CN113415189B - New energy automobile fills electric pile - Google Patents

New energy automobile fills electric pile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113415189B
CN113415189B CN202110735774.9A CN202110735774A CN113415189B CN 113415189 B CN113415189 B CN 113415189B CN 202110735774 A CN202110735774 A CN 202110735774A CN 113415189 B CN113415189 B CN 113415189B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arc
groove
winding
main body
protective cover
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CN202110735774.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113415189A (en
Inventor
李珊珊
陈子旋
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Suzhou Baoze New Energy Development Co ltd
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Suzhou Baoze New Energy Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110735774.9A priority Critical patent/CN113415189B/en
Publication of CN113415189A publication Critical patent/CN113415189A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B08B1/143
    • B08B1/20
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities
    • B08B5/023Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/18Cables specially adapted for charging electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans, mandrels or chucks
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans, mandrels or chucks specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans, mandrels or chucks specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H75/00Storing webs, tapes, or filamentary material, e.g. on reels
    • B65H75/02Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans, mandrels or chucks
    • B65H75/34Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans, mandrels or chucks specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables
    • B65H75/38Cores, formers, supports, or holders for coiled, wound, or folded material, e.g. reels, spindles, bobbins, cop tubes, cans, mandrels or chucks specially adapted or mounted for storing and repeatedly paying-out and re-storing lengths of material provided for particular purposes, e.g. anchored hoses, power cables involving the use of a core or former internal to, and supporting, a stored package of material
    • B65H75/44Constructional details
    • B65H75/48Automatic re-storing devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of new energy automobile accessories, in particular to a new energy automobile charging pile which comprises an automobile charging pile body, a display screen, a charging gun and a cable body. Through add roll-up mechanism one and roll-up mechanism two at the device, can carry out the roll-up to the cable main part of being connected with the rifle that charges and filling the electric pile main part, shield and protect, avoid the cable to arrange in a jumble and disorderly, further reduction causes the injury risk to the car or the car owner that come and often charge, for example trip or the emergence probability of electric shock accident that leaks, this car fills electric pile simple structure, high durability and convenient use, can improve the clean degree in the operation area that charges greatly, further avoid the risk simultaneously, improve the security of the operation of charging.

Description

New energy automobile fills electric pile
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of new energy automobile accessories, in particular to a new energy automobile charging pile.
Background
With the rapid development of economy and science, the problems of energy shortage, environmental pollution and the like are becoming more serious, and therefore, the development and utilization of new energy are more and more emphasized.
In recent years, as a green vehicle with a wide development prospect, the electric automobile has an extremely rapid popularization speed in the future, and the market prospect in the future is huge. At present, the application and development of new energy automobiles are actively promoted by the government of China, and the charging and replacing station is used as an important matching infrastructure necessary for developing the electric automobiles, so that the charging and replacing station has very important social benefits and economic benefits. The motion of building electric vehicle charging and replacing stations is developed nationwide.
In the process of implementing the invention, the inventor finds that at least the following problems in the prior art are not solved: the charging gun is connected with a charging wire, the extension area of the charging gun is increased by the long charging wire in the using process, and the charging ports at different positions on different vehicle types can be connected with the charging gun very smoothly. However, hang the rifle that charges after the use and fill electric pile on the back, long charging wire pulls at will near filling electric pile subaerially, especially for underground parking garage, has not only caused the disorderly chapter in the operation area that charges, and very easily produces drag friction with cement ground pulling the rifle cable in-process that charges for the cable is very easily damaged, and to underground parking garage environment, lighting conditions is not good moreover, and humidity is great, and the car or the car owner that come and often to charge cause the injury risk, for example trip, slip or electric shock accident of electric leakage.
