管理主要如下。 In this embodiment, the defect management is mainly as follows. 当检测到光盘100的用户数据区108上存在有诸如划痕、粉尘、或者磨损这样的缺陷时,对记录数据进行记录以远离该缺陷的位置,并且同时,将撤离数据记录在备用区109或110中。 When detecting the user data area 108 on the optical disc 100, such as the presence of scratches, dust, or worn such a defect, the recording data is recorded away from the position of the defect, and at the same time, the evacuation data recorded in the spare area 109 or 110. 此外,还执行以下操作以作为缺陷管理的一部分:当对记录在用户数据区108 上的记录数据进行重放时识别缺陷位置的操作;以及从备用区109或110中读取最初记录在或者已记录在缺陷位置上的记录数据的操作。 In addition, the following operations are also performed as part of the defect management: recognizing operation defect position when the record data recorded in the user data area 108 is reproduced; initial recording and reading from the spare area 109 or 110, or already operation of recording data on the recording position of the defect. 为了执行这种缺陷管理,记录/重放装置200需要识别缺陷在用户数据区108中的位置。 Location means 200 needs to identify defects in the user data area 108 in order to perform such defect management, the recording / reproducing. 缺陷管理信息120主要用于记录/重放装置200以识别缺陷的位置。 Defect management information 120 is mainly used for recording / defect to identify the location of the reproduction apparatus 200.

[0122] 图2给出了缺陷管理信息120的内容。 [0122] FIG. 2 shows the contents of the defect management information 120. 如图2所示,设置信息121和缺陷列表122 包含在缺陷管理信息120之内。 2, the setting information 121 and a defect list 122 contained in the defect management information 120.

[0123] 如图2所示,设置信息121包括:用户数据区108的开始地址;用户数据区108的结束地址;内部备用区109的大小;外部备用区110的大小;以及其它信息。 [0123] As shown in FIG 2, the setting information 121 includes: the start address of the user data area 108; the end address of the user data area 108; the size of the inner spare area 109; the size of the outer spare area 110; and other information.

[0124] 图3给出了缺陷列表122的内容。 [0124] FIG. 3 shows the contents of the defect list 122. 如图3所示,在缺陷列表122上,记录用于表示缺陷在用户数据区108中的位置的地址(在以下简称为“缺陷地址”)、用于表示记录数据在备用区109或110中的记录位置的地址(以下简称为“备用地址”);以及其它信息。 3, on the defect list 122, recording address for indicating the position of a defect in the user data area 108 (hereinafter referred to as the "defect address"), is used to indicate the data recorded in the spare area 109 or 110 address of the recording position (hereinafter, simply referred to as "spare address"); and other information. 当用户数据区108中存在多个缺陷时,将与这些缺陷对应的多个缺陷地址和备用地址包含在缺陷列表122中。 When a plurality of defects in the user data area 108, corresponding to the plurality of defect addresses these deficiencies and alternate address contained in the defect list 122.

[0125] 顺便说一下,不仅对光盘100的用户数据区108而且还对光盘100的整个记录面 [0125] Incidentally, not only the user data area 108 of the optical disc 100 but also on the entire recording surface of the optical disc 100

执行缺陷管理。 Defect management is performed.

[0126] 接下来,对缺陷管理信息120的记录方面进行讨论。 [0126] Next, discussion of defect management information 120 recorded aspect. 光盘100上的临时缺陷管理区104/105以及确定的缺陷管理区106/107是用于将缺陷管理信息120记录在其中的区域。 Temporary defect management area on the optical disc 100 and the definite defect management area 104/105 106/107 for the defect management information recorded in the area 120 therein. 然而,临时缺陷管理区104/105与确定的缺陷管理区106/107在其位置、大小、以及使用目的方面不同。 However, the temporary defect management areas 104/105 and the definite defect management areas 106/107 differ in their position, size, and purpose of use aspect. 下面对这两个区域的差异进行特别讨论。 The following special discussion of these differences in the two regions.

[0127] 图4给出了将缺陷管理信息120记录在临时缺陷管理区104或105中这样一状态的一个示例。 [0127] FIG. 4 shows an example of the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 in such a state of the defect management information 120 recorded. 临时缺陷管理区104和105是这样的区域,即用于临时将记录缺陷管理信息120记录在其中,直到光盘100被最终化。 Temporary defect management areas 104 and 105 is a region, i.e. for temporarily recording defect management information 120 recorded therein, until the disc 100 is finalized. 缺陷管理信息120是缺陷管理必需的信息。 Defect management information 120 is the information necessary for the defect management. 对于各个光盘而言是否存在缺陷以及其位置均有所不同,以便需要将缺陷管理信息120记录并保持在各个光盘上。 For each disc the presence of defects and their positions are different, need to record the defect management information 120 on each optical disk and held. 在该示例中,在最终化之前的阶段,将缺陷管理信息120记录并保持在光盘100上的临时缺陷管理区104或105中。 In this example, at a stage before the finalizing, the defect management information 120 recorded on the optical disk 100 and held in the temporary defect management area 104 or 105.

[0128] 此外,在实施例中,如图4所示,最好是两次重复或冗余的将缺陷管理信息120记录在临时缺陷管理区104或105中(顺便说一下,因为执行两次重复的或冗余的记录缺陷管理信息120,因此图4总共示出了四个缺陷管理信息120)。 [0128] Further, in the embodiment shown in Figure 4, preferably from duplicate or redundant recording of the defect management information 120 into the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 (Incidentally, as performed twice repetitive or redundant recording of the defect management information 120, and therefore FIG. 4 shows a total of four defect management information 120). 这可安全的记录缺陷管理信息120并对其进行重放。 This safety record defect management information 120 and replay. 即使未执行两次而是例如一次或者三次或多次对缺陷管理信息120 的记录,那么也可对缺陷管理信息120和撤离数据进行适当的记录和重放。 But even if not performed twice, for example, recorded once or three or more times the defect management information 120, then the defect management information may be appropriately 120 and evacuation data recording and reproducing.

[0129] 直到光盘100最终化,在一些情况下可对缺陷管理信息120更新若干次。 [0129] until finalizing the optical disc 100, in some cases, the defect management information 120 may be updated several times. 例如,如果在第一次记录与第二次记录(即附加的或连续的或补加的记录)之间灰尘附着于光盘100上,那么当第二次记录时检测到缺陷(或灰尘)。 For example, if between the first recording and the second recording (i.e., additional or sequential or additional recording) Dust attached to the optical disc 100, the defect is detected (or dust) when the second recording. 根据该检测,对缺陷列表122进行更新。 According to this detection, the defect list 122 is updated. 当更新了缺陷列表122时,那么将包括已更新缺陷列表122的缺陷管理信息120附加的记录(即一次写入)在临时缺陷管理区104或105中。 When the defect list 122 is updated, the defect list including defect management 120 122 updated additional information is recorded (i.e. written once) in the temporary defect management area 104 or 105. 光盘100是一次写入型记录介质, 因此不可能使已更新缺陷管理信息120覆盖在现有缺陷管理信息120上。 Optical disc 100 is a write-once recording medium, it is impossible to make the updated defect management information 120 on the existing defect management information covering 120. 因此,如图4所示,将更新的缺陷管理信息120串行的记录在现有缺陷管理信息120之后。 Thus, as shown in FIG 4 serial updated defect management information 120 is recorded after the existing defect management information 120. 因此,这种情况下的“有效缺陷管理信息120”表示在第二次附加写入的缺陷管理信息120。 Thus, in this case "effective defect management information 120" indicates additional writing in the second defect management information 120.

[0130] 为了实现对缺陷管理信息120的这种重复及串行记录,临时缺陷管理区104和105 大于确定的缺陷管理区106和107。 [0130] In order to realize such repeated and serial recording of the defect management information 120, the temporary defect management areas 104 and 105 is larger than the definite defect management areas 106 and 107.

[0131] 此外,如图4所示,最好是将缺陷管理信息120串行的(连续的)记录在临时缺陷管理区104或105中。 [0131] Further, FIG. 4, it is preferable to serial defect management information 120 (continuous) recorded in the temporary defect management area 104 or 105. 就临时缺陷管理区104或105而言,最好是预先确定缺陷管理信息120的记录顺序。 On temporary defect management area 104 or 105, it is preferable to determine in advance the defect management information 120 recorded in sequence.

[0132] 尤其是在该实施例中,当更新了缺陷管理信息120时,如果缺陷管理信息120将要记录到的临时缺陷管理区改变了,那么还对标志区111的区别信息进行更新。 [0132] In this particular embodiment, when the defect management information 120 is updated, if the defect 120 to be recorded into the temporary defect management area management information is changed, then also the difference information flag area 111 is updated. 也就是说,例如,如果临时缺陷管理区104的空闲空间用完了并且随后将缺陷管理信息120记录到临时缺陷管理区105中,那么对标志区111的区别信息进行更新。 That is, for example, if the temporary defect management area 104 runs out of free space and then the defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 105, the distinction information of the flag area 111 is updated. 因此,此时的区别信息表示将有效缺陷管理信息120记录在临时缺陷管理区105中。 Thus, this time difference represents the effective defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 105 in the information. 随后对区别信息的特定结构进行详细的描述(参见图7等等)。 Then the difference of the specific configuration information are described in detail (see FIG. 7, etc.).

[0133] 图5给出了将缺陷管理信息120记录在确定的缺陷管理区106或107中这样一状态的一个示例。 [0133] FIG. 5 shows an example of the defect management information 120 recorded in the definite defect management area 106 or 107 in such a state. 确定的缺陷管理区106和107是这样的区域,即将光盘100最终化时的缺陷管理信息120确定的记录在其中。 Definite defect management areas 106 and 107 are such areas, the optical disc 100 is about the defect management information 120 to determine the final recorded therein. 换句话说,在最终化之前的阶段,确定的缺陷管理区106和107是未记录的(或空白)。 In other words, before the final stage, the definite defect management areas 106 and 107 are unrecorded (or blank). 当光盘100被最终化时,将缺陷管理信息120记录在确定的缺陷管理区106和107中,并且随后继续该记录状况。 When the optical disc 100 is finalized, the defect management information 120 recorded in the definite defect management areas 106 and 107, and then continues the recording state.

