CN115383537A - Polishing device for office furniture processing and using method thereof - Google Patents

Polishing device for office furniture processing and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115383537A
CN115383537A CN202211322501.2A CN202211322501A CN115383537A CN 115383537 A CN115383537 A CN 115383537A CN 202211322501 A CN202211322501 A CN 202211322501A CN 115383537 A CN115383537 A CN 115383537A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
polishing
rotate
polishing disc
circular workpiece
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Pending
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CN202211322501.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王大伟
郑颜忠
罗建梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Yijiacheng Metal Products Co ltd
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Jiangsu Yijiacheng Metal Products Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Yijiacheng Metal Products Co ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Yijiacheng Metal Products Co ltd
Priority to CN202211322501.2A priority Critical patent/CN115383537A/en
Publication of CN115383537A publication Critical patent/CN115383537A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/20Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • B24B7/28Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground for grinding wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/068Table-like supports for panels, sheets or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/18Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of wood

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a polishing device for office furniture processing and a use method thereof, belonging to the technical field of furniture manufacturing, and comprising an upper bracket, wherein an upper polishing component and a lower polishing component are arranged above the lower bracket, the upper polishing component and the lower polishing component comprise a lower polishing disc and an upper polishing disc arranged above the lower polishing disc, and a space for placing a circular workpiece is formed between the upper polishing disc and the lower polishing disc; the side surface polishing component comprises a polishing wheel, a support arm, a hanging shaft, a chuck and the like; when the hanging shaft rotates, the chuck plate and the polishing wheel can be driven to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft, the hanging shaft is further sleeved with a driven gear, and the driven gear is connected with a driving assembly; one of them wheel bottom coaxial coupling has the ring gear, and the ring gear cooperatees and is provided with power gear, and drive assembly is by motor drive. The automatic grinding machine is reasonable in structure and ingenious in matching, can finish grinding of the upper surface and the lower surface and grinding of the side surface at the same time, and can automatically clamp and position in the alternate grinding process.

Description

Polishing device for office furniture processing and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of furniture manufacturing, and particularly relates to a polishing device for office furniture processing and a using method thereof.
Background
In the production and manufacture of office furniture, the upper and lower surfaces and the side edges of a plate (for example, a round plate) are often ground or processed through various processes, so that the shape and the quality of the plate are higher, and the overall quality of the plate is further improved.
Through retrieval, in the prior art, two kinds of equipment or devices are mostly adopted to polish the circular workpiece in a work procedure, and the same equipment cannot simultaneously polish the upper surface and the lower surface of the circular workpiece and polish the circumferential side edges; for example, in an edge burr polishing device for processing a circular plate disclosed in patent publication No. CN 212071362U, a first motor is provided to drive the circular plate placed above a support plate to rotate; the round plate can be clamped by the arranged cylinder and the rubber block so that the position of the round plate is fixed; through the second motor that sets up, polish the board, can polish circular panel edge burr. Above-mentioned grinding device only can polish to the edge of circular panel, can't polish to the upper and lower face of circular panel, and the function is more single, still need additionally dispose another set of equipment and process upper and lower surface man-hour, has increased the process, and this grinding device sets up a plurality of electrical components such as first motor, second motor, cylinder, and the cost is high.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems in the prior art, the polishing device for office furniture processing and the using method thereof are provided.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problem is as follows:
the technical scheme provides a polishing device for office furniture processing, which comprises a lower bracket, wherein an upper polishing component and a lower polishing component are arranged above the lower bracket, the upper polishing component and the lower polishing component comprise lower polishing discs which are rotatably connected above the lower bracket, the lower bracket is connected with a motor, and an output shaft of the motor is in transmission connection with the lower polishing discs; an upper polishing disc is arranged above the lower polishing disc, and a space for placing a circular workpiece is formed between the upper polishing disc and the lower polishing disc; an upper bracket is arranged above the upper polishing disc, the bottom of the upper bracket is rotatably connected with an upper rotary drum, the upper rotary drum is connected with an adjustable telescopic rod, and the bottom of the telescopic rod is connected with the upper polishing disc; the upper rotary drum is in transmission connection with the motor through a first transmission mechanism;
the side surface grinding component comprises grinding wheels arranged on the left side and the right side of the round workpiece, and the grinding wheels are rotatably connected to one end of the support arm; the lifting mechanism further comprises a lifting shaft which is rotatably connected with the upper support, the other end of the support arm is connected with the outer wall of the lifting shaft, and the outer wall of the lifting shaft is further connected with a chuck; when the hanging shaft rotates, the chuck plate and the polishing wheel can be driven to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft, and when the chuck plate is close to the round workpiece, the polishing wheel is far away from the round workpiece; the hanging shaft is further sleeved and connected with a driven gear, and the driven gear is connected with a driving assembly which drives the driven gear to rotate in a reciprocating manner;
the bottom of one of the grinding wheels is coaxially connected with a gear ring, the lower bracket is also rotatably connected with a vertical shaft, and the top of the vertical shaft is connected with a power gear matched with the gear ring for use; the driving assembly is in transmission connection with the vertical shaft through a second transmission mechanism with a speed reducer; the vertical shaft is also in transmission connection with the motor through a third transmission mechanism.
Preferably, the first transmission mechanism comprises two transmission shafts which are respectively rotatably connected with the upper bracket and the lower bracket, one end of each transmission shaft is connected with a first belt wheel, and a first transmission belt is hung between the two first belt wheels; the output shaft of the motor is connected with a first bevel gear, and the other end of the transmission shaft positioned below is connected with a second bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear; the other end of the transmission shaft positioned above is connected with a third bevel gear, and the upper rotary drum is sleeved with a fourth bevel gear engaged with the three phases of the bevel gears.
Preferably, the driving assembly comprises a rack meshed with the driven gear, and the bottom of the upper bracket is connected with a sliding sleeve; the rack is connected with the sliding sleeve in a sliding manner; one end of the rack is connected with a top plate, a spring is sleeved on the rack, one end of the spring is connected with the sliding sleeve, and the other end of the spring is connected with the top plate; a cam for propping the top plate is arranged on one side of the top plate; the cam is connected to a camshaft.
Preferably, the outer wall of the lower bracket is connected with a transverse plate, the second transmission mechanism comprises a power shaft which is vertically arranged, and the bottom end of the power shaft and the bottom end of the vertical shaft are rotatably connected to the transverse plate; an input shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the power shaft, and an output shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the cam shaft; and a second belt wheel is sleeved on each of the power shaft and the vertical shaft, and a second transmission belt is hung between the two second belt wheels.
Preferably, the third transmission mechanism comprises three belt wheels which are respectively sleeved on the motor output shaft and the vertical shaft, and a third transmission belt is hung on the three belt wheels and is connected with the third belt.
Preferably, the upper bracket is connected with a suspender, and the top of the hanging shaft is rotatably connected with the suspender; the top of sliding sleeve is connected with the connecting rod, the connecting rod with the jib links to each other.
