CN1183871C - Dish washer - Google Patents

Dish washer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1183871C
CN1183871C CN 02103428 CN02103428A CN1183871C CN 1183871 C CN1183871 C CN 1183871C CN 02103428 CN02103428 CN 02103428 CN 02103428 A CN02103428 A CN 02103428A CN 1183871 C CN1183871 C CN 1183871C
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
cartridge
cap
housing
cover
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CN 02103428
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1370501A (en
Inventor
川口智也
新村光则
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三洋电机株式会社
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Priority to JP2001038694A priority Critical patent/JP2002238826A/en
Application filed by 三洋电机株式会社 filed Critical 三洋电机株式会社
Publication of CN1370501A publication Critical patent/CN1370501A/en
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Publication of CN1183871C publication Critical patent/CN1183871C/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/0076Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware of non-domestic use type, e.g. commercial dishwashers for bars, hotels, restaurants, canteens or hospitals
    • A47L15/0081Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware of non-domestic use type, e.g. commercial dishwashers for bars, hotels, restaurants, canteens or hospitals with vertical sliding closing doors, e.g. hood-type dishwashers

Abstract

本发明涉及一种洗碗机,其包括前面开口的框体;清洗仓,该清洗仓可从该框体朝向前方抽出,在其顶面上,设置有餐具接纳取出用的开口;顶盖,该顶盖位于上述框体内的上方,将上述清洗仓的顶面开口封闭,在清洗仓接纳于框体中时,通过顶盖将上述顶面开口封闭,当抽出清洗仓时,使该顶盖退回到上述框体内部上方,由于顶盖的底面呈朝向周围下倾的弯曲状或倾斜状,其下端设有接水部,并由具有亲水性材料或已实施增强亲水性的材料形成,而且洗碗机具有保持机构、动作机构、偏置机构等,所以可使附着在顶盖底面的水流入到规定位置,即使在临时停止运转时,也不会弄湿框体内部或往外泄漏,还可确保顶盖和清洗仓之间的高防水性,并可提高操作性。 The present invention relates to a dishwasher including a housing front opening; cleaning cartridge, the cleaning cartridge can be drawn out toward the front, a top surface thereof, is provided with a receiving opening for taking out dishes from the frame; cap, the cap is located above the housing body, the top surface of the cleaning bin opening is closed, when the cleaning cartridge received in the housing by opening the cover closing the top surface, when cleaning out the cartridge, so that the cap back to the top inside of the housing, since the bottom-section towards the curved roof sloping at ambient or inclined, its lower end with the water receiving unit, by having a hydrophilic material or a hydrophilic material formed embodiment has enhanced and holding means having a dishwasher, the operation mechanism, the biasing mechanism or the like, it can attached to a predetermined position in the water flowing into the bottom surface of the cover, even when the operation is temporarily stopped, it will not wet the inside of the case or leak out It also ensures high waterproofness between the cap and the cleaning cartridge, and improving the operability.

Description

洗碗机 dishwasher

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及洗碗机,本发明特别是涉及适合于内嵌式的洗碗机。 The present invention relates to a dishwasher, the present invention relates particularly suited for embedded dishwasher.

背景技术 Background technique

家庭用洗碗机一般具有下述结构,其中将自来水送入清洗仓内,使该自来水存储于其底部,其后使泵动作,抽吸所存储的水,将其送给喷嘴,从喷嘴强有力地喷射水,对接纳于清洗仓内的餐具进行清洗。 Household dishwashers generally has a structure in which the washing water into the cartridge so that the bottom of the water stored thereon, thereafter the operation of the pump, pumping the water stored, which is sent to the nozzle, the nozzle strong forcefully spraying water, for receiving the cartridge in dishwashing cleaning. 已有的这种洗碗机形成下述结构,其中在框体的内部,设置清洗仓,在框体的前面,设置朝向靠近自己侧的下方旋转的门,在打开门的状态,从清洗仓内,朝向水平前方,抽出餐具筐。 Such conventional dishwashers forming a structure inside the housing which is provided cleaning cartridge in front of the housing, disposed near the door is rotated downward toward their side of the door in the open state, the cleaning cartridge from inside, in the horizontal forward, out of the crockery basket.

近年来,伴随整体厨房(system kitchen)的普及,市场上销售有用于装配于整体厨房中的内嵌式的洗碗机。 In recent years, popularity on the market along the whole kitchen (system kitchen) are embedded in the overall assembly of a dishwasher in the kitchen. 作为适合内嵌式的洗碗机,人们知道有日本第139799/2000号发明专利申请公开公报文献所描述的类型。 As for the embedded dishwasher, people know No. 139799/2000 Japanese Patent Application Publication No. type described in the literature. 即,这种洗碗机为所谓的抽出方式的洗碗机,内部设置用于接纳餐具的餐具筐的清洗仓按照与同时用作前面板的门一起,朝向前方抽出的方式形成。 That is, the dishwasher is a so-called extraction method of a dishwasher, is provided inside the housing for receiving the washing dishware tableware according to bins with same time as the front panel with the door, drawn toward the front is formed. 该洗碗机具有下述结构,其中在抽出清洗仓的状态,由于在清洗仓顶面开口较大,所以可从上面实现餐具的进出,如果将清洗仓压入框体,则等待于框体内部的顶部空间的顶盖下降,将清洗仓的顶面开口封闭。 The dishwasher has a structure in which cleaning cartridge is extracted in the state, since the top surface of the cleaning cartridge large openings out of cutlery can be achieved from above, if the cartridge is pressed into the cleaning frame, it waits for the frame member the space inside the cap top down to the top surface of the cleaning cartridge to close the opening.

发明内容 SUMMARY

对于这样的抽出式洗碗机,要求考虑从结构的特征方面与已有的,清洗仓固定于框体内部的洗碗机不同。 For such extraction dishwasher, it requires consideration of the conventional, fixed to the dishwasher cleaning cartridge inside the housing structure different from the characteristic aspect. 具体来说,具有下面这样的课题。 Specifically, the following have such a problem.

(1)在抽出式洗碗机中,在抽出清洗仓的状态,顶盖残留于框体内部的顶部空间。 (1) In the extraction dishwashers, washing out the status of the cartridge, the cap remaining in the headspace inside the housing. 由此,比如,在清洗运转中临时停止,抽出清洗仓的场合等情况下,由于喷射出的水附着于顶盖的底面上,故具有水滴滴落到清洗仓之外,朝向框体之外泄漏的危险。 Thus, for example, temporarily stopped in the cleaning operation, the cleaning cartridge case extraction and the like in the case, since the bottom surface of the injected water is attached to the cap, it is washed with water drops fall outside the cartridge toward the outside of the housing the risk of leakage.

(2)在抽出式洗碗机中,通常,由于按照与清洗仓形成一体的方式,设置清洗泵,或干燥用风扇电动机,故抽出接纳用的活动部分非常重。 (2) in the withdrawal dishwashers in general, since the manner of the cleaning cartridge is formed integrally provided cleaning pump, fan motor or dried, it is extracted with a movable part of the receiving very heavy. 在于清洗仓内接纳许多餐具的状态的抽出接纳过程中,餐具的重量加大而变得更沉。 Cleaning out the receiving process cartridge wherein the receiving state in a number of dishes, cutlery increase the weight becomes heavier. 由于这样的情况,具有清洗仓的抽出接纳动作必须要求较大的力的倾向,不一定顺利地实现开闭。 Due to such a case, the receiving operation of extracting the cartridge has to be cleaned tends to require a larger force, may not be smoothly opened and closed.

(3)在将清洗仓接纳于框体时,如果清洗仓与顶盖之间的紧密贴合不充分,则朝向清洗仓内部喷射的水朝向仓外泄漏,将厨房弄湿,还造成洗碗机本身的故障。 (3) washing the cartridge when received in the housing, if not sufficient close contact between the cap and the cleaning cartridge, the cartridge toward the interior of the washing water sprayed toward the outer bin leakage, wet galley, further causing dishwashing fault plane itself.

