CN114246126A - Automatic control device for farmland irrigation - Google Patents

Automatic control device for farmland irrigation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN114246126A
CN114246126A CN202111658113.7A CN202111658113A CN114246126A CN 114246126 A CN114246126 A CN 114246126A CN 202111658113 A CN202111658113 A CN 202111658113A CN 114246126 A CN114246126 A CN 114246126A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
water
brake
supply mechanism
control device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202111658113.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN114246126B (en
Inventor
王素梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Polytechnic College
Original Assignee
Shandong Polytechnic College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Polytechnic College filed Critical Shandong Polytechnic College
Priority to CN202111658113.7A priority Critical patent/CN114246126B/en
Publication of CN114246126A publication Critical patent/CN114246126A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN114246126B publication Critical patent/CN114246126B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Special Spraying Apparatus (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic control device for field irrigation, belonging to the technical field of agricultural irrigation. The intelligent irrigation of the farmland is automatically completed through the water supply mechanism, the power supply mechanism, the irrigation mechanism and the brake mechanism. And the storage battery pack in the water supply mechanism is used for supplying electric energy in the power supply mechanism to the water pump and pumping water during irrigation. The power supply mechanism comprises a solar panel, and the solar panel is used for absorbing sunlight to generate electricity. The irrigation mechanism is fixedly arranged on the braking mechanism and used for irrigating water, and the braking mechanism comprises an intermittent assembly which is used for controlling the rotation direction of the irrigation mechanism.

