CN115138115B - Inflow and overcurrent device - Google Patents

Inflow and overcurrent device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115138115B
CN115138115B CN202210767288.XA CN202210767288A CN115138115B CN 115138115 B CN115138115 B CN 115138115B CN 202210767288 A CN202210767288 A CN 202210767288A CN 115138115 B CN115138115 B CN 115138115B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
fixedly connected
hole
sewage
sliding plate
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CN202210767288.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN115138115A (en
Inventor
刘惠杰
赵洪启
戴文强
沈嵬
宋东超
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Wuxi Hi Tech Environmental Protection Equipment Technology Co ltd
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Wuxi Hi Tech Environmental Protection Equipment Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210767288.XA priority Critical patent/CN115138115B/en
Publication of CN115138115A publication Critical patent/CN115138115A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • B01D29/03Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements self-supporting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/64Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element
    • B01D29/6469Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/70Regenerating the filter material in the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element
    • B01D29/72Regenerating the filter material in the filter by forces created by movement of the filter element involving vibrations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/88Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor having feed or discharge devices
    • B01D29/92Filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, not covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D27/00; Filtering elements therefor having feed or discharge devices for discharging filtrate

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Sewage (AREA)
  • Water Treatment By Electricity Or Magnetism (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of sewage treatment, in particular to a water inflow and overflow device which comprises a shell and a filter screen; a baffle is fixedly connected inside the shell; the surface of the partition plate is provided with a mounting hole; a fixed block is fixedly connected inside the mounting hole; the surface of the fixed block is provided with a through hole; a fixed plate and a sliding plate are arranged in the through hole; the surface of the sliding plate is provided with a filter screen; the side surfaces of the two sides of the sliding plate are fixedly connected with connecting ropes; the top surfaces of the connecting ropes are fixedly connected with floating balls; through the change of baffle both sides liquid level, can make the floater up-and-down motion, the floater is through linking rope drive slide motion, promotes the whereabouts of filter screen surface pollutant to after stopping leading in sewage, along with baffle both sides sewage liquid level tends to unanimity, the slide can be moved towards the fixed plate direction, laminating between final slide and the fixed plate together, because crisscross distribution between filter screen and the guide hole has avoided the problem emergence that biological suspension carrier flows backwards.

Description

Inflow and overcurrent device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of sewage treatment, and particularly relates to a water inlet and overflow device.
Background
The water inflow and overflow device is equipment specially developed for solving the problem of backflow of suspended biological carriers and blocking a water inflow interception filter screen, flocculent pollutants in a suspended state in a river channel can be lifted into the equipment together with the water body by a pump when black and odorous water body is treated, and if a common water inflow interception filter screen is arranged, water inflow is blocked and overflowed, so that a large amount of personnel are required to maintain; if the water inlet interception device is not arranged, the backflow of the biological suspension carrier can occur when the lifting pump stops working, and the pipeline is blocked. The development of the water inflow and overflow device is necessary to solve two problems of water inflow blockage and biological carrier backflow at the same time, and the water inflow and overflow device can be used at a water inlet and can also be used at a function distinguishing position for distinguishing anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic functions, has wide adaptability, and can be popularized to application scenes such as municipal sewage treatment plants.
According to the water inlet device of the buried sewage treatment system with the publication number of CN113262538A, a cleaning mechanism and a buffer mechanism are adopted, the problem that the water inlet device is not ideal in sewage filtering effect, small in filtering area, low in internal water flow speed, fixed in filtering structure position, difficult to clean, difficult to adjust in water pressure during sewage discharge and easy to cause device damage is solved, the problem of good sewage filtering effect and high in internal water flow speed of an accelerating device are solved, the filtering structure can be moved and cleaned, the water pressure of the water discharge can be adjusted by the buffer structure, and the effect of the whole device is protected.
In the prior art, although the water inflow and overflow device can prevent the pipeline from being blocked due to backflow of the biological suspension carrier, when sewage passes through the water inflow and filter device, if flocculent pollutants intercepted by the filter screen are more, the flow resistance of the filter screen is increased, so that great difference exists between the liquid level heights of the two sides of the water inflow and overflow device, a great amount of manpower is required to be input for cleaning and maintenance, and if the water inflow and overflow device is installed at the bottom of a reaction tank, the problem can be solved even if the water inflow and the air release are required to be stopped.