本发明是为了解决这样的各种课题而提出的,本发明的目的在于提供一种洗碗机,该洗碗机涉及抽出式洗碗机,其即使在比如,清洗运转的过程中,抽出清洗仓的情况下,附着于顶盖的顶面上的水仍不会朝向清洗仓之外滴落。 The present invention is made to solve such various problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a dishwasher withdrawable relates to dishwashers, which, even in, for example, during cleaning operation, the extracts washed the cartridge case, the water attached to the top surface of the cap is still not drip out of the cartridge towards the cleaning. 另外,本发明的另一目的在于提供一种洗碗机,该洗碗机在清洗仓的抽出与压入动作无需必要值以上的力的情况下,顺利地实现开闭。 Further, another object of the present invention is to provide a dishwasher with the extraction cartridge is pressed into the cleaning operation than the case without the value of the force necessary to achieve a smooth closing. 此外,本发明的还一目的在于提供一种洗碗机,该洗碗机在将清洗仓接纳于框体中时,顶盖按照具有可靠的高防水性的方式,封闭清洗仓的顶面开口,由此即使在清洗运转时,仍不发生朝向仓外的水的泄漏。 In addition, a further object of the present invention is to provide a dishwasher cleaning cartridge when received in the housing, the cap according to the embodiment has high water repellency reliable closing the top surface opening of the purge bin , whereby even when the cleaning operation, does not yet lead to the water leak outside the cartridge.

用于解决上述课题的第1项发明的洗碗机包括前面开口的框体;清洗仓,该清洗仓可从该框体朝向前方抽出,在其顶面上,设置有餐具接纳取出用的开口;顶盖,该顶盖位于上述框体内的上方,将上述清洗仓的顶面开口封闭,在清洗仓接纳于框体中时,通过顶盖将上述顶面开口封闭,当抽出清洗仓时,使该顶盖退回到上述框体内部上方,其特征在于:上述顶盖的底面呈朝向周围下倾的弯曲状,或倾斜状,同时在该顶盖的周围的下倾终端,设置有接水部,使流入该接水部中的水,下流到规定位置。 Dishwasher first invention for solving the above problems of the front housing comprises an opening; cleaning cartridge, the cleaning cartridge may be withdrawn from the housing toward the front body, at a top surface thereof, is provided with a receiving opening for taking out the cutlery ; top cover positioned above the casing and the top surface of the cleaning bin opening is closed, when the cleaning cartridge received in the housing by opening the cover closing the top surface, when cleaning out the cartridge, the inside of the cap to return to the upper housing, wherein: the cap above the bottom of the pour-section curved towards the ambient, or inclined, at the same time tilting of the cap around the terminal is provided with a water receiving portion, the water flowing into the water part is connected, to a predetermined downstream position.

在这里,即使在将清洗仓抽出到最前方的状态的情况下,上述规定位置仍为位于该清洗仓内部的位置。 Here, even in a case where the state of the cleaning cartridge out of the forefront of the predetermined positions is still located inside the cartridge cleaning position.

在上述第1项发明的洗碗机中,如果在清洗中或冲洗中,在顶盖的底面上溅有水,则水顺着弯曲面或倾斜面快速地流动,回收到接水部。 In the dishwasher the above first invention, if the flushing, the bottom surface of the roof or spilled during cleaning water, the water flows fast along the inclined surface or the curved surface, the recovered water receiver. 接着,该水通过接水部,最终下流到清洗仓内。 Next, the water passes through the water receiving unit, the cleaning cartridge into the final downstream. 由此,在附着于顶盖的底面上的状态,水不会长期滞留。 Accordingly, in the state adhered to the bottom surface of the roof, the water does not stay long. 因此,在清洗或冲洗的过程中,即使在运转临时停止而抽出清洗仓的情况下,仍可防止下述情况,该情况指附着于顶盖的底面上的水直接滴落到框体内底面上,该底面变湿,另外朝向框体之外泄漏,将厨房的地板弄湿。 Thus, during washing or rinsing, even if the operation is temporarily stopped in a case where the extraction cartridge cleaning it possible to prevent a case where the bottom surface of the case means attached to the bottom surface of the water is directly dropped onto the cap casing the bottom surface becomes wet, additional leaks toward the outside of the housing, the kitchen floor wet. 另外,在框体由金属板形成的场合,还可防止生锈的情况。 Further, in the case where the housing is formed of a metal plate, it may prevent rust.

在上述第1项发明的洗碗机中,作为一种形式,接水部为导水槽,其为中间截断而使水下流的结构。 In the dishwasher the above first invention, as a form, the water receiving unit of the gutter, which cut the water downstream of the intermediate structure. 另外,可形成下述方案,其中上述导水槽与设置于顶盖的底面周围的防水用的密封部件成一体设置。 Further, the following embodiment may be formed, wherein a waterproof seal member around the bottom surface of the gutter to the roof is provided integrally provided. 按照此方式,结构简单,无需较大的成本。 In this manner, a simple structure, without major cost.

另外,最好是顶盖的底面由具有亲水性的材料形成,或为进行了使亲水性增加的处理的材料。 Further, the bottom surface of the top cover is preferably formed from a material having hydrophilic, or to perform a hydrophilic material processing increased. 按照该方案,附着于顶盖的底面上的水以较薄的厚度扩展开,难于形成较大的水滴。 According to this embodiment, the water attached to the bottom surface of the cap to spread out a thin thickness, it is difficult to form larger droplets. 由此,水直接滴落的危险非常小,可更加可靠地防止将清洗仓之外弄湿。 Thus, the risk of water dripping directly is very small, it can be prevented more reliably than the wet cleaning cartridge.

用于解决上述课题的第2项发明的洗碗机包括前面开口的框体;清洗仓,该清洗仓可从该框体朝向前方抽出,在其顶面上,设置有餐具接纳取出用的开口;顶盖,该顶盖位于上述框体内的上方,将上述清洗仓的顶面开口封闭,在清洗仓接纳于框体中时,通过顶盖将上述顶面开口封闭,当抽出清洗仓时,使该顶盖退回到上述框体内的上方,其特征在于上述顶盖的底面由具有亲水性的材料形成,或为进行了使亲水性增加的处理的材料。 Dishwasher second invention for solving the above problems of the front housing comprises an opening; cleaning cartridge, the cleaning cartridge may be withdrawn from the housing toward the front body, at a top surface thereof, is provided with a receiving opening for taking out the cutlery ; top cover positioned above the casing and the top surface of the cleaning bin opening is closed, when the cleaning cartridge received in the housing by opening the cover closing the top surface, when cleaning out the cartridge, the upper side of the cover back to the casing, wherein the bottom surface of the cap is formed of a material having hydrophilic, or to perform a hydrophilic material processing increased.

即,按照此方案,由于附着于顶盖的底面上的水以较薄的厚度扩展开,难于形成较大的水滴,故水直接滴落的危险非常小。 That is, according to this embodiment, since the water adhering to the bottom surface of the cap to spread out a thin thickness, it is difficult to form larger droplets, so the risk is very small water directly dripping. 由此,即使在清洗或冲洗的过程中,使运转临时停止而抽出清洗仓的情况下,仍可减轻下述情况,该情况指附着于顶盖的底面上的水直接滴落在框体内底面上,该底面变湿,另外朝向框体之外泄漏,将厨房的地板面弄湿。 Accordingly, even when the process of cleaning or rinsing of the washing operation is temporarily stopped while the cartridge is extracted, can lessen the following conditions, the water in this case means attached to the bottom surface of the cap body is directly dropped on the bottom surface of housing on the bottom surface becomes wet, additional leaks toward the outside of the housing, the kitchen floor wet.

用于解决上述课题的第3项发明的洗碗机包括前面开口的框体;清洗仓,该清洗仓可从该框体朝向前方抽出,在其顶面上,设置有餐具接纳取出用的开口;顶盖,该顶盖位于上述框体内的上方,将上述清洗仓的顶面开口封闭,其特征在于该洗碗机包括:a)保持机构,该保持机构在将清洗仓接纳于框体中时,在封闭上述顶面开口的位置与上方的退回位置之间,以可沿上下移动的方式保持上述顶盖;b)动作机构,该动作机构伴随清洗仓的抽出,或压入动作,使将顶盖上推,或下压的力作用于该顶盖上;c)偏置机构,该偏置机构对应于顶盖的位置,有选择地沿将顶盖上推方向和将该顶盖下压方向这两个方向,使该顶盖偏置。 Dishwasher third invention for solving the above problems of the front housing comprises an opening; cleaning cartridge, the cleaning cartridge may be withdrawn from the housing toward the front body, at a top surface thereof, is provided with a receiving opening for taking out the cutlery ; top cover located above said casing and closing the opening of the top surface of the cleaning cartridge, characterized in that the dish washer comprises: a) holding means, the holding means in the cleaning cartridge received in the housing when, in the closed position between said top surface and a retracted position above the opening so as to be vertically movable manner along holds the cap; b) operation means, the operation of the cleaning means along extracts cartridge or pushing operation, so that the pressing force pushing the top cover, or on the lower cover for; c) biasing means, the biasing means corresponding to the position of the cover is selectively pushed in the direction of the top cover and the top cover depressing direction in two directions, so that the cap bias.

