CN1461893A - Diffuser structure of turbocompressor - Google Patents

Diffuser structure of turbocompressor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1461893A
CN1461893A CN02120754A CN02120754A CN1461893A CN 1461893 A CN1461893 A CN 1461893A CN 02120754 A CN02120754 A CN 02120754A CN 02120754 A CN02120754 A CN 02120754A CN 1461893 A CN1461893 A CN 1461893A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
passage
diffuser
impeller
scraping
opening
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN02120754A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1213237C (en
Inventor
崔文畅
徐光河
金永宽
智裕喆
王大兴
金会善
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LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd
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LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd
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Application filed by LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd filed Critical LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co Ltd
Priority to CNB021207542A priority Critical patent/CN1213237C/en
Publication of CN1461893A publication Critical patent/CN1461893A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1213237C publication Critical patent/CN1213237C/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/40Casings; Connections of working fluid
    • F04D29/42Casings; Connections of working fluid for radial or helico-centrifugal pumps
    • F04D29/44Fluid-guiding means, e.g. diffusers
    • F04D29/441Fluid-guiding means, e.g. diffusers especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05DINDEXING SCHEME FOR ASPECTS RELATING TO NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, GAS-TURBINES OR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F05D2250/00Geometry
    • F05D2250/50Inlet or outlet
    • F05D2250/52Outlet

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Structures Of Non-Positive Displacement Pumps (AREA)

Abstract

A diffuser structure of turbine compressor is composed of inducing vane wheel, vane wheel, channel, spiral casing, casing, and the main body of diffuser, which is positioned in the channel to communicate the vane wheel space with spiral casing. The ring-shaped main body has a certain thickness and width. Multiple open channels in the diffuser are connected to the internal and external surfaces of its main body. It can improve the gas compressing performance of turbine compressor.

Description

The diffuser structure of turbocompressor
Technical field
The present invention relates to the turbocompressor field
Background technique
In general the compressor of compressed fluid divides following several according to its compress mode: rotary compressor, reciprocal compressor, scroll compressor, turbocompressor etc.Compressor is by seal container and to be installed in seal container inner and produce the motor of driving force, and the structures such as compression member of utilizing the driving force of motor to carry out gas compression constitute.
In turbocompressor, the impeller that is rotated by motor force is positioned at pressing chamber, and the rotation by impeller sucks gas and compresses.
Fig. 1 represents the compression member of turbocompressor, as schemes representedly, and the compression member of turbocompressor is provided with pressing chamber 10, and pressing chamber connects with the suction passage F that is positioned at shell 100 inside and is connected.Insert the impeller 20 that can be rotated at pressing chamber 10, impeller 20 is connected with the motor that is arranged on shell 100 inside by running shaft 30.The inducer impeller inducer 1 that connects with suction passage F and gas is sucked is into arranged in the pressing chamber 10; The impeller insertion space 2 that connects inducer impeller inducer 1 and can insert impeller 20; Connecting impeller inserts space 2 and converts gas kinetic energy structures such as to the diffuser 3 of malleation and spiral case 4 and constitute.Between the inwall in impeller insertion space 2 and the impeller 20 blade 5 is arranged.
Impeller 20 is made of impeller hub 21 and the alar part 22 that is formed on impeller hub 21 outsides, and impeller is installed in impeller and inserts 2 the insides, space.
The process of carrying out the refrigerant compression 20 li of pressing chambers is as follows: at first, the driving force of motor makes impeller 20 rotations, the rotating force of impeller 20 makes gas enter inducer impeller inducer 1, the gas that enters inducer impeller inducer 1 inserts space 2 by impeller, the kinetic energy of its gas increases, the gas that kinetic energy increases is through diffuser 3 and spiral case 4 time, and its that part of kinetic energy that is increased converts malleation to, thereby pressure is increased.The gas that pressure increases is discharged by the exhaust port (not shown) that is connecting with spiral case 4.
Because the rotation of impeller 20, the diffuser 3 that the gas kinetic energy that is increased is converted to malleation has a lot of shapes.But diffuser 3 is represented as Fig. 2, is formed with the ring-type projecting surface 3b of certain altitude and width on the face of the diffuser channel 3a that connects impeller insertion space 2 and spiral case 4, and a plurality of baffle plate V at a distance of certain distance are arranged on its projecting surface 3b.
It is streamlined that baffle plate v becomes, and its two end part respectively become sharp keen film shape.
But, said structure has following shortcoming: in company with the gas of impeller 20 high speed rotating when being in the end of state of rest baffle plate v, the pressure that baffle plate and flowing gas produce interacts, not only can produce high frequency noise, and unstable gas by flowing between baffle plate v and the baffle plate v, therefore produce isolation phenomenon in the end of baffle plate v, the physical channel that gas can flow is narrowed down.
Have another shape of the existing diffuser of above-mentioned shortcoming, represented as Fig. 3, a plurality of scraping passages 41 of formation that keep at a certain distance away on the ring-type diffuser body of certain thickness and width are being arranged.Scraping passage 41 forms inlet 42 at diffuser body 40 inner peripheral surfaces, form outlet 43 at diffuser body 40 outer peripheral surfaces, and the each several part cross section of its scraping passage 41 is big or small inequality.
Impeller 20 is positioned at the inside of diffuser body 40.
Tubulose diffuser body 40 is when impeller 20 is rotated, and the rotating force of impeller 20 flows gas, and its gas passes through the scraping passage 41 of diffuser body 40, thereby malleation is increased, and discharges through spiral case 4.
Though tubulose diffuser body 40 superior performances of this structure, but because a plurality of scraping passages 41 that perforation diffuser body 40 is formed with not only become certain angle of inclination, and the cross-sectional sizes of each several part is all different, and therefore processing is relatively more difficult, has increased manufacture cost.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, a kind of diffuser structure of turbocompressor is provided, and its gas compression performance is good, easy to process.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is, is used for connecting impeller and inserts space and spiral case, and be positioned at the diffuser body on the passage, and the diffuser body has certain thickness and width and circlewise; Have a side of scraping passage to become ringent opening scraping passage in the diffuser, a plurality of opening scraping passages connect the diffuser body inboard and the outside; Channel side wall contacts and forms scraping passage P with the opening scraping passage of diffuser body.
The arbitrary section of described opening scraping passage be the following line part that forms by the distance certain intervals and be connected separately its down the half-round at the two ends of line part constitute.
The last line part of described scraping passage P is a sidewall of passage.
Its cross section of described opening scraping passage is the elliptical shape of a side opening.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: improve the gas compression performance, make structure simpler, easy to process, reduce manufacture cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 represents to be provided with the turbocompressor compression member sectional drawing of existing diffuser structure.
