CN1257127C - Decorative boards - Google Patents

Decorative boards Download PDF

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CN1257127C
CN1257127C CN 200410047939 CN200410047939A CN1257127C CN 1257127 C CN1257127 C CN 1257127C CN 200410047939 CN200410047939 CN 200410047939 CN 200410047939 A CN200410047939 A CN 200410047939A CN 1257127 C CN1257127 C CN 1257127C
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material
moisture
mineral wool
wool
starch
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CN 200410047939
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1583655A (en )
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张忠和
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张忠和
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/90Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies cross-cutting to different types of waste
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete
    • Y02W30/96Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete organic, e.g. rubber, polystyrene
    • Y02W30/97Vegetable refuse, e.g. rice husks, maize-ear refuse; cellulosic materials, e.g. paper

Abstract

本发明提供一种装饰板及其生产方法。 The present invention provides a method for producing the decorative board and. 本发明装饰板按重量百分比计的组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉50-90%、粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉5-30%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾0.2-5%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡石0-20%。 Group decorative sheet of the present invention by weight percent of the packet become: framework material: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of 50-90% mineral wool or rock wool, adhesive solvent: 5-30% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium silicate alkyl 0.2-5%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0-3%, cover material : kaolin and / or sepiolite 0-20%. 本发明装饰板的防潮性能强,而且强度大,在潮湿的环境中用于吊顶工程不易因吸潮而下垂变形,可确保施工工程质量,而且吊顶的使用寿命大大增加。 Strong moisture resistant decorative panel according to the present invention, and strength, engineering difficult for a suspended ceiling from sagging due to moisture absorption in a humid environment deformation, to ensure the quality of construction work, and the greatly increased service life of the ceiling.

Description

装饰板 Decorative plates

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种建筑装饰材料,尤其是涉及一种吊顶装饰材料。 The present invention relates to a building decoration materials, particularly to a ceiling decorative material.

背景技术 Background technique

装饰用矿棉吸音板具有吸音、隔热、轻质、环保等优点,是目前建筑装饰中优良的吊顶材料。 Decorated with sound-absorbing insulation, light weight, environmental protection, etc. with sound-absorbing panels of mineral wool, it is excellent in architectural ceiling materials. 由于矿棉装饰板原料中的骨架材料——矿棉或岩棉、膨胀珍珠岩粉、木纤维和/或草纤维等及粘接剂——淀粉匀易吸潮,因此矿棉装饰板也易吸潮,防潮性能差。 Since mineral wool board raw material in the skeleton - mineral wool or rock wool, expanded perlite powder, wood fibers and / or grass fibers and an adhesive - starch uniformly hygroscopic, so mineral wool panel is also easy moisture absorption, moisture resistance poor. 矿棉装饰板吸潮后极易造成下垂变形,影响吊顶工程的质量及吊顶的使用寿命。 Mineral wool decorative panels can easily cause sagging deformation, affecting the quality of life and ceiling ceiling works after absorbing moisture. 目前生产的传统矿棉装饰板的原料中虽然采用乳化石蜡作为增强防潮材料,但防潮问题解决的仍不理想。 Currently raw materials to produce traditional mineral wool board although the use of paraffin emulsion as a reinforcing material moisture, but the moisture problem solving is not satisfactory.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种防潮性能好,不易因吸潮而下垂变形的装饰板,用于替代传统矿棉吸音板。 Object of the present invention is to provide a moisture resistant, and not sag deformation due to moisture absorption decorative panel, to replace the traditional mineral wool for sound-absorbing panels.

本发明装饰板按重量百分比计,其组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉 50-90%、粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉 5-30%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾 0.2-5%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌 0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡 0-20%。 Decorative sheet of the present invention by weight percent, which are grouped into groups: framework material: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of 50-90% mineral wool or rock wool, sticky cements: 5-30% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium silicate alkyl 0.2-5%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0-3%, cover materials: kaolin and / or 0-20% sepiolite.

