CN116196186B - Debridement device for general surgery department - Google Patents

Debridement device for general surgery department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116196186B
CN116196186B CN202310284084.5A CN202310284084A CN116196186B CN 116196186 B CN116196186 B CN 116196186B CN 202310284084 A CN202310284084 A CN 202310284084A CN 116196186 B CN116196186 B CN 116196186B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
debridement
box
fixedly connected
piston
gear
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Active
Application number
CN202310284084.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116196186A (en
Inventor
毛雪飞
李智
师刚刚
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Mao Xuefei
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Individual
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Priority to CN202310284084.5A priority Critical patent/CN116196186B/en
Publication of CN116196186A publication Critical patent/CN116196186A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G12/00Accommodation for nursing, e.g. in hospitals, not covered by groups A61G1/00 - A61G11/00, e.g. trolleys for transport of medicaments or food; Prescription lists
    • A61G12/001Trolleys for transport of medicaments, food, linen, nursing supplies
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B50/30Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/18Liquid substances or solutions comprising solids or dissolved gases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M35/00Devices for applying media, e.g. remedies, on the human body
    • A61M35/20Non-portable devices, e.g. spraying booths
    • B08B1/12
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2202/00Aspects relating to methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects
    • A61L2202/20Targets to be treated
    • A61L2202/24Medical instruments, e.g. endoscopes, catheters, sharps

Abstract

The invention discloses a debridement device for general surgery department, which relates to the technical field of medical appliances and comprises a debridement box, wherein a first opening groove and a second opening groove for placing limbs of a patient are formed in the side surface of the debridement box, a liquid discharge pipe is fixedly communicated with the surface of the debridement box, and a control valve is arranged on the surface of the liquid discharge pipe; the inner wall fixedly connected with debridement platform of debridement case, a plurality of weeping mouths have evenly been seted up to debridement bench's surface, debridement case's inside is provided with holds the ware, this general surgery department debridement device, through holding the cooperation use of instrument groove and medicine standing groove on the ware, can replace the instrument frame in order to accomplish the subsequent debridement operation to the patient, and also can disinfect debridement bench when can carrying out the deep clearance to debridement bench, the cleaning effect is strong, the medical waste that has produced when debridement to the patient and in the wound filth, blood clot, etc. foreign matter are inconvenient to clear up, remain on debridement bench, the problem of debridement patient is carried out next to the possibility of infecting.

Description

Debridement device for general surgery department
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to a debridement device for general surgery department.
Background
General surgery (Departmentofgenealogy) refers to the clinical discipline of treating liver, biliary tract, pancreas, stomach intestine, anorectal, vascular diseases, thyroid and breast tumors, trauma and other diseases by taking surgery as a main method, and is the largest special discipline in surgical systems.
A multifunctional debridement device for general surgery as disclosed in chinese patent No. cn2020120988. X, and a wound debridement auxiliary device for general surgery as disclosed in chinese patent No. CN202210123764.4, are debridement devices for general surgery.
However, in the debridement treatment process of wounds of the patient's affected limbs, the generated waste liquid easily pollutes the debridement table and the ground, and the generated medical waste, dirt, blood clots and foreign matters in the wounds are inconvenient to clean, and if the foreign matters such as dirt, blood clots and the like remained on the debridement table cannot be cleaned well, the patient who performs debridement next can be infected, and great trouble is brought to the medical staff; in addition, when debridement is carried out on a patient, a corresponding instrument rack is required to store medical instruments and debridement medicines, so that a large space is occupied, debridement operation is not facilitated for medical staff, in addition, in the debridement treatment process of wounds of patient limbs, cleaning and disinfection treatment is firstly required for the wounds of the patient, and at present, the traditional disinfection treatment mode also requires medical staff to take a disinfection bottle filled with disinfection liquid such as iodophor or alcohol and pour the disinfection bottle to disinfect the wounds of the patient limbs, so that burden is added to the work of the medical staff.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a debridement device for general surgery department, which solves the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: the debridement device for general surgery department comprises a debridement box, wherein a first notch and a second notch for placing limbs of a patient are formed in the side face of the debridement box, a liquid discharge pipe is fixedly communicated with the surface of the debridement box, and a control valve is arranged on the surface of the liquid discharge pipe; the device comprises a debridement box, a debridement table, a plurality of liquid leakage ports, a holding vessel, a protective shell and an instrument groove and a medicine placing groove, wherein the debridement table is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the debridement box, the liquid leakage ports are uniformly formed in the surface of the debridement table, the holding vessel is arranged in the debridement box, the protective shell is arranged on the upper surface of the debridement box and is positioned right above the holding vessel, and the instrument groove and the medicine placing groove are formed in the surface of the holding vessel;
a driving part for rotating the holding dish out is arranged in the debridement box;
a cleaning component for cleaning the debridement table is arranged in the debridement box;
the inside of the debridement box is provided with a disinfection component for cleaning and disinfecting the affected part of a patient.
