CN1285335A - Process for preparation of foam ceramic spherulite - Google Patents

Process for preparation of foam ceramic spherulite Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1285335A
CN1285335A CN 00124697 CN00124697A CN1285335A CN 1285335 A CN1285335 A CN 1285335A CN 00124697 CN00124697 CN 00124697 CN 00124697 A CN00124697 A CN 00124697A CN 1285335 A CN1285335 A CN 1285335A
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China
Prior art keywords
less
spherulite
micro mist
powder
preparation
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Pending
Application number
CN 00124697
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘刚
李博文
兰晓溪
张昂
李建保
付丽英
刘广海
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TANGSHAN CERAMIC GROUP CO Ltd
Tsinghua University
Original Assignee
TANGSHAN CERAMIC GROUP CO Ltd
Tsinghua University
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Publication date
Application filed by TANGSHAN CERAMIC GROUP CO Ltd, Tsinghua University filed Critical TANGSHAN CERAMIC GROUP CO Ltd
Priority to CN 00124697 priority Critical patent/CN1285335A/en
Publication of CN1285335A publication Critical patent/CN1285335A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The preparation method of porous ceramic spherulite using glass waste slag, flyash and bentonile, etc. which are different in melting temp. and pore-forming agent and binder as main raw material comprises the following steps of preparing and mixing raw materials, rotating granulating, drying, calcinating and self-grinding. Said seramic spherulite is light in weight and porous, not only can be used for effectively blocking suspension in liquod, but also can be cleaned and repeatedly reused, can be used as filtering medium in the fields of water treatment, chemical industry, environmental protection, food and beverage, building and saving energy and biological chemicals etc..

Description

The preparation method of foam ceramic spherulite
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of porous ceramics.
Foam ceramic spherulite is meant that profile is spherical, and inside is vesicular structure, but pore distributes arbitrarily at three-dimensional space, arranges a direction-free class porous ceramics.It has premium propertiess such as high temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant, good thermal shock, even aperture distribution, long service life, is used widely in many fields such as Metal smelting, chemical industry, water treatment, environment protection, food-drink, building energy conservation, biological chemistry, electronic industries.
The formation method of the microvoid structure of foamed ceramics has multiple, main method to have at present: (1) natural forming method: utilize the pore of starting material itself or the burning of starting material in sintering process to lose the formation vesicular structure; (2) particle packing method: with base-material self pile up to produce the nature pore, and adjust the size of void content with the grain composition of raw material, this method can make void content and reach 75% foamed ceramics; (3) mechanical mixing method: when the viscosity of ceramic mud acquires a certain degree, stir, make it to produce foam, solidify after sintering is made foamed ceramics by mechanical forced; (4) burn the thing method: in ceramic material, add combustibleconstituentss such as sawdust, pitch, heat and combustiblematerials is burnt and volatilize, form vesicular structure; (5) water volatilization method: in ceramic body heat-processed, owing to moisture evaporation forms vesicular structure; (6) etch: by chemical corrosion, remove the part thing phase in the ceramic body, and then form vesicular structure; (7) precursor process: the presoma that will prepare in advance immerses in the ceramic size, slurry is fully soaked into and evenly is attached on the twine of presoma, and drying is fired and formed; (8) sol-gel method: utilize the accumulation of colloidal particle in the colloidal gel process and heat treatment process and form vesicular structure, can be used for preparing the fine-celled foam pottery.But the prepared foam ceramic spherulite of present existing foamed ceramics technology of preparing; Its surface irregularity contains a large amount of open pores and connects pore, as filtration medium to water, when wet goods liquid filters,, and cause the foamed ceramics ball can not be rinsed clean and regeneration often because of surface porosity absorption suspended substance influences filter effect.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of foam ceramic spherulite.This ceramic spherolite light weight porous, there is certain rugosity on the surface, but pore seals independence mutually, can be used as filtration medium, and can after back flushing, use repeatedly.
The present invention realizes by following manner.
