CN113877704B - Traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece smashing device for pharmacy department - Google Patents

Traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece smashing device for pharmacy department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113877704B
CN113877704B CN202111145007.9A CN202111145007A CN113877704B CN 113877704 B CN113877704 B CN 113877704B CN 202111145007 A CN202111145007 A CN 202111145007A CN 113877704 B CN113877704 B CN 113877704B
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China
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plate
fixedly connected
crushing
circular
motor
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CN202111145007.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113877704A (en
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张天泽
朱建林
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Zhang Tianze
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J3/00Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms
    • A61J3/02Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms into the form of powders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • B02C18/182Disc-shaped knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece crushing device for pharmacy, which comprises a shell, external threads, a feed inlet, a connecting plate, a support frame, a lifting mechanism, a cutting assembly, a grinding plate, a crushing mechanism and a screening and collecting mechanism, wherein the feed inlet is formed in one side of the shell; the invention can make the crushed particles of the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces more uniform through multi-layer cutting and crushing, and can rapidly discharge the traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder through the screening and collecting mechanism.

Description

Traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece smashing device for pharmacy department
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of medicament treatment equipment, and particularly relates to a traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece crushing device for pharmacy.
Background
In the existing traditional Chinese medicine powder process, a stainless steel upper cover is screwed with a crushing chamber by a traditional Chinese medicine crusher, and a crushing blade is driven by high-speed operation of a motor to crush traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces; but the following disadvantages may exist: the ground medicinal powder is doped with large particles, so that the grinding is not uniform enough, an operator is required to take a screen for manual screening to obtain uniform medicinal decoction pieces, and the screened large particles are put into a grinding chamber for grinding repeatedly, so that the grinding efficiency is lower.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provide a traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece crushing device for pharmacy, so as to solve the problems that the crushing efficiency is low, and when the cutting amount of a blade is large, powder adheres to the blade, so that equipment cannot normally operate.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a traditional chinese medicine decoction piece reducing mechanism for pharmacy department, includes casing, external screw thread, feed inlet, connecting plate, support frame, elevating system, cutting assembly, lapping plate, crushing mechanism, screening collection mechanism, casing one side is equipped with the feed inlet, be equipped with the external screw thread on the casing outer wall and be located the feed inlet top, casing one side is equipped with elevating system, and elevating system one side is equipped with cutting assembly, and cutting assembly one side is equipped with the lapping plate, lapping plate one side is equipped with crushing mechanism, crushing mechanism one side is equipped with screening collection mechanism, the casing opposite side is equipped with three sets of connecting plates, and connecting plate one side is equipped with the support frame; lifting mechanism one end passes through screw thread and casing outer wall connection, and the lifting mechanism other end and cutting assembly fixed connection, the lateral wall and the shells inner wall fixed connection of lapping plate, lapping plate are located the feed inlet below, and crushing mechanism fixed connection is on shells inner wall, and screening collection mechanism one end is located crushing mechanism under, and screening collection mechanism other end passes the support frame and is connected with the support frame, and the casing passes through connecting plate and support frame fixed connection, and the feed inlet link up with the casing.
In the process of crushing the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, firstly, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are put into the grinding plate in the shell from the feed inlet, the lifting mechanism moves downwards along the outer wall of the shell, the lifting mechanism drives the cutting assembly to cut and grind the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces on the grinding plate, the cut traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces pass through the grinding plate and fall into the crushing mechanism, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are further cut and crushed in the crushing mechanism, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are crushed in multiple layers, more uniform and fine traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder can be obtained, after the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces crushed by the crushing mechanism reach the screening and collecting mechanism, the crushed traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder is subjected to rapid screening in the screening and collecting mechanism, so that on one hand, the medicinal powder is rapidly led out, on the other hand, the medicament powder with superior quality can be obtained, and the crushing efficiency is further improved.
The utility model provides a cutting assembly, including fluted disc, motor I, crushing tooth, swivelling joint axle, horizontal baffle, circular slot, through-hole, horizontal baffle bottom is equipped with the circular slot, and horizontal baffle middle part is equipped with the through-hole, horizontal baffle opposite side is equipped with motor I, and motor I one side is equipped with the fluted disc, the fluted disc bottom is equipped with a plurality of crushing teeth, the fluted disc top is equipped with a plurality of swivelling joint axles, and motor I fixed connection is on horizontal baffle, and the output of motor I passes through-hole and fluted disc fixed connection, crushing tooth fixed connection in the fluted disc bottom, swivelling joint axle one end be cylindrical fixed connection at the fluted disc top, and the swivelling joint axle other end is spherical swing joint in the circular slot inside, elevating system and horizontal baffle fixed connection, carries out reciprocating through elevating system control horizontal baffle, and then under the drive of horizontal baffle, when the cutting of traditional chinese medicine decoction piece is smashed, and makes the output of motor I drive the fluted disc rotate under the support cooperation of swivelling joint axle and circular slot, and then makes crushing tooth smash traditional chinese medicine on the lapping plate.
The utility model provides a crushing mechanism, including motor II, fixed plate, toper support, circular cylinder, sieve mesh, gathering ring, crushing cutting assembly, gathering ring one side is equipped with the circular cylinder, and circular cylinder one side is equipped with the fixed plate, and fixed plate one side is equipped with the toper support, and the inside motor that is equipped with of toper support, motor one side are equipped with crushing cutting assembly, be equipped with a plurality of sieve meshes on the circular cylinder, gathering ring's outer wall fixed connection is on shells inner wall, and circular cylinder's outer wall fixed connection is on gathering ring's inner wall, and fixed plate's bottom fixed connection is on circular cylinder's top, and the bottom fixed connection of toper support is on the top of fixed plate, and motor II fixed connection is on the fixed plate, and motor II's output passes the top fixed connection of toper support at crushing cutting assembly's middle part, and sieve mesh link up with circular cylinder outer wall mutually, and during the use, motor II's output drives crushing cutting assembly and rotates, smashes the cutting from the traditional chinese medicine that grinds the lapping plate drops, smashes the cutting assembly and will smash traditional chinese medicine after the cutting and screen through the sieve mesh and collect mechanism when smashing the cutting.
Preferably, the lifting mechanism comprises a circular connecting sleeve, internal threads, a T-shaped groove, a handle, a U-shaped connecting frame, a connecting column and a circular sliding block, wherein the internal threads are arranged on the inner wall of the circular connecting sleeve, the handle is arranged on one side of the circular connecting sleeve, the T-shaped groove is formed in the circular connecting sleeve, two groups of circular sliding blocks are arranged on one side of the T-shaped groove, the connecting column is arranged on one side of the circular sliding block, and the U-shaped connecting frame is arranged on one side of the connecting column; the handle is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the circular connecting sleeve, the circular sliding block is placed in the T-shaped groove, the circular sliding block is fixedly connected to one end of the U-shaped connecting frame through the connecting column, and the other end of the U-shaped connecting frame is fixedly connected with the horizontal partition plate.
When needs go on going up and down cutting assembly, rotate the handle, through the external screw thread cooperation of circular adapter sleeve internal screw thread and casing, make circular adapter sleeve spiral downwardly moving, drive circular slider and rotate around the spliced pole when circular adapter sleeve rotates, circular slider is concentric with the spliced pole, and then when circular adapter sleeve is spiral downwardly moving, can make the U-shaped link keep straight line downwardly moving, and then drive horizontal baffle downwardly moving through the U-shaped link, make cutting assembly can fully cut and grind traditional chinese medicine decoction piece.
Preferably, the grinding plate comprises a drain hole, a grinding square hole and a supporting rib, wherein a plurality of supporting ribs which are transversely and vertically arranged are arranged on one side of the grinding plate, the grinding square hole is formed in the supporting rib, the drain hole is formed in one side of the grinding square hole, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces can be reduced under the action of the supporting rib after falling into the grinding plate, the contact area of the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces and the grinding plate can be reduced, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are prevented from being blocked, the cutting is difficult to fully perform, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces fall into the grinding square hole after being cut, the cutting grinding is convenient to fully perform, and the size of the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces after being ground is enabled to fall into a grinding cutting assembly through the drain hole.
Preferably, smash cutting assembly, including knife rest, blade, brush cleaner I, cutting piece, brush cleaner II, link, the link top is equipped with three group's knife rest, and knife rest one side is equipped with a plurality of blades, brush cleaner II is located the link inner wall, be equipped with three group's brush cleaner I on the link lateral wall, brush cleaner I one side is equipped with the cutting piece, knife rest fixed connection is at the link top, blade fixed connection is on the knife rest, brush cleaner II's brush holder fixed connection is on the link inner wall, brush cleaner II's brush head contacts with the toper support, and brush cleaner I fixed connection is on the link lateral wall, and the cutting piece runs through the link lateral wall and is fixed mutually with the link, and the cutting piece is located the brush cleaner I under.
During the use, provide power through motor II, drive the link and rotate, the cutting is smashed to the traditional chinese medicine that will fall from the lapping plate to the blade, the brush II sweeps the traditional chinese medicine that falls on the toper support simultaneously and falls on gathering the ring, the cutting piece is sent screening collection mechanism through the sieve mesh with kibbling traditional chinese medicine simultaneously, will not pass through the big granule of sieve mesh and cut once more smashing, brush I sweeps gathering the intra-annular with the traditional chinese medicine that falls between casing and gathering the ring simultaneously, the cutting piece is with the big granule cutting that brush I did not sweep, send screening collection mechanism with traditional chinese medicine granule through the sieve mesh under the effect of cutting piece.
Preferably, the support frame comprises a support plate I, a support plate II and a support column, the support column is arranged on one side of the support plate I, the support column is arranged on one side of the support column II, the support plate II is fixedly connected with the support plate I through the support column, the support plate II comprises a circular cavity, a circular sliding rail and balls, the circular cavity is arranged inside the support plate II, the circular sliding rail is arranged inside the circular cavity, a plurality of balls are arranged inside the circular sliding rail, the circular sliding rail is fixedly connected in the circular cavity, and the balls are placed inside the circular sliding rail.
Preferably, screening and collecting mechanism, including concentrating box, screen cloth, collection box, axle sleeve, connecting axle, universal gyro wheel, motor III, rolling disc, vibration lug, it is equipped with the screen cloth to concentrate box one side, screen cloth one side is equipped with and collects the box, it is equipped with three group's connecting axles to concentrate the box opposite side, connecting axle one side is equipped with the axle sleeve, the connecting axle opposite side is equipped with universal gyro wheel, and universal gyro wheel one side is equipped with the rolling disc, and rolling disc one side is equipped with vibration lug, the rolling disc opposite side is equipped with motor III, concentrates the box and places in gathering ring below, concentrates the inside screen cloth that is equipped with of box, collects the box and place on backup pad I and under the screen cloth, motor III's base fixed connection is on backup pad I, motor III's output fixed connection link up in the middle part of rolling disc, and axle sleeve and backup pad I link up mutually, and connecting axle one end fixed connection is in the bottom of concentrating the box, and the connecting axle other end passes the axle sleeve and is connected with universal gyro wheel, and universal gyro wheel is placed on the rolling disc, fixedly connected with vibration lug on the rolling disc.
When the device is used, power is provided through the motor III, the output end of the motor III drives the rotating disc to rotate under the rolling support of the balls, the rotating disc rotates to drive the vibration lug to rotate, the connecting shaft moves upwards along the shaft sleeve when the rotation lug rotates to the bottom of the universal roller, the rotation lug continues to rotate to enable the universal roller to drop onto the rotating disc, the connecting shaft moves downwards along the shaft sleeve, vibration is generated on the concentrated box, and then traditional Chinese medicine powder in the concentrated box can quickly and evenly drop into the collecting box to finish screening.
Preferably, the surface of the gathering ring is arc, so that cut traditional Chinese medicines are collected between the circular cylinder and the gathering ring in a concentrated mode, and the cutting blade is convenient to convey traditional Chinese medicine powder into the gathering box through the sieve holes for screening.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) In the process of crushing the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, firstly, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are put into the grinding plate in the shell from the feed inlet, the lifting mechanism moves downwards along the outer wall of the shell, the lifting mechanism drives the cutting assembly to cut and grind the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces on the grinding plate, the cut traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces pass through the grinding plate and fall into the crushing mechanism, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are further cut and crushed in the crushing mechanism, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are crushed in multiple layers, more uniform and fine traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder can be obtained, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces crushed by the crushing mechanism reach the screening and collecting mechanism, and in the screening and collecting mechanism, the crushed traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder is subjected to rapid screening, so that on one hand, the medicinal powder is rapidly led out, on the other hand, the medicament powder with superior quality can be obtained, the crushing efficiency is improved, and the crushed particles of the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces can be more uniform through the multiple layers of cutting and crushing.
2) The fluted disc drives crushing tooth and inverts in cutting assembly, top-down cuts and smashes, and then in the in-process that carries out preliminary cutting to traditional chinese medicine decoction piece, the heat that produces can in time dispel the heat, prevent the powder adhesion that produces on the surface of blade, in crushing cutting assembly, the blade passes through the knife rest to be fixed can form unsettled cutting on the link simultaneously, the heat that produces can in time scatter and disappear, the cutting blade is further cut to the powder of cutting through the cutting piece in the link bottom, in the cutting process, can pass through the sieve mesh with the powder with the afterbody of cutting piece and discharge, prevent that the cutting piece from being buried into the heat in powder and being difficult to dispel.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a pulverizing apparatus for decoction pieces of Chinese medicinal materials for pharmacy according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a pulverizing apparatus for decoction pieces of a Chinese medicinal material for pharmacy according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the lifting mechanism in the decoction piece crushing device for pharmacy according to the invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of a horizontal partition plate in a cutting assembly of a decoction piece pulverizing apparatus for pharmaceutical use according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the structure of a grinding plate in a pulverizing apparatus for decoction pieces of Chinese medicinal materials for pharmacy according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a pulverizing mechanism in a pulverizing apparatus for decoction pieces of Chinese medicinal materials for pharmacy according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a supporting plate II in a supporting frame of a decoction piece crushing device for pharmacy according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a housing; 10. an external thread; 2. a feed inlet; 3. a connecting plate; 4. a support frame; 40. a supporting plate I; 41. a support plate II; 411. a circular cavity; 412. a circular slide rail; 413. a ball; 42. a support column; 5. a lifting mechanism; 50. a circular connecting sleeve; 500. an internal thread; 501. a T-shaped groove; 51. a handle; 52. a U-shaped connecting frame; 520. a connecting column; 521. a circular slider; 53. a horizontal partition; 530. a circular groove; 531. a through hole; 6. a cutting assembly; 60. fluted disc; 61. a motor I; 600. crushing teeth; 601. a rotary connecting shaft; 7. a grinding plate; 70. a leak hole; 71. grinding the square holes; 72. a support rib; 8. a crushing mechanism; 80. a motor II; 81. a fixing plate; 82. a conical bracket; 83. a circular cylinder; 830. a sieve pore; 84. aggregation ring; 85. crushing and cutting the assembly; 850. a tool holder; 851. a blade; 852. a cleaning brush I; 853. cutting the sheet; 854. cleaning brush II; 855. a connecting frame; 9. a screening and collecting mechanism; 90. a centralizing box; 91. a screen; 92. a collection box; 93. a shaft sleeve; 94. a connecting shaft; 95. a universal roller; 96. a motor III; 97. a rotating disc; 98. and vibrating the protruding block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to fig. 1 to 7 of the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
The utility model provides a traditional chinese medicine decoction piece reducing mechanism for pharmacy department, includes casing 1, external screw thread 10, feed inlet 2, connecting plate 3, support frame 4, elevating system 5, cutting assembly 6, grinding plate 7, crushing mechanism 8, screening collection mechanism 9, casing 1 one side is equipped with feed inlet 2, be equipped with external screw thread 10 on the casing 1 outer wall and lie in feed inlet 2 top, casing 1 one side is equipped with elevating system 5, and 5 one side of elevating system is equipped with cutting assembly 6, and 6 one sides of cutting assembly are equipped with grinding plate 7, 7 one side of grinding plate is equipped with crushing mechanism 8, 8 one side of crushing mechanism is equipped with screening collection mechanism 9, 1 opposite side of casing is equipped with three sets of connecting plates 3, and 3 one side of connecting plate is equipped with support frame 4; lifting mechanism 5 one end passes through screw thread and casing 1 outer wall connection, lifting mechanism 5 other end and cutting assembly 6 fixed connection, grinding plate 7's lateral wall and casing 1 inner wall fixed connection, grinding plate 7 is located feed inlet 2 below, crushing mechanism 8 fixed connection is on casing 1 inner wall, screening collection mechanism 9 one end is located crushing mechanism 8 under, screening collection mechanism 9 other end passes support frame 4 and is connected with support frame 4, casing 1 passes through connecting plate and support frame 4 fixed connection, feed inlet 2 link up with casing 1.
In the process of crushing the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, firstly, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are put into the grinding plate 7 in the shell 1 from the feed inlet 2, the lifting mechanism 5 moves downwards along the outer wall of the shell 1, the cutting assembly 6 is driven by the lifting mechanism 5 to cut and grind the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces on the grinding plate 7, the cut traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces pass through the grinding plate 7 to fall into the crushing mechanism 8, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are further cut and crushed in the crushing mechanism 8, so that more uniform and fine traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder can be obtained after the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are crushed in multiple layers, after the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces crushed by the crushing mechanism 8 reach the screening and collecting mechanism 9, the crushed traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece powder is rapidly screened in the screening and collecting mechanism 9, so that on one hand, medicine powder is rapidly led out, on the other hand, the medicine powder with superior quality can be obtained, and the crushing efficiency is further improved.
