CN116488561A - Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system - Google Patents

Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116488561A
CN116488561A CN202310463958.3A CN202310463958A CN116488561A CN 116488561 A CN116488561 A CN 116488561A CN 202310463958 A CN202310463958 A CN 202310463958A CN 116488561 A CN116488561 A CN 116488561A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power generation
photovoltaic power
assembly
component
main body
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CN202310463958.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨同光
李开泰
袁晟友
米承权
王铜宇
韩清凯
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东北大学
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Priority to CN202310463958.3A priority Critical patent/CN116488561A/en
Publication of CN116488561A publication Critical patent/CN116488561A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S50/00Monitoring or testing of PV systems, e.g. load balancing or fault identification
    • H02S50/10Testing of PV devices, e.g. of PV modules or single PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

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  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a photovoltaic power generation device and a monitoring system, comprising a main body; the photovoltaic power generation assembly is arranged on the main body; the second data acquisition unit is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly; the cleaning assembly is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for cleaning foreign matters in the photovoltaic power generation assembly; the position adjusting component is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation component and used for adjusting the relative position between the photovoltaic power generation component and the main body; the second data acquisition unit is connected with the cleaning component and the position adjusting component, and the cleaning component and/or the position adjusting component work and operate under the condition that the external state data information exceeds the preset range value, so that the position of the photovoltaic power generation component is cleaned and/or adjusted, the normal power generation work of the photovoltaic power generation component is prevented from being influenced due to the problem of foreign matters or illumination angles, and the maintenance is ensured to a great extent when the photovoltaic power generation component is really damaged and fails.

Description

Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, in particular to photovoltaic power generation equipment and a monitoring system.
Background
Photovoltaic power generation is a technology that uses the photovoltaic effect of a semiconductor interface to directly convert light energy into electrical energy. Photovoltaic power generation equipment generally operates under unattended conditions, and maintenance and repair of the photovoltaic power generation equipment widely dispersed in the region are very difficult, so that the photovoltaic power generation equipment needs to be remotely monitored and controlled through a remote monitoring technology.
The Chinese patent with the authorized bulletin number of CN115296418A discloses a remote monitoring and controlling system for the running state of photovoltaic power generation equipment; the system comprises a data transmission system, wherein the data transmission system is used for safely managing and controlling all data operated in a remote monitoring system for the operation state of the photovoltaic power generation equipment, all data comprise collected data and control signal data, the data of the photovoltaic power generation equipment are collected in real time through the data collection system and are transmitted after the collection is finished, a large amount of manpower and material resources can be reduced, the operation state of the photovoltaic power generation equipment can be monitored in real time, centralized operation and maintenance management can be carried out according to the real-time monitoring data, a more convenient management and control method is brought for operation and maintenance personnel, fault prediction diagnosis is carried out on the monitoring data, corresponding parameter adjustment of the photovoltaic equipment is carried out by combining an intelligent algorithm, and subsequent maintenance work is reduced.
However, the above disclosed solution has the following disadvantages: when the abnormal condition of the photovoltaic panel is detected, the existence of partial conditions is caused by external reasons, such as small output power, which may be caused by installation or environment, such as improper installation direction and angle, ash falling of the photovoltaic panel, attachment of floaters (fallen leaves, plastic bags and the like), shadow shielding and the like, and the situation of human resource waste exists if the photovoltaic panel is directly overhauled on site.
Disclosure of Invention
First, the technical problem to be solved
In view of the above-mentioned drawbacks and shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a photovoltaic power generation device and a monitoring system, which solve the technical problem that human resources are wasted when a photovoltaic panel is overhauled by abnormal monitoring.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above object, a first aspect of the present invention provides a photovoltaic power generation apparatus.
A second aspect of the invention provides a monitoring system.
In view of this, there is provided, according to a first aspect of an embodiment of the present application, a photovoltaic power generation apparatus including:
a main body;
the photovoltaic power generation assembly is arranged on the main body;
the second data acquisition unit is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly;
the cleaning assembly is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for cleaning foreign matters in the photovoltaic power generation assembly;
the position adjusting component is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation component and used for adjusting the relative position between the photovoltaic power generation component and the main body;
the second data acquisition unit is connected with the cleaning component and the position adjusting component, and the cleaning component and/or the position adjusting component work and operate under the condition that the external state data information exceeds a preset range value.
Preferably, the position adjustment assembly comprises:
the orientation adjusting assembly is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation assembly and used for adjusting the orientation of the photovoltaic power generation assembly relative to the main body.
Preferably, the position adjustment assembly comprises:
the angle adjusting component is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation component and is used for adjusting the angle between the photovoltaic power generation component and the main body.
Preferably, the orientation adjustment assembly comprises:
the rotating piece is rotatably arranged on the main body, and the photovoltaic power generation assembly is arranged on the rotating piece;
the first driving assembly is connected with the rotating piece and used for driving the rotating piece to rotate.
Preferably, the first driving assembly includes:
a first driving unit;
the first driving gear is arranged at the output end of the first driving unit;
the gear ring is fixedly connected to the rotating piece, and the first driving gear is meshed with the gear ring.
Preferably, the angle adjusting assembly includes:
the shell is fixedly arranged on the main body;
one end of the connecting piece is fixedly connected with the photovoltaic power generation assembly, and the other end of the connecting piece is rotatably arranged on the shell;
the second driving component is arranged on the shell and connected with the connecting piece and used for driving the connecting piece to rotate relative to the shell.
Preferably, the second driving member includes:
a second driving unit;
the second driving gear is arranged at the output end of the second driving unit;
the driven gear is coaxially and fixedly connected to the connecting piece and is meshed with the second driving gear.
Preferably, the cleaning assembly comprises:
the cleaning component is arranged at the edge of the photovoltaic power generation component, and at least one exhaust outlet is formed on one side of the cleaning component facing the photovoltaic power generation component;
and the air blowing unit is communicated with the cleaning component and is used for providing an air source for the cleaning component.
Preferably, the second data acquisition unit is an image data acquisition unit.
According to a second aspect of embodiments of the present application, a monitoring system is provided, which implements a photovoltaic power generation device as set forth in any one of the first aspects above, the monitoring system including:
the data acquisition module comprises a first data acquisition unit and a second data acquisition unit, wherein the first data acquisition unit is used for acquiring internal power data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly, and the second data acquisition unit is used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly;
the processing unit is used for transmitting the data information to the processing unit through the transmission module;
the judging unit is connected with the processing unit and is used for judging the internal power data information, judging the external state data information when the internal power data information exceeds a preset range, and generating an execution signal when the external state data information exceeds the preset range; the cleaning assembly and the position adjustment assembly are responsive to the execution signal.
(III) beneficial effects
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
the invention provides photovoltaic power generation equipment and a monitoring system, which comprise a main body, a photovoltaic power generation assembly, a second data acquisition unit, a cleaning assembly and a position adjustment assembly; the second data acquisition unit is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly, the acquired information is whether foreign matters are borne on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and/or whether the photovoltaic power generation assembly is deviated from the sun or not, the monitored acquired external state data information is transmitted to the processing end to be analyzed and processed, the second data acquisition unit is connected with the cleaning assembly and the position adjusting assembly, the cleaning assembly and/or the position adjusting assembly work and operate under the condition that the external state data information exceeds a preset range value, and the photovoltaic power generation assembly is cleaned and/or adjusted in position so as to avoid the problem that the normal power generation operation of the photovoltaic power generation assembly is influenced due to the foreign matters or illumination angles.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a photovoltaic power plant of the present invention at one angle;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus of the present invention at another angle;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of another angle of the photovoltaic power plant of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus of the present invention at another angle;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of the portion A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a flow chart of the monitoring system of the present invention.
[ reference numerals description ]
100-main body, 200-photovoltaic power generation component, 300-cleaning component and 500-second data acquisition unit;
310-cleaning parts, 320-blowing units;
410-orientation adjustment assembly, 420-angle adjustment assembly;
411-rotating member, 412-first drive assembly;
421-housing, 422-connector, 423-second drive assembly;
4121-first drive unit, 4122-first drive gear, 4123-ring gear;
4231-second drive unit, 4232-second drive gear, 4233-driven gear.
