CN113828871B - Gantry type automatic inclined hole punching machine - Google Patents

Gantry type automatic inclined hole punching machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113828871B
CN113828871B CN202111256773.2A CN202111256773A CN113828871B CN 113828871 B CN113828871 B CN 113828871B CN 202111256773 A CN202111256773 A CN 202111256773A CN 113828871 B CN113828871 B CN 113828871B
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vertical
plate
electrode
fixed
axis
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CN113828871A (en
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翁红梅
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Suzhou Yamasen Machine Tool Co ltd
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Suzhou Yamasen Machine Tool Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H1/00Electrical discharge machining, i.e. removing metal with a series of rapidly recurring electrical discharges between an electrode and a workpiece in the presence of a fluid dielectric
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H11/00Auxiliary apparatus or details, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23HWORKING OF METAL BY THE ACTION OF A HIGH CONCENTRATION OF ELECTRIC CURRENT ON A WORKPIECE USING AN ELECTRODE WHICH TAKES THE PLACE OF A TOOL; SUCH WORKING COMBINED WITH OTHER FORMS OF WORKING OF METAL
    • B23H9/00Machining specially adapted for treating particular metal objects or for obtaining special effects or results on metal objects
    • B23H9/14Making holes

Abstract

The invention discloses a gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher, which comprises a workbench and a gantry vertical frame stretching over the workbench, wherein a workpiece placing plate capable of moving along a Y axis is connected on the workbench in a sliding manner, and a supporting plate capable of moving along the X axis and the Z axis under the action of a two-dimensional driving device is arranged on the gantry vertical frame. The punching assembly comprises a support plate, a punching assembly and a feeding mechanism, wherein the feeding mechanism is used for feeding the punching assembly with an electrode chuck, the feeding mechanism is arranged on the support plate and comprises a first rotary table which can rotate by taking a Z shaft as an axis, a connecting plate which synchronously rotates with the first rotary table is fixed on the first rotary table, a second rotary table which can rotate by taking an X shaft as an axis is arranged on the connecting plate, a vertical moving assembly is arranged on the second rotary table, and the punching assembly is fixed at the output end of the vertical moving assembly. The feeding mechanism is fixed on the gantry vertical frame and can store a plurality of electrode chucks and move the electrode chucks on the storage frame to the replacing station one by one. The punching position and the angle are flexible and changeable, and the processing requirement is met.

Description

Gantry type automatic inclined hole punching machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of electrode punching machines, in particular to a gantry type automatic inclined hole punching machine.
Background
The main working principle of the electric spark puncher is to use a hollow thin metal tube which continuously moves vertically as an electrode to carry out pulse spark discharge to etch and remove metal to form a hole on a workpiece. The spark erosion perforating machine is used as the corollary equipment of spark erosion wire cutting machine, and is used for processing threading holes, chemical fiber spinnerets, spinneret holes of spinneret plates, filter plates, group holes of sieve plates, heat dissipation holes of engine blades and cylinder bodies, oil passages and air passage holes of hydraulic and pneumatic valve bodies, and the like. Some products carry out multi-angle inclined hole processing to the multiaspect, but current perforator electrode chuck position and angle transform are less, can't satisfy the production needs, can only carry out the change of angle through artifical manual upset and control work piece, and machining efficiency is lower. And when the electrode chuck is replaced by the puncher, the position of the placing seat of the electrode chuck is often fixed, and the punching assembly cannot reach the position of the placing frame under certain conditions, so that the production requirement cannot be met.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects, the invention aims to provide the gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher, the position and the angle of a punching component for punching are flexible and changeable, the machining requirements of various angles and positions can be met, the working efficiency is improved, meanwhile, the position of a storage rack can be adjusted, the electrode chucks are ensured to move to a replacing station one by one, the capacity of the electrode chucks is increased, and the replacing precision is improved.
