CN1432533A - Algae killing and inhibiting method for water body - Google Patents

Algae killing and inhibiting method for water body Download PDF

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CN1432533A
CN1432533A CN 02110566 CN02110566A CN1432533A CN 1432533 A CN1432533 A CN 1432533A CN 02110566 CN02110566 CN 02110566 CN 02110566 A CN02110566 A CN 02110566A CN 1432533 A CN1432533 A CN 1432533A
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water
copper
algae
water body
killing
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CN 02110566
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Chinese (zh)
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陈丹
陈匀
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陈丹
陈匀
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/4606Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods for producing oligodynamic substances to disinfect the water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • C02F1/46104Devices therefor; Their operating or servicing
    • C02F1/46109Electrodes
    • C02F2001/46133Electrodes characterised by the material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/008Mobile apparatus and plants, e.g. mounted on a vehicle

Abstract

The present invention discloses algae killing and inhibiting method for water body. Electrolysis equipment is set on vehicle, boat, floated apparatus, cooling tower system or other apparatus near thewater body, and the electrodes are contacted with water body. The anode is made of copper material, and the cathode material is copper, iron, aluminium, graphite or other conductive material. The copper density in the water body is 0.4-4 mg/L for inhibiting algae and 3-8 mg/L for killing algae. Produced copper hydroxide is exhausted to water body continuously or intermittently to kill or inhibit algae. The said method can be used for killing and inhibit algae and bacteria without producing environmental pollution.

Description

一种用于水体杀藻、抑藻的方法 A method for the water to kill algae, the algicidal

技术领域 FIELD

:本发明涉及环保中的水处理技术领域,特别是涉及冷却循环水、游泳池水及自来水的原水的杀藻、抑藻、杀菌、抑菌及流动性或非流动性河流、湖泊、沿海水体进行杀藻、抑藻。 : The present invention relates to the technical field of water treatment and environmental protection, in particular it relates to the raw water circulating cooling water, swimming pool water and tap water algicides, algicidal, bactericidal, antibacterial and fluidity or flowability of rivers, lakes, coastal body of water kill algae, algal.

背景技术 Background technique

:由于长期水质中积累性富营养化及固定水生态循环小的原因,特别适应藻类生长,致使水体溶解氧减少,破坏了生态平衡,造成水质产生异味、容水池池壁粘滑、滤池及输水设施易堵塞等。 : As the long-term accumulation of water quality and eutrophication small fixed water ecological cycle reasons, especially suitable for the growth of algae, resulting in reduction of dissolved oxygen in water bodies, destruction of the ecological balance, causing water odor, the wall slimy pond capacity, and filter easy to plug water facilities and so on. 为克服藻类的生长,一直采用药剂投放,不但有诸多不便,还对水质环保有一定的影响,近年来开始在小范围采用微电解杀藻器、电子水处理器、臭氧、臭氧/超声波及O3/uv进行杀藻、抑藻,但碍于设备大、投资大、成本高,在应用上尚处于小规模用于杀藻、抑藻的使用及试验。 To overcome the growth of algae, has been using the drug delivery, not only the inconvenience, but also have a certain impact on water quality and environmental protection, in recent years, in a small range beginning microelectrolysis algicidal, electronic processor of water, ozone, ozone / O3 and ultrasound / uv carried out to kill algae, algal, but because of large equipment, large investment, high cost, is still in use on a small scale for killing algae, and using the algal test.

发明内容 SUMMARY

:本发明的目的在于提供一种用于水体杀藻、抑藻的方法,采用该方法在水体杀藻、抑藻应用上简单、方便、安全、可靠,既能适应小范围水体杀藻、抑藻,又能适应大面积水体杀藻、抑藻,同时又利于环保。 : Object of the present invention is to provide a method for the water to kill algae, algal, using the method of water algicides, simple in algal application, convenient, safe and reliable, can adapt to small-scale water algicides, inhibition algae, but also to adapt to a large area of ​​water to kill algae, algal, but also environmentally friendly.

