CN116146023B - Wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently - Google Patents

Wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116146023B
CN116146023B CN202211478169.9A CN202211478169A CN116146023B CN 116146023 B CN116146023 B CN 116146023B CN 202211478169 A CN202211478169 A CN 202211478169A CN 116146023 B CN116146023 B CN 116146023B
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China
Prior art keywords
rod
hole
boss
groove
guide groove
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CN202211478169.9A
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CN116146023A (en
Inventor
吕艳军
张银量
李林
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PowerChina Guiyang Engineering Corp Ltd
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PowerChina Guiyang Engineering Corp Ltd
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Priority to CN202211478169.9A priority Critical patent/CN116146023B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/18Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures movable or with movable sections, e.g. rotatable or telescopic
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/22Sockets or holders for poles or posts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of anemometer towers, and discloses an anemometer tower capable of being installed conveniently. The wind measuring tower provided by the invention is composed of the tripod mechanism group, the supporting mechanism group, the stabilizing mechanism group and the bracket mechanism group, not only is the structural style obviously different, but also the wind measuring tower has a pulling and lifting function, and the bracket mechanism group can be lifted and lowered freely on the wind measuring tower. The functions of the ground installation wind measuring tower and the wind measuring bracket are realized, the risk of high-altitude operation is reduced, and the installation time is shortened. Meanwhile, the installation of the anemometer tower is more convenient and quick, and the installation cost is reduced.

Description

Wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of anemometer towers, in particular to an anemometer tower capable of being conveniently installed.
Background
The installation of the conventional wind measuring tower is usually carried out by firstly constructing a foundation, then installing the bottom section of the wind measuring tower, then pulling each section of wind measuring tower to the upper end of the installed wind measuring tower through tools such as pulley ropes and the like for installation, then carrying out pull wire installation, top section installation, lightning rod installation, wind measuring tower verticality adjustment, platform installation and lightning conductor installation, and finally carrying out installation and debugging of wind measuring equipment.
Application number CN201710478732.5 discloses an extended anemometer tower, which is divided into a bottom layer tower, a middle layer tower and a top layer tower. The installation process of the wind measuring tower comprises the steps of welding a bottom layer tower on a wind measuring tower installation platform, respectively hinging two cables by using two winches, sequentially clamping a middle layer tower into the bottom layer tower, clamping a top layer tower into the middle layer tower, and fixing the cables on the installation platform.
The wind measuring tower disclosed in application number CN201710478732.5 is arranged on the basis of the installation of a common wind measuring tower, and an operator only needs to operate and install the wind measuring tower on the ground, but the wind measuring tower is still hoisted in a layered manner through pulleys, so that the clamping in place between two layers of wind measuring towers is difficult to ensure in the process, and the stability of the wind measuring tower is influenced. Meanwhile, although the wind measuring tower is installed on the ground, the risk of high-altitude operation in the installation process is reduced, wind measuring equipment still needs to climb onto the wind measuring tower to be installed, and therefore the risk of high-altitude operation still exists.
Therefore, the installation process is tedious, the installation time is long, and the high-altitude operation is dangerous.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a wind measuring tower capable of being conveniently installed, and aims to at least solve the problems in the prior art. The wind measuring tower is convenient to install, and can be operated and installed on the ground, so that the installation process of the wind measuring tower is simplified, the installation time is shortened, and the risk of high-altitude operation is reduced.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme to realize the aim of the invention:
the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a wind measuring tower that can conveniently install, includes multilayer tripod mechanism group, connects through supporting mechanism group and stabilizing mean group between the adjacent layer tripod mechanism group, still includes support mechanism group.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being conveniently installed, one layer of tripod mechanism group at the bottom is formed by connecting a first cross rod and two second cross rods end to end, and the other layers of tripod mechanism groups are formed by connecting three second cross rods end to end.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently, the supporting mechanism group comprises a vertical rod; the first cross rod and the second cross rod between the tripod mechanism groups of the adjacent layers are movably connected through a vertical rod; the top of montant is equipped with T type connecting piece, is equipped with on the second horizontal pole with T type connecting piece complex recess.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being conveniently installed, the stabilizing mechanism group comprises a stabilizing mechanism group I, a stabilizing mechanism group II and a stabilizing mechanism group III; the second cross bar is provided with a first guide groove; the stabilizing mechanism comprises a stabilizing mechanism body and a stabilizing mechanism body, wherein the stabilizing mechanism body comprises a first inclined rod, an eighth boss is arranged at one end part of the first inclined rod and is clamped in the first guide groove, and the stabilizing mechanism body further comprises a first spring arranged on the second cross rod, a tongue-shaped boss and a limiting block which are arranged on the second cross rod through the first spring.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being conveniently installed, the second group of stabilizing mechanisms comprises a first inclined rod movably connected with the first cross rod, one ends of the first inclined rod and the third inclined rod are movably connected, and movable connecting ends of the first inclined rod and the third inclined rod are connected with a second cross rod on the first cross rod; the other end of the third inclined rod is movably connected with a second inclined rod, and the movable connecting ends of the third inclined rod and the second inclined rod are movably connected with a second cross rod on the upper layer.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently, the first cross rod is connected with the vertical rod main body; the stabilizing mechanism three groups comprise a first pulley arranged at the top end of the vertical rod main body, the movable connecting ends of the first inclined rod and the third inclined rod are connected with one end of a first pull rope, and the other end of the first pull rope bypasses the first pulley.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently, the vertical rod is provided with the guide groove; the support mechanism comprises a wind measuring support, one side of the wind measuring support is provided with a limiting boss, and the limiting boss is clamped in the guide groove; support rods are arranged at two ends of the wind measuring support, and twenty-first through holes are formed in the support rods; the wind measuring bracket is also provided with a through hole.
In the wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently, the wind measuring support is connected with the third cross rod, a pull rope is arranged in the third cross rod, and the pull rope wind measuring support is pulled to move in the guide groove.
Advantageous effects
1. The wind measuring tower mainly comprises a tripod mechanism group, a supporting mechanism group, a stabilizing mechanism group and a bracket mechanism group. The tripod mechanism group mainly comprises a first cross rod or a second cross rod which are connected end to end; the supporting mechanism group mainly comprises a first vertical rod, a first locking rod, a second locking rod and a T-shaped connecting piece; the stabilizing mechanism group consists of a stabilizing mechanism group I, a stabilizing mechanism group II and a stabilizing mechanism group III, and comprises a tongue-shaped buckle, a first inclined rod, a second inclined rod, a first pulley, a third locking rod and other parts; the bracket mechanism group mainly comprises a wind measuring bracket, a bearing, a first pulley, a third locking rod, a second spring and a first buckle. Through the one-layer construction of tripod mechanism group, supporting mechanism group, stabilizing mechanism group and support mechanism group, can be at ground installation, rethread other low rotational speed big moment of torsion's motor pulling first stay cord can promote whole anemometer tower to rise, forms the anemometer tower.
2. Compared with the conventional wind measuring tower, the wind measuring tower provided by the invention is composed of the tripod mechanism group, the supporting mechanism group, the stabilizing mechanism group and the bracket mechanism group, not only is the structural style obviously different, but also the wind measuring tower has a pulling and lifting function, and the bracket mechanism group can be lifted and lowered freely on the wind measuring tower. The functions of the ground installation wind measuring tower and the wind measuring bracket are realized, the risk of high-altitude operation is reduced, and the installation time is shortened. Meanwhile, the installation of the anemometer tower is more convenient and quick, and the installation cost is reduced.
3. Compared with the tripod of the conventional wind measuring tower, the tripod mechanism group is provided with more structural parts, so that the head and tail splicing of the cross rod is facilitated, the installation of the vertical rod and other connecting pieces is facilitated, and the installation is quicker and more convenient.
