CN115337704A - Rose extract low-temperature concentration process and system - Google Patents

Rose extract low-temperature concentration process and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115337704A
CN115337704A CN202211098604.5A CN202211098604A CN115337704A CN 115337704 A CN115337704 A CN 115337704A CN 202211098604 A CN202211098604 A CN 202211098604A CN 115337704 A CN115337704 A CN 115337704A
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purification
rose extract
screen frame
chamber
ice
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CN115337704B (en
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李�杰
丁荷芳
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Yixing Chunmei Culture Development Co ltd
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Yixing Chunmei Culture Development Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D9/00Crystallisation
    • B01D9/02Crystallisation from solutions

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  • Crystallography & Structural Chemistry (AREA)
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Abstract

The invention discloses a rose extract low-temperature concentration process and a rose extract low-temperature concentration system, which comprise a support frame and a concentration box arranged on the support frame, and relates to the technical field of rose extract purification. This rose extract cryoconcentration system, utilize five storage chambers, four purification chambeies, the setting of feed liquor pipe and drain pipe, under the cooperation of flexible drive assembly and piston plate, realize the circulation in turn of rose extract between stock solution chamber and purification chamber, refrigerate four purification intracavity portions's slope heat transfer groove through multiport refrigeration subassembly, make the continuous heat transfer with slope heat transfer groove of rose extract, reach condensation temperature gradually, make the water in the rose extract freeze and appear, realize the pipelined purification to the rose extract, when convenient operation, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, high durability and convenient use, and can effectively avoid the destruction to active ingredient in the rose extract, it can directly save to need not to stew the cooling.

Description

Rose extract low-temperature concentration process and system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of rose extract purification, in particular to a low-temperature concentration process and a low-temperature concentration system for rose extract.
Background
The rose extract is a general name of various rose bud processing extracts. Extracts with different functional components and contents can be extracted according to different extraction processes and emphasis points, at present, a rose extracting solution is mostly concentrated by adopting a heating mode, at present, the rose extracting solution is distilled and concentrated by adopting the temperature of 70-90 ℃, and water vapor is continuously discharged in the distillation process, so that the purity of the rose extracting solution is improved, but the effective components of the rose extracting solution are easily influenced due to overhigh temperature; in addition, the effective components are carried out in the process of discharging the water vapor, so that waste is caused to a certain extent.
In order to avoid that temperature influences the extracting solution in the purification process, a vacuumizing mode is often adopted to realize concentration of the extracting solution through low-temperature evaporation, for example, in a medicinal material low-temperature concentration device disclosed in patent No. CN107349612A, water vapor generated between 20 ℃ and 40 ℃ is realized through vacuumizing of a concentration cylinder, and it can be seen that the vacuumizing design has high requirements on the processing technology and the preparation technology of equipment, and the moisture in the rose extracting solution is sieved out in a heating mode, so that when the rose extracting solution is stored subsequently, cooling and standing are needed, the process is complicated, production in a production line mode cannot be realized, frequent feeding and discharging are needed, and the use is troublesome.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a low-temperature concentration process and a low-temperature concentration system for rose extract, and solves the problems that the conventional low-temperature concentration adopts a vacuumizing design, the requirements on a processing process and a preparation process of equipment are higher, the moisture in the rose extract is screened out in a heating mode, the process is complicated, the production line type production cannot be realized, and the use is troublesome.
In order to realize the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a low-temperature concentration system for rose extract comprises a support frame and a concentration box arranged on the support frame, a liquid storage tank is fixedly arranged at the top of the supporting frame and on the left side of the concentration tank, at least four first partition plates are fixedly arranged in the inner cavity of the liquid storage tank from front to back in sequence, the liquid storage tank is divided into five storage cavities by the four first partition plates, at least three second partition boards are fixedly arranged in the inner cavity of the concentration box from front to back in sequence, the concentration box is divided into four purification cavities by the three second partition boards, one purification cavity is communicated with two adjacent storage cavities through a liquid inlet pipe and a liquid outlet pipe respectively, the surfaces of the liquid inlet pipe and the liquid outlet pipe are provided with one-way valves, a piston plate is slidably arranged in the purification cavity, a telescopic driving assembly matched with the piston plate is fixedly arranged at the top of the supporting frame and positioned at the right side of the concentration box, a multi-port refrigerating assembly is fixedly arranged in the support frame, a plurality of output ends of the multi-port refrigerating assembly sequentially penetrate through the support frame and the concentration box and respectively extend to the interiors of the four purification cavities, a supporting conduit is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the purification cavity and at the periphery of the output end of the multi-port refrigeration component, the top of the supporting conduit is positioned below the liquid inlet pipe, communicated and fixed with an inclined heat exchange groove, the left rear side of the bottom of the inner cavity of the purification cavity and positioned below the inclined heat exchange groove are clamped with an ice filtering screen frame, an elastic extrusion component matched with the inner surface of the ice filtering screen frame is fixedly arranged on the left side of the piston plate, the top of the supporting frame and the front of the concentration box are fixedly connected with a refrigerator, the ice storage box is used for temporarily storing ice in the ice filtering screen frame, and the top of the ice storage box is hinged with a blocking door through a hinge.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize five storage chambers, four purification chambeies, the setting of feed liquor pipe and drain pipe, under the cooperation of flexible drive assembly and piston plate, realize the circulation in turn of rose extract between stock solution chamber and purification chamber, refrigerate four purification intracavity portion's slope heat transfer tank through multiport refrigeration subassembly, make the continuous heat transfer with slope heat transfer tank of rose extract, reach condensation temperature gradually, make the water in the rose extract freeze and separate out, thereby realize the pipelined purification to the rose extract, when convenient operation, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, it is very convenient to use, and can effectively avoid the destruction to active ingredient in the rose extract, it can directly save to need not to stew the cooling.
