CN113499488A - Laxative device for gastroenterology - Google Patents

Laxative device for gastroenterology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113499488A
CN113499488A CN202110772565.1A CN202110772565A CN113499488A CN 113499488 A CN113499488 A CN 113499488A CN 202110772565 A CN202110772565 A CN 202110772565A CN 113499488 A CN113499488 A CN 113499488A
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China
Prior art keywords
cabin
pipe
drive
fixedly connected
silica gel
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Granted
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CN202110772565.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113499488B (en
Inventor
晁阳
王蕊
王丽强
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M3/00Medical syringes, e.g. enemata; Irrigators
    • A61M3/02Enemata; Irrigators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/10Trunk
    • A61M2210/1042Alimentary tract
    • A61M2210/1067Anus

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Anesthesiology (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Hematology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Accommodation For Nursing Or Treatment Tables (AREA)
  • External Artificial Organs (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a bowel relaxing device for a digestive system department, which comprises a machine body, wherein driving assemblies are arranged on two sides of the lower part inside the machine body, a contact rod is connected inside the driving assemblies in a sliding mode, a driving wheel is connected below the contact rod in a meshed mode, a moving rod is connected on the outer side of the driving wheel in a sliding mode, a piston chamber is arranged at the upper end of the moving rod, and a control chamber is fixedly connected above the piston chamber. This laxative device for gastroenterology, promote the drive wheel through the contact arm and rotate, thereby the drive wheel drives the carriage release lever and shifts up, extrude the control room with the gas in the piston chamber, then promote the runner and rotate and drive the control rope and move down, make the control rope drive the silica gel board and rotate, make things convenient for the excrement to enter into and lead to the pipe, simultaneously gas enters into the drive cabin through the connecting pipe and promotes the slide bar and move down, thereby the inside production suction of connecting the cabin, then the excrement is through leading to the pipe and is inhaled in the U type pipe, the effect that the required time of shortening the defecation has reduced the uncomfortable sense of patient has been realized.

Description

Laxative device for gastroenterology
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of gastroenterology, in particular to a defecation device for the gastroenterology.
Background
Gastroenterology is the clinical tertiary subject who studies diseases such as esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, courage and pancreas for the main content, in order to judge patient's main disease cause at present, can also use device such as enema laxative according to patient's condition through some professional means, for example equipment such as gastroscope, intestines mirror to improve the accuracy that the disease was judged, the prescription can be to the disease medicine.
Current laxative device mainly exists when using and stretches into patient inside back with equipment, needs medical personnel to make power operate, just can accomplish the process of relaxing the bowels, leads to medical personnel to increase patient's uncomfortable feeling easily in the operation process, and current equipment needs the manual work to wash patient inside alone to relaxing the bowels the completion back of patient simultaneously, avoids bacterial infection, has increased operating procedure and patient's misery.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to provide a defecation device for a digestive system department, which aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a laxative device for gastroenterology, includes the organism, the inside below both sides of organism are provided with drive assembly, drive assembly's inside sliding connection has the contact bar, fixedly connected with reset spring between the inboard of contact bar, the below meshing of contact bar is connected with the drive wheel, the outside sliding connection of drive wheel has the carriage release lever, can drive the carriage release lever when the drive wheel rotates and shift up, the upper end of carriage release lever is provided with the piston chamber to make the inside production gas of piston chamber, the top fixedly connected with control room of piston chamber.
Preferably, the top fixedly connected with protection tube of organism, the upper end of protection tube is rotated and is connected with the silica gel board, and the inboard of silica gel board is provided with the upper union coupling, and the silica gel board gets into patient's internal back, can reduce patient's uncomfortable through silica gel.
Preferably, the inside upside intercommunication of control room has the connecting pipe, and the upside of control room is rotated and is connected with the runner, and the inboard fixedly connected with control rope of runner, the upper end of control rope and the lower extreme fixed connection of silica gel plate can drive the control rope and remove when the runner rotates for the control rope drives the silica gel plate and rotates.
Preferably, the inside middle part fixedly connected with drive cabin of organism, the outside of drive cabin and the lower extreme intercommunication of connecting pipe, the inboard sliding connection of drive cabin has the slide bar, and the upper end of slide bar is provided with the connection cabin, and the slide bar can make the inside pressure of connection cabin reduce when moving down, and the inboard lower extreme intercommunication with the last antithetical couplet pipe in upper end of connection cabin, the intercommunication has the U type pipe between the outside of the drive cabin of the outside of connection cabin and below.
