CN114799373B - Intelligent processing equipment for electric power pipeline - Google Patents

Intelligent processing equipment for electric power pipeline Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114799373B
CN114799373B CN202210344291.0A CN202210344291A CN114799373B CN 114799373 B CN114799373 B CN 114799373B CN 202210344291 A CN202210344291 A CN 202210344291A CN 114799373 B CN114799373 B CN 114799373B
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main body
processing
electromagnetic
scraping
pipeline
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CN114799373A (en
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李政徽
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Zhang Jianjun
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G1/00Thread cutting; Automatic machines specially designed therefor
    • B23G1/22Machines specially designed for operating on pipes or tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G1/00Thread cutting; Automatic machines specially designed therefor
    • B23G1/44Equipment or accessories specially designed for machines or devices for thread cutting

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Turning (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses intelligent processing equipment for an electric pipeline, which belongs to the field of electric pipelines and comprises a pipeline main body, a fixed traction mechanism, an intermediate support mechanism and an electromagnetic scraping mechanism; the electromagnetic scraping mechanism comprises a processing ring seat, a speed reduction driving assembly, a magnetic scraping wall assembly, a magnetic cutting assembly, a bidirectional blowing assembly and an electromagnetic rod, wherein the magnetic scraping wall assembly and the magnetic cutting assembly are magnetically attracted by the electromagnetic rod to be in contact with the processing end of the pipeline main body. The invention constructs the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline, which is composed of the fixed traction mechanism, the middle supporting mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism, is particularly applied to grooving the threads of the processing end of the installed MPP electric pipeline after the construction site, and the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline is used for mechanically processing the MPP electric pipeline under the condition that the pipeline is not disassembled.

Description

Intelligent processing equipment for electric power pipeline
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of electric power pipelines, in particular to intelligent processing equipment for an electric power pipeline.
Background
MPP pipe is also called MPP power cable protection pipe, and is divided into excavation type and non-excavation type, MPP non-excavation pipe is also called MPP push pipe or drag pipe. The MPP pipe adopts modified polypropylene as a main raw material. The cable has the characteristics of high temperature resistance and external pressure resistance, and is suitable for medium and low voltage transmission line cable calandria pipes below 10 KV.
However, when the end of the MPP power tube is damaged or a fixed length is required to be cut after the MPP power tube is positioned at a construction site, a thread groove needs to be re-machined on the end of the MPP power tube, if the other end of the MPP power tube is connected to an adjacent MPP power tube, the other end of the MPP power tube needs to be disassembled if large-sized thread machining equipment is required to be used for machining, so that the construction efficiency is affected; although the prior art has proposed to thread the surface of an MPP power tube without disassembling the tube, it still needs manual assistance, which results in uneven thread setting and greatly affects the subsequent installation progress. In view of the above, we propose an intelligent processing device for electric power pipelines.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
The invention aims to provide intelligent processing equipment for an electric pipeline, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
2. Technical proposal
The intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline comprises a pipeline main body, and further comprises a fixed traction mechanism, an intermediate supporting mechanism and an electromagnetic scraping mechanism which are sequentially sleeved on the outer side of the pipeline main body;
the fixed traction mechanism is clamped on the outer side of the pipeline main body and is used for traction of the middle supporting mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism;
the middle supporting mechanism is sleeved from the processing end of the pipeline main body and is in butt joint with the traction end of the fixed traction mechanism, and is used for bridging the fixed traction mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism, so that the electromagnetic scraping mechanism is suspended outside the pipeline main body when being pulled by the fixed traction mechanism;
the electromagnetic scraping mechanism is coaxially arranged on the axis of the pipeline main body and is in butt joint with the free end of the middle supporting mechanism, and the outer wall of the processing end of the pipeline main body is scraped through electromagnetic induction, so that a continuous and smooth thread groove is formed on the outer wall of the processing end of the pipeline main body;
the electromagnetic scraping mechanism comprises a processing ring seat, a speed reduction driving assembly, a magnetic scraping wall assembly, a magnetic cutting assembly, a bidirectional blowing assembly and an electromagnetic rod coaxially penetrating through a tripod and arranged at the inner side of the processing end of the pipeline main body, and the magnetic scraping wall assembly and the magnetic cutting assembly are magnetically attracted by the electromagnetic rod to be in contact with the processing end of the pipeline main body.
The invention constructs the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline, which is composed of the fixed traction mechanism, the middle supporting mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism, and is particularly applied to grooving the threads of the processing end of the installed MPP electric pipeline after the construction site, and the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline is used for mechanically processing the MPP electric pipeline under the condition of not disassembling the pipeline.
Preferably, the fixed traction mechanism comprises a clamping fixing seat, a servo cylinder, a threaded clamping arm and a guide rod;
the clamping fixing seat is clamped on the outer side of the pipeline main body through an upper notch of the clamping fixing seat; the servo cylinder axially penetrates through the clamping fixing seat and is in butt joint with the fixed end of the middle supporting mechanism; the number of the thread clamp arms is at least two, and the thread clamp arms radially penetrate through the clamping fixing seat and are in contact with the outer wall of the pipeline main body; the guide rod is axially arranged on the clamping fixing seat and is respectively connected with the middle supporting mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism in series;
the screw thread arm lock comprises threaded rod, briquetting and handle, threaded rod screw thread wears to locate on the joint fixing base, the briquetting rotates to be connected in threaded rod inner, and a plurality of the briquetting constitutes the pipeline fixed chamber, the handle sets firmly in threaded rod outer end.
Preferably, the middle supporting mechanism comprises a traction ring seat, a damping swivel, a compression bar and a universal wheel;
the traction ring seat is sleeved in the pipe main body processing end coaxially and connected with the traction end of the servo cylinder, the damping swivel is rotationally arranged on the traction ring seat, a plurality of square grooves are formed in the position of the traction ring seat opposite to the damping swivel in an annular equidistant mode, a compression bar is connected in the square grooves through a torsion shaft, the outer ends of the compression bars are in contact with damping protrusions on the inner wall of the damping swivel, when the damping protrusions extrude the outer ends of the compression bars, the inner ends of the compression bars move to one side far away from the axis direction of the traction ring seat, and universal wheels are arranged at the inner ends of the compression bars and form a pipe sliding cavity in a clearance fit mode.
Preferably, the speed reduction driving assembly consists of a servo motor, a speed reducer, a mounting seat and a driving gear;
the speed reducer is fixedly arranged on the processing ring seat through the mounting seat; the high-speed shaft of the speed reducer is connected with the output end of the servo motor; the low-speed shaft of the speed reducer penetrates through the outer wall of the processing ring seat to extend into a processing cavity in the processing ring seat, and is sleeved with a driving gear; the magnetic scraping component and the magnetic cutting component are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the driving gear and are in meshed connection with the driving gear.
Preferably, the magnetic force is scraped wall subassembly and is including rotating the terminal surface ring gear A in the processing chamber head end, terminal surface ring gear A is connected with the outer wall meshing of drive gear one side through tooth's socket A on its terminal surface, the spacing groove has been seted up on terminal surface ring gear A inboard circumference, spacing has the relative sliding magnet post in the spacing groove, magnet post outer end is connected with the spring, magnet post inner clamp is equipped with the piece of scraping that contacts with pipeline main part processing end, scrape piece axial both ends and inlay respectively and be equipped with two magnetic poles opposite magnetic blocks.
Preferably, the limiting groove inlet is internally provided with an inner thread groove in an extending mode, the outer end of the magnet column is provided with an outer thread matched with the inner thread groove in a threaded mode, and the magnet column is limited in the limiting groove through the inner thread groove and slides relative to the limiting groove.
Preferably, the magnetic force cutting assembly comprises an end face toothed ring B which rotates at the tail end of the processing cavity, the end face toothed ring B is in meshed connection with the outer wall of the other side of the driving gear through a tooth slot B on the end face of the end face toothed ring B, a thread groove is formed in the circumference of the inner side of the end face toothed ring B, a spring fixing seat which is formed by a multistage connecting rod and a spring needle and has a restoring force effect is connected with the thread groove in a threaded manner, and a triangular stripping knife is connected onto the spring fixing seat through a movable magnet.
Preferably, the inclination angle of the triangular peeling knife is matched with the end face of the processing end of the pipeline main body, so that the tip of the triangular peeling knife is contacted with the end face of the processing end of the pipeline main body in the tangential direction of the contact point.
Preferably, the electromagnetic rod is magnetically matched with the magnetic block, the magnetic force of the electromagnetic rod is larger than the sum of the spring needle restoring force and the contact resistance of the triangular peeling knife, and the spring needle restoring force is larger than the contact resistance of the triangular peeling knife.
Preferably, the bidirectional blast assembly comprises a blast blower, a wind guide ring and a heating ring;
the air blower is fixedly arranged on the processing ring seat, an air outlet of the air blower is communicated with an air inlet groove on the processing ring seat, and the air guide ring is arranged in the processing cavity, so that the processing cavity is divided into a pretreatment cavity matched with the scraping block working position and a grooving cavity matched with the triangular stripping knife working position;
the air guiding ring is characterized in that air guiding bulges are arranged on the end faces of two sides of the air guiding ring, so that air introduced by the air blower is separated by the air guiding ring and then is blown to the pretreatment cavity and the grooving cavity along the air guiding bulges respectively, and the heating ring is sleeved on the air guiding bulges of the pretreatment cavity.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. the invention constructs the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline, which is composed of the fixed traction mechanism, the middle supporting mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism, and is particularly applied to grooving the threads of the processing end of the installed MPP electric pipeline after the construction site, and the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline is used for mechanically processing the MPP electric pipeline under the condition of not disassembling the pipeline.
2. The invention is characterized in that the fixed traction mechanism, the intermediate support mechanism and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism can be independently installed, the fixed traction mechanism is firstly arranged on the outer side of the pipeline main body and coaxially adjusted and fixed, and then the intermediate support mechanism is sleeved in the direction of the guide rod. After the middle supporting mechanism and the fixed traction mechanism are in butt joint and installation, the electromagnetic scraping mechanism is sleeved in the direction of the guide rod and is in butt joint and installation with the fixed traction mechanism, by utilizing the method for installing the electromagnetic scraping mechanism in a distributed mode, the portability of integral installation of equipment is reduced, the labor intensity and the construction difficulty of electrician workers are also reduced, and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism is easy to install and detach, so that the construction progress is improved.
3. The invention is provided with a slotting structure which is movably arranged in a processing ring seat, after an electromagnetic rod is electrified to generate a magnetic field, a movable magnet is magnetically attracted to move towards the electromagnetic rod, a spring fixing seat which is formed by a multistage connecting rod and a spring needle and has a restoring force effect stretches by the magnetic force of the spring fixing seat, the spring fixing seat stretches and stores force, the rotation radius of a triangular stripping knife is reduced, and the triangular stripping knife is matched with stable traction by a fixed traction mechanism, and can be provided with a continuous and flat thread groove on the outer wall of a pipeline main body under the simultaneous operation of circumferential rotation and linear movement; when the thread groove on the outer wall of the pipeline main body is cut off, the electromagnetic rod is powered off, the rotating radius of the triangular stripping knife gradually returns to the normal state under the influence of the disappearance of the magnetic field and the restoring force of the spring fixing seat, and gradually withdraws from the interlayer of the pipeline main body, so that the cut thread groove is complete and smooth in ending, manual re-machining is not needed, and compared with some thread machining modes proposed by the prior art, the invention utilizes the electromagnetic and spring characteristics to complete one-time machining of the thread groove, and greatly improves the laying efficiency of the electric pipeline.
4. The magnetic scraping wall assembly for preprocessing the outer wall of the pipeline main body is arranged on the advancing side of the magnetic cutting assembly, the scraping block is pushed by the magnet post to be contacted with the outer wall of the pipeline main body under the attraction of the magnetic field after the electromagnetic rod is electrified, and under the magnetic influence of the two magnetic blocks with opposite magnetic poles and the magnetic pole at the end head of the electromagnetic rod, the two magnetic blocks with opposite magnetic poles are deflected to be axially distributed with the magnetic field of the electromagnetic rod, so that the scraping block rotates in the axial direction of the pipeline main body, the scraping block is vertically distributed with the outer wall of the pipeline main body, and the cleaning effect of the outer wall of the pipeline main body is improved.
5. According to the invention, the processing cavity of the processing ring seat is also internally provided with the double-direction air guide structure, external air is blown into the processing cavity by utilizing the air blower, and is guided by the air guide ring with the air guide protrusions, so that the air is guided to the pretreatment cavity at one side of the scraping block and the slotting cavity at one side of the triangular stripping knife, and then the heating effect of the heating ring is utilized, so that the air temperature in the pretreatment cavity is increased, and the part of air is blown onto the processing end of the pipeline main body with processing, thereby on one hand, the effect of softening the outer wall of the pipeline main body is achieved, and the other convenience is realized, so that dust blowing is carried out on the impurities scraped by the scraping block, the contact between the triangular stripping knife and the foreign matters is reduced, and the service life of the triangular stripping knife is prolonged; the air introduced into the slotting cavity cools the triangular stripping knife which is slotting, so that friction heat generation between the triangular stripping knife and an interlayer of the pipeline main body is avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an overall structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view illustrating the disassembly of the fixed traction mechanism according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an intermediate support mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram illustrating a cross-sectional structure of a processing ring seat and a connection structure thereof according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram showing a cross-sectional structure of a quarter-face ring gear A and a connection structure thereof according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram showing a cross-sectional structure of a quarter-face ring gear B and a connection structure thereof according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the working structure of the present invention;
the reference numerals in the figures illustrate: 1. a pipe body; 2. fixing the traction mechanism; 3. an intermediate support mechanism; 4. an electromagnetic scraping mechanism; 5. a reduction drive assembly; 6. a magnetic wall scraping assembly; 7. a magnetic cutting assembly; 8. a bi-directional blower assembly; 9. an electromagnetic rod;
201. the clamping fixing seat; 202. a servo cylinder; 203. a threaded clamping arm; 204. a guide rod; 205. a notch; 206. a threaded rod; 207. briquetting; 208. a handle;
