CN113575065B - Fertilizer injection unit is used in vegetables cultivation - Google Patents

Fertilizer injection unit is used in vegetables cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113575065B
CN113575065B CN202110902882.0A CN202110902882A CN113575065B CN 113575065 B CN113575065 B CN 113575065B CN 202110902882 A CN202110902882 A CN 202110902882A CN 113575065 B CN113575065 B CN 113575065B
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roll shaft
rotating
rotating body
hopper
box body
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CN113575065A (en
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张有锦
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/12Fertiliser distributors with movable parts of the receptacle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/12Fertiliser distributors with movable parts of the receptacle
    • A01C15/122Fertiliser distributors with movable parts of the receptacle with moving floor parts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a fertilizing device for vegetable cultivation, which comprises a box body sleeved on a roll shaft in a sliding manner, crushing rods which are positioned in the box body and are uniformly distributed and fixed on the roll shaft, a feed hopper positioned at the top of the box body, a discharge hopper positioned at the bottom of the box body, supporting legs for supporting the box body and wheels arranged at the end parts of the supporting legs, wherein the crushing rods are arranged in the box body; a first rotating body and a second rotating body are respectively and rotatably arranged at the two ends of the box body; the two ends of the roll shaft are respectively arranged on the first rotating body and the second rotating body in a sliding mode, one end of the roll shaft penetrates through the first rotating body and is connected with the pushing and rotating mechanism, and the roll shaft can rotate along the axis of the roll shaft and can swing back and forth along the extending direction of the axis of the roll shaft through the pushing and rotating mechanism. The invention has the advantages that: the fertilizer has the advantages of good crushing effect, fertilizer loss prevention, uniform fertilization, wide throwing range and interval feeding.

Description

Fertilizer injection unit is used in vegetables cultivation
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of fertilizer application, and particularly relates to a fertilizer application device for vegetable cultivation.
Background
The solid fertilizer is a fertilizer in a solid state; most commercial fertilizers are solid fertilizers, and compared with liquid fertilizers, the solid fertilizers are easy to store and transport and convenient to apply; the appearance can be divided into granular fertilizer, powdery fertilizer and coated fertilizer; the existing solid fertilizer applying device for vegetable planting has the defects that the fertilizer is easy to be damped and agglomerated, the fertilizer is not uniform enough, and the healthy growth of vegetables is influenced; according to the invention patent publication No. CN107896598B, publication No. 2020, 4, 14, the invention name is a solid fertilizer application device for vegetable planting, which comprises a bottom plate, wheels, a pushing handle, an adjusting device, a moving plate and a left bracket, the right branch frame, branch, the fertilizer case, the feeder hopper, agitating unit, discharging pipe and valve, the bottom plate bottom left and right sides is equipped with the wheel, the bottom plate right-hand member is equipped with the pushing hands, the even spaced apart has the unloading hole in the middle of the bottom plate, the bottom plate top left and right sides is equipped with left socle and right branch frame respectively, the right side lower part of left socle and the left side lower part of right branch frame are equipped with adjusting device, left socle right side upper portion is equipped with branch, the branch right-hand member is equipped with the fertilizer case, fertilizer roof portion is equipped with the feeder hopper, the fertilizer case bottom is equipped with the discharging pipe, be equipped with the valve on the discharging pipe, be equipped with agitating unit between left socle and the right branch frame, even spaced division has the through-hole on the movable plate. The disadvantages are as follows: at the fertilization in-process, the fertilizer case carries fertilizer and slides in the pivot, drives the feeder hopper for the swing state, and it is inconvenient to have the feeding, and in addition, fertilizer discharge fertilizer case is earlier through the movable plate to the field process, and the movable plate can not realize throwing of fertilizer, has fertilizer discharge to the field after, fertilizer is for piling up the form in the field. Therefore, it is important to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention overcomes the defects of the prior art and provides the fertilizer applying device for vegetable cultivation with good crushing effect.