[0134] 在该示例中,如图5所示,最好是两次重复或冗余的将缺陷管理信息120记录在确定的缺陷管理区106或107中。 [0134] In the example shown in Figure 5, preferably from duplicate or redundant in the defect management information 120 recorded in the definite defect management area 106 or 107. 这可安全的记录缺陷管理信息120并对其进行安全的重放。 This safety record defect management information 120 and its safety playback. 即使未执行两次而是例如执行一次或者执行三次或多次记录,那么也可对缺陷管理信息120进行适当的记录和重放。 But even if not performed twice, for example, performed once or multiple times or to perform recording, it may be appropriate for recording and reproducing defect management information 120.

[0135] 根据该实施例中的光盘100,临时缺陷管理区104位于导入区101与备用区109之间并且临时缺陷管理区105位于备用区110与导出区103之间,这可提供一次写入型光盘100与一般可重写光盘之间的兼容性。 [0135] 100, the temporary defect management area 104 and the spare area 101 is located between the lead-in area 109 and the temporary defect management area 105 is located between the spare area 110 and the lead-out area 103 according to this embodiment of the optical disc, which may provide a write-once type optical disc 100 and a general rewritable optical disc compatibility. 为了实现与一般可重写型光盘的兼容性,一次写入型光盘100必须具有导入区、备用区、用户数据区、备用区、以及导出区,并且必须保持诸如这些区域的顺序、位置、以及大小(尺寸)这样的基本记录结构。 In order to achieve compatibility with the general rewritable-type optical disc, write-once optical disc 100 has a lead in area, a spare area, a user data area, a spare area, and a lead-out area, and must be such as to maintain the order of these regions, the location, and the basic structure of such a record size (size). 虽然光盘100具有临时缺陷管理区104和105,但是光盘100仍保持这种基本记录结构,这可提供兼容性。 Although the optical disc 100 includes a temporary defect management areas 104 and 105, but this optical disc 100 remains the basic recording structure, which may provide compatibility. 换句话说,如果临时缺陷管理区104处于导入区101中,那么如上所述因为临时缺陷管理区104相对很大,因此只能选择以扩大导入区101的尺寸,这是很不利的。 In other words, if the temporary defect management area 104 in the lead-in area 101, as described above, then the temporary defect management area 104 is relatively large, and therefore can only choose to expand the size of the lead-in area 101, which is very unfavorable. 然而,在该示例中,不会出现这种缺点,因为临时缺陷管理区104位于导入区101之外。 However, in this example, this disadvantage does not occur because the temporary defect management area 104 is located outside the lead-in area 101. 此外,如果临时缺陷管理区104处于用户数据区108之中,那么具有控制信息特性的缺陷管理信息120将包含在下述用户数据区108之中,所述用户数据区108是其内应该记录有记录数据的区域,这会引起控制信息以及下述记录数据混杂在用户数据区108之中的缺点,所述记录数据是具有与控制信息不同特性的信息。 Also, if the temporary defect management area in the user data area 104 is 108, the control information having a characteristic defect management information 120 included in the user data area 108 following the user data area 108 is to be recorded within the recording data area, which may cause the control information and the following data recorded in the user data area mixed 108 disadvantage, the record data is information having properties different from the control information. 然而,在该示例中,因为临时缺陷管理区104位于用户数据区108之外,因此不会出现这种缺点。 However, in this example, since the temporary defect management area 104 is located outside the user data area 108, and therefore such a disadvantage does not occur. 对于临时缺陷管理区105而言同样如此。 The same is true for the temporary defect management area 105 terms.

[0136] 用户数据区108的开始地址和结束地址以及备用区109和110的每个起始地址(或用户数据区108以及备用区109和110的大小等等)包含在缺陷管理信息120的设置信息121之中(参考图幻。该设置信息121是由记录/重放装置200来设置的。换句话说,如果用户数据区108的开始地址和结束地址以及备用区109和110的每个大小被清楚的示为设置信息121,那么它们可被允许改变。即使它们已变化,也可保持与一般可重写型记录介质的兼容性。因此,通过使用户数据区108的开始地址向后移动(向外圆周侧)可确保导入区101与用户数据区108之间的间隔,并且可使临时缺陷管理区104位于在该间隔中。根据怎样设置用户数据区108的开始地址,可保留或确保相对大的(相对大尺寸) 的临时缺陷管理区104。对于临时缺陷管理区105而言同样如此。 Start address and the end address [0136] and the user data area 108 (or the size of the user data area 108 and the spare areas 109 and 110, etc.) for each spare area 109 and the start address 110 contained in the defect management information 120 among the information 121 (refer to FIG phantom. the setting information 121 by the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 to the set. in other words, if the start address and end address of the user data area 108 and spare area size 109 and 110 each are clearly shown as the setting information 121, then they may be allowed to change even if they have changed, but also to maintain compatibility with a general rewritable-type recording medium. Thus, rearward movement of the user data area start address 108 (outer circumferential side) to ensure that the spacing between the lead-in area 108 and the user data area 101, and allows the temporary defect management area 104 is located in this interval according to how to set the start address of the user data area 108, or may be retained to ensure relatively large (relatively large size) of the temporary defect management area 104. the same is true for the temporary defect management area 105 concerned.

[0137] 根据光盘100,确定的缺陷管理区106和107分别处于导入区101和导出区103中, 这可提供一次写入型光盘100与一般可重写光盘之间的兼容性。 [0137] According to the optical disc 100, the definite defect management areas 106 and 107 respectively in the lead-in area 101 and a lead-out area 103, which may provide compatibility between the optical disc write once type optical disc 100 and a general rewritable. 也就是说,一般可重写型光盘具有用于记录缺陷管理信息的区域,这些区域处于导入区和导出区之中。 That is, the optical disc having a general rewritable area for recording defect management information, which region is in lead-in area and lead-out area. 光盘100还具有分别位于导入区101和导出区103之中的确定的缺陷管理区106和107。 Optical disc 100 also has a lead-in area 101 are located and lead-out area 103 determined among the defect management area 106, and 107. 就此,它们的记录结构相同。 In this regard, they have the same record structure. 因此,可确保一次写入型光盘100与一般可重写型光盘之间的兼容性。 Thus, to ensure compatibility between the write-once type optical disc 100 and a general rewritable optical disc.

[0138] 顺便说一下,在上述实施例中,以本发明的信息记录介质应用到单层光盘上这样一种情况为例。 [0138] Incidentally, in the above embodiment, the information recording medium of the present invention is applied to a case where a single-layer disc as an example. 然而,本发明并不局限于该示例并且可应用到两层或多层光盘上。 However, the present invention is not limited to this example and may be two or more layers applied to the optical disc. 图6给出了本发明的信息记录介质应用到两层光盘这样一种情况的一示例。 Figure 6 shows an example of the information recording medium of the present invention is applied to a case where a two-layer optical disc. 在图6中的两层光盘150的第一层(图6的上侧)中,与光盘100相同,最内圆周侧上存在导入区151,并且在朝着外圆周侧的方向排列有临时缺陷管理区154、备用区159、用户数据区158、备用区160、临时缺陷管理区155、以及导出区153。 (Upper side in FIG. 6) in the two-layer optical disc in FIG. 6 of the first layer 150, the same as the optical disc 100, there is a lead-in area 151 on the most inner circumferential side, and in a direction towards an outer circumferential side are arranged the temporary defect management area 154, a spare area 159, the user data area 158, the spare area 160, the temporary defect management area 155, and lead-out area 153. 标志区161排列在导入区151中。 Flag area 161 are arranged in the lead-in area 151. 在第二层中,与光盘100相同,最内圆周侧上存在导入区171,并且在朝着外圆周侧的方向排列有临时缺陷管理区174、备用区179、用户数据区178、备用区180、临时缺陷管理区175、以及导出区173。 In the second layer, the same optical disc 100, there is a lead-in area 171 on the most inner circumferential side, and in a direction towards an outer circumferential side are arranged temporary defect management area 174, a spare area 179, the user data area 178, the spare area 180 temporary defect management area 175, and lead-out area 173.

[0139] 顺便说一下,在对与图6中的两层或多层光盘相关的说明中,示出了第一层的记录方向与第二层相同这样的平行轨道路径,但是可采用第一层的记录方向与第二层相反这样的相反轨道路径。 [0139] Incidentally, in the description relating to FIG. 6 in two or more layers of the optical disc, the recording is shown in the same direction of the first layer such parallel track path of the second layer, but can be the first direction of the recording layer and a second layer, opposite to the opposite track path.

[0140] 接下来,参考图7和图8,对标志区的数据结构进行详细说明。 [0140] Next, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 8, the data structure of the flag area will be explained in detail. 图7给出了两层光盘150中的标志区161的更详细的数据结构。 Figure 7 shows a more detailed data structure of the flag area 150 in the two-layer optical disc 161. 图8A至图8D示意性的给出了其根据正在使用的临时缺陷管理区而改变的标志区161的记录的一方面的一个特定示例。 8A to 8D schematically shows a specific example of an aspect of the recording based on the temporary defect management area being used is changed flag area 161.

[0141] 如图7所示,标志区161中存在三个标志单元区(162、163、以及164)。 [0141] As shown in FIG 7, there are three flag unit areas (162, 163, and 164) in the flag area 161. 这三个标志单元区的每个大小与用于光盘100的纠错码(ECC)簇的区域的大小对应。 Size corresponding to the size of each of the three flag unit area 100 and the error correction code for the optical disc (ECC) cluster area. 不但可使用用于ECC簇的区域而且还可使用任意的区域作为标志区161的标志单元区。 It may be used not only in the area for the ECC cluster but also an arbitrary area using a flag unit area 161 of the flag area.