Therefore, a new energy automobile charging pile is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a new energy automobile charging pile to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the charging pile for the new energy automobile comprises a charging pile main body, a display screen, a charging gun and a cable main body, wherein a first winding mechanism and a second winding mechanism are arranged on the outer surface of the rear end of the charging pile main body and are distributed in a vertically corresponding mode;
the first winding mechanism comprises a semicircular protective cover, a winding assembly, a driving plate, an arc-shaped groove, a ball, a guide rail, a guide post and a guide groove, a fixing piece is arranged on the rear end face of the semicircular protective cover and is connected with the charging pile main body through a fixing piece and a bolt, the driving plate is arranged on the lower side of the semicircular protective cover, the guide rail is arranged in the middle of the front end faces of the semicircular protective cover and the charging pile main body, the guide groove is vertically formed in the guide rail, the guide post is arranged at the upper end in the guide groove, the rear end of the guide post is fixed with the semicircular protective cover, the lower end of the guide rail is fixed with the front end face of the driving plate, the arc-shaped groove is formed in the upper end face of the driving plate, the ball is connected in an embedded manner in the arc-shaped groove, and the winding assembly is arranged between the semicircular protective cover and the driving plate;
the winding assembly comprises a winding barrel, a wire arranging groove, a fixing column, an installation cavity and a first coil spring, the installation cavity is formed in the winding barrel, the fixing column penetrates through the installation cavity, a bearing is sleeved between the connection positions of the winding barrel and the fixing column and is rotatably connected through the bearing, the front end of the fixing column is fixedly connected with the charging pile main body, the rear end of the fixing column is fixed with a semicircular protective cover, the first coil spring is wound on the outer surface of the fixing column, one end of the first coil spring is connected with the fixing column, the other end of the first coil spring is fixed with the inner wall of the installation cavity, the wire arranging groove is formed in the outer surface of the winding barrel, the cable main body extends to the interior of the first coil spring and the drive plate through the space between the semicircular protective cover and the drive plate and is wound in the wire arranging groove in the annular side face of the winding barrel, the drive plate is in an arc structural design and is not in contact with the semicircular protective cover and has the same radian, so that the first coil spring is combined into a complete circle, the semicircular protective cover and one side of the driving plate are both provided with an integrally formed arc-shaped piece, the arc-shaped pieces are arranged oppositely, and a cleaning assembly is arranged between the semicircular protective cover and the driving plate;
the pneumatic assembly comprises a U-shaped structure pressing plate fixedly connected to the lower end face of the driving plate, a silica gel air bag is arranged between the pressing plates, the first rolling mechanism and the second rolling mechanism are completely identical in structure, the driving plates of the first rolling mechanism and the second rolling mechanism are arranged adjacently, the U-shaped structure pressing plate is arranged between the two driving plates and is clamped in a staggered mode, and the silica gel air bag is located between the two driving plates;
preferably, the clearance subassembly includes gas nozzle, trachea, slider, the cotton body, spout, T type structure spout has been seted up to semicircle protective cover arc spare end, and the inside sliding connection of spout has the slider that matches with it, the fixed cotton body of slider internal surface splice, the slider is arc structural distribution, and it comprises high tenacity metal, drive plate up end arc wall is unanimous with its radian, and the arc wall extends to arc spare and serves the up end, and the embedded connection gas nozzle of arc spare end up end, the fixed trachea of terminal surface under the drive plate, and trachea one end is connected with gas nozzle, and the other end extends to the clamp plate inside and is connected with the silica gel gasbag.
Preferably, drive plate rear end face fixed connection has the displacement piece, and fills electric pile main part and set up the displacement groove with the guide block corresponding position, the displacement piece is located the displacement inslot, both sliding connection, the position and the guide post front end that the preceding terminal surface of guide rail is close to the lower extreme all are provided with the drag hook, hook drag hook spring between two drag hooks.
Preferably, a thread groove is formed in the upper end face of the arc-shaped part of the semicircular protective cover, a fluorescent agent box is arranged on the upper end face of the arc-shaped part of the semicircular protective cover, a liquid outlet of the thread end of the fluorescent agent box is fixedly connected with the thread groove in a threaded manner, a liquid outlet is formed in the corresponding position of the inner portion of the sliding block and the thread groove, and the upper end face of the cotton body extends to the inner portion of the thread groove through the liquid outlet.
Preferably, fixedly connected with outer sleeves are established to roll-up section of thick bamboo both sides, and the outer sleeve cup joints outside the fixed column, be provided with small-size pneumatic cylinder between outer sleeve and the fixed column, and the embedded connection of small-size pneumatic cylinder is inside the fixed column, and its upper end fixedly connected with arc stop piece.
