CN114557373B - Stacking and filling device, forming system and forming method - Google Patents

Stacking and filling device, forming system and forming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114557373B
CN114557373B CN202210189835.0A CN202210189835A CN114557373B CN 114557373 B CN114557373 B CN 114557373B CN 202210189835 A CN202210189835 A CN 202210189835A CN 114557373 B CN114557373 B CN 114557373B
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die
driving
stack
flexible
cavity
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CN114557373A (en
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沈子纪
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Shanghai Weilong Machinery Equipment Share Co ltd
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Shanghai Weilong Machinery Equipment Share Co ltd
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Priority to CN202211263201.1A priority Critical patent/CN115644200B/en
Priority to CN202210189835.0A priority patent/CN114557373B/en
Publication of CN114557373A publication Critical patent/CN114557373A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C9/00Other apparatus for handling dough or dough pieces
    • A21C9/08Depositing, arranging and conveying apparatus for handling pieces, e.g. sheets of dough
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C11/00Other machines for forming the dough into its final shape before cooking or baking
    • A21C11/02Embossing machines
    • A21C11/08Embossing machines with engraved moulds, e.g. rotary machines with die rolls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C9/00Other apparatus for handling dough or dough pieces
    • A21C9/06Apparatus for filling pieces of dough such as doughnuts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

The invention discloses a stacking and filling device, which comprises: the device comprises a feeding part, a filling control part, a flexible conveying channel, a pressing part and a mould; the feeding part is used for storing a first material; the filling control part is connected with the material supply part; the filling control part is used for controlling the feeding part to convey the first material into the mould through the flexible material conveying channel; the pressing part comprises a driving part and a material punching die, and the driving part can drive the material punching die to move up and down along a first direction; the die can move up and down along a first direction, the die comprises a superposition cavity, the superposition cavity is used for containing a second material and a first material, and the driving part is used for driving the material stamping die to move down along the first direction so as to push the first material to be superposed above the second material. The invention can automatically stack moon cake blanks by using a stacking and filling mode, thereby improving the production efficiency. The invention also provides a molding system and a molding method.

Description

Stacking and filling device, forming system and forming method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of food machinery, in particular to a superposition filling device, a forming system and a forming method.
Background
At present, the production of double-layer or double-color moon cakes still adopts manual superposition of moon cake blanks, and the operation is labor-consuming, time-consuming and low in efficiency; hygiene is also problematic. For example: the existing moon cake skin material is put into a mould, then another moon cake skin material is stacked above the existing moon cake skin material, and then the moon cake skin material is manually pressed, molded, baked, made, preserved and stored, so that the labor intensity is high, the capacity and efficiency are low, the moon cake is not sanitary, the positions of patterns on the moon cake are inconsistent, and the aesthetic feeling of the moon cake is reduced. Based on the current situation, no ideal production device for double-layer or double-color moon cakes exists.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems of high labor intensity and low capacity efficiency of manually superposing moon cake blanks. The invention provides a stacking and filling device which can automatically stack moon cake blanks, thereby not only increasing the aesthetic feeling of formed moon cakes, but also improving the production efficiency.
In order to solve the above technical problem, an embodiment of the present invention discloses a stack filling apparatus, including: a feeding part, a filling control part, a flexible material conveying channel, a pressing part and a mould; the feeding part is used for storing a first material; the filling control part is connected with the feeding part; the two ends of the flexible material conveying channel are respectively connected with the feeding part and the mold, and the filling control part is used for controlling the feeding part to convey the first material into the mold through the flexible material conveying channel; the pressing part comprises a driving part and a material stamping die, and the driving part can drive the material stamping die to move up and down along a first direction; the die can move up and down along the first direction, the die comprises a superposition cavity, the superposition cavity is used for containing a second material and the first material, and the driving part is used for driving the material stamping die to move down along the first direction so as to push the first material to be superposed above the second material.
By adopting the technical scheme, moon cake blanks can be automatically superposed, and moon cakes with various different flower types can be manufactured by replacing corresponding dies. The molding shape is round, square, ellipse, mini and mini cartoon with different shapes, and the die can be customized according to the requirement. The first and second materials may be the same color or different colors. Simple structure, convenient operation, low labor intensity of workers, high productivity efficiency, easy disassembly and assembly and cleaning.
According to another specific embodiment of the invention, the embodiment of the invention discloses a stacking and filling device, and the time for the feeding part to feed to the stacking cavity for a single time is 2 seconds to 3 seconds.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the embodiment of the present invention discloses a stack filling apparatus, wherein the rotation speed of the driving motor is 10 rpm/s to 14 rpm/s.