[0142] 此后,根据这三个标志单元区中的数据的记录状态,可示出有效缺陷管理信息120 记录在临时缺陷管理区域154、155、174、以及175的哪个区中。 [0142] Thereafter, according to the recording state of the data in the three flag unit area can be shown effective defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 154,155,174, and 175 in which area. 也就是说,所有这三个标志单元区示出了与上述区别信息对应的信息。 That is, all the three flag unit area shows information corresponding to the above-described distinction information. 在该实施例中,根据每一个是处于记录状态还是处于未记录状态,这三个标志单元区162、163、以及164示出了其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息120的临时缺陷管理区。 In this embodiment, each of which is in accordance with the recorded state or the unrecorded state, the three flag unit areas 162, 163, and 164 is shown within which the effective defect management information is recorded temporary defect management area 120.

[0143] 该实施例中的"记录状态"表示凹坑形成于标志单元区之中这样的状态,并且凹坑可表示预定记录数据或者不必表示预定记录数据。 [0143] This embodiment "recorded state" in the embodiment represented in the pits formed in such a state flag unit area, and the pits may indicate the predetermined record data or does not necessarily indicate the predetermined record data. 另一方面,“未记录状态"表示凹坑未形成于标志单元区之中并且它具有与类似镜平面对应的记录层这样的状态, On the other hand, "unrecorded state" represents a flag among the pits are not formed in the cell region and which has a state similar to a mirror plane corresponding to the recording layer,

[0144] 顺便说一下,最好是标志单元区的数目仅比为光盘所提供的临时缺陷管理区的数目小一。 [0144] By the way, the best number is only a small sign unit area than the number of temporary defect management area is provided by a CD-ROM. 也就是说,如果存在η个为光盘所提供的临时缺陷管理区(η:整数,η彡2),那么标志单元区的数目最好是"η-1"。 That is, if there is [eta] a temporary defect management area provided for the optical disk (η: integer, San [eta] 2), the number of flag unit areas is preferably "η-1". 例如,在图1中的光盘100的情况下,因为存在两个临时缺陷管理区,因此标志单元区的数目是一个。 For example, when the optical disc 100 in FIG. 1, since there are two temporary defect management area, so that the number is a flag cell region. 例如,在图6中的光盘150的情况下,如图7所示,因为存在四个临时缺陷管理区,因此标志单元区的数目最好是三个。 For example, in FIG. 6 of the optical disc 150, as shown in FIG 7, since there are four temporary defect management area, and therefore the number of flag unit areas is preferably three.

[0145] 接下来,参考图8A至图8D,对标志单元区162、163、以及164的记录状态的一个特定示例进行说明。 [0145] Next, with reference to FIGS. 8A to 8D, one specific example 162 and 163, and the recording status flag unit area 164 will be described.

[0146] 如图8A所示,如果所有的标志单元区162、163、以及164处于未记录状态,那么这表示例如临时缺陷管理区巧4是有效的(即正在使用)。 [0146] As shown in FIG. 8A, if all of the flag unit areas 162, 163, and 164 in the unrecorded state, for example, this indicates that the temporary defect management area 4 is effective to coincidence (i.e., is being used). 也就是说,这表示将有效缺陷管理信息120记录在临时缺陷管理区154中。 That is, it represents the effective defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 154.

[0147] 如图8B所示,如果标志单元区162处于记录状态并且标志单元区163和164处于未记录状态,那么这表示例如临时缺陷管理155是有效的(即正在使用)。 [0147] As shown in FIG. 8B, if the flag unit area 162 is in the recording state and the flag unit areas 163 and 164 in the unrecorded state, for example, this indicates that the temporary defect management 155 is effective (i.e., is being used).

[0148] 如图8C所示,如果标志单元区162和163处于记录状态并且标志单元区164处于未记录状态,那么这表示例如临时缺陷管理区174是有效的(即正在使用)。 [0148] FIG. 8C, if the flag unit areas 162 and 163 in the recorded state and the flag unit area 164 is in the unrecorded state, this indicates e.g. temporary defect management area 174 is effective (i.e., is being used).

[0149] 如图8D所示,如果所有标志单元区162、163、以及164处于记录状态,那么这表示例如临时缺陷管理区175是有效的(即正在使用)。 [0149] FIG. 8D, if all of the flag unit areas 162, 163, and 164 in the recorded state, this indicates e.g. temporary defect management area 175 is effective (i.e., is being used).

[0150] 因此,例如,如果随后所述的记录/重放装置用于对光盘150(或100)进行重放, 那么可相对容易地搜索其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息120的临时缺陷管理区。 [0150] Thus, e.g., if the subsequent recording / reproducing apparatus for an optical disc 150 (or 100) is reproduced, it is relatively easy to search within the effective defect management is recorded temporary defect management information area 120 of the . 因此,可降低要搜索缺陷管理信息120所需的时间长度。 Thus, the search can be reduced to the length of time the defect management information 120 required. 其结果是,可使重放操作加速。 As a result, the reproducing operation can be accelerated.

[0151] 即使光盘150是一次写入型,那么通过写入一些信息而使标志区161中的根据临时缺陷管理区的数目所预先分配的处于未记录状态的标志单元区改变为处于记录状态的区域,也可将区别信息作为记录状态与未记录状态的组合模式而写入到标志区161中。 [0151] Even if the optical disc 150 is a write-once, then the flag by writing some of the information in the area 161 in an unrecorded state flag unit area number of the temporary defect management area allocated in advance is changed according to the recording state region, the difference information may also be written into the flag area 161 as the recording mode of the state and an unrecorded state composition. 如上所述通过将标志单元区设置为处于记录状态,可将区别信息适当地记录为记录模式而无需将区别信息再次记录到另一位置。 As described above by setting the flag unit area in the recorded state, distinction information may be appropriately recorded as the recording pattern without recording the distinction information again to another position.

[0152] 标志单元区162、163、以及164的记录状态与这些记录状态表示的正在使用的临时缺陷管理区的关联性并不局限于图8所示。 Association [0152] 162 and 163, and a recording status flag unit area 164 of the temporary defect management area being used indicates the recorded state is not limited to those shown in Fig. 如果任意的记录状态可以区分正在使用的临时缺陷管理区,那么可使用任意的记录状态。 If any state can be distinguished record temporary defect management area being used, you can use any of the records state.

[0153] 顺便说一下,在图7和图8中,两层光盘150用于进行说明,但是即使在一层光盘100或其他光盘以及具有两个或更多临时缺陷管理区的各种记录介质的情况下,也可获得与本发明的光盘相同的效果。 [0153] Incidentally, in FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, a two-layer optical disc 150 will be described, but even in one optical disc 100 or the optical disc, and various other recording media having two or more temporary defect management areas in a case, the optical disk of the present invention can be obtained the same effects.

[0154](记录/重放装置的实施例) [0154] (a recording / reproducing apparatus of the embodiment)

[0155] 接下来,对本发明实施例中的记录/重放装置的结构进行说明。 [0155] Next, the recording in the embodiment of the present invention / reproducing apparatus configuration will be described. 图9给出了作为本发明的实施例的记录/重放装置200。 Figure 9 shows an embodiment of the present invention is recorded as the / reproducing apparatus 200. 该记录/重放装置200具有用于将记录数据记录在光盘100上的功能以及用于对记录在光盘100上的记录数据进行重放的功能。 The recording / reproducing apparatus 200 has a function for recording data on the optical disc 100, and for recording data on the optical disc 100 is reproduced function.

[0156] 记录/重放装置200具有盘片驱动器300和后端400。 [0156] recording / reproducing apparatus 200 includes a disc drive 300 and the backend 400.

[0157] 图10给出了盘片驱动器300的内部结构。 [0157] FIG. 10 shows the internal structure of the disc drive 300. 该盘片驱动器300将记录数据记录在光盘100上并且读取记录在光盘100上的记录数据。 The disc drive 300 records the record data on the optical disc 100 and reads the record data on the optical disc 100.

[0158] 如图10所示,盘片驱动器300具有:主轴电机351 ;光学拾取器352 ;射频(RF)放大器353 ;以及伺服电路354。 [0158] 10, the disc drive 300 includes: a spindle motor 351; an optical pickup 352; a radio frequency (RF) amplifier 353; and a servo circuit 354.

[0159] 该主轴电机351是用于使光盘100旋转的电机。 [0159] The spindle motor 351 is a motor for rotating the optical disk 100.

[0160] 光学拾取器352通过使光束照射记录面而将记录数据等等记录在光盘100的记录面上并且通过接收该光束的反射光来读取记录在记录面上的记录数据等等。 [0160] The optical pickup 352 by irradiating the recording surface of the recording light beam on the recording surface of the recording data and the like of the optical disc 100 and the optical read record data or the like on the recording surface by receiving the reflected light beam. 光学拾取器352输出与该光束的反射光对应的RF信号。 The output of the optical pickup 352 and the reflected light beam corresponding to the RF signal. [0161] RF放大器353对光学拾取器352输出的RF信号进行放大并且将其输出到CODEC。 [0161] RF amplifier 353 pairs of the RF signal output from the optical pickup 352 amplifies and outputs it to a CODEC. 此外,RF放大器353从RF信号中产生了摆频信号WF、轨道误差信号TE、以及聚焦误差信号FE,并将其输出。 Additionally, RF amplifier 353 produces a wobble frequency signal WF, a track error signal TE, a focus error signal FE and the RF signal, and outputs it.

[0162] 伺服电路3M是根据轨道误差信号TE、聚焦误差信号FE、及其它伺服控制信号而对光学拾取器352和主轴电机351的操作进行控制的伺服控制电路。 [0162] The servo circuit 3M is a tracking error signal TE, a focus error signal FE, and other servo control signals and servo control circuit for controlling the operation of the optical pickup 352 and the spindle motor 351.