Description

Automatic control device for farmland irrigation
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural irrigation, and particularly relates to an automatic control device for farmland irrigation.
Background
With the development of agricultural automation and agricultural intelligence, more and more automatic devices are widely applied to agricultural development. Meanwhile, along with the enlargement of the planting area and the increase of the planting types, a lot of workload is increased for the irrigation of the farmland. In the area that a lot of water sources are insufficient and the area that falls behind, the mode that the peasant watered the soil is mostly artifical watering, through the manpower with water from the ditch in introduce the farmland, need artifical on duty moreover, watch and manage the progress of this watering, intangibly, caused a large amount of manpower extravagantly to adopt the mode of watering entirely, the water yield of unable accurate control watering region and watering is unfavorable for the utilization of water resource. Aiming at the problems, the invention provides an automatic control device for farmland irrigation.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: an automatic control device for field irrigation comprises a water supply mechanism, a power supply mechanism, an irrigation mechanism and a brake mechanism, wherein the water supply mechanism comprises a storage battery and a water pump, the storage battery is used for supplying electric energy in the power supply mechanism to the water pump, and the water pump is used for pumping water; the power supply mechanism comprises a solar panel, and the solar panel is used for absorbing sunlight to generate electricity; the irrigation mechanism is fixedly arranged on the brake mechanism and comprises a water spraying pipe and a remote spray irrigation duckbill for water outlet irrigation; the braking mechanism comprises an intermittent assembly, and the intermittent assembly is used for controlling the rotation direction of the irrigation mechanism.
Furthermore, the water supply mechanism further comprises a mounting seat, the storage battery pack is fixedly mounted on the mounting seat, and an upright water pipe is fixedly mounted in the center of the mounting seat.
Further, power supply mechanism still including the installation pole, installation pole fixed mounting on irrigation mechanism, the inside fixed mounting of installation pole have the cylinder, the cylinder stretch out the end articulated with the one end of lift connecting rod, the lift connecting rod other end articulated with solar panel, lift connecting rod and guide holder sliding connection, guide holder fixed mounting inside the installation pole.
Furthermore, the power supply mechanism further comprises a photosensitive sensor, and the photosensitive sensor is used for collecting sunlight intensity information and controlling the stretching of the cylinder.
Further, irrigation mechanism still include the water pipe, water pipe lower extreme fixed mounting on intermittent type subassembly, water pipe upper end fixed mounting have the head that floats, the water spray pipe of shooing and long-range sprinkling irrigation duckbilled fixed mounting on the water pipe, the overhead end of floating be provided with runner assembly, runner assembly and power supply mechanism fixed connection.
Further, the rotating assembly comprise a connecting seat, the connecting seat is fixedly installed on the floating head, return torsion springs are rotatably installed at two ends of the connecting seat, and rotating blocks are fixedly installed on the return torsion springs.
Furthermore, the brake mechanism also comprises a brake shell, and the brake shell is fixedly arranged on the vertical water pipe.
Furthermore, the intermittent assembly comprises a plurality of brake springs, the brake springs are arranged on an upright post on the brake shell, a brake rod is rotatably arranged on the upright post and is in sliding fit with the rotating shell, the rotating shell is rotatably arranged on the vertical water pipe, and the upper end of the rotating shell is fixedly provided with a water pipe.
Furthermore, a plurality of grooves are formed in the rotating shell.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: (1) the intelligent irrigation system automatically completes the intelligent irrigation of farmlands through the water supply mechanism, the power supply mechanism, the irrigation mechanism and the brake mechanism; (2) the power supply mechanism detects the illumination intensity through the photosensitive sensor, adjusts the light receiving area of the solar panel in real time, and keeps the stability of power generation; (3) irrigation mechanism passes through the impact force of rivers, and the position is irrigated in automatic adjustment to through the intermittent type subassembly on the arrestment mechanism, realize intermittent type and rotate, make irrigation scope and irrigation water volume even.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2-7 are partial structural schematic views of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to specific examples, which are illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustration only and are shown by way of illustration only and not in actual form, and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent; to better explain the embodiments of the present invention, some components in the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product, and it may be understood that some well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted to those skilled in the art.
Example (b): an automatic control device for field irrigation as shown in fig. 1-7 comprises a water supply mechanism 1, a power supply mechanism 2, an irrigation mechanism 3 and a brake mechanism 4, wherein the water supply mechanism 1 comprises a storage battery 101 and a water pump 102, the storage battery 101 is used for supplying electric energy in the power supply mechanism 2 to the water pump 102, and the water pump 102 is used for pumping water; the power supply mechanism 2 comprises a solar panel 202, and the solar panel 202 is used for absorbing sunlight to generate electricity; the irrigation mechanism 3 is fixedly arranged on the brake mechanism 4, and the irrigation mechanism 3 comprises a water spraying pipe 302 and a remote spray irrigation duckbill 303 and is used for water outlet irrigation; the braking mechanism 4 comprises an intermittent assembly for controlling the direction of rotation of the irrigation mechanism 3.
The water supply mechanism 1 further comprises a mounting seat 104, the storage battery pack 101 is fixedly mounted on the mounting seat 104, and the vertical water pipe 103 is fixedly mounted in the center of the mounting seat 104. When the farmland needs to be irrigated, the storage battery pack 101 supplies power to the water pump 102, and water is pumped out by the water pump 102 and is continuously conveyed upwards through the irrigation mechanism 3.