In order to achieve the above purposes, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: the utility model provides an automatic inclined hole piercing mill of planer-type, includes the workstation and spanes the longmen grudging post on the workstation, sliding connection has the work piece that can follow the Y axle and remove to place the board on the workstation, be provided with the layer board that can follow X axle and Z axle removal under the effect of two dimension drive arrangement on the longmen grudging post, its characterized in that: the punching mechanism is arranged on the supporting plate and comprises a first rotary table which can rotate by taking a Z shaft as an axis, a connecting plate which synchronously rotates with the first rotary table is fixed on the first rotary table, a second rotary table which can synchronously rotate with the connecting plate and can rotate by taking an X shaft as an axis is arranged on the connecting plate, a vertical moving assembly is arranged on the second rotary table, and the punching assembly is fixed at the output end of the vertical moving assembly; the feeding mechanism is fixed on the gantry vertical frame and comprises a storage rack for storing a plurality of electrode chucks, and the storage rack can move the electrode chucks on the storage rack to a replacing station one by one under the action of the material replacing driving assembly.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: 1. on the one hand, the workpiece placing plate and the two-dimensional driving device realize the movement of the supporting plate relative to the workpiece in the X \ Y \ Z three axial directions, and then the multi-angle adjustment of the punching assembly is realized by combining the head swinging mechanism on the supporting plate and through the first rotary table and the second rotary table, so that the processing of each surface and each angle of the workpiece is satisfied, and the workpiece is flexible and changeable. Meanwhile, the vertical moving assembly can accurately push the electrode chuck towards the workpiece after the angle of the punching assembly is adjusted. 2. On the other hand, the storage rack on the feeding mechanism is adjustable in position, the electrode chucks on the storage rack can be moved to the replacement station one by one, the electrode chucks can be conveniently taken and used, and the working efficiency and the precision are effectively improved.
Further, the vertical moving assembly comprises a base fixed on the second rotary table, a first vertical screw rod is connected to the base in a rotating mode, the first vertical screw rod rotates under the action of a first vertical driving motor, a mounting seat is connected to the first vertical screw rod in a threaded mode, and the punching assembly is fixed on the mounting seat. After the angle and the position of the punching assembly are adjusted, the first vertical driving motor drives the first vertical screw rod to rotate, so that the mounting base is close to the workpiece at the angle, and punching of the workpiece is completed.
Furthermore, the punching assembly comprises a punching motor fixed on the mounting base, an output shaft of the punching motor is detachably connected with the electrode chuck, and a guider which is fixed on the base and used for guiding the electrode is further arranged right below the electrode chuck. The punching motor drives the electrode chuck to rotate, and the electrode is guided by the guider, so that the punching precision is improved.
Further, be fixed with the first rotating electrical machines of drive first revolving stage pivoted on the layer board, the connecting plate includes diaphragm and the riser of one-tenth L type structure, diaphragm and first revolving stage fixed connection, the second revolving stage rotates with the riser to be connected, just be fixed with drive second revolving stage pivoted second rotating electrical machines on the riser. The first rotary table can rotate 360 degrees under the driving of the first rotary motor, and the second rotary table is combined to rotate in the X direction, so that the vertical moving assembly connected with the punching assembly can be adjusted to any angle, and punching at any inclination angle is realized.
Furthermore, the material changing driving assembly comprises a fixing frame fixed on the gantry vertical frame, a Y-direction moving plate, a Y-direction driving cylinder and an X-direction driving cylinder, wherein the Y-direction driving cylinder is fixed on the fixing frame and can push the Y-direction moving plate and the storage frame to synchronously move back and forth along a Y axis; the X-direction driving cylinder is fixed on the Y-direction moving plate and can push the storage rack to move back and forth along the X axis. The storage rack can move in a cross manner on an X axis and a Y axis, the position of the electrode chuck is adjusted, and the electrode chucks on the storage rack are accurately pushed to a replacement station where the perforation component can reach one by one.
Furthermore, an X-direction guide rail is arranged on the Y-direction moving plate along the X axis, an X-direction sliding block capable of sliding along the X-direction guide rail is fixed on the storage rack, and the X-direction sliding block and the Y-direction moving plate can synchronously move along the Y axis and simultaneously slide along the X-direction guide rail.
Further, the storage rack comprises an electrode storage plate, wherein a plurality of first placing grooves and a plurality of second placing grooves are alternately arranged on the electrode storage plate, the length of each second placing groove is larger than that of each first placing groove, and the second placing grooves and the first placing grooves are equal in height and can be used for placing the electrode chucks. Due to the limitation of the size of the electrode clamp, the first placing grooves and the second placing grooves are different in length, the electrode clamp is placed in two rows, and the replacement precision is not affected while the storage quantity of the electrode clamp is increased.
Further, the first placing groove and the second placing groove respectively comprise a guide groove and a containing groove which are communicated, the length of the guide groove of the second placing groove is larger than that of the guide groove of the first placing groove, the electrode chuck can slide along the guide grooves and is clamped in the containing groove, and a clamping block which can be abutted against the upper end face of the containing groove is arranged on the electrode chuck.
