CN113651462B - Water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and treatment method - Google Patents

Water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113651462B
CN113651462B CN202111078857.1A CN202111078857A CN113651462B CN 113651462 B CN113651462 B CN 113651462B CN 202111078857 A CN202111078857 A CN 202111078857A CN 113651462 B CN113651462 B CN 113651462B
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Prior art keywords
pipe
water
barrel
sewage
filter screen
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CN113651462A (en
Inventor
董春
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Ordos Yongsheng Sewage Treatment Co ltd
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Ordos Yongsheng Sewage Treatment Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/38Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by centrifugal separation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of water pollution centrifugal treatment and discloses water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and a treatment method, wherein the water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment comprises an equipment body, a centrifugal barrel is fixedly arranged on the left side of the top of the equipment body, an upper supporting barrel is fixedly arranged on the top of the centrifugal barrel, an inner supporting barrel is fixedly arranged on the top of an inner cavity of the upper supporting barrel, and a first motor is fixedly arranged on the top of the inner cavity of the inner supporting barrel. According to the centrifugal treatment equipment for water pollution and the water source centrifugal treatment method thereof, the filter screen is designed to be barrel-shaped, and the vertical direction is long, so that the occupied area of the filter screen on the horizontal plane is reduced, the total area of the filter screen is increased, the barrel-shaped filter screen is matched with the conveying blades to convey impurities, the automatic cleaning of large-particle impurities is realized, the cleaning and replacement frequency of the filter screen is reduced, the maintenance times of the machine are reduced, and the filtering efficiency is also improved by increasing the area of the filter screen.

Description

Water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and treatment method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of water pollution centrifugal treatment, in particular to water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and a water pollution centrifugal treatment method.
Background
Sewage treatment is a process for purifying sewage to meet the water quality requirement of being discharged into a certain water body or reused, and is widely applied to various fields of buildings, agriculture, traffic, energy, petrifaction, environmental protection, urban landscapes, medical treatment, catering and the like, and is increasingly used in daily life of common people.
The filtering method for large-particle impurities in water adopted by the existing sewage treatment equipment generally uses a filter screen for filtering, the common filter screen naturally filters by utilizing the gravity of water when filtering, the water slowly permeates the filter screen and leaves impurities on the upper layer, the filtering time is prolonged when the external force is not used for filtering, the existing common flat-plate type filter screen is limited by smaller filtering area and is difficult to filter efficiently, and the filtering method completely does not have any capability of autonomous cleaning during working, so that some large-particle impurities are always retained on the surface of the filter screen to reduce the performance of the filter screen, the time interval for periodically cleaning the filter screen is shortened, the frequency for replacing the filter screen is increased, and the cleaning and replacing the filter screen can bring a device outage vacuum period with one longer end, thereby greatly reducing the working efficiency.
The existing sewage treatment equipment is still poor in water quality after sewage is filtered finally, because the filtering equipment does not carry out one-time fine filtration on the sewage and meanwhile carries out sterilization and disinfection on the sewage, some soluble impurities and small-particle impurities cannot be cleaned by a filter screen, so that a method is generally adopted, water is discharged into an active carbon tank for precipitation, but harmful gases generated by fermentation of some bacteria and fungi in the water are toxic and bad in taste, the open sedimentation tank firstly cannot effectively absorb the harmful gases, the gases still can be discharged from the upper part of the sedimentation tank to pollute the atmosphere, secondly, the arrangement mode of the active carbon in the sedimentation tank cannot fully and effectively utilize the active carbon in the tank, so that the filtering efficiency of the active carbon is reduced due to insufficient mobilization when the filtering work starts, and the passive sedimentation mode is adopted, so that the method has the defect of low efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and a treatment method, which have the advantages of sustainable and efficient centrifugal filtration, large filtering area of a filter screen, automatic discharge of large-particle impurities, high utilization rate of active carbon and sterilization and deodorization of water, and solve the problems raised by the background art.
The invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and processing method, includes the equipment body, the left side fixed mounting at equipment body top has the centrifugation bucket, the top fixed mounting of centrifugation bucket has an upper supporting barrel, the top fixed mounting of upper supporting barrel inner chamber has an inner supporting barrel, the top fixed mounting of inner supporting barrel inner chamber has a motor No. one, the output shaft fixedly connected with water pipe of No. one, the both sides fixed intercommunication at water pipe top has the inlet tube, when the motor No. one drove water pipe anticlockwise rotation, the instantaneous speed direction of inlet tube is the same with its opening direction, so can hold sewage in the pipe, the middle part fixed joint of upper supporting barrel left side has into the sewage pipe, the sewage pipe passes an inner supporting barrel and extends to its inside, the bottom fixed mounting of upper supporting barrel has a pipe No. one, the fixed surface of No. one pipe has cup jointed the baffle, the baffle fixed joint is in the inner wall of upper supporting barrel, the bottom fixed mounting of centrifugation barrel inner chamber has No. two motors, the inner wall fixed mounting of centrifugal barrel has the annular motor fixed block, when water pipe anticlockwise rotation, the filter screen fixed mounting has an inlet opening fixed with the filter screen, the fixed mounting of water pipe fixed mounting has a filter screen, the fixed bottom of water pipe fixed mounting has a filter screen fixed connection, the filter screen fixed bottom of the filter screen fixed with the filter screen fixed bottom of the top.
Preferably, the right side fixed intercommunication of centrifugal barrel has No. two pipes, the fixed intercommunication in bottom of No. two pipes has the drainage bucket, the inside fixed mounting of drainage bucket has the baffle, the inside packing of drainage bucket has the active carbon, the fixed intercommunication in bottom on drainage bucket right side has No. three pipes, the fixed intercommunication in right side of No. three pipes has the disinfection pond, the right side fixed mounting at equipment body top has blast pipe and intake pipe, the bottom of intake pipe passes equipment body and disinfection pond and extends to the inside in disinfection pond and fixed intercommunication has the aeration machine, the blast pipe passes equipment body and the fixed intercommunication in top in disinfection pond.
Preferably, the guide plate is arranged in a non-horizontal manner, the right side of the guide plate is inclined downwards, the periphery of the guide plate is fixedly attached to the inner wall of the upper supporting barrel, the bottom of the pipe orifice of the drain pipe and the joint of the guide plate and the upper supporting barrel are positioned on the same horizontal line, and the drain pipe is relatively positioned above the joint.
Preferably, the metal filter screen is fixedly connected with the inner ring of the rotating shaft, the first pipe is fixedly connected with the outer ring of the rotating shaft, the top of the first pipe is open without a cover, and when the large granular impurities conveyed by the conveying blades reach the top of the first pipe, the top of the first pipe is not sealed, so that the impurities can overflow to the periphery and fall onto the guide plate, slide to the right lower side along with the inclined plane of the guide plate and finally flow out along the drain pipe.
Preferably, the shape of the inlet pipe is L-shaped, and the opening directions of the two inlet pipes are opposite.
Preferably, five baffles are arranged in staggered mode, the appearance of each baffle is a major arc plate, the baffles are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, when water flows through activated carbon on the first layer, the water flows vertically downwards and encounters the first baffle to be blocked, then spreads around, finally can continue to flow downwards and flow into the activated carbon on the upper layer of the second baffle when the water climbs to the right side, and the above flow is repeated in the activated carbon on the second baffle so as to be adsorbed and filtered, and finally flows to the upper part of the third baffle when the water flows downwards and spreads around.
Preferably, the inner supporting barrel is divided into two parts, the upper part and the lower part of the inner supporting barrel are isolated from each other and are not communicated, the upper part and the lower part of the inner supporting barrel are respectively provided with a first motor and a water through pipe, the upper part and the lower part of the inner supporting barrel are separated by a partition plate, an output shaft of the inner supporting barrel penetrates through the partition plate and is fixedly connected with the water through pipe, and the partition plate fully separates the upper part and the lower part and keeps a sealing state, so that sewage of the lower part cannot influence the first motor on the upper layer.
