CN1150614A - Cement concrete hollow brick and its make-up machine - Google Patents

Cement concrete hollow brick and its make-up machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1150614A
CN1150614A CN 96117028 CN96117028A CN1150614A CN 1150614 A CN1150614 A CN 1150614A CN 96117028 CN96117028 CN 96117028 CN 96117028 A CN96117028 A CN 96117028A CN 1150614 A CN1150614 A CN 1150614A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hollow
cement
brick
hollow brick
holes
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CN 96117028
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐修仁
唐敖余
唐毅
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南京亚东南建材技术开发有限公司
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Priority to CN 96117028 priority Critical patent/CN1150614A/en
Publication of CN1150614A publication Critical patent/CN1150614A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/0003Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof containing continuous channels, e.g. of the "dead-end" type or obtained by pushing bars in the green ceramic product

Abstract

一种水泥混凝土空心砖及其成型机,涉及墙体材料及其生产设备。 A cement concrete and hollow brick molding machine, to a wall material and production equipment. 本发明所述空心砖是按建筑模数设计的190mm和290mm系列多孔砖,宽为90、120、140、190、240mm,高为90mm,由水泥、集料制成,水泥占5~30%,集料占70~95%。 The present invention is based on hollow brick building module designed 190mm and 290mm series brick, width 90,120,140,190,240mm, height 90mm, cement, aggregate made of cement accounts for 5 to 30%, aggregate 70 to 95%. 本发明约150~400块/m The present invention is about 150 to 400 / m

Description

水泥混凝土空心砖及其成型机 Cement and concrete hollow brick molding machine

本发明涉及一种墙体材料及其制造设备。 The present invention relates to a wall material and manufacturing equipment.

我国目前的墙体材料仍以粘土砖为主,随着墙体材料改革和建筑节能的要求,全国在大力推广空心制品,目前推广较多的是混凝土空心砌块,标准尺寸为390×190×190mm,重量约17Kg/块,还有轻集料小型混凝土空心砌块,其重量也在10Kg/块左右,这两种空心砌块比粘土砖具有很多优点,但在施工中仍有不便,如砌块太重,竖缝不易灌浆,也灌不满浆等问题,因此施工中普遍要求减小块体,减轻重要。 China's current clay brick wall material is still based, with the reform of wall materials and building energy requirements in the country to promote hollow products, the current promotion is more concrete hollow block, standard size is 390 × 190 × 190mm, weight of about 17Kg / block, as well as lightweight aggregate concrete hollow block, the weight thereof are about 10Kg / block, the two hollow block has many advantages over clay, but is still in the construction inconveniences, such as block too heavy, vertical joints is not easy filling, filling also dissatisfied with pulp and other issues, so the construction in general is required to reduce bulk and reduce important.

本发明之目的在于给出一种由水泥混凝土组成、重量在15~5Kg/块、一系列多排孔的空心砖,并提供其制造设备。 Object of the present invention is to give a concrete cement composition, weight 15 ~ 5Kg / block, a series of rows of apertures of hollow brick, and to provide its manufacturing equipment.

为实现上述目的,本发明将空心砖设计成多排孔型,如单排孔、双排孔、三排孔,这些孔侧边孔为盲孔、中间孔为通孔,盲孔均为U型,便于铺砂浆。 To achieve the above object, the present invention is designed to be hollow brick rows pass, such as a single row of holes, double holes, three rows of holes is a blind hole side holes, the middle hole is a through-hole, blind holes are U- easy mortar shop. 双排孔以下型式均为盲孔。 The following types of double holes are blind holes.

本发明所述空心砖为水泥混凝土空心砖,由水泥与集料制成,其中水泥为5~30%,可取硅酸盐水泥、铝酸盐水泥、铁酸盐水泥、硬石膏水泥、矿渣——碱胶结料等一种;集料为70~95%,可取砂、细石子、石渣、钢渣、浮石、陶粒、煤矸石、碎砖、煤渣、膨胀珍珠岩、膨胀矿渣等一种或2~3种。 The present invention is a hollow brick cement hollow concrete slabs, made of cement and aggregate, wherein the cement is 5 to 30%, preferably Portland cement, aluminate cement, iron Portland cement, anhydrite cement, slag - base one kind of binder and the like; aggregate 70 to 95%, a desirable sand, fine gravel, gravel, slag, pumice, ceramic, gangue, broken brick, cinder, expanded perlite, expanded slag, etc., or 2 ~ 3 types.

