CN1349839A - Composite for producing macroporous ceramic filter element - Google Patents

Composite for producing macroporous ceramic filter element Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1349839A
CN1349839A CN 00129998 CN00129998A CN1349839A CN 1349839 A CN1349839 A CN 1349839A CN 00129998 CN00129998 CN 00129998 CN 00129998 A CN00129998 A CN 00129998A CN 1349839 A CN1349839 A CN 1349839A
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ceramic filter
filter
composition
disappearance
pore size
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CN 00129998
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1186110C (en
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邱文亮
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邱文亮
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B14/00Use of inorganic materials as fillers, e.g. pigments, for mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Treatment of inorganic materials specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone
    • C04B14/02Granular materials, e.g. microballoons
    • C04B14/04Silica-rich materials; Silicates
    • C04B14/08Diatomaceous earth
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/06Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by burning-out added substances by burning natural expanding materials or by sublimating or melting out added substances
    • C04B38/063Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B38/0635Compounding ingredients
    • C04B38/064Natural expanding materials, e.g. clay
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00793Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 as filters or diaphragms

Abstract

The present invention relates to a large-pore ceramic filtering element, which is characterized by that it utilizes diatomite, solvent, adhesive and water according to a certain ratio, mixes them uniformly and makes them into ceramic filtering element, and said ceramic filtering element is calcined at 500-1300 deg.C and formed. Said invention utilizes the grain size of diatomite and solvent to regulate pore size of ceramic filtering element pore and density. Said ivnented ceramic filtering element surface can be brushed and cleaned when its surface layer is blocked, and said filtering elementcan be repeatedly used, and has long service life.

Description

制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物 Production of large diameter porous ceramic filter cartridge composition

本发明是一种制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,由硅藻土、消失物、粘剂及水依选定比例调伴均匀,并施高温缎烧而制成各种陶瓷滤芯,特别是利用硅藻土与消失物的粒度大小,以调整设定陶瓷滤芯孔的预定孔径及其密度,可供重复使用,并符合环保要求。 The present invention is a production of large pore filter pore ceramic filter composition of celite, disappeared was selected agent and water in accordance with the ratio of uniform tone, and to high-temperature calcinations made various ceramic filters, in particular particle size using celite and disappearance thereof, and to adjust the predetermined aperture density of the ceramic filter is set in the hole, for repeated use, and meet environmental requirements.

众所周知,传统的陶瓷滤芯的滤孔均极细微,并呈高密度分布,因此对于水浊度较高的地区,极容易遭污泥或铁锈等较粗颗粒杂质阻塞住而影响其过滤水量,故通常均于该高密度滤芯的前面再设置一道或一道以上具有较大滤孔的低密度滤芯,利用前置滤芯预先去除水中较粗颗粗杂质、污泥、悬浮物质等,藉以保护后置活性碳滤芯、离子交换树脂滤芯或半透膜(RO)滤芯等高密度滤芯,使其不致被较粗颗粗杂质被覆而影响其滤净或吸附等功能。 It is well known, the conventional ceramic filter filter holes are extremely fine, and the density distribution was high, so for a high water turbidity area, very vulnerable to rust or the like sludge coarse particle impurities clogging water filters affect their lives, so are generally in front of the high-density filter is further provided with one or more a large hole density filter cartridges, the use of coarse pre-filter prior removal of water impurities coarse particles, sludge, suspended matter, etc., so as to protect the rear activity a carbon filter, an ion exchange resin filter or semi-permeable membrane (RO) filter high-density filter, it will not be coarse particles coated coarse contaminants which affect the filter net or the like adsorption function. 其主要缺陷在于:常用的前置滤芯,其不外乎是由PP塑胶、纤维、毛线等材质构成,故一经阻塞后即必须抛弃,无法再次冲洗以供重复使用,其不仅消耗性大,造成人力物力负担,且由于不具环保条件,无法在短时间内完成分解,以致在日后均成为环境高污染物质,不符合经济环保要求。 The main drawback: common pre-filter, which consists of nothing more than PP plastic, fiber, yarn and other materials, it must be discarded after once blocked, unable to rinse again for reuse, not only consume large, resulting in human and material resources burden, and because non-environmental conditions, decomposition can not be completed in a short time, so that in the future have become high environmental pollutants, does not meet the economic requirements of environmental protection.

