CN116441151B - Adsorbent granulator and granulating method - Google Patents

Adsorbent granulator and granulating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116441151B
CN116441151B CN202310509152.3A CN202310509152A CN116441151B CN 116441151 B CN116441151 B CN 116441151B CN 202310509152 A CN202310509152 A CN 202310509152A CN 116441151 B CN116441151 B CN 116441151B
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filter
adsorbent
machine
filter plate
adsorbent particles
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CN116441151A (en
Inventor
洪晓婷
洪晓清
洪晓明
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Wuxi Sanxiao New Material Co ltd
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Wuxi Sanxiao New Material Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/20Stationary drums with moving interior agitators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/52Cleaning with brushes or scrapers
    • B07B1/526Cleaning with brushes or scrapers with scrapers
    • B07B1/528Cleaning with brushes or scrapers with scrapers the scrapers being rotating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/54Cleaning with beating devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of granulators, in particular to an adsorbent granulator and a granulating method, comprising a machine body; a hopper is fixedly connected to the top end of the machine body; one side of the outer part of the machine body is fixedly connected with a machine filter cylinder; the output end of the servo motor drives the first filter plate and the second filter plate to rotate, the newly manufactured adsorbent particles are screened, the function of screening defective products and finished products in a classifying mode is achieved, screening equipment is additionally used for screening, the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved, the finished product box and the defective product box are respectively arranged in the machine support, after the first filter screen and the second filter screen are filtered, the adsorbent particles are classified and fall into the finished product box and the defective product box, the function of storing the adsorbent particles in a classifying mode is achieved, when the first filter plate and the second filter plate rotate by utilizing a plurality of groups of metal blocks, the knocking blocks continuously collide and vibrate in the metal blocks, and the adsorbent particles attached to the surfaces of the first filter plate and the second filter plate are reduced.

Description

Adsorbent granulator and granulating method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of granulators, and particularly relates to an adsorbent granulator and a granulating method.
Background
The adsorbent is capable of allowing an active ingredient to adhere to the surface of particles thereof and is effective for adsorbing solid matters of some ingredients from a gas or a liquid, and the adsorbent granulator is a forming apparatus capable of producing adsorbent raw materials into a specific particle shape.
When the adsorbent granulator is used for producing adsorbent particles, the adsorbent raw material is generally put in a feed inlet, and the formed adsorbent is cut into particles along with extrusion molding of a granulator forming die, so that the adsorbent particles are finally produced.
When the adsorbent granulator is used for granulation, because the current adsorbent granulator is used for ensuring that produced adsorbent particles meet the standard, screening equipment is additionally used for screening the adsorbent particles, small particles and broken particles are screened out, the operation steps are complicated, and therefore the granulation efficiency of the adsorbent particles is low.
To this end, the invention provides an adsorbent granulator and a granulation method.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, at least one technical problem presented in the background art is solved.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to an adsorbent granulator, which is characterized in that: comprises a machine body; a hopper is fixedly connected to the top end of the machine body; one side of the outer part of the machine body is fixedly connected with a machine filter cylinder; a servo motor is fixedly connected to the outside of one side of the machine filter cylinder, which is far away from the machine body; the output end of the servo motor is fixedly connected with a rotating rod; the outside of the rotating rod is fixedly connected with a first filter plate and a second filter plate respectively; the bottom of the machine filter cylinder is provided with a material receiving assembly, and the material receiving assembly is used for collecting materials; the screening effect on the adsorbent particles just granulated is achieved, the screening device is replaced by additionally using the screening device for screening, and the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved.
Preferably, the material receiving component comprises a machine bracket, a first filter screen, a second filter screen, a finished product box and a defective product box; the machine support is fixedly connected to the bottom of the machine filter cylinder; the first filter screen is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder, and is positioned below the first filter plate; the second filter screen is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder, and the second filter screen is positioned below the second filter plate; the finished product box is connected to the inner wall of the machine bracket in a sliding way, and is positioned at the bottom of the first filter screen; the inferior product box is connected to the inner wall of the machine bracket in a sliding way, and is positioned at the bottom of the second filter screen; the condition of the mixed material of the adsorbent particles is reduced, and the effect of screening, classifying and storing the inferior products and the finished products of the adsorbent particles is achieved.
