CN114603645B - Drilling device capable of machining deep and long holes and manufacturing method of process fence - Google Patents

Drilling device capable of machining deep and long holes and manufacturing method of process fence Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114603645B
CN114603645B CN202210445655.4A CN202210445655A CN114603645B CN 114603645 B CN114603645 B CN 114603645B CN 202210445655 A CN202210445655 A CN 202210445655A CN 114603645 B CN114603645 B CN 114603645B
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telescopic
telescopic rod
bamboo
clamping
drilling
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CN114603645A (en
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蓝劲松
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Guangzhou Imagination Intelligent Technology Development Co ltd
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Guangzhou Imagination Intelligent Technology Development Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C3/00Drilling machines or drilling devices; Equipment therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27JMECHANICAL WORKING OF CANE, CORK, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27J1/00Mechanical working of cane or the like

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
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  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a drilling device capable of machining deep and long holes, which comprises a drilling mechanism, a clamping mechanism, a supporting mechanism and a base, wherein the drilling mechanism is provided with a telescopic drill, the telescopic drill comprises a first telescopic rod, a telescopic sleeve and a drill bit, the drill bit is arranged at one end of the first telescopic rod and is connected with the first telescopic rod, the first telescopic rod is arranged in the telescopic sleeve, the first telescopic rod is connected with an axial moving assembly, and the axial moving assembly is used for driving the drill bit to axially reciprocate along the telescopic sleeve; the other end of the first telescopic rod is connected with a rotary power assembly, and the rotary power assembly is used for driving the first telescopic rod to rotate. Due to the guiding effect of the telescopic sleeve, the bamboo pole can be driven to move towards the drill without deflection, and when bamboo joints are drilled, the vibration amplitude of the bamboo pole can be reduced due to the limitation of the telescopic sleeve, the bamboo pole is prevented from being inclined or bent, and the bamboo pole can be prevented from being poked and broken when long bamboo poles are processed.

Description

Drilling device capable of machining deep and long holes and manufacturing method of process fence
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of bamboo processing, and particularly relates to a drilling device capable of processing deep and long holes and a manufacturing method of a process fence.
Background
Because of low price and good physical property, bamboo products are seen everywhere in life, and the artistic fencing is also made of bamboo in many cases. Because the bamboo grows upwards section by section, and a plurality of bamboo joints are distributed on the bamboo poles, in order to improve the strength of the artistic fence, the bamboo joints are usually dredged and the bamboo poles are filled with the reinforcing agent, but the dredging of the bamboo joints is a difficult thing.
In the prior art, a joint penetrating cutter is usually adopted and matched with a manual drill to penetrate bamboo joints, and the joint penetrating cutter is usually made of steel with better toughness and can bend and deform along with the shape of bamboo poles when the bamboo joints are penetrated. However, the through-joint cutter is only suitable for processing bamboo poles with a length within one meter, when the length of the bamboo pole is longer, for example, the length of the bamboo pole is three meters or four meters, a cutter body of the through-joint cutter deforms, so that a large included angle is generated between a cutter head of the through-joint cutter and the inner wall of the bamboo pole, and the through-joint cutter easily pokes the bamboo pole when the bamboo pole is poked through.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems and provides a drilling device capable of machining a deep long hole and a manufacturing method of a process fence.
In order to solve the problems, the invention is realized according to the following technical scheme:
in a first aspect, the present invention provides a drilling apparatus capable of processing deep long holes, including:
the drilling mechanism is used for drilling a hole to be machined;
the clamping mechanism is used for circumferentially positioning the workpiece to be machined;
the supporting mechanism is used for axially positioning the workpiece to be machined;
the drilling mechanism, the clamping mechanism and the supporting mechanism are connected with the base in a sliding mode, and the clamping mechanism is arranged between the supporting mechanism and the drilling mechanism;
the drilling mechanism is provided with a telescopic drill, the telescopic drill comprises a first telescopic rod, a telescopic sleeve and a drill bit, the drill bit is arranged at one end of the first telescopic rod and is connected with the first telescopic rod, the first telescopic rod is arranged in the telescopic sleeve, the first telescopic rod is connected with an axial moving assembly, and the axial moving assembly is used for driving the drill bit to axially reciprocate along the telescopic sleeve; the other end of the first telescopic rod is connected with a rotary power assembly, and the rotary power assembly is used for driving the first telescopic rod to rotate.
With reference to the first aspect, the present disclosure also provides an implementation of the first aspect as defined in claim 1, wherein the rotary power assembly includes:
a motor;
the first belt wheel is connected with the output end of the motor;
the second belt wheel is connected with the telescopic drill;
the hold-in range, hold-in range cover establish with outside first band pulley and the second band pulley, the hold-in range is used for transmitting the power of first band pulley to the second band pulley.