According to another specific embodiment of the present invention, the filling control portion controls the amount of the first material conveyed into the mold by the feeding portion through the flexible conveying passage by controlling the rotation speed and the rotation time of the driving motor. According to another embodiment of the present invention, the feeding portion feeds the stacking chamber with a weight of 3g to 5g in a single time.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, an embodiment of the present invention discloses a superposition filling apparatus, the filling control section including: a controller and a frequency converter; the controller is connected with the frequency converter, the frequency converter is connected with the driving motor, and the controller controls the rotating speed and the rotating time of the driving motor through the frequency converter.
According to another specific embodiment of the invention, the embodiment of the invention discloses a superposition filling device, wherein the discharge pump comprises an input end and an output end, and the flexible conveying channel comprises a first end and a second end; the input end and the output end are respectively connected with the material cavity and the first end of the flexible material conveying channel, and the second end is connected with the mold.
According to another specific embodiment of the present invention, an embodiment of the present invention discloses a stack filling apparatus, wherein the pressing portion further includes: a driving seat frame, wherein the driving part is fixedly arranged above the first direction of the mould through the driving seat frame; a telescoping portion comprising: the telescopic rod comprises a telescopic first end and a telescopic second end, and the elastic piece comprises an elastic first end and an elastic second end; the drive division can drive the telescopic link is followed the up-and-down motion of first direction, flexible first end with the drive division is connected, flexible second end with the material die is connected, the stopper is fixed set up in the telescopic link, elasticity first end with the stopper links to each other.
According to another specific embodiment of the present invention, an embodiment of the present invention discloses a stack filling apparatus, wherein the pressing portion further includes: the elastic second end of the die connecting plate is connected with the die connecting plate; the mould is connected with the mould connecting plate, and when the telescopic part moves upwards along the first direction for a set distance, the mould can move upwards synchronously along the first direction; and when the mould moves downwards to the workbench along the first direction, the telescopic part continues to move downwards along the first direction for the set distance. Illustratively, the mold is detachably connected to the mold connecting plate to replace a different type of mold.
According to another specific embodiment of the present invention, the embodiment of the present invention discloses a stacking and filling device, wherein the telescopic rod further comprises: a limiting part; the limiting part is fixedly arranged on the telescopic rod and is positioned below the die connecting plate and above the material stamping die; the mold connecting plate includes: a limiting groove; the limiting groove is used for accommodating the limiting part which moves synchronously along with the telescopic rod, so that the die connecting plate moves synchronously along with the telescopic rod.
According to another specific embodiment of the present invention, an embodiment of the present invention discloses a stacking and filling apparatus, wherein the pressing part further includes: deflector and spliced pole, the deflector extends along first direction, the deflector with drive seat frame fixed connection, the deflector is equipped with the edge the guide way that first direction extends, the spliced pole includes first end and second end, spliced pole first end set up in the guide way, spliced pole second end with the mould connecting plate is connected, makes the mould is followed the guide way goes on the up-and-down motion of first direction, circumferential motion is restricted.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the present invention discloses a stacking filling device, wherein the stacking cavity is connected to the second end of the flexible feeding channel, and is used for determining the sizes and shapes of the first material and the second material.
According to another embodiment of the invention, the inner diameter of the flexible conveying channel is 32 mm to 40 mm.
The embodiment of the invention also discloses a molding system, which comprises: a encrusting machine for providing the second material; the stacking and filling device; and a body including: a supporting leg, a frame, a panel, a rod piece and a workbench; the supporting feet are arranged on the landing part of the machine body, the rack is supported and fixed by the panel and the rod pieces, and the workbench is positioned right below the mold; and the machine body is provided with the conveying part which is used for conveying the second material and the molding material, and the conveying part is arranged above the workbench.
According to another specific embodiment of the invention, the encrusting machine provides the second material to be conveyed to the workbench through the conveying part, and the filling control part controls the superposition filling device to perform processing and forming to generate the formed material.
The embodiment of the invention also discloses a molding method, which uses the molding system; the molding method comprises the following steps: the encrusting machine provides the second material to the workbench; the filling control part controls the feeding part to convey the first material to the stacking cavity through the flexible conveying channel; the driving part drives the die to move downwards to the workbench along the first direction so as to enable a second material to be contained in the superposition cavity; the material stamping die moves downwards along the first direction under the driving of the driving part so as to push the first material to be superposed above the second material to form a superposed material; the driving part drives the material stamping die and the die to move upwards along the first direction, and the superposed materials are conveyed to the next working procedure through the conveying part.
