CN1236173C - Shuttering member - Google Patents

Shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1236173C
CN1236173C CN 200310100968 CN200310100968A CN1236173C CN 1236173 C CN1236173 C CN 1236173C CN 200310100968 CN200310100968 CN 200310100968 CN 200310100968 A CN200310100968 A CN 200310100968A CN 1236173 C CN1236173 C CN 1236173C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
shoe
cavity
sidewall
plate
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CN 200310100968
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1528996A (en
Inventor
邱则有
Original Assignee
邱则有
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Application filed by 邱则有 filed Critical 邱则有
Priority to CN 200310100968 priority Critical patent/CN1236173C/en
Publication of CN1528996A publication Critical patent/CN1528996A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1236173C publication Critical patent/CN1236173C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a shuttering member which comprises an upper slab (1), surrounding side walls (2) and a lower bottom slab (3), wherein a cavity is formed by the enclosure of the upper slab (1), the surrounding side walls (2) and the lower bottom slab (3). The present invention is characterized in that at least one precast stiffening rod (4) is laminated on at least one base layer of the upper slab (1), the surrounding side walls (2) and the lower bottom slab (3) of the cavity; the precast stiffening rod (4) and the base layer are laminated into a whole. In this way, because the precast stiffening rod is arranged in the shuttering member, and the precast stiffening rod and the base layer are laminated into a whole, the shuttering member has high strength and rigidity, has little possibility of damage and can bear and transmit force with a floor; simultaneously, when the shuttering member is manufactured, the precast stiffening rod is laminated in the designed corresponding position and laminated into a whole with the base layer; thus, the shuttering member has the advantages of easy manufacture, high productive efficiency and low cost. The present invention is suitable for hollow floors, roofs, wall bodies, foundation bottom slabs and hollow bridges, which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete.

Description

A kind of shuttering member

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and shuttering member.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron shuttering member, characteristics such as that this shuttering member has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, do not have in this shuttering member and add competent structure, thereby the bulk strength of shuttering member and rigidity are relatively poor, be prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage, be applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, can not participate in the stressed and power transmission of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor preferably.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have intensity height, rigidity greatly, cracky, can participate in superstructure stressed and power transmission, make easily, characteristics such as production efficiency is high, cost is low.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe on every side, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that the upper plate of cavity body, the basic unit of sidewall or lower shoe is superimposed with at least one prefabricated bracing boom on every side, prefabricated bracing boom and basic unit are overlapped into integral body.Like this, owing to be provided with prefabricated bracing boom in the shuttering member, prefabricated bracing boom and basic unit are overlapped into integral body, thereby the intensity height of shuttering member, rigidity greatly, are not prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage, and can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure; Simultaneously, because bracing boom is prefabricated bracing boom, thereby before shuttering member is made, batch making when shuttering member is made, is folded into prefabricated bracing boom the corresponding site of design then in advance, be overlapped into integral body with basic unit, thereby its making is easy, production efficiency is high, cost is low.In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also the rod end of prefabricated bracing boom and basic unit are superimposed.Like this, shuttering member is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and its supporting capacity is big, and the ability of particularly bearing the point load effect is strong, and simultaneously, shuttering member is made simple.

Feature of the present invention is that also the shaft of prefabricated bracing boom and basic unit are superimposed.Like this, the shaft and the basic unit of prefabricated bracing boom are superimposed, and shuttering member is simpler when making, and the intensity and the rigidity of the chamber wall of shuttering member are bigger, better.

Feature of the present invention is that also the rod end of prefabricated bracing boom has flange and basic unit superimposed.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, and it is easier to make.