301. a traction ring seat; 302. damping swivel; 303. a compression bar; 304. a universal wheel; 305. a torsion shaft; 306. damping protrusion;
401. processing a ring seat; 402. a tripod; 403. a processing chamber; 404. an air inlet groove;
501. a servo motor; 502. a speed reducer; 503. a mounting base; 504. a drive gear;
601. an end face toothed ring A; 602. a limit groove; 603. a magnet column; 604. a spring; 605. scraping blocks; 606. a magnetic block; 607. an inner groove; 608. an external thread;
701. an end face toothed ring B; 702. a thread groove; 703. a spring fixing seat; 704. a moving magnet; 705. triangular peeling knife;
801. a blower; 802. an air guide ring; 803. a heating ring; 804. an induced draft protrusion;
a. damping the rotation direction of the swivel; b. the movement direction of the universal wheel; c. the swinging direction of the scraping block; d. the spring fixing seat stretches in the extending direction.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more, unless explicitly defined otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the embodiment 1 of the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline comprises a pipeline main body 1, and further comprises a fixed traction mechanism 2, an intermediate support mechanism 3 and an electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 which are sequentially sleeved on the outer side of the pipeline main body 1;
the fixed traction mechanism 2 is clamped on the outer side of the pipeline main body 1 and is used for traction of the middle supporting mechanism 3 and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4;
the middle supporting mechanism 3 is sleeved from the processing end of the pipeline main body 1 and is in butt joint with the traction end of the fixed traction mechanism 2, and is used for bridging the fixed traction mechanism 2 and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4, so that the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 is suspended outside the pipeline main body 1 when being towed by the fixed traction mechanism 2;
the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 is coaxially arranged on the axis of the pipeline main body 1 and is in butt joint with the free end of the middle supporting mechanism 3, and the outer wall of the processing end of the pipeline main body 1 is scraped through electromagnetic induction, so that a continuous and flat thread groove is formed on the outer wall of the processing end of the pipeline main body 1;
the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 comprises a processing ring seat 401, a speed reduction driving assembly 5, a magnetic scraping wall assembly 6, a magnetic cutting assembly 7, a bidirectional blowing assembly 8 and an electromagnetic rod 9 which is coaxially arranged on the inner side of the processing end of the pipeline main body 1 in a penetrating mode through a tripod 402, and the magnetic scraping wall assembly 6 and the magnetic cutting assembly 7 are magnetically attracted by the electromagnetic rod 9 to be in contact with the processing end of the pipeline main body 1. The invention constructs the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline, which is composed of the fixed traction mechanism 2, the middle supporting mechanism 3 and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4, and is particularly applied to grooving the threads of the processing end of the installed MPP electric pipeline after the construction site, and the intelligent processing equipment for the electric pipeline is used for carrying out mechanical processing on the electric pipeline under the condition of not dismantling the pipeline.
Specifically, the fixed traction mechanism 2 comprises a clamping fixing seat 201, a servo cylinder 202, a threaded clamping arm 203 and a guide rod 204;
the clamping fixing seat 201 is clamped on the outer side of the pipeline main body 1 through an upper notch 205; the servo cylinder 202 axially penetrates through the clamping fixing seat 201 and is in butt joint with the fixed end of the middle supporting mechanism 3; the number of the thread clamp arms 203 is at least two, the thread clamp arms 203 radially penetrate through the clamping fixing seat 201 and are in contact with the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1, and the pipeline main body 1 is clamped by screwing the plurality of thread clamp arms 203, so that the clamping fixing seat 201 is coaxially installed relative to the pipeline main body 1, and the coaxiality of a thread groove for subsequent processing is ensured; the guide rod 204 is axially arranged on the clamping fixing seat 201 and is respectively connected with the middle supporting mechanism 3 and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 in series, specifically, the traction ring seat 301 and the processing ring seat 401 are sequentially arranged on the guide rod 204 in a penetrating way, so that the coaxiality of subsequent processing is facilitated, and the traction stability of the servo cylinder 202 is improved;
the screw thread arm lock 203 comprises threaded rod 206, briquetting 207 and handle 208, and threaded rod 206 screw thread wears to locate on the joint fixing base 201, and briquetting 207 rotates to be connected in threaded rod 206 inner, and a plurality of briquetting 207 constitute the pipeline fixed chamber, and handle 208 sets firmly in threaded rod 206 outer end. The handle 208 is convenient for carrying the fixed traction mechanism 2, the threaded rod 206 is rotated by rotating the handle 208, so that the threaded rod 206 pushes the pressing block 207 to move towards the axis direction of the pipeline main body 1 when screwed on the clamping fixing seat 201 until the pressing block 207 contacts with the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1, the coaxiality of the pipeline fixing cavity and the pipeline main body 1 is determined by a plurality of pressing blocks 207, and the threaded rod 206 can be provided with distance scales for specific judgment, so that the screwing length of each threaded rod 206 is consistent.
