CN113797685A - Cyclone bag-type dust collector - Google Patents

Cyclone bag-type dust collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113797685A
CN113797685A CN202111115653.0A CN202111115653A CN113797685A CN 113797685 A CN113797685 A CN 113797685A CN 202111115653 A CN202111115653 A CN 202111115653A CN 113797685 A CN113797685 A CN 113797685A
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China
Prior art keywords
box
dust
box body
sleeve
wall
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CN202111115653.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李一山
张斌
王伟俊
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202111115653.0A priority Critical patent/CN113797685A/en
Publication of CN113797685A publication Critical patent/CN113797685A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/017Combinations of electrostatic separation with other processes, not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of dust removal, in particular to a cyclone bag-type dust collector which comprises a fan and a box body, wherein a communicating pipe extending into the box body is installed on the side wall of the fan, a motor is installed on the top wall of the box body, a sleeve with a plurality of air vents uniformly formed in the side wall is vertically and rotatably installed on the inner bottom wall of the box body, the output end of the motor extends into the box body and is fixedly connected with the top end of the sleeve, and a bag is sleeved on the sleeve. When the slider is contacted with the mounting rod, the static electricity on the slider is led out, so that the slider does not adsorb the dust, the dust can freely fall into the dust collection box to be collected, the screen is arranged to reduce the impact force of air flow on the cloth bag, and the local position of the cloth bag is prevented from being aged in advance.

Description

Cyclone bag-type dust collector
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of dust removal, in particular to a cyclone bag-type dust remover.
Background
Cyclone dust collectors are a type of dust collecting devices, and the dust collecting mechanism is to make a dust-containing airflow rotate, separate dust particles from the airflow by means of centrifugal force and collect the dust particles on the wall of the dust collector, and then make the dust particles fall into an ash bucket by means of gravity, and the cyclone dust collectors can only treat relatively large-particle impurities in flue gas generally.
Through retrieval, chinese patent No. CN212594748U discloses a cyclone bag-type dust collector, which comprises: cyclone and box, cyclone fixed connection is on the box, and cyclone passes through communicating pipe and box intercommunication, swivelling joint has two sleeves in the box, and has seted up a plurality of inlet ports on the sleeve, two all cup jointed the sack in the sleeve, two the equal fixedly connected with pivot of telescopic upper end lateral wall, and the upper end of two pivots all runs through the box setting.
Although the cyclone bag-type dust collector can prevent the bag from being blocked by dust carried in gas, the following defects still exist:
1. the air flow flowing out from the communicating pipe directly impacts the cloth bag, the pressure around the columnar air flow is small in the flowing process of the air flow, therefore, the dust suspended in the air can be sucked into the air flow again and impacts the surface of the cloth bag, and when the density of the dust in the air is too high, the air holes in the cloth bag can still be blocked.
2. The air flow with large impact force continuously impacts the cloth bag at the same height, so that the cloth bag at the height is damaged and aged in advance, the aging degree of the cloth bag is different, and the use cost is increased.
Therefore, the cyclone bag-type dust collector is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a cyclone bag-type dust collector, which aims to solve the problems that in the process of flowing of air flow proposed in the background art, the pressure around the columnar air flow is low, so that dust suspended in air can be sucked into the air flow again and impacts the surface of a bag, and when the density of the dust in the air is too high, air holes in the bag can still be blocked.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a cyclone bag-type dust collector comprises a fan and a box body, wherein a communicating pipe extending into the box body is installed on the side wall of the fan, a motor is installed on the top wall of the box body, a sleeve with a plurality of air holes uniformly formed in the side wall is vertically and rotatably installed on the inner bottom wall of the box body, the output end of the motor extends into the box body and is fixedly connected with the top end of the sleeve, a cloth bag is sleeved on the sleeve, a dust collecting box is installed on the bottom wall of the box body, an exhaust pipe extending into the sleeve is inserted on the outer bottom wall of the box body, a reciprocating lead screw penetrating through the dust collecting box and extending into the exhaust pipe is vertically and rotatably installed on the inner top wall of the box body, a sliding block is in threaded connection with the reciprocating lead screw, a plurality of first air cups are uniformly installed on the part of the reciprocating lead screw, which is positioned in the exhaust pipe, and a conductive mechanism matched with the sliding block is arranged on the inner bottom wall of the box body, equal fixed mounting has the spout on the roof of box and the diapire, two the spout concerted movement has set the screen cloth, horizontal installation has the first spring of being connected with the spout on the lateral wall of screen cloth, vertical rotation is installed on the interior diapire of box and is extended to the dwang in the blast pipe in the bottom, a plurality of second wind cups are evenly installed to the part that the dwang is located the blast pipe, the top of dwang install with screen cloth complex push rod.