Feature of the present invention is that also described many prefabricated bracing booms constitute rack or truss each other.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, rack or truss member in the shuttering member can combine with Cast-in-place concrete, have constituted the three-dimensional net rack or the truss stress system of the cast-in-place and prefabricated superstructure inside that combines, and make the stressed and transmission force property of superstructure better.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom is compound rod or coupled pole or hollow stem.Like this, the overall performance that can give full play to the compound rod that is provided with in the shuttering member or coupled pole or hollow stem is good, intensity is high, flexibility good, cost low and making simply, characteristics efficiently, improved the combination property of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom stretches out outside the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, prefabricated bracing boom extension that its shuttering member is outer and Cast-in-place concrete engage and have formed one, realized that no separation layer directly engages, make interior rod member of shuttering member and the bonding between the Cast-in-place concrete and build-in better, solve the low and bad problem of cooperative work performance of bond strength between prefabricated and the Cast-in-place concrete preferably, increased substantially the stress performance and the overall performance of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention also is at least two faces of described prefabricated bracing boom drawknot cavity body.Like this,, make its cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, greatly reduce the breakage rate of shuttering member because the wall of prefabricated bracing boom drawknot shuttering member makes the overall performance of shuttering member obtain strengthening significantly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom and basic unit's material are identical or different.Like this, when prefabricated bracing boom was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance; When prefabricated bracing boom and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also be between described prefabricated bracing boom and the basic unit with gluing, interlock, seam, pressing, screw be connected, the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between prefabricated bracing boom and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between prefabricated bracing boom and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe or prefabricated bracing boom contain reinforce on every side, at upper plate, on every side have reinforce to stretch in the alternative body at least a body of sidewall, lower shoe or prefabricated bracing boom and anchoring wherein.Like this, stretch into above-mentioned upper plate, be connected in the wall body in sidewall or the lower shoe and with wherein reinforce on every side as the reinforce in the prefabricated bracing boom, with upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe connect as one on every side, have strengthened the globality of shuttering member greatly, have improved shock resistance; If reinforce also stretches out outside the shuttering member, when shuttering member was applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the globality of superstructure was better.

Feature of the present invention is that also the superposed surfaces of described prefabricated bracing boom is extended with muscle, net, sheet or silk, and is anchored in the basic unit superimposed with it.Like this, prefabricated bracing boom stretches out at least one in muscle, net, sheet, the silk etc. and is anchored in the basic unit superimposed with it, and then the intensity of shuttering member is higher, rigidity is bigger, globality is better.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the reinforce at least a body in sidewall, lower shoe or the prefabricated bracing boom stretches in other the body on every side, and be connected with reinforce welding, colligation, riveted joint, screw in its body, hook is integral.Like this, reinforce stretches into above-mentioned upper plate, is connected in the wall body in sidewall or the lower shoe and with wherein reinforce on every side, with upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe or prefabricated bracing boom connect as one on every side, have strengthened the globality of shuttering member greatly, have improved shock resistance.

Feature of the present invention also be to go to the bottom have in the plate body at least a reinforce to stretch in the ambient side wall body and anchoring wherein.Like this, the reinforce in the plate body of going to the bottom stretch in the ambient side wall body and anchoring wherein, strengthened the lower shoe and the bonding strength of sidewall on every side greatly, make it more solid and reliable, can effectively prevent the obscission of lower shoe, prevent that the crackle between lower shoe and the Cast-in-place concrete rib from producing.

Feature of the present invention also is on every side to have at least a reinforce to stretch in the sidewall go to the bottom in the plate body and anchoring wherein.Like this, reinforce in the sidewall stretches into the interior also anchoring of the plate body of going to the bottom wherein on every side, sidewall and lower shoe is connected steadiness around having strengthened greatly, make shuttering member have good whole more, can effectively prevent the obscission of lower shoe, prevent that the crackle between lower shoe and the Cast-in-place concrete rib from producing.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce is from upper plate, expose sidewall, lower shoe or the prefabricated bracing boom on every side.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combined, and have improved the globality of hollow building cover greatly, made that shuttering member energy participation structure is stressed jointly, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce is band shape or the thread or netted reinforce of muscle shape.Like this, the variation of reinforce form can be satisfied the needs that shuttering member is used and produced, and helps reducing and produces and construction cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the lower shoe is netted or the muscle shape, and the welding each other of net or muscle, colligation, riveted joint are one.Like this, netted in the lower shoe or muscle shape reinforce welds each other, colligation, perhaps riveted joint is one, has increased substantially the strength and stiffness of lower shoe, makes shuttering member have more good whole and practicality.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid.Like this, the diversity of reinforce, reinforce is drawn materials nearby when being convenient to manufacture shuttering member, reduces material cost, can satisfy different intensity needs simultaneously, makes things convenient for selecting for use of different designs.