本发明的主要目的在于提供一种制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其是由硅藻土、消失物、粘剂及水依选定比例调伴均匀,并施高温锻烧而制成各种陶瓷滤芯,该陶瓷滤芯经过滤使用一段时间后,当滤芯被日益增多的异物、杂质阻塞时,是可藉硬刷子或菜瓜布在流动水下清洗其阻塞表层,即可恢复原来水流量,因其可供重复刷洗使用,故具有更高的经济效益及更长的使用寿命,且其主原料为硅藻土,故经过掩埋后即可土壤化,而被完全分解,因此可确保不会造成环境污染,符合环保要求,达到取代高耗、低环保、高成本的传统前置式除污滤芯的目的。 The main object of the present invention is to provide a large pore filter made of porous ceramic filter composition is diatomaceous earth, the disappearance was agent and water in accordance with the selected modulation ratio uniform, and to high-temperature calcination is made various ceramic filters, the ceramic filter after filtration a period of time, when the cartridge is increasing foreign matter, impurities when blocked by a stiff brush or scouring pads can be cleaned in running water its blocking surface, you can restore the original water flow , for its repeated use of brushing, it has a higher economic efficiency and longer life, and whose main raw material is diatomaceous earth, it can be buried in the soil of after, it is completely decomposed, thus can not ensure cause environmental pollution, environmental compliance, substituted achieve high consumption, low green, high cost of a conventional front filter decontamination purposes.

本发明的次要目的在于提供一种制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其特别是利用硅藻土与消失物的粗度大小,以调整设定陶瓷滤芯孔径的预定孔径和密度,达到依其孔密度的高低以决定所要过滤的物质,制成各种陶瓷滤芯的目的。 Secondary object of the present invention is to provide a large pore filter made of porous ceramic filter composition, in particular the use of diatomaceous earth and disappearance thereof roughness size, pore ceramic filter is set to adjust the predetermined pore size and density, to achieve according to their level of cell density to determine the substance to be filtered, the ceramic filter made of various purposes.

本发明的目的是这样实现的:一种制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其特征在于:主原料为硅藻土,副原料包括消失物、粘剂及水,其各成分的重量份数配比为:硅藻土37-39、消失物6-8、粘剂6-8、水47-49。 Object of the present invention is implemented as follows: A method of making a large pore size filter pore ceramic filter composition, characterized by: a main raw material of diatomaceous earth, including the disappearance of auxiliary material was agent and water, parts by weight of each of its components number ratio: 37-39 celite, was disappeared 6-8, 6-8 viscosity, water 47-49.

该硅藻土是采用食品级过滤用的硅藻土为主,其主要成分的重量百分含量如下:氧化硅92%、氧化铝1%、氧化铁1.5%、氧化钙0.3%、氧化镁0.3%、氧化钠十氧化钾2.5%、消失物2.4%。 The use of diatomaceous earth is diatomaceous earth based filtering using food grade, weight percent of its main components are as follows: 92% silica, 1% alumina, 1.5% ferric oxide, 0.3% calcium oxide, magnesium oxide 0.3 %, potassium 2.5% sodium oxide ten disappearance was 2.4%. 该消失物包括木质粉、塑胶粉及经过高温锻烧会消失的物质粉。 The disappearance of material including wood powder, plastic powder and high temperature calcination will disappear material powder. 该消失物是经过适当研磨及筛选取得其所需的粒度大小,并利用硅藻土与消失物的粒度大小以调整设定该陶瓷滤芯孔的预定孔径及其密度。 The disappearance of the polishing composition is appropriately and screened to obtain the desired particle size thereof, and the use of celite and the disappearance of particle size was set to adjust the aperture of the ceramic filter and a predetermined aperture density.

