CN113814742A - Machining production line and workpiece machining method - Google Patents

Machining production line and workpiece machining method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113814742A
CN113814742A CN202010559267.XA CN202010559267A CN113814742A CN 113814742 A CN113814742 A CN 113814742A CN 202010559267 A CN202010559267 A CN 202010559267A CN 113814742 A CN113814742 A CN 113814742A
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China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
machine
production line
cleaning
machining
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CN202010559267.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈刚
刘新灵
陈帆
张蓓
陈青艳
胡菡
骆峰
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WUHAN VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF SOFTWARE AND ENGINEERING
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WUHAN VOCATIONAL COLLEGE OF SOFTWARE AND ENGINEERING
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Priority to CN202010559267.XA priority Critical patent/CN113814742A/en
Publication of CN113814742A publication Critical patent/CN113814742A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/06Metal-working plant comprising a number of associated machines or apparatus

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning By Liquid Or Steam (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a machining production line and a workpiece machining method, which comprise a control host, a cleaning machine, a drying machine, a cutting machine, a punching machine, a collecting box, a conveying belt and an n-shaped cover, wherein the control host, the cleaning machine, the drying machine, the cutting machine and the punching machine are sequentially connected through the conveying belt. The mechanical processing production line can be additionally provided with the conveying device at the position of specific processing equipment, and special processing can be carried out by changing the conveying direction of the conveying device without excessively changing the production line; in addition, the conveying surface of the conveying belt can be divided, different types of workpieces can be conveyed at the same time, and the processing efficiency of the workpieces is improved; according to the workpiece machining method, the cleaning process is directly connected with other machining processes, the storage process of the cleaned workpiece is reduced, and the workpiece machining cost is reduced.