The cutting assembly 6 comprises a fluted disc 60, a motor I61, crushing teeth 600, a rotary connecting shaft 601, a horizontal partition board 53, a circular groove 530 and a through hole 531, wherein the circular groove 530 is arranged at the bottom of the horizontal partition board 53, the through hole 531 is arranged in the middle of the horizontal partition board 53, the motor I61 is arranged at the other side of the horizontal partition board 53, the fluted disc 60 is arranged at one side of the motor I61, a plurality of crushing teeth 600 are arranged at the bottom of the fluted disc 60, a plurality of rotary connecting shafts 601 are arranged at the top of the fluted disc 60, the motor I61 is fixedly connected on the horizontal partition board 53, the output end of the motor I61 is fixedly connected with the fluted disc 60 through the through hole 531, the crushing teeth 600 are fixedly connected at the bottom of the fluted disc 60, one end of the rotary connecting shaft 601 is fixedly connected to the top of the fluted disc 60 in a cylindrical shape, the other end of the rotary connecting shaft 601 is movably connected to the inside of the circular groove 530 in a spherical shape, the lifting mechanism 5 is fixedly connected with the horizontal partition plate 53, the horizontal partition plate 53 is controlled to move up and down through the lifting mechanism 5, then the motor I61 and the fluted disc 60 can be controlled to move up and down under the driving of the horizontal partition plate 53, when the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are cut and crushed, the output end of the motor I61 drives the fluted disc 60 to rotate under the supporting cooperation of the rotary connecting shaft 601 and the circular groove 530 through the power provided by the motor I61, and then the crushing teeth 600 cut and crush traditional Chinese medicines on the grinding plate 7.
The crushing mechanism 8 comprises a motor II 80, a fixed plate 81, a conical bracket 82, a circular cylinder 83, sieve holes 830, a gathering ring 84 and a crushing and cutting assembly 85, wherein one side of the gathering ring 84 is provided with the circular cylinder 83, one side of the circular cylinder 83 is provided with the fixed plate 81, one side of the fixed plate 81 is provided with the conical bracket 82, the inside of the conical bracket 82 is provided with the motor II 80, one side of the motor II is provided with the crushing and cutting assembly 85, the circular cylinder 83 is provided with a plurality of sieve holes 830, the outer wall of the gathering ring 84 is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the shell 1, the outer wall of the circular cylinder 83 is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the gathering ring 84, the bottom of the fixed plate 81 is fixedly connected on the top of the circular cylinder 83, the bottom fixed connection of toper support 82 is on the top of fixed plate 81, motor II 80 fixed connection is on fixed plate 81, the top fixed connection of motor II 80 is passed the middle part of toper support 82 at crushing cutting assembly 85, sieve mesh 830 link up with circular cylinder 83 outer wall mutually, during the use, provide power through motor II 80, motor II 80's output drives crushing cutting assembly 85 and rotates, will smash the cutting from the traditional chinese medicine that lapping plate 7 dropped, smash cutting assembly 85 and send crushing cut traditional chinese medicine to screening collection mechanism 9 through sieve mesh 830 when smashing the cutting.
The lifting mechanism 5 comprises a circular connecting sleeve 50, an internal thread 500, a T-shaped groove 501, a handle 51, a U-shaped connecting frame 52, a connecting column 520 and a circular sliding block 521, wherein the internal thread 500 is arranged on the inner wall of the circular connecting sleeve 50, the handle 51 is arranged on one side of the circular connecting sleeve 50, the T-shaped groove 501 is arranged in the circular connecting sleeve 50, two groups of circular sliding blocks 521 are arranged on one side of the T-shaped groove 501, the connecting column 520 is arranged on one side of the circular sliding block 521, and the U-shaped connecting frame 52 is arranged on one side of the connecting column 520; the handle 51 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the circular connecting sleeve 50, the circular slide block 521 is placed in the T-shaped groove 501, the circular slide block 521 is fixedly connected to one end of the U-shaped connecting frame 52 through the connecting column 520, and the other end of the U-shaped connecting frame 52 is fixedly connected with the horizontal partition plate 53.
When the cutting assembly 6 needs to be lifted, the handle 51 is rotated, the circular connecting sleeve 50 is in spiral downward movement through the matching of the internal thread 500 of the circular connecting sleeve 50 and the external thread 10 of the shell 1, the circular sliding block 521 is driven to rotate around the connecting column 520 while the circular connecting sleeve 50 rotates, the circular sliding block 521 is concentric with the connecting column 520, and then when the circular connecting sleeve 50 is in spiral downward movement, the U-shaped connecting frame 52 can keep linear downward movement, and then the horizontal partition plate 53 is driven to move downward through the U-shaped connecting frame 52, so that the cutting assembly 6 can sufficiently cut and grind the Chinese medicinal decoction pieces.
The grinding plate 7 comprises a drain hole 70, a grinding square hole 71 and a supporting rib 72, wherein a plurality of supporting ribs 72 which are transversely and vertically arranged are arranged on one side of the grinding plate 7, the grinding square hole 71 is formed in the supporting rib 72, the drain hole 70 is formed on one side of the grinding square hole 71, the contact area between the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces and the grinding plate 7 can be reduced under the action of the supporting rib 72 after the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces fall into the grinding plate 7, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are prevented from being clamped, cutting is difficult to fully perform, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces fall into the grinding square hole 71 after cutting, cutting and grinding are convenient to fully perform, and the size of the ground traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces falls into the grinding cutting assembly 85 through the drain hole 70 uniformly.
Crushing cutting assembly 85, including knife rest 850, blade 851, brush I852, cutting piece 853, brush II 854, link 855, the link top is equipped with three group's knife rest 850, and knife rest 850 one side is equipped with a plurality of blades 851, brush II 854 is located on the link 855 inner wall, be equipped with three group's brush I852 on the link 855 lateral wall, brush I852 one side is equipped with cutting piece 853, and knife rest 850 fixed connection is at the link 855 top, and blade 851 fixed connection is on knife rest 850, and brush handle fixed connection of brush II 854 is on the link 855 inner wall, and the brush head of brush II 854 contacts with conical support 82, and brush I852 fixed connection is on the link 855 lateral wall, and cutting piece 853 runs through the link 855 lateral wall and is fixed with the link 855, and cutting piece 853 is located brush I852 under.
When the device is used, the motor II 80 is used for providing power to drive the connecting frame 855 to rotate, the blades 851 crush and cut traditional Chinese medicines falling from the grinding plate 7, meanwhile, the cleaning brushes II 854 sweep traditional Chinese medicines falling onto the conical support 82 onto the gathering ring 84, meanwhile, the crushed traditional Chinese medicines are conveyed to the screening and collecting mechanism 9 through the sieve holes 830 by the cutting sheets, large particles which do not pass through the sieve holes 830 are cut and crushed again, meanwhile, the traditional Chinese medicines falling between the shell 1 and the gathering ring 84 are swept into the gathering ring 84 by the cleaning brushes I852, the large particles which do not sweep by the cleaning brushes I852 are cut by the cutting sheets 853, and the traditional Chinese medicine particles are conveyed to the screening and collecting mechanism 9 through the sieve holes 830 under the action of the cutting sheets 853.
Support frame 4, including backup pad I40, backup pad II 41, support column 42, backup pad I40 one side is equipped with support column 42, and support column 42 one side is equipped with backup pad II 41, and backup pad II 41 passes through support column 42 and backup pad I40 fixed connection, backup pad II 41 includes circular chamber 411, circular slide rail 412, ball 413, the inside circular chamber 411 that is equipped with of backup pad II 41 is equipped with circular slide rail 412 in the circular chamber 411, and circular slide rail 412 is inside to be equipped with a plurality of balls 413, circular slide rail 412 fixed connection is in circular chamber 411, and ball 413 is placed inside circular slide rail 412.
Screening collection mechanism 9, including concentrating box 90, screen cloth 91, collecting box 92, axle sleeve 93, connecting axle 94, universal gyro wheel 95, motor III 96, rolling disc 97, vibration lug 98, concentrate box 90 one side to be equipped with screen cloth 91, screen cloth 91 one side is equipped with and collects box 92, concentrate box 90 opposite side to be equipped with three sets of connecting axle 94, connecting axle 94 one side is equipped with axle sleeve 93, the connecting axle 94 opposite side is equipped with universal gyro wheel 95, universal gyro wheel 95 one side is equipped with rolling disc 97, rolling disc 97 one side is equipped with vibration lug 98, the rolling disc 97 opposite side is equipped with motor III 96, concentrate box 90 and place in gathering ring 84 below, concentrate box 90 inside to be equipped with screen cloth 91, collect box 92 and place on backup pad I40 and under screen cloth 91, the base fixed connection of motor III 96 is on backup pad I40, the output fixed connection of motor III 96 is in the middle part of rolling disc 97, and axle sleeve 93 link up with backup pad I40, and connecting axle 94 one end fixed connection is in the bottom of concentrating box 90, and the connecting axle 94 other end is passed through axle sleeve 93 and universal gyro wheel 95 to be connected with universal gyro wheel 95, and rolling disc 95 is placed on rolling disc 97, and is fixed with vibration lug 98 on rolling disc 97.
When the device is used, power is provided through the motor III 96, the output end of the motor III 96 drives the rotating disc 97 to rotate under the rolling support of the balls 413, the rotating disc 97 rotates to drive the vibration protruding blocks 98 to rotate, the vibration protruding blocks 98 enable the connecting shaft 94 to move upwards along the shaft sleeve 93 when rotating to the bottom of the universal roller 95, the vibration protruding blocks 98 continue to rotate to enable the universal roller 95 to drop onto the rotating disc 97, the connecting shaft 94 moves downwards along the shaft sleeve 93, so that vibration is generated on the concentration box 90, and then traditional Chinese medicine powder in the concentration box 90 can quickly and evenly drop into the collection box 92, and screening is completed.
The surface of the gathering ring 84 is circular arc, which is favorable for the cut traditional Chinese medicine to be gathered between the circular cylinder 83 and the gathering ring 84, and the cutting piece 853 is convenient for sending the traditional Chinese medicine powder into the gathering box 90 through the sieve holes 830 for screening.
While embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made hereto without departing from the spirit of the invention and without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a traditional chinese medicine decoction piece reducing mechanism for pharmacy department, includes casing, external screw thread, feed inlet, connecting plate, support frame, elevating system, cutting assembly, lapping plate, crushing mechanism, screening collection mechanism, its characterized in that casing one side is equipped with the feed inlet, be equipped with the external screw thread on the casing outer wall and be located the feed inlet top, casing one side is equipped with elevating system, and elevating system one side is equipped with cutting assembly, and cutting assembly one side is equipped with the lapping plate, lapping plate one side is equipped with crushing mechanism, crushing mechanism one side is equipped with screening collection mechanism, the casing opposite side is equipped with three sets of connecting plates, and connecting plate one side is equipped with the support frame; one end of the lifting mechanism is connected with the outer wall of the shell through threads, the other end of the lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with the cutting assembly, the side wall of the grinding plate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the shell, the grinding plate is positioned below the feeding hole, the crushing mechanism is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the shell, one end of the screening and collecting mechanism is positioned right below the crushing mechanism, the other end of the screening and collecting mechanism penetrates through the supporting frame and is connected with the supporting frame, the shell is fixedly connected with the supporting frame through the connecting plate, and the feeding hole is communicated with the shell;
the cutting assembly comprises a fluted disc, a motor I, crushing teeth, a rotary connecting shaft, a horizontal partition plate, a circular groove and a through hole, wherein the circular groove is formed in the bottom of the horizontal partition plate, the through hole is formed in the middle of the horizontal partition plate, the motor I is arranged at the top of the horizontal partition plate, the fluted disc is arranged on one side of the motor I, a plurality of crushing teeth are arranged at the bottom of the fluted disc, the motor I is fixedly connected to the horizontal partition plate, the output end of the motor I is fixedly connected with the fluted disc through the through hole, the crushing teeth are fixedly connected to the bottom of the fluted disc, one end of the rotary connecting shaft is cylindrically and fixedly connected to the top of the fluted disc, the other end of the rotary connecting shaft is spherically and movably connected to the inside of the circular groove, the lifting mechanism is fixedly connected with the horizontal partition plate, the lifting mechanism is used for controlling the horizontal partition plate to move up and down, and then the motor I and the fluted disc can be controlled to move up and down under the driving of the horizontal partition plate, when cutting and crushing traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, the output end of the motor I drives the fluted disc to rotate under the supporting cooperation of the rotary connecting shaft and the circular groove through the motor I, and the crushing teeth are further cut and crushing traditional Chinese medicine on the grinding plate;
the crushing mechanism comprises a motor II, a fixed plate, a conical support, a circular cylinder, sieve holes, an aggregation ring and a crushing and cutting assembly, wherein the circular cylinder is arranged on one side of the aggregation ring, the fixed plate is arranged on one side of the circular cylinder, the conical support is arranged on one side of the fixed plate, the motor II is arranged in the conical support, the crushing and cutting assembly is arranged on one side of the motor II, a plurality of sieve holes are formed in the circular cylinder, the outer wall of the aggregation ring is fixedly connected to the inner wall of a shell, the outer wall of the circular cylinder is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the aggregation ring, the bottom of the fixed plate is fixedly connected to the top of the circular cylinder, the bottom of the conical support is fixedly connected to the top of the fixed plate, the motor II is fixedly connected to the middle part of the crushing and cutting assembly through the top of the conical support, the sieve holes are communicated with the outer wall of the circular cylinder, when the crushing and cutting assembly is driven to rotate through the motor II, traditional Chinese medicine dropping from the grinding plate is crushed and cut, and the crushed and cut traditional Chinese medicine is sent to the screening and collecting mechanism through the sieve holes to be screened and collected while the crushing and cut;
crushing cutting assembly, including knife rest, blade, brush cleaner I, cutting piece, brush cleaner II, link, the link top is equipped with three group's knife rest, and knife rest one side is equipped with a plurality of blades, brush cleaner II is located the link inner wall, be equipped with three group's brush cleaner I on the link lateral wall, brush cleaner I one side is equipped with the cutting piece, and knife rest fixed connection is at the link top, and blade fixed connection is on the knife rest, and brush cleaner II's brush holder fixed connection is on the link inner wall, and brush cleaner II's brush head contacts with the toper support, and brush cleaner I fixed connection is on the link lateral wall, and the cutting piece runs through the link lateral wall and is fixed mutually with the link, and the cutting piece is located brush cleaner I under.
2. The device for pulverizing decoction pieces of Chinese medicinal materials for pharmacy according to claim 1, wherein the lifting mechanism comprises a circular connecting sleeve, an internal thread, a T-shaped groove, a handle, a U-shaped connecting frame, a connecting column and a circular sliding block, wherein the internal thread is arranged on the inner wall of the circular connecting sleeve, the handle is arranged on one side of the circular connecting sleeve, the T-shaped groove is arranged in the circular connecting sleeve, two groups of circular sliding blocks are arranged on one side of the T-shaped groove, the connecting column is arranged on one side of the circular sliding block, and the U-shaped connecting frame is arranged on one side of the connecting column; the handle is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the circular connecting sleeve, the circular sliding block is placed in the T-shaped groove, the circular sliding block is fixedly connected to one end of the U-shaped connecting frame through the connecting column, and the other end of the U-shaped connecting frame is fixedly connected with the horizontal partition plate.
3. The device for pulverizing Chinese herbal pieces for pharmacy according to claim 1, wherein the grinding plate comprises a leak hole, a grinding square hole and a supporting rib, a plurality of supporting ribs are arranged on one side of the grinding plate in a transverse and vertical intersecting mode, the grinding square hole is formed in the supporting rib, the leak hole is formed on one side of the grinding square hole, the Chinese herbal pieces can reduce the contact area between the Chinese herbal pieces and the grinding plate under the action of the supporting rib after falling into the grinding plate, the Chinese herbal pieces are prevented from being blocked, the cutting is difficult to be fully performed, the Chinese herbal pieces fall into the grinding square hole after being cut, the cutting and the grinding are conveniently and fully performed, and the ground Chinese herbal pieces can fall into the pulverizing and cutting assembly through the leak hole.
4. The device for pulverizing traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces for pharmacy department according to claim 1, wherein the support frame comprises a support plate I, a support plate II and a support column, wherein the support column is arranged on one side of the support plate I, the support column II is arranged on one side of the support column, the support plate II is fixedly connected with the support plate I through the support column, the support plate II comprises a round cavity, a round sliding rail and balls, the round cavity is internally provided with the round sliding rail, the round sliding rail is internally provided with a plurality of balls, the round sliding rail is fixedly connected in the round cavity, and the balls are placed in the round sliding rail.
5. The device according to claim 4, wherein the screening and collecting mechanism comprises a collecting box, a screen, a collecting box, a shaft sleeve, a connecting shaft, a universal roller, a motor III, a rotating disc and vibration lugs, wherein the screen is arranged on one side of the collecting box, the collecting box is arranged on one side of the screen, three groups of connecting shafts are arranged on the other side of the collecting box, a shaft sleeve is arranged on one side of the connecting shaft, the universal roller is arranged on the other side of the connecting shaft, the rotating disc is arranged on one side of the universal roller, the vibration lugs are arranged on one side of the rotating disc, the motor III is arranged on the other side of the rotating disc, the collecting box is arranged below the collecting ring, the screen is arranged inside the collecting box, the collecting box is arranged on the supporting plate I and is arranged under the screen, the base of the motor III is fixedly connected to the supporting plate I, the output end of the motor III is fixedly connected to the middle of the rotating disc, the shaft sleeve is communicated with the supporting plate I, one end of the connecting shaft is fixedly connected to the bottom of the collecting box, the other end of the connecting shaft passes through the shaft sleeve to be connected with the universal roller, the vibration lugs are arranged on the rotating disc.
6. The apparatus for pulverizing decoction pieces of chinese medicine for pharmacy according to claim 1, wherein the surface of the aggregation ring is circular arc.
CN202111145007.9A 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 Traditional Chinese medicine decoction piece smashing device for pharmacy department Active CN113877704B (en)

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CN110665574A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-01-10 东阳博通中药科技有限公司 A smash device to pieces for traditional chinese medicine edible material
CN111841835A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-10-30 筠连县筠隆顺中药材发展有限公司 High-efficient processingequipment of multi-functional medicinal material

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