Further, the middle supporting mechanism 3 comprises a traction ring seat 301, a damping swivel 302, a compression bar 303 and a universal wheel 304;
the traction ring seat 301 is coaxially sleeved from the processing end of the pipeline main body 1 and is connected with the traction end of the servo cylinder 202, the damping swivel 302 is rotationally arranged on the traction ring seat 301, a plurality of square grooves are formed in the traction ring seat 301 at equal intervals in an annular mode relative to the damping swivel 302, compression rods 303 are connected in the square grooves through torsion shafts 305, the outer ends of the compression rods 303 are in contact with damping protrusions 306 on the inner wall of the damping swivel 302, when the damping protrusions 306 extrude the outer ends of the compression rods 303, the inner ends of the compression rods 303 move to one side far away from the axis direction of the traction ring seat 301, universal wheels 304 are arranged at the inner ends of the compression rods 303, and the universal wheels 304 are in clearance fit to form a pipeline sliding cavity. The invention is characterized in that the fixed traction mechanism 2, the middle supporting mechanism 3 and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 can be independently installed, the fixed traction mechanism 2 is firstly arranged on the outer side of the pipeline main body 1 and coaxially adjusted and fixed, then the middle supporting mechanism 3 is sleeved in the direction of the guide rod 204, as shown in fig. 2, until the traction end of the servo cylinder 202 contacts with a traction site on the traction ring seat 301 and locks, then the damping swivel 302 is rotated, as shown in fig. 4, when the damping swivel 302 rotates in the direction a, the damping swivel 302 presses the outer end of the pressing rod 303 through the damping bulge 306 in the damping swivel 302, so that the universal wheels 304 at the inner end of the pressing rod 303 move in the direction b, a pipeline sliding cavity formed by clearance fit of the universal wheels 304 is expanded, the initial traction of the servo cylinder 202 is matched, the middle supporting mechanism 3 can slide on the outer side of the pipeline main body 1, the damping swivel 302 is released, and the universal wheels 304 return along the path in the direction b under the action of the complex force of the torsion shaft 305 until contacting with the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1. Through such design, be convenient for guide the coaxial installation of electromagnetism scraping mechanism 4 through intermediate support mechanism 3, improve electromagnetism scraping mechanism 4 and hang the stability of dress, be favorable to seting up smoothly of follow-up screw groove. After the intermediate support mechanism 3 is in butt joint with the fixed traction mechanism 2, the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 is sleeved in along the direction of the guide rod 204 and is in butt joint with the fixed traction mechanism 2, and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism can be specifically and fixedly installed (not shown in the figure) in a snap locking mode, and the mode of completing the intermediate support mechanism 3 and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism 4 is various and all conventional technologies, and will not be described in detail herein. By utilizing the method for distributed installation, not only the portability of the whole installation of the equipment is reduced, but also the labor intensity and the construction difficulty of electrician workers are reduced, and the method is easy to assemble and disassemble, thereby being beneficial to improving the construction progress.
Still further, the reduction driving assembly 5 is composed of a servo motor 501, a reducer 502, a mounting seat 503 and a driving gear 504;
the speed reducer 502 is fixedly arranged on the processing ring seat 401 through the mounting seat 503; the high-speed shaft of the speed reducer 502 is connected with the output end of the servo motor 501; the low-speed shaft of the speed reducer 502 passes through the outer wall of the processing ring seat 401 and extends into the processing cavity 403 inside the processing ring seat 401, and is sleeved with a driving gear 504; the magnetic scraping wall component 6 and the magnetic cutting component 7 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the driving gear 504 and are meshed with each other. The invention also provides a power output mode of driving the magnetic force cutting assembly 7 to rotate and circularly cut by the speed reduction driving assembly 5, which is beneficial to the stable processing of the processing end of the pipeline main body 1.
In addition, the magnetic force cutting assembly 7 comprises an end face toothed ring B701 rotating at the tail end of the processing cavity 403, the end face toothed ring B701 is engaged with the outer wall of the other side of the driving gear 504 through a tooth slot B on the end face of the end face toothed ring B701, a thread groove 702 is formed on the circumference of the inner side of the end face toothed ring B701, a spring fixing seat 703 with a restoring force effect formed by a multi-stage connecting rod and a spring needle is connected with the thread groove 702 in a threaded manner, and a triangular stripping knife 705 is connected to the spring fixing seat 703 through a movable magnet 704.
In the invention, a slot structure which is movably installed is arranged in a processing ring seat 401, after an electromagnetic rod 9 is electrified to generate a magnetic field, a movable magnet 704 is magnetically attracted to the electromagnetic rod 9 to move, as shown in fig. 2 and 8, at the moment, a spring fixing seat 703 with a restoring force effect formed by a multistage connecting rod and a spring needle is stretched by the magnetic force of the movable magnet 704, the spring fixing seat 703 stretches in a circular arc manner in the d direction, the rotation radius of a triangular peeling knife 705 is reduced, so that the rotation area of the triangular peeling knife 705 and the vertical section of a pipeline main body 1 have an intersection area, after being meshed and transmitted by a speed reduction driving component 5, the triangular peeling knife 705 starts to rotate circumferentially and is matched with a fixed traction mechanism 2 to stably traction an intermediate supporting mechanism 3, so that the processing ring seat 401 stably moves outside the pipeline main body 1, and under the simultaneous operation of circumferential rotation and linear movement, the triangular peeling knife 705 can be provided with a continuous flat thread groove on the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1; when the thread groove on the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1 is opened, the electromagnetic rod 9 is powered off, the rotating radius of the triangular stripping knife 705 gradually returns to the normal state under the influence of the disappearance of the magnetic field and the action of the restoring force of the spring fixing seat 703, and gradually withdraws from the interlayer of the pipeline main body 1, so that the opened thread groove is complete and smooth in ending, and manual re-machining is not needed.