Drawings
FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a stack-filling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 shows a front view of a nip in an overlay filling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of a nip in an overlay filling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view of a nip portion of a stack-up filling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a feeding section of the stack filling apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a material chamber in the stacking and filling device according to the embodiment of the present invention, and the adjusting screw structure is not shown;
FIG. 7 is a front view of the interior of a discharge pump in the stacking and filling apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a guide assembly in a stack-up filling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 shows a front view of a guide assembly in a stack filling apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing a connecting plate in the stacking and filling apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 shows a perspective view of a molding system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided for illustrative purposes, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the present disclosure. While the invention will be described in conjunction with the preferred embodiments, it is not intended that features of the invention be limited to these embodiments. On the contrary, the invention is described in connection with the embodiments for the purpose of covering alternatives or modifications that may be extended based on the claims of the present invention. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. The invention may be practiced without these particulars. Moreover, some of the specific details have been left out of the description in order to avoid obscuring or obscuring the focus of the present invention. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
It should be noted that in this specification, like reference numerals and letters refer to like items in the following drawings, and thus, once an item is defined in one drawing, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent drawings.
In the description of the present embodiment, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "bottom", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that are conventionally placed when the products of the present invention are used, and are only used for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements indicated must have specific orientations, be configured in specific orientations, and operate, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
The terms "first," "second," and the like are used solely to distinguish one from another and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present embodiment, it should be further noted that, unless explicitly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "disposed," "connected" and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present embodiment can be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, the present application provides a stack filling apparatus comprising: a feeding part 10, a filling control part 20, a flexible delivery channel 30, a pressing part 40 and a mould 50. Wherein the feeding portion 10 is used for storing a first material, as shown in fig. 1, the feeding portion 10 is placed on a shelf 14. Illustratively, the first material is a moon cake crust; however, the present invention is not limited thereto, and may be other wrappers such as cake.
The filling controller 20 is electrically connected to the material supplying unit 10, and adjusts and controls the material supply of the first material in the material supplying unit 10 in real time. The two ends of the flexible material conveying channel 30 are respectively connected with the material supplying part 10 and the mold 50, illustratively, the two ends of the flexible material conveying channel 30 are respectively connected with the material supplying part 10 and the mold 50 by adopting quick-release interfaces, which is convenient for the disassembling and cleaning work of the flexible material conveying channel 30, and the filling control part 20 adjusts and controls the speed and the weight of the material supplying part 10 to convey the first material into the mold 50 through the flexible material conveying channel 30 in real time.
Referring to fig. 2 to 4, the stitching portion 40 includes a driving portion 41 and a material stamping die 44, wherein the driving portion 41 can drive the material stamping die 44 to move up and down along a first direction (shown as X direction in fig. 2), the upward movement is a direction (shown in fig. 2 and 3), and the downward movement is a direction (shown in fig. 2 and 3). Exemplarily, the driving part is a cylinder structure; however, the present application is not limited thereto, and may also be a motor drive structure; it is within the scope of the present disclosure for the drive portion to be configured to drive the material punch 44 in a first direction.
In addition, with continued reference to fig. 2 and 3, the mold 50 of the present application is also capable of moving up and down in the first direction (as shown by the X-direction in fig. 2 and 3). The mold 50 includes an overlapping cavity 51, and the overlapping cavity 51 is connected to one end of the flexible feed conveyor channel 30 and is used for accommodating a second material (shown as 51b in fig. 3) and a first material (shown as 51a in fig. 3), and the first material is positioned above the second material along a first direction (shown as X in fig. 3). Illustratively, the radius of the upper stacking chamber portion 51a is smaller than the radius of the lower stacking chamber portion 51 b; however, the present application is not limited thereto, and the radius of the upper stacking chamber portion 51a may be greater than or equal to the radius of the lower stacking chamber portion 51 b. When the second material and the first material are accommodated in the stacking chamber 51, the driving portion 41 drives the material punch 44 to push the first material downward in the first direction (as shown by a direction b in fig. 3) in the mold 50 to stack the first material on the second material, and the first material and the second material are press-molded by the material punch 44 in the stacking chamber 51.
Illustratively, the second material is a moon cake blank; but not limited thereto, other blanks such as a cake, a biscuit, etc. may be used. The first and second materials are press-molded in the stack cavity 51 by the material die 44 to form a stack, the outer shape of which is determined by the side of the material die 44 that contacts and presses the materials (as shown at 44a in fig. 4) and the molding side of the stack cavity 51. The size and dimension of the stacked material are determined by the size and dimension of the stacked cavity, illustratively, the material punch die and the stacked cavity are a circular core die and a cylindrical cavity; but is not limited thereto and may be a mold of other shape.
In summary, the feeding portion 10 of the present application is communicated with the flexible material conveying channel 30, the mold 50 is connected with the flexible material conveying channel 30, the filling control portion 20 is connected with the feeding portion 10, and the filling control portion 20 adjusts and controls the feeding portion 10 to provide the amount of the first material to the mold 50 in real time; when the second material and the first material are accommodated in the stacking cavity 51, the pressing part 40 operates, and the first material and the second material are pressed and molded in the stacking cavity 51 by the material punching die 44 to form a stacked material in the mold 50. The stacking and filling device of the invention adopts automatic stacking of moon cake blanks, and moon cakes with various different flower types can be manufactured by replacing the corresponding die 50. The molding shape is round, square, ellipse, mini and mini cartoon with different shapes, and the die can be customized according to the requirement. Simple structure, convenient operation, low labor intensity of workers, high productivity efficiency, easy disassembly and assembly and cleaning.
In some possible embodiments, referring to fig. 5, the feeding part 10 includes a transmission part 11, a material chamber 12, and a discharge pump 13. The material cavity 12 is of a semi-open structure, an opening is formed in the upper portion of the material cavity, the adjusting auger 120 is arranged in the material cavity, the adjusting auger 120 comprises a rotating shaft 122 and a helical blade 123, the helical blade 123 is driven to rotate through rotation of the rotating shaft 122, and the helical blade 123 is used for pushing input first materials into the discharge pump 13 in a helical mode. Illustratively, two adjusting augers 120 extending along a second direction (shown as a Y direction in fig. 5) are arranged in the material cavity 12, a part of the rotating shaft 122 is arranged outside the material cavity 12, and a second chain wheel 112 and a transmission gear 121 are arranged on the outer rotating shaft 122. However, the present application is not limited thereto, and the number of the adjusting augers 120 in the material chamber 12 may be a single adjusting auger or a plurality of adjusting augers. Illustratively, the adjusting auger 120 is connected with the transmission part 11 through a chain 113, the transmission part 11 provides power, and the second chain wheel 112 arranged on the chain 113 and the rotating shaft 122 drives the adjusting auger 120 to rotate, so as to screw-push the first material to the discharge pump 13.
Referring to fig. 6 to 7, a feeding side (shown as side d in fig. 7) of the discharge pump 13 is connected to a discharging side (shown as side c in fig. 6) of the material chamber 12, the discharge pump 13 further includes a housing 130, a circular opening 124 for facilitating the adjustment of the feeding of the auger 120 is disposed along a second direction (shown as direction Y in fig. 6) at a side (shown as side c in fig. 6) where the material chamber 12 is connected to the discharge pump 13, a rotor 132 for rotating the blade 131 is disposed inside the housing 130, the rotor 132 is mechanically connected to the adjustment auger 120 passing through the circular opening, the adjustment auger 120 drives the rotor 132 to rotate, the rotor 132 drives the blade 131 to rotate, and a first material input into the discharge pump 13 by the adjustment auger 120 is rotationally driven by the blade 131 and enters the flexible material conveying channel 20 connected to the discharge pump 13.
With continued reference to fig. 5, the transmission part 11 includes a driving motor 110, a first sprocket 111, a second sprocket 112, and a chain 113. The material cavity 12 and the discharge pump 13 of the feeding part 10 are erected above the shelf 14, the driving motor 110 is arranged below the shelf 14, the driving motor 110 is connected with the filling control part 20, and the filling control part 20 controls the driving motor 110 to adjust the rotating speed in real time. Specifically, the first chain wheel 111 is fixedly disposed on an output shaft of the driving motor 110, the second chain wheel 112 is fixedly disposed at one end of an outer shaft body of the adjusting auger 120, and the chain 113 is sleeved on the first chain wheel 111 and the second chain wheel 112. The driving motor 110 provides power for the adjusting auger 120, exemplarily, the driving motor 110 of the present invention drives the second chain wheel 112 on the rotating shaft 122 of the adjusting auger 120 to rotate through the chain 113, so that the adjusting auger 120 provided with the second chain wheel 112 in fig. 5 rotates, and meanwhile, since the rotating shafts 122 of the two adjusting augers 120 are both provided with the transmission gear 121, the power is transmitted from the adjusting auger 120 driven by the chain 113 to the other adjusting auger 120 through the transmission gear 121, so that the adjusting auger 120 rotates therewith. The blade 131 is driven by the adjusting screw 120 to rotate, so that the first material is pushed into the shell 130 of the discharge pump 13 from the material cavity 12 through the stirring of the adjusting screw 120, and the blade 131 driven by the adjusting screw 120 extrudes the first material out of the discharge pump 13 to enter the flexible material conveying channel 30.
It should be noted that the filling control part 20 is connected to the feeding part 10, and controls the feeding part 10 to supply the speed and weight of the first material to the mold 50 through the flexible material conveying passage 30 by adjusting the rotation speed and rotation time of the driving motor 110 in real time. Illustratively, the time for a single feed of the feeding portion 10 of the present invention to the mold 50 is 2 seconds to 3 seconds, and the weight is 3g to 5g; the rotational speed of the driving motor 110 of the present invention is 10 rpm to 14 rpm. The specific value is different under the influence of the material viscosity, and when the material viscosity is higher, the rotating speed of the driving motor 110 is properly increased; when the viscosity of the material is low, the rotation speed of the driving motor 110 may be appropriately reduced to control the speed and weight of the material filled into the stacking cavity 51 of the mold 50.
The inner diameter of the flexible feed delivery channel 30 of the present invention is 32 mm to 40 mm. When the inner diameter of the flexible material conveying channel 30 is less than 32 mm, the power required for conveying the materials into the stacking cavity through the flexible material conveying channel 30 by the discharging pump 13 is too large, and the requirements on the pressure resistance of the driving motor 110 and the equipment materials are remarkably increased; when the pipe diameter is too large, the material conveying speed of the material will be reduced, and the production efficiency will be reduced accordingly, so the flexible material conveying channel 30 with the above inner diameter should be selected to convey the material.
Meanwhile, since the mold 50 continuously reciprocates up and down along the first direction (as shown in the X direction in fig. 1) during the operation of the apparatus, the material conveying passage of the present invention is made of a flexible material to convey the material. Illustratively, the flexible delivery channel is a food flexible connecting pipe; however, the application is not limited to this, and the flexible material of the flexible material conveying channel may also be other materials such as silica gel.
The filling control unit 20 includes a controller and a frequency converter. The controller is connected with the frequency converter, the frequency converter is connected with the driving motor 110, and the controller controls the rotating speed and the rotating time of the driving motor 110 through the frequency converter so as to realize the real-time control and adjustment of the filling control part 20 on the feeding speed of the feeding part 10.
In some possible embodiments, referring to fig. 6 and 7, the discharge pump 13 includes an input end and an output end, the input end is two circular openings 124 communicated with each other between the discharge pump 13 and the material chamber 12, the housing 130 is provided with a rotor 132, the rotor 132 is mechanically connected with the adjusting screw conveyor 120 passing through the circular openings 124, the adjusting screw conveyor 120 drives the rotor 132 to rotate, and the rotor 132 enables the blades 131 to rotate; the output end is located at the upper end of the housing 130, and is connected to the first end of the flexible material conveying channel 30 by a quick-release interface.
In some possible embodiments, referring to fig. 2, the pressing portion 40 further includes a driving seat frame 42 and a telescopic portion 43, the driving portion 41 is fixedly connected to the driving seat frame 42 along a first direction (as shown by the direction X in fig. 2), and the driving seat frame 42 is disposed on the upper body of the mold 50 and is used for fixing the driving portion 41 to enable the driving portion to move the mold 50 up and down along the first direction (as shown by the direction X in fig. 2).
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the telescopic part 43 includes a telescopic rod 430, the telescopic rod 430 moves up and down along a first direction, and includes a first end 4300 of the telescopic rod facing upward along the first direction (as shown by a in fig. 3) and a second end 4301 of the telescopic rod facing downward along the first direction (as shown by b in fig. 3), the first end 4300 of the telescopic rod is connected to the driving part 41, the second end 4301 of the telescopic rod is connected to the material stamping die 44, and the driving part 41 can drive the material stamping die 44 to move up and down in the stacking cavity 51 when driving the telescopic rod 430 to move up and down along the first direction (as shown by X in fig. 3). After the driving part 41 drives the telescopic part 43 to move a set distance in the first direction (as shown in the direction a in fig. 3), the mold 50 can be moved synchronously in the first direction (as shown in the direction a in fig. 3). At this time, the material die 44 is driven by the driving part 41 to move upward (as shown in a direction a in fig. 3) to be in a filling state, and the feeding part 10 feeds the first material into the stacking chamber 51 through the flexible material feeding passage 30 under the control of the filling control part 20. Referring to fig. 11, the second material is conveyed to the table 65 by the conveying portion 70 in a third direction (shown as Y-direction in fig. 11).
With continued reference to fig. 3 and 4, when the driving part 41 drives the telescopic part 43 to move downwards (as shown in the direction b in fig. 3) along the first direction, the die 50 moves downwards (as shown in the direction b in fig. 3) synchronously along the first direction until the die 50 reaches the workbench 65, after the die 50 receives the second material in the stacking cavity 51, the material stamping die 44 continues to move downwards by a set distance under the driving of the driving part 41 to be in a stacking state, and the material stamping die 44 stacks the first material on the second material under the driving of the driving part 41.
It should be noted that the set distance is not limited, and the material stamping die 44 can be located at the upper end of the stacking cavity 51 after the pressing process is finished. Referring to fig. 3, when the material in the flexible material conveying channel 30 has entered the mold 50 and the filling is completed, the driving part 41 drives the telescopic part 43 to move downward (as shown by direction b in fig. 3), the mold 50 moves downward (as shown by direction b in fig. 3) along with the telescopic part 43, when the mold 50 reaches the working platform 65, the mold 50 cannot move downward (as shown by direction b in fig. 3), the limiting part 433 escapes from the limiting groove 450, and the material stamping die 44, pushed by the telescopic rod 430, stacks the first material on the second material in the mold 50 and continues to press downward (as shown by direction b in fig. 3) along the first direction until reaching the upper end of the stacking cavity 51, in which the distance that the material stamping die 44 displaces downward (as shown by direction b in fig. 3) along the first direction is the set distance.
With continued reference to fig. 2 and 4, the press-fit portion of the present invention further includes: the elastic member 431 and the limit block 432, wherein the limit block 432 is fixedly arranged above the telescopic rod elastic member 431 along a first direction (shown as a direction in fig. 2), and the elastic first end 4310 is abutted against the limit block 432; meanwhile, the press-fit part of the invention further comprises a die connecting plate 45, and the elastic second end 4311 is abutted against the upper end face of the die connecting plate 45; the die 50 is connected to the die link plate 45 such that the die 50 can move synchronously with the die link plate 45 in a first direction (as indicated by the X-direction in fig. 4).
When the device is in a stacked state, the driving portion 41 drives the telescopic portion 43 to move downwards (as shown by the direction b in fig. 2) along the first direction, the mold connecting plate 45 moves downwards along the telescopic portion 43 synchronously along the first direction (as shown by the direction b in fig. 2), the mold 50 moves synchronously along the mold connecting plate 45 until the mold 50 is located on the working table 65, the mold connecting plate 45 stops moving downwards along the first direction (as shown by the direction b in fig. 2), the telescopic rod 430 continues to move downwards along the first direction (as shown by the direction b in fig. 2) under the driving of the driving portion 41, and the limiting block 432 is fixedly arranged on the telescopic rod 430, so that the distance between the limiting block 432 and the mold connecting plate 45 is continuously reduced, and the two ends of the elastic member 431 are subjected to elastic deformation until reaching the elastic limit, so that the telescopic portion 43 stops moving downwards (as shown by the direction b in fig. 4); when the device is in the filling state, the elastic member 431 is under the influence of elastic tension, and the driving portion 41 drives the telescopic portion 43 to move upward along the first direction (as shown in the direction a in fig. 4), the distance between the limiting block 432 and the die connecting plate 45 is increased, and the elastic member 431 is gradually restored to the initial state from the compressed state.
Referring to fig. 4, the telescopic rod 430 further includes a limiting portion 433; spacing portion 433 is fixed to be set up in telescopic link 430, and spacing portion 433 is located the mould connecting plate 45 below and the top of material stamping die 44. Referring to fig. 4 and 9, the mold connecting plate 45 of the present invention includes a stopper groove 450 for receiving the stopper 433 which moves synchronously with the expansion link 430. Because the mold 50 is connected to the mold connecting plate 45, when the driving portion 41 drives the telescopic rod 430 to move a set distance in a first direction (as shown in a direction a in fig. 4), the limiting portion 433 abuts against the limiting groove 450, and the limiting groove 450 receives a force of the limiting portion 433 moving upward (as shown in a direction a in fig. 4), so that the mold connecting plate 45 moves synchronously with the telescopic rod 430, and the mold 50 can move synchronously upward (as shown in a direction a in fig. 4) with the mold connecting plate 45.
It should be noted that, when in the filling state, after the driving portion 41 drives the telescopic rod to move a set distance in the first direction (as shown in the direction a in fig. 4), the limiting portion 433 abuts against the limiting groove 450, and the limiting portion 433 is driven by the telescopic rod 430, so that the mold connecting plate 45 moves in the first direction (as shown in the direction a in fig. 4); when the mold 50 is in the stacking state and does not reach the workbench 65, the driving part 41 drives the telescopic rod to move downwards (as shown in the direction b in fig. 4) along the first direction, the limiting part 433 abuts against the limiting groove 450, and the mold connecting plate 45 moves along with the limiting part 433 under the action of gravity; when the mold 50 reaches the working stage 65 in the stacking state, the driving portion 41 drives the telescopic rod to move downward (as shown in the direction b in fig. 4) in the first direction, the limiting portion 433 is separated from the limiting groove 450, the limiting portion 433 continues to move along with the telescopic rod 430, and the mold connecting plate 45 stops moving due to the upward supporting effect of the mold 50.
