CN1280712A - Metal-air fuel cell battery systems employing metal fuel cards - Google Patents

Metal-air fuel cell battery systems employing metal fuel cards Download PDF

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CN1280712A
CN1280712A CN 98811640 CN98811640A CN1280712A CN 1280712 A CN1280712 A CN 1280712A CN 98811640 CN98811640 CN 98811640 CN 98811640 A CN98811640 A CN 98811640A CN 1280712 A CN1280712 A CN 1280712A
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metal
fuel
card
discharge
air
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CN 98811640
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Chinese (zh)
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塞德格·M·法里斯
采宾·特萨伊
姚文斌
张元民
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里维奥公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • Y02E60/52Fuel cells characterised by type or design
    • Y02E60/521Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells [PEMFC]
    • Y02E60/522Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells [DAFC]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/168Remote or cooperative charging operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging

Abstract

公开了各种类型的基于金属空气FCB的系统(110),包括金属燃料传送子系统(111)、金属燃料放电子系统(115)和金属燃料再充电子系统(117)。 Disclose various types of metal-air FCB based system (110), comprising a metal fuel delivery subsystem (111), the metal fuel discharge electronic system (115) and the metal fuel recharging subsystem (117). 金属燃料传送子系统的功能是根据所选系统的模式将金属燃料卡或片传送到金属燃料放电子系统或金属燃料再充电子系统。 Function of the metal fuel delivery subsystem is selected depending on the mode of the fuel system of the card or sheet metal of the metal fuel delivered to an electronic system, or a metal fuel discharge recharging subsystem. 当传送到或经过金属燃料放电子系统时,每个金属燃料卡(112)通过与一个或多个放电头电化学反应而放电;以便电化学反应期间在连接到该子系统的电负载(116)上产生电能,同时在阴极电解质界面上消耗水和氧气。 When transferred to the fuel discharge through the metal or the electronic system, each of the metal fuel card (112) is discharged by an electrochemical reaction with one or more discharge heads; so the load connected to the electrical subsystem (116 during the electrochemical reaction ) generates electric energy, and water while consuming oxygen at the cathode-electrolyte interface. 当将氧化的金属燃料材料传送到或经过金属燃料再充电子系统时,利用一个或多个再充电头对放电的金属燃料再充电,以便在电化学反应期间将氧化的金属燃料材料转换成适于在功率放电操作中重复使用的其原材料;同时在阴极电解质界面上释放氧气。 When the transfer of the metal fuel material through the metal oxide or to recharge the fuel subsystem, using one or more rechargeable metal fuel discharge heads recharging, in order to convert the metal oxide into a suitable fuel material during the electrochemical reaction for repeated use in a power discharging operation of its raw materials; while releasing oxygen on the cathode-electrolyte interface. 在示例性实施例中;可以有效的方式使各种形式的金属燃料卡放电和再充电,以满足宽范围的电注入电解质的。 In an exemplary embodiment; effective manner so that various forms of the metal fuel discharge and recharge cards to meet a wide range of electrical injection of the electrolyte.

Description

利用金属燃料卡的金属空气燃料电池组系统 Metal using a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel system of the card

本发明背景技术 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present

领域本发明涉及用于优化地对金属空气燃料电池组(FCB)系统放电的改进的方法和系统,并涉及用于以快速有效的方式优化地对金属空气燃料电池组系统再充电的改进的方法和系统。 FIELD The present invention relates to an improved method for optimizing system and metal-air fuel cell stack (the FCB) discharge system, and to a fast and efficient way to optimize the fuel cell stack of metal-air recharging system improved method and systems.

现有技术描述在同时待审的序列号为No. The prior art described in copending Serial No. No. 08/944,507号美国专利申请中,申请人公开了几种新型金属空气燃料电池组(FCB)系统。 No. 08 / 944,507 U.S. patent application, Applicants disclose several novel metal-air fuel cell stack (the FCB) system. 在产生电能期间,当存在离子导电的介质如注入电解质的凝胶体时,金属燃料带在一固定阴极结构上传送。 During electric power generation, when there is ionically conductive medium, such as injection of the gel electrolyte, a metal tape conveying fuel in a fixed cathode structure. 根据已知的电化学原理,由于从该系统产生电电能,因此,所传送的金属燃料带被氧化。 The known electrochemical principles, since electric power is generated from the system, therefore, the metal fuel is oxidized with transmitted.

与现有技术的电化学放电装置相比,在序列号为No. Compared with the prior art electrochemical discharge device, Serial No. No. 08/944,507号美国专利申请中所公开的那种类型的金属空气FCB系统具有很多优点。 The type of the metal-air FCB system No. 08 / 944,507 U.S. patent application have many advantages as disclosed. 例如,一个优点是,在特定电负载状态所需的输出电压值范围内产生电功率。 For example, one advantage is that generate electrical power within the output voltage range required for the specific electric load. 另一个优点是,在进行放电操作期间进行的电池组再充电周期,可对氧化的金属空气带进行重复复原(即,再充电)。 Another advantage is that the battery pack during a discharge operation during the recharge cycle, the air oxidation of the metal strip repeated recovery (i.e., recharge).

在美国专利No. In US Patent No. 5,250.370中,申请人公开了一种用于对在现有技术的金属空气FCB系统中使用的氧化的金属燃料带进行再充电的改进的系统和方法。 5,250.370, the Applicant discloses a metal with oxidation of the fuel used in the metal-air FCB prior art system for recharging an improved system and method. 通过将一再充电头集成在金属空气FCB放电系统中,这种技术上的改进理论上能够更快地对金属燃料带进行再充电,以便在FCB放电操作中重复使用。 By repeated charging head is integrated in the metal-air FCB discharge system, to improve such technology can theoretically be faster metal recharged with fuel for reuse in the FCB discharging operation. 但是,实际上有许多预期应用,即,在放电和再充电模式操作期间,由于通常需要特定机构来通过该系统传送金属燃料带,因此可能不希望利用带形式的金属燃料。 However, there are actually many of the intended applications, i.e., during the discharge and recharge mode operation, since the transfer usually requires a specific mechanism by which the metal fuel system band, and therefore may not wish to use with the form of the metal fuel.

因此,本领域内非常需要一种能够克服现有技术中的局限的、用于对金属燃料放电和再充电的改进的方法和设备。 Accordingly, a need in the art is capable of overcoming the limitations of the prior art, the fuel for the metal discharge and recharge of the improved method and apparatus.

本发明公开因此,本发明的一个主要目的是提供一种能够避免现有技术中的缺点的、用于对金属空气燃料电池组(FCB)进行放电和再充电的改进的方法和设备。 The present invention discloses therefore a primary object of the present invention is to provide a can avoid the disadvantages of the prior art, for a metal-air fuel cell stack (the FCB) for discharging and recharging of the improved method and apparatus.

本发明的另一目的是提供一种用于对一组金属燃料卡或片放电的系统。 Another object of the present invention to provide a system for a set of metal fuel for the card or sheet discharging.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,从盘盒类盒式装置等提供金属燃料卡或片。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which the disk cartridge from the cartridge device and the like to provide a metal-based fuel card or sheet.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,将每个金属燃料卡或片自动地从盘盒装载到该系统的放电间。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein each fuel card or sheet metal is automatically loaded from the cartridge to the inter-discharge system.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种用于对已在放电操作模式期间氧化的金属燃料卡或片进行再充电的系统。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a method for the oxidized during a discharging mode of operation of the fuel card or sheet metal recharging system.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,将每个氧化的金属燃料卡或片手动地装载到系统的放电间,并且,在再充电(即,减小)结束之后,以半自动方式从该放电间排出该卡。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein each fuel card or oxidized metal sheet between the discharge manually loaded into the system, and, after recharge (i.e., reduced) ends, a semi-automatic way between the discharged from the card discharge.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,将每个氧化的金属燃料卡或片自动地装载到系统的放电间,并且,在再充电(即,减小)结束之后,自动地方式从该放电间排出该卡,而将另一个氧化的金属燃料卡自动装载到其中以进行再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein each fuel card or oxidized metal sheet is automatically loaded into the inter-discharge system, and, after recharge (i.e., reduced) ends automatically way between the discharged from the card discharge, and the other metal oxide to which the fuel automatically loaded card for recharging.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,将多个氧化的金属燃料卡或片自动地传送到该系统,以进行高速放电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which a plurality of fuel oxidized metal sheet or card automatically transferred to the system for high-rate discharge.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种改进的方法和设备,用于通过以能够在再充电周期优化地对金属空气燃料电池组再充电的方式,通过使该金属空气燃料电池组放电,以电化学方式在电负载上产生电功率。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such an improved method and apparatus for by the recharge cycle can be optimized to the fuel cell stack of metal-air recharging, by reaction of the metal-air fuel cell stack discharge to electrochemically generated electric power in the electrical load.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种金属空气FCB系统,其中,可将多个金属燃料卡装载到金属燃料卡放电间中,并且同时可在金属燃料卡放电子系统中放电,以便在连接到其上的电负载上产生和提供电功率。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal-air FCB system, wherein the plurality of metal fuel cards can be loaded into the card discharge between the metal fuel and simultaneously the electronic system can be placed in the metal fuel discharge the card in order to connect to generating and supplying electric power to the electrical load.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种金属空气FCB系统,其中,可将多个金属燃料卡装载到金属燃料卡再充电间中,并且同时再充电,以便将沿金属燃料卡的金属氧化物转换成其原金属燃料,以在放电操作中重复使用。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal-air FCB system, wherein a plurality of metal fuel cards may be loaded into the card recharging between metal fuel and simultaneously recharged to the metal oxide in the metal fuel card of its original metal is converted into fuel for reuse in the discharging operation.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种金属空气FCB系统,其中,金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统两者可同时操作,并受与合成的系统、如电功率管理系统相关的系统控制器的管理。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal-air FCB system, wherein the metal fuel discharge and recharge card can operate both subsystems, and by the synthesis system, electrical power management system associated with the system controller management.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样金属空气FCB系统,其被设计成使从盒式存储装置提供的一组金属燃料卡或片进行放电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal air FCB system, which is designed so that a set of cards or sheet metal fuel supplied from the cassette storage device to discharge.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,将每个(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从盒式存储装置传送到该系统的放电间。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which each (re) charge card or sheet of metal fuel is automatically transferred from the cassette to the storage device between the discharge of the system.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其被设计成用于存储多个(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片,以便从其自动地传送到系统的放电间,并且存储多个放电的金属燃料卡或片,以便从该放电间自动地传送回盒式存储装置。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system which is designed for storing a plurality of (re) charge the fuel card or sheet metal, so as to automatically transferred from between the discharge system, and stores a plurality of discharge the fuel card or sheet metal, so as to automatically transferred back from the discharge between the cassette storage means.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,每个氧化的金属燃料卡或片自动地从盒式存储装置传送到系统的再充电间,并且在再充电(即,还原)之后,再充电的金属燃料卡自动地传送回盒式存储装置,而将另一个氧化的金属燃料卡自动地从盒式存储装置传送到再充电间进行再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein each fuel card or oxidized metal sheet is automatically transferred from the cassette to the storage device between recharging system and recharge (i.e., reduction), the the rechargeable metal fuel card cassette is automatically transferred back to the storage device, and the other oxidized metal fuel card cassette is automatically transferred from the storage device to the recharging between recharging.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,将多个氧化的金属燃料卡或片自动地传送到系统,以便进行高功率放电操作。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which a plurality of fuel card or oxidized metal sheet is automatically transferred to the system for high power discharge operation.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种金属空气FCB系统,其中,可将多个金属燃料卡装载到系统的金属燃料卡放电间,同时在其中放电,以便给电负载提供电功率。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal-air FCB system, wherein the plurality of metal fuel cards can be loaded into the card between the metal fuel discharge system, wherein the discharge while, to provide electrical power to the electrical load.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,可将多个金属燃料卡装载到系统的再充电间,同时在其中再充电,以便将沿金属燃料卡的金属氧化物转换成其原金属燃料,以便在后续的放电操作中重复使用。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which a plurality of metal fuel can be loaded into the card between the recharging system, while recharge in which, in order to convert it into a metal oxide in the original metal fuel card metal fuel for reuse in a subsequent discharge operation.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,设置金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统两者,使之在与合成系统、如电功率管理系统相关的系统控制器的管理下同时操作。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system wherein a metal fuel discharged and recharged card both subsystems simultaneously operated so that under the management of the system controller associated with the synthesis system, electrical power management systems.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,它包括金属燃料放电子系统,其中,自动地检测、记录和处理放电参数,如阴极-阳极电压和电流值、放电阴极中氧分压、阴极-电解质表面的相对湿度,以便产生在实时控制放电参数时所使用的控制数据信号,从而可以以节约时间和节能有效的方式对金属燃料材料进行放电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal air fuel cell stack system comprising a metal fuel discharge electronic system, which automatically detect, record and discharge process parameters, such as the cathode - anode voltage and current values, the oxygen cathode discharge partial pressure of the cathode - the relative humidity of the electrolyte surface, so as to generate a control signal when the data real-time control parameters used by the discharge, so that the fuel can be discharged to the metallic material to save time and energy efficient manner.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,它包括金属燃料再充电子系统,其中,自动地检测、记录和处理再充电参数,如阴极-阳极电压和电流值、再充电阴极中氧分压、阴极-电解质表面的相对湿度,以便产生在实时控制再充电参数时所使用的控制数据信号,从而可以以节约时间和节能有效的方式对放电的金属燃料材料进行再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal air fuel cell stack system comprising a metal fuel recharging subsystem, wherein automatically detected, and the recording process re-charging parameters, such as the cathode - anode voltage and current, recharging partial pressure of oxygen in the cathode, the cathode - the relative humidity of the electrolyte surface, so as to generate a control signal when the data is real-time control parameters used for recharging, so that the fuel may be a metal material discharged recharged to save time and energy efficient manner.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,它包括受系统控制器管理的金属燃料放电子系统和金属燃料再充电子系统,其中,在放电操作模式期间,自动地检测、记录放电参数,如阴极-阳极电压和电流值、放电阴极中氧分压、阴极-电解质表面的相对湿度,并且自动地读取和处理,以便产生在再充电操作模式期间控制再充电参数时所使用的控制数据信号,从而可以以节约时间和节能有效的方式对放电的金属燃料材料进行再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal air fuel cell stack system comprising a metal fuel discharge managed by the system controller and the electronic system of the metal fuel recharging subsystem, wherein, during a discharging mode of operation, automatically detected, recording discharge parameters, such as the cathode - anode voltage and current values, the oxygen partial pressure in the discharge cathode, the cathode - the relative humidity of the electrolyte surface, and automatically reads and processes to produce during the recharging operation when the mode control parameter recharging control data signal used, thereby saving time and energy efficient manner metallic fuel material discharge recharging.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,在再充电操作模式期间,自动地检测(如传感)和记录再充电参数,如阴极-阳极电压和电流值、再充电阴极中氧分压、阴极-电解质表面的相对湿度,并且自动地读取和处理,以便产生在放电操作模式期间控制放电参数时所使用的控制数据信号,从而可以以节约时间和节能有效的方式对金属燃料材料进行再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system wherein, during a recharging operation mode, automatically detected (e.g. sensor) and a recording recharge parameters, such as the cathode - anode voltage and current, then charging an oxygen cathode partial pressure of the cathode - the relative humidity of the electrolyte surface, and automatically reads and processes, in order to generate control data signals during a discharging mode of operation when the discharge control parameters used, so as to save time and energy efficient manner the metal fuel recharging material.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,利用光或磁装置给金属燃料材料的每个区域或子区标记一数字代码,使之能够在放电操作模式期间记录与放电有关的数据,以便将来在执行包括快速、有效的再充电操作的各种管理操作时访问和使用。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which, using optical or magnetic tag means a numeric code to each region or sub-region of the metal fuel material so that they can record data relating to the discharge during a discharging mode of operation for future access and use when performing various management operations including rapid, efficient recharging operation.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,在再充电操作期间,从存储器读取所记录的负载状态信息,并用设定在系统的再充电头保持的电流和电压值。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system wherein, during a recharging operation, load status reading recorded information from the memory, and set the current and voltage values ​​with a recharging system to maintain the head.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统和方法,其中,在放电时记录放电状态,并用其来在再充电操作期间优化地对放电的金属燃料材料进行再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system and method, wherein the recording discharge in the discharge state, and to optimize the material for the metal fuel discharge re-charged during the recharging operation therewith.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,在放电期间,利用系统中设置的微型光阅读器,来对沿金属燃料材料的每个区域的条形码等图形标志进行光学检测。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system wherein, during discharge, the optical reader using a micro system provided to optically detect flag for each of the barcode pattern area along the metal fuel material.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,在再充电期间,利用系统中设置的微型光阅读器,来对沿放电的金属燃料材料的每个区域的条形码数据进行光学检测。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system wherein, during recharging, the optical reader using a micro system disposed to optically detect the barcode data of each region along the metal fuel material discharge.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,系统控制器将有关沿金属燃料材料的每个区域(即,片)的瞬间负载状态的信息记录在存储器中。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which the system controller on each of the metal regions in the fuel material (i.e., sheet) of the instantaneous load state of the information recorded in the memory.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,利用光或磁装置,给沿金属燃料卡道(track)长度的金属燃料的每个区域或子区标记一数字代码,使之能够在放电操作模式期间记录与放电有关的数据,以便将来在执行包括快速、有效的再充电操作的各种管理操作时访问和使用。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which, using optical or magnetic means, to the metal of the fuel along the card path (Track) each region or sub-region of the metal fuel is a numeric code mark length so that it is possible to during a discharging mode of operation record data relating to the discharge, for future access and use when performing various management operations including rapid, efficient recharging operation.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,系统控制器将有关沿金属燃料材料的每个区域(即,片)的瞬间负载状态的信息记录在存储器中。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which the system controller on each of the metal regions in the fuel material (i.e., sheet) of the instantaneous load state of the information recorded in the memory.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其具有放电头组件,每个放电头包括导电阴极机构、离子导电介质和阳极接触机构。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system which has a discharge head assemblies, each head comprising a conductive cathode discharge mechanism, and the ionically conductive medium in contact with the anode bodies.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其具有再充电头组件,每个放电头包括导电阴极机构、离子导电介质和阳极接触机构。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system having a rechargeable head assemblies, each head comprising a conductive cathode discharge mechanism, and the ionically conductive medium in contact with the anode bodies.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种结构紧凑的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,用于给具有电池组存储隔间的主机系统提供电功率。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a compact metal-air FCB power generation module for providing electrical power to the host system having a battery storage compartment.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种功率产生模块,包括结构紧凑的模块壳体,封装在该模块壳体中并且一金属燃料卡能够滑入其中以进行放电的放电头,其中,该模块壳体具有一对电端子,用于当将该模块壳体装载到主机系统的电池组存储隔间中时接触主机系统的功率端。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a power generating module, the module comprises a compact housing, the module is encapsulated in a metal housing and wherein the fuel for the card to slide into a discharge head discharges, wherein the module a housing having a pair of electrical terminals for contacting the host system when the power terminal when the module housing is loaded to the host system in the battery storage compartment.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种FCB功率产生模块,其中,主机系统可以是需要电功率来执行其操作的任何设备、电子装置、系统或仪器。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a power generating module FCB, wherein the host system may be required to perform any power device, the electronic device, system or instrument operation thereof.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种金属空气FCB功率产生模块,适于插入需要DC电功率来执行其操作的传统家电装置、电池供电的玩具、电子仪器、或任何其他电池供电的装置的电池组存储隔间。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a metal-air FCB power generating module, adapted for insertion into DC electric power required to perform its operation a conventional home appliance, the battery cell powered toys, electronic devices, or any other battery-powered devices storage compartment.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种FCB功率产生模块,它具有实际的任何传统电池电源的形状因数,(例如2个AA电池、4个AAAA电池、1个9伏电池、2个C电池等)。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a power generating module FCB, which has a shape factor of virtually any conventional battery power source, (e.g., two AA batteries, AAAA batteries 4, a 9-volt battery, two batteries C Wait).

本发明的又一目的是提供一种存储罩,用于在商店在销售期间显示存放的多个金属燃料卡(及可能的替换阴极盒),并用于在衬衣口袋、公文包、钱包或其他便携装置中,以便在以后当需要额外的金属燃料来从FCB功率产生模块连续产生电功率时使用。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a storage cover, a plurality of metal fuel card sales shop displayed during storage (and possibly replace the cathode box), and is used in a shirt pocket, briefcase, purse, or other portable apparatus, so that when the fuel required additional metal when the module is continuously used later to generate electric power generated from the power FCB.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种FCB功率产生模块,其中,在具有传统电池类型的形成系数的超小型模块壳体中的一对阴极结构之间设置双面金属燃料卡。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a power generating module FCB, wherein the double-sided metal fuel is provided between a pair of card cathode subminiature module housing structure having a form factor of a conventional type of battery.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种在多种系统和装置中使用的可再充电金属空气FCB功率产生模块。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a rechargeable metal-air power generation module FCB variety of systems and devices.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种FCB功率产生模块,其中,在模块壳体中配置多个阴极/阳极结构,该模块壳体具有铰接或可滑动地连接的盖子,以使空气能够通过该阴极结构。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a power generating module FCB, wherein a plurality of cathode / anode structure within the module housing, the module housing having a lid hinged or slidably connected, so that air can pass the cathode structure.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种FCB功率产生模块,其中,输出功率的电压可由用户通过位于该模块壳体外部的一开关来进行选择。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a power generating module FCB, wherein the voltage of the output power may be selected by the user is located in the outer housing of a switching module.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种改进的方法和系统,用于从金属空气FCB系统产生电功率,从而可满意地满足连接到其上的电负载的峰值功率要求,同时还克服现有技术的缺点和局限。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such an improved method and system for generating electrical power from the metal-air FCB system, which can meet satisfactorily connected to the electrical load on the peak power requirements, but also overcomes the prior art the drawbacks and limitations.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种基于金属空气FCB技术的电功率产生系统,它能够用作可安装在需要满足电负载(如动力装置、电动机、设备、机器、工具等)的峰值功率需求而与电功率产生系统中剩余的未消耗的金属燃料总量无关的实际的任何系统、装置和环境中的产生电能站。 A further object of the present invention is to provide an electric power generation system based on a metal-air FCB technology, which can be mounted as required to meet the electrical load (e.g. power unit, the motor, equipment, machines, tools, etc.) of the peak power demand virtually any system independent of the total amount of metal remaining in the fuel system and the electrical power generated unconsumed, and a means generating electric power station environment.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,金属空气FCB系统的网络被连接到输出电力母线结构,并受与基于网络的金属燃料管理(数据库)子系统相关的网络控制子系统的控制。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which the metal-air FCB network system are connected to output power bus structure, and by the associated metal-based fuel management network (database) Subsystem network control subsystem control.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,用于安装在运输工具等车辆上,并且给所用多个电动机供电,以在长距离内推动车辆而无需再充电。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system for mounting on the vehicle and other vehicles, and the plurality of motors to the power feeding, to propel the vehicle over long distances without recharging.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,通过使所选金属空气子系统给系统的输出电力母线结构供电,来控制由其产生的电功率输出。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which, by the selected subsystem to the metal-air power supply output to the system bus structure, to control the electric power output generated therefrom.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,对每个FCB子系统内的金属燃料进行管理,从而使每个这种FCB子系统具有基本上相同数量的可用于在任何时刻产生功率的金属燃料。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which each of the metal fuel in the FCB management subsystem, such that each such subsystem has substantially the same number of FCB may be used to generate power at any time metal fuel.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,根据金属燃料均衡原理来管理金属空气FCB子系统的网络中的金属燃料,从而,平均而言,在每个FCB子系统中,可用于在任何时刻放电的可用金属燃料量基本相同。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system wherein, in accordance with the principles of the metal fuel balancing to manage the network of the metal fuel in a metal-air FCB subsystem, so that, on average, in each subsystem FCB can be used for substantially the same amount of fuel at any time using metal discharge.

本发明的又一目的是提供一种电功率产生系统,它被用作可安装在需要满足电负载(如电动机、设备、机器、工具等)的峰值功率需求而与电功率产生系统中剩余的未消耗的金属燃料总量无关的实际的任何系统、装置和环境中的产生电能站。 A further object of the present invention is to provide an electric power generation system, which is used as required to meet the electrical load mounted (such as electric motors, devices, machines, tools, etc.) to generate peak power demand and electric power remaining in the system is not consumed any system independent of the actual metal the amount of fuel, electricity generating station apparatus and the environment.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,当诸如运输车辆的主机系统沿平地或下坡运动时,启动可称之为动力缸(power cylinder)的仅一个或几个金属空气FCB子系统使之运行,而当该主机系统试图超过另一车辆或沿上坡运动时,启动多个或全部动力缸使之运行。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system in which, when the host system, such as in the ground or downhill movement of the transport vehicle to start only one or a few can be called metal air FCB power cylinder (power cylinder) of subsystem make it run, and when the host system attempts to exceed or another vehicle moving along the uphill start more or all of the power cylinder it to run.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,对金属空气FCB子系统的网络中的金属燃料进行管理,从而在金属空气燃料单元子系统中产生有关任何金属空气FCB子系统内剩余的未消耗(或未有效消耗)金属燃料量的信息,并将其提供给基于网络的金属燃料管理数据库,该数据库被网络控制子系统用来将未消耗的金属燃料传送到这些子系统的放电头组件,同时,根据金属燃料均衡原理来管理金属燃料消耗。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein the metal of the metal air fuel FCB network subsystem is managed to produce any relevant residual metal-air FCB subsystem metal air fuel cell subsystem It is not consumed (or consumption valid) information amount of the metal fuel, and the fuel is supplied to the metal-based network management database, the database used by the network control subsystem metal unconsumed fuel delivered to these subsystems discharge head assembly, while, according to the principle of equalization of the metal fuel is managed metal fuel consumption.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,可始终满足主机系统的峰值功率需求,而不管在金属空气FCB子系统网络内剩余的金属燃料总量如何。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system which can always meet peak power demands of the host system, and regardless of how the total amount of air remaining in the metal of the metal fuel FCB Subsystem network.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,该系统可利用在金属燃料FCB子系统的网络内所包含的所有金属燃料,来产生其数量足以满足主机系统峰值功率需求的电功率。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein the system can utilize all the metal of the metal fuel within the fuel FCB network subsystem included to generate electrical power in an amount sufficient to meet the peak power demand of the host system.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,每个金属空气FCB子系统内所包含的金属燃料以一组金属燃料卡的形式实现,该组金属燃料卡可经其放电头组件来传送。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein each metal of the metal fuel air contained within the FCB subsystem implemented in the form of a set of metal fuel card, the card can be set via the metal fuel discharge head assembly transfer.

本发明的又一目的是提供这样一种系统,其中,要放电的金属燃料卡包括多个金属燃料道,在从金属空气FCB子系统产生不同的输出电压时使用。 A further object of the present invention is to provide such a system, wherein the metal fuel comprises a plurality of cards to be discharged metal fuel, use when FCB subsystem generates an output voltage different from the metal air.

本发明的这些和其他目的将在后面变得清楚。 These and other objects of the present invention will become apparent later.

附图简述为了更完整地理解本发明的各个目的,应参照附图来阅读对本发明的示意性实施例的如下详细描述,附图中:图1是表示本发明金属空气FCB系统的第一示意性实施例的示意图,其中,将第一多个再充电的金属燃料卡(或片)半手动地装载到其金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间,而将第二多个多个放电的金属燃料卡(或片)半手动地装载到其金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间;图2A1是图1的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,金属燃料卡表示为要插入金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间中,而不插入金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间中;图2A2是图1的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,图1的金属燃料卡表示为装载到入金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间中;图2A3是图2A1和2A2的金属燃料卡放电子系统的一般性示意图,其中更详细示出其子部件,其所 BRIEF DESCRIPTION For a more complete understanding of the various objects of the invention, to be read in the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, reference should be made to the accompanying drawings, in the drawings: FIG 1 shows a first metal-air system of the present invention FCB a schematic diagram of illustrative embodiments, wherein the first plurality of metal fuel recharging cards (or sheet) which is semi-manually loaded into the metal fuel discharge between discharge electronic card system, and a second plurality of the plurality of discharge metal fuel cards (or sheet) which is semi-manually loaded into the metal fuel card recharging rechargeable between subsystems; FIG. 2A1 is a schematic view of the metal-air FCB general system of Figure 1, wherein the metal fuel card represented as a metallic insert the fuel discharge between the discharge electronic card system, without being inserted between the metal fuel recharging rechargeable card subsystem; FIG. 2A2 is a schematic view of the metal-air FCB general system of Figure 1, wherein the metal fuel card in FIG. 1 represents It is loaded into the discharge between the metal fuel discharge electronic card system; FIG. 2A3 and 2A1 is a general schematic view of 2A2 metal fuel discharge electronic card system, shown in more detail in which the sub-components thereof, it 金属燃料卡从其放电头组件抽出;图2A4是图2A1和2A2的金属燃料卡放电子系统的示意图,其中更详细示出其子部件,其金属燃料卡插入其每个放电头的阴极和阳极接触结构之间;图2A5是表示当使用图2A3至2A4中所示的金属燃料卡放电子系统时在金属燃料卡的放电期间(即由其产生电功率)所涉及的基本步骤的高级流程图;图2A6是图2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统的每个放电头中利用的阴极支承结构的透视图,并且包括5个平行的通道,在其中在其组装状态中牢固地支承导电阴极条和离子导电的注入电解质的条;图2A7是安装在图2A6所示的阴极支承结构的支承通道中的阴极和注入记电解质的状态以及氧分压(pO2)传感器的分解透视图;图2A8是本发明第一示例性实施例的阴极结构的透视图,表现为其完全组装状态,并且适用于图2A3和2A4中所示的放电头;图2A9是 Metal fuel withdrawn from the card discharge head assembly; FIG. 2A1 and 2A4 is a diagram showing a schematic view of the metal fuel 2A2 electronic card discharge system, wherein the sub-components thereof shown in more detail, the metal fuel card into each cathode and anode of a discharge head between the contact structure; FIG. 2A5 is a diagram showing a metal fuel when the card shown in FIG 2A3 to 2A4 are placed in the electronic system during the discharge of the metal fuel card high level flow chart of the basic steps involved (i.e., by generating electric power); FIG. 2A6 is a perspective view of the cathode support structure of each of the metal fuel discharge head shown in FIG electronic system card discharge 2A3 and 2A4 in use, and includes parallel channels 5, wherein the conductive fixedly supported in its assembled state bars and cathodic ion-conducting electrolyte is injected; Figure 2A7 is an exploded perspective view of a cathode and an electrolyte injection state of mind and the partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) sensor is mounted on the support structure of the support channel of the cathode shown in FIG 2A6; FIG. 2A8 is a perspective view of the cathode structure of a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, showing its fully assembled state, and adapted to discharge head shown in FIG. 2A3 and 2A4; 2A9 is FIG. 图1、2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统中使用的未氧化的金属燃料卡一部分的透视图,表示:(ⅰ)其平行的金属燃料条可定位在图2A8中部分示出的放电头的阴极结构中的阴极条中,和(ⅱ)图形编码的数据道(track)包含标识金属燃料卡的代码符号,并且在放电操作期间,实施(ⅰ)从数据存储器读取(或访问)再充电参数和/或金属燃料指示数据,它们与在先前的再充电和/或放电操作期间预先记录的金属燃料标识数据相关,和(ⅱ)在数据存储器中记录检测到的放电参数和计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,它们与在放电操作期间读取的金属燃料区标识数据相关;图2A9'是在图1、2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统中使用的未氧化的金属燃料卡一部分的透视图,表示:(ⅰ)其平行的金属燃料条可空间定位在图2A8中部分示出的放电头的阴极结构中的阴极条中,和( FIG 1,2A3 metal fuel card and 2A4 shown in perspective view of part of the discharge unoxidized metal fuel electronic card used in the system, represents: (i) which is parallel to the metal in the fuel rod may be positioned partially shown in FIG. 2A8 of discharge cathode structure in the cathode head bar, and (ii) pattern encoded data track (track) comprises code symbols metal fuel identification card, and during the discharging operation, embodiments (i) to read (or access data from memory discharge parameters and calculated) recharging parameters and / or the metal fuel instruction data, they are associated with the metal fuel identification data during the previous recharging and / or discharging operation of pre-recorded, and (ii) in the data recorded in the memory detected a metal oxide instruction data, they are associated with the metal fuel zone identification data read during a discharge operation; FIG. 2A9 'is put unoxidized electronic system used in the figures and the metal fuel 1,2A3 card shown in 2A4 perspective view of part of the metal fuel card, represents: (i) parallel metal fuel rod may be positioned in the space portion 2A8 FIG cathode structure shown in the discharge cathode head bar, and ( ⅱ)磁编码的数据道包含标识金属燃料卡的数字代码符号,并且在放电操作期间,实施(ⅰ)从数据存储器读取(或访问)预先记录的再充电参数和/或金属燃料指示数据,它们与在放电操作期间由该子系统读取的金属燃料标识数据相关,和(ⅱ)在数据存储器中记录读取检测到的放电参数,该参数与在放电操作期间读取的金属燃料区标识数据相关;图2A9''是在图1、2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统中使用的未氧化的金属燃料卡一部分的透视图,表示:(ⅰ)平行的金属燃料条可空间定位在图2A8中部分示出的放电头的阴极结构中的阴极条中,和(ⅱ)光学编码的数据道包含标识金属燃料卡的透光孔口型代码符号,并且在放电操作期间,实施(ⅰ)从数据存储器读取(或访问)再充电参数和/或金属燃料指示数据,它们与在先前的再充电和/或放电操作期间预先记录的 Ii) magnetically encoded data track comprising a metal fuel card identification number code symbols, and during the discharging operation, the embodiment (i) read from the data memory (or access) to recharge parameters and / or the metal fuel prerecorded instruction data, they are associated with the metal fuel during the discharging operation of the identification data read by the subsystems, and (ii) in the data recorded in the memory is read to detect the discharge parameters, the parameter of the metal fuel during the discharging operation of the reading region identification data associated; FIG. 2A9 '' is shown in FIG. 2A4 and 1,2A3 metal fuel discharge card perspective view of part of the unoxidized metal fuel electronic card used in the system, represents: (i) parallel metal fuel rod spaces may be positioning the cathode structure shown in the first discharge cathode strip portion 2A8 in FIG, and (ii) a light-transmitting optically encoded data track comprising the code symbols orifice type metal fuel identification card, and during the discharging operation, embodiments (i) read from the data memory (or access) to recharge parameters and / or data indicative of the metal fuel, which previously during recharging and / or discharging operation in the pre-recorded 属燃料标识数据相关,和(ⅱ)在数据存储器中记录检测到的放电参数和计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,它们与在放电操作期间读取的金属燃料区标识数据相关;图2A10是在图2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电头的透视图,其中,在其放电模式期间,金属燃料卡传送通过图2A10中所示的透气的阴极结构,并且,5个阴极接触部件建立与传送的金属燃料卡的金属燃料条的电接触;图2A11是沿图2A8中的剖面线2A11-A11所取的其金属燃料卡放电子系统中放电头的剖面图,表示图2A9的金属燃料卡电接触的阴极结构;图2A12是沿其剖面线5A12-5A12所取的图2A9中所示金属燃料卡的剖面图;图2A13是沿其剖面线2A13-2A13所取的图2A10中所示放电头的阴极结构的剖面图;图2A14是沿其剖面线2A14-2A14所取的图2A10中所示放电头的阴极结构的剖面图;图2A15是图1的金属燃料卡放电 The fuel identification data belongs to, discharge parameters and (ii) in the data memory and the test recording of the calculated data indicating a metal oxide, they are associated with the metal fuel during discharge region identification data read operation; FIG 2A10 is FIG. 2A3 and 2A4 metal fuel card shown in a perspective view of the discharge head discharging an electronic system, wherein, during the discharge mode, the metal fuel card conveyed through the gas-permeable cathode structure shown in FIG. 2A10, and, a cathode 5 a contact member to establish electrical contact with the metal fuel cards metal fuel rod transmitted; FIG 2A11 is a cross-sectional line along 2A8 2A11-A11 are taken which metal fuel card discharge cross-sectional view of the electronic system of the discharge head represented in FIG. 2A9 metal cathode structure of a fuel card electrical contacts; 2A12 FIG. 2A9 is a sectional view of the metal fuel card shown in cross section along the line 5A12-5A12 taken; Figure 2A13 is cross-sectional view along the line taken 2A13-2A13 FIG 2A10 sectional view of the cathode structure shown in the discharge head; FIG 2A14 is a sectional view of the cathode structure of the discharge head shown in cross section along the line 2A14-2A14 2A10 taken; Figure 2A15 metal fuel is discharged card 1 of FIG. 系统中保持的信息结构的示意图,包括:在放电模式操作期间用来记录放电参数和标识的(即寻址的)金属燃料卡中每个金属燃料道的金属氧化物和金属燃料指示数据的一组信息字段;图2B1是图1的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,金属燃料卡表示为要插入其金属燃料卡再充电系统的再充电间中;图2B2是图1的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,图1的金属燃料卡表示为装载到入金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间中; A schematic configuration of a system to maintain information, comprising: during a discharging mode of operation for recording discharge parameters and identification (i.e., addressed) metal oxides and metal fuels fuel card instruction data for each channel a metal fuel group information field; FIG. 2B1 is a schematic view of the metal-air FCB general system of Figure 1, wherein the metal fuel is to be inserted between the card which represents the metal fuel card recharging recharging system; and FIG. 2B2 FIG. 1 is a metal-air FCB general schematic of the system, wherein the metal fuel card of FIG. 1 represented as the fuel loaded into the metal to recharge card between the recharging subsystem;

图2B3是图2B1和2B2的金属燃料卡再充电子系统的一般性示意图,其中更详细示出其子部件,其所有金属燃料卡从其再充电头组件抽出;图2B4是图2B3中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统的示意图,其中金属燃料卡表示为插入再充电头的阴极和阳极接触结构之间;图2B5是表示当使用图2B3至2B4中所示的金属燃料卡再充电子系统时在氧化的金属燃料卡的再充电期间所涉及的基本步骤的高级流程图;图2B6是图2B3和2B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统的每个再充电头中利用的阴极支承结构的透视图,表示牢固地支承包括导电阴极条和离子导电的注入电解质的条中的5个平行的通道;图2B7是安装在图2B8所示的阴极支承结构的支承通道中的阴极和注入电解质的条以及氧分压(pO2)传感器的分解剖面透视图;图2B8是本发明第一示例性实施例的阴极结构和与其相关的抽氧腔的透视图 FIG. 2B3 and 2B1 is a general schematic view of the metal fuel 2B2 card recharging subsystem, wherein subcomponents thereof shown in more detail, all of the metal fuel cards drawn from the rechargeable head assembly; FIG. 2B4 2B3 is shown in FIG. metal fuel subsystem schematic recharging card, wherein the metal to be inserted between the fuel card represented rechargeable cathode and an anode in contact with the head structure; FIG. 2B5 is a diagram when FIG metal fuel 2B3 to 2B4 card shown in recharging subsystem when the high level flow chart of the basic steps involved during recharging of the metal oxide fuel card; FIG. 2B6 is a cathode support structure shown in FIGS 2B3 and 2B4 of the metal fuel card recharging rechargeable subsystems each use head a perspective view showing the support comprises a strip fixedly conductive cathode and the ionically conductive strips of the injection of the electrolyte in the parallel channels 5; FIG. 2B7 is mounted on the support structure of the support channel of the cathode shown in FIG. 2B8 cathode and an electrolyte injection under an oxygen partial pressure and a sectional exploded perspective view (pO2) sensor; 2B8 FIG cathode structure is a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention and a perspective view of an oxygen pumping chamber associated with the 表现为其完全组装状态,并且适用于图2B3和2B4中所示的再充电头;图2B9是在图1、2B3和2B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统中使用的氧化的金属燃料卡一部分的透视图,表示:(ⅰ)其平行的金属燃料条可利用在图2B8中部分示出的再充电头的阴极结构中的阴极条空间定位,和(ⅱ)图形编码的数据道包含标识沿它的金属燃料卡区的代码符号,并且在再充电操作期间,实施(ⅰ)从数据存储器读取(或访问)放电参数和/或金属氧化物指示数据,它们与在先前的放电和/或再充电操作期间预先记录的金属燃料标识数据相关,和(ⅱ)在数据存储器中记录检测到的再充电参数和计算出的金属燃料指示数据,它们与在再充电操作期间读取的金属燃料区标识数据相关;图2B9'是在图1、2B3和2B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统中使用的氧化的金属燃料卡一部分的透视图,表示:( Its performance fully assembled state, and adapted in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4 recharging head; in FIG. 2B9 and 2B4 as shown in FIG 1,2B3 metal fuel subsystem rechargeable card used in the card oxidized metal fuel a perspective view of a portion showing: (i) parallel metal fuel rod may be utilized cathode strip space rechargeable head cathode structure shown positioned partially FIGS 2B8, and (ii) pattern encoded data track contains identification code symbols along its metal fuel card area, and during the recharging operation, embodiments (i) to read (or access) discharge parameters and / or metal oxide instruction data from the data memory, in which the previous discharge and / metal fuel identification data prerecorded or during the recharging operation associated, and (ii) in the data recorded in the memory of the detected recharge parameters and calculated data indicative of the metal fuel, which fuel in the metal during the recharging operation of reading area identification data; FIG. 2B9 'is a rechargeable oxidation subsystem used in the metal fuel and FIG 1,2B3 card shown in a perspective view of a portion 2B4 of the metal fuel card, showing :( ⅰ)其平行的金属燃料条可利用在图2B8中部分示出的放电头的阴极结构中的阴极条空间定位,和(ⅱ)磁编码的数据道包含标识沿它的每个金属燃料区的数字数据,并且在放电操作期间,实施(ⅰ)从数据存储器读取(或访问)放电参数和/或金属氧化物指示数据,它们与在先前的放电操作和/或再充电操作期间预先记录的金属燃料标识数据相关,和(ⅱ)在数据存储器中记录读取检测到的放电参数和计算出的金属燃料指示数据,它们与在再充电操作期间读取的金属燃料区标识数据相关;图2B9''是在图1、2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统中使用的氧化的金属燃料卡一部分的透视图,表示:(ⅰ)平行的金属燃料条可利用在图2A8中部分示出的放电头的阴极结构中的阴极条空间定位,和(ⅱ)光学编码的数据道包含标识每个金属燃料卡的透光孔口型代码符号,并且在 I) fuel rod parallel metal cathode strip may utilize the cathode structure space discharge head shown in FIG positioned in part 2B8, and (ii) track comprising magnetically encoded identification data along each of its metal fuel zone during digital data, and in the discharge operation, embodiments (i) to read (or access) discharge parameters and / or metal oxide instruction data from the data memory, the previous discharge operation thereof and / or during the recharging operation is recorded in advance metal fuel identification data, and (ii) recording and reproducing the detected discharge parameters and calculated data indicative of the metal fuel in a data memory, are associated with the metal fuel zone during recharging identification data read operation; FIG. 2B9 '' is shown in FIG. 2A4 and 1,2A3 metal oxide fuel rechargeable card subsystem used perspective view of part of the metal fuel card, represents: (i) parallel to the metal may be utilized in fuel rod portion 2A8 FIG. spatial cathode strip cathode structure shown in the discharge head positioning, and (ii) optically encoded data comprising a light transmitting aperture channel code symbols to identify each type of metal fuel card, and 放电操作期间,实施(ⅰ)从数据存储器读取(或访问)放电参数和/或金属氧化物指示数据,它们与在先前的放电和/或再充电操作期间预先记录的金属燃料标识数据相关,和(ⅱ)在数据存储器中记录检测到的再充电参数和计算出的金属燃料指示数据,它们与在再充电操作期间读取的金属燃料区标识数据相关;图2B10是在图2B3和2B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的再充电头的透视图,其中,在其再充电模式期间,金属燃料卡传送通过图2B10中所示的透气的阴极结构,并且,5个阳极接触部件建立与传送的金属燃料卡的金属燃料条的电接触;图2B11是沿图2B8中剖面线的2B11-2B11所取的其金属燃料卡再充电子系统中每个再充电头的剖面图,表示与图2B9的金属燃料卡电接触的阴极结构;图2B12是沿其剖面线2B12-2B12所取的图2B9中所示金属燃料卡的剖面图;图2B13是沿其 During the discharge operation, embodiments (i) to read (or access) discharge parameters and / or metal oxide instruction data from the data memory, they and / or the metal fuel identification data prerecorded during previous recharging operation associated with the discharge, data indicative of the metal fuel and (ii) in the data recorded in the memory of the detected recharge parameters and calculated, they are associated with the metal fuel zone during recharging identification data read operation; FIG 2B10 is in FIG. 2B4 and 2B3 the rechargeable metal fuel card shown a perspective view of a rechargeable head subsystem, wherein, during its recharge mode, the metal fuel card conveyed through the gas permeable cathode structure of FIG 2B10 shown, and the anode contact member 5 establishing electrical contact with the metal of the metal fuel card fuel rod transmitted; FIG 2B11 is a sectional view taken along section line taken 2B8 2B11-2B11 which the metal fuel rechargeable card recharging subsystem for each head, showing metal cathode structure in contact with the fuel card electrical FIG. 2B9; Figure 2B9 2B12 is a sectional view of the metal fuel card shown in cross section along the line 2B12-2B12 taken; Figure 2B13 along its 面线2B13-2B13所取的图2B10中所示再充电头的阴极结构的剖面图;图2B14是沿其剖面线2B14-2B14所取的图2B10中所示再充电头的阴极结构的剖面图;图2B15是图1的金属燃料卡再充电子系统中保持的信息结构的示意图,包括:在再充电模式操作期间用来记录再充电参数和标识的(即寻址的)金属燃料卡中每个金属燃料道的金属氧化物和金属燃料指示数据的一组信息字段;图2B16是图1的FCB系统的示意图,表示在再充电模式期间能够进行下述操作的多个子系统:(a)(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(a)(ⅱ)在存储器中记录所检测到的再充电参数和所提取出的计算出的金属燃料标识数据,和(a)(ⅲ)从存储器读取(访问)在先前的放电和/或再充电期间记录的放电参数和计算出的金属氧化物和金属燃料标识数据,其中在该先前的放电和/或再充电期间,已处 Sectional view of the upper thread 2B13-2B13 head rechargeable cathode structure shown in FIG taken 2B10; FIG 2B14 is a sectional view of the head of a rechargeable cathode structure shown in cross section along line of FIG 2B10 taken 2B14-2B14 ; FIG 2B15 is a schematic diagram of the configuration information held in FIG subsystem metal fuel recharging card 1, comprising: means for recording operating mode during recharging rechargeable parameters and identification (i.e., address) of each of the metal fuel card metal fuel channel metal oxides and metal fuels data indicating a set of information field; 2B16 FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the system of FIG FCB, showing a plurality of subsystems capable of operation during the following recharging mode: (a) ( i) read from the card the metal fuel loaded metal fuel card identification data, (a) (ii) mentioned rechargeable metal fuel and extracted parameters calculated identification data recorded in the memory detected, and (a ) (iii) read (access) from the memory during a previous discharge and / or recharging of discharge parameters during recording and the calculated metal oxides and metal fuels identification data, wherein the previous discharge and / or recharging It has been at 理了标识的金属燃料卡,以及,在放电模式操作期间,(b)(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(b)(ⅱ)在存储器中记录检测到的放电参数和所计算出的金属氧化物标识数据,和(b)(ⅲ)从存储器读取(访问)在先前的放电和/或再充电操作期间记录的再充电参数和计算出的金属氧化物和金属燃料标识数据,在该先前的放电和/或再充电期间,已处理了标识的金属燃料卡;图3是本发明金属空气FCB系统的第二示例性实施例的透视图,其中,第一多个再充电的金属燃料卡自动地从其再充电金属燃料卡存储箱传送到其金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间,而将第二多个氧化的金属燃料卡自动地从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱传送到其金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间以及在产生电功率期间使用;图4A1是图3的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,再充电 Li metal fuel identification card, and, during the discharge mode operation, (B) (i) reads the card identification data from the metal fuel card loaded metal fuel, (B) (ii) the test recording in a memory the calculated discharge parameters and identification data of a metal oxide, and (B) (iii) read (access) from the memory in the previous discharge and / or recharging during the recording operation and the calculated parameters recharging metal oxides metal fuel and identification data, and during the previous discharge / or recharging, the metal fuel has been processed identification card; FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a second exemplary embodiment of the metal-air FCB system of the present invention, wherein the first a plurality of metal fuel recharge card automatically recharged from the metal fuel storage tank is transferred to the card which the metal fuel discharge between the discharge card electronic system, while the second plurality of card automated oxidized metal from the fuel discharge metal the fuel storage tank is transferred to the card which the metal fuel between recharging a rechargeable card subsystem and generate electric power during use; FIG. 4A1 is a general schematic view of a metal air FCB system 3, wherein the recharging 的金属燃料卡表示为自动地从再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱中的再充电的该叠金属燃料卡底部传送到金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间中;图4A2是图3的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,放电的金属燃料卡被表示为自动地从金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间传送到放电的金属燃料卡存储箱中放电的该叠金属燃料卡顶部;图4A3是图4A1和4A2的金属燃料卡放电子系统的一般性示意图,其中更详细示出其子部件,将多个再充电的金属燃料卡配置为准备插入其放电头的阴极和阳极接触结构之间;图4A4是图4A3的金属燃料卡放电子系统的示意图,其中多个再充电的金属燃料卡插入其放电头的阴极和阳极接触结构之间;图4A51和4A52一同表示当使用图4A3至4A4中所示的金属燃料卡放电子系统在金属燃料卡的放电期间(即,由此产生电功率)所涉及的基本步骤的高级流程图; Metal fuel card of delivery to the metal fuel card discharge between the discharge of the electronic system for the bottom automatically from the rechargeable metal fuel card storage tank recharging the stack of metal fuel card; FIG. 4A2 is a diagram of a metal-air FCB 3 in general schematic of the system, wherein the discharge is expressed as the metal fuel card automatically discharge between the discharge electrons from the metal fuel system is transferred to the top of the stack of cards metal fuel storage tank card cards metal fuel discharge in the discharge; FIG. 4A3 is 4A1 and 4A2 general schematic view of the metal fuel discharge electronic card system, shown in more detail in which the sub-components thereof, a plurality of metal fuel recharge card is configured to be inserted between the discharge cathode and an anode in contact with the head structure; FIG. 4A4 4A3 is a schematic view of the metal fuel discharge electronic card system, wherein the plurality of rechargeable card is inserted between the metal fuel discharge head of the cathode and anode contact structure; FIGS 4A51 and 4A52 when used together represent in FIGS. 4A3 to 4A4 metal fuel discharge electronics card shown during discharge of the metal fuel card high level flow chart of the basic steps involved (i.e., thereby generating electric power); 4A6是图4A3和4A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统的每个放电头中利用的阴极支承结构的透视图,并且设置4阳极部件接受凹槽,用于在其中接受阴极结构和注入电解质的垫;图4A7是适用于图4A6所示的阴极支承结构的氧气注入腔的示意图;图4A8A是可插入图4A6所示阴极支承板的阴极接受凹槽下部中的阴极结构的示意图;图4A8B是用于插入在图4A6所示阴极支承板的阴极接受凹槽上部中的阴极结构上的电解质注入垫的示意图; 4A3 and 4A6 is a diagram showing a metal fuel card shown in perspective view in FIG 4A4 discharge cathode support structure of each of the discharge head utilizing an electronic system, and an anode member receiving recess 4 provided for receiving therein the cathode structure and an electrolyte injection pads; FIG. 4A7 is a schematic view of a cathode suitable for injection of oxygen into the cavity of the support structure shown in FIG. 4A6; Figure 4A8A cathode support is insertable into a cathode plate cathode structure shown in FIG. 4A6 a schematic view of the lower receiving groove; FIG 4A8B is the support plate for insertion in the cathode shown in FIG. 4A6 is a schematic view of a cathode electrolyte on the cathode structure of the upper recess to accept the injection pad;

图4A9是被设计成在图3所示金属燃料卡放电子系统中放电的未氧化的金属燃料卡的透视图,它包括4个空间隔离的凹槽,其每个支承一金属燃料条,并且当装载在放电头中时,通过在该凹槽底面形成的孔口与阳极接触电极电接触;图4A10是沿图4A9中的剖面线4A10-4A11所取的图4A9的金属燃料支承结构的剖面图;图4A11是在由图3的金属燃料卡放电子系统执行的放电操作期间支承多个电极的电极支承板的透视图,这些电极被设计成建立与图4A9的金属燃料支承板内支承的阴极金属燃料条的电接触;图4A12是图3的金属燃料卡放电子系统中放电头的分解透视图,表示处于被分解并定位的关系的其阴极支承结构、氧气注入腔、金属燃料支承结构和阳极电极接触板;图4A13是图3的金属燃料卡放电子系统中保持的信息结构的示意图,包括在放电操作期间用来记录放电参数和标 FIG. 4A9 is a perspective view of the metal fuel designed card in the card discharge metal fuel electronic system shown in FIG. 3 unoxidized discharge, which includes four spatially separated grooves, each of which supports a metal fuel rod, and when loaded the discharge head, the orifice formed by the groove bottom surface in contact with the anode contact electrode; FIG 4A10 is a cross-sectional view of the metal fuel support structure along section line taken 4A9 4A10-4A11 of FIG 4A9 FIG; supporting the plurality of electrodes during discharge is in the discharge operation of FIG 4A11 electronic system from FIG metal fuel card 3 performs a perspective view of an electrode support plate, these electrodes are designed to establish the support with the metal plate supporting the fuel 4A9 of FIG. electrically cathode metal fuel rod contacting; FIG 4A12 is a view of the metal fuel card 3 put an exploded perspective view of an electronic system discharge head represented in its cathode support structure are decomposed and positioned relationship, oxygen is injected into the cavity, the metal fuel support structure and an anode electrode contact plate; FIG 4A13 is a schematic view of FIG configuration of an electronic information system in the fuel card 3 held in the metal discharge, including discharge parameters for recording mark during the discharging operation and 的(即寻址的)金属燃料卡中每个金属燃料区域的金属氧化物和金属燃料指示数据的一组信息字段;图4B1是图3的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,多个氧化的金属燃料卡表示为自动地从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱中的放电的该叠金属燃料卡底部传送到金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间中;图4B2是图3的金属空气FCB系统的一般性示意图,其中,再充电的金属燃料卡被表示为自动地从金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间传送到再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱中再充电的该叠金属燃料卡顶部;图4B3是图4B1和4B2的金属燃料卡再充电子系统的一般性示意图,其中更详细示出其子部件,将多个放电的金属燃料卡准备插入其再充电头的阴极和阳极接触结构之间;图4B4是图4B3中所示的金属燃料卡再充电子系统的示意图,其中多个放电的金属燃料卡插入其再充电头的 (I.e., address) of a group of information fields of the metal fuel and metal oxide of the metal fuel card instruction data in each region of the metal fuel; FIG. 4B1 is a metal-air FCB system of FIG. 3 is a general schematic diagram, in which a plurality of It expressed oxidized metal fuel card to automatically transferred from between the bottom of the metal to the fuel subsystem card recharging a rechargeable card of the stack of metal fuel card discharging the metal fuel storage tank in the discharge; 4B2 FIG. 3 is a diagram of a metal-air FCB general schematic of the system, wherein the metal fuel recharging card is automatically expressed as the metal from the fuel between recharging the rechargeable card is transmitted to the sub-fuel bundle metal rechargeable metal fuel storage tank card recharging card top; Figure 4B3 is a general schematic view of a metal subsystems rechargeable card 4B1 and 4B2 of the fuel, which illustrates in more detail sub-components thereof, the metal fuel card to be inserted into a plurality of discharge head which rechargeable cathode and an anode between the contact structure; FIG. 4B4 is a metal fuel card in a schematic diagram shown in FIG. 4B3 recharging subsystem, wherein the metal fuel card is inserted into a plurality of discharge heads recharged 极和阳极接触结构之间;图4B51和4B52一同表示当使用图4B3至4B4中所示的金属燃料卡再充电子系统时在金属燃料卡的再充电期间(即,将金属氧化物转换为其原金属)所涉及的基本步骤的高级流程图;图4B6是图4B3和4B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统的每个再充电头中利用的阴极支承结构的透视图,其中设置4阳极部件接受凹槽,用于在其中接受阴极结构和注入电解质的垫;图4B7是可插入图4B6所示阴极支承板的阴极接受凹槽下部中的阴极结构的示意图;图4B8A是可插入图4B6所示阴极支承板的阴极接受凹槽下部中的阴极结构的示意图;图4B8B是适用于图4B6所示阴极支承板的抽氧腔的示意图;图4B9是被设计成在图3所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统中部分未氧化的金属燃料卡的透视图,它包括4个空间隔离的凹槽,其每个支承一金属燃料条,并且当装载在再充电头中时 Between the anode electrode and the contact structure; FIGS 4B51 and 4B52 together represent metal fuel when using the card shown in FIG. 4B3 to 4B4 in the recharging subsystem metal fuel during recharging card (i.e., the metal oxide is converted to its original metal) high-level flowchart of the basic steps involved; FIG. 4B3 and 4B6 is a view of the metal fuel card recharging subsystem shown 4B4 each a perspective view of a rechargeable cathode support structure utilized in the head, in which the anode 4 member receiving recess for receiving therein a cathode and an electrolyte is injected mat structure; FIG. 4B7 is inserted into the cathode of the cathode support plate cathode structure shown in FIG. 4B6 a schematic view of the lower receiving groove; FIG 4B8A is insertable FIG 4B6 FIG cathode cathode support plate receiving a lower portion of a schematic configuration of the cathode recess; FIG 4B8B is applied to the cathode support plate shown in FIG. 4B6 a schematic view of an oxygen pumping chamber; FIG. 4B9 is designed to FIG. 3 of the metal fuel recharge card perspective view of a portion of the metal fuel card unoxidized subsystem, which includes four spatially separated grooves, which each support a fuel rod of metal, and when the loading head recharging 通过在该凹槽底面形成的孔口与阳极接触电极电接触;图4B10是沿图4B9中的剖面线7B10-7B10所取的图4B9的金属燃料支承结构的剖面图;图4B11是在由图3的金属燃料卡再充电子系统执行的再充电操作期间支承多个电极的金属燃料支承板的透视图,这些电极被设计成建立与图4B10的金属燃料支承板内支承的阴极金属燃料条的电接触,图4B12是图3的金属燃料卡再充电子系统中再充电头的分解透视图,表示处于被分解并定位的关系的其阴极支承结构、金属燃料支承结构和阳极电极接触板;图4B13是图3的金属燃料卡再充电子系统中保持的信息结构的示意图,包括在再充电操作期间用来记录再充电参数和标识的(即寻址的)金属燃料卡中每个金属燃料道内的金属氧化物和金属燃料指示数据的一组信息字段;图4B14是图3的FCB系统的示意图,表示在再充电模式期间能够进行下 Through the orifice formed in the groove bottom surface in contact with the anode contact electrode; FIG 4B10 is a cross-sectional view of the metal support structure of the fuel section line taken along 4B9 7B10-7B10 FIG 4B9; Figure 4B11 is in FIG. metal fuel subsystem card 3 a perspective view of a rechargeable metal support plate supporting a plurality of fuel electrodes during recharging operations performed, these electrodes are designed to establish the cathode metal supported fuel rod and the fuel within the metal support plate of FIG 4B10 electrical contacts, 4B12 FIG. 3 is a view of the metal fuel card recharging subsystem exploded perspective view of a rechargeable head, showing in exploded relation and to be positioned in a cathode support structure, the support structure of the metal fuel and the anode electrode contact plate; FIG. 4B13 is a diagram of the metal fuel card 3 further schematic configuration of the information held in the charging subsystem, including a fuel passage within each of the metal (i.e., addressed) metal fuel card during recharging operation to recharge the recording parameters and identification of metal oxides and metal fuels data indicating a set of information field; 4B14 is a schematic diagram of FIG FCB system 3, showing possible modes during recharging 述操作的多个子系统:(a)(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(a)(ⅱ)在存储器中记录所检测到的再充电参数和所提取出的计算出的金属燃料标识数据,和(a)(ⅲ)从存储器读取(访问)在先前的放电和/或再充电期间记录的放电参数和计算出的金属氧化物和金属燃料标识数据,其中在该先前的放电和/或再充电期间,已处理了标识的金属燃料卡;图5是本发明金属空气FCB系统的第三示例性实施例的示意图,其中,金属燃料以包含在盘盒类盒式装置中包含的金属燃料卡(或片)形式提供,该装置具有划分的内部空间,用于在相同的盘盒类盒式装置中形成的单独的存储隔间存储(再)充电和放电的金属燃料卡; Said plurality of sub-operations: (a) (ⅰ) read from the card the metal fuel loaded metal fuel card identification data, (a) (ⅱ) recording the detected parameters in a memory and a rechargeable extracted the calculated metal fuel identification data, and (a) (iii) read (access) from the memory in the previous discharge and / or recharging of discharge parameters during recording and the calculated metal oxides and metal fuels identification data, wherein during the previous discharge and / or recharging, the metal fuel has been processed identification card; FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a third exemplary embodiment of the metal-air FCB system of the present invention, wherein the metal fuel is contained in the disc cartridge class metal fuel cards (or sheet) comprising a cartridge provided in the form of apparatus, the apparatus having an interior space divided for separate storage compartments formed by the storage class of the same disc cartridge in the cartridge means (re) charge and discharge metal fuel card;

图5A是图5的金属空气FCB相同的一般性示意图,其中,再充电的金属燃料卡表示为自动地从再充电的金属燃料卡存储隔间中再充电的该叠金属燃料卡底部传送到其金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间,而放电的金属燃料卡被自动地从金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间传送到放电的金属燃料卡存储隔间中放电的该叠金属燃料卡的顶部;图6是本发明金属空气FCB系统的第四示例性实施例的示意图,其中,金属燃料以包含在盘盒类盒式装置中包含的金属燃料卡(或片)形式提供,该装置具有划分的内部空间,用于在相同的盘盒类盒式装置中形成的单独的存储隔间存储(再)充电和放电的金属燃料卡;图6A是图6的金属空气FCB相同的一般性示意图,其中,再充电的金属燃料卡表示为自动地从再充电的金属燃料卡存储隔间中再充电的金属燃料卡组底部传送到其金属燃料卡放电 5A is the same metal-air FCB general schematic of FIG. 5, wherein the metal fuel recharging card showing its transfer to the metal from the bottom of the fuel automatically recharge card storage compartment in the stack of metal recharging card fuel discharge between the metal fuel discharge electronic card system, and discharging the metal fuel card is automatically placed at the top of the stack of cards metal fuel discharge in the discharge of the metal fuel card intermediate storage compartment discharge from the electronic system of the metal fuel is transferred to the card; FIG 6 is a schematic diagram of a fourth exemplary embodiment of the metal-air FCB system of the present invention, wherein the metal fuel is a fuel comprising a metal contained in the card class cartridge disk cartridge device (or sheets) provided in the form of the device having the divided the internal space, a separate storage compartments formed is stored in the same disk cartridge device class cassette (re) charge and discharge of the metal fuel card; FIG. 6A is the same as FIG. 6 is metal-air FCB general schematic view, wherein recharging card showing a metal fuel delivered to the fuel which the metal of the metal fuel is a bottom discharge card deck card automatically from the metal fuel storage compartment of rechargeable recharging 系统的放电间,而放电的金属燃料卡被自动地从金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间传送到放电的金属燃料卡存储隔间中放电的金属燃料卡组的顶部;图7是手持蜂窝电话的透视图,该蜂窝电话在其电池存储隔间包含本发明的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,同时在粘连附着到该手持蜂窝电话外部的存储隔间内携带多个外部金属燃料卡;图7A是图7的蜂窝电话的部分分解透视图,表示其电池存储隔间面板被去除(即,打开),在该蜂窝电话的电池存储隔间内插入金属空气FCB功率产生模块(装载有金属燃料卡),并且在粘连附着在该电池存储隔间盖面板的外表面上的燃料卡存储隔间内插入几个外部金属燃料卡;图8A是图7A的金属空气FCB功率产生模块的分解透视图,其中,上壳体部分与下壳体部分分开,显露出,4部件阴极结构(即,子模块)可卸地插入在下壳体部分中形成的 Between the discharge system, and the discharge of the metal fuel card is automatically placed at the top deck of the metal fuel discharge in the discharge of the metal fuel card intermediate storage compartment discharge from the electronic system of the metal fuel is transferred to the card; FIG. 7 is a portable cellular phone a perspective view of a cellular telephone comprising a battery storage compartment in which the metal-air FCB power generation module according to the present invention, while carrying a plurality of adhesive attached to the outside of the metal fuel card in the portable cellular phone outside the storage compartment; FIG. 7A is exploded perspective view of the cellular telephone portion 7, which represents the battery storage compartment panel is removed (i.e., open), inserted into the metal air FCB power generation module in a battery storage compartment of the cellular telephone (card loaded with metal fuel) , and several external metal fuel card inserted in the card storage compartment on the outer surface of the fuel is adhered to the adhesion of the battery storage compartment cover panel; FIG. 8A is a metal-air power FCB 7A exploded perspective view generating module, wherein , the lower housing portion and upper housing portions are separated, revealing, cathode structure member 4 (i.e., sub-module) may be detachably inserted into the lower housing portion formed 凹槽中,相邻的一对印刷电路(PC)板利用柔性电路连接,并且,4部件阳极接触结构集成地形成在上壳体部分内部,当上和下壳体部分卡扣配合在一起时,形成第一凹槽来可滑动地接受图8B所示类型的单个阴极结构,从而位于其边缘的导电部件与第一PC板上的各导电部件接合,并且形成第二凹槽来可滑动地接受图8C所示类型的单面金属燃料卡,从而位于其边缘的导电部件与第一PC板上的各导电部件接合;图8B是适用于可滑动地插入在图7A和8A所示金属空气FCB功率产生模块中形成的第一存储凹槽中的阴极结构(即,子模块); Recess, a pair of adjacent printed circuit (PC) board with a flexible circuit, and, in contact with the anode structure member 4 integrally formed inside the upper housing portion, when the upper and lower housing portions snap fit together when forming a first groove to slidably accept a single cathode structure of the type shown in FIG. 8B, the conductive member so that its edges engage the conductive member of each of the first PC board, and a second groove is formed to be slidably receiving the type shown in FIG. 8C card side of the metal fuel, which is located so that the edge of the conductive member engaged with the first conductive member of each PC board; FIG. 8B is applied to the metal slidably inserted in the air shown in FIG. 7A and 8A cathode structure (i.e., sub-module) stores a first power generation module FCB groove formed in;

图8C是适用于可滑动地插入在图7A和8A所示金属空气FCB功率产生模块中形成的第二存储凹槽中的4部件金属燃料卡;图9是从图7的蜂窝电话中形成的其电池存储隔间移去的图7A的金属空气FCB功率产生模块的透视图;图9A是图7A的金属空气FCB功率产生模块的立面侧视图,表示其输出功率端露出以与配对的功率接收端接触,被功率接收端位于主机装置(如蜂窝电话、CD-ROM播放器等)的电池存储隔间内;图10是本发明盘盒装阴极/金属燃料卡存储装置的第一实施例的透视图,其实现形式为具有多个凹槽的盒式结构,这些凹槽用于可滑动地接受和保持单个(替换的)阴极盒和在图7A的FCB功率产生模块中使用的多个(充电的)金属燃料卡;图11A是本发明阴极盒/金属燃料卡存储装置的第二实施例的透视图,其实现形式在其打开的配置下为皮夹结构,并具有多个槽口,用于可滑 8C is applied to slidably inserted in a metal-air FCB 7A and FIG. 8A power generating member 4 metal fuel storage cards second recess formed in the module; FIG. 9 is formed from the cellular phone of FIG. 7 its battery storage compartment removable metal-air power FCB generation of FIG. 7A a perspective view of a module; FIG. 9A is an elevational side view of the metal-air FCB power generation module of FIG. 7A, which represents the output power with the power terminal pairs are exposed contacting the reception side, the power receiving side is in a host device (e.g., cellular phone, CD-ROM player, etc.) of the battery storage compartment; FIG. 10 is a disk cartridge according to the present invention, the cathode / metal fuel storage means a first embodiment of the card perspective view of the realization form of a box structure having a plurality of grooves, the grooves for slidably receiving and retaining a single (replaceable), and a cathode cartridge for use in FCB generation module of FIG. 7A plurality of power (charging) metal fuel card; FIG. 11A is a perspective view of a cathode box of the second embodiment of the present invention embodiment / metal fuel card storage device, implemented in the form of its open structure configured as wallet, and having a plurality of slots for slidably 动地接受和保持单个(或替换的)阴极盒和在图7A的FCB功率产生模块中使用的多个(充电的)金属燃料卡;图11B是在其闭合/存储配置下的、图11A的阴极盒/金属燃料卡存储装置的透视图;图12是适用于接收从本发明的金属空气FCB功率产生模块产生的电功率的膝上型计算机系统的透视图,该模块具有双面金属燃料卡,设置在本发明一对可拆卸阴极子模块(即,盘盒)之间;图12A是在其膝上型计算机系统电池存储隔间移去的、图12所示的金属空气FCB功率产生模块的透视图;图13是图12A的金属空气FCB功率产生模块的分解透视图,表示形成在上和下壳体部分中的一对凹槽,用于可滑动地(或落入)接受可拆卸阴极子模块(即,盘盒),在阴极盒之间形成的凹槽用于在其中可滑动地接受双面金属燃料卡,并且在下壳体部分中形成的一对凹槽用于接受所连接的一对PC板,该PC板 Movably receive and hold a single (or alternative) to generate a plurality of cartridges and a cathode (charging) metal fuel card module used in the power FCB FIG. 7A; in FIG. 11B is at its closed / storage configuration, FIG. 11A the fuel cartridge card perspective view of a cathode / metal storage device; FIG. 12 is adapted to receive a laptop computer system to produce a perspective view of a module of the electric power generated from the metal-air power FCB the present invention, the module has a double-sided metal fuel card, detachably disposed between the pair of cathode sub-module of the present invention (i.e., cartridge); FIG. 12A is a laptop computer system which removed the battery storage compartment, the metal-air FCB power generation module 12 shown in FIG. perspective view; FIG. 13 is a metal-air power FCB FIG. 12A produces an exploded perspective view of the module, represents the formed upper and lower housing portions in a pair of grooves for slidably (or fall) detachably receiving a cathode sub-module (i.e., cartridge), the cartridge recess is formed between the cathode therein for slidably receiving the double-sided metal fuel card, and a pair of grooves formed in the lower housing part for receiving the connected one pair of PC board, the PC board 利用柔性电路方式连接,并利用电连接器方式与阴极盒和金属燃料卡连接;图13A安装在下壳体部分中且用于与阴极盒和双面金属燃料卡连接的第一PC板的透视图;图13B是图12A的FCB功率产生模块的立面端部侧视图,表示以密封方式插入模块壳体中的阴极盒和双面金属燃料卡;图13C是图12A的FCB功率产生模块的立面端部侧视图,表示适用于与在图12中所示膝上型计算机等装置的电池存储隔间/室中的各输入功率端电接触的输出功率端;图13D是图12A的FCB功率产生模块的立面端部侧图,表示安装在其中的第二PC板具有集成地形成的输出功率端,用于穿过在图10中所示下壳体部分的侧壁形成的一对孔口;图13E是本发明双面金属燃料卡的分解透视图,其中,阳极接触部件安装在燃料部件接受凹槽内,并利用电连接器与形成在金属燃料卡边缘表面上的电连接器电连接 Connector, the electrical connector embodiment using the cathode metal and the fuel cartridge is connected with a flexible circuit card embodiment; FIG. 13A is mounted a first perspective view of the PC board and the lower housing portion for connection with the cathode of the fuel cartridge and a double-sided metal card ; FIG. 13B is an elevational side view of an end portion 12A of the FCB power generation module, showing a sealing manner is inserted into the module housing, and a cathode-sided metal fuel cartridge card; FIG. 13C is an elevational FCB power generation module 12A of FIG. surface end portion side, that applies to the output power terminal into contact with the respective electrical input power terminal of the battery storage compartment of the laptop computer or the like apparatus shown in FIG. 12 / chamber; FIG. 13D is a power FCB 12A of FIG. FIG side elevational end portions generation module, showing a second PC board mounted therein having an output power terminal integrally formed of a pair of apertures in the sidewall of the lower housing portion shown in Figure 10 is formed through the port; FIG. 13E is an exploded perspective view of the present invention a double-sided metal fuel card, wherein the contact member is mounted on the fuel anode member receiving recess, and using electrical connector and an electrical connector forming an electrical metal fuel on the edge surface of the card connection 图13F是沿图13E中的剖面线13F-13F所取的图13的双面金属燃料卡的剖面图,表示的是,第一组4个金属燃料部件安装在卡结构的第一侧,而第二组4个金属燃料部件安装在卡结构的第二侧,其阳极接触结构(或机构)设置在卡的每一侧,以便为FCB功率产生模块中的8个金属燃料部件/阴极对提供电隔离的电流汇集路径;图14是在处在闭合配置下的本发明另一实施例的可再充电金属空气FCB功率产生模块的透视图,适用于通过模块壳体的外表面上的手动开关、或利用设置在模块中的自动装载检测电路,以用户选择的电压值提供电输出功率;图14A是在其打开配置下的图14的可再充电金属空气FCB功率产生模块的透视图,它具有以卡扣配合方式安装在模块下壳体部分中的5组放电/再充电头子组件,从而与子系统建立每个放电/再充电头子组件的多部件双面燃料卡和多部 FIG. 13F is a sectional view of a double-sided metal fuel card 13E along section line 13F-13F of FIG. 13, taken, indicates that the first set of four metal fuel component is mounted on a first side of the card structure, and the second set of four metal fuel component is mounted on a second side of the card structure, an anode in contact with the structure (or means) provided on each side of the card, so as to produce eight components of the metal fuel modules / cathode pair to provide power for the FCB electrically isolated current collection path; FIG. 14 is in the closed configuration of the present invention, in a further embodiment of a rechargeable metal-air power generation FCB is a perspective view of a module for the manual switch by the outer surface of the module housing or use provided automatic loading detection circuit module, a voltage value selected by the user to provide an electrical output power; FIG. 14A is an open view in the configuration of a rechargeable 14 metal-air FCB power generation a perspective view of a module in which it discharge group having 5 to snap-fit ​​mounted in the housing portion of the lower module / rechargeable subassembly, thereby establishing a subsystem each discharge / recharge subassembly multi-component and multi-sided portion of the fuel card 阴极盒之间的电连接,这些子系统在以卡扣配合方式安装在下壳体部分中的单个母体PC板上实现,并当上壳体部分由于铰接朝模块的下壳体部分关闭时牢靠地保持就位;图15A是运输车辆的示意图,其中,设置本发明的电功率产生系统的目的是为了给与车辆的车轮连接的电驱动的电动机产生和提供电功率,并且,其中,设置辅助和混合电源来对其FCB子系统内的金属燃料再充电;图15B是本发明的电功率产生系统的示意图,它被实现为具有辅助和混合电源的固定产生电能站,用于对其FCB子系统内的金属燃料再充电;图16A是第一示例性实施例的电功率产生系统的示意图,其中,金属空气FCB子系统的网络连接到DC电力母线结构,并受网络控制子系统的控制,该网络控制子系统可操作与基于网络的金属燃料管理子系统相关;图16B是第二示例性实施例的电功率产 Electrically connected between the cathode box, these subsystems in a snap-fit ​​mounted single parent PC board implementations the lower housing part, and when the upper housing portion due to the lower housing portion when securely closing hinge module toward the held in place; FIG. 15A is a schematic view of a transport vehicle, wherein a power of the present invention produces purpose of the system is to give electrically connected to a wheel of a vehicle driven by a motor generates and supplies electrical power, and wherein the auxiliary and hybrid power source recharging the metal fuel in its FCB subsystem; FIG. 15B is a schematic view of the electric power generating system of the present invention, which is implemented as a fixed station to generate electrical energy having an auxiliary power supply and mixing, the metal within its FCB subsystem the rechargeable fuel; FIG. 16A is a schematic view of a first exemplary embodiment of an electric power generation system of the embodiment, wherein the metal-air FCB subsystem connected to the DC power bus network structure, and controlled by the control subsystem of the network, the network control subsystem metal-based network is operable fuel management subsystem related; FIG. 16B is the electric power capacity of a second exemplary embodiment 系统的示意图,其中,图15A的输出DC电力母线结构经由DC至AC功率转换器连接到输出AC电力母线,用于给电负载提供AC功率;图16C是由图15A和15B中所示基于网络的金属燃料/金属氧化物管理子系统保持的数据库结构的示意图;和图17是表示另外的金属空气FCB子系统如何按随时间增大的电负载要求的输出功率需求为函数在它们的放电模式被启动操作的曲线示意图。 A schematic view of the system, wherein the output of the DC power bus structure of FIG 15A is connected via a DC-to-AC power converter to output AC power bus for providing electrical power to the AC load; FIG. 16C is shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B based network a schematic diagram of the database structure of the metal fuel / holding management subsystem metal oxide; and FIG. 17 shows a further metal-air FCB subsystem increases with time according to how the electric load required output power requirement as a function of the discharge mode thereof curves illustrating the operation is started.