本发明的技术方案是这样实现的:一种用于水体杀藻、抑藻的方法,其特征在于:将电解设备设置于有电源供给的车上、船上、水体浮动设备上、冷却塔系统中或者水体旁置设施中,电解设备中的电极与水体接触,电极阳极采用铜质材料,阴极材料可选择铜、铁、铝、石墨或其它导电材料,水体中的抑制藻类含铜浓度为0.4mg/L-4mg/L,杀藻含铜浓度为3mg/L-8mg/L。 Aspect of the present invention is implemented as follows: A method for water algicidal process algal, characterized in that: in the electrolysis apparatus is provided with a power supply of the vehicle, ship, floating on a water body equipment, cooling tower systems water facilities or sunk, the electrolysis apparatus water in contact with an electrode, using copper anode electrode material, the cathode material can choose copper, iron, aluminum, graphite or other electrically conductive material, a copper-containing algae inhibition concentration of 0.4mg water / L-4mg / L, the concentration of copper algicide 3mg / L-8mg / L.

本发明选择物理化学方式,即使用电解法,直流电压在1至220V范围内均可采用,具体将电极设置于需杀藻、抑藻、杀菌、抑菌水体,直接进行移动式电解或将需杀藻、抑藻、杀菌、抑菌水体连续或间隙吸入经电解设备处理后连续或间隙排入水体稀释及循环,就可达到杀藻、抑藻主要目的。 The present invention selects a physical chemical means, even if the electrolysis, a DC voltage may be employed in the range of 1 to 220V, particularly for an electrode disposed on the algicidal, algicidal, bactericidal, bacteriostatic water, mobile direct electrolysis will be required, or algicidal, algicidal, bactericidal, bacteriostatic water continuously or inhalation through the gap electrolysis apparatus continuously or post-treatment gap and diluted into water circulation, can reach algicides, algal primary purpose. 经试验本发明既能适应小范围水体杀藻、抑藻、杀菌、抑菌,又能适应较大面积水体杀藻、抑藻、杀菌、抑菌,同时又不会造成新的污染,有利于环境保护。 The test of the present invention can adapt to small-scale water algicides, algicidal, bactericidal, bacteriostatic, and can accommodate large bodies of water to kill the algae, algicidal, bactericidal, bacteriostatic, while not cause new pollution, facilitate environmental protection.

具体实施方式 detailed description

:下面对本发明作进一步的描述并给出实施例电解时将水体作为电解质,水体是需处理水或自来水;它们的反应机理是,当水在电流的作用下电极阴极区H2O被电离形成H+和OH-离子,阴极H+被还原成氢原子,二个氢原子结合成氢分子气浮逸出,在阳极区电流的作用下铜失去电子发生氧化反应而溶解,形成Cu2+离子,水体中Cu2+离子与OH-离子相互吸引组成属无机铜类保护性广谱杀菌剂-Cu(OH)22+为主物质。 : The present invention will be further described and are given when an electrolyzing embodiment the water as an electrolyte, the water needs to be processed, or tap water; their reaction mechanism, when the water under the action of a current electrode and the cathode region H2O ionized form H + and OH- ions, H + cathode is reduced to a hydrogen atom, two hydrogen atoms bonded to hydrogen molecules escape flotation, the role of the anode region of the current copper loss of electrons oxidation reaction dissolved to form Cu2 + ions, Cu2 + ions and water OH- ions attract each other genera inorganic copper fungicide, broad spectrum protection -Cu (OH) 22+ based material.

电解 electrolysis

Cu(OH)22+不溶于水,但在水体中合成分子量在较小状态,分散性好,即时悬浮性好,须在一定浓度下才能结晶。 Cu (OH) 22+ is insoluble in water, but in the state of small molecular weight synthetic water, good dispersibility, good suspension instant, can be crystallized at a certain concentration. 由于Cu(OH)22+属阳离子,生物体表面均以阴离子为主,在水体中与生物体结合,也可称反应速度,快于结晶速度,若要结晶沉淀必须要在Cu(OH)2与易发生反应的各类物质,在电位差减小、浓度等平衡的基础上,Cu(OH)2过剩游离达到结晶浓度才能形成。 Since Cu (OH) 22+ metal cation, anion living body surface are mainly bound water in the living body, can also be called the reaction rate faster than the crystallization rate, have to be in the crystalline precipitate Cu (OH) 2 easily react with various types of material, on the basis of equilibrium potential difference is reduced, the concentration, Cu (OH) 2 concentration of excess free reach to form crystals. 为此该发明应用直接解决了以往Cu(OH)2杀菌剂未能在水体中进行广泛杀藻杀菌应用;同时又降低了生产氢氧化铜,若应用于水体杀藻时氢氧化铜产品的提炼、配制、包装、销售等中心环节费用、成本,关于水体浮动设备为具有一定的浮力,可飘浮在水面上并装有供电的设备,类似于航标,水体浮动设备、电解设备均为现有技术,在此不作具体描述。 For this purpose the invention is directly applied to solve the conventional Cu (OH) 2 could not be widely fungicide application algicidal water sterilization; the same time reducing production of copper hydroxide, copper hydroxide product refining if applied to the water to kill algae , preparation, packaging and sales center part of the cost, the cost, the water float on the device to have a certain buoyancy and floats on the water and provided with power supply devices, like beacons, floating water equipment, electrolytic apparatus are prior art , not specifically described herein.