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a fertilizing device for vegetable cultivation comprises a box body sleeved on a roll shaft in a sliding mode, crushing rods which are located in the box body and fixed on the roll shaft in a uniformly distributed mode, a feeding hopper located at the top of the box body, a discharging hopper located at the bottom of the box body, supporting legs for supporting the box body and wheels installed at the end portions of the supporting legs; a first rotating body and a second rotating body are respectively and rotatably arranged at the two ends of the box body; the two ends of the roll shaft are respectively arranged on the first rotating body and the second rotating body in a sliding mode, one end of the roll shaft penetrates through the first rotating body and is connected with the pushing and rotating mechanism, and the roll shaft can rotate along the axis of the roll shaft and can swing back and forth along the extending direction of the axis of the roll shaft through the pushing and rotating mechanism; the pushing and rotating mechanism comprises a frame body, the bottom of which is arranged on the supporting seat in a sliding mode and is internally provided with an incomplete gear, and an upper rack and a lower rack which are arranged on the upper side and the lower side in the frame body, wherein the incomplete gear can be alternately meshed with the upper rack and the lower rack, so that the frame body pushes the roll shaft to swing back and forth along the axial extension direction of the roll shaft; the supporting seat is fixedly installed on the box body, a first motor is installed on the supporting seat, an incomplete gear is sleeved on an output end of the first motor, an output end of the first motor extends from one side of the frame body and is arranged on the other side of the frame body, a first umbrella-shaped gear is further sleeved at the end of the first motor, the first umbrella-shaped gear is meshed with a second umbrella-shaped gear, the second umbrella-shaped gear is sleeved on a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is installed on the supporting seat under the action of a bearing seat, the rotating shaft extends towards the first rotating body, a first transmission gear is sleeved at the end of the rotating shaft, the first transmission gear is meshed with a second transmission gear, the second transmission gear is sleeved on the first rotating body, and the first rotating body drives the roller shaft to rotate along the axis of the roller shaft; a guide T-shaped groove is formed in the supporting seat between the contact surfaces of the frame body and the supporting seat, a T-shaped block is arranged at the bottom of the frame body between the contact surfaces of the frame body and the supporting seat, and the T-shaped block is arranged in the guide T-shaped groove; a first bulge is arranged on the first rotating body between the contact surface of the roller shaft and the first rotating body, a first groove is arranged on the roller shaft between the contact surface of the roller shaft and the first rotating body, and the first bulge is arranged in the first groove; and a second bulge is arranged on the second rotating body between the contact surface of the roller shaft and the second rotating body, a second groove is arranged on the roller shaft between the contact surface of the roller shaft and the second rotating body, the second bulge is arranged in the second groove, and the second rotating body is installed on the box body through a fixed seat.
In the technical scheme, the first rotating body and the second rotating body are respectively arranged at the two ends of the box body in a rotating mode, and the first rotating body and the second rotating body are connected with the rotating shaft in a sliding mode, so that the rotating shaft can slide on the first rotating body and the second rotating body while rotating, the rotating shaft rotates and swings in the box body synchronously, and the rotating shaft can drive the crushing rod to crush fertilizer effectively.
As a further improvement to the above technical means, the present invention provides a fertilizer application apparatus for vegetable cultivation, which presses a fertilizer into a field to prevent the fertilizer from running off.
Therefore, in a further improved technical scheme of the invention, an eccentric rod is installed on the side part of the second rotating body, a first guide seat is arranged on a box body at a position corresponding to the eccentric rod, a handrail is arranged on the first guide seat, the first guide seat is used for penetrating through a T-shaped pressure applying rod, first pulleys are uniformly distributed at the top end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod, a long strip through hole is arranged at the side part of the top end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod for the eccentric rod to penetrate through, a telescopic rod is arranged at the bottom end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod, the telescopic rod is connected to a pressure applying body, a stop ring is sleeved on the T-shaped pressure applying rod at a position corresponding to the pressure applying body, and a buffer spring sleeved on the T-shaped pressure applying rod is arranged between the stop ring and the pressure applying body; the top of the box body at the position corresponding to the second rotor is provided with a second guide seat, the second guide seat is used for the penetration of a push rod, the wedge-shaped block is installed at one end of the push rod opposite to the first pulley, and the second pulley is installed at the other end of the push rod.