实现本发明的最佳模式下面将参照附图,以更为详细的技术细节,来描述实现本发明的最佳模式,其中,相同部件用相同标号表示。 The best mode of implementing the present invention with reference to the following drawings, a more detailed technical details to describe the best mode of the invention, wherein the same parts are designated by the same reference numerals.

通常,很多根据本发明的基于可再充电金属空气FCB系统可分解为数个子系统,包括:例如,金属燃料传送子系统;金属燃料放电子系统;和金属燃料再充电子系统。 Typically, according to the present invention is based on many rechargeable metal-air FCB system decomposable several subsystems, comprising: for example, the metal fuel delivery subsystem; metal fuel discharge electronic system; and a metal fuel recharging subsystem. 金属燃料传送子系统的功能是以将卡、片等形式的金属燃料材料传送到金属燃料放电子系统或金属燃料再充电子系统,这取决于所选系统的模式。 Function of the metal fuel delivery subsystem is transferred in the form of a card, sheet metal and other metal fuel material to discharge the fuel system or electronic subsystem rechargeable metal fuel, depending on the mode selected system. 当传送到或通过金属燃料放电子系统时,金属燃料利用一个或多个放电头放电(即,以电化学反应),以便在连接到该子系统的电负载上产生电功率,而在电化学反应期间在阴极-电解质界面处消耗H2O和O2。 When transferred to the electronic system through discharge or the metal fuel, the metal fuel discharge heads with one or more discharge (i.e., in the electrochemical reaction), in order to generate electrical power in an electrical load connected to the subsystem, while the electrochemical reaction during cathode - H2O and O2 consumption electrolyte interface. 当传送到或通过金属燃料再充电子系统时,利用一个或多个再充电头对放电的金属燃料再充电,以便将氧化的金属燃料材料转换成适于在功率放电操作中重新使用的其源金属材料,而在电化学反应期间,在阴极-电解质界面处释放O2。 When the fuel is transferred to the metal or recharging subsystem by using one or more rechargeable metal fuel discharge heads recharging, so that the oxidation of the metal material into a fuel suitable for reuse in a power source discharging operation thereof metal materials, whereas during the electrochemical reaction at the cathode - electrolyte interface O2 release. 作为这种放电和再充电操作基础的电化学描述于本申请人的序列号为No. As such a discharge and an electrochemical-based recharging operation described in the Applicant Serial No. No. 08/944,507的美国同时待审申请、5230370号美国专利中及本领域内所熟知的其他应用科学出版物中。 08 / 944,507 pending applications in the United States, other applications, scientific publications known in US Patent No. 5,230,370 and in the art. 这些应用科学原理可简单概括如下。 The application of scientific principles can be summarized as follows.

当在金属空气FCB系统中的放电操作期间,利用诸如锌、铝或铍的金属燃料作为一定程度上孔隙度(如50%)的导电阳极,它利用诸如电解质凝胶体、KOH、NaOH或离子导电的聚合物的离子导电介质,与一定孔隙度的离子导电的透氧气的阴极结构形成“离子接触(ionic-contact)”。 When the discharge operation during the metal-air FCB system, such as the use of zinc, aluminum, or beryllium as the conductive metal fuel anode porosity (e.g. 50%) to a certain extent, such that by using the gel electrolyte, KOH, NaOH or ion ionically conductive cathode structure ionically conductive medium oxygen-permeable conductive polymer, is formed with a certain porosity "ionic contact (ionic-contact)". 当阴极和阳极结构形成离子接触时,自动产生特征开路电池电压。 When the cathode and anode structures are formed in ionic contact, characterized in open cell voltage is generated automatically. 该开路电池电压的值基于阳极和阴极材料的电化学电势之差。 The value of the open cell voltage of the electrochemical potential difference between the anode and cathode materials based. 当电负载跨接到如此构成的金属空气FCB电池单元的阴极和阳极结构上时,给该电负载提供电功率,同时消耗外部环境的氧气O2,并且金属燃料阳极材料氧化。 When the electric load is connected across the metal-air battery cell FCB thus constituted an anode and a cathode structure, to provide electrical power to the electrical load, while consuming oxygen O2 external environment, and the metal oxide anode of the fuel material. 在锌空气FCB系统或装置情况下,其放电周期期间在锌阳极上形成氧化锌(ZnO),而在阴极结构和电解质介质的相邻表面之间的区域内(为方便起见,此后称作“阴极-电解质界面”)消耗氧气。 In the zinc-air FCB system or apparatus, the period during which a discharge is formed on the zinc anode zinc oxide (ZnO), and in the area between adjacent surfaces of the cathode structure and an electrolyte medium (for convenience, hereinafter referred to as " The cathode - electrolyte interface ") oxygen is consumed.

在再充电操作期间,其金属燃料再充电子系统在金属空气FCB系统的阴极结构和氧化的金属燃料阳极上提供外部电压源(例如,对于锌空气系统大于2伏特)。 During the recharging operation, recharging subsystem which metal fuel source to provide an external voltage to the cathode structure anodizing the metal fuel and metal-air FCB system (e.g., for zinc-air system is greater than 2 volts). 与此同时,金属燃料再充电子系统控制在阴极和金属燃料阳极结构之间流动的电流,以便反转在放电操作期间出现的电化学反应。 At the same time, the metal fuel recharging subsystem controls current flowing between the cathode and the anode structure of the metal fuel, to reverse the electrochemical reactions occurring during the discharge operation. 在锌空气FCB系统或装置的情况下,在放电周期期间形成在锌阳极结构上的氧化锌(ZnO)被转换(还原)成锌,而在阴极-电解质界面处将氧气O2释放到外部环境中。 Zinc oxide (ZnO) in the case of zinc-air FCB system or apparatus, during the discharge cycle is formed on a zinc anode structure is converted (reduced) to the zinc at the cathode - electrolyte interface oxygen O2 is released into the external environment .

下面将结合本发明各示例性实施例,来详细描述在金属空气FCB系统或装置中优化地执行这种放电和再充电处理的具体方法和装置。 The following exemplary embodiments in conjunction with the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, described in detail and this particular method and apparatus for discharging a rechargeable metal-air FCB processed in the apparatus or system performing optimally.

本发明金属空气FCB系统的第一示例性实施例本发明金属空气FCB系统的第一示例性实施例示于图1至2B16中。 First Exemplary Embodiment A first exemplary embodiment of the metal-air FCB system of the present invention the metal-air FCB system of the present invention shown in FIGS to 1 2B16. 如图1、2A1和2A2所示,该FCB系统包括多个子系统,即:金属燃料卡装载/卸载子系统111,用于半手动地将一个或多个金属燃料卡112装载到FDB系统的放电端口114中,并由其半手动地卸载金属燃料卡;金属燃料卡放电(即,功率产生)子系统115,用于在放电操作模式期间从金属燃料卡产生提供给电负载116的电功率;和金属燃料卡再充电子系统117,用于在再充电操作模式期间以电化学方式再充电(即,还原)氧化的金属燃料卡的各部分。 And as shown, the system includes a plurality of sub-FCB, i.e. FIG 1,2A1 2A2: metal fuel card loading / unloading subsystem 111, for semi-manually one or more of the metal fuel card 112 is loaded into the discharge system FDB port 114, which is semi-manually unloaded by the metal fuel card; metal fuel card discharge (i.e., power generated) subsystem 115, for generating electrical power to the electrical load 116 from the metal fuel card during a discharging mode of operation; and metal fuel subsystem 117 rechargeable card for recharging mode of operation during electrochemically rechargeable (i.e., reduction) of card portions of the metal fuel oxidation. 下面将描述有关这些子系统中的每个及它们如何协同操作的细节。 The following details about each of these subsystems and how they cooperate will be described.

如图2A9所示,由该FCB系统消耗的金属燃料材料以金属燃料卡112的形式提供,金属燃料卡手动地装载到该系统的卡存储隔间。 FIG. 2A9, the metallic material of the fuel consumed by the FCB system provided in the form of metal fuel card 112, the metal fuel card manually loaded into the storage compartment of the card system. 在该示例性实施例中,该卡存储隔间被分成两个部分:放电间113,用于装载(再)充电的金属燃料卡,以进行放电(即,功率产生);和再充电间114,用于为了再充电的目的装载放电的金属燃料卡。 In the exemplary embodiment, the card storage compartment is divided into two portions: between the discharge 113, for loading the metal fuel card (re) charge, to discharge (i.e., power generated); between 114 and recharging , the metal fuel for the card for purposes of loading the rechargeable discharge. 如图1、2A3、2A9所示,每个金属燃料卡112均具有矩形形状的壳体,包括多个电隔离的金属燃料条119A至119E,当在放电模式期间燃料卡移动到阴极支承板121和阳极接触结构122之间的适当对准位置时,它们适干与金属燃料带放电子系统中的每个“多道(multi-track)”放电头的阴极部件120A至120E相接触,如图2A4所示。 FIG 1,2A3,2A9, each of the metal fuel card 112 has a rectangular shape of the housing, comprising a plurality of electrically isolated metal fuel rod 119A to 119E, the support plate is moved when the cathode during the discharge mode to the fuel card 121 when the proper alignment and position between the anode contact structures 122 are dried with suitable metal fuel discharge in electronic systems with each "multi-channel (multi-track)" cathode discharge head member 120A to 120E in contact, FIG. As shown 2A4.

在该示例性实施例中,本发明的燃料卡是“多道的”,以便能够从其中利用的“多道”放电头同时产生多个供电电压(例如1.2伏)。 In the exemplary embodiment, the fuel card of the present invention are "multi-channel", to be able to generate a plurality of supply voltages (e.g. 1.2 volts) from which the use of "multi-channel" discharge head simultaneously. 如后详细描述,该新型的产生头设计的目的是使得能够从该系统产生和提供宽范围的输出电压,适于连接到该FCB系统的电负载。 As described in detail, the novel head design generated object is to enable to produce a wide range and providing an output voltage from the system, adapted for connection to an electrical load system of the FCB.

本发明第一示例性实施例的FCB系统操作模式的概述该第一示例性实施例的FCB系统具有几种操作模式,即:卡装载模式,在该模式期间,燃料卡被半手动地装载到给系统内;放电模式,在该模式期间,电功率从该系统的输出端产生,并被提供给与其相连的电负载;再充电模式,在该模式期间,金属燃料卡被再充电;和卡卸载模式,在该模式期间,金属燃料卡被半手动地从该系统卸载。 Overview of the operation mode of the first exemplary embodiment of the system of the present invention, the FCB FCB system of the first exemplary embodiment has several modes of operation, namely: card loading mode, during this mode, fuel is half the card manually loaded into to the system; discharge mode, during this mode, the electric power generated from the output of the system, and is supplied to the electric load connected thereto; recharge mode, during this mode, the metal fuel card is recharged; and the card unloading mode, during this mode, semi-metallic fuel card is unloaded manually from the system. 后面将具体参照图2A1和2A2来更详细地描述这些模式。 DETAILED later 2A1 and 2A2 of these modes will be described in more detail with reference to FIG.

在卡装载模式期间,利用卡装载/卸载子系统111将一个或多个金属燃料卡112装载到FCB系统中。 During the card loading mode, using the card loading / unloading subsystem 111 to one or more of the metal fuel FCB card 112 loaded into the system. 在放电模式期间,充电的金属燃料卡放电,以便由其以电化学发生产生电功率,提供给与其相连的电负载116。 During the discharge mode, charge cards metal fuel discharged therefrom so as to electrochemically generate electric power occurs, power is supplied to the load 116 connected thereto. 在再充电模式期间,氧化的金属燃料卡被以电化学方式还原,以便在再充电操作期间将金属燃料卡上的氧化物结构转换成其原金属。 During the recharge mode, the fuel card oxidized metal is electrochemically reduced to convert the metal oxide structure on the card into its original metal fuel during a recharging operation. 在卡卸载模式期间,利用卡装载/卸载子系统111将这些金属燃料卡从FCB系统卸载(即,排出)。 During the unload mode card using the card loading / unloading subsystem 111 of these cards is unloaded from the FCB metal fuel system (i.e., discharge).

第一示例性实施例的FCB系统中使用的多道金属燃料卡在图1、2A3和2A4所示的FCB系统中,每个金属燃料卡112具有多个燃料道(如,5个道),如前述同时待审的美国专利申请No. FCB multi-channel metal fuel system of the first exemplary embodiment of the FCB card used in the system shown in FIG. 2A4 and 1,2A3, each having a plurality of metal fuel card 112 fuel channels (e.g., 5 channels), the aforementioned copending U.S. Patent application No. 08/944,507中所述。 08 / 944,507 said. 当利用这种金属燃料卡设计时,可能希望将金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的每个放电头124设计为“多道”放电头。 When using this fuel card design, it may be desirable to put a metal fuel card each discharge head 124 in electronic system 115 is designed to "multi-channel" discharge head. 类似地,根据本发明的原理,图2B3和2B4中所述金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的每个再充电头125应被设计成多道再充电头。 Similarly, according to the principles of the present invention, FIGS. 2B3 and 2B4 of the metal fuel card recharging subsystem 117 each rechargeable head 125 it should be designed as multi-channel head recharging. 如同时待审的美国专利申请No. The copending U.S. Patent Application No. /08/944,507中所述,“多道”金属燃料卡112和多道再充电头124的使用能够同时产生可由最终用户选择的多个输出电压(V1,V2,…Vn)。 / 08 / 944,507 in the "multi-channel" metal fuel and multi-channel card 112 using rechargeable head 124 capable of generating a plurality of output voltages selected by the end user (V1, V2, ... Vn) simultaneously. 这些输出电压可被用来驱动连接到金属燃料卡放电子系统的输出功率端125的各种电负载116。 The output voltage can be used to drive the fuel card connected to the metal discharge output power of the electronic system 125 loads various electrical terminals 116. 这可通过在金属燃料卡放电操作期间配置每个放电头内的阳极-阴极结构上产生的各个输出电压而实现。 This anode can be configured in each discharge head during the discharging operation of the metal fuel card - the respective output voltages generated in the cathode structure is achieved. 该系统的功能将在后面详细描述。 The function of the system will be described in detail later.

一般来讲,多道和单道金属燃料卡等可利用几种不同的技术制成。 Generally, multi-channel and single-channel metal fuel card or the like can be made using several different techniques. 最好,每个卡式装置112中包含的金属燃料利用锌制成,这是因为这种金属便宜、对环境无害、并且易于工作。 Preferably, each made of zinc metal fuel contained in the card device 112, because such a metal cheap, environmentally friendly, and easy to work. 后面将描述用于制作本发明锌燃料卡的几种不同技术。 It will be described later used for several different techniques to produce a zinc fuel card of the present invention.

例如,根据第一制造技术,将厚度为约0.1至约0.5微米的薄金属层(如镍或黄铜)施加到(以卡式结构形式拉伸或切割的)低密度塑料材料的表面。 For example, according to the first manufacturing technique, a thin metal layer having a thickness of from about 0.1 to about 0.5 microns (e.g., nickel or brass) is applied to the low-density plastics material (stretched or cut in the form of cassette structure) s surface. 塑料材料应这样选择,即,它在存在诸如KOH的电解质时稳定。 Plastic material should be selected such that it is stable in the presence of an electrolyte such as KOH. 薄金属层的功能是保证在阳极表面汇集足够的电流。 Functional thin metal layer is to ensure a sufficient current collection on the anode surface. 此后,将锌粉与粘结材料混合,如后作为涂层(如,厚度为1至约500微米)施加到表面的薄金属层上。 Thereafter, the zinc powder mixed with an adhesive material, such as the coating (e.g., having a thickness of about 1 to 500 microns) is applied to the surface of the thin metal layer. 该锌层应具有约50%的均匀的孔隙度,以便使离子导电介质离子(如电解质离子)在阴极和阳极结构之间以最小电阻流过。 The zinc layer should have a uniform porosity of about 50%, so that the ionically conductive medium ions (electrolyte ions) between the anode and the cathode structure to minimize resistance to flow therethrough. 如后更详细说明,所得到的结构可安装在薄结构的电隔离罩中,以改善金属燃料卡的结构完整性,同时,当将卡装载到其卡存储隔间中时,给阳极结构提供放电头通路。 As described in more detail later, the resulting structure may be electrically isolated from the cover mounted thin structure in order to improve the structural integrity of the metal fuel card, while the card when the card is loaded into its storage compartment, the anode structure to provide discharge head path. 另外,也可给金属燃料卡的罩设置可滑动面板,当该卡由放电间113接受并且放电头被传送到进行放电操作的位置时、或当该卡由再充电间114接受并且再充电头被传送到进行再充电操作的位置时,该面板可能接触金属燃料条。 Further, the metal may be provided to cover panel slidably fuel card, when the card receiving room 113 by the discharge head and the discharge position is transferred to the discharge operation, or when the card 114 is received by the inter-rechargeable and rechargeable head when recharging is transmitted to the operating position, the panel may contact metal fuel rod.

根据第二制造技术,将厚度为约0.1至约0.5微米的薄金属层(如镍或黄铜)施加到(以卡式形式拉伸或切割的)低密度塑料材料的表面。 According to the second manufacturing technique, a thin metal layer having a thickness of from about 0.1 to about 0.5 microns (e.g., nickel or brass) is applied to a surface of a low density plastic material (stretched or cut in cassette form). 塑料材料应这样选择,即,它在存在诸如KOH的电解质时稳定。 Plastic material should be selected such that it is stable in the presence of an electrolyte such as KOH. 薄金属层的功能是在阳极表面保证汇集足够的电流。 A thin metal layer is a function of the anode surface to ensure adequate current collection. 此后,将锌电镀到薄金属层的表面。 Thereafter, the zinc plating layer to the surface of the thin metal. 该锌层应具有约50%的均匀的孔隙度,以便使离子导电介质(如电解质)中的离子在阴极和阳极结构之间以最小电阻流过。 The zinc layer should have a uniform porosity of about 50%, so that the ionically conductive medium (electrolyte) ion between the anode and the cathode structure to minimize resistance to flow therethrough. 如后更详细说明,所得到的结构可安装在超薄结构的电隔离罩中,以便提供具有适当结构完整性的金属燃料卡,同时,当将卡装载到其卡存储隔间中时,给阳极结构提供放电头通道。 As described in more detail later, the resulting structure may be mounted on the unitary structure is electrically isolated from the cover in order to provide a suitable metal fuel card having structural integrity, while the card when the card is loaded into its storage compartment, to providing a discharge head channels anode structure. 另外,也可给金属燃料卡的罩设置可滑动面板,当该卡由放电间113接受并且放电头被传送到进行放电操作的位置时、或当该卡由再充电间接受并且再充电头被传送到进行再充电操作的位置时,该面板可能接触金属燃料条。 Further, the metal may be provided to cover panel slidably fuel card, when the card receiving room 113 by the discharge head and the discharge position is transferred to the discharge operation, or when the card is accepted by the inter-rechargeable and rechargeable head is when transferred to the position of the recharging operation, the panel may contact metal fuel rod.

根据第三制造技术,将锌粉与低密度塑料材料混合,并拉伸成薄导电塑料薄膜形式。 According to the third manufacturing techniques, the zinc powder mixed with a low density plastic material, and stretched to form a thin conductive plastic film. 该低密度塑料材料应这样选择,即,它在存在诸如KOH的电解质时稳定。 The low-density plastic material should be selected such that it is stable in the presence of an electrolyte such as KOH. 注入锌的薄膜应具有约50%的均匀的孔隙度,以便使离子导电介质中的离子(如电解质离子)在阴极和阳极结构之间以最小电阻流过。 Zinc injection film should have a uniform porosity of about 50%, so that the ions (electrolyte ions) ionically conductive medium between the anode and the cathode structure to minimize resistance to flow therethrough. 此后,将厚度为约0.1至约0.5微米的薄金属层(如镍或黄铜)加到导电薄膜的表面上。 Thereafter, a thin metal layer having a thickness of from about 0.1 to about 0.5 microns (e.g., nickel or brass) is applied to the surface of the conductive film. 该薄金属层的功能是在阳极表面保证汇集足够的电流。 The functional layer is a thin metal surface of the anode to ensure that sufficient current collection. 如后更详细说明,所得到的结构可安装在薄结构的电隔离罩中,以改善金属燃料卡的结构完整性,同时,当将卡装载到其卡存储隔间中时,给阳极结构提供放电头通道。 As described in more detail later, the resulting structure may be electrically isolated from the cover mounted thin structure in order to improve the structural integrity of the metal fuel card, while the card when the card is loaded into its storage compartment, the anode structure to provide discharge head channels.

在上述任何实施例中,卡壳体可利用被设计成耐热和防腐蚀的任何适当材料制成。 In any of the embodiments, the card housing can be made using any suitable material and are designed to be corrosion resistant. 最好,壳体材料不导电,以在卡放电和再充电操作期间为用户提供更进一步的安全措施。 Preferably, the non-conductive material of the housing, to provide further security for the user during operation of the card discharging and recharging.

另外,上述制造技术中的每一种能够容易地改进,以产生“双面”金属燃料卡,其中在其利用的柔性的基底(即,衬底)的材料两侧均设置单道或多道金属燃料层。 Further, each of the above manufacturing techniques which can be easily modified to produce a "two-sided" metal fuel cards, which utilizes a flexible substrate (i.e., substrate) materials are disposed on both sides of a single or multi-channel metal fuel bed. 金属燃料薄膜的这些实施例有助于在装载到FCB系统的金属燃料卡的两侧均设置放电头的应用情况。 Fuel metal films on both sides of these embodiments facilitate metal fuel loaded into the FCB card system applications are provided discharge head. 当制造双面金属燃料卡时,在大多数实施例中,必须在塑料衬底的两侧均形成(薄金属材料)电流收集层,从而能够从具有不同阴极结构的金属燃料卡的两侧收集电流。 When producing a double-sided metal fuel card, in most embodiments, be both formed (thin metal material) on both sides of the current collector layer is a plastic substrate, so that the fuel can be collected from both sides of the metal card having a different cathode structure current. 当制造双面多道燃料卡时,可能希望或必须将两个多道金属燃料片层压在一起,如上所述,每个板的衬底形体上接触。 When producing a double-sided multi-channel fuel card, it may be desirable or necessary to laminate together two multi-channel sheet metal fuel, as described above, the substrate contacts the upper body of each plate. 阅读了本发明公开的本领域内的普通技术人员将容易理解利用上述方法来产生双面金属燃料卡。 Reading the present disclosure one of ordinary skill in the art will readily appreciate that to produce a double-sided metal fuel card by the above method. 在本发明的这些示例性实施例中,将改变阳极接触结构,从而建立与在其利用的金属燃料卡结构中形成的每个电隔离电流收集层的电接触。 In these exemplary embodiments of the present invention, will change the structure of the anode contact to establish electrical contact with each of the current collector is electrically isolated from the metal layer is formed in the card structure which utilizes a fuel in.

本发明金属空气FCB的第一示例性实施例的卡装载/卸载子系统如图1、2A3和2A4示意性所示,并参照同时待审的美国专利申请No. FCB metal air present invention a first exemplary embodiment of the card loading / unloading subsystem schematically shown in FIG. 1,2A3 and 2A4, and with reference to copending U.S. Patent Application No. 08/944,507所详细介绍的,图1的FCB系统中卡装载/卸载传送子系统111包括几个协同操作的机构,即:卡接受机构111A,用于自动地(ⅰ)在卡插入口接受金属燃料卡112,该卡插入口形成在系统壳体126的前或顶面板上,和(ⅱ)将金属燃料卡抽回到设置在其中的卡放电间中;可选择地,自动门打开机构111B,用于当在FCB系统的卡放电间中接受金属燃料卡时,打开为卡形成的(可选择的)门(用于金属燃料卡进入);和自动卡排出机构111C,用于响应于预定条件,经卡插入口从卡放电间排出金属燃料卡。 08 / 944,507 described in detail, the FCB system of FIG. 1 in the card loading / unloading delivery subsystem 111 comprises several cooperating means, namely: card receiving means 111A, for automatically (i) in the card insertion port receiving the metal fuel card 112, the card insertion port formed on a front or top panel of the system housing 126, and (ii) the card is drawn back into the metal fuel is provided in which the discharge between the card; alternatively, automatic door opening means 111B, when receiving the metal fuel for the card between the card discharge FCB system, the opening formed in the card (optional) door (for a metal fuel into the card); and an automatic card ejection mechanism 111C, responsive to a predetermined condition, the card insertion port is discharged from the card between the metal fuel discharge card. 这些预定条件例如可包括:按压设置在系统壳体126前面板上的“排出”按钮、自动检测金属燃料卡的尾部等。 The predetermined conditions may include, for example: a user presses a "discharge" button, the rear housing 126 and the like on the front panel of the system automatically detects the metal fuel card.

在图1的示例性实施例中,卡接受机构111A可被实现为平台状滑架结构,它围绕在其放电间中接受的每个卡的壳体外部。 In the exemplary embodiment of Figure 1, card receiving means 111A may be implemented as a platform-like carriage structure, which surrounds the outer casing of each card between its discharge accepted. 平台状滑架结构可以辊方式支承在一对平行轨上,并可以利用以操作方式连接到系统控制器130的电动机和凸轮机构方式沿平行轨移动。 Platform-like carriage structure can roll supported on a pair of parallel rails, and can use an electric motor operatively connected to the cam mechanism and the embodiment system controller 130 moves along the parallel rails. 凸轮机构的功能是将电动机轴的旋转运动转换成直线运动,该直线运动是当将一卡插入平台状滑架结构中时沿该轨传送该平台状滑架结构所必需的。 Is a function of the cam mechanism to convert rotary motion of the motor shaft into linear motion, which linear motion is transmitted to the rail of the platform-like carriage along a structure necessary when the card is inserted into a platform-like carriage structure. 安装在系统壳体内的接近传感器可用来检测经插入口插入到该系统壳体内并且放置在该平台状滑架结构内的金属燃料卡的出现。 Mounted within a proximity sensor system housing through the insertion port can be used to detect that the system is inserted into the housing and positioned within the platform to carriage-like structure of the metal fuel card appears. 由该接近传感器产生的信号可被提供给系统控制器,以便以自动方式启动卡撤回过程。 Signal generated by the proximity sensor may be provided to the system controller in order to initiate the process of withdrawal of the card in an automated manner.

利用系统壳体,自动门打开机构111B可利用任何适当的机构实现,该机构能够在金属燃料卡完全撤回到卡放电间时将卡的门滑动到其打开位置。 Using the system housing, automatic door opening mechanism 111B may be implemented using any suitable mechanism, the mechanism can fully withdraw the slide card door to its open position to discharge the card between the metal fuel card. 在该示例性实施例中,自动卡排出机构111C利用与上述卡接受机构的基本相同的结构和功能。 In this exemplary embodiment, the automatic card ejection mechanism 111C using substantially the same structure and function with said card receiving means. 主要区别在于,自动卡排出机构响应于设置在系统壳体前面板上的“排出”按钮127A和127B的按压,或其功能等效的触发条件或事件。 The main difference is that, in response to the automatic card ejection mechanism is provided on the front panel of the system housing "discharge" button 127A and 127B of the pressing, or a functionally equivalent trigger conditions or events. 当按压该按钮时,放电头被自动地从金属燃料卡取出,金属燃料卡经该插入口自动地从该卡放电间排出。 When the button is pressed, the discharge head is automatically taken out from the fuel card, the metal fuel card insertion port through which the card is discharged from the discharge between automatically.

应注意的是,卡装载/卸载子系统111以及第一示例性实施例的FCB系统的所有其他子系统所需的控制功能由图2A3和2A4中所示的系统控制器130执行。 It should be noted that the card loading / unloading control subsystem 111 and all other subsystems required FCB system of the first exemplary embodiment is executed by the system controller shown in FIG. 2A3 and the 2A4 130. 在该示例性实施例中,系统控制器130利用编程的微控制器(即,微计算机)实现,它具有程序存储器(ROM)、数据存储器(RAM)等,它们利用在微计算和控制领域内所熟知的一个或多个总线以可操作方式相连。 In the exemplary embodiment, system controller 130 using a programmed microcontroller (i.e., microcomputer) implemented, having a program memory (ROM), data memory (RAM), etc., are utilized in the control field and the microcomputer one or more known operably connected to the bus. 以后将更详细地描述该金属燃料卡放电子系统的系统控制器执行的其他功能。 Described in more detail later the metal fuel system controller card discharge other functions performed by the electronic system.

本发明金属空气FCB系统第一示例性实施例的金属燃料卡放电子系统如图2A3和2A4所示,第一示例性实施例的金属燃料卡放电子系统115包括多个子系统,即:多道放电(即放电)头组件124,其每个均包括具有可以下述方式连接的导电输出端的多部件阴极结构121和阳极接触机构122;放电头传送子系统131,用于将放电头组件124的子部件传送到装载到子系统中的金属燃料卡或从其传送出;阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132,用于在系统控制器130的控制下,配置放电头的阴极和阳极结构的输出端,使之保持由连接到金属燃料卡放电子系统115的特定电负载116所需的输出电压;阴极-阳极电压监测子系统133,连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132,用于监测(即,采样)在每个放电头的阴极和阳极结构上产生的电压,并产生表示检测到的电压值的(数字)数据;阴极-阳极电流监测 The metal-air FCB metal fuel card system of the present invention a first exemplary embodiment of an electronic system discharge 2A3 and 2A4 shown in FIG metal fuel card to the first exemplary embodiment of a discharge system 115 comprises a plurality of electronic subsystems, namely: a multi-channel discharge (i.e., discharge) the head assembly 124, each of which includes a cathode structure 121 and anode contact mechanism 122 has a multi-component electrically conductive output terminal can be connected in the following manner; discharge head transport subsystem 131, for the discharge head assembly 124 subassembly is loaded into the metal fuel is transferred to the card subsystem or transported out therefrom; cathode - anode configuration subsystem output terminal 132, under control of system controller 130, the output configuration of the discharge head of the cathode and anode structure end, so that it remains a particular electronic system 115 is electrically connected to the metal by a card discharge fuel load required output voltage 116; cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem 133 is connected to the cathode - anode output terminal configuration subsystem 132, for monitoring (i.e., sampling) the voltage generated in each of the cathode and anode structure of the discharge head, and generates a detected voltage value (digital) data; a cathode - anode current monitoring 子系统134,连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132,用于监测(采样)在放电模式期间在每个放电头的阴极-电解质界面上流过的电流,并产生表示检测到的电流值的数字数据信号;阴极氧气压力控制子系统,包括系统控制器130、固态pO2传感器135、图2A7和2A8中所示的真空腔(结构)136、空气压缩机或氧气提供装置(如O2箱或滑架)137、气流控制装置138、歧管结构139、和图2A3和2A4中所示的多腔(multi-lumen)管140,它们被设置在一起用来检测和控制每个放电头124的阴极结构中的pO2值;离子传送控制子系统,包括系统控制器130、固态含水率传感器(比重计)142、增湿部件(如,微喷淋部件)143,水泵145、蓄水池146、水流控制阀147、多腔结构148和伸入到水分提供结构143中的导管149,它们被如图所示地配置在一起,用于压力检测和改变FCB系统中的条件(如在放电头阴极-电解质界面 Subsystem 134, connected to the cathode - anode output terminal configuration subsystem 132, for monitoring (sampling) during the discharge mode in each of the cathode discharge head - represents a current value detected by the current flowing through the electrolyte interface, and the generated digital data signals; cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem includes a system controller 130, solid-state pO2 sensor 135, a vacuum chamber (structures) shown in FIG. 2A7 and 2A8 136, an air compressor or an oxygen providing means (such as a box or a slide O2 frame) 137, the airflow control device 138, manifold structure 139, and a multi-chamber (multi-lumen) shown in FIG. 2A3 and 2A4 of the tube 140, which are arranged together to detect and control the cathode head 124 of each discharge pO2 values ​​structure; ion transport control subsystem includes a system controller 130, the moisture content of the solid-state sensor (hydrometer) 142, a humidifying member (e.g., micro-spray means) 143, pump 145, reservoir 146, flow control valve 147, the multi-chamber structure 148 and provide a conduit 149 extending into the water 143 in the structure, they are arranged as shown in FIG together, and changing the conditions for detecting pressure FCB system (as in cathode discharge head - electrolyte interface 的含水率和湿度),从而在放电模式操作期间将阴极-电解质界面处的离子浓度保持在在最佳范围内,其中增湿部件143被实现为在阴极支承板121(具有沿每个壁表面设置的出水孔144,如图2A6中所示)的壁结构内置入的微喷淋器;放电头温度控制子系统,包括系统控制器130、置入在其多阴极支承结构121的每个通道内的固态温度传感器(如、热敏电阻)290、和放电头冷却装置291,响应于由系统控制器130产生的控制信号,在放电操作期间,将每个放电通道的温度降低到最佳温度范围内;关联型金属燃料数据库管理子系统(MFDMS)293,它利用局部总线299以可操作方式连接到系统控制器130,被设计成接收从金属燃料带放电子系统115内的各个子系统的输出中提取出的特定类型的信息;数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)295,包括数据读取头150(150'、150'')和基于编程的微处理器的数据 The moisture content and humidity), so that the cathode during the discharge mode operation - to maintain the ion concentration at the interface of the electrolyte within the optimum range, wherein the humidifying member 143 is implemented as a cathode support plate 121 (having wall surfaces along each nozzle holes 144 provided, the wall structure shown in FIG. 2A6) built into the micro-sprinkler; discharge head temperature control subsystem includes a system controller 130, which is placed in each channel of a multi-cathode support structure 121 solid-state temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) 290, and a discharge head cooling device 291, in response to control signals generated by the system controller 130, during the discharge operation, the temperature of each of the discharge channels is reduced to optimal temperature the range; relational database management subsystem metallic fuel (MFDMS) 293, which uses the system local bus 299 is connected to a controller 130 operably, is designed to receive fuel from a metal band placed in the various subsystems of the electronic system 115 output extracted in specific types of information; data acquisition and processing subsystem (DCPS) 295, including data read head 150 (150 ', 150' ') and a programmed microprocessor-based data 处理器,其中,该读取头置入在或靠近地安装在每个放电头124的阴极支承结构,该处理器用于接收从阴极-阳极电压监测子系统133、阴极-阳极电流监测子系统134、阴极氧气压力控制子系统和离子浓度控制子系统产生的数据信号,并且能够(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡中读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(ⅱ)利用局部系统总线296,在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中记录检测到的放电参数和所提取的计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,和(ⅲ)利用局部系统总线294,读取存储在金属燃料数据库293中的预先记录的再充电参数和预先记录的金属燃料指示数据;放电(即,输出)功率调节子系统151,它连接在阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132的输出端和连接到金属燃料卡放电子系统115的电负载116的输入端之间,用于调节送到电负载上的输出功率(并调节由系统控制器130执行的放电控制 A processor, wherein the read head placed at or near the discharge head mounted on each of the cathode support structure 124, the processor for receiving the cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem 133, cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem 134 the cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem and the ion concentration control subsystem generates a data signal, and capable of (i) reads the card identification data from the metal fuel card loaded metal in the fuel, (ii) the use of a local system bus 296, the metal fuel database management subsystem 293 recorded detected discharge parameter and the calculated metal oxides indicating the extracted data, and (iii) using the local system bus 294, reads previously recorded in the metal fuel is stored in the database 293 re metal fuel charging parameters and data indicative of previously recorded; discharge (i.e., output) power conditioning subsystem 151, which is connected at the cathode - anode power output terminal and an output terminal configuration subsystem coupled to the metal of the fuel system 132 of an electronic card discharge 115 the load between the input terminal 116, for regulating the output power to the electrical load (and adjust the discharge control performed by the system controller 130 法所需的电压和/或电流特性);输入/输出控制子系统152,与系统控制器130连接,用于利用远程或合成系统的方式控制FCB系统的所有功能,其中包含FCB系统;和系统控制器130,用于在各种模式的系统操作期间,管理上述子系统的操作。 Method desired voltage and / or current characteristics); an input / output control subsystem 152, 130 connected to a system controller for all functions using a remote control system according to synthetic or FCB system, wherein the system comprises FCB; Systems and controller 130, for operation of the system during various modes of operation of the management subsystem. 将在下面更详细地描述执行子系统。 It will be described below in more detail execution subsystem.

金属燃料卡放电子系统的多道放电头组件多道放电头124组件的功能是在放电操作模式期间当金属燃料卡放电时在电负载上提供电功率。 Multi-channel multi-channel discharge head assembly functions discharge head assembly 124 to put the metal fuel card electronic system when the card discharge metal fuel supplying electric power on the electrical load during a discharging mode of operation. 在该示例性实施例中,每个放电(即,放电)头124包括:阴极部件支承板121,其具有多个隔离的通道155A至155E,使其氧气(O2)自由地通过每个这种通道的底部;多个导电阴极部件(如,条)120A至120E,用于分别插入这些通道的下部中;多个注入电解质的条155A至155E,用于放置在阴极条上,并且分别在通道154A至154E中支承,如图5A9所示;和氧气注入腔136,以密封方式安装在阴极部件支承板121的上(背)表面之上。 In the exemplary embodiment, each of the discharge (i.e., discharge) head 124 includes: a cathode member support plate 121 having a plurality of isolated channels 155A to 155E, so that oxygen (O2) through each of which freely bottom of the channel; a plurality of conductive cathode members (e.g., strip) to 120E 120A of, for inserting a lower portion of the channels; a plurality of electrolyte injection bars 155A to 155E, for placement on a cathode strip, and each channel 154A to 154E in the support, as shown in FIG. 5A9; and oxygen into the chamber 136, a sealing member mounted on the cathode support plate 121 (back) over the surface.

如图2A7、2A8和2A14所示,每个氧气注入腔136具有多个子腔136A至136E,它们分别与通道154A至154E形体上关联。 FIG 2A7,2A8 and 2A14, each of the oxygen injection chamber 136 having a plurality of subchambers 136A to 136E, which are associated with the channel on the molded body 154A to 154E. 每个真空子腔全部与所有其他子腔隔离,并且在支承阴极部件和电解质注入部件的一个通道中进行流体交流。 Each vacuum subchamber all isolated from all other sub-chamber, and a passage in fluid communication with the cathode support member and the electrolyte injection part. 如图所示,每个子腔被配置成与空气压缩机(O2供应器)137经多腔管140的一个腔、歧管组件139的一个通道和气流开关138的一个通道进行流体交流,这些操作中的每个均受系统控制器130的控制。 As illustrated, each sub-chamber is configured as a chamber and air compressor (O2 supply) 137 through the multi-lumen tube 140, the manifold assembly and a gas flow passage 139 switches a passage 138 in fluid communication, these operations control of the system controller 130 for each subject. 通过有选择地经歧管组件139中对应气流通道泵送加压的空气,这种配置使得系统控制器130能够单独地将放电操作期间每个氧气注入子腔136A至136E中的pO2值控制在最佳范围内。 By selective air flow through the manifold assembly corresponding to the pumping pressurized air passage 139, this configuration makes the system controller 130 can be individually injected into each of the oxygen pO2 values ​​in the sub-chamber 136A to 136E during a discharge operation control within the optimal range. pO2值的最佳范围是通过利用本领域中已知的技术经实验经验确定的。 Optimum range pO2 value by using techniques known in the art, the determined experimental experience.

在该示例性实施例中,注入电解质的条是通过给吸收电解质载体介质注入凝胶体型电解质而实现的。 In the exemplary embodiment, the electrolyte is injected through the strip to the absorber body electrolyte gel electrolyte is injected into the carrier medium achieved. 最好,该电解质吸收载体介质被实现为由PET塑料制成的低密度、孔口泡沫材料的条。 Preferably, the electrolyte-absorbing medium is implemented as a low-density carrier made of PET plastic, foam material strip aperture. 每个放电电池单元的凝胶体电解质利用由碱性溶液(如,KOH)、明胶材料、水、和本领域中已知的粘结剂组成的配方制成。 Each discharge gel electrolyte cell using the formulation of an alkaline solution (e.g., of KOH), a gelatin material, water, and binders known in the art composition made.

在该示例性实施例中,每个阴极条120A至120E利用涂有多孔碳材料、颗粒状铂或其他接触剂的镍丝网层156制成,如图2A7所示,以形成适于在金属空气FCB系统的放电头中使用的阴极。 In the exemplary embodiment, each cathode strip 120A to 120E using the porous carbon material coated, platinum or nickel screen other granular layer 156 made contact agent, as shown in FIG. 2A7, adapted to form the metal FCB air discharge head system used in the cathode. 阴极构造的细节公开于美国专利No. Details of the cathode structure is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,894,296和No. 4,894,296 and No. 4,129,633,这些专利引用于此,以资参考。 4,129,633, these patents are incorporated herein, by reference. 为了形成电流收集通路,导电体40焊接到每个阴极条的下部丝网层。 In order to form a current collection path, the conductive mesh 40 welded to the lower layer of each cathode strip. 如图2A7所示,每个导电体158通过在阴极支承板的每个通道154的底面上形成的孔159,并连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132的输入端。 FIG. 2A7, the holes 158 in the cathode support plate through each channel 154 is formed on the bottom surface of each conductive member 159, and is connected to the cathode - anode configuration input subsystem output terminal 132. 如所示,每个阴极条被压入阴极支承板121的其通道154的底部中,并将其固定。 As shown, each cathode strip are pressed into the bottom of the cathode support plate 154 in its passage 121, and fixed. 如图2A7所示,每个通道的底面中具有多个穿孔160,使得在放电模式期间氧气自由地到达阴极条。 FIG. 2A7, the bottom surface of each channel having a plurality of perforations 160, so that the free oxygen to the cathode bar during the discharge mode. 在该示例性实施例中,注入电解质的条155A至155E分别放置在阴极条120A至120E之上,并固定在相应的阴极支承结构通道的上部。 In this exemplary embodiment, the electrolyte is injected into the strip 155A to 155E are placed over the cathode strip 120A to 120E, and fixed to the upper support structure corresponding cathode channel. 如图2A8、2A13和2A14最佳示出,当将阴极条和薄电解质条安装在阴极支承板121中它们的相应通道中时,每个注入电解质的条的外表面与限定各个通道的板的上表面平齐放置。 As shown best shown 2A8,2A13 and 2A14, when an electrolyte thin strips and the cathode strips in the cathode support plate 121 mounted in their respective channels, each outer surface of the electrolyte injection bar respective channels defined by plate placed flush with the upper surface.

疏水媒剂加到构成透氧气的阴极部件的碳材料,以保证由其排出水。 Hydrophobic vehicle was added to the carbon material constituting the cathode of the oxygen-permeable member to ensure that water is discharged therefrom. 另外,阴极支承通道的内表面涂上疏水薄膜(如聚四氟乙烯)161,以防止注入电解质的条155A至155E中的水渗透,从而在放电模式期间最佳地实现氧气传送到阴极条。 Further, the inner surface of the cathode coated with a hydrophobic film support channel (such as polytetrafluoroethylene) 161, to prevent water penetration in the article 155A to 155E of the injection of the electrolyte, the oxygen transport to the cathode to achieve optimum strip during the discharge mode. 最好,阴极支承板利用不导电材料、如本领域中熟知的聚氯乙烯(PVC)制成。 Preferably, the cathode support plate using a non-conductive material, as is well known in the art polyvinylchloride (PVC) are made. 阴极支承板和氧气注入腔可利用也在本领域中熟知的注模技术制造。 Cathode support plate and the oxygen injection chamber manufactured utilizing an injection molding technique is also well known in the art.

为了在放电模式期间检测阴极结构中的氧分压pO2以便用于对从放电头产生的电功率进行有效控制,固态pO2传感器135被置入在阴极支承板121的每个通道中,如图2A7所示,并以可操作方式连接到系统控制器130作为其信息输入装置。 In order to detect the oxygen partial pressure pO2 of the cathode structure during the discharge mode to be used for effective control of the electrical power generated from the discharge head, the solid pO2 sensor 135 in each channel is placed into the cathode support plate 121, as shown in FIG 2A7 shown, and operatively connected to the system controller 130 as the information input apparatus. 在该示例性实施例中,可利用熟知的用来测量人血液的(体内)pO2值的pO2传感技术来实现该pO2传感器。 In the exemplary embodiment, the pO2 sensor using well known techniques (in vivo) pO2 values ​​for measuring the human blood to achieve pO2 sensor. 这些现有技术的传感器利用小型二极管,并分析和处理这种信息来以可靠方式产生计算的pO2测量值,该二极管在血液中出现氧气时以两个或多个不同的波长发出被以不同值吸收的电磁辐射,如美国专利No. These prior art sensors using a small diode, and this information is analyzed and processed to produce a measurement value calculating pO2 in a reliable manner, are sent to two or more different wavelengths at different values ​​of oxygen present in the blood of the diode absorption of electromagnetic radiation, as described in US Patent No. 5,190,038所述,该专利引用于此以资参考。 The 5,190,038, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. 在本发明中,发光二极管的特征波长可这样直接地选择,即,可在每个放电头的阴极结构中执行类似的检测功能。 In the present invention, wherein the wavelength of the light emitting diode can be selected so directly, i.e., detection may be performed similar structure in each of the cathode discharge head.

图2A9中按更详细结构示出图1的的多道燃料卡。 In more detail according to FIG. 2A9 illustrates a multi-channel structure of FIG. 1 is a fuel card. 如图所示,金属燃料卡112包括:柔性结构的不导电基层165(即,由在存在电解质时稳定的塑料材料制成);多个平行延伸的、空间隔开的金属(如,锌)条119A至119E,设置在超薄金属电流收集层(未示出)上,该层本身设置在基层165之上;多个不导电条166A至166E,设置在各燃料条对119A至119E直接的基层165上;和多个平行延伸的通道(如,凹槽)167A至167E,形成在基层的下侧,与上述金属燃料条相对,用于经开槽的基层与金属燃料道119A至119E电接触。 As shown, the metal fuel card 112 comprises: a non-conductive base layer 165 of the flexible structure (i.e., made of a stable plastic material in the presence of the electrolyte); a plurality of parallel extending, spaced-apart metal (e.g., zinc) Article 119A to 119E, provided on the metal thin current collector layer (not shown), which layer itself is provided over the base layer 165; a plurality of non-electrically conductive 166A to 166E, each fuel rod is disposed to direct 119A to 119E the base layer 165; and a channel (e.g., a groove) 167A to 167E, is formed at a side of the substrate relative to the metal fuel rod, for electrically 119A to 119E through grooved base layer and the metal fuel passage extending a plurality of parallel contact. 要注意的是,每个金属燃料条的间隔和宽度被设计成,其利用该要使用的金属燃料卡112的金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电头中的相应阴极条空间上定位。 It is noted that each of the metal fuel rod spacing and width are designed to metal fuel card utilizing the metal fuel card 112 to be used on the discharge space corresponding cathode strip discharge head is positioned in an electronic system. 上述金属燃料卡可利用上述任何的制造方法、以卡形式将锌条施加到基塑料材料层上而制造。 The metal fuel card using any of the above-described manufacturing method, in the form of a card is applied to a substrate of zinc strip of plastic material layers is manufactured. 金属条可形体上分开,或由聚四氟乙烯分隔,以便确保两者间电隔离。 A metal strip may be molded separately, or separated by polytetrafluoroethylene, in order to ensure electrical isolation therebetween. 然后,通过施加电隔离材料的涂层来填充金属条直接的间隙,此后,可对基层进行机加工、激光刻蚀或其他处理,以在其中形成精细的通道,用于经基层与单个金属燃料条电接触。 Then, by applying a coating of electrically insulating material to fill the gaps direct metal strip, after which, base layer may be machined, laser etching or other processing, to form a fine passage therein, the fuel used by the base layer and a single metal of electrical contacts. 最后,对多道燃料卡的上表面精细剖光,以去除要在放电期间要与阴极结构接触的金属燃料条的表面上的电隔离材料。 Finally, the upper surface of the fuel channel multi-sectional optical card fine to remove the electrically insulating material on the surface of the metal fuel rod to be in contact with the cathode structure during discharge.

在图2A10中,公开了一种示例性金属燃料(阳极)接触结构122,与图2A7和2A8中所示的多道阴极结构结合使用。 In FIG 2A10, discloses an exemplary metallic fuel (anode) contact structures 122, in conjunction with a multi-channel cathode structure shown in FIG. 2A7 and 2A8. 如图所示,多个导电部件168A至168E由与卡中燃料卡行程相邻放置的平台169支承。 As shown, a plurality of conductive members 168A to 168E adjacent the card by a stroke of the fuel card 169 placed in the support platform. 每个导电部件168A至168E具有平滑的表面,用于经在金属燃料卡的基层中形成的精细的凹槽滑动地与金属燃料的一个道接合。 168A to 168E each conductive member having a smooth surface for slidably engaged with a channel through the metal fuel fine grooves formed in the base metal fuel card. 在系统控制器130的控制下,每个导电部件连接到导电体,该导电体又连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132。 Under the control of system controller 130, each conductive member is connected to the electrical conductor, the electrical conductor is in turn connected to the cathode - anode configuration subsystem output terminal 132. 在系统控制器130的控制下,平台169以可操作方式与放电头传送子系统131相关联,并可被设计成在系统的放电模式期间移动到燃料卡112位置。 Under the control of system controller 130, the platform 169 and the discharge head operably associated with the delivery subsystem 131, and may be designed to move the card to the 112 position of the fuel system during the discharge mode.

要注意的是,如在本示例性实施例那样,通过使用多个放电头而不是单个放电头,能够使从放电头组件124产生的更多的电功率提供给电负载,而同时还使在各个放电头上产生的热量最小。 It is noted that, as in the present exemplary embodiment above, by using a plurality of discharge heads rather than a single discharge head, enabling more electrical power from the discharge head assembly 124 is supplied to an electrical load, while also making the respective minimum heat generated by the discharge head. 金属燃料卡放电子系统115的该特性延长了在其放电头中利用的阴极的工作寿命。 Metal fuel card discharge characteristics of the electronic system 115 to extend the working life of the discharge head utilized in the cathode.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电头传送子系统放电头传送子系统131的主要功能是将放电头组件124传送到已装载到FCB系统中的金属燃料卡112周围,如图2A3所示。 Discharge head discharging the metal fuel card in an electronic system delivery subsystem discharge head transport subsystem 131 is the main function of the discharge head assembly 124 to transport loaded into the surrounding metal fuel FCB system card 112, as shown in FIG 2A3. 当正确地传送时,放电头的阴极和阳极接触结构在放电模式操作期间与所装载的金属燃料卡的金属燃料道实现“离子导电”和“导电”接触。 When correctly transmitted, the anode and the cathode discharge head of the contact structure to achieve "ionically conductive" and "conductive" contact with the metal of the metal fuel passage of the fuel card loaded during the discharge mode operation.

放电头传送子系统131可利用多种机电动机构中的任何一种实现,该机构能够将每个放电头的阴极支承结构121和阳极接触结构122传送为离开金属燃料卡112(如图2A3所示),并且传送到金属燃料卡周围(如图2A4所示)。 Discharge head transport subsystem 131 may be implemented using any of a variety of machine motor mechanism that can be cathode support structure 121 and the anode of each discharge head for the contact structure 122 away from the metal fuel transfer card 112 (as shown in FIG 2A3 shown), and transferred to the surrounding metal fuel card (shown in FIG. 2A4). 如图所示,这些传送机构以可操作方式连接到系统控制器130,并根据系统控制器130执行的系统控制程序由系统控制器130控制。 As shown, the transmission mechanism operatively connected to the system controller 130, and controlled by the system controller 130. The system control program 130 executed by the system controller.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统如图2A3和2A4所示,阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132连接在放电功率调节子系统151的输入端和放电头组件124内的阴极-阳极对的输出端之间。 Cathode electron discharge metal fuel card system - anode configuration subsystem output terminal shown in FIG. 2A3 and 2A4, the cathode - anode disposed within the subsystem output terminal 132 connected to input conditioning subsystem 151 and the discharge head assembly 124 in the discharge power cathode - anode output terminal pair. 系统控制器130以可操作方式连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132,以便在放电操作模式期间提供用于执行其功能的控制信号。 The system controller 130 is operatively connected to the cathode - anode configuration subsystem 132 an output terminal for providing a control signal for performing its function during a discharging mode of operation.

阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132的功能是自动地配置(串行或并行地)金属燃料卡放电子系统115的放电头中所选阴极-阳极对的输出端,从而在卡放电操作期间,在连接到FCB系统的电负载上产生所需输出电压值。 Cathode - anode configuration subsystem output of function 132 is automatically configuring (serial or parallel) of the metal fuel discharge electronic card system header 115 of the selected discharge cathode - anode output terminal pairs, so that the card during the discharge operation, generating a desired output voltage value is connected to the FCB on the system electrical load. 在该本发明示例性实施例中,阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132能够实现为利用晶体管受控技术的一个或多个电可编程电源转换电路,其中,放电头124中的阴极和阳极接触部件连接到输出功率调节子系统151的输入端。 In this invention, the present exemplary embodiment, the cathode - anode configuration subsystem output terminal 132 can be implemented as a transistor controlled using one or more electrically programmable art power conversion circuit, wherein the discharge head 124 in contact with the cathode and anode means connected to the output 151 of power conditioning subsystem input. 在系统控制器130的控制下执行这些转换操作,从而在连接到FCB系统的放电功率调节子系统151的电负载上产生所需输出电压。 These conversion operations performed under control of system controller 130 to thereby adjust the desired output voltage generation subsystem 151 is the electrical load connected to the FCB system discharge power.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的阴极-阳极电压监测子系统如图2A3和2A4所示,阴极-阳极电压监测子系统133以可操作方式连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132,用于检测其中的电压值等。 Cathode electron discharge metal fuel card system - anode voltage monitoring subsystem shown in FIG. 2A3 and 2A4, the cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem 133 is operatively connected to the cathode - anode configuration subsystem output terminal 132, for detecting wherein the voltage value. 该系统也用于以可操作方式连接到系统控制器,用于接收执行其功能所需的控制信号。 The system is also used in the system is operatively connected to the controller for receiving the control signals required for performing its function. 在第一示例性实施例中,阴极-阳极电压监测子系统133具有两个主要功能:在放电模式期间,自动地检测在与通过每个放电头的每个金属燃料道关联的阴极-阳极结构上产生的瞬时电压值;和,产生指示检测到的电压的(数字)数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统295进行检测、分析和响应。 In the first exemplary embodiment, the cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem 133 has two main functions: during the discharge mode, automatically detected by each metal in the cathode of each fuel discharge passage associated head - anode structure generating the instantaneous voltage value; and, generating a data signal indicative of the detected voltages (digital), for acquiring and processing subsystem 295 is detected by the data, analysis, and response.

在本发明的第一示例性实施例中,阴极-阳极电压监测子系统133可利用检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测在与设置在金属燃料卡放电子系统115的每个放电头中的每个金属燃料道相关联的阴极-阳极结构上产生的电压值。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem 133 may be implemented using the detection circuit, the circuit for detecting in each discharge head provided with discharge of the metal fuel card in an electronic system 115 each of the metal fuel channel associated with the cathode - anode voltage generated in the structure. 向应于所检测到的电压值,该电路可被设计成产生指示检测到的电压值的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统295进行检测和分析。 To a voltage value to be detected, the circuit may be designed to generate digital data indicative of the detected voltage signal value, and for acquiring and processing subsystem 295 is detected by the data analysis.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的阴极-阳极电流监测子系统如图2A3和2A4所示,阴极-阳极电流监测子系统134以可操作方式连接到阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统132。 Cathode electron discharge metal fuel card system - anode current monitoring subsystem and FIG. 2A3, 2A4 shown cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem 134 is operatively connected to the cathode - anode configuration subsystem output terminal 132. 阴极-阳极电流监测子系统134具有两个主要功能:在放电模式期间,自动地检测沿金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的每个放电头组件流过每个金属燃料道的阴极-阳极对的电流幅度;产生指示检测到的电流的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统295进行检测和分析。 Cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem 134 has two main functions: during the discharge mode, the discharge automatically detecting the electronic system 115 in each of the discharge head assembly of the fuel flowing through the cathode of each metal in the metal fuel channel card - anode pairs current amplitude; generating digital data indicative of the detected current signal, and a processing subsystem 295 for acquiring and analyzing the detected data. 在本发明第一示例性实施例中,阴极-阳极电流监测子系统134能够利用电流检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测沿每个放电头组件流过每个金属燃料道的阴极-阳极对的电流,产生指示检测到的电流数字数据信号。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem 134 can be implemented by the current detection circuit, the circuit for detecting the passage of the fuel flowing through each of the metal in the cathode assembly of each discharge head - to anode current, generating a digital data signal indicative of the current detected. 如后更详细地解释的,这些检测到的电流值被系统控制器用来执行其放电功率调节方法,并创建放电的金属燃料卡的每个区域或子区的“放电状态历史”和金属燃料可用性记录。 As will be explained in more detail below, the detected current values ​​are used to perform system controller "discharge state history" and the availability of the metal fuel discharge power adjusting method, each created region or sub-region of the metal fuel discharge of the card recording.

金属燃料卡放电子系统的阴极氧气压力控制子系统阴极氧气压力控制子系统的功能是检测放电头124的阴极结构的每个通道的氧气压力(pO2),并且,响应于此,通过调节这些阴极结构中的空气(O2)压力来控制(即,增大或还原)该压力。 Metal fuel card electronic system cathode discharge pressure control subsystem oxygen cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem is to detect the cathode structure of each channel of the discharge head 124 oxygen pressure (pO2), and, in response thereto, by adjusting the cathode structure air (O2) to control the pressure (i.e., increasing or reducing) the pressure. 根据本发明,每个放电头的阴极结构的每个通道中的氧分压(pO2)保持在最佳值上,以便在放电模式期间在放电头中实现最佳氧气消耗。 According to the present invention, the cathode structure of each channel of each discharge head, the oxygen partial pressure (pO2) is maintained at the optimum value, in order to achieve optimal oxygen consumption in the discharge head during the discharge mode. 通过保持阴极结构中的pO2值,可用以可控方式增大从放电头产生的功率输出。 PO2 value by holding the cathode structure, available power generation output is increased in a controlled manner from the discharge head. 另外,通过监测pO2的变化并产生表示它的数字数据信号,以由系统控制器进行检测和分析,给该系统控制器提供可控变量,用于在放电模式期间调节提供给电负载的电功率。 Further, by monitoring changes in the pO2 it and generate a digital data signal, for detection and analysis by the system controller, the system provides a controlled variable to a controller for adjusting the electric power supplied to the electrical load during the discharge mode.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的离子浓度控制子系统为了在放电模式期间实现高能效,必须在金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的每个放电头的阴极-电解质界面上保持(所带电荷)离子的最佳浓度。 Metal ion concentration in the fuel discharge the card in an electronic system control subsystem in order to achieve high energy efficiency during the discharge mode, each discharge head must be placed in the electronic system 115 of the metal cathode of the fuel card - holding (electric charge) on the ion-electrolyte interface the optimal concentration. 因此,该离子浓度控制子系统的主要功能是检测和改变FCB系统中的状态,从而在放电操作模式期间将放电头中阴极-电解质界面处的离子浓度保持在最佳范围内。 Thus, the main function of the ion concentration and control subsystem is to detect changes in state of the FCB system, so that during a discharging mode of operation of the discharge head in the cathode - electrolyte ion concentration at the interface is maintained within the optimum range.

当在放电头中每个道的阴极和阳极之间的离子导电介质为包含氢氧化钾(KOH)的电解质时,希望在放电操作模式期间将其浓度保持在6N(-6M)。 When the discharge head ionically conductive medium between the cathode and the anode of each channel comprising potassium hydroxide (KOH) electrolyte, it is desirable during a discharging mode of operation to maintain their concentrations in 6N (-6M). 由于阴极结构中的含水率值或相对湿度(RH%)能够明显地影响电解质中KOH的浓度,因此,希望调节每个放电头中阴极-电解质界面处的相对湿度。 Since the water content of the cathode structure values ​​or relative humidity (RH%) can significantly affect the concentration of KOH in the electrolyte, therefore, desirable to adjust each discharge head cathode - electrolyte interface relative humidity. 在该示例性实施例中,可以多种方式来实现离子浓度控制,即,将小型固态湿度(或含水率)传感器142置入在阴极支承结构中(或尽可能靠近阳极-阴极界面),以便检测含水率状况,并且产生表示它的数字数据信号。 In the exemplary embodiment, it may be implemented in various ways to control the ion concentration, i.e., the small solid moisture (or water content) sensor placed in the cathode support structure 142 (or as close to the anode - cathode interface), to the moisture content condition detected, and generating a digital data signal representing it. 该数字数据信号被提供给数据获取和处理子系统295,进行检测和分析。 The digital data signal is supplied to a data acquisition and processing subsystem 295, for detection and analysis. 在含水率值掉落到在系统控制器130中的存储器(ROM)中设置的预定阈值以下时,系统控制器自动地产生一控制信号,提供给增湿部件143,增湿部件143可被实现为置入在阴极支承结构121的壁中的微喷淋器结构143。 Values ​​fall in the aqueous system to the memory controller 130 (ROM) when a predetermined threshold value set in the following, the system controller automatically generates a control signal, supplied to the humidifying member 143, member 143 may be implemented humidification It is placed in the wall of the cathode support structure 121 in the micro-sprinkler structure 143. 在该示例性实施例中,这些壁起送水导管的作用,当系统控制器130启动水流阀147和泵145时,这些导管从与特定阴极部件相邻的孔144中排出水珠。 In the exemplary embodiment, the walls play a role in water supply conduit, when the system controller 130 starts the water pump 145 and valve 147, which drops from the discharge conduit adjacent to the particular cathode holes 144 in the member. 在这种状态下,水沿导管149经歧管148从蓄水池146泵出,并从与需要增大含水率值的阴极部件相邻的孔144放出,该值可由含水率传感器142检测。 Hole 144 in this state, the water along the catheter through the manifold 149 from the reservoir 148 to pump 146, and from the adjacent cathode member required to increase the moisture content of the releasing value, the value detected by the moisture sensor 142. 这些含水率值检测和控制操作保证了注入电解质的条155A至155E中的电解质中的KOH浓度保持为能够最佳地进行离子传送并因此产生功率。 The moisture content value detection and control operations to ensure that the KOH concentration in the injection section 155A to 155E of the electrolyte in the electrolyte is maintained for ion transport and therefore can be optimally generate power.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电头温度控制子系统如图2A3、2A4和2A7所示,本发明第二示例性实施例的设置在金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电头温度控制子系统包括多个子部件,即:系统控制器;固态温度传感器(如,热敏电阻)290,置入在其多阴极支承结构的每个通道中,如图2A7所示;和放电头冷却装置291,它响应于由系统控制器130产生的控制信号,用于在放电操作期间将每个放电通道的温度降低到最佳温度范围内。 Discharge head discharge temperature of the metal fuel card in an electronic system control subsystem shown in FIG 2A3,2A4 and 2A7, a second exemplary embodiment of the invention the discharge head discharging temperature of the electronic system control subsystem comprising a metal fuel card a plurality of subcomponents, namely: a system controller; solid state temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) 290, placed on each cathode support structure of a multi-channel, as shown in FIG. 2A7; and a discharge head cooling device 291, which in response to the control signal generated by the system controller 130, during the discharge operation for lowering the temperature of each of the discharge channel into the optimal temperature range. 放电头冷却装置291可利用多种热交换技术来实现,包括热交换领域中所熟知的风冷、水冷、和/或制冷剂冷却。 Discharge head cooling device 291 may utilize a variety of techniques to achieve the heat exchange, including air, water, and / or refrigerant cooled in the heat exchanger well known in the art. 在本发明的一些实施例中,当产生高数值的电功率时,可能希望在每个放电头周围提供套状结构,以便为了温度控制的目的而循环空气、水和制冷剂。 In some embodiments of the present invention, when high values ​​for generating electrical power, it may be desirable to provide a sleeve-like structure around each discharge head for the purpose of temperature control for the circulating air, water and the refrigerant.

金属燃料带放电子系统中的数据获取和处理子系统在图1的示例性实施例中,图2A3和2A4中所示的数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)295执行多种功能,例如包括:(1)在刚好在每个金属燃料卡装载到放电头组件中的特定放电头之前,标识每个金属燃料卡,并且产生表示它的金属燃料卡标识数据;(2)在标识的金属燃料卡被装载到其放电头组件中的时段期间,传感(即,检测)现有金属燃料卡放电子系统中的各种“放电参数”;(3)计算一个或多个参数,估计或测量在卡放电操作期间产生的金属氧化物的量值,并产生表示所计算出的参数、估计值和/或测量值的“金属氧化物指示数据”;和(4)在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293(可由系统控制器130访问)中记录检测到的放电参数数据及计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,这两者均与放电操作模式期间标识的其对应的金属燃料道/ With metal fuel discharge data acquisition system and an electronic processing subsystem in the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 1, the data shown in FIG. 2A3 and 2A4 and acquires a processing subsystem (DCPS) 295 to perform various functions, including, for example: (1) just before each card is loaded into the particular metal fuel discharge head discharge head assembly, each metal fuel identification card, and it represents a metal fuel generated card ID data; (2) the metal fuel identification card is loaded into the discharge head assembly during a period, the sensor (i.e., detected) existing metal fuel discharge various electronic card system "discharge parameters"; (3) calculating one or more parameters, estimated or measured in the magnitude of the metal oxide produced during card discharge operation, and generates a calculated parameter, estimates and / or "metal oxide instruction data" measurements; and (4) in the metal fuel database management subsystem 293 (access by the system controller 130) recorded in the detected discharge parameter data and calculated data indicating a metal oxide, both of which are identified during a discharging mode of operation with the corresponding fuel channel metal / 相关。 Related. 如后面更清楚地看到的,由数据获取和处理子系统295保持在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中的这种记录的信息可以由系统控制器130以各种方式使用,这些方式例如包括:在放电操作模式期间,以有效的方式优化地对部分或完全氧化的金属燃料卡进行优化放电(即,从其产生电功率);和在再充电操作模式期间,以有效的方式优化地对部分或完全氧化的金属燃料卡进行再充电。 As seen more clearly later, the acquisition and processing of such information recording subsystem 295 of the metal fuel is maintained at a database management subsystem 293 the data may be used in various ways 130 by the system controller, for example, these means comprising: during a discharging mode of operation, in an efficient manner optimally partially or completely oxidized metal fuel card optimized discharge (i.e., from generating electric power); and during recharging mode of operation, in an efficient manner to optimize the partial or completely oxidized metal fuel card recharging.

在放电操作期间,数据获取和处理子系统295自动地对表示与构成上述金属燃料卡放电子系统115的各种子系统关联的“放电参数”的数据信号进行采样(或获取)。 During the discharge operation, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 automatically indicating the metal constituting the fuel discharge card "discharge parameters" data signal associated with the various subsystems of electronic system 115 is sampled (or acquisition). 在放电模式期间,由这些子系统产生的数据信号中,这些采样的数值被编码为信息。 During the discharge mode, the data signal generation subsystem, the values ​​of these samples are encoded as information. 根据本发明的原理,卡型“放电参数”应包括但不限于:在沿由例如阴极-电解质电压监测子系统133监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构上产生的电压;在沿由例如阴极-电解质电流监测子系统134监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构上流过的电流;每个放电头124的阴极结构中的氧气饱和值(pO2),由阴极氧气压力控制子系统(130、135、136、137、138、140)监测;在由例如离子浓度控制子系统(130、142、145、146、147、148、149)监测的特定放电头中沿特定金属燃料道的阴极-电解质界面上或附近的含水率(H2O)值(或相对湿度);卡放电操作期间放电头的温度(T);和上述标识的任何放电参数状态的时段((T)。 According to principles of the present invention, a card-type "discharge parameters" would include but are not limited to: for example, along the cathode - electrolyte voltage generated in the voltage monitoring subsystem 133 monitors the fuel passage to a particular metal cathode and an anode structure; along the such as a cathode - electrolyte current to a current monitoring subsystem 134 monitors the passage of certain metal cathode and an anode of the fuel flowing through the structure; oxygen saturation (pO2) a cathode structure in each of the discharge head 124, the oxygen pressure is controlled by the cathode subsystem (130,135,136,137,138,140) monitoring; metal fuel in a specific channel at a specific ion concentration, for example, by a discharge head control subsystem (130,142,145,146,147,148,149) in the monitored the cathode - electrolyte interface at or near the water content (H2O) value (or relative humidity); card temperature of the discharge head discharging operation period (T); and any state of the discharge parameters identified by a period ((T).

通常,数据获取和处理子系统可在放电操作模式期间记录卡型“放电参数”的方法有多种。 Typically, the data acquisition subsystem and the method may record card type "discharge parameters" during a discharging mode of operation in a variety of processing. 后面将对这些不同的方法进行描述。 These different methods will later be described.

根据图2A9所示的数据记录的第一方法,唯一卡标识代码或标记171(如,以区域加强信息编码的小型条形码符号)以图形方式印刷在“光学”数据道172上,该数据道例如被实现为沿金属燃料卡的边缘粘连附着或附着的反射薄膜测量的透明条如图2A9所示。 The first data recording method shown in FIG. 2A9, unique card 171 identification code or tag (e.g., to a small area reinforcing bar code symbol encoded information) graphically printed on "optical" data track 172, the track data is e.g. measuring the reflection film is realized as transparent bar along the edge of the metal fuel card attachment or adhesion blocking 2A9 shown in FIG. 其上以印刷或照排技术记录有其卡标识代码的该光学数据道172可在制造多道金属燃料卡时形成。 Thereon to print typesetting technology recorded data track of the optical card identification code 172 which may be formed during the production of a multi-channel card of the metal fuel. 沿该卡边缘的金属燃料卡标识标记171然后由利用光学技术实现的光学数据读取器150(如,激光扫描式条形码符号读取器或光学解码器)读取。 The card edge along the metal fuel card identification mark 171 and then read by an optical data reader 150 of the optical technology (e.g., a laser scanning bar code symbol reader or optical encoder). 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的信息在提供给数据获取和处理子系统295中的数据信号中编码,接着在放电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中。 In the exemplary embodiment, information indicating the unique card identification code which is supplied to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 in the encoded data signal, it is then recorded in a database management subsystem 293 of the metal fuel during the discharging operation.

根据图2A9'中所示的数据记录的第二方法,唯一数字“卡标识”代码171'磁记录沿金属燃料卡112'的边缘配置的在磁数据道172'上。 According to FIG. 2A9 'second method of recording data as shown in, the only number "card ID" Code 171' along the magnetic metal fuel card 112 'is disposed at the edge of the magnetic data track 172' on. 其上记录有卡标识代码的该磁数据道172'可在制造该多道金属燃料卡时形成。 Is recorded on the data track of magnetic card identification code 172 'may be formed during manufacture of the multi-channel card of the metal fuel. 然后,沿该卡边缘的该卡标识标记由利用本领域内熟知的磁信息读取技术实现的磁读取器150'读取。 Then, the card identification indicia along the edge of the card magnetic reader technology to read the magnetic information is well known in the art using a 150 'reads. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的数字数据在提供给数据获取和处理子系统295中的数据信号中编码,接着在放电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中。 In this exemplary embodiment, the digital data representing the unique card identification code is provided to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 in the encoded data signal, it is then recorded in a database management subsystem 293 of the metal fuel during the discharging operation .

根据图2A9''所示的数据记录的第三方法,唯一数字“卡标识”代码以在沿金属燃料卡112''的边缘设置的不透光数据道172''中形成的一系列透光孔口171''记录。 According to FIG. 2A9 '' of the third data recording method shown, a unique number "card ID" code in the direction of the metal fuel card 112 'opaque data track edge' provided 'formed in 172' of a series of light-transmitting aperture 171 'records. 在该孔口技术中,信息以其相对间隔和/或宽度实现对信息进行编码的方式的透光孔口的形式编码。 In this technique the aperture, its information relative spacing and / or width of the implementations encode information encoded in the form of light-transmitting apertures. 其上记录有卡标识代码的该光学数据道可在制造该多道金属燃料卡时形成。 Recorded on the optical card identification code data forming the channel may be fabricated of metal in the multi-channel fuel card. 然后,沿该卡边缘的区域标识标记171''由利用本领域内熟知的光学传感技术实现的光学传感头150''读取。 Then, the identification mark region 171 along the edge of the card 'well known in the art by the use of optical sensing technology of the optical head 150' 'to read. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一区域标识代码的信息在提供给数据获取和处理子系统295中的数据信号中编码,接着在放电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中。 In the exemplary embodiment, information indicating the unique identification code in the area provided to a data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 in the encoded data signal, it is then recorded in a database management subsystem 293 of the metal fuel during the discharging operation.

根据数据记录的第四方法,标识的金属燃料卡上每个道的唯一数字“卡标识”代码和一组放电参数被记录在附着到本发明金属燃料卡表面的条的磁、光、或孔口的数据道中。 According to a fourth method of recording data, a unique number for each track of the metal fuel card ID "card ID" code and a set of discharge parameters are recorded magnetic, optical, or holes in the metal strip of the present invention is attached to the card surface of the fuel port of the data track. 有关特定金属燃料卡的信息块在再充电操作模式期间被记录在数据道中,该数据道与容易地访问此记录信息的相关的金属燃料区形体上相邻。 A metal block for the specific fuel card during recharging mode of operation is recorded in the data track, the adjacent data track region associated with the metal fuel body easily access this information is recorded. 通常,该信息块将包括金属燃料卡标识号和一组放电参数,如图2A15示意性示出,当金属燃料卡装载到放电头组件124中时,它们由数据获取和处理子系统295自动地检测。 Typically, the information block comprising a metal fuel card identification number and a set of discharge parameters, shown schematically in FIG. 2A15, when the card is loaded into the metal fuel discharge head assembly 124, and a processing subsystem 295 are automatically acquired by the data detection.

与第三种方法相比,上述第一和第二数据记录方法具有几个优点。 Compared with the third method, said first and second data recording method has several advantages. 具体地讲,当利用第一和第二方法时,沿金属燃料卡设置的数据道具有极低的信息容量。 In particular, when using the first and second methods, the metal of the fuel along the data track of the card is provided having a very low information capacity. 这是因为,以唯一标识符(地址号或卡标识号)标记每个金属燃料卡需要记录的信息极少,对该卡所检测到的放电参数记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中。 This is due to the unique identifier (address card number or identification number) of each of the metal fuel marker card little information to be recorded, the discharge parameter detected the card recorded in the metal fuel database management subsystem 293. 另外,根据第一和第二方法的数据道信息应不昂贵,并且还提供用于读取沿该数据道记录的卡标识信息的设备。 Further, according to the data channel information of first and second methods should be inexpensive and also provide the card identification device information of the data recording track direction for reading.

金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电功率调节子系统如图2A3和2A4所示,放电功率调节子系统151的输入端口以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统132的输出端口,而放电功率调节子系统151的输出端口以可操作方式连接到电负载116的输入端。 Card discharging power metal fuel discharge conditioning subsystem of the electronic system shown in FIG. 2A3 and 2A4, the discharge power conditioning subsystem input port 151 operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte subsystem output terminal 132 an output port disposed, and discharge power conditioning subsystem 151, an output port operatively connected to the input of the electrical load 116. 虽放电功率调节子系统的主要功能是调节在其放电操作模式期间提供给电负载的电功率(即,由装载到其放电头中的金属燃料卡产生的),放电功率调节子系统151具有一编程的操作模式,其中,加在电负载上的输出电压以及流过阴极-电解质界面上的电流在放电操作期间调节。 Although the main function of discharge power regulation subsystem is to regulate the electrical power supplied to the electrical load during a discharge mode of operation (i.e., resulting from loading the card into the metal fuel discharge head), discharge power conditioning subsystem 151 has a programming mode of operation, wherein the electrical load applied to the output voltage and flowing through the cathode - electrolyte interface on the current adjusted during the discharge operation. 这些控制功能由系统控制器130管理,并可以多种方式可编程地选择,以便在满足动态装载要求的同时实现本发明多道和单道金属燃料卡的最佳放电。 These control functions, programmable in various ways and can be selected by the system management controller 130, in order to achieve optimum discharge multi-channel and single-channel according to the present invention the metal fuel card while satisfying the dynamic load requirements.

第三示例性实施例的放电功率调节子系统151可利用在功率、电压和电流控制领域内所熟知的固态功率、电压和电流控制电路实现。 Discharge power to the third exemplary embodiment of the conditioning subsystem 151 may be utilized within the power, voltage and current control are well known in the field of solid state power, voltage and current control circuitry. 该电路可包括利用晶体管控制技术的电可编程电源转换电路,其中,可将可控电流源串联地连接到电负载116,以便响应于由执行特定放电功率控制方法的系统控制器130产生的控制信号控制流过的电流。 The circuit may comprise a power conversion circuit electrically programmable transistor using a control technique, wherein a controllable current source may be connected in series to the electric load 116, in response to a control generated by the execution of a specific control method of discharging power system controller 130 current flows through the control signal. 这些电可编程电源转换电路还可包括晶体管控制技术,其中,可将可控电压源并联到电负载,以便响应于由系统控制器130产生的控制信号来控制输出的电压。 The electric power conversion circuit further comprises a programmable control transistor, wherein the controllable voltage source can be connected in parallel to the electrical load, a voltage in response to a control signal generated by the system controller 130 to control the output. 该电路可由系统控制器130组合并受其控制,以便在电负载上提供恒定的功率控制。 The combination circuit 130 may be controlled by the system controller and, in order to provide a constant power control in the electrical load.

在本发明的这些示例性实施例中,放电功率调节子系统151的主要功能是利用下列放电功率控制方法之一来对电负载执行实时功率调节:(1)恒定输出电压/可变输出电流方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使加在电负载上的输出电压保持恒定,而使其电流变化;(2)恒定输出电流/可变输出电压方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使流入电负载中的输出电流保持恒定,而使其电压变化;(3)恒定输出电压/恒定输出电流方法,其中响应于负载状态,负载上的电压和流入负载中的电流均保持恒定;(4)恒定输出功率方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使加在电负载上的输出功率保持恒定;(5)脉动输出功率方法,其中,加在电负载上的输出功率以根据预定条件保持的每个功率脉冲的占空比脉动;(6)恒定输出电压/脉动输出电流方法,其中,使流入电负载中的电流保持恒定, In these exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the main function of adjusting the discharge power subsystem 151 is to use one of the following discharge of the power control method performing real-time electrical load power adjustment: (1) a constant output voltage / output current of the variable method wherein, in response to a load state, the load applied to the power output voltage is kept constant, the current varying; (2) constant output current / voltage of the variable output method, wherein, in response to a load state, flowing into the electric load the output current is kept constant, so that the voltage variation; (3) a constant output voltage / constant output current, wherein in response to a load state, the load voltage and the current flowing in the load are kept constant; (4) constant output the method of power, wherein in response to a load state, the load applied on the electrical output power is kept constant; (5) the method of pulsation of the output power, wherein the electrical load applied to the output power of each power pulse in accordance with a predetermined condition to maintain pulsing duty cycle; (6) a constant output voltage / output ripple current, wherein the current flowing in the electric load is kept constant, 流入负载的电流以特定占空比脉动;和(7)脉动输出电压/恒定输出电流方法,其中,使流入负载的输出功率脉动,而流入负载的电流保持恒定。 Current into the load to a particular duty cycle pulsatile; and (7) pulsation of the output voltage / constant output current, wherein the pulsation of the output power into the load, and the current flowing into the load is kept constant.

本发明的优选实施例中,七(7)种放电功率调节方法中的每一种均编程到与系统控制器130相关的ROM中。 Embodiment, seven (7) kinds of discharge power adjustment method of programming each of which associated with the system controller 130 to the ROM preferred embodiment of the present invention. 这些功率调节方法可以多种不同方式选择,这些方式例如包括,手动地启动系统壳体上的开关或按钮、自动地检测在电负载与金属燃料卡放电子系统115之间的接口上建立或检测到的形体、电学、磁或光学状态。 These power adjustment method may be selected in many different ways, including, for example, a switch or button on the system housing manually activated, automatically detected based on electrical load placed on the metal fuel card interface between an electronic detection system 115 or to the body, electrical, magnetic or optical state.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的输入/输出控制子系统在有些应用中,可能希望或必须组合两个或多个FCB系统或它们的金属燃料卡放电子系统115,以便合成系统具有不仅仅由单独运行的这些子系统提供其功能。 Metal fuel input card placed in the electronic system / subsystem output control in some applications, it may be desirable or necessary to a combination of two or more thereof FCB metal fuel systems or electronic card discharge system 115 to synthesize the system has only a single running these subsystems provide its functionality. 考虑到这些应用,其金属燃料卡放电子系统115包括输入/输出控制子系统152,它使其外部系统(例如,微计算机或微控制器)越权控制金属燃料卡放电子系统的各方面,就象其系统控制器执行这些控制功能似的。 In consideration of these applications, the metal fuel discharge electronic card system 115 includes an input / output control subsystem 152, so that the external system (e.g., a microcomputer or microcontroller) override aspects of the metal fuel discharge electronic card system, it is like its system controller executes these control functions like. 在该示例性实施例中,输入/输出控制子系统152被实现为标准的IEEEI/O总线架构,为外部或远程计算机系统提供直接与金属燃料卡放电子系统115的系统控制器130相接口的、并且直接地管理系统和子系统操作各方面的方法和装置。 In the exemplary embodiment, input / output control subsystem 152 is implemented as a standard IEEEI / O bus architecture, there is provided a metal discharge fuel directly card electronic system 130 of the system controller 115 interfaces for external or remote computer system method and apparatus aspects of, and directly manage the system and subsystem operation.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的系统控制器如上所述,系统控制器130执行各种操作,以便实现其放电子系统中的FCB系统的各种功能。 Metal fuel discharge system controller card in an electronic system as described above, the system controller 130 performs various operations so as to realize various functions which discharge FCB system of an electronic system. 在图1的FCB系统的优选实施例中,系统控制器130利用在微计算机控制领域内所熟知的具有程序和数据存储器(如 ROM、EPROM、RAM等)及系统总线结构的编程的微控制器实现。 FCB In a preferred embodiment of the system of Figure 1 embodiment, system controller 130 controls the microcomputer utilized in the microcontroller known in the art with program and data memory (e.g., ROM, EPROM, RAM, etc.) and programming of the system bus structure achieve.

在本发明的任何特定实施例中,应理解的是,可组合两个或多个微控制器,以便执行由其FCB系统执行的各组功能。 In any particular embodiment of the present invention, it is understood that the combination of two or more microcontrollers, each group in order to perform functions performed by the system FCB. 所有这些实施例均是本发明系统的所考虑到的实施例。 All of these embodiments are the system of the invention considered to be the embodiments.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电金属燃料卡图2A5表示描述利用图2A3和2A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电金属燃料卡的基本步骤(即,由其产生电功率)的高级流程图。 High level flow chart of the metal fuel card placed in the electronic system of FIG 2A5 discharge metal fuel card showing the basic steps described using FIGS. 2A4 2A3 and metal fuel card in the electronic system shown in place of the metal fuel discharge the card (i.e., by generating electric power) .

如块A所示,卡装载/卸载子系统111将多至4个的金属燃料卡112从系统壳体的卡接受口传送到金属燃料卡放电子系统的卡放电间。 As shown in block A, the card loading / unloading subsystem 111 to four metal fuel receiving port card 112 is transmitted to the card discharge between the metal fuel discharge card from card system electronic system housing. 该卡传送过程示意性地示于图2A1和2A2中。 The card transfer process is schematically shown in FIG. 2A1 and 2A2. 图2A3表示的是当金属燃料卡装载到其放电间中时子系统的状态。 FIG. 2A3 represents a metal fuel when the card is loaded into the status of the subsystem when the inter-discharge.

如块B所示,放电头传送子系统131将放电头配置在装入到金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间中的金属燃料卡周围,从而离子导电介质设置在每个阴极结构和所装载的金属燃料卡之间。 As shown in block B, the discharge head delivery subsystem 131 of the discharge head is configured around the metal fuel loaded into the card discharge between the discharge metal fuel card in an electronic system, so that the ionically conductive medium and the cathode structure is provided in each of the loaded engagement between the metal fuel.

如块C所示,放电头传送子系统131然后配置每个放电头,从而其阴极结构与所装载的金属燃料卡产生离子接触,而其阳极结构与其电接触,如图2A4所示。 As shown in block C, the discharge head delivery subsystem 131 then configures each discharge head, so that a cathode structure of the metal fuel card loaded ion generating contact structure and an anode in electrical contact therewith, as shown in FIG 2A4.

如块D所示,阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统132自动地配置在所装载的金属燃料卡周围排列的每个放电头的输出端,然后,系统控制器控制金属燃料卡放电子系统,从而产生所需输出电压和电流值的电功率,并将电功率提供给电负载116。 As shown in block D, the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 132 automatically configures output terminal of each discharge head around the loaded card arrangement of the metal fuel, then the system controller controls the discharge of the metal fuel electronic card system, whereby generating electrical power required output voltage and current values, and the electric power to the electrical load 116. 当一个或多个所装载的金属燃料卡放电时,则卡装载/卸载子系统111自动地从放电间排出放电的金属燃料卡,以由再充电的金属燃料卡替换。 When one or more of the loaded metal fuel discharge card, the card loading / unloading subsystem 111 automatically metal fuel discharged from the card discharge between the discharge, to replace the metal fuel recharge card.

本发明金属空气FCB系统第一示例性实施例的金属燃料卡再充电子系统如图2B3和2B4所示,第一示例性实施例的金属燃料卡再充电子系统117包括多个子系统,即:多区域化的金属氧化物还原(即,再充电)头组件175,它们各具有其导电输入端可以下述方式连接的多部件阴极结构121'和阳极接触结构124';再充电头传送子系统131',用于将再充电头组件175的子部件传送到装载到所装载的金属燃料卡或从其传送出;输入电源子系统176,用于将从外部提供给其输入端177的AC功率信号转换成DC电源信号,该信号具有适于对在金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的再充电头周围配置的金属燃料卡进行再充电的电压;阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178,用于在系统控制器130的控制下,将输入电源子系统的输出端(端口)连接到再充电头175的阴极和阳极接触结构的输入端(端口),从而给其 The metal-air FCB system of the present invention the metal fuel card to the first exemplary embodiment of FIG. 2B3 and recharging subsystem, the metal fuel card to the first exemplary embodiment rechargeable 2B4 subsystem 117 includes a plurality of subsystems, namely: the multi-domain reduction of metal oxides (i.e., recharge) the head assembly 175, each having a multi-part structure that the conductive cathode input 121 can be connected in such a way 'and the anode contact structure 124'; recharging head transport subsystem 131 ', means for recharging the head sub-assembly 175 is transmitted to the metal fuel is loaded into the card loaded or transported out therefrom; an input power subsystem 176 for providing to the AC power from the external input terminal 177 DC power signal into a signal having a voltage suitable for the metal fuel card disposed around the metal fuel recharging rechargeable card subsystem recharging head; cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178, for under the control of system controller 130, the input power subsystem output terminal (port) is connected to the recharging input terminal (port) 175 is a cathode and an anode in contact with the structure, giving it 供输入电压,用于在再充电操作模式期间将金属氧化物结构电化学地转换成其原金属;阴极-电解质电压监测子系统133',连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178,用于监测(即,采样)在每个再充电头的的阴极和阳极结构上施加的电压,并产生表示检测到的电压值的(数字)数据;阴极-电解质电流监测子系统134',连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178,用于监测(采样)在放电模式期间在每个再充电头的阴极-电解质界面上流过的电流,并产生表示检测到的电流值的数字数据信号;阴极氧气压力控制子系统,包括系统控制器130'、固态pO2传感器135'、图2B7和2B8中所示的真空腔(结构)136'、真空泵137'、气流控制装置138'、歧管结构139'、和图2B3和2B4中所示的多腔管140,它们被如图所示地设置在一起,用来检测和控制每个放电头的阴极结构中的pO2值;离子浓度控制子 Input supply voltage for recharging mode of operation during the metal oxide structure to convert it into electrochemically primary metal; cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 133 'is connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178, for monitoring (i.e., sampling) the voltage applied to the head of each of the rechargeable cathode and anode structures, and generates a (digital) data detected voltage value; cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 134 ', connected to the cathode - electrolyte input configuration subsystem 178, for monitoring (sampling) during the discharge mode to recharge the cathode in each of the first - the current flowing through the electrolyte interface, and generates a digital data signal a current value representing the detected; oxygen cathode the pressure control subsystem includes a system controller 130 ', solid pO2 sensor 135', the vacuum chamber shown in FIG. 2B7 and 2B8 (structure) 136 ', the vacuum pump 137', the air flow control device 138 ', manifold structure 139', and a multi-lumen tube shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4 140, which are arranged as shown in FIG together, for detecting and controlling pO2 values ​​for each cathode structure in the discharge head; control sub-ion concentration 系统,包括系统控制器130'、固态含水率传感器(比重计)142'、增湿部件(如,微喷淋部件)143',水泵145'、蓄水池146'、电控水流控制阀147'、歧管结构148'和伸入到含水率提供结构143'中的导管149',它们被如图所示地配置在一起用来检测和调节FCB系统中的状态(如,在再充电头阴极-电解质界面上的相对湿度),从而在放电模式操作期间将阴极-电解质界面处的离子浓度保持在最佳范围内,其中增湿部件143'被实现为在阴极支承板121'(具有沿每个壁表面设置的出水孔144',如图2B6所示)的壁结构内置入的微喷淋器;再充电头温度控制子系统,包括系统控制器130'、置入在其多阴极支承结构121'的每个通道内的固态温度传感器(如、热敏电阻)290'、和再充电头冷却装置291',向应于由系统控制器130产生的控制信号,在放电操作期间,将每个再充电通道的温度降低到最佳温度范 System, includes a system controller 130 ', the moisture content of the solid-state sensor (hydrometer) 142', humidifying member (e.g., micro-spraying member) 143 ', the pump 145', reservoir 146 ', electrically controlled flow control valve 147 ', manifold structure 148' and provide a structure extending into the water content 'of the catheter 149' 143, which are configured together as shown in FIG FCB for detecting and regulating the state of the system (e.g., the first recharging the cathode - electrolyte during the relative humidity of the interface) so that the cathode-discharge mode operation - ion concentration at the interface of the electrolyte remains within the optimum range, wherein the humidifying member 143 'is implemented as a cathode support plate 121' (along each wall surface of the nozzle holes disposed 144 ', shown in FIG. 2B6) built into the wall structure of the micro-sprinkler; rechargeable head temperature control subsystem includes a system controller 130', which is placed in a multi-cathode support 'solid state temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) 290 within each channel', and recharge head cooling device 291 'to be, during the discharge operation in the control signal generated by the system controller 130, the structure 121 each channel recharging reduce the temperature to the optimum temperature range 围内;关联型金属燃料数据库管理子系统(MFDMS)297,它利用局部总线298以可操作方式连接到系统控制器130',被设计成接收从金属燃料带再充电子系统115内的各个子系统的输出中提取出的特定类型的信息;数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)299,包括数据读取头180(180'、180'')和基于编程的微处理器的数据处理器,其中,该读取头包含在或靠近地安装在每个再充电头124的阴极支承结构,该数据处理器用于接收从阴极-阳极电压监测子系统133'、阴极-阳极电流监测子系统134'、阴极氧气压力控制子系统、再充电头温度控制子系统和离子浓度控制子系统产生的数据信号,并且能够(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡中读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(ⅱ)利用局部系统总线300,在金属燃料数据库管理子系统(MFDMS)297中记录检测到的再充电参数和所提取的计算出的金属燃料指示数据,和(ⅲ) Inner circle; relational database management subsystem metallic fuel (MFDMS) 297, which uses a local bus 298 is operatively connected to system controller 130 ', the metal is designed to receive fuel from the respective sub-band within a recharging subsystem 115 output system extracts a particular type of information; data acquisition and processing subsystem (DCPS) 299, including data read head 180 (180 ', 180' ') and a programmed microprocessor-based data processor, wherein the read head comprises mounted at or near each of the rechargeable cathode support structure of the head 124, the data processor for receiving the cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem 133 ', the cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem 134', the cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem, the rechargeable head temperature and the ion concentration control subsystem subsystem generates a control data signal, and capable of (i) reads the card identification data from the metal fuel card loaded metal in the fuel, (ii) the use of system local bus 300, the metal in the fuel database management subsystem (MFDMS) 297 recorded in the detected recharge parameters of the fuel and the calculated metal extracted instruction data, and (iii) 用局部系统总线298,读取存储在金属燃料数据库(MFDMS)297中的预先记录的放电参数和预先记录的金属氧化物指示数据;输入(即,再充电)功率调节子系统181,连接到输入电源子系统176的输出端(即,端口)与阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178的输入端(即,端口)之间,用于在再充电模式期间,调节送到正被再充电的每个金属燃料卡的阴极和阳极结构上的输入功率(和电压和/或电流特性);输入/输出控制子系统152',与系统控制器130'连接,用于利用远程或合成系统的方式控制FCB系统的所有功能,其中包含FCB系统;和系统控制器130',利用图2B16所示的总系统总线300与金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的系统控制器130'连接,并具有在各种系统操作模式期间管理上述子系统的操作的多种装置。 A local system bus 298, reads data stored in the database of the metal fuel discharge parameters (MFDMS) pre-recorded in the instruction data 297 and the metal oxide prerecorded; input (i.e., rechargeable) power conditioning subsystem 181, connected to the input the power subsystem output terminal 176 (i.e., port) and the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178 is input (i.e., a port) between, for during the recharge mode, to adjust each being recharged input power (voltage and / or current characteristics) on the cathode structure and the anode metal fuel card; an input / output control subsystem 152 ', the system controller 130' is connected, a mode for using a remote control or a combined system All functions FCB system, wherein the system comprises FCB; and a system controller 130 ', the overall system illustrated in FIG 2B16 bus 300 using the metal fuel card recharging subsystem 117 system controller 130' is connected, and each having operation of said plurality of device management subsystem species during the system operation mode. 将在下面更详细地描述这些子系统。 These subsystems will be described in more detail below.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统的多道再充电头组件多道再充电头道组件175的功能是在再充电操作模式期间以电化学方式还原装载到系统中放电间的金属燃料卡道上的金属氧化物结构。 Metal fuel card recharging subsystem multichannel head assembly recharging a rechargeable multi-channel head assembly channel function 175 during the recharging operation mode of electrochemically reducing the metal fuel is loaded into the card track system between a metal oxide discharges structures. 在图2B7和2B8所示的示例性实施例中,每个再充电头175包括:阴极部件支承板121',其具有多个隔离的通道154A'至154E',使其氧气(O2)自由地通过每个这种通道的底部;多个导电阴极部件(如,条)120A'至120E',分别用于分别插入这些通道的下部中;多个注入电解质的条155A'至155E',用于放置在阴极条36上和支承在通道154'至154E',如图2B6所示;和抽氧腔136',以密封方式安装在阴极部件支承板121'的上(背)表面之上,如图2B7所示。 In the exemplary embodiment shown in FIGS. 2B7 and 2B8, each recharging head 175 comprising: a cathode member support plate 121 'having a plurality of isolated channels 154A' through 154E ', so that oxygen (O2) free by this the bottom of each channel; a plurality of conductive cathode members (e.g., strips) 120A 'through 120E', respectively, for inserting the lower portion of the channels; a plurality of electrolyte injection strips 155A 'through 155E', for placed on the cathode and the support bar 36 in the channel 154 'through 154E', shown in FIG. 2B6; and the above oxygen pumping chamber 136 ', a sealing member mounted in the cathode support plate 121' (back) surface, as FIG. 2B7 FIG.

如图2B3、2B4和2B14所示,每个抽氧腔136'具有多个子腔136A'至136E',它们分别与通道154A'至154E'形体上关联。 FIG 2B3,2B4 and 2B14, each oxygen pumping chamber 136 'having a plurality of subchambers 136A' through 136E ', respectively with the channel 154A' to the associated body 154E '. 每个真空子腔全部与所有其他子腔隔离,并且与其中支承阴极部件和电解质注入部件的一个通道进行流体交流。 Each vacuum subchamber all isolated from all other sub-chamber, and wherein a fluid communication channel with the support member and the electrolyte injection cathode member. 如图2B3、2B4和2B8所示,每个子腔被配置成与真空泵137'经多腔管140的一个腔、歧管组件139'的一个通道和气流开关138'的一个通道进行流体交流,这些操作中的每个均受系统控制器130'的控制。 And FIG 2B3,2B4, each sub-chamber is configured to communicate with a vacuum channel 137 'through the multi-lumen tube 140 of a cavity, the manifold assembly 139' of airflow channel and a switch 138 'is in fluid communication 2B8, these each of the control operations are governed by the system controller 130 '. 这种配置使得系统控制器130能够单独地将再充电头组件的放电操作期间每个氧气抽出子腔136A'至136E'中的pO2值控制在最佳范围内。 This configuration enables the system controller 130 can be individually recharging during the discharging operation of the head assembly out each oxygen pO2 values ​​in the sub-chamber 136A 'through 136E' controlled within an optimum range. 该操作是通过有选择地经歧管组件139'中对应气流通道从这些子腔抽出空气来进行的。 This operation is performed by selectively through the manifold assembly 'in the corresponding gas flow passages 139 draw air from the sub-chamber. 这种配置使得系统控制器130'能够在再充电操作期间将pO2值保持在最佳范围内。 This configuration enables the system controller 130 'can be maintained in an optimum range during the recharging operation pO2 value.

在该示例性实施例中,再充电头组件中注入电解质的条155A'至155E'是通过给吸收电解质载体介质注入凝胶体型电解质而实现的。 In the exemplary embodiment, the rechargeable head assembly strip electrolyte injection 155A 'through 155E' to the absorber by injecting a gel electrolyte support media implemented electrolyte body. 最好,该电解质吸收载体介质被实现为由PET塑料制成的低密度、孔口泡沫材料的条。 Preferably, the electrolyte-absorbing medium is implemented as a low-density carrier made of PET plastic, foam material strip aperture. 每个再充电单元的凝胶体电解质利用由碱性溶液(如,KOH)、明胶材料、水、和本领域中已知的粘结剂组成的配方制成。 Each recharge gel electrolyte cell using the formulation of an alkaline solution (e.g., of KOH), a gelatin material, water, and binders known in the art composition made.

在该示例性实施例中,每个阴极条利用涂有多孔碳材料、颗粒状铂或其他接触剂157'的镍丝网层156'制成,以形成适于在金属空气FCB系统的再充电头中使用的阴极。 In the exemplary embodiment, each cathode strip is coated with a porous carbon material by using, platinum or other particulate contact agent 157 'of nickel screen layer 156' is made, adapted to form a metal-air recharging system in FCB heads used in the cathode. 阴极构造的细节公开于美国专利No. Details of the cathode structure is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,894,296和No. 4,894,296 and No. 4,129,633,这些专利引用于此,以资参考。 4,129,633, these patents are incorporated herein, by reference. 为了形成电流收集通路,导电体158'焊接到每个阴极条的下部丝网层156'。 In order to form a current collection path, the conductive body 158 'is welded to the lower portion of the screen of the cathode layer of each strip 156'. 如图2B7所示,每个导电体158'通过在阴极支承板121'的每个通道154A1至154E2'的底面上形成的孔159',并连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178的输入端。 As shown in FIG. 2B7, each electrical conductor 158 'by the cathode support plate 121' of each channel 154A1 to 154E2 'formed on the bottom surface of the hole 159', and a cathode connected to the - input terminal of an electrolyte disposed in the input subsystem 178 end. 如图所示,该阴极条被压入通道的底部中,并将其固定。 As shown, the cathode strip is pressed into the bottom of the channel, and fixed thereto. 如图2B7所示,每个通道的底面中形成有多个穿孔160',使得在再充电模式期间氧气从阴极-电解质界面抽出,而到达真空泵137'。 As shown in FIG. 2B7, a plurality of perforations 160 formed in the bottom surface of each channel ', so that the oxygen from the cathode during the recharge mode - electrolyte interface withdrawn, and reaches the vacuum pump 137'. 在该示例性实施例中,注入电解质的条155A'至155E'分别放置在阴极条120A'至120E'之上,并固定在相应的阴极支承通道的上部。 In this exemplary embodiment, the electrolyte is injected into strips 155A 'through 155E' are placed over the cathode strips 120A 'through 120E', and fixed to the upper support channel of the respective cathodes. 如图2B13和2B14最佳示出,当将阴极条和薄电解质条安装在阴极支承板121'中它们的相应通道中时,每个注入电解质的条的外表面与限定各个通道的板的上表面平齐放置。 FIG 2B13 and 2B14 best shown, when the cathode strip and the electrolyte thin strips mounted in the cathode support plate 121 'to their respective channels, the outer surface of each article electrolyte injection defining respective channels on the plate placed flush with the surface.

疏水媒剂加到构成透氧气的阴极部件的碳材料中,以由其排出水。 Hydrophobic vehicle was added to the carbon material constituting the cathode in an oxygen-permeable member, to discharge the water therefrom. 另外,阴极支承通道的内表面涂上疏水薄膜(如聚四氟乙烯)161,以保证注入电解质的条155A'至155E'中的水排出,从而在再充电模式期间最佳地实现氧气传送通过阴极条。 Further, the inner surface of the cathode coated with a hydrophobic film support channel (such as polytetrafluoroethylene) 161, to ensure that the injection of water in the electrolyte strips 155A 'through 155E' is discharged, in order to achieve oxygen transport through the best mode during recharging cathode strip. 最好,阴极支承板121'利用不导电材料、如本领域中熟知的聚氯乙烯(PVC)塑料材料制成。 Preferably, the cathode support plate 121 'using a non-conductive material, as is known in the art made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic material. 阴极支承板121'和抽氧腔136'可利用也在本领域中熟知的注模技术制造。 The cathode support plate 121 'and the oxygen pumping chamber 136' may be manufactured using injection molding techniques are also well known in the art.

为了在再充电模式期间检测阴极结构中的氧分压(pO2)以便用于对从再充电头中的金属氧化物还原进行有效控制,固态pO2传感器135'被置入在阴极支承板121'的每个通道中,如图2B7所示,并以可操作方式连接到系统控制器作为其信息输入装置。 In order to detect the oxygen partial pressure in the cathode structure (pO2) during the recharge mode in order for the metal oxide from the rechargeable head reducing effective control, solid pO2 sensor 135 'is placed in the cathode support plate 121' in each channel, as shown in Figure 2B7, and operatively connected to the system controller as an information input apparatus. 在该示例性实施例中,可利用熟知的用来测量人血液的(体内)pO2值的PO2传感技术来实现该pO2传感器。 In the exemplary embodiment, the sensing technology using well known PO2 (in vivo) pO2 values ​​for measuring the human blood to achieve pO2 sensor. 这些现有技术的传感器利用小型二极管,并分析和处理这种信息来以可靠方式产生计算的pO2测量值,该二极管在血液中出现氧气时以两个或多个不同的波长发出被以不同值吸收的电磁辐射,如美国专利No. These prior art sensors using a small diode, and this information is analyzed and processed to produce a measurement value calculating pO2 in a reliable manner, are sent to two or more different wavelengths at different values ​​of oxygen present in the blood of the diode absorption of electromagnetic radiation, as described in US Patent No. 5,190,038所述,该专利引用于此以资参考。 The 5,190,038, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. 在本发明中,发光二极管的特征波长可这样直接地选择,即,可在每个再充电头的阴极结构中执行类似的检测功能。 In the present invention, wherein the wavelength of the light emitting diode can be selected so directly, i.e., can perform similar functions in each of the detection head recharging cathode structure.

图2B9中示出具有已进行部分放电并从而沿其金属燃料道具有金属氧化物结构的多道燃料卡112。 FIG. 2B9 is shown having a multi-channel card for a fuel discharge part and a metal oxide to have a structure in which the metal fuel channel 112. 要注意的是,图2A9中所示及上述的该部分放电的金属燃料卡需要在图4的金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中再充电。 It is noted that the fuel and the metal portion of the card above the discharge shown in FIG. 2A9 metal fuel needs to be recharged card subsystem 117 of FIG. 4 recharge.

在图2B10中,公开了一种示例性金属燃料(阳极)接触结构122',与图2B7和2B8中所示的多道阴极结构结合使用。 In FIG 2B10, discloses an exemplary metallic fuel (anode) contact structures 122 ', used in conjunction with a multi-channel cathode structure shown in FIGS 2B7 and 2B8. 如图所示,多个导电部件168A'至168E'由与卡中燃料卡行程相邻放置的平台169'支承。 As shown, a plurality of conductive members 168A 'through 168E' of the fuel adjacent to the card travel card placement platform 169 'support. 每个导电部件168A'至168E'具有平滑的表面,用于经在燃料卡的基层中形成的精细的凹槽滑动地与金属燃料的一个道接合。 Each conductive member 168A 'through 168E' has a smooth surface for slidably engaged with a channel through the metal fuel fine grooves formed in the base layer of the fuel card. 每个导电部件连接到导电体,该导电体又连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178的输出端。 Each conductive member is connected to the electrical conductor, the electrical conductor is in turn connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem output terminal 178. 在系统控制器130'的控制下,平台169'与再充电头传送子系统131'以可操作方式相关联,并可被设计成在系统的再充电模式期间移动到金属燃料卡位置。 In the system controller 130 'under the control of the platform 169' rechargeable head transport subsystem 131 'are operatively associated with, and may be designed to move the card to the position of the metal fuel during recharging mode of the system.

要注意的是,如在本示例性实施例那样,通过使用多个再充电头175而不是单个放电头,能够利用更低的再充电电流使从放电的金属燃料卡更快地再充电,从而使在各个再充电头上产生的热量最小。 It is noted that, as in the present exemplary embodiment, as a plurality of rechargeable discharge head instead of a single head 175 by using, to take advantage of lower current to recharge the rechargeable card from the metal fuel discharge faster, and thus so that in each of the rechargeable minimum heat generated in the head. 金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的该特性延长了在其再充电头中利用的阴极的工作寿命。 The rechargeable metal fuel characteristic subsystem card 117 extends the working life of its rechargeable cathode utilized in the head.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的再充电头传送子系统再充电头传送子系统131'的主要功能是将再充电头组件175传送到已装载到各子系统再充电间中的金属燃料卡112附近,如图2B3和2B4所示。 The main function of the metal fuel card recharging subsystem recharging rechargeable head delivery subsystem head delivery subsystem 131 'is transferred recharging head assembly 175 is loaded into the various subsystems to recharge between metal fuel card 112 near, as shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4. 当正确地传送时,再充电头的阴极和阳极接触结构在再充电模式操作期间与所装载的金属燃料卡的金属燃料道实现“离子导电”和“导电”接触。 When correctly transmitted, head recharging cathode and an anode in contact with the metal structure in rechargeable metal fuel passage of the fuel to achieve the loaded card "ionically conductive" and "conductive" contact during mode operation.

再充电头传送子系统131'可利用多种机电动机构中的任何一种实现,该机构能够将每个再充电头的阴极支承结构121'和阳极接触结构122'传送离开金属燃料卡,如图2B3所示,并且传送到金属燃料卡周围,如图2B4所示。 Recharging head transport subsystem 131 'may be implemented using any of a variety of electric machines mechanism that can be recharged each head cathode support structure 121' and the anode contact structures 122 'away from the metal fuel transfer card, such as as shown in FIG. 2B3, and transferred to the surrounding metal fuel card, as shown in FIG 2B4. 如图所示,这些传送机构以可操作方式连接到系统控制器130',并根据系统控制器130执行的系统控制程序由系统控制器130'控制。 As shown, the transmission mechanism operatively connected to system controller 130 ', and the system controller 130 in accordance with the system control program executed by the system controller 130' controls.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的输入电源子系统在该示例性实施例中,输入电源子系统176的主要功能是经隔离的功率卡来接收标准的交流(AC)电源(如,以120或220伏特)作为输入,并在再充电操作模式期间将该电源以金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的再充电头175处所需的调节电压转换成调节的直流(DC)电源。 Metal fuel rechargeable card input subsystem power subsystem in the exemplary embodiment, input power subsystem 176 is the main function to receive a standard current (AC) power source (e.g., the isolated power card, or to 120 220 volts) as input, and during the recharging operation mode of the fuel supply to the metal card recharging rechargeable head 175 at a desired voltage regulator subsystem 117 into a regulated direct current (DC) power. 对于锌阳极和碳阴极,为了能够维持电化学还原,在再充电期间在每个阳极-阴极结构上所需的“开路电池”电压Vacr为约2.2-2.3伏特。 For a carbon zinc anode and a cathode, in order to maintain the electrochemical reduction during recharging each anode - cathode structure required "open cell" voltage Vacr is about 2.2-2.3 volts. 该子系统可利用本领域内所熟知的功率转换和调节电路以多种方式实现。 The subsystem may utilize well known in the art and regulating the power conversion circuit in a variety of ways.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的阴极-阳极输入端配置子系统如图2B3和2B4所示,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178连接在再充电功率调节子系统181的输出端和与再充电头175的多道关联的阴极-电解质对的输入端之间。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode - anode configuration subsystem input in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178 is connected to the output terminal of the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 181 and a recharging multi-channel associated with the cathode head 175 and the - input terminal of electrolytes. 系统控制器130'以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178,以便在再充电操作模式期间提供用于执行其功能的控制信号。 The system controller 130 'operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178, so that during recharging mode of operation for providing a control signal to perform its function.

阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178的功能是自动地配置(串联或并联)金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的再充电头中所选阴极-电解质对的输入端,从而在需要再充电的金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构上施加所需输入(再充电)电压电平。 The cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178 functions to automatically configure (series or parallel) of the metal fuel card recharging rechargeable head subsystem 117 selected cathode - input terminal of an electrolyte, so that the metal needs to be recharged cathode of the fuel passage - applying a required input (rechargeable) the voltage level on the electrolyte structure. 在该本发明示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178能够实现为利用晶体管受控技术的一个或多个电可编程电源转换电路,其中,再充电头175中的阴极和阳极接触部件连接到输入功率调节子系统181的输出端。 In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178 can be implemented as a transistor controlled using one or more electrically programmable art power conversion circuit, wherein the first rechargeable cathode and anode 175 a contact member is connected to the output of the input power conditioning subsystem 181. 在系统控制器130'的控制下执行这些转换操作,从而在需要再充电的金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构上施加由输入功率调节子系统181产生的所需输出电压。 These conversion operations performed under the control of system controller 130 'so that the cathode of the fuel needs to be recharged metal channel - applying a desired output voltage from the input power conditioning subsystem 181 generated in the electrolyte structure.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的阴极-阳极电压监测子系统如图2B3和2B4所示,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统133'以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178,用于检测连接到它的阴极和阳极结构上的电压电平。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode - anode voltage monitoring subsystem shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 133 'operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178, with to detect connection to the voltage level on its cathode and anode structure. 该子系统以可操作方式连接到系统控制器130',用于接收执行其功能所需的控制信号。 This subsystem operatively connected to the system controller 130 'for receiving a control signal to perform its required function. 在第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统133'具有两个主要功能:在再充电模式期间,自动地检测在与通过每个再充电头传送的每个金属燃料道关联的阴极-电解质结构上产生的瞬时电压值;和,产生指示检测到的电压的(数字)数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统299进行检测和分析。 In the first exemplary embodiment, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 133 'has two main functions: during the recharge mode, automatically detects the passage of the fuel through each of the metal associated with each transmitted rechargeable head cathode - instantaneous voltage value generated in the electrolyte structure; and, generating a data signal indicative of the detected voltages (digital), for acquiring and processing subsystem 299 and is detected by the data analysis.

在本发明的第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统133'可利用检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测施加到与经金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的每个再充电头传送的每个金属燃料道相关联的阴极-电解质结构上的电压值。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 133 'may be implemented using the detection circuit, the circuit for detecting and then applied to each of the rechargeable card via a metal fuel subsystem 117 each transfer charging head of the fuel channel associated with the metal cathode - voltage on the electrolyte structure. 响应于所检测到的电压值,该电路可被设计成产生指示检测到的电压值的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统299进行检测和分析。 In response to the detected voltage value, the circuit may be designed to generate digital data indicative of the detected voltage signal value, and for acquiring and processing subsystem 299 is detected by the data analysis. 如后面将更详细地描述的,该数据信号可被系统控制器用来在再充电操作模式期间执行其再充电功率调节方法。 As will be described later in detail, the data signal may be a system controller for performing power regulation method recharged during recharging mode of operation.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的阴极-阳极电流监测子系统如图2B3和2B4所示,阴极-电解质电流监测子系统134'以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4, the cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 134 'operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178. 阴极-电解质电流监测子系统134'具有两个主要功能:在再充电模式期间,自动地检测沿金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的每个再充电头组件流过每个金属燃料道的阴极-电解质对的电流幅度;产生指示检测到的电流的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统299进行检测和分析。 The cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 134 'has two main functions: during the recharge mode, automatically detects the rechargeable card in the metal fuel subsystem 117 in each of the rechargeable head assembly flows through the fuel passage of each metal cathode - current amplitude of an electrolyte; a digital data signal indicative of the detected current is generated, the processing subsystem 299 for acquiring and detecting and analyzing the data.

在本发明第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电流监测子系统134'能够利用电流检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测沿每个再充电头组件流过每个金属燃料道(即,条)的阴极-电解质对的电流,产生指示检测到的电流值的数字数据信号。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 134 'can be achieved by the current detection circuit, the circuit for detecting the head assembly along each of the rechargeable metal fuel flow through each channel (i.e., Article) cathode - electrolyte of the current, generating a digital data signal indicative of a current value detected. 如后更详细地解释的,这些检测到的电流值被系统控制器用来执行其再充电功率调节方法,并创建再充电的金属燃料卡的每个区域或子区的“再充电状态历史”信息文件。 As will be explained in more detail below, the detected current values ​​are used to perform system controller recharged power adjusting method, each created region or sub-region of the metal fuel recharging of the card "recharge state history" information file.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统的阴极氧气压力控制子系统阴极氧气压力(pO2)控制子系统的功能是检测再充电头175的阴极结构的每个子通道的氧气压力(pO2),并且,响应于此,通过调节这些阴极结构的子通道中的空气(O2)压力来控制(即,增大或还原)该压力。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem cathode oxygen pressure (pO2) control subsystem is to detect a rechargeable oxygen pressure of each sub-channel head of cathode structure 175 (pO2), and, in response thereto , by adjusting the air cathode structure of these sub-channels in the (O2) the control pressure (i.e., increasing or reducing) the pressure. 根据本发明,每个再充电头的阴极结构的每个子通道中的氧分压(pO2)保持在最佳值上,以便在再充电模式期间在再充电头中实现最佳抽氧。 According to the present invention, each sub-channel for each head rechargeable cathode structure in an oxygen partial pressure (pO2) is maintained at the optimum value, in order to achieve optimum pumping of oxygen in the head during recharging recharge mode. 在再充电模式期间,通过降低阴极结构的每个通道中的PO2值(通过抽出),可通过最佳地使用提供给再充电头的输入功率来完全恢复沿金属燃料卡的金属氧化物。 During the recharge mode, by reducing PO2 values ​​for each channel of the cathode structure (by extraction) can be used to optimally provided by a recharge power input to the first metal oxide in the complete recovery of the metal fuel card. 另外,通过监测pO2的变化产生表示它的数字数据信号,以由数据获取和处理子系统299进行检测和分析,并最终响应系统控制器130'。 Further, by monitoring the change in pO2 is represented generated digital data signal, and a processing subsystem 299 to acquire data from the detection and analysis, and the final response system controller 130 '. 因此,系统控制器130'被提供有可控变量,用于在再充电模式期间调节提供给经放电的燃料道的电源。 Thus, the system controller 130 'is provided with a controlled variable for the power supply during recharging mode regulator to the fuel passage via the discharge.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的离子浓度控制子系统为了在再充电模式期间实现高能效,必须在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的每个再充电头175的阴极-电解质界面上保持(所带电荷)离子的最佳浓度。 Metal ion concentration in the fuel rechargeable card subsystem control subsystem in order to achieve high energy efficiency during the recharge mode, a subsystem must be recharged in the rechargeable cathode 117 of each head 175 in the metal fuel card - retaining electrolyte interface ( the optimal concentration of the charge carried by) ions. 另外,金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的最佳离子浓度可以与金属燃料卡放电子系统115中所需的有所不同。 Further, the metal fuel rechargeable card subsystem preferred concentration of the ion of the metal fuel card 117 may put different desired electronic system 115. 为此,在其FCB系统的特定应用中,可能希望和/或必须在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中设置单独的离子浓度控制子系统。 For this reason, in certain applications it FCB system may be desirable and / or necessary recharging subsystem 117 to provide a separate metal ion concentration in the fuel control subsystem card. 金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的该离子浓度控制子系统的主要功能应是检测和改变其中的状态,从而在再充电操作模式期间将再充电头中阴极-电解质界面处的离子浓度保持在最佳范围内。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem main function of the ion concentration in the control subsystem 117 should be changed and wherein the detecting state, thereby recharging mode of operation during recharging cathode head - ion concentration at the interface of the electrolyte is maintained at within the optimal range.

在该子系统的示例性实施例中,通过在阴极支承板121'中如图2B7所示地置入小型固态湿度(或含水率)传感器142'(或尽可能靠近阳极-阴极界面)来实现离子浓度控制,以便检测其中的含水率或湿度状态,并产生指示它的数字数据信号。 In an exemplary embodiment of the subsystem, '142 into a small solid moisture (or water content) in the sensor shown in FIG. 2B7' (or as close to the anode - cathode interface) by the cathode support plate 121 to achieve ion concentration control, in order to detect the moisture content of which or humidity conditions, and generates data indicating its digital signal. 该数字数据信号被提供给数据获取和处理子系统299,进行检测和分析。 The digital data signal is supplied to a data acquisition and processing subsystem 299, for detection and analysis. 在含水率值或相对湿度掉落到在系统控制器130中的存储器(ROM)中设置的预定阈值以下时,监测金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中的信息的系统控制器130'自动地产生一控制信号,提供给增湿部件,该增湿部件可被实现为置入在阴极支承结构121'的壁中的微喷淋器结构143'。 When the moisture content falls to a value, or a predetermined relative humidity threshold set in the system controller 130. The memory (ROM) in the following, the metal fuel monitoring system database management subsystem controller 297 in the information 130 'automatically generating a a control signal is supplied to the humidifying means, which may be implemented as a humidifying member inserted in the cathode support structure 121 'of the shower wall micro structure 143'. 在该示例性实施例中,该壁起输水导管的作用,这些导管从微型尺寸的孔144中排出水珠,其方式与在放电头中阴极支承结构121中执行的方式类似。 In the exemplary embodiment, the water duct wall from the role of these droplets from the discharge conduit hole 144 of miniature size, which is performed in the same way that the discharge head 121 in the cathode support structure similar. 因此,泵145'、池146'、流控阀147'、歧管148'和多腔管149'的功能分别与泵145、池146、流控阀147、歧管148和多腔管149类似。 Similarly Therefore, the pump 145 ', cell 146', the flow control valve 147 ', manifold 148' and the multi-lumen tube 149 'respectively function pump 145, reservoir 146, flow control valve 147, manifold 148 and multi-lumen tube 149 .

这种操作将增大阴极支承结构通道内部的含水率值或相对湿度,从而在卡再充电操作期间为离子传送保证最佳地保持在其中支承的注入电解质的条的电解质中的KOH浓度,并因此还原金属氧化物。 This operation will increase the water content value of the internal passage of the cathode support structure or relative humidity, so as to guarantee the best KOH concentration of the electrolyte held in the article support, wherein the injection of the electrolyte is in ion transport during the recharging operation card, and Thus reduction of metal oxides.

金属燃料带放电子系统中的数据获取和处理子系统在图1的示例性实施例中,图2B3和2B4中所示的数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)299执行多种功能,例如包括:(1)在刚好在每个金属燃料卡装载到再充电头组件中的特定再充电头之前,标识每个金属燃料卡,并且产生表示它的金属燃料卡标识数据;(2)在标识的金属燃料卡被装载到其再充电头组件中的时段期间,传感(即,检测)所存在的金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的各种“再充电参数”;(3)计算一个或多个参数,估计或测量在卡再充电操作期间产生的金属氧化物的量值,并产生表示所计算出的参数、估计值和/或测量值的“金属氧化物指示数据”;和(4)在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297(可由系统控制器130'访问)中记录检测到的再充电参数数据及计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,这两者均与再充电操作模式期间标识的 With metal fuel discharge data acquisition system and an electronic processing subsystem in the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 1, the data shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4 acquiring and processing subsystem (DCPS) 299 to perform various functions, including, for example: (1) in each of the metal fuel just to recharge the particular card loading head assembly prior to recharging the head, each of the metal fuel identification card, and the card generates its identification data represents a metal fuel; (2) identification of metal the fuel is loaded into the card during its period of recharging head assembly, the sensor (i.e., detecting) the presence of the metal fuel card recharging various subsystems in the "recharge parameters"; (3) calculating one or more parameters, estimated or measured value of the card rechargeable metal oxides produced during operation, and generates a calculated parameter, estimates and / or "metal oxide instruction data" measurements; and (4) metal fuel database management subsystem 297 (system controller 130 may be 'access) recorded in the detected recharge parameter data and calculated data indicating a metal oxide, both of which identifies the mode of operation during recharging 对应的金属燃料道/卡相关。 The fuel channel corresponding metal / card related. 如后面更清楚地看到的,由数据获取和处理子系统299保持在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中的这种记录的信息可以由系统控制器130'以各种方式使用,这些方式例如包括:在再充电操作模式期间,以快速方式优化地对部分或完全氧化的金属燃料卡进行再充电。 As seen more clearly later, acquisition and processing subsystem 299 held in the metal fuel database management subsystem 297. This information may be recorded by the data 130 'used in various ways by the system controller, these methods include e.g. : during recharging mode of operation, a fast manner to optimally partially or fully oxidized metal fuel card recharging.

在再充电操作期间,数据获取和处理子系统299自动地对表示与构成上述金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的各种子系统关联的“再充电参数”的数据信号进行采样(或获取)。 During the recharging operation, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 automatically indicating the metal constituting the fuel various rechargeable card data signal "recharge parameters" associated subsystem subsystem 117 is sampled (or acquisition). 在再充电模式期间,由这些子系统产生的数据信号中,这些采样的数据被编码为信息。 During the recharge mode, the subsystem signals generated from these data, the data for these samples are encoded as information. 根据本发明的原理,卡型“再充电参数”应包括但不限于:在沿由例如阴极-电解质电压监测子系统133'监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构上产生的电压;流过沿由例如阴极-电解质电流监测子系统134'监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构的电流;每个再充电头175的阴极结构中的氧气饱和值(pO2),它由阴极氧气压力控制子系统(130'、135'、136'、137'、138'、140')监测;在由例如离子浓度控制子系统(130'、142'、145'、146'、147'、148'、149')监测的特定放电头中沿特定金属燃料道的阴极-电解质界面上或附近的含水率(H2O)值(或相对湿度);卡再充电操作期间再充电头的温度(Tr);和上述标识的再充电参数状态的时段((Tr)。 According to principles of the present invention, the card-type "recharge parameters" would include but are not limited to: for example, along the cathode - to monitor the voltage generated in the anode structure and the cathode electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 133 'the specific metal fuel channel; stream for example, through the cathode along - an electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 134 'to monitor the cathode and the anode current of the particular metal structure of the fuel passage; each recharge oxygen saturation value (pO2) in the cathode structure 175 of the header, which consists of an oxygen cathode pressure control subsystem (130 ', 135', 136 ', 137', 138 ', 140') monitor; for example, ion concentration control subsystem (130 ', 142', 145 ', 146', 147 ', 148 by the ', 149') specific discharge head monitored along certain metal fuel passage cathode - electrolyte interface at or near the water content (H2O) value (or relative humidity); temperature of the rechargeable head (Tr during card recharging operation) ; recharge period and the state of the parameters identified ((Tr).

通常,数据获取和处理子系统299可在再充电操作模式期间记录卡型“再充电参数”的方法有多种。 Typically, data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 has a variety of methods may be recorded during recharging card-type operating mode "recharge parameter," the. 后面将对这些不同的方法进行描述。 These different methods will later be described.

根据图2B9所示的数据记录的第一方法,以图形方式印刷在“光学”数据道172上的唯一卡标识代码或标记(如,以区域加强信息编码的小型条形码符号)171,由利用本领域内熟知的光学技术(如,激光扫描条形码符号读取器或光学解码器)实现的光学数据读取器180读取。 The first data recording method shown in FIG. 2B9, graphically printed on "optical" data track 172 or unique card identification code tag (e.g., to a small area reinforcing bar code symbol encoded information) 171, the use of the present optical techniques well known in the art (e.g., a laser scanning bar code symbol reader or optical encoder) to achieve an optical data reader 180 to read. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的信息在提供给数据获取和处理子系统299中的数据信号中编码,接着在再充电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中。 In the exemplary embodiment, information indicating the unique card identification code which is supplied to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 in the encoded data signal, it is then recorded in a database management subsystem 297 of the metal fuel during the recharging operation .

根据图2B9'中所示的数据记录的第二方法,磁记录在磁数据道172'上的数字“卡标识”代码171',由利用本领域内熟知的磁信息读取技术实现的磁读取器150'读取。 According to FIG. 2B9 'a second data recording method shown in magnetic recording data in the magnetic track 172' number on the "card ID" Code 171 ', technology magnetic read magnetic information is read by use of well known art take 150 'reads. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的数字数据在提供给数据获取和处理子系统299中的数据信号中编码,接着在再充电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中。 In this exemplary embodiment, the digital data representing the unique card identification code is provided to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 in the encoded data signal, it is then recorded in a database management subsystem 297 of the metal fuel during the recharging operation in.

根据图2A9''所示的数据记录的第三方法,记录为不透光数据道172''中的一系列透光孔口的数字“卡标识”代码171'',由利用本领域内熟知的光学传感技术实现的光学传感头180''读取。 According to FIG. 2A9 '' shown in the third method of data recording, the recording data is opaque track 172 'series digital light transmissive aperture "of the" card ID "Code 171' ', well known in the art by the use of the optical head 180 optical sensing technology of the 'read. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一区域标识代码的信息在提供给数据获取和处理子系统299中的数据信号中编码,接着在再充电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中。 In the exemplary embodiment, information indicating the unique identification code in the area provided to a data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 in the encoded data signal, it is then recorded in a database management subsystem 297 of the metal fuel during the recharging operation .

根据用于数据记录的第四个另外的方法,标识的金属燃料卡上每个道的唯一数字“卡标识”代码和再充电参数组均被记录在实现为附着到本发明金属燃料卡表面的条的磁、光、或孔口的数据道中。 According to a fourth alternative method for data recording, a unique number for each track of the metal fuel card ID "card ID" and recharge codes are recorded in the parameter set is implemented according to the present invention, the fuel adhered to the metal surface of the card magnetic, optical, or orifice strip in the data track. 有关特定金属燃料卡的信息块在再充电操作模式期间被记录在数据道中,该数据道与容易地访问此记录信息的相关的金属燃料区形体上相邻。 A metal block for the specific fuel card during recharging mode of operation is recorded in the data track, the adjacent data track region associated with the metal fuel body easily access this information is recorded. 通常,该信息块将包括金属燃料卡标识号和一组再充电参数,如图2B16示意性示出,当金属燃料卡装载到再充电头组件175中时,它们由数据获取和处理子系统299自动地检测。 Typically, the information block comprising a metal fuel and a set of card identification number recharge parameters, shown schematically in FIG. 2B16, when the metal fuel is loaded into the card recharging head assembly 175, and are processed by the data acquisition subsystem 299 automatically detected.

与第三种方法相比,上述第一和第二数据记录方法具有几个优点。 Compared with the third method, said first and second data recording method has several advantages. 具体地讲,当利用第一和第二方法时,沿金属燃料卡设置的数据道具有极低的信息容量。 In particular, when using the first and second methods, the metal of the fuel along the data track of the card is provided having a very low information capacity. 这是因为,以唯一标识符(地址号或卡标识号)标记每个金属燃料卡所需记录的信息极少,所检测到的再充电参数记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中。 This is due to the unique identifier (address card number or identification number) of each of the metal fuel card mark recording information required very little, the detected recharge parameters recorded in the metal in the fuel database management subsystem 297. 另外,根据第一和第二方法的数据道结构应极便宜,并且还提供用于读取沿该数据道记录的卡标识信息的设备。 Further, according to the data structure of the first track and the second method should be very cheap, and also provide the card identification device information of the data recording track direction for reading.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的输入/输出控制子系统在有些应用中,可能希望或必须组合两个或多个FCB系统或它们的金属燃料卡再充电子系统,以便合成系统不仅仅由单独使它的这些子系统提供其功能。 Metal fuel rechargeable card input subsystem / output control subsystem in some applications, it may be desirable or necessary to a combination of two or more thereof FCB systems or recharge card subsystem metal fuel, by a separate system not only to synthesize it's these subsystems provide its functionality. 考虑到这些应用,其金属燃料卡再充电子系统117包括输入/输出控制子系统117,它使其外部系统(例如,微计算机或微控制器)越权控制金属燃料卡放电子系统的各方面,就象其系统控制器130'执行这些控制功能似的。 In consideration of these applications, the metal fuel card recharging subsystem 117 includes an input / output control subsystem 117, so that the external system (e.g., a microcomputer or microcontroller) override aspects of the metal fuel discharge electronic card system, as its system controller 130 'performs control functions like these. 在该示例性实施例中,输入/输出控制子系统152'被实现为标准的IEEEI/O总线架构,为外部或远程计算机系统提供直接与金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的系统控制器130'相接口的、并且直接地管理系统和子系统操作各方面的方法和装置。 In the exemplary embodiment, input / output control subsystem 152 'is implemented as a standard IEEEI / O bus architecture, the metal fuel direct recharge card subsystem 117 to an external system controller 130 or remote computer system' phase interface and direct management system and subsystems operating aspects of the method and apparatus.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电功率调节子系统如图2B3和2B4所示,再充电功率调节子系统181的输出端口以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178的输入端,而再充电功率调节子系统181的输入端口以可操作方式连接到输入电源176的输出端口。 Metal fuel subsystem card recharging rechargeable power conditioning subsystem shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4, the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem output port 181 is operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration input subsystem 178 , while recharging the power conditioning subsystem input port 181 is operatively connected to the power supply input and output ports 176. 虽再充电功率调节子系统181的主要功能是调节在再充电操作模式期间提供给金属燃料卡的电源时,再充电功率调节子系统181还可调节在再充电操作期间提供到金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构上的电压以及流过其阴极-电解质界面的电流。 Although when recharging power conditioning subsystem 181 The main function is to regulate the power supplied to the metal fuel card during recharging mode of operation, the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 181 may also be adjusted during the recharging operation of the metal fuel is supplied to the cathode channel current electrolyte interface - - cathode voltage and which flows in the electrolyte structure. 这些控制功能由系统控制器130'管理,并可以多种方式可编程地选择,以便最佳地实现对本发明多道和单道金属燃料卡的最佳再充电。 These control functions and may be programmably selected in various ways by the system controller 130 'management, in order to best achieve optimal recharging of the present invention, multi-channel and single-channel metal fuel card.

再充电功率调节子系统181可利用在功率、电压和电流控制领域内所熟知的的固态功率、电压和电流控制电路实现。 The rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 181 may be utilized within the power, voltage and current control known in the art of solid state power, voltage and current control circuitry. 该电路可包括利用晶体管控制技术的电可编程电源转换电路,其中,可将一个或多个可控电流源串联地连接到阴极和阳极结构,以便响应于由执行特定再充电功率控制方法的系统控制器产生的控制信号控制流过的电流。 The circuit may comprise a power conversion circuit electrically programmable transistor using a control technique, wherein one or more may be a controllable current source connected in series to the cathode and anode structure, so as to perform a specific response to a power control method recharging system current flows through the control signal generated by the controller to control. 这些电可编程电源转换电路还可包括晶体管控制技术,其中,可将一个或多个可控电压源并联到阴极和阳极结构,以便响应于由系统控制器产生的控制信号来控制其上的电压。 The electric power conversion circuit further comprises a programmable control transistor, wherein one or more may be controllable voltage source connected in parallel to the cathode and anode structures, in response to a control signal generated by the system controller to control the voltage thereon . 该电路可由系统控制器130'组合并受其控制,以便在金属燃料卡112的阴极-电解质结构提供恒定的功率(和/或电压和/或电流)控制。 The circuit can be a system controller 130 'and controlled by the composition, the metal fuel to the cathode 112 of the card - electrolyte structure to provide constant power (and / or voltage and / or current) control.

在本发明的这些示例性实施例中,再充电功率调节子系统181的主要功能是利用下列再充电功率控制方法之一来对阴极/阳极结构执行实时功率调节:(1)恒定输入电压/可变输入电流方法,其中,响应于由再充电卡上金属氧化物结构表示的负载状态,加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的输入电压保持恒定,而使其流过它的电流变化;(2)恒定输入电流/可变输入电压方法,其中,响应于负载状态,流入每个阴极-电解质上的电流保持恒定,而使其上的电压变化;(3)恒定输入电压/恒定输入电流方法,其中在再充电期间响应于负载状态,阴极-电解质结构上的电压和流入阴极-电解质结构中的电流均保持恒定;(4)恒定输入功率方法,其中,响应于负载状态,在放电期间加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的输入功率保持恒定;(5)脉动输入功率方法,其中,加到每个阴极-电 In these exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the main function of recharging the power conditioner subsystem 181 is to use one of the following rechargeable power control method for performing real time power adjustment of the cathode / anode structure: (1) constant input voltage / Available the method of varying the input current, wherein, in response to the load state of the metal oxide structure represented by the recharge card, applied to each cathode - electrolyte structure on the input voltage remains constant, while it changes a current flowing through it; (2 ) constant input current / voltage variable input method, wherein, in response to a load state, flows into each cathode - current in the electrolyte is kept constant, while the voltage variation on it; (3) constant input voltage / constant current input method, wherein during recharging in response to the load state, the cathode - into the cathode voltage and the electrolyte structure - the current in the electrolyte structure are kept constant; (4) a constant input power, wherein, in response to a load state, added during discharge each cathode - electrolyte structure on the input power is kept constant; (5) the method of pulsating input power, which is added to each cathode - electric 质结构上的输入功率在再充电期间以根据预定或动态状态保持每个功率脉冲的占空比脉动;(6)恒定输入电压/脉动输入电流方法,其中,在再充电期间流入阴极-电解质结构中的电流保持恒定,而流入阴极-电解质结构的电流以特定占空比脉动;和(7)脉动输入电压/恒定输入电流方法,其中,在再充电期间加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的的输入功率脉动,而流入每个阴极-电解质结构中的的电流保持恒定。 To maintain the duty cycle of pulsation of each power pulse according to predetermined or dynamic state of the input power during recharging chromatin structure; (6) constant input voltage / input current ripple, wherein, during recharging flows into the cathode - electrolyte structure the current remains constant, flows into the cathode - electrolyte structure of the current ripple to a particular duty cycle; and (7) pulsating input voltage / constant current input method, wherein, during recharging applied to each cathode - electrolyte on the structure pulsation of the input power, and flows into each of the cathode - electrolyte structure of current is kept constant.

本发明的优选实施例中,七(7)种再充电功率调节方法中的每一种均预编程到与系统控制器130'相关的ROM中。 Preferred embodiments of the present invention, seven (7) kinds of rechargeable power regulation each method are pre-programmed to 'associated with the system controller 130. ROM. 这些功率调节方法可以多种不同方式选择,这些方式例如包括,手动地启动系统壳体上的开关或按钮、自动地检测在金属燃料卡装置与金属燃料卡再充电子系统117之间的界面上建立或检测到的形体、电学、磁或光学条件。 These power adjustment method may be selected in many different ways, including, for example, manually activating a switch or button on the system housing, the fuel automatically detect the card device with the metal of the metal fuel recharge card interface between the subsystems 117 establishment or body, electrical, magnetic or optical conditions detected.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的系统控制器如上详细描述中所述,系统控制器130'执行各种操作,以便执行其放电模式时的FCB系统的各种功能。 Metal fuel card recharging system controller subsystem of the above detailed description, the system controller 130 'performs various operations so as to perform various functions of the system when the FCB discharge mode. 在图1的FCB系统的优选实施例中,用来实现金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的系统控制器130'的子系统与用来实现金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的系统控制器130的子系统相同。 FCB subsystem preferred embodiment of the system of Figure 1 embodiment, the metal used to achieve the fuel card recharging system controller subsystem 117,130 'and the metal used to implement a fuel system controller electronic card discharge system 115 130 the same subsystem. 但是,应理解的是,在放电和再充电子系统中所利用的系统控制器可以实现为单独的子系统,每个均利用一个或多个编程的微控制器,以便执行由其FCB系统执行的各组功能。 However, it should be appreciated that the discharge and recharging system controller subsystem utilized may be implemented as a separate subsystem, each using one or more programmed microcontrollers, FCB system for execution by each set of functions. 在这两种情况下,这些子系统中的一个的输入/输出控制子系统可以被设计成主输入/输出控制子系统,利用该子系统,一个或多个外部子系统(如,管理子系统)可被连接为能够进行其FCB系统内执行的外部和/或远程管理功能。 In both cases, the input of one of these subsystems / output subsystem may be designed to control the main input / output control subsystem, the subsystem using one or more external subsystems (e.g., management subsystem ) may be connected to be capable of external and / or remote management functions performed by the system in its FCB.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的再充电金属燃料卡图2B5表示利用图2B3和2B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的再充电金属燃料卡的基本步骤的高级流程图。 Metal fuel card recharging subsystem rechargeable metal fuel card FIG. 2B3 and 2B5 showing a metal fuel FIGS card high level flow chart in FIG. 2B4 subsystem basic steps rechargeable metal fuel card 117 is recharging.

如块A所示,卡装载/卸载子系统111将4个金属燃料卡传送到金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的卡再充电间。 As shown in block A, the card loading / unloading subsystem 111. The card 4 is transferred to the metal of the metal fuel the fuel subsystem 117 rechargeable card recharge card room.

如块B所示,再充电头传送子系统131'将再充电头配置在装入到金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的再充电间中的金属燃料卡周围,从而离子导电介质设置在每个阴极结构和装载的金属燃料卡之间。 As shown in block B, and then charging head delivery subsystem 131 'disposed in the first recharging the fuel loaded into the metal around the card recharged again charging subsystem 117 between metal fuel card, so that the ionically conductive medium provided in each loading a metal cathode structure and the engagement between the fuel.

如块C所示,再充电头传送子系统131'然后配置每个再充电头175,从而其阴极结构与所装载的金属燃料卡112形成离子接触,而其阳极接触结构与其形成电接触。 As shown in block C, and then charging head delivery subsystem 131 'and configure each recharge head 175, so that a cathode structure of the metal fuel card 112 loaded in ionic contact, the contact structure and an anode in electrical contact therewith.

如块D所示,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178自动地配置在所装载的金属燃料卡周围配置的每个再充电头的输出端,然后,系统控制器控制金属燃料卡再充电子系统117,从而以所需再充电电压和电流给装载有金属燃料卡的再充电头的阴极-电解质结构提供电源。 As shown in block D, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178 automatically configures output of recharge head around the loaded card configuration of each of the metal fuel, and then, the metal fuel system controller controls the card recharging subsystem 117, thereby the required voltage and current to the rechargeable metal fuel card loaded with a cathode head recharging - provides power electrolyte structure. 当一个或多个所装载的金属燃料卡再充电时,则卡装载/卸载子系统111自动地经再充电间排出再充电的金属燃料卡,用放电的金属燃料卡替换。 When one or more of the loaded metal fuel recharge card, the card loading / unloading subsystem 111 automatically through the discharge of the metal fuel among the card recharging rechargeable metal fuel discharge replacement card.

管理本发明金属空气FCB系统的第一示例性实施例中的金属燃料可用性和金属氧化物的出现放电模式期间在图1所示第一示例性实施例的FCB系统中,提供了用于自动地管理金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的金属燃料可用性的装置。 FCB system shown in FIG. 1 a first exemplary embodiment of the metal occurs during the discharge mode and the availability of the metal oxide fuel to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the metal-air FCB management system is provided for automatically metal fuel card management system 115 in the metal fuel electronic device for a discharge availability. 后面将更详细地描述该系统的能力。 Capability of the system will be described in more detail later.

如图2B17所示,表示放电参数(如,iacd、vacd、…、PO2d、H2Od、Tacd、vacr/iacr)的数据信号自动地被作为输入提供给金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的数据获取和处理子系统295。 As shown in FIG 2B17, it represents the discharge parameters (e.g., iacd, vacd, ..., PO2d, H2Od, Tacd, vacr / iacr) data signal is provided to automatically discharge the metal fuel card electronic data acquisition system 115 as an input and The processing subsystem 295. 在采样和获取之后,这些数据信号被处理并被转换成相应的数据要素,然后被写入例如如图2A15所示的信息结构301。 After the sampling and acquisition, the data signal is processed and converted into corresponding data elements, then the information is written in the structure shown in FIG. 301, for example 2A15. 每个信息结构301包括一组数据要素,该组数据被“标记时间”,并且和与特定金属燃料卡关联的唯一金属燃料卡标识符171(171',171'')相关。 Each information structure 301 comprises a set of data elements, the set of data is "time stamped", and the metal fuel and the only card associated with the particular metal fuel card identifier 171 (171 ', 171' ') associated. 该唯一金属燃料卡标识符由图2A6中所示的数据读取头150(150',150'')确定。 The metal fuel unique card identifier read by the data shown in FIG. 2A6 head 150 (150 ', 150' ') is determined. 然后,每个被标记时间的信息结构被记录在金属燃料卡放电子系统115的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中,用于在将来的再充电和/或放电操作期间得以保持、后续处理和/或访问。 Then, each time stamped information structure is recorded in the metal fuel discharge electronic card system 115 of the metal fuel database management subsystem 293, to be maintained in / during a future operation or discharging and recharging, and the subsequent processing / or visit.

如上所述,在放电模式期间,数据获取和处理子系统295对各种类型的信息进行采样和汇集。 As described above, during the discharge mode, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 pairs of samples and various types of information collection. 该信息类型例如包括:(1)在特定放电头中特定阴极-电解质结构上放电的电流量iacd;(2)每个这种阴极-电解质结构上产生的电压;(3)每个放电头内每个子腔中的氧气浓度(pO2d);(4)每个放电头中每个阴极-电解质界面附近的含水率值(H2Od);和(5)每个放电头的每个通道中的温度(Tacd)。 This type of information includes, for example: (1) in particular discharge head in particular cathode - electrolyte structure of the discharge current iacd; (2) each such cathode - the voltage generated in the electrolyte structure; (3) each of the discharge head water content value near electrolyte interface (H2Od) - (4) of each cathode of each discharge head;;, and (5) per channel in each discharge head temperature (the oxygen concentration chamber (pO2d) each sub Tacd). 根据这些汇集到的信息,数据获取和处理子系统295能够易于计算在特定放电头内的特定阴极-电解质结构上放电电流的持续时间(ΔTd)。 According to the information collection, data acquisition and processing subsystem particular cathode 295 can be easily counted in the particular discharge head - the duration of the discharge current of the electrolyte structure (ΔTd).

由数据获取和处理子系统295产生的信息结构实时地存储在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中,并可在放电操作期间以各种方式使用。 And processing by the data acquisition subsystem 295 generates configuration information in real time is stored in the database management subsystem 293 of the metal fuel, and can be used in various ways during the discharging operation. 例如,上述电流(iacd)和时间(ΔTd)信息以传统方式分别以安培和小时测量。 For example, the above-mentioned current (IACD) and time ([Delta] Td) information in a conventional manner and ampere hours measurements respectively. 由“AH”表示的这些测量值的乘积提供已从沿金属燃料卡的金属空气电池组结构“放电”的电荷(-Q)的近似测量值。 The product of these measured values ​​by "the AH" represents a measurement value provided from the approximate direction of charge (-Q is) metal metal air fuel cell stack structure of the card "discharge" of. 因此,在放电操作期间,所计算出的“AH”乘积提供了预期已在特定瞬间在标识(即,标记)的金属燃料卡的特定道上形成的金属氧化物的精确量。 Thus, during the discharge operation, the calculated "AH" product provides the desired precise amount of the metal oxide has been formed in a specific track identification (i.e., labeled) metal fuel card at a particular instant.

当利用有关金属氧化和还原处理的历史信息时,金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统115和117中的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297能够分别计算或确定在从特定锌燃料卡放电(即,产生电功率)应可使用多少金属燃料(如,锌),或者在还原时出现多少金属氧化物。 When using historical information about metal oxidation and reduction process, the metal fuel discharge and recharge card subsystem 115 and the metal 117 in the fuel database management subsystem 293 and 297, respectively, can be calculated or determined in particular zinc is discharged from the fuel card (i.e. generating electric power) much metal in the fuel (e.g., zinc) should be used, or how much the metal oxide occurs during reduction. 因此,该信息极有助于执行包括例如确定沿特定金属燃料区可用的金属燃料量等管理功能。 Thus, this information includes, for example performed very helps in determining the amount of the particular metal of the metal fuel fuel management area available.

在该示例性实施例中,在金属燃料卡放电子系统115中利用下述金属燃料可用性管理方法来管理金属燃料可用性。 In the exemplary embodiment, the electronic system 115 to put the metal in the fuel by the following method to manage the availability of the metal fuel management availability of the metal fuel card.

放电操作期间金属燃料可用性管理的优选方法根据本发明的原理,数据读取头150(150',150'')自动地标识装载到放电组件中的每个金属燃料卡,并产生指示它的卡标识数据,该数据被提供给金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的数据获取和处理子系统中。 A preferred method of the metal fuel availability management during the discharge operation according to the principles of the present invention, the data reading head 150 (150 ', 150' ') automatically identifying card loaded into each metal fuel discharge assembly, and generates an indication of its card identification data, the data is supplied to the discharge of the metal fuel card data acquisition electronics 115 and processing subsystem. 当接收到所装载的金属燃料卡的卡标识数据时,数据获取和处理子系统自动地创建卡的信息结构(即,数据文件),用于存储在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中。 Upon receiving the card identification data of the metal fuel card loaded, data acquisition and processing subsystem automatically creating a card information structure (i.e., file data), stored in a database management subsystem 293 in the metal fuel. 该信息结构的功能是记录当前(最新)有关所检测到的放电参数、金属燃料可用性状态、金属氧化物存在状态等的信息,如图2A15所示。 Function of the information structure is to record information on the current discharge parameters (new) about the detected metal fuel availability status, the presence of a metal oxide state and the like, as shown in FIG 2A15. 当已对金属燃料数据库管理子系统内的该特定金属燃料卡预先创建信息存储结构时,该信息文件从数据库子系统293访问,以进行更新。 When the information storage structure has been created in advance for the particular metal in the metal fuel card fuel database management subsystem, the file access information from the database subsystem 293, for updates. 如图2A15所示,对于每个标识的金属燃料卡,在每个采样瞬间ti对每个金属燃料道保持信息结构285。 As shown in FIG. 2A15, for each identified metal fuel card, holding information for each metal structure of the fuel channel 285 pairs every sampling instant ti.

一旦已为一特定金属燃料卡创建了(或发现)一信息结构,便必须确定其上每个金属燃料道的起始状态或条件,并且输入到金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中保持的信息结构中。 Once you have created (or discover) an information structure, it is necessary to determine the initial state or condition of each channel on which the metal fuel, and a fuel input to the information structure of the metal held in the database management subsystem 293 is a specific metal fuel card in. 通常,装载到放电头组件中的金属燃料卡将被部分或完全充电,并因此包含沿其道的金属燃料的特定量。 Typically, the metal fuel is loaded into the card discharge head assembly will be partially or fully charged, and therefore a certain amount of metal fuel comprises along its path. 为了精确地管理金属燃料,必须确定所装载的卡中的这些金属燃料量,然后将表示它的信息存储在放电和再充电子系统115和117的金属燃料数据库管理子系统中。 In order to accurately manage the metal fuel, these metals must determine the quantity of fuel loaded in the card, and then indicates its discharge and recharge information storage subsystem 115 and 117 of the metal fuel database management subsystem. 通常,信息的起始状态可以以不同方式获得,例如包括:在完成对不同FCB系统的放电操作之前,对金属燃料卡上的这种初始化信息进行编码;在由相同的FCB系统执行的最近的放电操作期间,将这种初始化信息预先记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中;在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中(在工厂中),记录特定类型金属燃料卡的每个道上出现的金属燃料的实际(已知)量,并当利用数据读取头150(150',150'')读取金属燃料卡上的代码时,自动地对特定信息结构中的这种信息进行初始化;利用上述金属氧化物检测组件连同阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统132,或利用其他适用的技术实际测量每个金属燃料道上金属燃料的起始量。 Typically, the initial state information may be obtained in different ways, for example, comprising: discharging operation prior to completion of the FCB different systems, such initialization information on the card is encoded metal fuel; in the most recently executed by the same system FCB during the discharge operation, the initialization information is recorded in advance that the metal in the fuel database management subsystem 293; metal fuel database management subsystem of the metal fuel in each track (in the factory), a particular type of metal fuel record card appears in 293 the actual amount of the (known), and use the data when the read head 150 (150 ', 150' ') reading the code on the card of the metal fuel is automatically initialized to this information for a particular information structure; using the detection component metal oxides in conjunction with the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 132, or using other suitable techniques starting fuel amount of each metal track the actual measurement of the metal fuel.

在对所装载的燃料卡进行放电操作之前,可通过利用在放电子系统115中的阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统132和数据获取和处理子系统295配置本领域内已知的金属氧化物检测驱动电路,来执行上述实际测量技术。 Before loading the card discharging operation of the fuel, a cathode discharge by utilizing an electronic system 115 - the electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 132 and data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 configuration known in the art of detecting a metal oxide a drive circuit to implement the actual measurement techniques. 利用这种配置,金属氧化物检测头可自动地获得有关放电头组件中所装载的每个标识的金属燃料卡上每个金属燃料道的“起始”状态的信息。 With this configuration, the detection head may be a metal oxide to automatically obtain information "start" state of each of the fuel passage on the metal of the metal fuel card For each identified discharge head assembly loaded. 这种信息将包括在装载时刻(表示为t0)在每个道上出现的金属氧化物和金属燃料的起始量。 This information will include the loading timing (denoted as t0) of each track starting amount of metal oxides and metal occurs in the fuel.

以与参照图1的FCB系统描述的方式相类似的方式,通过自动地给金属燃料的特定道施加测试电压,并响应于所施加的测试电压来检测流过金属燃料道部分的电流,来对所装载的卡的每个金属燃料道执行这种金属燃料/金属氧化物测量。 In a manner described with reference FCB system of FIG. 1 will be described in a similar manner, by automatically applying a test voltage to a particular channel metal fuel, in response to a test voltage applied to the current metal fuel passage portion is detected flowing to for each of the metal loaded fuel channel card performs this fuel / metal oxide measurement. 表示在特定采样周期下所施加的电压(vapplied)和响应电流(iresponse)的数据信号被数据获取和处理子系统295自动地检测,并被处理以产生以适当的数值标度表示所施加的测试电压与响应电流之比值的数据要素。 Represents a voltage (VAPPLIED) applied at a specific sampling cycle and the response current (IResponse) data is the data acquisition and signal processing subsystem 295 automatically detected, and processed to produce represents applied at an appropriate numerical scale test data elements in response to the ratio of voltage and current. 该数据要素与自动地记录在链接到保持在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中的标识的金属燃料卡的信息结构(即,文件)中的vapplied/iresponse成比例。 The data elements and automatically linked to the information recorded in the card holding structure of the metal in the metal fuel fuel management subsystem 293 in the database identified (i.e., file) vapplied / iresponse proportional. 由于该数据要素(v/i)提供的是对被测量的金属燃料道电阻的直接测量,因此,它能与标识的金属燃料道上出现的金属氧化物的测得量精确相关。 Since the data elements (v / i) provide the metal is a direct measure of the fuel resistance of the channel to be measured, and therefore, the measured amount of metal oxide and metal fuel can track the precise identification of associated occurrence.

数据获取和处理子系统295然后量化所测起始金属氧化物量(可在起始瞬间t0得到),并将其指定为MOA0,用于记录在信息结构中(如图2A15所示)。 Data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 then quantizes the measured amount of starting metal oxide (available in the starting instant t0), and designated MOA0, for recording the information structure (shown in FIG. 2A15). 然后,利用有关完全(再)充电时可在每个道上得到的金属燃料最大量的先前信息,数据获取和处理子系统295计算对每个燃料道在时刻“t0”可在每个道上得到的金属燃料的精确测量值,对每个燃料道将每个测量值指定为MFA0,并将这些用于标识的金属燃料卡的起始金属燃料测量值{MFA0}记录在金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统两者的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297中。 Then, about full (re) in each track can be obtained when the maximum amount of metal fuel charge prior information, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 295 are calculated for each fuel channel at time "t0" may be obtained in each track accurate measurement of the metal fuel, each measurement value is specified for each fuel channel MFA0, these starting metal fuel and metal fuel for the card identifying the measurements recorded {MFA0} metal fuel discharge and refilling card metal fuel database management subsystems of both electronic systems 293 and 297. 尽管该初始化处理过程便于执行,但应理解的是,在有些应用中,可能更希望在已对金属燃料卡进行已知的处理过程的前提下、利用理论计算通过实验确定起始金属燃料测量值,该已知的处理过程例如为:(1)在FCB系统的功率输出端,使所装载的燃料卡瞬间处于电短路状态;(2)自动地检测其响应特性;和(3)以短路电流为函数,对在存储在一表格中的已知起始氧化状态中的所检测到的各响应特性进行相关;而将所有其他(再)充电参数保持恒定(后称为“短路电阻测试”)。 Although this process facilitates the implementation of the initialization process, it is to be understood that, in some applications, it may be more desirable on the premise of the metal fuel has been known card processing procedure, using the experimentally determined by theoretical calculation starting metal fuel measurements the known processes, for example: (1) at the power output terminal FCB system, fuel card loaded in electrical momentary short-circuit state; (2) automatically detects the response characteristic; and (3) short-circuit current as a function of the respective response characteristics of the known initial oxidation state is stored in a table in the detected correlation; while others will remain constant all (re) charge parameters (hereinafter "short resistance test") .

在完成初始化过程之后,金属燃料卡放电子系统115准备沿下面描述的线路执行金属燃料管理功能。 After completion of the initialization process, the metal fuel discharge card electronic system 115 is ready to perform management functions in the metal fuel lines described below. 在该示例性实施例中,该方法涉及两个基本步骤,这些步骤在放电操作期间以循环方式执行。 In the exemplary embodiment, the method involves two basic steps, performed in a cyclic manner during the discharging operation.

