CN116951142B - Air release valve for sedimentation tank air inlet pipe and air release method thereof - Google Patents

Air release valve for sedimentation tank air inlet pipe and air release method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116951142B
CN116951142B CN202311210093.6A CN202311210093A CN116951142B CN 116951142 B CN116951142 B CN 116951142B CN 202311210093 A CN202311210093 A CN 202311210093A CN 116951142 B CN116951142 B CN 116951142B
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chamber
air
cavity
disc
groove
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CN116951142A (en
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请求不公布姓名
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Chengdu Hexie Environmental Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Chengdu Hexie Environmental Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The application discloses an air release valve for an air inlet pipe of a sedimentation tank and an air release method thereof, the air release valve comprises a first cavity, wherein the lower end of the first cavity is provided with a flange plate through an air inlet, the upper end of the first cavity is fixedly connected with a second cavity, the upper end of the second cavity is fixedly connected with a third cavity, the upper end of the third cavity is fixedly connected with a fourth cavity, the side surface of the fourth cavity is fixedly connected with a controller, a valve core adjusting assembly is arranged in an inner second port assembly of the first cavity, a first sealing disc is positioned in the first cavity, the middle part of the upper end of the second port assembly is movably sleeved with an air pressure adjusting assembly, the second port assembly penetrates through the second cavity and extends to the inner part of the third cavity.

Description

Air release valve for sedimentation tank air inlet pipe and air release method thereof
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of valves, in particular to a gas release valve for a sedimentation tank gas inlet pipe and a gas release method thereof.
Background
The sedimentation tank is a structure for removing suspended matters in water by sedimentation and is a device for purifying water. The natural precipitation or coagulating sedimentation of water is used to remove suspended substances in water. The sedimentation tank is divided into a horizontal sedimentation tank and a vertical sedimentation tank according to the water flow direction. The sedimentation effect is determined by the flow rate of water in the sedimentation tank and the residence time of the water in the tank, and for some sedimentation tanks with pollution or stimulation gas, an open-air sedimentation mode is mostly not adopted, sewage is stored in a sedimentation barrel or a sedimentation tank for sealed sedimentation, and the settled water is put in or recycled after being filtered to reach a qualified standard, so that the pollution diffusion of the sewage is prevented.
However, when sewage is injected into the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank, the technology is required to discharge the gas in the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank, otherwise the sewage flows into the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank, two thirds of the internal volume of the tank is occupied by the sewage, the internal pressure of the sewage is increased, meanwhile, other gases such as carbon dioxide and the like are possibly required to be generated through oxidation reaction, then the internal pressure of the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank is increased again, the possibility of bursting of the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank is increased, when the settled sewage in the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank flows out, as the internal air is more, the pipeline is possibly mixed with high-pressure gas, the pipeline is cracked, or the internal air pressure of the tank is not timely supplemented after the sewage flows out, the tank is low in air pressure, the tank is flattened and cannot be used, so that the internal air is required to be timely discharged or supplemented by using an exhaust valve, the current exhaust valve can discharge the gas, but when the internal air is small bubbles are required to be greatly converged, the pressure of the sedimentation tank is reduced through a valve ball core, and then the air can be discharged, and the air can be provided with a large amount, and the problem of water leakage is caused at the outlet, and a large amount of water is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to provide an air release valve for an air inlet pipe of a sedimentation tank and an air release method thereof, which are used for solving the problems that when small bubbles exist in the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation tank, a large amount of small bubbles are collected and can be discharged only by descending through a valve core, and when the air is discharged, a large amount of water vapor possibly exists, so that a large amount of water falls at an outlet, and water leakage at the outlet is caused.
The application is realized by the following technical scheme:
the air release valve for the sedimentation tank air inlet pipe comprises a first chamber, wherein the lower end of the first chamber is provided with a flange plate through an air inlet, the upper end of the first chamber is fixedly connected with a second chamber, the upper end of the second chamber is fixedly connected with a third chamber, the upper end of the third chamber is fixedly communicated with a fourth chamber, the side surface of the fourth chamber is fixedly connected with a controller,
the valve core adjusting assembly is arranged in the first cavity and comprises a supporting plate, the lower end of the supporting plate is rotationally connected with an adjusting plate through a rotating shaft, and one side, far away from the rotating shaft, of the adjusting plate is fixedly connected with a valve ball core;
the lower side of the second port assembly is fixedly connected with a first sealing disc, the first sealing disc is positioned in the first chamber, the middle part of the upper end of the second port assembly is movably sleeved with an air pressure adjusting assembly, and the second port assembly penetrates through the second chamber and extends to the inside of the third chamber;
the second port component comprises a guide disc, the lower end of the guide disc is fixedly connected with a connecting pipe, the lower side of the connecting pipe is fixedly connected with a first sealing disc, a first balancing weight is arranged in the connecting pipe, the upper end of the first balancing weight is fixedly connected with a connecting wire, the connecting wire penetrates through the guide disc to the inside of a third cavity, one end, far away from the first balancing weight, of the connecting wire is fixedly connected with a second balancing weight, the second balancing weight is positioned in the inside of the third cavity, the middle part of the connecting wire is provided with a sealing ball, the sealing ball is positioned in the inside of the second cavity, the first guiding groove and the second guiding groove are formed in the guide disc, the connecting wire penetrates through the first guiding groove and the inside of the second guiding groove to the third cavity respectively, one side, close to the first guiding groove, of the lower end of the guide disc is provided with a through hole, the lower end of the connecting pipe is provided with a filter screen, and the regulating plate is connected with the second port component;
the third chamber is provided with a through groove, the inner wall of the third chamber is provided with a limit groove which is matched with the connecting wire for use, the second balancing weight is positioned in the through groove, and the lower end of the through groove is communicated with the second chamber;
the second chamber is provided with a plurality of air outlet holes matched with the air outlet pipe and a plurality of second air inlet holes matched with the air inlet pipe, the second chamber is provided with a third diversion trench matched with the through trench, the upper end of the third diversion trench is communicated with the through trench, the lower end of the third diversion trench is communicated with the air outlet hole at the lowest end, the air outlet holes are respectively communicated with the air inlet pipes, and a one-way valve is arranged in the air inlet pipes;
the pressure regulating device is rotationally sleeved with the fourth chamber, and the lower end of the pressure regulating device is contacted with the second port assembly;
the outer side of the second chamber is fixedly sleeved with the filtering device, the outer wall of the second chamber is provided with a plurality of air outlet pipes and a plurality of air inlet pipes, and the plurality of air inlet pipes penetrate through the filtering device;
the air pressure adjusting assembly is in sliding sleeve connection with the second port assembly, and is located in the second cavity and in sliding sleeve connection with the second cavity.
