CN114083373A - Preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resistant alloy material for high-speed locomotive - Google Patents

Preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resistant alloy material for high-speed locomotive Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114083373A
CN114083373A CN202111205911.4A CN202111205911A CN114083373A CN 114083373 A CN114083373 A CN 114083373A CN 202111205911 A CN202111205911 A CN 202111205911A CN 114083373 A CN114083373 A CN 114083373A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
alloy material
roller
fixedly connected
seat
wear
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Pending
Application number
CN202111205911.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙飞
孙宇骋
陈静
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SUZHOU JINCANG ALLOY NEW-MATERIAL CO LTD
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SUZHOU JINCANG ALLOY NEW-MATERIAL CO LTD
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Priority to CN202111205911.4A priority Critical patent/CN114083373A/en
Publication of CN114083373A publication Critical patent/CN114083373A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/10Single-purpose machines or devices
    • B24B7/16Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding end-faces, e.g. of gauges, rollers, nuts, piston rings
    • B24B7/17Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding end-faces, e.g. of gauges, rollers, nuts, piston rings for simultaneously grinding opposite and parallel end faces, e.g. double disc grinders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/12Devices for exhausting mist of oil or coolant; Devices for collecting or recovering materials resulting from grinding or polishing, e.g. of precious metals, precious stones, diamonds or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of alloy material grinding, and discloses a preparation method and preparation equipment of a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive. This high-speed locomotive is with preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resisting alloy material utilizes adjusting device to adjust the roller interval of polishing, through two-sided grinding mechanism, carries out the effect of polishing in step when reaching the interval modulation, improves the efficiency of polishing, satisfies and polishes not unidimensional material, and labour saving and time saving utilizes unnecessary power to in time handle material surface piece, reaches the effect of being convenient for polish, satisfies energy-concerving and environment-protective theory.

Description

Preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resistant alloy material for high-speed locomotive
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of alloy material grinding, in particular to a preparation method and preparation equipment of a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive.
Background
The wear-resistant alloy material is a special performance material for a wear working condition, and is mainly characterized by having higher strength, hardness, toughness and wear resistance under the wear condition, so that the wear-resistant alloy material is a material commonly used on a high-speed locomotive, the material is usually subjected to the working procedures of heating, mixing, filtering, die building, cooling, quenching, grinding and the like in the preparation process, and grinding is an important working procedure of the last step in the preparation process before the wear-resistant alloy material is used as a finished product.
However, the single-side grinding generally adopted by the existing grinding device is carried out, in order to ensure the smoothness of the surface and avoid defects such as burrs, repeated operation is usually carried out for many times when grinding is carried out, the time required for grinding is also longer, the same time is spent for grinding the reverse side after the single-side grinding is carried out, meanwhile, in order to ensure that materials with different sizes are ground, a manual grinding mode is usually adopted, time and labor are wasted, and therefore, the preparation method and the preparation equipment of the wear-resistant alloy material for the high-speed locomotive are provided to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a preparation method and preparation equipment of a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive, aiming at the defects in the prior art.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: the utility model provides a preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resisting alloy material for high-speed locomotive, includes the base, the inside sliding connection of base has the slip to prop the seat, the surperficial joint of base has the collecting box, the inside of base is provided with adjusting device, the top fixedly connected with fixing base that the seat was propped in the slip, the inside fixedly connected with adjusting spring of fixing base, the spacing slide of right-hand member fixed connection of adjusting spring, the inner wall of spacing slide rotates and is connected with the grinding roller, the inside of spacing slide is provided with two-sided grinding machanism, the top and the bottom of spacing slide respectively with the inner wall sliding connection of fixing base.
Preferably, two-sided grinding machanism is including the initiative motor, the inside fixed connection of bolt and spacing slide is passed through on the surface of initiative motor, the output shaft joint of initiative motor has the driving gear, the one end fixedly connected with cover post of driving gear principle initiative motor, the inside sliding connection of cover post has the cross card post, the surface of driving gear is provided with linkage cleaning device.
Preferably, linkage cleaning device is including the driven gear, the surface of driven gear and the surface intermeshing of driving gear, the left end fixedly connected with of driven gear rotates the worm, the surface meshing that rotates the worm has the rotation worm wheel, the inside fixedly connected with who rotates the worm wheel links the roller, the one end that the rotation worm wheel was kept away from to linking the roller is provided with piece cleaning device.