Preferably, the outer surface of a fixing column positioned in the installation cavity is fixedly connected with a circular electrode disc, the upper side of the inner surface of the installation cavity is fixedly connected with a plate electrode, the plate electrode is in contact with the electrode disc all the time, the plate electrode is electrically connected with the electrode disc, one end of a cable main body wound on the outer surface of the winding and winding barrel is connected with the plate electrode, an insulating plate is sleeved and fixed between the electrode disc and the first coil spring, and the winding barrel, the fixing column and the insulating plate are all made of ceramic materials.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the cable main body connected with the charging gun and the charging pile main body can be wound, shielded and protected by adding the first winding mechanism and the second winding mechanism, so that the disordered arrangement of cables is avoided, the injury risk caused by automobiles or automobile owners which often charge the vehicles or the vehicles is further reduced, such as the occurrence probability of tripping or leakage electric shock accidents, the automobile charging pile is simple in structure and convenient to use, the cleanliness of a charging operation area can be greatly improved, the risk is further avoided, and the safety of charging operation is improved;
2. the pneumatic component is added into the device, and the pneumatic component is matched with the first furling mechanism and the second furling mechanism in the use process, so that a user can increase the number of turns of a cable wound on the surface of the furling component in the furling process of the cable main body through the furling mechanism after using the device, the whole diameter gradually expands towards the direction, the extrusion driving plate extrudes the silica gel air bag between the two pressing plates by utilizing the relative staggered clamping of the pressing plates, and then compressed gas is further conveyed to the gas nozzle at the end of the arc-shaped part through the air pipe, so that the dust is blown to the surface of the cable main body in the furling process, and the pneumatic component is matched with the cotton body on the upper side to wipe, so that the cleanness of the surface of the cable main body is improved, the external pollution is reduced, and the service life of the cable main body is prolonged;
3. through adding the fluorescent agent box in the clearance subassembly, its cooperation pneumatic component cleans the cable main part and blows the surperficial dust in-process and can further adsorb the fluorescent agent through the cotton body, utilize the cable main part to drag and accomodate the displacement of in-process, to its surface coating fluorescent agent, and then use in the not good places of lighting environment such as dim underground garage, effectual warning past vehicle and pedestrian's cable main part position, reduce the probability of touching or stumbling the pedestrian, reduce dangerous emergence probability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is an overall structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a rear view of the charging pile body of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken at A-A of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the retraction assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a combined view of the drive plate and pressure plate of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the drive plate and pressure plate of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view at C-C of fig. 2 of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view at B-B of fig. 4 of the present invention.
Description of the reference numerals:
1. a charging pile main body; 11. a display screen; 12. a charging gun; 13. a fixing member; 2. a cable body; 3. a first winding mechanism; 4. a second winding mechanism; 5. a pneumatic assembly; 6. cleaning the assembly; 7. a fluorescent agent box; 71; a thread groove;
31. a semicircular protective cover; 32. a furling assembly; 33. a drive plate; 331. a displacement block; 332. a displacement slot; 333. an arc-shaped slot; 334. a ball bearing;
34. a guide rail; 341. a guide post; 342. a guide groove;
321. a winding drum; 322. arranging wire grooves; 323. fixing a column; 324. a mounting cavity; 325. a first coil spring; 326. an outer sleeve; 327. a small hydraulic cylinder;
51. a silica gel air bag; 52. pressing a plate;
61. a gas shower; 62. an air tube; 63. a slider; 64. a cotton body; 65. a chute;
8. an electrode disk; 81. an insulating plate; 82. and an electrode plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a new energy automobile charging pile comprises a charging pile main body 1, a display screen 11, a charging gun 12 and a cable main body 2, wherein the automobile charging pile is composed of a first winding mechanism 3 and a second winding mechanism 4 which are distributed in a vertically corresponding mode, a pneumatic assembly 5 is arranged between the first winding mechanism 3 and the second winding mechanism 4, the charging gun 12 is arranged on each of two sides of the charging pile main body 1, the cable main body 2 is arranged on each of the two sides of the charging gun 12 in a corresponding mode, and the rear ends of the cable main bodies 2 on the two sides are connected and fixed with the charging pile main body 1 through the first winding mechanism 3 and the second winding mechanism 4 respectively;