To this end, the invention provides a water inflow and outflow device.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, at least one technical problem presented in the background art is solved.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a water inlet and flow passage device, which comprises a shell and a filter screen; a water inlet is formed in the side surface of one side of the shell, close to the bottom surface of the shell; a water outlet is formed in the position, close to the bottom surface of the shell, of the side surface of the other side of the shell; a baffle is fixedly connected inside the shell; the surface of the partition plate is provided with a mounting hole; a fixed block is fixedly connected inside the mounting hole; the surface of the fixed block is provided with a through hole; a fixing plate is fixedly connected to the position, close to the water outlet hole, inside the through hole; the surface of the fixed plate is provided with a guide hole; a sliding plate is connected in the through hole in a sliding way; the surface of the sliding plate is provided with a filter screen; the two side surfaces of the sliding plate are fixedly connected with connecting ropes at positions close to the top of the sliding plate; the top surfaces of the connecting ropes are fixedly connected with floating balls; when the device works, although the backflow of the biological suspension carrier can be prevented to cause the problem of pipeline blockage, when sewage passes through the water inlet filter device, if more flocculent pollutants are intercepted by the filter screen, the flow resistance of the filter screen is increased, so that the liquid level heights at two sides of the water inlet flow device are greatly different, a great amount of manpower is required to be input for cleaning and maintenance, and if the device is arranged at the bottom of a reaction tank, the problem can be solved even if the device is required to be emptied after water inlet is stopped; the control sewage is led into the shell from the inlet opening, sewage is filtered through the filter screen, then the guide hole is passed through, finally, the guide hole is led out, along with the continuous water conservancy diversion of sewage, can intercept more flocculent pollutant on the surface of filter screen, these pollutant can block up the filter screen, lead to filter screen water conservancy diversion efficiency to descend, and then the liquid level in the both sides position of baffle can change, the liquid level changes the back, can make the floater reciprocate, the floater can pull even the rope, and then move through even rope drive slide, the slide motion in-process can promote the filter screen vibrations, simultaneously also can increase the impact force of sewage to the filter screen, promote the drop of filter screen surface pollutant, and after stopping leading in sewage, along with baffle both sides sewage liquid level tends to unanimity, the slide can be moved towards the fixed plate direction, laminating together between final slide and the fixed plate, because crisscross distribution between filter screen and the guide hole, and then make the sewage of slide and outlet opening position keep apart completely, biological suspension carrier's problem emergence has been avoided.
Preferably, a moving groove is formed in one side surface of the sliding plate opposite to the fixed plate; a moving plate is connected inside the moving groove in a sliding manner; the surface of the sliding plate is provided with first diversion holes which are uniformly arranged; the surface of the moving plate is provided with a second diversion hole at the first diversion hole, and the aperture of the second diversion hole is smaller than that of the first diversion hole; the filter screen is fixedly connected to the inside of the second diversion hole; during operation, through setting up the movable plate, when the leading-in sewage of inlet opening, because the flow of sewage to the aperture of second water conservancy diversion hole is less than the aperture of first water conservancy diversion hole, sewage can promote the movable plate and slide, and sewage then can loop through first water conservancy diversion hole, second water conservancy diversion hole and guide hole export, after the inlet opening stops leading-in sewage, along with baffle both sides liquid level tends to agree, slide and movable plate can be moved towards the fixed plate direction, and finally the fixed plate can extrude the movable plate for the movable plate is moved towards the slide direction, and then has promoted the sewage direction between movable plate and the slide to export, promotes the automatic export of the inside filter screen surface pollutant of second water conservancy diversion hole.
Preferably, a first sealing film is fixedly connected between the moving plate and the sliding plate at the position of the second diversion hole, and the first sealing film is in an annular structural design; during operation, through setting up first sealing membrane, when drawing close each other between movable block and the slide, the sewage at second sealing membrane middle part can derive fast, avoids sewage inflow movable block and slide between the first water conservancy diversion hole position of raw materials, and then when sewage backward flow, the pollutant in the sewage can't effectively derive the problem.
Preferably, the fixed plate is provided with guide rods at the positions of the second guide holes relative to one side surface of the moving plate; during operation, through set up the guide arm on the surface of fixed plate, when the movable plate moved towards the fixed plate direction, the guide arm can insert the second water conservancy diversion hole, promotes the inside mediation of second water conservancy diversion hole, reduces the risk of second water conservancy diversion hole jam.
Preferably, the surface of the fixing plate is provided with a telescopic groove at the position of the guide rod; the inside of the telescopic groove is connected with the guide rod in a sliding manner; a first elastic sheet is fixedly connected between the guide rod and the bottom of the telescopic groove; the bottom of the movable groove is provided with a hole; the surface of the guide rod is provided with an outlet; the insides of the inlet hole and the outlet hole are fixedly connected with one-way valves; during operation, when the movable plate extrudes the guide rod, the guide rod can be made to move towards the bottom direction of the telescopic groove, after the inside of the telescopic groove is extruded, sewage inside the telescopic groove can be led into the second guide hole through the outlet hole, the second guide hole and the dredging of the filter screen inside the second guide hole are promoted, meanwhile, when the guide rod stops being extruded, under the action of the first elastic piece, the ejector rod ejects out of the telescopic groove, and the sewage can be led into the inside of the telescopic groove through the inlet hole in a single direction.
Preferably, the side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed plate and the movable plate are fixedly connected with magnets; during operation, through setting up magnet, when the movable plate is close to the fixed plate, under the mutual appeal effect of magnet pair, can promote the movable plate and remove towards the fixed plate direction fast, and then promoted the inside of guide arm towards the expansion tank fast, promote the inside sewage of expansion tank to single direction guide the second water conservancy diversion hole through the apopore, and then improve the mediation efficiency to second water conservancy diversion hole and filter screen.
Preferably, the side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed plate and the movable plate are provided with annular grooves; the second sealing films are fixedly connected to the inner parts of the annular grooves; during operation, through setting up the second sealing membrane, the second sealing membrane can make magnet and sewage keep apart completely, reduces the suspended solid direct adhesion in the surface of magnet in the sewage, and then influences the adsorption effect between the magnet.
Preferably, a telescopic bag is fixedly connected to the bottom of the floating ball close to one side of the water inlet; the connecting rope penetrates through the bottom surface of the telescopic bag and is fixedly connected with a magnetic ball at the inner position of the telescopic bag; an electromagnet is fixedly connected to the inner top surface of the telescopic bag; the side surfaces of the fixed block and the side surface opposite to the sliding plate are fixedly connected with conductive blocks; during operation, through setting up the flexible bag, when the slide moves towards the fixed plate direction, the conducting shoe on slide surface and the conducting shoe on fixed block surface switch on, and then make the electro-magnet automatic power-off, the electro-magnet can stop adsorbing the magnetic ball, and then the stay cord can drive the magnetic ball and fall fast, and stay cord flexible bag, and then in the short time, the slide stops to receive the pulling of one side stay cord, and then the slide can remove to the fixed plate direction fast this moment, improve the clearance effect to the filter screen, and after the slide moves to the fixed plate position, the baffle both sides are in the separation state, when leading-in sewage to the inlet port, sewage on one side of the baffle continuously rises, the floater can continuously drive the flexible bag, finally the flexible bag also can pull the slide, make two conducting shoe separation, the electro-magnet circular telegram this moment, the magnetic ball can receive the absorption of electro-magnet, the magnetic ball can upwards stretch even rope fast, even rope can pull the slide, make the slide fast, keep away from between slide and the fixed plate, sewage can flow fast through the filter screen.
Preferably, the surface of the sliding plate is provided with a rotating groove; a turntable is rotatably connected in the rotating groove; the side surface of the turntable is fixedly connected with a first conical gear; the inside of the rotating groove is rotationally connected with a second bevel gear, and the second bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear; the surface of the second bevel gear is fixedly connected with a rotating rod; the surface of the rotating rod is fixedly connected with a scraping plate, and the scraping plate is attached to the side face of the sliding plate; during operation, when the slide slides, the slide can drive the commentaries on classics board and remove, and the carousel receives the effect of fixed block and can take place to rotate, and the carousel then can drive first conical gear and rotate, and first conical gear can drive second conical gear and rotate, and second conical gear can drive the bull stick and rotate, and the bull stick can drive the scraper blade and sway at the surface of slide, promotes the clearance before to the slide surface, because the scraper blade can disturb the sewage near the slide when removing, promotes that a large amount of suspended pollutants in slide position keep away from the slide.
Preferably, the surface of the sliding plate is provided with an arc-shaped groove; an arc plate is connected inside the arc-shaped groove in a sliding manner; a second elastic sheet is fixedly connected between the arc-shaped plate and the scraping plate; a supporting plate is hinged to the surface of the sliding plate close to the rotating rod; the end face of one side of the supporting plate far away from the rotating rod is fixedly connected with the arc-shaped plate; inclined holes are formed in the surface of the arc-shaped plate; during operation, when the scraper blade swings, the scraper blade can drive the arc to remove, and the arc can drive the backup pad and rotate for space between arc and the backup pad reduces, and then the inside inclined hole blowout of sewage in this space can pass through the arc surface, because inclined hole slope orientation scraper blade has promoted the clearance to the pollutant that scrapes off the scraper blade surface.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. the invention relates to a water inlet and flow passage device, which is characterized by comprising a shell and a filter screen; through the inside of shell setting up the baffle, the surface of baffle sets up the fixed block, and the surface of fixed block sets up fixed plate and slide, and the inside of slide sets up the filter screen, after the liquid level changes, can make the floater up-and-down motion, the floater can stimulate even rope, and then move through even rope drive slide, the slide motion in-process, can promote filter screen vibrations, also can increase the impact force of sewage to the filter screen simultaneously, promote the drop of filter screen surface contamination matter, and after stopping leading-in sewage, along with baffle both sides sewage liquid level tends to agree, the slide can be moved towards the fixed plate direction, laminating together between final slide and the fixed plate, owing to crisscross distribution between filter screen and the guide hole, and then make the slide keep apart with the sewage of apopore position completely, the problem emergence of biological suspension carrier refluence has been avoided.
2. According to the water inflow and outflow device, the telescopic bag, the electromagnet and the magnetic ball are arranged, when the sliding plate moves towards the direction of the fixed plate, the conductive blocks on the surface of the sliding plate are communicated with the conductive blocks on the surface of the fixed block, so that the electromagnet is automatically powered off, the electromagnet can stop adsorbing the magnetic ball, the pull rope can drive the magnetic ball to quickly fall down, the telescopic bag is pulled, the sliding plate stops being pulled by the pull rope at one side in a short time, the sliding plate can quickly move towards the direction of the fixed plate, and the cleaning effect on the filter screen is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
FIG. 4 is a partial enlarged view at B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at C;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the screed and arcuate plate of the present invention;
in the figure: the device comprises a shell 1, a filter screen 2, a water inlet hole 3, a water outlet hole 4, a partition plate 5, a fixed block 6, a fixed plate 7, a guide hole 8, a sliding plate 9, a through hole 10, a connecting rope 11, a floating ball 12, a moving plate 13, a first guide hole 14, a second guide hole 15, a first sealing film 16, a guide rod 17, a first elastic sheet 18, a hole 19, a water outlet hole 20, a magnet 21, a second sealing film 22, a telescopic bag 23, a magnetic ball 24, an electromagnet 25, a conductive block 26, a turntable 27, a first conical gear 28, a second conical gear 29, a rotating rod 30, a scraping plate 31, an arc plate 32, a second elastic sheet 33, a supporting plate 34 and an inclined hole 35.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described in connection with the following detailed description in order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement of the purpose and the effect of the invention easy to understand.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the water inlet and flow passage device according to the embodiment of the invention comprises a shell 1 and a filter screen 2; a water inlet hole 3 is formed in the side surface of one side of the shell 1 and close to the bottom surface of the shell 1; the other side surface of the shell 1 is provided with a water outlet hole 4 close to the bottom surface of the shell 1; a baffle plate 5 is fixedly connected inside the shell 1; the surface of the partition board 5 is provided with a mounting hole; a fixed block 6 is fixedly connected inside the mounting hole; the surface of the fixed block 6 is provided with a through hole 10; a fixing plate 7 is fixedly connected to the position, close to the water outlet 4, inside the through hole 10; the surface of the fixed plate 7 is provided with a guide hole 8; a sliding plate 9 is connected inside the through hole 10 in a sliding manner; the surface of the sliding plate 9 is provided with a filter screen 2; the two side surfaces of the sliding plate 9 are fixedly connected with connecting ropes 11 at positions close to the top of the sliding plate 9; the top surfaces of the connecting ropes 11 are fixedly connected with floating balls 12; when the device works, although the backflow of the biological suspended carrier can be prevented to cause the problem of pipeline blockage, when sewage passes through the water inlet filter device, if more flocculent pollutants are intercepted by the filter screen 2, the flow resistance of the filter screen 2 is increased, so that the liquid level heights at two sides of the water inlet flow device are greatly different, a great deal of manpower is needed to be input for cleaning and maintenance, and if the device is arranged at the bottom of the reaction tank, the problem can be solved even if the device is required to be emptied after water inlet is stopped; the control sewage is led into the shell 1 from the inlet opening 3, sewage is filtered through the filter screen 2, then the guide hole 8 is passed through, finally, the guide hole 4 is led out, along with the continuous water conservancy diversion of sewage, can intercept more flocculent pollutants on the surface of the filter screen 2, these pollutants can block the filter screen 2, and consequently, the water conservancy diversion efficiency of the filter screen 2 drops, and then the liquid level in the both sides position of baffle 5 can change, after the liquid level changes, can make floater 12 up-and-down motion, floater 12 can pull even rope 11, and then drive slide 9 motion through even rope 11, slide 9 motion in-process can promote filter screen 2 vibrations, simultaneously also can increase the impact force of sewage to filter screen 2, promote the drop of filter screen 2 surface pollutant, and after stopping leading sewage, along with baffle 5 both sides sewage liquid level tends to be unanimous, slide 9 can be moved towards fixed plate 7 direction, finally, laminating together between slide 9 and the fixed plate 7, because of stagger distribution between filter screen 2 and the guide hole 8, and the sewage in the position of slide 9 and the apopore 4 is kept apart completely, the problem emergence of biological suspension carrier.
As shown in fig. 3, a moving groove is formed on one side surface of the sliding plate 9 opposite to the fixed plate 7; a moving plate 13 is connected inside the moving groove in a sliding way; the surface of the sliding plate 9 is provided with first diversion holes 14 which are uniformly arranged; a second diversion hole 15 is formed in the surface of the moving plate 13 at the position of the first diversion hole 14, and the aperture of the second diversion hole 15 is smaller than that of the first diversion hole 14; the filter screen 2 is fixedly connected to the inside of the second diversion hole 15; during operation, through setting up movable plate 13, when inlet port 3 import sewage, because the flow of sewage to the aperture of second water conservancy diversion hole 15 is less than the aperture of first water conservancy diversion hole 14, sewage can promote movable plate 13 and slide, and sewage and then can loop through first water conservancy diversion hole 14, second water conservancy diversion hole 15 and guide hole 8 export, after inlet port 3 stops importing sewage, along with baffle 5 both sides liquid level tends to agree, slide 9 and movable plate 13 can be moved towards fixed plate 7 direction, finally fixed plate 7 can extrude movable plate 13 for movable plate 13 is moved towards slide 9 direction, and then has promoted the sewage direction between movable plate 13 and the slide 9 to export, promotes the inside filter screen 2 surface pollutant's of second water conservancy diversion hole 15 automatic export.