Preferably, the end of the rotating worm far away from the driven gear is connected with the internal rotation of the limiting sliding seat, the surface of the connecting roller is connected with the internal rotation of the limiting sliding seat, and the surface of the connecting roller is fixedly connected with the internal portion of the polishing roller.
Preferably, piece cleaning device is including flabellum and seal box, the surface of flabellum is connected with the fixed surface who links the roller, the seat is spouted to the top fixedly connected with air current of seal box, the top fixedly connected with connecting seat that the seat was spouted to the air current, the inside of connecting seat is provided with sweeps the subassembly.
Preferably, the front part of the sealing box is connected with the rear part of the fixing seat in a sliding manner, the inside of the sealing box is rotatably connected with the surface of the connecting roller, a blowing port is formed in the airflow spraying seat, and the front part of the sealing box is fixedly connected with the rear part of the limiting sliding seat.
Preferably, the sweeping assembly comprises a rotating roller and a return spring, the surface of the rotating roller is rotatably connected with the inside of the connecting seat, the surface of the rotating roller is located on the cam fixedly connected with the inside of the connecting seat, the surface of the rotating roller is fixedly connected with a brush roller, and the top end of the return spring is fixedly connected with a limiting sliding button.
Preferably, the surface of the rotating roller is in transmission connection with the surface of the connecting roller through a belt, the bottom end of the return spring is fixedly connected with the bottom of the inner wall of the connecting seat, and the surface of the limiting sliding button is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the connecting seat.
Preferably, adjusting device is including the turning handle, the right-hand member of turning handle is connected with the internal rotation of base, the surface of turning handle is located the left side fixedly connected with rotation fluted disc of base, the surface meshing of rotation fluted disc has adjusting gear, adjusting gear's inside fixedly connected with two-way threaded rod.
Preferably, the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod is rotatably connected with the inside of the base, and the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod is connected with the inside of the sliding support seat through threads.
Preferably, the top and the bottom of the limiting sliding seat are respectively connected with the inner wall of the fixing seat in a sliding manner, and the rear part of the limiting sliding seat is fixedly connected with the front part of the sealing box.
The preparation method of the wear-resistant alloy material for the high-speed locomotive comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: placing an alloy material to be polished on a corresponding clamp, driving the alloy material to move up and down at the center line of a base by the clamp, before work, manually driving a rotating handle to rotate, driving an adjusting gear which is mutually meshed with the surface of the rotating handle through a rotating fluted disc fixedly connected with the rotating handle to rotate, driving a bidirectional threaded rod to rotate by the adjusting gear, driving a sliding support seat which is in threaded connection with the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod and limited to move close to the alloy material until a polishing roller is contacted with the alloy material, and stopping adjustment;
step two: after the grinding rollers on the two sides are controlled to be tightly contacted with the surface of the alloy material, the operation of a clamp and a driving motor is controlled, the clamp drives the alloy material to operate up and down, the driving motor drives a driving gear fixedly connected with an output shaft of the driving motor to synchronously rotate with a sleeve column, and the sleeve column drives a driving gear at the other end of a cross clamping column to synchronously rotate;
step three: the driving gear drives the driven gears which are meshed with the surfaces of the driven gears to rotate, the two driven gears simultaneously drive the connecting rollers fixedly connected with the inner parts of the driven gears to rotate, the connecting rollers drive the two grinding rollers to rotatably grind, and the two sides of the alloy material are synchronously ground;
step four: the connecting roller drives the fan blades at the rear end of the connecting roller to rotate in the rotating process and generate wind power, the wind power accelerates the air flow in the sealing box and transfers the air flow into the airflow spraying seat and blows out the air flow through the blowing openings distributed at equal intervals, the blown wind power is in contact with the surface of the alloy material being polished and blows and cleans the residual impurities on the surface of the alloy material, and the cleaned crushed slag falls into the collecting box to be collected;
step five: the roller is driven to rotate by a belt in the rotating process, the cam on the roller and the brush roller synchronously rotate, the brush roller sweeps and cleans two sides of an object in the rotating process, when the cam is contacted with the limiting sliding button in the rotating process, the limiting sliding button breaks through the elastic force of the reset spring to move downwards for abdication, and the cam is vibrated when in contact, so that the brush roller is driven to intermittently shake in the rotating process;
step six: after the work of polishing, close the function of initiative motor and anchor clamps, through the reversal turning handle, rotate and adjust and make two slip prop the seat and carry out and keep away from the function relatively, until the grinding roller loses the contact with the alloy material after polishing completely, take out the alloy material, handle the inside sweeps of collecting box, accomplish the preparation.
By adopting the technical scheme, the invention can bring the following beneficial effects:
1. this high-speed locomotive is with preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resisting alloy material, utilize adjusting device to adjust two spacing slide intervals that slide on propping the seat, further reach the effect of adjusting two roller intervals of polishing, through two-sided grinding machanism, carry out the effect of synchronous rotation polishing when reaching the interval modulation, improve the efficiency of polishing, satisfy and polish to the material of equidimension not, improve the suitability, time saving and labor saving, utilize unnecessary power to in time handle material surface piece simultaneously, avoid the piece to remain, be convenient for polish, satisfy energy-concerving and environment-protective theory.
2. This high-speed locomotive is with preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resisting alloy material through setting up linkage cleaning device, utilizes the interoperation between each structure of its inside to reach and drive two grinding rollers and carry out synchronous pivoted effect, further reaches the effect of being convenient for polish to alloy material both sides simultaneously, improves the efficiency of polishing, labour saving and time saving utilizes unnecessary power to in time handle material surface piece simultaneously, further reaches the effect of being convenient for polish, satisfies energy-concerving and environment-protective theory.
3. This high-speed locomotive is with preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resisting alloy material reaches to utilize atmospheric pressure to blow the effect of clearing up to the alloy material both sides of polishing through setting up piece cleaning device, utilizes unnecessary power to in time handle material surface piece, brushes the clearance when blowing the clearance, reaches the effect that the more deep degree was handled the remaining sweeps in material surface.
4. According to the preparation method and the preparation equipment of the wear-resistant alloy material for the high-speed locomotive, the adjusting device is arranged, the effect of adjusting the distance between the two sliding support seats is achieved by utilizing the mutual operation between the internal structures, the effect of adjusting the distance between the two polishing rollers is further achieved, the effect of polishing the two surfaces of alloy materials with different sizes is achieved, and the effect of conveniently adjusting and simultaneously ensuring the whole stability is achieved.
5. According to the preparation method and the preparation equipment of the wear-resistant alloy material for the high-speed locomotive, the position of the polishing roller in the limiting sliding seat is controlled by the adjusting spring, the polishing roller is always in close contact with the alloy material for polishing by utilizing the tensity when being polished, and meanwhile, the material with small-range size change can be directly polished, so that the purpose of improving the applicability is further achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a double-side grinding mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a linkage cleaning device according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the limiting slide carriage of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the adjusting device of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the sweeping assembly of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a sliding support seat; 3. a collection box; 4. an adjustment device; 41. a handle is rotated; 42. rotating the fluted disc; 43. an adjusting gear; 44. a bidirectional threaded rod; 5. a fixed seat; 6. adjusting the spring; 7. a limiting sliding seat; 8. grinding a roller; 9. a double-side polishing mechanism; 91. an active motor; 92. a driving gear; 93. sleeving a column; 94. a linkage cleaning device; 941. a driven gear; 942. rotating the worm; 943. rotating the worm gear; 944. connecting rollers; 95. a cross clamping column; 96. a debris removal device; 961. a fan blade; 962. a sealing box; 963. an airflow spray seat; 964. a connecting seat; 10. a sweeping assembly; 101. rotating the roller; 102. a cam; 103. a return spring; 104. a brush roll; 105. and a limiting sliding button.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in figures 1-6, a method and equipment for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive, comprising a base 1, wherein a sliding support seat 2 is slidably connected inside the base 1, a collection box 3 is clamped on the surface of the base 1, an adjusting device 4 is arranged inside the base 1, a fixed seat 5 is fixedly connected on the top of the sliding support seat 2, an adjusting spring 6 is fixedly connected inside the fixed seat 5, the right end of the adjusting spring 6 is fixedly connected with a limit sliding seat 7, the inner wall of the limit sliding seat 7 is rotatably connected with a grinding roller 8, a double-sided grinding mechanism 9 is arranged inside the limit sliding seat 7, the top and the bottom of the limit sliding seat 7 are respectively slidably connected with the inner wall of the fixed seat 5, the effect of limiting the sliding track of the limit sliding seat 7 is achieved by respectively slidably connecting the top and the bottom of the limit sliding seat 7 with the inner wall of the fixed seat 5, so that the wear-resistant alloy material can only move left and right in a straight line, further reach the effect of the fixed scope of polishing of grinding roller 8 when operating.
In the embodiment, the double-side polishing mechanism 9 comprises a driving motor 91, the surface of the driving motor 91 is fixedly connected with the inside of the limiting slide seat 7 through bolts, an output shaft of the driving motor 91 is clamped with a driving gear 92, the driving gear 92 is fixedly connected with a sleeve column 93 according to the principle of the driving motor 91, the inside of the sleeve column 93 is slidably connected with a cross-shaped clamping column 95, the surface of the driving gear 92 is provided with a linkage cleaning device 94, the double-side polishing mechanism 9 is arranged, the effect of synchronously rotating and polishing while adjusting the distance between two polishing rollers 8 is achieved by utilizing the mutual operation between the structures inside of the double-side polishing mechanism, the polishing efficiency is greatly improved, the requirement of polishing alloy materials with different sizes is met, the overall applicability is improved, the time and the labor are saved, meanwhile, the excessive force is utilized to timely treat scraps on the surface of the materials, and the polishing effect is further achieved, meeting the concept of energy conservation and environmental protection.
Further, linkage cleaning device 94 is including driven gear 941, the surface of driven gear 941 and the surface intermeshing of driving gear 92, the left end fixedly connected with of driven gear 941 rotates worm 942, the surface meshing that rotates worm 942 has rotation worm wheel 943, the inside fixedly connected with who rotates worm wheel 943 links roller 944, the one end of keeping away from rotation worm wheel 943 of linking roller 944 is provided with piece cleaning device 96, through setting up linkage cleaning device 94, utilize the function of working each other between its inside each structure to reach and drive two and polish roller 8 and carry out synchronous pivoted effect, further reach the effect of being convenient for simultaneously polishing to alloy material both sides, the efficiency of polishing is improved, time saving and labor saving, utilize unnecessary power to carry out timely processing to material surface piece simultaneously, further reach the effect of being convenient for to polish, satisfy energy-concerving and environment-protective theory.
Furthermore, the end of the rotating worm 942 remote from the driven gear 941 is rotatably connected to the inside of the limiting slide 7, the surface of the connecting roller 944 is rotatably connected to the inside of the limiting slide 7, and the surface of the connecting roller 944 is fixedly connected to the inside of the grinding roller 8.
It is worth noting that piece cleaning device 96 is including flabellum 961 and seal box 962, flabellum 961's surface and the fixed surface connection who links roller 944, seat 963 is spouted to the top fixedly connected with air current of seal box 962, seat 963's top fixedly connected with connecting seat 964 is spouted to the air current, the inside of connecting seat 964 is provided with sweeps subassembly 10, through setting up piece cleaning device 96, utilize the interoperable effect that reaches to utilize atmospheric pressure to blow the clearance to the alloy material both sides of polishing, utilize unnecessary power to in time handle the material surface piece, further reach the effect of being convenient for polish, satisfy energy-concerving and environment-protective theory.
It is worth to say that the front portion of the seal box 962 is slidably connected with the rear portion of the fixing seat 5, the interior of the seal box 962 is rotatably connected with the surface of the connecting roller 944, the air blowing ports are formed in the air flow spraying seat 963, the front portion of the seal box 962 is fixedly connected with the rear portion of the limiting sliding seat 7, the air exhausting effect is achieved by arranging the air blowing ports distributed equidistantly, the air pressure is used for blowing and cleaning two sides of an alloy material being polished, excessive force is used for timely processing scraps on the surface of the material, and the polishing effect is further achieved.
Besides, the sweeping component 10 comprises a rotating roller 101 and a return spring 103, the surface of the rotating roller 101 is connected with the internal rotation of the connecting seat 964, the surface of the rotating roller 101 is located on the cam 102 fixedly connected with the internal portion of the connecting seat 964, the surface of the rotating roller 101 is fixedly connected with a brush roller 104, the top end of the return spring 103 is fixedly connected with a limiting sliding button 105, the sweeping component 10 is arranged, the effect of brushing and cleaning two sides of an object is achieved by utilizing the mutual operation between the internal structures of the sweeping component, the purpose of improving the chip cleaning efficiency is further achieved, meanwhile, the power generated by grinding is used as power, the effect of energy conservation and environmental protection is achieved, the purpose of shaking the surface of the brush roller 104 is achieved by utilizing the vibration in the rotation, and the problem of reducing the waste chip residue is further achieved.
In addition, the surface of the rotating roller 101 is in transmission connection with the surface of the connecting roller 944 through a belt, the bottom end of the return spring 103 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the inner wall of the connecting seat 964, and the surface of the limiting slide button 105 is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the connecting seat 964.
In addition, adjusting device 4 is including turning handle 41, the right-hand member of turning handle 41 is connected with the internal rotation of base 1, the surface of turning handle 41 is located the left side fixedly connected with rotation fluted disc 42 of base 1, the surface engagement of rotation fluted disc 42 has adjusting gear 43, adjusting gear 43's inside fixedly connected with bidirectional threaded rod 44, through setting up adjusting device 4, utilize the function each other between its inside each structure to reach the effect of adjusting two slides simultaneously and prop 2 intervals, further reach the effect of adjusting two 8 intervals of grinding roller, reach the effect of all carrying out two-sided polishing to the alloy material of equidimension not, reach the effect of guarantee holistic stability when being convenient for adjust.
Besides, the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod 44 is rotatably connected with the inside of the base 1, the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod 44 is connected with the inner threads of the sliding support seats 2, and by arranging the bidirectional threaded rod 44, the effect of driving the two sliding support seats 2 to move relatively close to each other and keep away from each other is achieved by utilizing the principle of threads, the effect of adjusting the distance between the two grinding rollers 8 is further achieved, and the effect of polishing the two sides of alloy materials with different sizes is achieved.
Further noted are the following preparation methods:
the method comprises the following steps: placing an alloy material to be polished on a corresponding fixture, driving the alloy material to move up and down at the center line of the base 1 by the fixture, before working, manually driving the rotating handle 41 to rotate, driving the adjusting gear 43 which is meshed with the surface of the rotating handle 41 to rotate by the rotating fluted disc 42 fixedly connected with the rotating handle 41, driving the bidirectional threaded rod 44 to rotate by the adjusting gear 43, driving the sliding support seat 2 which is in threaded connection with the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod 44 and limited to move close to the alloy material until the polishing roller 8 is contacted with the alloy material, and stopping adjustment;
step two: after the polishing rollers 8 on the two sides are controlled to be in close contact with the surface of the alloy material, the operation of the clamp and the driving motor 91 is controlled, the clamp drives the alloy material to operate up and down, the driving motor 91 drives the driving gear 92 fixedly connected with an output shaft of the driving motor 91 and the sleeve column 93 to synchronously rotate, and the sleeve column 93 drives the driving gear 92 at the other end of the cross clamping column 95 to synchronously rotate;
step three: the driving gear 92 drives the driven gears 941 which are meshed with the surfaces of the driven gears 941 to rotate, the two driven gears 941 simultaneously drive the connecting rollers 944 fixedly connected with the two driven gears 941 to rotate, the connecting rollers 944 drive the two grinding rollers 8 to rotate and grind, and the two sides of the alloy material are synchronously ground;
step four: the connecting roller 944 drives the fan blade 961 at the rear end thereof to rotate in the rotating process and generate wind power, the wind power accelerates the air flow in the sealing box 962 and transfers the air flow into the airflow spray seat 963 and blows out the air through the air blowing ports distributed at equal intervals, the blown wind power is contacted with the surface of the alloy material being polished and blows and cleans the residual impurities on the surface of the alloy material, and the cleaned crushed slag falls into the collecting box 3 to be collected;
step five: the roller 944 drives the roller 101 through a belt in the rotating process, the cam 102 on the roller 101 and the brush roller 104 rotate synchronously, the brush roller 104 cleans two sides of an object in the rotating process, after the cam 102 contacts the limiting sliding button 105 in the rotating process, the limiting sliding button 105 breaks through the elastic force of the return spring 103 to move downwards for abdicating, and the cam 102 is vibrated when contacting, so that the brush roller 104 is driven to shake intermittently in the rotating process;
step six: after the polishing work is finished, the operation of the driving motor 91 and the clamp is closed, the two sliding support seats 2 are rotated and adjusted to be relatively far away from the operation through the reverse rotating handle 41 until the polishing roller 8 and the polished alloy material completely lose contact, the alloy material is taken out, the scraps in the collecting box 3 are treated, and the preparation is finished.
The working principle is that the alloy material to be polished is placed on a corresponding fixture, the fixture drives the alloy material to move up and down at the center line of the base 1, before the operation, the rotating handle 41 is driven to rotate by hand, the rotating handle 41 drives the adjusting gears 43 which are meshed with the surface of the rotating handle through the rotating fluted disc 42 fixedly connected with the rotating handle to rotate, the number of the adjusting gears 43 is two, the two adjusting gears 43 are symmetrically distributed by taking the center line of the rotating fluted disc 42 as a symmetry axis, the two adjusting gears 43 drive the two bidirectional threaded rods 44 to rotate, the bidirectional threaded rods 44 drive the sliding support seats 2 which are connected with the surface of the bidirectional threaded rods and are limited to move towards the alloy material, the effect of driving the sliding support seats 2 on the left side to stably move is further achieved, the thread turning directions on the surfaces of the bidirectional threaded rods 44 are opposite, and the two sliding support seats 2 on the left side and the right side are further driven to relatively move, the device comprises a clamp, a driving motor 91, a driving gear 92 and a sleeve column 93, wherein the driving gear 92 and the sleeve column 93 are fixedly connected with output shafts of the driving motor 91 and the driving gear 92 at the other end of a cross clamping column 95 are driven to synchronously rotate by the sleeve column 93; the cross-shaped clamping column 95 is fixedly connected with a driving gear 92 at the other end, the driving gear 92 drives a driven gear 941 which is meshed with the surface of the driving gear to rotate, the two driven gears 941 simultaneously drive a connecting roller 944 fixedly connected with the driving gear 941 to rotate, the connecting roller 944 drives two grinding rollers 8 to rotate and grind, the effect of synchronously grinding two sides of the alloy material is further achieved, the alloy material is ground by the grinding rollers 8 at the two sides while moving up and down by a clamp, the aim of fully grinding is further achieved, the connecting roller 944 drives fan blades 961 at the rear end of the connecting roller to rotate and generate wind power in the rotating process, the wind power accelerates air flow in a sealing box 962, transmits the air flow into an airflow spraying seat 963 and blows out through air outlets distributed at equal intervals, the blown-out wind power is in contact with the surface of the alloy material being ground and blows and cleans impurities remained on the alloy material, and cleaned slag falls into a collecting box 3 to be collected, the roller 944 drives the roller 101 through a belt in the rotating process, the cam 102 on the roller 101 and the brush roller 104 rotate synchronously, the brush roller 104 cleans two sides of an object in the rotating process, when the cam 102 contacts the limit slide button 105 in the rotating process, the limit slide button 105 breaks through the elastic force of the reset spring 103 and moves downwards to give way, the cam 102 is vibrated when contacting with the cam, thereby driving the brush roller 104 to vibrate intermittently in the rotating process, improving the cleaning degree of two sides of the object, simultaneously achieving the effect of carrying out impurity material on the surface of the brush roller 104 by utilizing the vibration in the rotation, after the vibrating operation of the grinding work is finished, closing the operation of the driving motor 91 and the clamp, rotating and adjusting the two sliding supporting seats 2 to move away from the operation relatively through the reverse rotating handle 41 until the grinding roller 8 completely loses contact with the ground alloy material, and taking out the alloy material, and processing the scraps in the collecting box 3 to finish the preparation.
The invention provides a preparation method and a preparation device of a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive, and a method and a way for realizing the technical scheme are many, the above description is only a preferred embodiment of the invention, and it should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, a plurality of improvements and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the invention, and the improvements and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the invention. All the components not specified in the present embodiment can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a high-speed locomotive is with preparation equipment of wear-resisting alloy material, includes base (1), its characterized in that: the inside sliding connection of base (1) has the slip to prop seat (2), the surperficial joint of base (1) has collecting box (3), the inside of base (1) is provided with adjusting device (4), the top fixedly connected with fixing base (5) of the slip props seat (2), the inside fixedly connected with adjusting spring (6) of fixing base (5), the spacing slide (7) of right-hand member fixed connection of adjusting spring (6), the inner wall of spacing slide (7) rotates and is connected with grinding roller (8), the inside of spacing slide (7) is provided with two-sided grinding machanism (9), the top and the bottom of spacing slide (7) respectively with the inner wall sliding connection of fixing base (5).
2. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 1, characterized in that: two-sided grinding machanism (9) are including initiative motor (91), the inside fixed connection of bolt and spacing slide (7) is passed through on the surface of initiative motor (91), the output shaft joint of initiative motor (91) has driving gear (92), the one end fixedly connected with cover post (93) of driving gear (92) principle initiative motor (91), the inside sliding connection of cover post (93) has cross card post (95), the surface of driving gear (92) is provided with interlock cleaning device (94).
3. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 2, characterized in that: linkage cleaning device (94) is including driven gear (941), the surface intermeshing of the surface of driven gear (941) and driving gear (92), the left end fixedly connected with of driven gear (941) rotates worm (942), the surface meshing of rotating worm (942) has rotation worm wheel (943), the inside fixedly connected with who rotates worm wheel (943) links roller (944), the one end of keeping away from rotation worm wheel (943) in roller (944) is provided with piece cleaning device (96).
4. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 3, wherein: one end of the rotating worm (942), which is far away from the driven gear (941), is rotatably connected with the interior of the limiting sliding seat (7), the surface of the connecting roller (944) is rotatably connected with the interior of the limiting sliding seat (7), and the surface of the connecting roller (944) is fixedly connected with the interior of the grinding roller (8);
the debris cleaning device (96) comprises a fan blade (961) and a sealing box (962), the surface of the fan blade (961) is fixedly connected with the surface of a connecting roller (944), the top of the sealing box (962) is fixedly connected with an airflow spraying seat (963), the top of the airflow spraying seat (963) is fixedly connected with a connecting seat (964), and a sweeping assembly (10) is arranged inside the connecting seat (964).
5. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 5, wherein: the front part of the sealing box (962) is connected with the rear part of the fixed seat (5) in a sliding manner, the interior of the sealing box (962) is rotatably connected with the surface of the connecting roller (944), the interior of the airflow spraying seat (963) is provided with an air blowing port, and the front part of the sealing box (962) is fixedly connected with the rear part of the limiting sliding seat (7).
6. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 5, wherein: sweep subassembly (10) including changeing roller (101) and reset spring (103), the surface of changeing roller (101) is connected with the inside rotation of connecting seat (964), the surface of changeing roller (101) is located the inside fixedly connected with cam (102) of connecting seat (964), the fixed surface of changeing roller (101) is connected with brush roll (104), the spacing smooth button (105) of top fixedly connected with of reset spring (103).
7. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 7, characterized in that: the surface of the rotating roller (101) is in transmission connection with the surface of the connecting roller (944) through a belt, the bottom end of the return spring (103) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the inner wall of the connecting seat (964), and the surface of the limiting sliding button (105) is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the connecting seat (964).
8. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 1, characterized in that: adjusting device (4) are including turning handle (41), the right-hand member of turning handle (41) is connected with the inside rotation of base (1), the surface of turning handle (41) is located the left side fixedly connected with rotation fluted disc (42) of base (1), the surface meshing of rotation fluted disc (42) has adjusting gear (43), the inside fixedly connected with two-way threaded rod (44) of adjusting gear (43).
9. The apparatus for preparing a wear-resistant alloy material for a high-speed locomotive according to claim 9, wherein: the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod (44) is rotatably connected with the interior of the base (1), and the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod (44) is connected with the interior of the sliding support seat (2) through threads.