The invention is further configured to: the left side of storing the chamber communicates and fixed mounting has the sampling tube, and the surface cover of sampling tube is equipped with the shutoff lid, and the filling pipe has been seted up at the top of the storage chamber that the rearmost side set up.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, under the setting of sampling tube, realize being in the extraction of different storage chambeies rose extract, when the sample is convenient, be convenient for acquire the rose extract of different purity.
The invention is further configured to: flexible drive assembly includes protecting box, driving motor, four regulation bent members, and there is the regulation door at the top of protecting box through hinge, adjacent two adjust through connecting rod fixed connection between the bent member, driving motor fixed mounting is at the front side of protecting box inner chamber, the first actuating lever of shaft coupling fixedly connected with is passed through to driving motor's output, the surface of first actuating lever and the one end fixed connection of the regulation bent member that sets up foremost, the one end fixed mounting of the regulation bent member that the rearmost side set up has the second actuating lever, the back of second actuating lever is passed through the bearing and is connected with the back rotation of protecting box inner chamber, and adjusts the outer surface cover of bent department of bent member and establish and rotate and be connected with the push pedal, the one end rotation of push pedal is connected with the piston rod.
The invention is further configured to: the one end of piston rod run through protective housing and concentrate case in proper order and with the right side fixed connection of piston plate, it includes two sleeves and knee lever to adjust the knee lever spare, the surface at knee lever both ends respectively with telescopic internal surface sliding connection, and through bolt fixed connection between sleeve and the knee lever.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize driving motor as single power supply, when realizing piston plate synchronous promotion in four purification chambeies, guarantee the effective circulation of rose extract, and under the cooperation of sleeve, curved bar and bolt, realize moving the interval regulation to single piston plate, in the time of convenient to use, provide further guarantee for the effective circulation of rose extract.
The invention is further configured to: the bottom of purification chamber inner chamber rear side just is located the right side fixedly connected with first spacing fixture block of filter screen frame, the left bottom of purification chamber inner chamber just is located the front side fixedly connected with second spacing fixture block of filter screen frame.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the cooperation setting of first spacing fixture block and the spacing fixture block of second carries out the bottom to the filter screen frame spacing, guarantees the stability of filter screen frame position.
The invention is further configured to: elasticity extrusion subassembly includes the solid fixed cylinder, the left end of solid fixed cylinder runs through and slidable mounting has the stripper bar, and fixedly connected with spring between the right-hand member of stripper bar and the inner chamber of solid fixed cylinder, the left end fixedly connected with extrusion grillage of stripper bar, the surface of extrusion grillage and the internal surface sliding connection of filter screen frame, extrusion grillage include perpendicular stripper plate and slope striker plate, the bottom of slope striker plate and the top fixed connection of perpendicular stripper plate, and perpendicular stripper plate and slope striker plate all with the internal surface sliding contact of filter screen frame, gu fixed cylinder fixed mounting is in the left side of piston plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize the cooperation setting of solid fixed cylinder, spring, extrusion pole and extrusion grillage for reciprocating motion's in-process about going on can promote the extrusion grillage and extrude the ice in the filter screen frame, and then extrudees the inside rose extract of the ice in disorder, avoids the waste of rose extract.
The invention is further configured to: the top of the concentration box and the position above the purification cavity are hinged with a sealing door through a hinge, and the top of the sealing door is provided with a transparent observation window.
The invention is further configured to: multiport refrigeration subassembly includes the insulation can, fixedly connected with honeycomb duct between the front and back both sides of insulation can inner chamber, the bottom fixedly connected with refrigeration interface of insulation can, the output of refrigeration interface run through the insulation can and communicate with the bottom of honeycomb duct, the top intercommunication of honeycomb duct has four at least shunt tubes, the top of shunt tube runs through insulation can, support frame and concentrator box in proper order and extends to the inside in purification chamber.