In the above scheme, the eccentric rod can drive the T-shaped pressure applying rod to reciprocate and move up and down, so that the T-shaped pressure applying rod drives the pressure applying body to repeatedly extrude the fertilizer thrown in the field, and the fertilizer can be prevented from being blown away by wind and the like through extrusion, thereby preventing the fertilizer from running off.
As a further improvement to the above technical solution, the present invention is further directed to provide a fertilizing apparatus for vegetable cultivation, which can uniformly fertilize and has a wide application range.
Therefore, in the further improved technical scheme of the invention, a screen is arranged on the box body at the communication part of the discharge hopper and the box body, the discharge hopper is in a funnel shape, a discharging mechanism is arranged at the outlet position, and the opening or closing of the discharge hopper is controlled by the discharging mechanism; arrange the material mechanism and include fixing the rotator on a hopper with the rotation mode, the built-in auger of rotator, the auger extends towards ejection of compact fill intracavity, the auger tip of arranging the rotator intracavity in is equipped with the bulk cargo cover, the bulk cargo cover is arranged in the rotator below and is equipped with the clearance between and, the bulk cargo covers evenly distributed and is equipped with the baffle, the bulk cargo cover passes through the baffle to be fixed on the rotator, the cover is equipped with driven gear on the rotator, driven gear meshing driving gear, the driving gear cover is established on the output of second motor, the second motor is installed in a hopper bottom.
In above-mentioned scheme, can be with the discharge that the fertilizer in the hopper lasts through the auger, and evenly arrange fertilizer in the bulk cargo cover under the effect of baffle on, fertilizer is finally shed in the field under the effect of bulk cargo cover, and pivoted bulk cargo cover can make fertilizer shed wide range and even.
As a further improvement to the above technical solution, the present invention is further directed to provide a fertilizing apparatus for vegetable cultivation, which feeds at intervals.
Therefore, in the further improved technical scheme of the invention, the feeding hopper is provided with a feeding mechanism, and the opening or closing of the feeding hopper is controlled by the feeding mechanism; the feeding mechanism comprises a group of swinging bodies which are symmetrically arranged on the side part of the feed hopper in a rotating way; arrange the striker plate in the feeder hopper intracavity in, the striker plate rotates along with the swing body is synchronous, is connected through return spring between swing body and the box, all is equipped with the segmental arc tooth between its contact surface of a set of swing body.
In the above scheme, because the segmental arc tooth that is equipped with between a set of oscillating body contact surface, and the segmental arc tooth on a set of oscillating body intermeshing again, consequently, an oscillating body rotates, can drive another oscillating body simultaneously and rotate, and the striker plate can realize that the feeder hopper opens or closes along with oscillating body synchronous rotation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front sectional view showing a structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which a feed hopper is shown closed.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the direction a of the fertilizer distributor for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing a structure of the fertilizer distributor for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention shown in fig. 1, enlarged in the direction B.
Fig. 4 is a front sectional view showing a structure of a fertilizer application device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which a feed hopper is opened.
Fig. 5 is a right side view showing the structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which only the operation of the pushing and rotating mechanism is shown.
Fig. 6 is a front view showing a structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which only the feed hopper of the operation of the push rotating mechanism is shown closed.
Fig. 7 is a front view showing a structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which only an opening of a feed hopper operated by a push rotating mechanism is shown.
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view showing the connection of the T-shaped pressing rod, the telescopic rod and the pressing body of the fertilizer applying device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention.