Preferably, the filter device is provided with a first air inlet hole, the first air inlet hole is communicated with the second cavity through an air inlet pipe, two baffles are arranged in the filter device and divide the filter device into two cavities, two baffles are provided with limiting holes, the height shapes of the limiting holes are identical, a liquid level sensor is arranged in the filter device, and a grid cover plate is arranged at the top of the filter device.
Preferably, the air pressure adjusting component comprises a second sealing disc, the second sealing disc is in sliding sleeve joint with the inner wall of the second cavity, the upper end of the second sealing disc is fixedly connected with a plurality of annularly distributed sliding rods, a plurality of the upper ends of the sliding rods are in sliding sleeve joint with supporting rods, a plurality of the supporting rods are fixedly connected with the upper end of the inner wall of the second cavity, a plurality of springs matched with the sliding rods are arranged between the second sealing disc and the upper end of the inner wall of the second cavity, a shaft sleeve is in sliding sleeve joint with the shaft center of the second sealing disc, and the shaft sleeve is in sliding sleeve joint with the connecting pipe.
Preferably, the controller is electrically connected with the liquid level sensor and the electromagnet respectively.
Preferably, the pressure regulating device comprises a turntable, the lower end of the turntable is fixedly connected with a screw rod, the screw rod is in threaded sleeve connection with the fourth chamber, the lower end of the screw rod is fixedly connected with a top plate, and a pressure spring is arranged between the top plate and the guide disc.
A method for releasing air by an air release valve for an air inlet pipe of a sedimentation tank, which comprises the following steps,
s1, when gas exists in the pipeline, the gas in the pipeline is discharged through the first chamber and the gas outlet hole, the second sealing disc is pushed and extruded to move upwards, the spring is extruded, the upward moving distance of the second sealing disc is increased when the gas pressure is larger, the gas flowing out of the gas outlet hole is more, the flow speed is faster, the gas is filtered through liquid in the filtering device,
s2, when liquid flows into the first chamber, the valve ball core moves upwards through buoyancy and drives the adjusting plate to move upwards, the connecting pipe is slowly lifted upwards until the upper end of the first chamber is sealed by the first sealing disc, and the liquid can only flow into the third chamber upwards through the connecting pipe and the guide disc, so that the sealing ball moves upwards;
s3, as the upper end of the first chamber is sealed by the first sealing disc, air bubbles flow into the third chamber through the flow guiding disc, the liquid level of the third chamber is lowered, the sealing ball also moves downwards, the sealing ball cannot block the first flow guiding groove, water vapor is sprayed to the first flow guiding groove at random, then the air is discharged through the through groove and the air outlet pipe at the lowest end, and meanwhile, the water vapor is filtered;
s4, obtaining the water level change of the filtering device through the liquid level sensor, controlling the magnetism of the electromagnet through the controller, controlling the liquid level sensor to adsorb the sealing ball when the liquid level is low, enabling the sealing ball not to plug the first diversion trench, enabling liquid to enter the filtering device through the through trench and the air outlet pipe at the lowest end, disconnecting the sealing ball from the electromagnet through the controller after the liquid level reaches a certain height, enabling the sealing ball to continuously plug the first diversion trench along the water flow direction, and avoiding a large amount of liquid from flowing out again, and enabling much liquid in the filtering device to flow into a cavity at the other side;
s5, when no water pressure exists in the first chamber, the adjusting plate moves downwards, the connecting pipe and the guide disc move downwards, then liquid in the third chamber flows into the first chamber through the second guide groove, the sealing ball seals the first guide groove at the moment, liquid backflow of the through groove and the filtering device cannot be caused, and when the liquid in the third chamber is less, the first balancing weight is not subjected to buoyancy, so that the sealing ball is pulled to seal the second guide groove, and air is prevented from flowing back through the filtering device and the through groove;
s6, air cannot enter the first chamber through the third chamber, and air can only enter the first chamber through the second air inlet hole and the filtering device to supplement the air pressure in the pipeline.