The power supply mechanism 2 further comprises an installation rod 203, the installation rod 203 is fixedly installed on the irrigation mechanism 3, an air cylinder 204 is fixedly installed inside the installation rod 203, the extending end of the air cylinder 204 is hinged to one end of a lifting connecting rod 206, the other end of the lifting connecting rod 206 is hinged to the solar panel 202, the lifting connecting rod 206 is connected with a guide seat 205 in a sliding mode, and the guide seat 205 is fixedly installed inside the installation rod 203. The power supply mechanism 2 further comprises a photosensitive sensor 201, and the photosensitive sensor 201 is used for collecting sunlight intensity information and controlling the stretching of the air cylinder 204. The power supply mechanism 2 is used for providing electric energy for the whole device, the photosensitive sensor 201 is used for detecting the intensity of light, when the sunlight is weak, the air cylinder 204 is started to extend upwards to push the lifting connecting rod 206 upwards, at the moment, the lifting connecting rod 206 upwards slides along the guide seat 205 and pushes the solar panel 202 upwards, so that the solar panel 202 outwards expands, the light receiving area is increased, the generated energy is expanded, and the emitted points are stored in the storage battery pack 101.
Irrigation mechanism 3 still includes water pipe 301, and water pipe 301 lower extreme fixed mounting is on intermittent type subassembly, and water pipe 301 upper end fixed mounting has unsteady head 307, and water spray pipe 302 and the long-range duckbilled 303 fixed mounting of sprinkling irrigation are provided with rotating assembly, rotating assembly and power supply mechanism 2 fixed connection on water pipe 301, unsteady head 307 upper end.
The rotating assembly comprises a connecting seat 306, the connecting seat 306 is fixedly installed on the floating head 307, return torsion springs 305 are rotatably installed at two ends of the connecting seat 306, and rotating blocks 304 are fixedly installed on the return torsion springs 305. Water from the water pipe 103 of standing up enters into in the water pipe 301, and outwards spout through the water spray pipe 302 of shining and long-range sprinkling irrigation duckbilled 303, when water comes from the water spray pipe 302 blowout of shining, can strike turning block 304, be provided with the recess in the middle of the turning block 304, rivers strike the recess of turning block 304, can make the turning block 304 atress, turning block 304 can upwards bounce and take place rotatoryly under the effect of power this moment, with this continuous up-and-down bullet of reciprocating and rotation, floating head 307 mainly plays the effect of buffering, in the time of rotatory, can drive whole irrigation mechanism 3 rotatoryly.
The brake mechanism 4 further comprises a brake housing 401, the brake housing 401 being fixedly mounted on the upright water tube 103. The intermittent assembly comprises a plurality of brake springs 402, the brake springs 402 are arranged on a stand column on a brake shell 401, a brake rod 403 is rotatably arranged on the stand column, the brake rod 403 is in sliding fit with a rotating shell 404, the rotating shell 404 is rotatably arranged on an upright water pipe 103, a water pipe 301 is fixed at the upper end of the rotating shell 404, and a plurality of grooves are formed in the rotating shell 404. Irrigation mechanism 3 is in the rotation, can drive through water pipe 301 and rotate shell 404 and rotate, rotate shell 404 when rotating, when the direction of rotation is anticlockwise, the groove on rotating shell 404 can take place to slide with brake lever 403, when the direction of rotation is clockwise, the groove on rotating shell 404 will be blocked by brake lever 403, it just can not rotate just to rotate shell 404 like this, irrigation mechanism 3 also can not rotate simultaneously, just so realized irrigation mechanism 3's intermittent type rotation and adjusted, thereby make irrigation more even.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a farmland irrigation automated control device, includes water supply mechanism, power supply mechanism, irrigates mechanism, arrestment mechanism, its characterized in that: the water supply mechanism comprises a storage battery pack and a water pump, the storage battery pack is used for supplying electric energy in the power supply mechanism to the water pump, and the water pump is used for pumping water; the power supply mechanism comprises a solar panel which is used for absorbing sunlight for power generation; the irrigation mechanism is fixedly arranged on the brake mechanism, the irrigation mechanism comprises a water spraying pipe and a remote sprinkling irrigation duckbill for water outlet irrigation, and the brake mechanism comprises an intermittent assembly for controlling the rotation direction of the irrigation mechanism.
2. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water supply mechanism further comprises a mounting seat, the storage battery pack is fixedly mounted on the mounting seat, and an upright water pipe is fixedly mounted in the center of the mounting seat.
3. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 1, characterized in that: the power supply mechanism still including the installation pole, installation pole fixed mounting on irrigation mechanism, the inside fixed mounting of installation pole have the cylinder, the cylinder stretch out the end articulated with the one end of lift connecting rod, the lift connecting rod other end articulated with solar panel, lift connecting rod and guide holder sliding connection, guide holder fixed mounting inside the installation pole.
4. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 3, characterized in that: the power supply mechanism further comprises a photosensitive sensor, and the photosensitive sensor is used for collecting sunlight intensity information and controlling the stretching of the air cylinder.
5. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 1, characterized in that: irrigation mechanism still include the water pipe, water pipe lower extreme fixed mounting on intermittent type subassembly, water pipe upper end fixed mounting have the head that floats, the water spray pipe of shining and long-range sprinkling irrigation duckbilled fixed mounting on the water pipe, the overhead end of floating be provided with runner assembly, runner assembly and power supply mechanism fixed connection.
6. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 5, characterized in that: the rotating assembly comprises a connecting seat, the connecting seat is fixedly installed on the floating head, return torsion springs are rotatably installed at the two ends of the connecting seat, and rotating blocks are fixedly installed on the return torsion springs.
7. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 2, characterized in that: the brake mechanism further comprises a brake shell, and the brake shell is fixedly installed on the vertical water pipe.
8. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 7, characterized in that: the intermittent assembly comprises a plurality of brake springs, the brake springs are arranged on an upright post on a brake shell, a brake rod is rotatably arranged on the upright post, the brake rod is in sliding fit with a rotating shell, the rotating shell is rotatably arranged on an upright water pipe, and a water pipe is fixed at the upper end of the rotating shell.
9. An automatic control device for field irrigation according to claim 8, characterized in that: the rotating shell is provided with a plurality of grooves.
CN202111658113.7A 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Automatic control device for farmland irrigation Active CN114246126B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111658113.7A CN114246126B (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Automatic control device for farmland irrigation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111658113.7A CN114246126B (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Automatic control device for farmland irrigation

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114246126A true CN114246126A (en) 2022-03-29
CN114246126B CN114246126B (en) 2023-01-31

Family

ID=80798934

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111658113.7A Active CN114246126B (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Automatic control device for farmland irrigation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN114246126B (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202174019U (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-03-28 广东联塑科技实业有限公司 Multi-outlet rotary spray head with rocker
CN204968821U (en) * 2015-07-25 2016-01-20 天津科迅通科技发展有限公司 Solar and wind energy hybrid's lawn irrigation equipment
CN105964433A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-28 江苏大学 Mutual feedback jet flow spray nozzle and spraying method
CN105961144A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 Solar automatic spray irrigation device for farmland
US20190307083A1 (en) * 2016-12-23 2019-10-10 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Arkansas Irrigation system
CN210319773U (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-04-14 武汉佐力智控信息技术有限公司 Integrated lighting equipment for landscape
CN112021155A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-04 刘新胜 Vine class plant laxative equipment of watering
CN212424944U (en) * 2020-06-19 2021-01-29 北京路桥海威园林绿化有限公司 Ecological water-saving irrigation equipment for slope greening with high survival rate
CN112547334A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-03-26 东营职业学院 Remove dirt-proof gardens sprinkling irrigation equipment of haze

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202174019U (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-03-28 广东联塑科技实业有限公司 Multi-outlet rotary spray head with rocker
CN204968821U (en) * 2015-07-25 2016-01-20 天津科迅通科技发展有限公司 Solar and wind energy hybrid's lawn irrigation equipment
CN105961144A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-09-28 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 Solar automatic spray irrigation device for farmland
CN105964433A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-28 江苏大学 Mutual feedback jet flow spray nozzle and spraying method
US20190307083A1 (en) * 2016-12-23 2019-10-10 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Arkansas Irrigation system
CN210319773U (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-04-14 武汉佐力智控信息技术有限公司 Integrated lighting equipment for landscape
CN212424944U (en) * 2020-06-19 2021-01-29 北京路桥海威园林绿化有限公司 Ecological water-saving irrigation equipment for slope greening with high survival rate
CN112021155A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-04 刘新胜 Vine class plant laxative equipment of watering
CN112547334A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-03-26 东营职业学院 Remove dirt-proof gardens sprinkling irrigation equipment of haze

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
韩国鹏等: "太阳能光伏发电在新能源城轨车辆上应用现状研究", 《新材料产业》 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN114246126B (en) 2023-01-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201235332Y (en) Water storage irrigation apparatus
CN110122286B (en) Automatic control water-saving irrigation device for garden greenbelt
CN104344290A (en) LED lighting device
CN103947511B (en) A kind of irrigation system and irrigation method being applicable to irregularly shaped irrigation district
CN110839512A (en) Multi-functional nursery automatic watering device
KR101165704B1 (en) A solar cell panel and environmental lamp having the same
CN114246126B (en) Automatic control device for farmland irrigation
CN107637482B (en) A kind of agricultural water-collecting irrigation device
CN208354162U (en) A kind of water-saving environmental-protection planting greenhouse
CN207369791U (en) A kind of agricultural irrigation device
CN113349028B (en) Gardens are with plant sprinkler system of intelligent ecological landscape device
CN214482421U (en) Multi-functional intelligent flowerpot
CN111972261B (en) Energy-saving ecological irrigation system
CN112772357B (en) Utilize solar energy power generation's irrigation to spout medicine device
CN214257475U (en) Oranges and tangerines are planted with water-saving agricultural irrigation device
CN211379093U (en) Multi-functional nursery automatic watering device
CN209089603U (en) A kind of new energy source energy-saving environmental protection irrigation rig
CN209511861U (en) A kind of light pole to water
CN215454471U (en) Irrigation effect good irrigation equipment for gardens
CN112082127A (en) Solar LED street lamp with water spray function
CN213463167U (en) Novel sunlight is irrigation system for greenhouse
CN211774131U (en) Environment-friendly gardens water collector
CN110100705A (en) A kind of high water storage mobile model farmland irrigating device
CN212644455U (en) Can be to gardens light that gardens water spray irrigated
CN215819580U (en) Afforestation water-saving irrigation device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant