CN1258647C - Hand operated pump for ejaculating small amount - Google PatentsHand operated pump for ejaculating small amount Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN1258647C CN1258647C CN 00819969 CN00819969A CN1258647C CN 1258647 C CN1258647 C CN 1258647C CN 00819969 CN00819969 CN 00819969 CN 00819969 A CN00819969 A CN 00819969A CN 1258647 C CN1258647 C CN 1258647C
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- 239000011257 shell materials Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 33
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 claims description 25
- 241000628997 Flos Species 0.000 claims description 9
- 239000007921 sprays Substances 0.000 claims description 7
- 239000007788 liquids Substances 0.000 claims description 5
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 claims description 3
- 239000000839 emulsions Substances 0.000 claims description 3
- 238000005755 formation reactions Methods 0.000 claims description 3
- 239000003595 mist Substances 0.000 claims description 2
- 239000000243 solutions Substances 0.000 claims 2
- 238000002347 injection Methods 0.000 claims 1
- 239000007924 injections Substances 0.000 claims 1
- 239000006193 liquid solutions Substances 0.000 claims 1
- 238000000034 methods Methods 0.000 abstract description 10
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 abstract description 6
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 abstract description 3
- 239000011324 beads Substances 0.000 description 8
- 239000007858 starting materials Substances 0.000 description 8
- 239000002537 cosmetics Substances 0.000 description 2
- 230000014759 maintenance of location Effects 0.000 description 2
- 210000000887 Face Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 240000005716 Garcinia dulcis Species 0.000 description 1
- 210000000214 Mouth Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 235000019755 Starter Diet Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 238000005452 bending Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000006243 chemical reactions Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000003379 elimination reactions Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000005516 engineering processes Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000001125 extrusion Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000006210 lotions Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000000463 materials Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000002304 perfumes Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005086 pumping Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000630 rising Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000576 supplementary Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000003746 surface roughness Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000005406 washing Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000011901 water Substances 0.000 description 1
- B—PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
- B05—SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
- B05B—SPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
- B05B11/00—Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
- B05B11/30—Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a pump
- B05B11/3001—Piston pumps
- B05B11/3023—Piston pumps having an outlet valve opened by deformation or displacement of the piston relative to its actuating stem
- F—MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
- F04—POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
- F04B—POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
- F04B9/00—Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members
- F04B9/14—Pumps characterised by muscle-power operation
The present invention relates to have hand pump improved internal structure, low dose of discharging.More specifically, the present invention relates to the axle by changing traditional hand pump and structure of piston, only use a spring to finish the hand pump of pumping function, the each emission index of this pump is lower than 0.2 milliliter, and in some cases, the hand pump of the low dose that provides discharging becomes integrated cover cap into special structure simultaneously by outer housing cover and cover cap are linked to be an integral body, thereby reduce the number of component parts, improve the function of pump and reduce manufacture cost.
Low dose of discharging hand pump is approximately each 0.2 milliliter hand pump of a kind of emission index, and can be used for filling liquid or emulsion at container by aspirating quantitative discharging.This pump is widely used in cosmetics containers and the analog owing to its facility.
Fig. 1 is the representative example that shows traditional low dose discharging hand pump.Traditional pump comprises: cylinder blanket (20), the outer surface of formation pump; Axle (30) wherein has fluid passage; Cylindrical piston (40) is along the internal surface to-and-fro motion of shell (20); Outer housing cover (25), set casing (20) and cover cap (not shown) be the to-and-fro motion of leading axle (20) simultaneously; Conical axle bed (32) is fixed on the lower end of axle (30); Upper springs (52) places piston (40) upper end; Lower springs (54) is installed on the conical axle bed (32); Ball (60) places the bottom of shell (20); And manage (80), be fixed on the lower end of shell and analog.This pump wherein has spiral fluted cover cap (not shown) with utilization and is fixed on the container that has filled solution.