Illustratively, the nut is selected as the limiting part in the invention, which not only can effectively limit and drive the die connecting plate 45, but also has the effects of simple structure and cost reduction.
In some possible embodiments, referring to fig. 8 and 9, the stitching portion further includes a guide plate 46 and a connecting post 47, the guide plate 46 extends along a first direction (as shown by X in fig. 8) and is fixedly connected to the driving seat frame 42, a guide groove 460 extending along the first direction (as shown by X in fig. 8) is disposed in the middle of the guide plate 46, a first end of the connecting post 47 is disposed in the guide groove 460, and the other end of the connecting post is connected to the mold connecting plate 45, so that the mold 50 can move up and down along the guide groove 460 in the first direction (as shown by X in fig. 8), and the circumferential movement of the mold 50 is limited, which can effectively prevent the first material and the second material from being stacked to generate a gap or dislocation.
In some possible embodiments, referring to fig. 1-10 in combination with 11, a molding system of the present invention comprises: stuffing wrapping machine, overlapping filling device, machine body 60, and conveying part 70. Wherein, the first and the second end of the pipe are connected with each other,
the encrusting machine is positioned in the previous working procedure and is used for providing a second material to be conveyed into the superposition cavity 51 of the die 50 in the superposition filling device through a conveying part 70, and the conveying part is arranged above the workbench. Referring to fig. 10, the body 60 includes: a supporting foot 61, a frame 62, a panel 63, a rod 64 and a working platform 65, wherein the supporting foot 61 is arranged on the grounding part of the machine body 60, and the frame 62 is supported and fixed by the panel 63 and the rod 64. Referring to fig. 5, the worktable 65 is located right below the mold 50, and the filling control part 20 controls the pressing part 40 to process and form the molding material in the mold 50.
In some possible embodiments, referring to fig. 1 to 10 in combination with fig. 11, a molding method of the present invention is:
after the second material provided by the encrusting machine is conveyed to the workbench 65 along the third direction (as shown in the Y direction in fig. 11) by the conveying part 70, the filling control part 20 controls the feeding part 10 to convey the first material to the stacking cavity 51 through the flexible conveying channel 30; the driving part 41 drives the die 50 to move downwards (as shown in the direction b in fig. 2) to the worktable 65 along the first direction, so that the second material is contained inside the stacking cavity 51; the material stamping die 44 moves downwards (as shown in the direction b in fig. 2) along the first direction under the driving of the driving part 41 so as to push the first material to be superposed above the second material to form a superposed material; the driving part 41 drives the material stamping die 44 and the mold to move in a first direction (as shown in a direction a in fig. 2), and the stacked material is conveyed to the next process step through the conveying part 70, which may be a forming machine or a disc arranging machine.
While the invention has been shown and described with reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing is a more detailed description of the invention, taken in conjunction with the specific embodiments thereof, and that no limitation of the invention is intended thereby. Various changes in form and detail, including simple deductions or substitutions, may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (16)

1. A stack filling apparatus, comprising: the device comprises a feeding part, a filling control part, a flexible conveying channel, a pressing part and a mould; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the feeding part is used for storing a first material;
the filling control part is connected with the feeding part;
the two ends of the flexible conveying channel are respectively connected with the feeding part and the mould, and the filling control part is used for controlling the feeding part to convey the first material into the mould through the flexible conveying channel;
the pressing part comprises a driving part and a material punching die, and the driving part can drive the material punching die to move up and down along a first direction;
the die can move up and down along the first direction, the die comprises a superposition cavity, the superposition cavity is used for containing a second material and the first material, and the driving part is used for driving the material stamping die to move down along the first direction so as to push the first material to be superposed above the second material;
the nip portion further includes:
a driving seat frame, wherein the driving part is fixedly arranged above the first direction of the mould through the driving seat frame;
a telescoping section comprising: the telescopic rod comprises a telescopic first end and a telescopic second end, and the elastic piece comprises an elastic first end and an elastic second end;
the drive division can drive the telescopic link is followed the first direction up-and-down motion, flexible first end with the drive division is connected, flexible second end with the material die is connected, the stopper is fixed set up in the telescopic link, elasticity first end with the stopper links to each other.
2. The stack filling apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the supply portion comprises: a transmission part, a material cavity and a discharge pump; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
an adjusting auger is arranged in the material cavity and connected with the transmission part;
the discharge pump is communicated with the material cavity;
the transmission portion includes: the chain wheel mechanism comprises a driving motor, a first chain wheel, a second chain wheel and a chain; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the driving motor is connected with the filling control part;
the first chain wheel is fixed on an output shaft of the driving motor, the second chain wheel is fixed at one axial end of the adjusting auger in the material cavity, and the chain is sleeved on the first chain wheel and the second chain wheel;
the driving motor is used for driving the adjusting auger to convey the first material to the discharge pump through the material cavity, and the discharge pump conveys the first material to the die through the flexible conveying channel.
3. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the time for a single feed of the feeding portion to the stack chamber is 2 seconds to 3 seconds.
4. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the rotation speed of the driving motor is 10 to 14 revolutions/sec.
5. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said filling control section controls the amount of said first material which is supplied from said supply section to said mold through said flexible material supply passage by controlling the rotation speed and the rotation time of said driving motor.
6. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the weight of a single feed of the feeding portion to the stack chamber is 3g to 5g.
7. The superposition filling apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the filling control section includes:
a controller and a frequency converter;
the controller is connected with the frequency converter, the frequency converter is connected with the driving motor, and the controller controls the rotating speed and the rotating time of the driving motor through the frequency converter.
8. The stack filling apparatus of claim 2, wherein said discharge pump comprises an input end and an output end, and said flexible feed conveyor channel comprises a first end and a second end;
the input end and the output end are respectively connected with the material cavity and the first end of the flexible material conveying channel, and the second end is connected with the mold.
9. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the press-fit portion further comprises:
the elastic second end is connected with the die connecting plate;
the mould is connected with the mould connecting plate, and when the telescopic part moves upwards along the first direction for a set distance, the mould can move upwards synchronously along the first direction;
and when the die moves downwards to the workbench along the first direction, the telescopic part continues to move downwards along the first direction for the set distance.
10. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the telescopic rod further comprises: a limiting part; the limiting part is fixedly arranged on the telescopic rod and is positioned below the die connecting plate and above the material stamping die; the die connecting plate includes: a limiting groove; the limiting groove is used for accommodating the limiting part which synchronously moves along with the telescopic rod, so that the die connecting plate synchronously moves along with the telescopic rod.
11. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the press-fit portion further comprises: deflector and spliced pole, the deflector extends along first direction, the deflector with drive seat frame fixed connection, the deflector is equipped with the edge the guide way that first direction extends, the spliced pole includes first end and second end, spliced pole first end set up in the guide way, spliced pole second end with the mould connecting plate is connected, makes the mould is followed the guide way goes on the up-and-down motion of first direction, circumferential motion is restricted.
12. The stack filling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said stack chamber is connected to a second end of said flexible feed conveyor channel for sizing said first material and said second material.
13. The stack filling apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said flexible feed conveyor channel has an inner diameter of 32 mm to 40 mm.
14. A molding system, comprising:
a encrusting machine for providing the second material;
the stack filling apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 13; and
a fuselage, comprising: a supporting leg, a frame, a panel, a rod piece and a workbench; wherein, the first and the second end of the pipe are connected with each other,
the supporting feet are arranged on the landing part of the machine body, the frame is supported and fixed by the panel and the rod piece, and the workbench is positioned right below the mold; and
the conveying part is arranged on the machine body and used for conveying the second material and the forming material, and the conveying part is arranged above the workbench.
15. The molding system of claim 14, wherein the encrusting machine provides the second material to the working table through the conveying part, and the filling control part controls the overlapping filling device to perform molding to generate the molding material.
16. A molding method characterized by using the molding system of claim 14 or 15; the molding method comprises the following steps:
the encrusting machine provides the second material to the workbench;
the filling control part controls the feeding part to convey the first material to the stacking cavity through the flexible conveying channel;
the driving part drives the die to move downwards to the workbench along the first direction so as to enable a second material to be contained in the superposition cavity;
the material stamping die moves downwards along the first direction under the driving of the driving part so as to push the first material to be superposed above the second material to form a superposed material;
the driving part drives the material stamping die and the die to move upwards along the first direction, and the superposed materials are conveyed to the next working procedure through the conveying part.
CN202210189835.0A 2022-02-28 2022-02-28 Stacking and filling device, forming system and forming method Active CN114557373B (en)

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CN202210189835.0A CN114557373B (en) 2022-02-28 2022-02-28 Stacking and filling device, forming system and forming method

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