4. In contrast to the conventional supporting mechanism set, the first vertical rod 210 of the supporting mechanism set of the present invention can slide along the third guide groove 147 and rotate around the first locking rod 230 under the action of the T-shaped connector 250. Therefore, the supporting mechanism group can be automatically deformed and clamped to the specified position in the ascending process of the anemometer tower, and the supporting mechanism group is more convenient to deform.
5. Compared with the conventional stabilizing mechanism, the stabilizing mechanism provided by the invention has the advantages that the group of stabilizing mechanisms can be clamped with the inclined rod and the stabilized anemometer tower more conveniently through the matching of the sliding chute, the buckle and the inclined rod.
6. Compared with the conventional stabilizing mechanism, the stabilizing mechanism II of the invention does not connect each inclined rod into a four-bar linkage mode, but extends a part of the tail end of one inclined rod, and then forms the four-bar linkage mode by using a plurality of shorter connecting rods, thereby not only playing the role of lifting, but also reducing the space occupied by the inclined rods.
7. Compared with the conventional bracket mechanism group, the wind measuring bracket in the bracket mechanism group can slide up and down in the guide groove of the vertical rod, and the clamping condition of the wind measuring bracket can be controlled through the pull rope. The wind measuring bracket is very convenient to install and detach, so that the maintenance of wind measuring equipment is convenient.
8. Compared with the existing wind measuring towers, the wind measuring tower can be installed on the ground, and then the pull rope is pulled by other driving mechanisms so that the wind measuring tower automatically ascends and is clamped and fixed. Not only reduces the working procedures of climbing the constructor to the upper section of the wind measuring tower for installation, but also reduces the working procedures of welding. Therefore, the installation time is saved, the construction period is shortened, and the risk of high-altitude operation is reduced. In addition, because the wind measuring support can freely slide in the guide groove of the vertical rod, the lifting and the descending of the wind measuring support can be controlled through the pull rope, so that the installation of wind measuring equipment is convenient, and the wind measuring equipment is convenient to detach and maintain when the wind measuring equipment breaks down. From the current wind measurement data, the faults of wind measurement equipment are easy to occur, and the rapid disassembly and replacement of the wind measurement equipment have a vital effect on ensuring the wind measurement quality.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention or the technical solutions of the prior art, the drawings which are used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described, it being obvious that the drawings in the description below are only some embodiments of the invention, and that other drawings can be obtained from these drawings without inventive faculty for a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a wind tower capable of being installed conveniently;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a conveniently installed anemometer tower before lifting;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a first cross bar according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a first cross bar according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a second cross bar according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a second cross bar according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram III of a second cross bar provided by the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a second cross bar according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a tripod mechanism set according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a tripod mechanism set according to the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a first vertical rod provided by the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of a second vertical rod provided by the present invention;
FIG. 13 is an exploded view of the support mechanism assembly provided by the present invention;
fig. 14 is a schematic diagram of a connection structure of a supporting mechanism set provided by the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a first diagonal member according to the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of a second diagonal member according to the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of a third diagonal member according to the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of a fourth diagonal member according to the present invention;
fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of a tongue buckle provided by the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of a first connecting rod according to the present invention;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of a second connecting rod according to the present invention;
FIG. 22 is an exploded view of a set of stabilization mechanisms provided by the present invention;
FIG. 23 is a schematic view of an assembled structure of a set of stabilizing mechanisms provided by the present invention;
FIG. 24 is an exploded view of two groups of stabilizing mechanisms provided by the present invention;
FIG. 25 is a schematic diagram of an assembled structure of two groups of stabilizing mechanisms according to the present invention;
FIG. 26 is an exploded view of three sets of stabilizing mechanisms provided by the present invention;
FIG. 27 is a schematic view of an assembled structure of three sets of stabilizing mechanisms according to the present invention;
FIG. 28 is a schematic view of a half-raised state of a two-layered tripod mechanism set according to the present invention;
FIG. 29 is a schematic view of a wind stand according to the present invention;
FIG. 30 is a schematic view of a third cross bar according to the present invention;
FIG. 31 is a second schematic structural view of a third cross bar according to the present invention;
FIG. 32 is an exploded view of the set of bracket mechanisms provided by the present invention;
FIG. 33 is a schematic view of an assembled structure of a bracket mechanism set according to the present invention;
In the figure: 110-a first rail; 111-a first boss; 112-a second boss; 113-a first threaded hole; 114-a first semicircular boss; 115-a first via; 116-a second through hole; 117-first groove; 118-third through holes; 119-a horizontal bar body; 120-vertical bar body; 121-a third boss; 122-a second threaded hole; 123-a second groove; 130-a second rail; 131-fourth bosses; 132-fifth boss; 133-a third threaded hole; 134-a first guide slot; 135-limiting blocks; 136-sixth boss; 137-a second semicircular boss; 138-fourth through holes; 139-a fifth through hole; 140-a second guide slot; 141-a third groove; 142-first square through holes; 143-fourth threaded holes; 144-fourth grooves; 145-a fifth groove; 146-a fifth threaded hole; 150-a fourth guide slot; 147-a third guide slot; 148-sixth groove; 149-seventh groove; 210-a first vertical rod; 211-fourth guide grooves; 212-eighth groove; 213-sixth through hole; 214-a ninth groove; 215-a first movable shaft; 216-seventh through holes; 220-a second vertical rod; 221-a fifth guide slot; 230-a first locking bar; 240-a second locking bar; 250-T connector; 251-eighth via; 310-a first diagonal; 311-ninth through holes; 312-seventh boss; 313-eighth boss; 320-a second diagonal; 321-tenth through holes; 322-eleventh through hole; 323-ninth boss; 324-tenth boss; 325-sixth threaded hole; 330-a third diagonal; 331-twelfth via; 332-thirteenth through hole; 333-seventh threaded holes; 334-fourteenth through hole; 340-fourth diagonal; 341-fifteenth via holes; 342-sixteenth through hole; 350-tongue-shaped buckle; 351-tongue-shaped boss; 352-square boss; 360-a first link; 361-seventeenth through hole; 362-eleventh boss; 370-a second link; 371-twelfth boss; 372-thirteenth boss; 380-a first spring; 381-first screw; 390-first cover plate; 391-first counter bore; 450-second screw; 460-screw cap; 470-platen; 471-eighteenth through hole; 472-nineteenth through hole; 480-third screws; 490-fourth screw; 410-a bearing; 420-a first pulley; 430-a third locking bar; 440-first pull rope; 450-second screw; 510-a wind-measuring bracket; 511-limit bosses; 512-a first support bar; 513-fourteenth bosses; 514-twentieth through holes; 515-a twenty-first via; 516-first triangle; 517-a twenty-second through hole; 518-a second support bar; 519-second triangle; 520-thirteenth through hole; 521-twenty-four through holes, 530, a third cross bar; 531. the first limiting boss; 532. a twenty-fifth through hole; 533. a tenth groove; 534. an eleventh groove; 535. the second limiting boss; 536. a twenty-sixth through hole; 537. a twelfth groove; 540. a second spring; 550. a first buckle; 551. thirteenth grooves; 552. a twenty-seventh through hole; 553. an annular boss.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art will better understand the present invention, a technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in which it is apparent that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without making any inventive effort, shall fall within the scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and the claims of the present invention and the above figures are used for distinguishing between similar objects and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the data so used may be interchanged where appropriate in order to describe the embodiments of the invention herein. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
In the present invention, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal" and the like indicate an azimuth or a positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings. These terms are only used to better describe the present invention and its embodiments and are not intended to limit the scope of the indicated devices, elements or components to the particular orientations or to configure and operate in the particular orientations.
Also, some of the terms described above may be used to indicate other meanings in addition to orientation or positional relationships, for example, the term "upper" may also be used to indicate some sort of attachment or connection in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in the present invention will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "configured," "provided," "connected," "coupled," and "sleeved" are to be construed broadly. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; may be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in internal communication between two devices, elements, or components. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
It should be noted that, without conflict, the embodiments of the present invention and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other. The invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings in connection with embodiments.
Example 1. The utility model provides a wind measuring tower that can conveniently install, includes multilayer tripod mechanism group, connects through supporting mechanism group and stabilizing mean group between the adjacent layer tripod mechanism group, still includes support mechanism group.
The tripod mechanism group at the bottom layer is formed by connecting a first cross rod 110 and two second cross rods 130 end to end, and the tripod mechanism group at the other layers is formed by connecting three second cross rods 130 end to end.
The supporting mechanism group comprises a vertical rod; the first cross rod 10 and the second cross rod 130 between the tripod mechanism groups of the adjacent layers and the second cross rod 130 are movably connected through vertical rods; the top of the vertical rod is provided with a T-shaped connecting piece 250, and the second cross rod 130 is provided with a groove matched with the T-shaped connecting piece 250.
The stabilizing mechanism group comprises a stabilizing mechanism group I, a stabilizing mechanism group II and a stabilizing mechanism group III; the second cross bar 130 is provided with a first guide groove 134; the stabilizing mechanism group comprises a first inclined rod 310, an eighth boss 313 is arranged at one end part of the first inclined rod 310, the eighth boss 313 is clamped in the first guide groove 134, a first spring 380 arranged on the second cross rod 130, and a tongue-shaped boss 351 and a limiting block 135 which are arranged on the second cross rod 130 through the first spring 380.
The second group of stabilizing mechanisms comprises a first inclined rod 310 movably connected with the first transverse rod 110, one ends of the first inclined rod 310 and the third inclined rod 330 are movably connected, and the movable connecting ends of the first inclined rod 310 and the third inclined rod 330 are connected with a second transverse rod 13 on the first transverse rod 110; the other end of the third inclined rod 330 is movably connected with the second inclined rod 320, and the movable connecting ends of the third inclined rod 330 and the second inclined rod 320 are movably connected with the second cross rod 13 on the upper layer.
The first cross bar 110 is connected with the vertical bar main body 120; the three groups of stabilizing mechanisms comprise a first pulley 420 arranged at the top end of the vertical rod main body 120, the movable connecting ends of the first inclined rod 310 and the third inclined rod 330 are connected with one end of a first pull rope 440, and the other end of the first pull rope 440 is arranged around the first pulley 420.
The vertical rod is provided with a guide groove; the bracket mechanism comprises a wind measuring bracket 510, wherein a limit boss 511 is arranged on one side of the wind measuring bracket 510, and the limit boss 511 is clamped in the guide groove; support rods are arranged at two ends of the wind measuring support 510, and twenty-first through holes 514 are formed in the support rods; the wind-measuring bracket 510 is also provided with a through hole.
The wind-measuring bracket 510 is connected with a third cross bar 530, a pull rope is arranged in the third cross bar 530, and the pull rope wind-measuring bracket 510 is pulled to move in the guide groove.
The integral style of the wind measuring tower and the style before the wind measuring tower is pulled up are shown in fig. 1-2, and the wind measuring tower mainly comprises a tripod mechanism group, a supporting mechanism group, a stabilizing mechanism group and a bracket mechanism group. The tripod mechanism group mainly comprises a first cross rod 110 or a second cross rod 130 which are connected end to end; the supporting mechanism group mainly comprises a first vertical rod 210, a first locking rod 230, a second locking rod 240 and a T-shaped connecting piece 250; the stabilizing mechanism group consists of a stabilizing mechanism group I, a stabilizing mechanism group II and a stabilizing mechanism group III, and comprises a tongue buckle 350, a first inclined rod 310, a second inclined rod 320, a first pulley 420, a third locking rod 430 and other parts; the bracket mechanism group mainly comprises a wind measuring bracket 510, a bearing 410, a first pulley 420, a third locking rod 430, a second spring 540 and a first buckle 550. Through the one-layer construction of tripod mechanism group, supporting mechanism group, stabilizing mechanism group and support mechanism group, can install into the pattern that fig. 2 shows on ground, the motor of rethread low rotational speed big moment of torsion pulls first stay cord 440, can promote whole anemometer tower to rise, finally evolves into the pattern that fig. 1 shows.
The detailed implementation structure of the anemometer tower is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 3 and 4 are detailed structures of the first crossbar 110, and the first crossbar 110 is mainly composed of a horizontal bar body 119 and a vertical bar body 120, and the horizontal bar body 119 and the vertical bar body 120 are connected together at an angle of 90 degrees. Both ends of the horizontal bar body 119 are stepped. One end connected to the vertical rod body 120 is a stepped shape with an upper half portion being empty, and the other end is a stepped shape with a lower half portion being empty. A first boss 111 is provided on a step of one end of the horizontal rod body 119, a second boss 112 is provided on a side next to the vertical rod body 120, and a first screw hole 113 is provided on the second boss 112. A second through hole 116 is formed in the step at the other end of the horizontal rod main body 119, a first semicircular boss 114 is arranged near the second through hole 116, a second groove 123 is formed in the middle of the first semicircular boss 114, and a first through hole 115 is formed in the center of the first semicircular boss 114. A third boss 121 is provided near the second through hole 116, and a second screw hole 122 is provided in the third boss 121. The second boss 112 and the third boss 121 are respectively located at both sides of the horizontal bar body 119, and are respectively located at both ends of the horizontal bar body 119. The top end of the vertical rod main body 120 is provided with a first groove 117, and a third through hole 118 is arranged in the middle of the bosses at two sides of the first groove 117.
Fig. 5 to 8 are detailed structures of the second rail 130. The second cross bar 130 has stepped ends, one of which has a stepped shape with an upper half portion being empty and the other of which has a stepped shape with a lower half portion being empty. A fourth boss 131 is provided on the step in which the upper half is empty, a fifth boss 132 is provided on one of the sides near the fourth boss 131, and a third screw hole 133 is provided on the fifth boss 132. The middle of the side surface of the fifth boss 132 is provided with a first guide groove 134, and a limiting block 135 is arranged at a position of the first guide groove 134 near the middle. A fifth through hole 139 is arranged on the step with the hollow lower half part, a second semicircular boss 137 is arranged near the fifth through hole 139, a third groove 141 is arranged in the middle of the second semicircular boss 137, and a fourth through hole 138 is arranged in the center of the second semicircular boss 137. A second guide groove 140 is provided near the second semicircular boss 137 near the first guide groove 134, a sixth boss 136 is also provided near the second semicircular boss 137, and a fourth threaded hole 143 is provided on the sixth boss 136. The fifth boss 132 and the sixth boss 136 are respectively located at two sides of the second cross bar 130, and are respectively located at two ends of the second cross bar 130. A first square through hole 142 is arranged on the first guide groove 134 near the limiting block 135, and the limiting block 135 and the first square through hole 142 are distributed on two sides of the center of the first guide groove 134. A fourth guide groove 150 is arranged on the side surface of the sixth boss 136, a fourth groove 144 is arranged at a position, close to the center, of the fourth guide groove 150, the center of the fourth groove 144 is a first square through hole 142, a fifth groove 145 with a slightly larger size than the first square through hole 142 is also arranged at the center of the fourth groove 144, and then two fifth threaded holes 146 are distributed on the fourth groove 144 on two sides of the fifth groove 145.
The surface of the second semicircular boss 137 is defined as the upper surface of the second cross bar 130, and the other surface corresponding to the upper surface is defined as the lower surface. A third guide groove 147 is provided on the lower surface of the second rail 130, and one end of the third guide groove 147 is opened and the other end is closed. The third guide groove 147 is in the form of a T-shaped groove having a wide inside and a narrow outside, a sixth groove 148 is provided at a closed end of the third guide groove 147, and a seventh groove 149 is provided inside the third guide groove 147 corresponding to the sixth groove 148, the depth of the seventh groove 149 being the same as the depth of the sixth groove 148.
Fig. 9 and 10 are tripod mechanism groups, the tripod mechanism group formed by one first cross bar 110 and two second cross bars 130 is placed on the bottom layer of the whole wind measuring tower, and the tripod mechanism group formed by three second cross bars 130 is placed on other layers of the wind measuring tower. Taking fig. 10 as an example, the fourth boss 131 of one second cross bar 130 is combined with the fifth through hole 139 of the other second cross bar 130, and the three second cross bars 130 are combined in the same manner to form an end-to-end regular triangle.
Fig. 11 is a detailed structure of the first vertical rod 210. A fourth guide groove 211 is disposed on one surface of the first vertical rod 210, and the fourth guide groove 211 penetrates through the whole first vertical rod 210. An eighth groove 212 is arranged near the fourth guide groove 211 at one corner of the first vertical rod 210, a sixth through hole 213 is arranged in the center of the eighth groove 212, the sixth through hole 213 penetrates through the whole first vertical rod 210, and the diameter of the sixth through hole 213 is smaller than that of the eighth groove 212. A ninth groove 214 is provided in the middle of the corner where the sixth through hole 213 is located. The sixth through hole 213 is provided with a first movable shaft 215 at the opposite corner of the corner, and both surfaces of the first vertical rod 210 are just on the diameter of the first movable shaft 215. A seventh through hole 216 is provided at the center of the first movable shaft 215.
Fig. 12 is a detailed structure of the second vertical rod 220. The second vertical rod 220 has a similar structure to the first vertical rod 210, and the only difference is that a fifth guide groove 221 is provided on the second vertical rod 220, and a fourth guide groove 211 is provided on the first vertical rod 210. The fifth guide groove 221 has the same width and depth as the fourth guide groove 211, but the fifth guide groove 221 is in the form of a T-shaped groove with a wide inside and a narrow outside.
Fig. 13 is an exploded view of a support mechanism assembly consisting essentially of a first vertical rod 210, a first locking rod 230, a second locking rod 240, and a T-shaped connector 250, wherein the first vertical rod 210 may be replaced with the second vertical rod 220. The T-shaped connector 250 is provided with an eighth through hole 251, and the second locking bar 240 is inserted through the sixth through hole 213 and then inserted through the eighth through hole 251, so that the T-shaped connector 250 can be movably connected to the first vertical bar 210.
Fig. 14 is a connection diagram of the supporting mechanism group. The first movable shaft 215 of the first vertical rod 210 is placed in the second groove 123 of the first transverse rod 110, and then the first locking rod 230 passes through the first through hole 115 on the first transverse rod 110 and then passes through the seventh through hole 216 on the first vertical rod 210, so that the first vertical rod 210 can be movably connected to the first transverse rod 110. The upper end of the T-shaped connecting piece 250 is matched with the third guide groove 147 on the second cross bar 130, the T-shaped connecting piece 250 enters from the opening of the third guide groove 147, slides to the ninth groove 214 on the first vertical bar 210, then passes through the sixth through hole 213 on the first vertical bar 210 by the second locking rod 240, passes through the eighth through hole 251 on the T-shaped connecting piece 250, and can keep the first vertical bar 210 movably connected with the second cross bar 130.
During the ascent of the second rail 130, the first vertical bar 210 rotates around the first locking bar 230 while the T-shaped link 250 slides in the third guide groove 147. When the second rail 130 is raised to the top position, the top of the first vertical bar 210 snaps into the sixth recess 148 on the second rail 130, while the T-connector 250 snaps into the seventh recess 149 on the second rail 130. At this time, the first vertical rod 210 is clamped, and the whole supporting mechanism group plays a supporting role on the anemometer tower.
Fig. 15 is a detailed structural view of the first diagonal member 310. One end of the first diagonal member 310 is provided with a ninth through hole 311, and the upper and lower surfaces of the other end are respectively provided with a seventh boss 312 and an eighth boss 313. A rotary slot is provided in the middle of the seventh boss 312 to bind the pull cord.
Fig. 16 is a detailed structural view of the second diagonal lever 320. One end of the second diagonal member 320 is provided with a tenth through hole 321, and an eleventh through hole 322 is provided near the tenth through hole 321. The upper and lower surfaces of the other end of the second diagonal member 320 are respectively provided with a ninth boss 323 and a tenth boss 324, and the ninth boss 323 is provided with a sixth threaded hole 325.
Fig. 17 is a detailed structural view of the third diagonal member 330. One end of the third inclined rod 330 is provided with a twelfth through hole 331 and the other end is provided with a thirteenth through hole 332, and the diameter of the thirteenth through hole 332 is smaller than that of the twelfth through hole 331. Two seventh screw holes 333 are provided near the thirteenth through hole 332, and a fourteenth through hole 334 is provided near the seventh screw hole 333, the diameter of the fourteenth through hole 334 being the same as the diameter of the twelfth through hole 331. Assuming that the distance between the tenth through hole 321 and the eleventh through hole 322 on the second diagonal member 320 is L, the distance between the thirteenth through hole 332 and the fourteenth through hole 334 is also L.
Fig. 18 is a detailed structural view of the fourth diagonal lever 340. The fourth diagonal member 340 is provided at both ends thereof with a fifteenth through hole 341 and a sixteenth through hole 342, respectively, the fifteenth through hole 341 and the sixteenth through hole 342 having the same diameter.
Fig. 19 is a detailed construction diagram of the tongue-shaped buckle 350. Tongue-shaped clasp 350 includes a tongue-shaped boss 351 and a square boss 352, the tongue-shaped boss 351 just being engageable with the first square through hole 142 on the second rail 130, and the square boss 352 just being engageable with the fifth groove 145 on the second rail 130.
Fig. 20 is a detailed structural view of the first link 360. One end of the first link 360 is provided with a seventeenth through hole 361, the other end is provided with an eleventh boss 362, and a rod body portion of the first link 360 is located at a middle section of the eleventh boss 362 such that both sides of the first link 360 have protrusions of the same height. Assuming that the distance between the tenth through hole 321 and the eleventh through hole 322 in the second diagonal member 320 is L, the distance between the seventeenth through hole 361 and the eleventh boss 362 is also L.
Fig. 21 is a detailed construction diagram of the second link 370, in which a twelfth boss 371 is provided at one end of the second link 370 and a thirteenth boss 372 is provided at the other end, and a distance from a center of the twelfth boss 371 to a center of the thirteenth boss 372 is the same as a distance from the seventeenth through hole 361 to the eleventh boss 362.
Fig. 22 is an exploded view of a group of stabilizing mechanisms, mainly consisting of tongue-shaped buckle 350, first spring 380, first screw 381, and first cover plate 390. The first cover plate 390 is provided with two first counter sunk holes 391, and the center of the first counter sunk holes 391 just matches with the fifth threaded holes 146 on the second cross bar 130. The stabilizing mechanism is matched with the second cross bar 130 and the first inclined bar 310, and can be used for clamping and limiting the first inclined bar 310.
Fig. 23 is an assembly view of a set of stabilizing mechanisms. The eighth boss 313 of the first diagonal member 310 is engaged with the first guide groove 134 of the second cross member 130, and the first diagonal member 310 is free to slide along the first guide groove 134. The tongue-shaped boss 351 of the tongue-shaped fastener 350 is mounted in the first square through hole 142 of the second cross bar 130, the first spring 380 is placed in the fifth groove 145 of the second cross bar 130, the first cover plate 390 is mounted in the fourth groove 144 of the second cross bar 130, the first screw 381 is passed through the first countersunk hole 391 of the first cover plate 390, and screwed into the fifth threaded hole 146 of the second cross bar 130, so that the tongue-shaped fastener 350 is mounted to the second cross bar 130. When the first diagonal member 310 slides along the first guide groove 134 and passes through the position of the tongue-shaped buckle 350, the first diagonal member is clamped by the tongue-shaped boss 351 and the limiting block 135, so that the anemometer tower is stabilized.
Fig. 24 is an exploded view of two groups of stabilizing mechanisms, mainly consisting of a first diagonal 310, a second diagonal 320, a third diagonal 330, a fourth diagonal 340, a second screw 450, a nut 460, a platen 470, a third screw 480, a fourth screw 490, a first link 360, and a second link 370. Wherein one end of the pressing plate 470 is provided with an eighteenth through hole 471 having a larger diameter and the other end is provided with a nineteenth through hole 472 having a smaller diameter. The second group of stabilizing mechanisms are matched with the second cross rod 130, the first cross rod 110 and the like, so that the stabilizing mechanisms can stabilize and lift the anemometer tower.
Fig. 25 is an assembly view of two groups of stabilizing mechanisms. The ninth through hole 311 of the first diagonal member 310 is mounted to the second boss 112 of the first rail 110, and then the second screw 450 is screwed into the first screw hole 113 of the first rail 110, thereby movably connecting the first diagonal member 310 to the first rail 110. The eighth boss 313 of the first diagonal member 310 is engaged with the first guide groove 134 of the second diagonal member 130, and the first diagonal member 310 is free to slide along the first guide groove 134. The tenth through hole 321 on the second diagonal member 320 is snapped into the fifth boss 132 on the second cross member 130, the twelfth through hole 331 on the third diagonal member 330 is snapped into the seventh boss 312 on the first diagonal member 310, and the fourteenth through hole 334 on the third diagonal member 330 is snapped into the fifth boss 132 on the second cross member 130. The nut 460 is screwed into the seventh boss 312 on the first diagonal 310 to thereby articulate the first diagonal 310 and the third diagonal 330. The third diagonal member 330 and the second diagonal member 320 are movably coupled by screwing the fourth screw 490 into the third threaded hole 133 in the second cross member 130. The eleventh boss 362 on the first link 360 is snapped into the thirteenth through hole 332 on the third diagonal member 330, the twelfth boss 371 on the second link 370 is snapped into the seventeenth through hole 361 on the first link 360, and the thirteenth boss 372 on the second link 370 is snapped into the eleventh through hole 322 on the second diagonal member 320. The eighteenth through hole 471 on the pressing plate 470 is snapped into the eleventh boss 362 on the first link 360, the nineteenth through hole 472 on the pressing plate 470 is aligned with the seventh threaded hole 333 on the third diagonal member 330, and then the third screw 480 is screwed into the nineteenth through hole 472 and the seventh threaded hole 333, so that the first link 360 and the second link 370 are pressed against the third diagonal member 330 and the second diagonal member 320, so that they are kept in movable connection. The remaining three sides connect each diagonal and link in the same manner, the inside of the tripod connects each diagonal and link in a similar manner, but the inside is installed with the fourth diagonal 340 replacing the third diagonal 330. When the first diagonal member 310 is rotated along the center of the second boss 112 after installation, the eighth boss 313 of the first diagonal member 310 slides leftwards in the first guide groove 134 of the second cross member 130, thereby pushing the second cross member 130 of the second layer to move upwards. Because the first diagonal member 310 and the third diagonal member 330 are movably connected, the third diagonal member 330 is driven to rotate clockwise along the center of the fifth boss 132 during the counterclockwise rotation of the first diagonal member 310, thereby pushing the second cross bar 130 of the second layer to move upwards. Because the second diagonal member 320 and the third diagonal member 330 are movably connected and are connected in a diamond shape through the first link 360 and the second link 370, the second diagonal member 320 is driven to rotate counterclockwise along the center of the fifth boss 132 during the clockwise rotation of the third diagonal member 330, thereby pushing the second cross bar 130 at the upper layer to move upward. Therefore, after the installation, the first inclined rod 310 is only required to rotate, so that the whole anemometer tower mechanism can be pulled up.
Fig. 26 is an exploded view of three sets of stabilizing mechanisms, consisting essentially of bearing 410, first pulley 420, third locking lever 430, first pull cord 440, and second screw 450. The three groups of stabilizing mechanisms are matched with the first cross rod 110 and the first inclined rod 310, so that the whole anemometer tower can be lifted.
Fig. 27 is an assembly view of three sets of stabilizing mechanisms. The ninth through hole 311 of the first diagonal member 310 is mounted to the second boss 112 of the first rail 110, and then the second screw 450 is screwed into the first screw hole 113 of the first rail 110, thereby movably connecting the first diagonal member 310 to the first rail 110. Two bearings 410 are installed into the third through-holes 118 of the first rail 110, then the first pulley 420 is placed into the first groove 117 of the first rail 110, and then the third locking bar 430 is inserted into the bearings 410 and the center hole of the first pulley 420, thereby installing the first pulley 420 to the first rail 110 so as to be freely rotatable in the first groove 117. One end of the first pull cord 440 is tied to the seventh boss 312 of the first diagonal member 310 and then spans the first pulley 420. When the first pull cord 440 is pulled, the first diagonal member 310 can be rotated about the center of the second boss 112, and at the same time, the eighth boss 313 on the first diagonal member 310 slides leftwards in the first guide slot 134 on the second cross member 130, so as to promote the second cross member 130 to move upwards and lift up until the eighth boss 313 on the first diagonal member 310 is clamped between the tongue-shaped boss 351 and the stop block 135.
The first stabilizing mechanism group, the second stabilizing mechanism group and the third stabilizing mechanism group form a stabilizing and lifting mechanism of the wind measuring tower, and perform stabilizing and lifting functions on the wind measuring tower.
Fig. 28 is a half-rise state diagram after two layers are mounted. Firstly, connecting the cross bars of the first layer end to end, then installing corresponding vertical bars on the cross bars of the first layer, connecting the cross bars of the second layer end to end, and then installing diagonal bars between the cross bars of the first layer and the cross bars of the second layer correspondingly. When the stay cord is used for pulling the inclined rod to move, the second-layer cross rod is pushed to move upwards, and the upward movement of the second-layer cross rod pulls the vertical rod to rotate.
Fig. 29 is a detailed structural view of the anemometer bracket 510. The bottom end of the wind-measuring bracket 510 is provided with a limiting boss 511, which can be used for being clamped in the fifth guide groove 221 of the second vertical rod 220. The two ends of the wind measuring bracket 510 are respectively provided with a first supporting rod 512 and a second supporting rod 518, the first supporting rod 512 is provided with a fourteenth boss 513, the fourteenth boss 513 is provided with a twentieth through hole 514 which can be used for connecting a pull rope to facilitate the pulling of the wind measuring bracket 510 for movement. The top end of the first support rod 512 is further provided with two twenty-first through holes 515, which can be used for connecting with other wind measuring devices. The first support bar 512 and the long bar portion of the anemometer support 510 are provided with a first triangle 516, and the first triangle 516 is provided with a twenty-second through hole 517. The second support rod 518 and the long rod portion of the anemometer bracket 510 are provided with a second triangle 519, a twenty-third through hole 520 is provided on the second triangle 519, and two twenty-fourth through holes 521 are provided at the top end of the second support rod 518, which can be used for fixing other anemometer devices.
Fig. 30 and 31 are detailed structural views of the third rail 530. The third cross bar 530 is similar to the second cross bar 130 in structure, and mainly differs in that a first limit boss 531 and a second limit boss 535 are disposed near the fifth through hole 139, and the first limit boss 531 and the second limit boss 535 are distributed on both sides of the second guide groove 140. The first limiting boss 531 is provided with a twenty-fifth through hole 532, a tenth groove 533, an eleventh groove 534 and a twenty-sixth through hole 536, the eleventh groove 534 is a circular groove, and is mainly used for placing other bayonets and springs, and the twenty-sixth through hole 536 is a through hole with a small diameter, and is mainly used for penetrating a pull rope. The second spacing boss 535 is provided with a twelfth groove 537, which is a circular groove having the same diameter as the twentieth through hole 517 but smaller than the eleventh groove 534.
Fig. 32 is an exploded view of the bracket mechanism set, which is mainly composed of a anemometer bracket 510, a bearing 410, a first pulley 420, a third locking lever 430, a second spring 540, and a first buckle 550. One end of the first buckle 550 is provided with two thirteenth grooves 551, a twenty-seventh through hole 552 is arranged between the two thirteenth grooves 551, and the pull rope passes through the twenty-seventh through hole 552 to be fastened, so that the first buckle 550 can be pulled by the pull rope. An annular boss 553 is further provided in the middle of the first buckle 550, and a surface of the annular boss 553 is in contact with an inner wall of the eleventh groove 534 on the third cross bar 530. The bracket mechanism group is matched with the second cross bar 130, the second vertical bar 220 and the third cross bar 530, and can be used for installing and fixing the wind measuring bracket 510.
Fig. 33 is an assembly view of the bracket mechanism group. The second vertical rod 220 is connected with one of the third transverse rods 530, then the second vertical rod 220 is installed on the upper book of the third transverse rod 530, then the second transverse rod 130 is installed, then the second vertical rod 220 is connected, and finally the third transverse rod 530 is installed on the top end of the second vertical rod 220. One of the drawstrings is tied into the twenty-seventh through hole 552 of the first buckle 550, the second spring 540 is again clamped to the first buckle 550, the drawstring is then passed through the twenty-sixth through hole 536, and the first buckle 550 and the second spring 540 are placed into the eleventh groove 534. In the initial position, the first catch 550 is pressed into the twelfth recess 537 by the spring force. The bearing 410 is installed in the twenty-fifth through hole 532, and then the first pulley 420 is placed in the tenth groove 533, and the third locking lever 430 is passed through the bearing 410 and the center hole of the first pulley 420, thereby installing the first pulley 420 in the tenth groove 533. And then stretched across the first pulley 420, one of which is tied into the twentieth through hole 514 on the anemometer bracket 510, so that the anemometer bracket 510 can be pulled along the fifth guide groove 221 by the pull rope. The wind-measuring bracket 510 slides in from the fifth guide groove 221 on the second vertical rod 220, when the top end of the wind-measuring bracket 510 reaches the position of the first buckle 550, the pull rope at the rear end of the first buckle 550 is pulled, and when the first buckle 550 no longer blocks the wind-measuring bracket 510, the wind-measuring bracket 510 can continue to move upwards. When the twenty-second through hole 517 on the anemometer bracket 510 is aligned with the first buckle 550, the first buckle 550 can pass through the twenty-second through hole 517 and be pressed into the twelfth recess 537 again, thereby clamping the anemometer bracket 510 on the anemometer tower.
Compared with the conventional bracket mechanism group, the wind measuring bracket in the bracket mechanism group can slide up and down in the guide groove of the vertical rod, and the clamping condition of the wind measuring bracket can be controlled through the pull rope. The wind measuring bracket is very convenient to install and detach, so that the maintenance of wind measuring equipment is convenient.
The wind measuring tower mainly comprises a tripod mechanism group, a supporting mechanism group, a stabilizing mechanism group and a bracket mechanism group. Compared with the existing wind measuring towers, the wind measuring tower can be installed on the ground, and then the pull rope is pulled by other driving mechanisms so that the wind measuring tower automatically ascends and is clamped and fixed. Not only reduces the working procedures of climbing the constructor to the upper section of the wind measuring tower for installation, but also reduces the working procedures of welding. Therefore, the installation time is saved, the construction period is shortened, and the risk of high-altitude operation is reduced. In addition, because the wind measuring support can freely slide in the guide groove of the vertical rod, the lifting and the descending of the wind measuring support can be controlled through the pull rope, so that the installation of wind measuring equipment is convenient, and the wind measuring equipment is convenient to detach and maintain when the wind measuring equipment breaks down. From the current wind measurement data, the faults of wind measurement equipment are easy to occur, and the rapid disassembly and replacement of the wind measurement equipment have a vital effect on ensuring the wind measurement quality.
The concrete installation steps of the wind measuring tower are as follows:
step 1: a first cross bar 110 and two second cross bars 130 are connected end to end on the ground to form a first layer tripod mechanism group of the anemometer tower.
Step 2: the T-shaped link 250 is movably coupled to the first rail 210 at the ground surface, and then the other end of the T-shaped link 250 is passed through a third guide groove 147 formed in the lower surface of the second rail 130, and the first rail 210 is mounted to the assembled first-stage tripod mechanism group.
Step 3: according to the method of the step 2, the vertical rods are arranged on each cross rod of the first-layer tripod mechanism group, and the cross rods of the second-layer tripod mechanism group are connected end to end. At this time, the two tripod mechanism groups and the one supporting mechanism group are installed.
Step 4: the tongue-shaped buckle 350, the first spring 380, the first cover plate 390 and the first screw 381 are sequentially installed on the ground to the second cross bar 130 of the second-layer tripod mechanism group, and simultaneously the inclined bars are installed, so that a group of stabilizing mechanisms is formed.
Step 5: repeating the method from step 2 to step 4, and installing the tripod mechanism group, the supporting mechanism group and the stabilizing mechanism group of each layer.
Step 6: and installing residual inclined rods, pulleys, pull ropes and the like on the ground to perfect the stabilizing mechanism group and the bracket mechanism group.
Step 7: the pull rope is pulled on the ground by a low-rotation-speed high-torque motor, so that the anemometer tower is slowly pushed to rise. When the anemometer tower rises to a certain degree, the vertical rods, the cross rods and the diagonal rod supports are clamped in place.
Step 8: the wind measuring bracket is placed in the guide groove of the vertical rod and is connected with the guide groove by a pull rope. And then pulling the pull rope to pull the wind measuring bracket to a fixed position and clamping the wind measuring bracket.
Step 9: when the wind measuring equipment needs to be replaced, the wind measuring equipment can be replaced by pulling the pull rope on the wind measuring support in a slow direction.
The installation process of the whole wind measuring tower is finished on the ground, so that the risk of high-altitude operation is reduced, the installation time is shortened, and the wind measuring equipment is convenient to replace.
The above description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, but various modifications and variations can be made to the present invention by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a wind tower that can conveniently install which characterized in that: the device comprises a multi-layer tripod mechanism group, wherein adjacent layers of tripod mechanism groups are connected with a stabilizing mechanism group through a supporting mechanism group, and the device also comprises a bracket mechanism group; the tripod mechanism group at the bottom is formed by connecting a first cross rod (110) and two second cross rods (130) end to end, and the tripod mechanism groups at other layers are formed by connecting three second cross rods (130) end to end;
The supporting mechanism group comprises a vertical rod; the first cross rod (110) and the second cross rod (130) between the tripod mechanism groups of the adjacent layers are movably connected with each other through a vertical rod, and the second cross rod (130); the top of the vertical rod is provided with a T-shaped connecting piece (250), and the second cross rod (130) is provided with a groove matched with the T-shaped connecting piece (250);
the first cross rod (110) comprises a horizontal rod main body (119) and a vertical rod main body (120), and the horizontal rod main body (119) and the vertical rod main body (120) are connected together at an angle of 90 degrees; the two ends of the horizontal rod main body (119) are of a ladder type, one end connected with the vertical rod main body (120) is of a ladder type with an upper half part being empty, and the other end is of a ladder type with a lower half part being empty; a first boss (111) is arranged on a step at one end of the horizontal rod main body (119), a second boss (112) is arranged on the side surface, which is close to the vertical rod main body (120), of the horizontal rod main body, and a first threaded hole (113) is formed in the second boss (112); a second through hole (116) is formed in the step at the other end of the horizontal rod main body (119), a first semicircular boss (114) is arranged near the second through hole (116), a second groove (123) is formed in the middle of the first semicircular boss (114), and a first through hole (115) is formed in the center of the first semicircular boss (114); a third boss (121) is arranged near the second through hole (116), and a second threaded hole (122) is arranged on the third boss (121); the second boss (112) and the third boss (121) are respectively positioned at two sides of the horizontal rod main body (119) and are respectively positioned at two ends of the horizontal rod main body (119); the top end of the vertical rod main body (120) is provided with a first groove (117), and a third through hole (118) is arranged in the middle of bosses on two sides of the first groove (117);
The two ends of the second cross bar (130) are in a ladder shape, wherein one end is in a ladder shape with an upper half part being empty, and the other end is in a ladder shape with a lower half part being empty; a fourth boss (131) is arranged on the step with the upper half part being empty, a fifth boss (132) is arranged on one side surface near the fourth boss (131), and a third threaded hole (133) is arranged on the fifth boss (132); a first guide groove (134) is formed in the middle of the side surface of the fifth boss (132), and a limiting block (135) is arranged at a position, close to the middle, of the first guide groove (134); a fifth through hole (139) is formed in the step with the hollow lower half part, a second semicircular boss (137) is arranged near the fifth through hole (139), a third groove (141) is formed in the middle of the second semicircular boss (137), and a fourth through hole (138) is formed in the center of the second semicircular boss (137); a second guide groove (140) is formed near the second semicircular boss (137) and close to the first guide groove (134), a sixth boss (136) is further arranged near the second semicircular boss (137), and a fourth threaded hole (143) is formed in the sixth boss (136); the fifth boss (132) and the sixth boss (136) are respectively positioned at two sides of the second cross bar (130) and are respectively positioned at two ends of the second cross bar (130); a first square through hole (142) is formed in the first guide groove (134) close to the limiting block (135), and the limiting block (135) and the first square through hole (142) are distributed on two sides of the center of the first guide groove (134); a fourth guide groove (150) is formed in the side surface of the sixth boss (136), a fourth groove (144) is formed in the position, close to the center, of the fourth guide groove (150), and the center of the fourth groove (144) is a first square through hole (142); a fifth groove (145) is further arranged in the center of the fourth groove (144), and two fifth threaded holes (146) are formed in the fourth groove (144) and distributed on two sides of the fifth groove (145);
The surface of the second semicircular boss (137) is the upper surface of the second cross bar (130), and the other surface corresponding to the upper surface is the lower surface; a third guide groove (147) is arranged on the lower surface of the second cross bar (130), one end of the third guide groove (147) is open, and the other end is closed; the third guide groove (147) is in a T-shaped groove form with a wide inner part and a narrow outer part, a sixth groove (148) is formed in the closed end of the third guide groove (147), a seventh groove (149) is formed in the third guide groove (147) corresponding to the sixth groove (148), and the depth of the seventh groove (149) is the same as that of the sixth groove (148);
the supporting mechanism group comprises a first vertical rod (210), a first locking rod (230), a second locking rod (240) and a T-shaped connecting piece (250), wherein an eighth through hole (251) is formed in the T-shaped connecting piece (250), the second locking rod (240) penetrates through the sixth through hole (213) and then penetrates through the eighth through hole (251), and the T-shaped connecting piece (250) is movably connected to the first vertical rod (210);
a fourth guide groove (150) is formed in one surface of the first vertical rod (210), and the fourth guide groove (150) penetrates through the whole first vertical rod (210); an eighth groove (212) is formed near the fourth guide groove (150) at one corner of the first vertical rod (210), a sixth through hole (213) is formed in the center of the eighth groove (212), the sixth through hole (213) penetrates through the whole first vertical rod (210), and the diameter of the sixth through hole (213) is smaller than that of the eighth groove (212); a ninth groove (214) is formed in the middle of the corner where the sixth through hole (213) is formed; a first movable shaft (215) is arranged on the diagonal corner of the corner where the sixth through hole (213) is located, and two surfaces of the first vertical rod (210) are just on the diameter of the first movable shaft (215); a seventh through hole (216) is arranged in the center of the first movable shaft (215);
Placing a first movable shaft (215) of a first vertical rod (210) in a second groove (123) of the first transverse rod (110), then penetrating a first through hole (115) on the first transverse rod (110) through a first locking rod (230), penetrating a seventh through hole (216) on the first vertical rod (210), and movably connecting the first vertical rod (210) to the first transverse rod (110); the upper end of the T-shaped connecting piece (250) is matched with a third guide groove (147) on the second transverse rod (130), the T-shaped connecting piece (250) enters from the opening of the third guide groove (147) and slides to a ninth groove (214) on the first vertical rod (210), a second locking rod (240) penetrates through a sixth through hole (213) on the first vertical rod (210) and then penetrates through an eighth through hole (251) on the T-shaped connecting piece (250), and the first vertical rod (210) is movably connected with the second transverse rod (130);
when the second cross bar (130) is lifted, the first vertical bar (210) rotates around the first locking bar (230), and the T-shaped connecting piece (250) slides in the third guide groove (147); when the second cross bar (130) is lifted to the top end position, the top of the first vertical bar (210) is clamped into a sixth groove (148) on the second cross bar (130), and meanwhile, the T-shaped connecting piece (250) is clamped into a seventh groove (149) on the second cross bar (130), and the first vertical bar (210) is clamped;
The stabilizing mechanism group comprises a stabilizing mechanism group I, a stabilizing mechanism group II and a stabilizing mechanism group III;
the stabilizing mechanism comprises a tongue-shaped buckle (350), a first spring (380), a first screw (381) and a first cover plate (390); two first countersunk holes (391) are formed in the first cover plate (390), and the centers of the first countersunk holes (391) are matched with fifth threaded holes (146) in the second transverse rod (130); the stabilizing mechanism is matched with the second cross rod (130) and the first inclined rod (310) and used for clamping and limiting the first inclined rod (310); the eighth boss (313) on the first inclined rod (310) is clamped into the first guide groove (134) of the second cross rod (130), and the first inclined rod (310) can freely slide along the first guide groove (134); the tongue-shaped boss (351) of the tongue-shaped buckle (350) is installed in the first square through hole (142) on the second cross rod (130), the first spring (380) is placed in the fifth groove (145) on the second cross rod (130), the first cover plate (390) is installed in the fourth groove (144) on the second cross rod (130), the first screw (381) is used for penetrating through the first countersunk hole (391) on the first cover plate (390) and screwing into the fifth threaded hole (146) on the second cross rod (130), and the tongue-shaped buckle (350) can be installed on the second cross rod (130); when the first inclined rod (310) slides along the first guide groove (134) and passes through the position of the tongue-shaped buckle (350), the first inclined rod is clamped by the tongue-shaped boss (351) and the limiting block (135);
One end of the first inclined rod (310) is provided with a ninth through hole (311), and the upper surface and the lower surface of the other end of the first inclined rod are respectively provided with a seventh boss (312) and an eighth boss (313); a rotary groove is arranged in the middle of the seventh boss (312);
the tongue-shaped buckle (350) comprises a tongue-shaped boss (351) and a square boss (352), the tongue-shaped boss (351) is matched with the first square through hole (142) on the second cross rod (130), and the square boss (352) is matched with the fifth groove (145) on the second cross rod (130);
the second group of stabilizing mechanisms comprises a first inclined rod (310), a second inclined rod (320), a third inclined rod (330), a fourth inclined rod (340), a second screw (450), a nut (460), a pressing plate (470), a third screw (480), a fourth screw (490), a first connecting rod (360) and a second connecting rod (370);
a tenth through hole (321) is formed in one end of the second inclined rod (320), and an eleventh through hole (322) is formed near the tenth through hole (321); a ninth boss (323) and a tenth boss (324) are respectively arranged on the upper surface and the lower surface of the other end of the second inclined rod (320), and a sixth threaded hole (325) is formed in the ninth boss (323);
One end of the third inclined rod (330) is provided with a twelfth through hole (331), the other end of the third inclined rod is provided with a thirteenth through hole (332), and the diameter of the thirteenth through hole (332) is smaller than that of the twelfth through hole (331); two seventh screw holes (333) are arranged near the thirteenth through hole (332), a fourteenth through hole (334) is arranged near the seventh screw hole (333), and the diameter of the fourteenth through hole (334) is the same as that of the twelfth through hole (331); the distance between the tenth through hole (321) and the eleventh through hole (322) on the second inclined rod (320) is equal to the distance between the thirteenth through hole (332) and the fourteenth through hole (334);
the two ends of the fourth inclined rod (340) are respectively provided with a fifteenth through hole (341) and a sixteenth through hole (342), and the diameters of the fifteenth through hole (341) and the sixteenth through hole (342) are the same;
one end of the first connecting rod (360) is provided with a seventeenth through hole (361), the other end of the first connecting rod is provided with an eleventh boss (362), and a rod body part of the first connecting rod (360) is positioned on the middle section of the eleventh boss (362) so that two side surfaces of the first connecting rod (360) are provided with bulges with the same height; the distance between the tenth through hole (321) and the eleventh through hole (322) on the second inclined rod (320) is equal to the distance between the seventeenth through hole (361) and the eleventh boss (362);
One end of the second connecting rod (370) is provided with a twelfth boss (371), the other end of the second connecting rod is provided with a thirteenth boss (372), and the distance from the center of the twelfth boss (371) to the center of the thirteenth boss (372) is the same as the distance from the seventeenth through hole (361) to the eleventh boss (362);
an eighteenth through hole (471) is formed in one end of the pressing plate (470), and a nineteenth through hole (472) with a smaller diameter than the eighteenth through hole (471) is formed in the other end of the pressing plate; mounting a ninth through hole (311) on the first diagonal member (310) to a second boss (112) on the first cross member (110), and then screwing a second screw (450) into a first threaded hole (113) on the first cross member (110), thereby movably connecting the first diagonal member (310) to the first cross member (110); the eighth boss (313) on the first inclined rod (310) is clamped into the first guide groove (134) on the second transverse rod (130), and the first inclined rod (310) can freely slide along the first guide groove (134); a tenth through hole (321) on the second inclined rod (320) is clamped into a fifth boss (132) on the second transverse rod (130), a twelfth through hole (331) on the third inclined rod (330) is clamped into a seventh boss (312) on the first inclined rod (310), and a fourteenth through hole (334) on the third inclined rod (330) is clamped into the fifth boss (132) on the second transverse rod (130); screwing the screw cap (460) into a seventh boss (312) on the first inclined rod (310), thereby movably connecting the first inclined rod (310) and the third inclined rod (330); screwing a fourth screw (490) into a third threaded hole (133) in the second cross bar (130) to movably connect the third diagonal bar (330) and the second diagonal bar (320); the eleventh boss (362) on the first connecting rod (360) is clamped into the thirteenth through hole (332) on the third inclined rod (330), then the twelfth boss (371) on the second connecting rod (370) is clamped into the seventeenth through hole (361) on the first connecting rod (360), and then the thirteenth boss (372) on the second connecting rod (370) is clamped into the eleventh through hole (322) on the second inclined rod (320); an eighteenth through hole (471) on the pressing plate (470) is clamped into an eleventh boss (362) on the first connecting rod (360), a nineteenth through hole (472) on the pressing plate (470) is aligned with a seventh threaded hole (333) on the third inclined rod (330), and then a third screw (480) is screwed into the nineteenth through hole (472) and the seventh threaded hole (333), so that the first connecting rod (360) and the second connecting rod (370) are pressed on the third inclined rod (330) and the second inclined rod (320); according to the method, each side surface is installed, when the inner side is installed, the third inclined rod (330) is replaced by the fourth inclined rod (340), after the installation, when the first inclined rod (310) rotates along the center of the second boss (112), the eighth boss (313) on the first inclined rod (310) slides leftwards in the first guide groove (134) on the second cross rod (130), so that the second cross rod (130) of the second layer is pushed to move upwards, and the first inclined rod (310) and the third inclined rod (330) keep movable connection, so that the third inclined rod (330) is driven to rotate clockwise along the center of the fifth boss (132) in the process of rotating anticlockwise, so that the second cross rod (130) of the second layer is pushed to move upwards, and the second inclined rod (320) is driven to move anticlockwise along the center (130) in the process of rotating anticlockwise by the third inclined rod (330) while the second inclined rod (320) keeps movable connection with the second connecting rod (370) in a diamond form;
The stabilizing mechanism three groups comprise a bearing (410), a first pulley (420), a third locking rod (430), a first stay cord (440) and a second screw (450), wherein a ninth through hole (311) on the first inclined rod (310) is installed on a second boss (112) on the first transverse rod (110), and then the second screw (450) is screwed into a first threaded hole (113) on the first transverse rod (110), so that the first inclined rod (310) is movably connected to the first transverse rod (110); mounting two bearings (410) into a third through hole (118) on the first cross bar (110), then placing the first pulley (420) into a first groove (117) on the first cross bar (110), and inserting a third locking rod (430) into the bearings (410) and a central hole of the first pulley (420), thereby mounting the first pulley (420) onto the first cross bar (110); one end of a first stay cord (440) is tied to a seventh boss (312) on the first diagonal member (310) and then spans across the first pulley (420); when the first stay cord (440) is pulled, the first inclined rod (310) rotates around the center of the second boss (112), and meanwhile, the eighth boss (313) on the first inclined rod (310) slides leftwards in the first guide groove (134) on the second transverse rod (130), so that the second transverse rod (130) moves upwards to be lifted, and the eighth boss (313) on the first inclined rod (310) is clamped between the tongue-shaped boss (351) and the limiting block (135).
2. A portable mountable anemometer tower as recited in claim 1, and further comprising: the device also comprises a second vertical rod (220), and a fifth guide groove (221) is arranged on the second vertical rod (220); the bracket mechanism group comprises a wind measuring bracket (510), one side of the wind measuring bracket (510) is provided with a limiting boss (511), and the limiting boss (511) is clamped in the fifth guide groove (221); support rods are arranged at two ends of the wind measuring support (510), and twenty-first through holes (514) are formed in the support rods; the wind measuring bracket (510) is also provided with a through hole.
3. A portable mountable anemometer tower as recited in claim 2, and further comprising: the wind measuring support (510) is connected with a third cross rod (530), a pull rope is arranged in the third cross rod (530), and the pull rope wind measuring support (510) is pulled to move in the fifth guide groove (221).
CN202211478169.9A 2022-11-23 2022-11-23 Wind measuring tower capable of being installed conveniently Active CN116146023B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103375033A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-10-30 广西凯威电力通信安装工程有限公司 Integrated communication base station
CN203961415U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-11-26 扬州市斯洛尔照明电器有限公司 Safety moving formula communication base station
CN206299202U (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-07-04 河北凯源钢结构有限公司 A kind of pipe tower of combined type three
DE202017103723U1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-07-13 Zhejiang Jiayi Industrial Co., Ltd. lifting table
CN109854061A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-07 明阳智慧能源集团股份公司 A kind of installation method of wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower bracket
CN210316459U (en) * 2019-04-17 2020-04-14 深圳联合安防科技有限公司 Dual self-lifting type external climbing frame for super high-rise building
CN211130093U (en) * 2019-09-16 2020-07-31 广东电网有限责任公司 Office table lifting device
CN113235904A (en) * 2021-05-28 2021-08-10 北京卓良工程有限公司 Circulating mutual-climbing lifting column and using method thereof

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103375033A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-10-30 广西凯威电力通信安装工程有限公司 Integrated communication base station
CN203961415U (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-11-26 扬州市斯洛尔照明电器有限公司 Safety moving formula communication base station
DE202017103723U1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-07-13 Zhejiang Jiayi Industrial Co., Ltd. lifting table
CN206299202U (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-07-04 河北凯源钢结构有限公司 A kind of pipe tower of combined type three
CN109854061A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-07 明阳智慧能源集团股份公司 A kind of installation method of wind-power electricity generation anemometer tower bracket
CN210316459U (en) * 2019-04-17 2020-04-14 深圳联合安防科技有限公司 Dual self-lifting type external climbing frame for super high-rise building
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CN113235904A (en) * 2021-05-28 2021-08-10 北京卓良工程有限公司 Circulating mutual-climbing lifting column and using method thereof

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