A first sealing film 16 is fixedly connected between the moving plate 13 and the sliding plate 9 at the position of the second diversion hole 15, and the first sealing film 16 is designed in a ring-shaped structure; during operation, through setting up first sealing membrane 16, when drawing close each other between movable block and slide 9, the sewage at second sealing membrane 22 middle part can derive fast, avoids sewage inflow movable block and slide 9 between the first water conservancy diversion hole 14 position of raw materials, and then when sewage backward flow, the pollutant in the sewage can't effectively derive the problem.
The fixed plate 7 is provided with guide rods 17 at the positions of the second guide holes 15 relative to one side surface of the moving plate 13; in operation, by arranging the guide rod 17 on the surface of the fixed plate 7, when the movable plate 13 moves towards the fixed plate 7, the guide rod 17 can be inserted into the second diversion hole 15, so that the dredging of the inside of the second diversion hole 15 is promoted, and the risk of blocking the second diversion hole 15 is reduced.
The surface of the fixed plate 7 is provided with a telescopic groove at the position of the guide rod 17; the inside of the telescopic groove is connected with a guide rod 17 in a sliding manner; a first elastic sheet 18 is fixedly connected between the guide rod 17 and the bottom of the telescopic groove; the bottom of the movable groove is provided with an inlet hole 19; the surface of the guide rod 17 is provided with an outlet hole 20; the insides of the inlet hole 19 and the outlet hole 20 are fixedly connected with one-way valves; when the movable plate 13 extrudes the guide rod 17, the guide rod 17 can move towards the bottom of the telescopic groove, after the inside of the telescopic groove is extruded, sewage in the telescopic groove can be led into the second guide hole 15 through the outlet hole 20, dredging of the second guide hole 15 and the filter screen 2 in the second guide hole is promoted, and meanwhile when the guide rod 17 stops being extruded, under the action of the first elastic sheet 18, the ejector rod ejects out of the telescopic groove, and the sewage can be led into the inside of the telescopic groove in a single direction through the inlet hole 19.
The side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed plate 7 and the movable plate 13 are fixedly connected with magnets 21; during operation, through setting up magnet 21, when movable plate 13 is close to fixed plate 7, under the mutual attractive force effect of magnet 21 in pairs, can promote movable plate 13 to remove towards fixed plate 7 direction fast, and then promoted the inside of guide arm 17 towards the expansion tank fast, promote the inside sewage of expansion tank to pass through outlet hole 20 one-way guide second water conservancy diversion hole 15 fast, and then improve the mediation efficiency to second water conservancy diversion hole 15 and filter screen 2.
The side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed plate 7 and the movable plate 13 are provided with annular grooves; the inside of the annular groove is fixedly connected with a second sealing film 22; during operation, through setting up second sealing membrane 22, second sealing membrane 22 can make magnet 21 and sewage keep apart completely, reduces the suspended solid direct adhesion in the sewage and is in the surface of magnet 21, and then influences the adsorption effect between the magnet 21.
As shown in fig. 2 and 5, a telescopic bag 23 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the floating ball 12 at the side close to the water inlet 3; the connecting rope 11 passes through the bottom surface of the telescopic bag 23 and is fixedly connected with a magnetic ball 24 at the inner position of the telescopic bag 23; an electromagnet 25 is fixedly connected to the inner top surface of the telescopic bag 23; the side surfaces of the fixed block 6 opposite to the sliding plate 9 are fixedly connected with conductive blocks 26; during operation, through setting up flexible bag 23, when slide 9 moves towards fixed plate 7 direction, conducting block 26 on slide 9 surface and conducting block 26 on fixed block 6 surface switch on, and then make electro-magnet 25 auto-power-off, electro-magnet 25 can stop adsorbing magnetic ball 24, and then the stay cord can drive magnetic ball 24 and fall fast, and stay cord flexible bag 23, and in a short time, slide 9 stops receiving the pulling of one side stay cord, and then slide 9 can move towards fixed plate 7 direction fast this moment, improve the cleaning effect to filter screen 2, and slide 9 moves to fixed plate 7 back, baffle 5 both sides are in the separation state, when leading into sewage towards inlet 3, sewage on baffle 5 one side continuously rises, floater 12 can continuously drive flexible bag 23, finally flexible bag 23 also can pull slide 9, make two conducting blocks 26 separation, electro-magnet 25 switch on this moment, magnetic ball 24 can receive the absorption of electro-magnet 25, magnetic ball 24 and then can upwards stretch even rope 11, even rope 11 can pull slide 9 fast, make slide 9 fast, between slide 9 and the sewage fixed plate 7, keep away from 2 through fast flow.