本发明的主要优点是;陶瓷滤芯经过滤使用一段时间后,当滤芯被日益增多的异物、杂质阻塞时,是可藉硬刷子或菜瓜布在流动水下清洗其阻塞表层,即可恢复原来水流量,因其可供重复刷洗使用,故具有更高的经济效益及更长的使用寿命,且其主原料为硅藻土,故经过掩埋后即可土壤化,而被完全分解,因此可确保不会造成环境污染,符合环保要求,具有取代高耗、低环保、高成本的传统前置式除污滤芯的功效。 The main advantage of the invention is; filtration ceramic filter after a period of use, when the cartridge is increasing foreign matter, impurities when blocked by a stiff brush or scouring pads can be cleaned in running water its blocking surface, you can restore the original water flow, for its repeated use of brushing, it has a higher economic efficiency and longer life, and whose main raw material is diatomaceous earth, it can be buried in the soil of after, is completely decomposed, thus ensuring not cause environmental pollution, environmental compliance, having substituted high consumption, low green, high cost of a conventional front filter decontamination effect.

以下配合较佳实施例进一步说明。 The following formulation examples further illustrate preferred embodiments.

本发明的所为制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其主要原料为硅藻土,副原料包括消失物(lgloss)、粘剂(CMC)及水,其成分重量配比为:主原料:硅藻上(diatomaceous earth) 37~39%;副原料:消失物(lgloss) 6~8%;粘剂(CMC) 6~8%;水(Water) 47~49%。 The present invention for the production of a large pore size porous ceramic filter cartridge composition, its main raw material is diatomaceous earth, including the disappearance of starting material was sub (lgloss), agent (CMC) and water, the weight ratio of components: a main raw material : celite (diatomaceous earth) 37 ~ 39%; auxiliary material: disappearance thereof (lgloss) 6 ~ 8%; viscosity (CMC) 6 ~ 8%; 47 ~ 49% water (water).

将如上主原料及副原料按比例搅拌混合均匀,通过射出成型、压模成型、或模具成型等方式,制成各种陶瓷滤芯胚,再施予高温锻烧,温度在500~1300℃之间,烧结成型本发明的产品。 As the main material and the auxiliary raw homogeneous mixing proportion, by injection molding, compression molding, or molding, etc., made of various ceramic filter embryo, and then administered to high temperature calcination at a temperature between 500 ~ 1300 ℃ sintering the shaped product of the present invention.

主原料的硅藻土常采用食品级过滤用的硅藻土为主,其主要成分如下:氧化硅(SiO2) 92%;氧化铝(Al2O3) 1%;氧化铁(Fe2O3) 1.5%;氧化钙(CaO) 0.3%;氧化镁(MgO) 0.3%;氧化钠十氧化钾(Na2O+K2O) 2.5%;消失物(lgloss) 2.4%;当然,食品级的硅藻土中也会有少量的其它杂质。 Celite main material often used in food-grade diatomaceous earth based filtering, as its main component: silicon oxide (SiO2) 92%; alumina (Al2O3) 1%; iron oxide (Fe2O3) 1.5%; CaO (CaO) 0.3%; magnesium oxide (MgO) 0.3%; sodium hydroxide ten oxide (Na2O + K2O) 2.5%; product disappears (lgloss) 2.4%; of course, food grade diatomaceous earth also have minor amounts of other impurities. 上述的消失物(lgloss),是可为木质粉或塑胶粉等,包括经过高温锻烧均会消失的物质均可替代,且该消失物亦可经适当研磨以筛选取得其所需的粒度大小,可利用硅藻土与消失物的粗度大小以调整设定该陶瓷滤芯孔的预定孔径及其密度,并依其孔密度的高低以决定所要过滤的物质,非常方便。 The disappearance of the above product (lgloss), is a wooden or plastic powder powder, comprising a material after high temperature calcination may be substituted will disappear, and the disappearance was also screened to obtain the desired particle size thereof suitably milled may be utilized celite and disappearance thereof to adjust the size of the thickness of the ceramic filter is set to a predetermined aperture density and pore size, and according to their level of cell density to determine the substance to be filtered, is very convenient.