The using method of the polishing device for office furniture processing comprises the following steps:
when a circular workpiece needs to be polished, adjusting a telescopic rod to enable the circular workpiece to be clamped between an upper polishing disc and a lower polishing disc;
starting a motor, and driving a main shaft of the motor to rotate to drive a lower polishing disc to rotate; at the moment, the motor spindle drives the upper rotary drum to rotate through the first transmission mechanism, and then drives the upper polishing disc to rotate; the circular workpiece is driven by the upper polishing disc and the lower polishing disc to rotate together; meanwhile, when the motor rotates, the vertical shaft is driven to rotate through the third transmission mechanism, the power gear on the vertical shaft further rotates, so that the gear ring meshed with the power gear is driven to rotate, the gear ring rotates to drive the polishing wheel to rotate, and the polishing wheel can polish the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece; polishing;
step three, simultaneously, the vertical shaft rotates to drive the driving assembly to act through the second transmission mechanism; the driving assembly can drive the driven gear to rotate in a reciprocating manner, the driven gear can drive the hanging shaft to rotate by rotating, the hanging shaft can drive the chuck plate and the polishing wheel to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft when rotating, and the polishing wheel is far away from the circular workpiece when the chuck plate is close to the circular workpiece; when the chuck clamps the round workpiece, the upper polishing disc and the lower polishing disc can not drive the round workpiece to rotate, so that the upper polishing disc and the lower polishing disc can continue to rotate, the round workpiece can not rotate, and the upper polishing disc and the lower polishing disc can start to polish the upper surface and the lower surface of the round workpiece; when the driven gear rotates reversely under the action of the driving assembly, the chuck is far away from the circular workpiece, and the grinding wheel is close to the circular workpiece; the gear ring at the bottom of one of the grinding wheels is meshed with the power gear, and the grinding wheel rotates to grind the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece again; in the continuous rotation process of the motor, the upper surface and the lower surface can be polished and the circumferential side edges can be polished alternately.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
the device is provided with the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies and the side surface grinding assembly matched with the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies for use, and when the device is used, the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies can play a grinding role or a role of driving a circular workpiece to rotate; the side polishing assembly can play the effect of centre gripping or polishing, and the subassembly of polishing of going up and down is by same motor drive with the side polishing assembly, can realize that side and upper and lower surface are polished in turn, need not other power supplies of additional configuration and centre gripping positioning mechanism again, and is rational in infrastructure, cooperation ingenious, can accomplish simultaneously and polish of the top and bottom and side to can automatic centre gripping location at the in-process of polishing in turn.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
FIG. 1 is a front view of the structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of the right half part in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a side view of the first gear train arrangement.
Figure 4 is a top view of the side grinding assembly configuration (grinding wheel in contact with a circular workpiece).
Figure 5 is a top view of the side grinding assembly configuration (chuck in contact with circular workpiece).
Description of reference numerals:
1, lower support; 2, lower polishing disc; 3, grinding the disc; 4, a circular workpiece; 5, a motor; 6, telescoping a rod; 7, an upper rotating drum; 8, screwing; 9, mounting a bracket; 10 a first bevel gear; 11 a second bevel gear; 12 a transmission shaft; 13 bearing seats; 14, a first belt wheel; 15 driving the belt I; 16 a third bevel gear; 17 bevel gear four; 18 a transverse plate; 19 a vertical axis; 20, a third belt wheel; 21, a third transmission belt; 22 grinding wheel; 23, hanging a shaft; 24 a boom; 25 a driven gear; 26 a support arm; 27 a ring gear; 28 power gears; 29 rack bar; 30, a sliding sleeve; 31 a connecting rod; 32 springs; 33 a top plate; 34 a cam; 35 a camshaft; 36 a speed reducer; 37 a power shaft; 38 belt pulley II; 39 driving a belt II; 40 chuck.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present embodiment proposes a polishing apparatus for office furniture processing, which can perform polishing of upper and lower surfaces and polishing of side surfaces of a circular workpiece 4 alternately; the whole device comprises a lower support 1, wherein the lower support 1 is provided with supporting legs, and the heights of the supporting legs are designed according to actual conditions; an upper surface polishing component and a lower surface polishing component are arranged above the lower bracket 1, the upper surface polishing component and the lower surface polishing component comprise lower polishing discs 2 which are rotatably connected above the lower bracket 1, and the lower polishing discs 2 are of a circular structure and can freely rotate relative to the lower bracket 1; the lower support 1 is connected with a motor 5, an output shaft of the motor 5 is in transmission connection with the lower polishing disc 2, and the motor 5 can drive the lower polishing disc 2 to rotate.