the first winding mechanism 3 comprises a semicircular protective cover 31, a winding assembly 32, a driving plate 33, an arc-shaped groove 333, a ball 334, a guide rail 34, a guide post 341 and a guide groove 342, the rear end face of the semicircular protective cover 31 is provided with a fixing piece 13, the semicircular protective cover is connected with the charging pile main body 1 through the fixing piece 13 and a bolt, the driving plate 33 is arranged on the lower side of the semicircular protective cover 31, the guide rail 34 is arranged in the middle of the front end faces of the semicircular protective cover 31 and the front end faces of the semicircular protective cover and the charging pile main body, the guide groove 342 is vertically formed in the guide rail 34, the guide post 341 is arranged at the upper end in the guide groove 342, the rear end of the guide post 341 is fixed with the semicircular protective cover 31, the lower end of the guide rail 34 is fixed with the front end face of the driving plate 33, the arc-shaped groove 333 is formed in the upper end face of the driving plate 33, the ball 334 is connected with the ball 334 in an embedded manner in the arc-shaped groove 333, the winding assembly 32 is arranged between the semicircular protective cover 31 and the driving plate 33, the ball 334 is used for preventing the cable main body 2 from directly contacting with the driving plate 33 from being greatly abraded by self-rotating, the cable main body 2 in the furled state can be guided by cooperating with the arc-shaped groove 333;
the winding assembly 32 comprises a winding barrel 321, a wire arrangement groove 322, a fixed column 323, an installation cavity 324 and a first coil spring 325, the installation cavity 324 is formed in the winding barrel 321, the fixed column 323 is arranged in the installation cavity 324 in a penetrating manner, a bearing is sleeved between the connection positions where the winding barrel 321 and the fixed column 323 penetrate and is connected in a rotating manner through the bearing, the front end of the fixed column 323 is fixedly connected with the charging pile main body 1, the rear end of the fixed column 323 is fixed with the semicircular protective cover 31, the first coil spring 325 is wound on the outer surface of the fixed column 323, one end of the first coil spring 325 is connected with the fixed column 323, the other end of the first coil spring is fixed with the inner wall of the installation cavity 324, the wire arrangement groove 322 is formed in the outer surface of the winding barrel 321, the cable main body 2 extends to the interior of the first coil spring and the second coil spring through the semicircular protective cover 31 and the driving plate 33 and is wound in the wire arrangement groove 322 on the annular side surface of the winding barrel 321, and the driving plate 33 is designed in an arc structure, the arc-shaped parts are not in contact with the semicircular protective cover 31, have the same radian and are combined into a complete circle, the integrally formed arc-shaped parts are arranged on one sides of the semicircular protective cover 31 and the drive plate 33 and are arranged oppositely, and a cleaning assembly 6 is arranged between the semicircular protective cover 31 and the drive plate;
the pneumatic assembly 5 comprises a U-shaped structure pressing plate 52 fixedly connected to the lower end face of the driving plate 33, a silica gel air bag 51 is arranged between the pressing plates 52, the first furling mechanism 3 and the second furling mechanism 4 are completely identical in structure, the driving plates 33 are arranged adjacently, the U-shaped structure pressing plate 52 is arranged between the two driving plates 33 and clamped in a staggered mode, and the silica gel air bag 51 is located between the two driving plates;
as an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 7, the cleaning assembly 6 includes a gas nozzle 61, a gas pipe 62, a sliding block 63, a cotton body 64, and a sliding groove 65, the arc end of the semicircular protecting cover 31 is provided with a T-shaped sliding groove 65, the sliding groove 65 is connected with the sliding block 63 matching with the sliding groove 65 in a sliding manner, the cotton body 64 is fixed to the inner surface of the sliding block 63 in a glued manner, the sliding block 63 is distributed in an arc structure and is made of high-toughness metal, the arc groove 333 of the upper end surface of the driving plate 33 is consistent with the radian of the arc groove, the arc groove 333 extends to the upper end surface of the arc end, the upper end surface of the arc end is connected with the gas nozzle 61 in an embedded manner, the gas pipe 62 is fixed to the lower end surface of the driving plate 33, one end of the gas pipe 62 is connected with the gas nozzle 61, and the other end extends to the inside of the pressing plate 52 and is connected with the silica gel airbag 51.
When the charging gun 12 works, after the charging gun 12 is used, under the reverse deformation action of the first coil spring 325, the winding barrel 321 is driven to rotate on the surface of the fixed column 323 and wind the cable main body 2, in the winding process, the driving plate 33 extrudes the driving plate 33 along with the increase of the number of turns of the cable main body 2 to force the cable main body to move downwards, the silica gel air bag 51 between the winding mechanism 3 and the winding mechanism 4 is extruded by the U-shaped structure pressing plate 52 which is in relative dislocation clamping with each other, the gas in the silica gel air bag 51 is compressed and is conveyed to the gas nozzle 61 through the air pipe 62, the surface of the cable main body 2 which moves in the winding process is blown, the dust adhesion possibly existing on the surface is removed, meanwhile, the sliding block 63 made of high-toughness metal material and the cotton body 64 are matched to further wipe the surface of the cable main body 2 which passes through, the probability of pollutant adhesion is reduced, the sliding block 63 made of the semicircular strip structure and the cotton body 64 are matched to provide the cleaning action of the gas nozzle 61, simultaneously can carry on spacingly and the direction to the roll-up or the displacement that extends the in-process cable, make the better roll-up work to cable main part 2 of accomplishing of cooperation roll-up section of thick bamboo 321 and reason wire casing 322, high tenacity metal material's slider 63 possesses elastic deformation ability simultaneously, can cooperate cable main part 2 to pull the angle change of roll-up in-process and take place slight deformation, avoid here too big stress friction damage cable main part 2, and through slider 63 deformation by spout 65 both ends opening part grafting slip fixed with spout 65 inside, utilize elastic deformation to support to fixed, also be convenient for follow-up installation, dismantle and change.
As an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 3, a displacement block 331 is fixedly connected to a rear end surface of the driving plate 33, a displacement groove 332 is formed in a position of the charging pile body 1 corresponding to the guide block, the displacement block 331 is located in the displacement groove 332, the displacement block and the guide column 341 are slidably connected, a position of the front end surface of the guide rail 34 close to the lower end and a front end of the guide column 341 are both provided with a draw hook, and a draw hook spring is hooked between the two draw hooks.
During operation, along with the 2 number of turns of cable main part 2 of winding barrel 321 surface winding gradually reduce, its diameter can reduce gradually with the barrel 321 is common, consequently, the drive plate 33 of hugging closely the 2 peripheral number of turns of cable main part cooperates displacement groove 332 and displacement piece 331 under the guide rail 34, guide way 342, the guide effect of guide post 341, utilize hook and drive plate 33 downside and the drag hook spring of fixed column 323 rear end, elastic shrinkage forces drive plate 33 upwards guiding nature displacement, the drag hook spring passes through necessary power source for the upwards displacement of drive plate 33, and it installs through the mode of hook, convenient to use person changes the maintenance according to concrete installation condition.
As an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 7, a thread groove 71 is formed on an upper end surface of an arc-shaped member of the semicircular protecting cover 31, a fluorescent agent box 7 is disposed on the upper end surface, a liquid outlet at the thread end of the fluorescent agent box 7 is fixedly connected with the thread groove 71 by a thread, a liquid outlet is formed in a position corresponding to the thread groove 71 inside the sliding block 63, and an upper end surface of the cotton body 64 extends into the thread groove 71 through the liquid outlet.
The during operation, the installation of fluorescence box 7 is used, its slider 63 and the cotton body 64 in mainly coordinating clearance subassembly 6, soak the inside fluorescent agent of box body through cotton body 64 absorption, and drag displacement in-process at the inside cable main part 2 of cotton body 64 and wipe its surface and cooperate gas shower nozzle 61 to blow supplementary drying as early as possible, make and use in the not good environment of lighting conditions, can effectual warning past vehicle and pedestrian, remind its cable main part 2 position, the potential safety hazard is reduced, and it passes through thread groove 71 threaded connection, convenient to detach changes.
As an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 8, an outer sleeve 326 is fixedly connected to two sides of the retraction cylinder 321, the outer sleeve 326 is sleeved outside the fixed column 323, a small hydraulic cylinder 327 is disposed between the outer sleeve 326 and the fixed column 323, the small hydraulic cylinder 327 is connected to the inside of the fixed column 323 in an embedded manner, and an arc-shaped stopping piece is fixedly connected to an upper end of the small hydraulic cylinder 327.
