CN113975097A - 一种下半身运动器械 - Google Patents

一种下半身运动器械 Download PDF

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CN113975097A
CN113975097A CN202111400504.9A CN202111400504A CN113975097A CN 113975097 A CN113975097 A CN 113975097A CN 202111400504 A CN202111400504 A CN 202111400504A CN 113975097 A CN113975097 A CN 113975097A
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massage
shank
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黄芳丽
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种下半身运动器械,包括底座组件、腰部和臀部按摩/训练的上部训练组件、脚部按摩/训练的脚部训练组件以及腿部训练组件,通过腿部训练组件屈伸运动的同时,带动上部训练组件、脚部训练组件沿底座组件移动,可对下肢进行按摩/训练,同时上部训练组件对腰部和臀部进行按摩/训练运动、脚部训练组件对脚部进行按摩/训练运动,实现人体下半身整体进行按摩/训练运动,且能提高按摩/训练运动的效果和效率,从而有效预防关节僵硬、下肢血栓、防止肌张力的增高、防止形成淋巴水肿以及预防肌肉萎缩、减轻肌肉疲劳、预防组织挛缩、加速组织损伤修复等,同时训练组件组合还能一定程度减轻脊柱受力,进行腰椎牵引训练。

Description

一种下半身运动器械
技术领域:
本发明涉及运动设备技术领域,涉及一种下半身运动器械。
技术背景:
人体的下半身包括腰部、臀部、腿部、脚部。对于这些部位人们在生活、工作中,需要进行按摩/训练运动,特别对于有外伤、手术、偏瘫等的患者来说,长时间的制动,易形成血栓、肌肉萎缩、关节僵硬等,而偏瘫患者易形成下肢内收、内旋、足下垂等问题。
针对上述问题,现有技术中有下肢康复设备或腰椎康复设备等设备,其虽然起到腰部或腿部或脚部的按摩/训练运动,但是其均只能起到固定部位的运动,另外,现有的设备仅能控制某些部位的伸展、转动等简单的动作,这样其按摩/训练运动的效果缓慢,从而按摩/训练运动的时间较长。
发明内容:
本发明的目的在于:提供一种下半身运动器械,既能进行局部按摩,其还具有能针对人体下半身整体进行训练运动,从而有效防止血液淤滞形成血栓、防止肌张力的增高、防止形成淋巴水肿以及预防肌肉萎缩、预防足下垂及关节僵硬等的特点。
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明通过下述技术方案得以解决:
一种下半身运动器械,包括可拆卸的底座组件,所述底座组件上端设有便于腰部和臀部按摩/训练的上部训练组件、便于脚部按摩/训练的脚部训练组件以及设于上部训练组件与脚部训练组件之间的腿部训练组件。
优选的,所述底座组件包括可折叠的设于床体两侧上端的伸缩底板,伸缩底板上开设有移动槽,所述移动槽内设有移动轮,所述床体外端设有与所述移动轮连接的调节手柄。
进一步优选的,所述上部训练组件包括设于床体上部的坐卧板,所述坐卧板下端两侧对称设有两组移动轮,其中靠近床头的一组移动轮连接有所述调节手柄,所述坐卧板上中部靠近所述腿部训练组件的一端连接有坐卧垫,坐卧垫上设有坐卧按摩和训练组件,所述坐卧垫包括设于坐卧板上端的平行板和靠近腿部训练组件的一端设置的向上翘的弧形板,所述坐卧按摩和训练组件设于平行板和弧形板上。
进一步优选的,所述坐卧按摩和训练组件包括设于坐卧板内的坐卧正反转电机,所述坐卧正反转电机的输出轴连接有坐卧按摩头和顶起块,该输出轴上设有与坐卧按摩头配合使用的按摩凸块以及与顶起块配合使用的顶起块,按摩凸块与顶起块同轴错开设置。