Fig. 2 represents diffuser structure one embodiment's of existing turbocompressor front elevation.
Fig. 3 represents another embodiment's of diffuser structure of existing turbocompressor front elevation.
Fig. 4 represents the turbocompressor sectional view that is provided with the diffuser structure of turbocompressor according to of the present invention.
Fig. 5 represents according to turbocompressor front elevation of the present invention.
Fig. 6 represents the front elevation according to Tubocompressor diffuser one embodiment of the present invention. in the drawings: 1. line part 51b. half-round 52. entrances 53. export 100. shell p. scraping passage f. suction passage v. baffle plate under outstanding face 4. spiral cases of inducer impeller inducer 2. impellers insertion space 3. diffuser 3a. diffuser channel 3b. ring-types 5. blades 6. passage 6a. passage walls compression chambers 10. 30. rotating shafts, 40. diffuser bodies, 41. scraping passages, 42. entrances, 43. outlets, 50. diffuser bodies, the 51. opening scraping passage 51a. of 20. impellers, 21. impeller wheel hubs, 22. wing sections
Embodiment
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with the diffuser structure of the drawings and specific embodiments to turbocompressor of the present invention: Fig. 4 represents to be provided with the turbocompressor compression member of the diffuser structure of the turbocompressor that proposes among the present invention.The turbocompressor compression member is provided with the pressing chamber 10 that is connecting with suction passage F in shell 100 inside, and the impeller 20 that can be rotated inserts the inside that is arranged on pressing chamber 10.Impeller 20 connects with the motor that is arranged on shell 100 inside by running shaft 30.
Pressing chamber 10 is made of following structure: connect connection with suction passage F, and the inducer impeller inducer 1 that gas is entered, connect the impeller insertion space 2 that inducer impeller inducer 1 can insert rotary blade 2, be formed on impeller and insert space 2 spiral case 4 on every side, connect the passage 6 in spiral case 4 and impeller insertion space 2 etc.Its impeller inserts between space 2 inwalls and the impeller 20 and is connected with blade 5.
Impeller 20 is made of impeller hub 21 and the alar part 22 that is formed on impeller hub 21 outsides, and impeller inserts and is arranged on impeller insertion 2 the insides, space.
In the passage 6 of pressing chamber, be provided with diffuser.Diffuser such as Fig. 5 are represented to be made of following structure: be used for connecting impeller and insert space and spiral case, and be positioned at the diffuser body 50 on the passage 6, diffuser body 50 has certain thickness and width and circlewise; Have a side to become ringent opening scraping passage 51 in the diffuser, a plurality of opening scraping passages 51 connect the diffuser body inboard and the outside; Channel side wall 6a contacts and forms scraping passage P with the opening scraping passage of diffuser body 50.Be that diffuser body 50 is positioned on the passage 6, impeller 20 then is positioned at the inside of its diffuser body 50.The opening of the opening scraping passage 51 of diffuser body 50 contact with a sidewall 6a among the two side that constitutes passage 6, and the sidewall 6a by its passage 6 and opening scraping passage 51 formation of diffuser body 50 make the scraping passage P of gas flow.
The arbitrary section of opening scraping passage 51 be the following line part 51a that forms by the distance certain intervals and be connected separately its down the half-round 51b at the two ends of line part 51a constitute.
The last line part of scraping passage P is a sidewall 6a of passage 6.
The opening scraping passage 51 that is formed on the diffuser body 50 forms inlet 52 on the inner peripheral surface of its diffuser body 50.Export 53 and on the outer peripheral surface of its diffuser body 50, form.For pass through openings 52 and outlet 53, be the groove that benchmark is formed slopely a side opening with the vertical or horizontal line of diffuser body 50.
Cross section on the arbitrary position of its opening scraping passage 51 is by: line part 51a and prolongs the half-round 51b and the half-round 51b openings at two ends that form separately with semi-circular shape constitute on its two ends.It should be noted that the size of its size that exports 53 sides greater than inlet 52 sides.
Represented as Fig. 6, Fig. 6 has expressed according to another embodiment of the invention.Be formed at a plurality of opening scraping passages 51 its cross sections on the diffuser body 50 and become the elliptical shape of a side opening.
Below, effect and effect according to the diffuser structure of turbocompressor of the present invention are carried out following explanation.
At first, the rotating force of the motor of turbocompressor is communicated in the impeller 20 by running shaft, and impeller 20 is rotated, and the rotating force gas by impeller 20 enters inducer impeller inducer 1 place.When the gas that enters its inducer impeller inducer 1 place inserts space 2 by impeller, its kinetic energy increases, the gas that kinetic energy increases is after the scraping passage p that forms through a plurality of opening scraping passages 51 and passage one sidewall 6a by diffuser body 50, flow to spiral case 4, thereby make kinetic energy convert positive pressure to, reach the purpose that pressure rises.The gas that its pressure rises is discharged by connecting the exhaust port (not shown) that is connected with its spiral case 4.
The present invention is by being formed on the scraping passage p that opening scraping passage 51 on the diffuser body 50 and the passage one sidewall 6a that contacts with opening scraping passage 51 constitute diffuser.Therefore, improved the performance that gas pressure is risen.
And the scraping passage p that gas is passed through forms according to the open channel 51 of diffuser body 50 and passage one sidewall 6a, and therefore, the open channel 51 one sides of its diffuser body 50 form opening slot.Therefore, its manufacturing procedure and processing structure are very simple.