In the drawings, 1, roller shafts 1, 2, boxes 2, 3, crushing rods 3, 4, feeding hoppers 4, 5, discharging hoppers 5, 6, legs 6, 7, wheels 7, 8, first rotating bodies 8, 9, second rotating bodies 9, 10, supporting seats 10, 11, incomplete gears 11, 12, frames 12, 13, upper racks 13, 14, lower racks 14, 15, first motors 15, 16, first bevel gears 16, 17, second bevel gears 17, 18, rotating shafts 18, 19, bearing seats 19, 20, first transmission gears 20, 21, second transmission gears 21, 22, guide T-shaped grooves 22, 23, T-shaped blocks 23, 24, first protrusions 24, 25, first grooves 25, 26, second protrusions 26, 27, second grooves 27, 28, fixed seats 28, 29, eccentric rods 29, 30, first guide seats 30, 31, handrails, 32, T-shaped pressing rods 33, first pulleys, 34, through holes, 35. the material scattering device comprises an expansion rod, 36 a pressing body, 37 a baffle ring, 38 a buffer spring, 39 a second guide seat, 40 a pushing rod, 41 a wedge-shaped block, 42 a second pulley, 43 a screen, 44 a rotating body, 45 an auger, 46 a material scattering cover, 47 a partition plate, 48 a driven gear, 49 a driving gear, 50 a second motor, 51 a swinging body, 52 a material baffle plate, 53 a return spring and 54 arc-segment teeth.
Detailed Description
The following examples are intended to further illustrate the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and other insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art based on the teachings herein are intended to be covered thereby.
Throughout the specification and claims, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the word "comprise", or variations such as "comprises" or "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated element or component but not the exclusion of any other element or component.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic front sectional view of a structure of a fertilizing apparatus for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which a feed hopper 4 is shown closed. Fig. 2 is an enlarged structural view of the direction a of the fertilization device for vegetable cultivation shown in fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing a structure of the fertilizer distributor for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention shown in fig. 1, enlarged in the direction B. As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the crushing device comprises a box body 2 which is sleeved on a roll shaft 1 in a sliding manner, crushing rods 3 which are positioned in the box body 2 and are uniformly distributed and fixed on the roll shaft 1, a feed hopper 4 positioned at the top of the box body 2, a discharge hopper 5 positioned at the bottom of the box body 2, supporting legs 6 for supporting the box body 2 and wheels 7 arranged at the end parts of the supporting legs 6; a first rotating body 8 and a second rotating body 9 are respectively arranged at two ends of the box body 2 in a rotating way; two ends of the roll shaft 1 are respectively arranged on the first rotating body 8 and the second rotating body 9 in a sliding mode, one end of the roll shaft 1 penetrates through the first rotating body 8 and is connected with the pushing and rotating mechanism, and the roll shaft 1 can rotate along the axis of the roll shaft 1 and can swing back and forth along the extending direction of the axis of the roll shaft. Feed hopper 4 can control the volume of getting into fertilizer in the box 2, the fertilizer that gets into in the box 2 can be smashed the fertilizer under the effect of the broken pole 3 on the roller 1, the fertilizer after smashing can enter into out hopper 5 through screen cloth 43, the fertilizer that gets into out hopper 5 enters into rotator 44 under the transmission of auger 45, finally through the even throwing in the field of bulk cargo cover 46, along with the rotation of second rotor 9, second rotor 9 can drive eccentric rod 29, make eccentric rod 29 promote T type pressure bar 32 downstream, the fertilizer that is shed in the field can extrude the fertilizer in the field under the effect that T type pressure bar 32 promoted the body of exerting pressure 36, thereby prevent that fertilizer from being blown by the wind and run etc. realize preventing fertilizer from losing. As shown in fig. 2 and 3, a first protrusion 24 is provided on the first rotating body 8 between the contact surfaces of the roller shaft 1 and the first rotating body 8, a first groove 25 is provided on the roller shaft 1 between the contact surfaces of the roller shaft 1 and the first rotating body 8, and the first protrusion 24 is disposed in the first groove 25; and a second bulge 26 is arranged on the second rotating body 9 between the contact surfaces of the roller shaft 1 and the second rotating body 9, a second groove 27 is arranged on the roller shaft 1 between the contact surfaces of the roller shaft 1 and the second rotating body 9, the second bulge 26 is arranged in the second groove 27, and the second rotating body 9 is arranged on the box body 2 through a fixed seat 28.
Fig. 4 is a front sectional view showing a structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which a feed hopper 4 is opened. In fig. 4, as the second rotating body 9 rotates, the second rotating body 9 can drive the eccentric rod 29, so that the eccentric rod 29 pushes the T-shaped pressing rod 32 to move upwards, the first pulley 33 on the T-shaped pressing rod 32 can push the wedge block 41, the wedge block 41 pushes the pushing rod 40 to move rightwards, the second pulley 42 on the pushing rod 40 can push the swinging bodies 51, the arc-segment teeth 54 on the swinging bodies 51 are meshed with each other, therefore, one swinging body 51 rotates to drive the other swinging body 51 to rotate simultaneously, the baffle plate 52 rotates synchronously with the swinging bodies 51 to realize the opening of the feed hopper 4, and fertilizer enters the box body 2 from the feed hopper 4. In fig. 4, an eccentric rod 29 is mounted on a side portion of the second rotating body 9, a first guide seat 30 is disposed on the box body 2 at a position corresponding to the eccentric rod 29, an armrest 31 is disposed on the first guide seat 30, the first guide seat 30 is used for a T-shaped pressure applying rod 32 to penetrate through, first pulleys 33 are uniformly distributed on the top end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod 32, a long through hole 34 is formed in a side portion of the top end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod 32 and used for the eccentric rod 29 to penetrate through, an expansion link 35 is disposed at the bottom end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod 32, the expansion link 35 is connected to a pressure applying body 36, a blocking ring 37 is sleeved on the T-shaped pressure applying rod 32 at a position corresponding to the pressure applying body 36, and a buffer spring 38 sleeved on the T-shaped pressure applying rod 32 is disposed between the blocking ring 37 and the pressure applying body 36. The top of the box body 2 at the corresponding position of the second rotating body 9 is provided with a second guide seat 39, the second guide seat 39 is used for a push rod 40 to penetrate through, one end of the push rod 40 opposite to the first pulley 33 is provided with a wedge block 41, and the other end of the push rod 40 is provided with a second pulley 42.
Fig. 5 is a right side view showing the structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which only the operation of the pushing and rotating mechanism is shown. As shown in fig. 5, the pushing and rotating mechanism includes a frame 12 having a bottom part slidably mounted on the support base 10 and containing an incomplete gear 11, and an upper rack 13 and a lower rack 14 mounted on upper and lower sides in the frame 12, wherein the incomplete gear 11 can alternately mesh with the upper rack 13 and the lower rack 14, so that the frame 12 pushes the roller shaft 1 to swing back and forth along the axial extension direction of the roller shaft 1; the supporting seat 10 is fixedly installed on the box body 2, the first motor 15 is installed on the supporting seat 10, the incomplete gear 11 is sleeved on the output end of the first motor 15, the output end of the first motor 15 extends from one side of the frame body 12 and is arranged on the other side of the frame body 12, the end portion of the output end of the first motor 15 is further sleeved with a first bevel gear 16, the first bevel gear 16 is meshed with a second bevel gear 17, the second bevel gear 17 is sleeved on a rotating shaft 18, the rotating shaft 18 is installed on the supporting seat 10 under the action of a bearing seat 19, the rotating shaft 18 extends towards the first rotating body 8, the end portion of the rotating shaft is sleeved with a first transmission gear 20, the first transmission gear 20 is meshed with a second transmission gear 21, and the second transmission gear 21 is sleeved on the first rotating body 8, so that the first rotating body 8 drives the roller shaft 1 to rotate along the axis of the roller shaft 1. Because the first motor 15 can simultaneously drive the incomplete gear 11 and the first bevel gear 16 to rotate, the incomplete gear 11 is alternately meshed with the upper rack 13 and the lower rack 14 on the frame 12, the frame 12 pushes the roller shaft 1 to move back and forth in the box body 2, the first bevel gear 16 is meshed with the second bevel gear 17, the second bevel gear 17 drives the rotating shaft 18, the rotating shaft 18 can drive the first transmission gear 20, the first transmission gear 20 is meshed with the second transmission gear 21, the second transmission gear 21 can drive the first rotating body 8, and the first rotating body 8 can drive the roller shaft 1 to rotate, the roller shaft 1 can rotate along the self axis and simultaneously swing back and forth along the self axis extending direction. As shown in fig. 5, a guiding T-shaped groove 22 is provided on the support seat 10 between the contact surfaces of the frame 12 and the support seat 10, a T-shaped block 23 is provided at the bottom of the frame 12 between the contact surfaces of the frame 12 and the support seat 10, and the T-shaped block 23 is placed in the guiding T-shaped groove 22.
Fig. 6 is a front view showing a structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which only the feed hopper 4 of the operation of the push rotating mechanism is shown closed. Fig. 7 is a front view showing a structure of a fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention, in which only the feed hopper 4 of the operation of the push rotating mechanism is shown opened. In fig. 6 and 7, the opening or closing of the hopper 4 is controlled by the feeding mechanism; the feeding mechanism comprises a group of swinging bodies 51 which are symmetrically arranged at the side part of the feed hopper 4 in a rotating way; the baffle plates 52 are arranged in the cavity of the feed hopper 4, the baffle plates 52 synchronously rotate along with the swinging bodies 51, the swinging bodies 51 are connected with the box body 2 through return springs 53, and arc-section teeth 54 are arranged between the contact surfaces of the swinging bodies 51; because the arc-segment teeth 54 are arranged between the contact surfaces of the group of swinging bodies 51 and the arc-segment teeth 54 on the group of swinging bodies 51 are meshed with each other, when the pushing rod 40 applies force, one swinging body 51 can be pushed to rotate, and the other swinging body 51 can be driven to rotate at the same time, the material baffle plate 52 can synchronously rotate along with the swinging bodies 51, so that the feed hopper 4 is opened; when the pushing rod 40 does not apply force, one swinging body 51 can return under the action of the return spring 53, and meanwhile, the other swinging body 51 can be driven to return, and the material baffle plate 52 can synchronously rotate along with the swinging body 51, so that the feeding hopper 4 is closed.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the connection of the T-shaped pressing rod 32, the expansion rod 35 and the pressing body 36 of the fertilizing apparatus for vegetable cultivation according to the present invention. As shown in fig. 8, the pressing body 36 can move up and down on the T-shaped pressing bar 32 and is placed at the upper limit position of the T-shaped pressing bar 32 by the buffer spring 38, and the pressing body 36 can move, so that the fertilizer can be well pressed into the field.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, a screen 43 is disposed on the box 2 at the communication position of the discharge hopper 5 and the box 2, the discharge hopper 5 is funnel-shaped, a discharge mechanism is disposed at the outlet, and the discharge hopper 5 is controlled to be opened or closed by the discharge mechanism. The discharging mechanism comprises a rotating body 44 fixed on the discharging hopper 5 in a rotating mode, an auger 45 is arranged in the rotating body 44, the auger 45 extends towards the cavity of the discharging hopper 5, a bulk material cover 46 is arranged at the end part of the auger 45 arranged in the cavity of the rotating body 44, a gap is arranged between the bulk material cover 46 and the lower part of the rotating body 44, partition plates 47 are uniformly distributed on the bulk material cover 46, the bulk material cover 46 is fixed on the rotating body 44 through the partition plates 47, a driven gear 48 is sleeved on the rotating body 44, the driven gear 48 is meshed with a driving gear 49, the driving gear 49 is sleeved on the output end of a second motor 50, and the second motor 50 is installed at the bottom of the discharging hopper 5. The feeding hopper 4 is provided with a feeding mechanism, and the opening or closing of the feeding hopper 4 is controlled by the feeding mechanism. The feeding mechanism comprises a group of swinging bodies 51 which are symmetrically arranged at the side part of the feed hopper 4 in a rotating way; the baffle plates 52 are arranged in the cavity of the feed hopper 4, the baffle plates 52 rotate synchronously along with the swinging bodies 51, the swinging bodies 51 are connected with the box body 2 through return springs 53, and arc-section teeth 54 are arranged between the contact surfaces of the swinging bodies 51.

Claims (5)

1. A fertilizer applying device for vegetable cultivation comprises a box body (2) sleeved on a roll shaft (1) in a sliding manner;
crushing rods (3) which are positioned in the box body (2) and are uniformly distributed and fixed on the roll shaft (1);
a feed hopper (4) positioned at the top of the box body (2);
a discharge hopper (5) positioned at the bottom of the box body (2);
a supporting leg (6) for supporting the box body (2) and a wheel (7) arranged at the end part of the supporting leg (6);
the method is characterized in that:
a first rotating body (8) and a second rotating body (9) are respectively and rotatably arranged at two ends of the box body (2);
the two ends of the roll shaft (1) are respectively arranged on the first rotating body (8) and the second rotating body (9) in a sliding mode, one end of the roll shaft (1) penetrates through the first rotating body (8) to be connected with a pushing and rotating mechanism, and the roll shaft (1) can rotate along the axis of the roll shaft (1) and can swing back and forth along the extending direction of the axis of the roll shaft (1) through the pushing and rotating mechanism;
the pushing and rotating mechanism comprises a frame body (12) with the bottom part installed on a supporting seat (10) in a sliding mode and a built-in incomplete gear (11), and an upper rack (13) and a lower rack (14) which are installed on the upper side and the lower side in the frame body (12), wherein the incomplete gear (11) can be alternately meshed with the upper rack (13) and the lower rack (14), so that the frame body (12) pushes the roll shaft (1) to swing back and forth along the axial extension direction of the roll shaft (1); the supporting seat (10) is fixedly installed on the box body (2), a first motor (15) is installed on the supporting seat (10), the incomplete gear (11) is sleeved on the output end of the first motor (15), the output end of the first motor (15) extends from one side of the frame body (12) and is arranged on the other side of the frame body (12), a first umbrella-shaped gear (16) is further sleeved on the end portion of the output end of the first motor (15), the first umbrella-shaped gear (16) is meshed with a second umbrella-shaped gear (17), the second umbrella-shaped gear (17) is sleeved on a rotating shaft (18), the rotating shaft (18) is installed on the supporting seat (10) under the action of a bearing seat (19), the rotating shaft (18) extends towards the first rotating body (8) and is sleeved with a first transmission gear (20), and the first transmission gear (20) is meshed with a second transmission gear (21), the second transmission gear (21) is sleeved on the first rotating body (8) so that the first rotating body (8) drives the roll shaft (1) to rotate along the axis of the roll shaft (1);
a guide T-shaped groove (22) is formed in the supporting seat (10) between the contact surfaces of the frame body (12) and the supporting seat (10), a T-shaped block (23) is arranged at the bottom of the frame body (12) between the contact surfaces of the frame body (12) and the supporting seat (10), and the T-shaped block (23) is arranged in the guide T-shaped groove (22);
a first bulge (24) is arranged on the first rotating body (8) between the contact surfaces of the roll shaft (1) and the first rotating body (8), a first groove (25) is arranged on the roll shaft (1) between the contact surfaces of the roll shaft (1) and the first rotating body (8), and the first bulge (24) is arranged in the first groove (25); a second bulge (26) is arranged on the second rotating body (9) between the contact surfaces of the roller shaft (1) and the second rotating body (9), a second groove (27) is arranged on the roller shaft (1) between the contact surfaces of the roller shaft (1) and the second rotating body (9), the second bulge (26) is arranged in the second groove (27), and the second rotating body (9) is installed on the box body (2) through a fixed seat (28);
an eccentric rod (29) is installed on the side part of the second rotating body (9), a first guide seat (30) is arranged on the box body (2) at the position corresponding to the eccentric rod (29), a handrail (31) is arranged on the first guide seat (30), the first guide seat (30) is penetrated by a T-shaped pressure applying rod (32), the top end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod (32) is evenly distributed with first pulleys (33), the side part of the top end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod (32) is provided with a long through hole (34) for the eccentric rod (29) to pass through, the bottom end of the T-shaped pressure applying rod (32) is provided with a telescopic rod (35), the telescopic rod (35) is connected with a pressure applying body (36), a stop ring (37) is sleeved on the T-shaped pressure applying rod (32) at the position corresponding to the pressure applying body (36), a buffer spring (38) sleeved on the T-shaped pressure applying rod (32) is arranged between the retaining ring (37) and the pressure applying body (36);
second rotor (9) correspond the position box (2) top is equipped with second guide holder (39), second guide holder (39) supply catch bar (40) to run through, catch bar (40) with wedge (41) are installed to the one end that first pulley (33) are relative, second pulley (42) are installed to the catch bar (40) other end.
