CN1729934A - Interactive multimedia bio-feedback arrangement - Google Patents

Interactive multimedia bio-feedback arrangement Download PDF

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CN1729934A
CN1729934A CN 200510028013 CN200510028013A CN1729934A CN 1729934 A CN1729934 A CN 1729934A CN 200510028013 CN200510028013 CN 200510028013 CN 200510028013 A CN200510028013 A CN 200510028013A CN 1729934 A CN1729934 A CN 1729934A
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trainee
physiological
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state
training
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高春平
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高春平
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Abstract

The invention relates to a device used for biofeedback training, especially relating to the interactive-reaction multimedia device, which controlled by the physiological signal of trainee and/or the condition of consciousness. The invention comprises a physiological and/or consciousness monitoring module, a signal processing identification module, a control module and a execution module, which detects the physiological signal and/or the condition of consciousness of the trainee, monitors the changes, and calculates the control instruction according to said changes for controlling, regulating and changing the images, voice, motions and other actions of the execution modules in different patterns, so the effect of biofeedback training can be strengthened while it can help the trainee to better adjust the physiologic status and the psychological condition. The invention can be widely used in variable health care and clinical medicine fields.

Description

交互式多媒体生物反馈装置 Means interactive multimedia biofeedback

所属技术领域本发明涉及应用于生物反馈训练的装置,尤其涉及一种由受训者生理信号和/或意识状态控制、交互反应式、多媒体类型的生物反馈训练装置。 The present invention relates to the art applied to biofeedback training apparatus, particularly to a trainee by the physiological signal and / or control state of consciousness, reactive interactive multimedia type of biofeedback training device. 更具体的说,这种装置由生理信号和/或意识状态监测模块,信号处理及识别模块,控制模块和执行模块等部分组成,通过探测受训者生理信号和/或意识状态,监测其改变,根据生理信号和/或意识状态改变程度,计算出相应的控制指令,控制、调节和改变各种不同类型执行模块的影象、声音、运动和其他动作,来强化生物反馈训练的效果,帮助受训者更好的调节自我生理状态和心理状态,可广泛应用于多种健康保健和临床医疗等领域。 More specifically, this means a physiological signal and / or state of consciousness monitoring module, a signal processing and recognition module, a control module and an execution module section etc., by detecting a physiological signal trainee and / or state of consciousness, which changes the monitoring, a physiological and / or degree of consciousness state change signal, calculating a corresponding control command, control, regulation, and various changes in the image, sound, motion, and other actions performed different types of modules, to strengthen the effect of biofeedback training to help trainees to better self-regulation of the physiological state and mental state, it can be widely used in a variety of clinical health care and medical fields.

背景技术 Background technique

个人压力过大、心理压力超过一定负荷可能引发多种代谢性疾病和身心疾病的事实已经被大多数科学家认同,研究证实:采用科学有效的放松训练有助于缓解个人紧张状态,缓解个人的心理压力,从而大幅度减少压力过大导致的多种疾病。 Personal pressure, psychological pressure exceeds a certain load may lead to the fact that a variety of metabolic diseases and mental illness have been recognized most scientists, researchers confirmed: the use of scientific and effective relaxation training can help relieve personal tension, alleviate individual psychological pressure, thus greatly reducing the number of diseases caused by excessive pressure.

已经被很多临床研究所证实的有效放松训练方法是生物反馈训练,使用者在进行放松训练时通过了解自己体内的各种生理活动状态,学会控制自己的生理状态来缓解个人的紧张状态。 Effective relaxation training method has been proven many clinical studies is biofeedback, relaxation training by making users understand the various physiological active your body, learn to control their physiological state to ease personal tensions.

生物反馈是一种先进的行为医学治疗方式,训练者通过自己生理信号的即时反馈,学会调节和控制个人的生理参数,从而更好地调节个人的身心状态。 Biofeedback is an advanced behavioral medicine treatment, her physical trainer instant feedback signals, learn to regulate and control individual physiological parameters, in order to better regulate the individual's physical and mental condition. 可用于多种健康目的和治疗目的,已经被现代医学证实为一种无副作用、效果良好的行为医学治疗方式。 Can be used for a variety of health purposes and therapeutic purposes, it has been confirmed by modern medicine as a no side effects, good effects of behavioral medicine treatment.

美国等很多发达国家已经很广泛地应用生物反馈在多种健康项目,以及多种临床疾病的诊断和治疗,美国国家药品和食品管理局也已经批准生物反馈仪器应用多种临床疾病的预防和治疗。 The United States and many other developed countries, has been very widely used in a variety of biofeedback health programs, as well as a variety of clinical diagnosis and treatment of diseases, the National Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of biofeedback instruments to prevent and treat a variety of clinical diseases .

尽管生物反馈训练是现代行为医学和现代生物工程的结晶,代表先进的社会-心理-生物医学模式,但是生物反馈仪器本身的一些弱点,严重妨碍了生物反馈训练方法的推广、普及和更广泛的应用。 Although biofeedback training is the crystallization of modern behavioral medicine and modern biological engineering, representing advanced social - psychological - the biomedical model, but biofeedback instrument itself some weaknesses, a serious impediment to the promotion of bio-feedback training methods, the popularity and the wider application.

电脑技术的突飞猛进,为生物反馈设备及技术的发展提供了广阔的平台及良好的发展空间,目前美国的数家公司已经开发出数种功能强大,用途广泛的生物反馈专用装置。 Advances in computer technology, provides a broad platform and good development space for the development of biofeedback equipment and technology, the current number of American companies have developed several powerful, versatile special biofeedback device. 这些装置必须配合专用硬件及设备才能使用,价格极其昂贵,很难普及应用。 These devices must be with special hardware and equipment to use, extremely expensive, difficult to spread applications. 而且,这些装置存在的共同缺陷是,缺乏训练过程中即时的生理状态提示,对受训者生理状态的改变程度没有明确的指示,从而使受训者不能清楚了解自己的生理状态变化的精确程度。 Moreover, the common defects of these devices is the lack of training process in real-time physiological state suggest that there is no clear indication of the degree of change in the physiological state of the trainees, so that the trainees can not clearly understand the precise extent of their physical state changes. 因而不能充分发挥行为医学原理中正面强化,即时强化的基本原理,影响训练的效果。 And therefore can not give full play to the principles of behavioral medicine in positive reinforcement, immediate strengthening of basic principles, affect the effectiveness of training. 除此以外,这些装置还存在下列劣势:1)现有的生物反馈装置仅有生物信号的直接反馈信号,使用者必须自己从声光反馈信号中判断自己放松的程度和状态。 In addition, these devices there is also the following disadvantages: 1) the feedback signal only directly biosignal conventional biofeedback device, the user to figure out whether their relaxed state and status of the optical feedback from the acoustic signal. 这种判断方法既不准确,也会分散使用者的注意力而影响放松训练的效果。 This judgment method is neither accurate, also distract the user's attention and influence the effect of relaxation training.

2)在生物反馈训练中,由于使用者不能确切了解训练效果,也没有装置提醒或鼓励使用者已经取得的成绩,会明显减少行为强化的效果。 2) In biofeedback training, because the user can not know exactly what the training effect, there is no device to remind the user or encouraging results have been achieved, will be significantly reduced behavioral strengthening effect. 从而违反行为医学的基本原则,降低应取得的疗效。 Thereby violating the basic principles of behavioral medicine, reduce the effect to be achieved.

3)使用者在生物反馈训练中,由于不能确切定量的了解自己训练所获得的效果和取得的进步,因而不利于指导顾问为使用者制订长期训练方案,也不能准确利用训练中反馈的信息来改进训练方法。 3) users in biofeedback training, because it is not precise quantitative understanding of the effects of their own training obtained and progress made, which is not conducive to long-term guidance counselors to develop training programs for users, but also can not accurately use the information fed back to training improving training methods.

4)现有的生物反馈装置训练方法枯燥和单调,没有娱乐性质和娱乐内容,缺乏趣味性、竞争性和复杂性,使用者很难长期坚持,某些边缘用户可能不会有兴趣主动使用,因而限制了这一方法的普及和推广。 4) Existing biofeedback device boring and monotonous training methods, not recreational and entertainment content, lack of interest, competition and complexity, the user is difficult to adhere to long-term, some users may not be interested edge active use, thus limiting the spread and promotion of this approach.

因此,开发一种能够提供快速、准确、简易的确认生物反馈训练效果的放松指导装置,在生物反馈训练中提供合适的指导,并让使用者随时确切了解自己的放松状态,以及与训练前对比的效果,会使训练效果更理想,疗效更显著。 Therefore, to develop a way to provide fast, accurate and easy to confirm the effect of biofeedback training relaxation guidance device, provide appropriate guidance in biofeedback training, and allows users at any time to understand their exact state of relaxation, as well as compared with before training the effect will make the training effect is better, more pronounced effect.