[0163] 如图10所示,盘片驱动器300具有:CODEC ;355 ;缓冲器;356 ;接口;357 ;以及光束驱动设备358。 [0163] 10, the disc drive 300 includes: CODEC; 355; buffer; 356; interfaces; 357; 358 and a light beam driving device.

[0164] CODEC 355是这样的电路,该电路具有:当读取时对记录数据执行误差校正的功能;以及当记录时将误差校正码或标记附加在该记录数据上以对记录数据进行解调和解码的功能。 [0164] CODEC 355 is a circuit, the circuit comprising: an error when reading data recorded to perform the correction function; and when the recording error correction code or mark to demodulate additional data recorded on the recording data and decoding functions. 具体地说,当读取时,CODEC 355对RF放大器353输出的RF信号进行解调与解码、 对解码的RF信号执行误差校正、并且此后将其输出到缓冲器356。 Specifically, when reading, the CODEC 353 outputs the RF signal of the RF amplifier 355 performs demodulation and decoding, and performs error correction decoding the RF signal, and thereafter outputs it to the buffer 356. 此外,如果对解码的RF 信号执行误差校正的结果是误差校正不可能或者如果误差校正码的数目超过了某个标准值,那么CODEC 355产生用于表示其的误差信号,并且将该信号输出到缺陷检测器359。 Moreover, if performing an error correction decoding the RF signal is the result if the number of error correction impossible or error correction codes exceeds a certain standard value, the CODEC 355 generates an error signal thereof, and outputs the signal to defect detector 359. 当记录时,CODEC 355将误差校正码附加在缓冲器356输出的记录数据上、对该数据进行解调与解码以具有适合于光盘100光学特性等等的代码、并且此后将解码的记录数据输出到光束驱动设备358。 When recording, CODEC 355 the error correction code appended to the recording data output from the buffer 356, demodulates and decodes this data to have optical characteristics of the optical disc 100 is adapted to code the like, and thereafter outputs the decoded record data light beam driving device 358.

[0165] 缓冲器356是用于临时存储记录数据的存储电路。 [0165] Buffer 356 is a memory circuit for temporarily storing the recording data.

[0166] 接口357是用于对盘片驱动器300与后端400之间的输入/输出或记录数据的传送等等进行控制的电路。 [0166] Interface 357 is a circuit between the input disc drive 300 and the backend 400 / transmitting or recording output data for controlling the like. 具体地说,当重放时,接口357响应来自后端400的请求命令,并且将缓冲器356输出的记录数据(例如从光盘100读取的记录数据)输出到后端400。 More specifically, when reproducing, the interface 357 in response to a request command from the backend 400, and outputs the record data buffer 356 (e.g., recorded data read from the optical disc 100) to the rear end 400 of the output. 当记录时,接口357接收从后端400输入到盘片驱动器300的记录数据,并且将该数据输出到缓冲器356。 When recording, the interface 357 receives input 400 from the rear end of the recording data to the disc drive 300, and outputs the data to the buffer 356. 接口357响应来自后端400的请求命令并且将保持在用于产生缺陷管理信息的产生器360 (DMI产生器360)之中的所有缺陷列表或其一部分输出到后端400。 All defects interfaces 357 request command from the backend 400 and the holder in a generator for generating the defect management information 360 (the DMI generator 360) among the list or to the rear end portion of the output 400.

[0167] 当记录时,光束驱动设备358产生了与CODEC 355输出的记录数据对应的光束驱动信号并且将该信号输出到光学拾取器352。 [0167] When recording, the drive apparatus 358 generates a light beam for recording data outputted from the CODEC 355 corresponding to the light beam driving signal and outputs the signal to the optical pickup 352. 光学拾取器352根据光束驱动信号来对光束进行调制并且使其照射在光盘100的记录面上。 The optical pickup 352 modulates a light beam in accordance with a driving signal of the light beam and the recording surface so that the optical disc 100 is irradiated. 这可将记录数据等等记录在记录面上。 This data and the like can be recorded in the recording surface.

[0168] 如图10所示,盘片驱动器300具有:缺陷检测器359 ;以及DMI产生器360。 [0168] 10, the disc drive 300 is provided with: the defect detector 359; and the DMI generator 360.

[0169] 缺陷检测器359是用于对光盘100上的缺陷进行检测的电路。 [0169] The defect detector 359 is a defect on the optical disc 100 is a circuit for detection. 缺陷检测器359产生了用于表示是否存在缺陷的缺陷检测信号并且输出该信号。 Defect detector 359 generates a defect detection signal for indicating the presence or absence of a defect and outputs the signal. 当读取信息时(当核对或重放时),缺陷检测器359根据对记录数据进行误差校正的结果来对缺陷进行检测。 When information is read (reproduced or when the collation), defect detector 359 detects a defect based on a result of error correction of the record data. 如上所述,如果对解码的RF信号执行误差校正的结果是误差校正不可能,或者如果误差校正码的数目超过了某个标准值,那么CODEC 355产生了用于表示该事实的误差信号,并且将该信号输出到缺陷检测器359。 As described above, if the result of performing the error correction on the decoded RF signal error correction is not possible, or if the number of error correction codes exceeds a certain standard value, the CODEC 355 generates an error signal for indicating the fact, and It outputs the signal to the defect detector 359. 当接收到该误差信号时,缺陷检测器359输出用于表示存在缺陷的缺陷检测信号。 When receiving the error signal, the defect detector 359 outputs the defect detection signal for indicating the presence of a defect.

[0170] DMI产生器360是用于根据缺陷检测器359输出的缺陷检测信号来产生或更新缺陷管理信息120的电路。 [0170] DMI generator 360 is a circuit for generating or updating the defect management information 120 in accordance with the defect detection signal outputted from the defect detector 359. 将缺陷管理信息120可重写的存储在位于DMI产生器360之中的存储电路中。 The defect management information 120 stored in rewritable memory circuit located in the DMI generator 360 in. DMI产生器360响应来自后端400的请求命令并且通过接口357而将该缺陷管理信息120输出到后端400。 DMI generator 360 in response to a request command from the backend 400 through the interface 357 and the defect management information 120 to the backend 400 outputs.

[0171] 如图10所示,盘片驱动器300具有CPU 361。 [0171] 10, the disc drive 300 has a CPU 361. CPU 361对盘片驱动器300进行整体控制,并且对上述盘片驱动器300中的元件当中的信息交换进行控制。 CPU 361 of the disc drive 300 performs overall control, and controls the exchange of information of the disc drive 300 among elements. CPU 361还对记录数据和缺陷管理信息120的记录操作和读取操作进行控制。 CPU 361 also manages the information recording and read operations 120 for recording data and control defects. CPU 361响应从后端400传送的控制命令或请求命令并且控制盘片驱动器300与后端400之间的数据交换。 Exchanging data between the CPU 361 in response to the control command or the request command 400 and controls the disc drive 300 and the rear transmission 400 from the rear end.

[0172] 图11给出了后端400的内部结构。 [0172] FIG. 11 shows an internal configuration of the rear end 400. 后端400是这样的装置,该装置对盘片驱动器300从光盘100中读取的记录数据执行重放处理、接收外部提供的记录数据以便将其记录在光盘100上、对该记录数据进行编码、并且将其传送到盘片驱动器300。 Backend 400 is an apparatus, the apparatus performs the recording disc drive 300 reads data from the optical disc reproduction processing 100 receives externally supplied recording data to be recorded on the optical disc 100, encoding the data record , and transfers it to the disc drive 300.

[0173] 后端400具有:驱动控制器471 ;视频解码器472 ;音频解码器473 ;视频编码器474 ;音频编码器475 ;系统控制器476 ;以及缺陷管理设备477。 [0173] back-end 400 includes: a drive controller 471; a video decoder 472; the audio decoder 473; a video encoder 474; an audio encoder 475; a system controller 476; and a defect management device 477.

[0174] 驱动控制器471是用于对盘片驱动器300的读取处理和记录处理进行控制的电路。 [0174] The drive controller 471 is a circuit for controlling the reading processing and recording processing of the disc drive 300. 后端400和盘片驱动器300协作并执行从光盘100中读取记录数据并对其进行重放这样的操作以及接收来自外部的记录数据并将其记录在光盘100上这样的操作。 A rear end 400 and the disc drive 300 cooperate and perform reading the recorded data from the optical disk 100 and subjected to such operations and reproducing recorded data from an external receiver and recorded on the optical disc such operation 100. 驱动控制器471通过对盘片驱动器300的读取处理和记录处理进行控制而实现了后端400与盘片驱动器300的协作。 The drive controller 471 by reading process and recording process of the disc drive 300 is controlled to achieve collaboration with the rear end 400 of the disc drive 300. 具体地说,驱动控制器471将与读取、记录、输出来自缓冲器356的记录数据、输出来自DMI产生器360的缺陷管理信息120等等有关的请求命令输出到盘片驱动器300。 Specifically, the drive controller 471 to read the recording, the recording data output from the buffer 356, the output from the DMI generator 360 of the defect management information 120 and the like related to the request command is output to disc drive 300. 驱动控制器471还对记录数据、缺陷管理信息120、及其它各种信息的输入和输出进行控制。 The drive controller 471 also record data, the defect management information 120, and various other inputs and outputs control information.

[0175] 视频解码器472和音频解码器473是这样的电路,这些电路用于对盘片驱动器300 从光盘100中读取的且是通过驱动控制器471提供的记录数据进行解码并且将该记录数据转换为显示器、扬声器等等可重放的。 [0175] The video decoder 472 and the audio decoder 473 is a circuit, these circuits disc drive 300 for reading from the optical disc 100 and record data is provided by the drive controller 471 and decodes the record data to display, a speaker and the like can be reproduced.

[0176] 视频编码器474和音频编码器475是这样的电路,这些电路用于接收从外部输入的视频信号、音频信号等等以便将其记录在光盘100上、通过活动图像专家组(MPEG)压缩和编码方法等等来对其进行压缩和编码、并且通过驱动控制器471而将其提供给盘片驱动器300。 [0176] Video encoder 474 and audio encoder 475 is a circuit in which a circuit for receiving a video signal, an audio signal and the like input from the outside so as to be recorded on the optical disc 100, by Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) compressing and encoding method or the like to be compressed and coded, and by the drive controller 471 and supplied to the disc drive 300 thereof.