另外,借助上述保持机构实现的“上下移动”不限于沿垂直上下方向的移动。 Further, the holding means implemented by "vertical movement" is not limited to the vertically movable in the vertical direction. 具体来说,可形成下述方案,其中比如,上述保持机构包括平行连杆,该平行连杆的一端铰接于顶盖上,其另一端铰接于框体上,在将顶盖保持基本水平状态的同时,以可摆动的方式保持该顶盖。 Specifically, the following embodiment may be formed, for example wherein said holding means comprises a parallel link, one end of the parallel link is hinged to the top cover, and the other end hinged to the frame member, the panel holder in a substantially horizontal state at the same time, in order to swingably hold the cap.

在该第3项发明的洗碗机中,在清洗仓完全接纳于框体中的状态,顶盖位于封闭清洗仓的顶面开口的位置,偏置机构朝向将顶盖下压的方向偏置,由此,确保顶盖和清洗仓之间的较高的防水性。 In the dishwasher of the invention 3, in the cleaning cartridge is fully received in the housing in a state, the position of the closure cap located at the top surface of the cleaning cartridge is open, the biasing mechanism biasing direction toward the pressure cap thereby, ensuring a high waterproof property between the cap and the cleaning cartridge. 如果从该状态,通过使用者,开始清洗仓的抽出动作,则按照下述方式作用,即伴随该动作,借助动作机构,抵抗上述偏置机构的偏置力,将顶盖上推,如果顶盖上升到规定位置,偏置机构的偏置力反转,将顶盖上推。 If from this state, the user starts the washing operation out of the cartridge, the effect in the following manner, i.e., the accompanying action, by means of the operation means, against the biasing force of the biasing mechanism will push the lid, if the top cover predetermined raised position, the biasing force of the biasing mechanism is reversed, pushing the top cover. 由此,在开始抽出清洗仓时,虽然必须要求某种程度的力,但是从途中,上述偏置力的辅助作用增加,不要求较大的力,顺利地将清洗仓朝向前方抽出。 Thus, at the start of washing out the cartridge, although some degree of force to be required, but from the way, the auxiliary action of the biasing force is increased, a large force is not required, the cleaning cartridge smoothly drawn out toward the front. 象这样,在将清洗仓完全抽出的状态,通过偏置机构,沿上推方向使顶盖偏置,由此,可靠地将其保持在框体内的规定的退回位置。 As such, the cleaning cartridge in the fully withdrawn state, the biasing mechanism, the push-in direction so that the cap bias, whereby it is reliably held at a predetermined retracted position within the housing.

如果从该状态,由使用者开始清洗仓的压入动作,则按照下述方式作用,即伴随该动作,通过动作机构,抵抗偏置机构的偏置力,将顶盖下压,顶盖下降到规定位置,此时,该偏置机构的偏置力反转,将顶盖下压。 If from this state, the user starts the cleaning operation is pressed into the cartridge, the effect in the following manner, i.e., accompanying the operation by the operation means, against the biasing force of the biasing mechanism, the pressed cap, the cap lowered to a predetermined position in which the biasing force of the biasing mechanism is reversed, the cap pressed. 由此,在开始压入清洗仓时,虽然必须要求某种程度的力,但是从途中,上述偏置力的辅助作用增加,不要求较大的力,清洗仓顺利地接纳于框体内,顶盖将清洗仓的顶面开口封闭。 Thus, at the start of the cleaning cartridge into the press, although some degree of force to be required, but from the way, the auxiliary action of the biasing force is increased, a large force is not required, the cleaning cartridge smoothly received in a casing, a top the cleaning bin cover a top face opening is closed.

象上述那样,在第3项发明的洗碗机中,不需要施加必要值以上的较大力,就可顺利地进行清洗仓的抽出和压入动作。 As described above, in the third invention of the dishwasher, no force is necessary to apply a large value or more, the cleaning cartridge can be smoothly carried out and the pushing operation. 另外,在将清洗仓完全接纳于框体的状态,顶盖按照压靠于清洗仓中的方式偏置,由此,顶盖具有可靠的高防水性,将清洗仓的顶面开口封闭。 Further, in the cleaning cartridge is fully received in the housing state, the cap is pressed against the cleaning according to the bin offset manner, whereby reliable cap has high water repellency, the top surface of the cleaning cartridge to close the opening. 由此,在清洗时,即使在溅上喷射到清洗仓内的水的情况下,该水仍不泄漏到仓外。 Thus, during the cleaning, even when splashed with washing water injected into the cartridge, the water is still leaking to the outside of the cartridge. 此外,在从框体将清洗仓完全抽出的状态,通过使顶盖朝向上推方向偏置,可靠地将其保持在框体内顶部的规定退回位置,由此,也没有顶盖实现不希望的下降的情况。 Further, in the cleaning cartridge from the housing completely drawn out state, by pushing the cover toward the direction of the bias, which is reliably held in a predetermined retracted position within the top frame, whereby the cover does not achieve undesirable drop the case.

在上述第3项发明的洗碗机中,作为上述偏置机构的一个形式,可形成下述方案,其中上述偏置机构包括张拉螺旋弹簧,该张拉螺旋弹簧在顶盖的移动范围的途中点,拉伸到最大程度,从该途中点,朝向移动范围的两端侧,均产生压缩造成的偏置力。 3 in the dishwasher the first invention, as described above in the form of a biasing mechanism, the following scheme may be formed, wherein said biasing means comprises a tension coil spring, the movement range of the top cover tensioning coil spring waypoints, stretched to the maximum extent from the middle point toward both ends of the movement range, are caused by the compression of the biasing force is generated.

另外,作为上述动作机构的一种形式,可形成下述方案,即上述动作机构包括倾斜部,该倾斜部设置于清洗仓的顶部或顶盖中的任一侧并朝向另一侧倾斜;滑动部,设置于顶盖的另一侧并在清洗仓接纳的状态下,与倾斜部接触或接近,在从接纳于框体中的状态,抽出清洗仓时,上述滑动部与上述倾斜部接触,沿上述倾斜面滑动,由此将顶盖上推。 Further, as a form of the operation mechanism, the following scheme may be formed, i.e., the operation mechanism comprises an inclined portion, the inclined portion is provided on either side of the cleaning cartridge in the top or cap and is inclined toward the other side; slide portion provided at the other side of the cap and the cleaning cartridge receiving state, or nearly in contact with the inclined portion, when received in the housing in a state, cleaning out the cartridge, the sliding portion in contact with the inclined portion, slides along the inclined surface, thereby pushing the top cover.

另外,可形成下述方式方案,即为了将顶盖下压,上述动作机构包括突部,该突部从顶盖朝向下方突出设置;接触部,该接触部位于清洗仓中,在压入该清洗仓时,与上述突部接触,在从抽出清洗仓的状态,压入清洗仓时,该接触部以接触方式按压突部,由此,将顶盖下压。 Further, the program may be formed in the following manner, i.e. under pressure in order to cover the operating mechanism includes a projecting portion, the projecting portion projecting downward from the cap toward disposed; a contact portion, the contact portion of the purge bin located in pressed into the cleaning the cartridge, in contact with the projecting portion, in a state withdrawn from the cleaning cartridge, when the cartridge is pressed into the cleaning, the contact portion of the pressing projection portion in a contacting manner, whereby the cover depressed.