Preferably, the inner walls of the first filter plate and the second filter plate are fixedly connected with metal blocks, and a plurality of groups of metal blocks are arranged; knocking blocks are arranged in the plurality of groups of metal blocks; the knocking block continuously shakes the inner wall of the metal block due to the influence of gravity, so that the effect of shaking off part of adsorbent particles attached to the inner walls of the first filter plate and the second filter plate is achieved.
Preferably, the outer walls of the first filter plate and the second filter plate are fixedly connected with scrapers; the scraper is attached to the inner walls of the filter cylinder of the machine, the first filter screen and the second filter screen; reduce the attachment of the adsorbent of the inner wall of the filter cylinder of the machine, and the scraper scrapes and sweeps the inner walls of the first filter screen and the second filter screen, thereby improving the filtering effect of the first filter screen and the second filter screen on adsorbent particles.
Preferably, the rotating rod is fixedly connected with fan blades close to the outer part of the servo motor, and a plurality of groups of fan blades are arranged; an air cavity is formed in the machine filter cylinder; the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder, which is close to the wind cavity, is respectively provided with a wind groove and a wind hole, and the wind grooves and the wind holes are respectively provided with a plurality of groups; the heated adsorbent particles are cooled by air to improve rigidity, so that the adsorbent particles are filtered and screened conveniently, and the air blows onto the adsorbent particles, so that a small amount of impurities attached to the surfaces of the adsorbent particles can be reduced.
Preferably, the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder close to the wind cavity is fixedly connected with a guide plate; one side of the guide plate, which is close to the wind groove, is an inclined surface; an air outlet is formed in the guide plate, and a plurality of groups of air outlets are formed in the guide plate; an elastic piece is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the guide plate and is positioned at the air outlet; the elastic piece is fixedly connected with a sliding block at one end far away from the guide plate, and the sliding block is connected to the inner wall of the guide plate in a sliding way; the two sides of the sliding block are symmetrically provided with ventilation cavities; the effect of grading air cooling of the adsorbent particles is achieved.
Preferably, the electric heating wires are fixedly connected to the outer parts of the fan blades; the electric heating wire can be matched with the fan blade to rotate and blow out hot air after being electrified; hot air enters the machine filter cylinder for storage and accumulation, and the produced adsorbent particles are preheated, so that the subsequent recovery and reconstruction are facilitated.
Preferably, the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder, which is close to the first filter plate, is fixedly connected with a metal plate; the metal plate is rotationally connected to the outside of the rotating rod; the metal plate is made of metal; the effect of preheating the adsorbent particles is achieved, and meanwhile when the heating wire stops heating, the fan blades rotate to blow air, the air blows on the metal plate to cool, the transmission of the rotating rod is achieved, and the air cooling effect of the adsorbent particles inside the machine filter cylinder is improved.
Preferably, a method of granulating an adsorbent granulator, the method being suitable for processing by an adsorbent granulator as described above, the method comprising the steps of:
s1, screening an adsorbent raw material in a first process, screening out large-particle impurities attached to the raw material, pouring the adsorbent raw material into granulation equipment for granulation, and screening the manufactured adsorbent particles by using a screening mechanism;
s2, when the adsorbent particles are sieved, the adsorbent particles with different sizes enter the filter cylinder of the machine after being granulated, the output end of the servo motor rotates to drive the first filter plate and the second filter plate on the rotating rod to be simultaneously stirred, a plurality of groups of fan blades rotate and blow to the filter cylinder of the machine, the newly manufactured adsorbent particles are cooled or heated by air, fine or crushed adsorbent particles can be sieved by the second filter plate and fall to the second filter screen, and the second filter plate continuously stirs to enable the second filter screen to filter the fine and crushed adsorbent particles to wait for recovery treatment;
s3, after the fine and crushed adsorbent particles are filtered, part of the adsorbent particles meeting the standard are stirred by a first filter plate, then are filtered on the first filter plate, are finely filtered by the first filter plate, finally fall into the finished product box for storage, and the granulation of the adsorbent particles is completed; when the granulating equipment is used for granulating the adsorbent particles, as the condition that the crushed aggregates or fine materials are easy to appear in the adsorbent particles just granulated, the screening mechanism of the granulating equipment is utilized for screening the adsorbent particles just manufactured, the crushed aggregates and the fine materials are separated from the standard materials and are stored respectively, the screening equipment is replaced for screening additionally, and the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved.
Preferably, the granulating device in the step S1 consists of a granulating mechanism, a screening mechanism and a storage mechanism; the granulating mechanism is used for granulating the raw materials into adsorbent particles; the screening mechanism is used for screening the produced adsorbent particles; the storage mechanism is used for storing the defective products and the finished products in a classified manner; after the granulating mechanism is used for granulating, the screening mechanism is used for finely screening the adsorbent particles, the crushed aggregates and the fine aggregates are separated from the standard aggregates, and finally the storage mechanism is used for classifying and collecting the adsorbent particles, so that the adsorbent particles are granulated.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. according to the adsorbent granulator and the granulating method, the output end of the servo motor is used for driving the first filter plate and the second filter plate to rotate, the newly manufactured adsorbent particles are screened, the effect of screening defective products and finished products in a classifying mode is achieved, screening equipment is replaced, the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved, the finished product box and the defective product box are respectively arranged in a machine support, after the first filter screen and the second filter screen are used for filtering, the adsorbent particles are classified and fall into the finished product box and the defective product box, the effect of classifying and storing the adsorbent particles is achieved, when a plurality of groups of metal blocks are used for rotating the first filter plate and the second filter plate, the knocking blocks continuously collide and shake in the metal blocks, the adsorbent particles attached to the surfaces of the first filter plate and the second filter plate are reduced, and the adsorbent particles attached to the inner walls of the first filter screen and the second filter screen of the machine are reduced by scraping the inner walls of the filter cylinder of the machine by means of a scraper attaching filter plates.
2. According to the adsorbent granulator and the granulating method, the plurality of groups of fan blades are arranged to blow along with the rotation of the rotating rod, wind enters the interior of the filter cylinder of the machine from the wind cavity and the wind groove to play a role in air cooling of adsorbent particles, the guide plate is fixed on the inner wall of the filter cylinder of the machine to guide flow, when the output power of the servo motor is reduced, the fan blades are blown to the first filter screen from the wind groove, when the output power of the servo motor is increased, the wind groove and the wind hole are blown simultaneously to play a role in controlling the air cooling of the adsorbent particles, and the electric heating wire is fixed on the fan blades to perform the role in preheating of raw materials of the adsorbent particles.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structural assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of a machine cartridge of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of two sets of screens according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of two sets of filter plates according to the invention;
FIG. 6 is a partial cross-sectional view of a metal block according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a partial cross-sectional view of a baffle in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a slider structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a machine cartridge according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 10 is a flow chart of a granulation process of the adsorbent granulator of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a machine body; 11. a hopper; 12. a machine cartridge; 13. a servo motor; 14. a rotating rod; 15. a first filter plate; 16. a second filter plate; 2. a machine support; 21. a first filter screen; 22. a second filter screen; 23. a finished product box; 24. a defective bin; 3. a metal block; 31. knocking the block; 4. a scraper; 5. a fan blade; 51. a wind chamber; 52. a wind groove; 53. a wind hole; 6. a deflector; 61. an air outlet; 62. an elastic member; 63. a sliding block; 7. heating wires; 8. a metal plate.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described in connection with the following detailed description in order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement of the purpose and the effect of the invention easy to understand.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, an adsorbent granulator according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a machine body 1; a hopper 11 is fixedly connected to the top end of the machine body 1; one side of the outside of the machine body 1 is fixedly connected with a machine filter cylinder 12; a servo motor 13 is fixedly connected to the outside of one side of the machine filter cylinder 12, which is far away from the machine body 1; the output end of the servo motor 13 is fixedly connected with a rotating rod 14; the outside of the rotating rod 14 is fixedly connected with a first filter plate 15 and a second filter plate 16 respectively; the bottom of the machine filter cylinder 12 is provided with a material receiving assembly, and the material receiving assembly is used for collecting materials; when the adsorbent granulator is used for granulating, because the current adsorbent granulator is used for ensuring that produced adsorbent particles meet the standard, screening equipment is additionally used for screening the adsorbent particles, small particles and broken particles are screened out, the operation steps are complicated, so that the granulating efficiency of the adsorbent particles is low, therefore, the embodiment of the invention has the specific implementation scheme that when the adsorbent is granulated, the adsorbent raw materials are poured into