10. The preparation method of the wear-resistant alloy material for the high-speed locomotive comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: placing an alloy material to be polished on a corresponding clamp, driving the alloy material to move up and down at the center line of a base (1) by the clamp, before work, manually driving a rotating handle (41) to rotate, driving an adjusting gear (43) which is meshed with the surface of the rotating handle (41) to rotate by a rotating fluted disc (42) fixedly connected with the rotating handle (41), driving a bidirectional threaded rod (44) to rotate by the adjusting gear (43), driving a sliding support seat (2) which is in threaded connection with the surface of the bidirectional threaded rod (44) and is limited to move close to the alloy material until a polishing roller (8) is contacted with the alloy material, and stopping adjustment;
step two: after the grinding rollers (8) on the two sides are controlled to be tightly contacted with the surface of the alloy material, the operation of a clamp and an active motor (91) is controlled, the clamp drives the alloy material to operate up and down, the active motor (91) drives a driving gear (92) fixedly connected with an output shaft of the active motor to synchronously rotate with a sleeve column (93), and the sleeve column (93) drives a driving gear (92) at the other end of a cross clamping column (95) to synchronously rotate;
step three: the driving gear (92) drives the driven gears (941) which are meshed with the surfaces of the driven gears to rotate, the two driven gears (941) simultaneously drive the connecting roller (944) fixedly connected with the two driven gears to rotate, the connecting roller (944) drives the two grinding rollers (8) to rotate and grind, and the two sides of the alloy material are synchronously ground;
step four: the connecting roller (944) drives a fan blade (961) at the rear end of the connecting roller to rotate in the rotating process and generate wind power, the wind power accelerates the air flow in the sealing box (962), the air flow is transmitted into the airflow spraying seat (963) and is blown out through blowing ports distributed at equal intervals, the blown wind power is in contact with the surface of the alloy material being polished and blows and cleans the residual impurities on the surface of the alloy material, and the cleaned crushed slag falls into the collecting box (3) for collection;
step five: the connecting roller (944) drives the rotating roller (101) through a belt in the rotating process, the cam (102) on the rotating roller (101) and the brush roller (104) synchronously rotate, the brush roller (104) cleans two sides of an object in the rotating process, after the cam (102) contacts with the limiting sliding button (105) in the rotating process, the limiting sliding button (105) breaks through the elastic force of the reset spring 103 and moves downwards for abdication, and the cam (102) is vibrated when contacting with the cam, so that the brush roller (104) is driven to intermittently shake in the rotating process;
step six: after the polishing work is finished, the operation of the driving motor (91) and the clamp is closed, the two sliding support seats (2) are rotated and adjusted through the reverse rotating handle (41) to be relatively far away from the operation until the polishing roller (8) and the polished alloy material completely lose contact, the alloy material is taken out, the scraps in the collecting box (3) are treated, and the preparation is completed.
CN202111205911.4A 2021-10-15 2021-10-15 Preparation method and preparation equipment of wear-resistant alloy material for high-speed locomotive Pending CN114083373A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013131786A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Wafios Ag Spring-end grinding machine with a turntable and a plurality of loading wheels
CN110370146A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-25 叶伟 A kind of two-sided grinding device for steel plate derusting
CN110549195A (en) * 2019-10-17 2019-12-10 邢台职业技术学院 Metal plate trimming machine tool equipment
CN110722420A (en) * 2019-09-26 2020-01-24 天津星月欧瑞门业有限公司 Burglary-resisting door panel edging device convenient to clearance sweeps
CN210790305U (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-06-19 深圳市思创力石材护理有限公司 Stone material nursing is with dustproof grinding device
CN211193198U (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-08-07 罗婵芳 Two-sided grinding device is used in production of five metals panel
CN111716175A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-09-29 淮北辰威科技有限公司 Two-sided plank grinding device who polishes
CN112059829A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 江西福格新能源传动技术有限公司 Prevent screw conveyer processing of sweeps splash and use absorption formula grinding device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013131786A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Wafios Ag Spring-end grinding machine with a turntable and a plurality of loading wheels
CN110370146A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-25 叶伟 A kind of two-sided grinding device for steel plate derusting
CN110722420A (en) * 2019-09-26 2020-01-24 天津星月欧瑞门业有限公司 Burglary-resisting door panel edging device convenient to clearance sweeps
CN210790305U (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-06-19 深圳市思创力石材护理有限公司 Stone material nursing is with dustproof grinding device
CN110549195A (en) * 2019-10-17 2019-12-10 邢台职业技术学院 Metal plate trimming machine tool equipment
CN211193198U (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-08-07 罗婵芳 Two-sided grinding device is used in production of five metals panel
CN111716175A (en) * 2020-06-02 2020-09-29 淮北辰威科技有限公司 Two-sided plank grinding device who polishes
CN112059829A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 江西福格新能源传动技术有限公司 Prevent screw conveyer processing of sweeps splash and use absorption formula grinding device

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