进一步优选的,所述脚部训练组件包括可活动插接于床尾板内壁的连接架,连接架两端均连接有万向轮,连接架两端与万向轮之间设有活动电机,活动电机的输出端设有弹性的偏心驱动头,偏心驱动头与万向轮抵触设置,所述万向轮前端设有鞋托,所述鞋托上设有脚部训练组件,所述连接架一端与床尾板连接,另一端与所述伸缩底板铰接。
进一步优选的,所述鞋托包括鞋底,鞋底上设有可开合的鞋面,所述脚部训练组件包括设于鞋体上的空心的脚部训练杆,脚部训练杆后端设有脚部按摩电机,脚部按摩电机的输出端连接有偏心轮,脚部训练杆前端设有与偏心轮连接的脚部按摩头。
进一步优选的,所述腿部训练组件包括用于铰接连接所述上部训练组件的前伸展臂和与脚部训练组件铰接连接的后伸展臂,前伸展臂与后伸展臂通过铰接筒铰接,所述铰接筒一端设有伸展电机,铰接筒外包覆有加热套和冰敷套,加热套内设有加热丝,所述铰接筒一端设有电路板和控制板,所述前伸展臂和/或后伸展臂上设有腿部按摩套,腿部按摩套内设有设有若干腿部按摩爪,前伸展臂和/或后伸展臂的外端设有腿部按摩电机,腿部按摩电机的输出轴的外壁设有若干与控制腿部按摩爪配合运动的凸块。
进一步优选的,所述腿部训练组件包括两组呈上下设置的前伸展臂和后伸展臂,两组前伸展臂和后伸展臂分别通过上铰接筒和下铰接筒铰接,上组前伸展臂和后伸展臂的侧面分别通过铰接轴铰接有弧形的大腿上套板和小腿上套板,下组前伸展臂和后伸展臂的侧面分别通过铰接轴铰接有弧形的大腿下套板和小腿下套板,大腿上套板和小腿上套板与铰接轴之间以及大腿下套板和小腿下套板均设有卡簧,所述大腿下套板和小腿下套板内设有滚动按摩器,所述下铰接筒的一侧设有横向移动气缸,所述横向移动气缸的活塞杆与滚动按摩器连接。
进一步优选的,所述滚动按摩器包括按摩架,按摩架上开设有至少两个连接孔,所述连接孔内通过连接轴连接有按摩球,所述横向移动气缸的活塞杆与按摩架连接。
进一步优选的,所述坐卧板上设有髋部固定带和肩部固定带,所述髋部固定带包括对应所述坐卧垫两侧设置的弹性的公扣带和母扣带,所述肩部固定带包括对应人体两肩位置设置的两弹性粘贴带,两弹性粘贴带的上端均设有便于床头板可拆卸连接的挂接带,所述挂接带上端设有挂钩。
本发明有益效果:包括可拆卸的底座组件,所述底座组件上端设有便于腰部和臀部按摩/训练的上部训练组件、便于脚部按摩/训练的脚部训练组件以及设于上部训练组件与脚部训练组件之间的腿部训练组件,本发明使用时,通过腿部训练组件屈伸运动的同时,带动上部训练组件、脚部训练组件一起沿底座组件移动,这样可对腿部进行按摩/训练运动,在移动同时上部训练组件对腰部和臀部进行按摩/训练运动、脚部训练组件对脚部进行按摩/训练运动,这样便能针对人体下半身整体进行按摩/训练运动,且能提高按摩/训练运动的效果和效率,从而有效防止血液形成血栓、防止肌张力的增高、防止形成淋巴水肿以及预防肌肉萎缩、预防足下垂及关节僵硬等。
附图说明
图1是本发明实施例一的结构示意图。
图2是本发明实施例一中坐卧按摩和训练组件的结构示意图。
图3是本发明实施例一中腿部训练组件的结构示意图。
图4是本发明实施例二的结构示意图。
附体标记
1、移动槽,2、调节手柄,3、坐卧板,4、坐卧垫,5、平行板,
6、弧形板,7、坐卧正反转电机,8、坐卧按摩头,9、顶起块,
10、连接架,11、万向轮,12、活动电机,13、鞋托,
14、脚部按摩电机,15、脚部按摩头,16、前伸展臂,17、后伸展臂,
18、铰接筒,19、加热套,20、加热丝,21、腿部按摩套,22、腿部按摩爪,23、腿部按摩电机,24、凸块。
具体实施方式:
下面结合附图与实施例对本发明作进一步详细描述。