该处理过程的第一步骤涉及的是,从起始金属燃料量MFA0中减去对应于当在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的放电期间产生的金属氧化物量的计算出的金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。 The first step of the process involved, the amount of fuel from a starting metal MFA0 subtracting the corresponding metal oxides when the calculated estimation value to the amount of metal oxide generated during discharging at the time between t0-t1 interval out MOE0-1. 在放电操作期间,利用如下汇集到的放电参数来计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1:放电电流iacd和时段(Td。 Iacd discharge current, and time (Td: during discharge operation, the metal oxide is calculated using the following estimated value MOE0-1 together to discharge parameters.

该处理过程的第二步骤涉及将计算出的测量值(MFA0-MOE0-1)加到对应于在可在时间间隔t0-t1之间已进行的任何再充电期间产生的金属氧化物量的金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。 A second step of the process involves the calculated measurement value (MFA0-MOE0-1) was added corresponding to the amount of metal oxides produced during recharging has been performed any time between t0-t1 interval metal oxide It was estimated value MOE0-1. 要注意的是,在再充电期间,利用再充电电流iacd和其时段(Td来计算金属氧化物测量值MOE0-1。要注意的是,在刚好先前的再充电操作期间(如果执行这样一个操作的话),将预先计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1,并将其记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统115内的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中。因此,在该示例性实施例中,必须在电流再充电操作期间从再充电子系统117的数据库子系统297中读取该预先记录的信息要素。 It is noted that, during recharging, the use thereof and a recharge current iacd period (Td calculated measurements metal oxide MOE0-1. It is noted that, (if such an operation performed during the previous recharging operation just it), the metal oxides previously calculated estimates MOE0-1, and recorded in the metal fuel card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 115 in the database management subsystem 293. Thus, in this exemplary embodiment, it is necessary during the recharging operation current from the rechargeable element 117 subsystem information database subsystem 297 reads the prerecorded.

上述计算操作的计算结果(即,MFA0-MOE0-1+MFE0-1)然后被记入在金属燃料卡放电子系统115的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中,作为新的当前金属燃料量(MFA1),该金属燃料量将被用于接下来的金属燃料可用性更新处理过程中。 Calculation result of the calculation operations (i.e., MFA0-MOE0-1 + MFE0-1) are then entered in the metal fuel discharge electronic card database management system 115 of the metal fuel subsystem 293, as a new current fuel quantity of metal (MFA1 ), the amount of metal fuel is to be used in the next update of the availability of the metal fuel processing. 在放电操作期间,对正被放电的每个金属燃料道每ti-ti+1秒执行一次上述更新处理过程。 During the discharge operation, each ti-ti + 1 seconds to repeat the above process for each update channel metal fuel being discharged.

保持在每个金属燃料道上的这种信息可以以多种方式使用,例如:管理金属燃料的可用性,使之满足连接到FCB系统的电负载的电功率需求;以及,在放电操作期间以最佳方式设置放电参数。 Metal fuel held in each track such information may be used in various ways, for example: metal fuel availability management, so as to meet the electrical power needs of the system connected to the electrical load FCB; and, in an optimal way during a discharge operation set discharge parameters. 后面将对有关金属燃料管理技术的细节进行更详细描述。 For details will be later metal fuel management techniques will be described in more detail.

放电操作模式期间金属燃料可用性管理的使用在放电操作期间,在第i个放电头上确定的、计算出的在时刻t2在任何特定金属燃料道上出现的金属燃料估计值(即,MFTt1-t2)可被用来计算从第j个放电头下游的第(j+1)、第(j+2)、或第(j+n)个放电头上金属燃料的可用性。 Use of the metal fuel availability during a discharging mode of operation management during the discharge operation, the discharge head of the i-th determined, calculated in metal fuel estimation time t2 occurring at any particular metal fuel track (i.e., MFTt1-t2) can be used to calculate the j-th from the discharge head downstream of the (j + 1), the first (j + 2), or the (j + n) th discharge head of the metal fuel availability. 利用这样计算出的测量值,金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的系统控制器130可实时地确定(即,预期)沿金属燃料卡的哪个金属燃料道包含具有其量足以在放电操作期间加到金属燃料卡放电子系统115上的瞬间电负载状态的金属燃料(如,锌),并有选择地“接入”已知沿其出现金属燃料的金属燃料道。 Using the measured value thus calculated, the metal fuel discharge system controller card 115 in electronic system 130 may be determined in real time (i.e., expected) comprises a fuel passage in which a metal card having a metal fuel added in an amount sufficient during the discharging operation metal fuel card discharge transient electrical load on the electronic state of the metal fuel system 115 (e.g., zinc), and optionally an "access" known to occur along the metal fuel passage of the metal fuel. 这种道切换操作可涉及暂时将其阴极-电解质结构的输出端连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统132的输入端的系统控制器130,从而使支承金属燃料含量(如,淀积物)的道可容易地用于产生电负载116所需的电功率。 This channel switching operation may involve temporarily a cathode - electrolyte structure output terminal connected to the cathode - electrolyte configuration input output terminal subsystem 132 of system controller 130, thereby supporting the metal content of the fuel (e.g., deposit) of channel can be easily used to produce the desired 116 electrical load power.

这种金属燃料管理能力的另一优点是,金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的系统控制器130能够利用刚好在再充电和放电操作之前的期间在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297中汇集和记录的信息来控制放电操作期间的放电参数。 Another advantage of this fuel management capability, the metal fuel discharge system controller card 115 of the electronic system 130 can be utilized together in just the metal fuel database management subsystem 293 and 297 during the previous recharging and discharging operations, and the information recording controlling discharge parameters during the discharge operation.

在放电模式期间使用在先前操作模式期间记录的信息的控制放电参数的装置在第二示例性实施例的FCB系统中,金属燃料卡放电子系统115的系统控制器130能够利用在先前的再充电和放电操作期间汇集到的、并记录在图1的FCB系统的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297中的信息来自动地控制放电参数。 During the discharge mode means for controlling discharge parameters used in previously recorded information during a second mode of operation the system FCB exemplary embodiment, the metal fuel discharge electronic card system 115 system controller 130 can be utilized in the previous recharging during the collection and discharging operations and the information recorded in the metal fuel FCB database management system 293 of FIG. 1 and the subsystem 297 automatically controlling discharge parameters.

如图2B16所示,设置在放电和再充电子系统115和117中及之间的子系统架构和总线能够使金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的系统控制器130访问和使用记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117内金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中的信息。 FIG 2B16 shown, provided on the metal fuel discharge and recharge card subsystem architecture and bus between subsystems 115 and 117 can be made of metal and the fuel discharge system controller card 115 of the electronic system 130 to access and use records the rechargeable metal fuel subsystem information 117 of the database management subsystem 297. 类似地,设置在放电和再充电子系统115和117中及之间的子系统架构和总线能够使金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的系统控制器130'访问和使用记录在金属燃料卡放电子系统115内金属燃料数据库管理子系统293中的信息。 Similarly, disposed discharged and recharged between the sub-bus architecture and the subsystems 115 and 117 can be made of the metal fuel and the card recharging system controller 117 subsystem 130 'to access and use the metal in the fuel discharge recording card 293 within an electronic information system database management subsystem 115 of the metal fuel. 下面将解释这种信息文件和子文件共享能力的优点。 The advantage of this will be explained below information files and sub-file sharing capabilities.

在放电操作期间,系统控制器130能够访问存储在放电和再充电子系统115和117内金属燃料数据库管理子系统内的各种类型的信息。 During the discharge operation, the system controller 130 can access the storage in a discharged and recharged subsystem 115 various types of information in the database management subsystem 117 and the metal fuel. 一个重要的信息要素与在特定瞬间在沿每个金属燃料道上当前可用的金属燃料量(即,MFEt)有关。 An important element of the information about the amount of fuel in the metal (i.e., MFEt) along each track of the metal fuel currently available at a particular instant. 利用该信息,系统控制器130可确定沿特定道是否有足够的金属燃料来满足所连接的负载116的电功率需求。 With this information, the system controller 130 may determine whether there is sufficient in a specific channel metal fuels to meet the load connected to the electric power demand of 116. 先前的放电操作结果是沿金属燃料卡的一个或多个或全部燃料道的金属燃料可能基本上消耗掉,并且因为是最后的放电操作而尚未再充电。 The result is the previous discharge operation of the metal fuel in a fuel card or a plurality of metal or substantially all of the fuel channel may be consumed, and because the discharge operation is not yet the last recharging. 系统控制器130可预料到放电头内的这种金属燃料状态。 The system controller 130 may be expected of such a metal state of the fuel in the discharge head. 根据“上游”燃料卡的金属燃料状态,系统控制器130响应如下:(ⅰ)当在负载116上检测到高电负载状态时,将金属燃料“富裕”的道的阴极-电解质结构连接到放电功率调节子系统151中,而当在放电在116上检测到低负载状态时,将金属燃料“贫化”的道的阴极-电解质结构连接到该子系统中;(ⅱ)当在标识的金属燃料道上出现薄的金属燃料时,增加注入相应阴极支承结构中的氧气速率(即,提高其中的空气压力),而当在标识的金属燃料区域中出现厚的金属燃料时,减少注入相应阴极支承结构中的氧气速率(即,降低其中的空气压力),以便保持从放电头产生的功率;(ⅲ)当所检测到的其温度传感预定阈值时,控制放电头的温度等。 The metal fuel status "upstream" fuel cards, the system controller 130 in response to the following: (i) when the load on the electric load 116 detects a high state, the metal fuel "rich" Road cathode - electrolyte structure is connected to the discharge power conditioning subsystem 151, whereas when the discharge is detected in the low load state 116, the metal fuel "lean" track cathode - electrolyte structure connected to the subsystem; (ii) when the metal in the identification of fuel trail appear thin metal fuel, increasing the oxygen injection rate of the respective cathode support structure (i.e., increasing the air pressure therein), and when the thickness of the metal fuel present in the metal fuel area identifier, the respective cathode support reduced injection rate at which oxygen structure (i.e., reducing the air pressure therein), in order to keep the power generated from the discharge head; (iii) when the detected temperature sensing predetermined threshold value, the control temperature of the discharge head and the like. 应理解的是,在本发明的替代实施例中,系统控制器130可响应于标识的金属燃料卡上特定道的检测到的状态来以不同方式操作。 It should be understood that in an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the system controller 130 may be responsive to the detected state of the metal fuel card ID specific channel to operate in different ways.

再充电模式期间在图1所示的第二示例性实施例的FCB系统中,提供了用于在再充电操作期间自动地管理金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中出现的金属氧化物的装置。 In the FCB system of the second exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 1 during the recharge mode, is provided for recharging during operation of the automatic management of the metal oxide of the metal fuel card device subsystem 117 appears to be recharged. 下面将更详细地描述这种系统能力。 Such a system will be described below in more detail capability.

如图2B16所示,表示再充电参数(如,iacr,vacr,…,pO2r,{H2O}r,Tr,vacr/iacr)的数据信号被自动地作为输入提供给金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的数据获取和处理子系统299中。 2B16 shown in FIG indicating recharge parameters (e.g., iacr, vacr, ..., pO2r, {H2O} r, Tr, vacr / iacr) data signal is provided as input to automatically card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 117 the data acquisition and processing subsystem 299. 在采样和获取之后,这些数据信号被处理和转换成相应的数据要素,然后被写入例如如图2B15所示的信息结构302中。 After the sampling and acquisition, the data signal is processed and converted into corresponding data elements, then the information is written, for example, the structure 302 shown in FIG 2B15. 如在放电参数汇集的情况,再充电参数的每个信息结构302包括一组数据要素,该组数据要素被标记时间,并与唯一金属燃料卡标识符171(171',171'')相关,该标识符与正被再充电的金属燃料卡相关联。 As in the case of discharge parameters are assembled, each of the information structure recharging parameters comprises a set of 302 data elements, the set of data elements to be time stamped, and the unique identifier of the metal fuel card 171 (171 ', 171' ') associated, the identifier is being recharged metal fuel associated with the card. 该唯一金属燃料卡标识符由数据读取头180(180',180'')确定,如图2B6所示。 The unique identifier of the metal fuel card data read by the head 180 (180 ', 180' ') is determined, as shown in FIG 2B6. 每个标记时间的信息结构然后被记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中,如图2B16所示,用于在将来的再充电和/或放电操作期间保持、后续处理和/或访问。 Each time-stamped information structure is then recorded in the metal fuel card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 117 database management subsystem 297, as shown 2B16, for holding / and future during recharging or discharging operation, subsequent processing and / or access.

如上所述,在再充电模式期间,数据获取和处理子系统299采样和汇集各种类型的信息。 As described above, during the recharge mode, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 samples and various types of information collection. 这些信息类型例如包括:(1)加到每个再充电头内每个阴极-电解质结构上的再充电电压;(2)在每个再充电头内阴极-电解质结构上提供的电流量(iacr);(3)每个再充电头内每个子腔中的氧气浓度(pO2r)值;(4)每个再充电头内每个阴极-电解质结构附近的含水率值(H2Or);和(5)每个再充电头的每个通道内的温度(Tacr)。 These types of information include, for example: (1) applied to each cathode of each recharging during the first - the voltage of the rechargeable electrolyte structure; (2) to recharge the cathode in each of the first - the amount of current (provided the electrolyte structure IACR ); (3) each rechargeable oxygen concentration (pO2r) within each sub-chamber header value; (4) per each cathode within the first rechargeable - water content value (H2Or) near the electrolyte structure; and (5 ) each recharging temperature (Tacr) within each channel head. 根据所汇集到的信息,数据获取和处理子系统299能够容易地计算系统的各种参数,例如包括将电流(ir)提供给特定再充电头内特定阴极-电解质结构的时段((tr)。 According to the pooled information, data acquisition and processing various parameters can be easily calculated sub-system 299, including, for example, a current (ir) is supplied to the rechargeable particular within the first particular cathode - electrolyte structure of the time ((tr).

在再充电操作期间,实时地在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的金属燃料数据库管理子系统297内产生和存储的信息结构可以多种方式使用。 During the recharging operation, the metal fuel card in real time to recharge the fuel subsystem 117, the metal structure of the database management subsystem information generated in the storage 297 and may be used in a variety of ways.

例如,在再充电模式期间获得的上述电流(iacr)和时段((Tr)信息分别以传统方式以安培和小时测量。这些测量值的乘积(AH)提供了在再充电期间加到沿金属燃料的金属空气电池组结构的电荷(-Q)的精确测量值。因此,在再充电操作期间,所计算出的“AH”'乘积提供了预期已在特定瞬间在金属燃料的标识道上形成的金属燃料的精确量。 For example, the above-mentioned current (IACR) and the period ((Tr) during the recharge mode information are obtained in a conventional manner and ampere-hour measurements product (AH) of these measurements during recharging provided along the metal added to the fuel charge (-Q is) accurate measurement of metal-air battery structures. Accordingly, during a recharging operation, the calculated "AH" 'provides a metal product of the expected track formed in the metal fuel in identifying particular instant the exact amount of fuel.

当利用有关金属氧化和还原处理的历史信息时,金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统115和117中的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297能够分别用来计算或确定在沿锌燃料卡应出现多少金属氧化物要再充电(即,从氧化锌转换成锌)。 When using historical information about metal oxidation and reduction process, the metal fuel discharge and recharge card subsystem 115 and the metal 117 in the fuel database management subsystem 293 and 297, respectively, can be used to calculate or determine fuel should appear along zinc card how the metal oxide charge again (i.e., converted to zinc from zinc oxide). 因此,该信息极有助于执行包括例如确定在再充电期间沿每个金属燃料道出现金属氧化物量等的金属燃料管理功能。 Thus, this information includes, for example performed very helps determine whether each of the metal fuel channel metal oxide occurs amount of metal fuel management functions during recharging direction.

在该示例性实施例中,在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中利用下述方法来管理金属氧化物出现。 In the exemplary embodiment, the metal in the fuel subsystem 117 rechargeable card in a function to manage a metal oxide occurs.

再充电操作期间金属氧化物出现管理的优选方法根据本发明的原理,数据读取头180(180',180'')自动地标识装载到再充电组件175中的每个金属燃料,并产生指示它的卡标识数据,该数据被提供给金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的数据获取和处理子系统299中。 A preferred method of managing a metal oxide occurs during a recharging operation according to the principles of the present invention, the data reading head 180 (180 ', 180' ') is automatically loaded into the identification of each rechargeable metal fuel assembly 175, and generates indication it card identification data, the data is supplied to the rechargeable metal fuel card 117 data acquisition subsystem and a processing subsystem 299. 当接收到所装载的金属燃料卡的卡标识数据时,数据获取和处理子系统299自动地创建卡的信息结构(即,数据文件),用于存储在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中。 Upon receiving the card identification data of the metal fuel card loaded, data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 automatically create the card information structure (i.e., file data), stored in a database management subsystem 297 in the metal fuel. 该信息结构的功能是记录有关所检测到的再充电参数、金属燃料可用性状态、金属氧化物出现状态等的当前(最新)信息,如图2B15所示。 Function of the information structure is a record of the detected recharge parameters, fuel availability status metal, a metal oxide like appearance state current (new) information, as shown in FIG 2B15. 当已在金属燃料数据库管理子系统内对该特定金属燃料卡预先创建信息存储结构时,该信息文件从数据库子系统297访问,以进行更新。 When the information storage structure has been created in advance for the particular metal in the metal fuel card fuel database management subsystem, the file access information from the database subsystem 297, for updates. 如图2B15所示,对于每个标识的金属燃料卡,在每个采样的瞬间ti对每个金属燃料道(MFTj)保持信息结构302。 As shown in FIG. 2B15, for each identified metal fuel card, holding information for each of the metal structure 302 of the fuel passage (MFTj) at each sample instant ti.

一旦已为一特定金属燃料卡创建(或发现)了一信息结构,便必须确定其上每个金属燃料道的起始状态或条件,并且输入到金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中保持的信息结构中。 Once the metal has a particular card to create a fuel (or discover) a message structure, it is necessary to determine the initial state or condition of each channel on which the metal fuel and metal structure of the fuel input to the information database management subsystem 297 is held in. 通常,装载到再充电头组件175中的金属燃料卡将被部分或完全充电,并因此包含沿其道的特定量的金属氧化物,用于转换为其原金属。 Typically, the loading head assembly 175 to recharge the card to the metal fuel is partially or fully charged, and thus contains a specific amount of the metal oxide along the path, for converting its original metal. 为了精确地管理金属燃料,必须确定所装载的卡中的这些起始金属氧化物量,然后将表示它的信息分别存储在放电和再充电子系统115和117的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和294中。 In order to accurately manage the metal fuel, the initial amount of metal oxide must be determined for these cards are loaded, and then indicating the discharge and its information store rechargeable metal fuel database management subsystem 115 and subsystem 293 and 117 294 in. 通常,信息的起始状态可以以不同方式获得,例如包括:在完成对不同FCB系统的放电操作之前,对金属燃料卡上的这种初始化信息进行编码;在由相同的FCB系统执行的最近的再充电操作期间,将这种初始化信息预先记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中;在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中(在工厂中),记录特定类型金属燃料卡的每个道上通常预期的金属氧化物量,并当利用数据读取头180(180',180'')读取金属燃料卡上的代码时,自动地对特定信息结构中的这种信息进行初始化;利用上述金属氧化物检测组件连同阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178,或利用其他适用的技术实际测量每个金属燃料道上金属氧化物的起始量。 Typically, the initial state information may be obtained in different ways, for example, comprising: discharging operation prior to completion of the FCB different systems, such initialization information on the card is encoded metal fuel; in the most recently executed by the same system FCB during the recharging operation, such initialization information previously recorded in the metal fuel database management subsystem 297; metal fuel database management subsystem 297 (at the factory), the recording track is generally expected that each specific type of metal fuel card when the amount of metal oxide, and using the data when the read head 180 (180 ', 180' ') read the code on the card of the metal fuel is automatically initialized to this information for a particular information structure; detection by using the metal oxide assembly together with the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 178, or using other suitable techniques starting fuel amount of each metal track the actual measurement of the metal oxide.

在对所装载的燃料卡进行再充电操作之前,可通过以再充电子系统117内的阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178和数据获取和处理子系统299配置上述金属氧化物检测(vapplied/iresponse)驱动电路,来执行上述“实际”测量技术。 Prior to loading the fuel card recharging operation, recharging may be accomplished by a cathode within the subsystem 117 - electrolyte configuration subsystem 178 and input of the data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 configuration of the metal oxide detector (vapplied / iresponse ) driving circuit to implement the "actual" measurement techniques. 利用这种配置,金属氧化物检测头可自动地获得有关再充电头组件中所装载的每个标识的金属燃料卡上每个金属燃料道的“起始”状态的信息。 With this configuration, the detection head may be a metal oxide to automatically obtain information on each of the metal fuel rechargeable metal fuel channel cards each identified head assembly loaded "start" state. 这种信息将包括在装载时刻(表示为t0)在每个道上出现的金属氧化物和金属燃料的起始量。 This information will include the loading timing (denoted as t0) of each track starting amount of metal oxides and metal occurs in the fuel.

以与参照图1的FCB系统描述的方式相类似的方式,通过自动地在金属燃料的特定道上施加测试电压,并响应于所施加的测试电压来检测流过金属燃料道部分的电流,来对所装载的卡的每个金属燃料道执行这种金属燃料/金属氧化物测量。 In a manner described with reference FCB system of FIG. 1 will be described in a similar manner, by automatically applying a test voltage at a specific track of the metal fuel, and responds to the current metal fuel passage portion of the test voltage is applied to detect flowing to for each of the metal loaded fuel channel card performs this fuel / metal oxide measurement. 表示在特定采样周期下所施加的电压(vapplied)和响应电流(iresponse)的数据信号被数据获取和处理子系统299自动地检测,并被处理以产生以适当的数值标度表示所施加的测试电压与响应电流之比值(vapplied/iresponse)的数据要素。 Represents a voltage (VAPPLIED) applied at a specific sampling cycle and the response current (IResponse) data is the data acquisition and signal processing subsystem 299 automatically detected, and processed to generate the test represented an appropriate value of the applied scale the ratio of voltage and the response current (vapplied / iresponse) data elements. 该数据要素自动地记录在链接到保持在金属燃料数据管理子系统297中的信息结构中。 The data elements to be automatically recorded in the link information held in the structure 297 of the data management subsystem of the metal fuel. 由于该数据要素(v/i)提供的是对被测量的金属燃料道电阻的直接测量,因此,它与标识的金属燃料道上出现的金属氧化物的测得的“起始”量精确相关。 Since the data elements (v / i) provide the metal is a direct measure of the fuel resistance of the channel to be measured, therefore, the "start" the measured amount of the metal oxide and the metal of the fuel it appears track identified correlates precisely.

数据获取和处理子系统299然后量化所测起始金属氧化物量(可在起始瞬间t0得到),并将其指定为MOA0,用于记录在金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统115和117两者内金属燃料数据库管理子系统中保持的信息结构中。 Data acquisition and processing subsystem 299 then quantizes the measured amount of starting metal oxide (available in the starting instant t0), and designated MOA0, for recording subsystem, the metal fuel discharged and recharged cards 115 and 117 two configuration information by the database management subsystem metal fuel held in the. 尽管该初始化处理过程便于执行,但应理解的是,在有些应用中,可能更希望在已对金属燃料卡进行已知的处理过程(例如,上述短路电阻测试)的前提下、利用理论计算通过实验确定起始金属氧化物测量值。 Although this process facilitates the implementation of the initialization process, it is to be understood that, in some applications, it may be more desirable on the premise of the metal fuel has been known in the card process (e.g., the short-circuit resistance test), and is calculated by using the theory starting metal oxide determined experimentally measured values.

在完成初始化过程之后,金属燃料卡再充电子系统117准备沿下面描述的线路执行金属燃料管理功能。 After completion of the initialization process, the metal fuel subsystem 117 rechargeable card along the lines described below to prepare the metal fuel performing management functions. 在该示例性实施例中,该方法涉及两个基本步骤,这些步骤在再充电操作期间以循环方式执行。 In the exemplary embodiment, the method involves two basic steps, performed in a cyclic manner during the recharging operation.

该处理过程的第一步骤涉及的是,从起始金属氧化物量MOA0中减去对应于当在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的再充电期间产生的金属燃料量的计算出的金属燃料估计值MFE0-1。 The first step of the process involved, from the initial amount of metal oxide MOA0 subtracting the corresponding estimated value of the metal fuel is calculated on the metal when the amount of fuel produced during recharging performed at the time between t0-t1 interval out MFE0-1. 在再充电操作期间,利用如下汇集到的放电参数来计算金属燃料估计值MFE0-1:再充电电流iacr和时段(TR。 During the recharging operation, the metal fuel is calculated using the estimated value MFE0-1 together to discharge parameters as follows: a recharge current and iacr period (TR.

该处理过程的第二步骤涉及将计算出的测量值(MOA0-MFE0-1)加到对应于在可在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的任何放电期间产生的金属氧化物量的金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。 A second step of the process involves the calculated measurement value (MOA0-MFE0-1) was added corresponding to the amount of metal oxide produced may be any period between t0-t1 the discharge in the estimation time interval metal oxides value MOE0-1. 要注意的是,在放电操作期间,利用如下汇集到的放电参数(再充电电流iacd和其时段(T0-1)来计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。要注意的是,在刚好先前的放电操作期间(如果从t0执行这样一个操作的话),将预先计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1,并将其记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统115内的金属燃料数据库管理子系统中。因此,在该示例性实施例中,必须在当前的再充电操作期间从放电子系统115的数据库子系统293中读取该预先记录的信息要素。 It is noted that, during the discharging operation (and its recharge current iacd period (T0-1) the metal oxide is calculated using the following estimated value MOE0-1 together to discharge parameters. It is noted that, in the just previous during the discharge operation (such an operation, if done so, from t0), the metal oxides previously calculated estimates MOE0-1, and recorded in the metal fuel card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 115 in the database management subsystem. Thus , this embodiment must be read from the discharge of the pre-recorded electronic system 115 database subsystem 293 during the recharging operation of the current in the exemplary embodiment of the information element.

上述计算操作的计算结果(即,MOA0-MFE0-1+MOE0-1)然后被记入在金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的金属燃料数据库管理子系统297中,作为新的“当前”金属燃料量(MOA1),该金属燃料量将被用于接下来的金属氧化物出现更新处理过程中。 Above calculation result of the calculation operations (i.e., MOA0-MFE0-1 + MOE0-1) are then entered in the metal of the metal fuel rechargeable card database management subsystem 117. The fuel subsystem 297, as the new "current" metal fuel amount (MOA1), the amount of metal fuel is to be used for subsequent metal oxide occurs during the update process. 在再充电操作期间,对正被再充电的每个金属燃料道每ti-ti+1秒执行一次上述更新处理过程。 During the recharging operation, each ti-ti + 1 seconds to repeat the above process for each update metal fuel passage being recharged.

保持在每个金属燃料道上的这种信息可以以多种方式使用,例如:管理沿金属燃料卡中的道的金属氧化物结构的出现;以及,在再充电操作期间以最佳方式设置再充电参数。 Metal fuel held in each track such information may be used in various ways, for example: management of the fuel occurs in the metal card channel metal oxide structure; and, during a recharging operation in an optimal manner recharging parameter. 后面将对有关金属氧化物出现管理技术的细节进行更详细描述。 It will appear behind the relevant metal oxide detail management techniques described in more detail.

再充电操作模式期间金属氧化物出现管理的使用在再充电操作期间,在第i个再充电头上确定的、在沿任何特定金属燃料道上出现的金属氧化物的计算量(即,MFT)可被用来计算从第i个再充电头下游的第(i+1)、第(i+2)、或第(i+n)个再充电头上金属氧化物的出现。 The metal oxide occurs during a recharging operation mode of administration used during the recharging operation, recharging the i-th head is determined, the calculation amount of the metal oxide of the metal fuel in any particular track appears (i.e., the MFT) may be It is used to calculate an i-th re-charging of the (i + 1) downstream of the head, the (i + 2), or the (i + n) th head rechargeable metal oxide occurs. 利用这样计算出的测量值,金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的系统控制器130'可实时地确定(即,预期)沿金属燃料卡的哪些金属燃料道包含需要再充电的金属氧化物(如,氧化锌)、以及那些金属燃料道包含足够的金属燃料量而无需再充电。 Using the measured value thus calculated, the metal fuel card recharging system controller subsystem 117,130 'may be determined in real time (i.e., expected) along which the metal of the metal fuel passage of the fuel card comprising a metal oxide needs to be recharged ( e.g., zinc oxide), and those of the metal fuel passage comprises a sufficient amount of metal fuel without recharging. 对于需要再充电的这些金属燃料道,系统控制器130'能够电切换到具有足够金属氧化物含量(如,淀积物)的这些金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构中,用于在再充电头组件175中转换成金属燃料。 For these metals need to be recharged fuel channels, the system controller 130 'can be electrically switched to the fuel passage of these metals having a sufficient content of a metal oxide (e.g., deposit) of the cathode - electrolyte structure, the head for recharging component 175 is converted into the metal fuel.

这种金属氧化物管理能力的另一优点是,金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的系统控制器130'能够利用刚好在先前再充电和放电操作操作的期间在金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297中汇集和记录的信息来控制再充电操作期间的再充电参数。 Another advantage of this capability management metal oxide, the metal fuel card recharging subsystem 117 in the system controller 130 'can be utilized during recharging and discharging operation just previously in the operation of the metal fuel, and a database management subsystem 293 297 and recording the information collection controlling recharging rechargeable parameters during operation.

在再充电操作期间,所汇集到的信息可被用来计算在任何瞬间沿每个金属燃料道存在的金属氧化物量的精确测量值。 During the recharging operation, the collection of information may be used to calculate at any instant along the accurate measurement of the amount of metal oxide of each metal present in the fuel passage. 存储于在金属燃料数据库子系统297中保持的信息存储结构中的该信息可由金属燃料卡放电子系统117的系统控制器130'访问,以控制每个再充电头175的阴极-电解质结构上提供的电流量。 This information is stored in the storage structure information held in the database of the metal fuel subsystem 297 may be a metal fuel system 117 of an electronic card discharge system controller 130 'access to control recharging of the cathode head 175 of each of - providing the electrolyte structure the amount of current. 理想情况是,选择电流的幅度,从而保证将沿每个这种道的估计量的金属氧化物(如,氧化锌)转换成其主要原金属(如,锌),而不破坏金属燃料薄膜的结构完整性和孔隙度。 Ideally, the selected magnitude of the current, so as to ensure the conversion in each such channel estimators metal oxides (e.g., zinc oxide) into its main raw metals (e.g., zinc), without damaging the metal thin film fuel structural integrity and porosity.

在再充电模式期间使用在先前操作模式期间记录的信息控制再充电参数的装置在第一示例性实施例的FCB系统中,金属燃料卡再充电子系统117的系统控制器130'能够利用在先前的再充电和放电操作期间汇集到的、并记录在图1的FCB系统的金属燃料数据库管理子系统293和297中的信息来自动地控制再充电参数。 In using the device the control information previously recorded during a recharging mode of operation parameters in the FCB system of the first exemplary embodiment, the metal fuel subsystem 117 rechargeable card system controller 130 during the recharge mode 'can be utilized in the previous together again during the charging and discharging operations and the information recorded in the metal fuel FCB database management system 293 of FIG. 1 and the subsystem 297 automatically controls recharge parameters.

在再充电操作期间,金属燃料再充电子系统117中的系统控制器130'能够访问存储在金属燃料数据库管理子系统297内的各种类型的信息。 During the recharging operation, recharging the metal fuel subsystem 117 in the system controller 130 'can access various types of information within the database 297 stored in the metal fuel management subsystem. 存储在其中的一个重要的信息要素与在特定瞬间在沿每个金属燃料道上当前存在的金属氧化物量(即,MOAt)有关。 In an important stored information element at a particular instant in which the amount of the metal oxide in the metal fuel along each track currently exist (i.e., MOAt) relevant. 利用该信息,系统控制器130'可确定在那些道上存在金属氧化物淀积物,从而能够利用阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统178将相应阴极-电解质结构的输入端(在再充电头中)连接到再充电功率控制子系统181,以便有效和快速地执行再充电操作。 With this information, the system controller 130 'may determine the presence of metal oxide deposits in those tracks, thereby enabling the use of cathode - electrolyte configuration subsystem 178 input the respective cathode - electrolyte structure of the input terminals (recharging head) connected to the recharging power control subsystem 181, in order to effectively and quickly perform recharging operation. 系统控制器130'可预料到进行再充电操作之前的这些金属氧化物状态。 The system controller 130 'may be expected to be the state of these metal oxides before recharging operation. 根据装载到放电头组件内的“上游”燃料卡的金属氧化物状态,该示例性实施例的系统控制器130'可响应如下:(ⅰ)在长再充电期间,将金属氧化物“富裕”的道的阴极-电解质结构连接到再充电功率调节子系统181中,而在相对较短的再充电操作期间,从该子系统连接金属氧化物“贫化”的道的阴极-电解质结构;(ⅱ)在再充电操作期间,增加从对应于沿其形成有厚的金属氧化物结构的道的阴极支承结构的抽氧速率,并且在再充电操作期间,减少从对应于沿其形成薄的金属氧化物结构的道的阴极支承结构的抽氧速率;(ⅲ)当所检测到的其温度超过预定阈值时,控制再充电头的温度等。 The loading state of the metal oxide to "upstream" of the fuel in the discharge head of the card assembly, the system controller according to the exemplary embodiment 130 'may respond as follows: (i) long during recharging, the metal oxide "rich" Road cathode - electrolyte structure is connected to the cathode of the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 181, and in a relatively short period of recharging operation, connected "lean" of a metal oxide from the channel subsystem - electrolyte structure; ( ii) during a recharging operation, to increase the rate of oxygen pumped from the cathode support structure corresponding to a track along which thick metal oxide structure, and in operation during recharging, reduced from a thin metal formed along corresponding cathode support structure of the track configuration of the oxide oxygen pumping rate; (iii) when the detected temperature exceeds a predetermined threshold value, then the charging control head temperature. 应理解的是,在本发明的替代实施例中,系统控制器130'可响应于标识的燃料卡上特定道的检测到的状态来以不同方式操作。 It should be understood that in an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the system controller 130 'in response to the state of the fuel channel card ID particular to the operation detected in different ways.

本发明金属空气FCB系统的第二示例性实施例本发明金属空气FCB系统的第二示例性实施例示于图3至4B13中。 Second Exemplary Embodiment A second exemplary embodiment of the metal-air FCB system of the present invention the metal-air FCB system of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 3 through 4B13. 如图3、4A1和4A2所示,该FCB系统185包括多个子系统,即:金属燃料卡放电(即,功率产生)子系统186,用于在放电操作模式期间从再充电的金属燃料卡187产生电功率;金属燃料卡再充电子系统191,用于在再充电操作模式期间以电化学方式再充电(即,还原)氧化的金属燃料卡187的各部分;再充电的卡装载子系统189,用于自动地将一个或多个金属燃料卡187从再充电存储箱188A装载到FCB系统的放电间;放电的卡卸载子系统192,用于将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡187从FCB系统的放电间卸载到放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B;放电的卡装载子系统192,用于自动地将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B装载到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间;和再充电的卡卸载子系统193,用于自动地将再充电的金属燃料卡从再充电子系统的再充电间卸载到再 As shown in FIG 3,4A1 and 4A2, the FCB system 185 comprises a plurality of subsystems, namely: the metal fuel card discharge (i.e., power generated) subsystem 186, a metal fuel during a discharging mode of operation card recharged from 187 generating electric power; metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card for recharging mode of operation during electrochemically rechargeable (i.e., reducing) the metal portions of the fuel oxidation card 187; recharge card loading subsystem 189, for automatically one or more cards of the metal fuel storage tank 187 from the rechargeable discharge between FCB 188A is loaded into the system; card discharge unloading subsystem 192, one or more metal for the discharge of fuel card 187 from FCB between the discharge system to unload the metal fuel storage tank 188B discharges the card; card discharge loading subsystem 192, for automatically one or more cards of the metal fuel discharged from the metal fuel storage tank 188B card loaded into the metal fuel discharge the card recharging between recharging subsystem 191; between recharging and recharge card unloading subsystem 193, the metal fuel for automatically recharging card from recharging subsystem to uninstall and then 电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A。 Metal fuel storage tank 188A electrically card. 下面将描述有关这些子系统中的每个及它们如何协同操作的细节。 The following details about each of these subsystems and how they cooperate will be described.

如图3所示,由该FCB系统消耗的金属燃料材料以与图1的系统中使用的卡112稍微不同的结构形式提供。 3, the metallic material of the fuel consumed by the FCB system provides a slightly different structure of the card using the system 112 of FIG. 1. 如图3和4A12所示,每个金属燃料卡178均具有矩形形状的壳体,包括多个电隔离的金属燃料部件(如,方块)195A至195E。 4A12 and shown in Figure 3, each metal fuel card 178 has a rectangular shape of the housing, comprising a plurality of electrically isolated metal fuel components (e.g., block) 195A to 195E. 如将在后面更详细地描述的,当金属燃料卡178在放电模式期间移动到其阴极支承板198与阳极支承板结构199之间的适当对准位置时,这些部件用于与金属燃料卡放电子系统186中“多区域化”放电头197的阴极部件196A至196D接触,如图4A4所示,并且当该燃料卡在再充电模式期间移动到其阴极支承板198'与阳极支承板199'之间的适当对准位置时,这些部件还用于与金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中再充电头197'的阴极部件196A'至196D'接触,如图4B4所示。 As will be described in more detail later, when the metal fuel card 178 is moved to its cathode support plate 198 when the proper alignment position between the anode support plate structure 199, these components for fuel card with the metal discharge during the discharge mode the cathode member 186 "multi-domain" of the discharge head 197 in contact with the electronic system 196A to 196D, as shown in FIG. 4A4 and fuel when the card is moved to its cathode support plate during the recharge mode 'and the anode support plate 199' 198 when proper alignment position, these means are also used with metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card between recharging head 197 'of the cathode member 196A' through 196D 'in contact, as shown in FIG 4B4.

在该示例性实施例中,本发明的燃料卡是“多区域化的”,以便能够从“多区域”放电头197同时产生多个供电电压(如,1.2伏特)。 In the exemplary embodiment, the fuel card of the present invention are "multi-domain" and to be able to generate a plurality of power supply voltages from the "multi-zone" while discharge head 197 (e.g., 1.2 volts). 如参照本发明其他实施例描述的,这使得能够从该系统产生和提供宽范围的输出电压,适于连接到该FCB系统的特定电负载的需求。 As another embodiment of the present invention with reference to the embodiments described, which makes it possible to produce a wide range and providing an output voltage, and adapted to the needs of the specific electric load connected to the FCB of the system from the system.

本发明第二示例性实施例的FCB系统操作模式的概述该第二示例性实施例的FCB系统具有几种操作模式,即:再充电的卡装载模式,在该模式期间,一个或多个金属燃料卡被自动地从再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A装载到金属燃料卡放电子系统186的放电间中;放电的卡装载模式,在该模式期间,一个或多个金属燃料卡被自动地从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱装载到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间中;放电模式,在该模式期间,以电化学氧化方式从装载到金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的金属燃料卡187产生电功率,并被提供给连接到该子系统输出端的电负载;再充电模式,在该模式期间,被装载到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的金属燃料卡被以电化学还原方式再充电;放电的卡卸载模式,在该模式期间,一个或多个金属燃料卡被自动地从该系统的放电间卸载 FCB system overview of the operation mode to the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the system of the second FCB exemplary embodiment has several modes of operation, namely: rechargeable card loading mode, during this mode, one or more metal the fuel card is automatically loaded from the memory card of the metal fuel tank 188A to the metal fuel rechargeable electronic card discharge between the discharge system 186; the discharge of card loading mode, during this mode, one or more metal fuel card is automatically card loaded from the metal fuel storage tank to a discharge between the metal fuel recharging rechargeable card subsystem 191; discharge mode, during this mode, the discharge mode in electrochemical oxidation of the metal from the electronic system 186 is loaded into the metal fuel card fuel card 187 generates electric power, and is supplied to the electric load connected to the output terminal of the subsystem; recharge mode, during this mode, the card is loaded into the metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable metal fuel card is electrochemically reduced to recharge mode; card discharging the unloaded mode, during this mode, one or more metal fuel card is automatically unloaded from the system between the discharge 到其放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B中;和再充电的卡卸载模式,在该模式期间,一个或多个再充电的金属燃料卡被自动地从金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间卸载到再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A中。 Metal fuel storage tank to the card 188B in the discharge; recharge card and unload mode, during this mode, one or more rechargeable metal fuel card is automatically recharged from the metal fuel card recharging subsystem 191 unloading the card between the metal fuel storage tank 188A in recharge. 后面将更详细地描述这些模式。 These modes will be described later in more detail.

第二示例性实施例的FCB系统中使用的多区域金属燃料卡在图3的FCB系统中,每个金属燃料卡187具有多个燃料道(如,5个区域),如前述同时待审的美国专利申请No. Multi-region of the metal used in the fuel system of the second exemplary embodiment FCB embodiment of the FCB card system of Figure 3, each of the metal fuel card 187 having a plurality of fuel channels (e.g., five regions), as the co-pending US Patent application No. 08/944,507中所述。 08 / 944,507 said. 当利用这种金属燃料卡设计时,可能希望将金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的每个放电头197设计为“多区域化”的放电头。 When using this fuel card design, it may be desirable to put a metal fuel card each discharge head 197 in electronic system 186 is designed to "multi-domain" of the discharge head. 类似地,根据本发明的原理,其金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的每个再充电头197'应被设计成多区域化的再充电头。 Similarly, according to the principles of the present invention, the metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card of each recharging head 197 'should be designed to be multi-domain recharging head. 如同时待审的美国专利申请No. The copending U.S. Patent Application No. 08/944,507中详细所述,“多区域化”的金属燃料卡187和多区域化的放电头197的使用能够同时产生可由最终用户选择的多个输出电压(V1,V2,…Vn)。 08 / 944,507 in detail, "multi-domain" of the metal fuel card 187 and 197 multi-domain discharge head capable of generating a plurality of output voltages selected by the end user (V1, V2, ... Vn) simultaneously . 这些输出电压可被用来驱动连接到金属燃料卡放电子系统的输出功率端201的各种电负载200。 The output voltage can be used to drive the fuel card connected to the metal discharge output power of the electronic system 201 loads various electrical terminals 200. 这可通过选择性地配置在卡放电操作期间在放电头内的每个阳极-阴极结构上产生的各个输出电压而实现。 This is achieved by selectively configuring each anode in the discharge head during the card discharge operation - the respective output voltages generated in the cathode structure is achieved. 该系统的功能将在后面更详细描述。 Function of the system will be described in more detail later.

一般来讲,多区域和单区域金属燃料卡187等可利用几种不同的技术制成。 In general, single-zone and multizone metal fuel card 187 and the like can be made using several different techniques. 最好,每个卡式装置187中包含的金属燃料部件利用锌制成,这是因为这种金属便宜、对环境无害、并且易于工作。 Preferably, each of the metal fuel component contained in the card device 187 is made of zinc, since such metal cheap, environmentally friendly, and easy to work. 后面将描述用于制作本发明的这一实施例的锌燃料部件几种不同技术。 This will be described later in several different techniques zinc fuels produced components of an embodiment of the present invention.

例如,根据第一制造技术,将厚度为约0.1至约0.5微米的薄金属层(如镍或黄铜)施加到低密度塑料材料(以卡式结构形式拉伸或切割的)的表面。 For example, according to the first manufacturing technique, a thin metal layer having a thickness of from about 0.1 to about 0.5 microns (e.g., nickel or brass) is applied to the low-density plastics material (stretched or cut in the form of cassette structure) s surface. 塑料材料应这样选择,即,它在存在诸如KOH的电解质时稳定。 Plastic material should be selected such that it is stable in the presence of an electrolyte such as KOH. 该薄金属层的功能是在阳极表面保证汇集足够的电流。 The functional layer is a thin metal surface of the anode to ensure that sufficient current collection. 此后,将锌粉与粘结材料混合,然后作为涂层(如,厚度为1至约500微米)加到薄材料层表面上。 Thereafter, the zinc powder mixed with a binder material, and as a coating (e.g., having a thickness of about 1 to 500 microns) applied to the surface of the thin layer of material. 该锌层应具有约50%的均匀的孔隙度,以便使离子导电介质中的离子(如,电解质离子)在阴极和阳极结构之间以最小电阻流过。 The zinc layer should have a uniform porosity of about 50%, so that the ion (e.g., electrolyte ions) ionically conductive medium between the anode and the cathode structure to minimize resistance to flow therethrough. 如后更详细说明,所得到的金属燃料结构可安装在薄结构的电隔离罩中,以改善金属燃料卡187的结构完整性,同时,当将卡装载到其卡存储隔间中时,给阳极结构提供放电头员道。 As described in more detail later, the metal fuel resulting structure may be electrically isolated from the cover mounted thin structure in order to improve the structural integrity of the metal fuel card 187, while, when the card is loaded into the storage compartment in which the card, to anode structure providing a discharge channel head member. 另外,也可给金属燃料卡的罩设置可滑动面板,当该卡由存储隔间接受并且放电头被传送到进行放电操作的位置时,该面板可能接触金属燃料条。 Further, the metal fuel may be provided to cover the card sliding panel can, when the card is received by the storage compartment and the discharge head is transferred to the position when the discharge operation, the fuel rod panels may contact metal.

根据第二制造技术,将厚度为约0.1至约0.5微米的薄金属层(如镍或黄铜)加到低密度塑料材料(以卡式形式拉伸或切割的)的表面。 According to the second manufacturing technique, a thin metal layer having a thickness of from about 0.1 to about 0.5 microns (e.g., nickel or brass) was added to a low density plastic material (stretched or cut in the form of a card) surface. 塑料材料应这样选择,即,它在存在诸如KOH的电解质时稳定。 Plastic material should be selected such that it is stable in the presence of an electrolyte such as KOH. 薄金属层的功能是在阳极表面保证汇集足够的电流。 A thin metal layer is a function of the anode surface to ensure adequate current collection. 此后,将锌电镀到薄金属层的表面。 Thereafter, the zinc plating layer to the surface of the thin metal. 该锌层应具有约50%的均匀的孔隙度,以便使离子导电介质(如电解质)中的离子在阴极和阳极结构之间以最小电阻流过。 The zinc layer should have a uniform porosity of about 50%, so that the ionically conductive medium (electrolyte) ion between the anode and the cathode structure to minimize resistance to flow therethrough. 如后更详细说明,所得到的结构可安装在薄结构的电隔离罩中,以便提供具有适当结构完整性的金属燃料卡,同时,当将卡装载到其卡存储隔间中时,给阳极结构提供放电头通道。 As described in more detail later, the resulting structure may be electrically isolated from the cover mounted thin structure in order to provide a metal having suitable structural integrity of the fuel card, while the card when the card is loaded into its storage compartment, to the anode structure providing a discharge head channels. 另外,也可给金属燃料卡的罩设置可滑动面板,当该卡由放电间113接受并且放电头被传送到进行放电操作的位置时,该面板能够接触金属燃料条。 Further, the metal may be provided to cover the fuel card sliding panel can, when the card is accepted by the discharge between the discharge head 113 and transferred to the position of the discharge operation, the panel is capable of contacting the metal fuel rod.

根据第三制造技术,将锌粉与低密度塑料基底材料混合,并拉伸成导电塑料板。 According to the third manufacturing techniques, the zinc powder mixed with a low density plastic base materials, and stretched into a conductive plastic plate. 该低密度塑料材料应这样选择,即,它在存在诸如KOH的电解质时稳定。 The low-density plastic material should be selected such that it is stable in the presence of an electrolyte such as KOH. 每个导电板应具有约50%的均匀的孔隙度,以便使离子导电介质(如,电解质)中的离子在阴极和阳极结构之间以最小电阻流过。 Each of the conductive plate should have a uniform porosity of about 50%, so that the ionically conductive medium (e.g., an electrolyte) of ions between the anode and the cathode structure to minimize resistance to flow therethrough. 此后,将厚度为约1至约10微米的薄金属层(如镍或黄铜)加到导电板的表面上。 Thereafter, a thin metal layer having a thickness of from about 1 to about 10 microns (e.g., nickel or brass) applied to the surface of the conductive plate. 该薄金属层的功能是在阳极表面保证汇集足够的电流。 The functional layer is a thin metal surface of the anode to ensure that sufficient current collection. 如后更详细说明,所得到的金属燃料结构可安装在薄结构的电隔离罩中,以提供具有适当的结构完整性的金属燃料卡,同时,当将卡装载到其卡存储隔间中时,给阳极结构提供放电头通道。 As described in more detail later, the metal fuel resulting structure may be electrically isolated from the cover mounted thin structure in order to provide the same time, when the card is loaded into the storage compartment in which the card having suitable structural integrity of the metal fuel card, , to the anode structure provides a discharge head channels. 该卡罩可由被设计成耐热和抗腐蚀的任何适当的材料制成。 The cover may be made of card is designed to heat and corrosion any suitable material. 最好,壳体材料不导电,以在卡放电和再充电期间为用户提供附加防护措施。 Preferably, the housing material is not conductive, to provide additional safeguards to users during the card discharge and recharge.

另外,上述制造金属燃料部件技术中的每一种能够容易地改进,以产生“双面”金属燃料卡,其中在其利用的柔性的基底(即,衬底)的两侧均设置单道或多道金属燃料层。 Further, the above-described technique for producing a metal member in each of the fuel which can be easily modified to produce a "two-sided" metal fuel cards, which utilizes a flexible substrate (i.e., substrate) are disposed on both sides of a single channel or multi-channel layer of the metal fuel. 金属燃料卡的这些实施例有助于在装载到FCB系统的金属燃料卡的两侧均设置放电头的应用情况。 These metal fuel card embodiments facilitate both sides of the metal fuel card loading system are provided to the FCB application of the discharge head. 当制造双面金属燃料卡时,在大多数实施例中,必须在塑料衬底的两侧均形成(薄金属材料的)电流收集层,从而能够从与不同阴极结构相关联的金属燃料卡的两侧收集电流。 When producing a double-sided metal fuel card, in most embodiments, be formed in both the current collecting layer (thin metal material) on both sides of a plastic substrate, it can be different from the cathode structure associated with the metal fuel card both sides of the current collector. 当制造双面多道燃料卡时,可能希望或必须将两个金属燃料片层压在一起,如上所述,每个片的衬底形体上接触。 When producing a double-sided multi-channel fuel card, it may be desirable or necessary to introduce two metal sheets are laminated together the fuel, as described above, each of the contact body on the substrate sheet. 阅读了本发明公开的本领域内的普通技术人员将容易理解利用上述方法来生产双面金属燃料卡。 Reading the present disclosure one of ordinary skill in the art will readily appreciate that the production of the double-sided metal fuel card by the above method. 在本发明的这些示例性实施例中,将改变每个放电头内的阳极接触结构,从而建立与在其利用的金属燃料卡结构中形成的每个电隔离电流收集层的电接触。 In these exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the change in the structure of the anode contact each discharge head, thereby establishing electrical contact with each of the current collector is electrically isolated from the metal layer is formed in the card structure which utilizes a fuel in.

本发明金属空气FCB的第二示例性实施例的卡装载/卸载子系统如图4A1示意性所示,再充电卡装载子系统189的功能是自动地将多个再充电的金属燃料卡从再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A中的再充电的一叠金属燃料卡187的底部传送到金属燃料卡放电子系统182的放电间中。 FCB metal air present invention is a second exemplary embodiment of the card loading / unloading subsystem shown schematically in FIG. 4A1, rechargeable card loading function subsystem 189 is to automatically re-charging the plurality of metal fuel from the card and then conveying a bottom metal stack 187 of the fuel card cards metal fuel storage tank 188A of charging the recharging card to put the metal fuel discharge between electronic system 182. 如图4A2所示,放电的卡卸载子系统190的功能是自动地将多个氧化的金属燃料卡187'从金属燃料卡的放电子系统186的放电间传送到放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B中的一叠放电的金属燃料卡的顶部。 As shown, the card discharge unloading subsystem 190 4A2 function automatically, a plurality of fuel oxidized metal card 187 'between the discharge metal is transferred from the fuel discharge card electronic system 186 to a metal fuel storage tank and discharging the card 188B top metal fuel card stack discharge. 如图4B1所示,放电的卡装载子系统192的功能是自动地将多个氧化的金属燃料卡从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱191中的放电的金属燃料卡181的组的底部传送到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间。 As shown, the loading sub-system 192 of the card discharge function is automatically transmitted 4B1 bottom set of the plurality of discharge fuel card oxidized metal from the metal fuel storage tank 191 and discharge the card in the card 181 of the metal to the metal of the fuel the fuel subsystem then recharge card 191 between the charging. 如图4B2所示,再充电的卡卸载子系统193的功能是自动地将多个再充电的金属燃料卡197从金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间传送到再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A中再充电的一叠金属燃料卡的顶部。 As shown, the card recharging subsystem 193 4B2 unloading function automatically, a plurality of metal fuel recharge card 197 from the card recharging between metal fuel recharging subsystem 191 is transmitted to the metal fuel card recharging top of the storage tank 188A in recharge card stack of metal fuel.

如图4A1所示,再充电的卡装载子系统189能够以任何机电动机构实现,该机构例如包括:电动机、辊、导板及其他部件,它们的配置方式为能够将再充电的金属燃料卡顺序地从再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A中再充电的一叠金属燃料卡的底部传送到金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间中,其中配置放电头197的阴极和阳极结构。 As shown in FIG. 4A1, rechargeable card loading subsystem 189 can be implemented in any electric machine mechanism that includes, for example: a motor, a roller, guide plate and other components, they are configured to be capable of recharging the metal fuel card sequence transferred from the bottom of the metal fuel storage tank 188A recharging card in a stack of metal fuel recharging card to the card discharge between the metal fuel discharge the electronic system, wherein the cathode and anode structure disposed discharge head 197. 该机电卡传送机构以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203。 The organic card transfer mechanism operatively connected to the system controller 203.

如图4A2所示,放电的卡装载子系统190能够以任何机电动机构实现,该机构例如包括:电动机、辊、导板及其他部件,它们的配置方式为能够将放电的金属燃料卡顺序地从金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电间传送到放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B中放电的一叠金属燃料卡的顶部,其中配置放电头197的阴极和阳极结构。 As shown, the card loading discharge 4A2 subsystem 190 can be implemented in any electric machine mechanism that includes, for example: a motor, a roller, guide plate and other components, they are configured to order the metal fuel card can be discharged from the card discharge between the discharge of the metal fuel is transferred to the electronic system of the top of the fuel stack of the metal of the metal fuel card discharging the card storage tank 188B discharge in which the cathode and anode structure disposed discharge head 197. 该机电卡传送机构连接到系统控制器203。 The organic card transfer mechanism connected to the system controller 203.

如图4B1所示,放电的卡装载子系统190能够以任何机电动机构实现,该机构例如包括:电动机、辊、导板及其他部件,它们的配置方式为能够将放电的金属燃料卡顺序地从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B中放电的一叠金属燃料卡的底部传送到金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间中,其中配置放电头的阴极和阳极结构。 As shown, the card loading discharge 4B1 subsystem 190 can be implemented in any electric machine mechanism that includes, for example: a motor, a roller, guide plate and other components, they are configured to order the metal fuel card can be discharged from the the rechargeable transfer between the metal bottom of the fuel stack card discharging the metal fuel storage tank card 188B discharges the fuel to a metallic card recharging subsystem, wherein the discharge head is arranged cathode and anode structure. 该机电卡传送机构以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203。 The organic card transfer mechanism operatively connected to the system controller 203.

如图4B2所示,再充电的卡装载子系统190能够以任何机电动机构实现,该机构例如包括:电动机、辊、导板及其他部件,它们的配置方式为能够将再充电的金属燃料卡顺序地从金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电间传送到再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A中再充电的一叠金属燃料卡的顶部,其中配置放电头的阴极和阳极结构。 As shown in FIG. 4B2, rechargeable card loading subsystem 190 can be implemented in any electric machine mechanism that includes, for example: a motor, a roller, guide plate and other components, they are configured to be capable of recharging the metal fuel card sequence from between the metal fuel recharging rechargeable card subsystem transferred to the top of the metal fuel storage tank 188A recharging card in a stack of metal fuel recharging card, wherein the cathode and anode structure disposed in the discharge head. 该机电卡传送机构连接到系统控制器203。 The organic card transfer mechanism connected to the system controller 203.

本发明金属空气FCB系统第一示例性实施例的金属燃料卡放电子系统如图4A3和4A4所示,本发明第三示例性实施例的金属燃料卡放电子系统186包括多个子系统,即:多道放电(即,放电)头组件197,其每个均包括具有可以下述方式连接的导电输出端的多部件阴极结构198和阳极接触机构199;放电头传送子系统204,用于将放电头组件197的子部件传送到装载到该系统中的金属燃料卡197或从其传送出;阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205,用于在系统控制器203的控制下,配置放电头的阴极和阳极接触结构的输出端,使之保持由连接到金属燃料卡放电子系统186的特定电负载116所需的输出电压;阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A,连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205,用于监测(即,采样)在每个放电头的阴极和阳极结构上产生的电压,并产生表示检测到的电压值的(数字)数 The metal-air FCB system of the present invention the metal fuel card to the first exemplary embodiment of an electronic system discharge 4A3 and 4A4 shown in FIG metal fuel card a third exemplary embodiment of the invention the discharge system 186 comprises a plurality of electronic subsystems, namely: multi-channel discharge (i.e., discharge) the head assembly 197, each of which includes a cathode structure member having a plurality of conductive output terminal can be connected in such a manner that the contact mechanism 198 and the anode 199; discharge head transport subsystem 204, for discharging head component subassembly 197 is loaded into the metal fuel is transferred to the card in the system 197 or out therefrom; cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205, under control of the system controller 203, and a cathode disposed discharge head the output end of the anode contact structure, so that it remains connected to the metal by a fuel system 186 of an electronic card discharge specific electric load required output voltage 116; cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A, is connected to the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205, for monitoring (i.e., sampling) the voltage generated in each of the cathode and anode structure of the discharge head, and generates a (number) number of detected voltage values 据;阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B,连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205,用于监测(如,采样)在放电模式期间在每个放电头的阴极-电解质界面上流过的电流,并产生表示检测到的电流值的数字数据信号;阴极氧气压力控制子系统,包括系统控制器203、固态PO2传感器250、图2B7和2B8中所示的真空腔(结构)207、真空泵208、电控气流控制装置209、歧管结构210、和图2B3和2B4中所示的多腔管211,如图所示,它们被设置在一起用来检测和控制每个放电头197的阴极结构中的pO2值;离子传送控制子系统,包括系统控制器203、固态含水率传感器(比重计)212、增湿部件(如,微喷淋部件)213,水泵215、蓄水池216、电控水流控制阀217、多腔结构28和伸入到含水率提供结构213中的导管219,它们被如图所示地配置在一起用以检测和改变FCB系统中的状态(如,在放电头阴极-电解质 According; cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B, connected to the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205, for monitoring (e.g., sampling) the cathode during the discharge mode of each discharge head, - the current flowing through the electrolyte interface, a digital data signal and generates a current value detected; cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem includes a system controller 203, solid-state PO2 sensor 250, FIG. 2B7 and 2B8 as shown in the vacuum chamber (structure) 207, vacuum pump 208, electric the control device 209 controls the air flow, manifold structure 210, and a multi-cavity shown in FIG. 2B3 and 2B4 tube 211, as shown, which are provided with the cathode structure to detect and control the discharge head 197 of each of the pO2 value; ion transport control subsystem includes a system controller 203, the moisture content of the solid-state sensor (hydrometer) 212, humidifying member (e.g., micro-spray means) 213, pump 215, reservoir 216, electrically controlled flow control valve 217, the multi-chamber structure 28 and extends into the conduit 219 to provide a water content in the structure 213, which are configured together to state (e.g., FCB and detection system as shown in FIG change in the discharge head of the cathode - electrolyte 界面上的含水率值或相对湿度),从而在放电操作模式期间将阴极-电解质界界面处的离子浓度保持在在最佳范围内,其中增湿部件213被实现为置入在阴极支承板198(具有沿每个壁表面设置的出水孔214,如图2B6所示)的壁结构内的微喷淋器;放电头温度控制子系统,包括系统控制器203、置入在其多阴极支承结构198中的每个通道内的固态温度传感器(如、热敏电阻)305、和放电头冷却装置306,响应于由系统控制器203产生的控制信号,用以在放电操作期间,将每个放电通道的温度降低到最佳温度范围内;关联型金属燃料数据库管理子系统(MFDMS)308,它利用局部系统总线309以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203,被设计成接收从金属燃料带放电子系统186内的各个子系统的输出中提取出的特定类型的信息;数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)400,包括数据读取头260(260'、260'')和基 Moisture content values ​​on an interface or relative humidity), so that the cathode during the discharge mode of operation - remains in the electrolyte ion concentration at the interface boundaries within the optimum range, wherein the humidifying member 213 is implemented as placed in the cathode support plate 198 (having nozzle holes arranged along each wall surface 214, as shown in FIG. 2B6) in the wall of the shower micro structure; discharge head temperature control subsystem includes a system controller 203, which is placed in a multi-cathode support structure 305, a discharge head and a cooling device solid state temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) 198 within each channel 306 in response to a control signal generated by the system controller 203 for operation during discharge, each discharge channel temperature is reduced to within the optimum temperature range; relational database management subsystem metallic fuel (MFDMS) 308, which uses the system local bus 309 is operatively connected to the system controller 203, is designed to receive the fuel discharge from the metal strip the output of each subsystem in the electronic system 186 to extract specific types of information; data acquisition and processing subsystem (DCPS) 400, 260 includes a data read head (260 ', 260' ') and the base 编程的微处理器的数据处理器,其中,该读取头置入在或靠近地安装在每个放电头197的阴极支承结构,该处理器用于接收从阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A、阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B、阴极氧气压力控制子系统和其离子浓度控制子系统产生的数据信号,并且能够(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡中读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(ⅱ)利用局部系统总线401,在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中记录检测到的放电参数和所提取的计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,和(ⅲ)利用局部系统总线309,读取存储在金属燃料数据库(MFDMS)308中的预先记录的再充电参数和预先记录的金属燃料指示数据;放电(即,输出)功率调节子系统223,它连接在阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205的输出端和连接到金属燃料卡放电子系统186的电负载200的输入端之间,用于调节送到电负载上的输出功率 Microprocessor programmed data processor, wherein the read head placed at or near the cathode support structure mounted in each of the discharge head 197, the processor for receiving the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A, the cathode - an electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B, and the cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem ionic concentration data the control signals generated by the subsystem, and can be (i) reads the card identification data from the metal fuel card loaded metal in the fuel, (ii) using local system bus 401, the metal in the fuel discharge parameters recorded in the database management subsystem 308 to detect the metal oxide and the calculated indicative of the extracted data, and (iii) using the local system bus 309, reads data stored in the metal fuel the rechargeable metal fuel parameter database (MFDMS) previously recorded in the prerecorded 308 and instruction data; discharge (i.e., output) power conditioning subsystem 223, which is connected at the cathode - electrolyte disposed an output terminal 205 and output terminal subsystem card connected to the metal discharge fuel electronic system electrical load 200 between the input terminal 186, the output power is supplied to the electrical load for regulating (并调节由系统控制器203执行的放电功率控制方法所需的电压和/或电流特性);输入/输出控制子系统224,与系统控制器203连接,如图4B14所示,借肋采样总系统总线402与金属燃料卡再充电子系统117中的系统控制器203'联系,并具有利用远程或合成系统控制FCB系统的所有功能的装置,其中包含FCB系统;和系统控制器203,用于在各种模式的系统操作期间,管理上述子系统的操作。 (And adjust the voltage and / or current characteristics required by the discharge power control method executed by the system controller 203); an input / output control subsystem 224, the system controller 203 is connected, as shown in FIG. 4B14, a total sample by ribs the system bus 402 and a metal fuel card recharging subsystem 117 in the system controller 203 'contact and the device with a remote control or FCB synthesis system having all the features of the system, wherein the system comprises FCB; and a system controller 203, for during the various modes of system operation, the above-described operation of the management subsystem. 将在下面更详细地描述执行子系统。 It will be described below in more detail execution subsystem.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的多区域放电头组件多区域放电头道组件197的功能是在放电操作模式期间当一个或多个金属燃料卡187放电时在电负载上提供电功率。 Multi-region of the discharge head assembly of the metal fuel card put in an electronic system functions discharge head and said multi-zone component 197 when one or more during a discharging mode of operation of the metal fuel card 187 provides electrical power on the electrical load during discharging. 在该示例性实施例中,每个放电(即,放电)头197包括:阴极部件支承板134,其具有多个隔离的槽224A至224D,使氧气(O2)自由地通过在其底部形成的穿孔225;多个导电阴极部件(如,条)196A至196D,用于分别插入这些槽224A至224D的下部中;多个注入电解质的条226A至226D,用于放置在阴极条196A至196D上,并且分别在槽225A至225D中支承,如图4A12所示;和图4A7所示的氧气注入腔207,以如图4A12所示的密封方式安装在阴极部件支承板198的上(背)表面之上。 In the exemplary embodiment, each of the discharge (i.e., discharge) head 197 includes: a cathode member support plate 134 having a plurality of isolation grooves 224A to 224D, oxygen (O2) is formed at its free base by perforations 225; a plurality of conductive cathode members (e.g., strips) 196A to 196D, for respectively inserted into these grooves 224A to 224D of the lower portion; a plurality of strip 226A to 226D of the electrolyte injection, for placement on a cathode strip 196A to 196D , and are mounted in grooves 225A to 225D, as shown in FIG 4A12; and FIG. 4A7 oxygen into the chamber 207, in the manner shown in FIG. 4A12 seal mounted on the cathode plate 198 of the support member (back) surface above.

如图4A3和4A4所示,每个氧气注入腔207具有多个子腔207A至207D,它们分别与槽224A至224D形体上关联。 As shown in FIG. 4A3 and 4A4, each of the oxygen injection chamber 207 having a plurality of sub-chambers 207A to 207D, which are associated with the molded groove 224A to 224D. 每个真空子腔全部与所有其他子腔隔离,并且在支承阴极部件和电解质注入部件的一个通道中进行流体交流。 Each vacuum subchamber all isolated from all other sub-chamber, and a passage in fluid communication with the cathode support member and the electrolyte injection part. 如图所示,每个子腔被配置成与真空泵208经多腔管211的一个腔、歧管组件210的一个通道和气流开关209的一个通道进行流体交流,这些操作中的每个均受系统控制器203的控制。 As shown, each of the sub-chambers is configured as a chamber with a vacuum pump 208 through the multi-lumen tube 211, manifold assembly 210 and a channel switching a gas flow passage 209 is in fluid communication, each of these operating systems governed the control of the controller 203. 通过有选择地经歧管组件210中对应气流通道泵出加压的空气,这种配置使得系统控制器203能够单独地将每个氧气注入子腔207A至207D中的pO2值控制在最佳范围内。 By selectively manifold assembly 210 through the corresponding gas flow passages in the pressurized air pumped, this configuration makes the system controller 203 can be individually injected into each of the oxygen pO2 values ​​207A to 207D controlled in an optimal range of the sub-chamber Inside.

如图4A8A所示,每个注入电解质的条226A至226D是通过向电解质吸收载体条注入凝胶体型电解质而实现的。 FIG 4A8A, each injecting section 226A to 226D of the electrolyte is achieved by injecting a gel electrolyte is integrated to the electrolyte absorption of the carrier strip. 最好,该电解质吸收载体介质被实现为由PET塑料制成的低密度、孔口泡沫材料的条。 Preferably, the electrolyte-absorbing medium is implemented as a low-density carrier made of PET plastic, foam material strip aperture. 每个放电电池单元的凝胶体电解质利用由碱性溶液、明胶材料、水、和本领域中已知的粘结剂组成的配方制成。 Each discharge gel electrolyte cell using the formulation of an alkaline solution, a gelatin material, water, and binders known in the art composition made.

如图4A8A所示,每个阴极条196A至196D利用涂有多孔碳材料、颗粒状铂或其他接触剂229的镍丝网层228制成,以形成适于在金属空气FCB系统中使用的阴极部件。 FIG 4A8A, each cathode strip 196A to 196D using a porous carbon material coated, platinum or other pelletized nickel screen layer 229 contact agent 228, to form a cathode suitable for use in metal-air FCB system part. 用在空气-金属FCB系统中的阴极构造的细节公开于美国专利No. With air - detail metal cathode structure FCB system disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,894,296和No. 4,894,296 and No. 4,129,633,这些专利引用于此,以资参考。 4,129,633, these patents are incorporated herein, by reference. 为了形成电流收集通路,开导电体(镍)230焊接到每个阴极条的下部丝网层228,如图4A12示,附着到其阴极条的每个导电体230通过在阴极支承板198的槽底面上形成的孔231,并连接到一导电体(如,线),该导电体从其相应的子腔伸出,在传统导体235A端接。 To form the current collector of each conductor path, a conductor opening (Ni) layer 230 is welded to the lower portion of the screen each cathode strip 228, shown in FIG. 4A12, which is attached to the cathode strip 230 in a groove 198 in the cathode support plate hole 231 formed in the bottom surface, and is connected to an electrical conductor (e.g., wire), the conductive body extending from the respective sub-chambers, in the conventional conductor termination 235A. 在组装期间,阴极条被压入槽底面,并将其固定。 During assembly, the cathode strip is pressed into the groove bottom surface, and fixed.

如图4A6所示,每个槽224A至224D中的每个的底面具有形成在其中的多个穿孔225,使得空气和氧气自由地通过阴极条196A至196D(按大气温度和压力)。 As shown in FIG. 4A6, the bottom surface of each of the slots 224A to 224D each having a plurality of perforations 225 formed therein, such that the free passage of air and oxygen cathode strip 196A to 196D (by atmospheric temperature and pressure). 在该示例性实施例中,注入电解质的条226A至226D分别放置在阴极条196A至196D之上,并采用粘结剂、夹持结构等固定在阴极支承槽的上部。 In the cathode support upper fixing groove in the exemplary embodiment, the electrolyte injection bar 226A to 226D are placed on the cathode strip 196A to 196D, and the use of an adhesive, clamping structure. 如图4A12所示,当将阴极条和薄电解质条安装在阴极支承板198中它们的相应槽中时,每个注入电解质的条的外表面与限定各个槽的板的上表面平齐放置。 FIG 4A12, when the cathode strip and the electrolyte thin strips mounted in the cathode support plate 198 in their respective grooves, each outer surface of the injection bar with the upper surface of the electrolyte plate is placed flush with the respective grooves defined.

阴极支承槽224A至224D的内表面上涂有疏水材料(如聚四氟乙烯,以保证注入电解质的条226A至226D中的水排出,并从而将氧气最佳地传送到阴极条上。疏水媒剂加到构成透氧气的阴极部件的碳材料上,以由其排出水。最好,阴极支承板利用不导电材料、如本领域中熟知的聚氯乙烯(PVC)塑料材料制成。阴极支承板可利用也在本领域中熟知的注模技术制造。 Coated with a hydrophobic material (such as polytetrafluoroethylene, to ensure that the injected water in the electrolyte of the strip 226A to 226D is discharged, and thereby optimally transferred to the oxygen cathode strip hydrophobic medium on the inner surface of the cathode support grooves 224A to 224D of the agent applied to the cathode of the oxygen-permeable member made of a carbon material, in order to discharge the water therefrom. preferably, the cathode support plate using a non-conductive material, as is known in the art made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic material. the cathode support plate can be used also in the present injection molding technique well known in the art.

图4A7中,表示氧气注入腔207被实现为具有类似于阴极支承板198的尺寸的尺寸的板状结构。 In FIG. 4A7, showing oxygen injection chamber 207 is implemented as a plate-like structure having a size similar to the size of the cathode plate 198 of the support. 如图4A7所示,当氧气注入腔207安装在阴极支承板198的顶表面上时,该氧气注入腔具有四(4)个槽207A至207D,它们分别空间上对应于并空间定位在阴极槽224A至224D中,如图4A12所示。 As shown, when oxygen is injected into the cavity 207 is mounted on the top surface of the cathode support plate 198, the oxygen injection chamber having 4A7 four (4) slots 207A to 207D, respectively, which space corresponds to the space and a cathode positioned in the groove in 224A to 224D, as shown in FIG 4A12. 4个小的导管形成在开槽的板207中,即,在入口207E1和出口207A1之间;在入口207E2和出口207B1之间;在入口207E3和出口207C1之间;和在入口207E4和出口207D1之间。 4 is formed in the small conduit slotted plate 207, i.e., between the inlet and the outlet 207 a 1 207E1; 207E2 between the inlet and the outlet 207B1; 207C1 207E3 between the inlet and the outlet; and the inlet and outlet 207E4 207D1 between. 当开槽的板207安装到阴极支承板198上时,在槽207A至207D与穿孔的阴极支承板198之间形成子腔207A至207D。 When the slotted plate 207 mounted to the cathode support plate 198, 207A to 207D are formed between the sub-chambers 207A to 207D and the cathode support plate 198 perforated grooves. 多腔管211的每个腔连接到4个入口207E1至207E4中的一个,并因而在放电子系统186中配置与pO2控制子系统中的4个受控O2流通道进行流体交流的子腔207A至207D。 Multi-lumen tube 211 is connected to each chamber a 207E1 207E4 4 to the entrance, and therefore the discharge in electronic systems 186 and pO2 control subsystem disposed in the four controlled O2 flow channels in fluid communication with subchamber 207A to 207D.

装载到图3的FCB系统多道燃料卡287的结构示于图4A9和4A10中。 FIG 3 is loaded into a multi-channel system FCB fuel card structure 287 shown in FIG. 4A9 and 4A10. 如图所示,该金属燃料卡包括:刚性结构的不导电阳极支承板228,其具有多个其中形成的多个槽231A至231D和经每个槽的底面形成的中心孔230;以及多个金属条(如,锌燃料)195A至195D,其每个均设置在阳极支承板228内的槽中。 As shown, the metal fuel card comprising: a non-conductive anode support structure rigid plate 228 having a plurality of grooves formed therein a plurality of holes 231A to 231D are formed by the center and the bottom surface of each groove 230; and a plurality of metal strip (e.g., zinc fuel) 195A to 195D, each of which is disposed in a groove within the anode support plate 228. 要注意的是,每个金属燃料条的间隔和宽度被这样设计,即,利用将使用燃料卡的系统放电头中的相应阴极条空间定位。 It is noted that each of the metal fuel rod spacing and width is designed such that, by using cathode strip with the appropriate discharge head space of the fuel system in the card positioning. 通过在阳极支承板中形成槽形状的锌条,然后将金属燃料条插入每个槽中,可制造上述金属燃料卡。 Article formed by a groove-shaped zinc in the anode support plate, and a metal strip inserted in each fuel tank, fuel can be produced of the metal card. 当插入阴极-电解质支承板228中的其相应的槽时,每个金属燃料条与所有其他金属燃料条电隔离。 When inserting the cathode - electrolyte when the support plate 228 in its respective slot, each fuel rod with the metal all other fuel rod is electrically isolated from the metal.

在图4A11中,示出了示例性金属燃料(阳极)接触结构(组件)199,结合具有如图4A6中所示阴极支承板228的多道燃料卡187使用。 In FIG 4A11, illustrates an exemplary metallic fuel (anode) contact structure (component) 199, in conjunction with the cathode support plate shown in FIG. 4A6 228 of multi-channel card 187 of the fuel used. 如图4A11所示,由金属燃料接触支承平台233支承导电杆形式的多个导电部件232A至232D。 FIG 4A11, the plurality of conductive members made of conductive metal in the form of the fuel rod support platform 233 contacts the support 232A to 232D. 这些导电杆的位置与阳极支承板228中槽229A至229D底面中形成的孔230在空间上对应。 229A to 229D are formed holes 230 and the bottom surface of the anode support plate groove 228 corresponding to the position of the conductive rod in space. 如图所示,导电体234A至234D分别与导电杆232A至232D电连接,沿阳极支承板的表面(如,在开槽的凹槽中)锚定,并端接在类似于电连接器235A上的导体端的传统连接器235B中。 As shown, the conductive member 234A to 234D 232A to 232D are electrically connected to the conductive rod, the support plate along the surface of the anode (e.g., in the slotted groove) anchor, and similarly terminate in an electrical connector 235A conductor 235B on the end of the conventional connector. 该连接器与阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205电连接,如图4A3和4A4所示。 The connection with the cathode - electrolyte configuration subsystem output terminal 205 is electrically connected, as shown in FIG. 4A3 and 4A4. 阳极接触支承板223的宽度和长度基本类似于阴极支承板198以及阳极(金属燃料)支承板228的宽度和长度尺寸。 Width and length of the anode contact of the support plate 223 is substantially similar to the cathode support plate 198 and the anode (metal fuel) width and length dimensions of the support plate 228.

图4A12表示的是阳极接触支承板199、阴极支承板198、氧气注入腔板207、和阳极(金属燃料)支承板(即,燃料卡)228当它们之间装载燃料卡187时的空间关系。 FIG 4A12 represents the anode contact of the support plate 199, the cathode support plate 198, oxygen is injected into the cavity plate 207, and the anode (metal fuel) support plate (i.e., a fuel card) 228 187 When the spatial relationship between the card loading fuel into them. 在该装载配置中,沿阴极支承板的每个阴极部件196A至196D与相应金属燃料条(即,区域)195A至195D的前暴露面通过设置在之间的电解质注入垫226A至226D建立离子接触。 In the loading configuration, cathode support member along each cathode plate 196A to 196D and the corresponding metal fuel rod (i.e., region) of the exposed surface of the front 195A to 195D provided by injecting an electrolyte between the pad 226A to 226D establish ionic contact . 另外,在该装载的配置中,每个阳极接触部件(如,导电杆)232A至232D从阳极接触支承板233伸出到形成在阳极接触支承板199中每个槽的底面板中的中央孔230,并建立与相应金属燃料条195A至195D的电接触,经本发明的单个空气金属燃料电池完成了一电路。 Further, in the loading configuration, each of the anode contact member (e.g., conductive rod) 232A to 232D extend from the anode to the contact of the support plate 233 is formed a central hole in the anode support plate 199 in contact with the bottom panel of each groove 230, and establish electrical contact with the corresponding metal strip 195A to 195D of the fuel, by a single air cell according to the present invention the metal fuel is completed a circuit.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电头传送子系统放电头传送子系统204的主要功能是将放电头组件197传送到已装载到FCB系统中的金属燃料卡187周围,如图4A3所示。 Discharge head discharging the metal fuel card in an electronic system delivery subsystem discharge head delivery subsystem 204 The main function is to transfer to the discharge head assembly 197 as shown loaded around 187 FCB metal fuel card system, as shown in FIG 4A3. 当正确地传送时,放电头的阴极和阳极接触结构在放电模式操作期间与在系统中所装载的金属燃料卡的金属燃料道(即区域形成)“离子导电”和“导电”接触。 When correctly transmitted, the anode and the cathode discharge head contact structure (i.e. formation region) of the metal during operation of the fuel passage and the discharge mode of the metal fuel card loaded in the system "ionically conductive" and "conductive" contact.

放电头传送子系统204可利用多种机电动机构中的任何一种实现,该机构能够将每个放电头197的阴极支承结构和阳极接触结构传送离开金属燃料卡112,如图4A3所示,并且传送到金属燃料卡187周围,如图4A4所示。 Discharge head transport subsystem 204 may utilize any of a variety of means to achieve the electric machine, the mechanism can be in contact with the anode structure and the cathode support structure 197 transmitting each discharge head of the fuel away from the metal card 112, as shown in FIG. 4A3, and transferred to the surrounding metal fuel card 187, as shown in FIG 4A4. 如图所示,这些传送机构以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203,并根据由系统控制器执行的系统控制程序由系统控制器203控制。 As shown, the transmission mechanism operatively connected to the system controller 203, and controlled by the system controller 203 in accordance with the system control program executed by the system controller.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统如图4A3和4A4所示,阴极-阳极输出端配置子系统205连接在放电功率调节子系统233的输入端和放电头组件197内的阴极-电解质对的输出端之间。 Cathode electron discharge metal fuel card system - anode configuration subsystem output terminal shown in FIG. 4A3 and 4A4, the cathode - anode configuration subsystem 205 is connected to the output terminal of the input subsystem 233 adjusting the discharge head assembly 197 and power discharge the cathode - electrolyte to between the output terminal. 系统控制器203以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205,以便在放电操作模式期间提供用于执行其功能的控制信号。 The system controller 203 is operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205, for providing a control signal for performing its function during a discharging mode of operation.

阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205的功能是自动地配置(串联或并联地)金属燃料卡放电子系统186的放电头197中所选阴极-电解质对的输出端,从而在卡放电操作期间,在连接到FCB系统的电负载200上产生所需输出电压值。 The cathode - electrolyte function configuration subsystem output terminal 205 is automatically configuring (series or parallel) of the metal fuel selected card discharge cathode discharge head 197 in the electronic system 186 - the output terminal pair of the electrolyte, so that the card discharge during operation, generating a desired output voltage value at the connection to the electrical load 200 FCB system. 在该本发明示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205能够实现为利用晶体管受控技术的一个或多个电可编程电源转换电路,其中,放电头197中的阴极和阳极接触部件连接到输出功率调节子系统223的输入端。 In this invention, the present exemplary embodiment, the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205 can be implemented as a transistor controlled using one or more electrically programmable art power conversion circuit, wherein the discharge head 197 in contact with the cathode and anode an output member connected to the power adjustment input terminal subsystem 223. 在系统控制器203的控制下执行这些转换操作,从而在连接到FCB系统的放电功率调节子系统151的电负载上产生所需输出电压。 These conversion operations performed under the control of system controller 203 to thereby adjust the desired output voltage generating subsystem 151 is the electrical load connected to the FCB system discharge power.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的阴极-阳极电压监测子系统如图4A3和4A4所示,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205,用于检测其中的电压值等。 Cathode electron discharge metal fuel card system - anode voltage monitoring sub FIG. 4A3 and 4A4, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A is connected to the cathode - electrolyte configuration subsystem output terminal 205, a voltage value detected therein Wait. 该系统也用于连接到系统控制器,用于接收执行其功能所需的控制信号。 The system is also used to connect to the system controller, for receiving a control signal required for performing its function. 在第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A具有两个主要功能:在放电模式期间,自动地检测在与每个放电头内的每个金属燃料区域关联的阴极-电解质结构上产生的瞬时电压值;和,产生指示检测到的电压的(数字)数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统400进行检测、分析和响应。 In the first exemplary embodiment, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A has two main functions: during the discharge mode, automatically detected in the cathode region associated with each of the metal fuel within each of the discharge head - electrolyte structure generating the instantaneous voltage value; and, to generate an indication of detected voltage (digital) data signal, for acquiring and processing subsystem 400 is detected by the data, analysis, and response.

在本发明的第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A可利用检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测在与设置在金属燃料卡放电子系统186的每个放电头197中的每个金属燃料区域相关联的阴极-电解质结构上产生的电压值。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A may be implemented using a detection circuitry for detecting a card and put the metal fuel is provided an electronic system 186 of each discharge head 197 in each metal cathode region associated fuel - a voltage value generated in the electrolyte structure. 响应于所检测到的电压值,该电路可被设计成产生指示检测到的电压值的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统400进行检测和分析。 In response to the detected voltage value, the circuit may be designed to generate digital data indicative of the detected voltage signal value, and for acquiring and processing subsystem 400 is detected by the data analysis.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的阴极-阳极电流监测子系统如图4A3和4A4所示,阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205。 Cathode electron discharge metal fuel card system - anode current monitoring sub FIG. 4A3 and 4A4, the cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte configuration subsystem output terminal 205. 阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B具有两个主要功能:在放电模式期间,自动地检测流过金属燃料卡放电子系统186中每个放电头197内的每个金属燃料区域的阴极-电解质对的电流幅度;产生指示检测到的电流的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统400进行检测和分析。 The cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B has two main functions: during the discharge mode, automatically detects the card discharge fuel flowing through the metal of each metal cathode region within each of the fuel discharge head 197,186 electronic system - the electrolytes current amplitude; generating digital data indicative of the detected current signal, and a processing subsystem 400 for acquiring and analyzing the detected data. 在本发明第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B能够利用电流检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测流过每个放电头197内每个金属燃料区域的阴极-电解质对的电流,产生指示检测到的电流的数字数据信号。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B can be achieved by the current detection circuit, the circuit for detecting the fuel flowing through a metal cathode of each region in each of the discharge heads 197 - electrolytes a current digital data signal, generating an indication of the detected current. 如后更详细地解释的,这些检测到的电流值被系统控制器203用来执行其放电功率调节方法,并创建放电的金属燃料卡的每个区域的“放电状态历史”和金属燃料可用性记录。 As will be explained in more detail below, the detected current values ​​by the system controller 203 to perform a "discharge state history" and the availability of the metal fuel discharge region of each recording power adjusting method, the metal fuel and creating the card discharge .

金属燃料卡放电子系统的阴极氧气压力控制子系统阴极氧气压力控制子系统的功能是检测每个放电头197的阴极结构的每个通道的氧气压力(pO2),并且,响应于此,通过调节这些阴极结构的腔中的空气(O2)压力来控制(即,增大或还原)该压力。 Metal fuel card electronic system cathode discharge pressure control subsystem oxygen cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem function is to detect the pressure of the oxygen cathode structure of each channel of each discharge head 197 (pO2), and, in response thereto, by adjusting the these cavities air cathode structure (O2) the control pressure (i.e., increasing or reducing) the pressure. 根据本发明,每个放电头的阴极结构的每个通道中的氧分压(pO2)保持在最佳值上,以便在放电模式期间在放电头中实现最佳氧气消耗。 According to the present invention, the cathode structure of each channel of each discharge head, the oxygen partial pressure (pO2) is maintained at the optimum value, in order to achieve optimal oxygen consumption in the discharge head during the discharge mode. 通过保持阴极结构中的pO2值,可用以可控方式增大从放电头产生的功率输出。 PO2 value by holding the cathode structure, available power generation output is increased in a controlled manner from the discharge head. 另外,通过监测PO2的变化并产生表示它的数字数据信号,以由数据获取和处理子系统400进行检测和分析,给该系统控制器203提供可控变量,用于在放电模式期间调节提供给电负载200的电功率。 Further, by monitoring the change in PO2 it and generates a digital data signal to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 for detection and analysis, to provide a controllable variable of the system controller 203, for adjusting during the discharge mode is supplied to the electric power load 200.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的离子浓度控制子系统为了在放电模式期间实现高能效,必须在金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的每个放电头197的阴极-电解质界面上保持(所带电荷)离子的最佳浓度。 Metal ion concentration in the fuel discharge the card in an electronic system control subsystem in order to achieve high energy efficiency during the discharge mode, the electronic system 186 must be placed in the cathode of each discharge head 197 in the metal fuel card - holding (electric charge) electrolyte interface the optimum concentration of ions. 因此,该离子浓度控制子系统的主要功能是检测和调节FCB系统中的状态,从而在放电操作模式期间将放电头中阴极-电解质界面处的离子浓度保持在最佳范围内。 Thus, the main function of the ion concentration control subsystem is to detect and adjust the state of the FCB system, so that during a discharging mode of operation of the discharge head in the cathode - electrolyte ion concentration at the interface is maintained within the optimum range.

在该示例性实施例中,可以多种方式来实现离子浓度控制,即,将小型固态湿度(或含水率)传感器212置入在阴极支承结构内的槽中(或尽可能靠近阳极-阴极界面),以便检测含水率状况,并且产生表示它的数字数据信号。 In the exemplary embodiment, it may be implemented in various ways to control the ion concentration, i.e., the small solid moisture (or water content) into a sensor groove 212 within the cathode support structure (or as close to the anode - cathode interface ), in order to detect moisture conditions, and generates a digital data signal representing it. 该数字数据信号被提供给数据获取和处理子系统400,进行检测和分析。 The digital data signal is supplied to a data acquisition and processing subsystem 400, for detection and analysis. 在含水率值掉落到在系统控制器203中的存储器(ROM)中设置的预定阈值以下时,系统控制器自动地产生一控制信号,提供给增湿部件213,增湿部件213可被实现为置入在阴极支承结构198的壁中的微喷淋器结构143。 Values ​​fall in the aqueous system to the memory controller 203 (ROM) when a predetermined threshold value set in the following, the system controller automatically generates a control signal, supplied to the humidifying member 213, member 213 may be implemented humidification It is placed in the wall of the cathode support structure 198 in the micro-sprinkler structure 143. 在该示例性实施例中,阴极支承结构198的这些壁起送水导管的作用,当系统控制器203启动水流阀217和泵215时,这些导管从与特定阴极部件相邻的孔214中放出水珠。 In the exemplary embodiment, the walls of the cathode support structure 198 plays the role of water supply conduit, flow valves 217 and 215 when the system controller 203 starts the pump, the water discharged from the conduit adjacent to the hole 214 in the particular cathode member beads. 在这种状态下,水沿多腔管219经歧管218从蓄水池216泵出,并从与需要增大含水率值的阴极部件相邻的孔214放出,该值可由含水率传感器212检测。 In this state, the water in the multi-lumen tube 219 through manifold 218 pumped from reservoir 216, and adjacent to the member from the cathode increased water content values ​​that require release hole 214, the value of the water content sensor 212 may be detection. 这些含水率值检测和控制操作保证了注入电解质的条226A至226E中电解质中的KOH浓度保持为能够最佳地进行离子传送并因此产生功率。 The moisture content value detection and control operations to ensure that the KOH concentration in the electrolyte of the electrolyte injection section 226A to 226E is maintained for the ion transport and therefore can be optimally generate power.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的放电头温度控制子系统如图4A3、4A4和4A7所示,本发明第一示例性实施例的设置在金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的放电头温度控制子系统包括多个子部件,即:系统控制器203;固态温度传感器(如,热敏电阻)305,置入在其多阴极支承结构198的每个通道中,如图4A6所示;和放电头冷却装置306,它响应于由系统控制器203产生的控制信号,用于在放电操作期间将每个放电通道的温度降低到最佳温度范围内。 Discharge head discharge temperature of the metal fuel card in an electronic system control subsystem shown in FIG 4A3,4A4 and 4A7, a first exemplary embodiment of the invention the discharge head discharging temperature of the electronic system control subsystem 186 in the metal fuel card comprising a plurality of subcomponents, namely: a system controller 203; solid state temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) 305, a multi-channel placed in each of the cathode support structure 198, as shown in FIG. 4A6; discharge head and a cooling device 306, in response to a control signal generated by the system controller 203, during the discharge operation for lowering the temperature of each of the discharge channel into the optimal temperature range. 放电头冷却装置306可利用多种热交换技术来实现,包括热交换领域中所熟知的风冷、水冷、和/或制冷剂冷却。 Discharge head cooling device 306 may utilize a variety of techniques to achieve the heat exchange, including air, water, and / or refrigerant cooled in the heat exchanger well known in the art. 在本发明的一些实施例中,当产生高数值的电功率时,可能希望在每个放电头周围提供套管状结构,以便为了温度控制的目的而循环空气、水和制冷剂。 In some embodiments of the present invention, when high values ​​for generating electrical power, it may be desirable to provide a sleeve-like structure around each discharge head for the purpose of temperature control for the circulating air, water and the refrigerant.

金属燃料带放电子系统中的数据获取和处理子系统在图3的示例性实施例中,图4A3和4A4中所示的数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)400执行多种功能,例如包括:(1)在刚好在每个金属燃料卡装载到放电头组件中的特定放电头197之前,标识每个金属燃料卡,并且产生表示它的金属燃料卡标识数据;(2)在标识的金属燃料卡被装载到其放电头组件中的时段期间,传感(即,检测)所存在的金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的各种“放电参数”;(3)计算一个或多个参数,估计或测量在卡放电操作期间产生的金属氧化物的量的值,并产生表示所计算出的参数、估计值和/或测量值的“金属氧化物指示数据”;和(4)在金属燃料数据库管理子系统400(可由系统控制器203和203'访问)中记录检测到的放电参数数据及计算出的金属氧化物指示数据,这两者均与放电操作模式期间标识的对应的 With metal fuel discharge data acquisition system and an electronic processing subsystem in the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 3, the data shown in FIG. 4A3 and 4A4 and acquires a processing subsystem (DCPS) 400 to perform various functions, including, for example: (1) just before each card is loaded into the metal fuel discharge head in particular discharge head assembly 197, each of the metal fuel identification card, and it represents a metal fuel generated card ID data; (2) the identity of the metal fuel card is loaded into the discharge head assembly during a period, the sense (i.e., detect) the presence of the metal fuel discharge card 186 in a variety of electronic systems "discharge parameters"; (3) calculating one or more parameters estimated or a measure of the amount of the metal oxide during the card discharge generated by the operation, and generates a calculated parameter, estimates and / or "metal oxide instruction data" measurements; and (4) of the metal fuel in a database management subsystem 400 (and 203 by the system controller 203 'access) detected discharge parameter data and the calculated data record indicative of a metal oxide, both of which during discharging mode of operation corresponding to the identified 属燃料区域/卡相关。 It is a regional fuel / card related. 如后面更清楚地看到的,由数据获取和处理子系统400保持在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中的这种记录的信息可以由系统控制器203以各种方式使用,这些方式例如包括:在放电操作模式期间,以有效的方式优化地对部分或完全氧化的金属燃料卡进行放电(即,从其产生电功率);和在再充电操作模式期间,以快速的方式优化地对部分或完全氧化的金属燃料卡进行再充电。 As seen more clearly later, the acquisition subsystem 400, and process 203 may be held in a variety of ways by the system controller in the information database management subsystem of the metal fuel 308 recorded by this data, these methods include, for example: during a discharging mode of operation, in an efficient manner optimally partially or metal fuel is completely oxidized card discharge (i.e., from generating electric power); and during recharging mode of operation, a rapid manner optimally to partially or completely oxidized metal fuel card recharging.

在放电操作期间,数据获取和处理子系统400自动地对表示与构成上述金属燃料卡放电子系统186的各种子系统关联的“放电参数”的数据信号进行采样(或获取)。 During the discharge operation, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 automatically indicating the metal constituting the fuel discharge electronic card system "discharge parameters" data signal 186 associated with the various sub-sampling (or acquisition). 在放电模式期间,由这些子系统产生的数据信号中,这些采样的数值被编码为信息。 During the discharge mode, the data signal generation subsystem, the values ​​of these samples are encoded as information. 根据本发明的原理,卡型“放电参数”应包括但不限于:在沿由例如阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构上产生的放电电压;在沿由例如阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构上产生的电流;每个放电头197的阴极结构中的氧气饱和值(pO2d),由阴极氧气压力控制子系统(203、270、207、208、209、210、211)监测;在由例如离子浓度控制子系统(203、212、213、214、215、216、217、218、219)监测的特定放电头中沿特定金属燃料道的阴极-电解质界面上或附近的含水率(H2Od)值(或相对湿度);卡放电操作期间放电头的温度(Tr);和上述标识的任何放电参数状态的时段((Td)。 According to principles of the present invention, a card-type "discharge parameters" would include but are not limited to: for example, along the cathode - discharge voltage generated in the monitored voltage monitoring subsystem 206A electrolyte fuel passage particular metal cathode and an anode structure; along for example, by cathode - current generated on the monitored electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B particular metal cathode and anode structure of a fuel channel; oxygen saturation value (pO2d) cathode structure of each discharge head 197, the control pressure of the oxygen from the cathode sub system (203,270,207,208,209,210,211) monitoring; for example, in a particular discharge head ion concentration control subsystem (203,212,213,214,215,216,217,218,219) monitored along certain metal fuel passage cathode - electrolyte interface at or near the water content (H2Od) value (or relative humidity); card temperature of the discharge head discharging operation period (Tr); and any discharge parameters state of the identified time period ( (Td).

通常,数据获取和处理子系统400可在再充电操作模式期间记录卡型“放电参数”的方式有多种。 Typically, a variety of data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 may record card-type "discharge parameters" mode of operation during the recharging manner. 后面将对这些不同的方法进行描述。 These different methods will later be described.

根据图4B9所示的数据记录的第一方法,卡标识代码或标记(如,以区域标识信息编码的小型条形码符号)240在卡制造期间以图形方式印刷在“光学,,数据道241上,并可由置入在每个放电头中或其附近的光学数据读取器260读取。光学数据读取器260利用本领域内熟知的光学扫描/解码技术(如,激光扫描条形码符号读取器或光学解码器)实现。在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的信息在提供给数据获取和处理子系统400中的数据信号中编码,接着在放电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中。 The first data recording method shown in FIG. 4B9, card or tag identification code (e.g., bar code symbol in a small area identification information encoded) card 240 during manufacture graphically printed on "the optical data tracks ,, 241, and at or near the optical data read by the reader 260 placed in each discharge head. the optical data reader 260 is well known in the art of optical scanning / decoding techniques (e.g., laser scanning bar code symbol reader or an optical decoder) implemented. in the exemplary embodiment, information indicating the unique card identification code which is supplied to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 the data signal encoded and then recorded in the metal fuel is discharged during operation database management subsystem 308.

根据图4B9中所示的数据记录的第二方法,数字“卡标识”代码240'在卡制造期间磁记录在磁数据道241'上,并可利用置入在每个放电头中或靠近其支承的磁读取头270'在放电操作期间读取。 According to a second method of data recording shown in FIG. 4B9, the number "card ID" Code 240 'during the card manufacturing the magnetic recording data in the magnetic track 241', and may utilize placed in each discharge head or near supporting magnetic reading head 270 'are read during the discharging operation. 每个磁读取头260'可利用本领域内熟知的磁信息读取技术(如,磁条读取设备)实现。 Each of the magnetic read head 260 'is well known in the art may be utilized to read magnetic information technology (e.g., a magnetic stripe reader device) implemented. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的数字数据在提供给数据获取和处理子系统400中的数据信号中编码,接着在放电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中。 In this exemplary embodiment, the digital data representing the unique card identification code is provided to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 data signal encoded, the metal fuel is then recorded in a database management subsystem 308 during the discharging operation .

根据图4B9所示的数据记录的第三方法,唯一数字“卡标识”代码240''在卡制造期间记录为不透光数据道241''中形成的一系列透光孔口,并可由光学传感头260''在放电操作期间读取,该光学传感头利用本领域内熟知的光学传感技术实现。 According to a third data recording method shown in FIG. 4B9, a unique number "card ID" Code 240 'during manufacture of the recording card is an opaque data track 241' 'series of apertures formed in the light-transmitting, optical and sensor head 260 '' during the discharge operation of reading, the optical head is well known in the art using optical sensing technology. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一区域标识代码的数字数据在提供给数据获取和处理子系统400中的数据信号中编码,接着在放电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中。 In this exemplary embodiment, the digital data representing the unique identification code in the area provided to data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 data signal encoded, the metal fuel is then recorded in a database management subsystem 308 during the discharging operation .

根据用于数据记录的第四替代方法,标识的金属燃料卡上每个道的唯一数字“卡标识”代码和一组放电参数两者均被记录在实现为附着到本发明金属燃料卡表面的条的磁、光、或孔口的数据道中。 According to a fourth alternative method for data recording, a unique number for each track of the metal fuel card ID "card ID" code and a set of discharge parameters are both recorded in the implementation of the present invention, the fuel adhered to the metal surface of the card magnetic, optical, or orifice strip in the data track. 有关特定金属燃料卡的信息块在再充电操作模式期间被记录在数据道中,该数据道与容易地访问此记录信息的相关的金属燃料区形体上相邻。 A metal block for the specific fuel card during recharging mode of operation is recorded in the data track, the adjacent data track region associated with the metal fuel body easily access this information is recorded. 通常,该信息块将包括金属燃料卡标识号和一组放电参数,如图4A13示意性示出,当金属燃料卡装载到放电头组件197中时,它们由数据获取和处理子系统400自动地检测。 Typically, the information block comprising a metal fuel card identification number and a set of discharge parameters, shown schematically in FIG. 4A13, when the card is loaded into the metal fuel discharge head assembly 197, they are acquired and processed automatically by the data subsystem 400 detection.

与上述第三种方法相比,上述第一和第二数据记录方法具有几个优点。 Compared with the above-described third method, said first and second data recording method has several advantages. 具体地讲,当利用第一和第二方法时,沿金属燃料卡设置的数据道具有极低的信息容量。 In particular, when using the first and second methods, the metal of the fuel along the data track of the card is provided having a very low information capacity. 这是因为,以唯一标识符(即,地址号或卡标识号)标记每个金属燃料卡而需要记录的信息极少,对该卡所检测到的放电参数记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中。 This is because the unique identifier information (i.e., address number or identification card number) for each mark to be recorded and a metal fuel card extremely small, the discharge parameter detected the card management database recorded in the metal fuel subsystem 308 in. 另外,根据第一和第二方法的数据道信息应不昂贵,并且还提供用于读取沿该数据道记录的卡标识信息的设备。 Further, according to the data channel information of first and second methods should be inexpensive and also provide the card identification device information of the data recording track direction for reading.

金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电功率调节子系统如图4A3和4A4所示,放电功率调节子系统223的输入端口以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统205的输出端口,而放电功率调节子系统223的输出端口以可操作方式连接到电负载200的输入端。 Card discharging power metal fuel discharge conditioning subsystem of the electronic system shown in FIG. 4A3 and 4A4, the discharge power conditioning subsystem input port 223 operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte configuration input output port subsystem 205, and a discharge power conditioning subsystem output port 223 operatively connected to the input terminal 200 of the electric load. 当放电功率调节子系统223的主要功能是调节在其放电操作模式期间提供给(即,由装载到其放电头中的放电的金属燃料卡产生的)电负载200的电功率时,放电功率调节子系统223具有一编程操作模式,其中,加在电负载上的输出电压以及流过阴极-电解质界面上的电流在放电操作期间调节。 When the discharge power conditioning subsystem main function 223 is adjusted during its discharging mode of operation is supplied to (i.e., generated by the loading to the metal fuel card discharging discharge head) electrical load electric power 200, the discharge power regulator the system 223 has a program mode of operation, wherein the electrical load applied to the output voltage and flowing through the cathode - electrolyte interface on the current adjusted during the discharge operation. 这些控制功能由系统控制器203管理,并可以多种方式可编程地选择,以便根据本发明的原理在多道和单道金属燃料卡放电时实现电负载200的最佳调节。 These control functions, and may be programmably selected in various ways by the system management controller 203, in order to achieve optimum adjustment of the electrical load 200 when the multi-channel and single-channel metal fuel discharge cards according to the principles of the present invention.

放电功率调节子系统223可利用在功率、电压和电流控制领域内所熟知的固态功率、电压和电流控制电路实现。 Discharge power conditioning subsystem 223 may use solid state power within the power, voltage and current control known in the art, voltage and current control circuitry. 该电路可包括利用晶体管控制技术的电可编程电源转换电路,其中,可将一个或多个可控电流源串联地连接到阴极和阳极结构,以便响应于由执行特定放电功率控制方法的系统控制器203产生的控制信号控制流过它的电流。 The circuit may comprise a power conversion circuit electrically programmable transistor using a control technique, wherein one or more may be a controllable current source connected in series to the cathode and anode structures, in response to a system control performed by the power control method particular discharge 203 a control signal generated by the control current flows through it. 这些电可编程电源转换电路还可包括晶体管控制技术,其中,可将一个或多个可控电压源并联到阴极和阳极结构,以便响应于由系统控制器产生的控制信号来控制其上的电压。 The electric power conversion circuit further comprises a programmable control transistor, wherein one or more may be controllable voltage source connected in parallel to the cathode and anode structures, in response to a control signal generated by the system controller to control the voltage thereon . 该电路可由系统控制器203组合并受其控制,以便在电负载200上提供恒定的功率(和/或电压和/或电流)控制。 The circuit may be combined and the system controlled by controller 203 so as to provide constant power (and / or voltage and / or current) to control the electrical load 200.

在本发明的这些示例性实施例中,放电功率调节子系统223的主要功能是利用下列放电功率控制方法之一来对电负载200执行实时功率调节,即:(1)恒定输出电压/可变输出电流方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使电负载上的输出电压保持恒定,而使其电流变化;(2)恒定输出电流/可变输出电压方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使电负载上的输出电流保持恒定,而使其电压变化;(3)恒定输出电压/恒定输出电流方法,其中向应于负载状态,使负载上的电压和流入负载中的电流均保持恒定;(4)恒定输出功率方法,其中,响应于负载状态,电负载上的输出功率保持恒定;(5)脉动输出功率方法,其中,使电负载上的输出功率以根据预定条件保持的每个功率脉冲的占空比脉动;(6)恒定输出电压/脉动输出电流方法,其中,流入电负载中的输出电流保持恒定,而流入 In these exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the main function of adjusting the discharge power subsystem 223 is to use one of the following power control methods to discharge the load 200 performs real-time adjustment of electric power, namely: (1) a constant output voltage / variable output current method, wherein, in response to a load state, the output voltage on the load remains constant while the current varying; (2) constant output current / voltage of the variable output method, wherein, in response to a load state, the electrical load the output current is kept constant, so that the voltage variation; (3) a constant output voltage / constant output current, wherein the load state corresponding to the voltage and current flowing into the load in the load are kept constant; (4) constant output power, wherein, in response to the load state, load on the electrical output power is kept constant; (5) pulsation of the output power, wherein the electrical load on the output power of each power pulse in accordance with a predetermined condition of the account holder pulsating air ratio; (6) a constant output voltage / output current ripple method, wherein the output current flowing into the electric load is kept constant, the inflow 载的电流以特定占空比脉动;和(7)脉动输出电压/恒定输出电流方法,其中,流入负载的输出功率脉动,而流入负载的电流保持恒定。 Current ripple contained in a certain duty ratio; and (7) pulsation of the output voltage / constant output current, wherein, the output power ripple into the load, and the current flowing into the load is kept constant.

本发明的优选实施例中,七(7)种放电功率调节方法中的每一种均编程到与系统控制器203相关的ROM中。 Embodiment, seven (7) kinds of discharge power adjustment method of programming to 203 each of which is associated with the system controller ROM preferred embodiment of the present invention. 这些功率调节方法可以多种不同方式选择,这些方式例如包括,手动地启动系统壳体上的开关或按钮、自动地检测在电负载与金属燃料卡放电子系统186之间的接口上建立或检测到的形体、电学、磁或光学状态。 These power adjustment method may be selected in many different ways, including, for example, a switch or button on the system housing manually activated, automatically detected based on electrical load of the metal fuel card 186 placed on the interface between an electronic detection system or to the body, electrical, magnetic or optical state.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的输入/输出控制子系统在有些应用中,可能希望或必须组合两个或多个FCB系统或它们的金属燃料卡放电子系统186,以便合成系统不仅仅由单独运行的这些子系统提供其功能。 Metal fuel input card placed in the electronic system / subsystem output control in some applications, it may be desirable or necessary to a combination of two or more thereof FCB metal fuel systems or electronic card discharge system 186, not only to synthesis system operated by a separate these subsystems provide its functionality. 考虑到这些应用,其金属燃料卡放电子系统186包括输入/输出控制子系统224,它使其外部系统(例如,微计算机或微控制器)越权控制金属燃料卡放电子系统186的功能,就象其系统控制器执行这些控制功能似的。 In consideration of these applications, the metal fuel system 186 includes an electronic card discharge input / output control subsystem 224, so that the external system (e.g., a microcomputer or microcontroller) override metal fuel discharge electronic card system 186 functions, to like its system controller executes these control functions like. 在该示例性实施例中,输入/输出控制子系统224被实现为标准的IEEE I/O总线架构,为外部或远程计算机系统提供直接与金属燃料卡放电子系统186的系统控制器203相接口的、并且直接地管理系统和子系统操作各方面的方法和装置。 In the exemplary embodiment, input / output control subsystem 224 is implemented as a standard IEEE I / O bus architecture, provide direct metal fuel card with the system controller 203 to put the electronic system 186 with an external or remote computer system interface and directly manage the system and subsystem operation method and apparatus of the various aspects.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中的系统控制器如上所述,系统控制器203执行各种操作,以便执行其放电模式中的FCB系统的各种操作。 Metal fuel discharge system controller card in an electronic system as described above, the system controller 203 performs various operations so as to perform various operating system FCB discharge mode. 在图3的FCB系统的优选实施例中,系统控制器203利用在微计算机控制领域内所熟知的具有程序和数据存储器(如ROM、EPROM、RAM等)及系统总线结构的编程的微控制器实现。 FCB In a preferred embodiment of the system of Figure 3 embodiment, the system controller 203 controls the microcomputer utilized in the art is well known a microcontroller with program and data memory (e.g., ROM, EPROM, RAM, etc.) and programming of the system bus structure achieve. 在本发明的任何特定实施例中,应理解的是,可组合两个或多个微控制器,以便执行由其FCB系统执行的各组功能。 In any particular embodiment of the present invention, it is understood that the combination of two or more microcontrollers, each group in order to perform functions performed by the system FCB. 所有这些实施例均是本发明系统的所考虑到的实施例。 All of these embodiments are the system of the invention considered to be the embodiments.

金属燃料卡放电子系统中使用的放电金属燃料卡图4A51和4A52表示描述利用图4A3至4A4中所示金属燃料卡放电子系统的放电金属燃料卡的基本步骤(即,由其产生电功率)的高级流程图。 FIG metal discharge metal fuel card fuel discharge electronic card used in the system 4A51 and 4A52 shows the basic procedure described by using FIGS. 4A3 to 4A4 metal fuel card in place of the electronic system shown in FIG metal fuel discharge the card (i.e., by generating electric power) High flow chart.

如图4A51的块A所示,卡装载/卸载子系统189将4个金属燃料卡187从再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188A底部传送到金属燃料卡放电子系统186的卡放电间,如图4A1所示。 As shown in block A of FIG 4A51, the card loading / unloading subsystem 189 will be transferred from the bottom of the rechargeable metal fuel storage tank card 188A 4 metal fuel card 187 to discharge the metal fuel card electronic system 186 between the card discharge, FIG. As shown 4A1.

如块B所示,放电头传送子系统204将金属燃料卡配置到金属燃料卡放电子系统186的放电间中放电头的周围,从而离子导电介质设置在每个阴极结构和所装载的金属燃料卡之间,如图4A2所示。 As shown in block B, the discharge head 204 of the metal fuel delivery subsystem card is configured to discharge the card around the metal fuel discharge between an electronic system 186 in the discharge head, the ionically conductive medium is provided so that each cathode structure and loaded metal fuel between the card, as shown in FIG 4A2.

如块C所示,放电头传送子系统204然后配置每个放电头,从而其阴极结构与所装载的金属燃料卡形成离子接触,而其阳极接触结构与其形成电接触。 As shown in block C, the discharge head transport subsystem 204 then configures each discharge head, thereby forming a cathode structure in contact with the metal fuel ions loaded card, contact structure and an anode in electrical contact therewith.

如图4A51中的块D所示,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统205自动地配置在所装载的金属燃料卡周围配置的每个放电头197的输出端,然后,系统控制器203控制金属燃料卡放电子系统186,从而以所需输出电压和电流值产生电功率,并将电功率提供给电负载200。 As shown in block D 4A51, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 205 automatically configures output terminal of each discharge head 197 around the loaded card configuration of the metal fuel, then the system controller 203 controls the metal fuel electronic card discharge system 186, thereby generating electrical power to the desired output voltage and current, and the electric power to the electrical load 200.

如图4A52中块E所示,当一个或多个金属燃料卡放电时,则放电的卡卸载子系统190将放电的金属燃料卡传送到放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B中放电的各金属燃料卡顶部。 In block E shown in FIG. 4A52, when one or more cards of the metal fuel discharge, the discharge of the card unloading the metal fuel subsystem 190 is transmitted to the card discharging the fuel discharge of each metal of the metal fuel storage tank 188B card discharge in card top. 此后,如块F所示,重复块A至E所述的操作,以便将另外的再充电的金属燃料卡装载到放电间以进行放电。 Thereafter, as shown in block F, the operation is repeated blocks A to E according to an additional recharge card loading fuel into the metal to discharge between discharge.

本发明金属空气FCB系统第二示例性实施例的金属燃料卡再充电子系统如图4B3和4B4所示,第二示例性实施例的金属燃料卡再充电子系统191包括多个子系统,即:多道金属氧化物还原(即,再充电)头组件197',它们各具有其导电输入端可以下述方式连接的多部件阴极结构198'和阳极接触结构199';再充电头传送子系统204',用于传送再充电头组件197'的子部件;输入电源子系统243,用于将从外部提供的AC功率信号转换成DC电源信号,该信号具有适于对沿在金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电头内装载的燃料道的金属燃料卡进行再充电的电压;阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244,用于在系统控制器203'的控制下,将输入电源子系统243的输出端(端口)连接到再充电头197'的阴极和阳极接触结构的输入端(端口),从而给其提供输入电压,用于在再充电操作模式期间将金属氧 The metal-air FCB metal fuel card system of the present invention a second exemplary embodiment of the recharging subsystem as shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4, the metal fuel card a second exemplary embodiment of a recharging subsystem 191 includes a plurality of subsystems, namely: multi-channel metal oxide reduction (i.e., recharge) the head assembly 197 ', each having an input terminal thereof electrically conductive member can be a multi-cathode structure in the following manner connected 198' and the anode contact structures 199 '; recharging head transport subsystem 204 ', the head assembly for transferring a rechargeable 197' sub-components; an input power subsystem 243 for converting AC power signal supplied from the outside into a DC power signal which has adapted in the metal fuel refilling card the electronic system 191 to recharge the fuel passage in the head loading of the metal fuel card recharging voltage; cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244, under control of the system controller 203 ', the input power subsystem 243 an output terminal (port) is connected to the rechargeable head 197 'of the input terminal (port) in contact with the cathode and anode structure, so as to provide to its input voltage, the metal for oxygen during recharging mode of operation 物结构电化学地转换成其原金属;阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A',连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244,用于监测(即,采样)在每个再充电头中每个道的阴极和阳极结构上施加的电压,并产生表示检测到的电压值的(数字)数据;阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B',连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244,用于监测(采样)在每个再充电头内每个道的阴极和阳极结构流过的电流,并产生表示检测到的电流值的(数字)数据信号;阴极氧气压力控制子系统,包括系统控制器203'、固态pO2传感器250'、图4B7和4B8中所示的真空腔(结构)207'、真空泵208'、电控气流控制装置209'、歧管结构210'、和图4B3和4B4中所示的多腔管211',它们被如图所示地设置在一起,用来检测和控制每个再充电头197'的阴极支承结构每个通道中的pO2值;离子浓度控制子系统,包括系统控制器203' Structures electrochemically converted into its original metal; cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A ', connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244, for monitoring (i.e., samples) of each head at each recharging voltage applied across the cathode and anode channel structure, and generates data indicating the detected voltage value (digital); cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B ', connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244, for monitoring (sample) in each of recharging current structure of each cathode and the anode channel flowing in the head, and generates a (digital) data signal a current value representing the detected; cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem 203 includes a system controller ', solid pO2 sensor 250', a vacuum chamber (structures) shown in FIG. 4B7 and 4B8 207 ', the vacuum pump 208', the electronic control air flow control devices 209 ', manifold structure 210', as shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4 and the multi-lumen tube 211 ', which are arranged together as shown in FIG, for detecting and controlling each recharging head 197' pO2 values ​​cathode support structure of each channel; ion concentration control subsystem, the system comprising controller 203 ' 固态含水率传感器(比重计)212'、增湿部件(如,微喷淋部件)213',水泵215'、蓄水池216'、电控水流控制阀217'、歧管结构218'和伸入到含水率提供结构213'中的多腔导管219',它们被如图所示地配置在一起用来检测和改变FCB系统中的状态(如,在再充电头197'阴极-电解质界面上的含水率和湿度),从而在再充电模式操作期间将其阴极-电解质界面处的离子浓度保持在最佳范围内,以实现其最佳离子传送,其中增湿部件213'被实现为在阴极支承板198'(具有沿每个壁表面设置的出水孔214',如图4B6所示)的壁结构内置入的微喷淋器;再充电头温度控制子系统,包括系统控制器203'、置入在其多阴极支承结构198'的每个通道内的固态温度传感器(如、热敏电阻)305'、和再充电头冷却装置306',响应于由系统控制器203'产生的控制信号,在再充电操作期间,将每个再充电通道的温度 Moisture Sensor solid (pycnometer) 212 ', humidifying member (e.g., micro-spraying member) 213', the pump 215 ', reservoir 216', electrically controlled flow control valve 217 ', manifold structure 218' and extending providing a structure into the water content 213 'of the multi-lumen catheter 219', and they are configured together to detect changes in the state of the FCB system (as shown in FIG., the recharging head 197 'of the cathode - electrolyte interface the moisture content and humidity), so that during recharging mode operation to cathode - maintaining the ionic concentration at the interface of the electrolyte within the optimal range to achieve optimum ion transport, wherein the humidifying member 213 'is implemented as a cathode the support plate 198 '(having nozzle holes arranged along each wall surface 214', shown in FIG. 4B6) built into the wall structure of the micro-sprinkler; rechargeable head temperature control subsystem includes a system controller 203 ' into its multi-cathode support structure 198 'within each channel solid state temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) 305', and recharge head cooling device 306 ', the system controller 203 in response to the' control signal is generated temperature, during a recharging operation, recharging each channel 低到最佳温度范围内;关联型金属燃料数据库管理子系统(MFDMS)404,它利用局部系统总线405以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203',被设计成接收从金属燃料带再充电子系统191内的各个子系统的输出中提取出的特定类型的信息;数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)406,包括数据读取头270(270'、270'')和基于编程的微处理器的数据处理器,其中,该读取头置入在或靠近地安装在每个再充电头197'的阴极支承结构,该数据处理器用于接收从阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A'、阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B'、阴极氧气压力控制子系统、再充电头温度控制子系统和离子浓度控制子系统产生的数据信号,并且能够(ⅰ)从所装载的金属燃料卡中读取金属燃料卡标识数据,(ⅱ)利用局部系统总线407,在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中记录检测到的再充电参数和所提取的计算出的金 Low to the optimum temperature range; relational database management subsystem metallic fuel (MFDMS) 404, which uses the system local bus 405 is operatively connected to the system controller 203 ', is designed to receive electrons from the metal fuel refilling with the output of each subsystem within the system 191 extracts a particular type of information; data acquisition and processing subsystem (DCPS) 406, 270 comprises a data reading head (270 ', 270' ') and on a programmed microprocessor a data processor, wherein the read head is mounted at or near the implantation in each of the rechargeable head 197 'of the cathode support structure of the data processor for receiving the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A', cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B ', the cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem, the rechargeable head temperature and the ion concentration control subsystem subsystem generates a control data signal, and capable of (i) read from the metal of the metal fuel in the fuel card loaded card identification data, (ii) the use of a local system bus 407, the metal fuel database management subsystem 404 records the detected recharge parameters and calculated in the extracted gold 燃料指示数据,和(ⅲ)利用局部系统总线405,读取存储在金属燃料数据库404中的预先记录的放电参数和预先记录的金属氧化物指示数据;输入/输出控制子系统224',与系统控制器203'连接,借助远程或合成系统控制FCB系统的所有功能,其中包含FCB系统;和系统控制器203',用于在各种系统操作模式期间管理上述子系统的操作。 Fuel instruction data, and (iii) using the local system bus 405, reads the stored pre-recorded in the database 404 of the metal fuel and metal oxide discharge parameters prerecorded instruction data; input / output control subsystem 224 ', the system the controller 203 'is connected, by means of all the functions of a remote control system or synthetic FCB system, wherein the system comprises FCB; and a system controller 203' for operating a subsystem for managing the system during various modes of operation. 将在下面更详细地描述这些子系统。 These subsystems will be described in more detail below.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统的多区域再充电头组件多区域再充电头道组件197'的功能是在再充电操作模式期间以电化学方式还原沿装载到再充电头组件中的金属燃料卡的区域的金属氧化物结构。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem rechargeable multi-zone multi-zone rechargeable head assembly channel head assembly 197 'function during recharging operation mode along the loading to restore electrochemically rechargeable metal fuel assembly of the chuck a metal oxide structure area. 在该示例性实施例中,每个再充电头197'包括:阴极部件支承板198',其具有带穿孔的底面板的多个隔离的槽231A'至231D',使其氧气(O2)自由地通过;多个导电阴极部件(如,条)196A'至196D',用于分别插入这些槽231A'至231D'的下部;多个注入电解质的条226A'至226D',用于分别放置在阴极条196A'至196D'上,并支承在这些槽中,如图4B6所示;和抽氧腔207',以密封方式安装在阴极部件支承板198'的上(背)表面之上,如图4B12所示。 In the exemplary embodiment, each of the recharging head 197 'includes: a cathode support plate member 198', which has a plurality of perforated bottom plate of the isolation grooves 231A 'through 231D', so that oxygen (O2) free by; a plurality of conductive cathode members (e.g., strips) 196A 'through 196D', these grooves for inserting the lower portion 231A 'through 231D'; a plurality of electrolyte injection section 226A 'through 226D', respectively, for placement the cathode strip 196A 'through 196D', and supported in these grooves, as shown in FIG. 4B6; and the above oxygen pumping chamber 207 ', a sealing member mounted in the cathode support plate 198' (back) surface, as FIG 4B12.

如图4B3和4B4所示,抽氧腔207'具有多个子腔207A'至207D',它们分别与槽231A'至231D'形体上关联。 As shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4, the oxygen pumping chamber 207 'having a plurality of subchambers 207A' through 207D ', respectively with the grooves 231A' to 231D associated with the body '. 每个真空子腔207A'至207D'均与所有其他子腔隔离,并且与支承阴极部件和电解质注入部件的一个通道进行流体交流。 Each vacuum subchamber 207A 'through 207D' are isolated from all other sub-chamber, and a channel member of the injection member and the support of the cathode and the electrolyte in fluid communication. 如图所示,每个子腔被配置成与真空泵208'经多腔管211'的一个腔、歧管组件210'的一个通道和气流开关209'的一个通道进行流体交流,这些操作中的每个均受系统控制器203'的控制。 A cavity As shown, each sub-chamber is arranged a vacuum pump 208 'through the multi-lumen tube 211', the manifold assembly 210 'and a gas flow channel switch 209' in fluid communication with a channel, each of these operations a control system governed by controller 203 & apos ;. 通过有选择地经歧管组件210中的对应气流通道从子腔抽出空气,这种配置使得系统控制器203'能够单独地控制每个氧气抽出子腔207A'至207D'中的pO2值。 By selectively manifold assembly 210 through the corresponding gas flow passages to draw air from the sub-chamber, this configuration makes the system controller 203 'can be controlled individually each oxygen withdrawn subchamber 207A' through 207D 'pO2 values.

如图4所示,注入电解质的条226A'至226D'是通过给吸收电解质载体介质注入凝胶体型电解质而实现的。 4, the electrolyte is injected article 226A 'through 226D' to the absorber by injecting a gel electrolyte support media implemented electrolyte body. 最好,该电解质吸收载体介质被实现为由PET塑料制成的低密度、孔口泡沫材料的条。 Preferably, the electrolyte-absorbing medium is implemented as a low-density carrier made of PET plastic, foam material strip aperture. 放电电池单元的凝胶体电解质利用由碱性溶液、明胶材料、水、和本领域中已知的粘结剂组成的配方制成。 Discharging the gel electrolyte cell using the formulation of an alkaline solution, a gelatin material, water, and binders known in the art composition made.

如图4A8A所示,每个阴极条196'A至196'D利用涂有多孔碳材料、颗粒状铂或其他接触剂229'的镍丝网层228'制成,以形成适于在金属空气FCB系统的再充电头中使用的阴极部件。 FIG 4A8A, each cathode strip 196'D 196'A to use porous carbon material coated, platinum or other particulate contact agent 229 'of nickel screen layer 228' made of metal to form a suitable air the rechargeable cathode member head system for use in FCB. 空气金属FCB中使用的阴极构造的细节公开于美国专利No. Details of the air cathode structure of a metal used in the FCB are disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,894,296和No. 4,894,296 and No. 4,129,633,这些专利引用于此,以资参考。 4,129,633, these patents are incorporated herein, by reference. 为了形成电流收集通路,导电体(镍)230'焊接到每个阴极条的下部丝网层228'。 To form the current collecting path conductor (Ni) 230 'is welded to the lower portion of the screen of the cathode layer of each strip 228'. 如图4B6所示,附着到其阴极条上的每个导电体230穿过在阴极支承板的槽底面上形成的孔231',并连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244',如图4B3和4B4所示。 As shown, each of the holes 231 is attached to a conductive body which passes through the cathode strip 230 formed in the bottom surface of the cathode support plate 4B6 ', and is connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244', FIG. 4B3 and 4B4 FIG. 在组装期间,该阴极条被压入到槽的下部中,以将其固定。 During assembly, the cathode strip is pressed into the lower portion of the tank, so as to be fixed.

如图4B6所示,每个槽224A'至224D'的底面中形成有多个穿孔225',使得空气和氧气自由地从其通过分别到达阴极条196A'至196D'(以大气温度和压力)。 As shown, the bottom surface 'to 224D' of each of the grooves 224A formed in '196A, so that the air and oxygen to the cathode are freely therethrough article' to 196D '(atmospheric temperature and pressure) with a plurality of perforations 225 4B6 . 在该示例性实施例中,注入电解质的条226A'至226D'分别放置在阴极条196A'至196D'之上,并利用粘结剂、夹持结构固定在阴极支承槽上部。 Article 226A In the exemplary embodiment, the electrolyte injection 'to 226D' are placed over the cathode strips 196A 'through 196D', and the use of an adhesive, clamping the cathode support structure of the upper slot is fixed. 如图4B12所示,当将阴极条和薄电解质条安装在阴极支承板198'中它们的相应槽中时,每个注入电解质的条的外表面与阴极支承板198'的上表面平齐放置。 FIG 4B12, when the cathode strip and the electrolyte thin strips mounted in the cathode support plate 198 'in their respective grooves, the outer surface of the support plate of each cathode electrolyte injection bar 198' is placed flush with the upper surface .

阴极支承槽224A'至224D'的内表面涂有疏水材料(例如聚四氟乙烯)245”,以保证注入电解质的条226A'至226D'中的水排出,并因此使氧气最佳地传送到阴极条上。疏水媒剂加到构成透氧气的阴极部件的碳材料,以由其排出水。最好,阴极支承板利用不导电材料、如本领域中熟知的聚氯乙烯(PVC)塑料材料制成。阴极支承板可利用也在本领域中熟知的注模技术制造。 The inner surface of the cathode support groove 224A 'through 224D' is coated with hydrophobic material (such as polytetrafluoroethylene) 245 "to ensure that the electrolyte injection Article 226A 'through 226D' of the water discharge, and thus the oxygen is transferred to the best the cathode strip hydrophobic vehicle was added to the carbon material constituting the cathode member impermeable to oxygen, to discharge water therefrom. preferably, the cathode support plate using a non-conductive material, as is well known in the art polyvinylchloride (PVC) plastic material formed. cathode support plate may be manufactured using injection molding techniques are well known in the art.

图4B7中,表示氧气注入腔207'被实现为具有类似于阴极支承板198'的尺寸的尺寸的板状结构。 In Fig 4B7, represents oxygen injection chamber 207 'be implemented with similar cathode support plate 198' of the plate-like structure of the size dimensions. 如图所示,当氧气注入腔207'如图4B12所示地安装在阴极支承板198'的顶表面上时,该氧气注入腔具有四(4)个槽207A'至207D',它们空间上分别对应于并空间定位在阴极槽224A'至224D'中。 Shown, when the oxygen is injected into the cavity 207 'as shown in FIG mounted in 4B12 cathode support plate 198' on the top surface of the oxygen injection chamber having in FIG four (4) slots 207A 'through 207D', their space respectively correspond to the space and a cathode positioned in the groove 224A 'through 224D' of. 4个小的导管形成在开槽的板207'中,即,在入口207E1'和出口207A1'之间;在入口207E2'和出口207B1'之间;在入口207E3'和出口207C1'之间;和在入口207E4'和出口207D1'之间。 Small conduit 4 formed in the slotted plate 207 ', i.e., 207E1 inlet' and the outlet 207 a 1 'between; inlet 207E2' 207B1 and an outlet 'between; inlet 207E3' and outlet 207C1 'between; between the inlet and 207E4 '207D1 and an outlet'. 当开槽的板207'安装到阴极支承板198'上时,在槽207A'至207D'与穿孔的阴极支承板198'的背面部分之间形成子腔207A'至207D'。 When the slotted plate 207 'is mounted to the cathode support plate 198', the groove 207A 'through 207D' 'is formed between the rear portion of the sub-chambers 207A' and perforated cathode support plate 198 to 207D '. 多腔管211'的每个腔连接到4个入口207E1'至207E4'中的一个,并因而在再充电子系统191中配置子腔207A'至207D'与pO2控制子系统中的4个受控O2流通道进行流体交流的。 Multi-lumen tube 211 'of each chamber is connected to four inlet 207E1' 'of one, and thus recharging subsystem arranged in the sub-chamber 191 207A' to 207E4 to 207D 'with four pO2 subsystem controlled control O2 flow channel in fluid communication.

部分氧化的组装的多道燃料卡187的结构示于图4B9中。 Oxidized moiety assembled multi-channel fuel card 187 are shown in FIG. 4B9. 尽管未输出,当在放电操作期间,响应于电负载状态,沿每个阳极燃料条195A'至195D'形成金属氧化物图案。 Although not output, when during discharge operation, in response to the state of the electrical load, a metal oxide pattern is formed along each anode fuel rod 195A 'through 195D'.

在图4B11中,公开了一种示例性金属燃料(阳极)接触结构199',结合图4B6中所示具有阴极支承结构228'的多道燃料卡187使用。 In FIG 4B11, discloses an exemplary metallic fuel (anode) contact structure 199 'having a cathode support structure 228 shown in conjunction with FIG. 4B6' multi-channel card 187 of the fuel used. 如图所示,导电杆形式的多个导电部件232A'至232D'由与金属燃料支承平台233'支承。 As shown, a plurality of conductive members in the form of conductive bars 232A 'through 232D' of 233 'and a metal supported fuel support platform. 这些导电杆的位置与在阳极支承板228'内槽229A'至229D'底面中形成的孔230'空间上相一致。 'Hole 230 formed in the bottom surface of' the spatially same position of the conductive rod to 229D in the anode support plate 228 'of the groove 229A'. 如图所示,导电体234A'至234D'分别与导电杆232A'至232D'电连接,沿阳极支承板的表面(如,在开槽的凹槽中)锚定,并端接在类似于电连接器235A'上导体端的传统连接器235B中。 As shown, the conductive member 234A 'through 234D', respectively, and the conductive bars 232A 'through 232D' is electrically connected to the support plate along the surface of the anode (e.g., in the slotted groove) anchor, and terminate in similar the electrical connector 235A 'in the upper end of the conductor of the conventional connector 235B. 该连接器与阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244电连接,如图4B3和4B4所示。 The connection with the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244 is electrically connected, as shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4. 阳极接触支承板223的宽度和长度基本类似于阴极支承板198'以及阳极(金属燃料)支承板228'的宽度和长度尺寸。 Width and length of the anode contact 223 is substantially similar to the support plate 198 'and the anode (metal fuel) of the support plate 228' width and length dimensions of the cathode support plate.

图4D表示的是阳极接触支承板233'、阴极支承板198'、氧气注入腔板207'、和阳极(金属燃料)支承板(即,燃料卡)228当它们之间装载燃料卡时的空间关系。 4D shows the contact of the support plate is an anode 233 ', the cathode support plate 198', oxygen is injected into the cavity plate 207 ', and an anode (metal fuel) support plate (i.e., a fuel card) card 228 when the fuel loading space therebetween relationship. 在该装载配置中,沿阴极支承板的每个阴极部件196A'至196D'与相应金属燃料条(即,区域)195A'至195D'的前暴露面通过设置在之间的电解质注入垫226A'至226D'建立离子接触。 In the loading configuration, each of the cathode along the cathode support plate member 196A 'through 196D' with the corresponding metal fuel rod (i.e., region) 195A 'through 195D' of the front surface is exposed by an electrolyte disposed between the injection pad 226A ' to 226D 'establish ionic contact. 另外,在该装载的配置中,每个阳极接触部件(如,导电杆)232A'-232D'从阳极接触支承板233'伸出到形成在阳极接触支承板199'中每个槽的底面板中的中央孔230',并建立与其中安装的相应金属燃料条的电接触,经本发明的单个空气金属燃料电池完成了一电路。 Further, in the loading configuration, each of the anode contact member (e.g., conductive rod) 232A'-232D 'from the anode contact of the support plate 233' protruding into the bottom panel is formed in contact with the anode support plate 199 'of each groove the center hole 230 ', and establish electrical contact with the corresponding metal fuel rod installed therein, by a single air cell according to the present invention the metal fuel is completed a circuit.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的再充电头传送子系统再充电头传送子系统204'的主要功能是将再充电头组件197'传送到已装载到该子系统再充电间中的金属燃料卡周围,如图4B3和4B4所示。 Metal fuel card recharging subsystem recharging rechargeable head delivery subsystem head transport subsystem 204 'primary function is to recharging head assembly 197' to the metal fuel has been loaded into the card between the recharging subsystem around, as shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4. 当正确地传送时,再充电头的阴极和阳极接触结构在再充电模式操作期间与所装载的金属燃料卡的金属燃料区域形成“离子导电”和“导电”接触。 When correctly transmitted, the rechargeable cathode and an anode in contact with the head structure during recharging mode operation and the metal of the metal fuel region of the fuel forming the loaded card "ionically conductive" and "conductive" contact.

再充电头传送子系统204'可利用多种机电动机构中的任何一种实现,该机构能够将每个再充电头197'的阴极支承结构和阳极接触结构传送离开金属燃料卡187,如图4B3所示,并且传送到金属燃料卡周围,如图4B4所示。 Recharging head transport subsystem 204 'may be implemented using any of a variety of electric machines mechanism that can be recharged each head 197' of the anode and the cathode support structure away from the metal contact structure of the fuel transfer card 187, FIG. 4B3 shown, and transferred to the surrounding metal fuel card, as shown in FIG 4B4. 如图所示,这些传送机构以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203',并根据由其执行的系统控制程序由系统控制器203'控制。 As shown, the transmission mechanism operatively connected to the system controller 203 ', and the system controller 203 in accordance with a control program executed by the system' controls.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的输入电源子系统在该示例性实施例中,输入电源子系统243的主要功能是经绝缘的电源线来接收标准的交流(AC)电源(如,以120或220伏特)作为输入,并在再充电操作模式期间将该电源以金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电头197'处所需的调节电压转换成调节的直流(DC)电源。 Metal fuel rechargeable card input subsystem power subsystem in the exemplary embodiment, the main function of the input power subsystem 243 is an alternating current (AC) to receive a standard line power through the insulating (e.g., 120 or 220 volts) needed to adjust the voltage as an input, and during the recharging operation mode of the power source to the metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card recharging head 197 'is converted into the regulated current (DC) power. 对于锌阳极和碳阴极,为了能够维持电化学还原,在再充电期间在每个阳极-阴极结构上所需的“开路”电压Vacr为约2.2-2.3伏特。 For a carbon zinc anode and a cathode, in order to maintain the electrochemical reduction during recharging each anode - cathode structure of desired "open" voltage Vacr is about 2.2-2.3 volts. 该子系统可利用本领域内所熟知的功率转换和调节电路以多种方式实现。 The subsystem may utilize well known in the art and regulating the power conversion circuit in a variety of ways.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的阴极-阳极输入端配置子系统如图4B3和4B4所示,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244连接在再充电功率调节子系统245的输入端和与再充电头197'的多道关联的阴极-电解质对的输入端之间。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode - anode configuration subsystem input in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244 is connected to the rechargeable power adjustment input subsystem 245 and a recharging electrolyte between the input terminals of the multi - channel associated header 197 'of the cathode. 系统控制器203'以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244,以便在再充电操作模式期间提供用于执行其功能的控制信号。 The system controller 203 'operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244, so that during recharging mode of operation for providing a control signal to perform its function.

阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244的功能是自动地配置(串联或并联地)金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电头中所选阴极-电解质对的输入端,从而在需要再充电的金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构上施加所需输入(再充电)电压电平。 The cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244 functions to automatically configure (series or parallel) of the metal fuel card recharging rechargeable head subsystem 191 is selected cathode - input terminal of an electrolyte, so that the need recharging the metal cathode of the fuel passage - applying a required input (rechargeable) the voltage level on the electrolyte structure. 在该本发明示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244能够实现为利用晶体管受控技术的一个或多个电可编程电源转换电路,其中,再充电头197'中的阴极和阳极接触部件连接到输入功率调节子系统245的输出端。 In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244 can be implemented as a transistor controlled using one or more electrically programmable art power conversion circuit, wherein a rechargeable cathode head 197 'and the anode contact member is connected to the output terminal of the input power conditioning subsystem 245. 在系统控制器203'的控制下执行这些切换操作,从而在需要再充电的金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构上施加由再充电功率调节子系统245产生的所需输出电压。 These perform switching operation under the control of the system controller 203 ', and needs to be recharged so that the fuel passage metallic cathode - electrolyte structure exerted by the rechargeable power required to adjust the output voltage generated by the subsystem 245.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的阴极-阳极电压监测子系统如图4B3和4B4所示,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A'以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244,用于检测连接到它的阴极和阳极结构上的电压电平。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode - anode voltage monitoring sub FIG. 4B3 and 4B4, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A 'is operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244, with to detect connection to the voltage level on its cathode and anode structure. 该子系统也用于以可操作方式连接到系统控制器203',用于接收执行其功能所需的控制信号。 The subsystem is also used in the system is operatively connected to controller 203 'for receiving a control signal to perform its required function. 在第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A'具有两个主要功能:在再充电模式期间,自动地检测施加在装载到每个再充电头中的金属燃料区域关联的阴极-电解质结构上的瞬时电压值;和,产生指示检测到的电压的(数字)数据信号,用于由金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的数据获取和处理子系统406进行检测和分析。 In the first exemplary embodiment, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A 'has two main functions: during the recharge mode, is automatically loaded into the associated region of each rechargeable metal fuel detection head cathode is applied - instantaneous voltage value on the electrolyte structure; and, generating an indication detected (digital) data signal voltage for a rechargeable metal fuel card 191 data acquisition subsystem and a processing subsystem 406 for detection and analysis.

在本发明的第一示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A'可利用检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测施加到与金属燃料卡再充电子系统191内每个再充电头中的每个金属燃料区域相关联的阴极-电解质结构上的电压值。 In a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A 'may be implemented using the detection circuit, the circuit for detecting the fuel applied to the metal card recharging rechargeable subsystems within each header 191 each of the cathode region associated with the metal fuel - voltage on the electrolyte structure. 响应于所检测到的电压值,该电路可被设计成产生指示检测到的电压值的数字数据信号,用于由数据获取和处理子系统406进行检测和分析。 In response to the detected voltage value, the circuit may be designed to generate digital data indicative of the detected voltage signal value, and for acquiring and processing subsystem 406 is detected by the data analysis. 如后面将更详细地描述的,该数据信号可被系统控制器203'用来在再充电操作模式期间执行其再充电功率调节方法。 As will be described later in detail, the data signal may be the system controller 203 'performs its recharging power regulation method during recharging mode of operation.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的阴极-阳极电流监测子系统如图4B3和4B4所示,阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B'以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode - anode current monitoring subsystem shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4, the cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B 'operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244. 阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B'具有两个主要功能:在再充电模式期间,自动地检测沿金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的每个再充电头组件流过每个金属燃料道的阴极-电解质对的电流幅度;产生指示检测到的电流的数字数据信号,用于由金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的数据获取和处理子系统406进行检测和分析。 The cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B 'has two main functions: during the recharge mode, automatically detects the rechargeable card in the metal fuel subsystem 191 in each of the rechargeable head assembly flows through the fuel passage of each metal cathode - current amplitude of an electrolyte; a digital data signal indicative of the detected current is generated, the data subsystem 191 for recharging in a metal fuel acquisition card and a processing subsystem 406 for detection and analysis.

在本发明第二示例性实施例中,阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B'能够利用电流检测电路来实现,该电路用于检测沿每个再充电头组件流过每个金属燃料道(即,条)的阴极-电解质对的电流,产生指示检测到的电流值的数字数据信号。 In a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the cathode - electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B 'can be achieved by the current detection circuit, the circuit for detecting the head assembly along each of the rechargeable metal fuel flow through each channel (i.e., Article) cathode - electrolyte of the current, generating a digital data signal indicative of a current value detected. 如后更详细地解释的,这些检测到的电流值被系统控制器用来执行其再充电功率调节方法,并创建再充电的金属燃料卡的每个区域或子区的“再充电状态历史”信息。 As will be explained in more detail below, the detected current values ​​are used to perform system controller recharged power adjusting method, each created region or sub-region of the metal fuel recharging of the card "recharge state history" information .

金属燃料卡再充电子系统的阴极氧气压力控制子系统阴极氧气压力控制子系统的功能是检测再充电头175的阴极结构的每个子通道的氧气压力(pO2),并且,响应于此,通过调节每个再充电头197内这些阴极结构的子通道中的空气(O2)压力来控制(即,增大或还原)该压力。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem is to detect a rechargeable oxygen pressure of each sub-channel head of cathode structure 175 (pO2), and, in response thereto, by adjusting the each of these sub-channels rechargeable cathode structure in air in the head 197 (O2) the control pressure (i.e., increasing or reducing) the pressure. 根据本发明,每个再充电头的阴极结构的每个子通道中的氧分压(pO2)保持在最佳值上,以便在再充电模式期间从再充电头中实现最佳抽氧。 According to the present invention, each sub-channel for each head rechargeable cathode structure in an oxygen partial pressure (pO2) is maintained at the optimum value, so as to recharge the pump head optimal oxygen during recharge mode. 在再充电模式期间,通过降低阴极结构的每个通道中的PO2值(通过抽出),可通过最佳地使用提供给再充电头的输入功率来完全恢复沿金属燃料卡的金属氧化物。 During the recharge mode, by reducing PO2 values ​​for each channel of the cathode structure (by extraction) can be used to optimally provided by a recharge power input to the first metal oxide in the complete recovery of the metal fuel card. 另外,通过监测PO2的变化产生表示它的数字数据信号,以由数据获取和处理子系统406进行检测和分析,并由系统控制器203'最终响应。 Further, by monitoring the change in PO2 is represented generated digital data signal, and a processing subsystem 406 to acquire data for the detection and analysis, by the system controller 203 'final response. 因此,系统控制器203'被提供有可控变量,用于在再充电模式期间调节提供给放电的燃料道的电功率。 Thus, the system controller 203 'is provided with a controllably variable, for adjusting the electric power to the fuel discharge passage during the recharge mode.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的离子浓度控制子系统在图3所示的示例性实施例中,通过在阴极支承板121'中(或尽可能靠近阳极-阴极界面)如图4B6所示地置入小型固态湿度(或含水率)传感器212'来实现每个再充电头197'中的离子浓度控制,以便检测其中的含水率或湿度状态,并产生指示它的数字数据信号。 Metal ion concentration in the fuel rechargeable card subsystem control subsystem in the exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 3 by the cathode support plate 121 '(or as close to the anode - cathode interface) to 4B6 as shown in FIG. into small solid moisture (or water content) sensor 212 'to implement each recharging head 197' to control the ion concentration in order to detect where the moisture content or humidity conditions, and instructs it to generate the digital data signal. 该数字数据信号被提供给数据获取和处理子系统406,进行检测和分析。 The digital data signal is supplied to a data acquisition and processing subsystem 406, for detection and analysis. 在含水率值或相对湿度掉落到在系统控制器中的存储器(ROM)中设置的预定阈值以下时,监测金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中的信息的系统控制器203'自动地产生一控制信号,提供给增湿部件213',该增湿部件可被实现为置入在阴极支承结构198'的壁中的微喷淋器结构。 When the moisture content or relative humidity value falls to a predetermined threshold value of the memory in the system controller (ROM) provided in the following, the metal fuel monitoring system database management subsystem controller 404 in the information 203 'automatically generating a control signal is supplied to the humidifying member 213 ', which may be implemented as a humidifying member inserted in the cathode support structure 198' in the wall of the micro-sprinkler structure. 在该示例性实施例中,这些壁器有输水导管的功能,其从微型尺寸的孔214'中放出水珠,其方式与在放电头197中阴极支承结构198中执行的方式类似。 In the exemplary embodiment, the wall has the function of water delivery conduit which droplets discharged from 'the micro-sized apertures 214 in a manner performed in the manner cathode discharge head 197 similar the support structure 198. 因此,水泵215'、蓄水池216'、水流控制阀217'、歧管组件218'和多腔管219'的功能分别与水泵215、蓄水池216、水流控制阀217、歧管组件218和多腔管219类似。 Thus, pumps 215 ', reservoir 216', the flow control valve 217 ', the manifold assembly 218' and a multi-lumen tube 219 'and the pump 215 are functional, reservoir 216, flow control valve 217, manifold assembly 218 multi-lumen tube 219 and the like.

这种操作将增大(或降低)阴极支承结构通道内部的含水率值或相对湿度,从而在卡再充电操作期间对离子传送保证最佳地保持在其中支承的注入电解质的条的电解质中的KOH浓度,并因此还原金属氧化物。 This operation will increase (or decrease) the water content of the internal support structure of the cathode channel values ​​or relative humidity, so that the card recharging during operation of the ion transport in the electrolyte to ensure that best retain the article wherein the supporting electrolyte is injected in the KOH concentration, and thus reducing metal oxides.

金属燃料带再充电子系统中的数据获取和处理子系统在图3的示例性实施例中,图4B3和4B4中所示的数据获取和处理子系统(DCPS)406执行多种功能,例如包括:(1)在刚好在每个金属燃料卡装载到再充电头组件197'中的特定再充电头之前,标识每个金属燃料卡,并且产生表示它的金属燃料卡标识数据;(2)在标识的金属燃料卡被装载到其再充电头组件中的时段期间,传感(即,检测)所存在的金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的各种“再充电参数”;(3)计算一个或多个参数,估计或测量在卡再充电操作期间产生的金属燃料的量,并产生表示所计算出的参数、估计值和/或测量值的“金属燃料指示数据”;和(4)在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404(可由系统控制器203'访问)中记录检测到的再充电参数数据及计算出的金属燃料指示数据,这两者均与再充电操作模式期间标识的其 The rechargeable metal fuel with the data acquisition subsystem and a processing subsystem in the exemplary embodiment of FIG. 3, the data shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4 acquiring and processing subsystem (DCPS) 406 to perform various functions, including e.g. : (1) each of the metal in the fuel just to recharge card loading head assembly 197 'prior to a particular recharging head, each of the metal fuel identification card, and indicates that it produced metal fuel card identification data; (2) the metal fuel is loaded into the identification card during its period of recharging head assembly, the sensor (i.e., detecting) the presence of the metal fuel card recharging various subsystems 191 "recharge parameters"; (3) calculate one or more parameters, estimated or measured amount of the metal in the recharge card generated during operation of the fuel, and generates a calculated parameter, "data indicating the metal fuel" estimate values ​​and / or measurements; and (4) For metal fuel database management subsystem 404 (by the system controller 203 'access) recorded in the detected recharge parameter data and the calculated data indicative of the metal fuel, both of which are identified during the recharging operation mode thereof 对应的金属燃料道/卡相关。 The fuel channel corresponding metal / card related. 如后面更清楚地看到的,由数据获取和处理子系统406保持在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中的这种记录的信息可以由系统控制器203'以各种方式使用,这些方式例如包括:在再充电操作模式期间,以快速方式优化地对部分或完全氧化的金属燃料卡进行再充电。 As seen more clearly later, acquisition and processing subsystem 406 may be maintained 'used in various ways by the system controller 203 in the information database management subsystem of the metal fuel in such a record 404 from the data, these methods include e.g. : during recharging mode of operation, a fast manner to optimally partially or fully oxidized metal fuel card recharging.

在再充电操作期间,数据获取和处理子系统406自动地对表示与构成上述金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的各种子系统关联的“再充电参数”的数据信号进行采样(或获取)。 During the recharging operation, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 automatically indicating the metal constituting the fuel various rechargeable card data signal "recharge parameters" associated subsystem subsystem 191 is sampled (or acquisition). 在再充电模式期间,由这些子系统产生的数据信号中,这些采样的数据被编码为信息。 During the recharge mode, the subsystem signals generated from these data, the data for these samples are encoded as information. 根据本发明的原理,卡型“再充电参数”应包括但不限于:在沿由例如阴极-电解质电压监测子系统206A'监测到的特定金属燃料区域的阴极和阳极结构上产生的电压;流过沿由例如阴极-电解质电流监测子系统206B'监测到的特定金属燃料道的阴极和阳极结构的电流;每个再充电头197'的阴极结构中的氧气饱和值(pO2),它由阴极氧气压力控制子系统(203'、250'、208'、209'、210'、211')监测;在由例如离子浓度控制子系统(203'、212'、214'、215'、216'、217'、218'、219')监测的特定再充电头中沿特定金属燃料道的阴极-电解质界面上或附近的含水率(H2O)值(或相对湿度);卡再充电操作期间再充电头197'的温度(Tr);和上述标识的再充电参数状态的时段((Tr)。 According to principles of the present invention, the card-type "recharge parameters" would include but are not limited to: for example, in a cathode direction - the voltage generated in the cathode and the anode to the specific structure of the metal fuel monitoring region electrolyte voltage monitoring subsystem 206A '; stream for example, through the cathode along - an electrolyte current monitoring subsystem 206B 'of the anode structure and the cathode current monitored fuel passage particular metal; each recharging head 197' oxygen saturation (pO2) a cathode structure, which consists of a cathode oxygen pressure control subsystem (203 ', 250', 208 ', 209', 210 ', 211') monitor; e.g. by ion concentration control subsystem (203 ', 212', 214 ', 215', 216 ', 217 ', 218', 219 ') specific monitoring recharging head along a particular metal fuel passage cathode - electrolyte interface at or near the water content (H2O) value (or relative humidity); during recharging card recharging operation head temperature (Tr) 197 '; and a recharge state of the parameter identified by a period ((Tr).

通常,数据获取和处理子系统可在再充电操作模式期间记录卡型“再充电参数”的方式有多种。 There are a variety of card-type recording period Typically, the data acquisition and processing subsystem may recharging operation mode "recharge parameters" approach. 后面将对这些不同的方法进行描述。 These different methods will later be described.

根据图4B9所示的数据记录的第一方法,以图形方式印刷在“光学”数据道241上的卡标识代码或标记(如,以区域标识信息编码的小型条形码符号)240,可由利用光学技术(如,激光扫描条形码符号读取器或光学解码器)实现的光学数据读取器270读取。 The first data recording method shown in FIG. 4B9, graphically card identification code printed or marked on the "optical" channel data 241 (e.g., the bar code symbol with small area identification information coding) 240, by the use of optical technology (e.g., a laser scanning bar code symbol reader or optical encoder) to achieve an optical data reader 270 to read. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的信息在提供给数据获取和处理子系统406中的数据信号中编码,接着在再充电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中。 In the exemplary embodiment, information indicating the unique card identification code which is supplied to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 data signal encoded, the metal fuel is then recorded in the database management subsystem 404 during the recharging operation .

根据图4B9中所示的数据记录的第二方法,磁记录在磁数据道241'上的数字“卡标识”代码240',可由利用本领域内熟知的磁信息读取技术实现的磁读取器270'读取。 According to a second method of data recording shown in FIG. 4B9, the recording data in the magnetic track 241 'number on the "card ID" Code 240', may be well known in the art by the magnetic information reading the magnetic reading technology 270 'reads. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一卡标识代码的数字数据在提供给数据获取和处理子系统406中的数据信号中编码,接着在再充电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中。 In this exemplary embodiment, the digital data representing the unique card identification code is provided to the data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 data signal encoded, the metal fuel is then recorded in the database management subsystem 404 during the recharging operation in.

根据图4B9所示的数据记录的第三方法,记录为不透光数据道241''中的一系列透光孔口240''的数字“卡标识”代码,可由利用本领域内熟知的光学传感技术实现的光学传感头270''读取。 According to a third data recording method shown in FIG. 4B9, recorded as digital data tracks 241 opaque '' series of light-transmitting aperture 240 'of the "card ID" codes, well known in the art may use an optical optical sensing technology sensor head 270 '' to read. 在该示例性实施例中,表示这些唯一区域标识代码的数字数据在提供给数据获取和处理子系统406中的数据信号中编码,接着在再充电操作期间被记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中。 In this exemplary embodiment, the digital data representing the unique identification code in the area provided to data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 data signal encoded, the metal fuel is then recorded in the database management subsystem 404 during the recharging operation in.

根据用于数据记录的第四个另外的方法,标识的金属燃料卡上每个道的唯一数字“卡标识”代码和再充电参数组均被记录在实现为附着到本发明金属燃料卡表面的条的磁、光、或孔口的数据道中。 According to a fourth alternative method for data recording, a unique number for each track of the metal fuel card ID "card ID" and recharge codes are recorded in the parameter set is implemented according to the present invention, the fuel adhered to the metal surface of the card magnetic, optical, or orifice strip in the data track. 有关特定金属燃料卡的信息块可在再充电操作模式期间被记录在数据道中,该数据道与容易地访问此记录信息的相关的金属燃料区形体上相邻。 For metal fuel particular block may be recorded on the card during recharging mode of operation in the data track, the adjacent data track region associated with the metal fuel body easily access this information is recorded. 通常,该信息块将包括金属燃料卡标识号和一组再充电参数,如图4B13示意性示出,当金属燃料卡装载到再充电头组件197'中时,它们由数据获取和处理子系统406自动地检测。 Typically, the information block comprising a metal fuel and a set of card identification number recharge parameters, shown schematically in FIG. 4B13, when the metal fuel is loaded into the card recharging head assembly 197 'is in which the data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 automatically detected.

与上述第三种方法相比,上述第一和第二数据记录方法具有几个优点。 Compared with the above-described third method, said first and second data recording method has several advantages. 具体地讲,当利用第一和第二方法时,沿金属燃料卡设置的数据道具有极低的信息容量。 In particular, when using the first and second methods, the metal of the fuel along the data track of the card is provided having a very low information capacity. 这是因为,以唯一标识符(地址号或卡标识号)标记每个金属燃料卡所需记录的信息极少,对此,所检测到的再充电参数记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中。 This is due to the unique identifier (address card number or identification number) of each of the metal fuel card information mark recording rarely needed, for which the detected recharge parameters recorded in the metal fuel database management subsystem 404 . 另外,根据第一和第二方法的数据道信息应极便宜,并且还提供用于读取沿该数据道记录的卡标识信息的设备。 Further, according to the data channel information of first and second methods should be very cheap, and also provide the card identification device information of the data recording track direction for reading.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的输入/输出控制子系统在有些应用中,可能希望或必须组合两个或多个FCB系统或它们的金属燃料卡再充电子系统191,以便合成系统不仅仅由单独运行的这些子系统提供其功能。 The rechargeable metal fuel card input / output control subsystem of subsystem in some applications, it may be desirable or necessary to a combination of two or more thereof FCB systems or metal fuel card recharging subsystem 191, the system not only to synthesize these subsystems running separately provide its functionality. 考虑到这些应用,其金属燃料卡再充电子系统191包括输入/输出控制子系统224',它使其外部系统(例如,微计算机或微控制器)越权控制金属燃料卡放电子系统的的各方面,就象其系统控制器203'执行这些控制功能似的。 In consideration of these applications, the metal fuel rechargeable card subsystem 191 each include an input / output control subsystem 224 ', so that the external system (e.g., a microcomputer or microcontroller) override metal fuel discharge card electronic system aspect, the system controller 203 as its' performs control functions like these. 在该示例性实施例中,输入/输出控制子系统224'被实现为标准的IEEE I/O总线架构,为外部或远程计算机系统提供直接与金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的系统控制器203'相接口的、并且直接地管理系统和子系统操作各方面的方法和装置。 In the exemplary embodiment, input / output control subsystem 224 'is implemented as a standard IEEE I / O bus architecture, provide direct recharging the card with the metal fuel subsystem 191 to an external system controller 203 or remote computer system 'phase interface and direct management system and subsystems operating aspects of the method and apparatus.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统的再充电功率调节子系统如图4B3和4B4所示,再充电功率调节子系统245的输入端口以可操作方式连接到阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244的输入端口,而再充电功率调节子系统245的输入端口以可操作方式连接到输入电源243的输出端口。 Metal fuel subsystem card recharging rechargeable power conditioning subsystem shown in FIG. 4B3 and 4B4, the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 245. The input port operatively connected to the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration input port subsystem 244 , while recharging the power regulator input port subsystem 245 operatively connected to the power supply input and output ports 243. 虽再充电功率调节子系统245的主要功能是调节在再充电操作模式期间提供给金属燃料卡的电功率时,再充电功率调节子系统245还可调节在再充电操作期间提供到金属燃料道的阴极-电解质结构上的电压以及流过其阴极-电解质界面的电流。 Although when recharging power conditioning subsystem 245 The main function is to regulate the electrical power supplied to the metal fuel card during recharging mode of operation, the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 245 may also be adjusted during the recharging operation of the metal fuel is supplied to the cathode channel current electrolyte interface - - cathode voltage and which flows in the electrolyte structure. 这些控制功能由系统控制器203'管理,并可以多种方式可编程地选择,以便最佳地实现对本发明多道和单道金属燃料卡的最佳再充电。 These control functions in various ways and can be programmably selected by the system controller 203 'management, in order to best achieve optimal recharging of the present invention, multi-channel and single-channel metal fuel card.

再充电功率调节子系统245可利用在功率、电压和电流控制领域内所熟知的的固态功率、电压和电流控制电路实现。 The rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 245 may be utilized within the power, voltage and current control known in the art of solid state power, voltage and current control circuitry. 该电路可包括利用晶体管控制技术的电可编程电源转换电路,其中,可将一个或多个可控电流源串联地连接到阴极和阳极结构,以便响应于由执行特定再充电功率控制方法的系统控制器产生的控制信号控制流过的电流。 The circuit may comprise a power conversion circuit electrically programmable transistor using a control technique, wherein one or more may be a controllable current source connected in series to the cathode and anode structure, so as to perform a specific response to a power control method recharging system current flows through the control signal generated by the controller to control. 这些电可编程电源转换电路还可包括晶体管控制技术,其中,可将一个或多个可控电压源并联到阴极和阳极结构,以便响应于由系统控制器产生的控制信号来控制其上的电压。 The electric power conversion circuit further comprises a programmable control transistor, wherein one or more may be controllable voltage source connected in parallel to the cathode and anode structures, in response to a control signal generated by the system controller to control the voltage thereon . 该电路可由系统控制器203'组合并受其控制,以便在金属燃料卡187的阴极电解质结构提供恒定的功率(和/或电压和/或电流)控制。 The circuit can be a system controller 203 'and controlled by the composition, so as to provide constant power (and / or voltage and / or current) to control the metal structure in the cathode electrolyte 187 of the fuel card.

在本发明的这些示例性实施例中,再充电功率调节子系统245的主要功能是利用下列再充电功率控制方法之一来对金属燃料卡187的阴极/阳极结构执行实时功率调节:(1)恒定输入电压/可变输入电流方法,其中,响应于由再充电卡上金属氧化物结构表示的负载状态,使加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的输入电压保持恒定,而使其流过它的电流变化;(2)恒定输入电流/可变输入电压方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使流入每个阴极-电解质上的电流保持恒定,而使其其上的输出电压变化;(3)恒定输入电压/恒定输入电流方法,其中响应于负载状态,在再充电期间加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的电压和流入每个阴极-电解质结构中的电流均保持恒定;(4)恒定输入功率方法,其中,响应于负载状态,使加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的输入功率保持恒定;(5)脉动输入功 In these exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the main function of recharging the power conditioner subsystem 245 is to use one of the following rechargeable power control method for performing real time power adjustment of the cathode / anode structure of the metal fuel card 187: (1) constant input voltage / variable input current method, wherein, in response to the recharge card on the load state of the metal oxide structure represented by the applied to each cathode - electrolyte structure on the input voltage remains constant, while it is passed through a the current change; (2) the input current constant / variable input voltage, wherein, in response to a load state, flowing into each cathode - current in the electrolyte is kept constant, while its output voltage changes thereto; (3) constant input voltage / constant current input method, wherein in response to a load state, was added to each cathode during recharging - voltage on the cathode and the electrolyte flows into each structure - the current in the electrolyte structure are kept constant; (4) a constant input the method of power, wherein in response to a load state, applied to each cathode - electrolyte structure on the input power is kept constant; (5) a pulsating input power 方法,其中,在再充电期间加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的输入功率以根据预定或动态状态保持的每个功率脉冲的占空比脉动;(6)恒定输入电压/脉动输入电流方法,其中,使在再充电期间流入每个阴极-电解质结构中的电流保持恒定,而流入阴极-电解质结构的电流以特定占空比脉动;和(7)脉动输入电压/恒定输入电流方法,其中,使在再充电期间加到每个阴极-电解质结构上的的输入功率脉动,而流入每个阴极-电解质结构中的的电流保持恒定。 The method, wherein each cathode added during recharging - the input power to the electrolyte structure according to the duty cycle of pulsation of each power pulse or a predetermined dynamic state of holding; (6) constant input voltage / input current ripple method, wherein the inflow during recharging each cathode - electrolyte structure current is kept constant, flows into the cathode - electrolyte structure of the current ripple to a particular duty cycle; and (7) pulsating input voltage / constant current input method, wherein, so that during recharging applied to each cathode - input power ripple on the electrolyte structure, and flows into each of the cathode - electrolyte structure of current is kept constant.

本发明的优选实施例中,七(7)种再充电功率调节方法中的每一种均预编程到与系统控制器203'相关的ROM中。 Preferred embodiments of the present invention, seven (7) kinds of rechargeable power regulation each method are pre-programmed into the system ROM controller 203 'associated with the. 这些功率调节方法可以多种不同方式选择,这些方式例如包括,手动地启动系统壳体上的开关或按钮、自动地检测在金属燃料卡装置与金属燃料卡再充电子系统191之间的界面上建立或检测到的形体、电学、磁或光学状态。 These power adjustment method may be selected in many different ways, including, for example, manually activating a switch or button on the system housing, the fuel automatically detect the card device with the metal of the metal fuel recharge card interface between the subsystems 191 establishment or body, electrical, magnetic or optical state detected.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中的系统控制器如上详细描述中所述,系统控制器203'执行各种操作,以便执行其放电模式中的FCB系统的各种操作。 Metal fuel card recharging system controller subsystem of the above detailed description, the system controller 203 'performs various operations so as to perform various operating system FCB discharge mode. 在图3的FCB系统的优选实施例中,用来实现金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的系统控制器203'的子系统与用来实现金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的系统控制器203的子系统相同。 FCB subsystem preferred embodiment of the system of Figure 3 embodiment, a metal used to achieve the fuel card recharging system 191 of the controller subsystem 203 'and the metal used to implement a fuel system controller card 203 placed in the electronic system 186 the same subsystem. 但是,应理解的是,在放电和再充电子系统186和191中所利用的系统控制器可以实现为单独的子系统,每个均利用一个或多个编程的微控制器,以便执行由其FCB系统执行的各组功能。 However, it should be appreciated that the subsystems 186 and 191 utilized in the system controller may be implemented as a separate subsystem, each using one or more programmed microcontrollers, in order to perform its discharge and recharge FCB each set of functions performed by the system. 在这两种情况下,这些子系统中的一个的输入/输出控制子系统可以被设计成主输入/输出控制子系统,利用该子系统,一个或多个外部子系统(如,管理子系统)可被连接为能够进行其FCB系统内执行的外部和/或远程管理功能。 In both cases, the input of one of these subsystems / output subsystem may be designed to control the main input / output control subsystem, the subsystem using one or more external subsystems (e.g., management subsystem ) may be connected to be capable of external and / or remote management functions performed by the system in its FCB.

金属燃料卡再充电子系统中使用的再充电金属燃料卡图4B51和4B52表示利用图4B3和4B4中所示金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电金属燃料卡的基本步骤的高级流程图。 The rechargeable metal fuel card subsystem used in a rechargeable metal fuel card 4B51 and 4B52 FIGS subsystem level flowchart showing the basic steps of the metal fuel rechargeable card 191 using FIGS. 4B3 and 4B4 of the metal fuel recharging card in FIG.

如图4B51所示的块A所示,放电卡装载子系统192将4个放电的金属燃料卡187从放电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B的底部传送到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的卡再充电间,如图4B1所示。 As shown in block A as shown 4B51, discharging the card loading subsystem 192 4 metal fuel discharge from the bottom of the card 187 transferred discharge metal fuel storage tank card 188B of the metal to the fuel subsystem 191, a rechargeable card in the card and between charging, as shown in FIG 4B1.

如块B所示,再充电头传送子系统204'在装载到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间中的金属燃料卡的周围配置再充电头197',从而离子导电介质设置在每个阴极结构和装载的金属燃料卡之间。 As shown in block B, recharging head transport subsystem 204 'is loaded into the metal fuel card between the card recharging rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 191 in the head 197 disposed around the recharge', so that the ionically conductive medium is provided in each a cathode structure and the engagement between the loading of the metal fuel.

如块C所示,再充电头传送子系统204'然后配置每个再充电头197',从而其阴极结构与所装载的金属燃料卡形成离子接触,而其阳极接触结构与其形成电接触。 As shown in block C, recharging head transport subsystem 204 'and configure each recharging head 197', a cathode structure such that it is formed in contact with the metal ion-loaded fuel card, contact structure and an anode in electrical contact therewith.

如图4B51中的块D所示,阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244自动地配置配置在所装载的金属燃料卡周围配置的每个再充电头197'的输入端,然后,系统控制器203'控制金属燃料卡再充电子系统191,从而以进行优化再充电所需的电压和电流给金属燃料卡的金属燃料区域提供电功率。 As shown in block D 4B51, the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244 automatically configures each disposed around the loaded metal fuel card configuration recharging head 197 'is input, then the system controller 203 'metal fuel control subsystem recharge card 191 so as to optimize the recharge voltage and current required to provide electrical power to the region of the metal of the metal fuel in a fuel card.

如图4B52中的块E所示,当一个或多个金属燃料卡再充电时,则卡卸载子系统193自动地将再充电的金属燃料卡传送到再充电的金属燃料卡存储箱188B内再充电的各金属燃料卡顶部,如图4B2所示。 As shown in block E in FIG 4B52, when one or more of the metal fuel recharge card, the card automatically unloading subsystem 193 of recharging card fuel delivered to the metal of the metal fuel storage tank card 188B and then recharging each metal fuel charge card top, as shown in FIG 4B2. 此后,如块F所示,重复块A至E所示的操作,以便将另外的放电的金属燃料卡装载到再充电间进行再充电。 Thereafter, as shown in block F, the block repeat operation shown in A to E, so that the additional metal fuel is loaded into the card discharge recharging between recharging.

管理本发明金属空气FCB系统的第二示例性实施例中的金属燃料可用性和金属氧化物的出现放电模式期间在图6所示第二示例性实施例的FCB系统中,提供了用于在放电操作期间自动地管理金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的金属燃料可用性的装置。 In the system of FIG. 6 FCB second exemplary embodiment during the discharge mode occurs availability of the metal fuel and metal oxide of a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the metal-air FCB management system is provided for discharging automatically manage the metal of the metal fuel card fuel availability in an electronic system 186 during operation of the discharge apparatus. 后面将更详细地描述该系统的能力。 Capability of the system will be described in more detail later.

如图4B14所示,表示放电参数(如,iacd、vacd、…、pO2d、H2Od、Tacd、vacr/iacr)的数据信号自动地被作为输入提供给金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的数据获取和处理子系统400。 As shown in FIG 4B14, it represents the discharge parameters (e.g., iacd, vacd, ..., pO2d, H2Od, Tacd, vacr / iacr) data signal is provided to automatically discharge the metal fuel card electronic data acquisition system 186 as an input and processing subsystem 400. 在采样和获取之后,这些数据信号被处理并被转换成相应的数据要素,然后被写入例如如图4A13所示的信息结构409。 After the sampling and acquisition, the data signal is processed and converted into corresponding data elements, then the information is written in the configuration shown in FIG. 409, for example 4A13. 每个信息结构409包括一组数据要素,该组数据被“标记时间”,并且和与特定金属燃料卡关联的唯一金属燃料卡标识符240(240',240'')相关。 Each information structure 409 includes a set of data elements, the set of data is "time stamped", and the metal fuel and the only card associated with the particular metal fuel card identifier 240 (240 ', 240' ') associated. 该唯一金属燃料卡标识符由图4A6中所示的时间读取头260(260',260'')确定。 The metal fuel unique card identifier read by the time shown in FIG. 4A6 header 260 (260 ', 260' ') is determined. 然后,每个被标记时间的信息结构被记录在金属燃料卡放电子系统186的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中,用于在将来的再充电和/或放电操作期间进行保持、后续处理和/或访问。 Then, each information is time stamped structure is recorded in the metal of the metal fuel discharge fuel card database management subsystem 308 in electronic system 186, for future held during recharging and / or discharging operation, and the subsequent processing / or visit.

如上所述,在放电模式期间,数据获取和处理子系统400对各种类型的信息进行采样和汇集。 As described above, during the discharge mode, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 to various types of samples and collection of information. 该信息类型例如包括:(1)在特定放电头中特定阴极-电解质结构上放电的电流量(iacd);(2)每个这种阴极-电解质结构上产生的电压;(3)每个放电头内每个子腔中的氧气浓度(pO2d);(4)每个放电头中每个阴极-电解质界面附近的含水率值(H2Od);和(5)每个放电头的每个通道中的温度(Tacd)。 This type of information includes, for example: (1) a particular cathode discharge head in particular - current (IACD) discharging the electrolyte structure; (2) each such cathode - the voltage generated in the electrolyte structure; (3) each of the discharge the oxygen concentration chamber (pO2d) within each sub-header; (4) each of the discharge heads each cathode - electrolyte interface near the water content value (H2Od); and (5) per channel in each discharge head temperature (Tacd). 根据这些汇集到的信息,数据获取和处理子系统400能够快速地计算(ⅰ)在特定放电头内的特定阴极-电解质结构上放电电流的时段((Td)。 According to the information collection, data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 can be calculated (i) a particular cathode in the particular discharge head quickly - the period of the discharge current of electrolyte structure ((Td).

由数据获取和处理子系统400产生的信息结构实时地存储在金属燃料卡放电子系统186内的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中,并可在放电操作期间以各种方式使用。 And processing information by the data acquisition subsystem 400 structures generated in real time the fuel stored in the metal of the metal fuel discharge card management database in the electronic subsystem 308 in the system 186, and may be used in various ways during the discharging operation.

例如,上述电流(iacd)和时间((Td)信息以传统方式分别以安培和小时测量。由“AH”表示的这些测量值的乘积提供已从沿金属燃料卡的金属空气电池组结构已“放电”的电荷(-Q)的近似测量值。因此,在放电操作期间,所计算出的“AH”乘积提供了预期已在特定瞬间在标识(即,标记)的金属燃料卡的特定道上形成的金属氧化物的精确量。 For example, the above-mentioned current (IACD) and time ((Td) information in a conventional manner and ampere-hour measurements, respectively. These measurements multiplied by "the AH" represents air provided along the metal from the metal structure of the fuel cell stack has been card " discharge "charge (-Q is) the approximate measurement. Thus, during the discharging operation, the calculated" the AH "provides the desired product identification has been formed (i.e., labeled) specific track of the metal fuel in a particular instant card the precise amount of the metal oxide.

当利用有关金属氧化和还原处理的历史信息时,金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统186和191中的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308和404能够分别计算或确定在从特定锌燃料卡放电(即,产生电功率)可利用多少金属燃料(如,锌),或者在还原时出现多少金属氧化物。 When using historical information about metal oxidation and reduction process, the metal fuel discharge and recharge card 186 and the metal fuel subsystem 191 in the database management subsystem 308 and 404, respectively, can be calculated or determined in particular zinc is discharged from the fuel card (i.e. generating electric power) much metal in the fuel (e.g., zinc) may be utilized, or how much the metal oxide occurs during reduction. 因此,该信息极有助于执行包括例如确定沿特定金属燃料区可用的金属燃料量等管理功能。 Thus, this information includes, for example performed very helps in determining the amount of the particular metal of the metal fuel fuel management area available.

在该示例性实施例中,在金属燃料卡放电子系统186中利用下述金属燃料可用性管理方法来管理金属燃料可用性。 In the exemplary embodiment, the metal in the fuel system of an electronic card 186 placed in the metal fuel availability management by the following method to manage the availability of the metal fuel.

放电操作期间金属燃料可用性管理的优选方法根据本发明的原理,数据读取头260(260',260'')自动地标识装载到放电组件197中的每个金属燃料卡,并产生指示它的卡标识数据,该数据被提供给金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的数据获取和处理子系统中。 A preferred method of the metal fuel availability management during the discharge operation according to the principles of the present invention, the data reading head 260 (260 ', 260' ') to the discharge load automatically identifying each of the metal fuel component card 197, and generates an indication of its card identification data which is supplied to the discharge of the metal fuel card data 186 in electronic system acquisition and processing subsystem. 当接收到关于所装载的金属燃料卡的卡标识数据时,数据获取和处理子系统自动地创建金属燃料数据库管理子系统中的卡的信息结构(即,数据文件)。 Upon receiving the card identifying data on the card is loaded with metal fuel, the data acquisition and processing subsystem automatically creating information structure of the metal fuel card database management subsystem (i.e., data file). 如图4A13所示的信息结构的功能是记录有关所检测到的放电参数、金属燃料可用性状态、金属氧化物存在状态等当前(最新)的信息。 Function information structure shown in FIG recording 4A13 (new) information about the current discharge parameters detected, the metal fuel availability status, presence of metal oxides status. 当已对金属燃料数据库管理子系统内的该特定金属燃料卡预先创建信息存储结构时,然后,访问该信息文件,以进行更新。 When the information storage structure has been created in advance for the particular metal in the metal fuel card fuel database management subsystem, then access the information file to be updated. 如图4A13所示,对于每个标识的金属燃料卡,在每第i个采样瞬间ti对每个金属燃料区域(MFZj)保持信息结构409。 As shown in FIG. 4A13, for each identified metal fuel card, every i th sampling instant ti information holding structure 409 pairs of each metal fuel region (MFZj).

一旦已为一特定金属燃料卡187创建了一信息结构,便必须确定其上每个金属燃料区域195A值195D的起始状态或条件,并且输入到金属燃料卡放电子系统186内的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中保持的信息结构中。 Once the fuel has to be a specific metal to create a card information structure 187, they must be determined for each region 195A of the metal fuel value or the conditions on which the initial state 195D, and is input to the metal of the metal fuel discharge fuel card in the electronic database system 186 management subsystem information held in the structure 308.

通常,装载到放电头组件197中的金属燃料卡将被部分或完全充电,并因此包含沿其支承表面的金属燃料的特定量。 Typically, the metal fuel is loaded into the card discharge head assembly 197 will be partially or fully charged, and thus contains a specific amount along the support surface of the metal fuel. 为了精确地管理金属燃料,必须确定所装载的卡中的起始金属燃料量(MFA),然后将表示它的信息分别存储在放电和再充电子系统186和191的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308和404中。 In order to accurately manage the metal fuel, the fuel quantity must be determined starting metal (MFA) loaded in the card, then it indicates discharge and recharge information respectively stored subsystems 186 and 191 of the metal fuel database management subsystem 308 and 404. 通常,信息的起始状态可以以不同方式获得,例如包括:在完成对不同FCB系统的放电操作之前,对金属燃料卡上的这种初始化信息进行编码;在由相同的FCB系统中执行的最近的放电操作期间,将这种初始化信息预先记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中;在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中(在工厂中),记录特定类型金属燃料卡的每个道上出现的金属燃料的量,并当利用数据读取头260(260',260'')读取金属燃料卡上的代码时,自动地对特定信息结构中的这种信息进行初始化;利用上述金属氧化物检测组件连同阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205,或利用其他适用的技术实际测量每个金属燃料道上金属燃料的起始量。 Typically, the initial state information may be obtained in different ways, for example, comprising: discharging operation prior to completion of the FCB different systems, such initialization information on the card is encoded metal fuel; in the most recently executed by the same system FCB during the discharge operation, such information is recorded in advance in the initialization of the metal fuel in a database management subsystem 308; a metal in the metal fuel database management subsystem 308 (at the factory), each track recording a particular type of metal fuel card appears when the amount of fuel, and when using the data read head 260 (260 ', 260' ') read the code on the card of the metal fuel is automatically initialized to this information for a particular information structure; detection by using the metal oxide assembly together with the cathode - electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205, or using other suitable techniques starting fuel amount of each metal track the actual measurement of the metal fuel.

通过以金属燃料卡放电子系统186内的阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205和数据获取和处理子系统400配置上述的金属氧化物检测(vapplied/iresponse)驱动电路,来执行上述实际测量技术。 By the metal cathode discharge the fuel in the electronic card system 186-- electrolyte output terminal configuration subsystem 205 and data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 is configured in the above-described metal oxide is detected (vapplied / iresponse) driving circuit, to implement the actual measurement techniques. 利用这种配置,金属氧化物检测头可自动地获得有关放电头组件197中所装载的每个标识的金属燃料卡上每个金属燃料道的“起始”状态的信息。 With this configuration, the detection head may be a metal oxide to automatically obtain information "start" state of each of the fuel passage on the metal of the metal fuel identification card for each discharge head assembly 197 about the loaded. 这种信息将包括在装载时刻(表示为t0)在每个区域(195A至195D)上出现的金属氧化物和金属燃料的起始量。 This information will include the loading timing (denoted as t0) on the initial amount present in each zone (195A to 195D) metal oxides and metal fuels.

以与参照图1的FCB系统描述的方式相类似的方式,通过自动地给特定金属燃料区域195A至195D施加测试电压,并响应于所施加的测试电压来检测流过它的电流,来对所装载的卡187的每个金属燃料区域(MFZ)执行这种金属燃料/金属氧化物测量。 In a manner described with reference FCB system of FIG. 1 will be described in a similar manner, by automatically applying the test voltage to the particular metal fuel region 195A to 195D, and in response to its current to a test voltage applied to detect flows to of their each of the metal fuel zone (MFZ) loaded card 187 is performed, this fuel / metal oxide measurement. 表示在特定采样周期下所施加的电压(vapplied)和响应电流(iresponse)的数据信号被数据获取和处理子系统400自动地检测,并被处理以产生以适当的数值标度表示所施加的测试电压与响应电流之比值(Vapplied/iresponse)的数据要素。 Represents a voltage (VAPPLIED) applied at a specific sampling cycle and the response current (IResponse) data and signal processing data acquisition subsystem 400 automatically detected, and processed to produce represents applied at an appropriate numerical scale test the ratio of voltage and the response current (Vapplied / iresponse) data elements. 该数据要素自动地记录在链接到保持在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中的标识的金属燃料卡的信息结构。 The data elements are automatically recorded in the link information held in the metal structure of the fuel in the identification card 308 of the metal fuel database management subsystem. 由于该数据要素(v/i)提供的是对被测量的金属燃料区域上电阻的直接测量,因此,它与标识的金属燃料区域上出现的金属氧化物的测得量精确相关。 Since the data elements (v / i) provided is a direct measure of the fuel resistance of the metallic region is measured, therefore, it is measured with the amount of metal oxide on the metal appear fuel precise area identifier associated.

数据获取和处理子系统400然后量化所测起始金属氧化物量(可在起始瞬间t0得到),并将其指定为MOA0,用于记录在信息结构中(如图4A13所示)。 Data acquisition and processing subsystem 400 then quantizes the measured amount of starting metal oxide (available in the starting instant t0), and designated MOA0, for recording the information structure (shown in FIG. 4A13). 然后,利用有关完全(再)充电时可在每个道上可用的金属燃料最大量的先前信息,数据获取和处理子系统400计算对每个燃料道在时刻“t0”可在每个道上得到的金属燃料的精确测量值,将每个测量值指定为MFA0,并将这些用于标识的金属燃料卡的起始金属燃料测量值{MFA0}分别记录在金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统186和191两者的金属燃料数据库管理子系统中。 Then, about full (re) subsystem 400 can be calculated for each fuel channel at time "t0" may be obtained for each track in each track is available the maximum amount of metal fuel prior information, data acquisition and processing charging accurate measurement of the metal fuel, each measurement value is specified as MFA0, these starting metal fuel and metal fuel for the card identifying the measurement values ​​{MFA0} are recorded in the metal fuel discharged and recharged card subsystem 186 and 191 of both the metal fuel database management subsystem. 尽管该初始化处理过程便于执行,但应理解的是,在有些应用中,可能更希望在已对金属燃料卡进行已知的处理过程(如,上述短路电阻测试)的前提下、利用理论计算通过实验确定起始金属燃料测量值。 Although this process facilitates the implementation of the initialization process, it is to be understood that, in some applications, it may be more desirable in the known process has the metal fuel card (e.g., the short-circuit resistance test) under the premise that, by using a theoretical calculation starting metal fuel experimentally determined measurements.

在完成初始化过程之后,金属燃料卡放电子系统186准备沿下面描述的线路执行金属燃料管理功能。 After completion of the initialization process, the metal fuel discharge card electronic system 186 is ready to perform management functions in the metal fuel lines described below. 在该示例性实施例中,该方法涉及两个基本步骤,这些步骤在放电操作期间以循环方式执行。 In the exemplary embodiment, the method involves two basic steps, performed in a cyclic manner during the discharging operation.

该处理过程的第一步骤涉及的是,从起始金属燃料量MFA0中减去对应于当在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的放电操作期间产生的金属氧化物量,计算出的金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。 The first step of the process involved, the amount of fuel from a starting metal MFA0 subtracting corresponding to the amount of metal oxide as produced during a discharge operation between a time interval t0-t1, the calculated estimate of the metal oxide value MOE0-1. 在放电操作期间,利用如下汇集到的放电参数来计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1:放电电流iacd和时段(Td。 Iacd discharge current, and time (Td: during discharge operation, the metal oxide is calculated using the following estimated value MOE0-1 together to discharge parameters.

该处理过程的第二步骤涉及将计算出的测量值(MFA0-MOE0-1)加到对应于在可在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的任何再充电期间产生的金属氧化物量的金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。 A second step of the process involves the calculated measurement value (MFA0-MOE0-1) was added corresponding to the amount of metal oxides produced during any recharging can be performed between the time t0-t1 interval metal oxides estimated value MOE0-1. 要注意的是,在放电期间,利用再充电电流iacr和时段(T来计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。要注意的是,在刚好先前的再充电操作期间(如果执行这样一个操作的话),将预先计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1,并将其记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统186内的金属燃料数据库管理子系统中。因此,必须在电流再充电操作期间从再充电子系统191的数据库中读取该预先记录的信息要素。 It is noted that, during the discharge, and the use of a recharge current iacr period (T metal oxide calculated estimate MOE0-1. It is noted that, during the immediately previous recharging operation (such an operation is performed if any) , a pre-calculated estimate of the metal oxide MOE0-1, and recorded in the metal fuel card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 186 within database management subsystem must therefore be re-charged during the recharging operation current subsystem the prerecorded information element database 191 is read.

上述计算操作的计算结果(即,MFA0-MOE0-1+MFE0-1)然后被记入在金属燃料卡放电子系统186的金属燃料数据库管理子系统400中,作为新的当前金属燃料量(MFA1),该金属燃料量将被用于接下来的金属燃料可用性更新处理过程中。 Above calculation result of the calculation operations (i.e., MFA0-MOE0-1 + MFE0-1) are then entered in the metal fuel discharge electronic card database management system 186 of the metal fuel subsystem 400, as a new current fuel quantity of metal (MFA1 ), the amount of metal fuel is to be used in the next update of the availability of the metal fuel processing. 在放电操作期间,对正被放电的每个金属燃料道每ti-ti+1秒执行一次上述更新处理过程。 During the discharge operation, each ti-ti + 1 seconds to repeat the above process for each update channel metal fuel being discharged.

保持在每个金属燃料道上的这种信息可以以多种方式使用,例如:管理金属燃料的可用性,使之满足连接到FCB系统的电负载的电功率需求;以及,在放电操作期间以最佳方式设置放电参数。 Metal fuel held in each track such information may be used in various ways, for example: metal fuel availability management, so as to meet the electrical power needs of the system connected to the electrical load FCB; and, in an optimal way during a discharge operation set discharge parameters. 后面将对有关金属燃料管理技术的细节进行更详细描述。 For details will be later metal fuel management techniques will be described in more detail.

放电操作模式期间金属燃料可用性管理的使用在放电操作期间,在第i个放电头上确定的、在时刻t2在任何特定金属燃料区域195A至195D上出现的金属燃料的计算估计值(即,MFTt1-t2)可被用来计算从第j个放电头下游的第(j+1)、第(j+2)、或第(j+n)个放电头上金属燃料的可用性。 Use of the metal fuel availability during a discharging mode of operation management during the discharge operation, the discharge head of the i-th identified, at time t2, the estimated value calculated in the metal fuel 195A to 195D appear on any particular region of the metal fuel (i.e., MFTt1 -T2) can be used to calculate the j-th from the discharge head downstream of the (j + 1), the first (j + 2), or the (j + n) th discharge head of the metal fuel availability. 利用这样计算出的测量值,金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的系统控制器203可实时地确定(即,预期)金属燃料卡上的哪个金属燃料区域包含具有其量足以在放电操作期间加到金属燃料卡放电子系统186上的瞬间电负载状态的金属燃料(如,锌),并有选择地“接入”已知其上要出现金属燃料的金属燃料区域。 Using the measured value thus calculated, the metal fuel discharge system controller card 203 in electronic system 186 may be determined in real time (i.e., expected) in the region which metal fuel card comprising a metal fuel added in an amount sufficient to discharge during operation metal fuel card discharge transient electrical load on the electronic state of the metal fuel system 186 (e.g., zinc), and optionally an "access" is known to occur on the metal of the metal fuel region of the fuel. 这种道切换操作可涉及暂时将其阴极-电解质结构的输出端连接到阴极-电解质输出端配置子系统205的输入端的系统控制器203,从而使载有可用的金属燃料含量(如,淀积物)的区域可容易地用于产生电负载200所需的电功率。 This channel switching operation may involve temporarily a cathode - electrolyte structure connecting the output terminal to the cathode - electrolyte configuration input output terminal subsystem 205 system controller 203, so that the fuel containing the metal content is available (e.g., deposition region thereof) can be readily used to generate the electrical power required by the load 200.

这种金属燃料管理能力的另一优点是,金属燃料卡放电子系统115中的系统控制器203能够利用刚好在再充电和放电操作之前的期间在金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中汇集和记录的信息来控制放电操作期间的放电参数。 Another advantage of this fuel management capability, the metal fuel discharge system controller card 115 of the electronic system 203 can be utilized just prior to recharging and discharging during operation of the collection and the database records in the metal fuel management subsystem 308 information to control the discharge parameters during the discharge operation.

在放电模式期间使用在先前操作模式期间记录的信息控制放电参数的装置在第二示例性实施例的FCB系统中,金属燃料卡放电子系统186的系统控制器203能够利用在先前的再充电和放电操作期间汇集到的、并记录在图6的FCB系统的金属燃料数据库管理子系统中的信息来自动地控制放电参数。 During the discharge mode information using means for controlling discharge parameters previously recorded during a second mode of operation the system FCB exemplary embodiment, the metal fuel discharge electronic card system 186 can utilize a system controller 203 in the previous recharging and during the discharge operation the collection, and the information recorded in the database management subsystem metal fuel system of FIG. 6 of the FCB to automatically control the discharge parameters.

如图4B14所示,设置在放电和再充电子系统186和191中及之间的子系统架构和总线能够使金属燃料卡放电子系统186中的系统控制器203访问和使用记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统191内金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中的信息。 As shown in FIG 4B14, provided the fuel discharge and recharge card in the metal structure and subsystem bus between subsystems 186 and 191 can be made of the metal fuel and discharge system controller card 186 of the electronic system 203 to access and use records the rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 191 information in the database management subsystem 404. 类似地,设置在放电和再充电子系统186和191中及之间的子系统架构和总线能够使金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的系统控制器203'访问和使用记录在金属燃料卡放电子系统186内金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中的信息。 Similarly, disposed discharged and recharged between the sub-bus architecture and the subsystems 186 and 191 can be made of the metal fuel and the card recharging system controller 203 'to access and use the recording subsystem 191 is placed in the metal fuel card 186 inner metal fuel subsystem 308 database management system in the electronic information. 下面将解释这种信息和子文件共享能力的优点。 The following will explain the advantages of this information and the sub file sharing capability.

在放电操作期间,系统控制器203能够访问存储在放电和再充电子系统186和191内金属燃料数据库管理子系统内的各种类型的信息。 During the discharge operation, the system controller 203 can access the storage subsystem discharged and recharged in 186 various types of information in the database management subsystem 191 and the metal fuel. 一个重要的信息要素与在特定瞬间在沿每个金属燃料区域195A至195D上当前可用的金属燃料量(即,MFEt)有关。 One important information element relating to a particular moment in the fuel amount of the metal in the fuel of each metal region 195A to 195D on the currently available (i.e., MFEt) relevant. 利用该信息,系统控制器203可确定沿特定道是否有足够的金属燃料来满足当前的电功率需求。 With this information, the system controller 203 may determine whether a particular channel in the metal fuel has enough electrical power to meet current needs. 先前的放电操作结果是沿金属燃料卡的一个或多个或全部燃料区域195A至195D的金属燃料可能基本上消耗掉,并且因为是自最后的放电操作起而尚未再充电。 The previous discharge operation results in the metal fuel is a metallic fuel card or more, or all of the fuel region 195A to 195D may be substantially consumed, and since, starting from the final discharge operation has not been recharged. 系统控制器203可预料到放电头内的这种金属燃料状态。 The system controller 203 may be expected of such a metal state of the fuel in the discharge head. 根据“上游”燃料卡的金属燃料状态,系统控制器203响应如下:(ⅰ)当在负载200上检测到高电负载状态时,将金属燃料“富裕”的道的阴极-电解质结构连接到放电功率调节子系统223,而当在放电在200上检测到低负载状态时,将金属燃料“贫化”的区域的阴极-电解质结构连接到该子系统中;(ⅱ)当在标识的金属燃料区域上出现薄的金属燃料时,增加注入相应阴极支承结构中的氧气量,而当在标识的金属燃料区域中出现厚的金属燃料时,减少注入相应阴极支承结构中的氧气量,以便保持从放电头197产生的功率;(ⅲ)当所检测到的其温度超过预定阈值时,控制放电头197的温度等。 The metal fuel status "upstream" fuel cards, the system controller 203 in response to the following: (i) when detecting a high electrical load on the load state 200, the metal fuel "rich" Road cathode - electrolyte structure is connected to the discharge power conditioning subsystem 223, whereas when the discharge is detected in the low load state 200, the metal fuel "lean" of the cathode region - electrolyte structure connected to the subsystem; (ii) when the metal in the fuel of identification when a thin metal fuel appears on the area, increasing the oxygen injection amount corresponding to the cathode support structure, when the thickness of the metal fuel present in the metal fuel area identifier, the oxygen amount corresponding to the cathode support structure to reduce the injection, in order to keep from a power generating discharge head 197; (iii) when the detected temperature exceeds a predetermined threshold value, the control temperature of the discharge head 197. 应理解的是,在本发明的替代实施例中,系统控制器203可响应于标识的金属燃料卡上特定区域的检测到的条件来以不同方式操作。 It should be understood that in an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the system controller 203 in response to the identification card of the metal fuel condition detected specific region to operate in different ways.

再充电模式期间在图6所示的第五示例性实施例的FCB系统中,提供了用于在再充电操作期间自动地管理金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中出现的金属氧化物的装置。 FCB system of the fifth exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 6 during the recharge mode, is provided for recharging during operation of the automatic management of the metal oxide of the metal fuel card device subsystem 191 appears to be recharged. 下面将更详细地描述这种系统能力。 Such a system will be described below in more detail capability.

如图4B14所示,表示再充电参数(如,iacr,vacr,pO2r,H2Or,Tr,vacr/iacr)的数据信号被自动地作为输入提供给金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的数据获取和处理子系统406中。 FIG 4B14, the data signal representing rechargeable parameters (e.g., iacr, vacr, pO2r, H2Or, Tr, vacr / iacr) is automatically supplied to the metal fuel rechargeable card data acquisition subsystem 191 as inputs and the processing subsystem 406. 在采样和获取之后,这些数据信号被处理和转换成相应的数据要素,然后被写入例如如图4B13所示的信息结构410中。 After the sampling and acquisition, the data signal is processed and converted into corresponding data elements, then the information is written in the configuration shown in FIG. 410, for example, 4B13. 如在放电参数汇集的情况,再充电参数的每个信息结构410包括一组数据要素,该组数据要素被“标记时间”,并与唯一金属燃料卡标识符240(240',240'')相关,该标识符与正被再充电的金属燃料卡相关联。 As in the case of discharge parameters are assembled, each of the rechargeable information structure 410 includes a parameter set of data elements, the set of data elements is "time stamped" with the only metal fuel card identifier 240 (240 ', 240' ') correlated with the identifier being recharged metal fuel associated with the card. 该唯一金属燃料卡标识符由数据读取头270(270',270'')确定,如图4B6所示。 The unique identifier of the metal fuel card data reading head 270 (270 ', 270' ') is determined, as shown in FIG 4B6. 每个标记时间的信息结构然后被记录在金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中,如图4B14所示,用于在将来的再充电和/或放电操作期间保持、后续处理和/或访问。 Each time-stamped information structure is then recorded in the metal fuel card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 191 database management subsystem 404, as shown in FIG. 4B14, for holding the future during recharging and / or discharging operation, subsequent processing and / or access.

如上所述,在再充电模式期间,数据获取和处理子系统406采样和汇集各种类型的信息。 As described above, during the recharge mode, the data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 samples and various types of information collection. 这些信息类型例如包括:(1)加到每个再充电头197'内每个此阴极-电解质结构上的再充电电压;(2)在每个再充电头197'内阴极-电解质结构上提供的电流量(iacr);(3)每个再充电头内每个子腔中的氧气浓度(pO2r)值;(4)每个再充电头内每个阴极-电解质界面附近的含水率值(H2Or);和(5)每个再充电头197'的每个通道内的温度(Tacr)。 These types of information include, for example: (1) was added to each recharging head 197 'within each cathode of this - on the voltage of the rechargeable electrolyte structure; (2) in each recharging head 197' of the cathode - electrolyte structure provided on the amount of current (iacr); (3) each rechargeable oxygen concentration (pO2r) within each sub-chamber header value; (4) per each cathode within the first rechargeable - water content value near electrolyte interface (H2Or ); and (5) temperature for each recharging (Tacr) within each channel head 197 & apos ;. 根据所汇集到的信息,数据获取和处理子系统406能够容易地计算系统的各种参数,例如包括将电流提供给特定再充电头内特定阴极-电解质结构的时段((tr)。 According to the pooled information, data acquisition and processing various parameters can be easily calculated sub-system 406, for example comprising a specific current is supplied to recharge within the first particular cathode - electrolyte structure of the time ((tr).

在再充电操作期间,实时地在金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的金属燃料数据库管理子系统404内产生和存储的信息结构可以多种方式使用。 During the recharging operation, the fuel in real time in the metal of the metal fuel subsystem rechargeable card database management subsystem 191 configuration information 404 may be generated and stored using a variety of ways. 例如,在再充电模式期间获得的上述电流(iacr)和时段((Tr)信息分别以传统方式以安培和小时测量。这些测量值的乘积(AH)提供了在再充电期间加到沿金属燃料卡的金属空气电池组结构的电荷(-Q)的精确测量值。因此,在再充电操作期间,所计算出的“AH”乘积提供了预期已在特定瞬间在标识金属燃料区域上产生的金属燃料的精确量。 For example, the above-mentioned current (IACR) and the period ((Tr) during the recharge mode information are obtained in a conventional manner and ampere-hour measurements product (AH) of these measurements during recharging provided along the metal added to the fuel charge card group structure of a metal-air battery (-Q is) an accurate measurement value. Thus, during a recharging operation, the calculated "AH" providing a product of the expected metal generated on an identification region in the metal fuel particular instant the exact amount of fuel.

当利用有关金属氧化和还原处理的历史信息时,金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统186和191中的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308和404能够分别用来计算或确定在沿锌燃料卡应出现多少金属氧化物用于再充电(即,从氧化锌转换成锌)。 When using historical information about metal oxidation and reduction process, the metal fuel discharge and recharge card 186 and the metal fuel subsystem 191 in the database management subsystem 308 and 404, respectively, can be used to calculate or determine fuel should appear along zinc card for recharging many metal oxides (i.e., it converted to zinc from zinc oxide). 因此,该信息极有助于执行包括例如确定在再充电期间沿每个金属燃料区域195A至195D出现金属氧化物量等的金属燃料管理功能。 Thus, this information includes, for example performed very helps determine whether each region 195A to 195D of the metal fuel occurs amount of metal oxide such as a metal fuel management functions during recharging direction.

在该示例性实施例中,在金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中利用下述方法来管理金属氧化物出现过程。 Embodiment, the metal in the fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card utilizing a method for managing a metal oxide occurs during in the exemplary embodiment.

再充电操作期间金属氧化物出现管理的优选方法根据本发明的原理,数据读取头270(270',270'')自动地标识装载到再充电组件197'中的每个金属燃料卡,并产生指示它的卡标识数据,该数据被提供给金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的数据获取和处理子系统中。 A preferred method of managing a metal oxide occurs during a recharging operation according to the principles of the present invention, the data reading head 270 (270 ', 270' ') automatically identifying each of the components loaded into the metal fuel recharge card 197' in, and generating an indication that the card identification data which is supplied to the metal fuel rechargeable card data acquisition subsystem 191 and processing subsystem. 当接收到所装载的金属燃料卡的卡标识数据时,数据获取和处理子系统自动地在金属燃料数据库管理子系统中创建卡的信息结构(即,数据文件)。 Upon receiving the card identification data of the metal fuel card loaded, data acquisition and processing subsystem automatically created information structure in the metal fuel card database management subsystem (i.e., data file). 该信息结构的功能是记录有关所检测到的再充电参数、金属燃料可用性状态、金属氧化物出现状态等的信息,如图4B13所示。 Function of the information structure is a record of the detected recharge parameter, status information such as the availability state of the metal fuel, the metal oxide occurs, as shown in FIG 4B13. 当已在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404内对该特定金属燃料卡预先创建信息存储结构(即数据文件)时,该信息文件被访问,以进行更新。 When the information has been previously created storage structures (i.e., data file) for the particular metal in the metal fuel fuel card database management subsystem 404, the information file is accessed to update. 如图4B13所示,对于每个标识的金属燃料区域,在每个采样的瞬间ti对每个金属燃料区域(MFZj)195A至195D保持信息结构410。 As shown, for each identified area of ​​the metal fuel, 195A to 195D holding structure 410 4B13 information in each sampling instant ti in the fuel for each metal region (MFZj). 一旦已为一特定金属燃料卡创建了一信息结构,便必须确定其上每个金属燃料区域的起始状态或条件,并且分别输入到在放电和再充电子系统186和191的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308和404中保持的信息结构中。 Once you have created a particular information structure is a metallic fuel card, we must determine the initial state or condition of each region on which the metal fuel, and are input to the metal in the fuel discharge and recharge management subsystem 186 and database 191 subsystem 308 and the information held in the structure 404.

通常,装载到再充电头组件197中的金属燃料卡将被部分或完全充电,并因此包含沿其燃料区域的特定量的金属氧化物,用于转换成其原金属。 Typically, the head assembly is loaded into the metal fuel recharge card 197 will be partially or fully charged, and thus comprise a certain amount of fuel in the region of its metal oxide, for converting into its original metal. 为了精确地管理金属燃料,必须确定所装载的卡中的这些起始金属氧化物量(MOA),然后将表示它的信息分别存储在放电和再充电子系统186和191的金属燃料数据库管理子系统中。 In order to accurately manage the metal fuel, which must determine the initial amount of metal oxide (of MOA) loaded in the card, and information indicating it are stored in the discharge and recharge of the metal fuel subsystem 186 and a database management subsystem 191 in. 通常,信息的起始状态可以以不同方式获得,例如包括:在完成对不同FCB系统的放电操作之前,对金属燃料卡上的这种初始化信息进行编码;当在相同的FCB系统中执行最近的再充电操作期间,将这种初始化信息预先记录在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中;在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中(在工厂中),记录特定类型金属燃料卡的每个区域上预期的金属氧化物量,并当利用数据读取头270(270',270'')读取金属燃料卡上的代码时,自动地对特定信息结构中的这种信息进行初始化;利用上述金属氧化物检测组件连同阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244,或利用其他适用的技术实际测量每个金属燃料区域上金属氧化物的起始量。 Typically, the initial state information may be obtained in different ways, for example, comprising: discharging operation prior to completion of the FCB different systems, such initialization information on the card is encoded metal fuel; recently performed when the same FCB system during the recharging operation, such initialization information previously recorded in the metal fuel database management subsystem 404; metal fuel database management subsystem 404 (at the factory), a specific region recorded on each expected type of card, the metal fuel when the amount of metal oxide, and when using the data read head 270 (270 ', 270' ') read the code on the card of the metal fuel is automatically initialized to this information for a particular information structure; detection by using the metal oxide assembly together with the cathode - electrolyte input terminal configuration subsystem 244, or using other suitable techniques on the initial amount of fuel in each region of the metal oxide of the metal actually measured.

可通过以再充电子系统191内的阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244和数据获取和处理子系统406配置金属氧化物检测驱动电路(示于图2A15中),来执行上述“实际”测量技术。 By subsystem to recharge the cathode in the 191 - electrolyte configuration subsystem 244 and input of the data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 is configured of metal oxide detection driving circuit (shown in FIG. 2A15), to implement the "actual" measurement techniques . 利用这种配置,金属氧化物检测头可自动地获得有关再充电头组件197'中所装载的每个标识的金属燃料卡上每个金属燃料道的“起始”状态的信息。 With this configuration, the detection head may be a metal oxide to automatically obtain information about the "initial" state of the fuel passage of each of the metal on the metal fuel recharge card ID of each head unit 197 'in the loaded. 这种信息将包括在装载时刻(表示为t0)在每个道上出现的金属氧化物和金属燃料的起始量。 This information will include the loading timing (denoted as t0) of each track starting amount of metal oxides and metal occurs in the fuel.

以与参照图1和3的FCB系统描述的方式相类似的方式,通过自动地在金属燃料的特定区域上施加测试电压,并响应于所施加的测试电压来检测流过的电流,来对所装载的卡的每个金属燃料区域执行这种金属燃料/金属氧化物测量。 In a manner described with reference FCB system of FIGS. 1 and 3 described in a similar manner, by automatically applying the test voltage on a specific region of the metal fuel, and the response current to a test voltage applied to detect flows, come to the each of the metal fuel loading area of ​​the card executes such a metal fuel / metal oxide measurement. 表示在特定采样周期下所施加的电压(vapplied)和响应电流(iresponse)的数据信号被数据获取和处理子系统406自动地检测,并被处理以产生以适当的数值标度表示所施加的测试电压与响应电流之比值(vapplied/iresponse)的数据要素。 Represents a voltage (VAPPLIED) applied at a specific sampling cycle and the response current (IResponse) data and signal processing data acquisition subsystem 406 automatically detected, and processed to produce represents applied at an appropriate numerical scale test the ratio of voltage and the response current (vapplied / iresponse) data elements. 该数据要素自动地记录在链接到保持在金属燃料数据管理子系统404中的标识的金属燃料卡的信息结构。 The link to the data element information held in the metal structure of the fuel in the data management subsystem 404 identified in the metal fuel card automatically recorded. 由于该数据要素(v/i)提供的是对被测量的金属燃料区域电阻的直接测量,因此,它与标识的金属燃料区域上出现的金属氧化物的测得的“起始”量精确相关。 Since the data elements (v / i) provide the metal is a direct measure of the fuel resistance region is measured, therefore, the "start" the measured amount of the metal oxide on the metal as it appears with the fuel area identifier associated precise .

数据获取和处理子系统406然后量化所测起始金属氧化物量(可在起始瞬间t0得到),并将其指定为MOA0,用于分别记录在金属燃料卡放电和再充电子系统186和191两者内金属燃料数据库管理子系统308和404中保持的信息结构中。 Data acquisition and processing subsystem 406 then quantizes the measured amount of starting metal oxide (available in the starting instant t0), and designated MOA0, are recorded in the metal fuel for the card discharged and recharged subsystems 186 and 191 both the metal fuel information database management subsystem 404 and the holding structure 308 of. 尽管该初始化处理过程便于执行,但应理解的是,在有些应用中,可能更希望在已对金属燃料卡进行已知的处理过程(例如,上述短路电阻测试)的前提下、利用理论计算通过实验计算起始金属氧化物测量值。 Although this process facilitates the implementation of the initialization process, it is to be understood that, in some applications, it may be more desirable on the premise of the metal fuel has been known in the card process (e.g., the short-circuit resistance test), and is calculated by using the theory experimental measurements calculated starting metal oxide.

在完成初始化过程之后,金属燃料卡再充电子系统191准备沿下面描述的线路执行金属燃料管理功能。 After completion of the initialization process, the metal fuel rechargeable card described in preparation subsystem 191 performs the following functions fuel management metal lines. 在该示例性实施例中,该方法涉及两个基本步骤,这些步骤在再充电操作期间以循环方式执行。 In the exemplary embodiment, the method involves two basic steps, performed in a cyclic manner during the recharging operation.

该处理过程的第一步骤涉及的是,从起始金属氧化物量MFA0中减去对应于当在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的再充电期间产生的金属燃料量的计算出的金属燃料估计值MFE0-1。 The first step of the process involved, from the initial amount of metal oxide MFA0 subtracting the corresponding estimated value of the metal fuel is calculated on the metal when the amount of fuel produced during recharging performed at the time between t0-t1 interval out MFE0-1. 在再充电操作期间,利用如下放电参数来计算金属燃料估计值MFE0-1:再充电电流iacr和时段(Tr。 During the recharging operation, the metal fuel is calculated using the estimated value MFE0-1 discharge parameters as follows: a recharge current and iacr period (Tr.

该处理过程的第二步骤涉及将计算出的测量值(MOA0-MFE0-1)加到对应于在可在时间间隔t0-t1之间进行的任何放电期间产生的金属氧化物量的金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。 A second step of the process involves the calculated measurement value (MOA0-MFE0-1) was added corresponding to the amount of metal oxide produced may be any period between t0-t1 the discharge in the estimation time interval metal oxides value MOE0-1. 要注意的是,在放电操作期间,利用汇集到的如下放电参数(再充电电流iacd和其时段(T0-1)来计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1。要注意的是,在刚好先前的放电操作期间(如果从t0执行这样一个操作的话),将预先计算金属氧化物估计值MOE0-1,并将其记录在金属燃料卡放电子系统186内的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308中。因此,必须在当前再充电操作期间从放电子系统186的数据库子系统308中读取该预先记录的信息要素。 It is noted that, during the discharging operation (and its recharge current iacd period (T0-1) to calculate the estimated value of the metal oxide MOE0-1. It is noted that the use of the following discharge parameters together, in the just previous during the discharge operation (such an operation, if done so, from t0), the metal oxides previously calculated estimates MOE0-1, and records it in place of the metal fuel database management system 186 in the electronic subsystem 308 in the metal fuel card. Thus , 186 database subsystem 308 must read the prerecorded information elements from the electronic system during the discharge current recharging operation.

上述计算操作的计算结果(即,MOA0-MFE0-1+MOE0-1)然后被记入在金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中,作为新的“当前”金属燃料量(MOA1),该金属燃料量将被用于接下来的金属氧化物出现更新处理过程中。 Above calculation result of the calculation operations (i.e., MOA0-MFE0-1 + MOE0-1) are then entered in the metal fuel card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 191 database management subsystem 404, as the new "current" metal fuel amount (MOA1), the amount of metal fuel is to be used for subsequent metal oxide occurs during the update process. 在再充电操作期间,对正被再充电的每个金属燃料区域每ti-ti+1秒执行一次上述更新处理过程。 During the recharging operation, the above-described updating processing performed once for each region of the metal fuel is being recharged ti-ti + 1 per second.

保持在每个金属燃料区域上的这种信息可以以多种方式使用,例如:管理沿金属燃料卡区域的金属氧化物结构的出现;以及,在再充电操作期间以最佳方式设置再充电参数。 Held on each metal region of the fuel Such information may used in various ways, for example: management of the metal oxide occurs in the metal structure of the fuel card area; and, during a recharging operation in an optimal manner then the charging parameters . 后面将对有关金属氧化物出现管理技术的细节进行更详细描述。 It will appear behind the relevant metal oxide detail management techniques described in more detail.

再充电操作模式期间金属氧化物出现管理的使用在再充电操作期间,在第i个再充电头197'上确定的、在沿任何特定金属燃料道上出现的金属氧化物的计算量(即,MFT)可被用来计算从第i个再充电头197'下游的第(i+1)、第(i+2)、或第(i+n)个再充电头上金属氧化物的出现。 A metal oxide occurs during a recharging operation mode of administration during a recharging operation, the i-th re-charging head 197 'determined based on the calculation of the amount of metal oxide in any particular metal track of the fuel occurs (i.e., the MFT ) can be used to calculate an i-th re-charging head 197 'of the (i + 1 downstream), the (i + 2), or the (i + n) th head rechargeable metal oxide occurs. 利用这样计算出的测量值,金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的系统控制器203'可实时地确定(即,预期)沿金属燃料卡的哪些金属燃料道包含需要再充电的金属氧化物(如,氧化锌)、以及哪些金属燃料道包含无需再充电的金属燃料。 Using the measured value thus calculated, the metal fuel card recharging system 203 in the controller subsystem 191 'may be determined in real time (i.e., expected) along which the metal of the metal fuel passage of the fuel card comprising a metal oxide needs to be recharged ( e.g., zinc oxide), and which comprises a metal of the metal fuel passage of the fuel without recharging. 对于需要再充电的这些金属燃料区域,系统控制器203'能够电方式接到具有足够金属氧化物含量(如,淀积物)的这些金属燃料区域的阴极-电解质结构,用于在再充电头组件197'中转换成金属燃料。 For these areas the metal fuel needs to be recharged, the system controller 203 'can be electrically connected to a metal oxide having a content enough (e.g., deposit) the metal cathode of the fuel region - electrolyte structure for re-charging head assembly 197 'is converted into the metal fuel.

这种金属氧化物管理能力的另一优点是,金属燃料卡再充电子系统191中的系统控制器203'能够利用在刚好先前的再充电和放电操作期间在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404中汇集和记录的信息来控制再充电操作期间的再充电参数。 Another advantage of this capability management metal oxide, the metal fuel rechargeable card subsystem 191 in the system controller 203 'can be utilized during the immediately previous recharging and discharging operations in the metal fuel together 404 database management subsystem and recording information to control the recharging operation parameters during recharging.

在再充电操作期间,所汇集到的信息可被用来计算在任何瞬间沿每个金属燃料区域915A至195D存在的金属氧化物量的精确测量值。 During the recharging operation, the collection of information may be used to calculate the accurate measurement of the amount of oxides in the metal of each metal region 915A to 195D of the fuel present at any instant. 存储于在金属燃料数据库子系统404中保持的信息存储结构中的该信息可由金属燃料卡放电子系统186的系统控制器203'访问,以控制每个再充电头197'的阴极-电解质结构上提供的电流量。 This information is stored in the storage structure information database of the metal fuel subsystem 404 may be held in the metal fuel discharge card system controller 186 of the electronic system 203 'access, to control each recharging head 197' of the cathode - the electrolyte structure It provided the amount of current. 理想情况是,选择电流的幅度,从而保证将沿每个这种区域的金属氧化物的估计量(如,氧化锌)转换成其主要源金属(如,锌)。 Ideally, the magnitude of the current selection, thereby ensuring the amount of conversion in the estimated area of ​​each such metal oxides (e.g., zinc oxide) as the main source of metal (e.g., zinc).

在再充电模式期间使用在先前操作模式期间记录的信息的控制再充电参数的装置在第二示例性实施例的FCB系统中,金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的系统控制器203'能够利用在先前的再充电和放电操作期间汇集到的、并记录在图3的FCB系统的金属燃料数据库管理子系统308和404中的信息来自动地控制再充电参数。 Using the device information previously recorded in the control mode of operation during the recharging system of the second parameter in the FCB exemplary embodiment, the metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card system controller 203 during the recharge mode 'can be utilized in together during the previous recharging and discharging operations to and recorded in the information 308 and 404 of the metal fuel database management system of FIG. 3 FCB subsystem automatically controlled recharge parameters.

在再充电操作期间,金属燃料再充电子系统191中的系统控制器203'能够访问存储在金属燃料数据库管理子系统404内的各种类型的信息。 During the recharging operation, the metal fuel recharging system 191 in the controller subsystem 203 'to access various types of information within the database 404 stored in the metal fuel management subsystem. 存储在其中的一个重要的信息要素与在特定瞬间在沿每个金属燃料区域上当前存在的金属氧化物量(即,MOAt)有关。 In an important stored information element and wherein the amount of the oxide on the particular instant in each region of the current presence of the metal fuel metals (i.e., MOAt) relevant. 利用该信息,系统控制器203'可确定在那些区域上存在大量金属氧化物淀积物,从而能够利用阴极-电解质输入端配置子系统244将相应阴极-电解质结构的输入端(在再充电头中)连接到再充电功率控制子系统245,以便有效和快速地执行再充电操作。 With this information, the system controller 203 'may determine the presence of a large amount of metal oxide deposits in those areas, it is possible to use a cathode - electrolyte configuration subsystem 244 input the respective cathode - electrolyte structure of the input terminal (first recharging ) is connected to the rechargeable power control subsystem 245, in order to effectively and quickly perform recharging operation. 系统控制器203'可预料到进行再充电操作之前的这些金属氧化物条件。 The system controller 203 'may be anticipated conditions of these metal oxides before recharging operation. 根据装载到放电头组件内的“上游”燃料卡的金属氧化物条件,该示例性实施例的系统控制器203'可响应如下:(ⅰ)在长再充电期间,将金属氧化物“富裕”的区域的阴极-电解质结构连接到再充电功率调节子系统245中,而在相对较短的再充电操作期间,从该子系统连接金属氧化物“耗尽”的区域的阴极-电解质结构;(ⅱ)在再充电操作期间,增加从对应于沿其形成厚的金属氧化物结构的区域的阴极支承结构的氧气抽出速率,并且在再充电操作期间,减少从对应于沿其形成薄的金属氧化物结构的区域的阴极支承结构的氧气抽出速率;(ⅲ)当所检测到的其温度超过预定阈值时,控制再充电头197'的温度等。 The loading of metal oxide to the term "upstream" fuel card in the discharge head assembly, the system controller according to the exemplary embodiment 203 'may respond as follows: (i) long during recharging, the metal oxide "rich" cathode region - the region of the cathode electrolyte structure connected to the rechargeable power conditioning subsystem 245, and in a relatively short period of recharging operation, the metal oxide from the connector subsystem "END" - electrolyte structure; ( ii) during a recharging operation, corresponding to the formation of oxygen from the increased rate of withdrawal of the support structure of the cathode region of the thick metal along the oxide structure, and during the recharging operation, to reduce a metal oxide formed from thin along its corresponding oxygen cathode support structure of the region of the withdrawal rate structures; (iii) when the detected temperature exceeds a predetermined threshold value, the control temperature of the rechargeable head 197 'and the like. 应理解的是,在本发明的替代实施例中,系统控制器203'可响应于标识的燃料卡上特定区域的检测到的状态来以不同方式操作。 It should be understood that in an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the system controller 203 'in response to detecting the specific area of ​​the fuel card ID to the state to operate in different ways.

本发明金属空气FCB系统的第三示例性实施例金属空气FCB系统的第三示例性实施例示于图5至5A中。 Third exemplary embodiment The third exemplary embodiment of the metal-air system of the metal-air FCB FCB system of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 5 to 5A. 该实施例中,给该FCB系统以包含在盘盒类盒式装置中的金属燃料卡(或片)形式提供金属燃料,该装置中具有分隔的内部空间,用于将(再)充电的和放电的金属燃料卡存储在单独的存储隔间中。 Metal fuel card in this embodiment, to the system contained in the FCB disc cartridge class cartridge device (or sheets) in the form of providing a metal fuel, the apparatus having an interior space separated for the (re) charge and card discharging the metal fuel stored in a separate storage compartment. 该金属燃料供料设计具有多个优点,即:明显减少了用于存储(再)充电的和放电的金属燃料卡所需的形体空间量;通过将预填充的盘状盘盒滑动到系统壳体的料盘接受端口中,可将新供料的预充电的金属燃料卡快速提供给系统;和,通过将单个盘盒从壳体移出并插入新的盘盒,可将旧的放电卡供料从该系统快速移出。 The metallic fuel feed design has several advantages, namely: to significantly reduce the amount of memory (re) charge and discharge of the metal body of the fuel required for the card space; slid into the housing through the disk-like cartridge system prefilled tray receiving port in the body, the metal fuel may be a new card for the fast precharge feed supplied to the system; and, by a single disk cartridge is removed from the housing and insert a new cartridge, the old card for discharge fast material removed from the system.

如图10至10A所示,FCB系统500包括多个子系统,即:金属燃料卡放电(即,功率产生)子系统186,用于在放电操作模式期间从再充电的金属燃料卡187产生电功率;金属燃料卡再充电子系统191,用于在再充电操作模式期间以电化学方式再充电(即,还原)氧化的金属燃料卡的各部分;再充电的卡装载子系统189',用于自动地将一个或多个充电的(再充电的)金属燃料卡187从盒式料盘/盘盒502中的再充电的卡存储隔间501A装载到放电子系统186的放电间;放电的卡卸载子系统190',用于将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡187从放电子系统186的放电间卸载到放电的金属燃料卡存储隔间501B,该存储隔间位于卡存储隔间501A之上,并由配置在盘盒壳体504中的平台503分隔,以将其内部空间分隔近似相等的子空间;放电的卡装载子系统192',用于自动地将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡从 10 to FIG. 10A, the FCB system 500 includes a plurality of subsystems, namely: the metal fuel card discharge (i.e., power generated) subsystem 186, a metal fuel during a discharging mode of operation card from the rechargeable electric power generating 187; metal fuel subsystem 191 rechargeable card for recharging mode of operation during electrochemically rechargeable (i.e., reducing) the metal portions of the fuel oxidation card; recharge card loading subsystem 189 ', for automatically to charge one or more (rechargeable) metal fuel card 187 from the cassette tray / disk cartridge 502 recharging card 501A is loaded into the storage compartment discharge between the discharge of the electronic system 186; card discharge unloading subsystem 190 ', for one or more of the metal fuel discharge 187 is unloaded from the card discharge between the discharge system of the electronic card 186 to the metal fuel storage compartment discharge 501B, the memory card compartment located above the storage compartment 501A by the cartridge disposed in the housing 504 in the platform 503 of the partition to partition the internal space approximately equal subspace; card discharge loading subsystem 192 ', for automatically discharging the metal of the one or more fuel card from 电的金属燃料卡存储箱501B装载到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间;和再充电的卡卸载子系统193',用于自动地将再充电的金属燃料卡从再充电子系统的再充电间卸载到再充电的金属燃料卡存储隔间501A。 Electrically metal fuel storage tank 501B card loaded into the card recharging of the metal fuel among the recharging subsystem 191; and unloading the card recharging subsystem 193 ', the metal fuel for automatically recharging card from recharging subsystem recharging between recharging to unload the metal fuel card storage compartment 501A.

由该FCB系统消耗的金属燃料以金属燃料卡187的形式提供,其结构可类似于图2的系统中所使用的卡或图4A3的系统中所使用的卡187的结构。 Metal fuel consumed by the FCB system provided in the form of the metal fuel card 187, which may be similar to that of the structure of the card or the system of FIG. FIG. 2 is used in the 4A3 used in the card 187. 在这两种情况下,放电和再充电头将被设计和构成为适应于卡或片状结构上金属燃料的形体放置。 In either case, the discharge and recharge head body to be designed and constructed to accommodate the metal fuel is placed on the card or sheet-like structure. 最好,该FCB系统中所使用的每个金属燃料卡将是“多区域的”或“多道的”,以便能够从“多区域的”或“多道的”放电头中同时产生多个供电电压(如,1.2伏特)。 Preferably, each of the metal fuel FCB card used in the system or will be "multi-channel", "multi-zone", from or to be able to "multi-channel" discharge head simultaneously generating a plurality of "multi-zone" supply voltage (e.g., 1.2 volts). 如上详细地所述,本发明的特征为能够从该系统产生和提供宽范围的输出电压,适用于连接到FCB系统的特定电负载的需求。 As described above in detail, the present invention is capable of providing an output voltage and produce a wide range of requirements apply to the specific electric load connected to the FCB system from the system.

尽管上述实施例的金属燃料输送机构与本发明的其他描述的实施例不同,但是,金属燃料卡放电子系统186和金属燃料卡再充电子系统191可基本上相同,或按照需要进行修改,以满足该FCB系统设计的任何特定实施例的需求。 Although the above-described embodiment of the metal fuel delivery mechanism of the embodiment described with other embodiments of the present invention is different, however, the metal fuel discharge electronics card 186 and the card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 191 may be substantially the same, or be modified as needed to meet the needs of any particular embodiment of the FCB system design.

本发明金属空气FCB系统的第四示例性实施例金属空气FCB系统的第四示例性实施例示于图6至6A中。 Fourth exemplary embodiment A fourth exemplary embodiment of the metal-air system of the metal-air FCB FCB system of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 6 to 6A. 该实施例中,将FCB系统设置有金属燃料卡放电子系统,而不设置金属燃料卡再充电子系统,从而以包含在盘盒类盒式装置中的金属燃料卡(或片)形式提供了更简化设计的金属燃料,该装置中具有分隔的内部空间,用于将(再)充电的和放电的金属燃料卡存储在单独的存储隔间中。 In this embodiment, the system is provided with a metal fuel FCB put the electronic card system, a metal fuel without recharging card subsystem, thereby providing a metal fuel cards (or sheet) contained in a cartridge-based device in the form of a cassette the metal fuel is more simplified design, the device having an internal space separated for (re) charge and discharge of the metal fuel cards stored in a separate storage compartment. 该金属燃料供料设计具有多个优点,即:明显减少了用于存储(再)充电的和放电的金属燃料卡所需的形体空间量;通过简单地将预填充的盘状盘盒滑动到系统的壳体接受端口中,可将新供料的预充电的金属燃料卡快速提供给系统;和,通过将单个盘盒从壳体移出并插入新的盘盒,可将旧的放电头料从该系统快速移出。 The metallic fuel feed design has several advantages, namely: to significantly reduce the amount of memory (re) charge and discharge of the metal body of the fuel required for the card space; by simply pre-filled cartridge is slid to the disc-like a housing receiving port in the system, a new card may be metallic fuel supply precharge rapid feedstock supplied to the system; and, by a single disk cartridge is removed from the housing and insert a new cartridge, the discharge head may be old materials quickly removed from the system.

如图所示,该FCB系统600包括多个子系统,即:金属燃料卡放电(即,功率产生)子系统186,用于在放电操作模式期间从再充电的金属燃料卡187产生电功率;金属燃料卡再充电子系统191,用于在再充电操作模式期间以电化学方式再充电(即,还原)氧化的金属燃料卡的各部分;再充电的卡装载子系统189',用于自动地将一个或多个充电的(再充电的)金属燃料卡187从盒式料盘/盘盒502中的再充电的卡存储隔间501A装载到放电子系统186的放电间;放电的卡卸载子系统190',用于将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡187从放电子系统186的放电间卸载到放电的金属燃料卡存储隔间501B,该存储隔间位于卡存储隔间501A之上,并由配置在盘盒壳体504中的平台503分隔,以将其内部空间分隔近似相等的子空间;放电的卡装载子系统192',用于自动地将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡从放电 As shown, the FCB system 600 includes a plurality of subsystems, namely: the metal fuel card discharge (i.e., power generated) subsystem 186, a metal fuel during a discharging mode of operation card from the rechargeable electric power generating 187; metal fuel recharge card subsystem 191, for recharging an operation mode during electrochemically rechargeable (i.e., reducing) the metal portions of the fuel oxidation card; recharge card loading subsystem 189 ', for automatically one or more charged (rechargeable) metal fuel card 187 from the cassette tray / disk cartridge 502 recharging card 501A is loaded into the storage compartment discharge between the discharge of the electronic system 186; card discharge unloading subsystem 190 ', for one or more of the metal fuel discharge 187 is unloaded from the card discharge between the discharge system of the electronic card 186 to the fuel storage compartment 501B metal discharge compartment is located above the memory card storage compartment 501A, and separated by a disc cartridge housing 504 disposed in the platform 503 so as to partition the internal space of approximately equal sub-space; card discharge loading subsystem 192 ', for automatically one or a plurality of metal fuel discharged from the card discharge 金属燃料卡存储箱501B装载到金属燃料卡再充电子系统191的再充电间;和再充电的卡卸载子系统193',用于自动地将再充电的金属燃料卡从再充电子系统的再充电间卸载到再充电的金属燃料卡存储隔间501A。 Metal fuel storage tank 501B card loaded into the metal fuel card recharging between recharging subsystem 191; and unloading the card recharging subsystem 193 ', the metal fuel for automatically recharging card from recharging subsystem then between the recharge charge of unloading the metal fuel card storage compartment 501A.

由该FCB系统消耗的金属燃料以金属燃料卡187的形式提供,其结构可类似于图2的系统中所使用的卡112或图4A3的系统中所使用的卡187的结构。 Metal fuel consumed by the FCB system provided in the form of the metal fuel card 187, which may be similar to the structure of the system configuration card system of FIG. 2 or 112 used in FIG. 4A3 card 187 is used. 在这两种情况下,放电和再充电头将被设计和构成为适应于卡或片状结构上金属燃料的形体放置。 In either case, the discharge and recharge head body to be designed and constructed to accommodate the metal fuel is placed on the card or sheet-like structure. 最好,该FCB系统中所使用的每个金属燃料卡将是“多区域的”或“多道的”,以便能够从“多区域的”或“多道的”放电头中同时产生多个供电电压(如,1.2伏特)。 Preferably, each of the metal fuel FCB card used in the system or will be "multi-channel", "multi-zone", from or to be able to "multi-channel" discharge head simultaneously generating a plurality of "multi-zone" supply voltage (e.g., 1.2 volts). 如上详细地所述,本发明的特征为能够从该系统产生和提供宽范围的输出电压,适用于连接到FCB系统的特定电负载的需求。 As described above in detail, the present invention is capable of providing an output voltage and produce a wide range of requirements apply to the specific electric load connected to the FCB system from the system.

尽管上述示例性实施例的金属燃料提供机构与本发明的其他描述的实施例不同,但是,金属燃料卡放电子系统186和金属燃料卡再充电子系统191可基本上相同,或按照需要进行修改,以满足该FCB系统设计的任何特定实施例的需求。 Although the above-described metal fuel exemplary embodiments described provide various other embodiments of the mechanism of the present invention, however, the metal fuel discharge electronics card 186 and the card rechargeable metal fuel subsystem 191 may be substantially the same as, or modified as required , the needs of any particular embodiment of the FCB to meet the system design.

本发明金属空气FCB系统的各附加实施例在上述FCB系统中,多个放电头和多个再充电头已具有这些特征所提供的所述优点。 Each additional embodiment of the metal-air FCB system of the present invention, in the FCB system, a plurality of heads and a plurality of rechargeable discharge head having the advantages of these features have been provided. 但应理解的是,本发明的FCB系统被给制成仅单个放电头,或该单个放电头与一个或多个再充电头组合,或者,被制成为仅单个再充电头,或该单个再充电头与一个或多个放电头组合。 It should be understood that, the FCB system of the present invention is made to only a single discharge head, the discharge head and the single or one or more rechargeable head assembly, or be made of only a single head rechargeable, or the single re charging head with one or more discharge head assembly.

在上述FCB系统中,放电头和再充电头的阴极结构如图所示为平面或大致平面结构,这些结构相对于阳极接触电极或部件基本上静止,而金属燃料(即,阳极)材料或者(ⅰ)相对于上述本发明金属燃料卡实施例中的阴极结构静止;或者(ⅱ)相对于上述本发明金属燃料卡实施例中的阴极结构移动。 In the FCB system, the discharge head and the head recharging cathode structure shown in FIG planar or substantially planar structures, which with respect to the anode contact or electrode member is substantially stationary, while the metal fuel (i.e., an anode) material or ( i) stationary with respect to the cathode structure of the present embodiment of the invention the metal fuel card embodiments; or (ii) movable with respect to the cathode structure of the present invention, the metal fuel card embodiment.

但是,应理解的是,本发明的金属空气FCB系统设计不限于利用平面静止阴极结构,而是可以利用一个或多个柱形阴极结构另外构成,适于在放电和/或再充电操作期间旋转、或与金属燃料卡形成离子接触,同时还执行阴极结构必须能够在金属空气FCB系统中执行的所有电化学功能。 However, it should be understood that the metal-air FCB system of the present invention is not limited to the design of the stationary cathode by a planar structure, but may utilize one or more cylindrical cathode structure further configuration, adapted to rotate during discharge and / or recharging operation or formed with a metal fuel card ionic contact, while also performing all the functions of an electrochemical cathode structure must be able to perform in metal-air FCB system. 要注意的是,可利用与用来构成上述平面静止阴极结构的技术相同的技术容易地适应于柱形状的阴极结构,这些结构被实现为由电动机驱动的中空的透气支承管,并承载通常设置阴极结构的相同电荷收集子结构,如上所述。 It is noted that the available air-permeable hollow support tube constituting the motor driving the same techniques used stationary planar cathode structure described above art cathode structure easily adapted to the shape of the column, the structure is implemented by, and disposed generally carried the same charge collector substructure cathode structure, as described above.

在本发明的这些替换实施例中,设置在柱形旋转阴极结构和被传送的金属燃料卡之间的离子导电介质能够以多种不同方式实现,例如(1)附加到旋转的阴极的外表面上的固态离子注入凝胶体或其他介质;(2)附着到配置为与旋转的柱形阴极结构形成离子接触的传送的金属燃料卡表面上的固态离子注入凝胶体或其他介质;(3)带状结构,包括包含固体离子导电介质的柔性多孔衬底;可在放电和/或再充电操作期间相对于旋转的柱形阴极结构和移动的金属燃料卡传送;或(4)液体型离子导电介质(如,电解质),设置在旋转的阴极结构和传送的金属燃料卡之间,以便能够在放电和再充电操作期间在阴极和阳极结构之间进行离子电荷传送。 In the alternative embodiment of the present invention, the ionically conductive medium is provided between the metallic structure of the fuel in the cylindrical rotary cathode card and can be transmitted in many different ways, such as (1) attached to an outer surface of the rotating cathode ion implantation on a solid gel or other medium; (2) configured to attached to the solid fuel in the metal ion transfer surface of the card is formed with a cylindrical cathode structure rotatable in contact with the ion implantation gel or other medium; (3 ) tape-like structure comprising a flexible porous substrate comprises a solid ion conductive medium; column cathode structure with respect to the rotational movement of the metal fuel card and transmitted / or during the discharging and recharging operation; or (4) a liquid-type ion a conductive medium (e.g., electrolytes), is provided between the rotating metal cathode structure and the fuel by the card, to enable charge transfer ions between the cathode and the anode structure during recharging and discharging operations.

金属空气FCB功率产生模块及其中使用的金属燃料卡和阴极料盘上面仅描述了几个本发明示例性实施例。 FCB metal-air power generating metal tray and the cathode of the fuel card module and its use in the above described only a few exemplary embodiments of the present invention. 可预期多个其他实施例。 Various other embodiments may be contemplated. 本发明的几个替代实施例示于图7至14A中。 Example 7 are shown in FIGS. 14A through several alternative embodiment of the present invention. 通常,图1至6A所示系统实施例中包含的设计、结构和发明原理可被用来创建适于插入电子设备、系统、装置等中的电池存储隔间中的各种金属空气FCB功率产生(即,发生)模块。 Typically, a variety of metal-air battery power FCB storage compartments in the embodiment comprises a design, structure and principles of the invention can be used to create electronic device adapted to be inserted, systems, devices 6A shown in FIG. 1 to generate the system embodiment (i.e., occurs) module. 这些FCB功率产生模块的示例一般包括:模块壳体;放电头,包装在模块壳体中,其中可滑进一个或多个金属燃料卡用于放电;并且,其中该模块壳体具有一对电端子,用于当将模块壳体装载到主机系统的电池存储隔间时接触主机系统的功率端。 Examples of such power generating module FCB generally comprises: a module housing; discharge head, packaged in a module housing, which can slide into one or more metal cards for discharging fuel; and, wherein the module housing has a pair of electrical terminals, power terminal for contacting the host system when the module housing is loaded to the host system when the battery storage compartment. 在任何特定应用中的模块总体尺寸不必大于要安装在其中的电池隔间。 The overall size of the module at any particular application need not be installed therein is greater than a battery compartment. 其中可装载金属空气FCB功率产生模块的主机系统可以是需要以特定电压范围输入电功率进行其操作的任何类型的家电、电子装置、电子系统或电/光电仪器。 Wherein the metal-air FCB loaded power generation module may be a host system requires a specific input voltage range of the electric power in the operation of any type of appliance, an electronic device, an electronic system or electronic / optoelectronic devices. 本发明的这些金属空气FCB功率产生模块的细节将在下面加以描述。 The metal-air FCB details power generation module according to the present invention will be described below.

图7中,示出了手持蜂窝电话610,在其电池存储隔间612中包含金属空气FCB功率产生模块611。 In FIG. 7, illustrates a portable cellular phone 610, comprises a metal-air FCB 611 in which the power generation module 612 in the battery storage compartment. 如图7和7A所示,在粘连附着在电池隔间盖面板615的外表面上的存储隔间(卡保持器)614中保持多个额外的金属燃料卡613。 7 and 7A, a plurality of additional metal fuel holding the card 613. 614 is attached to the battery compartment cover blocking panel storage compartment (card holder) on the outer surface 615. 在图7A中,电池存储隔间盖面板614取出(即,打开),并将金属空气GCB功率产生模块(装有金属燃料卡)插入电池存储隔间614中(或从其拉出)。 In 7A, the battery storage compartment cover panel 614 removed (i.e., open), and the metal-air power generation module GCB (with a metal fuel card) is inserted into the battery storage compartment 614 (or pulled from). 在本发明的特替代实施例中,存储隔间614可以集成地形成在功率消耗装置中。 In Patent alternative embodiment of the present invention, the storage compartment 614 may be integrally formed in the power consumption of the apparatus. 如后所述,在放电操作期间,该FCB产生模块利用周围空气(O2)对阴极结构的被动扩散,而不利用主动强制的或其他受控气流。 As described later, during the discharging operation, the FCB generation module using ambient air (O2) to passive diffusion cathode structure, without using the active force or other controlled airflow. 这种方法简化了图7A所示FCB功率产生模块的结构并降低了其成本,同时兼顾了其在已经设计了该模块的低功率设备中的性能。 This approach simplifies the structure shown in FIG. 7A FCB power generation module and reduce its cost, taking into account the performance of the modules has been designed in low power devices.

如图8A所示,FCB功率产生模块包括:上壳体部分616A(可卸地),可从下壳体部分616B卸下;4部件阴极结构(即,子模块或盘盒)617,可卸地插入形成在下壳体部分616B中的槽中,并端接在第一电连接器618;透气面板619,形成在下壳体部分616B的底侧面中,用于使周围空气流过设置在阴极结构621中的阴极部件620A至620D;4部件阳极接触结构622,集成地形成在上壳体部分,包括多个弹簧偏置的电触点622A至622D,它们利用类似于图4A11中所示的技术的多个电连接器电连接到并端接与第二电连接器623中;第一印刷电路(PC)板624,安装在下壳体部分中,用于承载必需的电路来实现图7A的被动扩散空气型FCB模块所需的图2A3中所示的各种子系统,并提供电连接器,用于与第一和第二电连接器618和623建立电接触,这些第一和第二电连接器与阴极盒617和阳极接触结构622相关联;第二PC Shown in Figure 8A, the FCB power generation module comprising: a housing upper portion 616A (detachably), can be detached from the lower housing portion 616B; cathode structure member 4 (i.e., sub-modules, or cartridge) 617, removable 616B inserted into lower housing portion is formed in the groove and terminates at a first electrical connector 618; breathable panel 619, forming the bottom side 616B of the lower housing portion, for causing ambient air to flow through the cathode structure is provided the cathode member 621 620A to 620D; 4 anode member contact structure 622, is formed integrally on the housing portion comprising a plurality of spring-biased electrical contacts 622A to 622D, which use similar technology as shown in FIG 4A11 a plurality of electrical connectors electrically connected to and terminating the second electrical connector 623; a first printed circuit (PC) board 624, mounted in the lower housing part, a circuit for carrying necessary to achieve the passive FIG. 7A FCB desired type air diffusion module shown in FIG. 2A3 various subsystems and provide an electrical connector for establishing electrical contact with the first and second electrical connectors 618 and 623, the first and second electrical box 617 is connected with the cathode structure and the anode contact 622 is associated; second PC 板625,用于支承一对输出功率端626和为实现图2A3中所示输出端再配置子系统、输出功率控制子系统和其他子系统所必需的电路;一对输出功率端口627A,用于经下壳体部分伸出第二PC电路板625上的输出功率端626;柔性电路628,用于当上和下壳体部分卡扣配合在一起时在第一和第二PC板624和265与单面金属燃料卡613之间建立电连接,用于在超薄框或支承结构628上承载多个金属燃料部件627A至627D,并具有孔口628A至628D,当金属燃料卡滑入形成在阳极接触结构c和阴极盒w之间的槽中时,这些孔口使得多个弹簧偏置的电触点622A至622D接合各个金属燃料部件627A至627D,如图7A和9所示;如图8C所示,阴极盒617包括具有各具有穿孔的底支承表面的多个槽630的支承框621,如图4A6所示,使得被动空气扩散。 Plate 625 for supporting a pair of output power terminal 626 and to achieve the output terminal shown in FIG. 2A3 rearrangement subsystem, the output subsystem and other subsystems power control circuit necessary; a pair of output power port 627A, for It extends through lower housing portion on the output power of the PC board 625 of the second end 626; flex circuit 628, when a upper and lower housing portions snap fit together in a first and a second PC board 624, and 265 single-sided metal is established between the card 613 and is electrically connected to the fuel, the fuel for carrying a plurality of metal components on the slim frame or support structure 628 627A to 627d, and having an aperture 628A to 628D, when the slide card is formed in the metal fuel anode contact time slot structure of the cathode box between c and w, a plurality of orifices such that the spring biased electrical contacts 622A through 622D each engaging member 627A to the metal fuel 627D, as shown in FIG. 7A and 9; FIG. 8C, the cathode 617 comprises a cartridge having a plurality of grooves each having a perforated bottom support surface of the support frame 621,630, as shown in FIG. 4A6, so that the passive air diffusion. 设置在其上的每个阴极部件620A-620D和电解质注入垫631A至631D可如上所述地构成。 Each cathode member 620A-620D, and an electrolyte provided on the injection pad 631A to 631D may be configured as described above. 当将阴极盒可滑动连接地(或落入)插入到形成在金属空气FCB功率产生模块上的第一存储槽中时,阴极盒上的边缘定位的导电部件618接合与设置在第一PC板624上的第一连接器关联的各个导电部件,如图8A所示。 When the cassette is slidable cathode metal FCB power generating air slot on a first storage module, the conductive member located on the cathode edge 618 engageable with a cartridge connection (or fall) is inserted into a first PC board each conductive member on the first connector 624 is associated, shown in Figure 8A.

如图8C所示,每个金属燃料卡613包括支承在多个槽中的多个金属燃料部件627A至627D,这些槽形成在类似于图4A9中所示衬底的超薄衬底628中。 8C, each of the metal fuel card 613 includes a plurality of support members a plurality of metal fuel tank 627A to 627d, thin grooves formed in the substrate 628 similar to that shown in FIG. 4A9 in the substrate. 当上和下壳体部分以卡扣配合方式合在一起时,衬底628中的每个槽上形成有一孔口,以使得,与阳极接触结构关联的弹簧偏置的电触点628A-628D由于金属燃料卡滑入形成在阴极盒和阳极接触结构之间形成的第二槽中而建立与金属燃料部件的电接触,如图9所示。 When the upper and lower housing portions together in a snap fit manner, the upper substrate 628 is formed in each of the slots having an opening, so that the spring biased contact structure associated with the anode electrical contacts 628A-628D Since the metal fuel card into the second groove is formed between the cathode and the anode in contact with the cassette structure formed while establishing electrical contact with the metal fuel component, as shown in FIG.

最好,当将盘盒和卡装载到模块壳体中时,阴极盒金属燃料卡的外边缘部分623A(和623B)每个均适于与模块壳体形成气密封,如图7A所示。 Preferably, when the disk cartridge is loaded into the card and the module housing, the outer edge portion 623A of the cathode of the fuel cartridge metallic card (and 623B) each adapted to form a hermetically sealed module housing, shown in Figure 7A. 这将避免电解质在放电操作之前挥发。 This will avoid the electrolyte volatilized before discharging operation. 可选的是,可将由水或电解质补充溶液的小储存器封装在阴极盒617的支承板中,并经沿子结构形成的微型导管分布到电解质垫。 Alternatively, the solution may be supplemented by water or electrolyte reservoir is encapsulated in the small supporting plate 617 of the cathode box, and distributed to the electrolyte through the microcatheter pad is formed in the sub structure. 在电解质供料接触金属燃料卡的侧面可从阴极盒表面凸起,从而,当将金属燃料卡装载到FCB模块上时,金属燃料卡给该凸起施加力。 It may protrude from the cathode surface of the cartridge on the side contacting the electrolyte feed the metal fuel card, so that, when the metal fuel FCB module loaded onto the card, the card of the metal fuel applies a force to the protrusion. 该凸起结构类似于设置在用于通过对施药器的挤压动作将含盐溶液点入并到人眼中的传统装置中的球形结构。 The relief structure similar to that provided by the spherical structure of a conventional apparatus for pressing operation of the applicator and the saline solution entering the eyes of the. 当在放电操作期间消耗电解质时,通过由装载到FCB模块中的金属燃料卡对阴极结构施加的压力,将另外的电解质自动地从阴极盒中的电解质储存器抽出。 When the electrolyte is consumed during the discharging operation by the loading by the pressure of the fuel to the metallic card module FCB cathode structure is applied, additional electrolyte is automatically withdrawn from the cathode electrolyte reservoir cassette. 但是,应理解的是,在FCB模块中在每个阴极部件和金属燃料部件之间设置离子导电介质的方式有多种。 However, it should be appreciated that a variety of modules in the FCB between each cathode member and the metal member provided fuel ionically conductive medium. 这些替代技术可包括离子导电聚合物,它们具有设计的循环使用寿命约20次以后才需替换的金属燃料卡。 These alternative techniques may include ion conductive polymers, which have a metal fuel only after the card design cycle life of about 20 need to be replaced. 即使是在这些实施例中,可能希望在阳极和离子导电介质之间的界面上提供足够量的H2O。 Even in these embodiments, it may be desirable to provide a sufficient amount of H2O in the interface between the anode and the ionically conductive medium. 上述流体散布技术可用于这些情况下。 The fluid dispersion techniques can be used under these circumstances.

由于图7A和8A的FCB功率产生模块利用多部件阴极/阳极结构,因此,能够产生受其输出端再配置子系统控制的不同输出电压范围的电功率。 7A and 8A, since the power generation module using the FCB cathode / anode structure a multi-component, and therefore, can be generated by its power output terminal rearrangement different output voltage range of the control subsystem. 在该优选实施例中,通过位于模块壳体外部的多位置开关235选择FCB产生模块的输出电压,如图7A和9所示。 In this preferred embodiment, by a multi-position switch located outside the module housing 235 FCB selection module generates an output voltage, and 9 in FIG. 7A.

如图10至11B所示,在包装/机械化操作以及售后存储和使用期间,可将(单个)替换阴极盒217和多个金属燃料卡613保持在存储装置636中。 As shown in FIG. 11B to 10, the sale during packaging / storage and use, and mechanized operations, (single) to replace the cathode can 217 and a plurality of metal fuel cartridge card 613 held in the storage device 636. 在图10所示的第一示例性实施例中,存储装置被实现为盒状结构的形式,该盒状结构具有多个槽,用于可滑动地接受和保持单个(替换)阴极盒617和多个(充电的)金属燃料卡613,以在图7A的FCB功率产生模块中使用。 In the first exemplary embodiment illustrated in FIG. 10, the storage device is implemented in the form of a box-like structure, the box-like structure having a plurality of slots for slidably receiving and retaining a single (replacement) cartridge 617 and a cathode a plurality of (charged) metal fuel card 613, to generate a power module used in FIG. 7A FCB. 存储容器636可由塑料或其他不导电材料制成。 The storage container 636 may be made of plastic or other non-conductive material. 每个金属燃料卡可被封装在不导电箔等封装材料中,以防止在装载到FCB模块之前氧化和与外部环境接触。 Each of the metal fuel card may be packaged in a foil package nonconductive material to prevent oxidation prior to loading the module FCB and contact with the outside environment. 类似地,替换阴极盒可被封装在类似的材料中,以防止阴极结构中的电解质注剂挥发。 Similarly, the replacement of the cathode box may be encapsulated in a similar material to prevent the electrolyte injection cathode structure volatilizes.

在图11A和11B中,另一种类型的金属燃料和保持器被表示为皮夹状结构638,该结构具有多个袋子,用于接受/保持阴极盒617和多个金属燃料卡613。 11A and 11B, another type of fuel and the metal retainer is expressed as wallet-like structure 638, the structure having a plurality of bags, for receiving / holding the cassette 617 and a plurality of cathode metal fuel card 613. 该卡保持器可如图11B所示地折叠,并携带于口袋、公文包或背包中。 The card holder may be folded as shown in FIG. 11B, and carried in a pocket, briefcase, or backpack.

图7A至11B中所示的部件构成用于产生在各种装置中使用的产生电功率新的系统和方法。 Components shown in FIGS. 7A to 11B configured for generating a new electric generating system and method for power used in various devices. 根据本发明的原理,将金属(如,锌)燃料卡613从其保持器取出,并将其插入FCB功率产生模块,从而它设置在阴极盒617和与模块的上壳体部分关联的阳极接触结构之间。 According to principles of the present invention, a metal (e.g., zinc) removed from the fuel holder 613 card, and inserted into FCB power generation module, such that it is disposed in contact with the anode housing portion associated with the cathode and a cartridge module 617 between the structures. 此后,将FCB功率产生模块放置在功率消耗装置如图7和7A所示的移动电话的电池隔间中。 Thereafter, the FCB power generation module in a battery compartment power consumption of the mobile telephone apparatus in FIG. 7 and FIG. 7A. 当金属燃料卡放电时,将FCB功率产生模块从电话取出,并取出金属燃料卡放电。 When the card discharge metal fuel, the power generation module from the FCB telephone card and remove the metal fuel discharge. 然后,将另一金属燃料卡从其存储容器或保持器取出,如图10至11B所示,并插入FCB模块中,该FCB模块然后再插入到电话的电池隔间。 Then, another metal fuel storage container or removed from its card holder, as shown in FIG. 11B to 10, and inserted into the module FCB, the FCB module and then inserted into the battery compartment of the telephone. 每当金属燃料卡供料耗尽时,便取出该FCB功率产生模块,金属燃料卡放电,并且安装新的金属燃料卡。 Whenever the card feed the metal fuel is exhausted, the FCB will remove power generating module, the metal fuel discharge the card, and installing a new metal fuel card. 如有必要,则还将新的阴极盒和金属燃料卡一道插入模块中。 If necessary, the cathode will be the new cartridge and a metal fuel card into the module. 希望在需要替换阴极盒之前该阴极盒的寿命能够持续使用至少20或更多的金属燃料卡。 Desired life of the cathode cartridge can last at least 20 or more cards before the metal fuel cartridge needs to be replaced cathode. 本发明的金属燃料卡可被封装在它们的保持器或存储容器中,并以方便的10至20个部件连同易用的FCB功率产生模块(和/或替代阴极盒)一同出售,从而完全不再需要庞大的、不便使用的再充电器和昂贵的附加电池。 Metal fuel card of the present invention may be packaged in their holders or storage containers, and to facilitate the 10-20 generation module member (and / or alternative cathode box), together with the sale of power use FCB, thereby completely then need a huge, costly re-charger and additional battery inconvenient to use.

在图12中,表示了在稍高功率消耗装置(如,具有显示面板639A、键盘639B等的膝上型计算机系统639)FCB功率产生模块的另一应用。 In FIG. 12, showing the higher power consumption of the device (e.g., a laptop computer system having a display panel 639A, 639B keyboard 639, etc.) of another application module FCB power generation. 图12和12A中所示的金属空气FCB功率产生模块640被设计成插入膝上型计算机系统的电池存储隔间639C中,当然,也可以装入更多的其他类型的功率消耗装置中。 FCB 12 and the metal-air power generation module 12A shown in 640 is designed to be inserted into a laptop computer battery system 639C in the storage compartment, of course, may be incorporated more other types of power consuming apparatus. 除了尺寸之外,图12A所示的FCB模块与图7A和9所示的FCB模块之间的主要区别是图12A的FCB模块利用了双面金属燃料卡641,该金属燃料卡插入一对阴极盒624A和624B之间。 In addition to size, the main difference between FIGS. 7A and FCB FCB module and module 9 shown in FIG 12A is shown in FIG. 12A FCB utilizes a double-sided metal fuel module card 641, the card inserting a metal cathode fuel between the cartridge 624A and 624B. 另外,阳极接触结构被安装在每个金属燃料卡内部,而不是在其外部,如图8A所示。 Further, the anode structure is mounted in contact with the metal of the fuel within each card, rather than on its outside, shown in Figure 8A. 下面将更详细地描述图12A的FCB模块。 12A is a block diagram FCB below described in more detail.

如图12所示,多个额外的金属燃料卡641被保持在粘连附着附着在掌上型或膝上型计算机的电池存储隔间的外表面上的存储隔间643中。 12, a plurality of additional metal fuel card 641 is held in FIG adhering adhesive adhered palmtop or laptop computer battery storage compartments of the storage compartment 643 in the outer surface. 在本发明的替代实施例中,该存储隔间643可被集成地形成在功率消耗装置中。 In an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the storage compartment 643 may be integrally formed in the power consumption of the apparatus. 如将在下面所述的,在放电操作期间,该FCB产生模块利用周围空气(O2)对阴极结构的被动扩散,而不利用对它的主动强制或其他受控气流。 As will be explained in the following, during the discharging operation, the FCB is generated by passive diffusion cathode structure of a module using the ambient air (the O2), without using its active force or other controlled airflow. 这种方法简化了图12A所示FCB功率产生模块的结构并降低了其成本,同时兼顾了其在已经设计了该模块的电源设备中的性能。 This approach simplifies the structure shown in FIG. 12A FCB power generation module and reduce its cost, taking into account its performance has been the design of a power supply device module.

如图13所示,FCB功率产生模块640包括:上壳体部分644A(可卸地),可从下壳体部分644B卸下;第一4部件阴极结构(即,子模块或盘盒)642B,可卸地插入形成在下壳体部分616B中的第一槽中,并端接在第一电连接器645;第二4部件阴极结构(即,子模块或盘盒)642A,可卸地插入形成在上壳体部分644A中的第二槽中,并端接在第二电连接器646;第一透气面板647,形成在下壳体部分644B的底侧面中,用于使周围空气流过设置在第一阴极结构642B中的阴极部件648A至648D;第二透气面板649,形成在上壳体部分644A的底侧面中,用于使空气流过设置在第二阴极结构642A中的阴极部件650A至650D;双面金属燃料卡641,包括(ⅰ)第一组金属燃料部件652A-652D和(ⅱ)第二组652A'-652D',其中:第一组金属燃料部件652A-652D设置在第一组阳极接触结构653A至653D上,该第一组阳极接触结构653A至653D安装在 As shown, the FCB 13 generates a power module 640 comprises: an upper housing portion 644A (detachably), can be detached from the lower housing portion 644B; a first cathode structure member 4 (i.e., sub-modules, or cartridge) 642B , removably inserted into a first groove formed in the lower portion 616B of the housing and terminating in a first electrical connector 645; a second cathode structure member 4 (i.e., sub-modules, or cartridge) 642A, is removably inserted the second groove is formed in the upper housing portion 644A and terminating in a second electrical connector 646; the first gas panel 647, a bottom side forming the lower portion 644B of the housing for causing ambient air flows provided in a first cathode structure 642B cathode member 648A to 648d; second gas panel 649, is formed on the bottom portion 644A of the upper side surface of the housing, for air to flow through the second cathode disposed in a cathode structure member 650A 642A to 650D; double-sided metal fuel card 641, including (i) a first set of metal members 652A-652D of the fuel and (ii) a second set of 652A'-652D ', wherein: a first set of metal fuel component 652A-652D provided in the first a set of anode contact structure 653A to 653D, the first set 653A to 653D anode contact structures mounted 一组槽654A至654D中,利用类似于图4A11所示的技术的多个电连接器,该组槽654A至654D分别形成于薄尺寸的电隔离支承结构655的第一表面中,而以电端接于第三电连接器656中,第二组金属燃料部件652A'-652D'设置在第二组阳极接触结构653A'至653D上',该第二组阳极接触结构653A'至653D'安装在第二组槽654A'至654D'中,利用类似于图4A11所示的技术的多个电连接器,第二组槽654A'至654D'分别形成于电隔离支承结构655的第二表面中,而以电方式端接于第四电连接器657中;第一印刷电路(PC)板650,安装在下壳体部分中,用于承载必需的电路来实现图12的被动扩散空气型FCB模块所需的图2A3中所示的各种子系统,并提供电连接器661A-661D,用于分别与第一、第二、第三和第四电连接器645、646、656和657建立电接触,这些电连接器与该对阴极盒及双面金属燃料卡相关联;第二PC板662, A set of grooves 654A to 654D, using a plurality of electrical connectors similar to the technique shown in FIG 4A11, the set of grooves 654A to 654D are respectively formed on a first surface of a thin electrically isolating the support structure 655 in size, and to electrically terminates in a third electrical connector 656, a second set of metal fuel component 652A'-652D 'provided at the second set of anode contact structure 653A' onto 653D ', the second set of anode contact structure 653A' through 653D 'installation in a second set of grooves 654A 'through 654D', a technique utilizing a plurality of electrical connectors shown in FIG. 4A11 is similar to the second set of grooves 654A 'through 654D' are formed on the second surface 655 is electrically isolated from the support structure , and electrically terminated to the fourth electrical connector 657; a first printed circuit (PC) board 650, mounted in the lower housing part, a circuit necessary for carrying air to achieve passive diffusion type FCB module 12 of FIG. FIG desired 2A3 shown in the various subsystems, and to provide an electrical connector 661A-661D, respectively, for establishing electrical connection with the first, second, third, and fourth electrical connectors 645,646,656 and 657 contacting the electrical connector associated with the cartridge and the cathode-sided metal fuel card; a second PC board 662, 于支承一对输出功率端663和为实现图2A3中所示输出端再配置子系统、输出功率控制子系统和其他子系统所必需的电路;一对输出功率端口664A和664B,用于经下壳体部分伸出第二PC电路板662上的输出功率端663;和柔性电路628,用于在第一和第二PC板660和662之间建立电连接。 To support a pair of output power terminal 663 and to achieve the output terminal shown in FIG. 2A3 rearrangement subsystem, the output subsystem and other subsystems power control circuit necessary; a pair of lower power output ports 664A and 664B, via a housing portion projecting on the output power of the PC board 662 of the second end 663; and a flexible circuit 628, for establishing an electrical connection between the first and the second plate 660 and the PC 662.

如图13所示,第一阴极盒642B包括具有多个槽的支承框,每个槽均具有穿孔的底支承表面,如图4A6所示。 13, a first cathode box comprising a support frame 642B having a plurality of grooves, each groove having a perforated bottom support surface, as shown in FIG 4A6. 安装在槽中的每个阴极部件和电解质注入垫可如上所述地构成。 Each cathode member and an electrolyte mounted in a groove can be configured as described above, the injection pad. 当将阴极盒可滑动地连接(或落入)插入到形成在金属空气FCB功率产生模块中的下壳体部分中的第一存储槽中时,阴极盒642B上与第一连接器645关联的的边缘定位的导电部件接合与设置在第一PC板660上的第一连接器661A关联的各个导电部件。 When the cathode is slidably connected to the cartridge (or fall) when inserted into a metal-air power FCB storage slot module generating a first lower housing portion, the cathode cartridge 642B associated with the first connector 645 the edge of the positioning member engaged with the conductive member is provided associated with respective conductive first connector 661A on the plate 660 of the first PC. 类似地,第二阴极盒642A包括具有多个槽的支承框,每个槽均具有穿孔的底支承表面,如图4A6所示。 Similarly, the second cathode box 642A includes a support frame having a plurality of grooves, each groove having a perforated bottom support surface, as shown in Figure 4A6. 安装在槽中的每个阴极部件和电解质注入垫可如上所述地构成。 Each cathode member and an electrolyte mounted in a groove can be configured as described above, the injection pad. 当将第二阴极盒可滑动地连接(或落入)插入到形成在金属空气FCB功率产生模块中的上壳体部分中的第二存储槽中时,阴极盒642A上与第二连接器646关联的的边缘定位的导电部件接合与设置在第一PC板660上的第二连接器661B关联的各个导电部件。 When the second cassette slidably connected to the cathode (or fall) when inserted into a metal-air power FCB generating a second holding tank of the upper housing portion of the module, the cathode cartridge 642A and the second connector 646 each conductive member associated with an edge of the conductive member engages the positioning of a second connector provided on a first PC board 660 661B associated.

最好,当将盘盒和金属燃料卡装载到模块壳体中时,阴极盒的外边缘部分666A和金属燃料卡的外边缘部分666B每个均适于与模块壳体形成气密封,如图12所示。 Preferably, when the disk cartridge is loaded into the card and the metal fuel module housing, the outer edge of the cathode box and the outer edge portion 666A of the metal fuel card portion 666B each adapted to form a hermetic seal with the module housing, FIG. 12 shown in FIG. 这将避免电解质在放电操作之前挥发。 This will avoid the electrolyte volatilized before discharging operation. 可选的是,可将由水或电解质制成的溶液的小储存器封装在每个阴极盒642A和642B的支承板中,并经沿阴极盒子结构形成的微型导管分布到电解质垫。 Alternatively, the microcatheter may be made of water or electrolyte solution by a small reservoir cartridge enclosed in each cathode plate 642A and 642B of the support, and formed by the box structures distributed along the cathode to the electrolyte pad. 在电解质供料接触金属燃料卡的侧面可从阴极盒表面凸起,从而,当将金属燃料卡装载到FCB模块中时,金属燃料卡给该凸起施加力。 It may protrude from the cathode surface of the cartridge on the side contacting the electrolyte feed the metal fuel card, so that, when the metal fuel loaded into the FCB card module, the metal fuel card applies a force to the protrusion. 该凸起结构类似于设置在通过对施药器的挤压动作时将含盐溶液点入并散布到人眼中的传统装置中的球形结构。 The relief structure similar to that provided by extrusion during operation of the applicator will enter the saline solution and spread into a spherical structure of a conventional apparatus in the eyes. 当在放电操作期间消耗电解质时,通过由装载到FCB模块中的金属燃料卡对阴极结构施加的压力,将另外的电解质自动地从阴极盒中的电解质储存器抽出。 When the electrolyte is consumed during the discharging operation by the loading by the pressure of the fuel to the metallic card module FCB cathode structure is applied, additional electrolyte is automatically withdrawn from the cathode electrolyte reservoir cassette. 但是,应理解的是,在FCB模块中在每个阴极部件和金属燃料部件之间设置离子导电介质的方式有多种。 However, it should be appreciated that a variety of modules in the FCB between each cathode member and the metal member provided fuel ionically conductive medium. 这些替代技术可包括离子导电聚合物,它们具有设计循环使用寿命约20次以后才需替换的金属燃料卡。 These alternative techniques may include ion conductive polymers, which have a metal fuel cycle life of the card until after about 20 design need replacement. 即使是在这些实施例中,可能希望在阳极和离子导电介质之间的界面上提供足够量的H2O。 Even in these embodiments, it may be desirable to provide a sufficient amount of H2O in the interface between the anode and the ionically conductive medium. 上述流体散布技术可用于这些情况下。 The fluid dispersion techniques can be used under these circumstances.

由于图12的FCB功率产生模块利用多部件阴极/阳极结构,因此,能够产生受其输出端再配置子系统控制的不同输出电压范围的电功率。 Since the FCB FIG power generation module 12 using cathode / anode structure a multi-component, and therefore, can be generated by its power output terminal rearrangement different output voltage range of the control subsystem. 在该优选实施例中,通过位于模块壳体外部的多位置开关668选择FCB产生模块的输出电压,如图7A和9所示。 In this preferred embodiment, produced by the housing located external to the module multi-position switch 668 to select the output voltage of the module FCB, as shown in FIG. 7A and 9.

尽管未示出,但是在包装/机械化操作以及售后存储和使用期间,可将(一对)替换阴极盒642A和642B和多个金属燃料卡641保持在存储装置中。 Although not shown, but the sale during packaging / storage and use of mechanized operations, and may be (a pair) 642A and 642B replace cathode box and a plurality of metal fuel card 641 held in the storage means. 类似于在图10所示的结构,存储装置被实现为盒状结构的形式,或如图11A中所示的文件夹。 It was similar in structure, the memory device shown in FIG. 10 is implemented in the form of a box-like structure, as shown in FIG. 11A or folder. 保持装置将具有多个槽,用于可滑动地接受和保持该对(替换)阴极盒和多个(充电的)金属燃料卡,以在图12A的FCB功率产生模块中使用。 Holding means having a plurality of slots for slidably receiving and retaining the pair (replacement) of the cathode box and a plurality of (charged) metal card fuel to the power generation module in FIG. 12A FCB use. 存储容器可由塑料或其他不导电材料制成。 The storage container may be plastic or other non-conductive material. 每个金属燃料卡可被封装在不导电箔等封装材料中,以防止在装载到FCB模块之前氧化和与外部环境接触。 Each of the metal fuel card may be packaged in a foil package nonconductive material to prevent oxidation prior to loading the module FCB and contact with the outside environment. 类似地,替换阴极盒可被封装在类似的材料中,以防止阴极结构中注入的电解质挥发。 Similarly, the replacement of the cathode box may be encapsulated in a similar material to prevent the electrolyte injected in the cathode structure volatilization.

在每个上述FCB功率产生模块中,金属燃料卡已经被装到形成于模块的阳极接触结构或阴极结构之间的槽中(经模块壳体中的孔口),并类似于计算领域内所使用的PCMCIA卡利用摩擦力保持在其位置。 In each of said power generation module FCB, the metal fuel has been loaded into the card slot formed in (the module housing via an aperture) in contact between the anode structure or cathode structure of the module, and the like within the computing art PCMCIA cards used held in position by a frictional force. 应理解的是,可利用其他机构来将金属燃料卡保持在模块中(如,铰接壳体设计、夹紧结构、弹簧偏置回伸缩机构等)。 It should be understood that other mechanisms may be utilized to metal fuel held in the card module (e.g., the hinge housing design, the clamping structure, the spring-biased return telescopic mechanism or the like).

在图14中,表示了可再充电金属空气FCB功率产生模块670,用于更高功率应用,此时,可能希望能够使用户在需要时选择对金属燃料卡再充电,或取出放电的燃料卡(以用于将来的再充电操作或放电),然后用充电的金属燃料卡替换这些卡。 In FIG. 14, showing a rechargeable metal-air FCB power generation module 670, for higher power applications when it may be desirable to enable the user to select the metal fuel recharge card when necessary, or remove the card discharging fuel (for future re-charging or discharging operation), then replacing these cards with metal fuel charge card. 要注意的是,对金属燃料卡再充电或替换它们的决定取决于当时的情况。 It is to be noted that the metal fuel card recharge or replace their decisions depend on the circumstances.

通常,图14的FCB模块包括坚固的壳体,该壳体包括下壳体部分671A和可铰接地连接到下壳体部分或滑动地连接到下壳体部分的上/盖壳体部分671B。 Typically, the FCB module 14 comprises a sturdy housing, the housing comprising a lower housing and an upper portion 671A may be hingedly connected to the lower housing portion or slidably connected to the lower portion of the housing / lid housing portion 671B. 该壳体的盖部分具有几个透气面板672A、672B和672C,用于使周围空气自由地扩散到壳体内部以由阴极结构消耗,同时最好阻止含水率流到外部环境中。 The cover portion of the housing has several breathable panels 672A, 672B, and 672C, for causing ambient air to diffuse freely into the interior of the housing to be consumed by the cathode structure, preferably while preventing moisture flows to the outside environment. 可利用各种类型的阻挡/透气材料如TYVEK材料来构成这些面板。 You may utilize various types of barrier / gas permeable material such as TYVEK material constituting the panels.

在图14的示例性实施例中,将5个混合放电/再充电头结构组件可拆卸地安装在沿壳体的下部的底面形成的快速卡扣轨道(snap-in track)673中。 In the exemplary embodiment of Figure 14, the five mixture discharge / recharge assembly detachably mounted head structure snap track fast (snap-in track) 673 in the bottom of the lower housing formed along. 每个放电/再充电头结构组件包括一对阴极盒642A和642B及单个双面金属燃料卡641,它们设置在图12A的FCB模块中。 Each discharge / recharge structural assembly comprises a head cartridge 642A and 642B to the cathode and a single-sided metal fuel card 641, which are arranged in the module of FIG. 12A FCB. 阴极盒642A和642B与也被安装在与阴极结构和金属燃料卡垂直的壳体下部中的PC板676上的电连接器相互连接。 The cathode box 642A and 642B are also connected to each other with an electrical connector on the PC board mounted in the lower housing and a metal cathode structure in the vertical fuel card 676. 该PC板还支承为结合放电和再充电操作模式实现图2A3和2B3中所示各种子系统所必需的电路。 The PC board also supports discharge and recharge binds to implement various operation modes necessary for the subsystems shown in FIG circuits 2B3 and 2A3. 另外,双面金属燃料卡641与设置在所示PC板676上的电连接器677相互连接。 Further, the double-sided metal fuel card 641 is provided with an electrical connector 676 on the PC board 677 are interconnected as shown. 可利用简单插接操作取出每个阴极结构和金属燃料卡,该操作类似于将随机存取存储器(RAM)安装在个人计算机中的操作。 Removed using a simple operation of insertion of each metal cathode structure and a fuel card, the operation is similar to the operation of a random access memory (RAM) installed in a personal computer. 各对间隔的支架179A和179B保证了在PC板676与PC板676之间的盘盒中的插入卡的的对准。 Each pair of spaced brackets 179A and 179B to ensure alignment of the card inserted in the disc cartridge 676 between the PC board 676 in the PC board.

如图14和14A所示,一对输出功率端680设置在PC板676上并通过孔681延伸到模块壳体的外侧,以连接到需要按规定输出电压的电源装置。 And 14, a pair of power output terminal 680 and provided on the PC board 14A extends through the aperture 676 to the outside of the module housing 681, needs to be connected to the power supply device according to a predetermined output voltage. 输出功率端680的形体结构可适合于当时的特定应用。 Output terminal 680 of the molded structure then may be adapted to the particular application. 通过安装在模块壳体外部的多位置开关685可以选择在输出功率端上的电压。 You can be selected at the output of the voltage power terminal through the multi-position switch 685 mounted on the outside of the module housing.

还将一对输入功率端683设置在PC板676上,并经孔口684伸出到模块壳体的外侧,以连接到以特定输入电压提供DC电源的再充电电源(未示出)。 Also a pair of input power terminal 683 is provided on the PC board 676, and extend through the orifice to the outside of the module housing 684 to be connected to a DC power source to provide a particular input voltage of rechargeable power source (not shown). 通常,再充电电源利用本领域内所熟知的AC-DC转换器实现。 Typically, rechargeable power source well known in the art using the AC-DC converter implementation. 可选的是,如果有应用场合需求,则该AC-DC转换器可直接包含在图14的FCB功率产生模块中,从而利用110伏特(AC)执行再充电操作,而不利用外部AC-DC转换器。 Alternatively, if there is demand for applications, the AC-DC converter may be included directly in the FCB power generation module 14, so that the use of 110 volts (AC) to perform recharging operation, without using an external AC-DC converter. 输入功率端的形体配置可适用于当前的特定应用。 Compact configuration input power terminal of the current applied to the particular application. 当希望对装载到FCB功率产生模块中的金属燃料卡进行再充电时,用户仅手动简单地选择位于外部的开关(未示出),并给输入功率端683提供电功率,从而能够进行再充电模式操作。 When it is desired to load the FCB power generating metal fuel card module recharging, the user simply manually simply selecting switch located outside (not shown), and provide electrical power to the input power terminal 683, thereby enabling recharge mode operating. 可设置指示灯来表示在任何瞬间金属燃料卡的再充电程度。 Indicator may be provided to indicate the degree of recharging card at any instant of the metal fuel.

在替代实施例中,可改变图14的FCB模块,以利用图8C所示的单面金属燃料卡。 In alternative embodiments, the module may be varied FCB FIG. 14, in order to use the fuel side of the metal card shown in FIG. 8C. 这就不必使用每个金属燃料卡的一对阴极盒,以便增大FCB模块的输出功率容量。 This eliminates the need to use a pair of cathodes each metal fuel cartridge card, in order to increase the output power capacity of the FCB module.

上述金属空气FCB功率产生模块可直接应用于便携式电子设备,如蜂窝电话和笔记本计算机。 Said metal air FCB power generation module can be directly applied to a portable electronic device, such as cellular phones and notebook computers. 对于笔记本计算机,该模块能够连续操作的时间为24小时,而在便携式电话情况下,则更长。 For a notebook computer, the time the module is capable of continuous operation for 24 hours, while in the case of a portable telephone, is longer. 以不同的设计和几何构造,该锌空气技术能够完全按比例缩放,从毫瓦手表电池和便携式电子设备电源,到电动工具、电动车辆、公共电站中的几千千瓦应用。 Different geometric configurations and designs, which can be completely zinc-air technology scaling, from the watch battery mW power and the portable electronic device, to power tools, electric vehicles, public thousands of watts of power station applications. 该技术便宜、安全并可更新,使用范围广。 The technology is cheap, safe and can be updated, using a wide range.

本发明FCB子系统的应用通常,任何上述FCB系统可与其他子系统集成在一起,以便提供电功率产生系统(或电站),其中利用系统内的金属燃料卡的实时管理,来满足AC和/或DC电负载的峰值功率要求,同时不牺牲可靠性或工作效率。 Application of the present invention generally FCB subsystem, FCB any of the above systems may be integrated together with other subsystems, to provide electrical power generation system (or plant), wherein the real-time management of the metal fuel in the card utilization system, to meet the AC and / or DC electrical load peak power requirements without sacrificing reliability or efficiency.

为了解释,本发明的电功率产生系统700表示于图15A中,它被置入在电动运输系统或车辆701中,它被实现为电动汽车、火车、卡车、摩托车或任何其他类型的利用一个或多个本领域内所公知的AC和/或DC供电的负载(例如,电动机)车辆。 To explain, the electrical power generating system 700 of the present invention shown in FIG. 15A, which is placed in an electric vehicle or a transport system 701, which is implemented as an electric car, train, truck, motorcycle or any other type of use or a well known in the art, a plurality of AC and / or DC powered loads (e.g., motor) vehicle. 在图15中,显示出电功率产生系统700被实现为固定电站。 In FIG. 15, showing electric power generation system 700 is implemented as a fixed station. 在每种配置情况下,显示出功率产生系统700具有连接到它的辅助和混合电源702、703和704(704')。 In each configuration, showing the power generation system 700 has connected to it an auxiliary power source 702, 703 and 704 and mixing (704 '). 一般,电功率产生系统700可被配置成产生DC功率,以提供给如图15A中所示的一个或多个DC型电负载702,或产生AC功率,以提供给图15B中所示的一个或多个AC型电负载。 In general, a electric power generating system 700 may be configured to generate DC power, to provide one or more electrical DC type shown in FIG. 15A to the load 702, or generates AC power to be supplied to or 15B shown in FIG. more AC-type electrical load. 下面将描述这些系统实施例中的每个实施例。 Each of the following examples Examples of these systems will be described.

如图16A所示,电功率产生系统700的第一实施例包括:输出DC电力母线结构,用于将DC电功率提供给多个所连接的电负载707A-707D;金属空气FCB(子)系统网络708A至708D,其每个利用其输出功率控制子系统151(图2A3中所示)以可操作方式连接到DC电力母线结构706,从而能够给DC电力母线结构提供DC电功率;输出电压控制子系统709式以可操作方式连接到DC电力母线结构706,应用控制(调节)其输出电压;负载检测电路710,连接到输出DC电力母线结构706,用于检测沿DC电力母线的实时负载状态,并产生表示沿DC电力母线结构的负载状态的输入信号;网络控制子系统(例如,RAM/ROM/EPROM)711,用于控制该网络中每个FCB子系统的操作(例如,分别通过在放电/再充电操作模式期间控制放电/再充电参数,并实时地从特定FCB子系统汇集金属燃料和金属氧化物指示数据);FCB子系统控 16A, a first embodiment of the electric power generating system 700 comprises: an output DC power bus structure for DC electric power is supplied to the plurality of electrical loads connected 707A-707D; metal-air the FCB (sub) network system 708A to 708D, each with its output power control subsystem 151 (shown in FIG. 2A3) is operatively connected to the DC power bus 706, thereby providing DC power to the DC power bus structure; output voltage control subsystem 709 formula operatively connected to the DC power bus 706, the application control (adjust) the output voltage; load detection circuit 710, the DC power is connected to the output bus 706, for detecting a load state in the real-time DC power bus, and generates It represents the load state of the DC power along the bus structure of the input signal; network control subsystem (e.g., RAM / ROM / EPROM) 711, a network for the operation of each control subsystem FCB (e.g., respectively discharge / re during a charging mode of operation controls discharge / recharge parameters, and real-time collection of metal fuel and metal oxide instruction data) from a particular FCB subsystem; FCB control subsystem 总线结构712,它通过其输入/输出子系统152以可操作方式连接到每个FCB子系统708A至708H,并用于将金属燃料指示数据从FCB子系统传送到网络控制子系统711,并且在功率产生操作期间,将控制信号从网络控制子系统711传送到FCB子系统;基于网络的金属燃料管理子系统(例如,关联型数据库管理系统)713,以可操作方式连接到网络控制子系统711,用于存储表示沿连接在该系统中的总线(母线)结构706和712之间的每个FCB子系统中每个金属燃料道的每个区域出现的金属燃料(和金属氧化物)的量;输入DC电力母线结构714,用于在再充电期间将从辅助和混合电源702、703、704和704'产生的DC功率提供给FCB子系统707A-707H;和输入电压控制子系统715,用于控制沿输入DC电力母线结构714的输入电压。 Bus structure 712, 152 which are operably connected via its input / output subsystem to subsystem FCB 708A to 708H each, and for transmitting instruction data from the metal fuel FCB network subsystem to the control subsystem 711, and the power during the generating operation, the control signal transmitted from the network control subsystem 711 to the subsystem FCB; metal fuel-based network management subsystem (e.g., relational database management system) 713, a network operatively connected to the control subsystem 711, storing a representation (generatrix) along a bus structure in an amount in the system 706 and each of the sub-region of each FCB 712 between each of the metal fuel passage of the fuel occurring metals (and metal oxide); input DC power bus structure 714, and a hybrid power supply from the auxiliary 702,703, 704 and 704 'DC power is supplied to FCB subsystems 707A-707H during recharging; control subsystem 715 and the input voltage for the control input voltage of the DC power along the bus structure 714.

通常,可将这里所公开的任何一种FCB子系统接入到上述电源网络。 In general, any of the herein disclosed FCB access to said power supply network subsystem. 通过将其输入/输出子系统(图2A3中所示的152)连接到FCB子系统控制总线结构712,并将其输出功率控制子系统(图2A3中所示的151)连接到DC电力母线结构706,可简单地实现每个FCB子系统的接入。 Via its input / output subsystem (152 shown in FIG. 2A3) is connected to the control bus structure FCB subsystem 712, and output power control subsystem (151 shown in FIG. 2A3) is connected to the DC power bus structure 706, can be simply achieved for each FCB access subsystem. 另外,每个FCB子系统包括金属燃料再充电子系统117,用于在网络控制子系统711的总体控制下,对金属燃料道再充电。 Further, each subsystem comprising a metal fuel FCB recharging subsystem 117, in a network control subsystem 711 under the overall control of the fuel passage rechargeable metal.

图16B中表示了本发明电功率产生系统的一替代实施例。 FIG. 16B shows electric power generation system of the present invention an alternative embodiment. 在该替代实施例中,在输出DC电力母线结构706与输出AC电力母线结构717之间设置一DC-DC功率转换子系统716,以可操作方式,将多个AC型电负载707A和707D连接到该子系统。 In this alternative embodiment, the output of the DC power bus between 717 and 706 output AC power bus structure provided with a DC-DC power conversion subsystem 716, operatively, the plurality of electrical loads AC type connector 707A and 707D to the subsystem. 在这种本发明替代实施例中,提供给DC电力母线结构706的DC功率被转换成AC电源,该电源又被提供给AC电力母线结构717。 In this alternative embodiment of the present invention, the DC power supplied to the DC power bus structure 706 is converted to AC power supply which in turn is supplied to the AC power bus structure 717. 为了沿AC电力母线结构171控制输出电压,设置输出电压控制单元709。 AC power bus structure in order to control the output voltage 171, the output voltage control unit 709 is provided. 输送给AC母线结构717的AC功率被提供给连接到它的AC电负载。 Conveying AC power to the AC bus structure 717 is provided to connect it to an AC electrical load.

在该优选实施例中,金属燃料管理子系统713包括一关联数据库管理系统,它包括用于保持多个数据表格的装置,这些数据表格包含表示沿电功率产生系统中每个FCB子系统内的每个金属燃料道的每个区域的可用金属燃料(金属氧化物出现)量的信息。 In this preferred embodiment, the metal fuel management subsystem 713 comprises a relational database management system, comprising means for holding a plurality of data tables, these tables contain the data represented in the electrical power generated within each sub-system, each FCB the amount of information available for each area of ​​the metal fuel fuel channel metal (metal oxide present). 在图16C中,示意性地描述了这些数据表格。 In FIG. 16C schematically depicts the data tables. 当从各个FCB子系统产生电功率时,在放电模式期间,在每个子系统中自动地产生金属燃料指示数据,而在再充电操作模式期间产生金属氧化物出现数据。 When electric power is generated from each sub-FCB, during the discharge mode, automatically generating data indicative of the metal fuel in each subsystem, the metal oxide produced during the recharging operation mode data appears. 该数据被发送到基于网络的金属燃料管理子系统713。 The data is sent to the network-based metal fuel management subsystem 713. 这些表格的信息字段的细节示于图2A15中,如上所述。 Details of these fields is shown in FIG 2A15 forms, as described above.

在许多应用中,可能希望管理每个FCB子系统707A至707D中金属燃料的消耗,从而这些FCB子系统中的每个在每一瞬间具有基本上相同量的可用金属燃料。 In many applications, it may be desirable in the management of the metal fuel consumption of each sub-FCB 707A to 707D, so that each of these subsystems FCB using metal substantially the same amount of fuel in each moment have. 该金属燃料均衡原理是由网络控制子系统711通过这些下述功能来实现的:(1)使负载检测子系统710检测沿DC电力母线结构的实际负载状态;(2)响应于所检测到的负载状态,使特定FCB子系统(708A-708B)产生电功率,并将该电功率提供给输出DC电力母线结构706;(3)利用基于网络的金属燃料管理(数据库)子系统713,管理这些FCB子系统中金属燃料的可用性和金属氧化物的出现;和(4)有选择地对所选FCB子系统中的金属燃料道进行放电(并且,另外对其金属氧化物有选择地再充电),从而按照平均时间基本上均衡每个FCB子系统内的金属燃料可用性。 The principle of the metal fuel balancing network subsystem 711 is controlled by these functions to achieve the following: (1) the load detection subsystem 710 detects an actual load state of the DC power along the bus structure; (2) in response to the detected load state, so that particular FCB subsystem (708A-708B) to generate electric power, and supplies the electric power to output DC power bus 706; (3) the use of 713, a metal-based management of these sub-FCB fuel management network (database) subsystem availability system appears in the metal fuel and metal oxide; and (4) optionally selected FCB subsystem metal fuel discharge passage (and, in addition to their metal oxides selectively recharged), whereby the average time in accordance with the availability of the metal fuel is substantially equalized within each subsystem FCB. 可利用计算领域内所公知的直接方式编程技术来实现该方法。 The method may be implemented using the well-known in the field of computing direct mode programming.

可参照图17以示例方式来最佳地理解使网络控制子系统711执行对每个FCB子系统的“金属燃料均衡”所带来的优点。 Referring to FIG. 17 may be best understood by way of example that the network subsystem 711 performs control advantage "of the metal fuel balance" each subsystem brought FCB.

通常,由其电源系统产生的电功率量取决于连接到该系统的电负载所需的电功率量。 Typically, the amount of electric power generated by the power supply system is connected to the electric power amount depends on the desired electrical load of the system. 根据本发明,通过在编程的网络控制子系统711的控制下使附加的金属空气FCB子系统产生电功率并将该电功率提供给输出电力母线结构706(或在AC负载情况下的717),来实现从该系统输出的电功率增大。 According to the invention, programmed by the network subsystem 711 under the control of the additional metal-air FCB subsystem generates electrical power and supplies the electric power to the output power bus 706 (or 717 in the case where the AC load) to achieve electrical power output from the system is increased. 例如,考虑电源系统在其DC电力母线结构706和FCB子系统控制总线结构712之间连接有8个FCB子系统的情况。 For example, consider the power supply system 712 in between which the DC power bus 706 and control bus structure FCB subsystem 8 is connected to the case of FCB subsystem. 在该示例中,将每个FCB子系统707A至708D隐喻地视为能够作功的动力装置内的“动力缸”是有益的。 In this example, each subsystem FCB 707A to 708D metaphorically as "power cylinder" in the power plant can be beneficial to do work. 因此,考虑到本发明的电功率产生系统(或电站)的情况,其中配置在一起的8个FCB子系统(即,动力缸)被包含在电动汽车等车辆中的结构中,如图15A所示。 Therefore, in consideration of the present invention produces electrical power when the system (or plant), wherein the configuration with eight FCB subsystem (i.e., the power cylinder) is included in the structure of the vehicle in an electric vehicle or the like, as shown in FIG. 15A . 在这种情况下,能够在任何瞬间产生电功率的FCB子系统(即,动力缸)的数目取决于加到安装在汽车701上的发电站设备上的电负载。 In this case, FCB generating electrical power at any instant subsystem (i.e., the power cylinder) depending on the number of electrical load applied on the power station 701 mounted on an automobile. 因此,当汽车沿一平坦竖直的路面移动或行进在下坡路上时,可理解网络控制子系统711仅启动一个或几个FCB子系统(即,动力缸),而当行进在上坡路或超过另一辆汽车时,子系统启动多个或全部FCB子系统(即,动力缸),以便满足由这些运行条件所确定的需求。 Thus, when the vehicle along a flat road vertical movement or traveling on a downhill road, it is understood the network control subsystem 711 to start only one or a few FCB subsystem (i.e., the power cylinder), when traveling uphill or over the other when a car, a plurality or all of the FCB booting subsystem (i.e., the power cylinder), the operating conditions in order to meet these requirements identified. 不管加在车辆上的电功率产生系统的负载状态如何,根据上述金属燃料均衡原理,每个金属空气FCB子系统708A至708H中的金属燃料平均消耗率将按照平均时间基本上相等。 How, according to the principle of equalization of the metal fuel, each metal-air FCB subsystem metal fuel consumption rate is an average 708A to 708H will be substantially equal regardless of the vehicle applied to the electric power generating state of the system according to the average load time. 从而,按照平均时间,网络控制子系统711将在每个FCB子系统708A至708H中可用于放电的金属燃料量保持为基本相等。 Thus, according to the mean time, the network control subsystem 711 in each of the subsystems 708A to 708H FCB can be used for the fuel discharge amount of the metal is maintained substantially equal.

在该替代实施例中,网络控制总线该11执行控制处理(即,算法),它被设计成接收各种输入参数,并产生各种输出参数,从而本发明的控制过程自动地执行。 In this alternative embodiment, the network 11 performs the control of the bus control process (i.e., algorithm), which is designed to receive various input parameters, and produces various output parameters to control the process of the present invention is performed automatically. 控制过程中的输入参数关于:(ⅰ)由安装在电动车辆上的负载检测子系统710或其他传感器检测到的负载状态(如,电动机的RPM、车速等);(ⅱ)沿每个金属空气FCB子系统内金属燃料的每个区域的可用金属燃料量;(ⅲ)沿每个金属空气FCB子系统内金属燃料的每个区域的金属氧化物出现量;(ⅳ)与每个金属空气FCB子系统关联的放电参数;和(ⅴ)与每个金属空气FCB子系统关联的再充电参数(当其中设有再充电模式时)。 The control input parameters on the process: (i) detected by the vehicle mounted on an electric load detection subsystem load state 710 or other sensors (e.g., the RPM of the motor, speed, etc.); (ii) along each metal-air available metal fuel per sub-region in the FCB metal fuel; the amount of (iii) a metal oxide occurs in each region within each metal-air FCB subsystem metal fuel; (iv) each of the metal-air FCB discharge parameters associated subsystem; and (ⅴ) associated with each subsystem rechargeable metal-air FCB parameters (mode, wherein when the rechargeable provided). 该控制过程中的输出参数包括的参数用于控制:(ⅰ)在放电操作期间的任何瞬间应启动哪组金属空气FCB子系统;(ⅱ)在任何瞬间,在所启动的金属空气FCB子系统中哪些金属燃料区域应放电;(ⅲ)在任何瞬间,如何在每个启动的金属空气FCB子系统中应如何放电参数;(ⅳ)在再充电操作的任何瞬间,应启动哪组金属空气FCB子系统;(ⅴ)在任何瞬间,在所启动的金属空气FCB子系统中哪些金属燃料区域应再充电;和(ⅵ),在任何瞬间,在每个启动金属空气FCB子系统中,应如何控制再充电参数。 Output parameters of the process control parameters for controlling comprises: (i) a metal air FCB subsystem group which at any instant during the discharging operation should be initiated; (ii) at any instant, at the start of a metal-air FCB subsystem in which the metal fuel shall discharge region; (iii) at any instant, how how discharge parameters at each start of a metal-air FCB subsystem; (iv) at any instant recharging operation, which set of the metal-air FCB should start subsystem; (ⅴ) at any instant, at the start of the metal-air FCB subsystem which region the metal fuel should be recharged; and (vi), at any instant, each metal-air FCB subsystem starts, how recharging the control parameters. 网络控制子系统711可利用被编程为以直接方式执行上述功能的微计算机来实现。 Network Control subsystem 711 may be programmed to use the microcomputer perform the functions described in direct manner. 网络控制子系统可以简单方式置入在主机系统(如,车辆701)中。 The network control subsystem may be placed in a simple manner a host system (e.g., vehicle 701) is.

要注意的是,在图15A至16B中所示的示例性实施例中,每个金属空气FCB子系统708A至708H具有放电模式操作和再充电模式操作。 It is noted that, in the exemplary embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 15A to 16B, each of the metal-air FCB subsystem 708A to 708H having a discharge mode and recharge mode. 因此,当相应的金属空气FCB子系统不在其放电(功率产生)模式操作期间启动时,本发明的电功率产生系统(即,电站)能够对金属燃料(卡)的所选区域再充电。 Thus, when the respective metal is not in its discharge air FCB subsystem (power generation) during a starting operation mode, the electric power generation system of the present invention (i.e., power) of the rechargeable metal fuel selected area (card). 根据本发明的该方面,可利用图15A和15B中所示的辅助电源(如,交流发电机,固定电源的电源等)702、703和/或混合型发电装置电(如,光电池、热电池装置等)704、704',来产生提供给图16A中所示的系统的输入DC电力母线结构714的电功率。 According to this aspect of the present invention may be utilized as shown in FIGS. 15A and the auxiliary power source 15B (e.g., an alternator, a fixed power supply, etc.) 702, 703 and / or hybrid electric power generating device (e.g., a photovoltaic cell, a thermal battery device, etc.) 704,704 ', generating a DC electric power supplied to the power bus input 714 of the system structure shown in FIG. 16A. 要注意的是,当在所启动的FCB子系统的再充电期间,输入DC电力母线结构714被设计成从辅助或混合型电源702、703、704和704'接收DC电功率,并将其提供给置入在所启动的金属空气FCB子系统708A至708H中的金属燃料再充电子系统117,以进行放电操作,而主机系统(如,汽车)711处于运动或静止状态,按情况而定。 It is noted that, when initiated during recharging FCB subsystem, the DC power input bus structure 714 is designed to 'receive DC electrical power from the auxiliary power supply or hybrid 702,703, 704 and 704, and supplies it to the rechargeable metal placed in the fuel 708A to 708H are activated metal-air FCB subsystem subsystem 117 to perform discharging operation, and the host system (e.g., automobile) 711 is in motion or standstill, as the case may be. 当对金属燃料卡再充电而车辆静止时,由固定电源(如,电源插座)的电功率可被作为输入提供给输入DC电力母线结构714,用于对所启动的FCB子系统中的金属燃料再充电。 When the metal fuel card recharging the vehicle is stationary, a fixed power source (e.g., power outlet) electrical power may be provided as an input to the input DC power bus structure 714, for the metal fuel initiated re FCB subsystem charge.

尽管上面已详细描述了本发明的各个方面,当应理解的是,本领域内的普通技术人员将根据本发明公开易于来对这些示例性实施例进行修改。 While the above has described various aspects of the present invention in detail, it should be understood that when ordinary skill in the art will readily be disclosed modifications to these exemplary embodiments of the present invention. 所有这些修改和变化均被认为落入由所附本发明权利要求书限定的本发明范围和构思内。 All such modifications and variations are considered within the scope and spirit of the present invention is defined by the appended claims of the present invention defined in the appended claims.

Claims (194)

  1. 1. 1. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括一子系统,用于自动地将多个金属燃料卡传送到所述系统中进行放电。 Metal air fuel cell stack system comprising a subsystem for automatically transmitting a plurality of cards of the metal fuel is discharged into the system.
  2. 2. 2. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:一子系统,用于将多个金属燃料卡装载到所述系统中,并使所述金属燃料卡同时放电,以便在连接到所述系统的一电负载上产生和提供电功率。 Metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: a subsystem for the plurality of metal fuel is loaded into the system card, the card and the metal fuel discharged simultaneously, to a system electrically connected to the generating and supplying electrical power load.
  3. 3. 3. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:一子系统,用于将多个金属燃料卡装载到所述系统中,并对所述金属燃料卡同时再充电,以便将沿每个金属燃料卡的金属氧化物转换成原金属燃料,以在放电操作期间重复使用。 Metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: a subsystem for the plurality of metal fuel cards loaded into the system, and simultaneously the metal fuel recharge card so that the card along each of the metal fuel the metal oxide is converted into the original metal fuel, for reuse during the discharging operation.
  4. 4. 4. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:一个或多个子系统,用于对装载在所述系统中的金属燃料卡同时进行放电和再充电。 Metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: one or more subsystems, system for loading the cards in the metal fuel discharged and recharged simultaneously.
  5. 5. 5. 一种系统,包括:一子系统,用于自动地将多个金属燃料卡装载到所述系统中,并且在完成再充电(即,还原)之后,自动地由其排出所述金属燃料。 A system, comprising: a subsystem for automatically loading a plurality of metal fuel cards into the system, and upon completion of recharging (i.e., reduction), the automatic discharge of the metal fuel therefrom.
  6. 6. 6. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:一子系统,用于将多个金属燃料卡装载到所述系统中,并使所述金属燃料卡同时放电,以便在连接到所述系统的一电负载上产生和提供电功率。 Metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: a subsystem for the plurality of metal fuel is loaded into the system card, the card and the metal fuel discharged simultaneously, to a system electrically connected to the generating and supplying electrical power load.
  7. 7. 7. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:一子系统,用于将多个金属燃料卡装载到所述系统中,并对所述金属燃料卡同时再充电,以便将沿所述金属燃料卡的金属氧化物转换成原金属燃料,以在放电操作期间重复使用。 Metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: a subsystem for the plurality of metal fuel cards loaded into the system, and simultaneously the metal fuel recharge card so that the card along the metal fuel the metal oxide is converted into the original metal fuel, for reuse during the discharging operation.
  8. 8. 8. 一种金属燃料卡,包括:多个空间隔离的槽,其每个支承一金属燃料条,并使其在被装载到金属空气燃料电池组系统中时经形成在槽底面中的孔口与一阳极接触电极电接触。 Metal fuel card, comprising: a plurality of spatially separated slots, each of which supports a fuel rod of metal, and it is formed by the groove bottom surface when loaded into the metal air fuel cell stack and a system aperture anode contact electrode in electrical contact.
  9. 9. 9. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:盘盒类盒式装置,具有分隔的内部空间,用于将(再)充电和放电的金属燃料卡存储在形成于所述盘盒类盒式装置内的单独的存储隔间。 Group metal air fuel cell system, comprising: a cartridge type disk cartridge device having an internal space separated for (re) charge and discharge of the metal fuel is stored in the card is formed in said disk cassette arrangement Boxes separate storage compartments.
  10. 10. 10. 一种用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,包括:不导电阴极包容结构,具有平坦顶表面并且在底面中有多个槽;每个槽中的可透气阴极;多个孔口,经阴极包容结构从顶表面延伸到底面上的槽,以使得空气流动到这些槽和其中包含的可透气阴极;多个导电材料长条,一个长条与可透气阴极之一电接触,使得与每个阴极电接触,从而从所述头的每个阴极提供单独的导电通路,以在所述燃料电池组中使用。 A method for joining metal metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel head, comprising: a non-conductive cathode containment structure, having a flat top surface and a plurality of grooves in the bottom surface; breathable cathode of each tank; a plurality of apertures, in the end surface of the cathode containment structure extending from the top surface by a groove, so that the air flows into the grooves and which comprises a gas permeable cathode; a plurality of strips of conductive material, a strip may be in electrical contact with one of the gas permeable cathode, such that each cathode in electrical contact, thereby providing a separate conductive path of the head from each of the cathode, for use in the fuel cell stack.
  11. 11. 11. 如权利要求10所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,将一电解质注入垫放置在所述透气阴极上的槽中,以保持与阴极的电解质接触。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 10, wherein the electrolyte is injected into a mat is placed on the gas permeable cathode tank to keep electrolyte in contact with the cathode.
  12. 12. 12. 如权利要求11所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,所述多个槽是矩形。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack head engaging the metal fuel 11, wherein said plurality of grooves are rectangular.
  13. 13. 13. 一种用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,所述多个槽是平行条。 Metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel for the first bonding metal, wherein said plurality of grooves are parallel strips.
  14. 14. 14. 如权利要求10所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,将一氧气传感器放置在每个槽上,以测量氧气的出现。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 10, wherein the one oxygen sensor placed on each groove, the oxygen level measured.
  15. 15. 15. 如权利要求10所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,所述阴极包容结构具有一具有多个孔口的可滑动板,当空气经过所述阴极包容结构时,与经所述阴极包容结构的顶部的所述多个孔口对准,而当所述板移动以与所述孔口不对准时,所述板可滑动地相对于所述阴极包容结构移动,从而所述孔口不对准并且切断气流。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 10, wherein said containment structure has a cathode plate having a plurality of slidably opening when air passes through the cathode containment structure, and the plurality of apertures through the top of the containment structure of the cathode aligned when said plate is moved with said aperture not aligned, the plate is slidably movable with respect to the cathode containment structure, such as said aperture not aligned and cut off the airflow.
  16. 16. 16. 如权利要求10所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,一壳体,具有多个气流腔的,附着到所述阴极包容结构的顶部,以将空气导入所述多个槽中的每个中,一风扇,将空气吹入所述壳体中,从而空气流经所述阴极包容结构中的孔口,以增大流到所述可透气阴极的气流。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack engaging head 10 of the metal fuel, wherein a housing having a plurality of air chambers, the cathode is attached to the top of the containment structure, to the plurality air into each of a groove, a fan, blowing air into the housing so that air flow through the cathode apertures containment structure, to increase the flow to the gas permeable cathode gas stream.
  17. 17. 17. 如权利要求12所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,一金属燃料卡具有不导电材料衬底,它附着有多个矩形部分的金属燃料,所述卡上的所述矩形部分是所述头上的阴极矩形部分的镜像,从而所述金属燃料矩形部分和具有电解质矩形部分的阴极可彼此对准并彼此接触,以形成多个金属燃料电池组池单元,多个导电材料长条,一个长条与所述多个金属燃料矩形部分中的一个形成电接触,以分别与每个所述金属燃料矩形部分形成电接触,从而提供从所述卡上每个金属燃料方块的导电通路,以在所述燃料电池组中使用。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack 12, the fuel head engaging said metal, wherein the metal fuel card having a non-conductive material substrate which is adhered on the plurality of rectangular portions of the metal fuel, the card said rectangular portion of the rectangular portion of the cathode is a mirror image of the head, so that the rectangular portion of the metal fuel has a rectangular portion of the electrolyte and the cathode may be aligned with each other and contact each other to form a plurality of battery cell group metal fuel cells, a plurality of strip of conductive material, a plurality of the metal strip of rectangular section in a fuel electrical contact to form an electrical contact with each of the rectangular portion of the metal fuel, respectively, thereby providing each metal fuel from said card conductive path box, for use in the fuel cell stack.
  18. 18. 18. 如权利要求13所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,一金属燃料卡具有不导电材料衬底,它附着有多个平行条的金属燃料,所述卡上的所述条是所述头上的阴极条的镜像,从而所述金属燃料条和具有电解质条的阴极可彼此对准并彼此接触,以形成多个金属燃料电池组池单元,多个导电材料长条,一个长条与所述多个金属燃料条中的一个形成电接触,以分别与每个所述金属燃料条形成电接触,从而提供从所述卡上每个金属燃料条的导电通路,以在所述燃料电池组中使用。 The card on the claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 13, wherein the metal fuel card having a non-conductive material substrate which is adhered a plurality of parallel strips of metal fuel, said strip is a cathode strip mirror of the head, so that the metal cathode with an electrolyte and a fuel rod may be aligned with each other and strips contact each other, a plurality of metal to form a fuel cell stack battery cells, a plurality of strips of conductive material , a plurality of the metal strip in a fuel rod is formed in electrical contact, respectively, to make electrical contact with the metal each fuel rod, each of the metal to provide a conductive path from said fuel rod card to used in the fuel cell stack.
  19. 19. 19. 如权利要求13所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,金属燃料材料,具有不导电材料衬底,它附着有多个平行条的金属燃料,该带上的所述条是所述头上的阴极条的镜像,从而所述金属燃料条和具有电解质条的阴极可彼此对准并彼此接触,以形成多个金属燃料电池组池单元,多个导电材料长条,一个长条与多个所述金属燃料条中的一个形成电接触,以分别与每个所述金属燃料条形成电接触,从而提供从所述卡上每个金属燃料条的导电通路,以在所述燃料电池组中使用。 The said belt as claimed in claim 13 for the metal-air fuel cell stack head engaging the metal fuel, wherein the metal fuel material, the substrate having a non-conductive material, which are attached a plurality of parallel strips of metal fuel, Article cathode strip are mirror images of the head, so that the metal cathode with an electrolyte and a fuel rod may be aligned with each other and strips contact each other, a plurality of metal to form a fuel cell stack battery cells, a plurality of strips of conductive material, a metal strip formed with a fuel rod of the plurality of electrical contacts, to respectively make electrical contact with the metal each fuel rod, each of the metal to provide a conductive path from said fuel rod card, in order to use of the fuel cell stack.
  20. 20. 20. 如权利要求19所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,所述金属燃料材料可相对于所述头传送,以连续地将金属燃料供料提供给所述燃料电池组。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack head engaging the metal fuel of claim 19, wherein said metal fuel material may be transferred with respect to the head, to continuously feed the metal fuel supplied to the fuel cell stack .
  21. 21. twenty one. 如权利要求17所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,当所述金属燃料卡上的金属燃料氧化时,由所述头中抽出所述金属燃料卡,并为所述头提供一新的金属燃料卡,以连续地将金属燃料供料提供给所述燃料电池组。 Claim for bonding metal metal-air fuel cell stack of the fuel header 17, wherein, when the metal oxide on the metal fuel fuel card drawn by the head of the metal fuel card, and to the said first metal to provide a new fuel card, to continuously feed the metal fuel supplied to the fuel cell stack.
  22. 22. twenty two. 如权利要求18所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,当所述金属燃料卡上的金属燃料氧化时,由所述头中抽出所述金属燃料卡,并为所述头提供一新的金属燃料卡,以连续地将金属燃料供料提供给所述燃料电池组。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack engaging head 18 of the metal fuel, wherein the fuel oxidation on the metal when the metal fuel card drawn by the head of the metal fuel card, and to the said first metal to provide a new fuel card, to continuously feed the metal fuel supplied to the fuel cell stack.
  23. 23. twenty three. 如权利要求18所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,当所述金属燃料卡上的金属燃料氧化时,由所述头中自动地抽出所述金属燃料卡,并为所述头提供一新的金属燃料卡,以连续地将金属燃料供料提供给所述燃料电池组。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack engaging head 18 of the metal fuel, wherein the fuel oxidation on the metal when the metal fuel card from the head automatically withdrawing said metal fuel card, and providing a new card to the head of the metal fuel, to continuously feed the metal fuel supplied to the fuel cell stack.
  24. 24. twenty four. 一种用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,包括:不导电阴极包容结构,具有一平顶表面并且在底面上具有多个槽;多个孔口,经所述阴极包容结构从顶表面延伸到底面上的槽,以使空气流过所述槽以及其中包含的可透气阴极;阴极-电解质注入垫,放置在所述可透气阴极的槽中,以保持与所述阴极的电接触;多个导电材料长条,一个长条与多个可透气阴极之一电接触,延伸到所述阴极支承结构的顶部,使得分别与每个阴极电接触,从而从所述头的每个阴极提供单独的导电通路,以在所述燃料电池组中使用。 Metal air fuel cell stack head for engaging the metal fuel, comprising: a non-conductive cathode containment structure, having a plurality of grooves having a flat top surface and a bottom surface; a plurality of apertures, through said containment structure from the top surface of the cathode extends in the end face of the groove, so that the air flow through the air permeable cathode and a groove contained therein; cathode - electrolyte injection pad, disposed in the gas permeable cathode tank, to maintain electrical contact with the cathode; a plurality of strips of conductive material, a plurality of elongated electrical contact with one of the gas permeable cathode may be, extends to the top of the cathode support structure, such that are in contact with each of the cathode to provide a cathode of the head from each of separate conductive paths, for use in the fuel cell stack.
  25. 25. 25. 如权利要求24所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,将一氧气传感器放置在每个槽上,以测量氧气的出现。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 24, wherein the one oxygen sensor placed on each groove, the oxygen level measured.
  26. 26. 26. 如权利要求25所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,一板,具有多个孔口,当空气流经所述阴极包容结构时,经所述阴极包容结构与所述多个孔口顶部上的气孔对准,而当所述板移动以与所述孔口不对准时,所述板可滑动地相对于所述阴极包容结构移动,从而所述孔口不对准并且切断气流。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack engaging head 25 of the metal fuel, wherein a plate having a plurality of apertures, the air flows through the containment structure of the cathode, the cathode through the containment structure and a plurality of air holes on top of said apertures aligned when said plate is moved with said aperture not aligned, the plate is slidably moved to said cathode structure with respect to the containment, so that the apertures are not aligned and cut off the gas flow.
  27. 27. 27. 如权利要求26所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,一风扇,将空气吹入所述孔口中,以增大流到所述可透气阴极的气流。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 26, wherein a fan, air is blown into the aperture, to increase the flow to the gas permeable cathode gas stream.
  28. 28. 28. 如权利要求27所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,所述阴极包容结构底面上的槽为矩形。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 27, wherein the bottom surface of the cathode structure containment groove is rectangular.
  29. 29. 29. 如权利要求28所述的用于接合金属燃料的金属空气燃料电池组头,其中,所述阴极包容结构底面上的槽是平行条。 Claim for a metal air fuel cell stack of the fuel header bonding metal 28, wherein the groove bottom surface of the cathode containment structure are parallel strips.
  30. 30. 30. 一种金属燃料卡,包括:不导电衬底;至少一个金属燃料部分,附着到所述衬底的至少一侧,从而所述金属燃料部分暴露一个表面,用于与一阴极和一电解质接触,以形成电池组电池单元。 Metal fuel card, comprising: a non-conductive substrate; at least a portion of the metal fuel, attached to at least one side of the substrate, thereby exposing a portion of the metal fuel surface for contact with an electrolyte and a cathode, cells to form a battery cell.
  31. 31. 31. 如权利要求30所述的金属燃料卡,其中,一孔口,设置在不导电衬底上,以使所述金属燃料部分与一导电材料电接触,用于提供到所述金属燃料部分或自所述金属燃料部分的电子流动通路。 Metal fuel card according to claim 30, wherein an opening is provided on a non-conductive substrate, so that the fuel portion and a metal electrical contact with the electrically conductive material, for providing fuel to the metal part or from the electronic fuel flow passage of said metal portion.
  32. 32. 32. 一种金属燃料卡,包括:不导电衬底;至少一个金属燃料部分,附着到所述衬底的至少一侧;所述衬底上的至少一个导电材料,分别与每个金属燃料部分电接触,用于传导电荷,从而在所述导电材料和不在所述金属燃料卡上的第二导电材料之间建立接触,用于向或自所述金属燃料卡传送电流。 Metal fuel card, comprising: a non-conductive substrate; at least a portion of the metal fuel, attached to at least one side of the substrate; the substrate at least one conductive material, are in contact with each of the electrical portion of the metal fuel for conducting charge so as to establish contact between the second electrically conductive material on the conductive material and not the metal fuel card, or from the metal used to carry current fuel card.
  33. 33. 33. 如权利要求32所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述金属燃料部分为矩形,并间隔开,从而它们彼此电隔离。 Said metal fuel card 32 are electrically isolated from one another so as claimed in claim, wherein the metal fuel has a rectangular section, and spaced apart.
  34. 34. 34. 如权利要求39所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述不导电衬底是具有两个相对的平表面的一片材料,所述金属燃料附着到所述两个相对的平表面上。 Metal fuel card according to claim 39, wherein the non-conductive substrate having two opposed flat surfaces of a material, the metal fuel is attached to the two opposing flat surfaces.
  35. 35. 35. 如权利要求32所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述金属燃料部分为条,并间隔开,从而它们彼此电隔离。 Metal fuel card according to claim 32, wherein said metal strip is a part of the fuel, and spaced apart, so that they are electrically isolated from each other.
  36. 36. 36. 如权利要求35所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述不导电衬底是具有两个相对的平表面的一片材料,所述金属燃料部分附着到所述两个相对的平表面上。 Metal fuel card according to claim 35, wherein the non-conductive substrate having two opposed flat surfaces of a material, the metal portion of the fuel adhered to the two opposed flat surfaces.
  37. 37. 37. 如权利要求36所述的金属燃料卡,其中,在所述金属燃料条之间的衬底上放置一电隔离材料,以使所述金属燃料条彼此隔离。 Metal fuel card according to claim 36, wherein an electrically isolating material disposed on a substrate between the metal fuel rod, so that the metal fuel rod from each other.
  38. 38. 38. 一种金属燃料卡,包括:不导电衬底;一导电材料基底,附着到所述衬底的至少一侧;至少一个金属燃料部分附着到所述导电材料基底上,从而所述金属燃料具有良好的电接触,用于经所述导电材料基底向所述金属燃料传送电子或从所述金属燃料传送电子。 Metal fuel card, comprising: a non-conductive substrate; a conductive substrate material, attached to at least one side of said substrate; at least a portion of the fuel adheres to metallic conductive material on the substrate, so that the metal fuel has a good electrical contacts for transferring electrons to the metal fuel through said conductive material from said metal substrate or electronic fuel.
  39. 39. 39. 如权利要求38所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述不导电衬底上的一孔口使得所述导电材料基底与一第二导电材料电接触,用于提供到所述金属燃料部分或自所述金属燃料部分的电子流动通路。 Metal fuel card according to claim 38, wherein an opening on the non-conductive substrate is a substrate such that the conductive material in electrical contact with the second conductive material, for providing fuel to the metal part or from the electronic fuel flow passage of said metal portion.
  40. 40. 40. 如权利要求38所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述衬底上的至少一个导电引线与所述导电材料基底分别电接触,用于由其传导电荷,从而在所述导电引线与不在所述卡上的电触点之间建立接触,用于向所述金属燃料卡或从所述金属燃料卡传送电流。 Metal fuel card according to claim 38, wherein said at least one substrate contact on the electrically conductive lead and the conductive material of the substrate for the conducting of electricity therefrom, so that the conductive leads and not in the establishing contact between the electrical contacts on the card, or for transmitting current from the metal of said metal fuel card fuel card.
  41. 41. 41. 如权利要求38所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述不导电衬底具有两个相对的平表面,并且其上具有金属燃料的导电材料部分附着到所述两个相对的平表表面上。 Metal fuel card according to claim 38, wherein the non-conductive substrate having two opposed flat surfaces, and having a conductive material on which the fuel portion of the metal is attached to two opposing flat surface of the table.
  42. 42. 42. 如权利要求41所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述衬底上的至少一个导电引线与所述导电材料基底分别电接触,用于由其传导电荷,从而在所述导电引线与不在所述卡上的电触点之间建立接触,用于向所述金属燃料卡或从所述金属燃料卡传送电流。 Metal fuel card according to claim 41, wherein said at least one substrate contact on the electrically conductive lead and the conductive material of the substrate for the conducting of electricity therefrom, so that the conductive leads and not in the establishing contact between the electrical contacts on the card, or for transmitting current from the metal of said metal fuel card fuel card.
  43. 43. 43. 如权利要求42所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述导电材料部分上的金属燃料部分是条,并且间隔开,从而彼此电隔离。 Metal fuel card according to claim 42, wherein the fuel portion of the metal material portion of the electrically conductive article, and spaced apart, thereby electrically isolated from one another.
  44. 44. 44. 如权利要求43所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述导电材料部分上的各个金属燃料条之间具有绝缘材料,以使它们彼此电隔离。 Metal fuel card according to claim 43, wherein the metal having an insulating material between the respective fuel rod on the conductive material portion, such that they are electrically isolated.
  45. 45. 45. 如权利要求40所述的金属燃料卡,其中,其上具有金属燃料的导电材料部分上的条间隔开,以使它们彼此电隔离。 Metal fuel card according to claim 40, wherein the strip having thereon a conductive metal material portion spaced from the fuel, so that they are electrically isolated from one another.
  46. 46. 46. 如权利要求35所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述其上具有金属燃料的导电材料部分的各个条之间具有绝缘材料,以使它们彼此电隔离。 Metal fuel card according to claim 35, wherein said insulating material having thereon having a strip of conductive material between the respective portions of the metal fuel, so that they are electrically isolated from each other.
  47. 47. 47. 如权利要求40所述的金属燃料卡,其中,设置一金属燃料卡盒,其具有多个隔间,用于保持金属燃料卡,从而保存所述金属燃料卡,直至它们被使用。 Metal fuel card according to claim 40, wherein the metal is provided a fuel cartridge having a plurality of compartments for holding the metal fuel card, thereby preserving the metal fuel card until they are used.
  48. 48. 48. 如权利要求47所述的金属燃料卡,其中,将所述金属燃料卡盒附着到一金属空气燃料电池组,用于为所述燃料电池组提供金属燃料卡。 Metal fuel card according to claim 47, wherein the metal fuel cartridge is attached to a metal-air fuel cell stack, for providing the metal fuel is the fuel cell stack card.
  49. 49. 49. 如权利要求48所述的金属燃料卡,其中,所述金属燃料卡被自动地装载到所述燃料电池组。 Metal fuel card according to claim 48, wherein said metal fuel card is automatically loaded into the fuel cell stack.
  50. 50. 50. 如权利要求50所述的金属燃料卡,其中,设置一金属燃料卡盒,其具有多个槽,用于包含金属燃料卡,所述盒还具有附件插头,用于与所述卡上的导电材料的条电接触,从而电流从所述卡流到所述盒,所述盒中具有用于传导电流的印刷电路和用于有选择地组合来自每个金属燃料卡上的每个金属燃料部分的功率的切换装置,从而在盒中选择所需电压和安培数的功率输出。 Metal fuel card according to claim 50, wherein the metal is provided a fuel cartridge having a plurality of grooves for conductive metal on said card comprises a card fuel, said cartridge further has an attachment plug, and for material strip in electrical contact, whereby a current flows from the card to the cartridge, said cartridge having a printed circuit for conducting current for each metal and each of the metal fuel portion of the fuel from the selectively combined card power switching means so as to select the output power of the desired voltage and amperage in the cartridge.
  51. 51. 51. 如权利要求42所述的金属燃料卡,其中,设置一金属燃料卡盒,其具有多个槽,用于包含金属燃料卡,所述盒还具有附件插头,用于与所述卡上的导电材料的条电接触,从而电流从所述卡流到所述盒,所述盒中具有用于传导电流的印刷电路和用于有选择地组合来自每个金属燃料卡上的每个金属燃料部分的功率的切换装置,从而在盒中选择所需电压和安培数的功率输出。 Metal fuel card according to claim 42, wherein the metal is provided a fuel cartridge having a plurality of grooves for conductive metal on said card comprises a card fuel, said cartridge further has an attachment plug, and for material strip in electrical contact, whereby a current flows from the card to the cartridge, said cartridge having a printed circuit for conducting current for each metal and each of the metal fuel portion of the fuel from the selectively combined card power switching means so as to select the output power of the desired voltage and amperage in the cartridge.
  52. 52. 52. 一种具有放电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:金属燃料提供装置,用于提供金属燃料材料,以在所述放电操作模式期间产生电功率,其中,所述金属燃料材料具有沿所述金属燃料材料划分的多个区域或子区,并且每个所述区域用一代码标注;代码读取装置,用于在所述放电操作模式期间的所述区域放电期间,读取沿所述金属燃料的每个所述区域的所述数字代码;参数检测装置,用于在所述放电操作模式期间的每个所述金属燃料材料的区域放电期间,检测一组放电参数;参数处理装置,用于处理每个所述金属燃料材料的所述区域上检测到的所述组放电参数,并在所述区域放电时产生用于控制一个或多个放电参数的控制数据信号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system having a discharging mode of operation, comprising: a metal fuel supply means for providing a metallic fuel material to generate electrical power during the discharging mode of operation, wherein said metallic material along said fuel a plurality of metal section or subsection of the fuel material is divided, and each of the regions labeled with a Code; the code reading means, for the region of the discharge period during the discharging mode of operation, reading along the metal each of the regions of the fuel numeric code; parameter detection means for each of said discharge region during the metal fuel material during the discharging mode of operation, a set of detected discharge parameter; parameter processing means for the group detected in the processing of each said region of said metallic fuel material discharge parameters, and generates control data for controlling one or more signal parameters at the discharge region of the discharge.
  53. 53. 53. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述组检测到的放电参数记录在存储器中,并在放电操作模式期间从其读取进行处理。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 52, wherein the discharge parameter detected record set in a memory, processed and read from during a discharging mode of operation.
  54. 54. 54. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述代码是数字代码。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 52, wherein said code is a numeric code.
  55. 55. 55. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以光学方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 52, wherein said digital code is optically detected.
  56. 56. 56. 如权利要求55所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码是条形码符号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 55, wherein said digital code is the bar code symbol.
  57. 57. 57. 如权利要求56所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以磁方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 56, wherein said digital code is detected magnetically.
  58. 58. 58. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,每个所述金属燃料材料的区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,在放电操作模式期间,所述参数检测装置检测沿每个所述金属燃料材料的区域的每个金属燃料道的一组放电参数;和其中,在放电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料材料的区域的放电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码。 Said metal-air battery system 52 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metal region of each fuel material having a plurality of metal fuel passage; wherein, during a discharging mode of operation, said parameter detection means detects each of the edge a set of parameters for each of the metal fuel discharge passage area of ​​said metallic fuel material; and wherein, during the fuel discharge region of the metal material during the discharging mode of operation, in said code reading means reads each of the said region of the digital code.
  59. 59. 59. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料带的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 52, wherein the metal fuel material in the form of a metal strip of the fuel achieved.
  60. 60. 60. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Said metal-air battery system 52 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material is in the form of fuel or sheet metal fuel card implementation.
  61. 61. 61. 如权利要求52所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述参数处理装置处理在每个所述金属燃料材料的区域上检测到的所述组放电参数,并当所述区域放电时产生用于控制一个或多个放电参数的控制数据信号,以便以时间和/或节能有效的方式使所述金属燃料的区域放电。 The set of discharge parameters metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 52, wherein said parameter processing means for processing the detected region of each of said metallic fuel material, and is generated when the discharge region for controlling one or more parameters of the discharge control data signal, for a time and / or energy efficient manner so that the discharge region of the metal fuel.
  62. 62. 62. 一种具有再充电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:金属燃料提供装置,用于提供金属燃料材料,以在所述再充电操作模式期间进行充电,其中,所述金属燃料材料具有沿所述金属燃料材料划分的多个区域或子区,并且每个所述区域用一代码标注;代码读取装置,用于在再充电操作模式期间的所述区域再充电期间,读取沿所述金属燃料的每个所述区域的所述数字代码;参数检测装置,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间的每个所述金属燃料材料的区域放电期间,检测一组再充电参数;参数处理装置,用于处理每个所述金属燃料材料的区域上检测到的所述组再充电参数,并在所述区域再充电时产生用于控制一个或多个再充电参数的控制数据信号。 Having a metal air fuel cell stack system of recharging mode of operation, comprising: a metal fuel supply means for providing a metallic fuel material to recharge during the charging mode of operation, wherein the metallic fuel material along the plurality of metal section or subsection of the fuel material is divided, and each of the regions labeled with a Code; during the code reading means for recharging said region during a recharging mode of operation, along a reading each of said metal of said fuel region said digital codes; parameter detection means for each of said discharge region during the metal fuel material during the recharging operation mode, detecting a parameter set recharge; parameter generating a control data signal for controlling the one or more parameters of the rechargeable processing means for processing said group of detected area of ​​each of said metallic fuel material recharge parameters, and recharging the region.
  63. 63. 63. 如权利要求62所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述组检测到的再充电参数记录在存储器中,并在再充电操作模式期间从其读取进行处理。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 62, wherein the group of the detected recharge parameters recorded in the memory, and read from the processing mode of operation during the recharging.
  64. 64. 64. 如权利要求63所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述代码是数字代码。 The metal-air battery system 63 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said code is a numeric code.
  65. 65. 65. 如权利要求64所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以光学方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 64, wherein said digital code is optically detected.
  66. 66. 66. 如权利要求65所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码是条形码符号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 65, wherein said digital code is the bar code symbol.
  67. 67. 67. 如权利要求66所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以磁方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 66, wherein said digital code is detected magnetically.
  68. 68. 68. 如权利要求67所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,每个所述金属燃料材料的区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,在再充电操作模式期间,所述参数检测装置检测沿每个所述金属燃料材料的区域的每个金属燃料道的一组再充电参数;和其中,在再充电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料材料的区域的再充电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 67, wherein said metal region of each fuel material having a plurality of metal fuel passage; wherein, during a recharging operation mode, said parameter detection means for detecting direction of each the metallic fuel material parameters for each set of rechargeable metal fuel channel region; and wherein, during recharging of said metallic fuel material region during recharging mode of operation, said code reading means for reading along the digital code of each of the regions.
  69. 69. 69. 如权利要求62所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料带的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 62, wherein the metal fuel material in the form of a metal strip of the fuel achieved.
  70. 70. 70. 如权利要求62所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Said metal-air battery system 62 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material is in the form of fuel or sheet metal fuel card implementation.
  71. 71. 71. 如权利要求62所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述参数处理装置处理在每个所述金属燃料材料的区域上检测到的所述组再充电参数,并当所述区域再充电时产生用于控制一个或多个再充电参数的控制数据信号,以便以时间和/或节能有效的方式使所述金属燃料的区域再充电。 Said metal-air battery system 62 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said processing means processing said parameter set is detected in the region of each of said metallic fuel material recharge parameters, and when the rechargeable region when generating a control data signal for controlling the one or more rechargeable parameters, so as to be time and / or energy efficient manner region of the metal fuel is recharged.
  72. 72. 72. 一种具有放电操作模式和再充电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:金属燃料提供装置,用于提供金属燃料材料,以在所述放电操作模式期间产生电功率和所述再充电操作模式期间用来进行再充电,其中,所述金属燃料材料具有沿所述金属燃料材料长度划分的多个区域或子区,并且每个所述区域用一代码标注;放电参数检测装置,用于在所述放电操作模式期间的金属燃料材料的每个所述区域放电期间,检测一组放电参数;代码读取装置,用于在放电操作模式期间的所述区域放电期间、以及在所述再充电操作模式操作期间的金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间,读取沿所述金属燃料的每个所述区域的所述数字代码;放电参数记录装置,用于记录在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域上检测到的所述组放电参数,其中所述记录的放电参数组利用标 Having a discharging mode of operation of the fuel cell stack and the metal-air recharging system mode of operation, comprising: a metal fuel supply means for providing a metallic fuel material to generate electrical power and the discharging mode of operation during the recharging operation mode used during recharging, wherein the metal fuel material along the length of the metallic material of fuel or a plurality of regions divided sub-regions, and each of the regions labeled with a Code; discharge parameter detection means, for during each of the regions of the fuel discharge metal material during the discharging mode of operation, a set of detected discharge parameter; code reading means for during said discharge region during the discharge operation mode, and said recharging during recharging of the metal region of the fuel during operation mode, the digital code is read in each of the regions of the metal fuel; discharge parameter recording means for recording on said metallic fuel material said group of detected parameters on each of said discharge region, wherein said discharge parameters recorded using standard 到所述区域的所述代码标注;放电参数读取装置,用于读取所述记录的放电参数;放电参数处理装置,用于处理从所述放电参数记录装置读取到的所述记录的放电参数组,以在所述再充电操作模式期间产生用于控制所述再充电参数的第一组控制数据信号,从而可以时间和/或节能有效的方式对放电的金属燃料材料再充电;再充电参数检测装置,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间的金属燃料材料的每个所述区域再充电期间,检测一组再充电参数;再充电参数记录装置,用于记录在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域上检测到的所述组再充电参数,其中每个所述记录的放电参数组利用标注到所述区域的所述代码标注;再充电参数读取装置,用于读取所述记录的再充电参数组;和再充电参数处理装置,用于处理从所述再充电参数记录装置读取到的所述记录 The code into the label area; discharge parameter reading means for reading said recorded discharge parameters; discharge parameter processing means for processing said recording means from said discharge parameter of the read discharge parameters set to during recharging mode of operation generating a first set of the control data signal for controlling the recharge parameters, can be time and / or energy efficient way to recharge the metallic fuel material discharge; then during charging parameter detection means for each of the areas of metal fuel material during the recharging operation mode recharge, recharge a set of detection parameters; recharging parameter recording means for recording in the metal fuel said group of detected material on each of said regions recharge parameters, said parameter set wherein each discharge recording by said code label to the label area; recharging parameter reading means for reading take the recharge record of the parameters; and recharging the parameter processing means for processing the recharging read parameter recording apparatus recording 再充电参数组,以在所述放电操作模式期间产生用于控制所述放电参数的第二组控制数据信号,从而可以时间和/或节能有效的方式将(再)充电的金属燃料材料放电。 Recharging parameter set, a second set of control data to generate a signal for controlling the discharge parameters during the discharging mode of operation can be time and / or energy-efficient manner (re) charge discharging metallic fuel material.
  73. 73. 73. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电参数记录装置和再充电参数记录装置均包括一存储装置。 Said metal-air battery system 72 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said recording means discharge and recharge parameter recording apparatus comprises a parameter storage means.
  74. 74. 74. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述代码是数字代码。 Said metal-air battery system 72 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said code is a numeric code.
  75. 75. 75. 如权利要求74所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以光学方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 74, wherein said digital code is optically detected.
  76. 76. 76. 如权利要求74所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码是条形码符号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 74, wherein said digital code is the bar code symbol.
  77. 77. 77. 如权利要求74所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以磁方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 74, wherein said digital code is detected magnetically.
  78. 78. 78. 如权利要求74所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电参数处理装置处理与金属燃料材料的每个区域有关的所述记录的放电参数组,从而当所述区域再充电时确定要提供给所述区域的电功率量,并且在所述再充电操作模式期间利用所述电功率量来产生所述控制数据信号。 The metal-air battery system 74 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said discharge treatment of said recording means associated with each region of the metal fuel material discharge treatment parameter set of parameters to determine when recharging the region amount of electric power to be supplied to the region, and then during a charging mode of operation with the amount of electric power to generate the control signal in the data.
  79. 79. 79. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料的每个所述区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,所述放电参数检测装置在所述放电操作模式期间检测沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道的一组放电参数;其中,在所述放电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的放电期间、以及在所述再充电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码;其中,所述放电参数记录装置记录在沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道上检测到的所述组放电参数,并且其中所述记录的放电参数组利用标注到沿所述区域的所述金属燃料道的所述代码来标注;和其中,所述放电参数读取装置读取记录在所述参数记录装置中的放电参数。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 72, wherein each of said fuel region of the metal material having a plurality of metal fuel channel; wherein said parameter detection means during discharge of the discharging mode of operation along the metal detector during wherein, during the discharge region of the metal fuel during the discharging mode of operation, and then the charging mode of operation; a set of parameters for each of the metal fuel discharge passage area of ​​each of the fuel during recharging of the region of the metal fuel, said code reading means reads each of the regions along the numeric code; wherein said recording means records in each discharge parameter of the fuel along the metal each group of the metal tracks of the fuel discharge region of the detected parameter, and wherein said discharge of said code recording parameters to use in the region denoted by the label to the metal of the fuel passage; and wherein, said discharge parameter reading means reads discharge parameters recorded in said recording apparatus parameters.
  80. 80. 80. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述再充电参数处理装置处理与金属燃料材料的每个区域有关的所述记录的再充电参数组,从而在金属燃料材料的每个所述区域放电期间确定出现在每个所述区域的金属燃料量,并在所述放电操作模式期间利用出现的所述金属燃料量来产生所述控制数据信号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 72, wherein said recharging means for processing said record processing parameters associated with each region of the metal fuel material recharge parameters, so that each of the metallic fuel material determining during a discharge occurs in the region of each of the areas of metal fuel amount, the fuel amount of the metal and the discharging mode of operation during use occurs to generate said control data signal.
  81. 81. 81. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料的每个所述区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,所述再充电参数检测装置在所述再充电操作模式期间检测沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料的道的一组放电参数;其中,在所述再充电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间、以及在所述放电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的放电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码;其中,所述再充电参数记录装置记录在沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道上检测到的所述组再充电参数,并且其中所述记录的再充电参数组利用标注到沿所述区域的所述金属燃料道的所述代码来标注;和其中,所述再充电参数读取装置读取记录在所述参数记录装置中的再充电参数。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 72, wherein each of said fuel region of the metal material having a plurality of metal fuel channel; wherein said recharging detecting means during a recharging operation parameter detection mode in the a set of metal fuel discharge parameters along each metal region of each of said fuel channel; wherein, in the region of the recharging of the metal fuel during a mode of operation during recharging, and the during the discharge region of the metal fuel during a discharging mode of operation, said code reading means reads each of the regions along the numeric code; wherein the recharge parameter recording apparatus along the metal the code for each track of each of the metal fuel region of the fuel group detected recharge parameters, and wherein said recharging recording parameters to use in the labeling region of the metal fuel passage to mark; and wherein said reading means reads recharging parameters recorded in the recording apparatus recharge parameters of the parameters.
  82. 82. 82. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料带的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 72, wherein the metal fuel material in the form of a metal strip of the fuel achieved.
  83. 83. 83. 如权利要求72所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Said metal-air battery system 72 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material is in the form of fuel or sheet metal fuel card implementation.
  84. 84. 84. 一种具有放电操作模式和再充电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:第一多个子系统,它们协同操作,以便在所述放电操作模式期间进行放电参数的检测、存储和处理,并在所述再充电操作模式期间利用所述放电参数来产生用于控制再充电参数的控制数据信号;和第二多个子系统,它们协同操作,以便在所述再充电操作模式期间进行再充电参数的检测、存储和处理,并在所述放电操作模式期间利用所述再充电参数来产生用于控制放电参数的控制数据信号。 Having a discharging mode of operation of the fuel cell stack and the metal-air recharging system mode of operation, comprising: a first plurality of subsystems, they operate in collaboration for the detection, storage and processing of discharge parameters during the discharging mode of operation, and during recharging mode of operation using the parameters of the discharge signal generating control data for controlling the re-charging parameters; and a second plurality of subsystems which cooperate, for recharging mode of operation during the recharging parameters detection, storage and processing, and using the recharge parameters to generate a control data signal for controlling discharge parameters during the discharging mode of operation.
  85. 85. 85. 一种具有放电操作模式和再充电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,所述金属空气燃料电池组系统包括:金属燃料放电动机构,用于在所述放电操作模式期间使金属燃料材料放电;放电参数检测机构,用于在所述放电操作模式期间,检测放电参数,同时还使所述金属燃料材料放电;放电参数处理机构,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间处理检测到的放电参数,以便产生用于控制再充电参数的第一控制数据信号;金属燃料再充电动机构,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间使所述金属燃料材料再充电;再充电参数检测机构,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间,检测再充电参数,同时还使所述金属燃料材料再充电;和再充电参数处理装置,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间处理检测到的再充电参数,以便产生用于控制放电参数的第二控制数据信号。 Having a discharging mode of operation of the fuel cell stack and the metal-air recharging system mode of operation, the metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: a metal fuel discharge electric mechanism, for discharging mode of operation during which the metal fuel material discharge; discharge parameter detection means, for during the discharging mode of operation, a discharge detection parameters, while still allowing the discharge of the metal fuel material; discharge parameters processing means for processing the detected discharge parameters during recharging mode of operation in the , so as to generate a first control data signal for controlling recharging parameter; recharging mechanism metal fuel, fuel for the metal material during the recharging operation mode of recharging; recharge parameter detection means, for during the recharging operation mode, the detection recharge parameters, while also enabling recharging of the metal fuel material; processing parameters and recharging means for recharging the mode of operation during the recharging process parameters detected, data so as to generate a second control signal for controlling discharge parameters.
  86. 86. 86. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电参数是从一个组选择出的要素,所述组由阴极-阳极电压和电流值、放电阴极中的氧分压、阴极-电解质界面上的相对湿度以及可利用的所述金属燃料材料的速度组成。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 85, wherein said discharge parameter is selected from a group of elements, the group consisting of cathode - anode voltage and current values, the oxygen partial pressure in the discharge cathode, the cathode - relative humidity on the speed of the metal electrolyte interface and the available fuel material composition.
  87. 87. 87. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述再充电参数是从一个组选择出的要素,所述组由阴极-阳极电压和电流值、再充电阴极中的氧分压、阴极-电解质界面上的相对湿度以及可利用的所述金属燃料材料的速度组成。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 85, wherein said recharge parameters selected from a group of elements, the group consisting of cathode - anode voltage and current values, the oxygen partial pressure in the cathode recharging cathode - electrolyte interface on the relative humidity and velocity of the metallic material of the fuel composition can be utilized.
  88. 88. 88. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,利用每个所述第一组控制数据信号来控制所述再充电参数,以便以节能有效方式对金属燃料材料的所述区域再充电。 The metal-air battery system 85 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein, with each of said first set of control data signal to control the recharge parameters, so as to be energy efficient manner for the region of the metal fuel material recharging .
  89. 89. 89. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,利用每个所述第二组控制数据信号来控制所述再充电参数,以便以节能有效方式对金属燃料材料的所述区域再充电。 The metal-air battery system 85 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein, with each of said second set of control data signal to control the recharge parameters, so as to be energy efficient manner for the region of the metal fuel material recharging .
  90. 90. 90. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,要被再充电的所述金属燃料材料供所述金属空气燃料电池组系统中所利用的静止和/或移动阴极结构使用。 The metal-air battery system 85 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material of fuel to be supplied to the rechargeable metal-air fuel cell stack system utilized still and / or moving cathode structure to use.
  91. 91. 91. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料是以金属燃料片的形式实现的。 The metal-air battery system 85 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein the metal fuel is in the form of sheet metal fuel achieved.
  92. 92. 92. 如权利要求40所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料带包含在盒式存储装置中。 Said metal-air battery system 40 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metal fuel contained in the tape cassette storage means.
  93. 93. 93. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 The metal-air battery system 85 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material is in the form of fuel or sheet metal fuel card implementation.
  94. 94. 94. 如权利要求85所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料卡或片包含在盒式存储装置中。 The metal-air battery system 85 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metal sheet comprises a fuel card or cassette storage means.
  95. 95. 95. 一种具有放电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:金属燃料提供装置,用于提供金属燃料材料,以在所述放电操作模式期间用来产生电功率,其中所述金属燃料材料具有沿所述金属燃料材料划分的多个区域或子区,并且每个所述区域用一代码标注;参数检测装置,用于在所述放电操作模式期间的金属燃料材料的每个所述区域放电期间,检测一组放电参数;代码读取装置,用于在放电操作模式期间的所述区域放电期间,读取沿所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域的所述代码;参数记录装置,用于记录在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域上检测到的所述组放电参数,其中所述记录的放电参数组利用标注到所述区域的所述代码标注;参数读取装置,用于读取所述记录的放电参数组;和参数处理装置,用于处理从所述参数记录装置读取到的所述记录 Metal air fuel cell stack system having a discharging mode of operation, comprising: a metal fuel supply means for providing a metallic fuel material to during the discharging mode of operation for generating electric power, wherein the metal fuel material along the said plurality of regions or sub-regions divided metallic fuel material, and a code for each of said regions with marked; parameter detection means for during each discharge region of said metallic fuel material during the discharging mode of operation, detecting a set of discharge parameters; discharge region during the code reading means, for during the discharge mode of operation, said code reading along each of the areas of the metallic fuel material; parameter recording means for recording the set of discharge parameters detected on each of said region of said metallic fuel material, wherein the discharge of the recording parameters using the codes of the labels to annotation region; parameter reading means for reading the recorded discharge parameters; and a parameter processing means for reading from said recording processing means to said recording parameter 放电参数组。 Discharge parameters.
  96. 96. 96. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在所述放电操作模式期间使用所述组处理过的放电参数。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 95, wherein said set of processed using discharge parameters during the discharging mode of operation.
  97. 97. 97. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,还包括再充电操作模式,并且其中在所述再充电操作模式期间使用所述组处理过的放电参数。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 95, further comprising a recharging mode of operation, and wherein the recharging operation mode using the parameters set during discharge treated.
  98. 98. 98. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述记录装置包括与所述系统关联的存储装置。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 95, wherein said recording means includes a storage means associated with the system.
  99. 99. 99. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述代码是数字代码。 The metal-air battery system 95 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said code is a numeric code.
  100. 100. 100. 如权利要求99所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以光学方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 99, wherein said digital code is optically detected.
  101. 101. 101. 如权利要求99所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码是条形码符号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 99, wherein said digital code is the bar code symbol.
  102. 102. 102. 如权利要求99所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以磁方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 99, wherein said digital code is detected magnetically.
  103. 103. 103. 如权利要求99所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述参数处理装置处理与金属燃料材料的每个区域有关的所述记录的放电参数组,从而当所述区域再充电时确定要提供给所述区域的电功率量。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 99, wherein said parameter processing means for processing said record associated with each region of the metal fuel material discharge parameters, to determine when the region to be recharged the amount of electric power supplied to the region.
  104. 104. 104. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料的每个所述区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,所述参数检测装置在所述放电操作模式期间检测沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料的道的一组放电参数;其中,在所述放电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的放电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码;其中,所述参数记录装置记录在沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道上检测到的所述组放电参数,并且其中所述记录的放电参数组利用标注到沿所述区域的所述金属燃料道的所述代码来标注;和其中,所述参数读取装置读取记录在所述参数记录装置中的放电参数。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 95, wherein each of said fuel region of the metal material having a plurality of metal fuel channel; wherein said parameter detection means detects the direction of the metal fuel during a discharging mode of operation a set of discharge parameters for each channel of each of said metal fuel region; wherein, during the discharge region of the metal fuel during the discharging mode of operation, said code reading means reads in each of the regions of the digital codes; wherein said recording means records the parameter in each of the metal fuel tracks each of the regions along the metal fuel detected discharge parameter of the set, and wherein said recording discharge parameters set using the region codes of the label to the metal in the fuel passage to label; and wherein said reading means reads the parameters in the parameter discharge parameters recorded in the recording apparatus.
  105. 105. 105. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料结构的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 95, wherein the metal fuel material in the form of a metal structure of the fuel achieved.
  106. 106. 106. 如权利要求95所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 95, wherein the metal fuel fuel material in the form of a metal sheet or card implemented.
  107. 107. 107. 一种具有再充电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:金属燃料提供装置,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间提供金属燃料材料以再充电,其中所述金属燃料材料具有沿所述金属燃料材料划分的多个区域或子区,并且每个所述区域用一代码标注;参数检测装置,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间的金属燃料材料的每个所述区域再充电期间,检测一组再充电参数;代码读取装置,用于在再充电操作模式期间,读取标注在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域的所述代码;参数记录装置,用于记录在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域上检测到的所述组再充电参数,其中每个所述记录的再充电参数组利用标注到所述区域的所述代码标注;参数读取装置,用于读取所述记录的再充电参数组;和参数处理装置,用于处理从所述参数记录装置读取到的所述记录的 Having a metal air fuel cell stack system of recharging mode of operation, comprising: a metal fuel supply means for during the recharging mode of operation to provide a metal to recharge the fuel material, wherein said metallic material along said fuel during parameter detecting means for each of the areas of metal fuel material during the recharging operation mode recharge; a plurality of metal section or subsection of the fuel material is divided, and each of the regions labeled with a Code detecting a set of rechargeable parameters; code reading means for recharging mode of operation during reading the code is marked on each of the metallic material of said fuel region; parameter recording means for recording on each of said fuel region of the metallic material of the group of the detected recharge parameters, wherein each of said recorded parameters with the recharge codes to label the label area; parameter reading means, recharging for reading said recorded parameters; and a parameter processing means for processing said parameter from said recording means is read 充电参数组。 Charging parameters.
  108. 108. 108. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在所述再充电操作模式期间使用所述组处理过的再充电参数。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 107, wherein, in the recharging mode of operation using the set of processed parameters during recharge.
  109. 109. 109. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,还包括放电操作模式,并且其中在所述放电操作模式期间使用所述组处理过的放再充电参数。 Said metal air cell 107 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, further comprising a discharging mode of operation, and wherein said set of parameters recharging discharge treated during the discharging mode of operation.
  110. 110. 110. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,每个所述检测到的放电参数组被存储在与所述系统关联的存储装置中。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 107, wherein each of said detected discharge parameter set is associated with the storage device is stored in the system.
  111. 111. 111. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述代码是数字代码。 Said metal air cell 107 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein said code is a numeric code.
  112. 112. 112. 如权利要求111所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以光学方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 111, wherein said digital code is optically detected.
  113. 113. 113. 如权利要求111所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码是条形码符号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system of claim 111, wherein the digital code is the bar code symbol.
  114. 114. 114. 如权利要求111所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以磁方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 111, wherein said digital code magnetically detected.
  115. 115. 115. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述参数处理装置处理与金属燃料材料的每个区域有关的所述记录的再充电参数组,从而当所述区域再充电时确定可从所述区域产生的电功率量。 Said metal air cell 107 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein said processing parameter associated with each of the recording region of the metal fuel material processing apparatus recharge parameters, to determine when recharging the region amount of electric power can be generated from the region.
  116. 116. 116. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料的每个所述区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,所述参数检测装置在所述再充电操作模式期间检测沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料的道的一组再充电参数;其中,在所述再充电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码;其中,所述参数记录装置记录在沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道上检测到的所述组再充电参数,并且其中所述记录的再充电参数组利用标注到沿所述区域的所述金属燃料道的所述代码来标注;和其中,所述参数读取装置读取记录在所述参数记录装置中的再充电参数。 Said metal air cell 107 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein each of said fuel region of the metal material having a plurality of metal fuel channel; wherein said parameter detection means detecting direction of the metal during the recharge mode of operation of the recharging a set of parameters for each channel of the metal fuel is fuel in each of the regions; during recharging of the area wherein the metal in the fuel during a recharging mode of operation, the code reading device reads the region along each of the digital codes; wherein said recording means records the parameter in each of the metal fuel tracks each of the regions along the metal fuel is set to the detected recharge parameters, and wherein said recording recharge parameters marked with the codes to the region along the fuel channel to the metal label; and wherein said parameter reading means reads information recorded in said another recording device parameters charging parameters.
  117. 117. 117. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料结构的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 107, wherein the metallic fuel material in the form of a metal structure of the fuel achieved.
  118. 118. 118. 如权利要求107所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 107, wherein the fuel material is in the form of metal fuel card or sheet metal implemented.
  119. 119. 119. 一种具有放电操作模式和再充电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:金属燃料提供装置,用于提供金属燃料材料,以在所述放电操作模式期间产生电功率和所述再充电操作模式期间用来进行再充电,其中,所述金属燃料材料具有沿所述金属燃料材料划分的多个区域或子区,并且每个所述区域用一代码标注;放电参数检测装置,用于在所述放电操作模式期间的金属燃料材料的每个所述区域放电期间,检测一组放电参数;代码读取装置,用于在放电操作模式期间的所述区域放电期间、以及在所述再充电操作模式操作期间的金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间,读取沿所述金属燃料的每个所述区域的所述代码;放电参数记录装置,用于记录在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域上检测到的所述组放电参数,其中所述记录的放电参数组利用标注到所述 Having a discharging mode of operation of the fuel cell stack and the metal-air recharging system mode of operation, comprising: a metal fuel supply means for providing a metallic fuel material to generate electrical power and the discharging mode of operation during the recharging operation mode It used during recharging, wherein said metallic material having a plurality of fuel section or subsection of the divided fuel material along the metal, and each of the regions labeled with a Code; discharge parameter detection means, for the during each of the regions of the metal fuel discharge said material during a discharging mode of operation, a set of detected discharge parameter; code reading means for during said discharge region during the discharge operation mode, and the recharging operation the code for each zone during recharging of said region of said metallic fuel during operation mode, reading along the metal fuel; discharge parameter recording means for recording each of said metallic fuel material the detected discharge parameter of the set area, wherein the discharge of said recording parameter set to the label using 域的所述代码标注;放电参数读取装置,用于读取所述记录的放电参数;放电参数处理装置,用于处理从所述放电参数记录装置读取到的所述记录的放电参数组;再充电参数检测装置,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间的金属燃料材料的每个所述区域再充电期间,检测一组再充电参数;再充电参数记录装置,用于记录在所述金属燃料材料的每个所述区域上检测到的所述组再充电参数,其中每个所述记录的再充电参数组利用标注到所述区域的所述代码标注;再充电参数读取装置,用于读取所述记录的再充电参数;和再充电参数处理装置,用于处理从所述再充电参数记录装置读取到的所述记录的再充电参数组。 The label code field; discharge parameter reading means for reading the recorded discharge parameters; processing parameters discharging means for discharging the recording process parameters read from the parameter recording means to discharge the ; recharge parameter detection means for each of the areas of metal fuel material during the recharging operation mode during recharge, recharge a set of detection parameters; recharging parameter recording means for recording said the group on each of the detected region of the metal fuel material recharge parameters, wherein each of said recorded parameters with the recharge codes to label the label area; recharging parameter reading means, for reading the recording recharge parameters; processing parameters and recharging means for recharging the processing parameter set from the recharge parameters of the recording apparatus to record read.
  120. 120. 120. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在所述放电操作模式期间使用所述处理过的放电参数组。 Metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein, using the processing parameters over-discharged during the discharging mode of operation.
  121. 121. 121. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在所述再充电操作模式期间使用所述处理过的放电参数组。 Using the treated discharge parameters during a metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein, in the recharging mode of operation.
  122. 122. 122. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在所述再充电操作模式期间使用所述处理过的再充电参数组。 During the use of the metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein the recharging operation mode of the treated recharge parameters.
  123. 123. 123. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在所述放电操作模式期间使用所述处理过的再充电参数组。 Metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein, during the discharging mode of operation using the treated recharge parameters.
  124. 124. 124. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电参数记录装置和所述再充电参数记录装置均包括一存储装置。 Said metal-air battery system 119 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said recording means and said discharge parameters recharging recording apparatus comprises a parameter storage means.
  125. 125. 125. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述代码是数字代码。 Said metal-air battery system 119 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said code is a numeric code.
  126. 126. 126. 如权利要求125所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以光学方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 125, wherein said digital code is optically detected.
  127. 127. 127. 如权利要求125所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码是条形码符号。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 125, wherein the digital code is the bar code symbol.
  128. 128. 128. 如权利要求125所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述数字代码以磁方式检测。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 125, wherein said digital code magnetically detected.
  129. 129. 129. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电参数处理装置处理与金属燃料材料的每个区域有关的所述记录的放电参数组,从而当所述区域再充电时确定要提供给所述区域的电功率量。 Metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein said processing means for processing said discharge parameters associated with each recording region of the metal fuel material discharge parameters, such that when the region determined recharging amount of electric power to be supplied to said zone.
  130. 130. 130. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料的每个所述区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,所述放电参数检测装置在所述放电操作模式期间检测沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道的一组放电参数;其中,在所述放电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的放电期间、以及在所述再充电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述数字代码;其中,所述放电参数记录装置记录在沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道上检测到的所述组放电参数,并且其中所述记录的放电参数组利用标注到沿所述区域的所述金属燃料道的所述代码来标注;和其中,所述放电参数读取装置读取记录在所述参数记录装置中的放电参数。 Metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein each of said fuel region of the metal material having a plurality of metal fuel channel; wherein said parameter detection means for detecting the discharge direction of the metal during the discharging mode of operation during wherein, during the discharge region of the metal fuel during the discharging mode of operation, and then the charging mode of operation; a set of parameters for each of the metal fuel discharge passage area of ​​each of the fuel during recharging of the region of the metal fuel, said code reading means reads each of the regions along the numeric code; wherein said recording means records in each discharge parameter of the fuel along the metal each group of the metal tracks of the fuel discharge region of the detected parameter, and wherein said discharge of said code recording parameters to use in the region denoted by the label to the metal of the fuel passage; and wherein, said discharge parameter reading means reads discharge parameters recorded in said recording apparatus parameters.
  131. 131. 131. 如权利要求117所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述再充电参数处理装置处理与金属燃料材料的每个区域有关的所述记录的再充电参数组,从而在金属燃料材料的每个所述区域放电期间确定出现在每个所述区域的金属燃料量。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 117, wherein said recharging means for processing said record processing parameters associated with each region of the metal fuel material recharge parameters, so that each of the metallic fuel material determining an amount of fuel present in the metal during each of said regions of said discharge region.
  132. 132. 132. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料的每个所述区域具有多个金属燃料道;其中,所述再充电参数检测装置在所述再充电操作模式期间检测沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料的道的一组再充电参数;其中,在所述再充电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的再充电期间、以及在所述放电操作模式期间的所述金属燃料的所述区域的放电期间,所述代码读取装置读取沿每个所述区域的所述代码;其中,所述再充电参数记录装置记录在沿金属燃料的每个所述区域的每个金属燃料道上检测到的所述组再充电参数,并且其中所述记录的再充电参数组利用标注到沿所述区域的所述金属燃料道的所述代码来标注;和其中,所述再充电参数读取装置读取记录在所述参数记录装置中的再充电参数。 Metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein each of said fuel region of the metal material having a plurality of metal fuel channel; wherein said recharging detecting means during a recharging operation parameter detection mode in the recharging a set of parameters for each channel of the metal fuel in each of the regions of the metal fuel; during recharging of the area wherein the metal in the fuel during a recharging mode of operation, and in the during the discharge region of the metal fuel during said discharging mode of operation, said code reading means reads said code along each of said region; wherein the recharge parameter recording apparatus along the metal the code for each track of each of the metal fuel region of the fuel group detected recharge parameters, and wherein said recharging recording parameters to use in the labeling region of the metal fuel passage to mark; and wherein said reading means reads recharging parameters recorded in the recording apparatus recharge parameters of the parameters.
  133. 133. 133. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,金属燃料材料是以金属燃料结构的形式实现的。 Metal air fuel cell pack system as claimed in claim 119, wherein the metallic fuel material in the form of a metal structure of the fuel achieved.
  134. 134. 134. 如权利要求119所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Said metal-air battery system 119 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material is in the form of fuel or sheet metal fuel card implementation.
  135. 135. 135. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:多个子系统,每天协同操作,以便进行放电和再充电参数的检测、存储和处理,以在放电和再充电操作模式期间使用。 Group metal air fuel cell system, comprising: a plurality of subsystems, cooperating daily discharge and for detecting, storing and processing recharge parameters, for use during the discharge and recharge modes of operation.
  136. 136. 136. 一种具有再充电操作模式和放电操作模式的金属空气燃料电池组系统,所述金属空气燃料电池组系统包括:金属燃料放电动机构,用于在所述放电操作模式期间使金属燃料材料放电;放电参数检测机构,用于在所述放电操作模式期间,检测放电参数,同时还使所述金属燃料材料放电;金属燃料再充电动机构,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间使所述金属燃料材料再充电;和再充电参数检测机构,用于在所述再充电操作模式期间,检测再充电参数,同时还时所述金属燃料材料再充电。 Having a metal air fuel cell stack system recharging operation mode and a discharging mode of operation, the metal air fuel cell stack system comprising: a metal fuel discharge electric mechanism, for discharging mode of operation during which the metal fuel material discharge; discharge parameter detection means, for during the discharging mode of operation, a discharge detection parameters, while still allowing the discharge of the metal fuel material; metal fuel recharging mechanism for causing the metal during the recharging mode of operation recharging fuel material; and a recharge parameter detection means, for during the re-charging operation mode, the detection recharge parameters, but also when the metal material recharging fuel.
  137. 137. 137. 如权利要求136所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电参数是从一个组选择出的要素,所述组由阴极-阳极电压和电流值、放电阴极中的氧分压、阴极-电解质界面上的相对湿度以及可利用的所述金属燃料材料的速度组成。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 136, wherein said discharge parameter is selected from a group of elements, the group consisting of cathode - anode voltage and current values, the oxygen partial pressure in the discharge cathode, the cathode - relative humidity on the speed of the metal electrolyte interface and the available fuel material composition.
  138. 138. 138. 如权利要求136所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述再充电参数是从一个组选择出的要素,所述组由阴极-阳极电压和电流值、再充电阴极中的氧分压、阴极-电解质界面上的相对湿度以及可利用的所述金属燃料材料的速度组成。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 136, wherein said recharge parameters selected from a group of elements, the group consisting of cathode - anode voltage and current values, the oxygen partial pressure in the cathode recharging cathode - electrolyte interface on the relative humidity and velocity of the metallic material of the fuel composition can be utilized.
  139. 139. 139. 如权利要求136所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在放电操作模式期间,自动地检测并记录放电参数,并在再充电操作模式期间自动地进行读取和处理,以便以节能有效方式对金属燃料材料再充电。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 136, wherein, during a discharging mode of operation, automatically detect and record discharge parameters, and automatically recharging process during a read mode of operation and so energy efficient manner The rechargeable metal fuel material.
  140. 140. 140. 如权利要求136所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在放电操作模式期间,自动地检测、记录和处理放电参数,以便以节能有效方式使金属燃料材料放电。 Said metal air cell 136 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein, during a discharging mode of operation, automatically detected, and the recording process discharge parameters, so as to be energy efficient manner metallic fuel material discharge.
  141. 141. 141. 如权利要求136所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,要被再充电的所述金属燃料材料供所述金属空气燃料电池组系统中所利用的静止和/或移动阴极结构使用。 Said metal air cell 136 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material of fuel to be supplied to the rechargeable metal-air fuel cell stack system utilized still and / or moving cathode structure to use.
  142. 142. 142. 如权利要求133所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料是以金属燃料薄膜的形式实现的。 The metal-air cell 133 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein the metal fuel is in the form of a metal thin film of the fuel achieved.
  143. 143. 143. 如权利要求142所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料薄膜包含在盒式存储装置中。 Said metal air cell 142 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein said metal fuel contained in the film cartridge storage means.
  144. 144. 144. 如权利要求136所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料材料是以金属燃料卡或片的形式实现的。 Said metal air cell 136 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein said metallic material is in the form of fuel or sheet metal fuel card implementation.
  145. 145. 145. 如权利要求144所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述金属燃料卡或片包含在盒式存储装置中。 The metal-air battery system 144 of the fuel as claimed in claim, wherein said metal sheet comprises a fuel card or cassette storage means.
  146. 146. 146. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:盒式存储装置,具有一个或多个存储隔间,用于存储一组(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片供料进行放电;和放电装置,用于使从所述盒式存储装置提供的一个或多个所述(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片放电,以产生提供给一电负载的电功率。 Group metal air fuel cell system, comprising: a cartridge storage means, having one or more storage compartments for storing fuel card or a set of metal pieces (re) charging a feed discharge; and discharge means for to provide one or more of said cartridge from said storage means (re) charge card or sheet metal discharging fuel, to produce electric power supplied to an electrical load.
  147. 147. 147. 如权利要求146所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述盒式存储装置包括分隔的内部空间,用于将(再)充电和放电的金属燃料卡存储在形成于所述盘盒类盒式装置内的单独的存储隔间。 Metal fuel card memory metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 146, wherein said storage means comprises a cartridge internal space separated for (re) charge and discharge is formed in the disc cartridge based separate storage compartments in the cartridge device.
  148. 148. 148. 如权利要求146所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述系统还包括一壳体,用于封装所述放电装置,其中所述盒式存储装置可从所述壳体拆卸。 Said metal air cell 146 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, wherein said system further comprises a housing for enclosing said discharge means, wherein said cartridge memory means detachable from said housing.
  149. 149. 149. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:盒式存储装置,具有一个或多个存储隔间,用于存储一组(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片以便进行放电;放电装置,用于使一个或多个(再)充电的金属空气燃料卡或片放电,以产生提供给一电负载的电功率;和第一机构,用于将一个或多个所述(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述盒式存储装置传送到所述放电装置中。 Group metal air fuel cell system, comprising: a cartridge storage means, having one or more storage compartments for storing fuel card or a set of metal pieces (re) charge to discharge; discharge means for one or more of (re) charge the card or sheet metal air fuel discharged to produce electrical power to an electrical load; and a first mechanism, the metal fuel for one or more of the card (re) charge or sheet cassette is automatically transferred from the storage means to said discharge means.
  150. 150. 150. 如权利要求149所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,还包括:第二机构,用于将一个或多个所述放电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述放电装置传送回所述盒式存储装置中。 The metal-air cell 149 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim, further comprising: a fuel card or sheet metal of said discharge automatically back to said discharge means from said second cartridge means, for one or more storage device.
  151. 151. 151. 如权利要求149所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述放电装置还包括用于同时使多个所述(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片放电的装置。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 149, wherein said discharge means further comprises means for simultaneously making a plurality of the (re) charge card or sheet metal fuel discharge.
  152. 152. 152. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:盒式存储装置,具有一个或多个存储隔间,用于存储一组放电的金属燃料卡或片供料以便进行再充电;再充电装置,用于对一个或多个放电的金属空气燃料卡或片再充电;第一机构,用于将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述盒式存储装置传送到所述再充电装置中;和第二机构,用于将一个或多个再充电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述再充电装置传送回所述盒式存储装置中。 Group metal air fuel cell system, comprising: a cartridge storage means, having one or more storage compartments for storing a set of metal fuel card or sheet discharge feed for recharging; recharging means for one or more metal air fuel card or sheet discharge recharging; a first means, for one or more of the metal fuel card or sheet is automatically discharged from said storing means to said cartridge means recharging ; and second means, for recharging of the one or more fuel card or sheet metal is automatically recharged from said storage means back to said cartridge means.
  153. 153. 153. 如权利要求152所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述盒式存储装置包括分隔的内部空间,用于将(再)充电和放电的金属燃料卡存储在形成于盘盒类盒式装置内的单独的存储隔间。 Metal fuel storage card 152 according to a metal-air fuel battery system as claimed in claim, wherein said storage means comprises a cartridge internal space separated for (re) charge and discharge is formed in the disc cartridge Boxes separate storage compartments within the device.
  154. 154. 154. 一种金属空气燃料电池组系统,包括:盒式存储装置,具有一个或多个存储隔间,用于存储一组(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片供料,以便进行放电;放电装置,用于使一个或多个(再)充电的金属空气燃料卡或片放电,从而产生提供给一电负载的电功率;再充电装置,用于对一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡或片再充电;第一机构,用于将一个或多个(再)充电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述盒式存储装置传送到所述放电装置中;第二机构,用于将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述放电装置传送回所述盒式存储装置中;第三机构,用于将一个或多个放电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述盒式存储装置传送到所述再充电装置中;和第四机构,用于将一个或多个再充电的金属燃料卡或片自动地从所述再充电装置传送回所述盒式存储装置中。 Group metal air fuel cell system, comprising: a cartridge storage means, having one or more storage compartments for storing a set of (re) charge card or sheet metal fuel supply, for discharge; discharge means, or more for a (re) charge the card or sheet metal air fuel discharge, thereby generating electrical power to an electrical load; recharging means for the one or more cards or sheet metal fuel discharge recharging ; a first means for transferring one or more of (re) charge card or sheet metal fuel is automatically transmitted from said cartridge memory means to said discharge means; second means, for one or more card or sheet metal fuel is automatically discharged from said discharging means back to said cartridge memory means; third means, for one or more cards or sheet metal fuel discharged from said storage cartridge automatically means for transmitting to the recharging means; and a fourth means, for one or more rechargeable metal fuel card or sheet automatically from the recharging means back to said cassette storage means.
  155. 155. 155. 如权利要求154所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述盒式存储装置包括分隔的内部空间,用于将(再)充电和放电的金属燃料卡存储在形成于所述盘盒类盒式装置内的单独的存储隔间。 Metal fuel card memory metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 154, wherein said storage means comprises a cartridge internal space separated for (re) charge and discharge is formed in the disc cartridge based separate storage compartments in the cartridge device.
  156. 156. 156. 如权利要求154所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,在一系统控制器的管理下,所述金属燃料卡放电和再充电装置两者可同时操作。 Said metal air cell 154 of the fuel pack system as claimed in claim wherein, under the management of a system controller, the metal fuel discharge and recharge card may operate both devices simultaneously.
  157. 157. 157. 如权利要求154所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述系统控制器与一合成系统关联。 The metal-air fuel battery system 154 wherein the system controller is associated with a synthesis system as claimed in claim.
  158. 158. 158. 如权利要求157所述的金属空气燃料电池组系统,其中,所述合成系统是一电功率管理系统。 Metal air fuel cell stack system according to claim 157, wherein said composition system is an electrical power management system.
  159. 159. 159. 一种电功率产生系统,包括:电力母线结构,其连接到一个或多个电负载;多个金属空气燃料电池组(FCB)子系统,连接到所述电力母线结构,其每个均具有一组金属燃料,并能够向所述电力母线结构产生和提供电功率;和控制子系统,用于控制所述多个金属空气FCB子系统的操作,以便向所述电力母线结构提供电功率,其量足以满足所述电负载的需求,而不管所述电功率产生系统中的金属燃料总剩余量如何。 An electrical power generation system, comprising: a power bus structure connected to one or more electrical loads; a plurality of metal-air fuel cell stack (the FCB) subsystem, coupled to said power bus structure, each of which has a set of of the metal fuel, and can generate electric power to said bus structure and providing electrical power; and a control subsystem of the plurality of operating a metal-air FCB subsystem for controlling, in order to provide electrical power to the power bus structure, in an amount sufficient the electrical demand of the load, regardless of the remaining amount of electric power generated total metal in the fuel system.
  160. 160. 160. 一种电功率产生系统,包括:金属空气FCB子系统的网络,连接到电力母线结构,并由与基于网络的金属燃料管理子系统关联的网络控制子系统的控制。 An electrical power generation system, comprising: a metal-air FCB network subsystem, power is connected to the bus structure, and control subsystem based on the control by the association of the metal fuel management network Subsystem network.
  161. 161. 161. 一种电功率产生系统,其中,通过启动所选组的所述金属空气FCB子系统来控制从所述电力母线结构产生的电功率输出,以向所述电力母线结构提供电功率。 An electrical power generation system, which controls the electric power output generated from the power bus through the metal-air FCB structure booting the selected group, to provide electrical power to the power bus structure.
  162. 162. 162. 一种电功率产生系统,包括:一金属空气FCB子系统的网络,连接到电力母线结构,并由与基于网络的金属燃料管理子系统关联的网络控制子系统控制;其中,每个所述FCB子系统中的金属燃料利用所述网络控制子系统来管理,从而每个这种FCB子系统在任何瞬间平均基本上具有相同量的金属燃料可用于产生电功率。 An electrical power generation system, comprising: a metal-air FCB network subsystem, power is connected to the bus structure, based on the control by the control subsystem associated with the metal fuel management network Subsystem network; wherein each of said sub-FCB metal fuel system using said network management subsystem control, such that each subsystem average FCB has at any instant substantially the same amount of metal fuel may be used to generate electrical power.
  163. 163. 163. 一种操作金属空气FCB子系统的方法,包括下列步骤:根据金属燃料均衡压力来管理每个所述金属空气FCB子系统中可用的金属燃料的放电,从而在每个所述金属空气FCB子系统中任何瞬间可用于放电的金属燃料平均基本相同。 Metal air FCB subsystem operating method, comprising the steps of: equalizing the metal fuel discharge pressure of each of the metal-air management subsystem useful in FCB metal fuel, so that each of said metal-air FCB subsystem any metal can be used to instantly discharge the fuel is substantially the same average.
  164. 164. 164. 一种电功率产生系统,以可安装在任何实际系统、装置或环境中的发电站的方式实现,在这些系统、装置和环境中,需要满足电负载(如,电动机、电器、机构、工具等)的峰值功率需求,而不管所述电功率产生系统中未消耗的剩余金属燃料总量如何。 An electrical power generation system to be mounted in any practical system, apparatus, or in a power plant environment manner, in such systems, devices and environments, required to meet the electrical load (e.g., motor, electronics, means, tools, etc.) peak power demand, regardless of how the total amount of electrical power generated metal remaining unconsumed in the fuel system.
  165. 165. 165. 一种电动车辆,包括:金属空气FCB子系统的网络,连接到电力母线结构,并由与基于网络的金属燃料管理子系统关联的网络控制子系统控制;其中,当所述车辆沿平地或下坡路行进时,仅启动一个或几个所述金属空气FCB子系统进行放电操作,而当所述车辆试图超过另一个车辆或沿上坡行进时,启动多个或所有所述金属空气FCB子系统进行放电操作。 An electric vehicle, comprising: a metal-air FCB network subsystem, power is connected to the bus structure, based on the control by the control subsystem associated with the metal fuel management network Subsystem network; wherein, when the vehicle along the ground or downhill when traveling, the start only one or a few metal-air FCB subsystem discharging operation, and when the vehicle exceeds another vehicle attempting to travel uphill or along, more or all of the starting metal-air FCB subsystem discharging operation.
  166. 166. 166. 一种电功率产生系统,包括:电力母线结构,其连接到一电负载;多个金属空气FCB子系统,用于以可操作方式连接到所述电力母线结构;和几个基于计算机的金属燃料管理子系统,用于管理在每个所述金属空气FCB子系统中可用于放电操作的金属燃料的量,从而按时间平均,每个所述金属空气FCB子系统基本上具有相同量的金属燃料可用于放电和产生提供给所述电力母线结构的电功率。 An electrical power generation system, comprising: a power bus structure, which is connected to an electric load; a plurality of metal-air FCB subsystem for operatively connected to said power bus structure; and several metal-based fuel management computer subsystem for managing the amount of air in each of said metal FCB can be used for the metal fuel subsystem discharging operations so the mean time, the metal-air FCB subsystem each have substantially the same amount of metal fuel is available and generating discharge in the electric power supplied to the power bus structure.
  167. 167. 167. 一种小型结构的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,用于向具有电池存储隔间的主机系统提供电功率,所述金属空气FCB功率产生模块包括:小型结构的模块壳体;放电头,封装在所述模块壳体中内,并且一金属燃料卡可滑入所述放电头中进行发电;和其中,所述模块壳体具有一对电端子,用于当所述模块壳体被装载到所述电池存储隔间中时与一主机系统的功率端接触。 FCB air power of the small metal structure generation module for providing electrical power to the host system having a battery storage compartment, said metal-air FCB power generation module comprising: a module housing compact structure; discharge head, the package within the module housing, and a card can be slid into the metal fuel power generation discharge head; and wherein the module housing having a pair of electrical terminals, for, when the module housing is loaded into said cell when a power terminal into contact with the host system in the storage compartment.
  168. 168. 168. 一种金属空气FCB功率产生模块,包括:小型结构的壳体;多部件阴极结构,可插入形成在所述壳体中的槽中,并具有多个端接在第一电连接器中的多个电流汇集导体;透气孔口,形成在至少一个表面中,用于使周围空气被动地流经设置在所述多部件阴极结构中的多个阴极部件;多部件阳极接触结构,与所述壳体集成地形成,并包括多个电触点,它们和与第二电连接器关联的导体进行电连接;一个或多个印刷电路(PC)板,安装在所述壳体内,用于承载用于实现所述金属空气FCB模块中的各功能的电路,并支承建立与所述第一和第二电连接器的电接触的电连接器,所述第一和第二电连接器与所述多部件阴极结构和多部件阳极接触结构关联;金属燃料卡,用于在一薄的支承结构上承载多个金属燃料部件,并当所述金属燃料卡滑入形成在所述阳极接触结构和所 Metal air FCB power generation module, comprising: a compact housing structure; multi-cathode structure member, can be inserted into a slot in the housing and having a plurality terminates in a plurality of first electrical connector a current busbars; port holes, formed in at least one surface for causing ambient air to flow through a plurality of passive components in the multi-component cathode cathode structure; an anode structure of a multi-contact member, and the housing body is integrally formed, and comprising a plurality of electrical contacts, which are electrically connected to the conductor associated with a second electrical connector; one or more printed circuit (PC) board, mounted within said housing for carrying a circuitry for implementing the functions of the metal-air FCB module, and supports the establishment of an electrical connector and the first electrical and second electrical contacts of the connector, said first and second electrical connector and the relevance cathode structure member and the anode member multi-contact structure; metal fuel card, for carrying a plurality of metal fuel components on a thin support structure, and when the fuel card into the metal contact structure is formed in the anode and the 述多部件阴极结构之间的槽中时,使与所述阳极接触结构关联的所述多个电触点分别与所述多个金属燃料部件接合;和一对输出功率端,经所述壳体延伸,并与所述一个或多个PC板上的所述电路进行电连接,用于以所选输出电压向一外部负载提供电功率。 When the multi-slot between said cathode structure member, the engagement with the plurality of metal members with the anode of the fuel contact structure associated with the plurality of electrical contacts, respectively; and a pair of output power terminal, via the housing extends, and electrically connected to the one or plurality of PC circuit board for the selected output voltage to provide electrical power to an external load.
  169. 169. 169. 如权利要求168所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,其中,所述多部件阴极结构可拆卸地插入所述壳体中,并在放电操作中可按其连续使用的要求来替换。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 168, wherein the cathode structure to replace the multi-component removably inserted in the housing, and claims may be continuously used in the discharging operation.
  170. 170. 170. 如权利要求168所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,还包括用于产生不同输出电压范围的电功率的装置。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 168, further comprising means for generating the electric power range of different output voltages.
  171. 171. 171. 如权利要求170所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,其中,当将所述多部件金属燃料卡插入所述金属空气FCB模块中时,所述一个或多个PC板基本上与所述多部件阴极结构和所述多部件金属燃料卡垂直。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 170, wherein, when the multi-component metal of the metal-air fuel FCB card insertion module, the one or more PC boards and the multi-component substantially the cathode structure and the multi-component perpendicular to the metal fuel card.
  172. 172. 172. 一种产生电功率的系统,包括:金属空气FCB模块,用于利用可插入所述金属空气FCB模块中的至少一个金属燃料卡来产生电功率,所述金属空气FCB模块包括至少一个阴极结构和至少一个阳极接触结构,在金属燃料装载操作期间,使其每个所述金属燃料插入其间;和多个金属燃料卡,当需要从所述金属空气FCB模块产生电功率时,可将每个所述金属燃料卡插入所述金属空气FCB模块中。 A method of generating electric power system, comprising: a metal-air FCB module for utilizing insertable card of at least one metal of the metal-air fuel FCB module to generate electric power, said metal-air FCB module comprising at least one cathode structure and at least one anode contact structure, the metal fuel during the loading operation, so that each of the metal fuel interposed therebetween; and a plurality of metal fuel card, when it is desired to produce electrical power from said metal-air FCB modules, each of said metal fuel the card is inserted into the metal-air FCB module.
  173. 173. 173. 如权利要求172所述的系统,还包括卡存储/保持装置,用于保持和存储未被不使用的所述多个金属燃料卡,用于在所述金属空气FCB模块中产生电功率。 The system according to claim 172, further comprising a card storing / holding means for holding and storing said plurality of non-metallic fuel card is not used for generating electrical power in the metal-air FCB module.
  174. 174. 174. 如权利要求172所述的系统,还包括替代阴极结构,用于当所述阴极结构产生预定量的电能而已消耗时,安装所述金属空气FCB模块中。 The system according to claim 172, further comprising an alternative cathode structure, the cathode structure for generating electric energy when a predetermined amount of it is consumed, mounting the metal-air FCB module.
  175. 175. 175. 如权利要求172所述的系统,其中,所述卡存储/保持装置是具有多个槽的盒状结构,用于存储所述多个金属燃料卡。 The system according to claim 172, wherein said card storing / holding means is a box-like structure having a plurality of slots for storing the plurality of metal fuel cards.
  176. 176. 176. 如权利要求172所述的系统,其中,所述卡存储/保持装置是具有多个袋子的折叠钱包,用于存储所述多个金属燃料卡。 The system according to claim 172, wherein said card storing / holding means is a plurality of bags having a folded wallet for storing said plurality of metal fuel cards.
  177. 177. 177. 如权利要求172所述的系统,其中,当在所述金属空气FCB模块中使用之前,每个所述金属燃料卡被包装在不透气材料中。 The system according to claim 172, wherein, when the metal air prior to use in FCB module, each of the metal fuel card being packaged in air-impermeable material.
  178. 178. 178. 如权利要求172所述的系统,其中,所述金属燃料卡装载操作包括经形成在所述金属空气FCB模块中的一槽口来插入所述金属空气FCB模块。 The system according to claim 172, wherein the metal fuel comprises a card loading operation is formed by the metal-air FCB module is inserted into a slot to the metal-air FCB module.
  179. 179. 179. 如权利要求172所述的系统,其中,由所述阴极结构或由所述金属燃料卡提供离子导电介质。 The system according to claim 172, wherein the ionically conductive medium provided by the metal fuel card or by the cathode structure.
  180. 180. 180. 如权利要求179所述的系统,其中,所述金属空气FCB模块具有传统电池装置的形状因数,从而对应于所述形成因素可用于电池室中。 The system according to claim 179, wherein said metal-air FCB conventional battery module having a form factor of the device, so as to correspond to the form factor can be used in the battery compartment.
  181. 181. 181. 如权利要求168所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,其中,所述多部件阴极结构包括用于在放电操作期间在所述阴极部件和所述金属燃料部件之间散布由水或电解质制成的溶液的装置。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 168, wherein the cathode structure comprises a plurality member interspersed between the cathode member and the metal member during the discharge operation of the fuel is made of water or electrolyte It means a solution.
  182. 182. 182. 一种产生电功率的方法,包括下列步骤:(a)将下述模块和金属燃料卡包装和分布在一起:(ⅰ)金属空气FCB模块,用于利用可插入所述金属空气FCB模块中的至少一个金属燃料卡产生电功率,所述金属空气FCB模块包括至少一个阴极结构和至少一个阳极接触结构,在金属燃料装载操作期间,使其每个所述金属燃料插入其间,和(ⅱ)多个金属燃料卡,当需要从所述金属空气FCB模块产生电功率时,可将每个所述金属燃料卡插入所述金属空气FCB模块中。 A method of generating electrical power, comprising the steps of: (a) the following modules and cards packaging and distribution of the metal fuel together with: (i) a metal air FCB means for using the metal-air FCB may be inserted into the module at least a metal fuel card generating electrical power, said metal-air FCB module comprising at least one cathode structure and the at least one anode contact structure, the metal fuel during the loading operation, so that each of the metal fuel interposed therebetween, and (ii) a plurality of metal fuel card, when the need to generate electrical power from said metal-air FCB modules, each of said metallic card inserted into the metal air fuel module FCB. (b)将至少一个所述金属燃料卡插入所述金属空气FCB模块中,以启动所述金属空气FCB系统产生电功率,以提供给具有电池存储隔间的电功率消耗装置;(c)将所述金属空气FCB模块插入所述电功率消耗装置的电池存储隔间中;(d)提供给所述电功率消耗装置提供电功率,使所述金属空气FCB模块中的所述金属燃料卡放电;(e)从所述金属空气FCB模块取出所述放电的金属燃料卡;(f)从所述多个金属燃料卡选择一个所述金属燃料卡,并将所述选择的金属燃料卡插入所述金属空气FCB模块中;(g)通过再给所述电功率消耗装置提供电功率,开始对所述金属空气FCB模块中的所述金属燃料卡放电;和(h)按照所需次数重复步骤(e)至(f),以将电功率从所述金属空气FCB模块连续地提供给所述电功率消耗装置。 (B) at least one card inserted into the metal of the metal air fuel FCB module, to activate the metal-air FCB system to produce electric power to be supplied to the electric power consumption of the storage compartment having a battery means; (c) the the metal-air FCB module inserted into the electrical power consumption of the battery storage compartment device; (d) providing electrical power to said means for providing electrical power consumption, the metal of the metal-air fuel card module FCB discharge; (e) from the metal-air FCB card module remove the metal fuel discharge; (f) selecting one of said plurality of metal from the metal fuel card fuel cards, and the selected card is inserted into the metal of the metal air fuel module FCB in; (G) to give the electrical power consumption by means for providing electrical power, the metal begins to discharge air in the FCB metal fuel module card; and (h) repeating steps (e) a desired number of times according to (f) to the electric power from the metal-air FCB module is continuously supplied to the electrical power consumption device.
  183. 183. 183. 如权利要求182所述的方法,其中,在步骤(d)之后,所述方法还包括(d)(1),用于从所述电池存储隔间取出所述金属空气FCB模块,并且在步骤(f)之后,还包括(f)(1),用于将所述金属空气FCB模块安装所述电池存储隔间。 The method according to claim 182, wherein, after step (D), the method further comprises (d) (1), for extracting said module from said FCB metal air battery storage compartment, and in step then (f), further comprising (f) (1), for the mounting of the metal-air battery module FCB storage compartment.
  184. 184. 184. 一种金属空气FCB功率产生模块,包括:小型结构的壳体;第一多部件阴极结构,可插入形成在所述壳体中的第一槽中,并具有多个端接在第一电连接器中的多个电流汇集导体;第二多部件阴极结构,可插入形成在所述壳体中的第二槽中,并具有多个端接在第二电连接器中的多个电流汇集导体,当被插入所述壳体中时,所述第一和第二多部件阴极结构基本上彼此平行;透气孔口,形成在至少一个表面中,用于使周围空气被动地流经设置在所述第一多部件阴极结构中的第一多个阴极部件并流经设置在所述第二多部件阴极结构中的第二多个阴极部件;金属燃料卡,可插入形成与所述第一和第二多部件阴极结构之间的槽中,并承载支承在支承结构的第一侧上的第一多个金属燃料部件,并建立与端接在形成在所述支承结构上的第三连接器机构的第一多个导体 Metal air FCB power generation module, comprising: a compact housing structure; a first multi-cathode structure member, may be inserted into the first groove is formed in the housing and having a first plurality of electrical terminating connector a plurality of current busbars vessel; second multi-cathode structure member, can be inserted into a second groove formed in the housing and having a plurality of terminating a plurality of current in the second electrical connector busbar , when inserted into the housing, the first member and the second multi-cathode structure substantially parallel to each other; port holes, formed in at least one surface for causing ambient air to flow through is provided passively by a first plurality of cathode members of said first plurality of cathode structure member and through a second plurality of cathode member disposed in said second multi-part cathode structure; metal fuel card which is formed with the first and a second multi-slot between the cathode structure member, and the support carries a first plurality of metal fuel components on the first side of the support structure, and to establish terminating in a third connector formed on the support structure a first plurality of conductor means 电接触,还承载支承在所述支承结构的第二侧上的第二多个金属燃料部件,并建立与端接在第三连接器机构的第二多个导体的电接触;一个或多个印刷电路(PC)板,安装在所述壳体内,用于承载用于实现所述金属空气FCB模块中的各功能的电路,并且当所述金属燃料卡插入所述壳体内设置的槽中时,支承用于建立所述第一和第二电连接器与所述第三连接器机构的电接触的电连接器,所述第一和第二电连接器与第一和第二多部件阴极结构关联,所述第三连接器机构与所述金属燃料卡关联;一对输出功率端,经所述壳体延伸,并与所述一个或多个PC板上的所述电路进行电连接,用于以所选输出电压向一外部负载提供电功率。 Electrical contacts, the support also carries a second plurality of metal fuel components on the second side of the support structure, and establishing a second plurality of electrical conductors terminating in contact with the third connector means; one or more a printed circuit (PC) board, mounted within said housing for carrying a circuit for each function of the metal-air FCB module implemented within the time slot and when the card is inserted into the metal housing of the fuel provided support for establishing the first electrical connector and the second electrical connector in electrical contact with the third connector means, said first and second electrical connector and the first and second multi-part cathode association structure, the third connector means associated with the metal fuel card; a pair of output power terminal extending through the housing, and with the one or plurality of said circuit electrically connected to PC board, for the selected output voltage to provide electrical power to an external load.
  185. 185. 185. 如权利要求184所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,其中,当将所述金属燃料卡插入所述金属空气FCB模块中时,所述一个或多个PC板基本上与所述第一和第二多部件阴极结构及所述金属燃料卡垂直。 The metal-air power of the FCB 184 of PC board or a plurality of substantially said first and second generating module as claimed in claim, wherein the metal fuel when the card is inserted into the metal-air FCB module, the one more than two cathode structure member and perpendicular to the metal fuel card.
  186. 186. 186. 如权利要求184所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,还包括用于产生不同输出电压范围的电功率的装置。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 184, further comprising means for generating the electric power range of different output voltages.
  187. 187. 187. 如权利要求184所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,其中,还包括一开关,定位于所述壳体的外部,用于从所述不同范围的输出电压中选择所述输出电压。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 184, wherein further comprising a switch positioned outside said housing, for selecting the output voltage from the output voltage of the different range.
  188. 188. 188. 一种金属空气FCB功率产生模块,包括:多个金属空气FCB子模块,其每个能够产生用于提供给一对输出功率端的电功率;和其中每个所述金属空气子模块包括按照需要可拆卸地插入所述子模块以用于替换的金属燃料卡。 Metal air FCB power generation module comprising: a plurality of metal-air FCB sub-modules, each capable of generating electrical power for providing power to a pair of output terminals; and wherein each of said sub-modules comprises a metal air removable as needed inserting said sub-module for replacement of the metal fuel card.
  189. 189. 189. 如权利要求184所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,还包括利用外部电源来对每个所述金属空气FCB子模块再充电的装置。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 184, further comprising means external power source for recharging said metal-air FCB each sub-module.
  190. 190. 190. 如权利要求188所述的金属空气FCB功率产生模块,其中,可以以输出电压范围中的任何一个电压值来提供所述电输出。 FCB said metal-air power generation module according to claim 188, wherein a voltage value to be output to any voltage range to provide said electrical output.
  191. 191. 191. 一种多部件阴极结构,可插入在FCB功率产生模块的壳体中形成的槽中,包括:多个阴极部件,支承在支承结构上;和多个电流汇集导体,其与所述阴极部件电接触,并端接于附着到所述支承结构的第一电连接器中。 A multi-cathode structure member, the housing may be inserted in the power generation module FCB formed in the groove, comprising: a plurality of cathode members, is supported on a support structure; and a plurality of current conductors together, with the cathode member is electrically contacting and terminating at a first electrical connector attached to the support structure.
  192. 192. 192. 一种在FCB功率产生模块中使用的金属燃料卡,所述FCB功率产生模块包含阳极接触结构和多部件阴极结构,并具有在所述阳极接触结构和所述多部件阴极结构之间形成的槽,所述金属燃料卡包括:多个金属燃料部件,支承在薄的支承结构上;和一装置,用于当将所述金属燃料卡滑入所述槽中时,启用在所述阳极接触结构和所述多个金属燃料部件之间的电触点。 A method of producing a metal fuel card module used in the power FCB, the FCB power generation module includes a groove and a plurality of contact structures anode cathode structure member, and having a contact formed between the anode structure and cathode structure of the multi-component the metal fuel card comprising: a plurality of metal fuel component, supported on a thin support structure; and a means for, when the card is slid into the metallic fuel tank, enable the anode contact structure and a plurality of electrical contacts between said metal fuel component.
  193. 193. 193. 一种在FCB功率产生模块中使用的金属燃料卡,所述FCB功率产生模块包含第一和第二多部件阴极结构,并具有在所述第一和第二多部件阴极结构之间形成的槽,所述金属燃料卡包括:第一多个金属燃料部件,支承在一支承结构的第一侧上;第二多个金属燃料部件,支承在所述支承结构的第二侧上;一装置,用于启用在所述第一多个金属燃料部件之间的第一多个电触点,并且启用在所述第二多个金属燃料部件之间的第二多个电触点。 A method of producing a metal fuel card module used in the power FCB, the FCB power generating groove formed between the first member and the second multi-cathode structure comprises a first module and a second multi-cathode structure member, and having the metal fuel card comprising: a first plurality of metal fuel component, supported on a first side of a support structure; a second plurality of metal fuel component, supported on the second side of the support structure; a means, for enabling a first plurality of electrical contacts between the first plurality of metal fuel component, and enabling a second plurality of electrical contacts between said second plurality of metal fuel components.
  194. 194. 194. 一种在FCB功率产生模块,包括:一壳体;第一和第二多部件阴极结构,设置在所述壳体中;一槽,形成在第一和第二多部件阴极结构之间;和一金属燃料卡,可插入所述槽中,并具有:第一多个金属燃料部件,支承在一支承结构的第一侧上;第二多个金属燃料部件,支承在所述支承结构的第二侧上;和一装置,与所述支承结构集成,用于启用所述第一多个金属燃料部件之间的第一多个电触点,并且启用所述第二多个金属燃料部件之间的第二多个电触点。 A method of generating the FCB power module, comprising: a housing; a first and a second multi-cathode structure member, disposed in the housing; a groove formed between the first member and the second multi-cathode structure; and a metal fuel card can be inserted into the slot, and having: a first plurality of metal fuel component, supported on a first side of a support structure; a second support structure of said plurality of metal fuel component, supported on two sides; and a means integrated with the support structure, for enabling a first plurality of said first plurality of electrical contacts between the metal fuel component, and enabling said second plurality of metallic members of fuel a second plurality of electrical contacts between.
CN 98811640 1997-10-06 1998-10-06 Metal-air fuel cell battery systems employing metal fuel cards CN1280712A (en)

Priority Applications (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08944507 US6296960B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1997-10-06 System and method for producing electrical power using metal-air fuel cell battery technology
US09074337 US6472093B2 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-05-07 Metal-air fuel cell battery systems having a metal-fuel card storage cartridge, insertable within a fuel cartridge insertion port, containing a supply of substantially planar discrete metal-fuel cards, and fuel card transport mechanisms therein
US09110762 US6299997B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-07-03 Ionically-conductive belt structure for use in a metal-air fuel cell battery system and method of fabricating the same
US09110761 US6335111B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-07-03 Metal-air fuel cell battery system employing a plurality of moving cathode structures for improved volumetric power density
US09112596 US6228519B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-07-09 Metal-air fuel cell battery systems having mechanism for extending the path length of metal-fuel tape during discharging and recharging modes of operation
US09116643 US6306534B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-07-16 Metal-air fuel cell battery systems employing means for discharging and recharging metal-fuel cards
US09120583 US6410174B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-07-22 Metal-air fuel cell battery system having means for bi-directionally transporting metal-fuel tape and managing metal-fuel available therealong
US09126213 US6312844B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-07-30 Metal-air fuel cell battery system having means for discharging and recharging metal-fuel cards supplied from a cassette-type storage device
US09130325 US6641943B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-08-06 Metal-air fuel cell battery system having means for recording and reading operating parameters during discharging and recharging modes of operation
US09130341 US6287715B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-08-06 Metal-air fuel cell battery system having means for controlling discharging and recharging parameters for improved operating efficiency
US09232326 US6365292B1 (en) 1997-10-06 1998-08-10 Cathode belt structure for use in a metal-air fuel cell battery system and method of fabricating the same

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