[0177] 在重放时,系统控制器476控制:驱动控制器471 ;视频解码器472 ;音频解码器473 ;以及缺陷管理设备477,由此与这些设备协作的对记录数据进行重放。 [0177] In reproduction, the system controller 476 controls: the drive controller 471; a video decoder 472; the audio decoder 473; and the defect management device 477, thereby cooperating with these devices record data is reproduced. 当记录时,系统控制器476控制:驱动控制器471 ;视频编码器474 ;音频编码器475 ;以及缺陷管理设备477,由此与这些设备协作的对记录数据进行记录。 When recording, the system controller 476 controls: the drive controller 471; a video encoder 474; an audio encoder 475; and the defect management device 477, thereby cooperating with these devices record the record data. 当重放和记录时,系统控制器476利用驱动控制器471来控制盘片驱动器300 (例如控制各种请求命令的产生和传输,应答信号的接收等等)以便实现盘片驱动器300与后端400的协作。 When the playback and recording, the system controller 476 by the drive controller 471 controls the disc drive 300 (e.g. controls the generation and transmission of various request commands, the reception signal response, etc.) in order to achieve the disc drive 300 and the backend 400 collaboration.

[0178] 缺陷管理设备477具有位于其中的存储电路并且具有接收并保持由盘片驱动器300中的DMI产生器360形成的或者更新的全部缺陷管理信息120或其一部分这样的功能。 [0178] The defect management device 477 has therein a memory circuit and a receiving and retaining all or updating the defect formed by the disc drive 300 in the DMI generator 360 management information 120 or a portion thereof such functions. 缺陷管理设备477利用系统控制器476来执行缺陷管理。 Defect management device 477 using the system controller 476 to perform the defect management.

[0179] 接下来,对记录/重放装置200的初始设置操作进行说明。 [0179] Next, the recording / initial setting operation reproducing apparatus 200 will be described. 图12给出了记录/重放装置200的初始设置操作。 Figure 12 shows a recording / initial setting operation reproducing apparatus 200. 记录/重放装置200执行(i)当将光盘100插入或者加载到驱动装置300中时与(ii)当对记录数据进行记录或者重放时之间的初始设置。 The recording / reproducing apparatus 200 (i) when the optical disc 100 is inserted or loaded into the drive apparatus 300 and when (ii) when the record data recording or reproduction between the initial setting. 初始设置是用于为记录数据的记录或重放作准备的处理,并且该初始设置包括各种处理。 The initial setting is used for the recording or reproducing data preparation process, and the initial setting includes various processing. 下面对各种处理当中的初始化光盘100、产生缺陷管理信息120、将缺陷管理信息120传送到后端400 等等进行说明。 Next, the initialization of the optical disc among the various processes 100, 120 generates the defect management information, the defect management information 120 to the backend 400 and the like will be described. 该处理主要是在盘片驱动器300的CPU 361的控制之下执行的。 This processing is mainly performed under the control of the CPU 361 of the disc drive 300.

[0180] 如图12所示,当将光盘100插入或者加载到驱动单元300中时,盘片驱动器300的CPU 361判断光盘100是否是未记录盘片(即是否是空白盘片)(步骤Sll)。 [0180] As shown, when the optical disc 100 is inserted or loaded into the drive unit 300, CPU 361 300 disc drive 12 determines whether the disc 100 is an unrecorded disc (i.e., whether the blank disc) (step Sll ).

[0181] 如果光盘100是空白盘片(步骤Sll :是),那么CPU 361对光盘100进行初始化(步骤S12)。 [0181] If the optical disc 100 is a blank disc (the step Sll: YES), the CPU 361 initializes the optical disc 100 (step S12). 在该初始化中,DMI产生器360产生了缺陷管理信息120(步骤S13)。 In the initialization, DMI generator 360 generates the defect management information 120 (step S13). 具体地说,获得了在初始化过程中设置的用户数据区108的开始地址和结束地址以及备用区109 和110的大小,并且产生了设置信息121。 Specifically, to obtain the start address and end address and the size of the user data area set in the initialization process 108, a spare area 109, and 110, and generates the setting information 121. 此外,还产生了缺陷列表122。 Further, the defect list 122 is generated. 此时产生的缺陷列表122仅仅具有外形,而不具有任何内容。 Defect list 122 generated at this time has only profile, without having any content. 也就是说,既未将缺陷地址记录在其中,也未将特定备用地址记录在其中。 That is, neither the defect address recorded therein, nor the specific spare address is recorded therein. 仅仅记录了头部、标识信息等等。 Only recorded in the head, identification information, and so on. 将产生的缺陷管理信息120 存储并保持在DMI产生器360中。 The generated defect management information 120 is stored and maintained in the DMI generator 360.

[0182] 此后,CPU 361将存储在DMI产生器360中的缺陷管理信息120传送到后端400 (步骤S14)。 [0182] Thereafter, CPU 361 stores the generated defect management information 360 in the DMI 120 to the rear 400 (step S14). 将缺陷管理信息120存储在后端400的缺陷管理设备477中。 The defect management information 120 stored in the defect management device 400, the rear end 477.

[0183] 此后,CPU 361将存储在DMI产生器360中的缺陷管理信息120两次重复或冗余的记录在光盘100的临时缺陷管理区104或105中(步骤SM)。 [0183] Thereafter, CPU 361 stores the defect in the DMI generator 360 of the management information 120 twice repeated or redundant recording in the temporary defect management area 104 of the optical disc 100 or 105 (step SM). 在这种情况下,最好是缺省的指定其内预先第一次记录有缺陷管理信息120的临时缺陷管理区。 In this case, preferably the first pre-designated default recorded therein defect management information of the temporary defect management area 120.

[0184] 另一方面,如果光盘100不是空白盘片时(步骤Sll :否),则CPU 361判断光盘100是否已最终化(步骤S16)。 [0184] On the other hand, if the optical disc 100 is not a blank disc (step Sll: NO), the CPU 361 determines whether the final optical disc 100 (step S16). 最终化是这样的处理,即用于排列记录格式以通过用于一般可重写型光盘的重放装置以及用于仅重放类型的一般光盘的重放装置来对光盘100进行重放。 Finalizing is processing for arranging a recording format that is used by the general reproducing rewritable optical disc apparatus and an optical disc reproducing apparatus for reproducing only the general type of the optical disc 100 to be reproduced. 通过参考记录在导入区101中的控制信息等等可获知光盘100是否已最终化。 Control information and the like in the lead-in area 101 by referring to the record 100 can know whether the optical disc has been finalized.

[0185] 如果光盘100仍未最终化(步骤S16 :否),那么CPU 361选择正在使用的临时缺陷管理区104或105 (步骤S17)。 [0185] If the optical disc 100 is not finalized (the step S16: NO), the temporary defect management area being used to select 104 CPU 361 or 105 (step S17). 也就是说,选择其内包括有效缺陷管理信息120的临时缺陷管理区104或105。 That is, the selection within the effective defect management information includes temporary defect management area 105 or 104 120.

[0186] 尤其是在该实施例中,在步骤S17选择正在使用的临时缺陷管理区时,CPU 361通过参考标志区111来对其内记录有有效缺陷管理信息120的临时缺陷管理区进行有效检测和选择。 [0186] In this particular embodiment, in step S17 are selected using the temporary defect management area, CPU 361 by effectively detecting the reference mark 111 to its active defect management area is recorded temporary defect management information area 120 will be and choose. 随后对该操作进行详细的描述(参见图13)。 Then the operation described in detail (see FIG. 13).

[0187] 此外,如果多个缺陷管理信息120记录在在步骤S17选择的临时缺陷管理区104 或105中(参见图4),那么CPU 361选择并读取它们当中的有效缺陷管理信息120(步骤S18)。 [0187] Further, if a plurality of 120 records defect management information in the temporary defect management area or 104 (see FIG. 4) at step S17 that the selected 105, then the CPU 361 selects and reads the effective defect management information 120 among them (step S18). 也就是说,在最终化之前的阶段,每当对缺陷管理信息120更新时,则将缺陷管理信息120记录在临时缺陷管理区104或105中。 That is, before the final stage of, every time the defect management information 120 updated, then the defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 104 or 105. 多个缺陷管理信息120按更新顺序串行排列。 A plurality of defect management information 120 are arranged in series according to the update order. 因此,在临时缺陷管理区104或105中位于末端的缺陷管理信息是有效缺陷管理信息。 Thus, in the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 located in the end of the defect management information is the defect management information is valid. CPU 361选择并读取位于末端的缺陷管理信息。 CPU 361 selects and reads the defect management information located at the end.

[0188] 为了指定位于末端的缺陷管理信息120(或最后的缺陷管理信息120),该实施例采用以下方法。 [0188] In order to specify the defect management information 120 located at the end (or the last defect management information 120), the embodiment adopts the following method. 也就是说,在多个缺陷管理信息120已连续记录在临时缺陷管理区104或105中的一排的情况下,从临时缺陷管理区104或105的开始地址至下述区域的末端地址记录信息,所述区域内记录有最后的缺陷管理信息120,并且随后的区域是未记录的或空白的。 That end of the address, in a plurality of consecutive defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 104 in a row 105 or case, from the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 to a start address of an area for recording information , within the region of the last recorded defect management information 120, and the subsequent area is unrecorded or blank. CPU 361对光学拾取器352进行控制并从开始地址起对临时缺陷管理区104或105进行扫视。 CPU 361 for controlling the optical pickup 352 and panning of the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 from the start address. 此后,对未记录或空白状态所开始的位置进行检测并且从该位置起对临时缺陷管理区104或105进行反向扫视。 Thereafter, the position of the blank or unrecorded state is detected and the start of the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 from the reverse panning position. 这就是怎样指定最后的缺陷管理信息120。 This is how to specify the last defect management information 120. 通过这类方法,可很容易指定最后的或最近的缺陷管理信息120(即有效缺陷管理信息120)而无需利用指针等等。 By such methods, you can easily specify the last or latest defect management information 120 (i.e. the effective defect management information 120) without using a pointer and the like.