The elastic force of upper springs (52) is greater than lower springs (54), make when downward masterpiece is used on the axle (30), the lower springs (54) that cooperates with conical axle bed (32) is compressed, the lower ends downward of piston internal surface (42) moves, simultaneously because the expansionary force of upper springs (52), the lower end on surface (42) and the cooperation of the upper end bead (33) of conical axle bed (32).When the lower end of the outer surface (44) of piston arrives the bottom of the less shell (20) of diameter, piston (40) no longer moves downward, and axle (30) continues to move down, upper springs (52) is compressed simultaneously, makes the lower end of piston internal surface (42) separate with the upper end bead (33) of conical axle bed (32).At this moment, import the lower end of inward faces (42) and the interval between bead (33) upper end, pass inflow entrance (36) then and enter inner passage (38) at the solution of cylindrical body inner space (22) pressurized.
When elimination axle (30) was gone up downward power, axle (30) moved upward, and upper springs (52) is extended the interval between the upper end bead (33) of the lower end of closed piston internal surface (42) and conical axle bed (32) at once simultaneously.At this moment, because the expansionary force of upper end spring (54) when moving up, the pressure of cylindrical internal surface (22) reduces when axle (30), and for the reduction of supplementary pressure, and when the ball (60) of outer casing underpart when upwards rising, solution flows into by pipe (80).
This traditional pump needs two springs.Wherein, upper springs (52) places the top of piston (40) to make when spool (30) when moving up and down, piston (40) and conical axle bed (32) cooperate, therefore spring (52) makes solution in the cylindrical body inner space (22) at axle (30) pressurized when moving downward, and reduces pressure when moving upward at axle (30).
Described outer housing cover (25) makes the top of shell seal and axle (30) is fixed in the shell (20) when the to-and-fro motion of leading axle (30).
In this, upper springs (52) and outer housing cover (25) are that traditional low dose is discharged indispensable parts in the hand pump.Yet, in undersized hand pump, because the complexity of installing and operating a plurality of parts very likely causes mechanical failure and improves manufacture cost.
Consider in addition and use and outward appearance that for the pump that is installed in container top, because preferably it accounts for the as far as possible little volume of entire container, constituting the size of the parts of pump must be littler and need accurate structure, manufacture process is difficult.And the article that the Consumer requires are many more, and the number that constitutes the parts of pump trends towards increasing manyly more.Therefore, use pump during the probability of faulty operation because the increase of parts also becomes more and more.
Therefore, an object of the present invention is to solve these problems of conventional art.More specifically, the objective of the invention is,, do not need upper springs just can finish the original function of pump by changing the axle and the structure of piston of the approximately each 0.2 milliliter conventional manual pump of emission index.
In addition, further purpose of the present invention is: by integrated outer housing cover and cover cap etc., and change its structure so that these parts are finished further function, thereby reduce whole parts number, simplify manufacture process, reduce the probability of faulty operation and finish the improvement function further.
Summary of the invention
For reaching these purposes, the approximately each 0.2 milliliter low dose discharging hand pump of suction emission index of the present invention is characterised in that this pump comprises:
Cylinder blanket, the outer surface of formation pump; Axle, the conical axle bed that wherein has fluid passage and axle lower end is linked to be an integral body; Cylindrical piston is along the internal surface to-and-fro motion of shell; Outer housing cover, fixedly the shell in the cover cap guides the to-and-fro motion of described axle simultaneously; Spring is installed in the lower end of described conical axle bed; Ball places the lower end of shell; The pipe, be fixed on shell the lower end; And cover cap, wherein have spiral chute and described outer housing cover and analog and be fixed together;
Wherein, axle contact with the piston internal surface and the length of the appropriate section of adjacency is longer than the length of the internal surface of piston, and this part has relatively little diameter with in described internal surface slip; And
Described piston has dual structure, and abutment is on the piston and on the internal surface of abut outer surfaces at shell, and the frictional force between wherein said outer surface and the inner surface of outer cover is greater than the frictional force between described internal surface and the axle.
The difference of the frictional force between the frictional force between outer surface of piston and the inner surface of outer cover and the internal surface of piston and the axle is preferably by the different generations of area of contact.That is the area of outer surface of piston and inner surface of outer cover adjacency is greater than the area of its internal surface and axle adjacency.Under the material property situation identical with surface roughness, frictional force is owing to the difference of area of contact increases pro rata.