With reference to the first aspect, the present invention further provides a second implementation manner of the first aspect, wherein a spiral guide protrusion is disposed on the first telescopic rod, and the spiral guide protrusion is engageable with the axial moving assembly to drive the first telescopic rod to axially reciprocate.
With reference to the first aspect, the present disclosure also provides an implementation manner 3 of the first aspect, wherein the axial moving assembly includes:
the end face of the guide piece is provided with a half-split connecting groove, and a spiral guide groove meshed with the spiral guide protrusion is arranged in the half-split connecting groove;
the guide bar, guide bar one end with the guide links to each other, and the other end is equipped with connects the platform, be equipped with in the drilling mechanism and hold the guiding hole of guide bar, connect the platform with guide bar bolted connection is in order to fix the guide.
With reference to the first aspect, the present invention further provides a fourth implementation manner of the first aspect, in which the axial moving assembly is an air cylinder, and an output end of the air cylinder is connected to the first telescopic rod to drive the first telescopic rod to axially reciprocate.
With reference to the first aspect, the present disclosure also provides a 5 th implementation manner of the first aspect, wherein the clamping mechanism includes:
the clamping underframe is semicircular, and one end of the clamping underframe is provided with a threaded column;
the clamping movable frame is semicircular, one end of the clamping movable frame is hinged with the clamping lower frame, and the other end of the clamping movable frame is provided with a connecting hole through which a threaded column can penetrate;
the clamping assemblies are uniformly distributed on the clamping bottom frame and the clamping movable frame and are used for clamping workpieces to be machined.
In combination with the first aspect, the present disclosure provides a 6 th implementation of the first aspect, wherein the clamping assembly includes:
the clamping sleeve is internally provided with a through adjusting channel;
the adjusting rod is arranged in the adjusting channel, the end part of the adjusting rod is in threaded connection with an adjusting nut, and the adjusting nut is used for fixing the adjusting rod;
the roller is arranged at the other end of the adjusting rod.
With reference to the first aspect, the present invention provides a 7 th implementation manner of the first aspect, wherein the supporting mechanism is disposed at an end of a workpiece to be processed, and the supporting mechanism includes:
a support base;
the second telescopic rod is mounted on the supporting base, and an ejector pin is arranged at the end part of the second telescopic rod and used for axially positioning a workpiece to be machined;
the rotating wheel is connected with the second telescopic rod and is used for controlling the telescopic length of the second telescopic rod.
With reference to the first aspect, the present invention further provides an implementation manner of the 8 th aspect, where the base is provided with a plurality of linear guide rails;
the drilling mechanism, the clamping mechanism and the supporting mechanism are provided with guide rail sliding blocks, and the guide rail sliding blocks are connected with the linear guide rails in a sliding mode.
In a second aspect, the present invention provides a manufacturing method of a process fence, the manufacturing method using the drilling apparatus of any one of the first aspect, the manufacturing method comprising the steps of:
baking and straightening fresh bamboo poles;
the bamboo pole is placed on the drilling device, the bamboo pole is positioned and clamped through the clamping mechanism and the supporting mechanism, the telescopic length of the first telescopic rod is adjusted to be the shortest, and a drill bit of the drilling mechanism is adjusted to be aligned with the center of the bamboo pole;
the rotary power assembly is driven to drive the first telescopic rod to rotate, the supporting mechanism is moved along the base, and the bamboo pole is driven to move towards the drill bit direction;
when the length of the drilled hole in the bamboo pole is equal to that of the telescopic sleeve, the axial moving component is driven to drive the first telescopic rod to axially move along the telescopic sleeve, and drilling of the rest bamboo poles is completed;
steaming and boiling the drilled bamboo poles, drying, and soaking the dried bamboo poles in a preservative;
filling a reinforcing agent in the bamboo poles, wherein the reinforcing agent comprises polyethylene foam, foaming cement and refractory stone powder;
a plurality of bamboo poles with the same diameter are arranged in order, and reinforcing platforms are arranged at the two ends of the bamboo poles to manufacture the fence board.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
in the embodiment of the application, when drilling, can advance and move the rotatory power component and order about first telescopic link rotatory to make the bamboo pole cover locate telescopic tube on, because telescopic tube's guide effect, can order about the bamboo pole and can not appear the skew when removing to the drill bit. And when the bamboo joint is drilled, the limit of the telescopic sleeve can reduce the shaking amplitude of the bamboo pole and avoid the bamboo pole from inclining or bending. When the length of drilling in the bamboo pole is equal to the length of telescopic sleeve, can drive axial displacement subassembly and order about first telescopic link along telescopic sleeve axial displacement, accomplish the drilling of surplus bamboo pole, the extension length of reducible first telescopic link avoids the shake that the extension overlength brought. By adopting the drilling device, the bamboo poles can be prevented from being poked and broken when long bamboo poles are processed.