As shown in fig. 4, the surface of the sliding plate 9 is provided with a rotating groove; a turntable 27 is rotatably connected to the inside of the rotating groove; a first bevel gear 28 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the turntable 27; the inside of the rotating groove is rotatably connected with a second bevel gear 29, and the second bevel gear 29 is meshed with the first bevel gear 28; a rotating rod 30 is fixedly connected to the surface of the second bevel gear 29; the surface of the rotating rod 30 is fixedly connected with a scraping plate 31, and the scraping plate 31 is attached to the side face of the sliding plate 9; during operation, when slide plate 9 slides, slide plate 9 can drive the rotating plate and remove, carousel 27 receives the effect of fixed block 6 and can take place to rotate, carousel 27 and then can drive first conical gear 28 rotation, first conical gear 28 can drive second conical gear 29 rotation, second conical gear 29 can drive bull stick 30 rotation, bull stick 30 can drive scraper blade 31 and sway at the surface of slide plate 9, promote the clearance before to slide plate 9 surface, because scraper blade 31 can disturb the sewage near slide plate 9 when removing, promote the suspension pollutant that slide plate 9 position a large amount of keep away from slide plate 9.
Example two
As shown in fig. 6, in comparative example one, another embodiment of the present invention is: the surface of the sliding plate 9 is provided with an arc-shaped groove; an arc plate 32 is connected inside the arc groove in a sliding way; a second elastic sheet 33 is fixedly connected between the arc plate 32 and the scraping plate 31; a supporting plate 34 is hinged to the surface of the sliding plate 9 close to the rotating rod 30; the end surface of one side of the supporting plate 34 far away from the rotating rod 30 is fixedly connected with the arc plate 32; inclined holes 35 are formed in the surface of the arc plate 32; when the scraper 31 swings, the scraper 31 can drive the arc plate 32 to move, the arc plate 32 can drive the supporting plate 34 to rotate, so that the space between the arc plate 32 and the supporting plate 34 is reduced, sewage in the space can be sprayed out through the inclined holes 35 on the surface of the arc plate 32, and cleaning of pollutants scraped off the surface of the scraper 31 is promoted due to the inclined direction of the inclined holes 35 to the scraper 31.
During operation, sewage is controlled to be led into the shell 1 from the water inlet hole 3, filtered through the filter screen 2, then led out through the guide hole 8 and finally led out through the water outlet hole 4, along with continuous diversion of the sewage, more flocculent pollutants can be intercepted on the surface of the filter screen 2, the pollutants can block the filter screen 2, the diversion efficiency of the filter screen 2 is reduced, the liquid level at the two sides of the partition board 5 is changed, after the liquid level is changed, the floating ball 12 moves up and down, the connecting rope 11 is pulled by the floating ball 12, the sliding plate 9 is driven to move through the connecting rope 11, the vibration of the filter screen 2 is promoted in the moving process of the sliding plate 9, meanwhile, the impact force of the sewage on the filter screen 2 can be increased, the falling of pollutants on the surface of the filter screen 2 is promoted, and after the sewage is stopped to be led in, along with the trend of the uniformity of the liquid level of the sewage at the two sides of the partition board 5, the sliding plate 9 moves towards the direction of the fixed plate 7, and finally the sliding plate 9 is attached to the fixed plate 7, and the filter screen 2 and the guide hole 8 are distributed in a staggered way, so that the sewage at the position of the sliding plate 9 and the water outlet hole 4 is completely isolated, and the problem of biological suspended carrier is avoided; when the water inlet hole 3 is used for introducing sewage, the aperture of the second diversion hole 15 is smaller than that of the first diversion hole 14 due to the flow of the sewage, the sewage can push the movable plate 13 to slide, the sewage can sequentially flow through the first diversion hole 14, the second diversion hole 15 and the guide hole 8 to be led out, after the water inlet hole 3 stops introducing the sewage, the sliding plate 9 and the movable plate 13 can move towards the fixed plate 7 along with the liquid level trend of the two sides of the partition plate 5 being consistent, and finally the fixed plate 7 can press the movable plate 13, so that the movable plate 13 moves towards the sliding plate 9, the direction of the sewage between the movable plate 13 and the sliding plate 9 is further promoted, and the automatic guiding out of pollutants on the surface of the filter screen 2 inside the second diversion hole 15 is promoted; when the movable block and the sliding plate 9 are mutually closed, the sewage in the middle of the second sealing film 22 can be rapidly led out, so that the problem that pollutants in the sewage cannot be effectively led out when the sewage flows into the position of the first guide hole 14 of the raw material between the movable block and the sliding plate 9 and then flows reversely is avoided; when the moving plate 13 moves towards the fixed plate 7, the guide rod 17 is inserted into the second diversion hole 15, so that the dredging of the inside of the second diversion hole 15 is promoted, and the risk of blocking the second diversion hole 15 is reduced; when the moving plate 13 extrudes the guide rod 17, the guide rod 17 moves towards the bottom of the telescopic groove, after the inside of the telescopic groove is extruded, sewage in the telescopic groove is led into the second guide hole 15 through the outlet hole 20, the dredging of the second guide hole 15 and the filter screen 2 in the second guide hole is promoted, meanwhile, when the guide rod 17 stops being extruded, under the action of the first elastic sheet 18, the ejector rod ejects out of the telescopic groove, and the sewage can be led into the inside of the telescopic groove in a single direction through the inlet