此外,可形成下述方案,即上述保持机构按照沿左右方向具有规定的余量的方式,保持上述顶盖,上述顶盖在两侧面具有突片,以便其在下降时,与清洗仓的两侧面上缘部接触,而修正左右方向的位置。 Further, the following embodiment may be formed, i.e., the holding means have a margin in accordance with a predetermined left-right direction, holding the cap, the cap having the above-described projecting piece on both sides, so that during lowering, the cleaning cartridge two on the side contacting the edge portions, and the left-right direction position correction. 按照该方案,在将清洗仓压入到框体中时,如果象上述那样,顶盖下降,则两侧的突片与清洗仓的两侧面顶缘部接触,同时对左右方向的错位进行修正。 According to this construction, when the cleaning cartridge is pressed into the housing, if, as described above, drop cap, the top edges of both side surfaces of the tab portions on both sides in contact with the cleaning cartridge, while the displacement of right-left direction is corrected . 由此,由于在适当地封闭清洗仓的顶面开口封闭这样的位置,顶盖可靠地下降,故可时常保证较高的防水性。 Accordingly, since the top surface of the cleaning cartridge properly sealed opening of the closed position such that the cover is reliably lowered, it can always ensure high waterproofness.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的一个实施例的洗碗机中的,将清洗仓接纳于框体中的状态的侧面的简略剖视图;图2为本实施例的清洗仓中的,从框体中抽出清洗仓的状态的侧面的简略剖视图;图3为本实施例的清洗仓中的,将清洗仓接纳于框体中的状态的主要部分的侧面透视的局部剖视图;图4为本实施例的清洗仓中的,从框体中稍稍抽出清洗仓的状态的主要部分的侧面透视的局部剖视图;图5为图3中的A部附近的放大图;图6为图4中的B部附近的放大图;图7为本实施例的洗碗机的平行连杆安装部位附近的顶面局部剖视图;图8为本实施例的洗碗机的顶盖(半面省略)的简略的顶面平面图;图9为沿图8中的C-C'箭头线的剖视图;图10为图9中的D部附近的放大图;图11为本实施例的洗碗机的顶盖的前缘部的主要部分的侧面一部分的剖视图;图12为本实施例的洗碗机的清洗仓的主要部 The dishwasher of FIG. 1 one embodiment of the present invention, the cleaning cartridge received in the housing in a state of a side schematic cross-sectional view; FIG. 2 of the present embodiment the cleaning cartridge in the embodiment, cleaned out from the housing and a schematic side sectional view of a state of the cartridge; FIG. 3 a partial sectional side view of a main part of the cleaning cartridge embodiment in the cleaning cartridge received in the housing in a state of a perspective view of the present embodiment; FIG. 4 the cleaning cartridge embodiment of the present embodiment It is, from the housing and a partial side sectional view of a main part of the cleaning cartridge status perspective view slightly withdrawn; FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion a in FIG. 3; FIG. 6 is an enlarged view in FIG. 4 B portion ; a partial sectional view of the top surface of the mounting portion near the parallel link dishwasher FIG. 7 embodiment of the present embodiment; 8 present the dishwasher lid (half surface shown) of the embodiment of FIG schematic plan view of a top surface; FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view arrow line C-C in FIG. 8; the leading edge portion of the main portion 11 of the present embodiment FIG dishwasher cap; FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of the vicinity of the portion D in FIG. 9 the main portion of the cleaning cartridge 12 of the present embodiment of a dishwasher; a side sectional view of a portion of the 分的顶面平面图;图13为本实施例的洗碗机中的,将清洗仓接纳于框体的状态的主要部分的侧面透视的局部剖视图;图14为本实施例的洗碗机中的,从框体中抽出清洗仓的状态的主要部分的侧面透视的局部剖视图;图15(a)为表示本实施例的洗碗机的偏置机构的动作状态的放大图的、将清洗仓接纳于框体中的状态的位置;图15(b)为表示本实施例的洗碗机的偏置机构的动作状态的放大图的、从框体中抽出清洗仓的状态的位置;图16为表示图15(a)和图15(b)所示的偏置机构的动作原理的示意图。 A top plan view of surface points; FIG. 13, a partial cross-sectional view of a dishwasher embodiment of a main part of the side surface of the cleaning cartridge housing receiving a state of a perspective view of the present embodiment; FIG. 14 of the present embodiment in a dishwasher , a partial side sectional view of a main portion of the extracted state of the cleaning cartridge from the housing in a perspective view; an enlarged view of the operating state of the biasing mechanism of the dishwasher of FIG. 15 (a) is a diagram showing an embodiment of the present embodiment, the cleaning cartridge receiving located in the housing in a state;, extracted state of the cleaning cartridge from the housing in the position of an enlarged view of the operating state of the biasing mechanism of the dishwasher of FIG. 15 (b) is a diagram showing an embodiment of the present embodiment; FIG. 16 is a denotes FIG 15 (a) and Figure 15 a schematic view of the principle of operation (b) a biasing mechanism shown in FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面参照附图,对本发明的1个实施例的洗碗机进行描述。 Hereinafter, an embodiment of the dishwasher of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. 图1和图2为表示本实施例的洗碗机的整体结构的示意性侧面剖视图,图1表示将清洗仓接纳于框体中的状态,图2为从框体中抽出清洗仓的状态。 1 and FIG. 2 is a schematic side showing the overall configuration of a dishwasher according to the present embodiment is a sectional view, FIG. 1 shows a cleaning cartridge received in the housing in a state, FIG. 2 is a state of the cleaning cartridge from the housing and drawn.

首先,根据图1和图2,对该洗碗机的基本结构进行描述。 First, according to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the basic structure of the dishwasher will be described. 在前面开口的框体1的内部,设置有具有顶面开口3的清洗仓2,在该清洗仓2的内部,设置有用于将餐具排列整齐的,图中未示出的餐具筐。 The front opening in the housing 1 is provided with a cleaning opening having a top surface 3 of the cartridge 2, inside the washing compartment 2 is provided for the rows of dishes, cutlery basket is not shown in FIG. 清洗仓2与同时用作将框体1的前面开口封闭的前面板的门4形成一体,该清洗仓2可沿基本按照水平方向设置于框体1的两侧壁面内侧的导轨5,朝向前方抽出。 Cleaning the cartridge 2 and simultaneously serves as the front opening of the housing 1 closed front door panel 4 is integrally formed, the washing cartridge 2 is provided along substantially the horizontal direction according to the guide rails 5 on both sides of the inner wall surface of the casing 1, toward the front withdrawn. 在清洗仓2的底部中间处,设置有在底面形成有多个喷嘴的可旋转的臂6。 The middle at the bottom of the washing compartment 2, 6 is provided with a plurality of nozzles in the bottom surface of the rotatable arm. 在清洗仓2的底部,按照与其连通的方式设置有储水槽7,并且在清洗仓2的底面下方,设置有清洗排水泵8,当该清洗排水泵8作为清洗泵动作时,将从储水槽7中抽吸的水送向臂6,从喷嘴,朝向清洗仓2内部喷射。 In the bottom of the washing compartment 2, the manner in communication therewith is provided with a water storage tank 7, and below the bottom surface of the washing compartment 2 is provided with a cleaning drain pump 8, drain pump when the wash pump 8 as a cleaning operation, from the reservoir tank 7 is pumped by the water fed to the arm 6, from the nozzle toward the interior of the washing compartment 2 injection. 在清洗仓2的后面,连接有包括图中未示出的供水阀的可伸缩的供水管9,如果打开供水阀,则从外部的水龙头等供给的水通过供水管9,注入到清洗仓2内部。 Behind the washing compartment 2 is connected to 9, if the water supply valve is opened, water from an external faucet includes a valve (not shown) of the telescopic tube or the like water supplied through the water supply pipe 9 is injected into the purge bin 2 internal.