When the electric vehicle winding device works, when a user pulls a cable, the outer sleeve 326 rotates on the outer surface of the fixed column 323 in the rotation process of the winding drum 321, after the user pulls the cable main body 2 for a certain length, the charging gun 12 connected with the cable main body 2 is connected with a charging interface of an automobile, the control system in the charging pile main body 1 controls the small hydraulic cylinder 327 to operate at the moment, the charging gun 12 and the cable main body are controlled to supply power, the output end of the small hydraulic cylinder 327 is ejected upwards at the moment, the arc-shaped stopping piece is forced to be contacted and abutted with the inner ring side surface of the outer sleeve 326, so that the rotation angle and the state of the winding drum 321 in a pre-tightening state are limited and locked, the situation that the charging interface of the charging gun 12 and the electric vehicle is pulled by the pre-tightening of the coil spring 325 to be separated from damage is avoided, after the charging, the output end of the small hydraulic cylinder 327 is controlled to move downwards, and the arc-shaped stopping piece is separated from the inner wall of the outer sleeve 326, at this time, the furling assembly 32 normally operates to furl, and it is worth noting that the diameter of the cable main body 2 is small, and the coil spring i 325 used for furling the cable main body 2 is matched with the furling assembly 32, so the pretightening force of the coil spring i 325 in the pulling state is equivalent to the pulling force of a normal adult, and the actual operation of a user is not influenced by the process.
As an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 4, the outer surface of the fixing column 323 located inside the installation cavity 324 is fixedly connected with the circular electrode disk 8, the upper side of the inner surface of the installation cavity 324 is fixedly connected with the electrode plate 82, the electrode plate 82 and the electrode disk 8 are always in contact and electrically connected, one end of the cable main body 2 wound around the outer surface of the winding cylinder 321 is connected with the electrode plate 82, the insulating plate 81 is sleeved and fixed between the electrode disk 8 and the first coil spring 325, and the winding cylinder 321, the fixing column 323 and the insulating plate 81 are all made of ceramic materials.
During operation, the electrode plate 82 on the inner surface of the winding drum 321 always rotates together with the winding drum 321 and is always in contact with the electrode disc 8 and electrically connected with the electrode disc in the state of winding and unwinding the cable main body 2, so that the cable main body 2 and the charging gun 12 are electrically conductive and guaranteed, and the internal ceramic material aims at ensuring insulation at the position, reducing the occurrence probability of electric leakage and reducing potential safety hazards.
The working principle is as follows:
when the charging gun 12 is held by hand to pull the cable main body 2, the winding drum 321 of the winding and protecting cover internal winding assembly 32 rotates at the moment, the cable main body 2 is extended, the winding drum 321 rotates on the outer surface of the fixed column 323 in the process, the coil spring 325 in the winding drum is deformed, contracted and pre-tightened, the diameter of the winding drum 321 and the diameter of the winding drum 321 are gradually reduced along with the gradual reduction of the number of turns of the cable main body 2 wound on the outer surface of the winding drum 321, therefore, the driving plate 33 tightly attached to the peripheral turns of the cable main body 2 is matched with the displacement groove 332 and the displacement block 331 under the guiding action of the guide rail 34, the guide groove 342 and the guide column 341, the driving plate 33 is elastically contracted by utilizing the hook spring hooked on the lower side of the driving plate 33 and the rear end of the fixed column 323, the driving plate 33 is forced to upwards guide displacement, the U-shaped structure pressing plate 52 fixed with the driving plate 33 is displaced at the moment, and the silica gel air bag 51 in the pressing plate 52 is recovered at the moment, it is worth noting that, a one-way air valve is embedded in one side of the silica gel air bag 51 and connected seamlessly, at this time, the air inside the silica gel air bag 51 is matched with the silica gel air bag 51 through the one-way air valve to elastically recover and supplement the air, after the charging gun 12 is used, under the reverse deformation action of the first coil spring 325, the winding barrel 321 is driven to rotate and wind the cable main body 2, in the winding process, the driving plate 33 forces the cable main body 2 to move downwards along with the increase of the number of turns of the cable main body and utilizes the pressing plate 52 to extrude the silica gel air bag 51, the air inside the silica gel air bag 51 is compressed and conveyed to the air nozzle 61 through the air pipe 62, the surface of the cable main body 2 which moves in the winding process is blown to remove the dust adhesion which may exist on the surface, the driving plate 33 is applied to enable the cable main body 2 to be always contacted with the surface of the winding barrel or the winding and the extension along with the change of the cable main body 2, and the winding barrel 321 can assist the winding and smooth in the winding process, the guide displacement of the driving plate 33 can be better assisted and the friction between the driving plate 33 and the cleaning assembly 6 related to furling can be effectively cleaned by utilizing the arc-shaped end of the driving plate 33, the arc-shaped groove 333 and the ball 334 in the body of the driving plate 33;