如图1-3所示,一种下半身运动器械,包括可拆卸的底座组件,所述底座组件上端设有便于腰部和臀部按摩/训练的上部训练组件、便于脚部按摩/训练的脚部训练组件以及设于上部训练组件与脚部训练组件之间的腿部训练组件,本发明使用时,通过腿部训练组件屈伸运动的同时,带动上部训练组件、脚部训练组件一起沿底座组件移动,这样可对腿部进行按摩/训练运动,在移动同时上部训练组件对腰部和臀部进行按摩/训练运动、腿部训练组件对腿部进行按摩/训练运动、脚部训练组件对脚部进行按摩/训练运动,这样便能针对人体下半身整体进行按摩/训练运动,且能提高按摩/训练运动的效果和效率,从而增强肌力,保持关节活动度,有效预防关节僵硬、下肢血栓、防止肌张力的增高、防止形成淋巴水肿以及预防肌肉萎缩、减轻肌肉疲劳、预防组织挛缩、加速组织损伤修复等。
本实施例中,所述上部训练组件包括设于床体上部的坐卧板3,所述坐卧板3下端两侧对称设有两组移动轮,其中靠近床头的一组移动轮连接有所述调节手柄2,所述坐卧板3上中部靠近所述腿部训练组件的一端连接有坐卧垫4,坐卧垫4上设有坐卧按摩和训练组件,所述坐卧垫4包括设于坐卧板3上端的平行板5和靠近腿部训练组件的一端设置的向上翘的弧形板6,所述坐卧按摩和训练组件设于平行板5和弧形板6上,所述坐卧按摩和训练组件包括设于坐卧板3内的坐卧正反转电机7,所述坐卧正反转电机7的输出轴连接有坐卧按摩头8和顶起块9,该输出轴上设有与坐卧按摩头8配合使用的按摩凸块24以及与顶起块9配合使用的顶起块9,按摩凸块24与顶起块9同轴错开设置,使用时,使用者的臀部坐在坐卧垫4的弧形板6上,同时腰部贴于坐卧垫4的平行板5上,在坐卧正反转电机7正转时,驱动坐卧按摩头8对腰部的臀部进行振动按摩运动,在坐卧正反转电机7反转时,驱动顶起块9对腰部的臀部进行锤敲运动,从而防止腰部和臀部肌肉疲劳等。
本实施例中,所述脚部训练组件包括可活动插接于床尾板内壁的连接架10,连接架10两端均连接有万向轮11,连接架10两端与万向轮11之间设有活动电机12,活动电机12的输出端设有弹性的偏心驱动头,偏心驱动头与万向轮11抵触设置,所述万向轮11前端设有13,所述13上设有脚部训练组件,所述连接架10一端与床尾板连接,另一端与所述伸缩底板铰接,所述13包括鞋底,鞋底上设有可开合的鞋面,所述脚部训练组件包括设于鞋体上的空心的脚部训练杆,脚部训练杆后端设有脚部按摩电机14,脚部按摩电机14的输出端连接有偏心轮,脚部训练杆前端设有与偏心轮连接的脚部按摩头15,使用时,将脚放置于13上,通过通过活动电机12驱动万向轮11使13上下、左右摆动或扭动,达到踝泵运动的效果,另外,通过脚部按摩电机14驱动偏心轮带动脚部按摩头15对脚底进行穴位按摩或锤敲,从而促进新陈代谢、疏通经脉及血液循环等。
本实施例中,所述腿部训练组件包括用于铰接连接所述上部训练组件的前伸展臂16和与脚部训练组件铰接连接的后伸展臂17,前伸展臂16与后伸展臂17通过铰接筒18铰接,所述铰接筒18一端设有伸展电机25,铰接筒18外包覆有加热套19,加热套19内设有加热丝20,所述铰接筒18一端设有电路板和控制板,所述前伸展臂16和/或后伸展臂17上设有腿部按摩套21,腿部按摩套21内设有设有若干腿部按摩爪22,前伸展臂16和/或后伸展臂17的外端设有腿部按摩电机23,腿部按摩电机23的输出轴的外壁设有若干与控制腿部按摩爪22配合运动的凸块24,使用时,将大腿和小腿分别放置于前伸展臂16和后伸展臂17上的腿部按摩套21上,使膝盖后窝至于铰接筒18上,通过控制加热丝20对膝盖后窝进行加热理疗,通过前伸展臂16和/或后伸展臂17的外端的腿部按摩电机23驱动腿部按摩爪22对大腿和/或小腿的肌肉和穴位进行挤捏按摩,组件组合不仅可进行直腿抬高训练、踝泵运动、股四头肌等长收缩练习等,还可以膝、髋关节屈伸练习及双下肢外展、外旋训练等,从而可以有效预防关节僵硬、下肢血栓、肌张力的增高、减轻双下肢水肿以及预防肌肉萎缩、减轻肌肉疲劳、预防组织挛缩、加速组织损伤修复等。