[0189] CPU 361将读取的有效缺陷管理信息120存储在DMI产生器360中并且将该信息传送到后端400 (步骤S19)。 Effective defect [0189] CPU 361 reads management information 120 stored in the DMI generation unit 360 and transmits the information to the backend 400 (step S19). 将有效缺陷管理信息120存储在后端400的缺陷管理设备477 中。 The effective defect management device 477 of the backend 400. The defect management information 120 stored.

[0190] 另一方面,如果光盘100不是空白盘片但是已最终化时(步骤S16 :是),那么CPU 361从确定的缺陷管理区106或107中读取缺陷管理信息120 (步骤S20),并且将该信息传送到后端400(步骤S21)。 [0190] On the other hand, if the optical disc 100 is not a blank disc but is final (step S16: YES), the CPU 361 determines defect management area 106 or 107 from the read defect management information 120 (step S20), and communicate this information to the backend 400 (step S21). 将缺陷管理信息120存储在后端400的缺陷管理设备477中。 The defect management information 120 stored in the defect management device 400, the rear end 477.

[0191] 如上所述,产生了缺陷管理信息120,或者缺陷管理信息120是从临时缺陷管理区104或105中有选择的读取的,或者缺陷管理信息120是从确定的缺陷管理区106或107中读取的。 [0191] As described above, the defect management information 120 is generated, or the defect management information 120 from the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 has selected read, or the defect management information 120 from the definite defect management area 106 or 107 read. 此后,将其记录在盘片驱动器300的DMI产生器360中并将其存储在后端400的缺陷管理设备477中。 Thereafter, it was recorded in the disc drive 360 ​​of DMI generator 300 and stored in the defect management device 400 of the backend 477. 这完成了对缺陷管理的准备并结束初始设置。 This completes the preparation for the defect management and ends the initial setup.

[0192] 接下来,参考图13对图12的步骤S17中的〃选择正在使用的临时缺陷管理区〃 的操作进行详细说明。 [0192] Next, the temporary defect management area 〃 〃 selected in step S17 of FIG. 12 with reference to FIG. 13 are described in detail using the operation. 图13给出了该选择操作的流程图。 Figure 13 shows a flow chart of the selection operation. 顺便说一下,为了方便说明起见, 图6所示的两层光盘150用于说明以代替光盘100。 Incidentally, for convenience of explanation, two-layer optical disk shown in FIG 6150 for explaining the optical disc 100 in place. 此外,假设区别信息表示的标志区161 的区别信息与正在使用的临时缺陷管理区的关联性与图8所示相同,则进行下面的说明。 In addition, the information association with FIG difference information indicating the difference flag area 161 is assumed and the temporary defect management area being used shown in FIG. 8 the same, the following description proceeds.

[0193] 如图13所示,CPU 361读取光盘150的标志区161并且参考包含在标志区161之内的标志单元区(参见图7)的记录状态(步骤S171)。 [0193] As shown in FIG 13, CPU 361 reads the flag area 150 of the optical disc 161 and the reference cell region comprising a recording status flag (see FIG. 7) in the flag area 161 (step S171).

[0194] 此后,通过CPU 361的操作来判断标志单元区162是否处于未记录状态(步骤S172)。 [0194] Thereafter, to determine the flag unit area 162 by operating the CPU 361 is in the unrecorded state (step S172).

[0195] 其结果是,如果判断出标志单元区162处于未记录状态(步骤S172 :是),那么这意味着标志区161示出了图8A所示的记录状态。 [0195] As a result, if judged that the flag unit area 162 is in the unrecorded state (step S172: Yes), then that means the flag area 161 shows the recording state shown in FIG. 8A. 因此,CPU 361将临时缺陷管理区巧4选择为正在使用的临时缺陷管理区(步骤S173)。 Thus, CPU 361 Qiao the temporary defect management area 4 is selected temporary defect management area (step S173) being used.

[0196] 另一方面,如果判断出标志单元区162不是处于未记录状态(步骤S172 :否),那么此后判断标志单元区163是否处于未记录状态(步骤S174)。 [0196] On the other hand, if judged that the flag unit area 162 is not in the unrecorded state (step S172: NO), then after determining flag unit area 163 is in the unrecorded state (step S174).

[0197] 其结果是,如果判断出标志单元区163处于未记录状态(步骤S174:是),那么这意味着标志区161示出了图8B所示的记录状态。 [0197] As a result, if judged that the flag unit area 163 is in the unrecorded state (step S174: Yes), then that means the flag area 161 shows the recording state shown in FIG 8B. 因此,CPU 361将临时缺陷管理区155选择为正在使用的临时缺陷管理区(步骤S175)。 Thus, CPU 361 will select the temporary defect management area 155 as temporary defect management area being used (step S175).

[0198] 另一方面,如果判断出标志单元区163不是处于未记录状态(步骤S174:否),那么此后判断标志单元区164是否处于未记录状态(步骤S176)。 [0198] On the other hand, if judged that the flag unit area 163 is not in the unrecorded state (step S174: NO), then after determining flag unit area 164 is in the unrecorded state (step S176).

[0199] 其结果是,如果判断出标志单元区164处于未记录状态(步骤S176 :是),那么这意味着标志区161示出了图8C所示的记录状态。 [0199] As a result, if judged that the flag unit area 164 is in the unrecorded state (step S176: Yes), then that means the flag area 161 shows the recording state shown in FIG. 8C. 因此,CPU 361将临时缺陷管理区174选择为正在使用的临时缺陷管理区(步骤S177)。 Thus, CPU 361 will select the temporary defect management area 174 as temporary defect management area (step S177) being used.

[0200] 另一方面,如果判断出标志单元区164不是处于未记录状态(步骤S176 :否),那么这意味着标志区161示出了图8D所示的记录状态。 [0200] On the other hand, if judged that the flag unit area 164 is not in the unrecorded state (step S176: NO), this means the flag area 161 shows the recording state shown in FIG 8D. 因此,CPU 361将临时缺陷管理区175 选择为正在使用的临时缺陷管理区(步骤S178)。 Therefore, CPU 361 temporary defect management area 175 selected as the temporary defect management area (step S178) is being used.

[0201] 因此,通过参考标志区161可相对容易且有效的搜索正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 [0201] Thus, the temporary defect management area by referring to the flag area 161 may be relatively easy and efficient search being used. 也就是说,传统地需要对所有临时缺陷管理区进行存取并且彻底地搜索正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 In other words, the traditional need for all temporary defect management area access and thorough searching the temporary defect management area being used. 然而,根据该实施例,如上所述,不必对其进行彻底搜索,因此例如可使加载盘片过程中(或者重放操作和记录操作)的初始操作加速。 However, according to this embodiment, as described above, does not have to be an exhaustive search, for example, can therefore be loaded during disc (or the reproduction operation and recording operation) accelerated initial operation.

[0202] 尤其是,因为标志区161包含在导入区151之中,因此当加载光盘150时,可选择正在使用的临时缺陷管理区作为初始操作的一部分。 [0202] In particular, since the flag area 161 included in the lead-in area 151, so that when the optical disc 150 is loaded, the temporary defect management areas being alternatively used as part of an initial operation. 因此,在此之后,可执行正常重放或记录操作而无需注意对临时缺陷管理区的选择。 Therefore, after this, perform normal recording or playback operation without attention to the selection of temporary defect management area.

[0203] 接下来,对记录/重放装置200的记录操作进行说明。 [0203] Next, the recording / reproducing operation of the recording apparatus 200 will be described. 图14主要给出了记录/重放装置200的记录操作。 FIG 14 mainly shows the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 in the recording operation. 记录/重放装置200执行将记录数据记录在光盘100的用户数据区108中这样的记录操作。 The recording / reproducing apparatus 200 performs recording data on such a recording operation in the user data area 108 of the optical disc 100. 记录/重放装置200在执行缺陷管理的同时执行记录操作。 The recording / 200 performs the recording operation while performing the defect management reproducing apparatus. 记录/重放装置200在记录操作期间执行核对并且根据该核对结果来更新缺陷列表122。 The recording / 200 performing collation reproducing apparatus during the recording operation and updates the defect list 122 based on the collation result. 通过盘片驱动器300的CPU 361与后端400的系统控制器476的协作而实现了记录操作。 Through collaboration system controller 476 CPU 361 of the disc drive 300 and the rear 400 of the recording operation is achieved.

[0204] 如图14所示,在判断是否发出了最终化或从光盘100中重放出记录数据的一指令之后(步骤S31和步骤S3》,当用户输入了用于开始记录的指令(步骤S33 :是)时,记录/重放装置200响应此并且对记录数据进行记录(步骤S34)。将记录数据记录在每个预定块中。记录/重放装置200参考存储在后端400的缺陷管理设备477中的缺陷管理信息并且对记录数据进行记录,同时根据该信息来执行缺陷管理记录。 After [0204] As shown in FIG determines whether to issue a command from a final or reproduce the optical disk 100 for recording data 14 (step S31 and step S3 ", when the user inputs an instruction to start recording (step S33 : Yes), the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 responds to this and records the record data (step S34) the recording data in each block in a predetermined recording / reproducing apparatus 200 refers to the storage 400 of the rear end of the defect management the defect management information 477 and the device to record the record data, while the defect management is performed based on the recording information.

[0205] 记录/重放装置200在每次记录一个块时或者在每次结束一系列写序列时执行核对(步骤S3。,并且根据核对结果来更新缺陷管理信息120。顺便说一下,要更新的缺陷管理信息120是存储在磁盘驱动器300的DMI产生器360中的缺陷管理信息。具体地说,当由于核对的结果而识别到记录数据未被记录时(步骤S36 :是),盘片驱动器300的CPU 361 将没有被记录的记录数据记录在备用区109或110中(步骤S37)。此后,CPU 361估计在其上应该记录有记录数据的位置上存在缺陷,并且将用于表示该位置的缺陷地址以及相应备用地址记录在缺陷列表122上(步骤S38)。下面对形成缺陷地址以及备用地址的操作进行描述。 [0205] recording / reproducing apparatus 200 or when performing a block matching (step S3. At the end of each series of write sequence, and updates the defect management information recorded in accordance with the results of each verification 120. Incidentally, to update the defect management information 120 is the defect management information stored in the magnetic disk drive 360 ​​DMI generator 300. specifically, when identified as a result of the collation to the recording data is not recorded (step S36: yES)., disk drive CPU 361 300 will not be recorded by the recording data is recorded in the spare area 109 or 110 (step S37). Thereafter, CPU 361 estimates on which the defect should be recorded on the data recording position, and for indicating the position the defect address and the spare address of the corresponding recorded on the defect list 122 (step S38). next, the operation of forming the defect address and the spare address will be described.

[0206] 当就此时记录的一系列块的记录数据而言已结束了上述步骤S34至S38时(步骤S39 :是),CPU 361将更新的缺陷管理信息120两次重复或冗余的记录在光盘100上的临时缺陷管理区104或105中(步骤S40)。 [0206] When data is recorded at that time a series of blocks has been recorded in terms of the end of the above-described steps S34 to S38 (step S39: yes), CPU 361 updates the defect management information 120 is recorded twice in duplicate or redundant temporary defect management area 100 or 104 on the optical disc 105 (step S40).

[0207] 因此,将缺陷管理信息120记录到正在使用的临时缺陷管理区中,但是如果正在使用的临时缺陷管理区中没有空闲空间(或未记录空间),则将其记录到另一临时缺陷管理区中。 [0207] Accordingly, the defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area being used in, but if you are using a temporary defect management area no free space (or unrecorded space), it is recorded into another temporary defect management area. 此外,在这种情况下,最好是同时对标志区111的标志单元区进行更新(即将它们中的至少一个改变为处于记录状态)。 Further, in this case, it is preferable for the flag cell region while the flag area 111 is updated (ie, changing at least one of them is in the recorded state). 下面对这种记录操作进行详细的描述(参见图15)。 Hereinafter, this recording operation described in detail (see FIG. 15).

[0208] 顺便说一下,记录在临时缺陷管理区104或105中的缺陷管理信息120是存储在DMI产生器360中的缺陷管理信息120。 [0208] Incidentally, the management information recorded in the temporary defect management area 104 or 120 is the defect 105 is generated in the DMI 360 store defect management information 120. 此后,记录操作完成。 Thereafter, the recording operation is completed.

[0209] 接下来,参考图15对图14步骤S40中的附加的或者连续的或者追加的记录到临时缺陷管理区中进行详细的说明。 [0209] Next, the additional or continuous recording or adding reference to FIG. 14 to FIG. 15 to step S40 in the temporary defect management area is described in detail. 图15给出了将缺陷管理信息120附加的或者连续的或者追加的记录到临时缺陷管理区104或105中的流程图。 Figure 15 shows the defect management information 120 additional temporary defect management area 104 or 105 in the flowchart or continuous recording or added to.

[0210] 如图15所示,首先,通过CPU 361的操作来判断其内将要记录缺陷管理信息120 的临时缺陷管理区104或105中是否存在任何空闲空间(步骤S401)。 [0210] As shown in FIG 15, first, the CPU 361 determines the operation to be recorded therein if there are any free space (step S401) defect management information in the temporary defect management area 105 or 104 120. 也就是说,判断标志区111(或161)所表示的将成为正在使用的临时缺陷管理区这样的区域中是否存在用于进一步将缺陷管理信息120记录在其中的任何空闲空间。 That is, the determination flag area 111 (or 161) will be represented by such an area temporary defect management areas being used for further whether there is the defect management information 120 recorded in any empty space therein.

[0211] 该判断的结果是,如果判断出存在空闲空间(步骤S401 :是),那么将缺陷管理信息120记录到当前的正在使用的临时缺陷管理区(步骤S404)中。 [0211] The results of the determination, if it is determined that there is a free space (step S401: YES), then the defect management information 120 into the current record temporary defect management area (step S404) is being used in.

[0212] 另一方面,如果判断出不存在任何空闲空间(步骤S401 :否),那么将缺陷管理信息120记录到接下来使用的临时缺陷管理区中(步骤S402)。 [0212] On the other hand, if it is determined that there is no free space (step S401: No), then the defect management information 120 recorded temporary defect management area to be used next (step S402). 例如,在光盘100(参见图1)的情况下,如果临时缺陷管理区104正在使用并且不具有用于记录缺陷管理信息120的空闲空间,那么选择临时缺陷管理区105以作为接下来使用的临时缺陷管理区,并且将缺陷管理信息120记录到临时缺陷管理区105中。 For example, in the case where the optical disc 100 (see FIG. 1), if the temporary defect management area 104 is in use and has no free space for recording defect management information 120, then the selected temporary defect management area 105 subsequent use as temporary defect management area, and records the defect management information 120 into the temporary defect management area 105. 或者,在光盘150(参见图6)的情况下,如果临时缺陷管理区154正在使用并且不具有用于记录缺陷管理信息120的空闲空间,那么选择其他临时缺陷管理区155、174、以及175中的任何一个以作为接下来使用的临时缺陷管理区。 Alternatively, in the case where the optical disc 150 (see FIG. 6), if the temporary defect management area 154 is in use and has no free space for recording defect management information 120, then choose another temporary defect management area 155,174, and 175 any temporary defect management area to be used next as a. 顺便说一下,接下来使用的临时缺陷管理区可以是预先确定的,或者例如在步骤S402 的时间点由CPU 361来选择。 Incidentally, the temporary defect management area to be used next may be determined in advance, or, for example, at the time point of the step S402 is selected by the CPU 361.

[0213] CPU 361进一步可将数据记录到标志区111(161)中(步骤S403)。 [0213] CPU 361 may further data is recorded into the flag area 111 (161) (step S403). 也就是说,可使为标志区111 (161)所提供的标志单元区的记录状态的至少一个变成记录状态。 That is, to make the flag area 111 (161) of the recording status flag unit area is provided at least one recording state becomes. 例如,假定在光盘150上,临时缺陷管理区154正在使用,并且此时通过步骤S402的操作将缺陷管理信息120记录到临时缺陷管理区155中。 For example, assume that on the optical disc 150, the temporary defect management area 154 is in use, and at this time the operation in step S402, the defect management information 120 recorded into the temporary defect management area 155. 在这种情况下,对数据进行记录以便标志区161 的标志单元区162处于记录状态。 In this case, the data recording area flag to flag unit area 161 is in the recorded state 162.

[0214] 通过此,如果在记录操作期间正在使用的临时缺陷管理区必须改变,那么可实现这样的标志区111 (161),该标志区具有其可反映出该变化的区别信息。 [0214] By this, if the temporary defect management area being used during the recording operation must be changed, it can realize such a flag area 111 (161), the flag area has its change reflects the difference information.

[0215] 顺便说一下,如果将标志单元区162等等设置成处于记录状态,那么不但通过写入任意数据而且通过写入预定记录数据可形成凹坑。 [0215] Incidentally, if the flag unit area 162 and the like arranged in the recorded state, the pits may be formed not only by writing the predetermined data is recorded by writing arbitrary data but also. 例如,将其构造成通过对重要文件的备份数据进行记录而将标志单元区设置成处于记录状态。 For example, it is configured to record data on the backup of important files and the flag unit area is set to the recording state.

[0216] 接下来,对记录/重放装置200的最终化操作进行说明。 [0216] Next, the recording / end operation reproducing apparatus 200 will be described. 图16给出了记录/重放装置200的最终化操作。 Figure 16 shows a recording / reproducing apparatus 200 in the final operation. 例如,如图16所示,当用户输入了用于最终化的指令时(图14中的步骤S31 :是),记录/重放装置200确认光盘100仍未最终化(步骤S51 :否)并且最终化光盘100 (步骤S5》。在最终化期间,记录/重放装置200两次重复或冗余的将缺陷管理信息120记录在光盘100上的确定的缺陷管理区106或107中(步骤S5!3)。可执行一次、 或三次、或多次对缺陷管理信息120的记录。顺便说一下,记录在确定的缺陷管理区106或107中的缺陷管理信息120是存储在DMI产生器360中的缺陷管理信息。此后,最终化操作完成。 For example, as shown in FIG 16, when the user inputs an instruction for finalizing (the step in FIG. 14 S31: YES), the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 confirms the optical disc 100 has not yet finalized (step S51: NO) and 120 records defect management information of the final 100 (step S5 disc. "in the final period of the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 is repeated twice or redundant definite defect management area 100 on the optical disc 106 or 107 (step S5 ! 3) may be performed once, or three times, or a plurality of recording the defect management information 120. Incidentally, the defect management information recorded in the 106 or 107 definite defect management area 120 is stored in the generator in the DMI 360 defect management information. Thereafter, the finalizing operation is completed.

[0217] 接下来,对记录/重放装置200的重放操作进行说明。 [0217] Next, the recording / reproducing operation of the reproducing apparatus 200 will be described. 图17给出了记录/重放装置200的重放操作。 Figure 17 shows a recording / reproducing apparatus 200 reproducing operation.

[0218] 如图17所示,当用户输入了开始重放的指令(图14中的步骤S32 :是)时,记录/ 重放装置200确认光盘100不是空白盘片(步骤S71 :否),并且对记录在光盘100上的用户数据区108中的记录数据进行重放(步骤S7》。记录/重放装置200对记录数据进行重放,同时根据存储在后端400的缺陷管理设备477中的缺陷管理信息120来执行缺陷管理。 [0218] As shown in FIG 17, when the user inputs an instruction to start reproduction (step in FIG. 14 S32: Yes), the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 confirms the optical disc 100 is not a blank disc (the step S71: NO), and recording data in the user data area 100 is recorded on the optical disc 108 is reproduced (step S7. "the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 reproduces the record data while stored in the defect management according to the rear end 400 of the device 477 defect management information 120 to perform the defect management.

[0219] 如上所述,根据记录/重放装置200,在最终化光盘100之前,将缺陷管理信息120 记录在光盘100的临时缺陷管理区104或105中,并且当最终化光盘100时,将缺陷管理信息120记录到光盘100上的确定的缺陷管理区106或107中。 [0219] As described above, according to the recording / reproducing apparatus 200, before finalizing the optical disc 100, the defect management information 120 recorded in the temporary defect management area 104 or 105 of the optical disc 100, and the optical disc 100 when finalizing the recording defect management information 120 into the definite defect management area on the optical disc 107 or 100 106. 就仍未最终化的光盘100 而言,记录/重放装置200从光盘100的临时缺陷管理区104或105中读取缺陷管理信息120。 On the optical disc 100 is not finalized, the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 manages information 120 from the temporary defect management area 104 of the optical disc 100 or 105 reads the defect. 就已最终化的光盘100而言,记录/重放装置200从光盘100的确定的缺陷管理区106或107中读取缺陷管理信息120。 Had finalizing the optical disc 100, the recording / reproducing apparatus 200 reads the defect management information 120 from the definite defect management area 106 or 107 of the optical disc 100. 就未最终化的光盘100以及已最终化的光盘100而言,可实现对记录数据的记录或者重放,同时执行适当的缺陷管理。 On the optical disc 100 is not finalized and the optical disc 100 is already finalized, the recording can be achieved for the reproduction or recording data while performing the appropriate defect management. [0220] 尤其是,通过提供标志区111 (161),可相对容易且有效的从多个临时缺陷管理区104和105(或154、155、174、以及175)中选择正在使用的临时缺陷管理区。 [0220] Particularly, by providing flag area 111 (161), can be relatively easily and effectively manage the plurality of temporary defect management areas 104 and 105 (or 154,155,174, and 175) in the selected temporary defect being used Area. 也就是说,可相对容易且有效的读取有效缺陷管理信息120。 That is, relatively easily and efficiently read effective defect management information 120. 这可降低在加载盘片或重放和记录时CPU 361的处理负荷。 This may reduce the CPU processing load at the time of loading the disk 361 or reproducing and recording.

[0221] 根据本发明的记录/重放装置200,将其构造成在最终化过程中将缺陷管理信息120记录在光盘100的确定的缺陷管理区106或107中,这可使一次写入型光盘100与一般可重写型光盘之间兼容。 [0221] According to the present invention, a recording / reproducing apparatus 200, which is configured to record defect management information 120 in the final process is determined in the optical disc defect management area 106 or 100 107, which allows the write-once type compatible with the optical disc 100 between the disc and the general rewritable-type.

[0222] 顺便说一下,仅为了对其技术思想进行说明,用于说明本发明实施例的附图具体体现了本发明的记录介质、记录装置、或者重放装置的构件等等。 [0222] Incidentally, only the technical idea thereof will be described for explaining the drawings of the embodiments embodied the present invention, the recording medium of the present invention, a recording apparatus or reproducing apparatus like member. 各种构件的形状、大小、位置、连接关系等等并不局限于该附图。 The shape of the various components, the size, position, connection relationship, etc. is not limited to the accompanying drawings.

[0223] 此外,在上述实施例中,光盘100是作为记录介质的一个示例来进行讨论的,并且与该光盘100有关的记录器或播放器是作为记录/重放装置的一个示例来进行讨论的。 [0223] Further, in the above embodiment, the optical disc 100 as one example of a recording medium to be discussed, and 100 associated with the recorder or player of the optical disc as a recording / reproducing apparatus of an example for discussion of. 然而,本发明并不局限于光盘和用于其的记录器或播放器。 However, the present invention is not limited thereto and an optical disk recorder or player. 本发明适合于高密度记录或高传送率的其它各种信息记录介质以及用于该介质的记录器或播放器。 The present invention is suitable for high density recording or high transfer rate, and other various information recording media for the recording medium or player.

[0224] 本发明并不局限于上述实施例,在不脱离从权利要求和整个说明书中读取的本发明的本质或精神的情况下,如果希望,可对其做出各种变化。 [0224] The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, without departing from the essence or spirit of the invention read from claims and the entire specification, if desired, various changes may be made thereto. 其均涉及这种变化的信息记录介质、记录装置、重放装置、记录方法、重放方法、以及可实现这些功能的计算机程序也在本发明的技术范围之内。 Which involve such changing information recording medium, recording apparatus, reproducing apparatus, recording method, reproducing method within the skill of, and a computer program can also implement the functions of the present invention.

[0225] 工业实用性 [0225] Industrial Applicability

[0226] 其均基于本发明的信息记录介质、用于该信息记录介质的记录装置和方法、用于该信息记录介质的重放装置和方法、用于记录或重放控制的计算机程序、以及包括控制信号的数据结构可应用于诸如光盘、磁盘、磁光盘这样的高密度光盘,并且进一步可应用于DVD播放器、DVD记录器等等上。 [0226] which are information recording medium of the present invention is based on the method and apparatus for recording information recording medium, the information reproducing apparatus and method for a recording medium, a computer program for recording or reproduction control, and data structure including a control signal can be applied, such as an optical disc, magnetic disk, magneto-optical disk such as a high density optical disc, and further can be applied to a DVD player, a DVD recorder and the like. 此外,它们可应用于例如安装在各种计算机设备上的或者与各种计算机设备相连的信息记录介质、信息记录/重放装置等等上。 In addition, they can be applied to a computer mounted on a variety of devices or an information recording medium, for example, the information recording device connected to various computer / reproducing apparatus and so on.

Claims (2)

1. 一种用于将记录数据记录到信息记录介质上的记录装置,所述信息记录介质包括: (i)数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;(ii)多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将所述数据区中的缺陷管理信息记录在其中;以及(iii)标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,所述标志区具有多个标志单元区,所述多个标志单元区的每一个处于记录状态或者处于未记录状态,所述多个标志单元区的记录状态和未记录状态的组合模式表示区别信息,所述标志区排列在所述多个临时缺陷管理区的一个中,所述记录装置包括:第一记录设备,用于对记录数据和缺陷管理信息中的至少一个进行记录;以及第二记录设备,如果其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区变化了 1. An apparatus for recording data on a recording device that records the information recording medium, said information recording medium comprising: (i) a data area for recording therein record data; (ii) a plurality of temporary defect management areas for the temporary data area defect management information recorded therein; and (iii) the flag area except for recording information therein, the distinction information from said plurality of temporary defect management area distinguished within the effective defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area, the flag area has a plurality of flag cell region, a plurality of unit regions each of a flag in the recorded state or the unrecorded state, the plurality of markers units combined mode recording state and an unrecorded state area represents the difference information, the flag area arranged in one of said plurality of temporary defect management areas, said recording apparatus comprising: a first recording device for recording data and recording at least one defect management information; and a second recording device, if within the effective defect management information recorded in the temporary defect management area change 则该第二记录设备通过根据已变化的临时缺陷管理区将被留置为处于未记录状态的区域改变为处于记录状态的区域并且由此改变组合模式,来更新并记录该区别信息。 By the second recording apparatus according to the changed temporary defect management area it is retained to be in an unrecorded area is changed to the state in the recorded state area and thereby change the combination pattern, and records the difference update information.
2. 一种用于对记录到信息记录介质上的记录数据进行重放的重放装置,所述信息记录介质包括:(i)数据区,用于将记录数据记录在其中;(ii)多个临时缺陷管理区,用于临时将所述数据区中的缺陷管理信息记录在其中;以及(iii)标志区,用于将区别信息记录在其中,所述区别信息用于从所述多个临时缺陷管理区中区别出其内记录有效缺陷管理信息的临时缺陷管理区,所述标志区具有多个标志单元区,所述多个标志单元区的每一个处于记录状态或者处于未记录状态,所述多个标志单元区的记录状态和未记录状态的组合模式表示区别信息,所述标志区排列在所述多个临时缺陷管理区的一个中,所述重放装置包括:选择设备,用于读取记录在所述标志区中的区别信息,并且用于基于由所述选择设备读取的区别信息,选择所述多个临时缺陷管理区中的有 2. An apparatus for recording data on an information recording medium recording and reproducing apparatus reproducing said information recording medium comprising: (i) a data area for recording therein record data; (ii) multiple temporary defect management area, the data area for temporary defect management information recorded therein; and (iii) flag area for recording therein distinction information, the distinction information from said plurality temporary defect management area in which the difference between the effective defect management information recorded within the temporary defect management area, the flag area has a plurality of flag cell region, a plurality of unit regions each of a flag in the recorded state or the unrecorded state, combined mode recording state of said plurality of flag unit areas and unrecorded state information represents the difference between the flag region arranged in one of said plurality of temporary defect management area, said reproducing apparatus comprising: a selection device, with reading the distinction information recorded in the flag area, and there is a difference based on the information read by said selection device selecting the plurality of temporary defect management areas 临时缺陷管理区;读取设备,用于读取由所述选择设备选择的有效临时缺陷管理区中记录的缺陷管理信息;以及重放设备,用于基于由所述读取设备读取的缺陷管理信息,重放记录在所述数据区中的记录数据。 Temporary defect management area; a reading device for reading the effective defect by said selecting device selects the temporary defect management area recorded in the management information; and a reproducing apparatus for a defect based on the read by the reading device management information, said reproducing data recorded in the data area is recorded.
CN 200610068300 2003-08-12 2004-07-22 Information recording medium and reproduction device CN1828760B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003207281 2003-08-12
JP2003-207281 2003-08-12
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