Preferably, the centrifugal treatment method of the centrifugal treatment device for water pollution comprises the following steps:
the first step: the sewage to be treated is conveyed into an inner supporting barrel in the equipment through a sewage inlet pipe, a motor I is started, an output shaft of the motor I drives a water pipe to rotate anticlockwise, two inlet pipes fixedly arranged at the top end of the water pipe also rotate anticlockwise along with the water pipe, and sewage in the inner supporting barrel is led into the water pipe;
and a second step of: the sewage flows to the bottom of the water pipe and flows out to the bottom of the metal filter screen from the outlet pipe due to gravity in the water pipe, the motor No. two is started, the motor No. two drives the metal filter screen to rotate, the sewage flowing to the bottom of the metal filter screen rotates along with the motor and is thrown to the inner wall of the metal filter screen under the action of centrifugal force, some large-particle insoluble impurities are blocked by the metal filter screen and cannot pass through the metal filter screen, the sewage containing some small-particle impurities and soluble impurities passes through the metal filter screen and enters the centrifugal barrel, and the remained large-particle impurities are sent to the pipe No. one above along with the rotation of the conveying blade and then overflows to the guide plate below where the pipe No. one falls to flow out of the equipment through the sewage drain pipe;
and a third step of: the sewage enters a centrifugal barrel, enters a second pipe and finally flows into a filtering barrel, the sewage entering the filtering barrel is further filtered by the activated carbon in the filtering barrel, in order to enhance the utilization rate of the activated carbon, the activated carbon is also divided into different layers by using a baffle plate to be staggered, and the sewage is forced to flow through the activated carbon of different layers respectively, so that the aim of effectively utilizing each layer of activated carbon is fulfilled, and some soluble impurities and small-particle insoluble impurities in the sewage filtered by the activated carbon are adsorbed by the activated carbon, so that the sewage is further filtered;
fourth step: the sewage after the activated carbon filtration still contains some bacteria and viruses, the sewage can continue to flow into the disinfection pond through the third pipe, the air inlet pipe is connected to the equipment body and chlorine is introduced into the equipment body, the chlorine enters the aerator along the air inlet pipe and is divided into bubbles by the aerator to be sent into water, so that the sewage is easier to dissolve in water, the chlorine dissolved in the water can react with the water to produce hypochlorous acid HClO, and the hypochlorous acid has high-efficiency bactericidal effect and can be used as a water purifying agent.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the centrifugal treatment equipment for water pollution and the water source centrifugal treatment method thereof, the second motor drives the metal filter screen to rotate rapidly, so that sewage falling on the bottom of the metal filter screen rotates along with the metal filter screen, the sewage is thrown onto the filter screen by the centrifugal force, small particle impurities or soluble impurities conforming to the screening conditions of the filter screen pass through the filter screen along with the sewage, the rotation speed of the filter screen is higher, the centrifugal force received by the water body is even larger than the gravity of the water body, the filtering speed is also greatly improved, the large particle impurities which are screened out can be conveyed upwards by the first motor and finally fall onto the guide plate, the large particle impurities can flow into the sewage drain pipe along with the inclined guide plate and are discharged and collected along with the inclined guide plate, and unified treatment is performed, and as the filter screen is designed to be barrel-shaped, the vertical direction is longer, the occupied area of the filter screen on a horizontal plane is reduced, the total area of the filter screen is increased, the automatic cleaning frequency of the filter screen is realized by conveying the large particle impurities through the conveying blades, the maintenance frequency of the filter screen is reduced, and the filter screen maintenance frequency is also increased through the mode of increasing the filtering efficiency.
2. According to the centrifugal treatment equipment for water pollution and the water source centrifugal treatment method thereof, the filter bucket is refitted into a special structure through the baffle plate, so that the filter bucket and the activated carbon filled in the filter bucket are layered, sewage is forced to pass through the activated carbon layer by layer, the activated carbon in the filter bucket is fully utilized, the utilization rate of the activated carbon is enabled to be maximum, the purification rate of the sewage is correspondingly improved, peculiar smell in water quality disappears along with the adsorption of soluble impurities, then some bacteria and other substances which are not filtered are led into the disinfection tank along with the third pipe, hypochlorous acid generated by the led chlorine kills the bacteria, the disinfection effect is achieved, the possibility of secondary deterioration after water is stopped, and the purity of the water is further improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion of the structure A of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion of structure B of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view showing the structural relationship between a baffle and a water filtering barrel according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view showing the structural relationship of the water pipe and the inlet pipe of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. an equipment body; 2. a centrifugal barrel; 3. an upper supporting barrel; 4. an inner support tub; 5. a motor I; 6. a sewage inlet pipe; 7. a blow-down pipe; 8. a water pipe; 9. an inlet pipe; 10. a first pipe; 11. a guide plate; 12. conveying the leaves; 13. an outlet tube; 14. a motor II; 15. a second pipe; 16. a third pipe; 17. a sterilizing pool; 18. an aerator; 19. an exhaust pipe; 20. an air inlet pipe; 21. a water filtering barrel; 22. a baffle; 23. activated carbon; 24. a metal filter screen; 25. a rotating shaft; 26. an annular fixed block.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, a centrifugal treatment device and a treatment method for water pollution, comprising a device body 1, wherein a centrifugal barrel 2 is fixedly arranged at the left side of the top of the device body 1, an upper supporting barrel 3 is fixedly arranged at the top of the centrifugal barrel 2, an inner supporting barrel 4 is fixedly arranged at the top of the inner cavity of the upper supporting barrel 3, a first motor 5 is fixedly arranged at the top of the inner cavity of the inner supporting barrel 4, a water pipe 8 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor 5, inlet pipes 9 are fixedly connected with two sides of the top of the water pipe 8, when the first motor 5 drives the water pipe 8 to rotate anticlockwise, the instantaneous speed direction of the inlet pipes 9 is the same as the opening direction of the water pipe 8, so that sewage can be filled into the inlet pipes 9, a sewage inlet pipe 6 is fixedly clamped at the middle part of the left side of the upper supporting barrel 3, and the sewage inlet pipe 6 passes through the inner supporting barrel 4 and extends into the inside of the inner supporting barrel 4, the bottom fixed mounting of last support bucket 3 has a pipe 10, the surface mounting of a pipe 10 has cup jointed baffle 11, baffle 11 fixed joint is in the inner wall of last support bucket 3, the bottom fixed mounting of centrifugal barrel 2 inner chamber has No. two motors 14, the inner wall fixed mounting of centrifugal barrel 2 has annular fixed block 26, the middle part movable mounting of annular fixed block 26 has metal filter screen 24, the output shaft and the metal filter screen 24 fixed connection of No. two motors 14, the top fixed mounting of metal filter screen 24 has axis of rotation 25, the bottom and the axis of rotation 25 fixed mounting of a pipe 10, a pipe 10 and metal filter screen 24 intercommunication, the surface mounting of water pipe 8 has cup jointed transport leaf 12, the both sides fixed mounting of water pipe 8 bottom has outlet pipe 13, the bottom fixed intercommunication on the right side of last support bucket 3 has blow off pipe 7.
Wherein, the fixed intercommunication in right side of centrifugal barrel 2 has No. two pipe 15, the fixed intercommunication in bottom of No. two pipe 15 has a drainage bucket 21, the inside fixed mounting of drainage bucket 21 has baffle 22, the inside of drainage bucket 21 is filled with activated carbon 23, the fixed intercommunication in bottom on the right side of drainage bucket 21 has No. three pipe 16, the fixed intercommunication in right side of No. three pipe 16 has disinfection pond 17, the right side fixed mounting at equipment body 1 top has blast pipe 19 and intake pipe 20, equipment body 1 and disinfection pond 17 are passed to the bottom of intake pipe 20 extend to the inside of disinfection pond 17 and fixed intercommunication has aerator 18, blast pipe 19 passes equipment body 1 and with the fixed intercommunication in top of disinfection pond 17.
Wherein, baffle 11 non-horizontal installation, baffle 11 right side down inclines, and baffle 11 all around is fixed laminating with the inner wall of last support bucket 3, and the mouth of pipe bottom of blow off pipe 7 is in same horizontal line with the junction of baffle 11 and last support bucket 3, and blow off pipe 7 is in the top of this junction relatively.
Wherein, metal filter screen 24 and the inner ring fixed connection of axis of rotation 25, first pipe 10 and the outer ring fixed connection of axis of rotation 25, the top of first pipe 10 is open and does not have the lid, when the big granular impurity that delivery blade 12 carried reached the top of first pipe 10, because there was not the seal at first pipe 10 top, so the impurity can spill over all around and fall on baffle 11, slides and finally flows along blow off pipe 7 along the inclined plane of baffle 11 right below.
The shape of the inlet pipe 9 is L-shaped, and the opening directions of the two inlet pipes 9 are opposite.
The baffles 22 are arranged in staggered mode, the shapes of the five baffles 22 are major arc plates, the baffles 22 are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, when water flows through the activated carbon 23 on the first layer, the water flows vertically downwards and encounters the first baffle 22 to be blocked, then spread all around, finally when the water flows to the right side of the first baffle, the water can continue to flow downwards and flow into the activated carbon 23 on the upper layer of the second baffle 22, and the above flowing rule is repeated in the activated carbon 23 on the second baffle 22 so as to be adsorbed and filtered, and finally flows to the upper side of the third baffle 22 along the periphery of the lower direction.
Wherein, interior support bucket 4 divide into two parts, and the upper and lower two parts of interior support bucket 4 keep apart each other and do not communicate with each other, and the upper and lower two parts of interior support bucket 4 are equipped with motor 5 and water pipe 8 respectively, and the upper and lower two parts of interior support bucket 4 separate it through a baffle, and the output shaft of interior support bucket 4 passes this baffle and water pipe 8 fixed connection, and the baffle fully separates upper and lower two parts and keeps sealed state for the sewage of lower part can not influence motor 5 of upper strata.
Wherein, the centrifugal treatment method of the centrifugal treatment equipment for water pollution comprises the following steps:
the first step: the sewage to be treated is conveyed into an inner supporting barrel 4 in the equipment through a sewage inlet pipe 6, a motor 5 is started, an output shaft of the motor 5 drives a water through pipe 8 to rotate anticlockwise, two inlet pipes 9 fixedly arranged at the top end of the water through pipe 8 also rotate anticlockwise along with the water through pipe 8, and the sewage in the inner supporting barrel 4 is led into the water through pipe 8;
and a second step of: the sewage flows to the bottom of the water pipe 8 and flows out to the bottom of the metal filter screen 24 from the outlet pipe 13 due to gravity in the water pipe 8, the motor No. two motor 14 is started, the motor No. two motor 14 drives the metal filter screen 24 to rotate, the sewage flowing to the bottom of the metal filter screen 24 rotates along with the rotation and is thrown to the inner wall of the metal filter screen 24 under the action of centrifugal force, some large-particle insoluble impurities are blocked by the metal filter screen 24 and cannot pass through, the sewage containing some small-particle impurities and soluble impurities passes through the metal filter screen 24 and enters the centrifugal barrel 2, the remained large-particle impurities are sent to the first pipe 10 above along with the rotation of the conveying blades 12, and overflows from the first pipe 10 to the guide plate 11 below and flows out of the equipment through the sewage pipe 7;
and a third step of: the sewage entering the centrifugal barrel 2 enters the second pipe 15 and finally flows into the filter barrel 21, the sewage entering the filter barrel 21 is further filtered by the activated carbon 23 in the filter barrel 21, in order to enhance the utilization rate of the activated carbon 23, the activated carbon 23 is also divided into different layers by using the baffle plates 22 to form a layered structure in a staggered way, and the sewage is forced to flow through the activated carbon 23 of different layers respectively, so that the aim of effectively utilizing each layer of the activated carbon 23 is fulfilled, and some soluble impurities and small-particle insoluble impurities in the sewage filtered by the activated carbon 23 are adsorbed by the activated carbon 23, so that the sewage is further filtered;
fourth step: the sewage after being filtered by the activated carbon 23 still contains some bacteria and viruses, the sewage can continuously flow into the disinfection tank 17 through the third pipe 16, the air inlet pipe 20 is externally connected with the equipment body 1 and chlorine is introduced into the equipment body, the chlorine enters the equipment body along the air inlet pipe 20 and enters the aerator 18, and is separated into bubbles by the aerator 18 to be sent into water, so that the sewage is easier to dissolve in the water, the chlorine dissolved in the water can react with the water to produce hypochlorous acid HClO, and the hypochlorous acid has high-efficiency bactericidal effect and can be used as a water purifying agent.
It is noted that relational terms such as first and second, and the like are used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Moreover, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made therein without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment, includes equipment body (1), its characterized in that: the utility model discloses a centrifugal device, including equipment body (1), centrifugal barrel (2) is fixed mounting in the left side at equipment body (1), the top fixed mounting of centrifugal barrel (2) has last supporting vat (3), the top fixed mounting of last supporting vat (3) inner chamber has interior supporting vat (4), the top fixed mounting of interior supporting vat (4) inner chamber has motor (5) No. one, the output shaft fixedly connected with water pipe (8) of motor (5) No. one, the both sides fixed intercommunication at water pipe (8) top has entry pipe (9), the middle part fixed joint in the left side of last supporting vat (3) has into sewer pipe (6), advance sewer pipe (6) and pass interior supporting vat (4) and extend to its inside, the bottom fixed mounting of last supporting vat (3) has first pipe (10), the surface fixed sleeve of first pipe (10) has baffle (11), baffle (11) fixed joint in the inner wall of last supporting vat (3), the bottom fixed mounting of centrifugal barrel (2) inner chamber has motor (14) No. two, the fixed mounting of motor (24) in the bottom fixed mounting of water pipe (8), filter screen (24) fixed mounting metal filter screen (24) and fixed mounting of filter screen (24), the top end of the metal filter screen (24) is fixedly provided with a rotating shaft (25), the bottom of the first pipe (10) is fixedly arranged with the rotating shaft (25), the metal filter screen (24) is fixedly connected with the inner ring of the rotating shaft (25), the first pipe (10) is fixedly connected with the outer ring of the rotating shaft (25), and the top of the first pipe (10) is open without a cover; the first pipe (10) is communicated with the metal filter screen (24), the outer surface of the water passing pipe (8) is fixedly sleeved with a conveying blade (12), two sides of the bottom end of the water passing pipe (8) are fixedly provided with outlet pipes (13), and the bottom of the right side of the upper supporting barrel (3) is fixedly communicated with a sewage draining pipe (7);
the utility model discloses a centrifugal barrel, including centrifugal barrel (2), filter barrel (21) are fixed to the right side fixed intercommunication of centrifugal barrel (2), the fixed intercommunication in bottom of No. two pipes (15) has filter barrel (21), the inside fixed mounting of filter barrel (21) has baffle (22), the inside packing of filter barrel (21) has active carbon (23), the fixed intercommunication in bottom on filter barrel (21) right side has No. three pipes (16), the fixed intercommunication in right side of No. three pipes (16) has disinfection pond (17), the right side fixed mounting at equipment body (1) top has blast pipe (19) and intake pipe (20), the inside that equipment body (1) and disinfection pond (17) are extended to disinfection pond (17) are passed to the bottom of intake pipe (20) and are fixed intercommunication has aerator (18), blast pipe (19) pass equipment body (1) and with the fixed intercommunication in top in disinfection pond (17).
2. A water pollution centrifugal processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the guide plate (11) is arranged in a non-horizontal mode, and the right side of the guide plate (11) is inclined downwards.
3. A water pollution centrifugal processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the shape of the inlet pipe (9) is L-shaped, and the opening directions of the two inlet pipes (9) are opposite.
4. A water pollution centrifugal processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the number of the baffles (22) is five, the five baffles (22) are arranged in an staggered manner, and the shape of the baffles (22) is a major arc plate.
5. A water pollution centrifugal processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the inner supporting barrel (4) is divided into two parts, the upper part and the lower part of the inner supporting barrel (4) are isolated from each other and are not communicated, and the upper part and the lower part of the inner supporting barrel (4) are respectively provided with a motor (5) and a water pipe (8).
6. A water treatment method using a water-contaminated centrifugal treatment apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the first step: the sewage to be treated is conveyed into an inner supporting barrel (4) in the equipment through a sewage inlet pipe (6), a first motor (5) is started, an output shaft of the first motor (5) drives a water pipe (8) to rotate anticlockwise, two inlet pipes (9) fixedly arranged at the top end of the water pipe (8) also rotate anticlockwise along with the water pipe (8), and sewage in the inner supporting barrel (4) is led into the water pipe (8);
and a second step of: the sewage flows to the bottom of the water pipe (8) due to gravity and flows out of the outlet pipe (13) to the bottom of the metal filter screen (24), the motor No. two motor (14) is started, the motor No. two motor (14) drives the metal filter screen (24) to rotate, the sewage flowing to the bottom of the metal filter screen (24) rotates along with the sewage and is thrown to the inner wall of the metal filter screen (24) under the action of centrifugal force, some large-particle insoluble impurities are blocked by the metal filter screen (24) and cannot pass through, the sewage containing some small-particle impurities and soluble impurities passes through the metal filter screen (24) and enters the centrifugal barrel (2), and the remained large-particle impurities are sent to the first pipe (10) above along with the rotation of the conveying blade (12), and then overflows from the guide plate (11) below where the first pipe (10) falls to flow through the sewage discharging pipe (7) and flows out of equipment;
and a third step of: the sewage entering the centrifugal barrel (2) enters a second pipe (15) and finally flows into a filtering water barrel (21), the sewage entering the filtering water barrel (21) is further filtered by the activated carbon (23) in the filtering water barrel, in order to enhance the utilization rate of the activated carbon (23), the activated carbon (23) is also divided into different layers by using a baffle (22) to be staggered in the filtering water barrel (21), and the sewage is forced to flow through the activated carbon (23) of different layers respectively, so that the aim of effectively utilizing each layer of the activated carbon (23) is fulfilled, and some soluble impurities and small-particle insoluble impurities in the sewage filtered by the activated carbon (23) are adsorbed by the activated carbon (23), so that the sewage is further filtered;
fourth step: the sewage after being filtered by the activated carbon (23) still contains some bacteria and viruses, the sewage can continuously pass through the third pipe (16) and flow into the disinfection tank (17), the equipment body (1) is externally connected with the air inlet pipe (20) and is introduced with chlorine, the chlorine enters the air inlet pipe (20) and enters the aerator (18), the air inlet pipe is divided into bubbles by the aerator (18) to be sent into water, so that the water is easier to dissolve in the water, the chlorine dissolved in the water can react with the water to produce hypochlorous acid (HClO), and the hypochlorous acid has high-efficiency bactericidal effect and can be used as a water purifying agent.
CN202111078857.1A 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 Water pollution centrifugal treatment equipment and treatment method Active CN113651462B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207361937U (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-05-15 张文茴 A kind of environment friendly medical wastewater treatment equipment
KR101925858B1 (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-06 박인호 Wastw water treatment apparatus
CN108975581A (en) * 2018-10-18 2018-12-11 张文帅 A kind of sewage multistage purification equipment
CN111170484A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-19 卓海建 Sewage filtering and circulating device and using method thereof
CN211847630U (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-11-03 河南省豫北水利勘测设计院有限公司 Equipment for treating rural domestic sewage
CN212425672U (en) * 2020-04-20 2021-01-29 镇江市天沁绿源环保科技有限公司 Distributed sewage treatment system
CN112299624A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-02-02 杨金蓉 Multilayer sewage treatment plant
CN213803255U (en) * 2020-11-05 2021-07-27 云南碧美市政环境工程有限公司 Environmental protection sewage treatment device

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