本实施例中,所述底座组件包括可折叠的设于床体两侧上端的伸缩底板,伸缩底板上开设有移动槽1,所述移动槽1内设有移动轮,所述床体外端设有与所述移动轮连接的调节手柄2,所述移动轮设在坐卧板3的前端底部、前伸展臂16和后伸展臂17底端以及连接架10的底端,而调节手柄2只在坐卧板3的前端底部和后伸展臂17底端的移动轮设置,在需要训练运动时,旋松调节手柄2,便可使腿部训练组件带动上部训练组件、脚部训练组件沿移动槽1移动,同时还可将腿部训练组件、上部训练组件、脚部训练组件从移动槽1内整体取出。
实施例二,如图4所示,本实施例与实施例一的不同之处在于:所述腿部训练组件包括两组呈上下设置的前伸展臂16和后伸展臂17,两组前伸展臂16和后伸展臂17分别通过上铰接筒18和下铰接筒18铰接,上组前伸展臂16和后伸展臂17的侧面分别通过铰接轴铰接有弧形的大腿上套板25和小腿上套板26,下组前伸展臂16和后伸展臂17的侧面分别通过铰接轴铰接有弧形的大腿下套板27和小腿下套板28,大腿上套板25和小腿上套板26与铰接轴之间以及大腿下套板27和小腿下套板28均设有卡簧,所述大腿下套板27和小腿下套板28内设有滚动按摩器,所述下铰接筒18的一侧设有横向移动气缸31,所述横向移动气缸31的活塞杆与滚动按摩器连接,所述滚动按摩器包括按摩架29,按摩架29上开设有至少两个连接孔,所述连接孔内通过连接轴连接有按摩球30,所述横向移动气缸31的活塞杆与按摩架29连接,使用时,先将大腿下套板27和小腿下套板28转动的放平,之后将腿放置在大腿下套板27和小腿下套板28上,之后将大腿上套板25和小腿上套板26转动与大腿下套板27和小腿下套板28配合将腿部整体夹持,之后通过横向移动气缸31驱动按摩架29移动的同时,使按摩球30对腿部进行移动按摩,这样能舒经通脉的同时,更进一步放松腿部肌肉,有效防止血栓的形成。
本实施例中,所述坐卧板3上设有髋部固定带和肩部固定带,所述髋部固定带包括对应所述坐卧垫4两侧设置的弹性的公扣带和母扣带,所述肩部固定带包括对应人体两肩位置设置的两弹性粘贴带,两弹性粘贴带的上端均设有便于床头板可拆卸连接的挂接带,所述挂接带上端设有挂钩,使用时,通过公扣带和母扣带的相互扣接将人体的髋部固定在坐卧垫4上,这样能保持人体上半身整体固定,而将肩部通过两弹性粘贴带粘贴(魔术贴)固定在坐卧板3上,并将弹性粘贴带上部通过挂接带和挂钩与床头板挂接,当3带动躯干整体下滑时,固定在床头的肩部固定带将与形成反牵拉力,通过向相反方向的牵拉,来达到治疗腰椎间盘突出的目的。
以上内容仅为本发明的较佳实施例,对于本领域的普通技术人员,依据本发明的思想,在具体实施方式及应用范围上均会有改变之处,本说明书内容不应理解为对本发明的限制。

Claims (10)

1.一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:包括可拆卸的底座组件,所述底座组件上端设有便于腰部和臀部按摩/训练的上部训练组件、便于脚部按摩/训练的脚部训练组件以及设于上部训练组件与脚部训练组件之间的腿部训练组件。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述底座组件包括可折叠的设于床体两侧上端的伸缩底板,伸缩底板上开设有移动槽,所述移动槽内设有移动轮,所述床体外端设有与所述移动轮连接的调节手柄。
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述上部训练组件包括设于床体上部的坐卧板,所述坐卧板下端两侧对称设有两组移动轮,其中靠近床头的一组移动轮连接有所述调节手柄,所述坐卧板上中部靠近所述腿部训练组件的一端连接有坐卧垫,坐卧垫上设有坐卧按摩和训练组件,所述坐卧垫包括设于坐卧板上端的平行板和靠近腿部训练组件的一端设置的向上翘的弧形板,所述坐卧按摩和训练组件设于平行板和弧形板上。
4.根据权利要求3所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述坐卧按摩和训练组件包括设于坐卧板内的坐卧正反转电机,所述坐卧正反转电机的输出轴连接有坐卧按摩头和顶起块,该输出轴上设有与坐卧按摩头配合使用的按摩凸块以及与顶起块配合使用的顶起块,按摩凸块与顶起块同轴错开设置。