本发明空心砖系列,按建筑模数设计,依长度有190mm和290mm两个系列,重量约1.5~5Kg/块,空心率约30~60%,150~400块/m3,单位重量约600~1300Kg/m3,本发明设计的空心砖施工方便,适合工人的砌筑习惯,具有隔热保温性能好的特点。 Hollow brick series of the present invention, by building module design, depending on the length of 190mm and 290mm two series by weight, about 1.5 ~ 5Kg / block, hollow rate of about 30 to 60%, from 150 to 400 / m3, a basis weight of from about 600 ~ 1300Kg / m3, hollow brick construction design of the present invention is convenient and suitable for masonry worker habits, have good insulation performance characteristics.

附图1为三排孔空心砖示意图。 Figure 1 is a schematic view of three rows of holes hollow brick.

附图2为双排孔空心砖示意图。 Figure 2 is a schematic view of double hollow brick hole.

附图3为单排孔空心砖示意图。 Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of a single row of holes hollow brick.

附图4为本发明成型机结构示意图。 BRIEF molding machine 4 is a schematic structure of the present invention.

本发明可按下述方案进一步详细实施。 Further embodiments of the present invention in detail according to the following scheme.

本发明按建筑模数设计空心砖,单排孔、双排孔、三排孔空心砖,高均为90mm,长度有190mm和290mm两个系列,宽可为90、120、140、190、240mm,壁肋厚度为10~25mm,块重约1.5~5Kg/块,空心率约30~60%;对宽度为90、120、140mm者,可选用单排孔或双排孔,以双排孔较好,为便于砌筑均采用盲孔;对宽度为190、240mm者,可选用双排孔或三排孔,以三排孔较好,对于三排孔,侧边孔可小些,且为盲孔,中间孔较大且为通孔,这样既满足了砌筑要求,又提高了空心率。 The present invention is by building module designed hollow bricks, a single row of holes, double holes, three rows of holes hollow brick, high are 90mm, 190mm and 290mm length with a series of two, may be a wide 90,120,140,190,240mm, wall the rib having a thickness of 10 ~ 25mm, blocks weighing about 1.5 ~ 5Kg / block, hollow rate of about 30 to 60%; width of 90,120,140mm, the choice of single or double row of holes holes, preferably holes in a double- , are used for ease of blind holes masonry; width of 190,240mm, the choice of three rows of double holes or apertures, preferably in three rows of holes, for three rows of holes, the side holes may be smaller, and a blind hole, and a large center hole is a through hole, so that not only meets the requirements of masonry, but also improves the hollowness.

本发明所述空心砖由水泥与集料制成,集料的品种较多,可根据空心砖的强度和实重搭配使用,如膨胀珍珠岩的实重很轻,如单一使用则空心砖的实重很轻,而强度一般不能满足要求,可以掺入黄砂或石屑或煤渣;如用小石子和黄砂为集料,空心砖的强度一般较高,而实重又偏大,为调节实重,可掺入陶粒或煤渣或膨胀矿渣等轻集料。 The present invention is made from a hollow brick cement with aggregate, large aggregate species, may be used in accordance with the strength and the actual weight of hollow brick, such as expanded perlite actual weight is very light, such as a single use of the actual weight of the hollow brick is light, the strength is generally not meet the requirements, can be incorporated into the yellow sand or stone chips or cinder; as with yellow sand and stones as the aggregate, generally high strength hollow brick, and the solid again too large, actual weight is adjusted, can be mixed ceramic or the like slag, cinder or expanded lightweight aggregate.

本发明采用水泥和集料制作空心砖外,还可以掺入0~30%的矿物添加剂,如粉煤灰、磨细矿渣、硅灰、硅藻土等,既利用了工业废渣,又可减少水泥的用量,降低原料成本,例如:取矿物粉料10%,则水泥10%,集料80%,或矿物粉料12%,水泥8%,集料80%。 The present invention is the use of cement and aggregate made of hollow bricks, it can also be incorporated into 0 to 30% mineral additives, such as fly ash, ground slag, silica fume, diatomaceous earth, both the use of industrial waste, and reduces cement the amount of reduction in raw material costs, for example: taking mineral powder 10%, 10% of cement, aggregate 80%, or 12% mineral powder, 8% cement, 80% aggregate. 再有,还可外掺0~3%如木钙等早强减水剂,以提高混凝土的早期强度,加快托板和场地的周转。 Further, also Mixed 0 to 3% calcium early strength superplasticizer such as wood, in order to improve the early strength of concrete, and faster turnaround pallets site.