在框体1内部的清洗仓2的上方,设置有用于封闭清洗仓2的顶面开口3的顶盖10。 Inside the housing above the cleaning compartment 2 is provided with a top surface of the cleaning cartridge 2 for closing an opening of the cover 103. 该顶盖10通过左右一对平行连杆20,以可摆动的方式支承,该左右一对平行连杆20的一端铰接于框体1的侧壁面内侧,另一端铰接于顶盖10的侧面。 The cap 1020, so as to be swingably supported by a pair of parallel links, one end of which a pair of parallel links 20 is hinged to the inner side wall surface of the housing 1 and the other end is hinged to the side cover 10. 如图1所示,在将清洗仓2接纳于框体1内部的状态,顶盖10与清洗仓2的顶面紧密贴合,将顶面开口3封闭。 1, the washing cartridge 2 to the state of the interior of the receiving housing 1, the cap 10 and the top surface of the washing compartment 2 in close contact, the top surface of the opening 3 is closed. 如图2所示,在从框体1朝向前方抽出清洗仓2的状态,顶盖10保持在朝向前方推出并上抬的状态。 2, the housing 1 toward the front from the state of the cartridge 2 is cleaned out, the cap 10 remains pushed out and elevation in a state facing forward. 为了进行伴随这样的清洗仓2的抽出压入动作而产生的顶盖10的上下移动的动作,在本发明的洗碗机中采用独特的方案。 Vertical movement of the cover 10 in order to perform an operation accompanied by such a cleaning operation into the cartridge 2 out of the press-generated, unique in the dishwasher embodiment of the present invention. 下面对该方案进行具体描述。 The following detailed description of the scheme.

图3和图4为表示清洗仓2的顶部和顶盖10之间的关系的图,图3为将洗碗机2接纳于框体1中的状态,图4为从框体1中稍稍抽出清洗仓2的状态。 3 and FIG. 4 is a graph showing the relationship between the cleaning cartridge 10 and the top cover 2, FIG. 3 is a dishwasher in the receiving state 2 the frame 1, FIG 4 is slightly withdrawn from the housing 1 state of cleaning of the cartridge 2. 图5和图6分别为图3和图4的A部和B部附近的放大图。 Figures 5 and 6 are enlarged view of the vicinity of the portion A and the portion B in FIG. 3 and 4. 图7为当从图3中的上方观看平行连杆20时的状态,其通过剖视图仅仅表示平行连杆20。 FIG 7 is a viewing state when the parallel link 20 o'clock in FIG. 3 from above, which only represents a cross-sectional view through a parallel link 20. 图8为顶盖10的顶面图,由于为左右对称形状,故仅仅示出一半。 FIG 8 is a top view of the top cover 10, since the horizontally symmetrical, so only one half is shown. 图9为沿图8中的C-C'箭头线的剖视图。 9 a cross-sectional view taken along FIG. 8 C-C 'line of the arrows. 图10为图9中的D部周边的放大图。 FIG 10 is an enlarged view of the surrounding portion D in FIG. 9. 图11为顶盖10的前部的侧视图。 FIG 11 is a side view of the front portion 10 of the cover. 图12为清洗仓2的简略顶面图,对于清洗仓2的内部,省略对其的描述。 FIG 12 is a schematic top view of the cleaning cartridge 2 for cleaning the inside of the cartridge 2, the description thereof is omitted.

如图7所示,形成平行连杆20的1个连杆21的一端通过小螺钉21和螺母22,从内侧以可旋转的方式安装于框体1的侧面板1a上,另一端通过螺钉23,以可旋转的方式安装于顶盖10的侧面上。 As shown in FIG 7, one end of the link 21 is formed parallel link 20 by a screw 21 and nut 22, from the inner side is rotatably mounted on the side plate 1a of the frame 1, the other end by a screw 23 , rotatably mounted on the side of the cover 10. 因此,象上述那样,通过平行连杆20,顶盖10在保持水平状态的情况下,可沿上下移动。 Thus, as described above, by the parallel link 20, the cover 10 while maintaining the horizontal state, may be moved vertically.

如图3~图6所示,在顶盖10的周缘部底面,沿环周设有由中空的弹性部件形成的垫圈110。 As shown in FIGS. 3 to 6, the peripheral edge portion of the bottom surface of the cap 10, a gasket 110 is provided along the circumference of the ring is formed of a hollow resilient member. 当顶盖10将清洗仓2封闭时,如图5所示,在顶盖10与清洗仓2的周缘部201之间垫圈110被压,由此,确保较高的防水性。 When the cover 10 is closed the cleaning cartridge 2, as shown in Figure 5, the gasket 110 is pressed between the peripheral edge portion 201 of the top cover 2 and the cleaning cartridge 10, thereby ensuring a high water repellency.

如图3,图4和图12所示,在清洗仓2的后部顶缘端,按照朝向后方突出的方式,在两个部位,设置突部202(但是,由于图12为半面,故仅仅示出半面1个部位的突部202)。 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 12, at the rear end of the top edge of the washing compartment 2, according to protrude toward the rear, the two parts, projecting portion 202 is provided (However, since FIG. 12 is a half-face, so that only projecting portion shows a half surface portions 202). 从图5和图6知道,突部202的顶面包括倾斜部202a,该倾斜部202a朝向后斜上方,基本呈ㄑ字状弯曲。 Is known from FIGS. 5 and 6, the top surface of the projecting portion 202 includes an inclined portion 202a, the inclined portion 202a obliquely back upward, is bent substantially dogleg shape. 如图3,图4和图8所示,在顶盖10的后端缘中的,与上述突部202相对应的部位,形成有基本呈コ字形状的接纳片104,其朝向下方突出,水平截面朝向前方开口。 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 8, the rear edge of the cover 10, and a portion 202 corresponding to the projecting portion is formed with a substantially U-shaped receiving plate 104, which protrudes downward, horizontal cross section toward the front opening. 另外,在上述接纳片104的内侧,在顶盖10封闭顶面开口3的状态,轻轻与上述倾斜部202a接触的滑动部105按照稍稍向下方突出的方式设置。 Further, the inside of the receiving sheet 104, the top surface of the cover 10 in the closed state of the opening 3, and lightly contacts the inclined portion 202a of the slide portion 105 provided to protrude downward manner as slightly.

如果从抽出清洗仓2的状态,将其压入框体1,则如图6所示,将清洗仓2的突部202插入顶盖10的接纳片104的开口,另外,如果压入清洗仓2,则其与接纳片104接触,将其压向后方。 If the state of the cartridge 2 from the cleaning out, pressed into the housing 1, as shown in FIG. 6, the cleaning cartridge projecting portion 202 of the receiving sheet insertion opening 104 of the cover 10, further, if the cartridge is pressed into the cleaning 2, the contact with the receiving plate 104, which is pressed rearward. 于是,顶盖10一边以轴21为中心而旋转,一边朝向后下方下降,如图3和图5所示,将清洗仓2的顶面开口3封闭。 Thus, while the cap 10 is rotated about the shaft 21 as the center, while decreased after downward, as shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 5, the top surface of the cleaning cartridge 2 opening 3 is closed. 即,突部202和接纳片104按照在压入清洗仓2时,将顶盖10下压的方式作用。 That is, the protrusion portion 202 and the receiving plate 104 in the cleaning cartridge 2 in accordance with press-fitting, the cap 10 embodiment depression effect.

如图5所示,在顶盖10封闭清洗仓2的顶面开口3的状态,顶盖10的滑动部105轻轻地与清洗仓2的倾斜部202a接触。 5, the state of the top surface of the cover 3 is closed the cleaning cartridge 10 opening 2, 105 lightly touches the sliding portion 202a of the cap 10 and the cleaning cartridge 2 inclined portion. 如果象上述那样,从完全接纳于框体1内部的状态抽出清洗仓2,由于伴随清洗仓2的移动,倾斜部202a也朝向前方移动,故滑动部105会沿倾斜部202a滑动的同时,将其上推。 If, as described above, from the fully accommodated in state 1 inside the housing extraction cleaning cartridge 2, due to the concomitant cleaning movement of the cartridge 2, the inclined portion 202a is also moved forward, so that the slide portion 105 will slide along the inclined portion 202a at the same time, the push on. 于是,顶盖10承受上推力。 Thus, the cap 10 receiving the thrust force. 即,倾斜部202a和滑动部105按照在抽出清洗仓2时,将顶盖10上推的方式作用。 That is, the inclined portion 202a and the slider 105 is withdrawn in accordance with the role of cleaning the cartridge 2, the cap 10 pushes the embodiment.

