CN1287072A - Automobile warning and tracking device by means of satellite positioning and mobile communication - Google Patents

Automobile warning and tracking device by means of satellite positioning and mobile communication Download PDF

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CN1287072A
CN1287072A CN 99118990 CN99118990A CN1287072A CN 1287072 A CN1287072 A CN 1287072A CN 99118990 CN99118990 CN 99118990 CN 99118990 A CN99118990 A CN 99118990A CN 1287072 A CN1287072 A CN 1287072A
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mobile communication
satellite positioning
unit
automobile
vehicle
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CN 99118990
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Chinese (zh)
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罗路
赵伟国
赵友平
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清华同方股份有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention includes automobile emission station, a cellular communication network and a control center, and one automobile emission station consists of a satellite positioning receiver unit, a microprocessor controller unit and a mobile communication unit. In case of some automobile is stolen or robbed, the automobile informs the control center or police department of geographic position, automobile plate number and other data of automobile automatically. Tests the motion of the automobile and even monitors the voice inside the automobile. The device of the present invention has large coverage range and is timely, reliable, hidden and low in cost.

Description

专利利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置 Patent car alarm tracking means using satellite positioning and a mobile communications

本发明涉及一种利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置,它属于车辆的防抢和救助装置。 The present invention relates to a car alarm tracking apparatus utilizing satellite positioning and mobile communications, and it belongs to the vehicle Fangqiang relief means.

由于汽车具有快速和机动性强的特点,一旦车辆被盗或抢劫时,罪犯很容易逃离现场,并有充分的时间进行改装、销脏而不易被发现和破案。 As the car fast and highly mobile features, once the vehicle is stolen or robbed, criminals can easily fled the scene, and there is sufficient time for modification, pins dirty not easily found and solve the case.

目前用于汽车的安全装置大都是只能用于防止盗窃,其中有机械、电子或遥控等形式,这类装置对于防止罪犯抢劫是无能为力的,它除了可以增加罪犯盗车的难度外,顶多发出声响起到些震慑作用,只要罪犯采取措施破坏锁具将车开走,就很难再找到丢失的车辆了,现有的遥控防盗装置极易受干扰,甚至并未发生案件,各种车辆报警器响作一片,成为新的噪声污染,反而使人们对汽车报警声麻痹了。 Currently a large safety devices for cars are only used to prevent theft, including mechanical, electronic or remote control form, such devices are powerless to prevent criminals looting, which in addition can increase the difficulty of car theft criminals outside, at most, play some audible deterrent, as long as the offender to take measures to destroy the locks drive away, it is difficult to find the missing vehicle, the existing remote control anti-theft device is highly susceptible to even the case did not happen, all kinds of vehicle alarm rang for one, has become a new noise pollution, instead of making the car alarm sound paralyzed. 现有的利用电信网络的汽车防盗装置如中国专利97115405.4、97211541和95231311,它们仅利用单向传输的寻呼原理,用寻呼的输出信号控制汽车的防盗部件,当发现汽车被盗后,通过寻呼台呼叫安装于被盗车辆内的寻呼机,利用其输出信号启动控制部件,或者发出声音报警、或闭锁车辆如断电、断油或制动车辆等进行防盗。 Telecommunications network using a conventional vehicle anti-theft device 97115405.4,97211541 and Chinese Patent 95231311, the principle of which only one-way transmission of a paging, the paging signal output control means theft of the car, when the car is stolen found, by attached to the pager paging call in a stolen vehicle, its output signal using the activation control means, or sound an alarm, blocking, or vehicles, such as power failure, a brake off oil or the like vehicle theft. 然而,在这种情况下,对于运动着的车辆由于突然的闭锁动作会使它失去控制,造成驾乘人员伤亡,或由于错误传呼造成伤害后果。 However, in this case, for the movement of the vehicle due to sudden blocking action will make it out of control, causing the occupants casualties or damage due to an error paging consequences. 当事故车辆从事发地点连续奔驰几百公里后,被藏在某地处于停驶状态时,再发出报警声音信号,失盗车主和警方几乎不可能听到,反而提示罪犯破坏报警装置。 After the accident vehicle from the site of the incident continuous Benz hundreds of kilometers, when it is hidden somewhere in a suspended state, and then sound an alarm signal theft is almost impossible to hear the owners and the police, criminal damage but prompted alarm. 显然,这种报警装置的防盗作用有限。 Obviously, this effect is limited burglar alarm device. 在国际专利WO-97/20714公开的监视系统中,由于其中继站的功能是接收弱信号,放大后再发出去,它是无线电信号的回传的接收半径就受到车载发讯台发射功率的限制,而同一个基地的发射台所能同时接收的信道数量也很少,由这样的单元组成的系统,其监控车辆的有效范围小,并且由于频道带宽的限制,信道的实际数量非常有限,这种方案只能在个另地区的小范围使用,控制的车辆少。 In the international patent WO-97/20714 discloses a monitoring system, since its relay function station is to receive a weak signal, amplified and then sent out, it is the receiving radius of the return radio signal is restricted vehicle sender station transmission power , while the number of channels simultaneously received by the same transmitter a base can rarely, the system consists of such units, small effective range of monitoring the vehicle, and due to limitations channel bandwidth, the actual number of channels is very limited, this only a small program in other areas of use, less control of the vehicle.