本发明的生产设备,主要有强制式搅拌机和空心砖成型机。 Production apparatus of the present invention, there are compulsory mixer and hollow brick molding machine. 强制式搅拌机,立式和卧式搅拌机均可使用。 Compulsory mixer, vertical and horizontal mixer can be used. 成型机为生产本发明所述空心砖而专门设计,主要设有模芯1、杆2、料盘3、模框4、振动台面5、顶伸板6、机架体7、振动器8、曲杆9、手柄10,在机架体7上设有振动台和顶伸机构,振动台设有振动台面5,其下部中心设有振动器8,其台面上设有若干空心砖模具,模具包括模芯1、料盘3、模框4固定在振动台面5上,料盘3设置在模框4上部,模芯1置于模框4内;顶伸机构由手柄10连接曲杆9,曲杆9上端设置顶伸板6,杆2与其固定,伸入模芯1与模框4中间;手柄10压下,顶伸板6上升,通过杆2将空心砖顶出模框4。 Machine for the production of the present invention the specially designed hollow brick, with the main core 1, a rod 2, tray 3, the mold frame 4, a vibration table 5, a top plate extension 6, the frame body 7, a vibrator 8, Qu lever 9, the handle 10 is provided on the frame member 7 and the top stretch shaker mechanism, a vibration table vibration table 5 is provided, which has a lower center of the vibrator 8, which table is provided with a plurality of hollow brick mold, the mold comprising a mold core 1, tray 3, the mold frame 4 is fixed on the vibration table 5, the tray 3 is provided at an upper portion of the mold frame 4, a core disposed within the mold frame 4; means extending from the top of the handle 10 is connected to the knee lever 9, the knee lever 9 the upper end of extension set top plate 6, the rod 2 secured thereto, extends into the core 1 and the middle mold frame 4; handle 10 is depressed, the top plate 6 is raised extending through the hollow shaft 2 eject the molded bricks 4 frame.

Claims (6)

1.一种水泥混凝土空心专,包括单排孔、双排孔、三排孔等多排孔空心砖系列,其特征在于这些空心砖砖孔,侧边孔为盲孔、中间孔为通孔,盲孔为U型,且双排孔以下型式空心砖均为盲孔。 A special hollow concrete, comprising a single row of holes, double holes, three rows of holes, and other series of rows of apertures hollow brick, hollow brick which is characterized in that the brick opening, the side hole is a blind hole, middle hole is a through-hole, blind U-shaped hole, the following hole and double hollow brick types are blind holes.
2.根据权利要求1所述的水泥混凝土空心砖,其特征在于空心砖高度均为90mm,长度有190mm和290mm两个系列;宽度为90、120、140、190、240mm,壁肋厚度在10~25mm。 The hollow concrete blocks according to claim 1, characterized in that the height of the hollow bricks are 90mm, 190mm and 290mm length with a series of two; width 90,120,140,190,240mm, the wall thickness of the ribs 10 ~ 25mm .
3.根据权利要求1所述的水泥混凝土空心砖,其特征在于空心砖材料为水泥混凝土,由水泥与集料制成,其中水泥为5~30%,可取硅酸盐水泥、铝酸盐水泥、铁酸盐水泥、硬石膏水泥、矿渣——碱胶结料等1种;集料为70~95%,可取砂、细石子、石渣、钢渣、浮石、陶粒、煤矸石、碎砖、煤渣、膨胀珍珠岩、膨胀矿渣等1种或2~3种。 The hollow concrete blocks according to claim 1, characterized in that the concrete material is a hollow brick made of cement and aggregate, wherein the cement is 5 to 30%, preferably Portland cement, aluminate cement, iron Portland cement, anhydrite cement, slag - one kind of alkali and other binders; aggregate 70 to 95%, preferably sand, fine gravel, gravel, slag, pumice, ceramic, gangue, broken brick, cinder, expanded perlite, expanded slag, etc. of one or 2 to 3.
4.根据权利要求1所述的水泥混凝土空心砖,其特征在于还可掺入0~30%如粉煤灰、磨细矿渣、硅灰硅藻土等矿物添加剂。 Cement according to claim 1, said hollow concrete slabs, characterized in that 0 to 30% may also be incorporated such as fly ash, ground slag, silica fume, diatomaceous earth and other mineral additives.
5.根据权利要求1或3所述的水泥混凝土空心砖,其特征在于还可外掺0~3%如木钙等早强减水剂。 The hollow brick or concrete according to claim 13, further characterized in that 0 to 3% Mixed calcium early strength superplasticizer such as wood.
6.根据权利要求1所述的水泥混凝土空心砖成型机,其特征在于机架体(7)上设有振动台和顶伸机构;振动台设有振动台面(5),其下部中心设有振动器(8),其台面上设有若干空心砖模具,模具包括模芯(1)、料盘(3)、模框(4),模框(4)固定在振动台面(5)上,料盘(3)设置在模框(4)上部,模芯(1)置于模框(4)内;顶伸机构由手柄(10)连接曲杆(9),曲杆(9)上端设置顶伸板(6),杆(2)与其固定,伸入模芯(1)与模框(4)中间。 The concrete hollow brick molding machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the vibration table and is provided with projecting means on the frame top member (7); a vibration table vibration table is provided (5), which has a lower center of vibration (8), which mold table with a plurality of hollow bricks, the mold comprising a mold core (1), tray (3), the mold frame (4), the mold frame (4) is fixed on the vibration table (5), the tray (3) disposed on the mold frame (4) upper mold core (1) is placed inside the mold frame (4); means extending from the top of the handle (10) connected to the knee lever (9), the knee lever (9) upper end is provided extending top plate (6), the rod (2) fixed thereto, extending into the mandrel (1) and the mold frame (4) intermediate.
CN 96117028 1996-07-23 1996-07-23 Cement concrete hollow brick and its make-up machine CN1150614A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892721A (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-11-24 中国建筑设计研究院;北京金阳新建材有限公司 140mm load-bearing block and block wall body used in rural areas and construction method thereof
CN101979356A (en) * 2010-10-08 2011-02-23 徐州大沃节能材料科技有限公司 Novel porous concrete brick
CN102454245A (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-05-16 詹德威 Environment-friendly heat insulation and sound insulation compound brick
CN102617067A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-01 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 High-performance pozzolan cement base material admixture
CN103046685A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-17 胡连义 Self-insulation building block and manufacture method thereof
CN103541288A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-29 机械工业第三设计研究院 High-performance environment-friendly permeable brick and production method thereof
CN105174834A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 西安建筑科技大学 Coal-gangue lightweight aggregate concrete
CN105220817A (en) * 2015-09-09 2016-01-06 济南天硕新型墙材有限公司 A kind of heat insulation building block and preparation method thereof
CN105220812A (en) * 2015-09-14 2016-01-06 四川大学 A kind of uniform thermal insulation energy-saving building blocks in hot road utilizing industrial residue
CN105272038A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-27 临沂会宝岭铁矿有限公司 Construction single magnetic iron tailing hollow brick and brick making process thereof
CN106007638A (en) * 2016-05-22 2016-10-12 周淑华 Quick-drying concrete
CN106220060A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 广西云吉环保科技有限公司 A kind of lightweight insulating concrete
CN106396510A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 北海金匠水泥制品有限责任公司 Light thermal-insulation cement brick
CN106396566A (en) * 2016-08-28 2017-02-15 北海金匠水泥制品有限责任公司 Preparation method of aluminate cement brick used for filling
CN106396565A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 北海金匠水泥制品有限责任公司 Preparation method of aluminate cement brick

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101892721A (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-11-24 中国建筑设计研究院;北京金阳新建材有限公司 140mm load-bearing block and block wall body used in rural areas and construction method thereof
CN101979356A (en) * 2010-10-08 2011-02-23 徐州大沃节能材料科技有限公司 Novel porous concrete brick
CN102454245A (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-05-16 詹德威 Environment-friendly heat insulation and sound insulation compound brick
CN102617067A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-01 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 High-performance pozzolan cement base material admixture
CN103046685A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-17 胡连义 Self-insulation building block and manufacture method thereof
CN103541288A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-29 机械工业第三设计研究院 High-performance environment-friendly permeable brick and production method thereof
CN105174834A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-23 西安建筑科技大学 Coal-gangue lightweight aggregate concrete
CN105220817A (en) * 2015-09-09 2016-01-06 济南天硕新型墙材有限公司 A kind of heat insulation building block and preparation method thereof
CN105220812A (en) * 2015-09-14 2016-01-06 四川大学 A kind of uniform thermal insulation energy-saving building blocks in hot road utilizing industrial residue
CN105272038A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-27 临沂会宝岭铁矿有限公司 Construction single magnetic iron tailing hollow brick and brick making process thereof
CN106007638A (en) * 2016-05-22 2016-10-12 周淑华 Quick-drying concrete
CN106220060A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 广西云吉环保科技有限公司 A kind of lightweight insulating concrete
CN106396510A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 北海金匠水泥制品有限责任公司 Light thermal-insulation cement brick
CN106396565A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-15 北海金匠水泥制品有限责任公司 Preparation method of aluminate cement brick
CN106396566A (en) * 2016-08-28 2017-02-15 北海金匠水泥制品有限责任公司 Preparation method of aluminate cement brick used for filling

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