In the course of the work, the great impurity of volume that the fan carried in with the air filters, then makes the air flow who carries the dust through communicating pipe to the box, when the air current flows into the box through communicating pipe in, the air current strikes the impeller, and the drive impeller is rotatory, will break up from the column air current that flows out in communicating pipe at impeller pivoted in-process, can make the air current blow to the screen cloth uniformly, has played the effect that makes the even stress of filter screen to can promote the filter screen and remove along the spout.
The filter screen is extruded along the first spring of in-process that the spout removed, in this process, the kinetic energy of air current converts the elastic potential energy of first spring into, the speed that the air current flows has been reduced, thereby the speed that makes the air current in the space between flow direction screen cloth and the sack is slower, can make the air comparatively steady, certain position that has played the air current direct impact sack that prevents to carry the dust leads to this position effect of ageing in advance, because the air current is very steady, consequently, it is at the pivoted in-process with the sack of installing at the motor drive sleeve, the centrifugal force of the dust of card on the sack will be greater than the impact force of air current to the sack, the effect of guaranteeing to throw away the dust of card on the sack has been played.
When the gas in the box body flows out from the exhaust pipe, the first wind cup and the second wind cup are blown, the reciprocating screw rod is driven to rotate in the rotating process of the first wind cup, the sliding block moves back and forth on the reciprocating screw rod in the rotating process of the reciprocating screw rod, and as the reciprocating screw rod is rotatably connected with the top wall of the box body, charge transfer is generated between the reciprocating screw rod and the box body in the rotating process of the reciprocating screw rod, so that the sliding block which is in threaded connection with the reciprocating screw rod carries static electricity, the dust suspended in the air can be adsorbed in the process that the sliding block moves up and down, when the sliding block is in contact with the conductive mechanism, the static electricity carried on the sliding block is transferred, so that the sliding block does not adsorb the dust any more, the dust on the sliding block falls into the dust collecting box to be collected, the effect of preventing the cloth bag from being blocked due to excessive dust in the air is achieved, and meanwhile, the second wind cup is blown and drives the rotating rod to rotate, install the push rod on the dwang and also rotate thereupon, will promote the screen cloth at the pivoted in-process of push rod, because first spring has the trend of restoring at this moment, and the air current that is blockked by the screen cloth can flow to the opposite side of screen cloth through the screen cloth, consequently under the combined action of first spring and push rod, the screen cloth will move the one end of spout, so reciprocal, has played the effect of continuously consuming the kinetic energy of the air current of flowing out from communicating pipe.
Preferably, the round hole has been seted up on the interior roof of box, install the rubber sleeve with the laminating of round hole inner wall in the round hole, reciprocal lead screw is connected with the inner ring rotation of rubber sleeve.
Because the material of rubber sleeve and reciprocal lead screw is different, consequently also different to the adsorption efficiency of electron, consequently can produce the friction with the rubber sleeve of fixed mounting in the round hole at the in-process that reciprocal lead screw rotated, will take place the charge transfer at the in-process of friction, consequently played the effect that makes rubber sleeve and reciprocal lead screw all carry static.
Preferably, electrically conductive mechanism is including installing the installation pole of stainless steel on the internal diapire of box, the bottom of installation pole extends to the external and ground connection of box, the bar groove has been seted up on the installation pole, the activity of bar inslot has set steel ball and piston plate, horizontal installation has the second spring of being connected with the bar groove on the lateral wall of piston plate.