An upper polishing disc 3 is arranged above the lower polishing disc 2, and a space for placing a circular workpiece 4 is formed between the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2; in use, the circular workpiece 4 is clamped between the upper grinding disc 3 and the lower grinding disc 2; an upper bracket 9 is arranged above the upper polishing disc 3, and the upper bracket 9 is suspended on the top foundation; the bottom of the upper bracket 9 is rotatably connected with an upper rotary drum 7, and the upper rotary drum 7 can rotate freely; go up rotary drum 7 and be connected with adjustable telescopic link 6, telescopic link 6 can go up rotary drum 7 relatively and stretch out and draw back, can adopt multiple mode, for example, in this embodiment, go up rotary drum 7 and be inside hollow tubular structure, inside telescopic link 6 was inserted and is located rotary drum 7, the regulation hole that has a plurality of vertical settings on the telescopic link 6, threaded connection has jackscrew 8 on last rotary drum 7, when using, through twisting jackscrew 8 in the regulation hole of different positions soon, realize telescopic link 6's regulation, of course, also can adopt other flexible modes, as long as can satisfy can stretch out and draw back the regulation can, this department does not do too much repetitious description. The bottom of the telescopic rod 6 is connected with the polishing disc 3 on the telescopic rod, and the polishing disc 3 can be driven to move up and down by adjusting the telescopic rod 6, so that the position can be adjusted.
The upper rotating drum 7 is in transmission connection with the motor 5 through a first transmission mechanism; the motor 5 is used as the only power source of the whole device, and the motor 5 drives the upper rotary drum 7 to rotate through the first transmission mechanism. The first transmission mechanism can adopt the following structural form:
the first transmission mechanism comprises two transmission shafts 12 which are respectively rotatably connected with the upper bracket 9 and the lower bracket 1, the transmission shafts 12 are respectively connected with bearing blocks 13, and the bearing blocks 13 are connected with the lower bracket 1 and the upper bracket 9; one end of the transmission shaft 12 is connected with a first belt wheel 14, and a first transmission belt 15 is hung and connected between the two first belt wheels 14; the output shaft of the motor 5 is connected with a first bevel gear 10, and the other end of a transmission shaft 12 positioned below is connected with a second bevel gear 11 meshed with the first bevel gear 10; the other end of the transmission shaft 12 positioned above is connected with a third bevel gear 16, and the upper rotary drum 7 is sleeved with a fourth bevel gear 17 meshed with the third bevel gear 16. When the motor 5 is started, the motor 5 drives the lower polishing disc 2 to rotate, and meanwhile, power is transmitted to the upper rotary drum 7 through the first transmission mechanism to drive the upper polishing disc 3 to rotate at the same speed and in the same direction.
The whole device also comprises a side surface grinding assembly matched with the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies for use, the side surface grinding assembly comprises grinding wheels 22 arranged on the left side and the right side of the circular workpiece 4, two groups of grinding wheels 22 are arranged, one of the grinding wheels has a grinding effect, and the two groups of grinding wheels 22 arranged on the left side and the right side of the grinding wheel play a limiting effect to prevent the circular workpiece 4 from deviating; the grinding wheel 22 is rotatably connected to one end of the arm 26; the support arm 26 is in a shape like Chinese character' \21274; the lifting device also comprises a lifting shaft 23 which is rotatably connected with the upper bracket 9, and the lifting shaft 23 can freely rotate; the other end of the support arm 26 is connected with the outer wall of the hanging shaft 23, and the outer wall of the hanging shaft 23 is also connected with a chuck 40; the chuck 40 is arranged opposite to the grinding wheel 22, the hanging shaft 23 can drive the chuck 40 and the grinding wheel 22 to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft 23 when rotating, and the grinding wheel 22 is far away from the circular workpiece 4 when the chuck 40 is close to the circular workpiece 4; when the grinding wheel 22 is close to the circular workpiece 4, the chuck 40 is far from the circular workpiece 4; the hanging shaft 23 is further sleeved with a driven gear 25, and the driven gear 25 is connected with a driving assembly for driving the driven gear 25 to rotate in a reciprocating manner.
The driving component comprises a rack 29 meshed with the driven gear 25, and the bottom of the upper bracket 9 is connected with a sliding sleeve 30; the rack 29 is connected with the sliding sleeve 30 in a sliding way, and the sliding sleeve 30 plays a guiding role; one end of the rack 29 is connected with a top plate 33, and the rack 29 and the top plate 33 form a T-shaped structure; a spring 32 is sleeved on the rack 29, one end of the spring 32 is connected with the sliding sleeve 30, and the other end of the spring 32 is connected with a top plate 33; a cam 34 for propping up the top plate 33 is arranged on one side of the top plate 33; the cam 34 is connected to a cam shaft 35, and the cam shaft 35 is vertically disposed. When the cam 34 rotates, the cam 34 cooperates with the spring 32 to drive the rack 29 to reciprocate, so as to realize the reciprocating rotation of the driven gear 25.
The bottom of one of the grinding wheels 22 is coaxially connected with a gear ring 27, the lower bracket 1 is also rotatably connected with a vertical shaft 19, and the vertical shaft 19 can rotate freely; the top of the vertical shaft 19 is connected with a power gear 28 which is matched with the gear ring 27 for use; when the power gear 28 is meshed with the gear ring 27, the power gear 28 can drive the gear ring 27 to rotate, and further drive the grinding wheel 22 connected with the gear ring 27 to rotate; the grinding wheel 22 serves as a driving wheel and the other grinding wheel 22 serves as a driven wheel.
The driving component is in transmission connection with the vertical shaft 19 through a second transmission mechanism with a speed reducer 36; the vertical shaft 19 is also in transmission connection with the motor 5 through a third transmission mechanism.
The outer wall of the lower bracket 1 is connected with a transverse plate 18, the second transmission mechanism comprises a power shaft 37 which is vertically arranged, and the bottom ends of the power shaft 37 and the vertical shaft 19 are rotatably connected to the transverse plate 18; an input shaft of the speed reducer 36 is connected with the power shaft 37, and an output shaft of the speed reducer 36 is connected with the cam shaft 35; a second belt wheel 38 is sleeved on each of the power shaft 37 and the vertical shaft 19, and a second transmission belt 39 is hung between the two second belt wheels 38.
The third transmission mechanism comprises three belt wheels 20 which are respectively sleeved on the output shaft of the motor 5 and the vertical shaft 19, and three transmission belts 21 are hung on the two belt wheels 20.
For convenient connection, the upper bracket 9 is connected with a suspender 24, and the top of the hanging shaft 23 is rotatably connected with the suspender 24; the top of the sliding sleeve 30 is connected with a connecting rod 31, and the connecting rod 31 is connected with the hanging rod 24.
The invention also provides a using method of the polishing device for office furniture processing, which comprises the following steps:
step one, when a round workpiece 4 needs to be polished, adjusting a telescopic rod 6 to enable the round workpiece 4 to be clamped and placed between an upper polishing disc 3 and a lower polishing disc 2;
the specific method in the step comprises the following steps: when the circular workpiece needs to be polished, the jackscrew 8 is adjusted, the telescopic rod 6 is firstly retracted, the circular workpiece 4 is placed on the lower polishing disc 2, then the telescopic rod 6 is moved downwards, the upper polishing disc 3 is further driven to move downwards, the upper polishing disc 3 is pressed on the upper surface of the circular workpiece 4, and then the jackscrew 8 is screwed down to complete positioning.
Step two, starting the motor 5, and driving the lower polishing disc 2 to rotate by rotating a main shaft of the motor 5; at the moment, the main shaft of the motor 5 drives the upper rotary drum 7 to rotate through the first transmission mechanism, and further drives the upper polishing disc 3 to rotate; the circular workpiece 4 is driven by the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2 to rotate together; meanwhile, when the motor 5 rotates, the vertical shaft 19 is driven to rotate through the third transmission mechanism, the power gear 28 on the vertical shaft 19 further rotates, so that the gear ring 27 meshed with the power gear 28 is driven to rotate, the gear ring 27 rotates to drive the polishing wheel 22 to rotate, and the polishing wheel 22 can polish the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece 4;
step three, simultaneously, the vertical shaft 19 rotates to drive the driving assembly to act through a second transmission mechanism; the driving assembly drives the driven gear 25 to rotate in a reciprocating manner, the driven gear 25 rotates to drive the hanging shaft 23 to rotate, the hanging shaft 23 can drive the chuck 40 and the grinding wheel 22 to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft 23 when rotating, and the grinding wheel 22 is far away from the circular workpiece 4 when the chuck 40 is close to the circular workpiece 4; after the chuck 40 clamps the circular workpiece 4, the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2 cannot drive the circular workpiece 4 to rotate, so that the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2 continue to rotate, the circular workpiece 4 cannot rotate, and the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2 start to polish the upper surface and the lower surface of the circular workpiece 4; when the driven gear 25 is rotated in the reverse direction by the driving assembly, the chuck 40 is away from the circular workpiece 4, and the grinding wheel 22 is close to the circular workpiece 4; and the gear ring 27 at the bottom of one grinding wheel 22 is meshed with the power gear 28, and the grinding wheel 22 rotates to grind the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece 4 again; in the continuous rotation process of the motor 5, the upper and lower surface grinding and the circumferential side edge grinding can be alternately performed.
The specific process in the step is as follows: the vertical shaft 19 rotates to drive the power shaft 37 to rotate through the second driving belt 39, the power shaft 37 rotates to drive the cam shaft 35 to rotate through the speed reducer 36, the cam shaft 35 rotates to drive the cam 34 to rotate, and the rotating speed of the cam 34 is one N times of the rotating speed of the motor 5 through the speed reduction of the speed reducer 36, so that the motor 5 drives the workpiece to rotate for N circles, and the cam 34 rotates for one circle; when the cam 34 rotates, the spring 32 is matched to drive the driven rack 29 to reciprocate, the driven gear 25 is driven to reciprocate in the reciprocating process of the rack 29, the driven gear 25 rotates to drive the hanging shaft 23 to rotate, the hanging shaft 23 can drive the chuck plate 40 and the polishing wheel 22 to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft 23 when rotating, and when the chuck plate 40 is close to the circular workpiece 4, the polishing wheel 22 is far away from the circular workpiece 4, the gear ring 27 below the polishing wheel 22 is disengaged from the power gear 28, the polishing wheel 22 does not rotate any more, and safety and energy conservation are ensured; when the chuck 40 clamps the circular workpiece 4, the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2 cannot drive the circular workpiece 4 to rotate, and the upper polishing disc 3 and the lower polishing disc 2 begin to polish the upper surface and the lower surface of the circular workpiece 4; when the driven gear 25 is rotated reversely by the driving assembly, the chuck 40 is far away from the circular workpiece 4, and the grinding wheel 22 is close to the circular workpiece 4; and the gear ring 27 at the bottom of one grinding wheel 22 is re-meshed with the power gear 28, and the grinding wheel 22 rotates to grind the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece 4 again; in the continuous rotation process of the motor 5, the upper and lower surface grinding and the circumferential side edge grinding can be alternately performed.
From the above description, it can be seen that:
the device is provided with the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies and the side surface grinding assembly matched with the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies for use, and when the device is used, the upper and lower surface grinding assemblies can play a grinding role or a role of driving the circular workpiece 4 to rotate; the side polishing assembly can play the effect of centre gripping or polishing, and the subassembly of polishing of going up and down is driven by same motor 5 with the side polishing assembly, can realize that side and upper and lower surface are polished in turn, need not other power supplies of additional configuration and centre gripping positioning mechanism again, and is rational in infrastructure, cooperation ingenious, can accomplish simultaneously and polish of the top and bottom and side to the in-process of polishing in turn again can automatic centre gripping location.
While embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The polishing device for office furniture processing comprises a lower support (1) and is characterized in that an upper polishing component and a lower polishing component are arranged above the lower support (1), the upper polishing component and the lower polishing component comprise lower polishing discs (2) which are rotatably connected above the lower support (1), the lower support (1) is connected with a motor (5), and output shafts of the motor (5) are in transmission connection with the lower polishing discs (2); an upper polishing disc (3) is arranged above the lower polishing disc (2), and a space for placing a circular workpiece (4) is formed between the upper polishing disc (3) and the lower polishing disc (2); an upper support (9) is arranged above the upper polishing disc (3), the bottom of the upper support (9) is rotatably connected with an upper rotating drum (7), the upper rotating drum (7) is connected with an adjustable telescopic rod (6), and the bottom of the telescopic rod (6) is connected with the upper polishing disc (3); the upper rotating drum (7) is in transmission connection with the motor (5) through a first transmission mechanism;
the side surface grinding component comprises grinding wheels (22) arranged on the left side and the right side of the round workpiece (4), and the grinding wheels (22) are rotatably connected to one end of a support arm (26); the lifting mechanism further comprises a lifting shaft (23) rotatably connected with the upper bracket (9), the other end of the support arm (26) is connected with the outer wall of the lifting shaft (23), and the outer wall of the lifting shaft (23) is further connected with a chuck (40); when the hanging shaft (23) rotates, the chuck (40) and the grinding wheel (22) can be driven to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft (23), and when the chuck (40) is close to the circular workpiece (4), the grinding wheel (22) is far away from the circular workpiece (4); the hanging shaft (23) is also sleeved with a driven gear (25), and the driven gear (25) is connected with a driving assembly for driving the driven gear (25) to rotate in a reciprocating manner;
the bottom of one of the grinding wheels (22) is coaxially connected with a gear ring (27), the lower bracket (1) is also rotatably connected with a vertical shaft (19), and the top of the vertical shaft (19) is connected with a power gear (28) matched with the gear ring (27) for use; the driving component is in transmission connection with the vertical shaft (19) through a second transmission mechanism with a speed reducer (36); the vertical shaft (19) is also in transmission connection with the motor (5) through a third transmission mechanism.
2. The polishing device for office furniture processing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first transmission mechanism comprises two transmission shafts (12) rotatably connected with the upper bracket (9) and the lower bracket (1), respectively, one end of each transmission shaft (12) is connected with a first belt pulley (14), and a first transmission belt (15) is hung and connected between the two first belt pulleys (14); the output shaft of the motor (5) is connected with a first bevel gear (10), and the other end of a transmission shaft (12) positioned below is connected with a second bevel gear (11) meshed with the first bevel gear (10); the other end of the transmission shaft (12) positioned above is connected with a third bevel gear (16), and the upper rotary drum (7) is sleeved with a fourth bevel gear (17) meshed with the third bevel gear (16).
3. The office furniture processing sanding device according to claim 1, wherein the drive assembly comprises a rack (29) engaged with the driven gear (25), and a sliding sleeve (30) is connected to the bottom of the upper bracket (9); the rack (29) is connected with the sliding sleeve (30) in a sliding manner; one end of the rack (29) is connected with a top plate (33), a spring (32) is sleeved on the rack (29), one end of the spring (32) is connected with the sliding sleeve (30), and the other end of the spring is connected with the top plate (33); a cam (34) for propping the top plate (33) is arranged on one side of the top plate (33); the cam (34) is connected to a camshaft (35).
4. The polishing device for office furniture processing as claimed in claim 3, wherein a transverse plate (18) is connected to the outer wall of the lower bracket (1), the second transmission mechanism comprises a power shaft (37) which is vertically arranged, and the bottom end of the power shaft (37) and the bottom end of the vertical shaft (19) are both rotatably connected to the transverse plate (18); an input shaft of the speed reducer (36) is connected with the power shaft (37), and an output shaft of the speed reducer (36) is connected with the cam shaft (35); two belt wheels (38) are sleeved on the power shaft (37) and the vertical shaft (19), and a second transmission belt (39) is hung and connected between the two belt wheels (38).
5. The polishing device for office furniture processing as claimed in claim 4, wherein the third transmission mechanism comprises three belt wheels (20) respectively sleeved on the output shaft of the motor (5) and the vertical shaft (19), and a third driving belt (21) is hung and connected on the two third belt wheels (20).
6. The office furniture processing sanding device according to claim 4, wherein the upper bracket (9) is connected with a boom (24), and the top of the hanger shaft (23) is rotatably connected with the boom (24); the top of sliding sleeve (30) is connected with connecting rod (31), connecting rod (31) with jib (24) link to each other.
7. Use of a sanding device for office furniture processing as defined in any one of claims 1-6, including the steps of:
when a circular workpiece (4) needs to be polished, adjusting a telescopic rod (6) to enable the circular workpiece (4) to be clamped and placed between an upper polishing disc (3) and a lower polishing disc (2);
secondly, starting the motor (5), and driving a main shaft of the motor (5) to rotate to drive the lower polishing disc (2) to rotate; at the moment, the main shaft of the motor (5) drives the upper rotary drum (7) to rotate through the first transmission mechanism, and further drives the upper polishing disc (3) to rotate; the round workpiece (4) is driven by the upper grinding disc (3) and the lower grinding disc (2) to rotate together; meanwhile, when the motor (5) rotates, the vertical shaft (19) is driven to rotate through the third transmission mechanism, the power gear (28) on the vertical shaft (19) further rotates, so that the gear ring (27) meshed with the power gear (28) is driven to rotate, the gear ring (27) rotates to drive the polishing wheel (22) to rotate, and the polishing wheel (22) can polish the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece (4);
step three, simultaneously, the vertical shaft (19) rotates to drive the driving component to act through the second transmission mechanism; the driving assembly drives the driven gear (25) to rotate in a reciprocating mode, the driven gear (25) rotates to drive the hanging shaft (23) to rotate, the hanging shaft (23) can drive the chuck (40) and the polishing wheel (22) to rotate around the central axis of the hanging shaft (23), and when the chuck (40) is close to the circular workpiece (4), the polishing wheel (22) is far away from the circular workpiece (4); after the chuck (40) clamps the circular workpiece (4), the upper polishing disc (3) and the lower polishing disc (2) can not drive the circular workpiece (4) to rotate, so that the upper polishing disc (3) and the lower polishing disc (2) can continuously rotate, the circular workpiece (4) can not rotate, and the upper polishing disc (3) and the lower polishing disc (2) begin to polish the upper surface and the lower surface of the circular workpiece (4); when the driven gear (25) rotates reversely under the action of the driving assembly, the chuck (40) is far away from the circular workpiece (4), and the grinding wheel (22) is close to the circular workpiece (4); a gear ring (27) at the bottom of one grinding wheel (22) is meshed with the power gear (28), the grinding wheel (22) rotates, and the circumferential side edge of the circular workpiece (4) is ground again; in the continuous rotation process of the motor (5), the upper surface and the lower surface and the circumferential side edge can be alternately polished.
CN202211322501.2A 2022-10-27 2022-10-27 Polishing device for office furniture processing and using method thereof Pending CN115383537A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202211322501.2A CN115383537A (en) 2022-10-27 2022-10-27 Polishing device for office furniture processing and using method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202211322501.2A CN115383537A (en) 2022-10-27 2022-10-27 Polishing device for office furniture processing and using method thereof

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CN113829170A (en) * 2021-10-15 2021-12-24 深圳市文锦佳华贸易有限公司 Furniture manufacturing plate burr processing equipment
CN114473666A (en) * 2022-02-26 2022-05-13 尚品本色智能家居有限公司 Multi-functional processing apparatus that polishes of cupboard door plant
CN216503942U (en) * 2021-11-15 2022-05-13 苏州市固友木业有限公司 Polishing treatment device for combined wooden door

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206393413U (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-08-11 广州翰林家具实业有限公司 A kind of sheet material sander
CN108188886A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-22 芜湖市恒浩机械制造有限公司 Auto parts polishing slag-blowing equipmemt
CN108637820A (en) * 2018-04-20 2018-10-12 海宁宏厦装饰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of production equipment of energy-conservation stone curtain wall
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CN216503942U (en) * 2021-11-15 2022-05-13 苏州市固友木业有限公司 Polishing treatment device for combined wooden door
CN114473666A (en) * 2022-02-26 2022-05-13 尚品本色智能家居有限公司 Multi-functional processing apparatus that polishes of cupboard door plant

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