CN1710351B - Single-way reducing glass solar vacuum heat collector fitted with reflective collecting mirror - Google Patents

Single-way reducing glass solar vacuum heat collector fitted with reflective collecting mirror Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1710351B
CN1710351B CN2004101555615A CN200410155561A CN1710351B CN 1710351 B CN1710351 B CN 1710351B CN 2004101555615 A CN2004101555615 A CN 2004101555615A CN 200410155561 A CN200410155561 A CN 200410155561A CN 1710351 B CN1710351 B CN 1710351B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
glass
tube
pipe
condenser mirror
vacuum heat
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CN2004101555615A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1710351A (en
Inventor
徐宝安
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淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司
徐宝安
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Priority to CN200410049445 priority Critical
Priority to CN200410049445.5 priority
Application filed by 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司, 徐宝安 filed Critical 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司
Priority to CN2004101555615A priority patent/CN1710351B/en
Publication of CN1710351A publication Critical patent/CN1710351A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=35706627&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=CN1710351(B) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publication of CN1710351B publication Critical patent/CN1710351B/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/40Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors
    • F24S10/45Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors the enclosure being cylindrical
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/40Preventing corrosion; Protecting against dirt or contamination
    • F24S40/46Maintaining vacuum, e.g. by using getters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

A single-way reducing glass solar vacuum heat-collection tube is glass casing tube with one open end. A metal support card is used to support positioning by external glass and to form one - way reducing and double layer glass casing tube with one end being closed and another end being opened; setting reflection and focus mirror on outer glass tube for reflecting light to inner glass tube with energy conversion film board and blocking air cartridge container on outer tube wall with tip seal after jacket layer is vacuumed.

Description

Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror, belong to the Application of Solar Energy field.
Background technology
Present solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe; Mainly contain six kinds, first kind is all-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube, and second kind is the all-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube of interior dress metal heat pipe; The third is the glass heat pipe all-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube of interior dress liquid heat-transfer medium; The 4th kind is collector metal plate heat pipe vacuum heat collection pipe, and the 5th kind is two vacuum all-glass heat pipe thermal-collecting tubes, and the 6th kind is single-pass glass metal thermal-collecting tube.
All-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube exists fouling, bursting by freezing and thermal starting to wait defective slowly.The all-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube of interior dress metal heat pipe exists manufacturing cost height, release end of heat fouling, inefficient defective.The glass heat pipe all-glass vacuum thermal-collecting tube of interior dress liquid heat-transfer medium exists manufacturing cost height, release end of heat fouling, thermal starting is slow, efficient is low, the defective of poor stability.There are defectives such as manufacturing cost height, release end of heat fouling, vacuum are difficult to keep, the processing technology difficulty is big in collector metal plate heat pipe vacuum heat collection pipe.There are defectives such as poor stability, efficient are low, release end of heat fouling in two vacuum all-glass heat pipe thermal-collecting tubes, and single-pass glass metal heat-collecting pipe vacuum is difficult to keep, and fouling is serious.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of safe, but cost is low, handling ease, efficient heat-collecting, thermal starting speed fast, good antiscale property, freeze proof, vacuum is high, the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror of the bearing operation of can realizing generating electricity.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this: a kind of single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror; It is the double glazing sleeve pipe of an end opening; Comprise annulated column shape vacuum glass shell, blast pipe envelope mouth, transducing lamina membranacea, reflecting condenser mirror, getter metal bullet card; A kind of single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror is that the inner glass tube one end glass solder seal of transducing lamina membranacea closes by outer surface daylighting position, and the other end of inner glass tube is connected with glass transition sealed tube, and the other end of glass transition sealed tube is connected with reducing surface blending pipe inside edge; The outer edge of reducing surface blending pipe is connected with outer glass pipe; The other end glass solder seal of outer glass pipe closes, and the location is supported through metallic support card and interior glass end socket in the outer glass pipe termination that glass solder seal closes, and forms end sealing; The double glazing sleeve pipe of other end opening; Outer glass pipe is provided with reflecting condenser mirror, and reflecting light in outer surface daylighting position is on the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea, and getter metal bullet card is wrapped on the inner glass tube outer wall; The tube wall upper glass that is equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror is welded with tailpipe; After through tailpipe interlayer being vacuumized,, process the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror with tailpipe scorification sealing.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror; The glass reducing surface blending pipe that its glass transition sealed tube is connected is the pressure-bearing arc surface; Glass transition sealed tube is connected with glass reducing surface blending pipe; Glass reducing surface blending pipe is connected with an end of outer glass pipe, and the other end of outer glass pipe is connected with Die Heckscheibe reducing surface blending pipe, the glass transition sealed tube coaxial line reducing glass sealed knot of the corresponding other end of glass reducing surface blending pipe.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, on its outer glass pipe reflecting condenser mirror be installed, reflecting condenser mirror is the built-in reflective condenser mirror, or is the glass tube walls reflecting condenser mirror; The built-in reflective condenser mirror is the metallic reflection condenser mirror, or is the glass-reflected condenser mirror; The cross section of reflecting condenser mirror is a curve, and the focal line of reflecting condenser mirror is the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea for the surface, and its caliber satisfies the focusing irradiation of 0-180 degree angle incident ray; The cross section of outer glass pipe or be circle, or be ellipse, or be curve and the closed line that is connected of circular arc line; Vapor deposition has reflecting condenser mirror on the curved surface of outer glass pipe, and the focal line of reflecting condenser mirror is the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea for the surface, and its caliber satisfies the focusing irradiation of 0-180 degree angle incident ray.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror; It is equipped with the glass sealed knot end of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror; The inner glass tube glass sealed knot end that support metal bullet card through getter is installed and outer surface daylighting position are the transducing lamina membranacea supports the location each other; Glass transition sealed tube, glass reducing surface blending pipe, outer glass pipe, lower-glass reducing surface blending pipe, lower-glass transition sealed tube are outer glass pipe through glass mold stretching, blow molding, process the reducing glass tube chamber of end sealing single-pass.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror; Connect pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly on its inner glass tube, pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is the pipe plug that the inner glass tube termination connects, or is the sucker of inner glass tube termination connection; Or the nut that connects for the inner glass tube termination; Connected mode is a glass screw thread bolt, or is the glass welding, and inner glass tube is connected the inner glass tube on the sealed tube place with outer glass pipe tube wall is provided with intake-outlet; Pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror and the tank wall of retaining header through connection, realizes bearing operation.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, the cross section of its outer glass pipe is circle, or be ellipse, or is curve and the closed line that is connected of circular arc line, and outer glass pipe has intensity; The cross section at the two ends of outer glass pipe is by ellipse, or for curve and circular arc line be connected closed line all fade to circle.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, the inner glass tube that its outer surface daylighting position is the transducing lamina membranacea is a straight tube, or is non-straight tube; It is that the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea is on the focal line of reflecting condenser mirror that glass welding location makes outer surface daylighting position.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, its transducing lamina membranacea is the optical-thermal conversion material on the glass outer wall in closely being compound in, and the transducing lamina membranacea is the light absorption inteferometer coating; Or be the light absorption graded films, or be glass composite film coating metallic plate, or be glass complex carbon material plate; Through glass tube and metal tube are heated simultaneously; Or through glass tube and material with carbon element pipe are heated simultaneously, make glass tube and metal tube, or the glass tube of glass tube and material with carbon element pipe box dress adapter section reaches softening temperature; The blow-molded glass pipe is combined closely it; Transducing lamina membranacea or be glass composite photo voltaic battery, or be glass, metal material face composite photo voltaic battery, or be glass, material with carbon element face composite photo voltaic battery, photovoltaic cell is electrically connected with plain conductor, and plain conductor is drawn through glass sealing.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror; The metal bullet card of its band getter is for closely being wrapped in the elasticity pipe collar on the inner glass tube outer wall transducing lamina membranacea; The elasticity pipe collar is electrically connected with resilient metal member, and resilient metal member is drawn through glass sealing.
Be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, support water-fast, heat-resisting, aging-resistant tubulose or club that the band bracing frame is installed on its inner glass tube inwall, tubulose or club are rigidity, or are elasticity.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention can realize the high vacuum that it is inner because its shell is full glass, can it be manufactured the good antiscale property type, and can it being manufactured light, to transform electric heating compound, can make full use of photovoltaic cell and be converted into remaining heat behind the electric energy.Cost is low than the conventional solar collector pipe of congenerous, and performance is good, has represented Application of Solar Energy development in future direction.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified:
Fig. 1 is built-in with the longitudinal profile view of the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube embodiment of camber line camber reflection condenser mirror for pipe;
Fig. 2 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Fig. 1 thermal-arrest section.
Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 are all first embodiment.
Fig. 4 is mounted with static good antiscale property device for the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube that pipe is built-in with V-arrangement camber reflection condenser mirror; Glass tube chamber built-in flow guide device; Glass tube lumen mouth connects pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly and connects pipe plug for the inner glass tube termination, executes the longitudinal profile view of example;
Fig. 5 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Fig. 4 thermal-arrest section.
Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 are all second embodiment.
Fig. 7 is that the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea of reflecting condenser mirror is a photovoltaic cell for pipe is built-in with the ladder type curved surface; And pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is installed is that the inner glass tube termination connects pipe plug, its single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror through connection is realized the longitudinal profile view of bearing operation embodiment;
Fig. 8 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Fig. 7 thermal-arrest section.
Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9 are all the 3rd embodiment.
Figure 10 is a photovoltaic cell for the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea that pipe is built-in with M type camber reflection condenser mirror; Glass tube chamber built-in flow guide device; And pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is installed is that the inner glass tube termination connects sucker, executes the longitudinal profile view of example;
Figure 11 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Figure 10 thermal-arrest section.
Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12 are all the 4th embodiment.
The single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea of the vapor deposition reflecting condenser mirror that Figure 13 is built-in with for camber line bend glass tube wall is for interfering membranous type; And the nut that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly connects for the inner glass tube termination, the longitudinal profile view of embodiment be installed;
Figure 14 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Figure 13 thermal-arrest section.
Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15 are all the 5th embodiment.
The single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea of the vapor deposition reflecting condenser mirror that Figure 16 is built-in with for M type bend glass tube wall is an inteferometer coating; Glass tube chamber built-in flow guide device; And pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is installed is that the inner glass tube termination connects sucker, the longitudinal profile view of embodiment;
Figure 17 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Figure 16 thermal-arrest section.
Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18 are all the 6th embodiment.
The single-pass reducing eccentric coaxial line sleeve pipe of the vapor deposition reflecting condenser mirror that Figure 19 is built-in with for camber line bend glass tube wall is installed; Evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea is that inner glass tube composite photo voltaic battery light transforms the electric heating one; And pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is installed is that the inner glass tube termination connects sucker, the longitudinal profile view of embodiment;
Figure 20 installs the horizontal A-A cross section view of seal section for Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the horizontal B-B cross section view of Figure 19 thermal-arrest section.
Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21 are all the 7th embodiment.
Among the figure: 1 intake-outlet, 2 is installed sealed glass tube, 3 reducing surface blending pipes, 4 inner glass tubes, 5 transducing lamina membranaceas, 6 outer glass pipes, 7 mirror surfaces, 8 metallic support cards, 9 getters, 10 tailpipe sealing joints, 11 air deflectors, 12 resiliency supported, 13 electrical connection springs, 14 metallic support bullet hoops, 15 long-acting getters, 16 glassy metal sealing joints, 17 pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assemblies, 18 glass sealing electrodes, 19 glassy metal sealing-in points, 20 photovoltaic cells, 21 nuts
The specific embodiment
Among first embodiment that Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 form: be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, be built-in with the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube of camber line camber reflection condenser mirror for pipe.Comprise that intake-outlet 1, installation sealed glass tube 2, reducing surface blending pipe 3, inner glass tube 4, transducing lamina membranacea 5, outer glass pipe 6, mirror surface 7, metallic support card 8, getter 9, tailpipe sealing joint 10 constitute.The inner glass tube 4 that is coated with transducing lamina membranacea 5 welds through glass with the glass tube chamber of the outer glass pipe that is coated with mirror surface 76 with reducing surface blending pipe 3, installation sealed glass tube 2, forms the endothermic tube with annular housing with intake-outlet 1.Tailpipe sealing joint 10 vacuumizes the back sealing-in, forms the ring vaccum cavity, and metallic support card 8 is set on the inner glass tube 4 and closely is connected with the transducing lamina membranacea 5 of conduction, produces the minute surface of cooling down through the vapor deposition to getter 9, makes the ring cavity high vacuum of pipe.Mirror surface 7 on the outer glass pipe 6 reflexes to light on the transducing lamina membranacea 5 of inner glass tube 4, and the water in the heating inner glass tube chamber is realized heat collection function.Sealed glass tube 2 is installed is cooperated corresponding device thereof, can realize being tightly connected, and make single Zhi Guanzi fracture system system water-tight.
Among second embodiment that Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 form: the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror; The single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube that is built-in with V-arrangement camber reflection condenser mirror for pipe is mounted with static good antiscale property device, glass tube chamber built-in flow guide device.Air deflector 11 is supported in the inner glass tube 4 through resiliency supported 12, forms annular stream chamber, reduces the circulation area and the volume in inner glass tube chamber 4; Water circulation is accelerated, and heat exchange efficiency strengthens, and air deflector 11 is an elastomer; Can make the volume of air deflector 11 produce deformation with hydraulic pressure; Eliminate the dirt layer of self, when freezing in the winter time simultaneously, can eliminate the stress that water produces because of expansion.Belt length is imitated the metallic support bullet hoop 14 of getter 15 for closely being wrapped in the elasticity pipe collar on the inner glass tube 4 outer walls conduction transducing lamina membranacea 5; Be electrically connected with metallic support bullet hoop 14 through being electrically connected spring 13, being electrically connected spring 13 derives through the 16 glassy metal sealing-ins of glassy metal sealing joint.During use, conductor is inserted dc source, can make negative electrical charge on composite bed and the vacuum interlayer inner wall surface contact position band,, make to become positively charged lotus on the thermal-collecting tube water cavity inwall and be acid, stop metal ion fouling on collector tube inner wall through induction.On the mouth of pipe of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror, be provided with screw thread; The pipe plug bolt that is connected for the glass tube termination with pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17; The suffered pressure and the suffered pressure equal and opposite in direction in single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube bottom surface that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror of pipe plug that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17 is connected for the glass tube termination; In the opposite direction; Cancel each other, realization is equipped with the bearing operation of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror.Other is equal to first embodiment.
Among the 3rd embodiment that Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9 form: being equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, is that the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea of reflecting condenser mirror is a photovoltaic cell for pipe is built-in with the ladder type curved surface.Its transducing lamina membranacea 5 is a photovoltaic cell.Realized that photoelectric heat is integrated.The pipe plug one manufacturing that is connected for the glass tube termination at single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror and pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17; The suffered pressure of pipe plug that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17 is connected for the glass tube termination; Be equipped with the suffered pressure equal and opposite in direction in single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube bottom surface of reflecting condenser mirror; In the opposite direction; Cancel each other, realization is equipped with the bearing operation of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror.Other is equal to first embodiment.
Among the 4th embodiment that Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12 form: the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror; The single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea that is built-in with M type camber reflection condenser mirror for pipe is a photovoltaic cell, glass tube chamber built-in flow guide device.Transducing lamina membranacea 5 is a photovoltaic cell, and has increased air deflector 11 and resiliency supported 12, makes its heat resistance better, and cycle performance is higher.Its air deflector 11 is the inflatable elastic pipe, in inner glass tube 4, realizes water conservancy diversion, antifreeze function through resiliency supported 12.On the mouth of pipe of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror, be provided with screw thread; The sucker bolt that is connected for the inner glass tube termination with pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17; The suffered pressure and the suffered pressure equal and opposite in direction in single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube bottom surface that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror of sucker that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17 is connected for the inner glass tube termination; In the opposite direction; Cancel each other, realization is equipped with the bearing operation of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror.Other is equal to first embodiment.
Among the 5th embodiment that Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15 form: be equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror, the single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea of the vapor deposition reflecting condenser mirror that is built-in with for camber line bend glass tube wall is an inteferometer coating.The nut one manufacturing that is connected for the inner glass tube termination at single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror and pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17; The suffered pressure and the suffered pressure equal and opposite in direction in single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube bottom surface that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror of nut that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17 is connected for the inner glass tube termination; In the opposite direction; Cancel each other, realization is equipped with the bearing operation of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror.Other is equal to first embodiment.
Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18 form the 6th embodiment.Among the figure: the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror; The single-pass reducing evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea of the vapor deposition reflecting condenser mirror that is built-in with for M type bend glass tube wall is an inteferometer coating; Glass tube chamber built-in flow guide device better improves the efficiency of cycle.Be provided with the electrostatic anti-scaling function.The sucker one manufacturing that is connected for the inner glass tube termination at single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror and pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17; The suffered pressure and the suffered pressure equal and opposite in direction in single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube bottom surface that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror of sucker that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17 is connected for the inner glass tube termination; In the opposite direction; Cancel each other, realization is equipped with the bearing operation of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror.Other is equal to first embodiment.
Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21 form the 7th embodiment.Among the figure: the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror; The single-pass reducing eccentric coaxial line sleeve pipe of the vapor deposition reflecting condenser mirror that is built-in with for camber line bend glass tube wall is installed, and it is one-piece type that evacuated solar collecting tube transducing lamina membranacea is that inner glass tube composite photo voltaic battery light transforms electric heating.Its transducing lamina membranacea is that inner glass tube 4 composite photo voltaic batteries 20 light transform the electric heating one.Make it can realize generating electricity, in the thermal-arrest, better improve the efficiency of cycle.On the mouth of pipe of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror, be provided with screw thread; The sucker bolt that is connected for the inner glass tube termination with pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17; The suffered pressure and the suffered pressure equal and opposite in direction in single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube bottom surface that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror of sucker that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly 17 is connected for the inner glass tube termination; In the opposite direction; Cancel each other, realization is equipped with the bearing operation of the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror.Other is equal to first embodiment.

Claims (10)

1. single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror; Be the double glazing sleeve pipe of an end opening, comprise annulated column shape vacuum glass shell, blast pipe envelope mouth, transducing lamina membranacea, reflecting condenser mirror, getter metal bullet card, it is characterized in that: a kind of single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror is that the inner glass tube one end glass solder seal of transducing lamina membranacea closes by outer surface daylighting position; The other end of inner glass tube is connected with glass transition sealed tube; The other end of glass transition sealed tube is connected with reducing surface blending pipe inside edge, and the outer edge of reducing surface blending pipe is connected with outer glass pipe, and the other end glass solder seal of outer glass pipe closes; The location is supported through metallic support card and interior glass end socket in the outer glass pipe termination that glass solder seal closes; Form end sealing, the double glazing sleeve pipe of other end opening, outer glass pipe is provided with reflecting condenser mirror; Reflecting light in outer surface daylighting position is on the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea; Getter metal bullet card is wrapped on the inner glass tube outer wall, and the tube wall upper glass that is equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror is welded with tailpipe, after through tailpipe interlayer being vacuumized; With tailpipe scorification sealing, process the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror.
2. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the glass reducing surface blending pipe that glass transition sealed tube is connected is the pressure-bearing arc surface; Glass transition sealed tube is connected with glass reducing surface blending pipe; Glass reducing surface blending pipe is connected with an end of outer glass pipe; The other end of outer glass pipe is connected with Die Heckscheibe reducing surface blending pipe, the glass transition sealed tube coaxial line reducing glass sealed knot of the corresponding other end of glass reducing surface blending pipe.
3. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: reflecting condenser mirror is installed on the outer glass pipe; Reflecting condenser mirror is the built-in reflective condenser mirror, or is the glass tube walls reflecting condenser mirror; The built-in reflective condenser mirror is the metallic reflection condenser mirror, or is the glass-reflected condenser mirror; The cross section of reflecting condenser mirror is a curve, and the focal line of reflecting condenser mirror is the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea for the surface, and its caliber satisfies the focusing irradiation of 0-180 degree angle incident ray; The cross section of outer glass pipe or be circle, or be ellipse, or be curve and the closed line that is connected of circular arc line; Vapor deposition has reflecting condenser mirror on the curved surface of outer glass pipe, and the focal line of reflecting condenser mirror is the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea for the surface, and its caliber satisfies the focusing irradiation of 0-180 degree angle incident ray.
4. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the glass sealed knot end that is equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror; The inner glass tube glass sealed knot end that support metal bullet card through getter is installed and outer surface daylighting position are the transducing lamina membranacea supports the location each other; Glass transition sealed tube, glass reducing surface blending pipe, outer glass pipe, lower-glass reducing surface blending pipe, lower-glass transition sealed tube are outer glass pipe through glass mold stretching, blow molding, process the reducing glass tube chamber of end sealing single-pass.
5. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: connect pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly on the inner glass tube; The pipe plug that pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly connects for the inner glass tube termination; Or the sucker that connects for the inner glass tube termination, or being the nut of inner glass tube termination connection, connected mode is a glass screw thread bolt; Or be that glass welds; Inner glass tube is connected the inner glass tube on the sealed tube place with outer glass pipe tube wall is provided with intake-outlet, and pressure balance pressure bearing and seal assembly is equipped with the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube of reflecting condenser mirror and the tank wall of retaining header through connection, realizes bearing operation.
6. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cross section of outer glass pipe is circle, or be ellipse, or is curve and the closed line that is connected of circular arc line, and outer glass pipe has intensity; The cross section at the two ends of outer glass pipe is by ellipse, or for curve and circular arc line be connected closed line all fade to circle.
7. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1 is characterized in that: outer surface daylighting position is that the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea is a straight tube, or is non-straight tube; It is that the inner glass tube of transducing lamina membranacea is on the focal line of reflecting condenser mirror that glass welding location makes outer surface daylighting position.
8. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the transducing lamina membranacea is the optical-thermal conversion material on the glass outer wall in closely being compound in, and the transducing lamina membranacea is the light absorption inteferometer coating; Or be the light absorption graded films, or be glass composite film coating metallic plate, or be glass complex carbon material plate; Through glass tube and metal tube are heated simultaneously; Or through glass tube and material with carbon element pipe are heated simultaneously, make glass tube and metal tube, or the glass tube of glass tube and material with carbon element pipe box dress adapter section reaches softening temperature; The blow-molded glass pipe is combined closely it; Transducing lamina membranacea or be glass composite photo voltaic battery, or be glass, metal material face composite photo voltaic battery, or be glass, material with carbon element face composite photo voltaic battery, photovoltaic cell is electrically connected with plain conductor, and plain conductor is drawn through glass sealing.
9. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the metal bullet card of band getter is for closely being wrapped in the elasticity pipe collar on the inner glass tube outer wall transducing lamina membranacea; The elasticity pipe collar is electrically connected with resilient metal member, and resilient metal member is drawn through glass sealing.
10. the single-pass diameter-variable solar glass vacuum heat-collection tube that is equipped with reflecting condenser mirror according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: support water-fast, heat-resisting, aging-resistant tubulose or club that the band bracing frame is installed on the inner glass tube inwall; Tubulose or club are rigidity, or are elasticity.
CN2004101555615A 2004-06-18 2004-12-23 Single-way reducing glass solar vacuum heat collector fitted with reflective collecting mirror CN1710351B (en)

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CN200410049445.5 2004-06-18
CN2004101555615A CN1710351B (en) 2004-06-18 2004-12-23 Single-way reducing glass solar vacuum heat collector fitted with reflective collecting mirror

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CN101598398B (en) * 2008-06-02 2013-06-12 北京环能海臣科技有限公司 Magnetic antiscale all-glass evacuated rectangular planar collector tube with flow guider
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CN101598454B (en) * 2008-06-04 2012-11-14 北京环能海臣科技有限公司 Necking reducer flat tube heat collection all-glass evacuated photovoltaic heat tube collector tube
CN101598437B (en) * 2008-06-04 2012-12-05 淄博环能海臣环保技术服务有限公司 All-glass evacuated semi-round planar collector tube with flow guider
CN101598414B (en) * 2008-06-04 2013-06-12 北京环能海臣科技有限公司 Electrostatic antiscale flat tube heat collection all-glass evacuated photovoltaic collector tube
CN101598442B (en) * 2008-06-04 2013-07-10 北京环能海臣科技有限公司 Magnetic antiscale all-glass evacuated photovoltaic collector tube
CN101598426B (en) * 2008-06-04 2012-11-14 北京环能海臣科技有限公司 Necking reducer all-glass evacuated photovoltaic heat collection and storage tube
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