Drawings
Embodiments of the invention are described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the drilling apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the drilling apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the drilling structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the drilling structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the first telescoping rod and the guide of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the clamping mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the portion B in FIG. 7;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of the support mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the fencing panel in one embodiment;
figure 10 is a schematic view of the structure of a fencing panel in another embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure:
01. a drilling mechanism; 02. bamboo poles; 03. a clamping mechanism; 04. a support mechanism; 05. a base; 06. a linear guide rail; 07. a guide rail slider; 08. a reinforcing table; 09. a reinforcing agent layer; 010. a bamboo panel;
1. a rotary power assembly; 101. a motor; 102. a first pulley; 103. a second pulley;
2. a body;
3. a telescopic drill; 301. a drill bit; 302. a first telescopic rod; 3021. a sleeve connection section; 3022. a helical guide section; 3023. (ii) a 3023. A pulley connecting section; 303. a telescopic sleeve;
4. an axial moving assembly; 401. a guide sleeve; 402. a sleeve connecting portion; 403. a guide bar; 404. a connecting table;
5. clamping the movable frame; 6. clamping the chassis;
7. a clamping assembly; 701. a clamping sleeve; 702. adjusting a rod; 703. adjusting the nut; 704. a roller;
8. a rotating wheel; 9. a second telescopic rod; 10. a support base; 11. and (4) a thimble.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the positional and orientational relationships indicated in the drawings to facilitate the simplified description of the invention, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the device or element so referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and thus are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
The artistic enclosure has a protective effect and also has an attractive effect. Because the physical characteristics of bamboo are good, and the manufactured artistic fence is antique and elegant, in order to accord with the concept of environmental protection and degradability, most of the existing artistic fences are made of bamboo. However, due to the growth characteristics of bamboos, a plurality of bamboo joints are distributed on the bamboo poles, so that the bamboos become space poles with one section, and the strength of the manufactured artistic fence is not enough.
In the related art, in order to improve the strength of the process fence, bamboo joints are usually drilled through and a reinforcing agent is filled in the bamboo poles, but the drilling through of the bamboo joints is difficult. The bamboo joint is usually opened by adopting the joint opening cutter and matching with a manual drill, the joint opening cutter is usually made of steel with better toughness, and the joint opening cutter can bend and deform along with the shape of a bamboo pole when the bamboo joint is opened. However, the through-joint cutter is only suitable for processing bamboo poles with the length within one meter, when the length of the bamboo pole is longer, for example, the bamboo pole with the length of three meters or four meters, the cutter body of the through-joint cutter deforms, so that a large included angle is generated between the cutter head of the through-joint cutter and the inner wall of the bamboo pole, and the through-joint cutter is easy to poke the bamboo pole when the bamboo pole is opened.
Example 1
The present embodiment takes the drilling device to remove the bamboo joint of the long bamboo rod 02 as an example, but it should be understood that the drilling device is used to process other deep long hole rod-shaped objects, and the protection scope of the present application is also included.
The embodiment provides a drilling device capable of processing deep holes, a bamboo pole 02 is positioned and fixed through a clamping mechanism 03 and a drilling mechanism 01, bamboo joints in the bamboo pole 02 are removed through a telescopic drill 3 of the drilling mechanism 01, the telescopic drill 3 is connected with a rotary power assembly 1 for driving the telescopic drill 3 to rotate, and an axial movement assembly 4 for driving the telescopic drill 3 to axially move, the telescopic drill 3 is provided with a first telescopic rod 302 and a telescopic sleeve 303, the end part of the first telescopic rod 302 is provided with a drill bit 301, the rotary power assembly 1 can be driven to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to rotate during drilling, the telescopic sleeve 303 is sleeved with the bamboo pole 02, and deflection cannot occur when the bamboo pole 02 is driven to move towards the drill bit 301 due to the guiding effect of the telescopic sleeve 303. And when the bamboo joint is drilled, the limit of the telescopic sleeve 303 can reduce the shaking amplitude of the bamboo pole 02 and avoid the inclination or bending of the bamboo pole 02. When the length of the drilled hole in the bamboo pole 02 is equal to the length of the telescopic sleeve 303, the axial moving assembly 4 can be driven to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to axially move along the telescopic sleeve 303, so that the drilling of the rest bamboo pole 02 is completed, the extension length of the first telescopic rod 302 can be reduced, and the shaking caused by too long extension is avoided. By adopting the drilling device, the bamboo pole 02 can be prevented from being poked and broken when the long bamboo pole 02 is processed.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the drilling device for machining a deep long hole according to the present invention includes a drilling mechanism 01, a clamping mechanism 03, a supporting mechanism 04, and a base 05.