另外,如图8,图9和图10所示,在顶盖10的侧方,按照朝向斜下方突出的方式形成突片102。 Further, 8, 9, and 10, in the side cover 10, in accordance with the swash plate 102 toward a projection is formed projecting downward manner. 由于清洗仓2的两侧通过导轨5保持,故几乎不沿左右方向产生摆动。 Since both sides of the cartridge 2 is kept clean by the guide rails 5, it is hardly generated in the wobble the left and right directions. 由于顶盖10象上述那样,通过平行连杆20,可摆动地支承,故沿左右方向,保持某种程度的空余量,产生摆动。 Since the cap as described above, 10 swingably supported by the parallel link 20, so that left-right direction, to maintain a certain degree of ullage generated wobble. 但是,在顶盖10封闭清洗仓2时,如果顶盖1 不下降到规定位置,则不能够确保由上述那样的垫圈110实现的防水性。 However, when the cover 10 is closed cleaning cartridge 2, if the cover 1 does not fall to a predetermined position, it is not possible to ensure water resistance achieved by the gasket 110 as described above. 于是,在洗碗机中,通过设置突片102,在顶盖10下降时,修正左右的摆动,与清洗仓2的规定位置接触。 Thus, in a dishwasher, by providing the tabs 102, when the cover 10 lowered, swung about the correction, a predetermined cleaning contact with the cartridge 2 position.

在顶盖10的后部,设置偏置机构30,该机构对应于在顶盖10的上下移动的范围内的位置,使顶盖10偏置。 The rear cover 10, a biasing mechanism 30, which means in a range corresponding to the position of the vertical movement of the cap 10, the cap 10 so biased. 图13和图14为表示顶盖10的位置与偏置机构30的动作状态之间的关系的主要部分的侧面图,图13表示顶盖10将清洗仓2的顶面开口封闭的状态(即,将清洗仓2接纳于框体1中的状态),图14表示将顶盖10上推的状态(即,将清洗仓2从框体1抽出的状态)。 13 and FIG. 14 is a side view showing a main portion of the relationship between the position of the operation state of the cover 30 of the biasing mechanism 10, FIG. 13 shows a state (i.e., the top surface of the cleaning cartridge cap 2 closes the opening 10 , the cleaning cartridge 2 accommodated in a housing state), FIG. 14 shows a state of pushing the cap 10 (i.e., the cleaning state of the cartridge 2 from the withdrawn box body 1). 图15(a)和图15(b)为偏置机构30的放大图,图15(a)和图15(b)分别对应于图13和图14。 FIG 15 (a) and 15 (b) is an enlarged view of the biasing mechanism 30, FIG. 15 (a) and 15 (b) correspond to FIGS. 13 and 14. 图16为表示该偏置机构30的动作原理的示意图。 16 is a schematic view of the principle of operation of the biasing mechanism 30.

如图15(a)和图15(b)所示,偏置机构30由下述部件形成,该部件包括固定于框体1上的固定板301;活动件310,其可接纳顶盖,实现旋转;张拉螺旋弹簧314,该弹簧314将固定板301和活动件310连接。 FIG 15 (a) and 15 (b), the biasing mechanism 30 is formed by the following member, the fixing member comprises a plate 1301 fixed to the housing; the movable member 310, which can receive a cap to achieve rotation; tension coil spring 314, the spring 314 is connected to the fixing plate 310 and the movable member 301. 在固定板301上,形成U字槽形的轴承305,该轴承305支承活动件310的轴311。 On the fixing plate 301, a bearing 305 is formed in the U-letter groove, the bearing 305 support shaft 311 of the movable member 310. 由此,活动件310可以轴311为中心而旋转,但是其旋转范围分别限制在活动件310的底部与止动件303接触的位置和与止动件304接触的位置。 Accordingly, the movable member 310 as the center shaft 311 may be rotated, but the rotation range of the position at the bottom separate confinement member contacting the stopper 303 of the movable member 310 and the position in contact with the stopper 304. 张拉螺旋弹簧314张设于固定板301的销302与活动件310的销312之间。 Between the pin 312 310 Tension coil spring 314 provided in the fixed plate 301 and the pin 302 of the movable member. 另外,形成于活动件310的顶部上的U形的凹部313接纳圆柱杆状的销106,该销106从顶盖10,朝向侧方突出。 Further the U-shaped recess portion formed in the movable member 310 on the top 313 of the rod-receiving cylindrical pin 106, the pin 106 from the cover 10, protruding toward the side.

如图16所示,活动件310以支点Q(轴311)为中心,在销312到达R1的位置和R3的位置之间旋转。 16, the movable member 310 to pivot Q (shaft 311) of the center pin 312 reaches the rotation between position R1 and position R3. 由于张拉螺旋弹簧314的一端固定于点P,故用于维持同一弹簧长度的旋转轨迹呈图中的虚线那样的形式。 Since the end of the tension coil spring 314 is fixed to the point P, so that the rotating locus for maintaining the same form as the length of the spring in the form of a broken line in FIG. 因此,当活动件310象上述那样旋转时,该旋转轨迹位于上述同一弹簧长度的旋转轨迹的圆的外侧,由此,其处于时常张拉状态,抵抗该情况的压缩产生的偏置力按照在销312位于R2处时,达到最大,从该点,沿R1,R3的两个方向旋转的方式作用。 Thus the outer circle, when the movable member 310 as described above as rotating, the rotation locus of the rotating locus is located in the same length of the spring, whereby it is often a tensioned state, against the biasing force generated in this case compressed in accordance with R2 is located at the pin 312 reaches the maximum, from the point, along the R1, R3 in two directions rotatably effect. 即,当销312位于R1和R2之间时,则张拉螺旋弹簧314的偏置力按照使活动件310向上方旋转的方式作用,在销312位于R2和R3之间时,张拉螺旋弹簧314的偏置力按照使活动件310向下方旋转的方式作用。 That is, when the pin 312 is located between R1 and R2, the biasing force of the tension coil spring 314 acting in accordance with the movable member 310 to rotate upward, the pin 312 is located between R2 and R3, an extension coil spring 314 in accordance with the biasing force of the movable member 310 to rotate downward action. 偏置机构30通过这样的动作,将顶盖10,朝向上方,或下方偏置。 Biasing mechanism 30 by this operation, the top cover 10, facing upward or downward bias.

如图13所示,在将清洗仓2完全接纳于框体1中的状态,在顶盖10下降时,使偏置机构30的活动件310沿右旋方向偏置,由此,将顶盖10强力地压靠于清洗仓2上,紧密贴合性良好,实现较高的防水性。 13, when the cartridge 2 is fully received in the cleaning housing 1 in a state when the cover 10 drops, the biasing mechanism 310 biasing the movable member 30 in the right-hand direction, whereby the cover 10 is strongly pressed against the cleaning cartridge 2, satisfactory close contact, to achieve high water repellency. 当使用者要抽出清洗仓2时,在最初,承受弹簧314的回弹力,但是如果借助上述的倾斜部202a与滑动部105的上推力,将顶盖10上升到某种程度,则弹簧314的偏置力的活动件310的旋转方向调转,借助该偏置力,将顶盖10上推。 When a user wants to wash out the cartridge 2, at first, subjected to the return force of the spring 314, but if the thrust sliding portion 202a and the upper 105, the cover 10 will increase to some extent by means of the aforementioned inclined portion, the spring 314 the rotational direction of the biasing force of the movable member 310 is turned by means of the biasing force, pushing on the cover 10. 由此,即使在不通过较大的力,抽动清洗仓2的情况下,该清洗仓2仍顺利地敞开。 Thus, even without a large force by, tic cleaning cartridge case 2, the cleaning cartridge 2 smoothly still open. 接着,在将清洗仓2完全抽出的状态,如图14所示,顶盖10维持在通过偏置机构30的弹簧314的偏置力而上推的状态。 Next, the cleaning cartridge 2 in the completely drawn out state, the state is maintained by the biasing force of the spring biasing mechanism 30 and 314 of the push 14, the top cover 10 as shown in FIG.

当从这样的状态,将清洗仓2压入到框体1内部时,在最初,承受张拉螺旋弹簧314的回弹力。 When from this state, the washing cartridge 2 is pressed into the inside of the housing 1, initially receiving sheets resilience of the coil spring 314 is pulled. 如果清洗仓进入框体1内部,则象上述那样,在突部202和接纳片104的下压力的作用下,顶盖10下降,如果下降到某种程度,则因张拉螺旋弹簧314的偏置力的活动件310的旋转方向调转,在该偏置力的作用下,将顶盖10下压。 If the cleaning cartridge into the interior of the housing 1, as described above, under the effect of pressure of the projection portion 202 and the receiving sheet 104, the cover 10 is lowered, if the drop to some extent, due to the biasing of the tension coil spring 314 force opposing the rotational direction of the movable member 310 is turned, under the action of the biasing force, the top cover 10 under the pressure. 由此,即使不用较大的力推压清洗仓2,也使清洗仓2顺利地实现关闭。 Thus, even without a large pushing pressure washing cartridge 2, but also the cleaning cartridge 2 to achieve a smooth closing. 接着,在将清洗仓2完全接纳的状态,象上述那样,在偏置机构30的张拉螺旋弹簧314的偏置力的作用下,将顶盖10压靠于清洗仓2上,可靠地将其顶面开口3封闭。 Under Next, the cleaning cartridge 2 is fully received state, as described above, the biasing mechanism 30 acting tensioning force of the biasing coil spring 314, the cover 10 is pressed against the cleaning cartridge 2, reliably the top surface of the opening 3 is closed.

象上述那样,在本洗碗机中,在可实现清洗仓2的顺利抽出压入的同时,在接纳清洗仓2的状态,顶盖10具有可靠的高防水性,将清洗仓2的顶面开口3封闭,在抽出清洗仓2的状态,能够可靠地将顶盖10保持在框体1内部的顶部空间的规定位置上。 As described above, in the dishwasher, the washing can be achieved while the cartridge 2 smoothly pushed out, the receiving state of the washing compartment 2, the cap 10 has a high reliable waterproof property, cleaning the top surface of the cartridge 2 3 closing the opening, in a state the washing out of the cartridge 2, the cap 10 can be reliably held at a predetermined position of the top of the interior space of the housing 1.

下面对本实施例的洗碗机的另一特征进行描述。 Next, another feature of the dishwasher according to the present embodiment will be described. 如图9所示,由合成树脂形成的顶盖10的底面101呈下述拱形状,其中该顶盖10的底面101的中间部较高,朝向两侧端,逐渐降低。 9, the bottom surface 101 is formed of a synthetic resin cap 10 form the following arch shape, wherein the intermediate portion of the bottom surface of the high 101 of the cover 10, toward both ends, is gradually decreased. 另外,在该底面101的表面上,形成细微的凹凸部(褶皱),使表面的湿润性(亲水性)提高。 Further, the surface of the bottom surface 101 portion is formed fine irregularities (wrinkles), so that the surface wettability (hydrophilic property) is improved. 这样的褶皱加工可采用比如,对通过模具成形,按照规定形状加工的内装部件,进行喷砂处理(吹佛细微的粒径的球等的方法)等的过去已知的各种方法。 Such pleating may be employed, for example, through the forming die, the interior member in accordance with a predetermined processing shape, for (a method of blowing Buddha fine particle size balls or the like) and the like of the blast treatment of a variety of methods known in the past. 通过这样的拱形和褶皱加工,比如,在清洗时,从喷嘴喷射的,附着于顶盖10的底面101上的水不形成较大的水滴,而快速地以较薄的厚度扩展开。 By graining and arched, such as during cleaning, is ejected from the nozzle, the water attached to the bottom surface 101 of the cover 10 is not formed of large water droplets, and rapidly spread out in a thin thickness. 当所附着的水量较多时,在扩展开的状态,倾斜地流动,到达两侧端。 When more water is attached, in a state expanded apart, inclined flow reaches both side ends. 由此,在较大的水滴的状态,不从顶盖10的底面101,直接滴下。 Accordingly, the larger droplets of the state, not from the bottom surface 101 of the cap 10, the direct dropping.

如图9和图10所示,在设置于顶盖10的周缘部底面上的垫圈110的内侧,成一体设置有呈J字形状延伸的导水槽部111。 And 9, a gasket 110 is disposed in the inner surface of the peripheral edge portion of the bottom cover 10, as shown in FIG. 10 is integrally provided with a shape of the gutter-shaped portion extending 111 J. 但是,该导水槽部111不沿全周设置,仅仅设置于图11所示的位置F的后方侧,在位置F处,将该导水槽部111切断,形成流下部112。 However, the gutter portion 111 is not provided along the entire circumference, it is provided only in the rear side of the position F shown in FIG. 11, at the position F, the gutter portion 111 cut portion 112 formed in a stream. 通过这样的结构,实现下述的动作。 With such a structure, to achieve the following operation.

如果将顶盖10封闭,进行清洗或冲洗等作业,则从喷嘴喷射的水还到达顶盖10的底面101处。 If the cover 10 is closed, and the like for cleaning or washing operation, the water sprayed from the nozzle 101 also reaches the bottom surface 10 of the cover. 溅上的水象上述那样,沿其形状,流到两侧部,进入上述导水槽部111中。 Splashed with water as described above, in the shape, both side portions flow into the gutter portion 111 above. 接着,沿该导水槽部111流动,从流下部112,流落到清洗仓2内部。 Next, the flow of the water tank 111 along the guide portion, the flow portion 112, living inside the cartridge 2 to the washing. 比如,当在清洗中,或冲洗中,使运转暂时停止,从框体1中抽出清洗仓2时,则在顶盖10的底面101上附着还较多的水的可能性较高。 For example a high possibility that, when cleaning, flushing, or the operation is temporarily stopped, washing out the cartridge 2 from the housing 1, the more water is also attached on the bottom surface 101 of the cover 10. 但是,该水会形成水滴,不直接滴落,而暂时回收于导水槽部111中。 However, the formation of water droplets, not directly dripping temporarily recovered in the water tank portion 111 guides. 由此,可避免下述情况,即从顶盖10,水直接落下,掉落到已抽出的清洗仓2的后方(仓外)。 This makes it possible to avoid a situation in which the cover 10, water directly falls, falling to the rear (outer bin) has been washed out of the cartridge 2. 此外,按照下述方式考虑,该方式为:已回收于导水槽部111中的水顺着该导水槽部111,从流下部112流下,但是即使在最大限度地将清洗仓2抽出的情况下,流下部112的正下方仍位于清洗仓2的内部。 Further, consider the following manner, the way: recovered water tank to the guide portion 111 along the gutter portion 111, it flows down from the flow portion 112, but even when the cleaning cartridge in the maximum extracted 2 , just below the stream 112 still located inside the washing compartment 2. 由此,水不会下流到仓外。 Accordingly, water does not flow down outside the warehouse.

象上述那样,在本洗碗机中,即使不在干燥之后,而在清洗运转过程中等情况下,使用者为了添加或取出餐具,从框体1中,抽出清洗仓2的情况下,仍可防止下述情况,即附着于顶盖10的底面101的水掉落在清洗仓2的外部,将框体1的内部弄湿,或从框体1的内部,朝向外侧进一步泄漏。 As described above, in the present dishwasher, not even after drying, and in the case where the cleaning medium during the operation of the user to add or remove dishes, from the casing 1, washing out the cartridge case 2 can still be prevented a situation in which the water attached to the bottom surface 101 of the cover 10 falling outside the washing cartridge 2, the interior of the housing 1 is wetted, or from inside the casing 1, toward the outside further leakage. 另外,在本洗碗机中,顶盖10的底面为朝向两侧端逐渐降低的拱形,但是其也可为分别沿前后方向,或朝向一方降低的拱形,或为倾斜形状。 In this dishwasher, the bottom surface of the cap 10 is gradually reduced toward the both side ends of the arch, but it may also be a front-rear direction, respectively, towards one or arched reduced, or in an inclined shape. 显然,在此场合,最好将导水槽部111设置于水流落的位置。 Obviously, in this case, the gutter portion 111 is preferably provided on the water flowing down position.

另外,上述实施例仅仅为1个实例,显然,在本发明的宗旨的范围内,可进行适当的变更或修改。 Further, the above-described embodiments are merely an example, clearly, within the scope of the purpose of the present invention, can be appropriately changed or modified.

Claims (11)

1.一种洗碗机,该洗碗机包括前面开口的框体;清洗仓,该清洗仓可从该框体朝向前方抽出,在其顶面上,设置有餐具接纳取出用的开口;顶盖,该顶盖位于上述框体内的上方,将上述清洗仓的顶面开口封闭,在清洗仓接纳于框体中时,通过顶盖将上述顶面开口封闭,当抽出清洗仓时,使该顶盖退回到上述框体内部上方,其特征在于:上述顶盖的底面呈朝向周围下倾的弯曲状,或倾斜状,并且在该顶盖的周围的下倾终端,设置有接水部,使流入该接水部中的水,下流到规定位置。 A dishwasher comprising a front opening of the housing; cleaning cartridge, the cleaning cartridge may be withdrawn from the housing toward the front body, at a top surface thereof, is provided with an opening for taking out the receiving dishes; top cap, the cap is located above said casing, the top surface of the cleaning bin opening is closed, when the cleaning cartridge received in the housing by opening the cover closing the top surface, when cleaning out the cartridge, so that the return to the inside of the upper cover frame, characterized in that: the end of the above-section towards the curved roof sloping at ambient, or inclined, and in the tilt around the terminal cap is provided with a water receiving unit, the water then flowing into the water part, to a predetermined downstream position.
2.根据权利要求1所述的洗碗机,其特征在于即使在将清洗仓抽出到最前方的状态的情况下,上述规定位置仍为位于该清洗仓内部的位置。 2. The dishwasher according to claim 1, characterized in that even when the cleaning cartridge to a withdrawn state of the frontmost, the predetermined position is still located at a position inside the purge bin.
3.根据权利要求1所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述接水部为导水槽,其为中间截断而使水下流的结构。 3. The dishwasher according to claim 1, wherein said water receiver is a gutter, which cut the water downstream of the intermediate structure.
4.根据权利要求3所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述导水槽与设置于顶盖的底面周围的防水用的密封部件成一体设置。 4. The dishwasher according to claim 3, wherein a waterproof seal member around the bottom surface of the gutter to the roof is provided integrally provided.
5.根据权利要求1~4中的任一项所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述顶盖的底面由具有亲水性的材料形成,或为进行了使亲水性增加的处理的材料。 The dishwasher of any one of claim 1 to claim 4, characterized in that the bottom surface of the top cover is formed of a material having hydrophilic, or to perform a hydrophilic treatment to increase of the material .
6.根据权利要求1所述的洗碗机,其特征在于该洗碗机还包括:a)保持机构,该保持机构在将清洗仓接纳于框体中时,在封闭上述顶面开口的位置与上方的退回位置之间,以可沿上下移动的方式保持上述顶盖;b)动作机构,该动作机构伴随清洗仓的抽出,或压入动作,使将顶盖上推,或下压的力作用于该顶盖上;c)偏置机构,该偏置机构对应于顶盖位置,有选择地沿将顶盖上推的方向和将该顶盖下压的方向这两个方向,使该顶盖偏置。 6. The dishwasher according to claim 1, characterized in that the dishwasher further comprises: a) holding means, the holding position of the cleaning mechanism when the cartridge received in the housing, the top surface closing the opening between a retracted position above and to be vertically movable manner along holds the cap; b) operation means, the operation of the cleaning means along extracts cartridge or pushing operation, so that the push on the cover, or under pressure force on the cap; c) biasing means, the biasing means corresponding to the position of the cap, selectively in the direction of pushing pressure on the cap and the cap in the direction of these two directions, so that the cap bias.
7.根据权利要求6所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述保持机构包括平行连杆,该平行连杆的一端铰接于顶盖上,其另一端铰接于框体上,在将顶盖保持基本水平状态的同时,以可摆动的方式保持该顶盖。 7. The dishwasher according to claim 6, wherein said holding means comprises a parallel link, one end of the parallel link is hinged to the top cover, and the other end hinged to the frame member, when the panel holder while substantially horizontal state to swingably hold the cap.
8.根据权利要求6所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述偏置机构包括张拉螺旋弹簧,该张拉螺旋弹簧在顶盖的移动范围的途中点,拉伸到最大程度,从该途中点,朝向移动范围的两端侧,均产生压缩造成的偏置力。 8. A dishwasher according to claim 6, wherein said biasing means comprises a helical tension spring, the tension of the coil spring in the middle point of the movement range of the cover, stretched to the maximum extent from the middle point, the both ends of the movement range, are caused by the compression of the biasing force is generated.
9.根据权利要求6所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述动作机构包括倾斜部,该倾斜部设置于清洗仓的顶部或顶盖中的任一侧并朝向另一侧倾斜;滑动部,设置于顶盖的另一侧并在清洗仓接纳的状态下,与上述倾斜部接触或接近,在从接纳于框体中的状态,抽出清洗仓时,上述滑动部与上述倾斜部接触,沿上述倾斜面滑动,由此将顶盖上推。 9. A dishwasher according to claim 6, wherein the operation mechanism includes an inclined portion, the inclined portion is provided on either side of the cleaning cartridge and a top or cap is inclined toward the other side; sliding portion, It is provided on the other side of the cap and the cleaning cartridge in a state of receiving the proximity or contact with the inclined portion, when received in the housing in a state, cleaning out the cartridge, the sliding portion in contact with the inclined portion, along the inclined surface of the slide, thereby pushing the top cover.
10.根据权利要求7所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述动作机构包括突部,该突部从顶盖朝向下方突出设置;接触部,该接触部位于清洗仓中,在压入该清洗仓时,与上述突部接触,在从抽出清洗仓的状态,压入清洗仓时,该接触部以接触方式按压突部,由此,将顶盖下压。 10. The dishwasher according to claim 7, wherein the operation mechanism includes a projecting portion, the projecting portion projecting downward from the cap toward disposed; a contact portion, the contact portion of the purge bin located in pressed into the cleaning when the cartridge, in contact with the projecting portion, in a state withdrawn from the cleaning cartridge, when the cartridge is pressed into the cleaning, the contact portion of the pressing projection portion in a contacting manner, whereby the cover depressed.
11.根据权利要求6~10中的任一项所述的洗碗机,其特征在于上述保持机构按照沿左右方向具有规定的余量的方式,保持上述顶盖,上述顶盖在两侧面具有突片,以便该顶盖在下降时,与清洗仓的两侧面上缘部接触,而修正左右方向的位置。 The dishwasher as claimed in any one of claims 6 to 10, characterized in that the holding means have a margin in accordance with a predetermined left-right direction, holding the cap, the cap having on both sides of the above tab, so that when the cap down in contact with the edge portions on both sides of the cleaning bin, the position correction left-right direction.
CN 02103428 2001-02-15 2002-02-06 Dish washer CN1183871C (en)

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JP4615777B2 (en) * 2001-07-30 2011-01-19 株式会社ハーマンプロ Storage device
JP4142527B2 (en) * 2003-08-08 2008-09-03 リンナイ株式会社 Dishwasher
JP4191113B2 (en) * 2004-08-10 2008-12-03 リンナイ株式会社 Dishwasher
JP4655720B2 (en) * 2005-03-29 2011-03-23 パナソニック電工株式会社 Storage container device with lid
US7850784B2 (en) 2005-11-29 2010-12-14 Maytag Corporation Lid seal for a drawer-type dishwasher
US7568487B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2009-08-04 Maytag Corporation Lid mechanism for a drawer-type dishwasher
JP4693699B2 (en) * 2006-06-09 2011-06-01 三菱電機ホーム機器株式会社 Dishwasher
US7731804B2 (en) 2006-08-09 2010-06-08 Maytag Corporation Lid operating mechanism for a drawer-type dishwasher
JP4761572B2 (en) * 2007-02-13 2011-08-31 リンナイ株式会社 Pull-out dishwasher
JP4628398B2 (en) * 2007-05-29 2011-02-09 リンナイ株式会社 Pull-out dishwasher
JP4683662B2 (en) * 2007-05-30 2011-05-18 リンナイ株式会社 Pull-out dishwasher
JP4623602B2 (en) * 2007-06-04 2011-02-02 リンナイ株式会社 Pull-out dishwasher
JP4632456B2 (en) * 2007-06-05 2011-02-23 リンナイ株式会社 Pull-out dishwasher
JP4683663B2 (en) * 2007-06-06 2011-05-18 リンナイ株式会社 Pull-out dishwasher
JP5885979B2 (en) * 2011-03-17 2016-03-16 株式会社東芝 refrigerator
JP5756687B2 (en) * 2011-06-23 2015-07-29 株式会社ハーマン Dishwasher

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CN1370501A (en) 2002-09-25
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KR100449130B1 (en) 2004-09-18

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