Furthermore, the storage rack further comprises a guide storage seat fixedly connected with the electrode storage plate and positioned below the electrode storage plate, and a plurality of guide storage holes used for placing guides are formed in the guide storage seat. The guide storage seat and the electrode storage plate move synchronously, so that the guider is convenient to replace.
Furthermore, the two-dimensional driving device comprises a horizontal driving assembly and a vertical driving assembly connected with the horizontal driving assembly, the horizontal driving assembly comprises a horizontal driving motor arranged on a cross beam of the gantry stand and a horizontal lead screw rotating under the driving of the horizontal driving motor, and a horizontal sliding block capable of moving along an X axis is connected to the horizontal lead screw in a threaded manner; the vertical driving piece comprises a transition block fixed on the horizontal sliding block, a bracket capable of moving along a Z axis is arranged on the transition block, a second vertical driving motor and a second vertical lead screw driven by the second vertical driving motor to rotate are arranged on the bracket, a nut block in threaded connection with the second vertical lead screw is arranged on the transition block, and the bracket is fixed on the bracket. The supporting plate realizes the movement of X and Z axes under the action of the two-dimensional driving device, and the horizontal driving assembly and the vertical driving assembly are driven by screw rods, so that the stability is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a head swing mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the punching assembly and the vertical moving assembly according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a feeding mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a top view of a feed mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a two-dimensional driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the invention.
In the figure:
1. a work table; 2. gantry erecting frame; 3. a workpiece placing plate; 4. a support plate; 5. a head swinging mechanism; 51. a first turntable; 52. a connecting plate; 521. a transverse plate; 522. a vertical plate; 53. a second turntable; 54. a first rotating electrical machine; 55. a second rotating electrical machine; 6. a piercing assembly; 61. an electrode chuck; 62. a punching motor; 63. a guide; 7. a feeding mechanism; 71. an electrode storage plate; 711. a first placing groove; 712. a second placing groove; 71a, a guide groove; 71b, a containing groove; 72. a fixed mount; 73. moving the board in the Y direction; 74. a Y-direction driving cylinder; 75. an X-direction driving cylinder; 76. an X-direction guide rail; 77. an X-direction sliding block; 79. a guiding storage seat; 8. a vertical movement assembly; 81. a base; 82. a first vertical screw rod; 83. a first vertical drive motor; 84. a mounting seat; 9. a two-dimensional drive device; 91. a horizontal driving motor; 92. a horizontal screw rod; 93. a horizontal slider; 94. a transition block; 95. a bracket; 96. a second vertical drive motor; 97. and a second vertical screw rod.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, will make the advantages and features of the invention easier to understand by those skilled in the art, and thus will clearly and clearly define the scope of the invention.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1, in a gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of the present invention, a work placing plate 3 capable of moving along the Y axis is slidably connected to a table 1. The workpiece placing plate 3 slides along the workbench 1 under the action of the Y-axis screw rod driving device, the Y-axis screw rod driving device comprises a Y-axis driving motor fixed on the workbench 1, the Y-axis driving motor drives a Y-axis screw rod connected with the workbench 1 in a rotating mode to rotate, and the workpiece placing plate 3 is in threaded connection with the Y-axis screw rod. When the Y-axis driving motor drives the Y-direction screw rod to rotate, the workpiece placed with the workpiece placing plate 3 moves back and forth along the Y axis. The worktable 1 is provided with a guide rail for the sliding of the workpiece placing plate 3.
Referring to fig. 7, a gantry stand 2 spans across a workbench 1, the gantry stand 2 includes two columns fixed on the workbench 1 and a beam located between the two columns, and the beam is located right above the workbench 1. The gantry vertical frame 2 is provided with a supporting plate 4 which can move along the X axis and the Z axis under the action of a two-dimensional driving device 9. The two-dimensional driving device 9 includes a horizontal driving assembly and a vertical driving assembly connected to the horizontal driving assembly. The horizontal driving assembly comprises a horizontal driving motor 91 arranged on the cross beam and a horizontal screw rod 92 driven by the horizontal driving motor 91 to rotate, the horizontal driving motor 91 is fixed on the cross beam, the horizontal screw rod 92 is rotatably connected with the cross beam, and an output shaft of the horizontal driving motor 91 is fixedly connected with the horizontal screw rod 92. The horizontal screw 92 is connected with a horizontal sliding block 93 capable of moving along the X axis in a threaded manner, a guide rail for the horizontal sliding block 93 to slide is fixed on the cross beam, and the guide rail is symmetrically arranged at two ends of the horizontal screw 92. The vertical drive comprises a transition block 94 fixed to a horizontal slide 93, the transition block 94 being provided with a carriage 95 movable along the Z-axis. The bracket 95 is provided with a second vertical driving motor 96 and a second vertical screw 97 driven by the second vertical driving motor 96 to rotate, the second vertical driving motor 96 is fixed at the upper end of the bracket 95, the output shaft is fixedly connected with the second vertical screw 97, and the second vertical screw 97 is rotatably connected with the bracket 95. The transition block 94 is provided with a nut block in threaded connection with the second vertical screw 97, and the support plate 4 is fixed on the lower end face of the bracket 95. The bracket 95 is also provided with a guide rail, and the transition block 94 is provided with a guide block matched with the guide rail. The supporting plate 4 moves along the X axis and the Z axis under the action of the two-dimensional driving device 9, the horizontal driving assembly and the vertical driving assembly are driven by screw rods, and the stability is high.
The workpiece placing plate 3 capable of moving along the Y axis is matched with the two-dimensional driving device 9, so that the supporting plate 4 can move in the X \ Y \ Z three axial directions relative to the workpiece, and the supporting plate 4 is moved to a position to be processed.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the supporting plate 4 is provided with a swing head mechanism 5 capable of adjusting the punching angle of the punching assembly 6, and the swing head mechanism comprises a first rotating platform 51 capable of rotating by taking a Z-axis as an axis. A first rotating motor 54 for driving the first turntable 51 to rotate is fixed on the pallet 4, and the first turntable 51 can rotate 360 degrees under the driving of the first rotating motor 54. A connecting plate 52 which rotates synchronously with the first turntable 51 is fixed to the first turntable 51, and a second turntable 53 which can rotate synchronously with the connecting plate 52 and rotates about the X-axis is provided to the connecting plate 52. The connecting plate 52 comprises a horizontal plate 521 and a vertical plate 522 which are in an L-shaped structure, the horizontal plate 521 is fixedly connected with the first rotating platform 51, the second rotating platform 53 is rotatably connected with the vertical plate 522, and the vertical plate 522 is fixedly provided with a second rotating motor 55 for driving the second rotating platform 53 to rotate. The second turntable 53 is provided with a vertical moving assembly 8, and the perforating assembly 6 is fixed at the output end of the vertical moving assembly 8. The first turntable 51 is combined with the second turntable 53, and the vertical moving assembly 8 connected with the punching assembly 6 can be adjusted to any angle, so that punching at any inclination angle can be realized.
Referring to fig. 3, the vertical moving assembly 8 includes a base 81 fixed on the second turntable 53, and the base 81 includes a vertical plate fixed on the second turntable 53 and horizontal plates fixed at upper and lower ends of the vertical plate. The base 81 is rotatably connected with a first vertical screw rod 82, and two ends of the first vertical screw rod 82 are rotatably connected with the two horizontal plates through bearings. The first vertical screw 82 rotates under the action of the first vertical driving motor 83, the first vertical screw 82 is in threaded connection with an installation seat 84, the perforation assembly 6 is fixed on the installation seat 84, and a vertical plate is further provided with a guide rail for the installation seat 84 to slide. After the angle and the position of the punching assembly 6 are adjusted, the first vertical driving motor 83 drives the first vertical screw 82 to rotate, so that the mounting seat 84 is close to the workpiece at the angle, and punching of the workpiece is completed.
The punching assembly 6 comprises a punching motor 62 fixed on a mounting seat 84, an output shaft of the punching motor 62 is detachably connected with an electrode chuck 61, and a guide 63 for guiding an electrode and fixed on a base 81 is also arranged right below the motor chuck. The electrode guider 63 is fixed on a horizontal plate at the lower end, the electrode chuck 61 is driven to rotate by the punching motor 62, and the electrode is guided by the guider 63, so that the punching precision is improved.
Referring to fig. 1, 4 and 6, the gantry vertical frame 2 is provided with a feeding mechanism 7 for providing electrode chucks 61 for the perforating assembly 6, the feeding mechanism 7 comprises a storage rack for storing a plurality of electrode chucks 61, and the storage rack can move the electrode chucks 61 on the storage rack to the replacing station one by one under the action of the material replacing driving assembly. Storage rack position on the feeding mechanism 7 is adjustable, can move the electrode chuck 61 on the storage rack to the change station one by one, realizes taking electrode chuck 61's facility, effectively improves work efficiency and precision.
