CN113250229A - Pile-free self-stabilizing base of offshore wind power tower - Google Patents

Pile-free self-stabilizing base of offshore wind power tower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113250229A
CN113250229A CN202110487008.5A CN202110487008A CN113250229A CN 113250229 A CN113250229 A CN 113250229A CN 202110487008 A CN202110487008 A CN 202110487008A CN 113250229 A CN113250229 A CN 113250229A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
wind power
water
supporting
backup pad
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CN202110487008.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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裴广华
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Individual
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Individual
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D13/00Assembly, mounting or commissioning of wind motors; Arrangements specially adapted for transporting wind motor components
    • F03D13/20Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors
    • F03D13/25Arrangements for mounting or supporting wind motors; Masts or towers for wind motors specially adapted for offshore installation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D80/00Details, components or accessories not provided for in groups F03D1/00 - F03D17/00
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of new energy, in particular to a pile-free self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower, which comprises an installation column, wherein a retractable support column is arranged at the bottom of the installation column; the supporting column is arranged in a retractable mode, so that space is not occupied in the transportation process, a supporting column body can be formed by pumping water and gas in the supporting column during installation, the supporting column body is supported below the water surface, the integral gravity center is reduced, the stability is improved, the height of the whole pile body can be adjusted according to the water and gas ratio of the supporting column body, the pile body is suitable for tide, the stability can be kept in sea waves due to the flexible connection between the mounting column and the supporting frame, the shaking of the wind power tower is reduced, and the stability and the reliability of a connecting structure are improved.

Description

Pile-free self-stabilizing base of offshore wind power tower
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of new energy, in particular to a pile-free self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower.
Background
With the growing shortage of world energy, wind power generation is a new energy source and is valued by countries in the world. The offshore wind power generation tower has the advantages that the offshore area is large in China, rich wind energy resources are contained, particularly, the wind power is developed in the offshore area, the offshore wind power generation tower has great economic value, the offshore wind power is different from inland wind power, the construction difficulty of the tower foundation is high, and the tower foundation is easily influenced by weather environments. Meanwhile, the existing offshore wind power has the problems of long manufacturing and installation period, difficulty in fixing and the like. At present, the wind power tower and the foundation thereof are manufactured inland, the wind power tower and the foundation are assembled into a single floating body capable of floating on the sea surface in a port, and the floating bodies are towed to a wind power plant for installation. Most of the traditional wind power tower forms are pile foundations or gravity foundations, and the offshore construction and installation cost of the traditional wind power tower foundations is high, and the installation engineering amount is large, so that the existing offshore wind power tower foundations need to be improved.
Therefore, the invention with the application number of CN201510584627.0 discloses an inflatable transport hydraulic pile fixed offshore wind power tower foundation, which is convenient to transport and install, reduces the amount of manufacturing engineering and installation engineering, shortens the construction period, and ensures that the wind power plant can be grid-connected as soon as possible to generate power.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a pile-free self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower, which aims to solve the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides an offshore wind-powered electricity generation tower's no stake is from steady base, includes the erection column, the bottom of erection column is equipped with collapsible support column, the bottom of support column is equipped with the sealed cowling, the bottom of sealed cowling is equipped with the anchor, the outer wall of the upper and lower part of erection column is all fixed and is equipped with the backup pad, the support frame is installed to the outer wall of erection column, and is located two the inboard of backup pad, the backup pad with be equipped with upper buffer bag and lower floor's buffer bag between the support frame.
The installation column is made of stainless steel, an anti-corrosion coating is arranged outside the installation column, the installation column is integrally in a column shape, annular supporting plates are arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the outer wall of the installation column, the supporting frame is arranged at the periphery of the installation column, an upper layer of buffering bag and a lower layer of buffering bag are filled between the supporting frame and the supporting plate, water is filled in the upper layer of buffering bag and the lower layer of buffering bag, the supporting plate, the upper layer of buffering bag and the lower layer of buffering bag are in large contact surface and are in flexible connection, the wind power tower can effectively absorb and shake, after the wind power tower is installed above the installation column, the stability of the wind power tower can be reliably ensured under the swing of small-amplitude waves through the flexible connection between the supporting frame and the installation column, the swing along with the waves can not occur, or under the large swing, the swing amplitude can be reduced as much as possible, and the device can be fixed within a certain range by utilizing a fixed anchor at the bottom, no drift will occur.
Preferably, the supporting column comprises an inner supporting part and an outer supporting part, a pump set for filling water or gas into the inner supporting part and the outer supporting part is arranged in the mounting column and the sealing cover, a cable cavity is formed on the inner side of the inner supporting part after the inner supporting part is filled with water, and the outer supporting part is positioned on the outer side of the inner supporting part.
In order to facilitate the transportation of equipment to the sea, if a short support column is used, a good effect of reducing the center of gravity cannot be achieved, if a section of support column is assembled, the installation is difficult, if a long support column is used, the requirement on a ship in the transportation process is high, therefore, an inner support part and an outer support part which are made of high-strength bags are adopted, when the equipment is transported to a destination, the inner support part is filled with water, the inner support part is provided with a water inlet valve and a water outlet valve, after the inner support part is filled with water, the flexibility of the inner support part is changed from rigidity, the axis of the inner support part is coincided with the axis of a wind power tower, the outer support part is filled with gas firstly, a frame is supported firstly, then the outer support part is filled with water, the stability of a pile body is increased, the center of gravity of the whole pile body is reduced, and the draft can be adjusted by releasing water and filling water, the adjustment of the tide height is convenient to carry out, and the middle cable cavity is used for containing a signal cable.
Preferably, the inside of inlayer supporting part is equipped with the water cavity membrane of vertical distribution, the water cavity membrane is cellular distribution, the inboard of water cavity membrane forms the water cavity, the inboard of outer supporting part is equipped with the air chamber and holds the chamber, the water cavity with hold the chamber and connect respectively the pump gas end and the pump water end of pump package.
Through vertical and be honeycomb distribution's water cavity membrane, can increase the rigidity of inlayer supporting part, bending resistance is good, utilizes pump to pump gas in the air cavity, supports, recycles pump to holding the chamber pump water, and when the pump water yield reached a certain amount, whole equipment was in stable draft state, can adjust pump water and drainage according to the morning and evening tides condition to reach suitable draft.
Preferably, the pump group comprises a first water pump and a second water pump, the first water pump is located on the mounting column and is connected with the inner supporting portion and the outer supporting portion through distribution valves, a water inlet pipe of the first water pump is located below the mounting column, the second water pump is located inside the sealing cover, a water inlet pipe of the sealing cover is connected to the bottoms of the inner supporting portion and the outer supporting portion, and a water outlet pipe of the second water pump is located outside the sealing cover.
The pump package is still including the air pump, and first water pump is through distribution valve and the water cavity in the connection of inlayer supporting part and outer supporting part and hold the chamber, to the water cavity with hold the chamber in the pump water to prop up inlayer supporting part and outer supporting part, the second water pump can be with the water cavity with hold the water discharge in the chamber in the inside of sealed cowling, can be with the draft of control whole device, perhaps demolish to be drainage usefulness.
Preferably, the support frame includes a plurality of and is located the second backup pad of erection column outer wall and fix a plurality of the retainer plate of second backup pad second end, a plurality of form the clearance between the second backup pad, the outer edge of clearance is fixed with a plurality of flotation pontoon, the second backup pad with the contact surface of erection column is the cambered surface, be equipped with on the outer wall of erection column with second backup pad complex annular flange.
Utilize a plurality of second backup pad and retainer plate to constitute the braced frame body, forming buoyancy and supporting utilizing the flotation pontoon, because the flotation pontoon is located the skin, when the wave in the outside floats, the support frame moves along with the wave, can conveniently slide through the arc contact surface between second backup pad and the erection column, in order to form the intermediate stability, and the condition of moving along with the wave all around, can reduce the roll degree of erection column like this, only carry out rocking of upper and lower direction, improve the stability of wind-powered electricity generation tower.
Preferably, be equipped with the movable rod in the clearance, the movable rod with it is articulated through the loose axle between the second backup pad, the other end of movable rod is fixed with the floater, the inside of sealed cowling be equipped with the coaxial carousel of support column, be equipped with displacement sensor on the loose axle, the carousel is by the motor drive with displacement sensor signal connection.
When the wave is because of wind-force and the grow, can cause rocking of device more obvious, at this moment, because the floater of movable rod one end is along with wave and flutter, consequently can bring bigger displacement volume in the one end of loose axle, when the displacement volume exceedes a definite value, then can transmit corresponding signal and give driving motor on the carousel, drive the carousel and rotate with certain rotational speed, form the gyroscope, can obtain more stable effect in the axial, in order to resist bigger rocking.
Preferably, upper buffer bag and lower floor's buffer bag all are the annular, be equipped with in upper buffer bag and the lower floor's buffer bag and be annular buffering circle, the intermediate position department of buffering circle is equipped with the cushion chamber, the cushion chamber is followed the axis direction of backup pad is equipped with a plurality of through-hole.
Utilize annular upper buffer bag and lower floor's buffer bag can be fine with the backup pad laminating, and have very big area of contact, when certain side produces the wave and when taking place displacement from top to bottom, all can cushion through the deformation of upper buffer bag and lower floor's buffer bag, in addition, form great rigidity through the buffering circle, in deformation, provide stronger support nature, utilize the through-hole on the cushion chamber, can increase the energy-absorbing ability of buffering circle, restrain the effect that the unsteady rocking of wave more.
Preferably, the lower edge of the fixed ring is provided with propellers the number of which is the same as that of the floating balls, and the propellers are in signal connection with the displacement sensors on the movable shafts on the opposite sides of the propellers.
When the floating ball on one side from the wave floats, the propeller on the opposite side can receive signals to drive and push towards the opposite direction, so that the whole device can be prevented from being pushed away to a certain extent, and the traction force on the bottom is too large.
Preferably, the middle position department of erection column is equipped with the mounting groove, the outer edge of mounting groove is equipped with the spacing ring that upwards extends, the up end of backup pad is equipped with the inclined plane of a downward sloping outward.
The wind power tower is arranged in the mounting groove, water can be prevented from being accumulated on the supporting plate by the aid of the limiting ring and the inclined plane on the supporting plate, and accordingly the mounting position is prevented from being soaked and corroded in a certain length.
Preferably, the diameter of the outer layer supporting part is at least equal to that of the bottom of the wind power tower.
Therefore, the support stability of the support column can be increased, and the wind resistance of the whole device is improved.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the supporting column is arranged in a retractable mode, space is not occupied in the transportation process, a supporting column body can be formed by pumping water and air in the supporting column during installation, the supporting column body is supported below the water surface, the center of gravity of the whole body is reduced, the stability is improved, the height of the whole pile body can be adjusted according to the water and air ratio of the supporting column body, the supporting column body is suitable for tide, the mounting column and the supporting frame are flexibly connected, the stability can be kept in sea waves, the shaking of the wind power tower is reduced, the stability and the reliability of a connecting structure are improved, the axial stability of the whole body can be improved by the rotation of the rotary table in the bottom sealing cover, the shaking amplitude is reduced, and the stability is further enhanced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a non-pile self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of another state of the non-pile self-stabilizing base of the offshore wind turbine tower according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the pileless self-stabilizing base of the offshore wind turbine tower of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a support frame in a non-pile self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a support column in a non-pile self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram at a in fig. 2.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. mounting a column; 101. mounting grooves; 11. a support plate; 111. a limiting ring; 12. an upper layer buffer bag; 13. a lower layer buffer bag; 201. a cable cavity; 21. an inner layer support portion; 211. a water chamber; 212. a water cavity membrane; 22. an outer layer support portion; 221. an air chamber; 222. an accommodating chamber; 3. a sealing cover; 31. a turntable; 4. a support frame; 401. a support plate; 402. a clearance for movement; 403. a stationary ring; 41. a buffer ring; 411. a buffer chamber; 42. a movable rod; 421. a movable shaft; 43. a floating ball; 44. a float bowl; 45. a propeller; 51. a first water pump; 52. a second water pump; 6. and (6) fixing the anchor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1-6, offshore wind power tower's no stake is from steady base, including erection column 1, the bottom of erection column 1 is equipped with collapsible support column, the bottom of support column is equipped with sealed cowling 3, the bottom of sealed cowling 3 is equipped with anchor 6, the outer wall of the upper and lower part of erection column 1 is all fixed and is equipped with backup pad 11, support frame 4 is installed to the outer wall of erection column 1 to be located the inboard of two backup pad 11, be equipped with upper buffer bag 12 and lower floor's buffer bag 13 between backup pad 11 and the support frame 4.
The mounting column 1 is made of stainless steel, an anti-corrosion coating is arranged outside the mounting column 1, the mounting column 1 is integrally in a column shape, annular supporting plates 11 are arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the outer wall of the mounting column 1, the supporting frame 4 is arranged at the periphery of the mounting column 1, an upper layer buffer bag 12 and a lower layer buffer bag 13 are filled between the supporting frame 4 and the supporting plate 11, water is filled in the upper layer buffer bag 12 and the lower layer buffer bag 13, the supporting plate 11, the upper layer buffer bag 12 and the lower layer buffer bag 13 are in large contact surface and are in flexible connection, so that the wind power tower can be effectively adsorbed and shaken, after the wind power tower is mounted above the mounting column 1, the stability of the wind power tower can be reliably ensured through the flexible connection between the supporting frame 4 and the mounting column 1 under the shaking of small-amplitude waves, or the shaking amplitude can be reduced as much as possible under the large waves, the fixed anchor 6 at the bottom can ensure that the device is fixed within a certain range and does not drift.
Specifically, the support column includes an inner support portion 21 and an outer support portion 22, a pump set for filling water or gas into the inner support portion 21 and the outer support portion 22 is disposed in the mounting column 1 and the sealing cover 3, when the inner support portion 21 is filled with water, a cable cavity 201 is formed inside the inner support portion 21, and the outer support portion 22 is located outside the inner support portion 21.
In order to facilitate the transportation of equipment to the sea, if a short support column is used, a good effect of lowering the center of gravity cannot be achieved, if a section of support column is assembled, the installation is difficult, if a long support column is used, the requirement on a ship in the transportation process is high, therefore, an inner support part 21 and an outer support part 22 which are made of high-strength bags are adopted, when the equipment is transported to a destination, the inner support part 21 is filled with water, the inner support part 21 is provided with a water inlet valve and a water outlet valve, after the inner support part 21 is filled with water, the inner support part 21 is converted from flexible to rigid, the axis of the inner support part coincides with the axis of a wind power tower, the outer support part 22 is filled with gas, a frame is supported firstly, then the outer support part 22 is filled with water, the stability of a pile body is increased, the overall center of gravity is lowered, and the draft can be adjusted by releasing water and filling water, facilitating adjustment of the height of the tide, the central cable cavity 201 is used to house the signal cable.
Specifically, the inside of the inner support portion 21 is provided with a water cavity membrane 212 which is vertically distributed, the water cavity membrane 212 is in honeycomb distribution, a water cavity 211 is formed on the inner side of the water cavity membrane 212, an air cavity 221 and an accommodating cavity 222 are arranged on the inner side of the outer support portion 22, and the air cavity 221 and the accommodating cavity 222 are respectively connected to the pump air end and the pump water end of the pump set.
Through the vertical water cavity membrane 212 that just is cellular distribution, can increase the rigidity of inlayer supporting part 21, bending resistance is good, utilizes pump package to pump gas in air cavity 221, supports, recycles pump package to holding chamber 222 in pump water, and when the pump water yield reached a certain amount, whole equipment was in stable draft state, can adjust pump water and drainage according to the morning and evening tides condition to reach suitable draft.
Specifically, the pump package includes first water pump 51 and second water pump 52, and first water pump 51 is located erection column 1, and first water pump 51 is connected with inlayer supporting part 21 and outer supporting part 22 through the distributing valve, and the inlet tube of first water pump 51 is located the below of erection column 1, and second water pump 52 is located the inside of sealed cowling 3, and the bottom at inlayer supporting part 21 and outer supporting part 22 is connected to the inlet tube of sealed cowling 3, and the drain pipe of second water pump 52 is located the outside of sealed cowling 3.
The pump group also comprises an air pump, the first water pump 51 pumps water into the water cavity 211 and the accommodating cavity 222 in the connection of the inner layer supporting part 21 and the outer layer supporting part 22 through the distributing valve so as to support the inner layer supporting part 21 and the outer layer supporting part 22, and the second water pump 52 can discharge the water in the water cavity 211 and the accommodating cavity 222 inside the sealing cover 3, namely the draught of the whole device can be controlled, or the water is discharged when the device is dismantled.
Specifically, the support frame 4 includes that a plurality of is located the second backup pad 401 of erection column 1 outer wall and fixes the retainer plate 403 at a plurality of second backup pad 401 second end, forms clearance 402 between a plurality of second backup pad 401, and the outer edge of retainer plate 403 is fixed with a plurality of flotation pontoon 44, and the second backup pad 401 is the cambered surface with the contact surface of erection column 1, is equipped with on the outer wall of erection column 1 with second backup pad 401 complex annular flange.
Utilize a plurality of second backup pad 401 and retainer plate 403 to constitute the braced frame body, forming buoyancy and supporting utilizing flotation pontoon 44, because flotation pontoon 44 is located the skin, when the wave in the outside floats, support frame 4 moves along with the wave, arc contact surface through between second backup pad 401 and erection column 1 can conveniently slide, in order to form the intermediate stability, and the condition of moving along with the wave all around, can reduce the roll degree of erection column 1 like this, only carry out rocking of upper and lower direction, improve the stability of wind-power tower.
Specifically, a movable rod 42 is arranged in the movable gap 402, the movable rod 42 is hinged to the second support plate 401 through a movable shaft 421, a floating ball 43 is fixed to the other end of the movable rod 42, a rotating disc 31 coaxial with the support column is arranged in the sealing cover 3, a displacement sensor is arranged on the movable shaft 421, and the rotating disc 31 is driven by a motor in signal connection with the displacement sensor.
When the wave becomes bigger due to wind, the shaking of the device is more obvious, at this time, because the floating ball 43 at one end of the movable rod 42 is floated along with the wave, a larger displacement is brought at one end of the movable shaft 421, when the displacement exceeds a certain value, a corresponding signal is transmitted to the driving motor on the turntable 31 to drive the turntable 31 to rotate at a certain rotating speed to form a gyroscope, a more stable effect can be obtained in the axial direction to resist the larger shaking, and along with the increase of the swinging amplitude of the wave, the motor is controlled to rotate at a faster rotating speed to improve the stability in the axial direction, so as to reduce the swinging angle of the whole supporting column in the axial direction, and simultaneously, the rigidity of the supporting column is increased due to the torsional force, so that the structure of the supporting column is more stable, the force applied to the wind power tower above is the same as the force applied to the supporting column by the wind power tower below, and further, the swinging trend of the mounting column 1 in the axial direction is also inhibited, so that the wind power tower on the mounting post 1 is more stable.
Specifically, upper strata buffering bag 12 and lower floor's buffering bag 13 all are the annular, are equipped with in upper strata buffering bag 12 and the lower floor's buffering bag 13 and are annular buffering circle 41, and the intermediate position department of buffering circle 41 is equipped with cushion chamber 411, and cushion chamber 411 is equipped with a plurality of through-hole along the axis direction of backup pad 11.
Utilize annular upper buffer bag 12 and lower floor's buffer bag 13 can be fine and the laminating of backup pad 11, and have very big area of contact, when certain side produces the wave and when taking place displacement from top to bottom, all can cushion through the deformation of upper buffer bag 12 and lower floor's buffer bag 13, in addition, form great rigidity through buffering circle 41, in deformation, provide stronger support nature, utilize the through-hole on the cushion chamber 411, can increase the energy-absorbing ability of buffering circle 41, the effect of the unsteady rocking of wave is suppressed more.
Specifically, the propellers 45 with the same number as the floating balls 43 are arranged on the lower edge of the fixed ring 403, and the propellers 45 are in signal connection with the displacement sensor on the movable shaft 421 on the opposite side.
When the floating ball 43 on one side of the wave floats, the propeller 45 on the opposite side is driven by the signal to push in the opposite direction, so that the whole device can be prevented from being pushed away to a certain extent, and the traction force on the bottom is too large.
Specifically, the middle position of the mounting column 1 is provided with a mounting groove 101, the outer edge of the mounting groove 101 is provided with a limiting ring 111 extending upwards, and the upper end surface of the support plate 11 is externally provided with a downward inclined plane.
The wind power tower is installed in the installation groove 101, and the limit ring 111 and the inclined plane on the support plate 11 can prevent water from accumulating on the support plate 11, so as to prevent the installation part from being soaked and corroded in a certain length.
Specifically, the diameter of the outer support portion 22 is at least equal to the diameter of the bottom of the wind tower.
Therefore, the support stability of the support column can be increased, and the wind resistance of the whole device is improved.
The working principle is as follows: the mounting column 1 is made of stainless steel, an anti-corrosion coating is arranged outside the mounting column 1, the mounting column 1 is integrally in a column shape, annular supporting plates 11 are arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the outer wall of the mounting column 1, the supporting frame 4 is arranged at the periphery of the mounting column 1, an upper layer buffer bag 12 and a lower layer buffer bag 13 are filled between the supporting frame 4 and the supporting plate 11, water is filled in the upper layer buffer bag 12 and the lower layer buffer bag 13, the supporting plate 11, the upper layer buffer bag 12 and the lower layer buffer bag 13 are in large contact surface and are in flexible connection, so that the wind power tower can be effectively adsorbed and shaken, after the wind power tower is mounted above the mounting column 1, the stability of the wind power tower can be reliably ensured through the flexible connection between the supporting frame 4 and the mounting column 1 under the shaking of small-amplitude waves, or the shaking amplitude can be reduced as much as possible under the large waves, utilize annular upper strata buffering bag 12 and lower floor's buffering bag 13 can be fine to laminate with backup pad 11, and have very big area of contact, when certain side produces the wave and takes place displacement from top to bottom, all can cushion through the deformation of upper strata buffering bag 12 and lower floor's buffering bag 13, in addition, form great rigidity through buffering circle 41, while deforming, provide stronger support nature, utilize the through-hole on cushion chamber 411, can increase the energy-absorbing capacity of buffering circle 41, the effect of the unsteady rock of more restraining wave, and utilize the anchor 6 of bottom can make the fixed certain within a certain scope of device, can not drift, in order to be convenient to transport equipment to the sea in the transportation, if use shorter support column, can't reach the good effect of reducing the focus, if use the support column of assembling one section by section, then the installation is comparatively difficult, if a longer support column is used, the requirement on the ship in the transportation process is higher, therefore, an inner support part 21 and an outer support part 22 which are made of high-strength bags are adopted, when the ship is transported to a destination, the inner support part 21 is filled with water, the inner support part 21 is provided with a water inlet valve and a water discharge valve, after the inner support part 21 is filled with water, the inner support part 21 is changed from flexibility to rigidity, the axis of the inner support part coincides with the axis of a wind power tower, the outer support part 22 is filled with gas, a frame is supported firstly, then the outer support part 22 is filled with water, the stability of the pile body is improved, the integral gravity center is reduced, the draught depth can be adjusted by releasing water and filling water, the adjustment of the tidal height is convenient, a middle cable cavity 201 is used for containing signal cables, and the rigidity of the inner support part 21 can be increased through a vertical water cavity film 212 distributed in a honeycomb shape, the bending resistance is good, the pump set is used for pumping air into the air cavity 221, the air cavity is supported, the pump set is used for pumping water into the containing cavity 222, when the water pumping amount reaches a certain amount, the whole equipment is in a stable draught state, the water pumping and water draining can be adjusted according to the tide condition, so that the proper draught depth is achieved, when waves are increased due to wind power, the shaking of the device is more obvious, at the moment, a floating ball 43 at one end of the movable rod 42 floats along with the waves, so that a larger displacement amount can be brought to one end of the movable shaft 421, when the displacement amount exceeds a certain value, a corresponding signal is transmitted to a driving motor on the turntable 31, the turntable 31 is driven to rotate at a certain rotating speed, a gyroscope is formed, and a more stable effect can be obtained in the axial direction so as to resist the larger shaking; when the floating ball 43 on one side of the wave floats, the propeller 45 on the opposite side is driven by the signal to push in the opposite direction, so that the whole device can be prevented from being pushed away to a certain extent, and the traction force on the bottom is too large.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a no stake self stabilization base of offshore wind power tower which characterized in that: the mounting column comprises a mounting column (1), wherein a retractable supporting column is arranged at the bottom of the mounting column (1), a sealing cover (3) is arranged at the bottom of the supporting column, a fixing anchor (6) is arranged at the bottom of the sealing cover (3), supporting plates (11) are fixedly arranged on the outer walls of the upper part and the lower part of the mounting column (1), a supporting frame (4) is arranged on the outer wall of the mounting column (1) and positioned on the inner sides of the two supporting plates (11), and an upper-layer buffer bag (12) and a lower-layer buffer bag (13) are arranged between the supporting plates (11) and the supporting frame (4);
support frame (4) include that a plurality of is located second backup pad (401) of erection column (1) outer wall and fixing a plurality of retainer plate (403) of second backup pad (401) second end, a plurality of form clearance (402) between second backup pad (401), the outer edge of retainer plate (403) is fixed with a plurality of flotation pontoon (44), second backup pad (401) with the contact surface of erection column (1) is the cambered surface, be equipped with on the outer wall of erection column (1) with second backup pad (401) complex annular flange.
2. The pile-free self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower according to claim 1, characterized in that: be equipped with movable rod (42) in activity clearance (402), movable rod (42) with it is articulated through loose axle (421) between second backup pad (401), the other end of movable rod (42) is fixed with floater (43), the inside of sealed cowling (3) be equipped with coaxial carousel (31) of support column, be equipped with displacement sensor on loose axle (421), carousel (31) by the motor drive with displacement sensor signal connection.
3. The pile-free self-stabilizing base of an offshore wind power tower according to claim 2, wherein: the lower edge of the fixed ring (403) is provided with propellers (45) with the same number as the floating balls (43), and the propellers (45) are in signal connection with displacement sensors on the movable shaft (421) on the opposite side of the propellers.
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