In the initial state, the second spring pushes the piston plate, the piston plate pushes the steel ball, the steel ball can stretch out of the strip-shaped groove, and therefore the sliding block moves downwards to be in contact with the steel ball.
Preferably, the side wall of the screen close to one side of the communicating pipe is horizontally and rotatably provided with an impeller.
In the working process, the air flow flowing out of the communicating pipe blows to the impeller to enable the impeller to rotate, in the rotating process of the impeller, the columnar air flow can be scattered, the air flow can be blown to the surface of the screen uniformly, the screen is subjected to thrust with uniform size, the effect of ensuring that the screen can be pushed is achieved, in the rotating process of the air flow driving impeller, the kinetic energy of the air flow is converted into the kinetic energy of the impeller, and the effect of reducing the air flow speed is achieved.
Preferably, the top wall mounting of box is the battery for the motor power supply, install on the lateral wall that the screen cloth is close to dwang one side with push rod complex piezoceramics, piezoceramics establishes ties with the battery.
In the process that the push rod pushes the screen to reset, the rotating rod firstly drives the push rod to impact the piezoelectric ceramics arranged on the screen, the piezoelectric ceramics generate electricity at the moment of impact, and the piezoelectric ceramics are connected with the storage battery in series, so that the electric energy generated by the piezoelectric ceramics can charge the storage battery, and the energy-saving effect is achieved.
Preferably, a plurality of conical blocks are uniformly arranged on the sliding block.
According to the definition of point discharge, when one conductor is electrified, the sharp point on the conductor can gather a large amount of charges, so that the static carried by the reciprocating screw rod is transferred to the conical block, the charges carried by the reciprocating screw rod are transferred to the sliding block, and the effect of preventing the sliding block from being clamped due to the fact that dust in air is adsorbed on the surface of the reciprocating screw rod is achieved.
Preferably, the dust collecting box is provided with a dust removing hole, a conical hole plug is inserted into the dust removing hole, and the hole plug is provided with a lead connected with the rubber sleeve.
Because the essence that static produced is charge transfer, consequently when rubbing each other between reciprocal lead screw and rubber sleeve, rubber sleeve and reciprocal lead screw all carry electric charge to the stopple is coniform, consequently, can transmit the static of rubber sleeve to the stopple through the wire, make the stopple carry static, when slider and steel ball contact no longer carry static, dust is from the free fall on the slider, at this moment because carry static and have the adsorption of adsorption to the dust on the stopple, played the effect that makes the dust get into the dust-collecting box fast, simultaneously, can clear up the dust-collecting box through opening the stopple after each use.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the slider removed in the box along reciprocating screw, the dust that the utilization carried static suspended in with the air adsorbs, reduces the content of dust in the air to prevent that the sack from being plugged up, when the slider contacted with the installation pole, derive the static on the slider, thereby make the slider not adsorb the dust, make the dust can freely drop collect in the dust-collecting box.
2. Static carried by the rubber sleeve is transferred to the dust collection box, so that the dust collection box can quickly absorb dust falling from the sliding block, and the dust is prevented from floating in the air again.
