CN116441931A - Drilling and milling processing method for long section bar of drilling and milling system - Google Patents

Drilling and milling processing method for long section bar of drilling and milling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116441931A
CN116441931A CN202310471942.7A CN202310471942A CN116441931A CN 116441931 A CN116441931 A CN 116441931A CN 202310471942 A CN202310471942 A CN 202310471942A CN 116441931 A CN116441931 A CN 116441931A
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China
Prior art keywords
drilling
milling
long section
section bar
control module
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CN202310471942.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116441931B (en
Inventor
孙庆海
韩纪光
韩纪强
牛作文
郭书超
刘恩喜
赵延良
胡东阳
刘营平
李振
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Jinan Zhangli Machinery Co ltd
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Jinan Zhangli Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202310471942.7A priority Critical patent/CN116441931B/en
Publication of CN116441931A publication Critical patent/CN116441931A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/28Electric drives
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The drilling and milling system comprises a control module, a feeding device, a drilling and milling device and a discharging device which are sequentially arranged, and the control module can control the feeding device, the drilling and milling device and the discharging device to operate.

Description

Drilling and milling processing method for long section bar of drilling and milling system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of drilling and milling, in particular to a long section bar drilling and milling method of a drilling and milling system.
Background
The drilling and milling work is usually completed by means of a drilling and milling machine tool, and the existing drilling and milling machine tool generally comprises a movable workpiece fixing device and a drilling and milling machine fixed above the fixing device, when the drilling and milling work of a workpiece is performed, the workpiece and the fixing device are required to be fixed, then the drilling and milling work is completed by controlling the drilling and milling machine to feed downwards, and meanwhile, the drilling and milling position is changed by controlling the fixing device to move.
The patent document of the prior application of the applicant, CN202111617936.5, discloses a multi-axis linkage type numerical control drilling and milling machine tool, which completes the processing work of the upper end, the left and right end surfaces and the front and rear end surfaces of a workpiece by moving the drilling and milling system back and forth, left and right and up and down and rotating around an axis parallel to the length direction of a base, but the drilling and milling machine tool is only suitable for the multi-angle drilling and milling work of smaller workpieces, and when the workpiece to be processed is a long section, on one hand, the drilling and milling mechanism needs multiple clamping to complete the whole drilling and milling work, thus seriously affecting the drilling and milling precision of the drilling and milling work of the workpiece, and on the other hand, the drilling and milling machine tool still cannot complete the drilling and milling work of the bottom surface of the long section.
Meanwhile, when the profile is longer, the position of the drilling and milling machine relative to the axial direction of the long profile is unchanged or has a smaller change range, so that the long profile can be integrally machined by moving and/or overturning for many times, and the machining speed and the machining precision are adversely affected.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems in the background art, the invention provides a long section bar drilling and milling processing method of a drilling and milling system.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows:
the long section bar drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system comprises a control module, a feeding device, a drilling and milling device and a discharging device which are sequentially arranged, wherein the processing method comprises the following steps:
s1, material arrangement;
s1.1, manually placing a long section bar on a feeding device, wherein the initial end of the long section bar is close to a drilling and milling device;
s1.2, a control module controls the feeding device to act, and drives the long section bar to move inwards from the feeding end of the drilling and milling device until the starting end of the long section bar passes through the discharging end of the drilling and milling device;
the drilling and milling device comprises a first slideway which is spirally arranged, a long section bar passes through the first slideway, a sliding mechanism is arranged on the first slideway, the sliding mechanism is connected with a drilling and milling mechanism through an axial adjusting mechanism and a longitudinal feeding mechanism, the drilling and milling mechanism can spirally move around the long section bar along the circumferential direction under the driving of the sliding mechanism to finish the adjustment work of the drilling and milling angle of the drilling and milling mechanism on the long section bar, the drilling and milling mechanism can move along the direction parallel to the axis of a first sliding rail (the straight wire of the first sliding rail) under the driving of the axial adjusting mechanism, the position adjusting work of the drilling and milling mechanism in the axis direction of the long section bar is finished along the movement of the first sliding rail in cooperation with the sliding mechanism, and the drilling and milling mechanism can move along the direction perpendicular to the axis of the first sliding rail under the driving of the longitudinal feeding mechanism, so as to be close to the long section bar in the first sliding rail, and the drilling and milling mechanism comprises a drilling and milling machine, and the drilling and milling head of the drilling and the milling machine always points at the axis of the first sliding rail;
s2, positioning an origin;
because the head end of the long section bar needs to pass through the drilling and milling device when in processing, and the end part of the long section bar cannot be positioned effectively or can not serve as a drilling and milling origin of the drilling and milling mechanism due to unevenness, the control module firstly controls the sliding mechanism and the axial adjusting mechanism to act so as to drive the drilling and milling machine to reach a position close to the discharge end of the drilling and milling device, then controls the longitudinal feeding mechanism to act, drills the origin on the long section bar, and completes the initial position determination work of the drilling and milling mechanism by taking the origin as a base point;
s3, drilling and milling;
s3.1, the control module controls the sliding mechanism to act according to pre-stored control information, drives the drilling and milling machine to move circumferentially around the long section bar outer ring spiral, and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism to act, drives the drilling and milling machine to move along the direction parallel to the axis of the first sliding rail, and completes the adjustment work of the drilling and milling position and the drilling and milling angle;
s3.2, the control module controls the longitudinal feeding mechanism to act according to pre-stored control information, and drives the drilling and milling machine to move along the direction perpendicular to the axis of the first sliding rail so as to finish drilling and milling work;
s3.3, if the position of the long section bar to be drilled and milled is one, performing a step S3.4; if the positions of the long section bar to be drilled and milled are multiple, repeating the steps S3.2-S3.3 for multiple times until all drilling and milling are completed, and then carrying out the step S3.4;
s3.4, the control module controls the sliding mechanism and the axial adjusting mechanism to act until the drilling and milling machine reaches the original point position, and the reset work of the drilling and milling mechanism is completed;
s4, reprocessing;
s4.1, a control module controls the feeding device to act, drives the long section bar to continue to transport, and moves out of the drilling and milling device until the part of the long section bar, on which drilling and milling are completed, reaches the discharging device, wherein the continuous transport distance of the long section bar is related to the drilling and milling processing range of the long section bar in the step S3;
s4.2, repeating the step S3;
s5, integral drilling and milling processing;
and (4) repeating the step (S4) until the whole long section is drilled and milled.
According to the machining method, the long section is fixed in a sectional mode relative to the drilling and milling device, the whole multi-angle drilling and milling machining work of the long section is finished in a sectional mode through the drilling and milling device, the multi-angle drilling and milling machining of the circumference of the long section can be finished only through one-time clamping, the machining mode is simpler, in the drilling and milling machining process of the long section, the angle of the long section is not required to be adjusted for multiple times, and the drilling and milling machining efficiency is improved.
According to the long section bar drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system, in the step S1, two groups of the axial adjusting mechanism, the longitudinal feeding mechanism and the drilling and milling mechanism are oppositely arranged, the axes of the drilling and milling heads of the two groups of the drilling and milling mechanisms are always parallel, and through the design of the opposite heads, when the drilling and milling positions of the long section bar are opposite, drilling and milling processing operation can be completed more quickly, meanwhile, the adjusting range requirement of the axial adjusting mechanism is reduced, and multi-angle drilling and milling processing operation can be completed more easily.
Further, in the step S2, the specific method is as follows:
s2.1, the control module controls the sliding mechanism and the axial adjusting mechanism to act until the drilling and milling machine reaches a position close to the discharge end of the drilling and milling device, and the axis of the drilling and milling head is vertical;
s2.2, the longitudinal feeding mechanism acts to drill two opposite first origins on the long section bar;
s2.3, the control module controls the sliding mechanism to act to the axis level of the drilling and milling head, and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism to act to the end part of the drilling and milling head to move to the vertical surface where the first origin is located;
s2.4, the longitudinal feeding mechanism acts, two opposite second origins are drilled on the long section bar, and the initial working base point of the driving mechanism is positioned in a mode of combining the first origins and the second origins, so that the drilling and milling machining precision of the drilling and milling device is effectively improved.
In the above-mentioned long section bar drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system, in the step S1, the drilling and milling device further includes a clamping and positioning mechanism located at the outer sides of two ends of the drilling and milling device, and after the step S1.2, the method further includes:
s1.3, two clamping and positioning mechanisms are manually adjusted, so that the long section bar is positioned at the part between the two clamping and positioning mechanisms, the central line along the length direction of the long section bar is collinear with the axis of the first slide rail, the long section bar is positioned at the part in the first slide rail, the central line along the length direction of the long section bar can be collinear with the axis of the first slide rail, the drilling and milling device is ensured to be positioned more accurately and conveniently, and the processing is more convenient.
Further, the clamping and positioning mechanism comprises a multi-jaw chuck, and the clamping end of the multi-jaw chuck is provided with rollers with axes perpendicular to the axes of the first sliding rail, so that the continuous movement of the long section bar can not be influenced while the long section bar is clamped by the clamping and positioning mechanism.
Further, the conveying height of the feeding device and the discharging device is adjustable, and the height adjusting work of the feeding device and the discharging device is further included before the step S1, so that the clamping and positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging device are prevented from generating positioning difference, and the fixing work of the long section bar is influenced.
As one implementation mode of the invention, the feeding device and the discharging device both comprise a first bracket and a material conveying mechanism arranged on the first bracket, the material conveying mechanism is in communication connection with the control module and can be controlled to run by the control module, and the long section bar can be integrally placed on the material conveying mechanism and pushed to move by the material conveying mechanism.
According to the long section bar drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system, the sliding mechanism comprises the first sliding block which is in sliding connection with the first sliding rail, and the driving module which is in transmission connection with the first sliding block, wherein the driving module comprises the driving rings which are rotatably arranged at two ends of the first sliding rail, two conducting rods which are not collinear with the axis of the first sliding rail are connected between the two driving rings, the outer side of one driving ring is provided with the positive conducting ring and the negative conducting ring with different diameters, the end parts of the two conducting rods are respectively in sliding contact with the positive conducting ring and the negative conducting ring, the inner side of the first sliding block is provided with the electricity taking seat, the electricity taking seat is provided with two electricity taking openings, the electricity taking openings are internally provided with electricity taking contacts, the conducting rods penetrate through the electricity taking openings and are in contact with the electricity taking contacts, the electricity taking seat is also provided with a power distribution part which is electrically connected with the electricity taking contacts, the axial adjusting mechanism, the longitudinal feeding mechanism and the milling mechanism are electrically connected with the power distribution part, the power transmission of the drilling and milling device is simpler, and the electric transmission of the electric device is simultaneously carried in a process of driving the first sliding block to move, the first sliding block can be conveyed to a first position without needing to be provided with an electric wire, and the integrated device is increased.
In the long section drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system, in the step S4.1, the long section does not axially rotate when the long section continues to run, so that the first origin and the second origin are ensured to be effective all the time.
Further, in order to avoid interfering with the axial adjusting mechanism, the longitudinal feeding mechanism and the drilling and milling mechanism, the sliding mechanism drives the control module to move along the first slideway, and the control mode of the control module is a wireless communication mode, so that the control of the axial adjusting mechanism, the longitudinal feeding mechanism and the drilling and milling mechanism can be more convenient.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention relates to a long section bar drilling and milling processing method of a drilling and milling system, which comprises S1 material arrangement, S2 positioning origin, S3 drilling and milling processing, S4 re-processing and S5 overall drilling and milling processing, wherein in the processing process of the long section bar, the long section bar is positioned in a multi-section mode relative to a drilling and milling device and is automatically fed through a feeding device, the adjustment work of the circumferential arbitrary drilling and milling position and the arbitrary drilling and milling angle of the long section bar is completed through the movement of a sliding mechanism and an axial adjusting mechanism, the drilling and milling processing work of the arbitrary drilling and milling depth is completed through a longitudinal feeding mechanism, the whole circumferential and multi-angle drilling and milling processing of the long section bar can be completed only through one clamping of the long section bar, the processing mode is simpler, and meanwhile, the angle of the long section bar does not need to be adjusted for a plurality of times in the drilling and milling processing efficiency is improved.
Drawings
The aspects and advantages of the present application will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments. The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating the preferred embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a drilling and milling system according to an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a drilling and milling mode of a drilling and milling system according to an embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a drilling and milling device (hidden clamping and positioning mechanism) according to an embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a driving mode of the driving module according to the embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a side view of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a conductive connection of a driving module according to an embodiment;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the axial adjustment mechanism, the longitudinal feed mechanism, and the drilling and milling mechanism in the embodiment;
the components represented by the reference numerals in the figures are:
1. a feeding device; 11. a first bracket; 111. a chassis; 112. a lifting frame; 12. a material conveying mechanism; 121. a feed roller; 2. drilling and milling device; 21. a second bracket; 211. a frame body; 212. a fixing ring; 22. a first slideway; 23. a sliding mechanism; 231. a first slider; 2311. a power taking seat; 232. a driving module; 2321. a drive ring; 2322. a first motor; 2323. a conductive rod; 2324. a positive electrode conductive ring; 2325. a negative electrode conductive ring; 24. an axial adjustment mechanism; 241. a second slideway; 242. a second motor; 243. a second slider; 25. a longitudinal feeding mechanism; 251. a third slideway; 252. a third motor; 26. drilling and milling mechanism; 261. a connecting frame; 2611. a connecting rod; 2612. a supporting plate; 262. drilling and milling machine; 2621. a fourth motor; 2622. a transmission part; 2623. a drilling and milling head; 27. a clamping and positioning mechanism; 3. and a discharging device.