Preferably, the inboard intercommunication of the lower extreme of drive cabin has lower allied oneself with the pipe, and the lower extreme of lower allied oneself with the pipe is provided with the gag lever post, the outside of gag lever post and the lower extreme sliding connection of organism, and the inboard swing joint of gag lever post has the delivery pipe, and the delivery pipe can be effectively be convenient for retrieve the internal excrement of patient discharges alone, and the outside sliding connection of delivery pipe has the toper ring, the upper end both sides fixedly connected with apotheca of organism, outside and the connection cabin of apotheca between through the pipe intercommunication.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the laxative device for the gastroenterology is characterized in that after the silica gel plate at the upper end of the body completely extends into a patient body, medical staff manually and reciprocally presses the contact rod to enable the contact rod to push the driving wheel to rotate, the driving wheel drives the moving rod to move upwards, so that gas in the piston chamber is extruded into the control chamber, the gas pushes the rotating wheel to rotate, then the rotating wheel drives the control rope to move downwards, so that the control rope drives the silica gel plate to rotate, the silica gel plate props up a small range in the patient body, excrement is convenient to enter an upper connecting pipe, meanwhile, the gas enters the driving cabin through the connecting pipe, the gas pushes the sliding rod to move downwards, so that the pressure intensity of the space inside the connecting cabin is increased, the suction force is generated inside the connecting cabin, then the excrement is sucked into the U-shaped pipe through the upper connecting pipe, the effect of shortening the time required by defaecation and reducing discomfort of the patient is realized, the efficiency and the comfort level of relaxing the bowels are improved.
2. The defaecation device for the digestive system department enters the driving cabin through the connecting pipe by gas and pushes the sliding rod to move downwards, at the moment, the gas pressure in the inner space of the connecting cabin is reduced, then the excrement in the patient can enter the lower connecting pipe through the U-shaped pipe under the action of gravity, so that the cleaning liquid in the storage chamber can be sucked into the connecting cabin through the guide pipe, then when the contact rod is reset under the action of the reset spring, the driving wheel drives the moving rod to move downwards, so that the gas in the control chamber is reduced, so that the sliding rod is reset under the action of the inner side spring when the gas pressure is lost, the cleaning liquid in the connecting cabin is extruded into the body of the patient by the sliding rod, then the upper connecting pipe is used for disinfecting the body of the patient, the occurrence of the condition that the body of the patient is polluted by bacteria is reduced, and the operation steps are reduced, the pain of the patient is reduced, and the effect of not separately cleaning the body of the patient is realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the interior of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the interior of the lower half of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structural connection of the upper header and the lower header according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial view of the interior of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure shown in FIG. 4 at A in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure shown at B in FIG. 4 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a body; 2. protecting the tube; 3. a silica gel plate; 4. connecting the pipes; 5. a drive assembly; 51. a contact lever; 52. a return spring; 53. a drive wheel; 54. a travel bar; 55. a piston chamber; 56. a control room; 57. a connecting pipe; 6. a rotating wheel; 7. a control cord; 8. a drive bay; 9. a slide bar; 10. a connection cabin; 11. a U-shaped pipe; 12. a lower connecting pipe; 13. a limiting rod; 14. a discharge pipe; 15. a conical ring; 16. a storage chamber.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1-5, a defecation device for a gastroenterology department includes a body 1, driving components 5 are disposed on two sides of the lower portion inside the body 1, contact rods 51 are slidably connected inside the driving components 5, return springs 52 are fixedly connected between the inner sides of the contact rods 51, a driving wheel 53 is engaged and connected below the contact rods 51, a moving rod 54 is slidably connected outside the driving wheel 53, the driving wheel 53 can drive the moving rod 54 to move upwards when rotating, a piston chamber 55 is disposed at the upper end of the moving rod 54, gas is generated inside the piston chamber 55, and a control chamber 56 is fixedly connected above the piston chamber 55.
Further, the top fixedly connected with protection tube 2 of organism 1, the upper end of protection tube 2 is rotated and is connected with silica gel plate 3, and the inboard of silica gel plate 3 is provided with yoke 4, and silica gel plate 3 gets into the internal back of patient, can reduce patient's uncomfortable through silica gel.
Further, the inside upside intercommunication of control room 56 has connecting pipe 57, and the upside of control room 56 is rotated and is connected with runner 6, and the inboard fixedly connected with control rope 7 of runner 6, the upper end of control rope 7 and the lower extreme fixed connection of silica gel plate 3 can drive control rope 7 and remove when runner 6 rotates for control rope 7 drives silica gel plate 3 and rotates.
Further, the inside middle part fixedly connected with drive cabin 8 of organism 1, the outside of drive cabin 8 and the lower extreme intercommunication of connecting pipe 57, the inboard sliding connection of drive cabin 8 has slide bar 9, the upper end of slide bar 9 is provided with connection cabin 10, can make the internal pressure of connecting cabin 10 reduce when slide bar 9 moves down, the inboard lower extreme intercommunication with last antithetical couplet pipe 4 in upper end of connecting cabin 10, the intercommunication has U type pipe 11 between the outside of drive cabin 8 of the outside of connecting cabin 10 and below.
Wherein, after the silica gel plate 3 at the upper end of the body 1 is completely inserted into the patient, the medical staff manually presses the contact rod 51 to make the contact rod 51 push the driving wheel 53 to rotate, so that the driving wheel 53 drives the moving rod 54 to move upwards, so that the gas in the piston chamber 55 is extruded into the control chamber 56, so that the gas pushes the rotating wheel 6 to rotate, then the rotating wheel 6 drives the control rope 7 to move downwards, so that the control rope 7 drives the silica gel plate 3 to rotate, so that the silica gel plate 3 props up the small range in the patient and leaks the upper connecting pipe 4, meanwhile, the gas enters the driving chamber 8 through the connecting pipe 57, so that the gas pushes the sliding rod 9 to move downwards, so that the internal space of the connecting chamber 10 is increased to generate pressure intensity reduction, so that the inside of the connecting chamber 10 generates suction, then the excrement in the patient is sucked into the U-shaped pipe 11 through the upper connecting pipe 4, and then the excrement enters the lower connecting pipe 12 through the U-shaped pipe 11 under the action of gravity, thereby shortening the time required for relaxing the bowels and reducing the discomfort of the patient.
Example two:
referring to fig. 3-6, a defecation device for digestive system department includes a body 1, driving components 5 are disposed on two sides of the lower portion inside the body 1, contact rods 51 are slidably connected inside the driving components 5, a return spring 52 is fixedly connected between the inner sides of the contact rods 51, a driving wheel 53 is engaged and connected below the contact rods 51, a moving rod 54 is slidably connected outside the driving wheel 53, the driving wheel 53 can drive the moving rod 54 to move upwards when rotating, a piston chamber 55 is disposed at the upper end of the moving rod 54, and gas is generated inside the piston chamber 55, and a control chamber 56 is fixedly connected above the piston chamber 55.
Further, the lower end of the driving cabin 8 is communicated with a lower connecting pipe 12, the lower end of the lower connecting pipe 12 is provided with a limiting rod 13, the outer side of the limiting rod 13 is connected with the lower end of the machine body 1 in a sliding mode, the inner side of the limiting rod 13 is movably connected with a discharge pipe 14, the discharge pipe 14 can effectively discharge excrement in a patient body independently and is convenient to recover, the outer side of the discharge pipe 14 is connected with a conical ring 15 in a sliding mode, storage chambers 16 are fixedly connected to two sides of the upper end of the machine body 1, and the outer sides of the storage chambers 16 are communicated with the connecting cabin 10 through a guide pipe.
Wherein, when the gas enters the driving chamber 8 through the connecting pipe 57 and pushes the sliding rod 9 to move downwards, the gas pressure in the inner space of the connecting chamber 10 is reduced, the excrement inside the patient then enters the lower connecting pipe 12 through the U-shaped pipe 11 under the action of gravity, so that the cleaning liquid in the storage chamber 16 can be sucked into the connection chamber 10 through the conduit, then, when the contact rod 51 is reset by the reset spring 52, the driving wheel 53 moves the moving rod 54 downward, so that the gas inside the control chamber 56 is reduced, so that the sliding rod 9 is restored under the action of the inner spring due to the loss of the gas pressure, so that the sliding rod 9 extrudes the cleaning solution in the connection cabin 10 into the patient, then the upper connecting pipe 4 is used for disinfecting the body of the patient, so that the condition that the body of the patient is polluted by bacteria is reduced, the operation steps are reduced, and the pain of the patient is reduced.
The working principle is as follows: when the device is used, firstly, the silica gel plate 3 at the upper end of the machine body 1 is completely inserted into the body of a patient, then medical staff manually presses the contact rod 51 in a reciprocating manner, so that the contact rod 51 pushes the driving wheel 53 to rotate, the driving wheel 53 drives the moving rod 54 to move upwards, and the gas in the piston chamber 55 is extruded into the control chamber 56, so that the gas pushes the rotating wheel 6 to rotate, then the rotating wheel 6 drives the control rope 7 to move downwards, so that the control rope 7 drives the silica gel plate 3 to rotate, so that the silica gel plate 3 props up the small range in the body of the patient, excrement is convenient to enter the upper connecting pipe 4, when the device is not used, the upper connecting pipe 4 can be protected from being polluted, meanwhile, the gas enters the driving chamber 8 through the connecting pipe 57, so that the gas pushes the sliding rod 9 to move downwards, so that the pressure intensity is reduced when the internal space of the connecting chamber 10 is increased, suction is generated inside the connecting chamber 10, and then the excrement is sucked into the U-shaped pipe 11 through the upper connecting pipe 4, then the excrement enters the lower connecting pipe 12 through the U-shaped pipe 11 under the action of gravity, so that the time required for relaxing the bowels is shortened, and the discomfort of a patient is reduced.
Meanwhile, when the gas enters the driving chamber 8 through the connecting pipe 57 and pushes the sliding rod 9 to move downwards, the gas pressure in the inner space of the connecting chamber 10 is reduced, then the excrement in the patient enters the lower connecting pipe 12 through the U-shaped pipe 11 under the action of gravity, so that the cleaning liquid in the storage chamber 16 can be sucked into the connecting chamber 10 through the guide pipe, then after the contact rod 51 is reset under the action of the reset spring 52, the driving wheel 53 drives the moving rod 54 to move downwards, so that the gas in the control chamber 56 is reduced, the sliding rod 9 loses the gas pressure and resets under the action of the inner side spring, so that the cleaning liquid in the connecting chamber 10 is extruded into the patient by the sliding rod 9, then the patient is sterilized through the upper connecting pipe 4, the occurrence of bacterial contamination in the patient is reduced, the operation steps are reduced, and the pain of the patient is reduced, at the same time, the discharge pipe 14 is pushed up and the stopper rod 13 is pushed by the tapered ring 15 to move, so that the stopper of the discharge pipe 14 is released, and the discharge pipe 14 can be removed and the excrement can be treated separately.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a laxative device for gastroenterology, includes organism (1), its characterized in that: the engine body is characterized in that driving assemblies (5) are arranged on two sides of the lower portion of the interior of the engine body (1), contact rods (51) are arranged in the driving assemblies (5), return springs (52) are arranged between the inner sides of the contact rods (51), driving wheels (53) are arranged below the contact rods (51), moving rods (54) are arranged on the outer sides of the driving wheels (53), piston chambers (55) are arranged at the upper ends of the moving rods (54), and control chambers (56) are arranged above the piston chambers (55).
2. A laxative device for use in gastroenterology according to claim 1, wherein: the upper portion of the machine body (1) is fixedly connected with a protection tube (2), the upper end of the protection tube (2) is rotatably connected with a silica gel plate (3), and an upper connecting tube (4) is arranged on the inner side of the silica gel plate (3).
3. A laxative device for use in gastroenterology according to claim 1, wherein: the upper side of the interior of the control chamber (56) is communicated with a connecting pipe (57), the upper side of the control chamber (56) is rotatably connected with a rotating wheel (6), the inner side of the rotating wheel (6) is fixedly connected with a control rope (7), and the upper end of the control rope (7) is fixedly connected with the lower end of the silica gel plate (3).
4. A laxative device for use in gastroenterology according to claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a motor vehicle engine, including organism (1), the inside middle part fixedly connected with drive cabin (8) of drive cabin (8), the outside of drive cabin (8) and the lower extreme intercommunication of connecting pipe (57), the inboard sliding connection of drive cabin (8) has slide bar (9), the upper end of slide bar (9) is provided with connection cabin (10), the upper end inboard of connection cabin (10) and the lower extreme intercommunication of last antithetical couplet pipe (4), the intercommunication has U type pipe (11) between the outside of connection cabin (10) and the drive cabin (8) outside of below.
5. A laxative device for use in gastroenterology according to claim 4, wherein: the inner side of the lower end of the driving cabin (8) is communicated with a lower connecting pipe (12), the lower end of the lower connecting pipe (12) is provided with a limiting rod (13), the outer side of the limiting rod (13) is connected with the lower end of the machine body (1) in a sliding mode, the inner side of the limiting rod (13) is movably connected with a discharge pipe (14), the outer side of the discharge pipe (14) is connected with a conical ring (15) in a sliding mode, storage chambers (16) are fixedly connected to the two sides of the upper end of the machine body (1), and the outer side of each storage chamber (16) is communicated with the connecting cabin (10) through a guide pipe.
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CN112245701A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-01-22 吉林大学 Pre-operation enema equipment for hepatobiliary pancreas surgery
CN112374024A (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-02-19 广州万富电子商务有限公司 A prevent blockking up adjusting device for express delivery letter sorting
CN112401809A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-26 瑞惜康(苏州)医疗科技有限公司 Disposable uroscope convenient to inspect
CN213076898U (en) * 2020-07-22 2021-04-30 浙江大学医学院附属第四医院(浙江省义乌医院、浙江大学医学院附属第四医院医共体) A enema equipment for nephrology dept
CN213283209U (en) * 2020-08-19 2021-05-28 重庆市杉湘科技有限公司 Negative pressure adsorption type defecation aid
CN213526713U (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-06-25 中南大学湘雅二医院 Anal tube air exhaust negative pressure enema device

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CH386054A (en) * 1959-03-06 1964-12-31 W Walden Henry Apparatus for expanding body cavities and introducing material into them
US5542939A (en) * 1993-10-26 1996-08-06 Daiken Iki Co., Ltd. Fluid aspiration-collection apparatus
EP0744179A1 (en) * 1994-11-11 1996-11-27 Sumitomo Bakelite Company Limited Defecation disposal device
JP2000167041A (en) * 1998-12-02 2000-06-20 Shigenobu Takane Defacation device
JP3104064B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2000-10-30 仁志 佐原 Excrement disposal device
JP2001259020A (en) * 2000-03-22 2001-09-25 Shigenobu Takane Defecation device
JP2006055513A (en) * 2004-08-23 2006-03-02 Junten Engineering:Kk Excrement disposal device
JP2009112515A (en) * 2007-11-06 2009-05-28 Satoru Yoshimura Wearable type excretion apparatus
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CA3016626A1 (en) * 2016-04-08 2017-10-12 Hollister Incorporated Fecal collection device, system and method
CN208864414U (en) * 2017-06-06 2019-05-17 王冉冉 A kind of gastroenterology instrument for defecation
CN108888817A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-11-27 杨威 A kind of novel general surgery bowel lavage auxiliary device of efficient quick
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CN209847973U (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-12-27 黄雪敏 Gynecological washing device
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CN211705608U (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-10-20 吉林大学第一医院 Supplementary defecation device of old disease branch of academic or vocational study nursing
CN212282375U (en) * 2020-03-11 2021-01-05 刘�英 Anti-reflux piston enema device for radiology department
CN111420135A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-17 西安交通大学医学院第一附属医院 Improved multifunctional drainage device special for thoracic surgery
CN213076898U (en) * 2020-07-22 2021-04-30 浙江大学医学院附属第四医院(浙江省义乌医院、浙江大学医学院附属第四医院医共体) A enema equipment for nephrology dept
CN213283209U (en) * 2020-08-19 2021-05-28 重庆市杉湘科技有限公司 Negative pressure adsorption type defecation aid
CN112245701A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-01-22 吉林大学 Pre-operation enema equipment for hepatobiliary pancreas surgery
CN213526713U (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-06-25 中南大学湘雅二医院 Anal tube air exhaust negative pressure enema device
CN112374024A (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-02-19 广州万富电子商务有限公司 A prevent blockking up adjusting device for express delivery letter sorting
CN112401809A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-26 瑞惜康(苏州)医疗科技有限公司 Disposable uroscope convenient to inspect

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