本发明的目的是:提供-种利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置,在汽车被抢劫或失盗的当时或之后,在罪犯不察觉的情况下,能自动将该汽车的精确地理位置、车牌号、车型、颜色等报警信息通知控制中心或警方,并可连续在大范围内跟踪车辆和监听车内的声音,以使警方迅速破案。 Object of the present invention are: to provide - Species car alarm tracking using satellite positioning and a mobile communication device, at the time or after a robbery or theft of the car, in the case where the offender is not aware of the precise location can be automatically car, license plate number, model, color and other information notification alarm control center or police, and continuous track vehicles and monitor the car's sound over a wide range, so that the police quickly solve the case.

本发明的技术方案是:利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置包括车载发讯台和蜂窝移动通信网,以及一个控制中心;该车载发讯台由卫星定位接收单元、微处理控制单元和移动通信单元构成,卫星定位接收单元装有接收天线并与微处理控制单元互通连接,后者装有一报警触发装置;该移动通信单元设有一逻辑单元和控制单元,二者均与装有收发天线的发射接收机互通连接;逻辑单元和控制单元与一话音装置互通连接。 Aspect of the present invention are: the use of satellite positioning and a mobile communication car alarm tracking means comprises in-vehicle sender station and a cellular mobile communication network, and a control center; the vehicle the sender station is received by the GPS unit, the microprocessor control unit and the mobile communication units, the satellite positioning receiver and receiving antenna means connected with microprocessing control unit exchange, which is equipped with an alarm triggering means; the mobile communication unit is provided with a logic unit and a control unit, both equipped with a transceiver antenna the transmitter-receiver connected to communicate; logic unit and a control unit connected to a voice intercommunication device. 所述的蜂窝移动通信网络包括各地区的移动通信交换局及其小区基站。 The cellular mobile communication network comprises a mobile communication exchange and the base station of each cell area. 所述的控制中心由用户数据库、电子地图数据库和控制管理系统,以及卫星定位固定差分系统构成;控制中心管理系统通过本身接口与车辆登记注册的移动通信交换局互通连接。 Positioning and fixing said control center differential database system consists of a user, and control an electronic map database management systems, and satellite; Control Center interface management system per se car registration of a mobile communication exchange connected to the exchange.

本发明的优点在于:1、本装置使用先进的蜂窝移动通信网络,它覆盖的范围大,通过频率复用技术使用户的理论容量几乎无限,可覆盖所有大、中、小城市和交通干线,这些正是车辆行驶运行的地区。 Advantage of the present invention is that: 1, the present apparatus uses advanced cellular mobile communications network, it covers a wide range, so that the theoretical capacity of multiplexing users by a frequency almost unlimited, covers all large, medium, small cities and transportation routes, these are precisely the vehicle driving operation areas. 卫星移动通信更是可以覆盖全球每一个角落。 Mobile satellite communication is possible to cover every corner of the globe.

2、本装置的控制管理实时性很强,装置所传递的是即时卫星定位信息,是车辆在某一时刻的具体位置,由于定位准确,发讯及时,这对于防止盗抢车辆案件的发生和迅速侦破很有意义。 2, real-time control and management of the apparatus is very strong, instantaneous transmission means positioning information satellite, a specific position of the vehicle at a certain time, since the positioning accuracy, the sender in a timely manner, to prevent the occurrence of this case and the vehicle robbery rapid detection makes sense.