Detailed Description
Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Examples
The embodiment provides a long section bar drilling and milling processing method of a drilling and milling system, which comprises S1 material arrangement, S2 origin positioning, S3 drilling and milling processing, S4 reprocessing and S5 overall drilling and milling processing.
In order to enable a person skilled in the art to understand the processing method of the present invention more clearly, the present embodiment firstly provides a drilling and milling system, and referring to fig. 1 and 2, the drilling and milling system includes a control module, and a feeding device 1, a drilling and milling device 2 and a discharging device 3 sequentially disposed, where the control module may be a PLC controller, and may store control information, and control operations of the feeding device 1, the drilling and milling device 2 and the discharging device 3 through the control information, the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 3 are used for transporting long sections, and the drilling and milling device 2 is used for multi-angle drilling and milling processing of the long sections in a circumferential direction, and structures of the feeding device 1, the drilling and milling device 2 and the discharging device 3 are described below.
In this embodiment, the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 3 each include a first bracket 11 and a feeding mechanism 12 disposed at an upper end thereof, where the feeding mechanism 12 is connected with the control module in a communication manner and can be controlled to run by the control module, and long sections can be integrally placed on the feeding mechanism 12 and pushed to move by the feeding mechanism 12.
As a preferred embodiment, the transport heights of the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 3 are adjustable, specifically, the first bracket 11 includes a bottom frame 111 and a lifting frame 112 with a liftable upper end thereof, the feeding mechanism 12 includes a plurality of horizontally parallel feeding rollers 121, which are driven by a feeding motor to run, so as to complete the transportation of the long section bar, and the middle lines of the transportation directions of the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 3 are located in the same vertical plane, so that the transport heights of the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 3 can be adjusted according to the specifications (such as diameters) of the long section bar, and further, the long section bar can be better matched with the drilling and milling device 2.
In this embodiment, referring to fig. 3, the drilling and milling device 2 includes a second support 21, the second support 21 includes a frame 211 and two fixing rings 212 vertically disposed at two ends of the frame, axes of the two fixing rings 212 are horizontal and collinear, and are located in the same vertical plane with a middle line of a conveying direction of the feeding device 1, a spiral first slideway 22 is disposed between the two fixing rings 212, an axis of the first slideway 22 (a straight wire of the spiral first slideway) is collinear with an axis of the two fixing rings 212, two ends of the first slideway 22 are respectively connected with the two fixing rings 212, and an outer diameter of the spiral is not less than an outer diameter of the fixing rings 212, and a long section can penetrate into the first slideway 22 from a middle part of the fixing ring 212 close to one end of the feeding device 1 and is penetrated out by the fixing ring 212 at the other end.
Further, referring to fig. 4, the first slideway 22 is further provided with a sliding mechanism 23, the sliding mechanism 23 is connected with a drilling and milling mechanism 26 through an axial adjusting mechanism 24 and a longitudinal feeding mechanism 25, the drilling and milling mechanism 26 can slide along the first slideway 22 under the driving of the sliding mechanism 23 and further spirally move around the circumference of the long section bar to complete the adjustment work of the drilling and milling angle of the drilling and milling mechanism 26 on the long section bar, the drilling and milling mechanism 26 can move along the direction parallel to the axis of the first slide rail under the driving of the axial adjusting mechanism 24, the position adjustment work of the drilling and milling mechanism 26 along the axis of the long section bar is completed in cooperation with the movement of the sliding mechanism 23 along the first slide rail, and the drilling and milling work of the long section bar can be completed under the driving of the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 along the direction perpendicular to the axis of the first slide rail and further close to the long section bar inside the first slide rail.
As a preferred embodiment, in conjunction with fig. 5, the two sets of axial adjustment mechanisms 24, the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 and the milling mechanism 26 are oppositely disposed, and the axes of the milling heads 2623 of the two sets of milling mechanisms 26 are always parallel, so that when the positions of the long sections are opposite, the milling operation can be completed more quickly by designing the heads, and meanwhile, the requirement of the adjustment range of the axial adjustment mechanisms 24 is reduced, that is, the requirement of the area swept by the two axial adjustment mechanisms 24 is reduced, so that the multi-angle milling operation can be completed more easily.
Specifically, the sliding mechanism 23 includes a first slider 231 slidably disposed inside the first slide rail, and a driving module 232 for driving the first slider 231 to slide along the first slide rail.
Further, the first sliding block 231 is in a spiral strip structure matched with the inner side of the first sliding rail, the number of spiral turns is 0.5, two groups of the axial adjusting mechanism 24, the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 and the drilling and milling mechanism 26 are oppositely arranged at two ends of the first sliding block 231, and the driving module 232 is in transmission connection with the first sliding block 231.
Further, in combination with fig. 6, the driving module 232 includes a driving ring 2321 that rotates and sets up at the inner race of two fixed rings 212, two fixed rings 212 outsides still are equipped with first motor 2322, first motor 2322 is connected and can drive driving ring 2321 and rotate with the driving ring 2321 transmission, be connected with two conducting rods 2323 that do not collineation with first slide 22 axis between two driving rings 2321, one of them driving ring 2321 outside is equipped with the positive pole conducting ring 2324 and the negative pole conducting ring 2325 that the diameter is different, two conducting rod 2323's tip respectively with positive pole conducting ring 2324, negative pole conducting ring 2325 sliding contact, first slider 231 inboard is equipped with gets electric seat 2311, be equipped with two and get the electric mouthful on getting electric seat 2311, two get electric mouthful inside be equipped with get electric contact, be equipped with conducting rod 2323 pass get electric mouthful and with get electric contact, get still be equipped with on the electric seat 2311 with get electric contact electricity and be connected's distribution part, axial adjustment mechanism 24, vertical mechanism 25 and electric wire milling device who is connected with electric wire saw 2 in the electric wire milling device, and electric wire milling device has no need to change in the integrated position in another slider 231, and can more easily move the electric wire device.
Specifically, referring to fig. 7, the structure of the axial adjustment mechanism 24 includes a second bar-shaped slide 241 with one end connected to the end of the first slide 231, the second bar-shaped slide 241 is arranged in a direction parallel to the axis of the first slide 22, one end of the second bar-shaped slide 241 is provided with a second motor 242, the first slide 22 is slidably provided with a second slide 243, the second slide 243 is in driving connection with the second motor 242 and can be driven to move by the second motor 242, and in order to ensure the processing range, one ends of the two first slides 22 are connected to the first slide 231, and the other ends are opposite to each other.
The longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 specifically includes a strip-shaped third slide 251 with one end connected to the second slide 243, the other end of the third slide 251 points to the outside of the first slide 22, the arrangement direction is perpendicular to the axis of the first slide 22, the outer end of the third slide 251 is provided with a third motor 252, and the third slide 251 is slidingly provided with a third slide, and the third slide is in transmission connection with the third motor 252 and can be driven to move by the third motor 252.
Specifically, the structure of the drilling and milling mechanism 26 includes a connecting frame 261 connected with a third slide block, the drilling and milling machine 262 is arranged on the connecting frame 261, the connecting frame 261 includes a connecting rod 2611 with one end connected with the third slide block, the other end of the connecting rod 2611 points to the inner side of the first slide 22 and is provided with a supporting plate 2612, the centerline of the connecting rod 2611 is perpendicular to the axis of the first slide 22, and the supporting plate 2612 is perpendicular to the connecting rod 2611; the drilling and milling machine 262 comprises a drilling and milling machine 262 arranged on one side of the supporting plate 2612 far away from the axis of the first slideway 22, the drilling and milling head 2623 is connected to the other side of the supporting plate 2612 through a transmission part 2622, the drilling and milling machine 262 is in transmission connection with the drilling and milling head 2623 through the transmission part 2622, and in order to ensure that the drilling and milling work can be smoothly carried out, the drilling and milling head 2623 of the drilling and milling machine 262 always points to the axis of the first slideway.
As a preferred embodiment, the drilling and milling device 2 further includes a clamping and positioning mechanism 27 located at the outer sides of two ends of the clamping and positioning mechanism 27, the clamping and positioning mechanism 27 includes a multi-jaw chuck, and the long section bar can be ensured to be collinear with the axis of the first slideway 22 along the central line of the length direction under the clamping action, so that the positioning and drilling and milling processing are more convenient, and the clamping ends of the multi-jaw chuck clamping jaws are provided with rollers with axes perpendicular to the axis of the first slideway, so that the continuous movement of the long section bar is not affected while the clamping and positioning mechanism 27 clamps the long section bar.
In this embodiment, the drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system specifically includes the following steps:
pre-adjusting the heights of the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 3 according to the specification of the long section bar, so as to prevent the clamping and positioning mechanism 27 from generating positioning difference with the feeding and discharging device 3 and affecting the fixation of the long section bar;
s1, material arranging
S1.1, manually placing a long section bar on a material conveying mechanism 12 of a feeding device 1, wherein the initial end of the long section bar is arranged close to a drilling and milling device 2;
s1.2, a control module controls the feeding device 1 to act, and drives the long section bar to move inwards to penetrate into the first slideway 22 by the clamping and positioning mechanism 27 and the fixed ring 212 at the feeding end of the drilling and milling device 2 until the starting end of the long section bar penetrates out of the fixed ring 212 and the positioning mechanism at the discharging end of the drilling and milling device 2;
s1.3, manually adjusting the two clamping and positioning mechanisms 27 to enable the long section bar to be positioned between the two clamping and positioning mechanisms 27, namely, positioned in the first slide rail 22, wherein the central line along the length direction of the long section bar can be collinear with the axis of the first slide rail, so that the drilling and milling device 2 can be positioned more accurately and conveniently, and the processing can be more convenient;
s2, positioning origin
Because the head end of the long section bar needs to pass through the drilling and milling device 2 during processing, and the end part of the long section bar cannot be positioned effectively or can not serve as the drilling and milling origin of the drilling and milling mechanism 26 due to unevenness, the control module firstly controls the sliding mechanism 23 and the axial adjusting mechanism 24 to act so as to drive the drilling and milling machine 262 to reach a position close to the discharge end of the drilling and milling device 2, then controls the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 to act so as to drill the origin on the long section bar, and takes the origin as a base point to finish the initial position determination work of the drilling and milling mechanism 26, and the specific mode is as follows:
s2.1, the control module controls the sliding mechanism 23 and the axial adjusting mechanism 24 to act until the drilling and milling machine 262 reaches a position close to the discharge end of the drilling and milling device 2, and the axis of the drilling and milling head 2623 is vertical;
s2.2, the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 acts to drill two opposite first origins on the long profile;
s2.3, the control module controls the sliding mechanism 23 to act to the axis horizontal of the drilling and milling head 2623, and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism 24 to act to move to the vertical surface where the end part of the drilling and milling head 2623 is located at the first origin;
specifically, the control module controls the sliding mechanism 23 to act, the first slider 231 rotates helically for 1/4 of a turn, that is, the drilling and milling head 2623 moves 1/4 of the pitch of the first slideway 231 in the direction of the middle line of the long section bar, the axis of the drilling and milling head 2623 is horizontal, and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism 24 to act, so that the second slider 243 drives the drilling and milling mechanism 26 to move reversely until the end of the drilling and milling head 2623 moves to a vertical surface where the first origin is located;
s2.4, the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 acts, two opposite second origins are drilled on the long section bar, and an initial working base point of the driving mechanism is positioned in a mode of combining the first origins and the second origins, so that the drilling and milling machining precision of the drilling and milling device 2 is effectively improved;
s3, drilling and milling
S3.1, control information (quantity information of positions to be drilled and milled, drilling and milling position information, drilling and milling angle information and drilling and milling depth information) prestored in a control module controls the sliding mechanism 23 to act, drives the drilling and milling machine 262 to move circumferentially around the long section bar outer ring spiral, and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism 24 to act, drives the drilling and milling machine 262 to move along a direction parallel to the axis of the first sliding rail, and completes adjustment work of drilling and milling positions and drilling and milling angles;
s3.2, the control module controls the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 to act according to pre-stored control information, and drives the drilling and milling machine 262 to move along the direction perpendicular to the axis of the first sliding rail so as to finish drilling and milling work;
s3.3, if the position of the long section bar to be drilled and milled is one, performing a step S3.4; if the positions of the long section bar to be drilled and milled are multiple, repeating the steps S3.2-S3.3 for multiple times until all drilling and milling are completed, and then carrying out the step S3.4;
s3.4, the control module controls the sliding mechanism 23 and the axial adjusting mechanism 24 to act until the drilling and milling machine 262 reaches the original point position, and the reset work of the drilling and milling mechanism 26 is completed;
s4, reprocessing;
s4.1, a control module controls the feeding device 1 to act, drives the long section bar to continue to transport until the part of the long section bar, which is drilled and milled, moves out of the drilling and milling device 2 and arrives at the discharging device 3, wherein the continuous transport distance of the long section bar is related to the drilling and milling processing range of the long section bar in the step S3, so that the long section bar can integrally complete drilling and milling processing work, and the long section bar is ensured not to axially rotate when continuously running, and the first origin point and the second origin point are ensured to be always effective;
s4.2, repeating the step S3;
s5, integral drilling and milling processing;
and (4) repeating the step (S4) until the whole long section is drilled and milled.
In the machining method, the long section is fixed in a sectional mode relative to the drilling and milling device 2, the whole multi-angle drilling and milling machining work of the long section is finished in a sectional mode through the drilling and milling device 2, the multi-angle drilling and milling machining of the circumference of the long section can be finished only by one clamping, the machining mode is simpler, in the drilling and milling machining process of the long section, the angle of the long section is not required to be adjusted for multiple times, and the drilling and milling machining efficiency is improved.
Meanwhile, in order to avoid interference with the axial adjusting mechanism 24, the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 and the drilling and milling mechanism 26, the sliding mechanism 23 drives the control module to move along the first slideway 22, and the control module may be in a wireless communication mode, for example, bluetooth communication or infrared remote control communication, so that the control of the axial adjusting mechanism 24, the longitudinal feeding mechanism 25 and the drilling and milling mechanism 26 may be more convenient.

Claims (10)

1. The long section bar drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system comprises a control module, and a feeding device (1), a drilling and milling device (2) and a discharging device (3) which are sequentially arranged, and is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, material arrangement;
s1.1, manually placing a long section bar on a feeding device (1), wherein the initial end of the long section bar is arranged close to a drilling and milling device (2);
s1.2, a control module controls the feeding device (1) to act and drives the long section bar to move inwards from the feeding end of the drilling and milling device (2) until the starting end of the long section bar passes through the discharging end of the drilling and milling device (2);
the drilling and milling device (2) comprises a first slideway (22) which is spirally arranged, a long section bar passes through the first slideway (22), a sliding mechanism (23) is arranged on the first slideway (22), the sliding mechanism (23) is connected with a drilling and milling mechanism (26) through an axial adjusting mechanism (24) and a longitudinal feeding mechanism (25), the drilling and milling mechanism (26) can move along a direction parallel to the axis of the first slideway under the driving of the axial adjusting mechanism (24) and can move along a direction perpendicular to the axis of the first slideway under the driving of the longitudinal feeding mechanism (25), the drilling and milling mechanism (26) comprises a drilling and milling machine (262), and a drilling and milling head (2623) of the drilling and milling machine (262) always points to the axis of the first slideway;
s2, positioning an origin;
the control module firstly controls the sliding mechanism (23) and the axial adjusting mechanism (24) to act so as to drive the drilling and milling machine (262) to reach a position close to the discharge end of the drilling and milling device (2), and then controls the longitudinal feeding mechanism (25) to act so as to drill an origin on the long section bar;
s3, drilling and milling;
s3.1, a control module controls the sliding mechanism (23) to act so as to drive the drilling and milling machine (262) to move circumferentially around the outer ring spiral of the long section bar, and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism (24) to act so as to drive the drilling and milling machine (262) to move along the direction parallel to the axis of the first sliding rail, and thus the adjustment work of the drilling and milling position and the drilling and milling angle is completed;
s3.2, the control module controls the longitudinal feeding mechanism (25) to act so as to drive the drilling and milling machine (262) to move along the direction perpendicular to the axis of the first sliding rail, and drilling and milling work is completed;
s3.3, if the position of the long section bar to be drilled and milled is one, performing a step S3.4; if the positions of the long section bar to be drilled and milled are multiple, repeating the steps S3.1-S3.2 for multiple times until all drilling and milling are completed, and then carrying out the step S3.4;
s3.4, the control module controls the sliding mechanism (23) and the axial adjusting mechanism (24) to act until the drilling and milling machine (262) reaches the original point position;
s4, reprocessing;
s4.1, a control module controls the feeding device (1) to act and drive the long section to continue to transport until the part of the long section subjected to drilling and milling is moved out of the drilling and milling device (2) and reaches the discharging device (3);
s4.2, repeating the step S3;
s5, integral drilling and milling processing;
and (4) repeating the step (S4) until the whole long section is drilled and milled.
2. A method for drilling and milling long sections of a drilling and milling system according to claim 1, characterized in that in step S1, two sets of axial adjusting mechanism (24), longitudinal feeding mechanism (25) and drilling and milling mechanism (26) are oppositely arranged, and the axes of the drilling and milling heads (2623) of the two sets of drilling and milling mechanisms (26) are always parallel.
3. The method for drilling and milling long sections of the drilling and milling system according to claim 2, wherein in the step S2, the specific method is as follows:
s2.1, a control module controls the sliding mechanism (23) and the axial adjusting mechanism (24) to act until the drilling and milling machine (262) reaches a position close to the discharge end of the drilling and milling device (2), and the axis of the drilling and milling head (2623) is vertical;
s2.2, a longitudinal feeding mechanism (25) acts to drill two opposite first origins on the long section bar;
s2.3, the control module controls the sliding mechanism (23) to act to the axis horizontal of the drilling and milling head (2623), and simultaneously controls the axial adjusting mechanism (24) to act to move to the vertical surface where the first origin is located at the end part of the drilling and milling head (2623);
s2.4, the longitudinal feeding mechanism (25) acts to drill two opposite second origins on the long section bar.
4. A method of drilling and milling long sections in a drilling and milling system according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that in step S1 the drilling and milling device (2) further comprises clamping and positioning means (27) at the outer sides of both ends thereof, and after step S1.2 it further comprises:
s1.3, manually adjusting the two clamping and positioning mechanisms (27) to enable the part of the long section bar positioned between the two clamping and positioning mechanisms (27) to be collinear with the axis of the first sliding rail along the central line of the length direction of the long section bar.
5. A method of drilling and milling long sections in a drilling and milling system according to claim 4, characterized in that the clamping and positioning mechanism (27) comprises a multi-jaw chuck, the clamping end of which is provided with rollers having axes perpendicular to the axis of the first slide rail.
6. A method of milling long sections of a milling system according to any of claims 1-3, characterized in that the transport height of the feeding device (1) and the discharge device (3) is adjustable, and that the step S1 is preceded by a height adjustment of the feeding device (1) and the discharge device (3).
7. The long section bar drilling and milling processing method of the drilling and milling system according to claim 6, wherein the feeding device (1) and the discharging device (3) comprise a first bracket (11) and a material conveying mechanism (12) arranged on the first bracket, the material conveying mechanism (12) is in communication connection with the control module and can be controlled to run by the control module, and the long section bar can be integrally placed on the material conveying mechanism (12) and pushed to move by the material conveying mechanism (12).
8. A method of milling long profiles in a milling system according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the sliding mechanism (23) comprises a first slide (231) in sliding connection with the first slide (22), and a drive module (232) in driving connection with the first slide (231);
the driving module (232) comprises driving rings (2321) rotatably arranged at two ends of the first slideway (22), two conductive rods (2323) which are not collinear with the axis of the first slideway (22) are connected between the two driving rings (2321), positive conductive rings (2324) and negative conductive rings (2325) with different diameters are arranged on the outer side of one driving ring (2321), and the ends of the two conductive rods (2323) are respectively in sliding contact with the positive conductive rings (2324) and the negative conductive rings (2325);
the inner side of the first sliding block (231) is provided with a power taking seat (2311), the power taking seat (2311) is provided with two power taking ports, power taking contacts are arranged in the two power taking ports, and the conducting rod (2323) penetrates through the power taking ports and is in contact with the power taking contacts;
and the electricity taking seat (2311) is also provided with a power distribution part electrically connected with the electricity taking contact, and the axial adjusting mechanism (24), the longitudinal feeding mechanism (25) and the drilling and milling mechanism (26) are electrically connected with the power distribution part.
9. A method of milling long profiles in a milling system according to any of the claims 1-3, characterized in that in step S4.1 no axial rotation of the long profile takes place during continued operation.
10. A method of drilling and milling long sections in a drilling and milling system according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the control means of the control module is a wireless communication means.
CN202310471942.7A 2023-04-27 2023-04-27 Drilling and milling processing method for long section bar of drilling and milling system Active CN116441931B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3107396A1 (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-10-21 Bernhard 6259 Brechen Eisenbach Drilling and milling machine for machining window-frame sectional bars
CN103111673A (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-05-22 深圳万讯自控股份有限公司 Axial double-helix-surface semi-automatic milling machine
CN103170665A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-06-26 湖北唯思凌科装备制造有限公司 Numerical control type screw rod milling machine
CN103831463A (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-06-04 无锡威孚马山油泵油嘴有限公司 Tool structure for machining plunger helical groove
CN111687647A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-09-22 河南欣柯奕舟重工科技有限公司 Automatic aluminum profile machining equipment

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3107396A1 (en) * 1981-02-27 1982-10-21 Bernhard 6259 Brechen Eisenbach Drilling and milling machine for machining window-frame sectional bars
CN103111673A (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-05-22 深圳万讯自控股份有限公司 Axial double-helix-surface semi-automatic milling machine
CN103170665A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-06-26 湖北唯思凌科装备制造有限公司 Numerical control type screw rod milling machine
CN103831463A (en) * 2014-03-12 2014-06-04 无锡威孚马山油泵油嘴有限公司 Tool structure for machining plunger helical groove
CN111687647A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-09-22 河南欣柯奕舟重工科技有限公司 Automatic aluminum profile machining equipment

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