本发明经使用表明比微电解SC杀菌专利产品、电子水处理器及较多报道的电场方式均是在电离作用下形成羟基自由基氧化物的杀灭模糊理论推进了一步。 The present invention shows that by the use of the patented product sterilization, the electric field of an electronic processor and water are reported in more hydroxyl radicals formed killing oxide fuzzy theory a step forward in the ionization ratio Microelectrolysis SC. 羟基自由基是存在杀灭作用,但杀藻中并非主要作用,而是短时的抑制作用,氢氧化物对生物体的主要杀灭、抑制作用决定于金属离子的性质,是否能与蛋白质结构中元素置换,螯合,使其变性失活。 Kill hydroxyl radical is present, but not a major role in killing algae, but the short-term inhibition, killing organisms hydroxide major inhibition is determined by the nature of the metal ion, and whether the protein structure elements replacement, chelation, denaturing inactivation. 而氢氧根属碱性,电位强,反应选择性差,很易与生物细胞壁表面保护性脂、蛋白质结合,改变其透性,但直接非消耗透过比较困难。 And an alkaline hydroxide, a strong potential, the reaction selectivity, it is easy to protect the surface of the cell wall and biological lipid, protein binding, change their permeability, but directly through the non-consumable difficult. 氢氧化物在与细胞膜、细胞壁结合中的还原并释放出离子,若离子不具有一定的电位及与蛋白质的结合力,就不能使蛋白质变性失活,也就不具有更强的杀伤力。 Hydroxides reduction with cellular membranes, cell walls and release of ions, if the ions do not have the binding force of a predetermined potential and to protein, protein denaturation can not be deactivated, and not having more lethal. 羟基自由基的杀伤是以生物表面结合损伤为主,属分子等量关系。 Anti-biological surface is a combination of hydroxyl radical damage, and belongs to the molecular equivalent relationship. 生命体蛋白质的系统损伤是杀灭的关键。 System damage life protein is the key to killing. 而生物叶绿素中镁元素铜离子能置换,糖源能还原无机铜,铜离子能与氨基酸形成螯合物。 Biological chlorophyll and magnesium ions can be replaced with copper, capable of reducing sugar sources inorganic copper, copper ions capable of forming a chelate with an amino acid. 从而确立了氢氧化铜在氢氧化物中对生物的变性作用较大。 Thus establishing a larger role on copper hydroxide modified organisms in the hydroxide. 确认了以铜质为基材的电解杀藻、杀菌材料,并可按铜损耗计算杀灭、抑制藻类水量及时间,可根据需处理量的大小方便组合设备,解决了以往电解杀藻深入认识不足而无法将杀藻方式普及和任意扩大。 Was confirmed as a base material in an electrolytic copper algicidal, bactericidal materials, copper loss calculation and may kill, inhibit algae water and time can be treated according to the amount of size to facilitate combination of devices, the conventional electrolytic solution depth understanding algicidal It can not be less than popular way to kill algae and any expanded.

如上述方式是利用了现代工业最基础设备工艺改进,改变了以往常用电解时怕电极损耗的概念及电解杀菌、杀藻应用产生物质元素的深入研究方向。 As described above utilizes the process improvement most modern industry infrastructure, and changes the concept of an electrolytic sterilizing fear loss when a conventional common electrode electrolysis, algicides application generating depth research on element. 采取模仿改进电解法生产氧化亚铜的方法产出氢氧化铜直接应用于杀菌、杀藻。 Imitate taken to improve the production method of cuprous oxide electrolysis sterilization applied directly outputs hydroxide, to kill algae. 发明现在的氢氧化铜应用水体杀菌、杀藻的实例。 The present invention is applied water sterilization hydroxide, examples of killing algae. 该方法可根据用水水质铜离子含量要求,与充氧或臭氧结合,采取杀菌、杀藻后,根据不同的水质要求,用氧化法还原铜离子形成氧化铜沉淀。 The method according to claim water quality copper ion content, in combination with ozone, or oxygenation, to take bactericidal, algicidal after, depending on the requirements of water quality, the reduction of copper ions formed by oxidation of copper oxide precipitate.