The preparation method of this foam ceramic spherulite is to be main raw material, and to adopt following step to carry out with the different two kinds of materials of melt temperature and pore former, binding agent:
(1) batching step: with sheet glass waste residue, fly ash in electric power plant, bentonite ore be crushed to respectively granularity less than 60 μ m after, cooperate by one of following prescription (by mass percentage), stir and to make it to mix, make ceramic material:
Prescription one: the glass cullet powder is less than 60 μ m 60-75%
The fine coal ashes is less than 60 μ m 10-20%
Carbon black is less than 40 μ m 0.1-0.6%
Cmc soln 10-15%
Prescription two: the glass cullet powder is less than 60 μ m 60-75%
Bentonite in powder is less than 60 μ m 10-17%
The light calcium carbonate powder is less than 50 μ m 1-2%
Cmc soln 10-15%
(2) granulation step: described ceramic material is sieved with the 80-150 mesh standard sieve, get the following pug of sieve as the nucleation pug, place in the mixing and blending machine, and be that 1: 1 ratio adds wilkinite micro mist (granularity is less than 10-15 μ m) in ratio of quality and the number of copies, stir while rotating, make the particle surface of nucleation pug evenly adhere to one deck wilkinite micro mist, make mud ball;
(3) drying step: described mud ball was dried 2 hours in 100 ℃;
(4) calcining step: dried mud ball is placed in the high temperature kiln, be heated to 880 ℃ of calcinings 20-30 minute, naturally cooling;
(5) grinding steps: the mud ball after will calcining places in the autogenous mill, adds an amount of tap water and grinds, and removes the unsintered bentonite in powder of pellet surface, is foam ceramic spherulite of the present invention.
The micro mist that wilkinite micro mist of the present invention also can adopt melt temperatures such as flyash, wollastonite micro mist to be higher than 900 ℃ substitutes.
Among the present invention, from the preparation of raw material, prepare burden, mix, burn till each steps such as grinding and all adopt general-purpose equipment to carry out.
Further describe the present invention with embodiment below.
Embodiment 1
With sheet glass waste residue, flyash and wilkinite is main raw material, is pore former with the carbon black, is binding agent with the cmc soln, is undertaken by following step:
(1) batching step: with sheet glass waste residue, fly ash in electric power plant, bentonite ore be crushed to respectively granularity less than 60 μ m after, cooperate by following mass percent, stir and to make it to mix, make ceramic material:
The glass cullet powder is less than 60 μ m 65%
The fine coal ashes is less than 60 μ m 19.7%
Carbon black is less than 40 μ m 0.3%
Cmc soln 15%
(2) granulation step: described ceramic material is sieved with 100 mesh standard sieves, get the following pug of sieve as the nucleation pug, place in the mixing and blending machine, and be that 1: 1 ratio adds wilkinite micro mist (granularity is less than 15 μ m) in ratio of quality and the number of copies, stir while rotating, make the particle surface of nucleation pug evenly adhere to one deck wilkinite micro mist, make mud ball;
(3) drying step: described mud ball was dried 2 hours in 100 ℃;
(4) calcining step: dried mud ball is placed in the high temperature kiln, be heated to 880 ℃ of calcinings 25 minutes, naturally cooling;
(5) grinding steps: the mud ball after will calcining places in the autogenous mill, adds an amount of tap water and grinds, and removes the unsintered bentonite in powder of pellet surface, is foam ceramic spherulite of the present invention.
Embodiment 2
Bentonite in powder and the melt temperature relatively low sheet glass waste residue higher relatively with melt temperature are main raw material, are pore former with the light calcium carbonate, are binding agent with the carboxymethyl cellulose, are undertaken by following step:
(1) batching step: with the sheet glass waste residue, bentonite ore be crushed to respectively granularity less than 60 μ m after, cooperate by following mass percent, stir and to make it to mix, make ceramic material:
The glass cullet powder is less than 60 μ m 70%
Bentonite in powder is less than 60 μ m 13.3%
The light calcium carbonate powder is less than 50 μ m 1.7%
Cmc soln 15%
(2) granulation step: described ceramic material is sieved with 80 mesh standard sieves, get the following pug of sieve as the nucleation pug, place in the mixing and blending machine, and be that 1: 1 ratio adds wollastonite micro mist (granularity is less than 10 μ m) in ratio of quality and the number of copies, stir while rotating, make the particle surface of nucleation pug evenly adhere to one deck wollastonite micro mist.Make mud ball;
(3) drying step: described mud ball was dried 2 hours in 100 ℃;
(4) calcining step: dried mud ball is placed in the high temperature kiln, be heated to 870 ℃ of calcinings 30 minutes, naturally cooling;
(5) grinding steps: the mud ball after will calcining places in the autogenous mill, adds an amount of tap water and grinds, and removes the unsintered wollastonite powder of pellet surface, is foam ceramic spherulite of the present invention.
By the foam ceramic spherulite that above-mentioned embodiment makes, light weight porous, tap density are 0.45-0.55g/cm 3Because of particle vitreous degree height, its profile is closely spherical, and there is certain roughness on the surface, but the pore sealing, the aperture is usually less than 0.5mm.Through the water filtration test, can stop the suspended substance in the water body effectively, and can after backwash, use repeatedly.
The invention provides a kind of preparation method of foamed ceramics.This method has made full use of industrial solid castoff, and raw material sources are extensive, and technical process is easy, production cost is low, and is easy to implement to promote.Products therefrom can be used for the filtration medium in fields such as water treatment, chemical industry, environment protection, food-drink, building energy conservation, biological chemistry.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of preparation method of foam ceramic spherulite is characterized in that: the preparation of this foam ceramic spherulite adopts following step to carry out:
(1) batching step: with sheet glass waste residue, fly ash in electric power plant, bentonite ore be crushed to respectively granularity less than 60 μ m after, cooperate by one of following prescription (by mass percentage), stir and to make it to mix, make ceramic material:
Prescription one: the glass cullet powder is less than 60 μ m 60-75%
The fine coal ashes is less than 60 μ m 10-20%
Carbon black is less than 40 μ m 0.1-0.6%
Cmc soln 10-15%
Prescription two: the glass cullet powder is less than 60 μ m 60-75%
Bentonite in powder is less than 60 μ m 10-17%
The light calcium carbonate powder is less than 50 μ m 1-2%
Cmc soln 10-15%
(2) granulation step: described ceramic material is sieved with the 80-150 mesh standard sieve, get the following pug of sieve as the nucleation pug, place in the mixing and blending machine, and be that 1: 1 ratio adds wilkinite micro mist (granularity is less than 10-15 μ m) in ratio of quality and the number of copies, stir while rotating, make the particle surface of nucleation pug evenly adhere to one deck wilkinite micro mist, make mud ball;
(3) drying step: described mud ball was dried 2 hours in 100 ℃;
(4) calcining step: dried mud ball is placed in the high temperature kiln, be heated to 880 ℃ of calcinings 20-30 minute, naturally cooling;
(5) grinding steps: the mud ball after will calcining places in the autogenous mill, adds an amount of tap water and grinds, and removes the unsintered bentonite in powder of pellet surface, is foam ceramic spherulite of the present invention.
2, the preparation method of foam ceramic spherulite according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the micro mist that described wilkinite micro mist also can adopt melt temperatures such as flyash, wollastonite micro mist to be higher than 900 ℃ substitutes.
CN 00124697 2000-09-29 2000-09-29 Process for preparation of foam ceramic spherulite Pending CN1285335A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1299797C (en) * 2004-12-31 2007-02-14 华南理工大学 Porous inorganic microstraining core and preparation method thereof
CN100336779C (en) * 2004-12-06 2007-09-12 淄博博纳科技发展有限公司 Microporous ceramic ball for comprehensive control of plant growth and its prepn process
CN100374395C (en) * 2005-11-29 2008-03-12 玄永辉 Process for preparing porous foam ceramic
CN101774684A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-07-14 南京工业大学 Filter material for water treatment and preparation method and application thereof
CN101239838B (en) * 2007-02-05 2011-05-04 山东理工大学 Method for preparing coal ash ceramic water washing ball
CN101348383B (en) * 2008-04-22 2011-05-18 商士强 Ceramic particle for water treatment and preparation thereof
CN101580349B (en) * 2009-06-29 2011-06-22 浙江大学 Porcelain granules containing carbon and preparation method thereof
CN101550011B (en) * 2009-05-25 2011-10-05 天津城市建设学院 Method for preparing SiC/Mullite composite sphere
CN102350490A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-02-15 南昌大学 Method for preparing low-cost, environment-friendly and abrasion-resistant bicontinuous phase compound material
CN101239841B (en) * 2007-02-05 2012-03-28 山东理工大学 Method for preparing ceramic water washing ball
CN102858423A (en) * 2010-04-08 2013-01-02 普拉菲尔有限公司 Filtration media having recycled waste materials
CN103382117A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-11-06 蚌埠凤凰滤清器有限责任公司 Structural filter core for removal of benzene in drinking water and preparation method thereof
CN103910389A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-07-09 苏州腾纳环保科技有限公司 Method for producing sterilization-deodorizing type water purification filter material
US9376344B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2016-06-28 Earthstone International, Llc Foamed glass ceramic composite materials and a method for producing the same
US9382671B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2016-07-05 Andrew Ungerleider Foamed glass composite material and a method for using the same
CN107382275A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-11-24 湖北省当阳豪山建材有限公司 Utilize the fired brick and its preparation technology of the production of Ceramic Tiles waste residue
CN109020405A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-18 武汉源锦商品混凝土有限公司 A kind of high performance concrete and preparation method thereof with excellent impermeability