Description

Machining production line and workpiece machining method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machining, in particular to a machining production line and a workpiece machining method.
Background
In the manufacturing process of machine parts, various machining processes of workpieces are reasonably arranged on a plurality of machine tools and are connected into a whole by using a conveying device and an auxiliary device, and the workpieces to be machined pass through various machining devices according to the process flow sequence under the action of the conveying device to complete all machining tasks of the workpieces, so that the production line is called as a machining production line.
The machining production line comprises a distribution assembly line and an automatic line. The automatic line is a production line which adopts a control system to automatically control the workpiece conveying, transposition, positioning and clamping among all machine tools and the actions of auxiliary devices on the basis of a production line and automatically works according to a pre-designed program.
The conveying belt in the traditional machining production line can only convey a single workpiece, when different types of workpieces need to be conveyed simultaneously, the conveying belt needs to be additionally arranged, the machining cost is increased, the cleaning steps are separated independently in the traditional machining method, and the cleaned workpieces need to be additionally stored if the workpieces are not immediately machined, so that the storage process of the workpieces is increased, and the machining cost of the workpieces is also increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art and provides a machining production line and a workpiece machining method.
The utility model provides a machining production line, includes main control system, cleaning machine, drying-machine, cutting machine, punching machine, collecting box, conveyer belt and n shape cover, connect gradually through the conveyer belt between main control system, cleaning machine, drying-machine, cutting machine and the punching machine, the tail end of production line is arranged in to the collecting box, n shape cover passes through bolt fixed connection in the upper surface of conveyer belt, just the top lower surface sliding block of n shape cover is connected with one or more division boards.
Preferably, the top end of the partition plate is symmetrically provided with a pair of the partition plates, the internal threads are connected with the thread sliding shafts in a screwing mode, and the left surface and the right surface of the n-shaped cover are provided with sliding grooves matched with the end parts of the thread sliding shafts.
Preferably, the bottom of the partition plate is provided with a rectangular cavity, and the inside of the rectangular cavity is elastically connected with a movable flitch.
Preferably, the inner wall of the top of the rectangular cavity is fixedly connected with a plurality of positioning vertical rods, and the top of the movable flitch is provided with positioning vertical grooves matched with the positioning vertical rods.
Preferably, the outer surface of the positioning vertical rod is sleeved with a push spring, the top end of the push spring is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rectangular cavity, and the bottom end of the push spring is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the movable flitch.
A workpiece machining method specifically comprises the following steps:
step S1, placing the workpiece in a cleaning machine for cleaning;
step S2, conveying the cleaned workpiece into a dryer through a conveying belt for drying treatment;
step S3, conveying the dried workpiece to a cutting machine through a conveying belt for cutting;
s4, conveying the cut single workpiece to a punching machine through a conveying belt for stamping and forming;
and step S5, collecting the formed workpieces into a collection box.
Preferably, in step S1, the cleaning machine mainly removes dirt on the surface of the workpiece by cleaning with a cleaning liquid or an ultrasonic cleaning method.
Preferably, in step S2, the top of the dryer is a drying chamber, the bottom platform of the dryer is connected to a driving roller, and two ends of the driving roller are connected to the left and right conveyor belts respectively.
Preferably, in step S3, the dried workpieces are different in size, and the workpieces are cut by a cutting head of the cutting machine into a size and a volume to be fixed.
Preferably, in step S4, the upper surface of the punching machine is connected with a lower die, the cut and formed single workpiece is placed on the lower die, the stand of the punching machine is connected with an air cylinder, the bottom of the output end of the air cylinder is connected with an upper die, the air cylinder drives the upper die to punch downwards, and the workpiece is punched and formed under the action of the upper die and the lower die.
The machining production line can continuously process most of workpieces in a production line, and for workpieces with special processing requirements, a conveying device can be added at the position of specific processing equipment on the basis of not moving the production line, and special processing can be carried out by changing the conveying direction of the conveying device, so that the universal applicability of workpiece processing is improved, and the production line does not need to be changed too much; in addition, the design of the n-shaped cover and the partition plate is added above the conveying belt in the production line, and the conveying surface of the conveying belt can be divided, so that the same conveying belt can convey different types of workpieces simultaneously, and the processing efficiency of the workpieces is improved; according to the workpiece machining method, the workpiece can be machined and formed through cleaning, drying, cutting and stamping of the workpiece, the cleaning process is directly connected with other machining processes, the workpiece can be machined after the cleaning is finished, the storage process of the cleaned workpiece is reduced, and the machining cost of the workpiece is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a machining line according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the n-shaped shroud and divider plate of FIG. 1 in combination;
fig. 3 is a sectional view of the partition plate of fig. 1.
In the figure: the automatic control device comprises a control host 1, a cleaning machine 2, a drying machine 3, a cutting machine 4, a punching machine 5, a collecting box 6, a conveying belt 7, an 8 n-shaped cover, a partition plate 9, a threaded sliding shaft 10, a sliding chute 11, a movable flitch 12, a push spring 13, a positioning vertical rod 14 and a positioning vertical groove 15.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further illustrated with reference to the following specific examples.
Examples
According to the drawings of fig. 1-3, the invention provides a machining line and a workpiece machining method.
The utility model provides a machining production line, including main control system 1, cleaning machine 2, drying-machine 3, cutting machine 4, punching machine 5, collecting box 6, conveyer belt 7 and n shape cover 8, main control system 1, cleaning machine 2, drying-machine 3, connect gradually through conveyer belt 7 between cutting machine 4 and the punching machine 5, the tail end of production line is arranged in to collecting box 6, n shape cover 8 is through bolt fixed connection in the upper surface of conveyer belt 7, and the top lower surface slip block of n shape cover 8 is connected with one or more division board 9, the transport space of different quantity can be divided into with the transport face of conveyer belt 7 through division board 9 that increases different quantity, thereby can carry out the simultaneous classification transport to the work piece of different quantity.