Optionally, the driving component includes a first gear rotatably connected to the inside of the debridement box by a fixed shaft, a placing groove for placing the first gear and allowing the first gear to rotate is formed in the surface of the debridement box, a first rotating shaft is fixedly connected to the surface of the first gear, a first rotating plate is fixedly connected to the surface of the first rotating shaft, the end part of the first rotating plate is fixedly connected with the accommodating vessel, and a notch for allowing the accommodating vessel to move is formed in the surface of the debridement box;
the upper end of the first rotating shaft is provided with a rotating disc.
Optionally, the cleaning component includes a second gear meshed with the first gear, and a transmission ratio between the first gear and the second gear is 1:12, the surface of the second gear is fixedly connected with a second rotating shaft;
the inner wall of the debridement box is provided with a gear groove for placing the gear II, and the upper end of the rotating shaft II is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the gear groove through a fixed shaft; the inner wall fixed shaft of the gear groove is rotationally connected with a threaded rod, a conical gear transmission mechanism is arranged between the second rotating shaft and the threaded rod, the surface of the threaded rod is in threaded connection with a first moving block, and the inner wall of the debridement box is provided with a first sliding groove which is used for the first moving block to slide and is matched with the first moving block;
the debridement box further comprises a second moving block, wherein a second sliding chute which is used for the second moving block to slide and is matched with the second moving block is formed in the inner wall of the debridement box;
the cleaning device comprises a first moving block and a second moving block, wherein a cleaning plate is fixedly connected between the first moving block and the second moving block, and a plurality of hairbrushes are uniformly arranged on the lower surface of the cleaning plate.
Optionally, a first piston cylinder is arranged in the cleaning plate, a first piston plate and a first piston rod are arranged in the first piston cylinder, a fixed plate is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the first piston cylinder, the first piston rod penetrates through the fixed plate and is in sliding connection with the fixed plate, an arc block I is fixedly connected to the end part, away from the first piston cylinder, of the first piston rod, a plurality of arc blocks II are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the debridement box, and a reset spring is commonly arranged between the arc blocks I and the fixed plate;
a liquid storage tank is arranged above the cleaning plate, a first connecting pipe is fixedly connected between the liquid storage tank and the first piston cylinder, and a first check valve is arranged on the surface of the first connecting pipe;
the surface of the first piston cylinder is fixedly communicated with a second connecting pipe, the end part of the second connecting pipe is fixedly communicated with a mixing pipe, the surface of the second connecting pipe is provided with a second one-way valve, the end part of the mixing pipe extending out of the cleaning plate is fixedly communicated with a first liquid outlet pipe, and the surface of the first liquid outlet pipe is uniformly provided with a plurality of first liquid outlets;
the first liquid outlets are smaller than the first liquid outlet pipe, and are obliquely arranged.
Optionally, the first piston cylinder and the liquid storage tank are both provided with two, and the two first piston cylinders and the two liquid storage tanks are symmetrically distributed on the cleaning plate.
Optionally, the disinfection component comprises a one-way bearing, and the threaded rod is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft III through the one-way bearing;
the cleaning device comprises a cleaning box, a cleaning box and a cleaning device, wherein the cleaning box is characterized by further comprising a rotating shaft IV, a belt pulley transmission mechanism is arranged between the rotating shaft IV and the rotating shaft III, a baffle is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the cleaning box, and the end part of the rotating shaft IV is rotatably connected with a surface of the baffle through a fixed shaft;
the surface fixedly connected with of pivot IV changes board two, the surface fixedly connected with of change board two changes the post, the surface sliding connection who changes the post has the rectangle frame.
Optionally, the disinfection component further comprises a fixed block and a second piston cylinder, the second piston cylinder is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the debridement box through the fixed block, a disinfection box is arranged on the surface of the debridement box, a third connecting pipe is fixedly communicated between the disinfection box and the second piston cylinder together, and a third check valve is arranged on the surface of the third connecting pipe;
the surface of the piston cylinder II is fixedly communicated with a connecting pipe IV, the surface of the connecting pipe IV is provided with a one-way valve IV, the end part of the connecting pipe IV, which is far away from the piston cylinder II, is fixedly communicated with a sterilizing pipe, and the surface of the sterilizing pipe is uniformly provided with a plurality of liquid outlets II;
the inside sliding connection of piston tube two has piston plate two, piston plate two's surface fixedly connected with piston rod two, piston rod two keep away from piston tube two's tip fixedly connected with connecting block, the connecting block with rectangular frame looks fixed connection.
Optionally, the side of debridement table is provided with the deflector, debridement case's inner wall sliding connection has the collection box, the upper surface of collection box with the surface butt of deflector, the surface of collection box is provided with the pull ring.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the invention, the holding vessel can be rotated out of the debridement box by rotating the turntable forward by 180 degrees, and the instrument rack can be replaced by the cooperation of the instrument groove on the holding vessel and the medicine placing groove so as to finish the subsequent debridement operation of a patient, so that the problems that the medical instrument is stored by the instrument rack, the debridement medicine occupies a large space and the debridement operation of the patient by medical staff is not facilitated are avoided.
2. According to the invention, the affected limb of the patient is placed on the second notch formed in the side surface of the debridement box, and the piston cylinder II is enabled to move in a piston for multiple times while rotating the rotating disc forward, so that the disinfectant in the disinfection box is sprayed out of the disinfection tube, and the affected limb of the patient placed on the second notch formed in the side surface of the debridement box can be primarily disinfected and cleaned to replace manual disinfection, thereby reducing the work load of medical staff.
3. After debridement of the affected limb of the patient is finished, the rotating disc rotates reversely for 180 degrees, so that the holding dish is reset and simultaneously drives the cleaning plate to move above the debridement table, and the surface of the debridement table can be cleaned under the action of the hairbrush below the cleaning plate; and can make two piston cylinders together step by step piston motion when the clearance board removes to mix in the mixing tube with clear water and sodium hypochlorite solution of two liquid storage incasement in real time, form 84 antiseptic solution of light yellow back and evenly spout to debridement bench from a plurality of drain pipes, can spout the foreign matter such as wound filth, blood clot that the size is less on debridement bench to leaking the liquid mouth in falling down, also can disinfect debridement bench when carrying out the clearance of more deep level to debridement bench, the clearance effect is strong, has solved the medical waste that produces when debridement to the patient and in the wound filth, blood clot, etc. foreign matter be inconvenient for the clearance, remain on debridement bench, can infect the problem of debridement patient next.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a gear II structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the dish according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the piston cylinder of the present invention at its second configuration;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a structure of a piston cartridge of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the sterilizing tube structure of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a second perspective view of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of a structure of an arc-shaped block according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a debridement box; 2. the first groove is formed; 3. a sterilization box; 4. a third connecting pipe; 5. a piston cylinder II; 6. a liquid leakage port; 7. a connecting pipe IV; 8. a debridement table; 9. a protective shell; 10. a first rotating shaft; 11. a turntable; 12. a first gear; 13. a gear groove; 14. a threaded rod; 15. a bevel gear drive mechanism; 16. a second gear; 17. a second rotating shaft; 18. a holding vessel; 19. a medicine placement groove; 20. a notch; 21. an instrument groove; 22. a rotating plate I; 23. a piston rod II; 24. rotating the column; 25. a second rotating plate; 26. a rectangular frame; 27. a rotation shaft IV; 28. a collection box; 29. a guide plate; 30. a pulley transmission mechanism; 31. a one-way bearing; 32. a baffle; 33. a second piston plate; 34. a sterilizing tube; 35. a liquid outlet pipe I; 36. a mixing tube; 37. a cleaning plate; 38. a brush; 39. a return spring; 40. a first moving block; 41. arc-shaped block I; 42. a fixing plate; 43. a first piston rod; 44. a liquid storage tank; 45. a first connecting pipe; 46. a first piston cylinder; 47. a second connecting pipe; 48. a first liquid outlet; 49. a second liquid outlet; 50. a second moving block; 51. arc-shaped blocks II; 52. a third rotating shaft; 53. and a second notch.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, the present invention provides a technical solution: a debridement device for general surgery department comprises a debridement box 1, wherein a first groove 2 and a second groove 53 for placing limbs of a patient are formed in the side surface of the debridement box 1, a liquid discharge pipe is fixedly communicated with the surface of the debridement box 1, and a control valve is arranged on the surface of the liquid discharge pipe; the inner wall of the debridement box 1 is fixedly connected with a debridement table 8, a plurality of liquid leakage ports 6 are uniformly formed in the surface of the debridement table 8, a containing vessel 18 is arranged in the debridement box 1, a protective shell 9 is arranged on the upper surface of the debridement box 1, the protective shell 9 is positioned right above the containing vessel 18, and an instrument groove 21 and a medicine placing groove 19 are formed in the surface of the containing vessel 18;
a driving part for rotating the holding dish 18 out is arranged in the debridement box 1;
a cleaning component for cleaning the debridement table 8 is arranged in the debridement box 1;
the interior of the debridement tank 1 is provided with a disinfection component for cleaning and disinfecting the affected part of a patient.
More specifically, when the present embodiment is used, the patient's affected limb is first placed on the second slot 53 formed on the side of the debridement box 1.
After the affected limb of the patient is placed, the container 18 in the debridement box 1 can be rotated out by controlling the driving part, and the instrument groove 21 and the medicine placing groove 19 on the container 18 are matched for use, so that the instrument frame can be replaced to finish the subsequent debridement operation of the patient, thereby effectively avoiding the problems that medical instruments and debridement medicines are stored by the instrument frame, occupying a large space and being unfavorable for debridement operation of medical staff on the patient.
And when the driving part is controlled to rotate out the containing dish 18, the disinfecting part can disinfect the affected limb of the patient placed on the second notch 53 at the same time so as to replace manual disinfection, thereby reducing the workload of medical staff.
And then the patient limb after disinfection is placed on the debridement table 8 through the first notch 2, debridement operation can be carried out on the patient of the patient, and most medical waste generated during debridement operation and dirt, blood clots, and other foreign matters in wounds fall through a plurality of liquid leakage openings on the surface of the debridement table 8.
When the debridement operation of a patient is finished, the driving part is controlled again, the holding vessel 18 can be turned back into the debridement box 1 again, at the moment, the lower holding vessel 18 can be protected under the action of the protective shell 9 above the holding vessel 18, on one hand, the situation that personnel touch medical equipment and debridement medicines in the holding vessel 18 by mistake can be avoided, and on the other hand, dust in the air falls into the medical equipment and debridement medicines and the normal use of the medical equipment and debridement medicines is also avoided.
It should be noted that, when the driving part is controlled to rotate the holding dish 18 back to the interior of the debridement box 1, the cleaning part starts working, so that the debridement table 8 after the debridement operation of the patient is finished can be cleaned, and the patient subjected to debridement next is prevented from being infected by foreign matters such as dirt, blood clot and the like remained on the operation table.
In the second embodiment, based on the above embodiment,
further, a driving component in the first embodiment is disclosed, the driving component comprises a first gear 12 which is rotatably connected in the debridement box 1 by a fixed shaft, a placing groove for placing the first gear 12 and rotating the first gear is formed in the surface of the debridement box 1, a rotating shaft 10 is fixedly connected to the surface of the first gear 12, a rotating plate 22 is fixedly connected to the surface of the rotating shaft 10, the end part of the rotating plate 22 is fixedly connected with a containing dish 18, and a notch 20 for moving the containing dish 18 is formed in the surface of the debridement box 1;
the upper end of the first rotating shaft 10 is provided with a rotating disc 11.
More specifically, when the present embodiment is used, as shown in fig. 3, the dish 18 is not rotated to the outside of the debridement box 1, at this time, the rotating disc 11 rotates 180 degrees to drive the first rotating shaft 10 to start rotating, the first rotating shaft 10 rotates to drive the first rotating plate 22 to start rotating, and the rotation of the first rotating plate 22 causes the dish 18 fixedly connected with the first rotating plate to start circular motion with the axis of the first rotating shaft 10 as a circle, so that the dish 18 is rotated out from the notch 20 on the side of the debridement box 1, as shown in fig. 1.
Similarly, after the debridement of the patient is completed, the rotating disc 11 is reversely rotated 180 degrees, so that the holding dish 18 can be reset.
Embodiment III, on the basis of the above embodiment,
further, a cleaning member in the first embodiment is disclosed,
the cleaning component comprises a gear II 16 meshed with the gear I12, and the transmission ratio between the gear I12 and the gear II 16 is 1:12, the surface of the gear II 16 is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft II 17;
the inner wall of the debridement box 1 is provided with a gear groove 13 for placing a gear II 16, and the upper end of a rotating shaft II 17 is rotationally connected with the inner wall of the gear groove 13 by a fixed shaft; the inner wall of the gear groove 13 is fixedly connected with a threaded rod 14 in a rotating way, a conical gear transmission mechanism 15 is arranged between the rotating shaft II 17 and the threaded rod 14, the surface of the threaded rod 14 is connected with a first moving block 40 in a threaded way, and the inner wall of the debridement box 1 is provided with a first sliding groove which is used for the first moving block 40 to slide and is matched with the first moving block;
the debridement box further comprises a second moving block 50, and a second sliding chute which is used for the second moving block 50 to slide and is matched with the inner wall of the debridement box 1 is formed;
a cleaning plate 37 is fixedly connected between the first moving block 40 and the second moving block 50, and a plurality of hairbrushes 38 are uniformly arranged on the lower surface of the cleaning plate 37.
A first piston cylinder 46 is arranged in the cleaning plate 37, a first piston plate and a first piston rod 43 are arranged in the first piston cylinder 46, a fixed plate 42 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the first piston cylinder 46, the first piston rod 43 penetrates through the fixed plate 42 and is in sliding connection with the fixed plate 42, an arc block 41 is fixedly connected to the end part, far away from the first piston cylinder 46, of the first piston rod 43, a plurality of second arc blocks 51 are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the debridement box 1, and a reset spring 39 is arranged between the arc block 41 and the fixed plate 42;
a liquid storage tank 44 is arranged above the cleaning plate 37, a first connecting pipe 45 is fixedly connected between the liquid storage tank 44 and a first piston cylinder 46, and a first check valve is arranged on the surface of the first connecting pipe 45;
the surface of the piston cylinder I46 is fixedly communicated with a connecting pipe II 47, the end part of the connecting pipe II 47 is fixedly communicated with a mixing pipe 36, the surface of the connecting pipe II 47 is provided with a one-way valve II, the end part of the mixing pipe 36 extending out of the cleaning plate 37 is fixedly communicated with a liquid outlet pipe I35, and a plurality of liquid outlets I48 are uniformly formed in the surface of the liquid outlet pipe I35;
the first liquid outlets 48 are smaller than the first liquid outlet pipe 35, and the first liquid outlets 48 are obliquely arranged.
More specifically, when the present embodiment is used, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 6, after the debridement operation is completed for the patient, the rotating disc 11 reversely rotates 180 degrees to reset the dish 18, and simultaneously drives the first gear 12 to rotate 180 degrees, and the transmission ratio between the first gear 12 and the second gear 16 is 1:12, rotation of gear one 12 by 180 degrees will cause gear two 16 to rotate 6 weeks, and rotation of gear two 16 will cause shaft two 17 to begin to rotate.
Under the action of the bevel gear transmission mechanism 15, the rotation of the second rotating shaft 17 drives the threaded rod 14 to start rotating for 6 weeks, the rotation of the threaded rod 14 just enables the first moving block 40 to slide in the first sliding groove, meanwhile, the second moving block 50 also slides in the second sliding groove, the cleaning plate 37 between the first moving block 40 and the second moving block 50 is driven to start moving above the debridement table 8, and the threaded rod rotates for 6 weeks just enables the cleaning plate 37 to move to the rightmost end of the debridement table 8, and at the moment, the cleaning of the debridement table 8 can be completed under the action of a plurality of brushes 38 below the cleaning plate 37.
It should be noted that, the foreign matters such as wound dirt and blood clot with a size larger than the liquid leakage port 6 are pushed to the bottom of the debridement box 1 from the right side of the debridement table 8 under the action of the brush 38, and the foreign matters such as wound dirt and blood clot with a smaller size cannot be cleaned by the brush 38, and cannot fall from the liquid leakage port 6 due to poor flowability, which requires deep cleaning of the foreign matters such as wound dirt and blood clot.
When the cleaning plate 37 moves, the first arc block 41 above the cleaning plate 37 is driven to move synchronously, and when the first arc block 41 contacts with the second arc block 51 on the inner wall of the debridement box 1, the first arc block 41 is pressed towards the direction close to the first piston cylinder 46, meanwhile, the reset spring 39 is pressed, and when the first arc block 41 moves to the center line of the second arc block 51 along with the continued movement of the first arc block 41, the first arc block 41 can be driven to reset under the action of elastic potential energy of the reset spring 39.
That is, when the first arc block 41 passes through the second arc block 51, the first arc block 41 reciprocates once, so that the first piston rod 43 reciprocates once to complete a complete piston movement in the first piston tube 46, and since the first check valve on the surface of the first connecting tube 45 flows from the first liquid storage tank 44 to the first piston tube 46, the second check valve on the surface of the second connecting tube 47 flows from the first piston tube 46 to the first mixing tube 36, at this time, the first piston movement in the first piston tube 46 sucks the liquid in the first liquid storage tank 44 into the first piston tube 46, then discharges the liquid into the mixing tube 36 through the second connecting tube 47, then enters the first liquid outlet tube 35 at the end of the mixing tube 36, and finally discharges the liquid through the first liquid outlets 48 on the surface of the first liquid outlet tube 35.
Because the opening of liquid outlet one 48 is less than the size of drain pipe one 35 and a plurality of liquid outlets one 48 are offered for the slope, then the liquid that discharges through liquid outlet one 48 then can have great pressure to debridement bench 8 blowout to can spout the less foreign matter of size such as wound filth, blood clot that partly remain on debridement bench 8 surface into weeping mouth 6 and fall down, thereby can carry out the clearance of more deep to debridement bench 8, the clearance effect is better.
Notably, because the liquid storage box 44 is provided with two, thereby can place sodium hypochlorite solution in one liquid storage box 44, place the clear water in still another liquid storage box 44, clear water and sodium hypochlorite solution mix in the mixing tube 36 in real time to constitute yellowish 84 antiseptic solution, and the disinfection effect of 84 antiseptic solution of real-time mixing is stronger, thereby can also disinfect when clearing up debridement table 8, and the cleaning effect is good, and the practicality is also stronger.
In the fourth embodiment, on the basis of the above embodiment,
further, a sterilization component in the first embodiment is disclosed, the sterilization component comprises a one-way bearing 31, and the threaded rod 14 is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft III 52 through the one-way bearing 31;
the debridement box further comprises a fourth rotating shaft 27, a belt pulley transmission mechanism 30 is arranged between the fourth rotating shaft 27 and the third rotating shaft 52, the inner wall of the debridement box 1 is fixedly connected with a baffle 32, and the end part of the fourth rotating shaft 27 is rotatably connected with a surface phase shaft of the baffle 32;
the surface of the rotating shaft IV 27 is fixedly connected with a rotating plate II 25, the surface of the rotating plate II 25 is fixedly connected with a rotating column 24, and the surface of the rotating column 24 is slidably connected with a rectangular frame 26.
The sterilizing component further comprises a fixed block and a second piston cylinder 5, the second piston cylinder 5 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the debridement box 1 through the fixed block, the surface of the debridement box 1 is provided with a sterilizing box 3, a connecting pipe III 4 is fixedly communicated between the sterilizing box 3 and the second piston cylinder 5 together, and a one-way valve III is arranged on the surface of the connecting pipe III 4;
the surface of the piston cylinder II 5 is fixedly communicated with a connecting pipe IV 7, the surface of the connecting pipe IV 7 is provided with a check valve IV, the end part of the connecting pipe IV 7 far away from the piston cylinder II 5 is fixedly communicated with a sterilizing pipe 34, and a plurality of liquid outlets II 49 are uniformly formed in the surface of the sterilizing pipe 34;
the inside sliding connection of piston cylinder two 5 has piston plate two 33, and piston plate two 33's surface fixedly connected with piston rod two 23, and piston rod two 23 keeps away from piston cylinder two 5's tip fixedly connected with connecting block, connecting block and rectangle frame 26 looks fixed connection.
More specifically, when the rotary table 11 drives the dish 18 to rotate out of the debridement tank 1, the rotation of the threaded rod 14 drives the third rotary shaft 52 to start rotating.
As shown in fig. 4 and fig. 5, under the action of the pulley transmission mechanism 30, the rotation of the third rotating shaft 52 drives the fourth rotating shaft 27 to start rotating, the rotation of the fourth rotating shaft 27 drives the second rotating plate 25 to start rotating, the rotation of the second rotating plate 25 drives the rotating column 24 to start circular motion with the axis of the fourth rotating shaft 27 as a circle, and the length of the second rotating plate 25 as a radius, and since the rectangular frame 26 is fixedly connected with the second piston rod 23 through the connecting block, i.e. the movement of the rectangular frame 26 in the horizontal direction is limited, at this time, the cylindrical motion of the rotating column 24 drives the rectangular frame 26 in sliding connection with the rectangular frame 26 to perform reciprocating movement in the vertical direction.
The reciprocating movement of the rectangular frame 26 drives the piston rod two 23 to reciprocate in the vertical direction, so that the piston cylinder two 5 is in piston movement, and the circulation direction of the check valve three is the direction from the sterilizing box 3 to the piston cylinder two 5, and the circulation direction of the check valve four is the direction from the piston cylinder two 5 to the connecting pipe four 7, namely, at the moment, the piston movement in the piston cylinder two 5 can discharge the sterilizing liquid in the sterilizing box 3 through the plurality of liquid outlets two 49 on the surface of the sterilizing pipe 34, so that the affected limb of the patient placed on the notch two 53 can be sterilized.
It should be noted that, under the action of the unidirectional bearing 31, only the forward rotation of the threaded rod 14 will cause the rotation of the rotation shaft three 52, that is, only when the rotating disc 11 rotates the containing dish 18 out of the debridement box 1, the rotation shaft three 52 will rotate, and when debridement of a patient is completed, the rotating disc 11 is reversed, so that the rotation of the threaded rod 14 will not cause the rotation of the rotation shaft three 52, thereby avoiding the waste of disinfectant.
Fifth embodiment, based on the above embodiment,
further, in order to avoid foreign matters such as wound dirt and blood clots cleaned by the brush 38 and disinfectant after the patient is disinfected from falling into the bottom of the debridement box 1, the side surface of the debridement table 8 is provided with a guide plate 29, the inner wall of the debridement box 1 is slidably connected with a collection box 28, the upper surface of the collection box 28 is abutted with the surface of the guide plate 29, and the surface of the collection box 28 is provided with a pull ring.
More specifically, when the present embodiment is used, the foreign matters such as wound dirt and blood clot cleaned by the brush 38 fall into the collecting box 28 below along the guide plate 29, and the disinfectant after the patient is disinfected also falls into the collecting box 28, so that the problem that the foreign matters and the disinfectant fall into the bottom of the debridement box 1 and are not easy to clean is avoided.
After the device is used for a period of time, the control valve on the surface of the liquid discharge pipe is opened, so that waste liquid falling into the bottom of the debridement box 1 from the liquid leakage port 6 during debridement of a patient can be cleaned.
Similarly, the collection box 28 can be taken out from the debridement box 1 by pulling the pull ring on the surface of the collection box 28, so that foreign matters and disinfectant in the collection box 28 can be cleaned.
Working principle: this debridement device of department of general surgery, when using, firstly place patient's suffering limb on the second 53 of the opening of debridement case 1 side, then rotate carousel 11 forward 180 degrees, can be with holding the ware 18 and roll out to debridement case 1's outside, can drive piston cylinder two 5 in simultaneously and carry out a lot of piston motion to spout the antiseptic solution in the disinfect box 3, carry out preliminary disinfection clearance to placing patient's suffering limb on debridement case 1 side opening's second 53.
Then the affected limb of the patient is placed on the debridement table 8 through the first notch 2, and debridement operation can be carried out on the patient of the patient.
After the debridement operation is finished, the rotary table 11 rotates reversely for 180 degrees, so that the holding dish 18 can be reset, meanwhile, the cleaning plate 37 can move above the debridement table 8, the surface of the debridement table 8 can be cleaned under the action of the hairbrush 38 below the cleaning plate 37, when the cleaning plate 37 moves, the two piston cylinders 46 can synchronously move to mix clear water and sodium hypochlorite solution in the two liquid storage tanks 44 in the mixing tube 36 in real time, and a light yellow 84 disinfectant is formed and sprayed out from a plurality of liquid outlets 48 on the surfaces of the liquid outlet tubes 35 on the two sides, so that foreign matters such as wound dirt and blood clots with smaller sizes attached to the debridement table 8 can be sprayed into the liquid leakage port 6 to fall down, the debridement table 8 can be cleaned more deeply, the debridement table 8 can be cleaned, and the debridement table 8 can be disinfected, and the cleaning effect is better.
When the debridement operation is performed on the next patient, the cleaning plate 37 is reset by rotating the turntable 11 forward 180 degrees again.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a clear device of creating of department of general surgery, includes clear box (1), its characterized in that: the side surface of the debridement box (1) is provided with a first groove (2) and a second groove (53) for placing limbs of a patient, the surface of the debridement box (1) is fixedly communicated with a liquid discharge pipe, and the surface of the liquid discharge pipe is provided with a control valve; the inner wall of the debridement box (1) is fixedly connected with a debridement table (8);
a plurality of liquid leakage ports (6) are uniformly formed in the surface of the debridement table (8), a containing vessel (18) is arranged in the debridement box (1), a protective shell (9) is arranged on the upper surface of the debridement box (1), the protective shell (9) is positioned right above the containing vessel (18), and an instrument groove (21) and a medicine placing groove (19) are formed in the surface of the containing vessel (18);
the debridement box (1) is internally provided with a driving component for rotating the containing dish (18) out, a cleaning component for cleaning the debridement table (8) and a disinfection component for cleaning and disinfecting the affected part of a patient;
the device comprises a cleaning box (1), a driving part and a cleaning part, wherein the driving part comprises a gear I (12) which is fixedly connected with the interior of the cleaning box (1) in a rotating way, a placing groove which is used for placing the gear I (12) and is used for enabling the gear I to rotate is formed in the surface of the cleaning box (1), a rotating shaft I (10) is fixedly connected to the surface of the gear I (12), a rotating plate I (22) is fixedly connected to the surface of the rotating shaft I (10), the end part of the rotating plate I (22) is fixedly connected with a containing dish (18), and a notch (20) which is used for enabling the containing dish (18) to move is formed in the surface of the cleaning box (1);
the upper end of the first rotating shaft (10) is provided with a rotary table (11), the cleaning component comprises a second gear (16) meshed with the first gear (12), and the transmission ratio between the first gear (12) and the second gear (16) is 1:12, the surface of the gear II (16) is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft II (17);
the inner wall of the debridement box (1) is provided with a gear groove (13) for placing the gear II (16), and the upper end of the rotating shaft II (17) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the gear groove (13) in a fixed shaft manner; the inner wall of the gear groove (13) is fixedly connected with a threaded rod (14) in a rotating way, a conical gear transmission mechanism (15) is arranged between the second rotating shaft (17) and the threaded rod (14) together, a first moving block (40) is connected to the surface of the threaded rod (14) in a threaded way, and a first sliding groove which is used for the first moving block (40) to slide and is matched with the inner wall of the debridement box (1) is formed;
the debridement box also comprises a second moving block (50), wherein a second sliding chute which is used for sliding and adapting to the second moving block (50) is formed in the inner wall of the debridement box (1);
a cleaning plate (37) is fixedly connected between the first moving block (40) and the second moving block (50), and a plurality of hairbrushes (38) are uniformly arranged on the lower surface of the cleaning plate (37); the cleaning device is characterized in that a piston cylinder I (46) is arranged in the cleaning plate (37), a piston plate I and a piston rod I (43) are arranged in the piston cylinder I (46), a fixed plate (42) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the piston cylinder I (46), the piston rod I (43) penetrates through the fixed plate (42) and is in sliding connection with the fixed plate, an arc block I (41) is fixedly connected to the end part, away from the piston cylinder I (46), of the piston rod I (43), a plurality of arc blocks II (51) are uniformly arranged on the inner wall of the debridement box (1), and a reset spring (39) is jointly arranged between the arc block I (41) and the fixed plate (42);
a liquid storage tank (44) is arranged above the cleaning plate (37), a first connecting pipe (45) is fixedly connected between the liquid storage tank (44) and the first piston cylinder (46), and a first check valve is arranged on the surface of the first connecting pipe (45);
the surface of the piston cylinder I (46) is fixedly communicated with a connecting pipe II (47), the end part of the connecting pipe II (47) is fixedly communicated with a mixing pipe (36), the surface of the connecting pipe II (47) is provided with a one-way valve II, the end part of the mixing pipe (36) extending out of the cleaning plate (37) is fixedly communicated with a liquid outlet pipe I (35), and a plurality of liquid outlet ports I (48) are uniformly formed in the surface of the liquid outlet pipe I (35);
the size of the first liquid outlets (48) is smaller than that of the first liquid outlet pipe (35), and the first liquid outlets (48) are obliquely arranged;
the circulation direction of the first check valve on the surface of the first connecting pipe (45) is the direction from the liquid storage tank (44) to the first piston cylinder (46), the circulation direction of the second check valve on the surface of the second connecting pipe (47) is the direction from the first piston cylinder (46) to the mixing pipe (36), the circulation direction of the third check valve is the direction from the sterilizing tank (3) to the inside of the second piston cylinder (5), and the circulation direction of the fourth check valve is the direction from the inside of the second piston cylinder (5) to the fourth connecting pipe (7).
2. The general surgery debridement apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the first piston cylinder (46) and the liquid storage box (44) are both arranged, and the two first piston cylinders (46) and the two liquid storage boxes (44) are symmetrically distributed on the cleaning plate (37).
3. The general surgery debridement apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the disinfection component comprises a one-way bearing (31), and the threaded rod (14) is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft III (52) through the one-way bearing (31);
the debridement box further comprises a rotating shaft IV (27), a belt pulley transmission mechanism (30) is arranged between the rotating shaft IV (27) and the rotating shaft III (52), a baffle plate (32) is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the debridement box (1), and the end part of the rotating shaft IV (27) is rotatably connected with the surface of the baffle plate (32) through a fixed shaft;
the surface of the rotating shaft IV (27) is fixedly connected with a rotating plate II (25), the surface of the rotating plate II (25) is fixedly connected with a rotating column (24), and the surface of the rotating column (24) is slidably connected with a rectangular frame (26);
the disinfection component further comprises a fixed block and a second piston cylinder (5), the second piston cylinder (5) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the debridement box (1) through the fixed block, a disinfection box (3) is arranged on the surface of the debridement box (1), a third connecting pipe (4) is fixedly communicated between the disinfection box (3) and the second piston cylinder (5), and a third one-way valve is arranged on the surface of the third connecting pipe (4);
the surface fixed intercommunication of piston section of thick bamboo two (5) has connecting pipe IV (7), the surface of connecting pipe IV (7) is provided with the check valve IV, the tip fixed intercommunication that piston section of thick bamboo II (5) was kept away from to connecting pipe IV (7) has disinfection pipe (34), a plurality of liquid outlets II (49) have evenly been seted up on the surface of disinfection pipe (34).
4. A general surgical debridement apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the inside sliding connection of piston section of thick bamboo two (5) has piston board two (33), the surface fixedly connected with piston rod two (23) of piston board two (33), the tip fixedly connected with connecting block that piston rod two (23) kept away from piston section of thick bamboo two (5), the connecting block with rectangular frame (26) are fixedly connected with mutually.
5. The general surgery debridement apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the side of debridement table (8) is provided with deflector (29), the inner wall sliding connection of debridement case (1) has collection box (28), the upper surface of collection box (28) with the surface butt of deflector (29), the surface of collection box (28) is provided with the pull ring.
CN202310284084.5A 2023-03-22 2023-03-22 Debridement device for general surgery department Active CN116196186B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4602773A (en) * 1984-11-19 1986-07-29 Craven Jr Thomas Extremity debridement trough
JP2002045842A (en) * 2000-04-28 2002-02-12 Akurosu:Kk Automatic waste liquid discharge system for operation room
CN101491478A (en) * 2009-02-19 2009-07-29 肖海 Telescopic folding type limbs sterilization wound-cleaning sewing operation-table
CN108245353A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-07-06 张红晓 A kind of department of general surgery's trauma operation medical treatment device
CN209475077U (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-10-11 青岛市市立医院 A kind of debridement operating table for department of general surgery
CN212038434U (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-12-01 郭宇廷 Debridement device for general surgery department operation
CN216456305U (en) * 2021-06-30 2022-05-10 贵州中医药大学第一附属医院 Debridement device for nursing in general surgery department
CN115429613A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-12-06 中山市中医院 Diabetic foot of endocrinology department is with device of creating clearly
CN115517726A (en) * 2022-09-16 2022-12-27 李智永 Medical operation equipment for general surgery trauma operation
CN115814191A (en) * 2022-12-03 2023-03-21 黔西南布依族苗族自治州人民医院 Clinical wound belt cleaning device of surgery

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100096961A1 (en) * 2008-10-20 2010-04-22 Scott Jolley Mobile Operating Table and Storage Device

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4602773A (en) * 1984-11-19 1986-07-29 Craven Jr Thomas Extremity debridement trough
JP2002045842A (en) * 2000-04-28 2002-02-12 Akurosu:Kk Automatic waste liquid discharge system for operation room
CN101491478A (en) * 2009-02-19 2009-07-29 肖海 Telescopic folding type limbs sterilization wound-cleaning sewing operation-table
CN108245353A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-07-06 张红晓 A kind of department of general surgery's trauma operation medical treatment device
CN209475077U (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-10-11 青岛市市立医院 A kind of debridement operating table for department of general surgery
CN212038434U (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-12-01 郭宇廷 Debridement device for general surgery department operation
CN216456305U (en) * 2021-06-30 2022-05-10 贵州中医药大学第一附属医院 Debridement device for nursing in general surgery department
CN115517726A (en) * 2022-09-16 2022-12-27 李智永 Medical operation equipment for general surgery trauma operation
CN115429613A (en) * 2022-09-23 2022-12-06 中山市中医院 Diabetic foot of endocrinology department is with device of creating clearly
CN115814191A (en) * 2022-12-03 2023-03-21 黔西南布依族苗族自治州人民医院 Clinical wound belt cleaning device of surgery

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