The surface of the base 05 is a flat plate, two parallel linear guide rails 06 are arranged on the flat plate, guide rail sliding blocks 07 matched with the linear guide rails 06 are arranged under the drilling mechanism 01, the clamping mechanism 03 and the supporting mechanism 04, the guide rail sliding blocks 07 can be matched with the linear guide rails 06, and the drilling mechanism 01, the clamping mechanism 03 and the supporting mechanism 04 can be driven to reciprocate on the base 05 along the linear guide rails 06. In a preferred embodiment, a plurality of threaded holes are further formed in the base 05, and a plurality of threaded holes are formed in the drilling mechanism 01, the clamping mechanism 03 and the supporting mechanism 04, so that the drilling mechanism 01, the clamping mechanism 03 and the supporting mechanism 04 can be moved to fixed positions and fixed through the cooperation of bolts and nuts.
The drilling mechanism 01 comprises a machine body 2 and a telescopic drill 3, wherein a plurality of clamping positions are arranged in the middle of the machine body 2, and the telescopic drill 3, an axial moving component 4 and a rotary power component 1 can be installed. Telescopic drill 3 includes first telescopic link 302, telescopic tube 303 and drill bit 301, and in fuselage 2 was located to telescopic tube 303 one end card, outside fuselage 2 was located to the other end, was equipped with the removal passageway in the middle part of telescopic tube 303, and in the removal passageway was located to first telescopic link 302, first telescopic link 302 one end was connected with rotatory power component 1, and the other end was connected with drill bit 301. The first telescopic rod 302 is further provided with a spiral guide protrusion which can be meshed with the axial moving component 4 to form a worm and gear connecting structure, so that the first telescopic rod 302 can be driven to axially reciprocate.
In a preferred embodiment, the telescopic sleeve 303 is also capable of moving in an axially telescopic manner, a plurality of clamping grooves are formed in the outer wall of the telescopic sleeve 303, a detachable clamping ring is arranged on the machine body 2, the telescopic length of the telescopic sleeve 303 can be adjusted, and the telescopic sleeve 303 is limited by fixing the clamping ring and the clamping grooves.
The first telescopic rod 302 is composed of three sections, namely a sleeve connecting section 3021, a spiral guide section 3022 and a belt wheel connecting section 3023, wherein the sleeve connecting section 3021 is circular, is arranged in the telescopic sleeve 303, and can axially reciprocate along the telescopic sleeve 303; the spiral guide section 3022 is provided with a spiral guide protrusion, and can interact with the axial moving assembly 4 to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to move axially; the cross section of the belt wheel connecting section 3023 is a rounded rectangle, which is in clearance connection with the second belt wheel 103, when the second belt wheel 103 moves axially, the friction between the first telescopic rod 302 and the second belt wheel 103 is small, so that the first telescopic rod 302 is not easily blocked from moving axially, and when the second belt wheel 103 rotates, the four corners of the belt wheel connecting section 3023 are limited by the connecting holes in the second belt wheel 103, so that the first telescopic rod 302 can be driven to rotate.
Specifically, the rotary power assembly 1 includes a motor 101, a first pulley 102, a second pulley 103, and a timing belt. The first belt wheel 102 is connected with the output end of the motor 101, the second belt wheel 103 is connected with the first telescopic rod 302, the synchronous belt is sleeved outside the first belt wheel 102 and the second belt wheel 103, the motor 101 drives the first belt wheel 102 to rotate, and the synchronous belt transmits the power of the first belt wheel 102 to the second belt wheel 103 so as to drive the telescopic rod to rotate. Wherein first band pulley 102 is fixed with motor 101 key-type connection, and the middle part of second band pulley 103 is the rectangular hole, and the cross section of first telescopic link 302 tip is rounded rectangle, and accessible second band pulley 103 transmits the moment of torsion and drives the telescopic link along with the second band pulley 103 is rotatory for the telescopic link, and simultaneously, first telescopic link 302 also can move at the middle part of second band pulley 103, has realized the rotation and the axial displacement of first telescopic link 302.
Specifically, the axial moving assembly comprises a guide piece and a guide rod 403, the guide piece comprises a guide sleeve 401 and a sleeve connecting part 402, a semicircular groove is formed in the end part of the sleeve connecting part 402 and can be attached to the surface of the guide sleeve 401, and a plurality of connecting holes are formed in the end face of the sleeve connecting part 402; the guide sleeve 401 includes a sleeve portion provided with a spiral guide groove and a connecting portion connected to the sleeve portion, the sleeve portion is a semi-cylindrical structure, the spiral guide groove is provided therein, the connecting portion is provided at an end portion of the sleeve portion and is formed integrally with the sleeve portion, two connecting holes are provided at the connecting portion, and the guide sleeve 401 and the sleeve connecting portion 402 can be fixed by bolts. One end of the guide rod 403 is connected with the sleeve connecting part 402, the other end of the guide rod is connected with the connecting table 404, four threaded connecting holes are formed in the connecting table 404, guide holes are formed in the machine body 2, four corresponding threaded connecting holes are distributed around the guide holes, the guide rod 403 can move up and down along the guide holes, when the guide rod 403 is located at the lowest position, the connecting table 404 is fixed with the machine body 2 through bolts, at the moment, the spiral guide groove is meshed with the spiral guide protrusion, and when the rotary power assembly 1 drives the first telescopic rod 302 to rotate, the spiral guide groove and the spiral guide protrusion interact, the guide sleeve 401 generates axial force to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to axially move. If only the first telescopic rod 302 is needed to complete the rotation movement, only the guide rod 403 needs to be moved upwards until the spiral guide groove is separated from the spiral guide protrusion, and the connecting platform 404 is fixed with the machine body 2 through the bolt again.
In another embodiment, the axial moving component 4 is a cylinder, and the output end of the cylinder is connected to the end of the first telescopic rod 302, and the cylinder is driven to extend and contract to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to axially reciprocate.
The present embodiment preferably employs two clamping mechanisms 03 to ensure the stability of the bamboo 02 when moving in the axial direction. Fixture 03 includes centre gripping chassis 6, centre gripping adjustable shelf 5 and clamping component 7, centre gripping chassis 6 and centre gripping adjustable shelf 5 are all semicircular in shape, its left end is equipped with the screw thread post, the right-hand member is articulated with centre gripping adjustable shelf 5, centre gripping adjustable shelf 5 is located centre gripping chassis 6 top, the 5 left ends of centre gripping adjustable shelf are equipped with the connecting hole, when anticlockwise rotation centre gripping adjustable shelf 5, make its lock on centre gripping chassis 6, the connecting hole can be passed to the screw thread post, and continue anticlockwise rotation centre gripping adjustable shelf 5, make centre gripping adjustable shelf 5 and centre gripping chassis 6 constitute a circle, the accessible is mounting nut on the screw thread post, make centre gripping adjustable shelf 5 and centre gripping chassis 6 fixed form a circle. Clamping unit 7 evenly distributed is on centre gripping chassis 6 and centre gripping adjustable shelf 5, and clamping unit 7 is used for treating the clamp of machined part, and this embodiment preferably adopts three clamping unit 7, and one locates the middle part of centre gripping adjustable shelf 5, and another two locate on the centre gripping chassis 6.
Specifically, the clamping assembly 7 comprises a clamping sleeve 701, an adjusting rod 702 and a roller 704, a through adjusting channel is arranged in the middle of the clamping sleeve 701, the adjusting rod 702 can penetrate through and be arranged in the adjusting channel, the roller 704 is arranged at one end of the adjusting rod 702, an external thread is arranged at the other end of the adjusting rod 702, one end provided with the external thread penetrates through the clamping sleeve 701 and is connected with an adjusting nut 703, the length of the adjusting rod 702 can be changed by controlling the fastening position of the adjusting nut 703 and the adjusting rod 702, and the clamping assembly is convenient to adapt to clamping of bamboo poles 02 with different diameters. The axis of roller 704 is perpendicular to the axis of bamboo culm 02 such that bamboo culm 02 is moving axially within clamping assembly 7.
In a preferred embodiment, pressure sensors are provided on the adjustment rods 702, and the pressure sensors can detect the pressure experienced by each adjustment rod 702. Theoretically, due to the interaction between the drill 301 and the bamboo pole 02, the pressure of each adjusting rod 702 fluctuates randomly within a preset range, and if the pressure value detected by the pressure sensor on a certain adjusting rod 702 exceeds the preset range, it indicates that the bamboo pole 02 bends, or the drilling direction bends, and at this time, the position of the bamboo pole 02 or the drill 301 needs to be adjusted in time. In a preferred embodiment, if the pressure detected by the gripping mechanism 03 at the same position of the two gripping mechanisms 03 exceeds a predetermined range, it is proved that the bamboo pole 02 is bent toward the other side, or the drill 301 is twisted toward the one side.
Supporting mechanism 04 is including supporting base 10, second telescopic link 9 and runner 8, the middle part of supporting base 10 is equipped with the mountable second telescopic link 9 of passageway that runs through, second telescopic link 9 includes a thick pole and a thin pole, thick pole middle part is equipped with the screw hole, the thin pole outside is equipped with the external screw thread, threaded hole is located to thin pole one end, the other end links to each other with runner 8, runner 8 and the fixed connection of supporting base 10, when rotatory runner 8, the threaded connection length of adjustable thin pole and thick pole, and then the extension length of adjustment thick pole, be equipped with thimble 11 at the other end of thick pole, can withstand bamboo pole 02 and press from both sides with tight bamboo pole 02 axial positioning.
Other structures of the drilling device described in the embodiment are referred to in the prior art.
Example 2
The present embodiment provides a manufacturing method of a process fence, the manufacturing method using the drilling apparatus of embodiment 1, the manufacturing method including the steps of:
step S1: taking fresh bamboo poles 02, baking and straightening.
Due to the action of gravity and the characteristic that bamboo grows towards light, the bamboo poles 02 are bent to a certain degree in nature, the fresh bamboo poles 02 have sufficient water content, and the cells of the bamboo poles 02 are still in a survival state after felling. The bamboo is monocotyledon, comprises the xylem of outer phloem and inlayer, and the bamboo cell of phloem connects closely to grow along bamboo pole 02, when carrying out the fire-baking to the bamboo, the cell dehydration of phloem and xylem, the cell wall softens, and the pliability reinforcing of bamboo is straightened the bamboo pole 02 through applying external force and is corrected, can guarantee the gradient of bamboo, is convenient for process inside bamboo joint.
Step S2: the bamboo pole 02 is placed on the drilling device, the bamboo pole 02 is positioned and clamped through the clamping mechanism 03 and the supporting mechanism 04, the telescopic length of the first telescopic rod 302 is adjusted to be shortest, and the drill bit 301 of the drilling mechanism 01 is adjusted to be aligned with the center of the bamboo pole 02.
And step S3: the rotary power assembly 1 is driven to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to rotate, and the supporting mechanism 04 is moved along the base 05 to drive the bamboo pole 02 to move towards the drill bit 301.
And step S4: when the length of the drilled hole in the bamboo pole 02 is equal to the length of the telescopic sleeve 303, the driving axial moving assembly 4 drives the first telescopic rod 302 to axially move along the telescopic sleeve 303, and the drilling of the rest bamboo poles 02 is completed.
Through fixture 03 and drilling mechanism 01 with bamboo pole 02 location and fixed, and utilize the flexible 3 bamboo joints of boring in the bamboo pole 02 of boring mechanism 01 to bore and get rid of, flexible 3 rotary power subassembly 1 that is connected with the flexible 3 rotatory rotary drill of drive, and the flexible axial displacement subassembly 4 who bores 3 axial displacement of drive, flexible 3 of boring is equipped with first telescopic link 302 and telescope tube 303, the tip of first telescopic link 302 is equipped with drill bit 301, when drilling, can drive rotary power subassembly 1 earlier and drive first telescopic link 302 rotatory, and make bamboo pole 02 cover locate on the telescope tube 303, because the guide effect of telescope tube 303, can order about bamboo pole 02 and can not appear the skew when moving to drill bit 301. And when the bamboo joint is drilled, the limit of the telescopic sleeve 303 can reduce the shaking amplitude of the bamboo pole 02 and avoid the inclination or bending of the bamboo pole 02. When the length of the drilled hole in the bamboo pole 02 is equal to the length of the telescopic sleeve 303, the axial moving assembly 4 can be driven to drive the first telescopic rod 302 to axially move along the telescopic sleeve 303, so that the drilling of the rest bamboo pole 02 is completed, the extension length of the first telescopic rod 302 can be reduced, and the shaking caused by too long extension is avoided. By adopting the drilling device, the bamboo poles 02 can be prevented from being poked broken when the long bamboo poles 02 are processed.
Step S5: and (3) steaming and boiling the drilled bamboo poles 02, drying, and soaking the dried bamboo poles 02 in a preservative.
The bamboo rod 02 is immersed in the mixed solution of sodium chloride and acetic acid to be cooked for about 5 hours, cytoplasm, sugar and protein between the cell gap and vascular bundle of the bamboo rod 02 can be dissolved, the cell gap and parenchyma can be cleaned, and the insect-proof and corrosion-resistant capability of the bamboo rod 02 is improved. The lower end of the bamboo pole 02 is immersed in a preservative solution by a body fluid exchange method, the preservative solution is formed by mixing resol and alum solutions prepared from phenol and formaldehyde, substances between the intercellular spaces and the parenchyma tissues of the bamboo pole 02 are removed during the cooking treatment, the dried bamboo pole 02 is in a state of lacking the content, and after the bamboo pole 02 is immersed in the preservative solution, the bamboo pole 02 quickly absorbs the preservative and fills the intercellular spaces and the parenchyma tissues until the whole bamboo pole 02 is full of the preservative.
Step S6: filling a reinforcing agent in the bamboo pole 02, wherein the reinforcing agent comprises polyethylene foam, foaming cement and refractory stone powder;
when the reinforcing agent is filled, the bamboo pole 02 can be placed on a drilling device, the drill bit 301 at the end part of the first telescopic rod 302 is replaced by a flat plug, and the reinforcing agent is extruded through the drilling device, so that the density between the reinforcing agents in the bamboo pole 02 is increased, and the strength of the bamboo pole 02 is improved.
Step S7: a plurality of bamboo poles 02 with the same diameter are arranged in order, and reinforcing platforms 08 are arranged at the two ends of the bamboo poles 02 to manufacture the fence board.
As shown in fig. 9, the reinforcing platform 08 is made of a steel plate, a plurality of circular holes with the same diameter as the bamboo poles 02 are formed in the reinforcing platform 08, the bamboo poles 02 can be embedded in the reinforcing platform 08 to form a fence plate, a groove is formed in one end of the reinforcing platform 08, a protrusion is formed in the other end of the reinforcing platform 08, the protrusion can be embedded in the groove, and a plurality of reinforcing platforms 08 are assembled.
In another embodiment, as shown in fig. 10, a bamboo panel 010 is disposed on one bamboo pole, mold plates having the same shape as the side surfaces of the reinforcing platforms are mounted on both sides of the bamboo pole, so that the enclosure panel forms an accommodating space with an opening at the upper end, a reinforcing agent is filled into the accommodating space, a reinforcing agent layer 09 is obtained by pressurizing the reinforcing agent, reinforcing agents are filled in gaps between the bamboo poles and the surface of the bamboo pole, another bamboo board is taken and bonded with the reinforcing agent layer 09 through glue, the enclosure panel is turned over, the bamboo panel 010 disposed below the bamboo pole is taken off, the reinforcing agent is filled into the accommodating space again, and the bamboo panel 010 and the reinforcing agent layer 09 are bonded after being filled with the reinforcing agent, so that the enclosure panel with a flat surface can be completed.
Other steps of the manufacturing method of the process fence according to the embodiment are shown in the prior art.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention in any way, so that any modification, equivalent change and modification made to the above embodiment according to the technical spirit of the present invention are within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A drilling device capable of processing deep and long holes is characterized by comprising:
the drilling mechanism is used for drilling a hole to be machined;
the clamping mechanism is used for circumferentially positioning the workpiece to be machined;
the supporting mechanism is used for axially positioning the workpiece to be machined;
the drilling mechanism, the clamping mechanism and the supporting mechanism are connected with the base in a sliding mode, and the clamping mechanism is arranged between the supporting mechanism and the drilling mechanism;
the drilling mechanism is provided with a telescopic drill, the telescopic drill comprises a first telescopic rod, a telescopic sleeve and a drill bit, the drill bit is arranged at one end of the first telescopic rod and is connected with the first telescopic rod, the first telescopic rod is arranged in the telescopic sleeve, the first telescopic rod is connected with an axial moving assembly, and the axial moving assembly is used for driving the drill bit to axially reciprocate along the telescopic sleeve; the other end of the first telescopic rod is connected with a rotary power assembly, and the rotary power assembly is used for driving the first telescopic rod to rotate;
wherein the rotary power assembly comprises:
a motor;
the first belt wheel is connected with the output end of the motor;
the second belt wheel is connected with the telescopic drill;
the synchronous belt is sleeved outside the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel and is used for transmitting the power of the first belt wheel to the second belt wheel;
the first telescopic rod consists of three sections, namely a sleeve connecting section, a spiral guide section and a belt wheel connecting section; the sleeve connecting section is circular, is arranged in the telescopic sleeve and can axially reciprocate along the telescopic sleeve; the spiral guide section is provided with a spiral guide bulge, and the spiral guide bulge can be meshed with the axial moving assembly to drive the first telescopic rod to axially reciprocate; the cross section of the belt wheel connecting section is in a round corner rectangle shape, and the belt wheel connecting section is in clearance connection with the second belt wheel so as to drive the first telescopic rod to rotate;
the axial moving assembly comprises a guide piece and a guide rod; the end face of the guide piece is provided with a half-split connecting groove, and a spiral guide groove meshed with the spiral guide protrusion is arranged in the half-split connecting groove; guide bar one end with the guide links to each other, and the other end is equipped with connects the platform, be equipped with in the drilling mechanism and hold the guiding hole of guide bar, connect the platform with guide bar bolted connection is in order to fix the guide.
2. A drilling apparatus capable of processing deep long holes according to claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism comprises:
the clamping underframe is semicircular, and one end of the clamping underframe is provided with a threaded column;
the clamping movable frame is semicircular, one end of the clamping movable frame is hinged with the clamping bottom frame, and the other end of the clamping movable frame is provided with a connecting hole through which a threaded column can penetrate;
the clamping assemblies are uniformly distributed on the clamping bottom frame and the clamping movable frame and used for clamping workpieces to be machined.