Compared with the prior art, the application has the following advantages and beneficial effects:
1. according to the application, the air pressure adjusting component is arranged, when air is arranged in the pipeline or the air pressure is higher, the air flows into the first cavity through the air inlet, when the air pressure is higher, the air flows into the second cavity through the first cavity, because the second sealing disc is in sealing sleeve joint with the second cavity, the air pushes the second sealing disc to move upwards, the sliding rod is driven to move upwards along the supporting rod, the spring is further extruded, the material of the spring can be made of a material with weaker hardness, when the air pressure below the second sealing disc in the second cavity is slightly higher than the external atmospheric pressure of the second cavity, the second sealing disc can be pushed to the air outlet hole at the bottommost end of the second cavity for discharging the air, then the second sealing disc contacts the air outlet hole, and then the air flows out through the air outlet hole at the bottommost end, when the air pressure is higher, the air pushes the second sealing disc to move upwards until the distance of the second sealing disc moves upwards to the maximum value, the air can flow out through all the air outlet holes, the air outlet holes are high, the air can flow out of the air outlet hole is fast, the air can flow out of the air outlet pipe is filtered out of the filter device, the air can be filtered out of the filter device is filled into the air outlet pipe, and the filter device is easy to prevent the filter device from being polluted inside water, and the filter device is filled with the air filter device is polluted;
2. according to the application, through the valve core adjusting component and the second port component, bubbles flow into the third cavity through the first cavity, the connecting pipe and the flow guiding disc, the gravity of the sealing ball is larger than that of the first balancing weight and the second balancing weight, so that the sealing ball is arranged at the lower end of the inner wall of the third cavity, when the liquid continuously rises in the third cavity, the sealing ball slowly floats up, the first balancing weight and the second balancing weight slowly move downwards, the lower end of the flow guiding disc is an inclined plane, so that the sealing ball moves upwards under the buoyancy of the liquid, finally moves upwards along the inclined plane of the flow guiding disc, at the moment, the sealing ball receives the pulling force of the buoyancy mass on the sealing ball in the liquid to be smaller than that of the sealing ball by the second balancing weight, so that the sealing ball moves along the connecting line to the direction of the first flow guiding groove, until the sealing ball blocks the first flow guiding groove, at the moment, the gas cannot be discharged outwards, at the moment, a small amount of bubbles enter the inside the first cavity through the side of the flow guiding disc, float upwards in the liquid, are accumulated in the liquid, the bubbles move upwards and enter the third cavity, the inner part of the liquid is accumulated, the bubbles can flow out of the air outlet pipe, and can not flow out of the first air outlet pipe and flow out of the first air outlet pipe through the first air outlet pipe, and the first air outlet pipe and can conveniently flow out of the first air outlet pipe;
3. according to the application, through the controller, the liquid level sensor and the electromagnet, the liquid level sensor can measure the liquid level change in the filter device, when the liquid level in the filter device is higher, the liquid can flow into the air inlet pipe through the liquid level sensor on the baffle, when air flows into the first chamber through the air inlet pipe, the redundant liquid can be driven to enter the first chamber, pollution waste caused by the water level flowing into the outer side is avoided, when the liquid level is lower, the lowest warning line is arranged through the liquid level sensor, the hole is formed through the controller, the electromagnet is started by the controller, the radius of the electromagnet is larger than the radius of the sealing ball, the electromagnet adsorbs the sealing ball at the moment, the sealing ball is slightly moved, at the moment, the sealing ball cannot completely block the first guide groove, and because the pressure in the first chamber is larger than the pressure outside the filter device, the liquid can enter the inner side of the third chamber through the connecting pipe and the second guide groove, at the moment, after the liquid level sensor is at the highest, the liquid level is arranged at the lowest, the lowest warning line is formed, the electromagnet is started by the controller, the electromagnet is adsorbed by the electromagnet, the electromagnet is stopped, the sealing ball can not completely, the sealing ball can not flow into the first chamber, the first chamber can not be circulated, and the redundant liquid can not flow into the first chamber through the air inlet pipe at the first chamber at the moment, and can not flow into the first chamber again, and the purpose of circulating the liquid can be circulated through the first chamber.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of embodiments of the application and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the application and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the application. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present application;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the third chamber and the fourth chamber;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of FIG. 3A;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the second chamber and the third chamber;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of FIG. 3C;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure shown at B in FIG. 5;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a filter arrangement;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the filter device and the second chamber;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the air pressure regulating assembly;
fig. 11 is a schematic view of the outflow direction of a large amount of gas.
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a small volume of bubbles exiting through a second port assembly.
The reference numerals are represented as follows: 1. a first chamber; 2. a filtering device; 201. a first air inlet hole; 202. a baffle; 2022. a limiting hole; 203. a liquid level sensor; 3. a second chamber; 301. an air outlet hole; 302. a second air inlet hole; 303. a third diversion trench; 4. a third chamber; 401. a through groove; 402. a limit groove; 5. a fourth chamber; 6. a pressure regulating device; 601. a turntable; 602. a screw rod; 603. a top plate; 604. a pressure spring; 7. a flange plate; 8. an air inlet; 9. a valve core adjusting assembly; 901. a support plate; 902. a rotating shaft; 903. an adjusting plate; 904. a valve ball core; 10. a first sealing disc; 11. a second port assembly; 1101. a deflector disc; 1102. a connecting pipe; 1103. a first balancing weight; 1104. a connecting wire; 1105. a sealing ball; 1106. a second balancing weight; 1107. an electromagnet; 1108. a first diversion trench; 1109. a second diversion trench; 12. an air pressure adjusting assembly; 1201. a second sealing disc; 1202. a slide bar; 1203. a spring; 1204. a support rod; 1205. a shaft sleeve; 13. a controller; 14. an air outlet pipe; 15. an air inlet pipe; 16. a filter screen; 17. grid cover plate.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making apparent the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present application, the present application will be further described in detail with reference to the following examples and the accompanying drawings, wherein the exemplary embodiments of the present application and the descriptions thereof are for illustrating the present application only and are not to be construed as limiting the present application. It should be noted that the present application is already in a practical development and use stage.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 12, the embodiment includes a first chamber 1, a flange 7 is mounted at the lower end of the first chamber 1 through an air inlet 8, a second chamber 3 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first chamber 1, a third chamber 4 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the second chamber 3, a fourth chamber 5 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the third chamber 4 and communicated with the upper end of the third chamber, a controller 13 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the fourth chamber 5,
valve core adjusting component 9, valve core adjusting component 9 is arranged inside the first chamber 1
The second port assembly 11, the downside fixedly connected with first sealed disc 10 of second port assembly 11, first sealed disc 10 is located the inside of first cavity 1, and the upper end middle part activity of second port assembly 11 has cup jointed atmospheric pressure regulation subassembly 12, and second port assembly 11 runs through second cavity 3 and extends to the inside of third cavity 4.
The pressure regulating device 6, the pressure regulating device 6 is rotationally sleeved with the fourth chamber 5, and the lower end of the pressure regulating device 6 is contacted with the second port assembly 11
The filter equipment 2, the outside of second cavity 3 is fixed cup joint with filter equipment 2, and the outer wall of second cavity 3 is equipped with a plurality of outlet ducts 14 and a plurality of intake pipe 15, and a plurality of intake pipes 15 all run through to filter equipment 2's inside.
The air pressure adjusting component 12 is in sliding sleeve joint with the second port component 11, and the air pressure adjusting component 12 is positioned in the second chamber 3 and in sliding sleeve joint with the second chamber 3;
the air pressure adjusting assembly 12 comprises a second sealing disc 1201, the second sealing disc 1201 is in sliding sleeve joint with the inner wall of the second chamber 3, the upper end of the second sealing disc 1201 is fixedly connected with a plurality of annularly distributed sliding rods 1202, the upper ends of the sliding rods 1202 are in sliding sleeve joint with supporting rods 1204, the supporting rods 1204 are fixedly connected with the upper end of the inner wall of the second chamber 3, a plurality of springs 1203 matched with the sliding rods 1202 are arranged between the second sealing disc 1201 and the upper end of the inner wall of the second chamber 3, a shaft sleeve 1205 is in sliding sleeve joint at the shaft center of the second sealing disc 1201, and the shaft sleeve 1205 is in sliding sleeve joint with a connecting pipe 1102;
the second chamber 3 is provided with a plurality of air outlet holes 301 matched with the air outlet pipe 14 and a plurality of second air inlet holes 302 matched with the air inlet pipe 15, the second chamber 3 is provided with a third diversion trench 303 matched with the through trench 401, the upper end of the third diversion trench 303 is communicated with the through trench 401, the lower end of the third diversion trench 303 is communicated with the air outlet holes 301 at the lowest end, the plurality of air outlet holes 301 are respectively communicated with the plurality of air inlet pipes 15, and a one-way valve is arranged in the air inlet pipe 15;
the filter device 2 is provided with a first air inlet hole 201, the first air inlet hole 201 is communicated with the second chamber 3 through an air inlet pipe 15, two baffles 202 are arranged in the filter device 2, the two baffles 202 divide the filter device 2 into two chambers, the two baffles 202 are provided with limiting holes 2022, the height and shape of the two limiting holes 2022 are the same, a liquid level sensor 203 is arranged in the filter device 2, and a grid cover plate 17 is arranged at the top of the filter device 2;
when the air pressure is higher, air flows into the first chamber 1 through the air inlet 8, when the air pressure is higher, air flows into the second chamber 3 through the first chamber 1, because the second sealing disc 1201 is in sealing sleeve joint with the second chamber 3, at this time, the air pushes the second sealing disc 1201 to move upwards, the sliding rod 1202 is driven to move upwards along the supporting rod 1204, and then the spring 1203 is extruded, the material of the spring 1203 can be made of a weaker material, when the air pressure of the second sealing disc 1201 in the second chamber 3 is slightly higher than the external atmospheric pressure of the second chamber 3, the second sealing disc 1201 can be pushed to the air outlet 301 at the bottommost end of the second chamber 3 for discharging internal air, then until the second sealing disc 1201 contacts the air outlet 301, at this time, the air flows out through the air outlet 301 at the bottommost end, when the air pressure is higher, the air pushes the second sealing disc 1201 to move upwards, the distance of pushing the second sealing disc to move upwards is increased until the second sealing disc to the maximum value, the air outlet is enabled to flow out through all the air outlet holes 1201, the air outlet 301 can flow out of the filter device 2, the air flow out of the filter device 2 is prevented from entering the filter device 2, the filter device 2 is easy, and the filter device is easy to be filled with the air filter device 2, and the filter device is easy to be polluted by the air flow out of the filter device 2.
Example 2
The embodiment comprises a first chamber 1, wherein the lower end of the first chamber 1 is provided with a flange 7 through an air inlet 8, the upper end of the first chamber 1 is fixedly connected with a second chamber 3, the upper end of the second chamber 3 is fixedly connected with a third chamber 4, the upper end of the third chamber 4 is fixedly communicated with a fourth chamber 5, the side surface of the fourth chamber 5 is fixedly connected with a controller 13,
valve core adjusting component 9, valve core adjusting component 9 is arranged inside the first chamber 1
The second port assembly 11, the underside of the second port assembly 11 is fixedly connected with a first sealing disc 10, the first sealing disc 10 is positioned in the first chamber 1, the middle part of the upper end of the second port assembly 11 is movably sleeved with the air pressure adjusting assembly 12, and the second port assembly 11 penetrates through the second chamber 3 and extends to the inside of the third chamber 4;
the valve core adjusting assembly 9 comprises a supporting plate 901, an adjusting plate 903 is rotatably connected to the lower end of the supporting plate 901 through a rotating shaft 902, a valve ball core 904 is fixedly connected to one side, away from the rotating shaft 902, of the adjusting plate 903, and the position, where the adjusting plate 903 is connected with the second port assembly 11;
the second port assembly 11 comprises a flow guide disk 1101, a connecting pipe 1102 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the flow guide disk 1101, a first balancing weight 1103 is fixedly connected to the lower side of the connecting pipe 1102 and a first sealing disk 10, a connecting wire 1104 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first balancing weight 1103, the connecting wire 1104 penetrates through the flow guide disk 1101 to the inside of a third cavity 4, one end, far away from the first balancing weight 1103, of the connecting wire 1104 is fixedly connected with a second balancing weight 1106, the second balancing weight 1106 is positioned in the inside of the third cavity 4, a sealing ball 1105 is arranged in the middle of the connecting wire 1104, the sealing ball 1105 is positioned in the inside of a second cavity 3, a first flow guide groove 1108 and a second flow guide groove 1109 are formed in the flow guide disk 1101, the connecting wire 1104 penetrates through the first flow guide groove 1108 and the second flow guide groove 1109 to the inside of the third cavity 4 respectively, an electromagnet 1107 is arranged on one side, close to the first flow guide groove 1108, a through hole is formed in the lower end of the connecting pipe 1102, and a filter screen 16 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting pipe 1102;
the third chamber 4 is provided with a through groove 401, the inner wall of the third chamber 4 is provided with a limit groove 402, the limit groove 402 is matched with a connecting line 1104 for use, the second balancing weight 1106 is positioned in the through groove 401, the lower end of the through groove 401 is communicated with the second chamber 3, the second chamber 3 is provided with a plurality of air outlet holes 301 matched with an air outlet pipe 14 and a plurality of second air inlet holes 302 matched with an air inlet pipe 15, the second chamber 3 is provided with a third diversion trench 303 matched with the through groove 401, the upper end of the third diversion trench 303 is communicated with the through groove 401, the lower end of the third diversion trench 303 is communicated with the air outlet holes 301 positioned at the bottommost end, the plurality of air outlet holes 301 are respectively communicated with the plurality of air inlet pipes 15, the air inlet pipe 15 is internally provided with one-way valves, the controller 13 is respectively electrically connected with the liquid level sensor 203 and the electromagnet 1107,
when the sedimentation tank or the sedimentation barrel flows out the settled water, air is discharged and filtered through the first chamber 1 and the air outlet hole 301 through the air outlet pipe 14, the liquid fills the first chamber 1, the valve ball core 904 moves upwards by buoyancy at the moment, the valve ball core 904 drives the regulating plate 903 to rotate upwards along the rotating shaft 902, the regulating plate 903 contacts the connecting pipe 1102 in the rotating process, after the regulating plate 903 rotates to a horizontal position, the connecting pipe 1102 drives the first sealing disc 10 to be clamped into the upper end groove of the first chamber 1, the first chamber 1 is sealed by driving the flow guiding disc 1101 to move upwards, the liquid is prevented from entering the second chamber 3, the liquid enters the flow guiding disc 1101 along the channel inside the connecting pipe 1102 at the moment, the filter screen 16 can play a role in filtering the inside of the connecting pipe 1102, the second flow guiding groove 1109 of the flow guiding disc 1101 enters the third chamber 4, the gravity of the sealing ball 1105 is larger than that of the first balancing weight 1103 and the second balancing weight 1106, so that the sealing ball 1105 is arranged at the lower end of the inner wall of the third chamber 4, when the liquid continuously rises in the third chamber 4, the sealing ball 1105 slowly floats at the moment, the first balancing weight 1103 and the second balancing weight 1106 slowly move downwards, the sealing ball 1105 moves upwards under the buoyancy of the liquid because the lower end of the flow guiding disk 1101 is an inclined plane, finally moves upwards along the inclined plane of the flow guiding disk 1101, the pulling force of the buoyancy mass of the sealing ball 1105 on the sealing ball 1105 in the liquid is smaller than that of the second balancing weight 1106 on the sealing ball 1105, the sealing ball 1105 moves towards the first flow guiding groove 1108 along the connecting line 1104 until the sealing ball 1105 plugs the first flow guiding groove 1108, the gas cannot be discharged outwards at the moment, at this time, a small amount of bubbles enter the first chamber 1 through the air inlet 8, float upwards in the liquid, enter the third chamber 4 through the first guide groove 1108 of the connecting pipe 1102, collect the bubbles, when the bubbles accumulate to a certain amount, the liquid level of the third chamber 4 is reduced, the sealing ball 1105 moves downwards, leaves the first guide groove 1108, cannot block the first guide groove 1108, the gas can flow out through the first guide groove 1108, the through groove 401, the air outlet 301 and the air outlet pipe 14, the sprayed air is mostly water vapor, the water is filtered through the filtering device 2, the liquid is supplemented for the filtering device 2, and the air can be filtered through the filtering device 2;
when the liquid does not flow out under the pressure, water in the pipeline starts to flow back, at the moment, water in the first chamber 1 starts to flow back, the valve ball core 904 starts to rotate downwards, the connecting pipe 1102, the flow guiding disc 1101 and the first sealing disc 10 start to move downwards, the pressure of the inner wall of the pipeline becomes low due to the fact that the liquid in the pipeline flows back, and external air flows into the first chamber 1 through the air inlet pipe 15 and the second air inlet hole 302 at the moment and then flows into the pipeline, pressure is supplemented timely, and the pipeline is prevented from being broken due to the fact that the pipeline is pressurized.
Example 3
The embodiment comprises a first chamber 1, wherein the lower end of the first chamber 1 is provided with a flange 7 through an air inlet 8, the upper end of the first chamber 1 is fixedly connected with a second chamber 3, the upper end of the second chamber 3 is fixedly connected with a third chamber 4, the upper end of the third chamber 4 is fixedly communicated with a fourth chamber 5, the side surface of the fourth chamber 5 is fixedly connected with a controller 13,
valve core adjusting component 9, valve core adjusting component 9 is arranged inside the first chamber 1
The second port assembly 11, the downside fixedly connected with first sealed disc 10 of second port assembly 11, first sealed disc 10 is located the inside of first cavity 1, and the upper end middle part activity of second port assembly 11 has cup jointed atmospheric pressure regulation subassembly 12, and second port assembly 11 runs through second cavity 3 and extends to the inside of third cavity 4.
The pressure regulating device 6, the pressure regulating device 6 is rotationally sleeved with the fourth chamber 5, and the lower end of the pressure regulating device 6 is contacted with the second port assembly 11
The filter equipment 2, the outside of second cavity 3 is fixed cup joint with filter equipment 2, and the outer wall of second cavity 3 is equipped with a plurality of outlet ducts 14 and a plurality of intake pipe 15, and a plurality of intake pipes 15 all run through to filter equipment 2's inside.
The air pressure adjusting component 12 is in sliding sleeve joint with the second port component 11, and the air pressure adjusting component 12 is positioned in the second chamber 3 and in sliding sleeve joint with the second chamber 3; the second port assembly 11 comprises a flow guide disk 1101, a connecting pipe 1102 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the flow guide disk 1101, a first balancing weight 1103 is fixedly connected to the lower side of the connecting pipe 1102 and a first sealing disk 10, a connecting wire 1104 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the first balancing weight 1103, the connecting wire 1104 penetrates through the flow guide disk 1101 to the inside of a third cavity 4, one end, far away from the first balancing weight 1103, of the connecting wire 1104 is fixedly connected with a second balancing weight 1106, the second balancing weight 1106 is positioned in the inside of the third cavity 4, a sealing ball 1105 is arranged in the middle of the connecting wire 1104, the sealing ball 1105 is positioned in the inside of a second cavity 3, a first flow guide groove 1108 and a second flow guide groove 1109 are formed in the flow guide disk 1101, the connecting wire 1104 penetrates through the first flow guide groove 1108 and the second flow guide groove 1109 to the inside of the third cavity 4 respectively, an electromagnet 1107 is arranged on one side, close to the first flow guide groove 1108, a through hole is formed in the lower end of the connecting pipe 1102, and a filter screen 16 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting pipe 1102;
after the pipeline stops discharging water outwards, the pipeline is pressurized because the liquid in the pipeline flows out to cause the pressure in the pipeline, at the moment, the connecting pipe 1102 is not subjected to upward force of the regulating plate 903 any more, so the connecting pipe 1102 drives the flow guiding disk 1101 to move downwards, because the sealing ball 1105 blocks the first flow guiding groove 1108, the liquid can only flow out through the connecting pipe 1102, when the sealing ball 1105 moves to the lowest end, the flow guiding disk 1101 is provided with an inclined surface, the liquid level can not flow out through the flow guiding disk 1101 any more, the sealing ball 1105 is in a suspension state, at the moment, the sealing ball 1105 can not block the second flow guiding groove 1109, at the moment, the liquid in the connecting pipe 1102 and the flow guiding disk 1101 flows into the first chamber 1, at the moment, the first balancing weight 1103 can not be subjected to buoyancy any more, the sealing ball 1105 can be pulled to move towards the second flow guiding groove 1109, the second flow guiding groove 1109 is blocked, at the moment, and external air can not flow into the first chamber 1 through the air outlet pipe 14 in a reverse direction;
the liquid level sensor 203 can measure the liquid level change in the filter device 2, when the liquid level in the filter device 2 is higher, the liquid can flow into the air inlet pipe 15 through the liquid level sensor 203 on the baffle plate 202, when air flows into the first chamber 1 through the air inlet pipe 15, the liquid can be driven to enter the first chamber 1, pollution waste caused by the water level flowing into the outer side is avoided, when the liquid level is lower, the lowest warning line is set through the liquid level sensor 203 and controlled by the controller 13, when the liquid level is lower, the controller 13 starts the electromagnet 1107, the radius of the electromagnet 1107 is larger than the radius of the sealing ball 1105, an iron block is arranged in the sealing ball 1105, at the moment, the electromagnet 1107 adsorbs the sealing ball 1105, the position of the sealing ball 1105 slightly moves, at the moment, the sealing ball 1105 cannot completely block the first guide groove 1108, the pressure in the first chamber 1 is higher than the pressure in the first chamber 1, the liquid can enter the inner side of the third chamber 4 through the connecting pipe 1102 and the second guide groove 1109, when the liquid flows into the filter device 2 through the third chamber 4, the liquid flows into the inner side of the filter device 1107 through the liquid level sensor 203, the liquid flow out of the first chamber 1108 is observed through the air inlet pipe 15, the liquid flow into the first chamber 1108 is stopped by the electromagnet is stopped, and the first chamber is stopped, the liquid flowing into the first chamber through the air inlet pipe 15 is stopped, the first chamber is stopped, the liquid flowing into the first chamber is stopped, and the position is stopped, and the liquid flowing into the first chamber is stopped by the first chamber 15 is stopped, and the air inlet pipe 15 is stopped, and the liquid is stopped.
The embodiment also provides a method for releasing air by using an air release valve for an air inlet pipe of a sedimentation tank, which comprises the following steps that S1 firstly releases air in the sedimentation tank through a first chamber 1 and an air outlet hole 301, and pushes and presses a second sealing disc 1201 to move upwards, and presses a spring 1203, the greater the air pressure is, the greater the upward moving distance of the second sealing disc 1201 becomes, the more air flows out through the air outlet hole 301, the faster the flow speed is, the air is filtered through liquid in a filtering device 2,
s2, when liquid flows into the first chamber 1, the valve ball core 904 moves upwards through buoyancy and drives the regulating plate 903 to move upwards, the connecting pipe 1102 is lifted upwards slowly until the first sealing disc 10 seals the upper end of the first chamber 1, and the liquid can only flow upwards into the third chamber 4 through the connecting pipe 1102 and the flow guiding disc 1101, so that the sealing ball 1105 moves upwards;
s3, as the upper end of the first chamber 1 is sealed by the first sealing disc 10, air bubbles flow into the third chamber 4 through the flow guiding disc 1101, the liquid level of the third chamber 4 is lowered, the sealing ball 1105 moves downwards, the sealing ball 1105 cannot block the first flow guiding groove 1108, water vapor is randomly sprayed to the first flow guiding groove 1108, then the air is discharged through the through groove 401 and the air outlet pipe 14 at the lowest end, and meanwhile, the water vapor is filtered;
s4, obtaining the water level change of the filtering device 2 through the liquid level sensor 203, controlling the magnetism of the electromagnet 1107 through the controller 13, when the liquid level is low, controlling the liquid level sensor 203 to adsorb the sealing ball 1105, enabling the sealing ball 1105 not to plug the first diversion groove 1108, enabling liquid to enter the filtering device 2 through the through groove 401 and the air outlet pipe 14 at the lowest end, disconnecting the sealing ball 1105 from the electromagnet 1107 through the controller 13 after the liquid level reaches a certain height, enabling the sealing ball 1105 to continuously plug the first diversion groove 1108 along the water flow direction, and avoiding a great amount of liquid from flowing out again, and enabling much liquid in the filtering device 2 to flow into a chamber at the other side;
s5, when no water pressure exists in the first chamber 1, the adjusting plate 903 moves downwards, the connecting pipe 1102 and the flow guide disc 1101 move downwards, then liquid in the third chamber 4 flows into the first chamber 1 through the second flow guide groove 1109, the sealing ball 1105 seals the first flow guide groove 1108 at the moment, liquid backflow of the through groove 401 and the filtering device 2 cannot be caused, and when the liquid in the third chamber 4 is less, the first balancing weight 1103 is not subjected to buoyancy, so that the sealing ball 1105 is pulled to pass through the second flow guide groove 1109 for sealing, and air is prevented from flowing back through the filtering device 2 and the through groove 401;
s6, air cannot enter the first chamber 1 through the third chamber 4, and air can only enter the first chamber 1 through the second air inlet 302 and the filtering device 2 to supplement the air pressure in the pipeline.
The foregoing description of the embodiments has been provided for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the application, and is not meant to limit the scope of the application, but to limit the application to the particular embodiments, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements, etc. that fall within the spirit and principles of the application are intended to be included within the scope of the application.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a sedimentation tank is bleeder for inlet pipe, includes first cavity (1), its characterized in that: the lower end of the first chamber (1) is provided with a flange plate (7) through an air inlet (8), the upper end of the first chamber (1) is fixedly connected with a second chamber (3), the upper end of the second chamber (3) is fixedly connected with a third chamber (4), the upper end of the third chamber (4) is fixedly communicated with a fourth chamber (5), and the side surface of the fourth chamber (5) is fixedly connected with a controller (13);
the valve core adjusting assembly (9), the valve core adjusting assembly (9) is arranged in the first chamber (1), the valve core adjusting assembly (9) comprises a supporting plate (901), the lower end of the supporting plate (901) is rotatably connected with an adjusting plate (903) through a rotating shaft (902), and one side, far away from the rotating shaft (902), of the adjusting plate (903) is fixedly connected with a valve ball core (904);
the second port assembly (11), the downside of second port assembly (11) is fixedly connected with first sealed disc (10), first sealed disc (10) are located the inside of first cavity (1), the upper end middle part activity of second port assembly (11) has cup jointed atmospheric pressure adjusting component (12), second port assembly (11) run through second cavity (3) and extend to the inside of third cavity (4), regulating plate (903) contacts with second port assembly (11);
the second port component (11) comprises a flow guiding disc (1101), the lower end of the flow guiding disc (1101) is fixedly connected with a connecting pipe (1102), the lower side of the connecting pipe (1102) is fixedly connected with a first sealing disc (10), a first balancing weight (1103) is arranged in the connecting pipe (1102), the upper end of the first balancing weight (1103) is fixedly connected with a connecting wire (1104), the connecting wire (1104) passes through the inner part of the flow guiding disc (1101) to a third cavity (4), one end of the connecting wire (1104) far away from the first balancing weight (1103) is fixedly connected with a second balancing weight (1106), the second balancing weight (1106) is positioned in the inner part of the third cavity (4), a sealing ball (1105) is arranged in the middle of the connecting wire (1104), the sealing ball (1105) is positioned in the inner part of the second cavity (3), the flow guiding disc (1101) is provided with a first flow guiding groove (1108) and a second flow guiding groove (1109), the connecting wire (1104) respectively passes through the first flow guiding groove (1108) and the second flow guiding groove (1109) to the inner part of the third cavity (4), the electromagnet (1101) is arranged at one side close to the lower end of the connecting pipe (1101), the lower end of the connecting pipe (1102) is provided with a filter screen (16);
the third chamber (4) is provided with a through groove (401), the inner wall of the third chamber (4) is provided with a limit groove (402), the limit groove (402) is matched with the connecting wire (1104) for use, the second balancing weight (1106) is positioned in the through groove (401), and the lower end of the through groove (401) is communicated with the second chamber (3);
the second chamber (3) is provided with a plurality of air outlet holes (301) matched with the air outlet pipe (14) and a plurality of second air inlet holes (302) matched with the air inlet pipe (15), the second chamber (3) is provided with a third diversion trench (303) matched with the through trench (401), the upper end of the third diversion trench (303) is communicated with the through trench (401), the lower end of the third diversion trench (303) is communicated with the air outlet hole (301) at the lowest end, the air outlet holes (301) are respectively communicated with the air inlet pipes (15), and a one-way valve is arranged in the air inlet pipe (15);
the pressure regulating device (6) is rotationally sleeved with the fourth chamber (5), and the lower end of the pressure regulating device (6) is contacted with the second port assembly (11);
the filtering device (2), the outside of the second cavity (3) is fixedly sleeved with the filtering device (2), the outer wall of the second cavity (3) is provided with a plurality of air outlet pipes (14) and a plurality of air inlet pipes (15), and the plurality of air inlet pipes (15) penetrate through the inside of the filtering device (2);
the air pressure adjusting assembly (12), the air pressure adjusting assembly (12) is in sliding sleeve connection with the second port assembly (11), and the air pressure adjusting assembly (12) is located in the second chamber (3) and in sliding sleeve connection with the second chamber (3).