the hopper 11, the hopper 11 is communicated with the feed inlet of the machine body 1 to put the adsorbent raw materials into the machine body 1, the adsorbent raw materials are extruded and molded in the machine body 1, the molded adsorbent is cut into particles, the adsorbent particles are discharged from the discharge port of the machine body 1 close to the side of the machine filter cylinder 12, the output end of the servo motor 13 rotates, the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 on the rotating rod 14 are driven to rotate simultaneously in the filter cylinder 12 of the machine, the second filter plate 16 is matched with the first filter plate 15 to screen adsorbent particles, the aperture of the second filter plate 16 is smaller than that of the first filter plate 15, the length of the second filter plate 16 is longer than that of the first filter plate 15, the second filter plate 16 utilizes the advantage of the length to filter crushed or fine adsorbent particles, the adsorbent particles meeting the standard after being filtered are discharged to the receiving assembly to be stored as inferior products, then the filtered adsorbent particles are stirred and conveyed to the first filter plate 15, the adsorbent particles are stirred and filtered by the first filter plate 15, and finally the discharged adsorbent particles are stored as finished products to play the role of classifying and screening the adsorbent particles just granulated, the screening of additional screening equipment is replaced, and the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the material receiving assembly comprises a machine bracket 2, a first filter screen 21, a second filter screen 22, a finished product box 23 and a defective product box 24; the machine support 2 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the machine filter cylinder 12; the first filter screen 21 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, and the first filter screen 21 is positioned below the first filter plate 15; the second filter screen 22 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, and the second filter screen 22 is positioned below the second filter plate 16; the finished product box 23 is connected to the inner wall of the machine bracket 2 in a sliding way, and the finished product box 23 is positioned at the bottom of the first filter screen 21; the inferior bin 24 is slidably connected to the inner wall of the machine bracket 2, and the inferior bin 24 is located at the bottom of the second filter screen 22; when the adsorbent particles are stirred and filtered by the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 are respectively fixed on the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 and are respectively positioned below the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the second filter screen 22 secondarily filters the stirred adsorbent particles at the second filter plate 16, crushed or fine particles are discharged into the machine support 2 and fall into a defective bin 24 in the machine support 2, the adsorbent particles meeting the standard are then stirred to the first filter screen 21 by the first filter plate 15, secondarily filtered at the first filter screen 21 and finally discharged into a finished product bin 23 for storage, the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 are arranged in the machine filter cylinder 12, the second filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 are used for realizing secondary filtering of the adsorbent particles, and the discharge opening of the machine filter cylinder 12 is plugged, so that the condition of mixing the adsorbent particles is reduced, and the effects of classifying and storing the defective adsorbent particles and finished products are screened and stored are achieved.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, 5 and 6, the inner walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 are fixedly connected with metal blocks 3, and the metal blocks 3 are provided with a plurality of groups; knocking blocks 31 are arranged in the plurality of groups of metal blocks 3; when the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 stir and filter the adsorbent particles, part of the adsorbent particles are easy to attach or block in the holes of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the plurality of groups of metal blocks 3 are respectively fixed on the inner walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the plurality of groups of metal blocks 3 rotate along with the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, and the knocking block 31 continuously knocks the inner walls of the metal blocks 3 due to the influence of gravity, so that the effect of shaking off part of the adsorbent particles attached to the inner walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 is achieved.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the outer walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 are fixedly connected with a scraper 4; the scraper 4 is attached to the inner walls of the machine filter cylinder 12, the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22; when the adsorbent particles stir in the machine filter cylinder 12, the partially crushed adsorbent particles can be adhered to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, the two groups of scrapers 4 are respectively fixed on the outer walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, when the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 rotate, the scrapers 4 are adhered to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 to scrape off the adsorbent adhered to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, the adhesion of the adsorbent on the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 is reduced, the scrapers 4 scrape the inner walls of the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22, and the filtering effect of the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 on the adsorbent particles is improved.
The rotating rod 14 is fixedly connected with the fan blades 5 near the outer part of the servo motor 13, and a plurality of groups of fan blades 5 are arranged; an air cavity 51 is formed in the machine filter cylinder 12; the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, which is close to the air cavity 51, is respectively provided with an air groove 52 and an air hole 53, and the air groove 52 and the air hole 53 are respectively provided with a plurality of groups; when a large amount of adsorbent particles are extruded from the machine body 1, as the heat rigidity of the adsorbent particles just made is not strong, a plurality of groups of fan blades 5 are fixed outside the rotating rod 14, when the rotating rod 14 rotates, a plurality of groups of fan blades 5 are driven to rotate simultaneously for blowing, the air is blown to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 and is introduced into the air cavity 51 along the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder, and is blown downwards from a plurality of groups of air grooves 52 and air holes 53, and the air cools the adsorbent particles inside the machine filter cylinder 12, so that the heated adsorbent particles are cooled by the air, the rigidity is improved, the filtering and screening of the adsorbent particles are facilitated, and the air is blown to the adsorbent particles, so that a small amount of impurities attached to the surfaces of the adsorbent particles can be reduced.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, 7 and 8, the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, which is close to the wind cavity 51, is fixedly connected with a guide plate 6; the side of the guide plate 6 close to the wind groove 52 is an inclined plane; an air outlet 61 is formed in the guide plate 6, and a plurality of groups of air outlets 61 are formed; an elastic piece 62 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the guide plate 6, and the elastic piece 62 is positioned at the air outlet 61; a sliding block 63 is fixedly connected to one end, far away from the guide plate 6, of the elastic piece 62, and the sliding block 63 is connected to the inner wall of the guide plate 6 in a sliding manner; the two sides of the sliding block 63 are symmetrically provided with ventilation cavities; when the fan blades 5 are blown into the air cavity 51, the air guide plate 6 is fixed on the middle inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, the air guide plate 6 guides the air resistance blown by the rotation of the fan blades 5, the output power of the servo motor 13 is controlled, for example, when the output power of the servo motor 13 is first grade, the sliding block 63 is pulled by the elastic piece 62 to block the air outlet 61, the air is guided into the air groove 52 to be blown into the first filter plate 15, the air cooling is performed on the adsorbent particles at the first filter plate 15, when the output power of the servo motor 13 is second grade, the wind force blown by the rotation of the fan blades 5 is larger, the wind is blown out from the air groove 52, the sliding blocks 63 are blown out to the inner wall of the air guide plate 6, the elastic piece 62 pulls the stress, the air is blown out from the air permeable cavities at two sides of the sliding blocks 63 to the air holes 53 and blown into the second filter plate 16, the adsorbent particles at the second filter plate 16 are precooled, and the effect of grading the adsorbent particles is achieved.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3 and 5, the electric heating wire 7 is fixedly connected to the outer part of the fan blade 5; the electric heating wire 7 can be matched with the fan blade 5 to rotate and blow out hot air after being electrified; when the raw materials exist in the newly produced adsorbent particles, the electric heating wires 7 are fixed on the fan blades 5, the electric heating wires 7 are electrified to generate hot air when the fan blades 5 rotate, the hot air enters the machine filter cylinder 12 for storage and accumulation, and the produced adsorbent particles are preheated, so that the subsequent recovery and reconstruction are facilitated.
Example two
As shown in fig. 9, in comparative example one, another embodiment of the present invention is: the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, which is close to the first filter plate 15, is fixedly connected with a metal plate 8; the metal plate 8 is rotatably connected to the outside of the rotating rod 14; the metal plate 8 is made of metal; when the adsorbent particles are preheated, the metal plate 8 is fixed on the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 and positioned at the outer position of the rotating rod 14, the electric heating wire 7 is electrified to heat and is matched with the fan blade 5 to rotate to blow hot air, the hot air blows to the outer part of the metal plate 8, the metal material of the metal plate 8 absorbs heat energy and conducts the heat energy to the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 on the rotating rod 14, the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 continuously scrape the adsorbent particles, the effect of preheating the adsorbent particles is achieved, meanwhile, when the electric heating wire 7 stops heating, the fan blade 5 rotates to blow air, the air blows on the metal plate 8 to cool, and the heat energy is conducted through the rotating rod 14, so that the air cooling effect of the adsorbent particles inside the machine filter cylinder 12 is improved.
As shown in fig. 10, a method of granulating an adsorbent granulator, which is suitable for processing by an adsorbent granulator as described above, comprises the steps of:
s1, screening an adsorbent raw material in a first process, screening out large-particle impurities attached to the raw material, pouring the adsorbent raw material into granulation equipment for granulation, and screening the manufactured adsorbent particles by using a screening mechanism;
s2, when the adsorbent particles are screened, the adsorbent particles with different sizes enter the filter cylinder 12 of the machine after being granulated, the output end of the servo motor 13 rotates to drive the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 on the rotating rod 14 to stir simultaneously, a plurality of groups of fan blades 5 rotate to blow the adsorbent particles into the filter cylinder 12 of the machine, the air cooling or heating of the newly manufactured adsorbent particles is carried out, the fine or crushed adsorbent particles can be screened by the second filter plate 16 and fall to the second filter screen 22, and the second filter plate 16 is continuously stirred to enable the second filter screen 22 to filter the fine and crushed adsorbent particles to wait for recovery treatment;
s3, after the fine and crushed adsorbent particles are filtered, part of the adsorbent particles meeting the standard are stirred by a first filter plate 15, then are filtered on a first filter screen 21 by the first filter plate 15, are subjected to fine filtration at the first filter screen 21, finally fall into a finished product box 23 for storage, and the granulation of the adsorbent particles is completed; when the granulating equipment is used for granulating the adsorbent particles, as the condition that the crushed aggregates or fine materials are easy to appear in the adsorbent particles just granulated, the screening mechanism of the granulating equipment is utilized for screening the adsorbent particles just manufactured, the crushed aggregates and the fine materials are separated from the standard materials and are stored respectively, the screening equipment is replaced for screening additionally, and the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved.
The granulating equipment in the step S1 consists of a granulating mechanism, a screening mechanism and a storage mechanism; the granulating mechanism is used for granulating the raw materials into adsorbent particles; the screening mechanism is used for screening the produced adsorbent particles; the storage mechanism is used for storing the defective products and the finished products in a classified manner; when the adsorbent particles are granulated, the granulating mechanism, the screening mechanism and the storage mechanism of the granulating equipment work respectively, after the granulating mechanism is used for granulating, the screening mechanism is used for finely screening the adsorbent particles, the crushed aggregates and the fine aggregates are separated from the standard aggregates, and finally the storage mechanism is used for classifying and collecting the adsorbent particles, so that the granulating operation of the adsorbent particles is realized.
During working, when granulating the adsorbent, the adsorbent raw material is poured into the hopper 11, the hopper 11 is communicated with the feed inlet of the machine body 1, the adsorbent raw material is fed into the hopper, along with extrusion molding of the adsorbent raw material in the machine body 1 and blanking of the molded adsorbent into particles, the adsorbent particles are discharged from the discharge port of the machine body 1, which is close to one side of the machine filter cylinder 12, the output end of the servo motor 13 rotates to drive the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 on the rotating rod 14 to simultaneously rotate in the machine filter cylinder 12, the second filter plate 16 is matched with the first filter plate 15 to screen the adsorbent particles, the aperture of the second filter plate 16 is smaller than that of the first filter plate 15, the length of the second filter plate 16 is longer than that of the first filter plate 15, the second filter plate 16 utilizes the advantage of the length to filter crushed or tiny adsorbent particles, and the crushed or tiny adsorbent particles can be discharged to a receiving assembly to be stored as a defective product, the filtered adsorbent particles meeting the standard are stirred and conveyed to the first filter plate 15, the first filter plate 15 stirs and filters the adsorbent particles, and finally the particles are discharged to the receiving assembly to be stored as finished products, so that the effect of classifying and screening the just-granulated adsorbent particles is achieved, the screening device is replaced, the production efficiency of the adsorbent particles is improved, the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 are respectively fixed on the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 and are respectively positioned below the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the second filter screen 22 secondarily filters the adsorbent particles stirred at the second filter plate 16, crushed or fine particles are discharged to the interior of the machine support 2 and fall into the defective bin 24 in the machine support 2, the adsorbent particles meeting the standard are then stirred to the first filter screen 21 by the first filter plate 15, the secondary filtering is carried out on the first filter screen 21, the finished product is finally discharged to the inside of a finished product box 23 for storage, the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 are arranged in the machine filter cylinder 12, the second filter screen 22 is used for realizing the secondary filtering of adsorbent particles, the discharging opening of the machine filter cylinder 12 is plugged, the condition of mixing the adsorbent particles is reduced, the effect of screening and classifying and storing the inferior products and the finished products of the adsorbent particles is achieved, a plurality of groups of metal blocks 3 are respectively fixed on the inner walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the plurality of groups of metal blocks 3 rotate along with the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, the knocking block 31 continuously knocks the inner walls of the metal blocks 3 due to the influence of gravity, the effect of shaking off part of the adsorbent particles attached to the inner walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 is achieved, the two groups of scrapers 4 are respectively fixed on the outer walls of the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16, and the second filter plate 16 rotate, the scraper 4 is adhered to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 to scrape off the adsorbent adhered to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, the adhesion of the adsorbent on the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 is reduced, the scraper 4 scrapes the inner walls of the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22, the filtering effect of the first filter screen 21 and the second filter screen 22 on adsorbent particles is improved, a plurality of groups of fan blades 5 are fixed outside the rotating rod 14, when the rotating rod 14 rotates, the plurality of groups of fan blades 5 are driven to rotate and blow simultaneously, the air blows to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 and is introduced to the air cavity 51 along the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, and is blown downwards from the plurality of groups of air grooves 52 and the air holes 53, and the air cools the adsorbent particles inside the machine filter cylinder 12, so that the heated adsorbent particles are air cooled to improve rigidity, the filtering and sieving of the adsorbent particles are facilitated, and the air blows to the adsorbent particles can reduce a small amount of impurities adhered to the surfaces of the adsorbent particles, the air deflector 6 is fixed on the middle inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12, the air deflector 6 guides the wind resistance blown by the rotation of the plurality of groups of fan blades 5, the output power of the servo motor 13 is controlled, for example, when the output power of the servo motor 13 is first grade, the sliding block 63 is pulled by the elastic piece 62 to block the air outlet 61, the air is guided into the air groove 52 to be blown into the first filter plate 15, the air cooling is carried out on the adsorbent particles at the first filter plate 15, when the output power of the servo motor 13 is second grade, the wind blown by the rotation of the plurality of groups of fan blades 5 is larger, the air is blown out not only from the air groove 52, but also from the plurality of groups of sliding blocks 63, the plurality of groups of sliding blocks 63 slide on the inner wall of the air deflector 6, the elastic piece 62 pulls the stress, the air is blown out from the air permeable cavities at two sides of the plurality of groups of sliding blocks 63 to the air holes 53, and blown into the second filter plate 16, the adsorbent particles at the second filter plate 16 are precooled, the method has the effects of grading and air cooling the adsorbent particles, the electric heating wire 7 is fixed on the fan blade 5, the electric heating wire 7 is electrified to generate hot air when the fan blade 5 rotates, the hot air enters the interior of the machine filter cylinder 12 to store and accumulate, the produced adsorbent particles are preheated, the subsequent recovery and reconstruction are convenient, the metal plate 8 is fixed on the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder 12 and is positioned at the outer position of the rotating rod 14, the electric heating wire 7 is electrified to heat and is matched with the fan blade 5 to rotate and blow the hot air, the hot air blows to the outer part of the metal plate 8, the metal material of the metal plate 8 absorbs heat energy and conducts the heat energy to the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 on the rotating rod 14, the first filter plate 15 and the second filter plate 16 continuously scrape and sweep the adsorbent particles to play the effect of preheating the adsorbent particles, meanwhile, when the electric heating wire 7 stops heating, the fan blade 5 rotates to blow air, the air blows on the metal plate 8 to cool, and the heat rod 14 can conduct heat energy, the air cooling effect on the adsorbent particles inside the machine cartridge 12 is enhanced.
The foregoing has shown and described the basic principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and that the above embodiments and descriptions are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is defined in the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. An adsorbent granulator, characterized by: comprises a machine body (1); a hopper (11) is fixedly connected to the top end of the machine body (1); a machine filter cylinder (12) is fixedly connected to one side of the outer part of the machine body (1); a servo motor (13) is fixedly connected to the outside of one side of the machine filter cylinder (12) away from the machine body (1); the output end of the servo motor (13) is fixedly connected with a rotating rod (14); the outside of the rotating rod (14) is fixedly connected with a first filter plate (15) and a second filter plate (16) respectively; the bottom of the machine filter cylinder (12) is provided with a material receiving assembly, and the material receiving assembly is used for collecting materials;
the rotating rod (14) is fixedly connected with the fan blades (5) close to the outer part of the servo motor (13), and a plurality of groups of fan blades (5) are arranged; an air cavity (51) is formed in the machine filter cylinder (12); the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder (12) close to the air cavity (51) is provided with an air groove (52) and an air hole (53) respectively, and the air groove (52) and the air hole (53) are provided with a plurality of groups respectively;
the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder (12) close to the wind cavity (51) is fixedly connected with a guide plate (6); one side of the guide plate (6) close to the air groove (52) is an inclined plane; an air outlet (61) is formed in the guide plate (6), and a plurality of groups of air outlets (61) are formed; an elastic piece (62) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the guide plate (6), and the elastic piece (62) is positioned at the air outlet (61); one end of the elastic piece (62) far away from the guide plate (6) is fixedly connected with a sliding block (63), and the sliding block (63) is connected to the inner wall of the guide plate (6) in a sliding way; and ventilation cavities are symmetrically formed on two sides of the sliding block (63).
2. An adsorbent granulator according to claim 1, wherein: the material receiving assembly comprises a machine bracket (2), a first filter screen (21), a second filter screen (22), a finished product box (23) and a defective product box (24); the machine support (2) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the machine filter cylinder (12); the first filter screen (21) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder (12), and the first filter screen (21) is positioned below the first filter plate (15); the second filter screen (22) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder (12), and the second filter screen (22) is positioned below the second filter plate (16); the finished product box (23) is connected to the inner wall of the machine support (2) in a sliding manner, and the finished product box (23) is positioned at the bottom of the first filter screen (21); the inferior product box (24) is connected to the inner wall of the machine support (2) in a sliding mode, and the inferior product box (24) is located at the bottom of the second filter screen (22).
3. An adsorbent granulator according to claim 1, wherein: the inner walls of the first filter plate (15) and the second filter plate (16) are fixedly connected with metal blocks (3), and a plurality of groups of metal blocks (3) are arranged; knocking blocks (31) are arranged in the plurality of groups of metal blocks (3).
4. An adsorbent granulator according to claim 2, wherein: the outer walls of the first filter plate (15) and the second filter plate (16) are fixedly connected with a scraper (4); the scraper (4) is attached to the inner walls of the machine filter cylinder (12), the first filter screen (21) and the second filter screen (22).
5. An adsorbent granulator according to claim 1, wherein: an electric heating wire (7) is fixedly connected to the outer part of the fan blade (5); the electric heating wire (7) can be matched with the fan blade (5) to rotate and blow out hot air after being electrified.
6. An adsorbent granulator according to claim 1, wherein: the inner wall of the machine filter cylinder (12) close to the first filter plate (15) is fixedly connected with a metal plate (8); the metal plate (8) is rotatably connected to the outside of the rotating rod (14); the metal plate (8) is made of metal.
7. A method of granulating an adsorbent granulator, the method incorporating an adsorbent granulator according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein: the method comprises the following steps:
s1, screening an adsorbent raw material in a first process, screening out large-particle impurities attached to the raw material, pouring the adsorbent raw material into granulation equipment for granulation, and screening the manufactured adsorbent particles by using a screening mechanism;
s2, when the adsorbent particles are screened, the adsorbent particles with different sizes enter the filter cylinder (12) of the machine after being granulated, the output end of the servo motor (13) rotates to drive a first filter plate (15) and a second filter plate (16) on the rotating rod (14) to be simultaneously stirred, a plurality of groups of fan blades (5) rotate to blow the inside of the filter cylinder (12) of the machine, the newly produced adsorbent particles are cooled or heated by air, fine or crushed adsorbent particles can be screened by the second filter plate (16) and fall to the second filter plate (22), and the second filter plate (16) continuously stirs to enable the second filter plate (22) to filter the fine and crushed adsorbent particles to wait for recovery treatment;
s3, after fine and crushed adsorbent particles are filtered, part of the adsorbent particles meeting the standard are stirred by a first filter plate (15), then are filtered on a first filter screen (21) by the first filter plate (15), are finely filtered at the first filter screen (21), and finally fall into a finished product box (23) for internal storage, and the granulation of the adsorbent particles is completed.
8. The method for granulating by an adsorbent granulator according to claim 7, wherein: the granulating equipment in the step S1 consists of a granulating mechanism, a screening mechanism and a storage mechanism; the granulating mechanism is used for granulating the raw materials into adsorbent particles; the screening mechanism is used for screening the produced adsorbent particles; the storage mechanism is used for storing the inferior products and the finished products in a classified mode.
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CN115921038A (en) * 2022-12-22 2023-04-07 苏州纳赢电子材料科技有限公司 Ball-milling silver powder screening equipment
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CN214440923U (en) * 2020-08-25 2021-10-22 福建奥新体育场材料有限公司 Finished product EPDM granule device that sieves
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