3、本系统的装置组成灵活机动,运行可靠,系统最小可由一部车载发讯台、由卫星定位装置以及一部个人电脑组成的控制中心购成;大的系统可组成覆盖全国范围的控制中心,而支持系统运行的是现有的移动通信网络,既可靠成本又低。 3, the present system means composed of flexible, reliable operation, the system may be a minimum vehicle sender station, the control center by the satellite positioning apparatus and a personal computer available to the composition; large system, control center nationwide coverage , while the system is running support conventional mobile communication network, both reliable and low cost.

下面借助于附图中所示的实施例对本实用新型作详细说明: The following embodiment shown in the drawings by means of a detailed description of the present invention as:

图1:为本发明的组成俯瞰示意图图2:为本发明的结构方框图如图1和2所示:利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置设有车载发讯台(1),它由卫星定位接收单元(2)、微处理控制单元(3)和移动通信单元(4)构成,该卫星定位接收单元(2)装有一接收天线(5),并同微机处理器控制单元(3)互通连接,后者装有一报警触发装置(6);该移动通信单元(4)中设有一逻辑单元(7)和一控制单元(8),二者均与微处理控制单元(3)互通连接;在移动通信单元(4)中还设有发射接收机(9),二者均与收发天线(11)连接,还设有语音装置(12),与逻辑单元(7)和控制单元(8)互连。 Figure 1: composition of the present invention, overlooking Figure 2: a block diagram showing the structure of the present invention shown in FIGS. 1 and 2: use of the car alarm tracking satellite positioning and a mobile communication apparatus provided with the vehicle-mounted sender station (1), which consists of the satellite positioning receiver unit (2), the microprocessor control unit (3) and a mobile communication unit (4), and the satellite positioning receiver unit (2) is provided with a receiving antenna (5), and the control unit (3) with micro-processor exchange connection, which is provided with an alarm-triggering means (6); the mobile communication unit is provided with a logic unit (7) and a control unit (8) (4) both (3) connected to the interworking microprocessing control unit ; the mobile communication unit (4) further is provided with transmitter-receiver (9), both of which are connected to the receiving antenna (11), further provided with a voice unit (12), the logic unit (7) and a control unit (8 )interconnection.

所述的移动通信网(13),包括各地区的移动通信交换局(13A、13B)…,和几个小区的基站(13n);所述的控制中心(15)由用户数据库(16)、电子地图数据库(17)和控制管理系统(18)互连,后者与带天线的(10)卫星定位固定差分系统(19)互连,同时也与车辆登记注册的移动通信交换局(13A)互连。 (13), each region comprising a mobile communication exchange (13A, 13B) ..., and a base station of several cells (13n) of the mobile communications network; control center (15) from said user database (16), electronic map database (17) and the control and management system (18) interconnecting the latter with an antenna (10) fixed to differential satellite positioning system (19) interconnected with the vehicle registration is also a mobile communication switching office (13A) interconnection. 图中(20)为地球同步通信卫星。 Drawing (20) is a geosynchronous communications satellite.

当车主将车载发讯台(1)安装在自己的车辆上后,在当地移动通信交换局(13A)申请特殊服务,并登记注册,同时在控制中心(15)登记。 When the vehicle owner sender station (1) is mounted in the own vehicle, a mobile communication in the local exchange (13A) to apply special services, and registration, while in the control center (15) to register. 车载发讯台(1)在开机后就处于等候状态,无论该车辆是行驶时还是停止,不断进行位置登记,既通过反向控制信道向移动通信交换局(13A)报告它的当前位置,如果位置发生变化,新的位置信息就由移动交换局通知原籍数据库登录。 Car sender station (1) is in the waiting state after the start, stop, or whether the vehicle is running, ongoing location registration, both a reverse control channel by the mobile communication switching office (13A) reports its current location, if position changes, the new location information is notified by the mobile switching office of origin database login. 当司机发觉危险时或车辆非正常启动时,触动报警触发装置(6),微处理控制单元(3)接收到报警触发信号,立即自动通过移动通信网络(13)接通控制中心(15),将当前的和储存的卫星定位信息(及其对应时间信息)、车辆信息、警报性质信息,取出复制数遍,以提高传输可靠性,并输入话音端口,通过车辆所在位置蜂窝小区的基站(13n),无线接入移动通讯网络(13),再经过移动和固定交换局(13B)、(13A),连续地送达控制中心(15)。 When the vehicle when the driver found dangerous or abnormal start touch trigger alarm means (6), the microprocessor control unit (3) receives the alarm signal trigger, automatically and immediately on control center (15) via a mobile communication network (13), the satellite positioning information (and corresponding time information) and the current stored vehicle information, the nature of the alarm information, copy extracted several times, to improve the transmission reliability, and a voice input port, via the base station location of the vehicle cell (13n ), radio access mobile communication network (13), through mobile and fixed switching office (13B), (13A), continuous service control center (15). 信号送出后,继续等待控制中心(15)的指令,根据控制中心(15)的指令微处理器控制单元(3)可以用间断或定时等方式不断发送位置信息,等候警方追堵,也可以根据控制中心(15)的指令,使移动通信单元(4)处于监听状态,将车内的话音直接送到控制中心(15)记录监听,以便警方控制劫持现场。 After the signal is sent, the control center continues to wait (15) an instruction (3) can be interrupted in accordance with the timing or control center (15) a command mode microprocessor control unit continuously transmits the position information and the like, the police Zhuidu waiting, may be in accordance with a control center (15) command the mobile communication unit (4) in the monitoring state, the vehicle directly to the voice control center (15) records listen to police control hijacking scene. 控制中心(15)接到某个车载发讯台(1)的报警信号,分别从用户数据库(16)调出用户档案和将卫星定位信号经固定差分系统进行差分计算,得到精确的定位信号,再通过电子地图数据库(17)标明车辆的确切地理位置(及历史位置),并将数据和区域地图显示及用户、车辆信息在荧光屏上。 A control center (15) to the sender of a vehicle station (1) is an alarm signal, respectively to call the user profile and satellite positioning signals from the user database (16) for calculating a difference immobilized difference system, to give precise positioning signal, re-marked vehicle through the electronic map database (17) the exact location (position and history), and the data area of ​​the map display and the user, vehicle information on the screen. 报警系统可接通事故车辆所在区域的电话报警台,通报案件有关资料,由警方组织截获罪犯和失盗车辆。 Alarm system can connect the call area of ​​a vehicle accident where the police station, reported cases relevant information, vehicle theft and criminals intercepted by the police organization. 根据案情需要,警方可以要求控制中心(15)发出指令,对事故车辆现场进行监听。 According to the needs of the case, the police can ask the control center (15) issued a directive to the accident scene to monitor the vehicle. 这样,只要事故车辆处在移动通信覆盖范围内,就同时处于防盗抢系统控制中心(15)的控制范围之内。 Thus, as long as the vehicle is in an accident within the coverage of a mobile communication, while it is in the grab immobilizer system control center (15) of the control range. 车载发讯台(1)在平时可作为车载移动通信台通话使用。 Car sender station (1) calls may be used usually in an on-vehicle mobile communication station.

Claims (4)

1.利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置,包括车载发讯台和通信设施以及一个控制中心,其特征在于:所述的车载发讯台(1)由卫星定位接收单元(2)、微处理控制单元(3)和移动通信单元(4)构成,该卫星定位接收单元(2)装有接收天线(5),并与微处理控制单元(3)互通连接,在微处理控制单元(3)上装有一报警触发装置(6);该移动通信单元(4)设有一逻辑单元(7)和一控制单元(8),二者均与装有收发天线(11)的发射接收机(9)互通连接;逻辑单元(7)和控制单元(8)与一语音装置(12)互通连接;所述的通信设施是一个蜂窝移动通信网络(13),包括各地区的移动通信交换局(13A)、(13B)……,和n个小区的基站(13n);所述的控制中心(15)由用户数据库(16)、电子地图数据库(17)和控制管理系统(18),以及卫星定位固定差分系统(19)构成;用户数据库(16)和电子地图数据库(17)均与控制 1. The use of satellite positioning and a mobile communication car alarm tracking means, comprising a sender station and a vehicle-mounted communication facilities and a control center, wherein: said vehicle sender station (1) by a satellite positioning receiver unit (2), microprocessing control unit (3) and a mobile communication unit (4), and the satellite positioning receiver unit (2) is provided with a receive antenna (5), connected to the microprocessor and to communicate the control unit (3), the microprocessor control unit ( 3) is equipped with an alarm-triggering means (6); the mobile communication unit (4) is provided with a logic unit (7) and a control unit (8), both equipped with a receiving antenna (11) of the transmitter-receiver (9 ) interworking connection; logic unit (7) and a control unit (8) and a voice device (12) interworking; said communications facility is a cellular mobile communication network (13), each region comprising a mobile communication exchange (13A ), (13B) ......, and the n base stations of the cell (13n); said control center (15) by a user database (16), an electronic map database (17) and the control and management system (18), and a satellite positioning fixed difference system (19) configured; user database (16) and an electronic map database (17) and both the control 管理系统(18)互通连接,同时也与车辆登记注册的移动通信交换局(13A)互通连接。 Management system (18) connected to communicate, but also with the vehicle registration of a mobile communication switching office (13A) interworking connection.
2.根据权利要求1所述的利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置,其特征在于该微处理器控制单元(3)可以是标准单片机系统,也可以是智能卡。 The car alarm tracking apparatus using satellite positioning and a mobile communication according to claim 1, characterized in that the microprocessor control unit (3) may be a standard microprocessor system or a smart card.
3.根据权利要求1所述的利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置,其特征在于该通信设施可以是模拟蜂窝移动通信系统,也可能是数字蜂窝移动通信系统,可以是频分多址系统、时分多址系统或码分多站多址系统。 The car alarm tracking apparatus 1 according to the use of satellite positioning and a mobile communication claims, characterized in that the communication facility may be an analog cellular mobile communication systems, it may be a digital cellular mobile communication systems, it may be a frequency division multiple access systems, time division multiple access system or code division multiple-access multi-station system.
4.根据权利要求1所述利用卫星定位和移动通信的汽车报警跟踪装置,其特征在于卫星定位信息可以通过话音信道、信令信道、短消息等传送回控制中心。 The car alarm tracking apparatus using satellite positioning and a mobile communication according to claim 1, characterized in that the satellite positioning information may be transmitted back to the control center via the voice channel, a signaling channel, a short message.
CN 99118990 1999-09-07 1999-09-07 Automobile warning and tracking device by means of satellite positioning and mobile communication CN1287072A (en)

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CN100351643C (en) * 2003-12-30 2007-11-28 梁保山 Mobile satellite automatic tracing control device
CN100481148C (en) 2004-10-12 2009-04-22 通用汽车公司 Telematics system vehicle tracking
CN100593728C (en) 2001-09-11 2010-03-10 Gpp股份公司 Method for determining the position of a mobile device, in particular an emergency-call device, emergency-call system and an emergency-call device
CN101127146B (en) 2006-08-16 2010-07-14 北京车灵通科技发展有限公司 Alarm system and vehicle alarming method based on the alarm system
CN101127145B (en) 2006-08-16 2010-07-14 北京车灵通科技发展有限公司 Alarm system and vehicle alarming method based on the alarm system
CN102174867A (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-09-07 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Movement control method, movement control system for engineering machinery, and engineering machinery
CN104202078A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-10 成都天奥信息科技有限公司 System and method for user data transmission of satellite mobile communication system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100593728C (en) 2001-09-11 2010-03-10 Gpp股份公司 Method for determining the position of a mobile device, in particular an emergency-call device, emergency-call system and an emergency-call device
WO2004028129A1 (en) * 2002-09-19 2004-04-01 Anping Zhang Method and device for tracking and monitoring alarm using mobile telecommunication network and mobile phone
CN100351643C (en) * 2003-12-30 2007-11-28 梁保山 Mobile satellite automatic tracing control device
CN100481148C (en) 2004-10-12 2009-04-22 通用汽车公司 Telematics system vehicle tracking
CN101127146B (en) 2006-08-16 2010-07-14 北京车灵通科技发展有限公司 Alarm system and vehicle alarming method based on the alarm system
CN101127145B (en) 2006-08-16 2010-07-14 北京车灵通科技发展有限公司 Alarm system and vehicle alarming method based on the alarm system
CN102174867A (en) * 2011-03-28 2011-09-07 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Movement control method, movement control system for engineering machinery, and engineering machinery
WO2012129876A1 (en) * 2011-03-28 2012-10-04 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Movement control method and movement control system for engineering machine and engineering machine
CN104202078A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-10 成都天奥信息科技有限公司 System and method for user data transmission of satellite mobile communication system
CN104202078B (en) * 2014-09-16 2018-03-30 成都天奥信息科技有限公司 Satellite mobile communication system subscriber's data transmission method and system

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