同时,通过上述的装置,将使用者训练中生理状态和心理状态前后变化程度,转化为指令,驱动各种不同的游乐装置、游戏装置、运动装置、竞赛装置等多种装置,让使用者在健康训练时获得娱乐和享受,在娱乐和享受同时达到健康目的。 Meanwhile, by the above means, the degree of change before and after the training user mental state and physiological state, into the instruction, to drive various devices plurality of different amusement devices, gaming devices, motion devices, competition devices, so that the user get entertainment and enjoyment health training, entertainment and enjoyment at the same time to achieve health purposes. 这种类型的装置可能会吸引更多的人采用生物反馈训练达到健康和预防、治疗疾病的目的。 This type of device may attract more people using biofeedback training to achieve health and the prevention and treatment of diseases of purpose.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为了实现本发明的目的,本发明采用的技术方案的特征是,这是一种由由受训者生理信号和/或意识状态控制、交互反应式、多媒体类型的生物反馈训练装置。 To achieve the object of the present invention, the technical features of the present invention is employed, which is a physiological signal controlled by the trainee and / or state of consciousness, reactive interactive multimedia type of biofeedback training device. 更具体的说,这种装置由生理信号和/或意识状态监测模块,信号处理及识别模块,控制模块和执行模块等部分组成,通过探测受训者生理信号和/或意识状态,监测其改变,根据生理信号和/或意识状态改变程度,计算出相应的控制指令,控制、调节和改变各种不同类型执行模块的影象、声音、运动和其他动作,来强化生物反馈训练的效果,帮助受训者更好的调节自我生理状态和心理状态,可广泛应用于多种健康保健和临床医疗等领域。 More specifically, this means a physiological signal and / or state of consciousness monitoring module, a signal processing and recognition module, a control module and an execution module section etc., by detecting a physiological signal trainee and / or state of consciousness, which changes the monitoring, a physiological and / or degree of consciousness state change signal, calculating a corresponding control command, control, regulation, and various changes in the image, sound, motion, and other actions performed different types of modules, to strengthen the effect of biofeedback training to help trainees to better self-regulation of the physiological state and mental state, it can be widely used in a variety of clinical health care and medical fields.

本发明的技术特征是,在训练过程中持续监测受测者的一种或多种生理信号,将采集的生理信号进行放大、调理、A/D转换成数字信号后,采用计算机装置和专用软件对生理信号进行处理、分析、计算,将计算结果与受训者生理信号基线值进行对比,计算代表受训者生理信号改变程度的倍增因子,并将后者转化为输出指令。 Technical features of the present invention is monitored continuously been subjected to a test subject or more physiological signals in the training process, the signal sampling is performed after amplifying, conditioning, A / D converted into a digital signal, using a computer and special software means physiological signal processing, analysis, calculation, and the calculation result signal trainee physiological baseline value comparison, calculates a representative signal level of the trainee physiological changes a multiplication factor, and the latter into an output instruction.

应用于本发明装置控制的生理信号,可以是人体各种形式的体表生理信号,包括脉搏波信号、心电信号、脑电信号、肌电信号、皮肤电信号、呼吸信号、体表温度信号、血压信号、血氧饱和度信号、眼电信号、眼球运动信号等生理信号。 Physiological signal applied to the control apparatus of the present invention may be in various forms of human body surface physiological signals, comprising a pulse wave signal, ECG, EEG, EMG, skin electrical signal, the respiratory signal, the temperature signal surface , physiological signals blood pressure signal, the blood oxygen saturation signal, electrical eye, eye movement signals. 上述生理信号可以采用相应的专用生理信号传感器采集。 Physiological signal can be employed the above-described respective dedicated physiological signal sensor acquisition. 这种由生理信号传感器采集的生物电信号或非电信号,通过传感器转变成标准电信号进行进一步放大、调理。 Such physiological signals acquired by the sensors or bioelectric signal electrical signal, converted by the sensor into a standard electrical signal for further amplification, conditioning. 本发明装置中生理信号采集模块由上述各种通用型或专用型生理信号传感器构成。 Apparatus of the present invention, the physiological signal acquisition module consists of the above-described various general purpose or dedicated physiological signal sensor.

本发明装置用于监测受训者生理信号的各项指标是以观察人体生理放松状态为标准的,这些指标可以是监测脉搏波或心电波形中RR-50数量、PP-50数量、LH分量、HF分量或LF/HF比值、单位时间内心率的变化、呼吸频率或呼吸幅度变化、肌电信号变化、脑电α波数量变化、体表温度变化、皮肤电传导率变化、血压变化、血氧饱和度改变、单位时间内氧气和二氧化碳含量的改变等。 Indicators of the present invention apparatus for monitoring the physiological signals trainee physiological state of relaxation is observed for the standard, these indicators may be monitored ECG or a pulse wave in the number of RR-50, PP-50 number, LH component, HF component or the LF / HF ratio, change in heart rate per unit time, respiratory rate or respiratory amplitude variations, changes EMG, EEG α wave number changes, changes in skin temperature, skin electrical conductivity changes, changes in blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation change, change per unit time of oxygen and carbon dioxide content, and the like. 最佳的选择是生理信号传感器容易佩戴,不影响受训者活动,不增加受训者痛苦,指标稳定可靠,重复性强,容易测试、分析对比的生理信号类型。 The best option is a physiological signal sensor easy to wear, does not affect the activities of the trainee, the trainee does not increase the pain, indicators stable and reliable, repeatable, easy to test, the type of comparative analysis of physiological signals. 此外,由于不同生理信号的生物反馈控制难度不一致,考虑到初学者和新手掌握难易程度,可以从最简单的呼吸生物反馈训练开始,让受训者有一定理解和认识后,采用脉搏波传感器监测RR-50数量,逐步发展到测试肌电信号、皮电信号、皮肤温度信号,最后采用脑电信号生物反馈。 After the addition, due to the different bio-physiological feedback control signals are inconsistent difficulty, taking into account the beginners and novices to grasp the degree of difficulty, can be fed back training from the most simple breathing organisms began, so that trainees have some understanding and awareness, the use of pulse wave sensor monitoring RR-50 number, the progressive development of test EMG, skin electrical signals, skin temperature signal, and finally using EEG biofeedback. 也可以根据受训者个人健康状态,选择最适合受训者个人的生物反馈形式。 Can also be based trainee personal health status, select the most appropriate form of biofeedback trainee individuals. 采集的生理信号进行前置放大、工频滤波、A/D转换成数字信号,通过计算机接口电路,将数字信号输出至计算机装置。 Physiological signal acquisition to be preamplified, frequency filtering, A / D converted into a digital signal, through the computer interface circuit, the digital signal output to the computer device.

本发明装置中的生理信号放大调理模块,由生物电信号放大器、A/D转换器、计算机接口电路组成,根据不同类型的生理信号,可以选用不同类型的专用或通用生物电放大器。 Physiological signal amplifying apparatus according to the present invention, the conditioning module, a bioelectric signal amplifier, A / D converter, the computer interface circuit, according to different types of physiological signals, can use different types of special or general purpose bioelectric amplifier. 放大器通常由高共模抑制比的仪表放大器组成。 Than that normally inhibit amplifier instrumentation amplifier consists of a high common mode. A/D转换器可以采用8位、12位或16位A/D转换器,根据不同的采样率及精确度而选择。 A / D converter may be 8-bit, 12-bit or 16-bit A / D converter, depending on the selected sampling rate and accuracy. 计算机接口电路,可以采用多种接口方式,包括USB接口方式,RS232接口方式,或者采用直接计算机串行接口或者并行接口方式输出数字信号到计算机。 The computer interface circuit may be employed a variety of interfaces, including USB interface mode, RS232 interface mode or direct a computer serial interface or parallel interface mode output digital signals to the computer. 生理信号放大调理模块,可以采用市售通用型信号调理板和数据采集板,也可以根据生理信号的类型,自行设计,制造专用特殊用途的装置。 Amplifying the physiological signal conditioning module may be used a commercially available general-purpose data acquisition and signal conditioning board plate, also depending on the type of physiological signals, designed, dedicated special purpose device manufacturing. 上述的生理信号放大、调理模块将采集的生理信号进行前置放大、工频滤波、A/D转换成数字信号,通过计算机接口电路,将数字信号输出至计算机装置。 Above physiological signal amplification, signal conditioning modules physiological collected to be preamplified, frequency filtering, A / D converted into a digital signal, and outputs the digital signal through the computer interface circuit to the computer means.

