CN114453294A - Photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment - Google Patents

Photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114453294A
CN114453294A CN202210091982.4A CN202210091982A CN114453294A CN 114453294 A CN114453294 A CN 114453294A CN 202210091982 A CN202210091982 A CN 202210091982A CN 114453294 A CN114453294 A CN 114453294A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sides
photovoltaic
support frame
placing plate
frame
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Pending
Application number
CN202210091982.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
安向辉
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Shenzhen Xinan Human Construction Co ltd
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Shenzhen Xinan Human Construction Co ltd
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Application filed by Shenzhen Xinan Human Construction Co ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Xinan Human Construction Co ltd
Priority to CN202210091982.4A priority Critical patent/CN114453294A/en
Publication of CN114453294A publication Critical patent/CN114453294A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • B08B1/165
    • B08B1/12
    • B08B1/20
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention relates to cleaning equipment, in particular to automatic cleaning equipment for a photovoltaic panel for construction of a photovoltaic power station. The technical problem to be solved is as follows: the photovoltaic power plant construction photovoltaic panel automatic cleaning equipment can automatically adjust, schedule and scrape dust automatically, and can increase the stabilizing effect in a positioning manner. The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment, including: a support frame; the universal wheels are symmetrically and rotatably arranged on two sides of the bottom of the support frame; the middle of the top of the support frame is provided with the buffer plate in a sliding manner; the first spring is symmetrically arranged between the lower side of the buffer plate and the upper side inside the support frame. After the gear motor starts, through scraper blade and brush up-and-down reciprocating motion, the impurity of scraper blade on with the photovoltaic board strikes off, and first gear rotation drives the brush rotation, makes the brush carry out cleaning work to the photovoltaic board, has reached automatic striking off impurity and self-cleaning's effect.

Description

Photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to cleaning equipment, in particular to automatic cleaning equipment for a photovoltaic panel for building a photovoltaic power station.
Background
Photovoltaic power plant is green energy project, installation polylith photovoltaic board on the photovoltaic power plant, and the photovoltaic board exposes can produce current under sunshine, reaches the effect of electricity generation, and the photovoltaic board exposes for a long time in the air, piles up too much dust easily, need strike off the dust on the photovoltaic board cleanly, increases the life of photovoltaic board.
At present, in current photovoltaic for power plant board cleaning device, need the angle of manual regulation photovoltaic board, still need the manual work to strike off the dust and clean the dust impurity on the photovoltaic board, lead to increasing artificial intensity of labour, and can not be fine with the equipment location, stability is relatively poor, causes equipment to rock easily, influences some problems such as photovoltaic board work efficiency and exists.
To sum up, need design one kind can automatically regulated dispatch and strike off the dust voluntarily, can fix a position the photovoltaic power plant that increases firm effect and construct with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment to solve foretell problem.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome current photovoltaic for power plant photovoltaic board cleaning device, need the angle of artifical regulation photovoltaic board, the manual work strikes off the dust, increases artificial intensity of labour, can not be fine with the equipment location, influence photovoltaic board work efficiency's shortcoming, the technical problem that solves is: the photovoltaic panel automatic cleaning equipment for the construction of the photovoltaic power station can automatically adjust, schedule and scrape dust automatically, and can position and increase the stabilizing effect.
The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment, including: a support frame; the universal wheels are symmetrically and rotatably arranged on two sides of the bottom of the support frame; the middle of the top of the support frame is provided with the buffer plate in a sliding manner; the first springs are symmetrically arranged between the lower side of the buffer plate and the upper side inside the support frame; the top of the buffer plate is rotatably provided with the placing plate; the scraper is arranged on one side of the top of the placing plate in a sliding mode; the adjusting assembly is arranged between the placing plate and the supporting frame; the water spraying assembly is arranged between one side of the top of the supporting frame and one side of the placing plate; and the clamping assembly is arranged on the placing plate.
As an improvement of the scheme, the adjusting component comprises: the protection frames are arranged on two sides of the placing plate; the photoelectric sensor is arranged in the middle of the top of the protective frame on one side; the electric push rods are symmetrically arranged on one side of the top of the support frame; the pulley, equal rotary type is equipped with on electric putter's the telescopic link the pulley, the pulley all with place board bottom one side contact.