Detailed Description
The invention will be better explained by the following detailed description of the embodiments with reference to the drawings. Wherein references herein to "left", "right", etc. are made to the orientation of fig. 1 as a reference.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, a photovoltaic power generation apparatus includes: a main body 100; a photovoltaic power generation module 200 provided on the main body 100; the second data acquisition unit 500 is disposed on the photovoltaic power generation module 200, and is configured to acquire external status data information of the photovoltaic power generation module 200; the cleaning assembly 300 is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 and is used for cleaning foreign matters in the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200; a position adjusting unit provided between the main body 100 and the photovoltaic module 200 for adjusting a relative position between the photovoltaic module 200 and the main body 100; wherein, the second data acquisition unit 500 is connected to the cleaning assembly 300 and the position adjustment assembly, and the cleaning assembly 300 and/or the position adjustment assembly operate when the external status data information exceeds a preset range value.
The photovoltaic power generation device provided by the embodiment of the application comprises a main body 100, a photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, a second data acquisition unit 500, a cleaning assembly 300 and a position adjustment assembly, wherein the main body 100 can be fixedly arranged on the ground, the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 is arranged on the main body 100, the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 and the main body 100 are arranged at a certain angle, the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 faces the sun, and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 is used for photovoltaic power generation; the second data acquisition unit 500 is disposed on the photovoltaic power generation module 200, and the second data acquisition unit 500 monitors and acquires external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation module 200; the cleaning assembly 300 is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, and when the cleaning assemblies 300 are combined together, the outside of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can be cleaned, so that foreign matters are prevented from being present outside the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, and the influence on the photovoltaic power generation of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 is avoided; the position adjusting component is arranged between the main body 100 and the photovoltaic power generation component 200, when the position adjusting component works, the relative position of the photovoltaic power generation component 200 and the main body 100 can be adjusted, and under the condition that the main body 100 is fixed on the ground, the orientation or/and angle of the photovoltaic power generation component 200 relative to the sun can be adjusted through the position adjusting component; wherein the second data acquisition unit 500 is connected with the cleaning assembly 300 and the position adjustment assembly, and the cleaning assembly 300 and/or the position adjustment assembly work and operate under the condition that the external state data information exceeds the preset range value.
The photovoltaic power generation module 200 includes a support body and a photovoltaic power generation panel, the support body is disposed on the main body 100, the photovoltaic power generation panel is detachably mounted on the support body, and when the photovoltaic power generation panel is damaged or needs to be maintained and replaced, the photovoltaic power generation panel can be conveniently detached and replaced on the support body, so that the maintenance cost and the construction efficiency are greatly reduced.
Illustratively, when the photovoltaic power generation module 200 is exposed for a long time, sand or foreign matter may fall on the photovoltaic power generation module 200, which affects the normal power generation operation of the photovoltaic power generation module 200, and when the cleaning module 300 provided on the photovoltaic power generation module 200 operates, the sand or foreign matter attached to the photovoltaic power generation module 200 may be cleaned.
The main body 100 is fixedly arranged on the ground, the photovoltaic power generation module 200 is arranged on the main body 100, the photovoltaic power generation module 200 is used for receiving sunlight to generate power, the main body 100 fixedly arranged on the ground is in a fixed state relative to the sun, in the moving process of the sun, the photovoltaic power generation module 200 arranged on the main body 100 at an angle and at a position at which sunlight cannot reach a certain probability, the photovoltaic power generation module 200 which cannot receive the sunlight can influence the power generation work of the photovoltaic power generation module 200, and when the position adjustment module arranged between the photovoltaic power generation module 200 and the main body 100 works, the position of the photovoltaic power generation module 200 can be changed relative to the main body 100 so as to cater for the irradiation of the sunlight, and the photovoltaic power generation module 200 can always perform power generation work normally, so that the condition that the power generation efficiency is reduced is avoided.