使用本发明的方法制造的陶瓷滤芯,可供重复刷洗使用,故使用寿命更长,如使用一段时间后滤芯被异物、杂质阻塞时,则可藉硬刷子或菜瓜布在流动水下清洗其阻塞表层,即能迅速恢复原来水流量,尤其因其主原料为硅藻土,故其废弃物经过掩埋后,即可被壤化而完全分解,可确保不会造成环境污染,实符合环保要求。 The present invention is a method of manufacturing a ceramic filter, for brushing repeated use, and therefore longer life, foreign matter filter, when the impurity blocked by a stiff brush or scouring pads can be washed under running water after which the blocking period of time, such as surface, that is able to quickly restore the original water flow, especially because of its main raw material is diatomaceous earth, so the waste after the landfill can be completely decomposed of soil, can ensure not cause environmental pollution, in fact, comply with environmental requirements.

综上所述,本发明所提供地制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,依其选定比例调拌均匀,并高温缎烧所制成的各种陶瓷滤芯,其与常用具有细微滤孔的后置式精密陶瓷滤芯相比,显然其材料组合物具有很大区别,且该组合物制成的大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯非常适于作为前置滤芯,以供预先去除水中较粗颗粒杂质、污泥、悬浮物质等,尤以本发明具有重复使用及毫无环保忧虑等优越特性,更是传统以PP塑胶、纤维或毛线等材质构成的前置滤芯所无法相比,故深具产业利用价值。 In summary, the production of large pore size porous ceramic filter cartridge provide the compositions of the present invention, the proportion of the selected according to their uniform mixing, and various high-temperature calcinations made of ceramic filter, fine filter with pores having a common post-precision compared to ceramic filter, which obviously has a very different material composition, and a large pore size porous ceramic filter made by filtration of the composition is very suitable as a pre-filter to remove coarse particles in water in advance for impurities, sludge, suspended matter, etc., particularly with repeated use of the present invention concerns environmentally friendly and no other superior characteristics, it is conventional to pre-filter can not be compared to other PP plastic, fiber or wool material constituted so deep industrial use value.

Claims (4)

1.一种制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其特征在于:主原料为硅藻土,副原料包括消失物、粘剂及水,其各成分的重量份数配比为:硅藻土37-39、消失物6-8、粘剂6-8、水47-49。 1. A method of making a large pore size filter pore ceramic filter composition, characterized by: a main raw material of diatomaceous earth, including the disappearance of auxiliary material was agent and water, which is parts by weight ratio of each component: diatom soil 37-39 disappeared was 6-8, 6-8 viscosity, water 47-49.
2.如权利要求1所述的制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其特征在于:该硅藻土是采用食品级过滤用的硅藻土为主,其主要成分的重量百分含量如下:氧化硅92%、氧化铝1%、氧化铁1.5%、氧化钙0.3%、氧化镁0.3%、氧化钠十氧化钾2.5%、消失物2.4%。 2. The production of large pore size of the filter pores of the ceramic filter composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the food grade diatomaceous earth is filtered with diatomaceous earth-based, weight percent as its main component : 92% silica, 1% alumina, 1.5% ferric oxide, 0.3% calcium oxide, magnesium oxide 0.3%, potassium 2.5% sodium oxide ten disappearance was 2.4%.
3.如权利要求1所述的制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其特征在于:该消失物包括木质粉、塑胶粉及经过高温锻烧会消失的物质粉。 Production of large diameter porous ceramic filter cartridge 3. The composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the composition comprises a wood flour disappears, and high temperature plastic powder calcined material powder disappear.
4.如权利要求1所述的制作大孔径滤孔陶瓷滤芯的组合物,其特征在于:该消失物是经过适当研磨及筛选取得其所需的粒度大小,并利用硅藻土与消失物的粒度大小以调整设定该陶瓷滤芯孔的预定孔径及其密度。 4. The production of large pore size of the filter pores of the ceramic filter composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the disappearance of the polishing composition is appropriately and screened to obtain the desired particle size thereof, and the use of celite and disappearance thereof particle size of the ceramic filter is set to adjust a predetermined aperture density and pore size.
CN 00129998 2000-10-24 2000-10-24 Composite for producing macroporous ceramic filter element CN1186110C (en)

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Cited By (12)

