CN113413964A - Ultramicro grinding machine and grinding method for sesame paste production - Google Patents

Ultramicro grinding machine and grinding method for sesame paste production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113413964A
CN113413964A CN202110732797.4A CN202110732797A CN113413964A CN 113413964 A CN113413964 A CN 113413964A CN 202110732797 A CN202110732797 A CN 202110732797A CN 113413964 A CN113413964 A CN 113413964A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grinding
grinding disc
sesame
disc
sesame paste
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Pending
Application number
CN202110732797.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金日生
施梦娇
孙汉巨
袁传勋
何述栋
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Hefei University of Technology
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Hefei University of Technology
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Priority to CN202110732797.4A priority Critical patent/CN113413964A/en
Publication of CN113413964A publication Critical patent/CN113413964A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/02Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills with coaxial discs
    • B02C7/08Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills with coaxial discs with vertical axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/11Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/11Details
    • B02C7/12Shape or construction of discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C7/00Crushing or disintegrating by disc mills
    • B02C7/11Details
    • B02C7/16Driving mechanisms

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of sesame paste production, and particularly discloses an ultramicro grinding machine and a grinding method for sesame paste production, wherein the ultramicro grinding machine comprises an upper grinding disc, a lower grinding disc, a material receiving groove and a material bin, the lower grinding disc is arranged in the material receiving groove, the upper grinding disc is arranged on the upper surface of the lower grinding disc, a material discharging hole is formed in the upper grinding disc, the material bin is arranged right above the material discharging hole, the lower end of the material bin is connected with a material discharging pipe inserted into the material discharging hole, a rotating rod extending out of the upper surface of the material bin is arranged in the material discharging pipe, the lower end of the rotating rod is connected with a spiral blade, the top end of the rotating rod is connected with a gear, an arc strip with a tooth surface on the inner side surface is fixedly arranged above the upper grinding disc, and the tooth surface on the arc strip is partially overlapped with the outer end part of a circular path when the gear rotates along with the upper grinding disc; the quantitative blanking mechanism in the grinder disclosed by the invention is novel in structural design thought and simple in structure, effectively solves the problem that the conventional grinding disc type grinder cannot effectively control the quantitative blanking of sesame, and effectively ensures the quality of sesame paste prepared by grinding.

Description

Ultramicro grinding machine and grinding method for sesame paste production
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sesame paste production, and particularly discloses an ultramicro grinder and a grinding method for sesame paste production.
Background
Sesame paste is a common seasoning in daily life, and is popular among people. The sesame paste is prepared by grinding through a grinding machine, the conventional sesame paste grinding machine is of a traditional grinding disc type and a rubber roller grinding type, heat generated when sesame is ground through the rubber roller grinding type grinding machine cannot be rapidly dissipated, the taste of the prepared sesame paste is greatly influenced, and the influence of the height of the ground sesame paste on the taste of the sesame paste can be avoided only by reasonably controlling the rotating speed of the traditional grinding disc type grinding machine.
For example, the utility model with application number 2011203355712 discloses a sesame grinding device, which comprises a lower grinding disc and an upper grinding disc superposed on the lower grinding disc, wherein the upper grinding disc is provided with a leakage hole for sesame to leak into the top surface of the lower grinding disc, and is connected with a first power device, and the device also comprises a second power device with the rotation direction opposite to that of the first power device, and the second power device is connected with the lower grinding disc; the utility model discloses a sesame grinder is mill machine for the mill formula of traditional formula, and it is though through setting up a reverse power device on the abrasive disc under and accelerate relative rotational speed between the abrasive disc about in order to reach the grinding efficiency who improves the sesame, but in actual sesame paste production grinding process, relative rotational speed between the upper and lower abrasive disc should not be too fast, temperature when just can the effective control sesame grind within reasonable rotational speed should be guaranteed, reaches the effect of guaranteeing the sesame paste taste. Still need the unloading volume of effective control sesame simultaneously under the circumstances of the reasonable rotational speed of control grinding disk, but current mill formula is ground the machine and is all directly with the fixed top that sets up at last grinding disk of hopper, then be connected the pan feeding hole of seting up on the feed opening of hopper and the last mill, sesame raw materials in the pan feeding hole is in the state of filling up all the time in the grinding process, the sesame volume of adding is all too much promptly in the grinding process, and too much sesame can't obtain the intensive grinding, make the sesame sauce of preparation inhomogeneous, the middle sesame fragment that easily presss from both sides miscellaneous not complete grinding. Therefore, aiming at the defect that the prior millstone type can not grind high-quality sesame paste, the superfine grinder which can effectively control the grinding rotating speed and quantitatively input sesame raw materials is provided to solve the defect of the prior millstone type grinder.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an ultra-micro grinder which can effectively control the grinding speed and quantitatively input sesame raw materials and a method for grinding sesame paste by using the ultra-micro grinder, aiming at the defect that the conventional grinding plate type cannot grind high-quality sesame paste.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
an ultramicro grinder for sesame paste production comprises an upper grinding disc, a lower grinding disc, a material receiving groove, a material bin and a control panel, the lower grinding disc is fixedly arranged in the material receiving groove, the upper grinding disc is rotatably arranged on the upper surface of the lower grinding disc, the receiving groove is provided with a discharge hole, the upper grinding disc is provided with a discharging hole, the stock bin is fixedly arranged right above the discharging hole, the lower end of the feed bin is connected with a feed pipe inserted into the feed hole, the feed pipe is internally provided with a rotating rod extending out of the upper surface of the feed bin, the rotating rod positioned in the feed pipe is connected with a spiral blade, the top end of the rotating rod is connected with a gear, an arc-shaped strip is fixedly arranged above the upper grinding disc, the inner side surface of the arc-shaped strip is provided with a tooth surface, and the tooth surface on the arc-shaped strip is partially overlapped with the outer end part of a circular path when the gear rotates along with the upper grinding disc.
As a further arrangement of the above scheme, a truncated cone-shaped groove is formed in the lower surface of the upper grinding disc, the lower end of the blanking hole is communicated with the circumferential wall of the groove, the upper surface of the lower grinding disc is connected with a grinding block matched with the groove, coarse grinding grains are arranged on the circumferential wall of the groove and the outer circumferential surface of the grinding block, and fine grinding grains are arranged on the lower surface of the upper grinding disc outside the groove and the upper surface of the lower grinding disc outside the grinding block; the above-mentioned institutional advancement made to last abrasive disc for the sesame raw materials can carry out preliminary broken grinding through the corase grind line on the arc inclined plane earlier when getting into between the last abrasive disc, then is carried out superfine grinding by the fine grind line, and because the corase grind line slope sets up can prevent to take place to the condition that the fine grind line department flows because of the raw materials after the rotational speed leads to the breakage slower when broken grinding.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the grinding machine further comprises a base connected with the lower surface of the material receiving groove, a motor is arranged on the upper surface of the outer end of the base, a driving belt wheel is connected to the end part of an output shaft of the motor, which extends into the base, a rotating shaft is connected to the circle center of the lower surface of the upper grinding disc, a through hole capable of penetrating through the rotating shaft is formed in the circle center of the lower grinding disc, the rotating shaft penetrates through the through hole, the material receiving groove and the lower end of the upper surface of the base and is connected with a driven belt wheel, and a conveying belt is connected between the driven belt wheel and the driving belt wheel; the rotating shaft, the motor, the belt wheel and the conveying belt form a power device for driving the upper grinding disc, but the power device for driving the upper grinding disc is not limited to the structural arrangement.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the outer side surface of the arc-shaped strip is connected with an L-shaped connecting rod, and the lower end of the L-shaped connecting rod is fixedly connected with the outer surface of the material receiving groove; the arc-shaped strip can be fixed above the upper grinding disk without contacting the upper grinding disk through the connection effect of the L-shaped connecting rod.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, a vertically downward connecting strip is connected to the outer circular surface of the upper grinding disc, and the lower end of the connecting strip is connected with an arc-shaped scraper attached to the outer circular surface of the lower grinding disc; the design of the arc scraping plate can rotate along with the upper grinding disc, so that sesame paste flowing out of a grinding gap is scraped and falls into a material receiving groove in the rotating process, and the whole grinding machine is cleaner and tidier in the grinding process.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the device further comprises an alarm device and a material level sensor arranged in the storage bin, wherein the alarm device and the material level sensor are electrically connected with the control panel; through setting up level sensor in the feed bin inside, can send the warning in vision or the sense of hearing through alarm device when sesame in the feed bin consumes totally soon, remind the operation personnel in time to supply the raw materials.
A grinding method using the superfine grinding machine comprises the following steps:
1) pretreatment before grinding: washing sesame to remove impurities, fishing out after washing, putting into a frying pan, frying, fishing out after the surface turns yellow, and cooling to normal temperature;
2) grinding: putting the fried sesame into a bin of an ultramicro grinding machine, feeding 30-40 g of the sesame when an upper grinding disc rotates for one circle by predesigned parameters of a gear, an arc-shaped strip and a spiral blade, and controlling the upper grinding disc to grind at a low speed at a rotating speed of 22-26 r/min through a control panel;
3) collecting and packaging sesame paste: sesame paste flowing out of the grinding gap between the upper grinding disc and the lower grinding disc flows into the material receiving groove, and then is discharged into a filling bottle along a discharge port on the material receiving groove for sealing and packaging.
Preferably, the temperature of sesame frying in the step 1 is controlled to be 120-160 ℃.
Has the advantages that:
1) the invention discloses an ultramicro grinder for sesame paste production, wherein an arc strip with a tooth surface on the inner side is fixedly arranged above an upper grinding disc, a rotating rod with a spiral blade connected at the lower end and a gear connected at the upper end is arranged in a stock bin, and when the stock bin does planetary motion along with the upper grinding disc, the gear at the upper end of the rotating rod is meshed with the tooth surface on the arc strip, so that the rotating rod and the spiral blade at the lower end are driven to rotate, and the effect of quantitative blanking can be realized by rotating the spiral blade at a fixed angle when the upper grinding disc rotates for one circle; the structure design thought of quantitative unloading mechanism is novel, simple structure among whole disc grinder, and it has effectively solved the problem that current disc grinder can't effective control sesame raw materials ration unloading, has effectively guaranteed to grind the sesame paste quality of preparation.
2) The invention discloses an ultramicro grinding machine which is used for improving the grinding surfaces of an upper grinding disc and a lower grinding disc, wherein the lower surface of the upper grinding disc is provided with a truncated cone-shaped groove, the upper surface of the lower grinding disc is connected with a truncated cone-shaped grinding lug matched with the groove, the circumferential surfaces of the groove and the grinding lug are provided with coarse grinding grains, and fine grinding grains are arranged outside the coarse grinding grains.
3) The invention also discloses a grinding method based on the ultramicro grinder, when the ultramicro grinder is used, the upper grinding disc is reasonably controlled to grind at a low rotating speed, and parameters of the gear, the arc-shaped strip and the spiral blade are designed to control the blanking amount in the storage bin after the upper grinding disc rotates for one circle, so that the whole grinding process not only ensures the influence of high temperature on the taste of the sesame paste in the grinding process, but also ensures the grinding effect by reasonably controlling the input amount of the sesame, and the quality of the prepared sesame paste is better.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a first-angle perspective structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a second-angle three-dimensional structure according to the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a perspective half sectional view of the upper and lower abrasive disks of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the inner plane structure of the machine base, the upper and lower grinding disks, etc. of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the internal plan structure of the silo of the invention.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure at a in fig. 1 according to the present invention.
The automatic grinding machine comprises a base 1, a material receiving groove 2, a material discharging opening 201, a material discharging hopper 202, a material discharging hopper 3, a lower grinding disc 301, a grinding lug 302, a through hole 4, an upper grinding disc 401, a groove 402, a material discharging hole 402, a material storage bin 5, a material discharging pipe 501, a rotating rod 502, a spiral blade 503, a gear 504, a cross rod 505, a rotating shaft 6, a first belt wheel 7, a driving motor 8, a second belt wheel 9, a transmission belt 10, a connecting rod 11, an arc-shaped strip 12, a stand 13, a clamping hoop 14, a connecting strip 15, a scraping plate 16, a material level sensor 17 and a control panel 100.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only partial embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of this application and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It should be understood that the data so used may be interchanged under appropriate circumstances such that embodiments of the application described herein may be used. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
In this application, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", and,
The terms "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal", and the like, refer to an orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings. These terms are used primarily to better describe the invention and its embodiments and are not intended to limit the indicated devices, elements or components to a particular orientation or to be constructed and operated in a particular orientation.
Moreover, some of the above terms may be used to indicate other meanings besides the orientation or positional relationship, for example, the term "on" may also be used to indicate some kind of attachment or connection relationship in some cases. The specific meanings of these terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art as appropriate.
Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "provided," "connected," and "sleeved" are to be construed broadly. For example, it may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or a unitary construction; can be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; may be directly connected, or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be in internal communication between two devices, elements or components. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific situations.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings 1 to 6, in conjunction with the embodiments.
Example 1
This embodiment 1 discloses an ultramicro grinder for sesame paste production, which can refer to fig. 1 and fig. 2, and the main components mainly comprise a bottom base 1, a receiving tank 2, a lower grinding plate 3, an upper grinding plate 4, a storage bin 5 and a control panel 100. Connect silo 2 installation to set up in the upper end of bottom frame 1, will descend abrasive disc 3 fixed setting and connect silo 2, go up abrasive disc 4 and set up in the top of abrasive disc 3 down to connect silo 2, lower abrasive disc 3 and go up the coaxial setting of abrasive disc 4.
Referring to fig. 3, a truncated cone-shaped groove 401 coaxial with the upper grinding plate 4 is formed in the lower surface of the upper grinding plate 4, coarse grinding lines are formed on the circumferential wall of the groove 401, and fine grinding lines are formed on the lower surface of the upper grinding plate 4 located outside the groove 401. Meanwhile, the upper surface of the lower grinding disc 3 is connected with a truncated cone-shaped grinding lug 301 matched with the groove 401, and the grinding lug 301 and the lower grinding disc 3 can be integrally formed and processed or fixedly connected through a connecting piece such as a bolt. Also be provided with the corase grind line on the periphery of grinding lug 301, the upper surface that is located the lower abrasive disc 3 outside grinding lug 301 also is provided with the fine grind line, and the corase grind line on last abrasive disc 4, the corase grind line and the lower abrasive disc 3 on the corase grind line, the fine grind line all is opposite direction setting when setting up, can be to the first high-efficient corase grind of sesame when making to take place relative rotation between last abrasive disc 4 and the lower abrasive disc 3, then carry out super little fine grinding again, and because the corase grind line sets up and also can flow to the fine grind line department along the corase grind line under lower rotational speed on the inclined plane.
Referring to fig. 4, a rotation shaft 6 is connected to the center of the lower surface of the upper grinding plate 4, a through hole 302 capable of passing through the rotation shaft 6 is formed in the lower grinding plate 3, and a first pulley 7 is connected to the lower end of the rotation shaft 6 extending into the base 1 through the through hole. Meanwhile, the driving motor 8 is installed on the upper surface of the outer end of the base 1, the driving motor 8 is a variable frequency motor, and the rotating speed of the driving motor 8 can be adjusted by changing the power frequency through a frequency converter. End connection that driving motor 8's output shaft stretched into in the frame 1 has second band pulley 9, is connected with driving belt 10 between first band pulley 7 and the second band pulley 9, and the drive effect through driving motor 8 can realize going up grinding miller 4 and rotate at the upper surface of grinding miller 3 down, reaches the effect of grinding the sesame in the grinding gap promptly.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 3, a blanking hole 402 is formed in a non-circular center position of the upper surface of the upper grinding plate 4, the lower end of the blanking hole 402 is connected to the circumferential wall of the groove 401, and the sesame raw material discharged from the blanking hole 402 can be directly ground by the coarse grinding grains on the upper grinding plate 4 and the lower grinding plate 3. With the fixed upper surface that sets up the last abrasive disc 4 directly over unloading hole 402 of storage silo 5, be connected with grudging post 13 at the last fixed surface of last abrasive disc 4 during specifically setting up, be connected with two clampband 14 that carry out fixed centre gripping to the lower extreme on the storage silo on grudging post 13.
Referring to fig. 5, a discharging pipe 501 is connected to the lower end of the storage bin 5, and the discharging pipe 501 is arranged to extend into the discharging hole 402 of the upper grinding disc 4. A rotating rod 502 vertically extending out of the storage bin 5 is arranged in the discharging pipe 501, and a spiral blade 503 is connected to the rotating rod 502 in the discharging pipe 501. A bearing is arranged at the joint of the rotating rod 502 extending out of the upper surface of the storage bin 5, and a gear 504 is connected at the upper end of the rotating rod 502 extending out of the storage bin 5. Meanwhile, in order to enable the rotating rod 502 to stably rotate in the vertical direction, a cross rod 505 is further arranged inside the storage bin 5, and a bearing rotatably connected with the rotating rod 502 is connected to the end portion of the cross rod 505.
Referring to fig. 2 and 6, two L-shaped connecting rods 11 are fixedly connected to the outer surface of the material receiving tank 2 by screws or welding, an arc-shaped bar 12 is connected to the top ends of the two L-shaped connecting rods 11, and a tooth surface matched with the gear 504 is arranged on the inner side surface of the arc-shaped bar 12. When the storage silo 5 rotates along with the upper grinding disk 4 synchronously, the gear 504 at the top end of the rotating rod 502 rotates in a planetary mode around the coaxial line of the material receiving groove 2, the lower grinding disk 3 and the upper grinding disk 4, and the gear 504 rotates to the arc-shaped strip 12 in a planetary rotating mode and is meshed with the tooth surface on the arc-shaped strip 12, so that the whole rotating rod 502 and the spiral blade 503 in the discharging pipe 501 rotate, and when the spiral blade 503 rotates in the discharging pipe 501, the sesame raw material in the storage silo 5 can be discharged. The design of above-mentioned structure can guarantee to go up grinding pan 4 and can arrange down a certain amount of sesame raw materials every rotation round, can set up the gear ratio between flank of tooth and the gear 504 on the arc 12 according to actual demand when in actual use to reach the effect of control ration row material.
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, it is finally described that the receiving trough 2 in this embodiment is circular, and the diameter of the receiving trough 2 is larger than the diameter of the lower abrasive disk 3, when the lower abrasive disk 3 and the receiving trough 2 are coaxially arranged, the receiving trough 2 on the periphery of the lower abrasive disk 2 forms an annular receiving trough, and a discharge opening 201 is formed in the lower surface of the annular receiving trough, and a discharge hopper 202 is connected to the lower end of the discharge opening 201. The sesame paste resulting from the milling falls into an annular receiving trough and is then discharged from the discharge hopper 202.
Example 2
Example 2 discloses an ultra-fine grinder for sesame paste production improved based on example 1, which is the same as example 1 and will not be described again, except for the difference between fig. 2 and 5.
In this embodiment 2, two vertical downward connecting strips 15 are fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the upper grinding disk 4, an arc-shaped scraper 16 is connected to the lower ends of the two connecting strips 15, the scraper 16 is made of hard plastic or stainless steel, and the inner side of the scraper 16 is attached to the outer circumferential surface of the lower grinding disk 3. The sesame paste that the outer disc of abrasive disc 3 left down can be scraped down in the grinding process to the setting of scraping flitch 16 above-mentioned, can guarantee clean, clean and tidy of whole abrasive disc 3 constantly.
In addition, in this embodiment 2, a material level sensor 17 is further disposed inside the storage bin 5, and an alarm device (not shown in the figure) is disposed on the bottom base 1, when the sesame raw material blocks in the storage bin 5 are used up, the material level sensor 17 feeds back to the control module in the control panel 100, and then the control panel 100 gives an alarm by controlling the alarm device, which can select an alarm lamp or a buzzer, so as to remind the operator to supplement the material.
The invention also discloses a method for grinding sesame by using the ultramicro grinder disclosed in embodiment 1, which mainly comprises the following steps:
s1, pretreatment before grinding of sesame: putting a certain amount of sesame seeds into a cleaning pool for water washing to remove impurities, stirring and cleaning through a stirring frame in the water washing and impurity removing process, fishing out the sesame seeds after cleaning, putting the sesame seeds into a frying pan, frying at the temperature of 120-160 ℃ by using low fire until the surfaces of the sesame seeds become yellow, fishing out, spreading out, placing and cooling to normal temperature;
and S2, carrying out low-speed grinding processing by using an ultramicro grinder: putting the fried and cooled sesame into a bin of an ultramicro grinding machine, enabling the sesame to be discharged by 30-40 g every time the upper grinding disc rotates by predesigned gear and gear ratio on the arc-shaped strip, and parameters such as screw pitch, number of turns and the like of the spiral blade, and adjusting the rotating speed of a variable frequency motor by a control panel to realize that the upper grinding disc is ground at a low speed of 22-26 r/min;
s3, collecting and packaging sesame paste: sesame paste produced in the grinding process flows into the material receiving groove from a grinding gap between the upper grinding disc and the lower grinding disc, and then is discharged into a filling bottle along a discharge port on the material receiving groove for sealing and packaging.
According to the ultramicro grinder disclosed by the invention, when sesame is ground by using the ultramicro grinder disclosed by the embodiment 1, high-quality sesame paste production and processing can be realized by reasonably controlling the rotating speed and quantitative feeding amount of the upper grinding disc.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. An ultramicro grinder for sesame paste production comprises an upper grinding disc, a lower grinding disc, a material receiving groove, a material bin and a control panel, the lower grinding disc is fixedly arranged in the material receiving groove, the upper grinding disc is rotatably arranged on the upper surface of the lower grinding disc, the receiving groove is provided with a discharge hole, the upper grinding disc is provided with a discharging hole, the stock bin is fixedly arranged right above the discharging hole, it is characterized in that the lower end of the feed bin is connected with a feed pipe inserted into a feed hole, a rotating rod extending out of the upper surface of the feed bin is arranged in the feed pipe, a spiral blade is connected on the rotating rod positioned in the feed pipe, the top end of the rotating rod is connected with a gear, an arc-shaped strip is fixedly arranged above the upper grinding disc, the inner side surface of the arc-shaped strip is provided with a tooth surface, and the tooth surface on the arc-shaped strip is partially overlapped with the outer end part of a circular path when the gear rotates along with the upper grinding disc.
2. The superfine grinding machine for sesame paste production according to claim 1, wherein a truncated cone-shaped groove is formed in the lower surface of the upper grinding disc, the lower end of the discharging hole is communicated with the circumferential wall of the groove, a grinding block matched with the groove is connected to the upper surface of the lower grinding disc, coarse grinding grains are arranged on the circumferential wall of the groove and the outer circumferential surface of the grinding block, and fine grinding grains are arranged on the lower surface of the upper grinding disc outside the groove and the upper surface of the lower grinding disc outside the grinding block.
3. The superfine grinding machine for sesame paste production according to claim 1, further comprising a base connected with the lower surface of the receiving groove, wherein a motor is mounted on the upper surface of the outer end of the base, a driving pulley is connected to the end of the output shaft of the motor extending into the base, a rotating shaft is connected to the center of the lower surface of the upper grinding disc, a through hole capable of penetrating through the rotating shaft is formed in the center of the lower grinding disc, a driven pulley is connected to the lower end of the rotating shaft penetrating through the through hole, the receiving groove and the upper surface of the base, and a conveying belt is connected between the driven pulley and the driving pulley.
4. The superfine grinder for sesame paste production according to claim 1, wherein an L-shaped connecting rod is connected to the outer side surface of the arc-shaped bar, and the lower end of the L-shaped connecting rod is fixedly connected with the outer surface of the receiving groove.
5. The superfine grinding machine for sesame paste production according to claim 1, wherein the outer circumferential surface of the upper grinding disc is connected with a vertically downward connecting strip, and the lower end of the connecting strip is connected with an arc-shaped scraper attached to the outer circumferential surface of the lower grinding disc.
6. The attritor for sesame paste production as claimed in claim 1, further comprising an alarm device and a level sensor disposed in the bin, wherein the alarm device and the level sensor are electrically connected to the control panel.
7. A grinding method using the attritor as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, comprising the steps of:
1) pretreatment before grinding: washing sesame to remove impurities, fishing out after washing, putting into a frying pan, frying, fishing out after the surface turns yellow, and cooling to normal temperature;
2) grinding: putting the fried sesame into a bin of an ultramicro grinding machine, feeding 30-40 g of the sesame when an upper grinding disc rotates for one circle by predesigned parameters of a gear, an arc-shaped strip and a spiral blade, and controlling the upper grinding disc to grind at a low speed at a rotating speed of 22-26 r/min through a control panel;
3) collecting and packaging sesame paste: sesame paste flowing out of the grinding gap between the upper grinding disc and the lower grinding disc flows into the material receiving groove, and then is discharged into a filling bottle along a discharge port on the material receiving groove for sealing and packaging.
8. The grinding method according to claim 7, wherein the temperature of the sesame seeds during frying in the step 1 is controlled to 120 to 160 ℃.
CN202110732797.4A 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 Ultramicro grinding machine and grinding method for sesame paste production Pending CN113413964A (en)

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CN114916844A (en) * 2022-04-22 2022-08-19 安徽八公山豆制品有限公司 Device for rapidly preparing low-residue soybean milk
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CN117339730B (en) * 2023-12-04 2024-02-02 小神生物科技(山东)有限公司 Grinding device and process for processing microcapsule surface active emulsified product

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