CN113417361A - Prefabricated bay window and connecting method - Google Patents

Prefabricated bay window and connecting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113417361A
CN113417361A CN202110722128.9A CN202110722128A CN113417361A CN 113417361 A CN113417361 A CN 113417361A CN 202110722128 A CN202110722128 A CN 202110722128A CN 113417361 A CN113417361 A CN 113417361A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
prefabricated
bay window
floor slab
embedded part
steel beam
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110722128.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
成能名
陈韬
黄钢
黄航斌
张瑜
季泽华
杨增华
朱一层
孟杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd filed Critical China Construction Science and Industry Corp Ltd
Priority to CN202110722128.9A priority Critical patent/CN113417361A/en
Publication of CN113417361A publication Critical patent/CN113417361A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete

Abstract

The invention provides a prefabricated bay window and a connecting method, wherein the prefabricated bay window comprises the following components: two prefabricated components which are arranged at intervals up and down, wherein a bay window space is formed between the two prefabricated components; the prefabricated component is provided with a first prefabricated plate and a second prefabricated plate which are vertical to each other, the first prefabricated plate is used for being connected with a floor slab, and the second prefabricated plate is used for extending outwards and enclosing the bay window space; the first prefabricated plate is provided with a first embedded part and a second embedded part which are arranged at intervals, the first embedded part is provided with a protruding part suitable for being inserted into a floor slab, and the second embedded part is provided with a welding part suitable for being welded with a steel beam below the floor slab. The prefabricated parts are poured off site, the two prefabricated parts are arranged at intervals up and down, and the first embedded parts and the second embedded parts are fixed with the floor slab and the steel beam. Compared with the cast-in-place reinforced concrete bay window, the construction period is short and the efficiency is high; the installation position can be adjusted at will, the construction is flexible, and the phenomenon of inaccurate installation position is avoided.

Description

Prefabricated bay window and connecting method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a prefabricated bay window and a connecting method.
Background
In order to pursue the permeability of the building room, form a wide visual field space and improve the livability of the urban residential buildings, the bay window is widely used in residential engineering as a special building design form. The upper and lower plates of the bay window are generally of cast-in-place concrete cantilever structures, horizontal steel bars of the cantilever plates are reserved or pre-embedded during wall construction, and after the concrete pouring of the wall is finished, cantilever members are independently poured.
The cast-in-place reinforced concrete bay window has long pouring period and low construction efficiency; moreover, the horizontal reinforcing steel bars of the cantilever plates are pre-embedded, so that the situation of inaccurate position is easy to occur.
Disclosure of Invention
Therefore, the technical problem to be solved by the invention is to overcome the defects of long construction period, low efficiency and easy inaccurate installation position of the cast-in-place reinforced concrete bay window in the prior art, so that the prefabricated bay window and the connection method are provided.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a prefabricated bay window, including:
the device comprises two prefabricated components which are arranged at intervals up and down, wherein a bay window space is formed between the two prefabricated components;
the prefabricated part is provided with a first prefabricated plate and a second prefabricated plate which are vertical to each other, the first prefabricated plate is used for being connected with a floor slab, and the second prefabricated plate is used for extending outwards and enclosing the bay window space;
the first precast slab is provided with a first embedded part and a second embedded part which are arranged at intervals, the first embedded part is provided with a protruding part suitable for being inserted into a floor slab, and the second embedded part is provided with a welding part suitable for being welded with a steel beam below the floor slab.
Furthermore, the first precast slab is provided with a positioning hole, and the steel beam is provided with a positioning piece which is suitable for penetrating through the positioning hole.
Further, the positioning piece is a bolt welded on the steel beam.
Further, the first embedded part is an anchoring steel bar.
Further, the second embedded part is completely embedded in the first precast slab, and the second embedded part is provided with a welding surface which is flush with the outer side surface of the first precast slab.
Furthermore, a grouting hole is formed in the first precast slab.
Furthermore, the grout hole is the slope setting, the entry end position of grout hole is higher than its exit end position.
Furthermore, the second prefabricated plate is provided with two prefabricated plates which are arranged in parallel, and the two second prefabricated plates are formed on the same side face of the first prefabricated plate at intervals up and down.
A connecting method of prefabricated bay windows comprises the following steps:
s1: before the concrete of the floor slab is poured, the upper prefabricated component and the lower prefabricated component are respectively hoisted to corresponding installation positions;
s2: the first embedded part extends into the floor slab, and the positioning piece on the steel beam penetrates into the positioning hole of the second prefabricated slab, so that the preliminary positioning connection between the second prefabricated slab and the floor slab as well as the steel beam is realized;
s3: welding the second embedded part and the floor slab steel beam through a connecting block;
s4: pouring concrete into the grouting holes to realize the pouring connection of the first precast slabs and the steel beams;
s5: and pouring the floor slab, the steel beam and the prefabricated part together.
The technical scheme of the invention has the following advantages:
1. according to the prefabricated bay window provided by the invention, the prefabricated components are cast off site, the two prefabricated components are arranged at intervals up and down, and the prefabricated bay window is fixed with a floor slab and a steel beam through the first embedded part and the second embedded part. Compared with the cast-in-place reinforced concrete bay window, the construction period is short and the efficiency is high; the installation position can be adjusted at will, the construction is flexible, and the phenomenon of inaccurate installation position is avoided.
2. According to the prefabricated bay window provided by the invention, the preliminary positioning of the prefabricated part and the floor slab steel beam is realized through the matching of the positioning hole and the positioning piece, so that the subsequent connection and fixation of the first prefabricated slab are facilitated.
3. According to the prefabricated bay window provided by the invention, the prefabricated component and the floor slab steel beam are poured for the first time through the grouting holes, so that the structure is firmer.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a connection relationship of prefabricated parts provided in the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. a first prefabricated panel; 2. a second prefabricated panel; 3. a first embedded part; 4. a floor slab; 5. a second embedded part; 6. a positioning member; 7. a steel beam; 8. grouting holes; 9. and (4) connecting the blocks.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In addition, the technical features involved in the different embodiments of the present invention described below may be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
Example 1
The prefabricated bay window that this embodiment provided includes: two prefabricated components that the interval set up about, two form between the prefabricated component and float the window space.
As shown in fig. 1, the prefabricated part includes: the prefabricated plate comprises a first prefabricated plate 1 and a second prefabricated plate 2 which are vertical to each other, wherein the second prefabricated plate 2 is provided with two prefabricated plates which are arranged in parallel, and the two prefabricated plates 2 are formed on the same side surface of the first prefabricated plate 1 at intervals. A plurality of first embedded parts 3 are embedded in the middle of the first precast slab 1, wherein the first embedded parts 3 are anchoring steel bars; the first embedded part 3 has a protruding portion vertically protruding from the outer side surface thereof, and the protruding portion is used for being embedded in the floor slab 4. The first precast slab 1 is provided with a second embedded part 5 embedded along the width direction of the first precast slab, and the second embedded part 5 is positioned below the first embedded part 3; the second embedded part 5 is in a pi-shaped structure and is completely embedded into the first prefabricated plate 1, and the second embedded part 5 is provided with a welding surface which is flush with the outer side surface of the first prefabricated plate 1. The first precast slab 1 is provided with a plurality of positioning holes uniformly distributed along the width direction of the first precast slab, and the positioning holes are positioned between the first embedded part 3 and the second embedded part 5.
As shown in fig. 1, a steel beam 7 connected with the floor slab 4 is arranged below the floor slab 4, and the steel beam 7 is H-shaped steel; a plurality of positioning pieces 6 welded at intervals are arranged on the abdomen of the steel beam 7, and the positioning pieces 6 correspond to the positioning holes one by one; the positioning piece 6 is a bolt connected to the steel beam 7, and the positioning piece 6 is fastened through a nut after penetrating into the positioning hole, so that the first prefabricated plate 1 is positioned and connected with the steel beam 7. The inner side surface of the first prefabricated plate 1 is provided with a plurality of grooves corresponding to the positioning holes one to one, and the nuts are accommodated in the grooves.
As shown in fig. 1, a grouting hole 8 is formed in the first precast slab 1, and the grouting hole 8 is located between the first embedded part 3 and the positioning hole; the grouting holes 8 are obliquely arranged, the inlet ends of the grouting holes 8 are located on the inner side faces of the first prefabricated plates 1, the outlet ends of the grouting holes 8 are located on the outer side faces of the first prefabricated plates 1, and the inlet ends are higher than the outlet ends.
Example 2
The connection method of the prefabricated bay window provided by the embodiment comprises the following steps:
s1: before the concrete of the floor slab 4 is poured, the upper prefabricated component and the lower prefabricated component are respectively hoisted to corresponding installation positions;
s2: the first embedded part 3 extends into the floor slab 4, and the positioning part 6 on the steel beam 7 penetrates into the positioning hole of the second prefabricated slab 2, so that the preliminary positioning connection between the second prefabricated slab 2 and the floor slab 4 as well as the steel beam 7 is realized;
s3: the second embedded part 5 and the steel beam 7 of the floor slab 4 are welded through a connecting block 9;
s4: concrete is injected into the grouting holes 8, so that the first precast slabs 1 are connected with the steel beams 7 in a pouring mode;
s5: and pouring the floor slab 4, the steel beam 7 and the prefabricated part together.
It should be understood that the above examples are only for clarity of illustration and are not intended to limit the embodiments. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. And obvious variations or modifications therefrom are within the scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. A prefabricated bay window, comprising:
the device comprises two prefabricated components which are arranged at intervals up and down, wherein a bay window space is formed between the two prefabricated components;
the prefabricated part is provided with a first prefabricated plate (1) and a second prefabricated plate (2) which are perpendicular to each other, the first prefabricated plate (1) is used for being connected with a floor (4), and the second prefabricated plate (2) is used for extending outwards and enclosing the bay window space;
the first precast slab (1) is provided with a first embedded part (3) and a second embedded part (5) which are arranged at intervals, the first embedded part (3) is provided with a protruding part suitable for being inserted into the floor slab (4), and the second embedded part (5) is provided with a welding part suitable for being welded with a steel beam (7) below the floor slab (4).
2. A prefabricated bay window as claimed in claim 1, in which the first prefabricated panel (1) has locating holes therein and the steel beams (7) have locating members (6) adapted to pass through the locating holes.
3. A prefabricated bay window as claimed in claim 2, characterised in that said locating members (6) are bolts welded to said steel beams (7).
4. A prefabricated bay window according to claim 1, characterised in that the first embedment (3) is an anchoring reinforcement.
5. A prefabricated bay window according to claim 1, characterised in that the second embedment (5) is completely embedded in the first prefabricated panel (1), the second embedment (5) having a welding surface flush with the outer side of the first prefabricated panel (1).
6. A prefabricated bay window as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the first prefabricated panel (1) is provided with grouting holes (8).
7. Prefabricated bay window according to claim 6, characterised in that said grouting holes (8) are arranged obliquely, the inlet end of said grouting holes (8) being located higher than the outlet end thereof.
8. A prefabricated bay window as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that said second prefabricated panel (2) has two parallel arranged panels, two of said second prefabricated panels (2) being formed on the same side of said first prefabricated panel (1) at an upper and lower spacing.
9. A connecting method of prefabricated bay windows is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: before concrete of a floor slab (4) is poured, the upper-layer prefabricated part and the lower-layer prefabricated part are respectively hoisted to corresponding installation positions;
s2: the first embedded part (3) extends into the floor slab (4), and the positioning piece (6) on the steel beam (7) penetrates into the positioning hole of the second prefabricated plate (2) to realize the primary positioning connection of the second prefabricated plate (2) with the floor slab (4) and the steel beam (7);
s3: the second embedded part (5) and the steel beam (7) of the floor slab (4) are welded through a connecting block (9);
s4: concrete is injected into the grouting holes (8) to realize the pouring connection of the first precast slabs (1) and the steel beams (7);
s5: and (3) pouring the floor slab (4), the steel beam (7) and the prefabricated part together.
CN202110722128.9A 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 Prefabricated bay window and connecting method Pending CN113417361A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110722128.9A CN113417361A (en) 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 Prefabricated bay window and connecting method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110722128.9A CN113417361A (en) 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 Prefabricated bay window and connecting method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113417361A true CN113417361A (en) 2021-09-21

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ID=77717815

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110722128.9A Pending CN113417361A (en) 2021-06-28 2021-06-28 Prefabricated bay window and connecting method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113417361A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001323583A (en) * 2000-05-15 2001-11-22 Mitsui Constr Co Ltd Wall surface panel body with bay window
CN204174731U (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-25 湖北弘顺钢结构制造有限公司 The prefabricated window that wafts of a kind of Combined reinforced concrete
CN108316466A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-07-24 广东省建工设计院有限公司 A kind of prefabricated window member that floats, assembled float window joint structure and its construction method
CN108708452A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-10-26 广东省建工设计院有限公司 The U-shaped integral prefabricated window member that floats, assembled float window joint structure and its construction method
CN110284587A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-27 广西建工集团第五建筑工程有限责任公司 A kind of prefabricated window and connection joints of steel structure and the construction method of floaing of staggered floor

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001323583A (en) * 2000-05-15 2001-11-22 Mitsui Constr Co Ltd Wall surface panel body with bay window
CN204174731U (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-25 湖北弘顺钢结构制造有限公司 The prefabricated window that wafts of a kind of Combined reinforced concrete
CN108316466A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-07-24 广东省建工设计院有限公司 A kind of prefabricated window member that floats, assembled float window joint structure and its construction method
CN108708452A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-10-26 广东省建工设计院有限公司 The U-shaped integral prefabricated window member that floats, assembled float window joint structure and its construction method
CN110284587A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-27 广西建工集团第五建筑工程有限责任公司 A kind of prefabricated window and connection joints of steel structure and the construction method of floaing of staggered floor

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