The triangular cutter 705 shown in fig. 7 is a triangular cutter 705 having an oblique cutting edge, and the oblique angle of the triangular cutter 705 is adapted to the end face of the processing end of the pipe body 1, so that the tip of the triangular cutter 705 contacts the end face of the processing end of the pipe body 1 in the tangential direction of the contact point. By means of the design, the instantaneous contact resistance of the triangular stripping knife 705 and the pipeline main body 1 is reduced, and the starting point of the opened thread groove is arranged on the end face of the processing end of the pipeline main body 1, so that the subsequent pipeline thread butt joint is facilitated.
Example 2, based on the difference from example 1, the present invention is also provided with a magnetic scraping assembly 6;
the magnetic scraping wall assembly 6 comprises an end face toothed ring A601 which rotates at the head end of the processing cavity 403, the end face toothed ring A601 is meshed with the outer wall of one side of the driving gear 504 through a tooth groove A on the end face of the end face toothed ring A601, a limiting groove 602 is formed in the circumference of the inner side of the end face toothed ring A601, a magnet column 603 which slides relatively is limited in the limiting groove 602, the outer end of the magnet column 603 is connected with a spring 604, a scraping block 605 which is contacted with the processing end of the pipeline main body 1 is clamped at the inner end of the magnet column 603, and two magnetic blocks 606 with opposite magnetic poles are respectively embedded at the two axial ends of the scraping block 605. The magnetic scraping wall component 6 for preprocessing the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1 is arranged on the advancing side of the magnetic cutting component 7, the scraping block 605 is attracted by the magnetic field after the electromagnetic rod 9 is electrified, the magnet column 603 pushes the scraping block 605 to be in contact with the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1, and under the magnetic influence of the two magnetic blocks 606 with opposite magnetic poles and the magnetic pole at the end of the electromagnetic rod 9, the two magnetic blocks 606 with opposite magnetic poles deflect to be axially distributed with the magnetic field of the electromagnetic rod 9 along the direction c in fig. 6, so that the scraping block 605 rotates in the axial direction of the pipeline main body 1, the scraping block 605 is vertically distributed with the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1, and the cleaning effect of the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1 is improved.
It should be noted that, as shown in fig. 6, the inlet of the limiting groove 602 extends inward to form an inner groove 607, the outer end of the magnet post 603 is provided with an external thread 608 in threaded fit with the inner groove 607, and the magnet post 603 is limited in the limiting groove 602 through the inner groove 607 and slides relatively with the same. The limit is performed in a threaded manner, so that the sliding installation of the magnet column 603 is facilitated.
In addition, the electromagnetic rod 9 is magnetically matched with the magnetic block 606, and the magnetic force of the electromagnetic rod 9 is larger than the sum of the spring needle restoring force and the contact resistance of the triangular peeling knife 705, and the spring needle restoring force is larger than the contact resistance of the triangular peeling knife 705.
Embodiment 3, based on the difference from embodiments 1, 2, the present invention is also provided with a bi-directional blower assembly 8;
as shown in fig. 2 and 8, the bi-directional blower assembly 8 includes a blower 801, a wind guiding ring 802, and a heating ring 803;
the blower 801 is fixedly arranged on the processing ring seat 401, an air outlet of the blower 801 is communicated with an air inlet groove 404 on the processing ring seat 401, and an air guide ring 802 is arranged in the processing cavity 403, so that the processing cavity 403 is divided into a pretreatment cavity matched with the working position of the scraping block 605 and a grooving cavity matched with the working position of the triangular stripping knife 705;
the air guiding protrusions 804 are arranged on the end surfaces of the two sides of the air guiding ring 802, so that air introduced by the air blower 801 is separated by the air guiding ring 802 and then is blown to the pretreatment cavity and the grooving cavity along the air guiding protrusions 804, and the heating ring 803 is sleeved on the air guiding protrusions 804 of the pretreatment cavity. The invention is also provided with a double-direction air guide structure in the processing cavity 403 of the processing ring seat 401, external air is blown in from the air inlet groove 404 by using the air blower 801, and is guided by the air guide ring 802 with the air guide protrusion 804, so that the air is guided to the pretreatment cavity on one side of the scraping block 605 and the grooving cavity on one side of the triangular peeling knife 705, and then the heating effect of the heating ring 803 is utilized to improve the air temperature in the pretreatment cavity, so that the part of air blows on the processing end of the pipeline main body 1 with processing, on one hand, the effect of softening the outer wall of the pipeline main body 1 is achieved, and the invention is convenient for blowing dust to the impurities scraped by the scraping block 605, reduces the contact between the triangular peeling knife 705 and the foreign matters, and prolongs the service life of the triangular peeling knife 705; the air introduced into the slotting cavity cools the triangular peeling knife 705 which is slotting, so that friction heat generation between the triangular peeling knife 705 and an interlayer of the pipeline main body 1 is avoided.
The foregoing has shown and described the basic principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and that the above-described embodiments and descriptions are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the invention, and that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides an electric power pipeline intelligent processing equipment, includes pipeline main part (1), its characterized in that: the electromagnetic scraping device also comprises a fixed traction mechanism (2), an intermediate support mechanism (3) and an electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4) which are sequentially sleeved on the outer side of the pipeline main body (1);
the fixed traction mechanism (2) is clamped at the outer side of the pipeline main body (1) and is used for traction of the middle supporting mechanism (3) and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4);
the middle supporting mechanism (3) is sleeved from the processing end of the pipeline main body (1) and is in butt joint with the traction end of the fixed traction mechanism (2) and is used for bridging the fixed traction mechanism (2) and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4), so that the electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4) is suspended outside the pipeline main body (1) when being pulled by the fixed traction mechanism (2);
the electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4) is coaxially arranged on the axis of the pipeline main body (1) and is in butt joint with the free end of the middle supporting mechanism (3), and the outer wall of the processing end of the pipeline main body (1) is scraped through electromagnetic induction, so that a continuous and smooth thread groove is formed on the outer wall of the processing end of the pipeline main body (1);
the electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4) comprises a processing ring seat (401), a speed reduction driving assembly (5), a magnetic scraping wall assembly (6), a magnetic cutting assembly (7), a bidirectional blasting assembly (8) and an electromagnetic rod (9) which is coaxially arranged on the inner side of the processing end of the pipeline main body (1) in a penetrating mode through a tripod (402), and the magnetic scraping wall assembly (6) and the magnetic cutting assembly (7) are magnetically attracted by the electromagnetic rod (9) to be in contact with the processing end of the pipeline main body (1);
the speed reduction driving assembly (5) consists of a servo motor (501), a speed reducer (502), a mounting seat (503) and a driving gear (504);
the speed reducer (502) is fixedly arranged on the processing ring seat (401) through the mounting seat (503); the high-speed shaft of the speed reducer (502) is connected with the output end of the servo motor (501); the low-speed shaft of the speed reducer (502) penetrates through the outer wall of the machining ring seat (401) to extend into a machining cavity (403) in the machining ring seat (401), and is sleeved with a driving gear (504); the magnetic scraping component (6) and the magnetic cutting component (7) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the driving gear (504) and are meshed with each other;
the magnetic scraping wall assembly (6) comprises an end face toothed ring A (601) rotating at the head end of the processing cavity (403), the end face toothed ring A (601) is in meshed connection with one side outer wall of the driving gear (504) through a tooth slot A on the end face of the end face toothed ring A (601), a limit groove (602) is formed in the inner circumference of the end face toothed ring A (601), a magnet column (603) capable of sliding relatively is limited in the limit groove (602), a spring (604) is connected to the outer end of the magnet column (603), a scraping block (605) in contact with the processing end of the pipeline main body (1) is clamped at the inner end of the magnet column (603), and two magnetic blocks (606) with opposite magnetic poles are respectively embedded at the two axial ends of the scraping block (605);
an inlet of the limit groove (602) is internally provided with an inner thread groove (607) in an extending mode, the outer end of the magnet column (603) is provided with an external thread (608) in threaded fit with the inner thread groove (607), and the magnet column (603) is limited in the limit groove (602) through the inner thread groove (607) and slides relative to the limit groove;
the magnetic force cutting assembly (7) comprises an end face toothed ring B (701) rotating at the tail end of the processing cavity (403), the end face toothed ring B (701) is in meshed connection with the outer wall of the other side of the driving gear (504) through a tooth slot B on the end face of the end face toothed ring B (701), a thread groove (702) is formed in the circumference of the inner side of the end face toothed ring B (701), a spring fixing seat (703) with a restoring force effect, which is formed by a multistage connecting rod and a spring needle, is connected with a triangular stripping knife (705) through a movable magnet (704) in the spring fixing seat (703);
the inclination angle of the triangular stripping knife (705) is matched with the end face of the processing end of the pipeline main body (1), so that the knife tip of the triangular stripping knife (705) is contacted with the end face of the processing end of the pipeline main body (1) in the tangential direction of the contact point;
the electromagnetic rod (9) is magnetically matched with the magnetic block (606), the magnetic force of the electromagnetic rod (9) is larger than the sum of spring needle restoring force and contact resistance of the triangular peeling knife (705), and the spring needle restoring force is larger than the contact resistance of the triangular peeling knife (705).
2. The intelligent processing device for electric pipelines according to claim 1, wherein: the fixed traction mechanism (2) comprises a clamping fixing seat (201), a servo cylinder (202), a threaded clamping arm (203) and a guide rod (204);
the clamping fixing seat (201) is clamped at the outer side of the pipeline main body (1) through an upper notch (205); the servo cylinder (202) axially penetrates through the clamping fixing seat (201) and is in butt joint with the fixed end of the middle supporting mechanism (3); the number of the thread clamp arms (203) is at least two, and the thread clamp arms radially penetrate through the clamping fixing seat (201) and are in contact with the outer wall of the pipeline main body (1); the guide rod (204) is axially arranged on the clamping fixing seat (201) and is respectively connected with the middle supporting mechanism (3) and the electromagnetic scraping mechanism (4) in series;
the screw thread arm lock (203) comprises threaded rod (206), briquetting (207) and handle (208), threaded rod (206) screw thread wears to locate on joint fixing base (201), briquetting (207) rotate and connect in threaded rod (206) inner, a plurality of briquetting (207) constitute the pipeline fixed chamber, handle (208) set firmly in threaded rod (206) outer end.
3. The intelligent processing device for electric power pipelines according to claim 2, wherein: the middle supporting mechanism (3) comprises a traction ring seat (301), a damping swivel (302), a compression bar (303) and a universal wheel (304);
the traction ring seat (301) is sleeved in the same shaft from the processing end of the pipeline main body (1) and is connected with the traction end of the servo cylinder (202), the damping swivel (302) is rotationally arranged on the traction ring seat (301), a plurality of square grooves are formed in the position of the traction ring seat (301) opposite to the damping swivel (302) in an annular equidistant mode, a compression rod (303) is connected in the square grooves through a torsion shaft (305), the outer ends of the compression rod (303) are in contact with damping protrusions (306) on the inner wall of the damping swivel (302), when the damping protrusions (306) extrude the outer ends of the compression rod (303), the inner ends of the compression rod (303) move to the side far away from the axis direction of the traction ring seat (301), and a plurality of universal wheels (304) are arranged at the inner ends of the compression rod (303) and form a pipeline sliding cavity in a clearance fit mode.
4. An intelligent power pipeline processing device according to claim 3, wherein: the bidirectional air blowing component (8) comprises an air blower (801), an air guide ring (802) and a heating ring (803);
the air blower (801) is fixedly arranged on the processing ring seat (401), an air outlet of the air blower (801) is communicated with an air inlet groove (404) on the processing ring seat (401), and the air guide ring (802) is arranged in the processing cavity (403) so as to lead the processing cavity (403) to be divided into a pretreatment cavity which is matched with the working position of the scraping block (605) and a grooving cavity which is matched with the working position of the triangular stripping knife (705);
the air guiding rings (802) are provided with air guiding protrusions (804) on two side end surfaces, so that air introduced by the air blower (801) is separated by the air guiding rings (802) and then is blown to the pretreatment cavity and the grooving cavity along the air guiding protrusions (804) respectively, and the heating rings (803) are sleeved on the air guiding protrusions (804) of the pretreatment cavity.
CN202210344291.0A 2022-03-31 2022-03-31 Intelligent processing equipment for electric power pipeline Active CN114799373B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1439549A (en) * 1973-02-08 1976-06-16 Heidenreich & Harbeck Gmbh Method and apparatus for cutting screw-threads
CN107175342A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-09-19 新乡市捷瑞机床有限公司 Portable field turning shaft device
CN108500406A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-09-07 重庆市耀植机械有限责任公司 A kind of processing milling machine
CN108788329A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-13 程政钧 A kind of machine for cutting thread for steel bar
CN111558750A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-08-21 广东电网有限责任公司东莞供电局 Processing device for power cable protection pipe
CN212704823U (en) * 2020-07-14 2021-03-16 内蒙古星凯机电工程技术有限公司 Novel pipe connection positioning threading machine
CN113084272A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-09 陈巧巧 Thread cutting device suitable for threaded columns of different models
CN113245642A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-08-13 厦门雾蔚贸易有限公司 Steel pipe dislocation preventing device of threading machine
CN114131123A (en) * 2021-11-26 2022-03-04 王明 MPP cable protection pipe thread processingequipment

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1439549A (en) * 1973-02-08 1976-06-16 Heidenreich & Harbeck Gmbh Method and apparatus for cutting screw-threads
CN107175342A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-09-19 新乡市捷瑞机床有限公司 Portable field turning shaft device
CN108500406A (en) * 2018-04-16 2018-09-07 重庆市耀植机械有限责任公司 A kind of processing milling machine
CN108788329A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-13 程政钧 A kind of machine for cutting thread for steel bar
CN111558750A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-08-21 广东电网有限责任公司东莞供电局 Processing device for power cable protection pipe
CN212704823U (en) * 2020-07-14 2021-03-16 内蒙古星凯机电工程技术有限公司 Novel pipe connection positioning threading machine
CN113084272A (en) * 2021-04-09 2021-07-09 陈巧巧 Thread cutting device suitable for threaded columns of different models
CN113245642A (en) * 2021-05-13 2021-08-13 厦门雾蔚贸易有限公司 Steel pipe dislocation preventing device of threading machine
CN114131123A (en) * 2021-11-26 2022-03-04 王明 MPP cable protection pipe thread processingequipment

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