3. The impact force of the air flow on the cloth bag is reduced by the aid of the screen, the partial position of the cloth bag is prevented from being aged in advance, meanwhile, the air flow in the space between the screen and the cloth bag in the box body can be in a relatively stable state after the air flow is reduced by the screen, and the situation that the air flow is too fast and dust adsorbed by the sliding block is blown down into the air can be prevented.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front cross-sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the present invention at A;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the invention at B;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the invention at C;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the push rod of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the plug of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a combination view of a slider and a tapered block of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a fan; 2. a box body; 3. a communicating pipe; 4. a motor; 5. a sleeve; 6. a cloth bag; 7. a dust collecting box; 8. an exhaust pipe; 9. a reciprocating screw rod; 10. a slider; 11. a first funnel cup; 12. a chute; 13. screening a screen; 14. a first spring; 15. rotating the rod; 16. a second wind cup; 17. a push rod; 18. a rubber sleeve; 19. mounting a rod; 20. a steel ball; 21. a piston plate; 22. a second spring; 23. an impeller; 24. a storage battery; 25. piezoelectric ceramics; 26. a conical block; 27. and (4) plugging the hole.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, features defined as "first", "second", may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the described features. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise. Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly and may, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the present invention provides a cyclone bag-type dust collector, which has the following technical scheme:
a cyclone bag-type dust collector comprises a fan 1 and a box body 2, a communicating pipe 3 extending into the box body 2 is installed on the side wall of the fan 1, a motor 4 is installed on the top wall of the box body 2, a sleeve 5 with a plurality of air holes evenly formed in the side wall is vertically and rotatably installed on the inner bottom wall of the box body 2, the output end of the motor 4 extends into the box body 2 and is fixedly connected with the top end of the sleeve 5, a bag 6 is sleeved on the sleeve 5, a dust collecting box 7 is installed on the bottom wall of the box body 2, an exhaust pipe 8 extending into the sleeve 5 is inserted on the outer bottom wall of the box body 2, a reciprocating lead screw 9 penetrating through the dust collecting box 7 and extending into the exhaust pipe 8 is vertically and rotatably installed on the inner top wall of the box body 2, a slide block 10 is connected on the reciprocating lead screw 9 in a threaded manner, a plurality of first air cups 11 are evenly installed on the part, located in the exhaust pipe 8, a conductive mechanism matched with the slide block 10 is arranged on the inner bottom wall of the box body 2, equal fixed mounting has spout 12 on the roof of box 2 and the diapire, two spout 12 concerts activities set screen cloth 13, horizontal installation has the first spring 14 of being connected with spout 12 on screen cloth 13's the lateral wall, vertical rotation installs the dwang 15 that the bottom extends to in the blast pipe 8 on the interior diapire of box 2, a plurality of second air cups 16 are evenly installed to the part that dwang 15 is located in blast pipe 8, the top of dwang 15 install with screen cloth 13 complex push rod 17.
In the course of the work, the great impurity of volume that fan 1 carried in with the air filters, then make the air flow direction box 2 who carries the dust through communicating pipe 3, when the air current flows into box 2 through communicating pipe 3 in, the air current strikes impeller 23, drive impeller 23 is rotatory, in impeller 23 pivoted in-process will follow the column air current that flows out in communicating pipe 3 and break up, can make the air current blow to screen cloth 13 evenly, the effect of making the even atress of filter screen has been played, thereby can promote the filter screen and remove along spout 12.
At the filter screen along the in-process first spring 14 that spout 12 removed by the extrusion, in this process, the kinetic energy of air current converts the elastic potential energy of first spring 14 into, the speed that the air current flows has been reduced, thereby the speed that makes the air current in the space between flow direction screen 13 and sack 6 slower, can make the air comparatively steady, certain position that has played the air current direct impact sack 6 that prevents to carry the dust leads to this position to age in advance the effect, because the air current is very steady, consequently drive sleeve 5 and install sack 6 on sleeve 5 at the pivoted in-process at motor 4, the centrifugal force of the dust of card on sack 6 will be greater than the impact force of air current to sack 6, the effect of guaranteeing to throw away the dust of card on sack 6 has been played.
When the gas in the box body 2 flows out from the exhaust pipe 8, the first wind cup 11 and the second wind cup 16 are blown, the reciprocating screw rod 9 is driven to rotate in the rotating process of the first wind cup 11, the slide block 10 moves back and forth on the reciprocating screw rod 9 in the rotating process of the reciprocating screw rod 9, and as the reciprocating screw rod 9 is rotatably connected with the top wall of the box body 2, charge transfer is generated between the reciprocating screw rod and the box body 2 in the rotating process of the reciprocating screw rod, so that the slide block 10 which is in threaded connection with the reciprocating screw rod 9 carries static electricity, the dust suspended in the air can be adsorbed in the process that the slide block 10 moves up and down, when the slide block 10 is in contact with the conductive mechanism 4, the static electricity carried on the slide block 10 is transferred, therefore, the slide block 10 does not adsorb the dust any more, at the dust on the slide block 10 falls into the dust collecting box 7 to be collected, and the function of preventing the cloth bag 6 from being blocked due to excessive dust in the air is achieved, meanwhile, in the process that the second wind cup 16 is blown and drives the rotating rod 15 to rotate, the push rod 17 installed on the rotating rod 15 also rotates along with the rotating rod, the screen 13 is pushed in the process that the push rod 17 rotates, at this time, because the first spring 14 has a restoring trend, and the air flow blocked by the screen 13 can flow to the other side of the screen 13 through the screen 13, under the combined action of the first spring 14 and the push rod 17, the screen 13 moves to one end of the chute 12, and the reciprocating operation is performed, so that the function of continuously consuming the kinetic energy of the air flow flowing out of the communicating pipe 3 is achieved.
Referring to fig. 4, as an embodiment of the present invention, a circular hole is formed on an inner top wall of the box body 2, a rubber sleeve 18 attached to an inner wall of the circular hole is installed in the circular hole, and the reciprocating screw 9 is rotatably connected to an inner ring of the rubber sleeve 18.
Because the rubber sleeve 18 and the reciprocating screw rod 9 are made of different materials, the adsorption capacity to electrons is different, friction can be generated between the rubber sleeve 18 fixedly installed in the round hole in the rotating process of the reciprocating screw rod 9, electric charge transfer can be generated in the friction process, and therefore the effect that the rubber sleeve 18 and the reciprocating screw rod 9 are both charged with static electricity is achieved.
Referring to fig. 5, as an embodiment of the present invention, the conductive mechanism includes a mounting rod 19 made of stainless steel and mounted on the inner bottom wall of the box body 2, the bottom end of the mounting rod 19 extends to the outside of the box body 2 and is grounded, a strip-shaped groove is formed in the mounting rod 19, a steel ball 20 and a piston plate 21 are movably disposed in the strip-shaped groove, and a second spring 22 connected with the strip-shaped groove is horizontally mounted on the side wall of the piston plate 21.
In the initial state, the second spring 22 pushes the piston plate 21, the piston plate 21 pushes the steel ball 20, so that the steel ball 20 can extend out of the strip-shaped groove, and the slider 10 moves downwards to be in contact with the steel ball 20, when the slider 10 is in contact with the steel ball 20, because the mounting rod 19 and the steel ball 20 are both conductive, and the mounting rod 19 is grounded, the electric charge carried on the slider 10 is transferred, so that the attraction of the slider 10 to dust disappears, and the function of enabling the dust on the slider 10 to fall into the dust collection box 7 is achieved.
Referring to fig. 2, as an embodiment of the present invention, an impeller 23 is horizontally rotatably attached to a side wall of the mesh 13 on the side close to the communication pipe 3.
In the working process, the airflow flowing out of the communicating pipe 3 is blown to the impeller 23, so that the impeller 23 rotates, in the rotating process of the impeller 23, the columnar airflow can be scattered, the airflow can be uniformly blown to the surface of the screen 13, the screen 13 is subjected to the thrust with uniform size, the effect of ensuring that the screen 13 can be pushed is achieved, in the rotating process of the impeller 23 driven by the airflow, the kinetic energy of the airflow is converted into the kinetic energy of the impeller 23, and the effect of reducing the airflow speed is achieved.
Referring to fig. 2, as an embodiment of the present invention, a battery 24 for supplying power to the motor 4 is installed on the top wall of the case 2, a piezoelectric ceramic 25 engaged with the push rod 17 is installed on the side wall of the screen 13 near the rotating rod 15, and the piezoelectric ceramic 25 is connected in series with the battery 24.
In the process that the push rod 17 pushes the screen 13 to reset, the rotating rod 15 firstly drives the push rod 17 to impact the piezoelectric ceramic 25 arranged on the screen 13, the piezoelectric ceramic 25 generates electricity at the impact moment, and the piezoelectric ceramic 25 is connected with the storage battery 24 in series, so that the storage battery 24 is charged by the electric energy generated by the piezoelectric ceramic 25, and the energy-saving effect is achieved.
Referring to fig. 8, a plurality of tapered blocks 26 are uniformly mounted on the slider 10 as an embodiment of the present invention.
According to the definition of point discharge, when a conductor is charged, the sharp point on the conductor can gather a large amount of charges, so that the static carried by the reciprocating screw rod 9 is transferred to the conical block 26, and the charges carried by the reciprocating screw rod 9 are transferred to the slide block 10, thereby preventing dust in air from being adsorbed on the surface of the reciprocating screw rod 9 to cause the slide block 10 to be clamped.
Referring to fig. 1 and 7, as an embodiment of the present invention, a dust collecting case 7 is provided with a dust removing hole, a conical hole plug 27 is inserted into the dust removing hole, and a wire connected to a rubber sleeve 18 is attached to the hole plug 27.
Because the essence generated by static electricity is charge transfer, when the reciprocating screw rod 9 and the rubber sleeve 18 rub each other, the rubber sleeve 18 and the reciprocating screw rod 9 carry the charge, and the hole plug 27 is conical, therefore, the static electricity of the rubber sleeve 18 can be transmitted to the hole plug 27 through a lead wire, so that the hole plug 27 carries the static electricity, when the slide block 10 is in contact with a steel ball and does not carry the static electricity any more, the dust falls freely from the slide block 10, at the moment, the static electricity carried on the hole plug 27 has an adsorption effect on the dust, so that the dust can enter the dust collection box 7 quickly, and meanwhile, the dust collection box 7 can be cleaned by opening the hole plug 27 after each use.
The working principle is as follows: in the course of the work, the great impurity of volume that fan 1 carried in with the air filters, then make the air flow direction box 2 who carries the dust through communicating pipe 3, when the air current flows into in the box 2 through communicating pipe 3, the air current strikes impeller 23, it is rotatory to drive impeller 23, in impeller 23 pivoted in-process will follow the column air current that flows out in communicating pipe 3 and break up, can make the air current blow to screen cloth 13 evenly, the effect of making the even atress of filter screen has been played, thereby can promote the filter screen and remove along spout 12, and the gas flow rate is tentatively reduced.
At the filter screen along the in-process first spring 14 that spout 12 removed by the extrusion, in this process, the kinetic energy of air current converts the elastic potential energy of first spring 14 into, the speed that the air current flows has been reduced, thereby the speed that makes the air current in the space between flow direction screen 13 and sack 6 slower, can make the air comparatively steady, certain position that has played the air current direct impact sack 6 that prevents to carry the dust leads to this position to age in advance the effect, because the air current is very steady, consequently drive sleeve 5 and install sack 6 on sleeve 5 at the pivoted in-process at motor 4, the centrifugal force of the dust of card on sack 6 will be greater than the impact force of air current to sack 6, the effect of guaranteeing to throw away the dust of card on sack 6 has been played.
When the gas in the box body 2 flows out from the exhaust pipe 8, the first wind cup 11 and the second wind cup 16 are blown, the reciprocating screw rod 9 is driven to rotate in the rotating process of the first wind cup 11, the slide block 10 moves back and forth on the reciprocating screw rod 9 in the rotating process of the reciprocating screw rod 9, as the reciprocating screw rod 9 is rotatably connected with the top wall of the box body 2, and the rubber sleeve 18 and the reciprocating screw rod 9 are made of different materials, the adsorption capacity to electrons is different, friction is generated between the reciprocating screw rod 9 and the rubber sleeve 18 fixedly arranged in the round hole in the rotating process, and charge transfer is generated in the friction process, so that the rubber sleeve 18 and the reciprocating screw rod 9 both carry static electricity, charge transfer is generated between the reciprocating screw rod and the box body 2 in the rotating process, and the slide block 10 which is in threaded connection with the reciprocating screw rod 9 carries the static electricity, according to the definition of point discharge, when a conductor is electrified, the sharp point on the conductor can gather a large amount of charges, therefore, the static carried by the reciprocating screw rod 9 is transferred to the conical block 26, so that the charges carried by the reciprocating screw rod 9 are transferred to the slide block 10, and the effect of preventing the slide block 10 from being clamped due to the dust in the air being adsorbed on the surface of the reciprocating screw rod 9 is achieved, therefore, the dust suspended in the air can be adsorbed in the process of moving the slide block 10 up and down, because in the initial state, the second spring 22 pushes the piston plate 21, the steel ball 20 is pushed by the piston plate 21, the steel ball 20 can extend out from the strip-shaped groove, so that the slide block 10 moves down to be contacted with the steel ball 20, when the slide block 10 is contacted with the steel ball 20, because the mounting rod 19 and the steel ball 20 can both conduct electricity, and the mounting rod 19 is grounded, the electric charge carried on the slider 10 will be transferred, so that the attraction of the slider 10 to the dust will disappear, which plays a role of making the dust on the slider 10 fall into the dust collecting box 7, when the slider 10 contacts with the mounting rod 19, the static electricity carried on the slider 10 will be transferred, so the slider 10 will not adsorb the dust any more, at this time, the dust on the slider 10 will fall into the dust collecting box 7 and be collected, which plays a role of preventing the cloth bag 6 from being blocked by the excessive dust in the air, at the same time, during the process that the second wind cup 16 is blown and drives the rotating rod 15 to rotate, the push rod 17 mounted on the rotating rod 15 will rotate, during the rotation of the push rod 17, the screen 13 will be pushed, at this time, because the first spring 14 has a tendency to recover, and the air flow blocked by the screen 13 can flow to the other side of the screen 13 through the screen 13, therefore under the combined action of the first spring 14 and the push rod 17, the screen 13 will move to one end of the chute 12, so as to reciprocate, which plays a role of continuously consuming the kinetic energy of the air flow flowing out from the communicating pipe 3, meanwhile, in the process that the push rod 17 pushes the screen 13 to reset, the rotating rod 15 firstly drives the push rod 17 to impact the piezoelectric ceramic 25 installed on the screen 13, the piezoelectric ceramic 25 generates electricity at the moment of impact, because the piezoelectric ceramic 25 is connected with the storage battery 24 in series, the electric energy generated by the piezoelectric ceramic 25 will charge the storage battery 24, which plays a role of saving energy.
Because the essence generated by static electricity is charge transfer, when the reciprocating screw rod 9 and the rubber sleeve 18 rub each other, the rubber sleeve 18 and the reciprocating screw rod 9 carry the charge, and the hole plug 27 is conical, therefore, the static electricity of the rubber sleeve 18 can be transmitted to the hole plug 27 through a lead wire, so that the hole plug 27 carries the static electricity, when the slide block 10 is in contact with a steel ball and does not carry the static electricity any more, the dust falls freely from the slide block 10, at the moment, the static electricity carried on the hole plug 27 has an adsorption effect on the dust, so that the dust can enter the dust collection box 7 quickly, and meanwhile, the dust collection box 7 can be cleaned by opening the hole plug 27 after each use.
The electric elements in the document are electrically connected with an external main controller and 220V mains supply through a transformer, the main controller can be a conventional known device controlled by a computer and the like, the product model provided by the invention is only used according to the structural characteristics of the product, the product can be adjusted and modified after being purchased, so that the product is more matched with and accords with the technical scheme of the invention, the product model is a technical scheme of the optimal application of the technical scheme, the product model can be replaced and modified according to the required technical parameters, and the product model is familiar to the technical personnel in the field, so that the technical scheme provided by the invention can clearly obtain the corresponding use effect.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a cyclone sack cleaner, includes fan (1) and box (2), install on the lateral wall of fan (1) and extend to inside communicating pipe (3) of box (2), install motor (4) on the roof of box (2), vertical rotation is installed on the interior diapire of box (2) and sleeve (5) that the lateral wall evenly seted up a plurality of bleeder vents are installed, the output of motor (4) extend to in box (2) and with the top fixed connection of sleeve (5), the cover is equipped with sack (6) on sleeve (5), its characterized in that: the dust collection box (7) is installed on the bottom wall of the box body (2), an exhaust pipe (8) extending into the sleeve (5) is inserted into the outer bottom wall of the box body (2), a reciprocating lead screw (9) penetrating through the dust collection box (7) and extending into the exhaust pipe (8) is vertically rotatably installed on the inner top wall of the box body (2), a sliding block (10) is connected onto the reciprocating lead screw (9) in a threaded manner, a plurality of first air cups (11) are evenly installed on the part, located in the exhaust pipe (8), of the reciprocating lead screw (9), a conductive mechanism matched with the sliding block (10) is arranged on the inner bottom wall of the box body (2), sliding grooves (12) are fixedly installed on the top wall and the bottom wall of the box body (2), a screen mesh (13) is arranged on the two sliding grooves (12) in a co-moving manner, a first spring (14) connected with the sliding grooves (12) is horizontally installed on the side wall of the screen (13), vertical rotation is installed on the interior diapire of box (2) dwang (15) that the bottom extends to in blast pipe (8), a plurality of second wind cups (16) are evenly installed to the part that dwang (15) are located blast pipe (8), push rod (17) with screen cloth (13) complex are installed on the top of dwang (15).
2. The cyclone bag dust collector of claim 1, wherein: the round hole is formed in the inner top wall of the box body (2), the rubber sleeve (18) attached to the inner wall of the round hole is installed in the round hole, and the reciprocating screw rod (9) is rotatably connected with the inner ring of the rubber sleeve (18).
3. The cyclone bag dust collector of claim 1, wherein: electrically conductive mechanism is including installing stainless steel's installation pole (19) on diapire in box (2), the bottom of installation pole (19) extends to box (2) outer and ground connection, the bar groove has been seted up on installation pole (19), bar inslot activity sets steel ball (20) and piston plate (21), horizontal installation has second spring (22) with the bar groove connection on the lateral wall of piston plate (21).
4. The cyclone bag dust collector of claim 1, wherein: and an impeller (23) is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the side wall of the screen (13) close to one side of the communicating pipe (3).
5. The cyclone bag dust collector of claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a screen cloth, including box (2), box (15), screen cloth (13) are close to the dwang, install on the top wall of box (2) and be the battery (24) of motor (4) power supply, install on the lateral wall that is close to dwang (15) one side with push rod (17) complex piezoceramics (25), piezoceramics (25) and battery (24) are established ties.
6. The cyclone bag dust collector of claim 1, wherein: a plurality of conical blocks (26) are uniformly arranged on the sliding block (10).
7. The cyclone bag dust collector of claim 1, wherein: the dust collection box (7) is provided with a dust removal hole, a conical hole plug (27) is inserted into the dust removal hole, and a wire connected with the rubber sleeve (18) is installed on the hole plug (27).
CN202111115653.0A 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Cyclone bag-type dust collector Pending CN113797685A (en)

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CN202111115653.0A CN113797685A (en) 2021-09-23 2021-09-23 Cyclone bag-type dust collector

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CN116174153A (en) * 2023-03-11 2023-05-30 山东轴研精密轴承有限公司 Industrial environment-friendly dust remover
CN116174153B (en) * 2023-03-11 2024-05-14 山东轴研精密轴承有限公司 Industrial environment-friendly dust remover

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CN112482271A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-12 湖州数越智能科技有限公司 Hard shoulder with road surface dust removal cooling function
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CN205145909U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-13 林晓 Electric filtration purification equipment
CN206762539U (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-12-19 温岭市太平高级职业中学 A kind of pressurised atomised depositing dust formula electrostatic precipitator
CN206636621U (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-11-14 林晨浩 A kind of vehicle exhaust filtering and residual heat using device
CN212003251U (en) * 2018-11-21 2020-11-24 蒋琪阳 Multi-angle coal mine dust removal device
CN209173656U (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-07-30 深圳市欧达尔环保科技有限公司 A kind of zinc powder processing unit for capacitor spray zinc equipment
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116174153A (en) * 2023-03-11 2023-05-30 山东轴研精密轴承有限公司 Industrial environment-friendly dust remover
CN116174153B (en) * 2023-03-11 2024-05-14 山东轴研精密轴承有限公司 Industrial environment-friendly dust remover

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