The invention is further configured to: the inclined heat exchange groove comprises an inclined groove plate, a flow channel is formed in the bottom of an inner cavity of the inclined groove plate, a heat exchange metal plate is fixedly connected to the periphery of the bottom of the inclined groove plate and located on the flow channel, and the top end of the supporting guide pipe penetrates through the inclined groove plate and extends to the inside of the flow channel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the runner is carried to air conditioning in the shunt tubes, refrigerate the heat transfer metal sheet, and then when the rose extract fell on the heat transfer metal sheet, carry out the heat transfer refrigeration to the rose extract for the moisture that contains in the rose extract can be rapid congeal the ice, and under the spacing of inclined groove board, guarantee the effective contact of rose extract and heat transfer metal sheet.
The invention also discloses a concentrating process of the rose extract low-temperature concentrating system, which specifically comprises the following steps:
step one, refrigeration and transportation: the refrigeration interface starts refrigeration, cold air is conveyed to the interior of the flow guide pipe and is respectively conveyed to the support guide pipe through the flow distribution pipe, the heat exchange metal plate is refrigerated through the flow passage, and the supercooling temperature is kept for refrigeration;
step two, feeding and conveying: inputting rose extract into a storage cavity at the rearmost side through a filling pipe, starting a driving motor, driving the first driving rod to rotate by the driving motor, enabling four adjusting curved rod pieces to rotate, driving a push plate to move, enabling a piston rod to drive a piston plate to reciprocate left and right, enabling a purification cavity to generate negative pressure in the process of moving the piston plate to the right, conveying the rose extract in the storage cavity into the purification cavity through a liquid inlet pipe, allowing the rose extract to flow to a heat exchange metal plate on an inclined groove plate, allowing the rose extract to fall into an ice filter screen frame for filtration, enabling the purification cavity to generate high pressure in the process of moving the piston plate to the left, conveying the filtered rose extract to the next adjacent storage cavity through a liquid outlet pipe, and repeating the process until the rose extract flows into the storage cavity at the frontmost side;
step three, refrigeration and purification: when the rose extract in the storage cavity is conveyed into the purification cavity in the second step, supercooling is carried out through the heat exchange metal plate, the temperature of the rose extract reaches the condensation temperature in the process of sequentially passing through the purification cavity, water in the rose extract starts to freeze, part of ice falls into the ice filtering screen frame, and the extrusion plate frame is pushed to extrude the ice in the ice filtering screen frame along with the reciprocating movement of the piston plate in the left-right direction, so that the rose extract in the ice is extruded;
step four, cleaning treatment: run through the condition of freezing on the heat transfer metal sheet through transparent observation window, when appearing congealing on the heat transfer metal sheet and freezing, open and correspond sealing door, with congealing on the heat transfer metal sheet during freezing shovel removes the filter screen frame, when needs clear up the filter screen frame, close driving motor, open and correspond sealing door, press the extrusion grillage and make the extrusion grillage break away from the filter screen frame, upwards extract the filter screen frame, break away from behind first spacing fixture block and the spacing fixture block of second, take out the filter screen frame from the purification chamber, the filter screen frame of more renewing.
The invention provides a low-temperature concentration process and a low-temperature concentration system for rose extract. The method has the following beneficial effects:
(1) This rose extract low temperature concentration system, through utilizing five storage chambers, four purification chambeies, the setting of feed liquor pipe and drain pipe, under the cooperation of flexible drive assembly and piston plate, realize the circulation in turn of rose extract between stock solution chamber and purification chamber, refrigerate four purification intracavity portions's slope heat transfer groove through multiport refrigeration subassembly, make the continuous heat transfer with slope heat transfer groove of rose extract, reach condensation temperature gradually, make the water in the rose extract freeze and appear, thereby realize the pipelined purification to the rose extract, when convenient operation, moreover, the steam generator is simple in structure, it is very convenient to use, and can effectively avoid the destruction to active ingredient in the rose extract, it can directly save to need not to stew the cooling.
(2) This rose extract low temperature concentration system through under the setting at the sampling tube, realizes the extraction to being in the rose extract in the different storage chambers, in the time of the convenient sample, is convenient for acquire the rose extract of different purity.
(3) This rose extract cryoconcentration system through utilizing driving motor as single power supply, when realizing the synchronous promotion of piston plate in four purification chambeies, guarantees the effective circulation of rose extract, and under the cooperation of sleeve, knee lever and bolt, realizes removing the interval regulation to single piston plate, in the time of convenient to use, provides further guarantee for the effective circulation of rose extract.
(4) This rose extract low temperature concentration system sets up through the cooperation of first spacing fixture block and the spacing fixture block of second, and it is spacing to carry out the bottom to the filter screen frame, guarantees the stability of filter screen frame position.
(5) This rose extract low temperature concentration system sets up through the cooperation that utilizes solid fixed cylinder, spring, extrusion pole and extrusion grillage for reciprocating motion's in-process about going on can promote the extrusion grillage and extrude the ice in the filter screen frame, and then extrudees the rose extract of the inside of ice in disorder, avoids the waste of rose extract.
(6) This rose extract low temperature concentration system when carrying the runner in through the air conditioning in the shunt tubes, refrigerates the heat transfer metal sheet, and then when the rose extract fell on the heat transfer metal sheet, carries out the heat transfer refrigeration to the rose extract for the moisture that contains in the rose extract can be rapid congeals ice, and under the spacing of inclined trough plate, guarantees the effective contact of rose extract and heat transfer metal sheet.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic external view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the concentrator tank, the liquid storage tank and the protective tank of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a right side view of the internal structure of the thickening tank of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the inclined heat exchange tank of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the construction of the elastomeric extrusion assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the adjusting crank member according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the connection between the thickener tank and the outlet pipe according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the connection between the liquid storage tank and the liquid inlet pipe structure according to the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a support frame; 2. a concentration tank; 3. a liquid storage tank; 4. a first separator plate; 5. a storage chamber; 6. a second separator plate; 7. a purification chamber; 8. a liquid inlet pipe; 9. a liquid outlet pipe; 10. a piston plate; 11. a telescopic drive assembly; 12. a multi-port refrigeration assembly; 13. a support conduit; 14. inclining the heat exchange groove; 15. an ice-filtering screen frame; 16. an elastic extrusion assembly; 17. a sampling tube; 18. filling a pipe; 19. a protective box; 20. a drive motor; 21. adjusting the curved bar member; 22. a first drive lever; 23. a second drive lever; 24. pushing the plate; 25. a piston rod; 26. a sleeve; 27. a curved bar; 28. a first limiting clamping block; 29. a second limiting clamping block; 30. a fixed cylinder; 31. an extrusion stem; 32. a spring; 33. extruding the plate frame; 34. a sealing door; 35. a transparent viewing window; 36. a heat preservation box; 37. a flow guide pipe; 38. a refrigeration interface; 39. a shunt tube; 40. inclining the groove plate; 41. a flow channel; 42. a heat exchange metal plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the embodiment of the present invention provides the following two technical solutions:
example one
The utility model provides a rose extract low temperature concentration system, include support frame 1 and the concentrate tank 2 of setting on support frame 1, the top of support frame 1 and the left side fixed mounting who is located concentrate tank 2 have liquid reserve tank 3, the inner chamber of liquid reserve tank 3 has four at least first division boards 4 from the past backward fixed mounting in proper order, four first division boards 4 separate liquid reserve tank 3 for five storage chamber 5, the inner chamber of concentrate tank 2 from the past backward fixed mounting in proper order has three at least second division board 6, three second division board 6 separates concentrate tank 2 for four purification chambeies 7.
In order to realize effective circulation of rose extract between a purification cavity 7 and storage cavities 5, one purification cavity 7 is communicated with two adjacent storage cavities 5 through a liquid inlet pipe 8 and a liquid outlet pipe 9 respectively, wherein one end of the liquid inlet pipe 8 extends to the bottom of the inner cavity of the storage cavity 5, one end of the liquid outlet pipe 9 extends to the bottom of the inner cavity of the purification cavity 7, one-way valves are arranged on the surfaces of the liquid inlet pipe 8 and the liquid outlet pipe 9 and are used for controlling the rose extract in the storage cavity 5 to flow to the purification cavity 7, one-way valves on the liquid outlet pipe 9 are used for controlling the rose extract in the purification cavity 7 to flow to the storage cavity 5, a piston plate 10 is slidably arranged inside the purification cavity 7, a telescopic driving assembly 11 matched with the piston plate 10 is fixedly arranged at the top of the support frame 1 and at the right side of the concentration box 2 and is used for driving the piston plate 10 to move left and right, so that negative pressure and high pressure are generated inside the purification cavity 7, the circulation driving of the rose extract is realized, a multi-port refrigeration assembly 12 is fixedly arranged inside the support frame 12, a plurality of output ends of a multi-port refrigeration assembly 12 sequentially penetrate through the support frame 1 and extend to the concentration box 2 and extend to the purification cavity 7, a left side of a purification heat exchange frame 14 is arranged below the purification heat exchange frame 14, and is obliquely arranged below the purification frame 14, and is arranged below the purification cavity 7, and is obliquely arranged, and is connected with a purification heat exchange frame 14, and is arranged below the purification heat exchange duct 14, the rose extracting solution continuously exchanges heat with the inclined heat exchange groove 14 and gradually reaches the condensation temperature, so that water in the rose extracting solution is frozen and separated out, and the assembly line type purification of the rose extracting solution is realized.
Example two
The improvement of last embodiment is regarded as to this embodiment, a rose extract low temperature concentration system, including support frame 1 and the concentrator box 2 of setting on support frame 1, the left side fixed mounting that support frame 1's top and be located concentrator box 2 has liquid reserve tank 3, the inner chamber of liquid reserve tank 3 has four at least first division boards 4 from the past backward fixed mounting in proper order, four first division boards 4 separate liquid reserve tank 3 for five storage chamber 5, the inner chamber of concentrator box 2 has three at least second division board 6 from the past backward fixed mounting in proper order, three second division board 6 separates concentrator box 2 for four purification chambeies 7, there is sealing door 34 at the top of concentrator box 2 and the top that is located purification chamber 7 through hinge, and sealing door 34's top is provided with transparent observation window 35.
As the preferred scheme, in order to realize the sampling of the rose extracting solution in different storage cavities 5, the left sides of the storage cavities 5 are communicated and fixedly provided with sampling tubes 17, the outer surfaces of the sampling tubes 17 are sleeved with sealing covers, and the tops of the storage cavities 5 arranged at the rearmost sides are provided with filling tubes 18.
As a preferred scheme, in order to realize effective circulation of rose extract between purification chamber 7 and storage chamber 5, one purification chamber 7 and two adjacent storage chambers 5 are respectively communicated through a liquid inlet pipe 8 and a liquid outlet pipe 9, wherein one end of the liquid inlet pipe 8 extends to the bottom of the inner chamber of the storage chamber 5, one end of the liquid outlet pipe 9 extends to the bottom of the inner chamber of the purification chamber 7, the surfaces of the liquid inlet pipe 8 and the liquid outlet pipe 9 are respectively provided with a one-way valve, the one-way valve on the liquid inlet pipe 8 is used for controlling the rose extract in the storage chamber 5 to flow to the purification chamber 7, the one-way valve on the liquid outlet pipe 9 is used for controlling the rose extract in the purification chamber 7 to flow to the storage chamber 5, and a piston plate 10 is slidably mounted inside the purification chamber 7.
As a preferred scheme, in order to realize effective driving of the piston plate 10, a telescopic driving assembly 11 adapted to the piston plate 10 is fixedly installed at the top of the supporting frame 1 and located on the right side of the concentration tank 2, and is configured to drive the piston plate 10 to move left and right, so as to generate negative pressure and high pressure inside the purification chamber 7, and realize circulation driving of the rose extract, specifically, as shown in fig. 2, the telescopic driving assembly 11 includes a protection tank 19, a driving motor 20, and four adjusting curved rod members 21, two adjacent adjusting curved rod members 21 are fixedly connected through a connecting rod, the driving motor 20 is fixedly installed on the front side of the inner chamber of the protection tank 19, an output end of the driving motor 20 is fixedly connected with a first driving rod 22 through a coupler, a surface of the first driving rod 22 is fixedly connected with one end of the adjusting curved rod member 21 arranged on the frontmost side, a second driving rod 23 is fixedly installed at one end of the adjusting curved rod member 21 arranged on the rearmost side, a rear end of the second driving rod 23 is rotatably connected with the back of the inner chamber of the protection tank 19 through a bearing, a bent portion of the adjusting curved rod member 21 is sleeved on the outer surface and is connected with a push plate 24, and one end of the push rod 25 is rotatably connected with the push plate 24.
Wherein, one end of the piston rod 25 penetrates the protective box 19 and the concentrating box 2 in sequence and is fixedly connected with the right side of the piston plate 10.
Further, in order to adjust the length of the moving range of the piston plate 10, the adjusting crank member 21 includes two sleeves 26 and a crank 27, the outer surfaces of the two ends of the crank 27 are slidably connected with the inner surfaces of the sleeves 26, and the sleeves 26 and the crank 27 are fixedly connected with each other by bolts
As a preferred scheme, a multi-port refrigeration assembly 12 is fixedly installed inside a support frame 1, a plurality of output ends of the multi-port refrigeration assembly 12 sequentially penetrate through the support frame 1 and a concentration tank 2 and respectively extend into four purification chambers 7, and a support conduit 13 is fixedly installed at the bottom of an inner cavity of each purification chamber 7 and at the periphery of the output end of the multi-port refrigeration assembly 12, specifically, as shown in fig. 3, the multi-port refrigeration assembly 12 comprises an insulation can 36, a flow guide pipe 37 is fixedly connected between the front side and the rear side of the inner cavity of the insulation can 36, and a refrigeration interface 38 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the insulation can 36 and is communicated with an external cold air conveying pipeline for conveying cold air, the output end of the refrigeration interface 38 penetrates through the insulation can 36 and is communicated with the bottom of the flow guide pipe 37, the top end of the flow guide pipe 37 is communicated with at least four flow division pipes 39, and the top ends of the division pipes 39 sequentially penetrate through the insulation can 36, the support frame 1 and the concentration tank 2 and extend into the purification chambers 7.
Wherein, the supporting conduit 13 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the purifying cavity 7 and is positioned at the periphery of the shunt tube 39.
As a preferable scheme, in order to realize effective cooling of the rose extract and purification of the rose extract, the top of the supporting conduit 13 is located below the liquid inlet pipe 8, and is communicated with and fixed with the inclined heat exchange groove 14, specifically, as shown in fig. 4, the inclined heat exchange groove 14 includes an inclined groove plate 40, a flow channel 41 is formed at the bottom of an inner cavity of the inclined groove plate 40, a heat exchange metal plate 42 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined groove plate 40 and located at the periphery of the flow channel 41, the heat exchange metal plate 42 is made of a metal material with a high thermal conductivity coefficient, including but not limited to silver and copper, and the top of the supporting conduit 13 penetrates through the inclined groove plate 40 and extends to the inside of the flow channel 41.
As an optimized scheme, in order to realize the effective collection of ice cubes, the ice screen frame 15 is clamped below the inclined heat exchange groove 14 at the left rear side of the bottom of the inner cavity of the purification cavity 7, in order to ensure the stability of the position of the ice screen frame 15, the first limiting fixture block 28 is fixedly connected at the bottom of the rear side of the inner cavity of the purification cavity 7 and at the right side of the ice screen frame 15, and the second limiting fixture block 29 is fixedly connected at the bottom of the left side of the inner cavity of the purification cavity 7 and at the front side of the ice screen frame 15.
Preferably, in order to take out the rose extract from the ice cubes in the ice filter screen frame 15, an elastic squeezing assembly 16 adapted to the inner surface of the ice filter screen frame 15 is fixedly installed on the left side of the piston plate 10, specifically, as shown in fig. 5, the elastic squeezing assembly 16 includes a fixed cylinder 30, a squeezing rod 31 penetrates through and is slidably installed at the left end of the fixed cylinder 30, a spring 32 is fixedly connected between the right end of the squeezing rod 31 and the inner cavity of the fixed cylinder 30, a squeezing plate frame 33 is fixedly connected to the left end of the squeezing rod 31, the outer surface of the squeezing plate frame 33 is slidably connected to the inner surface of the ice filter screen frame 15, and the fixed cylinder 30 is fixedly installed on the left side of the piston plate 10.
The advantage of the second embodiment over the first embodiment is that: utilize driving motor 20 as single power supply, when the realization is promoted in step to piston plate 10 in four purification chambeies 7, guarantee the effective circulation of rose extract, and at sleeve 26, under the cooperation of knee lever 27 and bolt, the realization is to the interval regulation of single piston plate 10 removal, in the time of convenient to use, provide further guarantee for the effective circulation of rose extract, drive solid fixed cylinder 30 simultaneously and remove, at spring 32, the cooperation of extrusion stem 31 and extrusion grillage 33 sets up down, promote extrusion grillage 33 and extrude the ice in straining ice screen frame 15, and then extrude the inside rose extract of the ice in disorder, avoid the waste of rose extract.
The concentrating process of the rose extract low-temperature concentrating system specifically comprises the following steps:
step one, refrigerating and conveying: the refrigeration interface 38 starts refrigeration, and conveys cold air to the interior of the flow guide pipe 37, and the cold air is conveyed to the support guide pipes 13 through the flow dividing pipes 39 respectively, and the heat exchange metal plate 42 is refrigerated through the flow passage 41, and the refrigeration is carried out by keeping the supercooling temperature;
step two, feeding and conveying: inputting rose extract into the storage cavity 5 at the rearmost side through the filling pipe 18, starting the driving motor 20, driving the driving motor 20 to drive the first driving rod 22 to rotate, so that the four regulating crank members 21 rotate, driving the push plate 24 to move, driving the piston plate 10 to reciprocate left and right through the piston rod 25, generating negative pressure in the purification cavity 7 in the process that the piston plate 10 moves rightwards, conveying the rose extract in the storage cavity 5 into the purification cavity 7 through the liquid inlet pipe 8, flowing to the heat exchange metal plate 42 on the inclined groove plate 40, falling into the ice filtering screen frame 15 for filtering, generating high pressure in the purification cavity 7 in the process that the piston plate 10 moves leftwards, conveying the filtered rose extract into the next adjacent storage cavity 5 through the liquid outlet pipe 9, and repeating the process until the rose extract flows into the storage cavity 5 at the foremost side;
step three, refrigeration and purification: when the rose extract in the storage cavity 5 is conveyed into the purification cavity 7 in the second step, supercooling and cooling are carried out through the heat exchange metal plate 42, when the rose extract sequentially passes through the purification cavity 7, the temperature reaches the condensation temperature, water in the rose extract begins to freeze, part of ice falls into the ice filter screen frame 15, and along with the left-right reciprocating movement of the piston plate 10, the extrusion plate frame 33 is pushed to extrude the ice in the ice filter screen frame 15, so that the rose extract in the ice is extruded;
step four, cleaning treatment: the transparent observation window 35 penetrates through the icing condition on the heat exchange metal plate 42, when the ice congeals on the heat exchange metal plate 42, the corresponding sealing door 34 is opened, the congealed ice on the heat exchange metal plate 42 is shoveled into the ice filter screen frame 15, when the ice filter screen frame 15 needs to be cleaned, the driving motor 20 is closed, the corresponding sealing door 34 is opened, the extrusion plate frame 33 is pressed, the extrusion plate frame 33 is separated from the ice filter screen frame 15, the ice filter screen frame 15 is upwards extracted, the ice filter screen frame 15 is separated from the first limiting clamping block 28 and the second limiting clamping block 29, the ice filter screen frame 15 is taken out of the purification cavity 7, the plugging door is opened, the ice filter screen frame is placed in the ice storage tank for temporary storage, and then the new ice filter screen frame 15 is replaced;
step five, sampling and draining liquid: when the rose extract in the chamber 5 is stored to the difference to the needs is taken a sample, open the shutoff lid that corresponds sampling tube 17 on storing chamber 5, can take a sample, wherein, the sampling tube 17 that the front side set up is in normally open state, is being used for accomplishing the back at the rose extract purification, carries out the water conservancy diversion.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a rose extract low temperature concentration system, includes support frame (1) and concentrator box (2) of setting on support frame (1), its characterized in that: the top of support frame (1) and the left side fixed mounting who is located concentrate case (2) have liquid reserve tank (3), the inner chamber of liquid reserve tank (3) has four at least first division boards (4), four from the past fixed mounting backward in proper order first division board (4) separate liquid reserve tank (3) for five storage chamber (5), the inner chamber of concentrate case (2) has three at least second division board (6), three from the past fixed mounting backward in proper order second division board (6) separate concentrate case (2) for four purification chamber (7), and one purification chamber (7) and two adjacent storage chamber (5) between respectively through feed liquor pipe (8) and drain pipe (9) intercommunication, the surface of feed liquor pipe (8) and drain pipe (9) all is provided with the check valve, the inside slidable mounting in purification chamber (7) has piston board (10), the top of support frame (1) and the right side fixed mounting that is located concentrate case (2) have the telescopic drive subassembly (11) with piston board (10) looks adaptation, the inside fixed mounting of a plurality of components (1) has refrigeration subassembly (12), refrigeration subassembly (12) and four multi-port refrigeration chamber (7) extend through the bottom and concentrate case subassembly (7) and multi-port subassembly (12) respectively and the purification chamber (7) and the refrigeration output of multi-port subassembly (7) and extend through multi-port subassembly (12) The periphery fixed mounting of output has support pipe (13), its below intercommunication that is located feed liquor pipe (8) in the top of support pipe (13) is fixed with slope heat transfer groove (14), the left rear side of purification chamber (7) inner chamber bottom and the below joint that is located slope heat transfer groove (14) have ice screen frame (15), and the left side fixed mounting of piston plate (10) have with the elasticity extrusion subassembly (16) of ice screen frame (15) internal surface looks adaptation.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: the left side of the storage cavity (5) is communicated with and fixedly provided with a sampling tube (17), a plugging cover is sleeved on the outer surface of the sampling tube (17), and a filling tube (18) is arranged at the top of the storage cavity (5) arranged on the last side.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: flexible drive assembly (11) are including protective housing (19), driving motor (20), four regulation bent member pieces (21), adjacent two adjust through connecting rod fixed connection between bent member piece (21), driving motor (20) fixed mounting is in the front side of protective housing (19) inner chamber, the output of driving motor (20) passes through shaft coupling fixedly connected with first actuating lever (22), the surface of first actuating lever (22) and the one end fixed connection of the regulation bent member piece (21) that the front side set up, the one end fixed mounting of the regulation bent member piece (21) that the rearmost side set up has second actuating lever (23), the rear end of second actuating lever (23) is passed through the bearing and is connected with the back rotation of protective housing (19) inner chamber, and adjusts the outer surface cover of bent member piece (21) department and establish and rotate and be connected with push pedal (24), the one end rotation of push pedal (24) is connected with piston rod (25).
4. The system of claim 3, wherein the system comprises: one end of the piston rod (25) sequentially penetrates through the protective box (19) and the concentration box (2) and is fixedly connected with the right side of the piston plate (10), the adjusting bent rod piece (21) comprises two sleeves (26) and a bent rod (27), the outer surfaces of the two ends of the bent rod (27) are respectively connected with the inner surfaces of the sleeves (26) in a sliding mode, and the sleeves (26) are fixedly connected with the bent rod (27) through bolts.
5. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: the bottom of purification chamber (7) inner chamber rear side just is located the first spacing fixture block of right side fixedly connected with (28) of filter screen frame (15), the left bottom of purification chamber (7) inner chamber just is located the spacing fixture block of front side fixedly connected with second (29) of filter screen frame (15).
6. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: elasticity extrusion subassembly (16) are including solid fixed cylinder (30), the left end of solid fixed cylinder (30) runs through and slidable mounting has stripper bar (31), and fixedly connected with spring (32) between the right-hand member of stripper bar (31) and the inner chamber of solid fixed cylinder (30), the left end fixedly connected with extrusion grillage (33) of stripper bar (31), the surface of extrusion grillage (33) and the interior surface sliding connection of straining ice screen frame (15), solid fixed cylinder (30) fixed mounting is in the left side of piston plate (10).
7. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: the top of concentrator box (2) just is located the top in purification chamber (7) and articulates through the hinge has sealing door (34), and sealing door (34)'s top is provided with transparent observation window (35).
8. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: multiport refrigeration subassembly (12) includes insulation can (36), fixedly connected with honeycomb duct (37) between the front and back both sides of insulation can (36) inner chamber, the bottom fixedly connected with refrigeration interface (38) of insulation can (36), the output of refrigeration interface (38) runs through insulation can (36) and communicates with the bottom of honeycomb duct (37), the top intercommunication of honeycomb duct (37) has four at least shunt tubes (39), the top of shunt tubes (39) runs through insulation can (36), support frame (1) and concentrator box (2) in proper order and extends to the inside in purification chamber (7).
9. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: the inclined heat exchange groove (14) comprises an inclined groove plate (40), a flow channel (41) is formed in the bottom of the inner cavity of the inclined groove plate (40), the bottom of the inclined groove plate (40) is fixedly connected with a heat exchange metal plate (42) which is located at the periphery of the flow channel (41), and the top end of the supporting guide pipe (13) penetrates through the inclined groove plate (40) and extends to the inside of the flow channel (41).
10. A concentrating process of a rose extracting solution low-temperature concentrating system is characterized in that: the method specifically comprises the following steps:
step one, refrigerating and conveying: the refrigeration interface (38) starts refrigeration, cold air is conveyed into the guide pipe (37) and is respectively conveyed into the supporting guide pipes (13) through the shunt pipes (39), the heat exchange metal plate (42) is refrigerated through the flow passage (41), and the supercooling temperature is kept for refrigeration;
step two, feeding and conveying: inputting rose extract into a storage cavity (5) at the rearmost side through a filling pipe (18), starting a driving motor (20), driving the driving motor (20) to drive a first driving rod (22) to rotate, so that four regulating bent rod pieces (21) rotate, driving a push plate (24) to move, driving a piston rod (25) to drive a piston plate (10) to reciprocate left and right, wherein in the rightward movement process of the piston plate (10), a purification cavity (7) generates negative pressure, the rose extract in the storage cavity (5) is conveyed to the interior of the purification cavity (7) through a liquid inlet pipe (8), and then falls into an ice filter screen frame (15) for filtration after flowing to a heat exchange metal plate (42) on an inclined groove plate (40), and in the leftward movement process of the piston plate (10), the purification cavity (7) generates high pressure, the filtered rose extract is conveyed to the next adjacent storage cavity (5) through a liquid outlet pipe (9), and the process is repeated until the rose extract flows into the storage cavity (5) at the frontmost side;
step three, refrigeration and purification: in the second step, when the rose extracting solution in the storage cavity (5) is conveyed into the purification cavity (7), supercooling and cooling are carried out through the heat exchange metal plate (42), the temperature of the rose extracting solution reaches the condensation temperature in the process of sequentially passing through the purification cavity (7), water in the rose extracting solution begins to freeze, part of ice falls into the ice filtering screen frame (15), and the extrusion plate frame (33) is pushed to extrude the ice in the ice filtering screen frame (15) along with the left and right reciprocating movement of the piston plate (10) so as to extrude the rose extracting solution in the ice;
step four, cleaning treatment: run through the condition of icing on heat transfer metal sheet (42) through transparent observation window (35), when appearing congealing on heat transfer metal sheet (42) and icing, open and correspond sealing door (34), with congealing on heat transfer metal sheet (42) during icing screen frame (15) is eradicated, when needs are cleared up to icing screen frame (15), close driving motor (20), open and correspond sealing door (34), press extrusion grillage (33) and make extrusion grillage (33) break away from icing screen frame (15), upwards extract icing screen frame (15), break away from behind first spacing fixture block (28) and the spacing fixture block of second (29), take out icing screen frame (15) from purification chamber (7), more renew icing screen frame (15).
CN202211098604.5A 2022-09-07 2022-09-07 Low-temperature concentration process and system for rose extract Active CN115337704B (en)

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