CN113245016B - Stainless steel ball surface magnetic powder removing device utilizing magnetism - Google Patents

Stainless steel ball surface magnetic powder removing device utilizing magnetism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113245016B
CN113245016B CN202110385445.6A CN202110385445A CN113245016B CN 113245016 B CN113245016 B CN 113245016B CN 202110385445 A CN202110385445 A CN 202110385445A CN 113245016 B CN113245016 B CN 113245016B
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fixedly connected
rod
stainless steel
magnetic powder
transmission rod
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CN113245016A (en
Inventor
蒋禄亮
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Ganzhou Ruida Magnetic Material Co ltd
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Ganzhou Ruida Magnetic Material Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C17/00Disintegrating by tumbling mills, i.e. mills having a container charged with the material to be disintegrated with or without special disintegrating members such as pebbles or balls
    • B02C17/18Details
    • B02C17/183Feeding or discharging devices
    • B02C17/1835Discharging devices combined with sorting or separating of material
    • B02C17/1855Discharging devices combined with sorting or separating of material with separator defining termination of crushing zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/10Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers
    • B03C1/12Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with cylindrical material carriers with magnets moving during operation; with movable pole pieces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Recycling

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of boron magnetic powder, in particular to a device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism. The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: provides a device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism. The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism comprises a bottom frame, a filtering unit, a magnetic powder removing unit, a stainless steel ball screening unit and a control screen; the bottom frame is connected with the filtering unit; the underframe is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit; the bottom frame is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit; the chassis is connected with the control screen. The invention realizes the removal of residual magnetic powder on the surface of the stainless steel ball, removes the residual magnetic powder from the surface of the stainless steel by utilizing the magnetism of the magnetic powder, prevents the waste of the magnetic powder, and then screens out fine stainless steel balls which do not meet the specification, thereby preventing the influence of the fine stainless steel balls in the subsequent ball milling.

Description

Stainless steel ball surface magnetic powder removing device utilizing magnetism
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of boron magnetic powder, in particular to a device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism.
Background
The neodymium iron boron magnetic material is a rare earth permanent magnetic material, has wide magnetic hysteresis loop, high coercive force and high remanence, can keep constant magnetism once magnetized, is also called as hard magnetic material, and the traditional forming mode of neodymium iron boron magnetic parts mainly comprises the following steps: injection molding, calendering molding, extrusion molding and die forming, aiming at solving the problems of insufficient strength of a blank body, cracks of the blank body, single quality of the blank body, larger size error, long forming period and the like of the magnet which is formed into a small volume and a complex shape, and meeting the requirements of rapid research and development of the neodymium iron boron magnet, the near-net forming of a magnetic part can be realized by adopting a three-dimensional printing technology without cutting processing, the waste of raw materials is reduced, a die is not required to be manufactured, the cost is saved, and the time is shortened.
At present when three-dimensional printing of preparation is with neodymium iron boron powder ground paste, need pour out organic solvent and magnetic powder mixed liquid in the jar after the ball-milling, it obtains the mixed liquid of organic solvent and magnetic to detach the stainless steel ball, because the ground paste has viscidity a bit, lead to some magnetic powder of stainless steel ball surface after the filtration can adhesion, also can influence the ball-milling that the stainless steel ball is used for follow-up other materials when extravagant magnetic, the stainless steel ball can wear to diminish after using for a long time in addition, if sieve out in time by the little stainless steel ball of wearing and tearing attenuate, can lead to tiny stainless steel ball to mix in neodymium iron boron powder ground paste and influence ball-milling efficiency.
In summary, there is a need to develop a device for removing magnetic powder from the surface of a stainless steel ball, which utilizes magnetism, to overcome the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome at present when preparing three-dimensional printing with neodymium iron boron powder ground paste, need pour out the organic solvent and magnetic powder mixed liquor in the jar after the ball-milling, remove the stainless steel ball and obtain the mixed liquor of organic solvent and magnetic, because the ground paste has slight viscidity a bit, lead to some magnetic powder of stainless steel ball surface adhesion after the filtration, also can influence the ball-milling that the stainless steel ball is used for follow-up other materials when extravagant magnetic, the stainless steel ball can wear to diminish after using for a long time in addition, if sieve out in time by the little stainless steel ball of wearing and tearing attenuate, can lead to tiny stainless steel ball to mix in neodymium iron boron powder ground paste and influence the shortcoming of ball-milling efficiency, the technical problem that solves is: provides a device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism comprises a bottom frame, a filtering unit, a magnetic powder removing unit, a stainless steel ball screening unit and a control screen; the bottom frame is connected with the filtering unit; the underframe is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit; the bottom frame is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit; the chassis is connected with the control screen; the filtering unit is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit; the magnetic powder removing unit is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the filtering unit comprises a first collecting box, a rotating shaft, a filtering hopper, a first electric push rod, a first driving wheel, a first driving rod, a first crank, a bump, a second crank, a sliding block, a second electric push rod, a stirring block, a first sliding rail and a second sliding rail; the first collecting box is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft; the first collecting box is fixedly connected with the first electric push rod; the first collecting box is fixedly connected with the underframe; the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the filtering hopper; the filter hopper is rotationally connected with the first electric push rod; a stirring block is arranged above the filtering hopper; the first driving wheel is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit; the inner axis of the first driving wheel is fixedly connected with the first driving rod; the outer surface of the first transmission rod is fixedly connected with the first crank; the outer surface of the first transmission rod is rotationally connected with the bottom frame; the first crank is fixedly connected with the lug; the lug is in sliding connection with the second crank; the second crank is in rotating connection with the sliding block through a rotating shaft; the sliding block is in sliding connection with the first sliding rail; the first sliding rail is fixedly connected with the underframe; the sliding block is in sliding connection with the second sliding rail; the second slide rail is fixedly connected with the underframe; the lower part of the sliding block is fixedly connected with a second electric push rod; the lower part of the second electric push rod is fixedly connected with the stirring block.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the magnetic powder removing unit includes a motor, a second transmission rod, a second transmission wheel, a third transmission wheel, a first rod sleeve, a connection plate, a third electric push rod, a straight gear, an internal gear, a third transmission rod, a first bevel gear, a second rod sleeve, an electric slider, a second bevel gear, a third bevel gear, a fourth transmission rod, a first magnet roller, a first collecting mechanism, a fourth bevel gear, a fifth transmission rod, a second magnet roller, a second collecting mechanism, a guide plate, and a fifth slide rail; the motor is fixedly connected with the underframe; the output shaft of the motor is fixedly connected with the second transmission rod; the outer surface of the second transmission rod is fixedly connected with the second transmission wheel; the outer surface of the second transmission rod is fixedly connected with the third transmission wheel; the outer surface of the second transmission rod is in sliding connection with the first rod sleeve; the outer ring surface of the second driving wheel is in transmission connection with the first driving wheel through a belt; the third driving wheel is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit; the outer surface of the first rod sleeve is rotatably connected with the connecting plate; the outer surface of the first rod sleeve is fixedly connected with a straight gear; the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the third electric push rod; the third electric push rod is fixedly connected with the underframe; an internal gear is arranged on the side edge of the straight gear; the inner axis of the internal gear is fixedly connected with the third transmission rod; the outer surface of the third transmission rod is fixedly connected with the first bevel gear; the outer surface of the third transmission rod is in sliding connection with the second rod sleeve; the outer surface of the third transmission rod is rotationally connected with the underframe; the first bevel gear is meshed with the fourth bevel gear; the outer surface of the second rod sleeve is rotationally connected with the electric slide block; the outer surface of the second rod sleeve is fixedly connected with the second bevel gear; the electric sliding block is rotationally connected with the fourth transmission rod; the electric sliding block is in sliding connection with the fifth sliding rail; the second bevel gear is meshed with the third bevel gear; the inner axis of the third bevel gear is fixedly connected with a fourth transmission rod; the outer surface of the fourth transmission rod is fixedly connected with the first magnet roller; a first collecting mechanism is arranged on one side of the first magnet roller; the first collecting mechanism is connected with the bottom frame; a second magnet roller is arranged on the other side of the first magnet roller; the inner axis of the fourth bevel gear is fixedly connected with a fifth transmission rod; the outer surface of the fifth transmission rod is fixedly connected with the second magnet roller; the outer surface of the fifth transmission rod is rotatably connected with a fifth slide rail; the fifth slide rail is fixedly connected with the underframe; a second collecting mechanism is arranged on the side edge of the second magnet roller; the second collecting mechanism is connected with the bottom frame; a guide plate is arranged above the second magnet roller; the guide plate is fixedly connected with the bottom frame.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the first collecting mechanism comprises a fourth electric push rod, a collecting frame and a plastic scraper; the fourth electric push rod is fixedly connected with the underframe; the fourth electric push rod is fixedly connected with the collecting frame; the collecting frame is connected with the bottom frame in a sliding manner; the collecting frame is fixedly connected with the plastic scraper; and a second magnet roller is arranged on the side edge of the plastic scraper.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the stainless steel ball screening unit comprises a fourth driving wheel, a sixth transmission rod, a fifth bevel gear, a sixth bevel gear, a seventh transmission rod, a missing gear, a rack frame, a screen, a third slide rail, a fourth slide rail, a second collecting box, a rotating hopper and a sixth slide rail; the outer ring surface of the fourth driving wheel is in transmission connection with the third driving wheel through a belt; the inner axle center of the fourth driving wheel is fixedly connected with the sixth driving rod; the outer surface of the sixth transmission rod is fixedly connected with the fifth bevel gear; the outer surface of the sixth transmission rod is rotatably connected with the underframe; the fifth bevel gear is meshed with the sixth bevel gear; the inner axis of the sixth bevel gear is fixedly connected with a seventh transmission rod; the outer surface of the seventh transmission rod is fixedly connected with the gear with missing teeth; the gear with missing teeth is in transmission connection with the rack frame; the rack frame is fixedly connected with the screen; the rack frame is connected with the third slide rail in a sliding manner; the third slide rail is fixedly connected with the underframe; the rack frame is in sliding connection with the sixth sliding rail; the sixth sliding rail is fixedly connected with the underframe; the screen is in sliding connection with the fourth sliding rail; the fourth slide rail is fixedly connected with the underframe; a rotating hopper is arranged above the screen; the material transferring hopper is fixedly connected with the underframe; and a second collecting box is arranged below the screen mesh.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the outer ring surface of the joint of the second transmission rod and the first rod sleeve and the outer ring surface of the joint of the third transmission rod and the second rod sleeve are provided with straight tangent planes.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the plastic scraper is made of a material having a hardness lower than that of the magnet, and the baffles are provided on both sides of the plastic scraper.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the upper end and the lower end of the rack frame are provided with racks which are symmetrical with each other.
Has the advantages that: the first point, when solving present at preparation three-dimensional printing and using neodymium iron boron powder ground paste, need to pour out the organic solvent and magnetic powder mixed liquid in the jar after the ball-milling, detach the stainless steel ball and obtain the mixed liquid of organic solvent and magnetic, because the ground paste has slight viscidity a bit, lead to some magnetic of stainless steel ball surface after the filtration can adhesion, also can influence the ball-milling that the stainless steel ball is used for follow-up other materials when extravagant magnetic, the stainless steel ball can wear and diminish after using for a long time in addition, if sieve out in time by the stainless steel ball that the wearing and tearing attenuate is little, can lead to tiny stainless steel ball to mix in neodymium iron boron powder ground paste and influence the shortcoming of ball-milling efficiency.
Secondly, the invention arranges a filtering unit, a magnetic powder removing unit and a stainless steel ball screening unit; when in use, the magnetic powder removing device on the surface of the stainless steel ball is firstly placed at a position to be used, then is externally connected with a power supply, and is controlled to start through a control screen; firstly, pouring neodymium iron boron powder slurry subjected to ball milling into a filtering unit, wherein a magnetic powder removing unit is linked with the filtering unit to screen out stainless steel balls in the slurry, then the filtering unit transfers the stainless steel balls to the magnetic powder removing unit, the magnetic powder removing unit completely removes the magnetic powder on the surfaces of the stainless steel balls, then the magnetic powder removing unit transfers the stainless steel balls to a stainless steel ball screening unit, the stainless steel balls are screened by a stainless steel ball screening unit, and the stainless steel balls which do not meet the specification ball diameter are screened out.
And thirdly, the residual magnetic powder on the surface of the stainless steel ball is removed by the invention, the magnetic powder is removed from the surface of the stainless steel ball by utilizing the magnetism of the magnetic powder, the waste of the magnetic powder is prevented, and then the fine stainless steel ball which does not meet the specification is screened out, so that the influence of the fine stainless steel ball on the subsequent ball milling is prevented.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a filter unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a filter unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a magnetic particle removing unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a part of the magnetic powder removing unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a first collection mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a stainless steel ball screening unit according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a partial structure of a stainless steel ball screening unit according to the present invention.
Labeled in the figure as: 1-a chassis, 2-a filter unit, 3-a magnetic powder removing unit, 4-a stainless steel ball sieving unit, 5-a control screen, 201-a first collecting box, 202-a rotating shaft, 203-a filter hopper, 204-a first electric push rod, 205-a first driving wheel, 206-a first transmission rod, 207-a first crank, 208-a lug, 209-a second crank, 2010-a sliding block, 2011-a second electric push rod, 2012-a stirring block, 2013-a first sliding rail, 2014-a second sliding rail, 301-a motor, 302-a second transmission rod, 303-a second transmission wheel, 304-a third transmission wheel, 305-a first rod sleeve, 306-a connecting plate, 307-a third electric push rod, 308-a spur gear, 309-an internal gear, 3010-a third transmission rod, 3011-first bevel gear, 3012-second rod sleeve, 3013-electric slider, 3014-second bevel gear, 3015-third bevel gear, 3016-fourth transmission rod, 3017-first magnet roller, 3018-first collection mechanism, 3019-fourth bevel gear, 3020-fifth transmission rod, 3021-second magnet roller, 3022-second collection mechanism, 3023-guide plate, 3024-fifth slide rail, 301801-fourth electric push rod, 301802-collection frame, 301803-plastic scraper, 401-fourth transmission wheel, 402-sixth transmission rod, 403-fifth bevel gear, 404-sixth bevel gear, 405-seventh transmission rod, 406-missing tooth gear, 407-rack frame, 408-screen mesh, 409-third slide rail, 4010-fourth slide rail, 4011-second collecting box, 4012-rotating hopper, 4013-sixth slide rail.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the drawings and the detailed description, but the invention is not limited to the scope of protection and application.
Example 1
A device for removing magnetic powder on the surface of a stainless steel ball by utilizing magnetism is shown in figures 1-9 and comprises a bottom frame 1, a filtering unit 2, a magnetic powder removing unit 3, a stainless steel ball screening unit 4 and a control screen 5; the underframe 1 is connected with the filter unit 2; the underframe 1 is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit 3; the underframe 1 is connected with a stainless steel ball screening unit 4; the underframe 1 is connected with a control screen 5; the filtering unit 2 is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit 3; the magnetic powder removing unit 3 is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit 4.
When in use, the magnetic powder removing device on the surface of the stainless steel ball is firstly placed at a position to be used, the bottom frame 1 is made to be horizontal, then the device is externally connected with a power supply, and the device is controlled to be started through the control screen 5; firstly, pouring neodymium-iron-boron powder slurry subjected to ball milling into a filtering unit 2, enabling a magnetic powder removing unit 3 to be linked with the filtering unit 2 to screen out stainless steel balls in the slurry, then transferring the stainless steel balls to the magnetic powder removing unit 3 by the filtering unit 2, completely removing the magnetic powder on the surfaces of the stainless steel balls by the magnetic powder removing unit 3, then transferring the stainless steel balls into a stainless steel ball screening unit 4 by the magnetic powder removing unit 3, screening the stainless steel balls by the stainless steel ball screening unit 4, and screening out the stainless steel balls with the ball diameters not meeting the specification; the invention realizes the removal of residual magnetic powder on the surface of the stainless steel ball, removes the residual magnetic powder from the surface of the stainless steel by utilizing the magnetism of the magnetic powder, prevents the waste of the magnetic powder, and then screens out the fine stainless steel balls which do not meet the specification, thereby preventing the influence of the fine stainless steel balls during the subsequent ball milling.
According to the invention, the filter unit 2 comprises a first collecting box 201, a rotating shaft 202, a filter hopper 203, a first electric push rod 204, a first driving wheel 205, a first driving rod 206, a first crank 207, a bump 208, a second crank 209, a sliding block 2010, a second electric push rod 2011, a stirring block 2012, a first slide rail 2013 and a second slide rail 2014; the first collecting box 201 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 202; the first collecting box 201 is fixedly connected with a first electric push rod 204; the first collecting box 201 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the rotating shaft 202 is rotatably connected with the filter hopper 203; the filter hopper 203 is rotationally connected with a first electric push rod 204; a stirring block 2012 is arranged above the filter hopper 203; the first driving wheel 205 is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit 3; the inner axis of the first driving wheel 205 is fixedly connected with the first driving rod 206; the outer surface of the first transmission rod 206 is fixedly connected with a first crank 207; the outer surface of the first transmission rod 206 is rotationally connected with the underframe 1; the first crank 207 is fixedly connected with the bump 208; the lug 208 is in sliding connection with a second crank 209; the second crank 209 is in rotational connection with the sliding block 2010 through a rotating shaft; the sliding block 2010 is in sliding connection with the first sliding rail 2013; the first slide rail 2013 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the sliding block 2010 is in sliding connection with the second sliding rail 2014; the second slide rail 2014 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the lower part of the sliding block 2010 is fixedly connected with a second electric push rod 2011; the lower part of the second electric push rod 2011 is fixedly connected with the stirring block 2012.
Firstly, ball-milled neodymium-iron-boron powder slurry is poured into a filter hopper 203, the filter hopper 203 is provided with a strip-shaped groove, the slurry flows into a first collecting box 201 from the groove, stainless steel balls are left in the filter hopper 203, in order to prevent the stainless steel balls from being accumulated and influencing the filtering effect, when the slurry is poured, a second electric push rod 2011 is started to drive a stirring block 2012 to move downwards and move downwards to be positioned in the filter hopper 203, meanwhile, a magnetic powder removing unit 3 drives a first driving wheel 205 to drive a first driving rod 206, the first driving rod 206 drives a first crank 207 to rotate, the first crank 207 drives a lug 208 to rotate, the joint of the second crank 209 and the lug 208 is provided with a groove, the lug 208 slides back and forth on the groove of the second crank 209 while rotating, so that the second crank 209 drives a sliding block 2010 to slide back and forth in a first sliding rail 2013 and a second sliding rail 2014, the sliding block 2010 drives a second electric push rod 2011 and a stirring block 2012 connected with the second electric push rod 2012 to slide back and forth, when the stirring block 208 slides back and forth, the stirring block 209 stirs the slurry in the filter hopper 203 and drives the rotating shaft 203 to rotate back, after the filtering hopper 203, the magnetic powder removing unit 203 to move downwards, and then the magnetic powder removing unit 203 can be removed; the unit realizes filtering the stainless steel balls out of the slurry.
According to the invention, the magnetic powder removing unit 3 comprises a motor 301, a second transmission rod 302, a second transmission wheel 303, a third transmission wheel 304, a first rod sleeve 305, a connecting plate 306, a third electric push rod 307, a straight gear 308, an internal gear 309, a third transmission rod 3010, a first bevel gear 3011, a second rod sleeve 3012, an electric slider 3013, a second bevel gear 3014, a third bevel gear 3015, a fourth transmission rod 3016, a first magnet roller 3017, a first collecting mechanism 3018, a fourth bevel gear 3019, a fifth transmission rod 3020, a second magnet roller 3021, a second collecting mechanism 3022, a guide 3023 and a fifth slide rail 3024; the motor 301 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the output shaft of the motor 301 is fixedly connected with a second transmission rod 302; the outer surface of the second transmission rod 302 is fixedly connected with a second transmission wheel 303; the outer surface of the second transmission rod 302 is fixedly connected with a third transmission wheel 304; the outer surface of the second transmission rod 302 is slidably connected with the first rod sleeve 305; the outer ring surface of the second driving wheel 303 is in transmission connection with the first driving wheel 205 through a belt; the third driving wheel 304 is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit 4; the outer surface of the first rod sleeve 305 is rotatably connected with the connecting plate 306; the outer surface of the first rod sleeve 305 is fixedly connected with a straight gear 308; the connecting plate 306 is fixedly connected with a third electric push rod 307; the third electric push rod 307 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; an inner gear 309 is arranged on the side of the straight gear 308; the inner axis of the internal gear 309 is fixedly connected with the third transmission rod 3010; the outer surface of the third transmission rod 3010 is fixedly connected with the first bevel gear 3011; the outer surface of the third transmission rod 3010 is in sliding connection with the second rod sleeve 3012; the outer surface of the third transmission rod 3010 is rotatably connected with the underframe 1; the first bevel gear 3011 is meshed with the fourth bevel gear 3019; the outer surface of the second rod sleeve 3012 is rotatably connected with the electric slide block 3013; the outer surface of the second rod sleeve 3012 is fixedly connected with the second bevel gear 3014; the electric slider 3013 is rotatably connected to the fourth transmission rod 3016; the electric slider 3013 is connected to the fifth slide rail 3024 in a sliding manner; the second bevel gear 3014 is engaged with the third bevel gear 3015; the inner axis of the third bevel gear 3015 is fixedly connected with the fourth transmission rod 3016; the outer surface of the fourth transmission rod 3016 is fixedly connected with the first magnet roll 3017; a first collecting mechanism 3018 is arranged on one side of the first magnet roll 3017; the first collecting mechanism 3018 is connected to the chassis 1; a second magnet roller 3021 is arranged on the other side of the first magnet roller 3017; the inner axis of the fourth bevel gear 3019 is fixedly connected with a fifth transmission rod 3020; the outer surface of the fifth transmission rod 3020 is fixedly connected with the second magnet roller 3021; the outer surface of the fifth transmission rod 3020 is rotatably connected with the fifth slide rail 3024; the fifth slide rail 3024 is fixedly connected to the chassis 1; a second collecting mechanism 3022 is arranged on the side of the second magnet roller 3021; the second collecting mechanism 3022 is connected to the chassis 1; a guide plate 3023 is arranged above the second magnet roller 3021; the guide plate 3023 is fixedly connected to the chassis 1.
The stainless steel ball rolls from the filter hopper 203 to the guide plate 3023, then slides from the guide plate 3023 to the position between the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021, the electric slider 3013 is started to drive the connected components to slide on the fifth slide rail 3024 in advance, the distance between the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021 is reduced to be smaller than the distance between the stainless steel ball, then the third electric push rod 307 is started to drive the connecting plate 306 to move, the connecting plate 306 moves to drive the first rod sleeve 305 to slide on the second transmission rod 302, the spur gear 308 moves along with the first rod sleeve 305, the spur gear 308 moves to be meshed with the internal gear 309, a motor 301 is started to drive a second transmission rod 302 to drive a second transmission wheel 303, a third transmission wheel 304 and a first rod sleeve 305, the first rod sleeve 305 drives a spur gear 308 to drive an internal gear 309, the internal gear 309 drives a third transmission rod 3010 to drive a first bevel gear 3011 and a second rod sleeve 3012, the first bevel gear 3011 drives a fourth bevel gear 3019 to drive a fifth transmission rod 3020, the fifth transmission rod 3020 drives a second magnet roller 3021 to rotate, the second rod sleeve 3012 drives a second bevel gear 3014 to drive a third bevel gear 3015, the third bevel gear 3015 drives a fourth transmission rod 3016 to drive a first magnet roller 3017, and the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021 rotate to drive a stainless steel ball between the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021 to roll, so that the magnetic powder on the surface of the stainless steel ball is attracted by the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021 due to magnetism, after removal, the electric slider 3013 is started again to drive the connected parts to move back for resetting, the distance between the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021 is increased, the stainless steel ball freely falls to the stainless steel ball screening unit 4, then the first collection mechanism 3018 and the second collection mechanism 3022 start to scrape and collect the magnetic powder on the first magnet roller 3017 and the second magnet roller 3021 for reuse; in addition, the second transmission wheel 303 drives the first transmission wheel 205 to rotate, and the third transmission wheel 304 drives the stainless steel ball screening unit 4 to operate; the unit realizes the removal of magnetic powder on the surface of the stainless steel ball.
In the invention, the first collecting mechanism 3018 includes a fourth electric push rod 301801, a collecting frame 301802 and a plastic scraper 301803; the fourth electric push rod 301801 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the fourth electric push rod 301801 is fixedly connected with the collection frame 301802; the collecting frame 301802 is connected to the chassis 1 in a sliding manner; the collecting frame 301802 is fixedly connected with the plastic scraper 301803; the plastic scraper 301803 is provided with a second magnet roller 3021 on the side.
The first collecting mechanism 3018 and the second collecting mechanism 3022 have the same structure, when it is necessary to collect magnetic powder on the first magnet roller 3017, the fourth electric push rod 301801 starts to extend to drive the collecting frame 301802 to move, the collecting frame 301802 drives the plastic scraper 301803 to move until the plastic scraper 301803 contacts with the surface of the first magnet roller 3017, then the first magnet roller 3017 is made to rotate, and when the first magnet roller 3017 rotates, the magnetic powder on the surface is scraped by the plastic scraper 301803 and falls on the collecting frame 301802 for collection; the mechanism realizes the collection of magnetic powder.
According to the invention, the stainless steel ball screening unit 4 comprises a fourth driving wheel 401, a sixth driving rod 402, a fifth bevel gear 403, a sixth bevel gear 404, a seventh driving rod 405, a missing tooth gear 406, a rack frame 407, a screen 408, a third slide rail 409, a fourth slide rail 4010, a second collecting box 4011, a transferring hopper 4012 and a sixth slide rail 4013; the outer ring surface of the fourth driving wheel 401 is in transmission connection with the third driving wheel 304 through a belt; the inner axis of the fourth transmission wheel 401 is fixedly connected with a sixth transmission rod 402; the outer surface of the sixth transmission rod 402 is fixedly connected with a fifth bevel gear 403; the outer surface of the sixth transmission rod 402 is rotatably connected with the underframe 1; the fifth bevel gear 403 is meshed with the sixth bevel gear 404; the inner axis of the sixth bevel gear 404 is fixedly connected with a seventh transmission rod 405; the outer surface of the seventh transmission rod 405 is fixedly connected with the gear with missing teeth 406; the gear without teeth 406 is in transmission connection with the rack frame 407; the rack frame 407 is fixedly connected with the screen 408; the rack frame 407 is slidably connected with the third slide rail 409; the third slide rail 409 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the rack frame 407 is slidably connected with the sixth slide rail 4013; the sixth sliding rail 4013 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; the screen 408 is slidably connected to a fourth slide rail 4010; the fourth slide rail 4010 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; a material transferring hopper 4012 is arranged above the screen 408; the material transferring hopper 4012 is fixedly connected with the underframe 1; a second collection box 4011 is provided below the screen 408.
Stainless steel balls without magnetic powder fall from a position between a first magnet roller 3017 and a second magnet roller 3021, pass through a material transferring hopper 4012 and then fall on a screen 408, meanwhile, a third driving wheel 304 drives a fourth driving wheel 401 to drive a sixth driving rod 402, the sixth driving rod 402 drives a fifth bevel gear 403 to drive a sixth bevel gear 404, the sixth bevel gear 404 drives a seventh driving rod 405 to drive a missing tooth gear 406, the missing tooth gear 406 drives a rack frame 407 to slide on a third sliding rail 409 and a sixth sliding rail 4013 in a reciprocating mode, the screen 408 slides on a fourth sliding rail 4010 along with the rack frame 407 in a reciprocating mode, the stainless steel balls are uniformly spread when the screen 408 moves in a reciprocating mode, a hole groove is formed in the screen 408, if the ball diameter of the stainless steel balls is smaller than a standard value, the stainless steel balls fall into a second collecting box 4011 from the hole groove, qualified stainless steel balls stay on the screen 408, the stainless steel balls are screened, and the stainless steel balls which do not conform to the standard ball diameter are screened out.
In the invention, the outer ring surface of the joint of the second transmission rod 302 and the first rod sleeve 305 and the outer ring surface of the joint of the third transmission rod 3010 and the second rod sleeve 3012 are provided with straight tangent planes.
The sleeve can slide on the rod and can be driven to rotate by the rod.
In the invention, the plastic scraper 301803 is made of a material having a hardness smaller than that of the magnet, and has a baffle on both sides.
The first magnet roller 3017 can be prevented from being damaged and the scraped magnetic powder will not leak from the side.
In the invention, the upper end and the lower end of the rack frame 407 are provided with racks which are symmetrical to each other.
The gear rack frame 407 can be driven to reciprocate when the gear with missing teeth 406 rotates.
The above-described embodiments are provided to enable persons skilled in the art to make or use the invention, and that persons skilled in the art may make modifications or changes to the above-described embodiments without departing from the inventive concept thereof, and therefore the scope of protection of the invention is not limited by the above-described embodiments but should be accorded the widest scope consistent with the innovative features recited in the claims.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an utilize magnetic stainless steel ball surface magnetic powder remove device, including chassis (1) and control panel (5), its characterized in that: the device also comprises a filtering unit (2), a magnetic powder removing unit (3) and a stainless steel ball screening unit (4); the underframe (1) is connected with the filter unit (2); the underframe (1) is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit (3); the bottom frame (1) is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit (4); the underframe (1) is connected with the control screen (5); the filtering unit (2) is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit (3); the magnetic powder removing unit (3) is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit (4);
the filtering unit (2) comprises a first collecting box (201), a rotating shaft (202), a filtering hopper (203), a first electric push rod (204), a first driving wheel (205), a first driving rod (206), a first crank (207), a convex block (208), a second crank (209), a sliding block (2010), a second electric push rod (2011), a stirring block (2012), a first sliding rail (2013) and a second sliding rail (2014); the first collecting box (201) is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft (202); the first collecting box (201) is fixedly connected with a first electric push rod (204); the first collecting box (201) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); the rotating shaft (202) is rotatably connected with the filtering hopper (203); the filter hopper (203) is rotationally connected with a first electric push rod (204); a stirring block (2012) is arranged above the filter hopper (203); the first driving wheel (205) is connected with the magnetic powder removing unit (3); the inner axis of the first driving wheel (205) is fixedly connected with the first driving rod (206); the outer surface of the first transmission rod (206) is fixedly connected with a first crank (207); the outer surface of the first transmission rod (206) is rotationally connected with the underframe (1); the first crank (207) is fixedly connected with the lug (208); the lug (208) is in sliding connection with the second crank (209); the second crank (209) is rotationally connected with the sliding block (2010) through a rotating shaft; the sliding block (2010) is in sliding connection with the first sliding rail (2013); the first sliding rail (2013) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); the sliding block (2010) is in sliding connection with the second sliding rail (2014); the second sliding rail (2014) is fixedly connected with the bottom frame (1); the lower part of the sliding block (2010) is fixedly connected with a second electric push rod (2011); the lower part of the second electric push rod (2011) is fixedly connected with the stirring block (2012);
the magnetic powder removing unit (3) comprises a motor (301), a second transmission rod (302), a second transmission wheel (303), a third transmission wheel (304), a first rod sleeve (305), a connecting plate (306), a third electric push rod (307), a straight gear (308), an internal gear (309), a third transmission rod (3010), a first bevel gear (3011), a second rod sleeve (3012), an electric slider (3013), a second bevel gear (3014), a third bevel gear (3015), a fourth transmission rod (3016), a first magnet roller (3017), a first collecting mechanism (3018), a fourth bevel gear (3019), a fifth transmission rod (3020), a second magnet roller (3021), a second collecting mechanism (3022), a guide plate (3023) and a fifth slide rail (3024); the motor (301) is fixedly connected with the chassis (1); the output shaft of the motor (301) is fixedly connected with a second transmission rod (302); the outer surface of the second transmission rod (302) is fixedly connected with a second transmission wheel (303); the outer surface of the second transmission rod (302) is fixedly connected with a third transmission wheel (304); the outer surface of the second transmission rod (302) is in sliding connection with the first rod sleeve (305); the outer ring surface of the second driving wheel (303) is in transmission connection with the first driving wheel (205) through a belt; the third transmission wheel (304) is connected with the stainless steel ball screening unit (4); the outer surface of the first rod sleeve (305) is rotatably connected with the connecting plate (306); the outer surface of the first rod sleeve (305) is fixedly connected with a straight gear (308); the connecting plate (306) is fixedly connected with a third electric push rod (307); the third electric push rod (307) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); an inner gear (309) is arranged on the side edge of the straight gear (308); the inner axis of the internal gear (309) is fixedly connected with a third transmission rod (3010); the outer surface of the third transmission rod (3010) is fixedly connected with the first bevel gear (3011); the outer surface of the third transmission rod (3010) is in sliding connection with the second rod sleeve (3012); the outer surface of the third transmission rod (3010) is rotatably connected with the underframe (1); the first bevel gear (3011) is meshed with the fourth bevel gear (3019); the outer surface of the second rod sleeve (3012) is rotationally connected with the electric sliding block (3013); the outer surface of the second rod sleeve (3012) is fixedly connected with a second bevel gear (3014); the electric slider (3013) is rotatably connected with the fourth transmission rod (3016); the electric slider (3013) is connected with the fifth slide rail (3024) in a sliding manner; the second bevel gear (3014) is meshed with the third bevel gear (3015); the inner axis of the third bevel gear (3015) is fixedly connected with a fourth transmission rod (3016); the outer surface of the fourth transmission rod (3016) is fixedly connected with the first magnet roller (3017); a first collecting mechanism (3018) is arranged on one side of the first magnet roller (3017); the first collecting mechanism (3018) is connected with the bottom frame (1); a second magnet roller (3021) is arranged on the other side of the first magnet roller (3017); the inner axis of the fourth bevel gear (3019) is fixedly connected with a fifth transmission rod (3020); the outer surface of the fifth transmission rod (3020) is fixedly connected with the second magnet roller (3021); the outer surface of the fifth transmission rod (3020) is rotatably connected with a fifth slide rail (3024); the fifth slide rail (3024) is fixedly connected with the chassis (1); a second collecting mechanism (3022) is arranged on the side edge of the second magnet roller (3021); the second collecting mechanism (3022) is connected with the chassis (1); a guide plate (3023) is arranged above the second magnet roller (3021); the guide plate (3023) is fixedly connected with the bottom frame (1).
2. The apparatus for removing magnetic powder from the surface of a stainless steel ball according to claim 1, wherein: the first collecting mechanism (3018) comprises a fourth electric push rod (301801), a collecting frame (301802) and a plastic scraper (301803); the fourth electric push rod (301801) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); the fourth electric push rod (301801) is fixedly connected with the collection frame (301802); the collecting frame (301802) is connected with the bottom frame (1) in a sliding way; the collecting frame (301802) is fixedly connected with the plastic scraper (301803); a second magnet roller (3021) is arranged on the side edge of the plastic scraper (301803).
3. The apparatus for removing magnetic powder from the surface of a stainless steel ball according to claim 2, wherein: the stainless steel ball screening unit (4) comprises a fourth driving wheel (401), a sixth driving rod (402), a fifth bevel gear (403), a sixth bevel gear (404), a seventh driving rod (405), a tooth-missing gear (406), a rack frame (407), a screen (408), a third slide rail (409), a fourth slide rail (4010), a second collecting box (4011), a material transferring hopper (4012) and a sixth slide rail (4013); the outer ring surface of the fourth driving wheel (401) is in transmission connection with the third driving wheel (304) through a belt; the inner axis of the fourth transmission wheel (401) is fixedly connected with a sixth transmission rod (402); the outer surface of the sixth transmission rod (402) is fixedly connected with a fifth bevel gear (403); the outer surface of the sixth transmission rod (402) is rotatably connected with the underframe (1); the fifth bevel gear (403) is meshed with the sixth bevel gear (404); the inner axis of the sixth bevel gear (404) is fixedly connected with a seventh transmission rod (405); the outer surface of the seventh transmission rod (405) is fixedly connected with the gear with missing teeth (406); the gear with missing teeth (406) is in transmission connection with the rack frame (407); the rack frame (407) is fixedly connected with the screen (408); the rack frame (407) is in sliding connection with the third sliding rail (409); the third slide rail (409) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); the rack frame (407) is in sliding connection with the sixth sliding rail (4013); the sixth sliding rail (4013) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); the screen (408) is in sliding connection with a fourth sliding rail (4010); the fourth sliding rail (4010) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); a material transferring hopper (4012) is arranged above the screen (408); the material transferring hopper (4012) is fixedly connected with the underframe (1); a second collecting box (4011) is arranged below the screen (408).
4. The apparatus for removing magnetic powder from the surface of a stainless steel ball according to claim 3, wherein: the outer ring surface of the joint of the second transmission rod (302) and the first rod sleeve (305) and the outer ring surface of the joint of the third transmission rod (3010) and the second rod sleeve (3012) are provided with straight tangent planes.
5. The apparatus for removing magnetic powder from the surface of a stainless steel ball according to claim 4, wherein: the plastic scraper (301803) is made of a material having a hardness lower than that of the magnet and has a baffle plate on both sides.
6. The apparatus for removing magnetic powder from the surface of a stainless steel ball according to claim 5, wherein: the upper end and the lower end of the rack frame (407) are provided with racks which are symmetrical with each other.
CN202110385445.6A 2021-04-10 2021-04-10 Stainless steel ball surface magnetic powder removing device utilizing magnetism Active CN113245016B (en)

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