As an improvement of the scheme, the water spraying assembly comprises: the infrared sensor is arranged in the middle of one side of the bottom of the buffer plate; the water pump is arranged in the middle of one side of the placing plate; the water tank is arranged on one side of the top of the support frame; the corrugated pipe is arranged between one side of the top of the water tank and one side of the water pump; the water spray pipe is arranged on one side of the rear part of the water pump.
As an improvement of the above, the clamping assembly comprises: the clamping plates are arranged on two sides of the upper part of the placing plate in a sliding mode; the second springs are symmetrically connected between the outer side of the clamping plate and the inner side of the upper part of the placing plate; the two sides of the placing plate are symmetrically and rotatably provided with the reels; the pull ropes are symmetrically arranged between the outer sides of the clamping plates and are wound on the winding wheels on the two sides; the connecting rods are symmetrically arranged between the lower sides of the pull ropes.
As the improvement of the scheme, the cleaning device also comprises a cleaning component, and the cleaning component comprises: the humidity sensor is arranged on one side of the top of the buffer plate; the distance sensors are arranged on one side inside the protection frame; the speed reducing motors are arranged on the other side in the protection frame; the connecting frames are arranged on the other side of the inner part of the protective frame in a sliding mode, and the inner sides of the connecting frames are connected with the scraping plates; the third spring is arranged between one side of the upper part of the connecting frame and one side of the inside of the protection frame; the inner sides of the upper parts of the connecting frames are provided with the first annular slide rails; the hairbrush is rotatably arranged between the inner sides of the first annular slide rails; the two sides of the brush are provided with the first gears; the first racks are arranged on two sides of the placing plate and are meshed with the first gears on the same side; the two sides of the placing plate are uniformly and rotatably provided with three belt pulleys at intervals, one side of the first rack is also rotatably provided with the belt pulleys, and transmission belts are wound among the four belt pulleys on the same transverse side; the inner side of the belt pulley at the most one side and the output shaft of the speed reducing motor are both provided with the bevel gears, and the two bevel gears at the same side are mutually meshed; the electromagnets are arranged on two sides of the outer part of the transmission belt; the iron blocks are arranged on the lower sides inside the connecting frames in a sliding mode; and the top of the iron block is adjacent to the bottom of the connecting frame, and the fourth spring is arranged between the lower sides of the inner parts of the connecting frames.
As the improvement of the scheme, the device also comprises a positioning component, and the positioning component comprises: the fixing rods are arranged on two sides and two sides of the top of the supporting frame; the top of the support frame is provided with the second annular slide rail in a sliding manner; the sixth springs are symmetrically arranged on two sides between the bottom of the second annular slide rail and the support frame; the spiral groove rods are rotatably arranged on two sides and two sides inside the second annular sliding rail, the lower sides of the spiral groove rods penetrate through the supporting frame through threads, and the fixing rods are in sliding contact with thread grooves of the spiral groove rods; the pedal is arranged on one side of the second annular slide rail; the first wedge-shaped blocks are symmetrically and slidably arranged on two sides of the top of the support frame; and the fifth springs are symmetrically arranged between the outside of the first wedge block and the support frame.
As the improvement of above-mentioned scheme, still include and unblock the resistance, unblock the resistance including: the second wedge block is arranged between the outer sides of the first wedge blocks on the two sides and is connected with the upper side of the support frame in a sliding manner; the two sides of the middle of the top of the support frame are respectively and rotatably provided with a second gear; the second racks are symmetrically arranged on one side of the second wedge-shaped block on one side, and the second racks are meshed with the second gear on the same side; and the third rack is symmetrically arranged on one side of the second wedge block on the other side, and the third gear is meshed with the second gear on the same side.
As the improvement of above-mentioned scheme, still including the electric cabinet, be equipped with in the middle of the carriage top the electric cabinet, install battery, power module and control module in the electric cabinet, the battery is this photovoltaic power plant construction with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment power supply, battery and power module pass through electric connection, and last there is the power master switch through the line connection of power module, and power module and control module pass through electric connection, are connected with DS1302 clock circuit and 24C02 circuit on the control module, photoelectric sensor infrared sensor with distance sensor all passes through electric connection with control module, gear motor the electric putter the water pump with the electro-magnet all passes through peripheral circuit with control module and is connected.
The invention has the following advantages: 1. under splint press from both sides tight effect to the photovoltaic board, increase the stability of photovoltaic board, simultaneously, buffer board and first spring play the effect of buffering to the photovoltaic board, and electric putter telescopic link can promote when extending to place board and photovoltaic board clockwise rotation, has reached the effect of adjusting the photovoltaic board angle, makes the photovoltaic board work better.
2. After the speed reducing motor is started, through reciprocating motion about scraper blade and the brush, the impurity on the photovoltaic board can be struck off to the scraper blade, and first gear rotation can drive the brush rotatory for the brush carries out cleaning work to the photovoltaic board, has reached the effect of scraping impurity and self-cleaning voluntarily.
3. After people step on the footboard, can make the rotation of spiral groove pole and move down through the dead lever and inject in the soil, so, people just can not remove this equipment wantonly, increases the steadiness of this equipment, simultaneously, effectively improves the work efficiency of photovoltaic board.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a state diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a third cross-sectional structural view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the support assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the water spray assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the clamping assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of the present invention A.
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of the present invention B.
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the cleaning assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 12 is an enlarged schematic view of invention C.
Figure 13 is a schematic view of another angled configuration of the cleaning assembly of the present invention.
FIG. 14 is an enlarged schematic view of invention D.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the positioning assembly and the unlocking assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of the positioning assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of the unlocking assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 18 is a circuit block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 19 is a circuit schematic of the present invention.
Wherein: 1: universal wheel, 2: support frame, 201: electric cabinet, 3: buffer plate, 4: first spring, 5: placing plate, 6: scraper, 7: adjustment assembly, 701: protective frame, 702: photosensor, 703: electric putter, 704: pulley, 8: water spray assembly, 801: infrared sensor, 802: water pump, 803: a water tank, 804: bellows, 805: spray pipe, 9: clamping assembly, 901: a clamping plate, 902: second spring, 903: reels, 904: a pull cord, 905: connecting rod, 10: cleaning assembly, 1001: humidity sensor, 1002: distance sensor, 1003: gear motor, 1004: bevel gears, 1005: pulley, 1006: electromagnet, 1007: brush, 1008: first annular slide rail, 1009: first gear, 1010: first rack, 1011: connecting frame, 1012: third spring, 1013: iron block, 1014: fourth spring, 11: positioning assembly, 1101: fixing rod, 1102: second annular slide rail, 1103: helical grooved rod, 1104: pedal, 1105: first wedge block, 1106: fifth spring, 1107: sixth spring, 12: unlocking a resistance piece, 1201: second wedge block, 1202: second gear, 1203: second rack, 1204: and a third rack.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to examples of embodiments shown in the drawings to which the invention is attached.
Example 1
An automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used for building photovoltaic power stations, as shown in figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, comprises universal wheels 1, support frame 2, buffer board 3, first spring 4, place board 5, scraper blade 6, adjusting part 7, water spray component 8 and clamping component 9, universal wheel 1 is installed to the equal front and back symmetry rotary type in the left and right sides of 2 bottoms of support frame, slidingtype is connected with buffer board 3 in the middle of the 2 tops of support frame, symmetrical connection has first spring 4 between 3 downside of buffer board and the 2 inside upsides of support frame, 3 top rotary types of buffer board are provided with places board 5, place 5 top left sides slidingtype of board and place scraper blade 6, place and install adjusting part 7 between board 5 and the support frame 2, 2 top left sides of support frame and place and be provided with water spray component 8 between the 5 left sides of board, it is connected with clamping component 9 on the board 5 to place.
Adjusting part 7 is including protection frame 701, photoelectric sensor 702, electric putter 703 and pulley 704, places board 5 front and back both sides and all installs protection frame 701, installs photoelectric sensor 702 in the middle of the rear side protection frame 701 top, and electric putter 703 is installed to the symmetry around the left side in 2 tops of support frame, and equal rotary type is connected with pulley 704 on electric putter 703's the telescopic link, and pulley 704 all with place board 5 bottom left side contact.
The water spraying assembly 8 comprises an infrared sensor 801, a water pump 802, a water tank 803, a corrugated pipe 804 and a water spraying pipe 805, the infrared sensor 801 is installed in the middle of the left side of the bottom of the buffer plate 3, the water pump 802 is arranged in the middle of the left side of the placing plate 5, the water tank 803 is installed on the left side of the top of the support frame 2, the corrugated pipe 804 is connected between the front side of the top of the water tank 803 and the front side of the water pump 802, and the water spraying pipe 805 is connected to the right side of the rear portion of the water pump 802.
Clamping assembly 9 is including splint 901, second spring 902, reel 903, stay cord 904 and connecting rod 905, place 5 upper portion front and back both sides all slidingtype and be provided with splint 901, the splint 901 outside with place 5 upper portion between the inboard equal bilateral symmetry of board 902, place 5 front and back both sides equal bilateral symmetry rotary type and install reel 903, the bilateral symmetry is connected with stay cord 904 between the splint 901 outside, stay cord 904 all winds on the reel 903 of front and back both sides, symmetrical connection has connecting rod 905 around between the stay cord 904 downside.
When the photovoltaic panel needs to be cleaned, people place the photovoltaic panel on the placing plate 5, the first spring 4 plays a role in buffering the photovoltaic panel, the photovoltaic panel is placed on the placing plate 5 and is in contact with the clamping plate 901, the clamping plate 901 is pushed to move outwards, the second spring 902 is compressed, the reel 903 is rotated through the action of the pull rope 904, the photovoltaic panel is clamped under the action of the clamping plate 901, the photovoltaic panel is stabilized on the placing plate 5, then a cleaning agent is filled into the water tank 803, the equipment can be freely moved to a proper position through the free rotation of the universal wheel 1, a power main switch is pressed down to electrify the equipment, after the photoelectric sensor 702 senses light, the control module controls the telescopic rod of the electric push rod to stop working after the telescopic rod of the electric push rod extends for 3 seconds, when the telescopic rod of the electric push rod 703 extends, the pulley drives the telescopic rod 704 to move upwards, the pulley 704 rotates to push the placing plate 5 to push the telescopic rod 703, The protective frame 701, the water pump 802, the water spray pipe 805, the scraper 6 and the clamping plate 901 rotate clockwise to drive the photovoltaic panel to rotate clockwise, so that the photovoltaic panel can work better, the corrugated pipe 804 can be stretched by the clockwise rotation of the water pump 802, after the water spray pipe 805 rotates clockwise and is far away from the infrared sensor 801, the infrared sensor 801 cannot sense the water spray pipe 805, the infrared sensor 801 sends out a signal, the control module receives the signal and then controls the water pump 802 to be started for 5 seconds and then to be closed, under the action of the water pump 802, the cleaning agent in the water tank 803 is conveyed to the position of the water spray pipe 805 through the corrugated pipe 804, so that the cleaning agent is sprayed on the photovoltaic panel by the water spray pipe 805, then people manually move the scraper 6 up and down, so that the scraper 6 can scrape impurities on the photovoltaic panel completely, the cleaning effect on the photovoltaic panel is achieved, when light is dark at night, after the photoelectric sensor 702 cannot sense light, the control module controls the telescopic rod of the electric push rod 703 to stop working after shortening for 3 seconds, when the telescopic rod of the electric push rod 703 is shortened, the pulley 704 is driven to move downwards, the placing plate 5 is reset in a counterclockwise rotation mode due to the gravity of the placing plate 5 and the photovoltaic plate, the protection frame 701, the water pump 802, the water spray pipe 805, the scraper 6 and the clamping plate 901 are reset in a counterclockwise rotation mode, the water pump 802 is reset in a shrinkage mode, the corrugated pipe 804 is reset in a shrinkage mode, after the water spray pipe 805 is close to the infrared sensor 801 in a counterclockwise rotation mode, when the infrared sensor 801 senses the water spray pipe 805, the infrared sensor 801 sends a signal, the control module receives the signal and controls the water pump 802 to stop working, when the photovoltaic plate needs to be taken down, people manually pull the pull rod downwards, the clamping plate 901 is driven to continuously move outwards to be far away from the photovoltaic plate through the action of the pull rope 904, and then people can take down the photovoltaic plate and then loosen the connecting rod 905, drive splint 901 and inwards move under the effect that second spring 902 resets and reset for stay cord 904 and connecting rod 905 reset to initial condition, effectively improve the effect of taking and can pressing from both sides tight photovoltaic board, when need not use this equipment, press the power master switch once more, give this equipment outage can.