Claims (4)

1. the diffuser structure of a turbocompressor comprises inducer impeller inducer (1), impeller (20), passage (6), spiral case (4), shell (100), it is characterized in that: comprise that also being used for connecting impeller inserts space and spiral case, and be positioned at the diffuser body (50) on the passage (6), diffuser body (50) has certain thickness and width and circlewise; Have a side to become ringent opening scraping passage (51) in the diffuser, a plurality of opening scraping passages (51) connect the diffuser body inboard and the outside; Channel side wall (6a) contacts and forms scraping passage (P) with the opening scraping passage (51) of diffuser body (50).
2. the diffuser structure of turbocompressor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the arbitrary section of opening scraping passage (51) be the following line part (51a) that forms by the distance certain intervals and be connected separately its down the half-round (51b) at the two ends of line part (51a) constitute.
3. the diffuser structure of turbocompressor according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the last line part of scraping passage (P) is a sidewall (6a) of passage (6).
4. the diffuser structure of turbocompressor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: its cross section of opening scraping passage (51) is the elliptical shape of a side opening.
CNB021207542A 2002-05-31 2002-05-31 Diffuser structure of turbocompressor Expired - Fee Related CN1213237C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021207542A CN1213237C (en) 2002-05-31 2002-05-31 Diffuser structure of turbocompressor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021207542A CN1213237C (en) 2002-05-31 2002-05-31 Diffuser structure of turbocompressor

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1461893A true CN1461893A (en) 2003-12-17
CN1213237C CN1213237C (en) 2005-08-03

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101839256A (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-22 通用电气公司 Compressor diffuser
CN101220819B (en) * 2006-12-07 2012-01-04 株式会社丰田自动织机 Centrifugal compressor
CN103122859A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-05-29 北京萃宝重工科技有限公司 High-efficiency double-chamber centrifugal slurry pump
CN104358710A (en) * 2014-09-20 2015-02-18 潍坊富源增压器有限公司 Turbocharger
CN104384451A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-03-04 保定风帆精密铸造制品有限公司 Gating system for U-shaped screw pressurization diffuser casting
US8979476B2 (en) 2010-07-21 2015-03-17 ITT Manfacturing Enterprises, LLC. Wear reduction device for rotary solids handling equipment
CN105283674A (en) * 2013-08-06 2016-01-27 株式会社Ihi Centrifugal compressor and supercharger
CN104384451B (en) * 2014-11-07 2017-01-04 保定风帆精密铸造制品有限公司 Running gate system for U-shaped spiral boosting bubbler foundry goods
CN110945252A (en) * 2017-08-18 2020-03-31 Abb涡轮系统有限公司 Diffuser for radial compressor
CN112888842A (en) * 2018-08-24 2021-06-01 康明斯有限公司 Adapter

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101220819B (en) * 2006-12-07 2012-01-04 株式会社丰田自动织机 Centrifugal compressor
US8118543B2 (en) 2006-12-07 2012-02-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki Centrifugal compressor having switchable two passages
CN101839256B (en) * 2009-03-19 2013-08-14 通用电气公司 Compressor diffuser
CN101839256A (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-22 通用电气公司 Compressor diffuser
US8979476B2 (en) 2010-07-21 2015-03-17 ITT Manfacturing Enterprises, LLC. Wear reduction device for rotary solids handling equipment
CN103122859A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-05-29 北京萃宝重工科技有限公司 High-efficiency double-chamber centrifugal slurry pump
CN103122859B (en) * 2013-03-18 2015-07-15 北京萃宝重工科技有限公司 High-efficiency double-chamber centrifugal slurry pump
CN105283674A (en) * 2013-08-06 2016-01-27 株式会社Ihi Centrifugal compressor and supercharger
US10138898B2 (en) 2013-08-06 2018-11-27 Ihi Corporation Centrifugal compressor and turbocharger
CN104358710A (en) * 2014-09-20 2015-02-18 潍坊富源增压器有限公司 Turbocharger
CN104384451A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-03-04 保定风帆精密铸造制品有限公司 Gating system for U-shaped screw pressurization diffuser casting
CN104384451B (en) * 2014-11-07 2017-01-04 保定风帆精密铸造制品有限公司 Running gate system for U-shaped spiral boosting bubbler foundry goods
CN110945252A (en) * 2017-08-18 2020-03-31 Abb涡轮系统有限公司 Diffuser for radial compressor
US11326619B2 (en) 2017-08-18 2022-05-10 Abb Schweiz Ag Diffuser for a radial compressor
CN112888842A (en) * 2018-08-24 2021-06-01 康明斯有限公司 Adapter

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