The material changing driving assembly comprises a fixing frame 72 fixed on the gantry vertical frame 2, a Y-direction moving plate 73, a Y-direction driving air cylinder 74 and an X-direction driving air cylinder 75, wherein the Y-direction driving air cylinder 74 is fixed on the fixing frame 72 and can push the Y-direction moving plate 73 and the storage rack to synchronously move back and forth along the Y axis, and an output shaft of the Y-direction driving air cylinder 74 is fixedly connected with the Y-direction moving plate 73. The X-direction driving cylinder 75 is fixed on the Y-direction moving plate 73 and can push the storage rack to move back and forth along the X-axis, and the output shaft of the X-direction driving cylinder 75 is fixedly connected with the storage rack. The storage rack can move in a cross shape on an X axis and a Y axis, the position of the electrode chuck 61 is adjusted, and the electrode chucks 61 on the storage rack are accurately pushed one by one to a replacement station where the perforating assembly 6 can reach. An X-direction guide rail 76 is provided on the Y-direction moving plate 73 along the X-axis, an X-direction slider 77 slidable along the X-direction guide rail 76 is fixed to the storage rack, and the X-direction slider 77 is slidable along the X-direction guide rail 76 while being movable along the Y-axis in synchronization with the Y-direction moving plate 73.
The storage rack comprises an electrode storage plate 71, and an X-direction slide block 77 is fixed on the lower end surface of the electrode storage plate 71 and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of an X-direction driving cylinder 75. The electrode storage plate 71 is provided with a plurality of first placement grooves 711 and a plurality of second placement grooves 712 alternately, the length of the second placement grooves 712 is longer than that of the first placement grooves 711, and the second placement grooves 712 and the first placement grooves 711 have the same height and are capable of holding the electrode chuck 61. Due to the limitation of the size of the electrode holder 61, the different lengths of the first placement groove 711 and the plurality of second placement grooves 712 ensure that the electrode holders 61 are placed in two rows, and the replacement accuracy is not affected while the storage amount of the electrode holders 61 is increased. Referring to fig. 5, each of the first placement groove 711 and the second placement groove 712 includes a guide groove 71a and an accommodation groove 71b that are communicated with each other, the length of the guide groove 71a of the second placement groove 712 is greater than the length of the guide groove 71a of the first placement groove 711, the electrode chuck 61 can slide along the guide groove 71a and be clamped in the accommodation groove 71b, and a clamping block that can abut against the upper end surface of the accommodation groove 71b is disposed on the electrode chuck 61.
The storage rack further comprises a guiding storage seat 79 fixedly connected with the electrode storage plate 71 and positioned below the electrode storage plate 71, and the guiding storage seat 79 is fixedly connected with the electrode storage plate 71. The guide storage seat 79 is provided with a plurality of guide 63 storage holes for placing the guide 63. The guide storage seat 79 and the electrode storage plate 71 move in synchronization, facilitating replacement of the guide 63.
During operation, a workpiece is placed on the workpiece placing plate 3, and the Y-axis lead screw driving device drives the workpiece placing plate 3 to move to a proper position. The pallet 4 is moved by means of a two-dimensional drive 9 on the gantry 2 to the position where the workpiece is to be machined. The first rotating motor 54 and the second rotating motor 55 are activated to adjust the angle of the vertical moving assembly 8 to the perforation angle that needs to be tilted. And then the vertical moving component 8 pushes the punching component 6 to be close to the workpiece to complete the punching of the inclined hole. In the process of re-punching, the Y-axis screw rod and the two-dimensional driving device 9 are matched with the swing head mechanism 5, so that the punching angle and position can be adjusted in real time.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical concept and features of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, and any equivalent changes or modifications made according to the spirit of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an automatic inclined hole puncher of planer-type, includes the workstation and spanes the longmen grudging post on the workstation, sliding connection has the work piece that can remove along the Y axle to place the board on the workstation, be provided with the layer board that can remove along X axle and Z axle under the two dimension drive arrangement effect on the longmen grudging post, its characterized in that: the punching mechanism is arranged on the supporting plate and comprises a first rotary table which can rotate by taking a Z shaft as an axis, a connecting plate which synchronously rotates with the first rotary table is fixed on the first rotary table, a second rotary table which can synchronously rotate with the connecting plate and can rotate by taking an X shaft as an axis is arranged on the connecting plate, a vertical moving assembly is arranged on the second rotary table, and the punching assembly is fixed at the output end of the vertical moving assembly; the feeding mechanism is fixed on the gantry vertical frame and comprises a storage rack for storing a plurality of electrode chucks, and the storage rack can move the electrode chucks on the storage rack to a replacing station one by one under the action of the material replacing driving assembly.
2. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 1, wherein: the vertical moving assembly comprises a base fixed on the second rotary table, a first vertical lead screw is connected to the base in a rotating mode, the first vertical lead screw rotates under the action of a first vertical driving motor, a mounting seat is connected to the first vertical lead screw in a threaded mode, and the punching assembly is fixed to the mounting seat.
3. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 2, wherein: the punching assembly comprises a punching motor fixed on the mounting seat, an output shaft of the punching motor is detachably connected with the electrode chuck, and a guider fixed on the base and used for guiding the electrode is further arranged right below the electrode chuck.
4. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 1, wherein: the supporting plate is fixedly provided with a first rotating motor for driving the first rotating platform to rotate, the connecting plate comprises a transverse plate and a vertical plate which are of an L-shaped structure, the transverse plate is fixedly connected with the first rotating platform, the second rotating platform is rotatably connected with the vertical plate, and a second rotating motor for driving the second rotating platform to rotate is fixedly arranged on the vertical plate.
5. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 1, wherein: the material changing driving assembly comprises a fixing frame fixed on the gantry vertical frame, a Y-direction moving plate, a Y-direction driving cylinder and an X-direction driving cylinder, wherein the Y-direction driving cylinder is fixed on the fixing frame and can push the Y-direction moving plate and the storage frame to synchronously move back and forth along a Y axis; the X-direction driving cylinder is fixed on the Y-direction moving plate and can push the storage rack to move back and forth along the X axis.
6. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 5, wherein: the Y-direction moving plate is provided with an X-direction guide rail along an X axis, the storage rack is fixedly provided with an X-direction sliding block capable of sliding along the X-direction guide rail, and the X-direction sliding block and the Y-direction moving plate can synchronously move along the Y axis and can slide along the X-direction guide rail.
7. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 1, wherein: the storage rack comprises an electrode storage plate, wherein a plurality of first placing grooves and a plurality of second placing grooves are alternately arranged on the electrode storage plate, the length of each second placing groove is larger than that of each first placing groove, and the second placing grooves and the first placing grooves are equal in height and can be used for placing the electrode chucks.
8. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 7, wherein: the electrode chuck comprises a first placing groove, a second placing groove, a clamping block and a clamping block, wherein the first placing groove and the second placing groove are communicated with each other, the length of the guide groove of the second placing groove is larger than that of the guide groove of the first placing groove, the electrode chuck can slide along the guide groove and is clamped in the accommodating groove, and the clamping block which can be abutted against the upper end face of the accommodating groove is arranged on the electrode chuck.
9. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 7, wherein: the storage rack further comprises a guide storage seat fixedly connected with the electrode storage plate and positioned below the electrode storage plate, and a plurality of guider storage holes used for placing the guider are formed in the guide storage seat.
10. The gantry type automatic inclined hole puncher of claim 1, wherein: the two-dimensional driving device comprises a horizontal driving assembly and a vertical driving assembly connected with the horizontal driving assembly, the horizontal driving assembly comprises a horizontal driving motor arranged on a beam of the gantry stand and a horizontal lead screw which rotates under the driving of the horizontal driving motor, and a horizontal sliding block capable of moving along an X axis is in threaded connection with the horizontal lead screw; the vertical driving assembly comprises a transition block fixed on the horizontal sliding block, a bracket capable of moving along a Z axis is arranged on the transition block, a second vertical driving motor and a second vertical lead screw driven by the second vertical driving motor to rotate are arranged on the bracket, a nut block in threaded connection with the second vertical lead screw is arranged on the transition block, and the bracket is fixed on the bracket.
CN202111256773.2A 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Gantry type automatic inclined hole punching machine Active CN113828871B (en)

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CN114406384A (en) * 2022-03-01 2022-04-29 江苏斯普锐特智能装备有限公司 Gantry structure and spark machine with same

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CN112475591B (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-08-27 北京航空航天大学 Double-swing-head five-axis linkage laser processing machine tool and working method

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