5.根据权利要求2所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述脚部训练组件包括可活动插接于床尾板内壁的连接架,连接架两端均连接有万向轮,连接架两端与万向轮之间设有活动电机,活动电机的输出端设有弹性的偏心驱动头,偏心驱动头与万向轮抵触设置,所述万向轮前端设有鞋托,所述鞋托上设有脚部训练组件,所述连接架一端与床尾板连接,另一端与所述伸缩底板铰接。
6.根据权利要求5所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述鞋托包括鞋底,鞋底上设有可开合的鞋面,所述脚部训练组件包括设于鞋体上的空心的脚部训练杆,脚部训练杆后端设有脚部按摩电机,脚部按摩电机的输出端连接有偏心轮,脚部训练杆前端设有与偏心轮连接的脚部按摩头。
7.根据权利要求1所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述腿部训练组件包括用于铰接连接所述上部按摩组件的前伸展臂和与脚部训练组件铰接连接的后伸展臂,前伸展臂与后伸展臂通过铰接筒铰接,所述铰接筒一端设有伸展电机,铰接筒外包覆有加热套和冰敷套,加热套内设有加热丝,所述铰接筒一端设有电路板和控制板,所述前伸展臂和/或后伸展臂上设有腿部按摩套,腿部按摩套内设有设有若干腿部按摩爪,前伸展臂和/或后伸展臂的外端设有腿部按摩电机,腿部按摩电机的输出轴的外壁设有若干与控制腿部按摩爪配合运动的凸块。
8.根据权利要求7所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述腿部训练组件包括两组呈上下设置的前伸展臂和后伸展臂,两组前伸展臂和后伸展臂分别通过上铰接筒和下铰接筒铰接,上组前伸展臂和后伸展臂的侧面分别通过铰接轴铰接有弧形的大腿上套板和小腿上套板,下组前伸展臂和后伸展臂的侧面分别通过铰接轴铰接有弧形的大腿下套板和小腿下套板,大腿上套板和小腿上套板与铰接轴之间以及大腿下套板和小腿下套板均设有卡簧,所述大腿下套板和小腿下套板内设有滚动按摩器,所述下铰接筒的一侧设有横向移动气缸,所述横向移动气缸的活塞杆与滚动按摩器连接。
9.根据权利要求8所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述所述滚动按摩器包括按摩架,按摩架上开设有至少两个连接孔,所述连接孔内通过连接轴连接有按摩球,所述横向移动气缸的活塞杆与按摩架连接。
10.根据权利要求3所述的一种下半身运动器械,其特征在于:所述坐卧板上设有髋部固定带和肩部固定带,所述髋部固定带包括对应所述坐卧垫两侧设置的弹性的公扣带和母扣带,所述肩部固定带包括对应人体两肩位置设置的两弹性粘贴带,两弹性粘贴带的上端均设有便于床头板可拆卸连接的挂接带,所述挂接带上端设有挂钩。
CN202111400504.9A 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 一种下半身运动器械 Pending CN113975097A (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114733145A (zh) * 2022-04-02 2022-07-12 深圳市人民医院 智能多功能下肢康复训练一体机

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114733145A (zh) * 2022-04-02 2022-07-12 深圳市人民医院 智能多功能下肢康复训练一体机
CN114733145B (zh) * 2022-04-02 2022-10-04 深圳市人民医院 智能多功能下肢康复训练一体机

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