3. A drill assembly according to claim 2 wherein the clamping assembly comprises:
the clamping sleeve is internally provided with a through adjusting channel;
the adjusting rod is arranged in the adjusting channel, the end part of the adjusting rod is in threaded connection with an adjusting nut, and the adjusting nut is used for fixing the adjusting rod;
and the roller is arranged at the other end of the adjusting rod.
4. A drilling apparatus capable of processing deep long holes according to claim 1, wherein the supporting mechanism is provided at an end of a member to be processed, and the supporting mechanism comprises:
a support base;
the second telescopic rod is mounted on the supporting base, and an ejector pin is arranged at the end part of the second telescopic rod and used for axially positioning a workpiece to be machined;
the rotating wheel is connected with the second telescopic rod and used for controlling the telescopic length of the second telescopic rod.
5. A drilling apparatus capable of processing deep long holes according to claim 1, wherein:
a plurality of linear guide rails are arranged on the base;
the drilling mechanism, the clamping mechanism and the supporting mechanism are provided with guide rail sliding blocks, and the guide rail sliding blocks are connected with the linear guide rails in a sliding mode.
6. A manufacturing method of a process fence, which is characterized in that the manufacturing method adopts a drilling device capable of processing deep long holes according to any one of claims 1-5, and the manufacturing method comprises the following steps:
baking and straightening fresh bamboo poles;
the bamboo pole is placed on the drilling device, the bamboo pole is positioned and clamped through the clamping mechanism and the supporting mechanism, the telescopic length of the first telescopic rod is adjusted to be the shortest, and a drill bit of the drilling mechanism is adjusted to be aligned with the center of the bamboo pole;
the rotary power assembly is driven to drive the first telescopic rod to rotate, the supporting mechanism is moved along the base, and the bamboo pole is driven to move towards the drill bit direction;
when the length of the drilled hole in the bamboo pole is equal to that of the telescopic sleeve, the axial moving component is driven to drive the first telescopic rod to axially move along the telescopic sleeve, and drilling of the rest bamboo poles is completed;
steaming and boiling the drilled bamboo poles, drying, and soaking the dried bamboo poles in a preservative;
filling a reinforcing agent in the bamboo poles, wherein the reinforcing agent comprises polyethylene foam, foaming cement and refractory stone powder;
a plurality of bamboo poles with the same diameter are arranged in order, and reinforcing platforms are arranged at the two ends of the bamboo poles to manufacture the fence board.
CN202210445655.4A 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 Drilling device capable of machining deep and long holes and manufacturing method of process fence Active CN114603645B (en)

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CN207954192U (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-10-12 洪叶 A kind of bamboo and wood fence of anti-dropout
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CN212582900U (en) * 2020-04-29 2021-02-23 南京林业大学 Filling foam reinforced raw bamboo structure
CN214443281U (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-10-22 常熟理工学院 Hydraulic control feeding deep hole drilling machine
CN113664255A (en) * 2021-09-02 2021-11-19 湖北文特斯智能科技有限公司 Deep hole machining device of deep hole drilling and boring machine and using method thereof

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JPH0828100A (en) * 1994-07-15 1996-01-30 Kaga Gakuhei Shokai:Kk Fence and its post
EP1923182A2 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-21 SCM GROUP S.p.A. Boring unit
EP2246007A1 (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-11-03 Nanolize GmbH Dental drilling system
CN201588526U (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-09-22 苏心照 Cutting-type deep hole drilling machine for hole bottom motor used in coal mines
CN201915516U (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-08-03 任昌植 Bamboo tube type house insulating structure
CN202087867U (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-12-28 三一重机有限公司 Single-shaft multistation deep hole drilling machine
KR20190023592A (en) * 2017-08-29 2019-03-08 신진숙 Drill assembly for implant
CN207954192U (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-10-12 洪叶 A kind of bamboo and wood fence of anti-dropout
CN108331242A (en) * 2018-04-07 2018-07-27 南京林业大学 A kind of raw bamboo-polystyrene foam particles combined wall board and its manufacturing method
CN210923125U (en) * 2019-07-08 2020-07-03 内蒙古自治区农牧业科学院 Earth drill component
CN110976966A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-10 重庆市巴山液压附件厂有限公司 Hole machining device
CN212582900U (en) * 2020-04-29 2021-02-23 南京林业大学 Filling foam reinforced raw bamboo structure
CN214443281U (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-10-22 常熟理工学院 Hydraulic control feeding deep hole drilling machine
CN113664255A (en) * 2021-09-02 2021-11-19 湖北文特斯智能科技有限公司 Deep hole machining device of deep hole drilling and boring machine and using method thereof

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