CN110183242A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-30 昌鑫生态科技(陕西)有限公司 Industrial Solid Waste processes high-performance foam ceramic material production technology
US10435177B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2019-10-08 Earthstone International Llc Foamed glass composite arrestor beds having predetermined failure modes
CN112745133A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-04 河南强耐新材股份有限公司 Fly ash-based high-strength ceramsite and preparation method thereof
CN114212757A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-03-22 昆山市年沙助剂有限公司 Production process of reagent-grade chemical auxiliary
CN114685144A (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-07-01 沙庆中 Calcining material for preparing ceramic tile, preparation method of calcining material and ceramic tile
US11970288B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2024-04-30 Earthstone International Llc Method for slowing an aircraft using a foamed glass composite runway

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100336779C (en) * 2004-12-06 2007-09-12 淄博博纳科技发展有限公司 Microporous ceramic ball for comprehensive control of plant growth and its prepn process
CN1299797C (en) * 2004-12-31 2007-02-14 华南理工大学 Porous inorganic microstraining core and preparation method thereof
CN100374395C (en) * 2005-11-29 2008-03-12 玄永辉 Process for preparing porous foam ceramic
US11858657B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2024-01-02 Earthstone International Llc Foamed glass composite material and a method for producing the same
US10435177B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2019-10-08 Earthstone International Llc Foamed glass composite arrestor beds having predetermined failure modes
US11970288B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2024-04-30 Earthstone International Llc Method for slowing an aircraft using a foamed glass composite runway
US9382671B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2016-07-05 Andrew Ungerleider Foamed glass composite material and a method for using the same
US9376344B2 (en) 2006-02-17 2016-06-28 Earthstone International, Llc Foamed glass ceramic composite materials and a method for producing the same
CN101239838B (en) * 2007-02-05 2011-05-04 山东理工大学 Method for preparing coal ash ceramic water washing ball
CN101239841B (en) * 2007-02-05 2012-03-28 山东理工大学 Method for preparing ceramic water washing ball
CN101348383B (en) * 2008-04-22 2011-05-18 商士强 Ceramic particle for water treatment and preparation thereof
CN101550011B (en) * 2009-05-25 2011-10-05 天津城市建设学院 Method for preparing SiC/Mullite composite sphere
CN101580349B (en) * 2009-06-29 2011-06-22 浙江大学 Porcelain granules containing carbon and preparation method thereof
CN101774684A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-07-14 南京工业大学 Filter material for water treatment and preparation method and application thereof
CN102858423A (en) * 2010-04-08 2013-01-02 普拉菲尔有限公司 Filtration media having recycled waste materials
CN102350490A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-02-15 南昌大学 Method for preparing low-cost, environment-friendly and abrasion-resistant bicontinuous phase compound material
CN103382117A (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-11-06 蚌埠凤凰滤清器有限责任公司 Structural filter core for removal of benzene in drinking water and preparation method thereof
CN103382117B (en) * 2013-06-25 2015-03-25 安徽凤凰滤清器股份有限公司 Structural filter core for removal of benzene in drinking water and preparation method thereof
CN103910389A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-07-09 苏州腾纳环保科技有限公司 Method for producing sterilization-deodorizing type water purification filter material
CN107382275B (en) * 2017-07-11 2021-05-18 湖北省当阳豪山建材有限公司 Sintered brick produced by using ceramic brick waste residue and preparation process thereof
CN107382275A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-11-24 湖北省当阳豪山建材有限公司 Utilize the fired brick and its preparation technology of the production of Ceramic Tiles waste residue
CN109020405B (en) * 2018-09-28 2021-09-21 武汉源锦商品混凝土有限公司 High-performance concrete with excellent impermeability and preparation method thereof
CN109020405A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-18 武汉源锦商品混凝土有限公司 A kind of high performance concrete and preparation method thereof with excellent impermeability
CN110183242A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-30 昌鑫生态科技(陕西)有限公司 Industrial Solid Waste processes high-performance foam ceramic material production technology
CN112745133A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-04 河南强耐新材股份有限公司 Fly ash-based high-strength ceramsite and preparation method thereof
CN114685144A (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-07-01 沙庆中 Calcining material for preparing ceramic tile, preparation method of calcining material and ceramic tile
CN114212757A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-03-22 昆山市年沙助剂有限公司 Production process of reagent-grade chemical auxiliary

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