CN1696331A - Method for fabricating rainbow film or paper through direct plating - Google Patents

Method for fabricating rainbow film or paper through direct plating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1696331A
CN1696331A CN 200510071525 CN200510071525A CN1696331A CN 1696331 A CN1696331 A CN 1696331A CN 200510071525 CN200510071525 CN 200510071525 CN 200510071525 A CN200510071525 A CN 200510071525A CN 1696331 A CN1696331 A CN 1696331A
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China
Prior art keywords
vacuum
rainbow
plating
evaporator tank
evaporating materials
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CN 200510071525
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100343415C (en
Inventor
杨林
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杨林
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Priority to CNB2005100715255A priority Critical patent/CN100343415C/en
Publication of CN1696331A publication Critical patent/CN1696331A/en
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Publication of CN100343415C publication Critical patent/CN100343415C/en

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Abstract

A method for directly evaporating rainbow film (or paper) includes reforming the existing high-vacuum dual-chamber film plating equipment in such manner that the water cooling pipeline of central cooling drum is replaced by the force fereon refrigerating system and a evaporator and a hopper container for regulating the material feeding are installed at bottom of high-vacuum evaporating chamber, loading the evaporation material in the evaporator, heating it until it is boiling or atomizing and direct evaporation plating.

Description

The manufacture method of straight plating rainbow film or paper
Technical field
The present invention relates to the vacuum plating field, the manufacture method of specifically a kind of straight plating rainbow film or paper.
Background technology
So-called rainbow film is exactly the thin-film material with the honorable lamination of rainbow, mainly be by two or more transparent but tool varies in size the top coat material of specific refractory power, form with the staggered in twos stacked in parallel of suitable thickness, adjacent two-layer material is different each other.The method for making of common rainbow film, multi-layer, co-extruded production.But the quality of PP TYPE depends on whether its independent layer is the substantially parallel homogeneous thickness that has, if there is deviation will disturb the optical effect that is produced.PP TYPE is in some mechanical properties also defectiveness in addition.Be apparent that the most, between each of multilayered structure layer bonding may and insufficient, therefore in use, the interior laminate layer or the separation of each layer can take place in film.Influence decorative effect.
At home and abroad produce also to have in the technology of rainbow film or paper and adopt sputtering method, the strong adhesion of the product film of producing in kind of method, because the speed of sputtering method growth medium film is slow, therefore, the cycle of this explained hereafter rainbow film is long, production efficiency is low, production cost is high.
Along with the development of vacuum coating technology, it is can overcome above-mentioned defective fully in theory that the high vacuum plating technology is applied on the rainbow film production technique.But existing domestic production rainbow film high vacuum plating technology still is a blank, mainly is that the effect of generation has certain deviation to the control of the vacuum-coating surface thickness of product and the position adjustments difficulty of optical wavelength.
Summary of the invention
The present inventor has problems with multi-layer, co-extruded mode, sputtering method, vacuum plating mode in view of aforementioned exposure, redesign out the manufacture method of a kind of straight plating rainbow film or paper, reach rainbow film or paper coating surface thickness and can accurately control adjustment on request, the rainbow best results of coating surface; And production efficiency height, the purpose that production cost is low.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts the manufacture method of straight plating rainbow film or paper to be:
At first the high vacuum double room filming equipment of prior art is transformed, be mounted with an evaporator tank in the deposited chamber bottom, there is the funnel container of an additional evaporating materials in the upper right corner of evaporator tank, on funnel container and feeding channel that evaporator tank is connected reinforced variable valve is housed.Again the water cooling pipeline of center cooling drum is made into freonll-11 forced refrigeration system.
The manufacture method of straight plating rainbow film or paper is carried out according to following technical process:
A, will be packed on indoor two the folding and unfolding windings up roller of coiling in the high vacuum double room filming equipment by the plating matrix, allow and begun successively through driven roll, center cooling drum, driven roll from one of them folding and unfolding winding up roller by the plating matrix, rolling is to another folding and unfolding winding up roller, start freonll-11 forced refrigeration system, connect gas circuit;
B, in the funnel container of high vacuum double room filming equipment deposited chamber and evaporator tank, put into first kind of evaporating materials;
C, unlatching extracting vacuum equipment to coiling chamber, deposited chamber extracting vacuum, are guaranteeing have under the prerequisite of certain vacuum pressure reduction, with deposited chamber extracting vacuum to 10 between two Room -1-10 -2In the high vacuum state of Pa;
D, connect the evaporator tank power supply, evaporating materials is heated to boiling point, atomizing, the evaporating materials vapour molecule after the atomizing flies to and is subjected to refrigerative to be plated matrix surface just to condense into the first rainbow rete;
E, start reel system, enter normal evaporation state, this moment is the winding speed of control folding and unfolding winding up roller accurately, and control is just regulated the switching degree of reinforced variable valve by plating matrix moving at the uniform velocity in deposited chamber, keeps evaporating materials to send into the flow of evaporator tank; So just constantly there is the new matrix that plated to form continuously rainbow rete uniformly;
In f, the funnel container of changing deposited chamber and the evaporator tank is second kind of evaporating materials, repeats the c-e process, is plated matrix surface to condense into the second rainbow rete again;
G, change and be the third evaporating materials in the funnel container of deposited chamber and the evaporator tank once more, repeat the c-e process, plated matrix surface to condense into the 3rd rainbow rete again;
After h, evaporation are finished, close the evaporator tank power supply, close reel system again, close extracting vacuum equipment at last.
Above-mentioned technical process is according to product needed, and replacing adds evaporating materials different more than four kinds in order, can form bright-coloured glossy film more than four layers by evaporation equally.It also is protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention has simplified the processing process of rainbow film or paper product compared with the prior art, beats by miles the spraying plating and the multi-layer co-extruded compression technology of other types on economic implications.The present invention adopts the winding speed of accurate control folding and unfolding winding up roller to go to control by plating matrix at the uniform velocity mobile in deposited chamber, the switching degree of the reinforced variable valve of re-adjustment, keep evaporating materials to send into the flow of evaporator tank, realized adjusting rainbow film or paper coating surface thickness and can accurately control the purpose of adjustment on request, made the rainbow best results of coating surface; Use the present invention to produce product, can significantly reduce the consumption of evaporating materials, it is low to reduce production costs, and the cost of actual every square of rainbow film or paper is about 0.2 yuan.Product of the present invention can be in surface printing, compound, moulding, and surface color effect chromatic metallic gloss is obvious, and strong adhesion is anti-oxidant, and acid and alkali-resistance belongs to nontoxic environmentfriendly products.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a process flow sheet of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a high vacuum double room filming device structure synoptic diagram used in the present invention.
In the accompanying drawing: 1,2 folding and unfolding windings up roller; Coiling chambers 3; 4 driven rolls; 5 center cooling drums; 6 deposited chambers; 7 evaporator tanks; 8 by plating matrix (plastics film or paper); 9 differential pressure plates; 10 lobe pumps; 11 slide valve pumps; 12 diffusion topping-up pumps; 13 lobe pumps; 14 mechanical pumps; 15 funnel containers; 16,17,18,19 operated pneumatic valves; 20 reinforced variable valve.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
At first the high vacuum double room filming equipment of prior art is transformed, improved high vacuum double room filming equipment such as accompanying drawing 2, its structure is formed by the vacuum workshop and the high vacuum draw-out device of plated film, vacuum workshop's inner-use clapboard of plated film is divided into upper and lower two Room, and this two Room is respectively by operated pneumatic valve 16,17,18,19; Connect separately independently high vacuum draw-out device, last chamber is the coiling chamber 3 of rough vacuum, in 1,2, four driven rolls 4 of two folding and unfolding windings up roller and a center cooling drum 5 that has freonll-11 forced refrigeration system are arranged; Respectively there are the 9 phase clampings of a differential pressure plate on cooling drum 5 both sides in center, and its adjustable gaps is to the optimum position.Coiling chamber 3 connects the vacuum withdraw device of being connected and being formed by a lobe pump 10 and slide valve pump 11, the deposited chamber 6 that following chamber is a high vacuum, deposited chamber 6 bottoms are mounted with an evaporator tank 7, there is the funnel container 15 of an additional evaporating materials in the upper right corner of evaporator tank 7, on funnel container 15 and feeding channel that evaporator tank 7 is connected reinforced variable valve 20 is housed.Above-mentioned deposited chamber 6 connects the vacuum withdraw device of being connected and being formed by a diffusion topping-up pump 12, lobe pump 13 and a mechanical pump 14.
Embodiment 1
The manufacture method of straight plating rainbow film is carried out according to following technical process:
A, will be packed on indoor two the folding and unfolding windings up roller 1,2 of coiling in the high vacuum double room filming equipment by plastics film 8, allow plastics film 8 begin successively through driven roll 4, center cooling drum 5, driven roll 4 from one of them folding and unfolding winding up roller 1, rolling is to another folding and unfolding winding up roller 2, start freonll-11 forced refrigeration system, connect gas circuit;
B, in the funnel container 15 of high vacuum double room filming equipment deposited chamber 6 and evaporator tank 7, put into zinc sulphide;
C, unlatching extracting vacuum equipment 10,11,12,13,14 are to coiling chamber 3, deposited chamber 6 extracting vacuum, guaranteeing have under the prerequisite of certain vacuum pressure reduction between two Room, with deposited chamber 6 extracting vacuum to 10 -1-10 -2In the high vacuum state of Pa;
D, connection evaporator tank 7 power supplys are heated to boiling point, atomizing with zinc sulphide, and the zinc sulphide vapour molecule after the atomizing flies to and is subjected to refrigerative plastics film 8 surfaces just to condense into the first rainbow rete;
E, start reel system, enter normal evaporation state, this moment is the winding speed of control folding and unfolding winding up roller 1,2 accurately, just controls plastics film 8 moving at the uniform velocity in deposited chamber 6, regulate the switching degree of reinforced variable valve, keep zinc sulphide to send into the flow of evaporator tank 7; So just constantly there is new plastics film 8 to form continuously rainbow rete uniformly;
Evaporating materials in f, the funnel container 15 of changing deposited chamber 6 and the evaporator tank 7 is a silicon oxide, repeats the c-e process, and plastics film 8 surfaces condense into the second rainbow rete again;
G, change evaporating materials in the funnel container 15 of deposited chamber 6 and the evaporator tank 7 for being magnesium fluoride once more, repeat the c-e process, plastics film 8 surfaces condense into the 3rd rainbow rete again;
After h, evaporation are finished, close evaporator tank 7 power supplys, close reel system again, close down extracting vacuum equipment 10,11,12,13,14 at last.
Embodiment 2
The manufacture method of straight plating rainbow paper is carried out according to following technical process:
A, coil paper 8 is packed on indoor two the folding and unfolding windings up roller 1,2 of coiling in the high vacuum double room filming equipment, allow coil paper 8 begin successively through driven roll 4, center cooling drum 5, driven roll 4 from one of them folding and unfolding winding up roller 1, rolling is to another folding and unfolding winding up roller 2, start freonll-11 forced refrigeration system, connect gas circuit;
B, in the funnel container 15 of high vacuum double room filming equipment deposited chamber 6 and evaporator tank 7, put into magnesium fluoride;
C, unlatching extracting vacuum equipment 10,11,12,13,14 are to coiling chamber 3, deposited chamber 6 extracting vacuum, guaranteeing have under the prerequisite of certain vacuum pressure reduction between two Room, with deposited chamber 6 extracting vacuum to 10 -1-10 -2In the high vacuum state of Pa;
D, connection evaporator tank 7 power supplys are heated to boiling point, atomizing with magnesium fluoride, and the magnesium fluoride vapour molecule after the atomizing flies to and is subjected to refrigerative coil paper 8 surfaces just to condense into the first rainbow rete;
E, start reel system, enter normal evaporation state, this moment is the winding speed of control folding and unfolding winding up roller 1,2 accurately, just controls coil paper 8 moving at the uniform velocity in deposited chamber 6, regulates the switching degree of reinforced variable valve, keeps magnesium fluoride to send into the flow of evaporator tank 7; So just constantly there is new coil paper 8 to form continuously rainbow rete uniformly;
Evaporating materials in f, the funnel container 15 of changing deposited chamber 6 and the evaporator tank 7 is a zinc sulphide, repeats the c-e process, and coil paper 8 surfaces condense into the second rainbow rete again;
G, change evaporating materials in the funnel container 15 of deposited chamber 6 and the evaporator tank 7 for being chromic oxide once more, repeat the c-e process, coil paper 8 surfaces condense into the 3rd rainbow rete again;
After h, evaporation are finished, close evaporator tank 7 power supplys, close reel system again, close down extracting vacuum equipment 10,11,12,13,14 at last.

Claims (2)

1, the manufacture method of a kind of straight plating rainbow film or paper, it is characterized in that: the manufacture method of directly plating rainbow film or paper is carried out according to following technical process:
A, will be packed on indoor two the folding and unfolding windings up roller of coiling in the high vacuum double room filming equipment by the plating matrix, allow and begun successively through driven roll, center cooling drum, driven roll from one of them folding and unfolding winding up roller by the plating matrix, rolling is to another folding and unfolding winding up roller, start freonll-11 forced refrigeration system, connect gas circuit;
B, in the funnel container of high vacuum double room filming equipment deposited chamber and evaporator tank, put into first kind of evaporating materials;
C, unlatching extracting vacuum equipment to coiling chamber, deposited chamber extracting vacuum, are guaranteeing have under the prerequisite of certain vacuum pressure reduction, with deposited chamber extracting vacuum to 10 between two Room -1-10 -2In the high vacuum state of Pa;
D, connect the evaporator tank power supply, evaporating materials is heated to boiling point, atomizing, the evaporating materials vapour molecule after the atomizing flies to and is subjected to refrigerative to be plated matrix surface just to condense into the first rainbow rete;
E, start reel system, enter normal evaporation state, this moment is the winding speed of control folding and unfolding winding up roller accurately, and control is just regulated the switching degree of reinforced variable valve by plating matrix moving at the uniform velocity in deposited chamber, keeps evaporating materials to send into the flow of evaporator tank; So just constantly there is the new matrix that plated to form continuously rainbow rete uniformly;
In f, the funnel container of changing deposited chamber and the evaporator tank is second kind of evaporating materials, repeats the c-e process, is plated matrix surface to condense into the second rainbow rete again;
G, change and be the third evaporating materials in the funnel container of deposited chamber and the evaporator tank once more, repeat the c-e process, plated matrix surface to condense into the 3rd rainbow rete again;
After h, evaporation are finished, close the evaporator tank power supply, close reel system again, close extracting vacuum equipment at last.
2, the manufacture method of straight plating rainbow film according to claim 1 or paper is characterized in that: above-mentioned technical process can be according to product needed, and replacing adds evaporating materials different more than four kinds in order, and evaporation forms bright-coloured glossy film more than four layers.
CNB2005100715255A 2005-05-06 2005-05-06 Method for fabricating rainbow film or paper through direct plating CN100343415C (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102219394A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-10-19 上虞市欣昱塑业有限公司 Production process of colorful glass vacuum coating
CN102809773A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-12-05 珠海乐通新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method and preparation device of optical interference sheet
CN103065180A (en) * 2011-10-18 2013-04-24 哈尔滨大东方卷烟材料科技开发有限责任公司 Manufacturing technology of chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) radio frequency tag
CN103625030A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-12 湖北盟科纸业有限公司 Production method for laser paper made of nanoscale thin-film material
CN104264113A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-07 江苏金恒新型包装材料有限公司 Vacuum coating equipment for double evaporation of winding-type dielectric material and metal material
CN105887014A (en) * 2015-07-21 2016-08-24 赛柏利安工业技术(苏州)有限公司 Normal-temperature single-drum vertical continuous vapor deposition equipment system for multiple layers of ITO flexible substrates
CN109468591A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-03-15 合肥市辉耀真空材料有限责任公司 A kind of method that vacuum evaporation process prepares illusion-colour reflective membrane
CN109746142A (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-14 张家港康得新光电材料有限公司 Coating apparatus

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87215927U (en) * 1987-11-30 1988-08-31 张忠武 Equipment for vacuum-coating polyethylene film with aluminium
CN1042928A (en) * 1988-11-27 1990-06-13 于海圣 The manufacture method of rainbow decorative plate and transparent rainbow plastics
US20020129580A1 (en) * 1998-06-22 2002-09-19 Weder Donald E. Ultra bright materials and methods
US20030104179A1 (en) * 1999-08-11 2003-06-05 Weder Donald E. Holographic material

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102219394A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-10-19 上虞市欣昱塑业有限公司 Production process of colorful glass vacuum coating
CN103065180A (en) * 2011-10-18 2013-04-24 哈尔滨大东方卷烟材料科技开发有限责任公司 Manufacturing technology of chipless radio frequency identification (RFID) radio frequency tag
CN102809773A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-12-05 珠海乐通新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method and preparation device of optical interference sheet
CN103625030A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-12 湖北盟科纸业有限公司 Production method for laser paper made of nanoscale thin-film material
CN104264113A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-07 江苏金恒新型包装材料有限公司 Vacuum coating equipment for double evaporation of winding-type dielectric material and metal material
CN105887014A (en) * 2015-07-21 2016-08-24 赛柏利安工业技术(苏州)有限公司 Normal-temperature single-drum vertical continuous vapor deposition equipment system for multiple layers of ITO flexible substrates
CN105887014B (en) * 2015-07-21 2019-02-19 赛柏利安工业技术(苏州)有限公司 The vertical continuous vapor deposition apparatus system of room temperature multilayer ITO flexible parent metal single-drum
CN109746142A (en) * 2017-11-06 2019-05-14 张家港康得新光电材料有限公司 Coating apparatus
CN109468591A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-03-15 合肥市辉耀真空材料有限责任公司 A kind of method that vacuum evaporation process prepares illusion-colour reflective membrane

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