本发明装置中的生理信号处理、分析、计算、贮存模块,是多种形式的计算机装置,由中央处理器(CPU),程序贮存器(RAM),数据贮存器(ROM)构成,可以是任何形式的计算机装置,包括台式电脑、笔记本电脑、手掌式电脑(PDA)、单片电脑或单板电脑、工业控制电脑等。 Physiological signal processing apparatus according to the present invention, analysis, calculation, storage module is Various forms of computer apparatus, by the central processing unit (CPU), program storage (RAM), data memory (ROM) configuration, it may be any in the form of computer device, including desktop computers, laptop computers, palm computers (PDA), a computer or a monolithic board computer, industrial control computers. 这些计算机装置配备必要的输入、输出装置、控制装置、多媒体装置和操作系统软件以及专用信号输入、处理、分析、计算、控制软件,根据不同的生理信号及不同的执行装置、多媒体装置选择合适的计算机装置。 These computer apparatus equipped with the necessary input and output devices, control devices, multimedia devices and operating system software as well as dedicated signal input, processing, analysis, calculation, control software, a suitable different physiological signals and various actuators, multimedia device selected in accordance with the computer means. 生理信号处理、分析、计算、贮存模块,接受输入的生理信号,对输入的生理信号进行各种处理,将处理的信号采用专门的工具进行分析,将分析的信号贮存,并与贮存在数据贮存模块中的生理信号基线数值进行对比计算,计算出倍增因子及其级别,以声光模式,通过多媒体装置,显示即时的倍增因子级别及其标记。 Physiological signal processing, analysis, calculation, storage module, receiving a physiological signal input of a physiological signal inputted various kinds of processing, the signal processing using specialized tools to analyze the stored signal analysis, and with the data stored in the storage physiological signal baseline value calculation module compared, and the level of the calculated multiplication factor to the acousto-optic mode, multimedia device, display real multiplication factor levels and their tag. 同时将倍增因子级别,转化为数字信号,输出至控制执行模块的影象、音响、运动及其他动作。 Level while the multiplication factor, into a digital signal, output to the control images, sound, motion and other motion execution module.

本发明的技术特征是,通过监测、计算受训者训练时生理状态的改变程度来决定各种类型执行模块的变化。 Technical features of the present invention is that, by monitoring, the trainee training calculating the degree of change to determine the change in the physiological state of the execution module types. 这个数值是通过测量受训者训练时的生理信号数值,并将其与受训者生理信号基线值相对比,计算出倍增因子,以此代表受训者当时生理状态改变的程度,并将倍增因子级别转化为数字或模拟控制指令,控制执行模块的各种变化。 This value is obtained by measuring the physiological signal value at the trainee training, the trainee and the relative physiological signal than the baseline value calculated multiplication factor, as a proxy for the degree of change in the physiological state at the time the trainee, and the multiplication factor conversion level digital or analog control command, the control module performs various variations. 受训者训练时生理信号改变的幅度与各种执行装置的变化程度呈线性关系,受训者训练时生理状态越放松,越处于松弛状态,各种执行装置的变化程度变化越大。 The degree of change in the amplitude of the physiological signal changes with various linear actuators when the trainee training, the trainee training physiological state more relaxed, more relaxed state, the greater the degree of change in the various execution means changes. 反之,受训者训练时生理状态越紧张,越处于紧张状态,各种执行装置的变化程度越小。 Conversely, when the trainee training more intense physiological state, the state of tension, the smaller the degree of change in the implementation of the various devices.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中采用的受训者的生理信号基线值是监测受训者生理状态改变的基础和参考对比数值。 Technical features of the present invention is that the baseline physiological signal present invention is employed trainee trainee basis of monitoring the physiological state change and reference contrast values. 基线值测量的准确程度直接影响监测结果的准确性。 The accuracy of the baseline value measured directly affects the accuracy of the monitoring results. 受训者基线值的测试方法可以是多种形式的,可以在训练开始前,在受训者安静坐位姿势五分钟后,开始测量某种生理信号1分钟至10分钟,最好是2~3分钟,计算其平均数值,以此为受训者个人的某种生理信号基线值,记录在受训者个人挡案内,以便随时可以调用。 Test Method trainee baseline value may be in various forms, can be before the start of training, the trainee quiet sitting posture after five minutes, began some physiological signal measured from 1 to 10 minutes, preferably 2 to 3 minutes, calculating the average value, as a trainee to some physiological signal baseline individual values, recorded in the individual trainee abuse, to be ready for call. 受训者基线值也可以是采用以前生物反馈训练结束时的生理信号数值,还可以是在训练开始后2~5分钟内采集受训者生理信号的平均数值。 Trainee baseline value may be employed at the end of physiological signal value before the biofeedback training, the trainee may also be acquired physiological signal within 2 to 5 minutes after the start of training an average value. 采用上述方法测试基线值都是被允许的,最重要的是,任何一个受训者或受训小组必须采用同一种生理信号,同一种分析计算方法,以及同一种方法测定基线值,否则训练的结果失去准确性。 Using the above method to test baseline values ​​are permitted, most importantly, any training or a trainee team must use the same physiological signal, the same kind of analysis and calculation method, and a method of measuring the same baseline value, or the result of the loss of training accuracy.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中监测的数值是受训者生理信号在训练中的改变,受训者生理信号的绝对值没有意义,只有生理信号在训练中任何一个时段的改变所代表的生理信号相对改变值,才是决定训练效果的关键,在本装置中的生理信号数值改变是动态的、变化的。 Technical features of the present invention is, in the present invention means the value is a trainee monitoring physiological changes in the training signal, the absolute value of the trainee does not make sense physiological signals, physiological signals in training only physiological represents a change in any period relative change in signal value, the key is determined training effect, changing the value of the physiological signal in the present apparatus is dynamic and changing. 计算某个时间段生理信号数值与生理信号基线值的比值,就代表该时间段受训者生理状态的改变程度,测量和计算生理信号改变程度的时间间隔和周期可以自由调节,但其间隔至少不能低于30秒,否则太短时间间隔不能有效计算生理信号的平均数值,可能会出现较大的误差。 Ratio of physiological signals values ​​of a physiological signal baseline value calculated period of time, represents the degree of change of the physiological state of the trainee time period, and calculate the degree of the physiological measurement signal change time period and interval can be adjusted freely, but which can not be spaced at least at least 30 seconds, the time interval is too short or not effectively calculates the average value of the physiological signal, a large error may occur. 测量和计算的间隔时间最好在30秒至5分钟,最佳时间在30秒到60秒钟,管理者可以根据需要自由调节。 Measurement and calculation of the interval is preferably 30 seconds to 5 minutes in the best time of 30 seconds to 60 seconds, the manager can be freely adjusted as desired.

本发明的技术特征是,本装置中采用倍增因子来代表受训者生理状态改变的程度。 Technical features of the present invention is the multiplication factor of the present apparatus used to represent the degree of change in the physiological state of the trainee. 倍增因子计算采用训练时即时测量的生理信号数值除以该生理信号的基线值,基线值作为常数贮存在RAM中。 Multiplication factor calculating an instantaneous measurement of physiological signal using the training value by the baseline value of the physiological signal, as a constant baseline value stored in the RAM. 为了更直接显示和表达倍增因子的意义,采用倍增因子级别和标记来表示倍增因子的程度,倍增因子与其对应的倍增因子级别和倍增因子标记相互关系采用表格形式存放在计算机装置的RAM中,通过查表法可以快捷查找(见图3)。 In order to sense the multiplication factor is more direct display and expression using the multiplication factor levels and to refer to the degree of the multiplication factor, the multiplication factor corresponding multiplication factor levels and the multiplication factor marker relationship table form stored in the RAM computer apparatus by you can quickly look up table method (see Figure 3). 代表受训者即时生理状态改变程度的倍增因子级别和倍增因子标记会自动显示在执行装置中受训者面前的显示屏中。 Representative of the physiological state change degree trainee instant multiplication factor and the multiplication factor of the level of marker will be automatically displayed in the front of the apparatus performing the trainee display. 倍增因子所代表的受训者生理状态提示语音内容也可以通过耳机提示受训者(见图3)。 SUMMARY voice prompt physiological state trainee multiplication factor represented by the trainee may prompt (see FIG. 3) through the headphones. 在训练中受训者的倍增因子某单位时间里自动改变,改变的幅度取决于受训者生理状态的改变。 Time automatically change the multiplication factor of the trainee in a unit training, the trainee changes depending on the magnitude of change in the physiological state. 倍增因子更新的时间间隔,取决于预置的计算倍增因子的间隔时间,可以调整。 Multiplying factor updating interval, the time interval calculated depending on the preset multiplication factor can be adjusted. 这个间隔时间应该根据执行装置的特殊性来设置,两者之间应该谐调和配合。 This interval should be set according to the special nature of the execution means, harmonization and should fit therebetween.

本发明的技术特征是,当受训者的倍增因子级别不理想,而受训者想通过调整个人的生理状态,达到更放松的生理状态时,受训者可以选择“呼吸模拟”选项,一旦这个选项被选择,计算机装置根据受训者目前的倍增因子级别自动选择合适的呼吸频率和呼吸周期,并以声音模拟和影象模拟的方式指导受训者通过调整呼吸来改善生理放松状态,倍增因子和呼吸模拟信号的关系(见图4)。 Technical features of the present invention is that, when the multiplication factor of the level of the trainee is not ideal, but would like to adjust the individual trainee's physiological state, reaches more relaxed physiological state, the trainee can select "breathe analog" option, this option is once Alternatively, the computer means automatically selects an appropriate frequency and respiratory breathing cycle according to the current multiplication factor of the level of the trainee, and analog images and sound to an analog manner to guide the trainee to improve the physiological state of relaxation by breath, respiration analog signal and the multiplication factor the relationship (see Figure 4). 受训者也可以通过其他方式调整个人的放松状态,包括各种放松训练和生物反馈训练的方法。 Trainees can also adjust individual state of relaxation through other means, including the various methods of relaxation training and biofeedback training.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置也可以通过监测受训者的生理信号,来监测受训者的意识状态变化,通过计算意识状态的改变程度来控制执行模块的变化,一种实用的方式是通过采集受训者脑电信号,分别计算脑电波中α波(8~13Hz),β波(14~30Hz),θ波(4~7Hz),δ波(<3.5Hz)的功率值(采用快速傅里叶换算方法),当α功率值明显增大,成为脑电波中优势波形时,证明受训者意识状态处于警觉性放松状态,是最理想的放松状态,这时,执行模块发生预置的变化,α波优势程度越高,执行模块变化越大。 Technical features of the present invention, the apparatus of the present invention may be monitored by the trainee's physiological signal, to monitor the trainee's state of consciousness changes, changes to the control module performed by calculating the degree of change of the state of consciousness, by way of a practical EEG acquisition trainee, brain waves were calculated α wave (8 ~ 13Hz), β wave (14 ~ 30Hz), θ wave (4 ~ 7Hz), δ wave (<3.5Hz) a power value (using fast Fourier when Fourier conversion method), was significantly increased when the power α, brain waves become dominant wave, is in a state of consciousness proved trainee relaxed state of alertness, relaxation is the ideal state, then, change the preset execution module breaks , the higher the degree of α wave advantages, the greater the change in the execution module.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置所述执行模块,包含各种电脑多媒体装置,影象装置、音响装置、娱乐装置及运动装置。 Technical features of the present invention, the apparatus of the present invention, the execution module, the computer including various multimedia devices, video devices, audio devices, entertainment devices and moving means. 电脑影象多媒体装置是其中重要的一种,电脑音响装置,灯光音响装置,美化环境,改善气氛的装置,模拟运动装置也都可以成为其组成部分。 Computer image display apparatus is an important one, computer audio apparatus, lighting and sound equipment, landscaping, means to improve the atmosphere, can also be simulated movement means become an integral part.

本发明装置中电脑影象多媒体装置,由摄像头、带有视频处理硬件的个人电脑、专用的多媒体软件、CD-ROM和DVD-ROM、电脑显示器组成。 Apparatus of the present invention, the image display device of the computer, by the camera, with video processing hardware of a personal computer, a dedicated multimedia software, CD-ROM and DVD-ROM, computer monitor composition. 这个装置根据控制模块传送的指令,在专用多媒体软件驱动下,反馈性显示各种影象,完成交互式生物反馈的功能。 The apparatus according to instructions transmitted by the control module, the dedicated display software in the drive, feedback displays various images of the complete interactive biofeedback function. 反馈的形式多种多样,可根据受训者的个人状态和爱好挑选,一种可行的方式是,用摄像头摄录受训者个人的影象,并经电脑CPU处理后显示在显示屏上,当受训者生理信号改变和/或意识状态改变时,受训者影象的清晰度、亮度、色彩随之改变。 Feedback forms, and may be selected based on personal hobby trainees state, one possible way is to use video camera trainee individual images, and after the computer CPU processing on a display screen, a trainee when the physiological signals are changed and / or altered state of consciousness, trainee image sharpness, brightness, color change. 在训练开始前选择显示受训者个人影象的默认值时,个人肖像应该不太清晰,有些模糊,色彩较淡,亮度较低,画面较灰暗,而当受训者生理、心理状态放松程度增高,倍增因子数值增大时,肖像的清晰度增高,色彩变鲜艳,画面变明亮,倍增因子级别与画面清晰度、色彩、亮度呈现正性相关曲线,可以预置表格予以对应,并贮藏在RAM中,随着倍增因子数值的改变而自动调节。 When you select the default value displayed images of individual trainees before the start of training, a personal portrait should not be too clear, somewhat vague, lighter color, brightness is low, the picture is relatively dark, and when the trainee physiological, psychological state increased the degree of relaxation, when the multiplication factor value increases, increased clarity portrait, vivid color change, the picture becomes brighter, and the multiplication factor level picture clarity, color, brightness, exhibits positive correlation curve can be preset corresponding to the table, and stored in the RAM with the multiplication factor of the value of the change is automatically adjusted.

另一种影象多媒体反馈的方式是,采用影视非线性剪辑蓝幕技术,在电脑硬盘内,以图形文件的方式贮藏多种不同背景画面,在生物反馈训练时实时拍摄个人的肖像影象,与之合成,组合为合成图形。 Another way is to feedback multimedia images, video non-linear editing using blue screen technology in the computer hard disk, by way of graphic files stored in many different background images, taken personal portrait images in real time as biofeedback training, synthesized therewith, a combination of synthetic graphics. 驱动软件中预先将不同的倍增因子级别与不同背景画面相对应,并以常数表的形式贮存在RAM中,当受训者生理、心理状态改变而引起倍增因子改变时,软件自动调用规定的背景画面与实时肖像画面合成,组合成不同的新画面。 Drivers of different pre-multiplication factors to different levels corresponding to the background image, and stored as a constant table in RAM, when the trainee physiological and psychological state of the multiplication factor caused by the change when the change, the software automatically calls a predetermined background picture portrait screen synthesis and real-time, a different combination of the new picture. 训练前的背景画面可以是普通、不太清晰、风景一般的普通背景,随着受训者的倍增因子级别提高,呈现出美丽、清晰、色彩鲜艳的优美风景。 Before training background screen can be ordinary, not very clear, the scenery an ordinary background, with the improvement of the level of trainees multiplication factor, showing a beautiful, clear, colorful and beautiful scenery.

还有一种影象多媒体的反馈方式是采用蓝幕背景式影视技术和装置,在电脑硬盘内,以视频文件方式贮存多段经过剪辑的不同内容的影视片段,内容可以是各种内容,不同国家的建筑标志,不同的故事背景,不同文化背景,经过剪辑的影视片段也可以以CD视盘或DVD视盘的方式放置在CD-ROM或DVD-ROM中等待调用。 There is also a multimedia image is to use a feedback manner on background blue screen video techniques and devices, in computer hard drives, video files in a multistage manner through the reservoir fragments of different video clips of content, the content may be a variety of content, different countries construction signs, different story backgrounds, different cultural backgrounds, clip after video clips can also be a CD disc or DVD disc is placed in the way of CD-ROM or DVD-ROM in wait for the call. 在生物反馈训练中实时拍摄个人的肖像影象,与之合成,组合为合成影象。 In biofeedback training in real-time image photographed portraits of individuals, with synthesis, combinatorial synthetic image. 驱动软件预先将不同的倍增因子级别与不同影视片段相对应,并以常数表形式贮存在电脑的RAM中,当受训者生理心理状态改变而引起倍增因子改变时,软件调用规定的影视片段与实时影象合成,合成不同的新影视片段。 Drivers in advance different multiplication factors to different levels corresponding to the video clips, and to form constant table stored in the computer's RAM, where the physiological mental state of the trainee changes caused when the multiplication factor is changed, the software calls a predetermined real-time video clips image synthesis, different synthetic new video clips. 训练中随倍增因子级别提高,影视片段应该越来越明快、美丽和鲜艳。 Training with the multiplication factor levels increase, more and more video clips should be bright, beautiful and bright.

上述的合成图象和合成影象可以是预先合成的,以受训者训练前影象合成的图片或影视片段。 The above-described synthetic and composite image may be pre-synthesized image to the image synthesis former trainee training images or video clips. 上述的图象和影视片段,也可以是未合成的图象和影象,根据不同的倍增因子级别而直接调用播放。 The above-described images and video clips, or may be synthesized image and non-image, according to the different levels of the multiplication factor directly invoke playback. 同样,上述的显示的不同图象和影象也可以是其他内容和类型的,例如,当倍增因子增大时,表现为图象或影视中美女数量越来越多或越来越漂亮;或表现为权利越来越大;或表现为金钱和财富越来越多;或表现为自我形象越来越高大;或表现为自己的力量越来越大等。 Similarly, the above-mentioned various images and the images may be displayed and other content types, for example, when the multiplication factor is increased, the performance of an image or video, or in a more beautiful and more beautiful number; or increasing the performance of the rights; or the performance of more and more money and wealth; or self-image showed a growing tall; or the performance of their strength is growing and so on.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中音响多媒体装置,由带声卡的个人电脑、数字乐器合成接口(MIDI)、CD-ROM、扩音装置、扬声器或耳机、专用多媒体软件等组成。 Technical features of the present invention is that the acoustic apparatus of the present invention, a multimedia device, a personal computer with a sound card, digital instrument synthetic Interface (MIDI), CD-ROM, amplification devices, a speaker or headphones, a dedicated multimedia software and other components. 这个装置根据控制模块传送的指令,在专用多媒体软件驱动下,反馈性显示各种音响,完成交互式生物反馈的功能。 The apparatus according to instructions transmitted by the control module, in the dedicated multimedia software drivers, displays various kinds of audio feedback, biofeedback complete interactive features. 其实现方式包括调节音响的音量,改变两侧音响强度的平衡,改变音乐的节奏,更换不同类型的音乐及曲调等。 This is achieved comprising adjusting sound volume, sound intensity changing the balance on both sides, to change the tempo of the music, the replacement of different types of music tunes and the like.