by adding the first winding mechanism 3 and the second winding mechanism 4 to the device, the cable main body 2 connected with the charging gun 12 and the charging pile main body 1 can be wound, shielded and protected, the disordered arrangement of cables is avoided, and the injury risk caused by the automobile or the automobile owner who often charges the vehicle or the automobile owner, such as the occurrence probability of tripping or electric shock accidents caused by electric leakage, is further reduced, so that the automobile charging pile is simple in structure and convenient to use, the cleanliness of a charging operation area can be greatly improved, the risk is further avoided, and the safety of charging operation is improved; by adding the pneumatic component 5 in the device, the winding mechanism I3 and the winding mechanism II 4 are matched in the use process, so that after the use of a user is finished, the number of turns of a cable wound on the surface of the winding component 32 is increased in the process of winding the cable main body 2 by the winding mechanism, the whole diameter is gradually expanded towards the direction, the extrusion driving plate 33 extrudes the silica gel air bag 51 positioned between the two pressing plates 52 by utilizing the relative staggered clamping of the pressing plates 52, and then the compressed gas is further conveyed to the gas nozzle 61 at the end of the arc-shaped part through the gas pipe 62, so that the surface of the cable main body 2 in the winding process is blown and dedusted, and the pneumatic component is matched with the upper side cotton body 64 to wipe, the surface cleanness of the cable main body 2 is improved, the external pollution is reduced, and the service life of the cable main body 2 is prolonged; through adding fluorescent agent box 7 in clearance subassembly 6, its cooperation pneumatic component 5 is wiping to cable main part 2 and is blowing the surperficial dust in-process and can further adsorb the fluorescent agent through cotton 64, utilize cable main part 2 to drag and accomodate the displacement of in-process, to its surface coating fluorescent agent, and then use in the not good places of lighting environment such as dim underground garage, effectual warning past vehicle and the 2 position of pedestrian cable main part, reduce the probability that touches or trip the pedestrian, reduce dangerous probability of taking place.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; and the modifications or the substitutions do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions depart from the scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a new energy automobile fills electric pile, fills electric pile including the car that fills electric pile main part (1), display screen (11), rifle (12) and cable main part (2) four constitutions that charge, its characterized in that: the charging pile comprises a charging pile main body (1), a winding mechanism I (3) and a winding mechanism II (4) are arranged on the outer surface of the rear end of the charging pile main body (1) and are distributed up and down correspondingly, a pneumatic component (5) is arranged between the winding mechanism I (3) and the winding mechanism II (4), charging guns (12) are respectively arranged on two sides of the charging pile main body (1), cable main bodies (2) are respectively arranged on the two sides of the charging guns (12) correspondingly, and the rear ends of the cable main bodies (2) on the two sides are respectively connected and fixed with the charging pile main body (1) through the winding mechanism I (3) and the winding mechanism II (4);
the first winding mechanism (3) comprises a semicircular protective cover (31), a winding assembly (32), a driving plate (33), an arc-shaped groove (333), a ball (334), a guide rail (34), a guide post (341) and a guide groove (342), a fixing piece (13) is arranged on the rear end face of the semicircular protective cover (31) and is connected with the charging pile main body (1) through the fixing piece (13) and a bolt, the driving plate (33) is arranged on the lower side of the semicircular protective cover (31), the guide rail (34) is arranged in the middle of the front end faces of the semicircular protective cover and the guide post (341), the guide groove (342) is vertically formed in the guide rail (34), the guide post (341) is arranged at the upper end in the guide groove (342), the rear end of the guide post (341) is fixed with the semicircular protective cover (31), the lower end of the guide rail (34) is fixed with the front end face of the driving plate (33), the arc-shaped groove (333) is formed in the upper end face of the driving plate (33), a rolling ball (334) is embedded and connected in the arc-shaped groove (333), and a furling assembly (32) is arranged between the semicircular protective cover (31) and the driving plate (33);
the winding assembly (32) comprises a winding barrel (321), a wire arranging groove (322), a fixing column (323), an installation cavity (324) and a first coil spring (325), the installation cavity (324) is formed in the winding barrel (321), the fixing column (323) penetrates through the installation cavity (324), a bearing is sleeved between the penetrating connection positions of the winding barrel (321) and the fixing column (323) and is connected in a rotating mode through the bearing, the front end of the fixing column (323) is fixedly connected with the charging pile main body (1), the rear end of the fixing column (323) is fixed with the semicircular protective cover (31), the first coil spring (325) is wound on the outer surface of the fixing column (323), one end of the first coil spring (325) is connected with the fixing column (323), the other end of the fixing column (324) is fixed with the inner wall of the installation cavity (324), the wire arranging groove (322) is formed in the outer surface of the winding barrel (321), the cable main body (2) extends to the inner portion of the winding barrel (321) through the protective cover (31) and the driving plate (33), and is wound inside the semicircular cable main body (2) and is wound on the annular side face of the winding barrel (321) In the wire arranging groove (322), the driving plate (33) is in an arc structural design, is not in contact with the semi-circle protective cover (31) and has the same radian, and is combined into a complete circle, arc pieces which are integrally formed are arranged on one sides of the semi-circle protective cover (31) and the driving plate (33) and are arranged oppositely, and a cleaning assembly (6) is arranged between the arc pieces;
pneumatic component (5) include U type structure clamp plate (52) of terminal surface under drive plate (33), and set up silica gel gasbag (51) between clamp plate (52), roll-up mechanism (3) are the same with roll-up mechanism two (4) structures completely, and its both drive plate (33) adjacent settings, two all set up U type structure clamp plate (52) between drive plate (33), and both dislocation block, silica gel gasbag (51) are located between the two.