In this embodiment, a pair of 16 is seted up to the top symmetry of division board 9, 16 inside screw thread closure is connected with screw thread sliding shaft 10, and the surface all is seted up with screw thread sliding shaft 10's tip assorted spout 11 about n shape cover 8, and the slip block between screw thread sliding shaft 10 and the spout 11 is connected can the position of horizontal adjustment division board 9 to adjust every transport space's interval.
In this embodiment, the rectangular cavity has been seted up to the bottom of division board 9, and the inside elastic connection of rectangular cavity has movable flitch 12, and elastic connection through movable flitch 12 can make the bottom of movable flitch 12 and the transport face contact of conveyer belt 7, and when installation division board 9, in movable flitch 12 can take in the rectangular cavity of division board 9 bottom to avoid causing the hindrance to the installation of division board 9.
In this embodiment, the inner wall of the top of the rectangular cavity is fixedly connected with a plurality of positioning vertical rods 14, and the top of the movable flitch 12 is provided with positioning vertical slots 15 matched with the positioning vertical rods 14.
In this embodiment, the outer surface of the positioning vertical rod 14 is sleeved with a push spring 13, the top end of the push spring 13 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rectangular cavity, and the bottom end of the push spring 13 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the movable flitch 12.
A workpiece machining method specifically comprises the following steps:
step S1, placing the workpiece in the cleaning machine 2 for cleaning;
step S2, conveying the cleaned workpiece into a dryer 3 through a conveyer belt 7 for drying treatment;
step S3, conveying the dried workpiece to a cutting machine 4 through a conveying belt 7 for cutting;
step S4, conveying the cut single workpiece to a punching machine 5 through a conveying belt 7 for stamping and forming;
step S5, the molded workpiece is collected in the collection box 6.
In this embodiment, in step S1, the cleaning machine 2 mainly removes dirt on the surface of the workpiece by cleaning with a cleaning liquid or an ultrasonic cleaning method.
In this embodiment, in step S2, the top of the dryer 3 is a drying chamber, the bottom platform of the dryer 3 is connected with a driving roller, and two ends of the driving roller are connected with the left and right conveyor belts 7 respectively.
In this embodiment, in step S3, the dried workpieces have different sizes, and the workpieces are cut by the cutting head of the cutting machine 4 to have the size and volume to be shaped.
In this embodiment, in step S4, the upper surface of punching machine 5 is connected with the lower mould, and the monomer work piece after the cutting shaping is placed on the lower mould, is connected with the cylinder on punching machine 5' S the stand, and the output bottom of cylinder is connected with the mould, and the cylinder drives the mould and punches down, with work piece stamping forming under the effect of last mould and lower mould.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a machining production line, its characterized in that, including main control system (1), cleaning machine (2), drying-machine (3), cutting machine (4), punching machine (5), collecting box (6), conveyer belt (7) and n shape cover (8), connect gradually through conveyer belt (7) between main control system (1), cleaning machine (2), drying-machine (3), cutting machine (4) and punching machine (5), the tail end of production line is arranged in to collecting box (6), n shape cover (8) are through bolt fixed connection in the upper surface of conveyer belt (7), just the top lower surface slip block of n shape cover (8) is connected with one or more division board (9).
2. The machining production line of claim 1, wherein a pair of the partition plates (9) are symmetrically provided at the top ends thereof with a pair of the partition plates (16), the inner threads of the pair of the partition plates (16) are screwed with threaded sliding shafts (10), and the left and right surfaces of the n-shaped cover (8) are provided with sliding grooves (11) matched with the ends of the threaded sliding shafts (10).
3. The machining production line of claim 1, wherein a rectangular cavity is formed in the bottom of the partition plate (9), and a movable flitch plate (12) is elastically connected to the inside of the rectangular cavity.
4. The machining production line of claim 3, wherein a plurality of vertical positioning rods (14) are fixedly connected to the inner wall of the top of the rectangular cavity, and vertical positioning grooves (15) matched with the vertical positioning rods (14) are formed in the top of the movable flitch plate (12).
5. The machining production line of claim 4, wherein a push spring (13) is sleeved on the outer surface of the vertical positioning rod (14), the top end of the push spring (13) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the rectangular cavity, and the bottom end of the push spring (13) is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the movable flitch (12).
6. A workpiece machining method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step S1, placing the workpiece in a cleaning machine (2) for cleaning;
s2, conveying the cleaned workpiece into a dryer (3) through a conveyer belt (7) for drying;
s3, conveying the dried workpiece to a cutting machine (4) through a conveying belt (7) for cutting;
s4, conveying the cut single workpiece to a punching machine (5) through a conveying belt (7) for stamping and forming;
and step S5, collecting the formed workpieces into a collection box (6).
7. The workpiece machining method according to claim 6, characterized in that in step S1, the cleaning machine (2) performs cleaning by using a cleaning liquid or ultrasonic cleaning method to mainly remove dirt on the workpiece surface.
8. The workpiece machining method according to claim 6, wherein in step S2, the top of the dryer (3) is a drying chamber, the bottom platform of the dryer (3) is connected with a driving roller, and two ends of the driving roller are respectively connected with the left and right conveyor belts (7).
9. The workpiece machining method according to claim 6, wherein in step S3, the dried workpieces are different in size, and are cut into the size and the volume of the desired shape by a cutting head of the cutting machine (4).
10. The method of claim 6, wherein in step S4, a lower die is connected to the upper surface of the punch (5), the cut single workpiece is placed on the lower die, a cylinder is connected to the column of the punch (5), an upper die is connected to the bottom of the output end of the cylinder, the cylinder drives the upper die to punch downwards, and the workpiece is punched and formed under the action of the upper die and the lower die.
CN202010559267.XA 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 Machining production line and workpiece machining method Pending CN113814742A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010559267.XA CN113814742A (en) 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 Machining production line and workpiece machining method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010559267.XA CN113814742A (en) 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 Machining production line and workpiece machining method