hole 19; when the moving plate 13 approaches the fixed plate 7, under the interaction of the attraction force of the paired magnets 21, the moving plate 13 is promoted to move towards the fixed plate 7 rapidly, so that the guide rod 17 is promoted to move towards the inside of the telescopic groove rapidly, sewage in the telescopic groove is promoted to be led into the second diversion hole 15 in one direction through the outlet hole 20 rapidly, and the dredging efficiency of the second diversion hole 15 and the filter screen 2 is further improved; by arranging the second sealing film 22, the second sealing film 22 can completely isolate the magnet 21 from sewage, so that suspended matters in the sewage are reduced to be directly adhered to the surface of the magnet 21, and the adsorption effect between the magnets 21 is further affected; when the sliding plate 9 moves towards the direction of the fixed plate 7, the conductive blocks 26 on the surface of the sliding plate 9 are communicated with the conductive blocks 26 on the surface of the fixed block 6, so that the electromagnet 25 is automatically powered off, the electromagnet 25 stops adsorbing the magnetic balls 24, the stay cord drives the magnetic balls 24 to quickly fall down, the telescopic bags 23 are pulled by the stay cord, the sliding plate 9 stops being pulled by the stay cord on one side in a short time, the sliding plate 9 can quickly move towards the direction of the fixed plate 7 at the moment, the cleaning effect on the filter screen 2 is improved, after the sliding plate 9 moves to the position of the fixed plate 7, the two sides of the partition plate 5 are in a separation state, when sewage is led into the water inlet hole 3, the sewage on one side of the partition plate 5 continuously rises, the floating ball 12 continuously drives the telescopic bags 23, the sliding plate 9 can be pulled by the finally telescopic bags 23, the two conductive blocks 26 are separated, the electromagnet 25 is electrified, the magnetic balls 24 can be adsorbed by the electromagnet 25, the magnetic balls 24 can quickly stretch the connecting cord 11 upwards, the connecting cord 11 can be pulled by the sliding plate 9, the sliding plate 9 can quickly slide between the sliding plate 9 and the fixed plate 7, the filter screen 2 can quickly flow through the filter screen 2; when the sliding plate 9 slides, the sliding plate 9 can drive the rotating plate to move, the turntable 27 can rotate under the action of the fixed block 6, the turntable 27 can further drive the first conical gear 28 to rotate, the first conical gear 28 can drive the second conical gear 29 to rotate, the second conical gear 29 can drive the rotating rod 30 to rotate, the rotating rod 30 can drive the scraping plate 31 to swing on the surface of the sliding plate 9, the previous cleaning of the surface of the sliding plate 9 is promoted, and the scraping plate 31 can disturb sewage near the sliding plate 9 when moving, so that a large amount of suspended pollutants at the position of the sliding plate 9 are promoted to be far away from the sliding plate 9; when scraper blade 31 swings, scraper blade 31 can drive arc 32 to remove, and arc 32 can drive backup pad 34 and rotate for space between arc 32 and the backup pad 34 reduces, and then the inside sewage in this space can be spouted through the inclined hole 35 on arc 32 surface, because inclined hole 35 slope orientation scraper blade 31 has promoted the clearance to the pollutant that scrapes off on scraper blade 31 surface.
The front, rear, left, right, up and down are all based on fig. 1 in the drawings of the specification, the face of the device facing the observer is defined as front, the left side of the observer is defined as left, and so on, according to the viewing angle of the person.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientation or positional relationships shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate describing the present invention and simplify the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
The foregoing has shown and described the basic principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and that the above embodiments and descriptions are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is defined in the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a water inflow overflow arrangement which characterized in that: comprises a shell (1) and a filter screen (2); a water inlet hole (3) is formed in the side surface of one side of the shell (1) close to the bottom surface of the shell (1); a water outlet hole (4) is formed in the side surface of the other side of the shell (1) and close to the bottom surface of the shell (1); a baffle plate (5) is fixedly connected inside the shell (1); the surface of the partition board (5) is provided with a mounting hole; a fixed block (6) is fixedly connected inside the mounting hole; the surface of the fixed block (6) is provided with a through hole (10); a fixing plate (7) is fixedly connected to the position, close to the water outlet hole (4), inside the through hole (10); the surface of the fixed plate (7) is provided with a guide hole (8); a sliding plate (9) is connected in the through hole (10) in a sliding way; the surface of the sliding plate (9) is provided with a filter screen (2); the two side surfaces of the sliding plate (9) are fixedly connected with connecting ropes (11) at positions close to the top of the sliding plate (9); the top surfaces of the connecting ropes (11) are fixedly connected with floating balls (12).
2. A water inflow and outflow device according to claim 1, wherein: a moving groove is formed in one side surface of the sliding plate (9) opposite to the fixed plate (7); a moving plate (13) is connected in the moving groove in a sliding manner; the surface of the sliding plate (9) is provided with first diversion holes (14) which are uniformly arranged; a second diversion hole (15) is formed in the surface of the moving plate (13) at the position of the first diversion hole (14), and the aperture of the second diversion hole (15) is smaller than that of the first diversion hole (14); the filter screen (2) is fixedly connected to the inside of the second diversion hole (15).
3. A water inflow and outflow device according to claim 2, wherein: a first sealing film (16) is fixedly connected between the moving plate (13) and the sliding plate (9) at the position of the second diversion hole (15), and the first sealing film (16) is of annular structural design.
4. A water inflow and outflow device according to claim 2, wherein: the fixed plate (7) is provided with guide rods (17) at the positions of the second guide holes (15) relative to one side surface of the moving plate (13).
5. A water inflow and outflow device according to claim 4, wherein: the surface of the fixed plate (7) is provided with a telescopic groove at the position of the guide rod (17); the inside of the telescopic groove is connected with a guide rod (17) in a sliding way; a first elastic sheet (18) is fixedly connected between the guide rod (17) and the bottom of the telescopic groove; a slot bottom of the movable slot is provided with a slot opening (19); the surface of the guide rod (17) is provided with an outlet hole (20); the insides of the inlet hole (19) and the outlet hole (20) are fixedly connected with one-way valves.
6. A water inflow and outflow device according to claim 5, wherein: the side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed plate (7) and the movable plate (13) are fixedly connected with magnets (21).
7. The inflow and outflow device according to claim 6, wherein: the side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed plate (7) and the movable plate (13) are provided with annular grooves; the second sealing films (22) are fixedly connected to the inner parts of the annular grooves.
8. A water inflow and outflow device according to claim 7, wherein: the bottom of the floating ball (12) close to one side of the water inlet hole (3) is fixedly connected with a telescopic bag (23); the connecting rope (11) passes through the bottom surface of the telescopic bag (23) and is fixedly connected with a magnetic ball (24) at the inner position of the telescopic bag (23); an electromagnet (25) is fixedly connected to the inner top surface of the telescopic bag (23); the side surfaces of the opposite sides of the fixed block (6) and the sliding plate (9) are fixedly connected with conductive blocks (26).
9. A water inflow and outflow device as claimed in claim 8, wherein: a rotating groove is formed in the surface of the sliding plate (9); a turntable (27) is rotatably connected in the rotating groove; the side surface of the turntable (27) is fixedly connected with a first conical gear (28); the inside of the rotating groove is rotationally connected with a second bevel gear (29), and the second bevel gear (29) is meshed with the first bevel gear (28); the surface of the second bevel gear (29) is fixedly connected with a rotating rod (30); the surface of the rotating rod (30) is fixedly connected with a scraping plate (31), and the scraping plate (31) is attached to the side face of the sliding plate (9).
10. A water inflow and outflow device as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the surface of the sliding plate (9) is provided with an arc-shaped groove; an arc-shaped plate (32) is connected inside the arc-shaped groove in a sliding manner; a second elastic sheet (33) is fixedly connected between the arc-shaped plate (32) and the scraping plate (31); a supporting plate (34) is hinged to the surface of the sliding plate (9) close to the rotating rod (30); the end face of one side of the supporting plate (34) far away from the rotating rod (30) is fixedly connected with the arc-shaped plate (32); inclined holes (35) are formed in the surface of the arc-shaped plate (32).
CN202210767288.XA 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 Inflow and overcurrent device Active CN115138115B (en)

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CN112495044A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-03-16 杜锦超 Metal composition filtering device in sewage of grinding workshop
CN112843838A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-28 区镇娟 Sewage and garbage filtering device
CN213572148U (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-06-29 刘尚巧 Rainwater collection device is used in gardens
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CN113786660A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-12-14 广西正超建设工程有限公司 Municipal administration sewage pipe network filtration system
CN113898819A (en) * 2021-09-26 2022-01-07 黄亚浓 Sewage discharge pipe for hydraulic engineering

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DE2811771A1 (en) * 1977-11-28 1979-05-31 Japan Steel Works Ltd FILTER SCREEN CHANGING DEVICE FOR A RESIN EXTRUDER
US5902477A (en) * 1997-04-30 1999-05-11 John Vena Combined sewer overflow and storm water diverter screen
JP2001046816A (en) * 1999-08-12 2001-02-20 Hiroshi Yokota Filter device
JP2005186055A (en) * 2003-12-04 2005-07-14 Matsushima Koyo Kagaku Kk Solid liquid separator, solid liquid separation method and sludge treatment system
CN208726891U (en) * 2018-07-24 2019-04-12 新昌县大菠萝农业发展有限公司 A kind of sewage disposal device preventing filter net jam
JP2021030206A (en) * 2019-08-27 2021-03-01 呉江玲 Efficient waste water purification equipment
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CN213572148U (en) * 2020-11-03 2021-06-29 刘尚巧 Rainwater collection device is used in gardens
CN112495044A (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-03-16 杜锦超 Metal composition filtering device in sewage of grinding workshop
CN112843838A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-28 区镇娟 Sewage and garbage filtering device
CN215026602U (en) * 2021-05-25 2021-12-07 湖南雨创环保工程有限公司 Novel sewage residue treatment device
CN113898819A (en) * 2021-09-26 2022-01-07 黄亚浓 Sewage discharge pipe for hydraulic engineering
CN113786660A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-12-14 广西正超建设工程有限公司 Municipal administration sewage pipe network filtration system

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