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CN100479912C (en) 2006-04-12 2009-04-22 孙安权;朱茂祥 Application of aluminosilicate hydrate and filter with aluminosilicate hydrate
US7578865B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2009-08-25 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Method of forming a porous substrate having inorganic bonds
US7781372B2 (en) 2007-07-31 2010-08-24 GE02 Technologies, Inc. Fiber-based ceramic substrate and method of fabricating the same
CN101948301A (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-01-19 东莞乔隆家具配件制品有限公司 Diatomite ceramic filter and manufacture method thereof
US7938876B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-05-10 GE02 Technologies, Inc. Low coefficient of thermal expansion materials including nonstoichiometric cordierite fibers and methods of manufacture
US7938877B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-05-10 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Low coefficient of thermal expansion materials including modified aluminosilicate fibers and methods of manufacture
US8038759B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-10-18 Geoz Technologies, Inc. Fibrous cordierite materials
CN102350127A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-02-15 蚌埠市华顺电动机械厂 Porous composite filter element and preparation method thereof
CN102423574A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-04-25 蚌埠市华顺电动机械厂 Automobile filter core and its preparation method
CN101920140B (en) 2009-06-16 2013-05-01 三达膜科技(厦门)有限公司 Preparation method of composite ceramic filter core containing diatomite and charcoal
CN103382118A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-11-06 蚌埠德美过滤技术有限公司 Carbon fiber ceramic filter core and preparation method thereof
CN103830965A (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-06-04 芜湖市宝艺游乐科技设备有限公司 Palm fiber toughened composite ceramic filter element and preparation method thereof

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7938877B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-05-10 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Low coefficient of thermal expansion materials including modified aluminosilicate fibers and methods of manufacture
US7578865B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2009-08-25 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Method of forming a porous substrate having inorganic bonds
US8057568B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-11-15 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Extruded porous substrate and products using the same
US7862641B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-01-04 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Extruded porous substrate and products using the same
US8038759B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-10-18 Geoz Technologies, Inc. Fibrous cordierite materials
US7901480B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-03-08 Geo2 Technologies, Inc. Extruded porous substrate having inorganic bonds
US7938876B2 (en) 2005-11-16 2011-05-10 GE02 Technologies, Inc. Low coefficient of thermal expansion materials including nonstoichiometric cordierite fibers and methods of manufacture
CN100479912C (en) 2006-04-12 2009-04-22 孙安权;朱茂祥 Application of aluminosilicate hydrate and filter with aluminosilicate hydrate
US7781372B2 (en) 2007-07-31 2010-08-24 GE02 Technologies, Inc. Fiber-based ceramic substrate and method of fabricating the same
CN101920140B (en) 2009-06-16 2013-05-01 三达膜科技(厦门)有限公司 Preparation method of composite ceramic filter core containing diatomite and charcoal
CN101948301A (en) * 2010-08-26 2011-01-19 东莞乔隆家具配件制品有限公司 Diatomite ceramic filter and manufacture method thereof
CN102350127A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-02-15 蚌埠市华顺电动机械厂 Porous composite filter element and preparation method thereof
CN102423574A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-04-25 蚌埠市华顺电动机械厂 Automobile filter core and its preparation method
CN102423574B (en) 2011-09-07 2014-06-04 蚌埠市华顺电动机械厂 Automobile filter core and its preparation method
CN102350127B (en) 2011-09-07 2014-07-16 蚌埠市华顺电动机械厂 Porous composite filter element and preparation method thereof
CN103382118A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-11-06 蚌埠德美过滤技术有限公司 Carbon fiber ceramic filter core and preparation method thereof
CN103382118B (en) * 2013-06-26 2015-06-24 蚌埠德美过滤技术有限公司 Carbon fiber ceramic filter core and preparation method thereof
CN103830965A (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-06-04 芜湖市宝艺游乐科技设备有限公司 Palm fiber toughened composite ceramic filter element and preparation method thereof
CN103830965B (en) * 2014-03-03 2015-09-09 芜湖市宝艺游乐科技设备有限公司 Palmitic Fiber Reinforced Composite ceramic filter and preparation method

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