2. The air release valve for a sedimentation tank air inlet pipe according to claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a filter equipment, including filter equipment, filter equipment (2), inlet tube (15), filter equipment (2), screen cover (17) are installed at the top of filter equipment (2), first inlet port (201) have been seted up to filter equipment (2), first inlet port (201) are linked together through intake tube (15) and second cavity (3), the inside of filter equipment (2) is equipped with two baffles (202), two baffle (202) divide into two cavities with filter equipment (2), two baffle (202) all are equipped with spacing hole (2022), two spacing hole (2022) highly shape is the same, the inside of filter equipment (2) is equipped with liquid level sensor (203), grid apron (17) are installed at the top of filter equipment (2).
3. The air release valve for a sedimentation tank air inlet pipe according to claim 2, characterized in that: the air pressure adjusting assembly (12) comprises a second sealing disc (1201), the second sealing disc (1201) is in sliding sleeve connection with the inner wall of the second chamber (3), a plurality of annularly distributed sliding rods (1202) are fixedly connected to the upper ends of the second sealing disc (1201), supporting rods (1204) are in sliding sleeve connection with the upper ends of the sliding rods (1202), the supporting rods (1204) are fixedly connected with the upper ends of the inner walls of the second chamber (3), a plurality of springs (1203) matched with the sliding rods (1202) are arranged between the second sealing disc (1201) and the upper ends of the inner walls of the second chamber (3), shaft sleeves (1205) are in sliding sleeve connection with the shaft centers of the second sealing disc (1201), and the shaft sleeves (1205) are in sliding sleeve connection with the connecting pipes (1102).
4. A sedimentation tank is air release valve for intake pipe according to claim 3, characterized in that: the controller (13) is electrically connected with the liquid level sensor (203) and the electromagnet (1107) respectively.
5. The air release valve for a sedimentation tank air inlet pipe according to claim 4, wherein: the pressure regulating device (6) comprises a rotary table (601), a screw rod (602) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the rotary table (601), the screw rod (602) is in threaded sleeve connection with a fourth cavity (5), a top plate (603) is connected to the lower end of the screw rod (602), and a pressure spring (604) is arranged between the top plate (603) and the guide disc (1101).
6. The method for venting the vent valve for the sedimentation tank air inlet pipe of claim 5, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
s1, when gas exists in a pipeline, the gas in the pipeline is discharged through a first chamber (1) and a gas outlet hole (301), the second sealing disc (1201) is pushed and extruded to move upwards, the second sealing disc (1201) moves upwards for a larger distance as the gas pressure is larger, the more the gas flows out through the gas outlet hole (301), the faster the flow speed is, and the gas is filtered through liquid in the filtering device (2);
s2, when liquid flows into the first chamber (1), the valve ball core (904) moves upwards through buoyancy to drive the regulating plate (903) to move upwards, the connecting pipe (1102) is slowly lifted upwards until the first sealing disc (10) seals the upper end of the first chamber (1), and the liquid can only flow into the third chamber (4) upwards through the connecting pipe (1102) and the flow guiding disc (1101), so as to drive the sealing ball (1105) to move upwards;
s3, as the upper end of the first chamber (1) is sealed by the first sealing disc (10), air bubbles flow into the third chamber (4) through the flow guide disc (1101), the liquid level of the third chamber (4) is lowered, the sealing ball (1105) is also moved downwards, the sealing ball (1105) cannot block the first flow guide groove (1108), water vapor is sprayed to the first flow guide groove (1108) immediately, and then the air is discharged through the through groove (401) and the air outlet pipe (14) at the lowest end, and meanwhile, the water vapor is filtered;
s4, obtaining the water level change of the filtering device (2) through the liquid level sensor (203), controlling the magnetism of the electromagnet (1107) through the controller (13), when the liquid level is low, controlling the liquid level sensor (203) to adsorb the sealing ball (1105), enabling the sealing ball (1105) not to seal the first diversion groove (1108), enabling liquid to enter the filtering device (2) through the through groove (401) and the air outlet pipe (14) at the lowest end, disconnecting the sealing ball (1105) from the electromagnet (1107) through the controller (13) after the liquid level reaches a certain height, enabling the sealing ball (1105) to continuously seal the first diversion groove (1108) along the water flow direction, and avoiding a large amount of liquid flowing out of the filtering device (2), wherein the liquid flows into a chamber at the other side;
s5, when water pressure is not generated in the first chamber (1), the adjusting plate (903) moves downwards, the connecting pipe (1102) and the guide disc (1101) move downwards, then liquid in the third chamber (4) flows into the first chamber (1) through the second guide groove (1109), the sealing ball (1105) seals the first guide groove (1108) at the moment, liquid backflow of the through groove (401) and the filtering device (2) cannot be caused, and when the liquid in the third chamber (4) is less, the first balancing weight (1103) is not subjected to buoyancy, so the sealing ball (1105) is pulled to seal the second guide groove (1109), and air is prevented from flowing back through the filtering device (2) and the through groove (401);
s6, air cannot enter the first chamber (1) through the third chamber (4), and air can only enter the first chamber (1) through the second air inlet hole (302) and the filtering device (2) to supplement the air pressure in the pipeline.
CN202311210093.6A 2023-09-19 2023-09-19 Air release valve for sedimentation tank air inlet pipe and air release method thereof Active CN116951142B (en)

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