Based on the foregoing arrangement, the second data acquisition unit 500 disposed on the photovoltaic power generation module 200 acquires external status data information, where the acquired information may be whether the photovoltaic power generation module 200 carries a foreign object and/or whether the photovoltaic power generation module 200 is away from the sun, and transmits the monitored acquired external status data information to the processing end for analysis processing, where the second data acquisition unit 500 is connected with the cleaning module 300 and the position adjustment module, and the cleaning module 300 and/or the position adjustment module operate to clean and/or adjust the position of the photovoltaic power generation module 200 when the external status data information exceeds a preset range value, so as to prevent the problem of foreign object or illumination angle from affecting the normal power generation operation of the photovoltaic power generation module 200, thereby greatly ensuring that maintenance is performed when the photovoltaic power generation module 200 is really damaged, avoiding occurrence of a situation that a worker immediately removes maintenance when the photovoltaic power generation module 200 is monitored to work abnormally, greatly avoiding great manpower consumption, reducing the labor intensity of the worker.
As shown in fig. 2 to 5, the above-mentioned position adjustment assembly includes: an orientation adjustment unit 410, provided between the main body 100 and the photovoltaic module 200, for adjusting an orientation of the photovoltaic module 200 with respect to the main body 100.
In this technical solution, the position adjusting assembly includes an orientation adjusting assembly 410 disposed between the main body 100 and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, where the main body 100 is fixedly disposed on the ground, the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 is disposed on the main body 100 by the orientation adjusting assembly 410, and when the orientation adjusting assembly 410 works, the orientation of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can be adjusted relative to the main body 100; the sun is in the in-process from sunrise to sunset, and relative to the position orientation of main body 100 is different, adjusts the orientation through orientation adjustment assembly 410 to photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, can make photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 adjust the orientation, makes photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can be in the sun all the time, and then makes photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can carry out photovoltaic power generation at the maximum, avoids appearing photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 because of being different with the sun orientation, and the situation that causes photovoltaic power generation efficiency to be different takes place.
As shown in fig. 2 to 5, the above-mentioned position adjustment assembly includes: an angle adjusting unit 420, which is disposed between the main body 100 and the photovoltaic module 200, and is used for adjusting the angle between the photovoltaic module 200 and the main body 100.
In this technical scheme, the position adjustment assembly further includes an angle adjustment assembly 420 disposed between the main body 100 and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, and when the angle adjustment assembly 420 works, the angle adjustment assembly 200 can perform angle adjustment with respect to the main body 100, where it can be known from the above that, when the main body 100 is fixedly disposed on the ground, the main body 100 is in a fixed state with respect to the sun, and the sun changes not only with respect to the direction of the main body 100, but also with respect to the direction of the sun, and the angle adjustment assembly 420 performs angle adjustment on the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, so that the angle of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can be changed, and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can always face the sun, so that photovoltaic power generation can be performed to the greatest extent, and occurrence of a situation that the photovoltaic power generation efficiency is different due to different angles of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 with respect to solar irradiation is avoided.
As shown in fig. 2 to 4, the orientation adjustment assembly 410 includes: a rotator 411 rotatably mounted to the main body 100, the photovoltaic module 200 being provided to the rotator 411; the first driving assembly 412 is connected to the rotating member 411, and is used for driving the rotating member 411 to rotate.
In this technical solution, the orientation adjusting assembly 410 includes a rotating member 411 and a first driving assembly 412, where the rotating member 411 is rotatably mounted on the main body 100, the photovoltaic power generating assembly 200 is disposed on the rotating member 411, the first driving assembly 412 is connected to the rotating member 411, and the first driving assembly 412 drives the rotating member 411 to rotate relative to the main body 100 when working, and drives the photovoltaic power generating assembly 200 to rotate together when the rotating member 411 rotates.
For example, the main body 100 may be, but not limited to, a cylindrical main body, and is fixedly disposed on the ground, the rotating member 411 may be a rotating ring, the rotating member 411 is coaxially rotatably mounted on the main body 100, the first driving component 412 is connected to the rotating member 411, and the first driving component 412 drives the rotating member 411 to rotate relative to the main body 100 when in operation.
The main body 100 is provided with a supporting body, a connecting rod is fixedly connected between the supporting body and the main body 100, and further the supporting body is fixedly connected with the main body 100, and the first driving assembly 412 is disposed on the supporting body and connected with the rotating member 411.
As shown in fig. 3, the first driving assembly 412 includes: a first driving unit 4121; a first driving gear 4122 provided at an output end of the first driving unit 4121; a ring gear 4123 fixedly coupled to the rotor 411, and the first driving gear 4122 is engaged with the ring gear 4123.
In this embodiment, the first driving assembly 412 includes a first driving unit 4121, a first driving gear 4122 and a gear ring 4123, where the gear ring 4123 is fixedly connected to the rotating member 411, the first driving gear 4122 is disposed on the first driving unit 4121, and the first driving gear 4122 is meshed with the gear ring 4123, when the first driving unit 4121 works, the first driving gear 4122 can be driven to rotate, and when the first driving gear 4122 rotates, the gear ring 4123 meshed with the first driving gear 4122 can be controlled to rotate, so that the rotating member 411 and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 rotate together relative to the main body 100, and thus the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can adjust the orientation relative to the main body 100.
As shown in fig. 2 to 5, the angle adjusting assembly 420 includes: a case 421 fixedly provided to the main body 100; a connecting member 422 having one end fixedly connected to the photovoltaic module 200, and the other end of the connecting member 422 is rotatably mounted to the case 421; the second driving unit 423 is disposed on the housing 421 and connected to the connecting member 422, and is configured to drive the connecting member 422 to rotate relative to the housing 421.
In this technical scheme, angle adjustment subassembly 420 includes casing 421, connecting piece 422 and second drive assembly 423, wherein, from the above, main part 100 can be fixed to set up in ground, casing 421 sets up in main part 100, connecting piece 422 rotates and installs in casing 421, photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 sets up in the outside one end of connecting piece 422 in casing 421, still be provided with second drive assembly 423 in the casing 421, second drive assembly 423 during operation, can drive connecting piece 422 rotation, can drive photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 together rotate when connecting piece 422 rotates, realize that photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 carries out angle adjustment for main part 100.
As shown in fig. 2 to 5, the second driving unit 423 includes: a second driving unit 4231; a second driving gear 4232 provided at an output end of the second driving unit 4231; the driven gear 4233 is coaxially and fixedly connected to the connection member 422, and the driven gear 4233 is engaged with the second driving gear 4232.
In this embodiment, the second driving assembly 423 includes a second driving unit 4231, a second driving gear 4232, and a driven gear 4233, where the second driving unit 4231 is fixedly disposed in the housing 421, and the second driving gear 4232 is disposed at an output end of the second driving unit 4231; the driven gear 4233 is fixedly connected to the connecting member 422, and the rotation points of the connecting member 422 and the shell 421 are coaxially arranged with the axle center of the driven gear 4233, when the driven gear 4233 rotates, the connecting member 422 can be driven to rotate together; the driven gear 4233 is engaged with the second driving gear 4232, when the second driving unit 4231 works, the second driving gear 4232 can be driven to rotate, and when the second driving gear 4232 rotates, the driven gear 4233 engaged with the second driving gear 4232 can be simultaneously driven to rotate together, so that the connecting piece 422 and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 rotate together, and the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 can perform angle adjustment relative to the main body 100
Illustratively, the first drive unit 4121 and the second drive unit 4231 may each be, but are not limited to, a drive motor.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the cleaning assembly 300 includes: a cleaning member 310 provided at an edge of the photovoltaic power generation module 200, wherein at least one air outlet is formed on a side of the cleaning member 310 facing the photovoltaic power generation module 200; and a blower unit 320, which is communicated with the cleaning member 310, and is used for providing an air source for the cleaning member 310.
In this technical scheme, cleaning assembly 300 has included cleaning member 310 and blast unit 320, wherein, cleaning member 310 sets up in the edge of photovoltaic power generation module 200, and cleaning member 310 is formed with at least one air exit towards one side of photovoltaic power generation module 200, cleaning member 310 is connected with blast unit 320, during operation of blast unit 320, provide the air supply for cleaning member 310, during operation of blast unit 320 produces the air supply, and in the transmission was to cleaning member 310, the gas that gets into in the cleaning member 310 is discharged through the air exit, blow to photovoltaic power generation module 200, clean through gas photovoltaic power generation module 200, avoid the foreign matter to fall on photovoltaic power generation module 200, and then avoid influencing photovoltaic power generation module 200 normal work.
Illustratively, the blower unit 320 may be, but not limited to, a blower, and a connection pipe is connected to an output end of the blower unit 320, and an end of the connection pipe remote from the blower unit 320 is connected to the cleaning member 310 for supplying the gas generated by the blower unit 320 to the cleaning member 310.
Illustratively, the cleaning component 310 may be a tube with two closed ends, and is disposed at the edge of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, and the number of the cleaning components is at least two, so that the cleaning component 310 can ensure the cleaning degree of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200 during working.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the second data acquisition unit 500 is an image acquisition unit.
The second data acquisition unit 500 may be a video acquisition camera, a support plate is fixedly arranged at the edge of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, the second data acquisition unit 500 is arranged on the support plate, and the second data acquisition unit 500 faces the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, so that the second data acquisition unit 500 can clearly acquire the condition of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200; the second data collection units 500 may be simultaneously provided in plurality, and the plurality of second data collection units 500 are equidistantly provided in the photovoltaic power generation module 200.
As shown in fig. 6, according to a second aspect of the embodiments of the present application, there is provided a monitoring system, such as the photovoltaic power generation apparatus set forth in any one of the first aspects, including: the data acquisition module comprises a first data acquisition unit and a second data acquisition unit 500, wherein the first data acquisition unit is used for acquiring internal power data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200, and the second data acquisition unit 500 is used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200; the processing unit is used for transmitting the data information to the processing unit through the transmission module; a judging unit, connected to the processing unit, for judging the internal power data information, judging the external state data information when the internal power data information exceeds a preset range, and generating an execution signal when the external state data information exceeds the preset range; the cleaning assembly 300 and the position adjustment assembly are responsive to the implement signals.
In this technical solution, the data acquisition module includes a first data acquisition unit and a second data acquisition unit 500, where the first data acquisition unit is used to acquire the electric power data information inside the photovoltaic power generation assembly 200; the second data acquisition unit 500 is configured to acquire external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation module 200, where the acquired power data information and the external state data information are both transmitted to the processing unit through the transmission module, the information received by the processing unit is judged by the judging unit, when the power data information exceeds a preset range, the external state data information is judged, and when the external state data information exceeds the preset range, the processing unit generates an execution signal; the cleaning module 300 and the position adjusting module respond to the execution signals to clean the photovoltaic power generation module 200, and the processing unit and the judging unit are processing ends.
By way of example, the power data information may include, but is not limited to, output voltage current data, grid-tied voltage current data, inverter voltage current data, grid-tied power data, total power factor data, grid frequency data, inverter efficiency data.
By way of example, the external status data information may include, but is not limited to, foreign objects and shadows.
In addition, since the monitoring system provided in the embodiments of the present application includes the photovoltaic power generation device as set forth in any one of the first aspect, all the beneficial effects of the photovoltaic power generation device are provided, and the description thereof is omitted herein.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "first," "second," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying a relative importance or number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defining "a first" or "a second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more such feature. In the description of the present invention, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more, unless explicitly defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium; may be a communication between two elements or an interaction between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
In the present invention, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, a first feature is "on" or "under" a second feature, which may be in direct contact with the first and second features, or in indirect contact with the first and second features via an intervening medium. Moreover, a first feature "above," "over" and "on" a second feature may be a first feature directly above or obliquely above the second feature, or simply indicate that the first feature is higher in level than the second feature. The first feature being "under", "below" and "beneath" the second feature may be the first feature being directly under or obliquely below the second feature, or simply indicating that the first feature is level lower than the second feature.
In the description of the present specification, the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "examples," "particular examples," or "some examples," etc., refer to particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in connection with the embodiment or example as being included in at least one embodiment or example of the present invention. In this specification, schematic representations of the above terms are not necessarily directed to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, the different embodiments or examples described in this specification and the features of the different embodiments or examples may be combined and combined by those skilled in the art without contradiction.
While embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described above, it will be understood that the above embodiments are illustrative and not to be construed as limiting the invention, and that alterations, modifications, substitutions and variations may be made in the above embodiments by those skilled in the art within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A photovoltaic power generation device, characterized in that: comprising the following steps:
a main body;
the photovoltaic power generation assembly is arranged on the main body;
the second data acquisition unit is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly;
the cleaning assembly is arranged on the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for cleaning foreign matters in the photovoltaic power generation assembly;
the position adjusting component is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation component and is used for adjusting the relative position between the photovoltaic power generation component and the main body;
the second data acquisition unit is connected with the cleaning component and the position adjusting component, and the cleaning component and/or the position adjusting component work and operate under the condition that the external state data information exceeds a preset range value.
2. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 1, wherein the position adjustment assembly comprises:
the orientation adjusting assembly is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation assembly and is used for adjusting the orientation of the photovoltaic power generation assembly relative to the main body.
3. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 1 or 2, wherein the position adjustment assembly comprises:
the angle adjusting component is arranged between the main body and the photovoltaic power generation component and is used for adjusting the angle between the photovoltaic power generation component and the main body.
4. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 2, wherein the orientation adjustment assembly comprises:
the rotating piece is rotatably arranged on the main body, and the photovoltaic power generation assembly is arranged on the rotating piece;
the first driving component is connected with the rotating piece and used for driving the rotating piece to rotate.
5. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 4, wherein the first drive assembly comprises:
a first driving unit;
the first driving gear is arranged at the output end of the first driving unit;
the gear ring is fixedly connected to the rotating piece, and the first driving gear is meshed with the gear ring.
6. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 3, wherein the angle adjustment assembly comprises:
the shell is fixedly arranged on the main body;
one end of the connecting piece is fixedly connected with the photovoltaic power generation assembly, and the other end of the connecting piece is rotatably arranged on the shell;
the second driving assembly is arranged on the shell, connected with the connecting piece and used for driving the connecting piece to rotate relative to the shell.
7. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 6, wherein the second drive assembly comprises:
a second driving unit;
the second driving gear is arranged at the output end of the second driving unit;
the driven gear is coaxially and fixedly connected to the connecting piece, and the driven gear is meshed with the second driving gear.
8. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 1, wherein the cleaning assembly comprises:
the cleaning component is arranged at the edge of the photovoltaic power generation component, and at least one exhaust outlet is formed on one side, facing the photovoltaic power generation component, of the cleaning component;
and the air blowing unit is communicated with the cleaning component and is used for providing an air source for the cleaning component.
9. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus of claim 1,
the second data acquisition unit is an image data acquisition unit.
10. A monitoring system for a photovoltaic power plant according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising:
the data acquisition module comprises a first data acquisition unit and a second data acquisition unit, wherein the first data acquisition unit is used for acquiring internal power data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly, and the second data acquisition unit is used for acquiring external state data information of the photovoltaic power generation assembly;
the processing unit is used for transmitting the data information to the processing unit through the transmission module;
the judging unit is connected with the processing unit and is used for judging the internal power data information, judging the external state data information when the internal power data information exceeds a preset range, and generating an execution signal when the external state data information exceeds the preset range; the cleaning assembly and the position adjustment assembly are responsive to the execution signal.
CN202310463958.3A 2023-04-26 2023-04-26 Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system Pending CN116488561A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310463958.3A CN116488561A (en) 2023-04-26 2023-04-26 Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310463958.3A CN116488561A (en) 2023-04-26 2023-04-26 Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN116488561A true CN116488561A (en) 2023-07-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310463958.3A Pending CN116488561A (en) 2023-04-26 2023-04-26 Photovoltaic power generation equipment and monitoring system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN116488561A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117595785A (en) * 2024-01-19 2024-02-23 国网辽宁省电力有限公司大连供电公司 Distributed photovoltaic power station information acquisition and monitoring device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117595785A (en) * 2024-01-19 2024-02-23 国网辽宁省电力有限公司大连供电公司 Distributed photovoltaic power station information acquisition and monitoring device
CN117595785B (en) * 2024-01-19 2024-03-22 国网辽宁省电力有限公司大连供电公司 Distributed photovoltaic power station information acquisition and monitoring device

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