2. The new energy automobile charging pile according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cleaning component (6) comprises an air nozzle (61), an air pipe (62), a sliding block (63), a cotton body (64) and a sliding groove (65), the arc-shaped end of the semicircular protective cover (31) is provided with a T-shaped structure sliding groove (65), and a sliding block (63) matched with the sliding groove (65) is connected in a sliding way inside the sliding groove (65), the cotton body (64) is fixed on the inner surface of the sliding block (63) in an adhesive joint way, the sliding block (63) is distributed in an arc-shaped structure, and is made of high-toughness metal, the arc-shaped groove (333) on the upper end surface of the driving plate (33) is consistent with the radian of the driving plate, the arc-shaped groove (333) extends to the upper end face of the arc-shaped part end, the upper end face of the arc-shaped part end is connected with the gas nozzle (61) in an embedded manner, the lower end face of the driving plate (33) is fixed with the gas pipe (62), and one end of the air pipe (62) is connected with the gas nozzle (61), and the other end of the air pipe extends to the inside of the pressure plate (52) and is connected with the silica gel air bag (51).
3. The new energy automobile charging pile according to claim 1, characterized in that: drive plate (33) rear end face fixed connection has displacement piece (331), and fills electric pile main part (1) and set up displacement groove (332) with the guide block corresponding position, displacement piece (331) are located displacement groove (332), both sliding connection, the position that the preceding terminal surface of guide rail (34) is close to the lower extreme and guide post (341) front end all are provided with the drag hook, hook drag hook spring between two drag hooks.
4. The new energy automobile charging pile according to claim 2, characterized in that: thread groove (71) are seted up to semicircle protective cover (31) arc end up end, and its up end sets up fluorescent agent box (7), fluorescent agent box (7) screw thread end liquid outlet and thread groove (71) threaded connection are fixed, the liquid outlet is seted up with thread groove (71) corresponding position in slider (63) inside, cotton body (64) up end extends to inside thread groove (71) through the liquid outlet.
5. The new energy automobile charging pile according to claim 1, characterized in that: fixedly connected with outer sleeves (326) are arranged on two sides of the winding cylinder (321), the outer sleeves (326) are sleeved outside the fixed columns (323), small hydraulic cylinders (327) are arranged between the outer sleeves (326) and the fixed columns (323), the small hydraulic cylinders (327) are connected inside the fixed columns (323) in an embedded mode, and the upper ends of the small hydraulic cylinders (327) are fixedly connected with arc-shaped stopping pieces.
6. The new energy automobile charging pile according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer surface of a fixing column (323) inside the installation cavity (324) is fixedly connected with the circular electrode disc (8), the upper side of the inner surface of the installation cavity (324) is fixedly connected with the electrode plate (82), the electrode plate (82) is always in contact with the electrode disc (8), the electrode plate is electrically connected with the electrode disc, one end of a cable main body (2) wound on the outer surface of the winding drum (321) is connected with the electrode plate (82), a fixed insulating plate (81) is sleeved between the electrode disc (8) and a first coil spring (325), and the winding drum (321), the fixing column (323) and the insulating plate (81) are all made of ceramic materials.
CN202110735774.9A 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 New energy automobile fills electric pile Active CN113415189B (en)

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