一种可行反馈方式是,直接将倍增因子级别与音量大小相对应,以常数表的方式贮存在电脑RAM中,倍增因子级别越高,音量越大。 One possible way of feedback is the multiplication factor directly corresponds to the size and volume levels, so as to be stored in the constant table of computer RAM, the multiplication factor of the higher level, the greater the volume. 而在训练前的默认值中,音量调低,仅隐约可听见,随着放松程度越高,音量逐步提高。 The default value before the training, volume down, only faintly audible, with the higher the degree of relaxation, gradually increase the volume. 在同时测试双侧生理信号时,可以将双侧不同采集生理信号所计算的不同倍增因子级别与左右侧音量调节相对应,当两侧生理信号协调时,双侧音响的音量均衡,一旦两侧生理信号不协调时,则自然改变两侧音响均衡。 When tested simultaneously bilateral physiological signals, different levels can be collected bilaterally different multiplication factors calculated with the physiological signals to adjust the volume corresponding to the left and right sides, when both physiological signal coordination, bilateral sound volume balance, once the sides uncoordinated physiological signals, then of course change both audio equalization.

另一种可行的反馈方式是,在训练前,选择一个样品音乐曲调,其节奏是中等偏快速度,与此同时,将倍增因子级别通过数字乐器合成接口调节控制该音乐曲调的节奏,当倍增因子级别越高时,音乐曲调的节奏越来越慢,反映人体的放松状态。 Another possible way feedback, before training, to select a sample music tune, which is a medium relatively fast rate rhythm, while the tempo of the music tune the multiplication factor is controlled by the digital level adjustment instrument interfaces synthesis, when doubling when higher factor levels, the rhythm of the music tune more slowly, reflecting the relaxed state of the human body.

还有一种可行的反馈方式是,采用音频文件方式贮存不同的音频文件在电脑硬盘内,或放置音乐光盘在CD-ROM中,根据不同的倍增因子级别,根据多媒体软件中预置的对应表,选择调用不同类型的音乐曲调,随着倍增因子级别增高,调用的音乐曲调越优美、音质越佳、节奏越慢。 Another possible way of feedback is the use of different audio files are stored under the audio file in the computer hard drive, or a music CD is placed in the CD-ROM, according to the different levels of the multiplication factor, multimedia software according to preset correspondence table, choose to call different types of music tunes, with the multiplication factor levels increased, the more beautiful call of music tunes, the better the sound quality, the slower rhythm.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式可以采用嗅觉反馈方式,随着倍增因子级别增高,香味越来越浓郁或更换不同的香味,让受训者强化训练效果。 Technical features of the present invention, feedback olfactory apparatus of the present invention may be employed in a feedback manner, as the multiplication factor higher level, more full-bodied flavor or switch to a different flavor, so that the effect of intensive training trainees. 其实现方式是香味膜片放置在电加热器上,当倍增因子达到一定级别后,电加热器启动,级别越高电加热温度越高,香味越浓郁。 This is achieved flavor membrane is placed on an electric heater, when the multiplication factor reaches a certain level, the electric heater starts, the higher the level the higher the electrical heating temperature, the rich flavor.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式可以采用灌注富含负离子氧气的方式,随着受训者倍增因子级别的增高,当触发预置的阀值时,富含负离子的氧气气流通过面罩或挂在鼻部下方的通气管灌注至受训者,使其感到更加清新的空气和增强体内的能量,实现的方式是氧气瓶或氧气袋供应氧气。 Technical features of the present invention, the feedback device of the present invention the oxygen concentration of negative ions perfusion methods can be used, with the increased level of the trainee multiplication factor, when the preset threshold is triggered, enriched oxygen anion through the mask airflow or hang below the nose to the trainee via intratracheal instillation, making them feel more fresh air and enhance the body's energy, is a way to achieve an oxygen cylinder to supply oxygen or oxygen bag. 氧气管路的旁支有一个付离子发生器产生负离子,并用风扇吹进氧气管路,倍增因子增高的级别越多,氧气流量越大。 Offshoot oxygen line has to pay a negative ion generator, and a fan blowing oxygen line, the multiplication factor of more elevated level, the greater the oxygen flow.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式也可以是受训者做的椅子内装有振动装置和加热装置,一旦倍增因子级别触动其预置的阀值,椅子产生节律性振动和坐垫逐步加热,倍增因子级别越高,椅子振动的幅度越大,频率越快。 Technical features of the present invention, the feedback means of the present invention may also be built trainee chairs do vibration means and the heating means, which touches upon the multiplication factor preset threshold level, chairs and cushions to produce rhythmic vibrations gradually heated , the multiplication factor of the higher level, the larger the amplitude of vibration of the chair, faster frequency. 其实现方式是在坐椅底面加装马达和凸轮装置。 This is achieved in the seat bottom surface of the installation of the motor and the cam means. 马达带动凸轮转动而产生振动,马达速度越快,振动频率越高。 Motor driven cam rotation vibration is generated, the faster the motor speed, the higher the vibration frequency.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式也可以采用音乐喷泉密封箱或微型水族馆,在训练前上述装置无灯光照射,无音乐伴奏,当受训者的倍增因子数值触发预置的阀值时,灯光逐渐发亮,伴奏音乐响起,倍增因子的级别越高,灯光越明亮,伴奏音乐的音量越高。 Technical features of the present invention, the feedback device of the present invention may be employed fountain seal or micro aquarium tank, the above-described light irradiation apparatus without prior training, no musical accompaniment, the multiplication factor when the preset value triggering valve trainee value, lights were shiny, karaoke music sounds, the higher the level of the multiplication factor, the brighter the light, the higher the volume of the musical accompaniment.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式还可以是在训练场所天花板顶和墙壁四周装置各种具有旋转、闪亮功能的舞台灯光,在房间四周布置环绕立体声音箱,一旦受训者的倍增因子数值触发预置的阀值,四周灯光逐渐亮起,四周环绕立体声音乐伴奏响起。 Technical features of the present invention, the feedback means of the present invention may also be a training ground and the ceiling top wall having four weeks various rotary means, stage lighting lamp function, are arranged around the room surround sound speakers, doubling once trainee preset threshold value of the trigger factor, surrounded by the lights turn on gradually, surrounded by sound sounded musical accompaniment. 倍增因子级别越高,灯光越明亮,闪烁和旋转的频率越快,伴奏音乐的音量越大。 The higher the level of the multiplication factor, the brighter the light, the faster the flashing and the rotational frequency, the larger the volume of the musical accompaniment.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式也可以采用运动型装置,受训者的坐椅固定在可以旋转,或可以升降的装置上,当受训者倍增因子数值触发预置数值时,受训者随着坐椅上升和/或旋转。 Technical features of the present invention, the feedback device of the present invention may be employed sports apparatus, the trainee can be fixed to the rotary chairs, or lifting device can, when the multiplication factor of the trainee preset value of the trigger value, training with the seat by rising and / or rotation. 倍增因子级别越高,上升速度越快,旋转的速度越快。 The higher the level of the multiplication factor, the faster the rate of increase, the faster the speed of rotation.

本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式还可以是设计一个密封舱,舱内装有多种闪烁灯光,立体声音响,并有氧气和负离子的发生装置,当受训者的倍增因子数值触及预置的阀值时,灯光闪亮,音乐奏起,富含负离子的氧气气流灌注进舱内。 Technical features of the present invention, the feedback means of the present invention may also be a capsule design, the cabin is equipped more flashing lights, stereo, and a negative ion generating means and the oxygen gas, when the trainee hit a pre-multiplication factor value when the threshold is set, flashing lights, music played, oxygen-enriched stream of negative ions into the tanks perfusion. 密封舱内的坐椅同步发生振动,上述装置的动作节奏与倍增因子级别呈现正相关曲线。 Cabin chairs synchronous vibration, the above-described means and the action tempo of the level of positive correlation multiplication factor curve.

本发明的有益效果是,提出一种反馈方式丰富多彩的交互反应型,多媒体生物反馈训练装置,提高生物反馈训练的趣味性和娱乐性。 Advantageous effect of the invention is to provide a variety of interactive feedback manner the reaction type, a multimedia apparatus biofeedback training, biofeedback training to improve the fun and entertainment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

本发明列举的一个实施例是采集脉搏波信号,分析RR50数量作为监测人体放松程度变化装置的系统设计方案。 One embodiment of the present invention is exemplified embodiment of a pulse wave signal is acquired, the number of system design analysis RR50 as monitoring changes in the degree of relaxation apparatus body.

图1是装置的功能结构方框图图2是装置的电路原理图图3是倍增因子提示内容示意图图4是倍增因子和呼吸模拟频率示意图具体实施方式实施例:脉搏型生物反馈装置采用脉搏传感器采集脉搏信号,以脉搏信号或脉搏波分析结果作为生物反馈信号构建的,能快速、准确确认使用者生物反馈训练效果的放松指导装置,该装置发出的使用者生理状态改变程度的控制指令能够驱动各种不同娱乐装置,该装置与个人电脑采用标准接口连接,将采集的数据和(或)分析结果传输至个人电脑贮存、分析。 FIG. 1 is a functional block diagram showing FIG apparatus 2 is a circuit schematic diagram of an apparatus 3 is the multiplication factor of contents to schematic Figure 4 is a multiplication factor and the respiratory frequency of the analog schematic examples of specific embodiments of embodiment: the pulse type of biofeedback apparatus using a pulse sensor acquisition pulse signal to a pulse signal or pulse wave analysis biofeedback signal as constructed, can be quickly and accurately confirm the relaxation guidance device user biofeedback training effect, the degree of change in the physiological state of the user of the device can be driven from the control commands of various different entertainment device, the device is a personal computer standard interface connection, data acquisition, and (or) analysis result is transmitted to the PC storage, analysis.

生理信号采集模块采集的人体生理信号,经过处理后(RR-50次数提取)按顺序存贮在信号贮存模块502,判断模块503将经过提取的RR50信号的当前指标与存贮在存贮模块502中以前提取的RR-50信号相比较,并确定目前的RR-50次数是否比以前增加,如果RR-50次数增加,则表示生理数据状态改善。 Physiological signal of the physiological signal acquisition module, (RR50 extraction times) after treatment signals sequentially stored in the storage module 502, module 503 determines through the current RR50 indicators and storing the extracted signals in a memory module 502 previously extracted RR-50 signal is compared, and the current is determined whether to increase the number of RR-50 than before, if the increase in the number of RR-50, it indicates the physiological state of the data improved.

在详细解释系统功能时,首先解释表示生理状态的指标,在心电图中和脉搏波图中,一次心搏的R波和下一次心搏的R波之间的间隔称之为RR间隔,RR间隔作为一种指标,可以代表人体自主神经系统的功能,RR间隔可以用作表示人体生理状态的一种准确而有效的指标。 When detailed explanation of the system function, an index is first explained physiological state, and the pulse wave in the electrocardiogram in FIG., The interval between the R wave of one beat and the R wave of the next heartbeat is referred to as the RR interval, RR interval as an indicator, may represent a function of the human autonomic nervous system, RR interval may be used to represent a physiological state of a human body accurately and efficiently indicators.

RR50被定义为在一个预定的时间段(如一分钟)测量脉搏波时对应于两个连续心跳的RR间隔的脉搏波间隔的绝对值变化50ms或更多的次数,RR50的值越大,受试者越放松,RR50的值越小,受试者越紧张,在日常活动过程中,RR50的值小于10次/分钟,在睡觉时为30次/分钟,RR50与使用者的放松状态之间存在着一定关系。 RR50 is defined as a predetermined period of time (e.g., one minute) corresponding to the absolute value of the change in two successive heartbeats 50ms pulse wave RR interval interval times or more when measuring pulse wave, the larger the value of RR50, the subject are more relaxed, the smaller the value of RR50, the more tense the subject, in the course of daily activities, RR50 value is less than 10 beats / min, was sleeping when 30 times / min, between the user's state of relaxation RR50 a certain relationship. 受试者是否放松的阈值是约15次/分钟的RR50值。 Whether the subject is relaxed threshold of about 15 times / min RR50 values. 如果RR50的值超过这个值,就认为受试者处于放松状态。 If the value of RR50 exceeds this value, it is considered a subject in a relaxed state.

严格地讲,RR50的“R”表示心搏的R波,脉搏波的峰值对应于此R波,因此,RR50也可以称作PP50,亦即测量两个相邻P波峰值之间的绝对值变化50ms或更多的次数即为PP-50的次数,其测量的意义与RR-50一致。 Strictly speaking, the RR50 of "R" represents a cardiac R-wave, the peak value of the pulse wave corresponds to this R wave, therefore, the RR50 may also be referred PP50, i.e. between two adjacent measuring an absolute value of the peak value P 50ms or more of the number of changes is the number of PP-50, and its significance measure is consistent with RR-50.

由CPU的各种控制程序和各种控制数据,各种指令集和查询表格等存贮在程序存贮器(ROM,只读存贮器),另外,ROM也存贮各种不同的语音信息模型,以便于在不同指令下,通过不同的语言指导使用者。 Various control programs by the CPU and various control data, various sets of instructions, and look-up table and the like stored in a program memory (a ROM, read only memory), Further, ROM also stores voice information of various model, so that at different instruction, guide the user through the different languages.

数据存贮器(RAM,随机存取存贮器),用于存贮脉搏波信号,表示放松程度的指标,测量这些指标的时间等,并被用作测量指标到检测时指标随时间增加的检测的次数计数的计算器,在CPU进行数学计算时,RAM也会被用作运算区域,RAM相对应于图1中信号存贮模块502。 Data memory (the RAM, random access memory) for storing pulse wave signal, an index showing the degree of relaxation, the time measurement of these indicators, and the like, and is used to measure when the detection index increases with time when the calculator for counting the number detected, mathematical calculation CPU, RAM will be used as the operation area, the RAM of FIG. 1 corresponds to the signal storage module 502.

人机界面根据使用者操作的按键发出指令,并进行显示,同时,显示系统的运行状态,控制状态及生理状态相比较的结果及趋势,人机界面中键盘驱动电路,控制按键的操作,将操作的按键类型与一中断信号一起转送到CPU。 The key issue HMI operated by the user instruction, and displays, at the same time, the display state of the system operation, the control state and physiological state of the phase comparison result and trends HMI keyboard driver circuit for controlling the operation buttons, the key and the type of operation with a turn signal interrupt to the CPU.

压力型脉搏传感器是一种压力传感器,可以放置在手指或手腕挠侧,该种传感器感受脉搏波的振动,将压力变化的波形转化为电信号,经信号放大和信号调理后而作为脉搏波检测信号传送。 A pressure sensor is a pulse-type pressure sensor may be placed in a flexible finger or wrist side, the kind of the pulse wave sensor to feel the vibration, the waveform of pressure change into an electrical signal, the signal amplified by the signal conditioner as the pulse wave detection signal transmission. 光电型脉搏传感器是一种光学传感器,可以放置在使用者的手指上及耳垂部位,该种传感器包括发光二极管和光敏感晶体管,发光二极管发射光线至手指,手指中血管接受发射光后,部份光反射至敏感晶体管,光敏感晶体管接受信号后产生光电转换效应,产生的光电信号经放大,和调理后作为脉搏波信号传送。 Photoelectric pulse sensor is an optical sensor, may be placed on a user's finger and earlobe portions, this type of sensor comprises a light emitting diode and light sensitive transistor, a light emitting diode emits light to the finger, the finger receiving vessel emitting light, part of light reflected to the sensing transistor, the light-sensitive transistor receiving the signal to generate a photoelectric conversion effect, amplifying the photoelectric signal is generated, and the post-conditioning as the pulse wave signal transmission.

A/D转换器接受从脉搏传感器传送的脉搏波信号,将模拟信号转换为数字信号,并将已转换的数字信号传输至总线,声源由扬声器组成,一方面可以直接反馈的输出RR-50次数的脉冲,将单位时间内RR-50的次数以某种音频和音调输出,RR-50次数增多时,音频加快,音调提高,声音强度增加,而当RR-50次数减少时,音频减慢,音调降低,声音强度减弱。 A / D converter receiving a signal transmitted pulse wave from the pulse sensor, the analog signal into a digital signal, and transmits the converted digital signal to the bus, the sound source is composed of a speaker, one can direct the output of the feedback RR-50 the number of pulses, the number RR-50 per unit of time in a certain tone and audio output, an increase in the number RR-50, audio speed up, improve tone, sound intensity increases, and when the RR-50 to reduce the frequency and audio to slow down , lowering the tone, sound intensity decreased. 另一方面,扬声器对使用者提供各种与身体感觉有关的提示,CPU根据使用者不同的生理状态,调用不同的预置语言信息模型,提示使用者不同生理状态及放松程度。 On the other hand, provides the user with a variety of speakers with tips about the physical sensations, CPU depending on the physiological state of the user, call different preset language information model, suggesting that different physiological status and degree of relaxation of the user.

声源驱动电路是一个用于由CPU经过处理提取的RR-50次数脉冲经过D/A转换电路而发出声音显示的驱动电路,同时,也是用于由CPU从ROM读出产生具体报警或语言消息的驱动电路。 The sound source is a driving circuit for RR-50 processed by the CPU frequency and pulse extracted through D / A conversion circuit to emit a sound display driving circuit, and also by the CPU for generating specific language or an alarm message is read out from the ROM drive circuit.

光柱驱动器是一个用于由CPU经过提取的RR-50脉冲次数经过D/A转换电路而显示二极管光柱的驱动电路,二极管光柱是发光二极管组成的阵列,形状类似于光柱,光柱闪亮的高度与RR-50脉冲次数成正比,单位时间RR-50次数越多,二极管光柱发光二极管闪亮的个数越多。 A light beam drive is used by the CPU through the pulse frequency and the extracted RR-50 through D / A conversion circuit and the display driving circuit of the diode light beam, the light beam is a diode array consisting of a light emitting diode, a shape similar to the beam, the height of the beam shining RR 50-pulse is proportional to the number, frequency and RR-50 per unit time, the more multiple beam diode number LED flashes.

液晶显示器用于显示与CPU形成的显示信息一起的各种消息和图形,显示使用者的生理状态、控制状态、扬声器和液晶显示器相对应于图1中提示模块504、505,显示驱动器从CPU读取显示信息,转换为适用于显示器的格式,并控制液晶显示器的显示。 A liquid crystal display for displaying the display information is formed together with the CPU and graphics of various messages, the physiological state of the user display, control status, a speaker and a liquid crystal display corresponding prompt module 504, 505 in FIG. 1, the display driver is read from the CPU take the display information is converted into a format suitable for the display, and controls the display of the liquid crystal display.

定时器具有普通记时功能,其输出用作测量数据时的测量时的测量时钟时间。 Ordinary chronograph function timer, the clock measuring the time of the measurement output as measurement data. 定时器的另一重要功能是在由CPU预设的时钟时间或由CPU预设的一个时段过去之后通过总线向CPU1发送一个中断信号,这时还提供中断信号是由于CPU预设的前一类型还是后一类型而形成的信息。 Another important function of the timer is preset by the CPU or a time period elapsed after sending an interrupt signal to CPU1 through the bus by the CPU in a predetermined clock time, but also provide an interrupt signal at this time it is due to the default of the former type CPU or a type of information is formed.

I/O接口是用于装置外部的其他设备,例如个人计算机,还例如,游戏机控制盒,大型游乐装置控制盒等设备之间发送或接受各种信息的联络装置,这些联络装置之间可以用导线或电缆相连接(通过通用或专用接插器)或者标准接口电路(USB,RX23232C等)连接,还可以采用多种遥控方式(例如,红外线遥控装置,无线电放射装置等)。 I / O interface for external devices other means, such as sending or receiving information between the various contact means a personal computer, but also e.g., a game machine control box, the control box large amusement device and other equipment, may be between the contact means connected with wires or cables connected (via general purpose or special connector) or a standard interface circuit (USB, RX23232C the like), can also be employed more remotely (e.g., an infrared remote control device, a radio emitting device, etc.).

Claims (9)

  1. 1.本发明涉及应用于生物反馈训练的装置,尤其涉及一种由受训者生理信号和/或意识状态控制、交互反应式、多媒体类型的生物反馈训练装置,更具体的说,这种装置由生理信号和/或意识状态监测模块,信号处理及识别模块,控制模块和执行模块等部分组成,通过探测受训者生理信号和/或意识状态,监测其改变,根据生理信号和/或意识状态改变程度,计算出相应的控制指令,控制、调节和改变各种不同类型执行模块的影象、声音、运动和其他动作,来强化生物反馈训练的效果,帮助受训者更好的调节自我生理状态和心理状态,可广泛应用于多种健康保健和临床医疗等领域。 1. The present invention relates to a device applied to biofeedback training, more particularly to a physiological signal by the trainee and / or control state of consciousness, reactive interactive multimedia type of biofeedback devices, and more particularly, such a device physiological signals and / or state of consciousness monitoring module, a signal processing and recognition module, a control module and an execution module section etc., by detecting a physiological signal trainee and / or state of consciousness monitoring its change, change in accordance with the physiological signal and / or state of consciousness degree, calculate the corresponding control command, control, adjust and vary the images of various different types of execution module, sound, motion, and other actions to strengthen the effect of biofeedback training, the trainee to help better physiological state and self-regulating mental state, can be widely used in a variety of clinical health care and medical fields.
  2. 2.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,在训练过程中持续监测受测者的一种或多种生理信号,将采集的生理信号进行放大、调理、A/D转换成数字信号后,采用计算机装置和专用软件对生理信号进行处理、分析、计算,将计算结果与受训者生理信号基线值进行对比,计算代表受训者生理信号改变程度的倍增因子,并将后者转化为输出指令,应用于本发明装置控制的生理信号,可以是人体各种形式的体表生理信号,包括脉搏波信号、心电信号、脑电信号、肌电信号、皮肤电信号、呼吸信号、体表温度信号、血压信号、血氧饱和度信号、眼电信号、眼球运动信号等生理信号,上述生理信号可以采用相应的专用生理信号传感器采集,这种由生理信号传感器采集的生物电信号或非电信号,通过传感器转变成标准电信号进行进一步放大、调理, 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, features of the invention are monitored continuously been subjected to a test subject or more physiological signals in the training process, the amplified physiological signal acquisition, conditioning, A / D converted into a digital signal, using a computer and special software means physiological signal processing, analysis, calculation, and the calculation result signal trainee physiological baseline value comparison, calculates a representative signal level of the trainee physiological changes multiplication factor, and the were converted to the output command, the physiological signal is applied to the control apparatus of the present invention may be in various forms of human body surface physiological signals, comprising a pulse wave signal, ECG, EEG, EMG, skin electrical signal, respiratory physiological signals, skin temperature signal, blood pressure signal, the blood oxygen saturation signal, electrical eye, eye movement signals, etc., may be employed the above-described physiological signal corresponding dedicated physiological signal acquisition sensors, such physiological signals acquired by a sensor bioelectrical non-electrical signal, converted by the sensor into a standard electrical signal is further amplified, conditioned, 发明装置中生理信号采集模块由上述各种通用型或专用型生理信号传感器构成。 It means physiological signal acquisition module of the invention is constituted by the above-described various general purpose or dedicated physiological signal sensor.
  3. 3.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置也可以通过监测受训者的生理信号,来监测受训者的意识状态变化,通过计算意识状态的改变程度来控制执行模块的变化,一种实用的方式是通过采集受训者脑电信号,分别计算脑电波中α波(8~13Hz),β波(14~30Hz),θ波(4~7Hz),δ波(<3.5Hz)的功率值(采用快速傅里叶换算方法),当α功率值明显增大,成为脑电波中优势波形时,证明受训者意识状态处于警觉性放松状态,是最理想的放松状态,这时,执行模块发生预置的变化,α波优势程度越高,执行模块变化越大。 3. The apparatus as recited in claim 1, features of the invention that the apparatus of the present invention may be a physiological signal monitoring by the trainee to monitor changes in the state of consciousness of the trainee, is controlled by the degree of change calculated state of consciousness change execution module, by way of a practical trainee collecting EEG, brain waves were calculated α wave (8 ~ 13Hz), β wave (14 ~ 30Hz), θ wave (4 ~ 7Hz), δ wave (<3.5Hz) a power value (using the fast Fourier conversion method), was significantly increased when the power α, brain waves becomes dominant wave, is in a state of consciousness proved trainee relaxed state of alertness, relaxation is the best state, then, the pre-execution module changes occur, the higher the degree of α wave advantages, the greater the change in the execution module.
  4. 4.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明装置所述执行模块,包含各种电脑多媒体装置,影象装置、音响装置、娱乐装置及运动装置,电脑影象多媒体装置是其中重要的一种,电脑音响装置,灯光音响装置,美化环境,改善气氛的装置,模拟运动装置也都可以成为其组成部分。 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, the apparatus of the present invention, the execution module, the computer including various multimedia devices, video devices, audio devices, entertainment devices and moving means, wherein the computer image display apparatus is an important species, computer audio apparatus, lighting and sound equipment, landscaping, means to improve the atmosphere, can also be simulated movement means become an integral part.
  5. 5.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,其特征是,电脑影象多媒体装置,由摄像头、带有视频处理硬件的个人电脑、专用的多媒体软件、CD-ROM和DVD-ROM、电脑显示器组成,这个装置根据控制模块传送的指令,在专用多媒体软件驱动下,反馈性显示各种影象,完成交互式生物反馈的功能,反馈的形式多种多样,可根据受训者的个人状态和爱好挑选,一种可行的方式是,用摄像头摄录受训者个人的影象,并经电脑CPU处理后显示在显示屏上,当受训者生理信号改变和/或意识状态改变时,受训者影象的清晰度、亮度、色彩随之改变,在训练开始前选择显示受训者个人影象的默认值时,个人肖像应该不太清晰,有些模糊,色彩较淡,亮度较低,画面较灰暗,而当受训者生理、心理状态放松程度增高,倍增因子数值增大时,肖像的清晰度增高,色彩变鲜艳,画面变明 The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the computer image display apparatus by the camera, with video processing hardware of a personal computer, a dedicated multimedia software, CD-ROM and DVD-ROM, computer monitor composition this transmission apparatus according to an instruction of the control module, the dedicated display software in the drive, feedback displays various images of the complete interactive biofeedback function, feedback forms, according to the state of the individual trainee's hobby and selection a possible way is to use video camera trainee individual images, and processing by the computer CPU displayed on the display screen, the physiological signal changes when the trainee and / or altered state of consciousness, the image of the trainee sharpness, brightness, color will change when selecting trainees personal image shows the default value before the start of training, a personal portrait should not be too clear, somewhat vague, lighter color, brightness is low, the picture is relatively dark, and when trainee physiological, psychological state higher degree of relaxation, the multiplication factor value is increased, portrait increased clarity, vivid color change, the picture becomes brighter ,倍增因子级别与画面清晰度、色彩、亮度呈现正性相关曲线,可以预置表格予以对应,并贮藏在RAM中,随着倍增因子数值的改变而自动调节。 , The level of the multiplication factor and the picture sharpness, color, brightness, exhibits positive correlation curve can be preset corresponding to the table, and stored in the RAM, as the value of the multiplication factor of the change is automatically adjusted.
  6. 6.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,其特征是,另一种影象多媒体反馈的方式是,采用影视非线性剪辑蓝幕技术,在电脑硬盘内,以图形文件的方式贮藏多种不同背景画面,在生物反馈训练时实时拍摄个人的肖像影象,与之合成,组合为合成图形,驱动软件中预先将不同的倍增因子级别与不同背景画面相对应,并以常数表的形式贮存在RAM中,当受训者生理、心理状态改变而引起倍增因子改变时,软件自动调用规定的背景画面与实时肖像画面合成,组合成不同的新画面,训练前的背景画面可以是普通、不太清晰、风景一般的普通背景,随着受训者的倍增因子级别提高,呈现出美丽、清晰、色彩鲜艳的优美风景。 6. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that, another way is to feedback multimedia image using non-linear editing video blue screen technology, the hard disk in the computer, so as to store a plurality of different graphics file background picture, when biofeedback training individual portrait image captured in real time, with synthetic, combined into a composite pattern, in advance driver software corresponding to the different levels of the multiplication factor is different from the background image, and is stored in the constant table form RAM, when the trainee physiological and psychological state of the multiplication factor caused by the change when the change, the software automatically calls a predetermined background picture portrait screen synthesis and real-time, a different combination of a new picture, the background picture before training may be an ordinary, not clear landscape an ordinary background, with the trainees multiplication factor levels increase, showing a beautiful, clear, colorful and beautiful scenery.
  7. 7.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,其特征是,还有一种影象多媒体的反馈方式是采用蓝幕背景式影视技术和装置,在电脑硬盘内,以视频文件方式贮存多段经过剪辑的不同内容的影视片段,内容可以是各种内容,不同国家的建筑标志,不同的故事背景,不同文化背景,经过剪辑的影视片段也可以以CD视盘或DVD视盘的方式放置在CD-ROM或DVD-ROM中等待调用,在生物反馈训练中实时拍摄个人的肖像影象,与之合成,组合为合成影象,驱动软件预先将不同的倍增因子级别与不同影视片段相对应,并以常数表形式贮存在电脑的RAM中,当受训者生理心理状态改变而引起倍增因子改变时,软件调用规定的影视片段与实时影象合成,合成不同的新影视片段,训练中随倍增因子级别提高,影视片段应该越来越明快、美丽和鲜艳。 7. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that there is a multimedia image is to use a feedback manner on background blue screen video techniques and devices, in computer hard drives, video files in a multistage manner through the reservoir clip video clips of different content, the content can be a variety of content, construction signs in different countries, different story backgrounds, different cultural backgrounds, clip after video clips can also be a CD disc or DVD disc is placed in the way of CD-ROM or DVD -ROM waiting call, personal portrait images captured in real time biofeedback training, with synthesis, combinatorial synthetic image, the driver software corresponding to different predetermined levels of multiplication factors different video clips, and to form constant table stored in the computer's RAM when the trainee physiological and psychological state change caused when the multiplication factor is changed, the software calls a predetermined image synthesis and real-time video clips, video clips of different synthetic new, training with the increased level of the multiplication factor, video clips It should be more and more bright, beautiful and bright.
  8. 8.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,本发明的技术特征是,本发明装置中音响多媒体装置,由带声卡的个人电脑、数字乐器合成接口(MIDI)、CD-ROM、扩音装置、扬声器或耳机、专用多媒体软件等组成,这个装置根据控制模块传送的指令,在专用多媒体软件驱动下,反馈性显示各种音响,完成交互式生物反馈的功能,其实现方式包括调节音响的音量,改变两侧音响强度的平衡,改变音乐的节奏,更换不同类型的音乐及曲调等。 8. The device of claim 1, claim, features of the invention that the apparatus of the present invention, the acoustic multimedia device, a personal computer with a sound card, digital instrument synthetic Interface (MIDI), CD-ROM, amplification devices, speakers or headphones, dedicated multimedia software, etc., this device control module according to an instruction transmitted in dedicated multimedia software drivers, displays various kinds of audio feedback, biofeedback complete interactive function, which implementations include sound volume adjustment, changing the balance on both sides of the sound intensity, changing the rhythm of music, and replacing different types of music tunes like.
  9. 9.按照权利要求1所述的装置中,其特征是,本发明装置的反馈方式可以采用嗅觉反馈方式,随着倍增因子级别增高,香味越来越浓郁或更换不同的香味,让受训者强化训练效果,其实现方式是香味膜片放置在电加热器上,当倍增因子达到一定级别后,电加热器启动,级别越高电加热温度越高,香味越浓郁。 9. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the feedback olfactory apparatus of the present invention may be employed in a feedback manner, as the multiplication factor higher level, more full-bodied flavor or switch to a different flavor, so that trainees strengthen training effect, its implementation is placed on the flavor of the diaphragm an electric heater, when the multiplication factor reaches a certain level, the electric heater starts, the higher the level the higher the electrical heating temperature, the rich flavor.
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CN102462489A (en) * 2010-11-15 2012-05-23 绿谷(集团)有限公司 Method for detecting static degree of human body in retreat process and static sitting device
CN102715902A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-10 天津大学 Emotion monitoring method for special people
CN102737677A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-17 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Electroencephalogram signal-based multi-media feedback control system
CN101609086B (en) 2008-06-18 2013-03-27 英业达股份有限公司 System and method for generating action advice by analyzing all previous measured physiological status data
CN103584872A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-02-19 燕山大学 Psychological stress assessment method based on multi-physiological-parameter integration
CN103637774A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-03-19 王昌利 Human startle reflex experimental system and working method thereof
CN103736255A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-04-23 国家康复辅具研究中心 Along-channel and collateral-conduction guiding feedback rehabilitation training system used for lower limb potential development training
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CN104759016A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-08 安徽阳光心健心理咨询有限公司 Multi-channel feedback control system mind
CN104771183A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-15 安徽阳光心健心理咨询有限公司 Chainless motion sensing interaction psychological system
CN104918163A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-16 成都腾悦科技有限公司 Touch control electroencephalogram alpha wave signal induction Bluetooth headset
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CN101609086B (en) 2008-06-18 2013-03-27 英业达股份有限公司 System and method for generating action advice by analyzing all previous measured physiological status data
CN102462489A (en) * 2010-11-15 2012-05-23 绿谷(集团)有限公司 Method for detecting static degree of human body in retreat process and static sitting device
CN102715902A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-10 天津大学 Emotion monitoring method for special people
CN102737677A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-17 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Electroencephalogram signal-based multi-media feedback control system
CN103961837A (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-08-06 朱程锦 Device for training coordinate ability of brain, hands, eyes and ears
CN103736255A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-04-23 国家康复辅具研究中心 Along-channel and collateral-conduction guiding feedback rehabilitation training system used for lower limb potential development training
CN103736255B (en) * 2013-09-22 2016-11-09 国家康复辅具研究中心 Lower extremity with potential development training guide meridian guide feedback network system rehabilitation
CN105637515A (en) * 2013-10-17 2016-06-01 皇家飞利浦有限公司 Promoting physical activity
CN103584872A (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-02-19 燕山大学 Psychological stress assessment method based on multi-physiological-parameter integration
CN103637774A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-03-19 王昌利 Human startle reflex experimental system and working method thereof
CN104759016A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-08 安徽阳光心健心理咨询有限公司 Multi-channel feedback control system mind
CN104771183A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-15 安徽阳光心健心理咨询有限公司 Chainless motion sensing interaction psychological system
CN104918163A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-16 成都腾悦科技有限公司 Touch control electroencephalogram alpha wave signal induction Bluetooth headset
CN105054392A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-11-18 李林国 Smart dresses
CN107335181A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-11-10 彭从文 Interaction-type outdoor fitness walking device

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