本发明的试验表明,以同样的电流、电压、时间,应用不同的电极材料,不锈钢电极与石墨电极电解杀藻处理三天后藻类开始有生长迹象,一星期后藻类增加,但与未杀藻对照组比仍有明显抑制作用,但铜电极电解杀藻未见有生长迹象;氢氧化铜铜离子在水中易与较多种的游离氨基酸、氰基、碳酸形成不同的配位络合物,对杀藻用量有一定的损失,一般采取水电解合成氢氧化铜直接溶入水体或用氢氧化铜制剂抑制,由于杂质含量不同,水体抑制藻类含铜浓度为0.4mg/L-4mg/L,杀藻含铜浓度为3mg/L-8mg/L,即可达到效果,含铜浓度所用的单位为每升所需的毫克量,与硫酸铜杀藻实例含量接近。 Test show that the present invention, the electrode material at the same current, voltage, time, different applications, stainless steel electrodes and the graphite electrode after electrolysis algicidal three days beginning signs of algae growth, increased after one week of algae, but not control algicidal still significant inhibition group, the electrolytic copper electrode but no signs of growth algicidal; copper hydroxide copper ions easily form complexes with different ligands relatively more free amino acids, a cyano group, carbonic acid in the water, of algicidal amount of some loss, in general, water electrolysis synthesis hydroxide dissolved in water or directly by inhibiting copper hydroxide formulation, due to the different impurity content, inhibition of algae water at a concentration of copper 0.4mg / L-4mg / L, kill algae copper concentration of 3mg / L-8mg / L, to be effective, the copper-containing unit used in a concentration per liter mg of the desired amount, and the content of copper sulfate algicides instance close. 所以无机铜类杀藻、抑藻应用以水体铜浓度为参考值。 Therefore inorganic copper algicides, algal copper concentration applied in water as the reference value. 但硫酸铜毒性大鼠经口LD50大于氢氧化铜3.33倍,杀藻应用量多一倍,无形中应用氢氧化铜杀藻时,对较高一级生物前期施用时毒性降低数倍。 However, the toxicity of copper sulfate rat oral LD50 is greater than 3.33 times hydroxide, algicides applied amount twice, when application virtually algicidal hydroxide, to a higher multiple of biological pre-administration reduced toxicity. 本发明应用于湖泊、河流、池塘可将发电机、电压、电流等控制设备固定在车上、船上、水体浮动设备上,将电极置于水中或使用时置于水中,可以移动的方式杀菌、杀藻。 The present invention is applied to lakes, rivers when placed in water, the generator may be a pond, voltage and current control device is fixed in the car, boat, water float device, or the use of electrodes placed in water, sterilized movable manner, kill algae. 也可将电极等设备整体设置在车、船上配接活动或固定电源,使用时吸入水体经电解后排入水体及稀释,以上方法均可灵活、方便应用于不同的场合地区。 The electrode may be integrally provided in the vehicle equipment, boat or fixed power supply connected with the activity, after the intake of water into the electrolysis of water and diluted with the above method can be flexible, easily applied areas use different occasions.

为减低车船流动设备维护、人员费用,降低杀藻成本,可使用风力、太阳能发电、集群、分散置于河湖边或将水体浮动设备置于湖泊中,将电极置于水中,并组合增气泵,根据水质在藻发前期及藻盛发期进行电解杀藻运行,平时切换成增气泵工作改善水质。 To reduce the flow of travel equipment maintenance, personnel costs, reduce the cost of algicides, using wind, solar power, cluster, dispersing lake or river water is placed in the floating body of the device into the lake, the electrodes placed in the water, and by a combination of air pump the electrolytic water quality algicidal run early hair algae and algae Sheng period, usually by air pump is switched to improve water quality.

目前众多的冷却循环水工作中,藻类的杀灭、抑制仍不方便,为克服藻类的生长堵塞循环系统,可将冷却塔内冷却片换成电极,也可将电极设置在水池或设置在循环泵的前后管道,接通电源进行杀藻、抑藻,根据水量大电流大,水量小电流小的规律来控制铜离子的释放速度,达到无藻运行。 The current number of cooling water circulating operation, killing algae, still easily suppressed, clogging of the circulatory system in order to overcome the growth of algae, the cooling tower can be replaced with a cooling plate electrodes, electrodes may be provided or disposed in the pool circulation before and after the pump piping, connect the power to kill algae, algal, to control the release rate of copper ions according to the large amount of water current, the small water small current law, be achieved without running sp.

游泳池水,尚需不断保洁,氯含量过高,对人体不利,改在泵出口处电解循环以铜离子1mg/L-4mg/L杀菌、抑菌、杀藻、抑藻。 Swimming pool water, still need to continue cleaning, chloride content is too high, adverse human body, change the circulating pump outlet to the electrolytic copper ions 1mg / L-4mg / L bactericidal, antibacterial, killing algae, algal. 对人体接触无任何影响。 No effect on human contact. 人体目前铜元素人体需要吸收均不足。 The human body needs to absorb copper are currently inadequate. 另氯元素消毒改为铜离子消毒后,尚可减少游泳池水的气味,同时铜离子与水体外来浮游氮源为主的物质,易于络合增大,便于循环过滤。 After another copper ion to chlorine disinfection of disinfection, odor reduction can still pool of water, copper ions and water while floating in vitro to nitrogen-based substances, complexing easily increased ease of loop filter.

生命之水,自来水的消毒,在原水进池即进行电解,以铜离子消毒即可杀菌、杀藻,又可络合杂质,络合生物酶毒素。 Water of life, sterile water, i.e. the raw water into the electrolytic cell, cupric ion disinfection sterilization to kill algae, but also impurity complexation, enzyme toxin complex. 使水质进入絮凝、沉淀区时即有低含菌的水质,为控制,防止饮用水过量铜元素残留及进一步净化水质,最后再以臭氧进行杀菌、氧化杂质,将铜离子还原形成氧化铜沉淀。 Make the water into the flocculation, i.e. the water quality is low when bacteria settling zone is controlled to prevent excess copper remaining drinking water purification, and further, and finally to ozone sterilization, oxidation of impurities, copper oxide is reduced to form copper ions precipitate. 采取前后二种不同方式的交替杀菌、氧化、净化效果高于单方式处理。 Sterilization alternately two different ways to take before and after oxidation, purification effect than a single manner. 改变了单类方式在分子络合、置换、分子断链后,电位平衡后无法再氧化,分解的缺点。 Changing the single-mode type in the molecule complexed, substitutions, the molecular chain scission, the oxidation potential is no longer balanced by the disadvantage of decomposition.

氢氧化物对生物体的主要杀灭、抑制作用决定于金属离子的性质,能否与蛋白质结构中元素置换,螯合,使其变性失活。 Hydroxide main killing of organisms, inhibition is determined by the nature of the metal ion, and protein structure elements can substitution, chelation, denaturing deactivated. 而氢氧根属碱性,电位强,反应选择性差,很易与生物细胞壁表面保护性脂、蛋白质结合,改变其透性,但直接非消耗透过比较困难。 And an alkaline hydroxide, a strong potential, the reaction selectivity, it is easy to protect the surface of the cell wall and biological lipid, protein binding, change their permeability, but directly through the non-consumable difficult. 氢氧化物在与细胞膜、细胞壁结合中的还原并释放出离子,若离子不具有一定的电位及与蛋白质的结合力,就不能使蛋白质变性失活,也就不具有更强的杀伤力。 Hydroxides reduction with cellular membranes, cell walls and release of ions, if the ions do not have the binding force of a predetermined potential and to protein, protein denaturation can not be deactivated, and not having more lethal. 而生物叶绿素中镁元素铜离子能置换,糖源能还原无机铜,铜离子能与氨基酸形成螯合物。 Biological chlorophyll and magnesium ions can be replaced with copper, capable of reducing sugar sources inorganic copper, copper ions capable of forming a chelate with an amino acid. 铜离子的杀藻机制是铜离子与细胞膜表面上的阴离子K+、H+等交换,使细胞膜上的蛋白质凝固,同时部分铜离子渗透直入细胞内与某些酶结合,影响其活性,从而确立了氢氧化铜在氢氧化物中对生物的变性作用较大,确认了以铜质为基材的电解杀藻、杀菌材料。 Algicidal mechanism copper ion is anion copper ions and cell membrane K +, H + exchanged, the protein on the cell membrane solidified, while the portion of the copper ion-permeable straight into the cell in combination with certain enzymes, affect its activity, thus establishing hydrogen copper oxide to denaturation larger role in biological hydroxide, was confirmed as a base material in an electrolytic copper algicidal, bactericidal materials.

氢氧化铜铜离子在水中易与较多种的游离氨基酸、氰基、碳酸形成不同的配位络合物,对杀藻用量有一定的损失,一般采取水为电解质合成氢氧化铜直接溶入水体或用氢氧化铜制剂抑制。 Copper hydroxide and copper ions easily more than free amino acids, a cyano group, a carbonate in water to form different coordination complexes, some loss of algicidal amount of, in general, aqueous hydroxide directly dissolved in an electrolyte Synthesis copper hydroxide aqueous or inhibiting formulation. 由于杂质含量不同,杂质多消耗性络合多。 Due to the different impurities, impurities complex multi expendable. 控制抑制藻类水体即时含铜离子浓度为3mg/L-8mg/L即可达到效果。 Controlling algal inhibition extemporaneous copper ion concentration of 3mg / L-8mg / L to achieve the desired effect.

铜离子的作用在于与蛋白质的结合、凝固变性。 Effect that copper ion binding proteins, coagulation degeneration. 铜离子属阳离子,电位相对高、反应相对快,对蛋白质的选择性结合比阴离子差,由于氢氧化铜水溶性极差,导致了以往氢氧化铜在水体中应用无法推广及深入。 Metal cations of copper ions, the potential is relatively high, a relatively fast reaction, the selectivity to binding proteins worse than anionic, water-soluble poor due hydroxide, lead hydroxide in the past and can not promote deep water applications. 现采用电解法直接产生氢氧化铜并直接溶入水中的方式,在水体中合成分子量小,体积呈纳米状,分散性好,即时悬浮性好,须在一定浓度下才能结晶,且电解产生氢氧化铜极为方便,危害性小,我们认为该方法产出氢氧化铜杀藻、杀菌,设备投入及使用价格成本上等考核应是目前最适宜推广的方法及品种。 Direct current is generated using an electrolytic copper hydroxide dissolved in water and directly in the synthesis of low molecular weight water, the volume of nano shaped form, good dispersibility, good suspension instant, can be crystallized at a certain concentration, and hydrogen produced by electrolysis copper oxide is extremely convenient, small dangers, we believe that the process yielded copper hydroxide to kill algae, sterilization equipment investment costs and the use of superior price assessment should be the most appropriate way to promote and varieties.

实施例1在水体杀藻,将直流电压控制在8V,电极阳极为黄铜,阴极为紫铜,二电极间隔2厘米,直接置于水体中,当铜耗达到平均水体为5mg/L时,停止电解,经10天后将处理前及处理后的对比培养水样进行检测,未经处理的叶绿素α为113.3,处理后的叶绿素α为2.73,继续观测水体一个月尚无藻类生长。 Example 1 In water algicides, 8V DC voltage control, the anode electrode is made of brass, copper cathode, the second electrode interval of 2 cm, placed directly in water, when the copper loss to an average water of 5mg / L, stop electrolysis, by comparison to pre-treatment and post-treatment after 10 days culture water samples for testing, chlorophyll α 113.3 untreated, treated chlorophyll α was 2.73, the water continues month observation no algae growth.

实施例2在生活用水原水春季处理时,采用在吸水泵出口处设置了一组电极,直流电压36V,二电极间隔2.5厘米,直接置于水体中,处理水量为电耗35m3/KW,铜耗为175克,折合含铜浓度为5mg/L,该原水与未经处理的细菌数相比降低80%。 Example 2 When the domestic water treatment raw water in the spring, using a set of electrodes is provided at the outlet of the suction pump, a DC voltage of 36V, two electrodes spaced 2.5 cm, placed directly in water treatment capacity of power consumption 35m3 / KW, the copper loss 175 g of copper concentration equivalent to 5mg / L, compared with the number of bacteria in raw water untreated 80% reduction.