Feature of the present invention is also that lower shoe is protruding a bridging piece.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in lower shoe and the bridging piece is steel mesh or reinforcing bar, and reinforcing bar or the reinforcing bar that is connected with steel mesh or steel mesh stretch out bridging piece, and reinforcing bar or steel mesh after perhaps stretching out have crotch.Like this, steel mesh or reinforcing bar have very good intensity, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, there are reinforcing bar or steel mesh to stretch out bridging piece on the shuttering member, reinforcing bar or steel mesh after perhaps stretching out have crotch, this form of structure makes reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete in conjunction with more firm, thereby has improved the intensity and the overall performance of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is superimposed with overlapping layers, superimposed the going to the bottom of the common formation of overlapping layers and lower shoe.Like this, lower shoe is superimposed with overlapping layers, has reduced the production difficulty of shuttering member significantly, simultaneously, has also improved the shock resistance damage capability of shuttering member greatly, has reduced the proportion of goods damageds of product, has improved the production efficiency of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also be described overlapping layers this as the superimposed compound overlapping layers of two layers of material at least.Like this, the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, and it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part of convenient carrying.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with chamfering, inner corner trim, groove, pit, hole, boss module, raised line or external corner on other position of described shuttering member.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in chamfering, inner corner trim, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described chamfering, inner corner trim, groove, raised line self or is parallel or crossing setting each other.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, chamfering on the shuttering member, inner corner trim, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib, the prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib of cast-in-place bracing boom in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member, perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib or cast-in-place bracing boom expose outside the shuttering member, also have reinforce to expose on perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib, cast-in-place bracing boom, the prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib, perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib, cast-in-place bracing boom, prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib are superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib, cast-in-place bracing boom, prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib or the prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib that exposes, cast-in-place bracing boom, the prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib that are provided with in the shuttering member can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better; If be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.

Feature of the present invention also is to be filled with light material in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side sidewall be dismountable movable part, perhaps upper plate or on the sidewall dismountable movable part is arranged on every side.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention also is to connect and compose assembly in groups by connector each other between described at least two shuttering members, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the shuttering member.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member connects as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above shuttering members connect and compose assembly in groups by bridging piece, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the shuttering member, and perhaps shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity fixed or movable support draw piece.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, construction was laid more convenient; If the support draw piece is the flexible staybolt draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary uses, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, and it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.

Feature of the present invention is that also bridging piece or internal-rib die cavity are provided with stirrup.Like this, stirrup is set on bridging piece or the internal-rib die cavity has solved the Cast-in-place concrete rib and prick when establishing reinforcing bar, stirrup is inconvenient to put into and the difficulty of colligation, has improved efficiency of construction greatly, simultaneously, has also improved the combination property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.

Feature of the present invention is that also bridging piece or internal-rib die cavity are provided with the align member of rib location.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar to shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also the surface of bridging piece or internal-rib die cavity is coarse or convex-concave surface, and perhaps bridging piece or internal-rib die cavity are provided with at least a in folding shape muscle, waveform muscle, straight muscle, the curved muscle.Like this, bridging piece or internal-rib die cavity be provided with matsurface, draw hair side, at least a in concavo-convex, the folding shape muscle, waveform muscle, straight muscle, curved muscle, adhesion and shearing resistance between Cast-in-place concrete and bridging piece or the internal-rib die cavity have been improved greatly, make base plate and Cast-in-place concrete in conjunction with more firm, improved the overall performance of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also lower shoe is the lower shoe of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete or polymer mortar, upper plate or on every side sidewall be Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, bamboo offset plate, plastics or metal crimp template.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of sidewall or lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, and upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is prefabricated bracing boom, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the two ends of prefabricated bracing boom 4 are built up integral body with upper plate 1, lower shoe 3 respectively.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, prefabricated bracing boom 4 is arranged in the basic unit of sidewall 2 on every side, and its shaft is overlapped into one with the basic unit of sidewall 2 on every side.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and prefabricated bracing boom 4 is arranged in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, and the rod end of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 has the basic unit of flange and lower shoe 3 superimposed.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its many prefabricated bracing booms 4 constitute the rack setting each other.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is a hollow stem.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 has part to stretch out outside the cavity body.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is a plurality of of drawknot cavity body simultaneously.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the material of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 and basic unit's material are inequality.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 contain reinforce 5, have reinforce 5 to stretch in the body of sidewall 2 on every side in the upper plate 1 and anchoring wherein.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, the superposed surfaces of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is extended with reinforcing bar, and reinforcing bar is anchored on the reinforce 5 in the lower shoe superimposed with it 3.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have reinforce 5 to stretch into upper plate 1 around it in the sidewall 2 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have reinforce 5 to stretch into sidewall 2 on every side in its lower shoe 3 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have reinforce 5 to stretch in the lower shoe 3 around it in the sidewall 2 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, there is reinforce 5 to stretch into sidewall 2 on every side in the lower shoe 3 and is one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body, simultaneously, there is reinforce 5 to expose for 2 times in the lower shoe 3 from sidewall on every side.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, there is reinforce 5 to stretch into upper plate 1 on every side in the sidewall 2 and is one with reinforce 5 overlap joint in its body, its reinforce 5 is banded, and diagram reinforce 5 is thin band.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have netted reinforce 5 to stretch into sidewall 2 on every side in the upper plate 1 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body, diagram reinforce 5 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its lower shoe 3 is protruding bridging piece 6.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 is protruding bridging piece 6, be provided with reinforcing bar and gauze wire cloth in its lower shoe 3, have reinforcing bar to be converted into crotch after protruding simultaneously from bridging piece 6.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 7 on its lower shoe 3, overlapping layers 7 and superimposed the going to the bottom of lower shoe 3 common formations.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 7 on the lower shoe 3, overlapping layers 7 and lower shoe 3 be common to constitute superimposed going to the bottom, the compound overlapping layers that 7 of its overlapping layerss are formed by stacking as multilayer material.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, also are provided with the carrying part 8 of convenient carrying on its shuttering member, and diagram carrying part 8 is a handle.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its shuttering member is shaped as polygon.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with chamfering 9, groove 11, pit 12, hole 13, boss module 14 and external corner 16 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, also are provided with chamfering 9, inner corner trim 10, groove 11 and raised line 15 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with prefabricated stiffening rib 17, cast-in-place bracing boom 18 and cast-in-place reinforcing rib 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, prefabricated stiffening rib 17 and cast-in-place bracing boom 18 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, be provided with light material 20 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, its cavity body is provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 21 is a socket pipe member.

Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other on the cavity body, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 21, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body.

Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, its a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, simultaneously, on bridging piece 6, also be provided with carrying part 8.

Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, be provided with fixing support draw piece 23 in its internal-rib die cavity 22.。

Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, be provided with stirrup 24 in its internal-rib die cavity 22.

Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, be provided with the align member 25 that is used for the rib location in its internal-rib die cavity 22.

Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, the wall of its internal-rib die cavity 22 is done and is rubbed the hair processing with the hands, and bridging piece 6 is provided with and exposes straight muscle.

Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1 is connected with overlapping layers 7, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 7 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Figure 36 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 36, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, be provided with overlapping layers 7 in the cavity body, its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 7 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that the upper plate 1 of cavity body, the basic unit of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 is superimposed with at least one prefabricated bracing boom 4 on every side, prefabricated bracing boom 4 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is prefabricated bracing boom, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the two ends of prefabricated bracing boom 4 are built up integral body with upper plate 1, lower shoe 3 respectively.

Feature of the present invention is that also the rod end of prefabricated bracing boom 4 and basic unit are superimposed.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the two ends of prefabricated bracing boom 4 are built up integral body with upper plate 1, lower shoe 3 respectively, and the rod end and the basic unit of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 are superimposed.

Feature of the present invention is that also the shaft of prefabricated bracing boom 4 and basic unit are superimposed.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, prefabricated bracing boom 4 is arranged in the basic unit of sidewall 2 on every side, and its shaft is overlapped into one with the basic unit of sidewall 2 on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also the rod end of prefabricated bracing boom 4 has flange and basic unit superimposed.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and prefabricated bracing boom 4 is arranged in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, and the rod end of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 has the basic unit of flange and lower shoe 3 superimposed.

Feature of the present invention is that also described many prefabricated bracing booms 4 constitute rack or truss each other.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its many prefabricated bracing booms 4 constitute the rack setting each other.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom 4 is compound rod or coupled pole or hollow stem.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is a hollow stem.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom 4 stretches out outside the cavity body.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6.Upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 has part to stretch out outside the cavity body.

Feature of the present invention also is at least two faces of described prefabricated bracing boom 4 drawknot cavity body.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is a plurality of of drawknot cavity body simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom 4 is identical or different with basic unit's material.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the material of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 and basic unit's material are inequality.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated bracing boom 4 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.As shown in Figure 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and prefabricated bracing boom 4 is arranged in the basic unit of sidewall 2 on every side, and its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

Feature of the present invention also be between described prefabricated bracing boom 4 and the basic unit with gluing, interlock, seam, pressing, screw be connected, the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.As shown in Figure 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, prefabricated bracing boom 4 is arranged in the basic unit of sidewall 2 on every side, and the mode with gluing between its prefabricated bracing boom 4 and the basic unit is overlapped into integral body.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or prefabricated bracing boom 4 contain reinforce 5 on every side, at upper plate 1, on every side have reinforce 5 to stretch in the alternative body at least a body of sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or prefabricated bracing boom 4 and anchoring wherein.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 contain reinforce 5, have reinforce 5 to stretch in the body of sidewall 2 on every side in the upper plate 1 and anchoring wherein.

Feature of the present invention is that also the superposed surfaces of described prefabricated bracing boom 4 is extended with muscle, net, sheet or silk, and is anchored in the basic unit superimposed with it.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, the superposed surfaces of its prefabricated bracing boom 4 is extended with reinforcing bar, and reinforcing bar is anchored on the reinforce 5 in the lower shoe superimposed with it 3.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the reinforce 5 at least a body in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the prefabricated bracing boom 4 stretches in other the body on every side, and be connected with reinforce 5 welding, colligation, riveted joint, screw in its body, hook is integral.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have reinforce 5 to stretch into upper plate 1 around it in the sidewall 2 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body.

Feature of the present invention also is to have in lower shoe 3 bodies at least a reinforce 5 to stretch into the interior also anchoring of sidewall 2 bodies on every side wherein.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have reinforce 5 to stretch into sidewall 2 on every side in its lower shoe 3 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body.

Feature of the present invention also is have at least a reinforce 5 to stretch into the interior also anchoring of lower shoe 3 bodies wherein in the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have reinforce 5 to stretch in the lower shoe 3 around it in the sidewall 2 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 5 is from upper plate 1, expose sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the prefabricated bracing boom 4 on every side.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, there is reinforce 5 to stretch into sidewall 2 on every side in the lower shoe 3 and is one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body, simultaneously, there is reinforce 5 to expose for 2 times in the lower shoe 3 from sidewall on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 5 is band shape or the thread or netted reinforce of muscle shape.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, there is reinforce 5 to stretch into upper plate 1 on every side in the sidewall 2 and is one with reinforce 5 overlap joint in its body, its reinforce 5 is banded, and diagram reinforce 5 is thin band.

Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 5 in the lower shoe 3 is netted or muscle shape, and the welding each other of net or muscle, colligation, riveted joint are one.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, have netted reinforce 5 to stretch into sidewall 2 on every side in the upper plate 1 and be one with reinforce 5 overlap joints in its body, diagram reinforce 5 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Feature of the present invention also is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid of described reinforce 5.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, upper plate 1, all contain reinforce 5 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, and its reinforce 5 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Feature of the present invention is also that lower shoe 3 is protruding a bridging piece 6.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its lower shoe 3 is protruding bridging piece 6.

Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 5 in lower shoe 3 and the bridging piece 6 is steel mesh or reinforcing bar, and reinforcing bar or the reinforcing bar that is connected with steel mesh or steel mesh stretch out bridging piece 6, and reinforcing bar or steel mesh after perhaps stretching out have crotch.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 is protruding bridging piece 6, be provided with reinforcing bar and gauze wire cloth in its lower shoe 3, have reinforcing bar to be converted into crotch after protruding simultaneously from bridging piece 6.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is superimposed with overlapping layers 7, overlapping layers 7 and superimposed the going to the bottom of lower shoe 3 common formations.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 7 on its lower shoe 3, overlapping layers 7 and superimposed the going to the bottom of lower shoe 3 common formations.

Feature of the present invention is that also 7 of described overlapping layerss are as the superimposed compound overlapping layers of two-layer at least above material.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 7 on the lower shoe 3, overlapping layers 7 and lower shoe 3 be common to constitute superimposed going to the bottom, the compound overlapping layers that 7 of its overlapping layerss are formed by stacking as multilayer material.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part 8 of convenient carrying.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, also are provided with the carrying part 8 of convenient carrying on its shuttering member, and diagram carrying part 8 is a handle.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its shuttering member is shaped as polygon.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with chamfering 9, inner corner trim 10, groove 11, pit 12, hole 13, boss module 14, raised line 15 or external corner 16 on other position of described shuttering member.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with chamfering 9, groove 11, pit 12, hole 13, boss module 14 and external corner 16 on its cavity body simultaneously.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, also are provided with chamfering 9, inner corner trim 10, groove 11 and raised line 15 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described chamfering 9, inner corner trim 10, groove 11, raised line 15 self or is parallel or crossing setting each other.As shown in figure 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with chamfering 9, inner corner trim 10, groove 11 and raised line 15 on its cavity body simultaneously, its chamfering 9, inner corner trim 10, groove 11 and raised line 15 self or be parallel or crossing setting each other.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib 17, cast-in-place bracing boom 18 prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing ribs 19 in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member, perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib 17 or cast-in-place bracing boom 18 expose outside the shuttering member, also have reinforce 5 to expose on perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib 17, cast-in-place bracing boom 18, the prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib 19, perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib 17, cast-in-place bracing boom 18, prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib 19 are superimposed with overlapping layers 7.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with prefabricated stiffening rib 17, cast-in-place bracing boom 18 and cast-in-place reinforcing rib 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, prefabricated stiffening rib 17 and cast-in-place bracing boom 18 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is to be filled with light material 20 in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, be provided with light material 20 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 be dismountable movable part, perhaps upper plate 1 or on the sidewall 2 dismountable movable part is arranged on every side.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 21.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, its cavity body is provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 21 is a socket pipe member.

Feature of the present invention also is to connect and compose assembly in groups by connector 21 each other between described at least two shuttering members, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22 between the shuttering member.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, also be provided with the connector 21 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other on the cavity body, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 21, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above shuttering members connect and compose assembly in groups by bridging piece 6, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22 between the shuttering member, and perhaps shuttering member is provided with carrying part 8.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, its a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, simultaneously, on bridging piece 6, also be provided with carrying part 8.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 22 fixed or movable support draw piece 23.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, be provided with fixing support draw piece 23 in its internal-rib die cavity 22.。

Feature of the present invention is that also bridging piece 6 or internal-rib die cavity 22 are provided with stirrup 24.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, be provided with stirrup 24 in its internal-rib die cavity 22.

Feature of the present invention is that also bridging piece 6 or internal-rib die cavity 22 are provided with the align member 25 of rib location.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, be provided with the align member 25 that is used for the rib location in its internal-rib die cavity 22.

Feature of the present invention is that also the surface of bridging piece 6 or internal-rib die cavity 22 is coarse or convex-concave surface, and perhaps bridging piece 6 or internal-rib die cavity 22 are provided with at least a in folding shape muscle, waveform muscle, straight muscle, the curved muscle.Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, lower shoe 3 stretches out bridging piece 6, a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 6, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body, the wall of its internal-rib die cavity 22 is done and is rubbed the hair processing with the hands, and bridging piece 6 is provided with and exposes straight muscle.

Feature of the present invention also is lower shoe 3 lower shoe for cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete or polymer mortar, upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 be Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, bamboo offset plate, plastics or metal crimp template.As shown in figure 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4 in cavity body, and its lower shoe 3 is a reinforced concrete slab, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar plate.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 7 on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 7 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, upper plate 1 is connected with overlapping layers 7, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 7 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 7 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 36 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 36, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, in cavity body, be provided with many prefabricated bracing booms 4, be provided with overlapping layers 7 in the cavity body, its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 7 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

During the invention process, the prefabricated bracing boom 4 that first prefabricated cement mortar includes steel wire is standby, mix the system cement mortar then, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by the upper plate 1 and the shuttering member of the layer structure of the opening that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side again, perhaps also exposing has fibrous mesh cloth reinforce 5, when slip is not dried, prefabricated bracing boom 4 and its slurry bonding are overlapped into one, then, again with ferro-cement or concrete die for molding lower shoe 3, at slip not during setting and harden at lower shoe 3, the shuttering member of opening is fastened on it, form wholely, lower shoe 3 also can have bridging piece 6, treat the slip sclerosis after, maintenance can obtain shuttering member to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (41)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of cavity body, the basic unit of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) is superimposed with at least one prefabricated bracing boom (4) on every side, prefabricated bracing boom (4) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the rod end and the basic unit of prefabricated bracing boom (4) is superimposed.
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the shaft and the basic unit of prefabricated bracing boom (4) is superimposed.
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, the rod end that it is characterized in that prefabricated bracing boom (4) have flange and basic unit superimposed.
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described many prefabricated bracing booms (4) constitute rack or truss each other.
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described prefabricated bracing boom (4) is compound rod or coupled pole or hollow stem.
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described prefabricated bracing boom (4) stretches out outside the cavity body.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that at least two faces of described prefabricated bracing boom (4) drawknot cavity body.
9, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described prefabricated bracing boom (4) and basic unit's material are identical or different.
10, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described prefabricated bracing boom (4) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
11, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that between described prefabricated bracing boom (4) and the basic unit with gluing, interlock, seam, pressing, screw be connected, the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.
12, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or prefabricated bracing boom (4) contain reinforce (5) on every side, at upper plate (1), on every side have reinforce (5) to stretch in the alternative body at least a body of sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or prefabricated bracing boom (4) and anchoring wherein.
13, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12 is characterized in that the superposed surfaces of described prefabricated bracing boom (4) is extended with muscle, net, sheet or silk, and is anchored in the basic unit superimposed with it.
14, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the reinforce (5) at least a body in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the prefabricated bracing boom (4) stretches in other the body on every side, and be connected with reinforce (5) welding, colligation, riveted joint, screw in its body, hook is integral.
15, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12 is characterized in that having in lower shoe (3) body at least a reinforce (5) to stretch into the interior also anchoring of sidewall (2) body on every side wherein.
16, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12 is characterized in that having at least a reinforce (5) to stretch into the interior also anchoring of lower shoe (3) body wherein in the sidewall (2) on every side.
17, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12 is characterized in that described reinforce (5) is from upper plate (1), expose sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the prefabricated bracing boom (4) on every side.
18, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12 is characterized in that described reinforce (5) is band shape or the thread or netted reinforce of muscle shape.
19, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 18 is characterized in that the reinforce (5) in the lower shoe (3) is netted or muscle shape, and the welding each other of net or muscle, colligation, riveted joint are one.
20, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 18 is characterized in that at least a in the reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, braid over braid of described reinforce (5).
21, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 12, it is characterized in that lower shoe (3) is protruding has a bridging piece (6).
22, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 21, it is characterized in that the reinforce (5) in lower shoe (3) and the bridging piece (6) is steel mesh or reinforcing bar, reinforcing bar or the reinforcing bar that is connected with steel mesh or steel mesh stretch out bridging piece (6), and reinforcing bar or steel mesh after perhaps stretching out have crotch.
23, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is superimposed with overlapping layers (7), overlapping layers (7) constitutes superimposed going to the bottom jointly with lower shoe (3).
24, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 23, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (7) this as the superimposed compound overlapping layers of two layers of material at least.
25,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part (8) of convenient carrying according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22.
26,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described shuttering member or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22.
27,, it is characterized in that also being provided with chamfering (9), inner corner trim (10), groove (11), pit (12), hole (13), boss module (14), raised line (15) or external corner (16) on other position of described shuttering member according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22.
28, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 27 is characterized in that described chamfering (9), inner corner trim (10), groove (11), raised line (15) self or is parallel or crossing setting each other.
29, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22, it is characterized in that being provided with prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib (17) in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member, prefabricated or the cast-in-place reinforcing rib of cast-in-place bracing boom (18) (19), perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib (17) or cast-in-place bracing boom (18) expose outside the shuttering member, perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib (17), cast-in-place bracing boom (18), prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib (19) is gone up also has reinforce (5) to expose perhaps prefabricated or cast-in-place stiffening rib (17), cast-in-place bracing boom (18), prefabricated or cast-in-place reinforcing rib (19) is superimposed with overlapping layers (7).
30,, it is characterized in that being filled with light material (20) in the enclosed cavity of described shuttering member according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22.
31, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part, perhaps upper plate (1) or on the sidewall (2) dismountable movable part is arranged on every side.
32,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with connector (21) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22.
33, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 32 is characterized in that connecting and composing assembly in groups by connector (21) each other between described at least two shuttering members, constitutes internal-rib die cavity (22) between the shuttering member.
34, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22, it is characterized in that at least two above shuttering members connect and compose assembly in groups by bridging piece (6), constitute internal-rib die cavity (22) between the shuttering member, perhaps shuttering member is provided with carrying part (8).
35, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 34 is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (22) fixed or movable support draw piece (23).
36, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 34 is characterized in that bridging piece (6) or internal-rib die cavity (22) are provided with stirrup (24).
37, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 34 is characterized in that bridging piece (6) or internal-rib die cavity (22) are provided with the align member (25) of rib location.
38, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 34, the surface that it is characterized in that bridging piece (6) or internal-rib die cavity (22) is coarse or convex-concave surface, and perhaps bridging piece (6) or internal-rib die cavity (22) are provided with at least a in folding shape muscle, waveform muscle, straight muscle, the curved muscle.
39, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22, it is characterized in that the lower shoe of lower shoe (3) for cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete or polymer mortar, upper plate (1) or on every side sidewall (2) be Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, bamboo offset plate, plastics or metal crimp template.
40, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (7) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (7) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
41,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (7) each other and enclose cavity body on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 22.
CN 200310100968 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member CN1236173C (en)

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CN 200510129264 Division CN1807799B (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CNB2005101292686A Division CN100393962C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CNB2005101292671A Division CN100400772C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CNB2005101292690A Division CN100400773C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CNB2005101292633A Division CN100449083C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CNB2005101292667A Division CN100400771C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CN 200510129262 Division CN1807797B (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member
CNB2005101292652A Division CN100545389C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 A kind of shuttering member
CNB2005101292703A Division CN100400774C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100400771C (en) * 2003-10-01 2008-07-09 邱则有 Shuttering member

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1776158B (en) * 2004-11-15 2010-05-26 邱则有 Cavity member for hollow slab
CN100458059C (en) * 2004-11-23 2009-02-04 邱则有 Precast member for lightweight concrete board
CN101063325B (en) * 2006-04-27 2011-12-21 邱则有 Reinforced concrete pre-fabricated panels

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100400771C (en) * 2003-10-01 2008-07-09 邱则有 Shuttering member

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