2. The fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation as claimed in claim 1, wherein: go out hopper (5) with box (2) intercommunication department be equipped with screen cloth (43) on box (2), go out hopper (5) and be and leak hopper-shaped, and be equipped with in the exit position and arrange material mechanism, through arrange material mechanism control go out opening or closure of hopper (5).
3. The fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the row material mechanism is including fixing with the rotation mode rotator (44) on play hopper (5), built-in auger (45) of rotator (44), auger (45) are towards go out hopper (5) intracavity and extend, arrange in rotator (44) intracavity auger (45) tip is equipped with bulk cargo cover (46), bulk cargo cover (46) are the great one end of toper form diameter and extend and arrange in rotator (44) below and with be equipped with the clearance between rotator (44), arrange rotator (44) intracavity in bulk cargo cover (46) one of diameter is less serves evenly distributed and is equipped with baffle (47), bulk cargo cover (46) pass through baffle (47) are fixed on rotator (44), the cover is equipped with driven gear (48) on rotator (44), driven gear (48) meshing driving gear (49), the driving gear (49) is sleeved on the output end of the second motor (50), and the second motor (50) is installed at the bottom of the discharge hopper (5).
4. The fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the feeding hopper (4) is provided with a feeding mechanism, and the feeding mechanism controls the opening or closing of the feeding hopper (4).
5. The fertilizer spreading device for vegetable cultivation as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the feeding mechanism comprises a group of swinging bodies (51) which are symmetrically arranged at the side part of the feed hopper (4) in a rotating way; arrange in striker plate (52) in feeder hopper (4) intracavity, striker plate (52) along with oscillating body (51) synchronous rotation, oscillating body (51) with connect through return spring (53) between box (2), a set of all be equipped with segmental arc tooth (54) between its contact surface of oscillating body (51).
CN202110902882.0A 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 Fertilizer injection unit is used in vegetables cultivation Active CN113575065B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107593064A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-19 南宁商之源科技有限责任公司 A kind of farmland fertilization device of the adjustable dose with irrigation function
CN107896598A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-04-13 鲁校斌 A kind of vegetable cultivation solid fertilizer fertilizer apparatus
CN211509805U (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-09-18 广西复生环境科技有限公司 High-efficient broken fertilizer injection unit of bio-fertilizer
CN211580649U (en) * 2020-02-04 2020-09-29 汉中市农业科学研究所(陕西省水稻研究所) Plant small-size fertilizer injection unit for detoxified potato
CN112755891A (en) * 2021-02-06 2021-05-07 卫中华 Poultry is with fodder agitating unit

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110621151B (en) * 2017-03-24 2020-10-23 索尔福德集团公司 A spreader for granule material

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107593064A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-01-19 南宁商之源科技有限责任公司 A kind of farmland fertilization device of the adjustable dose with irrigation function
CN107896598A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-04-13 鲁校斌 A kind of vegetable cultivation solid fertilizer fertilizer apparatus
CN211509805U (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-09-18 广西复生环境科技有限公司 High-efficient broken fertilizer injection unit of bio-fertilizer
CN211580649U (en) * 2020-02-04 2020-09-29 汉中市农业科学研究所(陕西省水稻研究所) Plant small-size fertilizer injection unit for detoxified potato
CN112755891A (en) * 2021-02-06 2021-05-07 卫中华 Poultry is with fodder agitating unit

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