CN1595039A - Heat pipe - Google Patents

Heat pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1595039A
CN1595039A CNA031468055A CN03146805A CN1595039A CN 1595039 A CN1595039 A CN 1595039A CN A031468055 A CNA031468055 A CN A031468055A CN 03146805 A CN03146805 A CN 03146805A CN 1595039 A CN1595039 A CN 1595039A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat pipe
nano carbon
carbon microsphere
filled
ball
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CNA031468055A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1291213C (en
Inventor
吕昌岳
余泰成
陈杰良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hongfujin Precision Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hongfujin Precision Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Hongfujin Precision Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd filed Critical Hongfujin Precision Industry Shenzhen Co Ltd
Priority to CNB031468055A priority Critical patent/CN1291213C/en
Publication of CN1595039A publication Critical patent/CN1595039A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1291213C publication Critical patent/CN1291213C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

The invention relates to heat pipe 1 and its working liquid. The heat pipe 1 includes shell, capillary absorption 2 core tight to inwall 3 and working liquid filling the capillary absorption 2 core 2 , the working liquid is suspension 4 which includes a willing pure liquid and nanometer carbon ball 6 in liquid of pure water, ammonia water, methyl alcohol, acetone and heptane 5 , the nanometer carbon ball 6 is polyhedron carbon cluster 7 formed by several layers of graphite layer 8 assembled in the form of 'ball-in-ball' and its diameter range is 2~60nm, and is filled with metal of high thermal conductivity 11 . The invention has high efficient heat pipe 1 , thermal conductivity coefficient 12 of working liquid is large and has no pollution.

Description

Heat pipe
[technical field]
The present invention relates to heat-transfer device, particularly a kind of heat pipe and working fluid thereof.
[background technology]
Heat pipe is the heat-conductive assembly that dependence self internal work fluid phase change realizes heat conduction, and it has characteristics such as high-termal conductivity, good isothermal, and good heat conduction effect is widely used.
Electronic technology develops rapidly in recent years, the high frequency of electronic device, high speed and integrated circuit intensive and microminiaturized, make unit volume electronic device caloric value increase severely, and hot pipe technique is fit to solve the heat dissipation problem that present electronic device is derived because of performance boost with its excellent heat conductivity performance.
As shown in Figure 1, typical heat pipe 10 by shell 11, imbibition core 12 (capillary structure) and be sealed in the pipe in working fluid 13 form.The making of heat pipe is sealed after being full of working fluid 13 in the imbibition core 12 of being close to inside pipe wall filling after being evacuated in the pipe with suitable working fluid 13, making earlier usually.One end of heat pipe is evaporator section (bringing-up section), and the other end is condensation segment (cooling section), can arrange the adiabatic section between evaporator section and condensation segment according to application need.Working fluid 13 evaporation gasifications form steam 14 in the imbibition core when heat pipe evaporator section is heated, steam 14 is dirty to heat pipe 10 condensation segments and emit heat and condense into working fluid 13 in the slight pressure difference, and working fluid 13 flows back to evaporator section by capillarity along imbibition core 12 again.So circulation, heat 15 constantly reaches condensation segment by the evaporator section of heat pipe 10, and the low-temperature receiver of the Duan Yiduan that is condensed absorbs.
Heat pipe is normally worked effectively, requires imbibition core capillary structure that working fluid is evenly distributed in heat pipe usually, and working fluid is refluxed rapidly, also requires working fluid heat of gasification height, thermal conductivity factor big in addition.Big and the evenly distribution in capillary wick of working fluid thermal conductivity factor helps working fluid and takes away heat rapidly, and electronic device temperature is reduced.
Conventional art generally adopts neat liquid as heat pipe work fluid, but general neat liquid thermal conductivity factor is less, makes that the heat transmission is slower, thereby makes that heat pipe for thermal conductivity efficient is lower, also might produce hot-spot at evaporator section especially.
For addressing the above problem, prior art adopts the scheme of adding salt or other metallic compound in neat liquid further to improve heat pipe for thermal conductivity efficient, the Chinese patent of bulletin disclosed a kind of inorganic superconducting heat pipe work fluid No. 98110556 as on November 20th, 2002, this working fluid adds potassium bichromate 30~50g by (in 1000g) in deionized water or the high purity water, sodium perborate 10~15g, boric acid 3~5g, sodium peroxide 1~3g, aluminium hydroxide 0.5~1.5g, cobalt sesquioxide 0.2~0.5g and manganese dioxide 0.2~0.5g dissolving form its stable chemical performance, thermal conductivity factor is big, there is not corrosion.
But it is more that the related working fluid of this scheme contains metallic elements such as chromium, cobalt, manganese, and heat pipe is scrapped back working fluid cost recovery height, and working fluid flows directly in the environment then contaminated environment; In the heat pipe course of work, the easy crystal aggregation of slaine during the working fluid evaporation reduces the working fluid heat conductivility; This working fluid is the aqueous solution, is only applicable to the heat pipe of certain tubing.So it is unsatisfactory that this scheme solves the less technical problem of conventional heat pipe working fluid thermal conductivity factor, provide therefore that a kind of thermal conductivity is good, Stability Analysis of Structures, application is wide and the heat pipe work fluid of non-environmental-pollution is real is necessary.
[summary of the invention]
For solving technical problems such as lower, the easy crystal aggregation of the heat pipe work fluid capacity of heat transmission in the prior art, contaminated environment, range of application be limited, the heat pipe work fluid that the present invention's first purpose provides a kind of capacity of heat transmission height, Stability Analysis of Structures, non-environmental-pollution, has wide range of applications.
Second purpose of the present invention is to provide the heat pipe that uses working fluid provided by the present invention.
Working fluid provided by the present invention is a kind of suspension, it comprises pure water, ammoniacal liquor, methyl alcohol, acetone, any one neat liquid and be suspended in nano carbon microsphere in the liquid in the heptane, the polyhedron carbon that this nano carbon microsphere is made up of with spherical structure in the ball the multilayer graphite linings bunch, its inside is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal.
The working fluid that heat pipe provided by the present invention comprises shell, is close to the capillary wick of inner wall of tube shell and is full of capillary wick, wherein working fluid is a suspension, it comprises pure water, ammoniacal liquor, methyl alcohol, acetone, any one neat liquid and be suspended in nano carbon microsphere in the liquid in the heptane, the polyhedron carbon that this nano carbon microsphere is made up of with spherical structure in the ball the multilayer graphite linings bunch, its inside is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal.
Compared with prior art, heat pipe provided by the present invention has following advantage: comprise the nano carbon microsphere that inside is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal in the working fluid of heat pipe, because gravity, Blang's power (Brown force) and and liquid between the frictional force effect, the relative sliding velocity with liquid of nano carbon microsphere is non-vanishing, thereby in liquid, do random motion, the inner metal of filling of nano carbon microsphere has high-termal conductivity simultaneously, thereby has improved the capacity of heat transmission of heat pipe work fluid; Secondly, the high-termal conductivity metal is included in nano carbon microsphere inside, outer graphite-structure provides stable environment for it, assurance high-termal conductivity metal is not assembled, can be in hot cold circulation repeatedly yet with working fluid in liquid reactions and reduce the capacity of heat transmission, thereby guarantee the heat pipe work fluid good stability, long service life; In addition, inner nano carbon microsphere of filling the high-termal conductivity metal can make an addition in the multiple liquid, and exists with solid-state form, therefore uses extensively, easily reclaims reusable edible, environmentally safe.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is a typical heat pipe operation principle schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is an inside heat pipe structure radial section schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the nano carbon microsphere structural representation that adds in the heat pipe work fluid of the present invention.
[specific embodiment]
As shown in Figure 3, heat pipe work fluid provided by the present invention is a suspension, it comprises pure water, ammoniacal liquor, methyl alcohol, acetone, any one neat liquid and be suspended in nano carbon microsphere 23 in the liquid in the heptane, the polyhedron carbon that this nano carbon microsphere 23 is made up of with spherical structure in the ball multilayer graphite linings 231 bunch, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, and its inside is filled with high-termal conductivity metal 232.
Embodiment 1: add 1.0%~3.0% nano carbon microsphere in the pure water (distilled water or deionized water), the polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by the multilayer graphite linings of this carbon ball bunch wherein, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, its inside is filled with copper.
Embodiment 2: add 1.0%~3.0% nano carbon microsphere in the pure water (distilled water or deionized water), the polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by the multilayer graphite linings of this carbon ball bunch wherein, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, its inside is filled with aluminium.
Embodiment 3: add 1.0%~3.0% nano carbon microsphere in the acetone, the polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by the multilayer graphite linings of this carbon ball bunch wherein, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, its inside is filled with copper.
Embodiment 4: add 1.0%~3.0% nano carbon microsphere in the acetone, the polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by the multilayer graphite linings of this carbon ball bunch wherein, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, its inside is filled with aluminium.
Embodiment 5: add 1.0%~3.0% nano carbon microsphere in the heptane, the polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by the multilayer graphite linings of this carbon ball bunch wherein, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, its inside is filled with copper.
Embodiment 6: add 1.0%~3.0% nano carbon microsphere in the heptane, the polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by the multilayer graphite linings of this carbon ball bunch wherein, particle size range is 2~60 nanometers, its inside is filled with aluminium.
Also alternative copper, aluminium such as other high-termal conductivity metals like gold, silver or its alloy are filled in nano carbon microsphere inside, are applied among the present invention.
Below in conjunction with illustrating heat pipe embodiment provided by the present invention is described:
As shown in Figure 2, heat pipe 20 provided by the present invention comprises shell 21, capillary structure imbibition core 22 and working fluid (not indicating), this working fluid is a kind of suspension, and it comprises pure water and is suspended in the nano carbon microsphere 23 that inside in the liquid is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal.
Shell 21 is generally seamless steel pipe, also can adopt different materials according to different needs, as copper, aluminium, carbon steel, stainless steel, iron, nickel, titanium etc. or its alloy.Shell 21 radial sections can be standard circular, also can be other shapes, as ellipse, square, rectangle, platypelloid type or ripple type etc.Caliber is 2 millimeters to 200 millimeters, and pipe range can be from several millimeters to tens of rice.Present embodiment adopts circular copper pipe, and caliber is 4 millimeters, long 50 millimeters.
Imbibition core 22 can be silk screen type, groove-shaped or slug type.
Silk screen type imbibition core ratio is easier to make, and purchases the silk screen of typing mesh number in market, and its material is generally copper, stainless steel, wire netting, can select according to the compatibility of heat pipe work fluid.After buying, silk screen inserts heat pipe through rolling into needed shape after cleaning and the necessary processing.It is extremely important that the imbibition core is close to inner wall of tube shell, especially at evaporator section, if imbibition core applying inner wall of tube shell is inhomogeneous, hot-spot will occur.
Groove-shaped imbibition core can have axial groove and two kinds of forms of hoop groove.Axial groove forms by extruding and broaching; The hoop groove is generally easy to process and is carved into screw-type.
Slug type imbibition core porosity is generally 40~50%, is to form with the metal powder particles sintering filling in a large number.Suitably select the metal powder particles granularity, can obtain the imbibition core of different void size behind the sintering.Sintering temperature is generally than low 100~200 ℃ of the molten point of agglomerated material.
The present invention adopts the copper powders may sintered wicks; the roughly method of sintering is to insert a plug (available stainless steel plug) in heat pipe central authorities; the rod thickness is represented steam cavity internal diameter size in the future; in plug and the formed ring-like space of tube wall, insert metallic copper powder to be sintered then; plug is sent into heating furnace with support after fixing; sintering is made an appointment with half an hour under hydrogen shield, and sintering temperature is 810 ℃~880 ℃.Pipe is taken out from stove, extract plug after cooling out, and put into the stove sintering once more about one hour.
Present embodiment adopts pure water as working fluid, and the inside of interpolation mass content 1.0%~3.0% is filled with the nano carbon microsphere 23 of high-termal conductivity metal to improve its heat conductivility.
The polyhedron carbon formed with spherical structure in the ball by multilayer graphite linings 231 of nano carbon microsphere 23 bunch wherein, the inner metal 232 of filling of carbon ball.Nano carbon microsphere 23 particle diameters are about several to tens nanometer; Interior metal 232 comprises that copper, aluminium, gold, silver etc. have metal or its alloy of the high capacity of heat transmission.
Present embodiment adopts inner nano carbon microsphere of filling copper, and this nano carbon microsphere can adopt the graphite rod of cupric as negative electrode, is prepared from by arc discharge method.
In addition, heat pipe also can adopt routine work fluids such as ammoniacal liquor, methyl alcohol, acetone or heptane, adds inside and is filled with the nano carbon microsphere of high-termal conductivity metal to improve its heat conductivility.
Except that typical heat pipe, also having gravity assisted heat pipe (is two-phase closed type hot siphon, evaporator section places condensation segment below during work), rotating heat pipe and separate heat pipe etc., the imbibition core of no capillary structure in the above-mentioned heat pipe relies on gravity or centrifugal force backflow after the working fluid condensation during work.Heat pipe work fluid provided by the present invention is compared with the conventional heat pipe working fluid, because the inside of adding is filled with the nano carbon microsphere stable chemical performance of high-termal conductivity metal, be of a size of nanoscale, except that improving the working fluid heat conductivility, the conventional operation fluid is not had other performance change substantially, and therefore heat pipe work fluid provided by the present invention is equally applicable to above-mentioned special heat pipe.
Owing to comprise the nano carbon microsphere that inside is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal in the working fluid of heat pipe, gravity, Blang's power (Brown force) and and liquid between the frictional force effect under, the relative sliding velocity with liquid of nano carbon microsphere is non-vanishing, thereby in liquid, do random motion, the inner metal of filling of nano carbon microsphere has high-termal conductivity simultaneously, thereby has improved the capacity of heat transmission of heat pipe work fluid.Experimental results show that to add 2% inner nano carbon microsphere of filling copper in the pure water, (Reynolds number) is in 800~25000 scopes at Reynolds number, and the heat convection ability of water improves about 60%.
Secondly, the high-termal conductivity metal is included in nano carbon microsphere inside, outer graphite-structure provides stable environment for it, assurance high-termal conductivity metal is not assembled, can be in hot cold circulation repeatedly yet with working fluid in liquid reactions and reduce the capacity of heat transmission, thereby guarantee the heat pipe work fluid good stability, long service life; In addition, inner nano carbon microsphere of filling the high-termal conductivity metal can make an addition in the multiple liquid, and exists with solid-state form, therefore uses extensively, easily reclaims reusable edible, environmentally safe.

Claims (10)

1. heat pipe work fluid, comprise pure water, ammoniacal liquor, methyl alcohol, acetone, any one neat liquid in the heptane, it is characterized in that being suspended with nano carbon microsphere in this neat liquid, the polyhedron carbon that this nano carbon microsphere is made up of with spherical structure in the ball the multilayer graphite linings bunch, its inside is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal.
2. heat pipe work fluid as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the mass content of this nano carbon microsphere in neat liquid is 1.0%~3.0%.
3. heat pipe work fluid as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the metal that this nano carbon microsphere inside is filled comprises copper, aluminium, gold, silver or its alloy.
4. heat pipe work fluid as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that this nano carbon microsphere particle size range is 2~60 nanometers.
5. heat pipe work fluid as claimed in claim 1, the graphite rod that it is characterized in that nano carbon microsphere employing cupric or aluminium is prepared from by arc discharge method as negative electrode.
6. a heat pipe comprises shell and is sealed in the interior heat pipe hydraulic fluid of shell, it is characterized in that this heat pipe hydraulic fluid is a suspension, this suspension comprises pure water, ammoniacal liquor, methyl alcohol, acetone, any one neat liquid and be suspended in nano carbon microsphere in the liquid in the heptane, the polyhedron carbon that this nano carbon microsphere is made up of with spherical structure in the ball the multilayer graphite linings bunch, its inside is filled with the high-termal conductivity metal.
7. heat pipe as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that the nano carbon microsphere mass content in this working fluid is 1.0%~3.0%.
8. heat pipe as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that the metal that this nano carbon microsphere inside is filled comprises copper, aluminium, gold, silver or its alloy.
9. heat pipe as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that heat pipe further comprises the capillary wick that places in the pipe and be close to inner wall of tube shell.
10. heat pipe as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that capillary wick is groove-shaped, silk screen type or slug type.
CNB031468055A 2003-09-13 2003-09-13 Heat pipe Expired - Fee Related CN1291213C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1291213C CN1291213C (en) 2006-12-20

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100413064C (en) * 2005-07-22 2008-08-20 富准精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Air-tightness chamber heat radiation structure and its producing method
CN100537697C (en) * 2005-10-24 2009-09-09 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Nano metal fluid with high heat-transfer performance
CN1948421B (en) * 2005-10-13 2010-05-26 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Working fluid
CN101186808B (en) * 2007-12-14 2010-12-08 华南理工大学 Method for preparing graphite series nano fluid
CN102654369A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-05 青岛海之川可再生能源研究所 Heat tube internally filled with phase-change liquid and solar heat-collecting tube
CN102692085A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-26 青岛海之川可再生能源研究所 Solar collector tube and solar water heater
CN104880110A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-09-02 济南大学 Novel miniature heat pipe with high heat transmission performance
CN105627796A (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-06-01 浙江陆特能源科技股份有限公司 Efficient heat-conducting medium and heat-conducting element
CN108362147A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-08-03 南通大学 Micro heat pipe manufacturing method
CN109462965A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-12 中国航空工业集团公司西安航空计算技术研究所 A kind of graphite heat conduction plate of free-flowing material filling
CN110358507A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-10-22 北京华业阳光新能源有限公司 It is a kind of for the heat-exchange working medium of thermal-collecting tube and the thermal-collecting tube and method for filling

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100413064C (en) * 2005-07-22 2008-08-20 富准精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Air-tightness chamber heat radiation structure and its producing method
CN1948421B (en) * 2005-10-13 2010-05-26 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Working fluid
CN100537697C (en) * 2005-10-24 2009-09-09 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Nano metal fluid with high heat-transfer performance
CN101186808B (en) * 2007-12-14 2010-12-08 华南理工大学 Method for preparing graphite series nano fluid
CN102654369A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-05 青岛海之川可再生能源研究所 Heat tube internally filled with phase-change liquid and solar heat-collecting tube
CN102692085A (en) * 2012-05-18 2012-09-26 青岛海之川可再生能源研究所 Solar collector tube and solar water heater
CN102654369B (en) * 2012-05-18 2015-07-15 青岛中科易林环境工程有限公司 Heat tube internally filled with phase-change liquid and solar heat-collecting tube
CN104880110A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-09-02 济南大学 Novel miniature heat pipe with high heat transmission performance
CN105627796A (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-06-01 浙江陆特能源科技股份有限公司 Efficient heat-conducting medium and heat-conducting element
CN108362147A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-08-03 南通大学 Micro heat pipe manufacturing method
CN109462965A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-12 中国航空工业集团公司西安航空计算技术研究所 A kind of graphite heat conduction plate of free-flowing material filling
CN110358507A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-10-22 北京华业阳光新能源有限公司 It is a kind of for the heat-exchange working medium of thermal-collecting tube and the thermal-collecting tube and method for filling

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Granted publication date: 20061220

Termination date: 20160913