实施例3在生活用水原水冬季处理时,采用在吸水泵出口处设置了一组电极,直流电压36V,二电极间隔2.5厘米,直接置于水体中,处理水量为电耗58.5m3/KW,铜耗为175克,折合含铜浓度为3mg/L。 Example 3 When the domestic water treatment raw water winter embodiment, using a set of electrodes is provided at the outlet of the suction pump, a DC voltage of 36V, two electrodes spaced 2.5 cm, placed directly in water treatment capacity of power consumption 58.5m3 / KW, copper consumption of 175 g of copper concentration equivalent to 3mg / L.

实施例4将电解设备设置在循环水水池的回水口,电极阳极为紫铜,阴极采用铸铁,处理水流量按电耗为3000m3/KW,含铜离子浓度为0.5mg/L,即可控制藻类生长。 Example 4 The electrolysis apparatus back to the inlet of the circulating water tank, copper anode electrode, a cathode made of cast iron, the process water flow by the power consumption of 3000m3 / KW, copper ion concentration of 0.5mg / L, to control algal growth .

Claims (2)

  1. 1.一种用于水体杀藻、抑藻的方法,其特征在于:将电解设备设置于车上、船上、水体浮动设备上、冷却塔系统中或者水体旁置设施中,电解设备中的电极与水体接触,电极阳极采用铜质材料,阴极材料可选择铜、铁、铝、石墨或其它导电材料,水体中的抑制藻类含铜浓度为0.4mg/L-4mg/L,杀藻、杀菌含铜浓度为3mg/L-8mg/L。 The electrolysis apparatus is provided on a car, boat, water float equipment, cooling tower systems, or sunk in water facilities, an electrode in the electrolysis device: A body of water for algicidal process algal, characterized in that in contact with water, the electrode using copper anode material, the cathode material can choose copper, iron, aluminum, graphite, or other conductive materials, copper concentration of water algae inhibition was 0.4mg / L-4mg / L, algicidal, bactericidal containing copper concentration of 3mg / L-8mg / L.
  2. 2.按权利要求1所述的一种,其特征在于:水体为需处理水或自来水。 2. one of the claim 1, wherein: the water is to be treated, or tap water.
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100584778C (en) 2008-03-04 2010-01-27 浙江大学 Method for modifying eutrophication water body water quality
CN101993135B (en) 2009-08-28 2012-05-09 明达实业(厦门)有限公司 Two-in-one cupric chloride/cupric bromide disinfecting apparatus for swimming pool
CN102627377A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-08 波鹰(厦门)科技有限公司 Method and device for purifying seriously eutrophic river water
CN102633395A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-15 波鹰(厦门)科技有限公司 Eutrophicated river water quality purifying method and purifying device thereof
CN102633391A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-15 波鹰(厦门)科技有限公司 Purification method and purification device of eutrophic river
CN104030411A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-10 东南大学 Shipborne water electrolysis blue-green algae eliminating device and method
CN104058535A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-09-24 上海船研环保技术有限公司 Ship ballast water treatment system with biologic resurgence inhibition function
CN104229943A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-24 冯胜 Device applied to eutrophic water for light-electrical-catalytic degradation of organic matter in water

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100584778C (en) 2008-03-04 2010-01-27 浙江大学 Method for modifying eutrophication water body water quality
CN101993135B (en) 2009-08-28 2012-05-09 明达实业(厦门)有限公司 Two-in-one cupric chloride/cupric bromide disinfecting apparatus for swimming pool
CN102627377A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-08 波鹰(厦门)科技有限公司 Method and device for purifying seriously eutrophic river water
CN102633395A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-15 波鹰(厦门)科技有限公司 Eutrophicated river water quality purifying method and purifying device thereof
CN102633391A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-15 波鹰(厦门)科技有限公司 Purification method and purification device of eutrophic river
CN104030411A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-10 东南大学 Shipborne water electrolysis blue-green algae eliminating device and method
CN104030411B (en) * 2014-06-27 2015-07-15 东南大学 Shipborne water electrolysis blue-green algae eliminating device and method
CN104058535A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-09-24 上海船研环保技术有限公司 Ship ballast water treatment system with biologic resurgence inhibition function
CN104229943A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-24 冯胜 Device applied to eutrophic water for light-electrical-catalytic degradation of organic matter in water

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