Example 2
Based on embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19, the cleaning assembly 10 further comprises a humidity sensor 1001, a distance sensor 1002, a speed reduction motor 1003, a bevel gear 1004, a belt pulley 1005, an electromagnet 1006, a brush 1007, a first annular slide rail 1008, a first gear 1003, a first rack 1010, a connecting frame 1011, a third spring 1012, an iron block 1013 and a fourth spring 1014, the humidity sensor 1001 is installed on the right side of the top of the buffer plate 3, the distance sensor 1002 is installed on the right side of the inside of the protection frame 701, the speed reduction motor 1003 is installed on the left side of the inside of the protection frame 701, the connecting frame 1011 is slidably connected to the left side of the inside of the protection frame 701, the inner side of the connecting frame 1011 is connected to the scraper 6, the third spring 1012 is connected between the right side of the upper portion of the connecting frame and the right side of the inside of the protection frame 701, first annular slide rail 1008 is all installed to link 1011 upper portion inboard, the rotary type is connected with brush 1007 between first annular slide rail 1008 inboard, both sides all are provided with first gear 1009 around brush 1007, place board 5 front and back both sides and all install first rack 1010, first rack 1010 all meshes with the first gear 1009 of homonymy, place board 5 front and back both sides equal interval uniform rotation type and be connected with three belt pulley 1005, first rack 1010 right side downside also equal rotation type is connected with belt pulley 1005, all around there being the transmission band between the four belt pulley 1005 of horizontal homonymy, all install bevel gear 1004 on leftmost belt pulley 1005 inboard and the gear motor 1003 output shaft, equal intermeshing between two bevel gear 1004 of homonymy, electro-magnet 1006 is all installed to the outside left and right sides of transmission band, the inside downside of link 1011 all slidingtype is provided with iron plate 1013, all be connected with fourth spring 1014 between iron plate 1013 top and the inside downside of adjacent link 1011.
The humidity sensor 1001 is provided with a preset value, when the placing plate 5 and the protection frame 701 rotate clockwise, the reducing motor 1003, the brush 1007, the scraper 6 and the first rack 1010 are driven to rotate clockwise, after the cleaning agent is sprayed on the photovoltaic plate by the spray pipe 805, the cleaning agent flows downwards to the position of the humidity sensor 1001 along the photovoltaic plate, after the humidity of the cleaning agent reaches the preset value in the humidity sensor 1001, the humidity sensor 1001 sends a signal, the control module receives the signal and controls the reducing motor 1003 to be started for 5 seconds and then to be closed, meanwhile, the control module controls the electromagnet 1006 to be started to work and generate magnetic force after the electromagnet 1006 is started, the electromagnet 1006 on the left side can be adsorbed with the iron block 1013, so that the iron block 1013 moves downwards and is adsorbed on the electromagnet 1006 on the left side, the fourth spring 1014 is stretched, and at the moment, under the action of the output shaft of the reducing motor 1003, the bevel gear 1004, the belt pulley 1005 and the transmission belt are driven to rotate clockwise, the electromagnets 1006 are driven to move in the opposite direction by the rotation of the transmission belt, the electromagnet 1013 on one side, the connecting frame 1011, the scraper 6, the first annular slide rail 1008, the first gear 1009 and the brush 1007 are driven to move downwards by the action of the electromagnet 1006 on one side, the third spring 1012 is compressed, the first gear 1009 and the brush 1007 are driven to rotate anticlockwise under the meshing action of the first rack 1010 and the first gear 1009, the photovoltaic panel is cleaned under the action of the rotation of the brush 1007, meanwhile, the automatic impurity scraping and cleaning actions are achieved, a preset value is set in the distance sensor 1002, when the electromagnet 1013 moves downwards to be close to the distance sensor 1002, the control module controls the electromagnet 1006 to be closed and stop working after the distance between the electromagnet 1013 and the distance sensor 1002 reaches the preset value of the distance sensor 1002, so that the electromagnet 1006 on one side cannot continuously adsorb the electromagnet 1013, the electromagnet 1013 on one side is driven to move upwards by the action of the fourth spring 1014 resetting, so as to move away from the electromagnet 1006 on one side, at this moment, the effect through the transmission band drives the electro-magnet 1006 of opposite side and moves to the left side, gear motor 1003 stop work, drive iron plate 1013 under the effect that third spring 1012 resets, link 1011, scraper blade 6, first annular slide rail 1008, first gear 1009 and brush 1007 rebound reset, make iron plate 1013 be located opposite side electro-magnet 1006 upside, can drive first gear 1009 clockwise rotation under first rack 1010 effect, so, can more effectively carry out cleaning work to the photovoltaic board, place board 5 and when protection frame 701 anticlockwise rotation resets, can drive gear motor 1003, brush 1007, scraper blade 6 and first rack 1010 anticlockwise rotation reset.
Also comprises a positioning component 11, the positioning component 11 comprises a fixing rod 1101, a second annular slide rail 1102 and a spiral groove rod 1103, footboard 1104, first wedge 1105, fifth spring 1106 and sixth spring 1107, the equal rigid coupling in both sides and the left and right sides has dead lever 1101 around the support frame 2 top, 2 top sliding connection of support frame has second annular slide rail 1102, the equal front and back symmetrical connection in both sides has sixth spring 1107 between second annular slide rail 1102 bottom and the support frame 2, spiral grooved bar 1103 is installed to the inside front and back both sides of second annular slide rail 1102 and the equal rotary type in both sides about, spiral grooved bar 1103 downside all passes support frame 2 through the screw thread, dead lever 1101 all is in sliding contact with the thread groove of spiral grooved bar 1103, second annular slide rail 1102 right side is provided with footboard 1104, the equal front and back symmetrical sliding type in support frame 2 top left and right sides is provided with first wedge 1105, equal bilateral symmetry is connected with fifth spring 1106 between the outside first wedge 1105 and the support frame 2.
Still including unblock resistance 12, unblock resistance 12 is including second wedge 1201, second gear 1202, second rack 1203 and third rack 1204, all be connected with second wedge 1201 between the first wedge 1105 outside of the left and right sides, second wedge 1201 all with 2 upside sliding type connections of support frame, the equal rotary type in left and right sides is connected with second gear 1202 in the middle of the 2 tops of support frame, the rear side 1203 bilateral symmetry rigid coupling of front side second wedge 1201 has the second rack, second rack 1203 all meshes with homonymy second gear 1202, the front side bilateral symmetry rigid coupling of rear side second wedge 1201 has third rack 1204, the third gear all meshes with homonymy second gear 1202.
After the device is moved to a proper position, the pedal 1104 is stepped down to drive the second annular slide rail 1102 to move downwards, the sixth spring 1107 is compressed, the spiral groove rod 1103 is driven to rotate forwards through the action of the fixing rod 1101, and the spiral groove rod 1103 moves downwards to be inserted into the soil, so that the stability of the device can be increased, the second annular slide rail 1102 moves downwards to be in contact with the first wedge block 1105 to push the first wedge block 1105 to move inwards, the fifth spring 1106 is compressed, after the second annular slide rail 1102 moves downwards to pass through the first wedge block 1105, the first wedge block 1201 is driven to move outwards to clamp the second annular slide rail 1102 through the reset action of the fifth spring 1106, the stability of the spiral groove rod 1103 is effectively improved, when the device needs to be moved to other positions, people manually move the second wedge block inwards, so that the second rack 1203 moves backwards, and then drives the third rack 1204 to move forwards, the second gear 1202 is made to rotate reversely, the second wedge block 1201 moves inwards to drive the first wedge block 1105 to move inwards, the first wedge block 1105 is made to be separated from the second annular slide rail 1102, the pedal 1104 and the second annular slide rail 1102 are driven to move upwards to reset under the reset action of the sixth spring 1107, the spiral groove rod 1103 is driven to rotate reversely through the fixing rod 1101, the spiral groove rod 1103 is made to move upwards to be taken out of the ground, then the second wedge block 1201 is loosened, the first wedge block 1105 is driven to reset under the reset action of the fifth spring 1106, the first wedge block 1105 drives the second wedge block 1201 to move outwards to reset, the second gear 1202 is driven to move forwards, the third rack 1204 is driven to move backwards to reset, the second gear 1202 rotates forwards, and therefore, after the spiral groove rod 1103 is separated from the ground, the device can be moved to other positions through the universal wheel 1.
Still including electric cabinet 201, install electric cabinet 201 in the middle of the 2 tops of support frame, install the battery in electric cabinet 201, power module and control module, the battery is this photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment power supply, the battery passes through electric connection with power module, there is the power master switch through the line connection on the power module, power module passes through electric connection with control module, the last DS1302 clock circuit and the 24C02 circuit of being connected with of control module, photoelectric sensor 702, infrared sensor 801 and distance sensor 1002 all pass through electric connection with control module, gear motor 1003, electric putter 703, water pump 802 and electro-magnet 1006 all pass through peripheral circuit with control module and are connected.
While the present invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments. The scope of the following claims is to be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and equivalent structures and functions.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment which characterized in that, including:
a support frame (2);
the universal wheels (1) are symmetrically and rotatably arranged on two sides of the bottom of the support frame (2);
the middle of the top of the support frame (2) is provided with the buffer plate (3) in a sliding manner;
the first springs (4) are symmetrically arranged between the lower side of the buffer plate (3) and the upper side inside the support frame (2);
the placing plate (5) is arranged at the top of the buffer plate (3) in a rotating mode;
the scraper (6) is arranged on one side of the top of the placing plate (5) in a sliding mode;
the adjusting component (7) is arranged between the placing plate (5) and the supporting frame (2);
the water spraying assembly (8) is arranged between one side of the top of the supporting frame (2) and one side of the placing plate (5);
the clamping assembly (9) is arranged on the placing plate (5).
2. The automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used in the construction of photovoltaic plants according to claim 1, characterized in that said adjustment assembly (7) comprises:
the protection frames (701) are arranged on two sides of the placing plate (5);
the photoelectric sensor (702) is arranged in the middle of the top of the protective frame (701) on one side;
the electric push rods (703) are symmetrically arranged on one side of the top of the support frame (2);
pulley (704), equal rotary type is equipped with on electric putter (703)'s the telescopic link pulley (704), pulley (704) all with place board (5) bottom one side contact.
3. The automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used in the construction of photovoltaic power plants according to claim 2, characterized in that the water spraying assembly (8) comprises:
the infrared sensor (801), the infrared sensor (801) is arranged in the middle of one side of the bottom of the buffer plate (3);
the water pump (802) is arranged in the middle of one side of the placing plate (5);
the water tank (803) is arranged on one side of the top of the support frame (2);
the corrugated pipe (804) is arranged between one side of the top of the water tank (803) and one side of the water pump (802);
the water spray pipe (805) is arranged on one side of the rear part of the water pump (802).
4. An automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used in the construction of photovoltaic plants according to claim 3, characterized in that said clamping assembly (9) comprises:
the clamping plates (901), the clamping plates (901) are arranged on both sides of the upper part of the placing plate (5) in a sliding manner;
the second springs (902) are symmetrically connected between the outer side of the clamping plate (901) and the inner side of the upper part of the placing plate (5);
a reel (903), wherein the reel (903) is symmetrically and rotatably arranged on both sides of the placing plate (5);
the pull ropes (904) are symmetrically arranged between the outer sides of the clamping plates (901), and the pull ropes (904) are wound on the reel (903) on two sides;
the connecting rods (905) are symmetrically arranged between the lower sides of the pull ropes (904).
5. The automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used in the construction of photovoltaic power plants according to claim 4, characterized in that it further comprises a cleaning assembly (10), the cleaning assembly (10) comprising:
the humidity sensor (1001) is arranged on one side of the top of the buffer plate (3);
the distance sensors (1002) are arranged on one side inside the protection frame (701);
the speed reducing motor (1003) is arranged on the other side of the interior of the protection frame (701);
the connecting frames (1011) are arranged on the other side of the interior of the protective frame (701) in a sliding mode, and the inner sides of the connecting frames (1011) are connected with the scraping plates (6);
the third spring (1012) is arranged between one side of the upper part of the connecting frame (1011) and one side of the inside of the protection frame (701);
the inner sides of the upper parts of the connecting frames (1011) are provided with the first annular slide rails (1008);
the hair brush (1007) is rotatably arranged between the inner sides of the first annular slide rails (1008);
the first gear (1009) is arranged on each of two sides of the brush (1007);
the first racks (1010) are arranged on two sides of the placing plate (5), and the first racks (1010) are meshed with the first gear (1009) on the same side;
the two sides of the placing plate (5) are respectively and uniformly provided with three belt pulleys (1005) in a rotating mode at intervals, the belt pulleys (1005) are respectively and rotatably arranged on one side of the first rack (1010), and transmission belts are wound among the four belt pulleys (1005) on the same transverse side;
the bevel gears (1004) are arranged on the inner side of the belt pulley (1005) on the leftmost side and the output shaft of the speed reducing motor (1003), and the two bevel gears (1004) on the same side are meshed with each other;
the electromagnets (1006) are arranged on two sides of the outer part of the transmission belt;
the iron blocks (1013) are arranged on the lower side inside the connecting frame (1011) in a sliding manner;
and the fourth spring (1014) is arranged between the top of the iron block (1013) and the lower side of the inner part of the adjacent connecting frame (1011).
6. The automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used in the construction of photovoltaic power plants according to claim 5, characterized in that it further comprises a positioning assembly (11), the positioning assembly (11) comprising:
the fixing rods (1101) are arranged on two sides and two sides of the top of the supporting frame (2);
the top of the support frame (2) is provided with the second annular slide rail (1102) in a sliding manner;
the sixth springs (1107) are symmetrically arranged on two sides between the bottom of the second annular sliding rail (1102) and the support frame (2);
the two sides and two sides inside the second annular sliding rail (1102) are rotatably provided with the spiral groove rods (1103), the lower sides of the spiral groove rods (1103) penetrate through the supporting frame (2) through threads, and the fixing rods (1101) are in sliding contact with the thread grooves of the spiral groove rods (1103);
the pedal (1104) is arranged on one side of the second annular sliding rail (1102);
the first wedge-shaped block (1105) is symmetrically and slidably arranged on both sides of the top of the support frame (2);
and the fifth springs (1106) are symmetrically arranged between the outer side of the first wedge block (1105) and the support frame (2).
7. The automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels used in the construction of photovoltaic power plants according to claim 6, characterized in that it further comprises an unlocking resistance member (12), the unlocking resistance member (12) comprising:
the second wedge-shaped block (1201) is arranged between the outer sides of the first wedge-shaped blocks (1105) on two sides, and the second wedge-shaped blocks (1201) are connected with the upper side of the support frame (2) in a sliding manner;
the second gear (1202) is rotatably arranged on both sides of the middle of the top of the support frame (2);
the second rack (1203) is symmetrically arranged on one side of the second wedge-shaped block (1201), and the second racks (1203) are meshed with the second gear (1202) on the same side;
and the third rack (1204) is symmetrically arranged on one side of the second wedge-shaped block (1201) on the other side, and the third gears are meshed with the second gear (1202) on the same side.
8. The automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic panels for construction of photovoltaic power plants according to claim 7, it is characterized by also comprising an electric cabinet (201), the electric cabinet (201) is arranged in the middle of the top of the supporting frame (2), the electric cabinet (201) is internally provided with a storage battery, a power supply module and a control module, the storage battery supplies power for the automatic cleaning equipment of the photovoltaic panel for building the photovoltaic power station, the storage battery is electrically connected with the power supply module, the power supply module is connected with a power main switch through a circuit, the power supply module is electrically connected with the control module, the control module is connected with a DS1302 clock circuit and a 24C02 circuit, the photoelectric sensor (702), the infrared sensor (801) and the distance sensor (1002) are electrically connected with a control module, the speed reducing motor (1003), the electric push rod (703), the water pump (802) and the electromagnet (1006) are all connected with the control module through peripheral circuits.
CN202210091982.4A 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 Photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment Pending CN114453294A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210091982.4A CN114453294A (en) 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 Photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210091982.4A CN114453294A (en) 2022-01-26 2022-01-26 Photovoltaic power plant construction is with photovoltaic board self-cleaning equipment

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CN114453294A true CN114453294A (en) 2022-05-10

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Application publication date: 20220510