本发明装饰板按重量百分比计,其优选组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉 60-88%、粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉 10-30%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾 0.2-3%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌 0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡石 0-20%。 Decorative sheet of the present invention by weight percent, preferably grouped into the group: reinforcing materials: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of 60-88% mineral wool or rock wool, adhesive: 10-30% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium silicate alkyl 0.2-3%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0-3%, cover material: kaolin and / or sepiolite 0-20%.

本发明装饰板按重量百分比计,其另一优选组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉 64-84%、 Decorative sheet of the present invention by weight percent, which are grouped into another group of preferred: framework material: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of mineral wool or rock wool 64-84 %

粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉 15-25%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾 0.2-1%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌 0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡石 0-20%。 Adhesive: 15-25% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium silicate alkyl 0.2-1%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0-3%, cover material: kaolin and / or sepiolite 0-20%.

上述增强防潮材料为烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾中加入无机酸、有机酸、强酸弱碱盐等酸性物质中和,至其PH值为5-10。 Moisture was added to the reinforcing material is an alkyl silicate and / or potassium alkyl silicate mineral acid, an organic acid, weak base, strong acid salts and acidic substance, to the PH value of 5-10.

本发明装饰板采用烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾作增强防潮材料,其防潮性能大大提高,同时还提高了产品的强度。 The present invention uses decorative panel alkyl sodium and / or potassium silicate as reinforcing alkyl moisture-proof material, which greatly improved moisture resistance, while also increasing the strength of the product. 本发明装饰板一般不易因吸潮而变形,用于吊顶工程能保证工程施工的质量。 The present invention is generally less decorative panel is deformed due to moisture absorption, a ceiling works to ensure the quality of construction.

下面是本发明装饰板与传统矿棉装饰板性能对比检测结果。 The following is a decorative sheet of the present invention is the detection result of the comparative performance of a conventional mineral wool panel.

检测方法为:将传统矿棉装饰板与本发明装饰板切割成长400mm,宽40mm的条形,再将其放入相对湿度为95%、温度为42℃的潮湿箱中。 Detection method: traditional mineral wool board and decorative board of the present invention was cut into 400mm, 40mm wide strip of, before placing a relative humidity of 95% and a temperature of 42 ℃ humidity chamber. 放置时将条形板长的两端搭在箱内支架上,各搭20mm左右,中间悬空,关上箱门,保持恒定的湿度和温度,在不同时间取出,测量其下垂尺寸,检测结果如下: When placing the ends of the strip-shaped long plate resting on the tank holder, each take about 20mm, the intermediate floating, closed door, to maintain a constant humidity and temperature, taken at different times, measured sag dimension, the detection results are as follows:

从以上对比检测结果可知:本发明装饰板在潮湿条件下不易下垂变形,其防潮性能大大优于传统矿棉装饰板;其强度也优于传统矿棉装饰板。 From the above comparison of the detection result found: the present invention is easy to sag deformation of the decorative panel under humid conditions, moisture-proof performance much better than traditional mineral wool panels; strength is superior to conventional mineral wool decorative panel.

本发明装饰板所需的原料均可在市场上购买。 Required starting material decorative sheet of the present invention can be purchased on the market.

本发明装饰板的生产方法包括下列步骤:1)增强防潮材料为烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾中加入酸性物质中和,至其(PH值为5-10时,先在小型搅拌机中加入所需的烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾,再边搅拌边逐渐加入酸性物质中和,至其PH值为5-10,待用;2)当骨架材料中包括矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维纤维时,将所需的矿棉或岩棉及其重量20-60倍的水、或所需的木纤维和/或草纤维及其重量20-50倍的水,分别放入搅拌机内,搅拌成均匀的浆料;当①骨架材料中包括矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维之一时,向上述浆料中加入所需的其它骨架材料,搅拌均匀,再加水至水的总重量为所需骨架材料总重量的20-100倍,搅拌均匀后,再边搅拌边依次加入所需的粘接剂、增强防潮材料、软化材料和封面材料,搅拌至均匀,制成均匀的原材料浆料;当②骨架材料中包 The method of producing decorative sheet according to the present invention includes the following steps: 1) an alkyl silicate reinforcing material is a moisture and / or potassium alkyl silicate and an acidic substance was added, to which (PH value is 5-10, the first in small mixer and addition of the alkyl silicate / potassium silicate or alkyl desired, then gradually added with stirring and the acidic substance, to the PH value of 5-10, stand; 2) when the backbone material when including mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers fibers, mineral wool or rock wool required 20-60 times its weight of water, the desired or wood fibers and / or grass fibers by weight and water 20-50 times, respectively, into the mixer, mixing into a homogeneous slurry; ① when the framework material comprises mineral wool or rock wool, one of the wood fiber and / or grass fibers, the slurry was added to the desired other reinforcing materials, stir, add water to the total weight of water 20 to 100 times the total weight of the matrix material required, stir, and then added successively with stirring the desired adhesive reinforcing material moisture, softening material and cover material, stirred until homogeneous, to prepare a homogeneous raw material slurry; ② when the reinforcing material in the package 矿棉或岩棉及木纤维和/或草纤维时,将两种浆料送入混合罐中,并加入所需其它骨架材料,搅拌均匀,再加水至水的总重量为骨架材料总重量的20-100倍,搅拌均匀后,再边搅拌边依次加入所需的粘接剂、增强防潮材料、软化材料和封面材料,搅拌至均匀,制成均匀的原材料浆料;3)上述原材料浆料经泵送至机械生产线脱水、成型、干燥后得到产品。 Rock wool and mineral wool or wood fibers and / or grass fibers, the two slurries into the mixing tank, and the required other reinforcing material added, stir, add water to the total weight of the total water weight of the matrix material 20-100 fold, stir, and then added successively with stirring the desired adhesive reinforcing material moisture, softening the cover material and the material stirred until homogeneous, to prepare a homogeneous raw material slurry; 3) the raw material slurry pumped into the production line by mechanical dewatering, molding, and dried to give the product.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

本发明装饰板的防潮性能好,不易因吸潮而变形,用于吊顶工程,尤其在较潮湿的环境中施工也能保证施工质量。 Moisture resistant decorative panel according to the present invention, not easily deformed due to moisture absorption, works for a suspended ceiling, especially in the more humid environment construction construction quality can be guaranteed. 同时由于本发明装饰板的强度大,吊顶的寿命会大大增加。 And because high intensity decorative sheet of the present invention, will greatly increase the lifetime of the ceiling.

实施例11)在小型搅拌机中放入市售含甲基硅酸钠18%(重量)的甲基硅酸钠水溶液6.2公斤,再边搅边逐渐加入重量百分比为10%的硫酸铝水溶液中和,至PH值为8,待用;2)向容量为35立方米的搅拌机内加入矿棉450公斤、27000公斤水,搅拌成均匀浆料,再向上述浆料中再加入6000公斤水,搅拌均匀后,再边搅拌边依次加入淀粉40公斤、上述已加过硫酸铝水溶液中和且PH值为8的甲基硅酸钠、醋酸锌0.5公斤、硼酸0.5公斤,海泡石9.88公斤、搅拌至均匀,制成原材料浆料;3)上述原材料浆料经泵送至机械生产线脱水、成型、干燥后得到产品。 Example 11) was placed in a small blender containing sodium metasilicate commercially available 18% (by weight) aqueous solution of 6.2 kg of sodium metasilicate, and then gradually added while stirring while 10% by weight aqueous solution of aluminum sulfate and to PH value of 8, stand; 2) was added to the mineral wool a capacity of 35 cubic meters of mixer 450 kg, 27,000 kg water, was stirred into a homogeneous slurry, the slurry again in 6000 kg of water was added, with stirring evenly, then successively added with stirring 40 kg of starch, it had been added the above aqueous solution of aluminum sulfate and sodium metasilicate and PH value, zinc acetate, 0.5 kg 8 0.5 kg of boric acid, 9.88 kg sepiolite, stirring until homogeneous to prepare a raw material slurry; 3) the raw material slurry is pumped into the dewatering machine production line, molded, and dried to give the product. 装饰板规格为长600mm、宽600mm、厚10mm。 Specifications for decorative panel length 600mm, width 600mm, thickness 10mm.

实施例21)将废报纸70公斤、3000公斤水,放入小型搅拌机内,搅拌成均匀浆料;向容量为15立方米的搅拌机内加入矿棉200公斤,8000公斤水,搅拌成均匀浆料;将上述两种浆料送入混合罐中,加入膨胀珍珠岩粉91.7公斤,搅拌均匀,再加入2000公斤水,搅拌均匀,再边搅拌边依次加入淀粉100公斤、市售含甲基硅酸钾18%(重量)的甲基硅酸钠钾水溶液73.89公斤,搅拌至均匀,制成原材料浆料;2)上述原材料浆料经泵送至机械生产线脱水、成型、干燥后得到产品。 Example 21) The waste paper 70 kg, 3000 kg of water, placed in a small mixer and stirred into a homogeneous slurry; mineral wool was added to the mixer capacity of 15 cubic meters of 200 kg, 8,000 kg of water, stirred into a homogeneous slurry ; the above two slurries into the mixing tank was added 91.7 kg expanded perlite powder, uniformly stirring, was added 2000 kg of water, stir, and then successively added with stirring 100 kg of starch, commercially available acid containing methyl potassium 18% (by weight) of an aqueous solution of 73.89 kg of potassium sodium metasilicate, stirred until homogeneous to prepare a raw material slurry; 2) the starting material slurry is pumped into the dewatering machine production line, molded, and dried to give the product. 装饰板规格为长600mm、宽300mm、厚14mm。 Specifications for decorative panel length 600mm, width 300mm, thickness 14mm.

实施例31)在小型搅拌机中放入市售含甲基硅酸钠18%(重量)的甲基硅酸钠水溶液44.4公斤,再边搅边逐渐加入重量百分比为20%的草酸中和,至PH值为8,待用;2)向容量为20立方米的搅拌机内加入岩棉261公斤、10000公斤水,搅拌成均匀浆料,再向上述浆料中再加入4000公斤水,搅拌均匀后,再边搅拌边依次加入淀粉140公斤、上述已加过草酸中和且PH值为6的甲基硅酸钠、硼酸6公斤,海泡石85公斤、搅拌至均匀,制成原材料浆料;3)上述原材料浆料经泵送至机械生产线脱水、成型、干燥后得到产品。 Example 31) was placed in a small blender containing sodium metasilicate commercially available 18% (by weight) aqueous solution of 44.4 kg of sodium metasilicate, and then gradually added while stirring while 20% by weight of oxalic acid and, to after 2) was added to a capacity of 20 cubic meters of rock wool mixer 261 kg, 10,000 kg water, was stirred into a homogeneous slurry, the slurry again was added 4000 kg of water, uniformly stirred; the PH value of 8, aside , were successively added with stirring and then 140 kg of starch, has been added through the above-described oxalic acid and sodium metasilicate and 6, PH value, boric 6 kg, 85 kg sepiolite, stirred until homogeneous to prepare a raw material slurry; 3) the raw material slurry is pumped into the dewatering machine production line, molded, and dried to give the product. 装饰板规格为长600mm、宽600mm、厚10mm。 Specifications for decorative panel length 600mm, width 600mm, thickness 10mm.

实施例41)向容量为35立方米的搅拌机内加入矿棉307公斤,17000公斤水,搅拌成均匀浆料;加入膨胀珍珠岩粉100公斤,搅拌均匀,再加入5000公斤水,搅拌均匀,再边搅拌边依次加入淀粉85公斤、市售含甲基硅酸钾18%(重量)的甲基硅酸钾水溶液22.2公斤、醋酸锌4公斤搅拌至均匀,制成原材料浆料;2)上述原材料浆料经泵送至机械生产线脱水、成型、干燥后得到产品。 Example 41) was added to a capacity of 35 cubic meters of mineral wool mixer 307 kg, 17,000 kg water, was stirred into a homogeneous slurry; adding 100 kg expanded perlite powder, uniformly stirring, was added 5000 kg of water, stir, and then were added with stirring 85 kg of starch, commercially available potassium methyl siliconate containing 18% (by weight) aqueous solution of potassium methyl siliconate is 22.2 kg, 4 kg of zinc acetate, stirred until homogeneous to prepare a raw material slurry; 2) the starting material slurry is pumped into the dewatering machine production line, forming, and dried to give the product. 装饰板规格为长600mm、宽300mm、厚14mm。 Specifications for decorative panel length 600mm, width 300mm, thickness 14mm.

Claims (4)

1.一种装饰板,其特征在于按重量百分比计的组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉 50-90%、粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉 5-30%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾 0.2-5%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌 0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡石 0-20%。 A decorative panel, characterized in that the percentage by weight of the group are grouped into: framework material: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of mineral wool or rock wool 50 -90%, the adhesive: 5-30% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium alkyl silicate 0.2-5%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0 -3%, cover materials: kaolin and / or 0-20% sepiolite.
2.按照权利要求1所述的装饰板,其特征在于组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉 60-88%、粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉 10-30%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾 0.2-3%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌 0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡石 0-20%。 2. The decorative sheet according to claim 1, characterized in that the groups are grouped into: framework material: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of mineral wool or rock wool 60 88%, the adhesive: 10-30% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium alkyl silicate 0.2-3%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0 -3%, cover materials: kaolin and / or 0-20% sepiolite.
3.按照权利要求1所述的装饰板,其特征在于组分组成为:骨架材料:矿棉或岩棉、木纤维和/或草纤维、膨胀珍珠岩粉的任意组合或矿棉或岩棉 64-84%、粘接剂:淀粉或糊化淀粉 15-25%、增强防潮材料:烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾 0.2-1%、软化材料:硼酸和/或醋酸锌 0-3%、封面材料:高岭土和/或海泡 0-20%。 3. The decorative sheet according to claim 1, characterized in that the groups are grouped into: framework material: mineral wool or rock wool, wood fibers and / or grass fibers, expanded perlite powder, or any combination of mineral wool or rock wool 64 -84%, the adhesive: 15-25% starch or gelatinized starch, moisture reinforcing material: alkyl silicate and / or potassium alkyl silicate 0.2-1%, the softening material: boric acid and / or zinc acetate 0 -3%, cover materials: kaolin and / or 0-20% sepiolite.
4.按照权利要求1或2或3所述的装饰板,其特征在于所述增强防潮材料为烷基硅酸钠和/或烷基硅酸钾中加入酸性物质中和,至其PH值为5-10。 4. A decorative panel according to claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein said reinforcing material is a moisture-alkyl silicate and / or potassium alkyl silicate and an acidic substance was added to the PH value 5-10.
CN 200410047939 2004-06-11 2004-06-11 Decorative boards CN1257127C (en)

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CN101497513B (en) 2008-01-31 2012-02-22 北新集团建材股份有限公司 A lightweight mineral fiber board
CN101967292B (en) * 2010-10-11 2011-11-30 内蒙古大学 Method preparing boards by using alkaline gelatinized starch as adhesive and waste vegetable fibers
CN102019699B (en) * 2010-10-11 2011-11-30 内蒙古大学 Method for preparing lightweight thermal-insulating board from alkali-gelatinized starches used as adhesive, waste plant fibers and polystyrene foams
US8945295B2 (en) * 2012-05-04 2015-02-03 Usg Interiors, Llc Building materials and methods of manufacture
CN103086683A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-05-08 安徽美露达新型建材有限公司 Environmentally-friendly light cloth-adhering plate base plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN103289428A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-09-11 内蒙古大学 Preparation method of kaolin and waste plant fiber composite board

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