Be characterised in that according to this hand pump of the present invention, this pump only use one place ball and the axle lower end conical axle bed between spring, finish the function of the low dose discharging hand pump of two springs of traditional use, this is because this axle and structure of piston are different from above-mentioned traditional axle and structure of piston fully.
Preferable feature of the present invention is that outer housing cover and cover cap described in the low dose of discharging hand pump integrate.
More specifically, because the upper end of interior cylindrical curved section and described axle integrates, so the present invention does not require independent outer housing cover, wherein said interior cylindrical curved section has circumferential section and the circumferential groove with described axle coaxial line.In the to-and-fro motion of cylindrical curved section leading axle, and the inner space that replaces the effect of outer housing cover and sealing gasket to seal shell.
Hand pump of the present invention can be applicable to emission index and is lower than approximately each 0.2 milliliter, more preferably each 0.05 milliliter to 0.2 milliliter pump.Yet in some cases, even the emission index of pump departs from described scope a little, the present invention can comprise the scope of the pump of some discharging dosage.All can be used as the use of discharging solution such as the full-bodied like this emulsion of cosmetics washing lotion with such as the such low-viscosity (mobile) liquid of perfume.
The spray regime that a shape (bulk state) of small droplet and spray form all can be used as solution.Whether the difference of spray regime depends on nozzle and is fixed on the floss hole that solution outwards ejects from pump.If nozzle is fixed on the described floss hole, the solution of liquid kind sprays with regard to mist.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical sectional view that representative traditional low dose is discharged hand pump;
Fig. 2 is the vertical perspective view according to the cross section of the low dose discharging hand pump (100) of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the vertical sectional view according to the closure for container that integrates with the interior cylindrical curved section of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the vertical sectional view according to low dose of discharging hand pump of the present invention (200);
Fig. 5 is the vertical sectional view of low dose of discharging hand pump (300), and its discharge nozzle is fixed in as shown in Figure 4 the floss hole; And
Fig. 6 is the vertical sectional view of low dose of discharging hand pump (400), and its nozzle is fixed in the floss hole.
Below explanation illustrates in greater detail the present invention with reference to accompanying drawing, yet scope of the present invention is not thought limitation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is to low dose discharging hand pump and the component part thereof of Fig. 6 demonstration according to the different examples of the present invention.Following with reference to description of drawings according to pump structure of the present invention and running principle.
With reference to Fig. 4, the upper end with axle (30) of inner passage (38) is fixed on the starter (10), and spring (50) is contained on the conical axle bed (32) of lower end of axle (30).When on starter (10), acting on and eliminating downward power, has dual structure, the piston (40) of comprise internal surface (42) and outer surface (44) is along the internal surface to-and-fro motion smoothly of shell (20).
The part of the axle (30) that the to-and-fro motion of piston internal surface is slipped over refers to the part between the upper end bead (33) of right angle step (34) and conical axle bed (32).The diameter of these parts is less than other parts.The length of piston internal surface (42) is compared relative shorter with described part.In these parts, the sliding parts (31) of axle refer to when downward power when starter (10) and the part of internal surface (42) adjacency of piston, make that the internal surface to piston provides frictional force in to-and-fro motion.
According to one embodiment of the present of invention, because the area of the sliding parts (31) of the internal surface (42) of piston and axle adjacency is less than the outer surface (44) of piston and the area of the abutment of shell, the frictional force of (44) is greater than piston internal surface (42) reciprocating frictional force in piston (40) on the outer surface of piston.
Therefore, when downward masterpiece is used in when being used to aspirate on the starter, axle (30) moves down, and sliding parts (31) at first slides along the internal surface (42) of the less relatively piston of frictional force.When the upper end of the internal surface (42) of piston arrives the right angle step (34) of axle (30), slip stops, in this process, separate with the upper end bead (33) of conical axle bed (32) lower end of internal surface (42), and the solution of cylindrical body inner space (22) passes inflow entrance (36) by the gap of separating and imports inner passage (38).
Next step, along with axle (30) continues to move downward, the outer surface of piston (44) slides along the internal surface of shell (20), when the outer surface (44) of piston arrive shell (20) stop step (24) time, slip stops.
In addition, finish when suction, act on the pressure of axle on (30) and eliminate, axle (30) begins to move upward, this moment frictional force also the internal surface of less relatively piston (42) slide earlier than the outer surface (44) of piston.Therefore, the upper end bead (33) of the conical axle bed (32) by axle (30) cooperates with the lower end of the internal surface (42) of piston, intercepts the inner passage (38) of cylindrical inner space (22) and axle (30).Then, in the process that axle (30) continues to move upward, the outer surface of piston (44) slippage, the pressure of the inner space of containment cylinder (22) continues to reduce.Reduce for replenishing this pressure, ball (60) a little upwards rises, and blocks the lower curtate of shell with gravity, and the solution in the container imports inner space (22) by pipe (80) at interval by this.
Fig. 3 shows that wherein, interior cylindrical curved section (72) comprising according to the vertical sectional view of the cover cap of the another example of the present invention: first circumferential section (76), and its horizontal component from cover cap (70) (74) extends downwards; Second circumferential section (78) separates with first circumferential section (76) on the direction of central shaft; And attachment portion (77), it interconnects the lower end of the circumferential section of winning (76) and the lower end of second circumferential section (78), and forms circumferential groove (79) at its top.
Attachment portion (77) preferred construction is to be close to piston (40), owing to do not having downward masterpiece to be used for that attachment portion (77) cooperates with piston (40) under the state of starter (10), and the inside of obstruct shell (20) and the outside of shell.
The upper end of shell (20) is fixed on the space that is made of vertical component in the internal structure of cover cap (70) (73) and first circumferential section (76), because the bending force of the warp architecture of cylindrical curved section (72), retention force is improved.More specifically, second circumferential section (78) by with axle (30) adjacency, extrusion interior cylindrical curved section (72), the reaction force of this pressure-display for being caused by circumferential groove (79) etc. especially herein, this elastic reactance have been strengthened the retention force between the internal structure of the upper end of shell (20) and cover cap (70).
Fig. 4 to Fig. 6 has shown the various examples with two characteristics of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an example that shows according to pump of the present invention (200), and total is except cover cap (70) and interior cylindrical curved section (72) integrate, and is identical with the pump (100) of Fig. 2.Compared to Figure 1 as seen, interior cylindrical curved section (72) is finished the function of outer housing cover (25), but not has outer housing cover (25).In assembly process, as long as the assembling of shell (20) and cover cap (70) can be finished in the top that cover cap (70) is installed to shell (20), so assembly process is very simple.
Fig. 5 is an example that shows according to pump of the present invention (300), and is the floss hole (12) that this structure is fixed on starter (10) except discharge nozzle (16) is gone up, identical with Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is an example that shows according to pump of the present invention (400), and this structure is except nozzle (14) is fixed in the floss hole (12) of starter (10), and is identical with Fig. 4.Although the pump (200,300) of the overall structure of the pump of Fig. 6 (400) and Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is identical, pump (400) might spray the low-viscosity (mobile) liquid that comprises little water droplet by the nozzle (14) that is installed in the floss hole (12).
More than describe the present invention, obviously the present invention can have multiple mode to change, and these variations are not considered to break away from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and all such changes are conspicuous for the personnel of art technology.
The reference number title
10 starters, 12 discharging mouths
14 nozzles, 16 discharge nozzles
The inner space of 20 shells, 22 cylinders
22 stop step 30 axles
31 slip parts, 32 conical axle beds
33 upper end beads, 38 inner passages
The internal surface of 40 pistons, 42 pistons
Outer surface 50 springs of 44 pistons
52 upper springs, 54 lower springs
The cover cap of 60 balls, 70 containers
72 interior cylindrical curved sections, 73 vertical components
74 horizontal components, 76 first circumferential sections
77 attachment portions, 78 second circumferential sections
79 circumferential grooves, 80 pipes
The industry practicality
The low dose of discharging of the present invention hand pump is characterised in that: by changing traditional manual pump The structure of axle and piston, only use a spring to finish the original function of pump; Outside inciting somebody to action Shell lid and closure for container are linked to be the number that an integral body reduces parts, can simplify the manufacturing of pump Journey; The assembling process of parts is simple, is easier to suction. And, advantageously improve shell and Fixedly power between the cover cap and the sealing property of enclosure. This low dose is discharged manual pump Both can be used for aspirating full-bodied solution and also can be used for low viscosity solution. In some cases, In traditional pump structure, closure for container can replace casing cover to use reliably.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|PCT/KR2000/001178 WO2002033258A1 (en)||2000-10-19||2000-10-19||Hand operated pump for ejaculating small amount|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN1502012A CN1502012A (en)||2004-06-02|
|CN1258647C true CN1258647C (en)||2006-06-07|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN 00819969 CN1258647C (en)||2000-10-19||2000-10-19||Hand operated pump for ejaculating small amount|
Country Status (5)
|EP (1)||EP1334277A4 (en)|
|JP (1)||JP2004511725A (en)|
|CN (1)||CN1258647C (en)|
|AU (1)||AU1059201A (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2002033258A1 (en)|
Families Citing this family (4)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US7055721B2 (en)||2001-03-23||2006-06-06||Chong Woo Co., Ltd.||Finger-operated spray pump ejaculating fluid in fixed quantity|
|KR100995652B1 (en)||2003-08-28||2010-11-22||주식회사 종우실업||Low profile, fine mist, finger-operated, precompression-type spray pump|
|CN100486503C (en) *||2006-11-13||2009-05-13||姚凡||Finger controlled insufflation type cooking oil and flovoring bottle|
|CN102366756B (en) *||2011-09-21||2013-01-30||浙江国裕资源再生利用科技有限公司||Method for recycling papermaking waste residues|
Family Cites Families (10)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|DE1728220A1 (en) *||1968-09-12||1972-03-23||Zeller Plastik Koehn Graebner||Closure with conveyor and dispensing device for liquids|
|US4063854A (en) *||1976-06-01||1977-12-20||Vca Corporation||Spray pump assembly|
|JPS60166769A (en) *||1984-02-10||1985-08-30||Canyon Corp||Pump mechanism for dispenser|
|JPS6310305B2 (en) *||1984-02-20||1988-03-05||Canon Kk|
|JPS60184977A (en) *||1984-03-05||1985-09-20||Canyon Corp||Manual dispenser|
|FR2576365B1 (en) *||1985-01-23||1989-06-16||Sofab||Hand vaporizer pump|
|JP2738170B2 (en) *||1991-07-11||1998-04-08||日新電機株式会社||Controller for switchgear|
|JP3163776B2 (en) *||1992-08-25||2001-05-08||東洋製罐株式会社||pump|
|IT1292958B1 (en) *||1997-02-28||1999-02-11||Taplast Spa||Perfection with dosing pump for dispensing liquid or dense substances from containers.|
|FR2791400B1 (en) *||1999-03-22||2002-04-26||Sofab||Respiration pump|
- 2000-10-19 JP JP2002536214A patent/JP2004511725A/en active Pending
- 2000-10-19 AU AU1059201A patent/AU1059201A/en active Pending
- 2000-10-19 CN CN 00819969 patent/CN1258647C/en not_active IP Right Cessation
- 2000-10-19 EP EP00971843A patent/EP1334277A4/en not_active Withdrawn
- 2000-10-19 WO PCT/KR2000/001178 patent/WO2002033258A1/en active Application Filing
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|SE01||Entry into force of request for substantive examination|
|C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|CP01||Change in the name or title of a patent holder||
Address after: Inchon
Patentee after: Chong Woo Co., Ltd.
Address before: Inchon
Patentee before: Chong In Industry Co., Ltd.
|C56||Change in the name or address of the patentee||
Owner name: (STRAIN) ZHONG YU INDUSTRIAL
Free format text: FORMER NAME OR ADDRESS: (CORPORATION)ZHONGYU INDUSTRY
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20060607
Termination date: 20091119
|C17||Cessation of patent right|