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN113814742A true CN113814742A (en) 2021-12-21

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CN202010559267.XA Pending CN113814742A (en) 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 Machining production line and workpiece machining method

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114904978A (en) * 2022-05-26 2022-08-16 江门市金丰贝卡音视频科技有限公司 Pick-up intelligent manufacturing device with precise photoetching air guide sleeve

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2311612A2 (en) * 2009-10-15 2011-04-20 Homag Holzbearbeitungssysteme AG Device for machining workpieces
CN106081553A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-09 付淑珍 A kind of cosmetics detection conveying mechanism
CN107378720A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-24 合肥亿昌兴精密机械有限公司 A kind of autobody sheet degreasing overlay film cuts process units
CN107584039A (en) * 2017-10-05 2018-01-16 余永海 A kind of punching operation system
CN209871863U (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-12-31 天津市同友印刷有限公司 Loading attachment is used in label paper production

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2311612A2 (en) * 2009-10-15 2011-04-20 Homag Holzbearbeitungssysteme AG Device for machining workpieces
CN106081553A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-09 付淑珍 A kind of cosmetics detection conveying mechanism
CN107378720A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-24 合肥亿昌兴精密机械有限公司 A kind of autobody sheet degreasing overlay film cuts process units
CN107584039A (en) * 2017-10-05 2018-01-16 余永海 A kind of punching operation system
CN209871863U (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-12-31 天津市同友印刷有限公司 Loading attachment is used in label paper production

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114904978A (en) * 2022-05-26 2022-08-16 江门市金丰贝卡音视频科技有限公司 Pick-up intelligent manufacturing device with precise photoetching air guide sleeve
CN114904978B (en) * 2022-05-26 2022-11-08 江门市金丰贝卡音视频科技有限公司 Pick-up intelligent manufacturing device with precise photoetching air guide sleeve

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Application publication date: 20211221

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication