CN113235948B - Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large-scale venue - Google Patents

Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large-scale venue Download PDF

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CN113235948B
CN113235948B CN202110627140.1A CN202110627140A CN113235948B CN 113235948 B CN113235948 B CN 113235948B CN 202110627140 A CN202110627140 A CN 202110627140A CN 113235948 B CN113235948 B CN 113235948B
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vertical rotation
lifting
unit
vertical
venue
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CN113235948A (en
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黄晨光
陈凯
贾新卷
崔立会
张在晨
莫海钊
胡晨晞
季永新
陈学朋
张永菲
蔡龙钰
秦锴
周靖康
桂峥嵘
赵绪华
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China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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China Construction Fourth Engineering Division Corp Ltd
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Priority to PCT/CN2022/096149 priority patent/WO2022253211A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/142Means in or on the elements for connecting same to handling apparatus
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/162Handles to carry construction blocks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction method for the spatial vertical rotation of a steel structure roof of a large-scale venue, which belongs to the technical field of constructional engineering and comprises the following steps: dividing the steel structure roof into an inner awning and an outer awning, wherein a vertical rotation structure unit in the inner awning adopts a space vertical rotation construction method, and the outer awning is installed by adopting a high-altitude bulk method; after the construction of the concrete main structure of the venue is finished, constructing an outer shed, mounting a horizontally spliced supporting jig frame on a stand structure in the venue, mounting a plurality of lifting frames in the venue, and connecting the lifting frames by adopting transverse connecting beams; two vertical rotating hinges are arranged at the joint of the vertical rotating structural unit and the outer cover shed, two front lifting points are determined on the vertical rotating structural unit, a lifting point device is installed, the vertical rotating structural unit is lifted to a designed elevation in a vertical rotating mode, the vertical rotating hinges are packaged and welded, and a rod piece between the vertical rotating structural units is installed in an embedding and supplementing mode. The invention improves the construction efficiency and the safety factor of the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue, reduces the overhead working capacity and ensures the construction quality.

Description

Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large-scale venue
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of constructional engineering, and particularly relates to a spatial vertical rotation construction method for a steel structure roof of a large-scale venue.
Background
In recent years, with the gradual expansion of the functions of large-scale stadiums from the basic requirements, the steel structure roof has the characteristics of complex structure types, novel modeling, large component size, large structural span, ultrahigh installation height and the like. At present, the common construction methods for mounting the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue comprise a high-altitude bulk mounting method, a strip or block mounting method, a high-altitude sliding method, an integral hoisting method, an integral lifting method, an integral jacking method and the like.
The high-altitude bulk method is a method for directly and totally assembling small units or parts (single rod piece and single node) at a designed position, is suitable for various types of net racks with bolted joints, and is particularly suitable for the situation of difficult lifting.
The strip or block mounting method is a mounting method that the net rack is divided into strip or block units which are respectively hoisted to a high-altitude design position by hoisting equipment to be placed in place and then form a whole. The method is suitable for the net racks with small changes of rigidity and stress conditions after division, such as net racks with two-direction orthogonal square pyramid, positive evacuation square pyramid and the like. The mounting method is beneficial to improving the engineering quality and can save most of the assembly supports.
The high-altitude sliding method is an installation method for splicing the split net rack units into a whole by sliding the split net rack units to a designed position on a preset slide rail one by one. The method is suitable for the net racks such as an upright square pyramid, an upright evacuated square pyramid, a two-direction orthogonal square pyramid and the like. The sliding unit is guaranteed to be a geometric invariant system during sliding.
The integral hoisting method is a construction method that after the net racks are assembled on the ground, the net racks are hoisted in place by hoisting equipment. The welding work of the integral net rack is carried out on the ground, the construction quality is better ensured, the method is suitable for various net racks, and the net racks can be horizontally moved or rotated to be in place at high altitude during hoisting.
The integral lifting method is a construction method for mounting lifting equipment on a structural column and lifting a net rack spliced on the ground in place. The net rack integral lifting method can structurally install a lifting device to lift the net rack, and can also lift the net rack when the sliding formwork construction of the column is carried out. It is suitable for peripheral support and multi-point support net frame, and can be constructed by small machines such as plate-lifting machine and hydraulic jack.
The integral jacking method is a lifting method that the net rack is assembled into a whole on the ground at a designed position and then jacked to a designed height by a jack. It is suitable for multi-point supporting net frame with less supporting points.
In conclusion, the high-altitude bulk mounting method is to perform total assembly at a design position, the high-altitude sliding method is to perform accumulated sliding assembly at a design elevation, both the two mounting modes need to arrange a large number of supporting jig frames, the high-altitude welding amount is large, the high-altitude hoisting workload is large, the requirement on precision control is high, and a large amount of manpower, machines and tools are often invested due to the limitation of a construction period, so that the construction quality and the construction safety are difficult to guarantee. The strip or block mounting method and the integral hoisting method refer to hoisting the assembled unit to a designed position by means of hoisting equipment, the two mounting methods are often influenced by the hoisting capacity and hoisting range of the hoisting equipment, and meanwhile, the hoisting capacity of the hoisting equipment is supplemented with the self weight, so that the requirement on the bearing capacity of the walking track is high. While the integral lift method and the integral jacking method are generally applicable to regular multi-point support net frames, the integral jacking method is also affected by the stroke of the jacking equipment.
Aiming at large steel structure roofs of large size, heavy weight of rod pieces, large structural span and ultrahigh installation height of large stadiums, especially huge ribbed space folded plate-shaped grid structures, the installation requirements of the steel structure projects are difficult to meet by using the existing steel structure roof installation method.
Therefore, how to provide a construction method for the spatial vertical rotation of the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue is a problem to be solved urgently by the technical personnel in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the invention provides a spatial vertical rotation construction method for a large-scale steel structure roof of a venue, which improves the construction efficiency and the safety coefficient of the large-scale steel structure roof of the venue, reduces the high-altitude operation amount, and ensures the construction quality.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a construction method for spatial vertical rotation of a steel structure roof of a large-scale venue comprises the following steps: dividing the steel structure roof into a vertical rotation mounting area and a non-vertical rotation mounting area according to the structural characteristics and the stress form of the steel structure roof; the vertical rotation installation area is an inner awning of the steel structure roof, and a space vertical rotation construction method is adopted by a vertical rotation structure unit in the inner awning; the non-vertical rotation mounting area is an outer awning of the steel structure roof, and the outer awning is mounted by adopting a high-altitude bulk method; after the construction of the concrete main structure of the venue is finished, constructing an outer shed, simultaneously installing a horizontally spliced supporting jig frame on a stand structure in the venue, installing a plurality of lifting frames in the venue core, and connecting adjacent lifting frames by adopting transverse connecting beams; treat the dustcoat canopy and erect the unit construction of commentaries on classics and accomplish the back, set up two perpendicular hinges that change in the junction of turning unit and dustcoat canopy erectly, confirm two preceding pulling points and install the pulling point device on the unit of turning structure erectly, adopt lifting means and pulling point device to link to each other, to erect the unit of turning structure and change and promote to the design elevation, encapsulation welding erects the hinge that changes, adopts hoisting equipment to inlay the member of benefit installation between the unit of turning structure, accomplishes large-scale venue steel construction room roof space and erects the construction of turning.
Preferably, the vertical rotation installation area is divided into n vertical rotation structure units according to the well-defined vertical rotation installation area, and the vertical rotation structure units are numbered as a 1# unit and a 2# unit in sequence until the vertical rotation structure units are divided into n # units; the n divided vertical rotation structural units are symmetrical, and the vertical rotation structural units are ensured to be in a geometrically-invariant system and stable in a plane.
Preferably, the two vertical rotating hinges are arranged on the same elevation, and the two vertical rotating hinges are ensured to be concentric and coaxial; the two front lifting point devices are arranged on the same elevation and have equal distance to the center connecting line of the two vertical rotating hinges, and the lengths of the buckling cables on the lifting point devices connecting the two front lifting points are consistent, so that the two front lifting points are ensured to be synchronously lifted in the vertical rotating process.
Preferably, after the lifting frame is installed, the lifting equipment is installed on the lifting frame, the pulling point device and the core-through oil cylinder are connected by using the buckling rope, the buckling rope acting on the vertical rotation structure unit is ensured to be parallel to each other in the pulling force direction and in the same plane, and the two pulling points on the vertical rotation structure unit are ensured to be lifted synchronously; and installing a monitoring instrument on the vertical rotation structure unit, and dynamically monitoring the change condition of the vertical rotation structure unit in the vertical rotation installation process.
Preferably, the lifting frame comprises a front lifting frame and a rear lifting frame, and the front lifting frame adopts lifting equipment to lift two front lifting points on the vertical rotation structure unit; the vertical rotation structural unit is also provided with a rear lifting point, the rear lifting point is positioned between the two vertical rotation hinges, and the rear lifting frame adopts lifting equipment to adjust and control the rear lifting point on the vertical rotation structural unit.
Preferably, in the vertical rotation lifting process, the position of the center-penetrating oil cylinder on the rear lifting frame is continuously adjusted, so that the radial sliding distance between the position of the center-penetrating oil cylinder and the rear lifting point is consistent, and the buckling rope is ensured to be always kept in vertical lifting.
Preferably, after the vertical rotation structural unit is inspected to be intact, under the condition of no wind or breeze and good weather, starting to lift the vertical rotation structural unit by 100mm around the vertical rotation hinge, and standing for one day; and after the trial vertical rotation lifting stage is finished, continuously lifting the vertical rotation structure unit to the designed elevation according to the proposed lifting speed.
Preferably, after the venue concrete main structure is constructed to a certain layer height, the outer awning, the horizontal splicing supporting jig frame and the lifting frame are inserted into the area where the construction of the concrete main structure is completed in advance for construction.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, the horizontally split supporting jig frame is installed along the stand structural form by utilizing the structural form of the stand in the yard, so that the installation height of the horizontally split supporting jig frame is obviously reduced.
Secondly, the vertical rotating structure units are assembled and assembled at low altitude, so that the high altitude operation amount is obviously reduced, the construction efficiency and the construction safety coefficient are improved, and the construction quality is also ensured.
In addition, the vertical rotation structure unit has short time for vertical rotation in place, large vertical rotation angle, high vertical rotation height, large space size of the vertical rotation structure unit and heavy weight.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a top view of a steel roof;
FIG. 2 is a front view of a steel roof;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a steel roof;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the vertical rotation structure unit;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a vertical rotation structural unit;
FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the vertical rotation structure unit in a horizontal assembly state and a vertical rotation in-place state;
FIG. 7 is a schematic plan view of the lifting frame, vertical hinge, embedded rod, and lifting point device.
Wherein, in the figure:
1-vertical rotation mounting area; 2-non-vertical rotation mounting area; 3-concrete main structure; 4-vertical rotation structural unit; 5-front pull point; 6-rear pulling point; 7-vertical rotation hinge; 8-lifting the frame; 9-rear lifting frame; 10-horizontal assembling supporting jig; 11-a limiting device; 12-a lifting device; 13-a lanyard; 14-a rod member; 15-transverse tie-beam.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to the attached drawing 1, in order to improve the construction efficiency and the safety factor of the large-scale venue steel structure roof, reduce the high-altitude operation amount and ensure the construction quality, the invention provides a large-scale venue steel structure roof space vertical rotation construction method, which comprises the following steps:
and S1, dividing the steel structure roof into a vertical rotation installation area 1 and a non-vertical rotation installation area 2 according to the structural characteristics and the stress form of the steel structure roof. The vertical rotation installation area 1 is an inner awning of a steel structure roof, the vertical rotation structure units 4 in the part adopt a space vertical rotation construction method, and the embedded rod pieces 14 among the vertical rotation structure units 4 are hoisted and installed by adopting hoisting equipment; the non-vertical rotation installation area 2 is an outer awning of the steel structure roof, and the part is installed by adopting a high-altitude bulk method. As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the schematic diagram is a schematic diagram of dividing a vertical rotation installation area 1 and a non-vertical rotation installation area 2 of the steel structure roof of the present embodiment.
And S2, dividing the vertical rotation installation area 1 into n vertical rotation structural units 4 according to the well defined vertical rotation installation area 1, and numbering the vertical rotation structural units 4 into a 1# unit and a 2# unit in sequence until the vertical rotation structural units are divided into n # units. Meanwhile, the divided vertical rotation structure units 4 should be symmetrical as much as possible, and the vertical rotation structure units 4 are ensured to be in a geometrically-invariant system and stable in a plane. In the present embodiment, the vertical rotation installation area 1 is divided into 8 vertical rotation structural units 4, and they are numbered in the counterclockwise direction as the 1# unit, the 2# unit, …, and the 8# unit in this order, as shown in fig. 4.
And S3, after the construction of the concrete main structure 3 of the venue is finished, constructing the outer shed, simultaneously installing the horizontally spliced supporting jig frame 10 on the platform structure in the venue, and installing the lifting frame in the venue. In order to save the construction period, after the venue concrete main structure 3 is constructed to a certain floor height, the non-vertical rotation installation area 2, the horizontal splicing support jig frame 10 and the lifting frame are arranged in advance to be inserted into the constructed concrete main structure 3 area.
And S4, after the horizontally assembled supporting jig frame 10 is installed, assembling the vertical rotation structural unit 4 on the horizontally assembled supporting jig frame 10 and arranging the corresponding limiting device 11, as shown in FIG. 6.
S5, after the construction of the non-vertical rotation installation area 2 and the vertical rotation structural unit 4 is completed, two vertical rotation hinges 7 are arranged at the joint of the vertical rotation structural unit 4 and the outer shed, the two vertical rotation hinges 7 are arranged at the same elevation, and the two vertical rotation hinges 7 are concentric and coaxial. Meanwhile, two front lifting points 5 are determined at reasonable positions of the vertical rotation structural unit 4, lifting point devices are installed, the two lifting point devices are installed on the same elevation and have equal distance to a vertical rotation shaft (a central connecting line of two vertical rotation hinges 7), and in addition, the lengths of the buckle cables 13 connected with the two lifting point devices are consistent, so that the two front lifting points 5 are ensured to be synchronously lifted in the vertical rotation process. In the present embodiment, two front pulling points 5 and one rear pulling point 6 are determined at reasonable positions of the vertical rotation structural unit 4, the front pulling point 5 devices installed on the two front pulling points 5 are arranged at the same elevation and have the same distance to the vertical rotation axis (the central connecting line of the two vertical rotation hinges 7), and moreover, the lengths of the lanyards 13 connecting the two front pulling point 5 devices are consistent, so as to ensure that the two front pulling points 5 are synchronously lifted during the vertical rotation, as shown in fig. 5, 6 and 7.
And S6, after the lifting frame is installed, installing the lifting equipment 12 on the lifting frame, and connecting the lifting point device and the core-through oil cylinder by using a buckling rope 13 (a steel strand). And ensures that the guy wires 13 acting on the vertical rotation structure unit 4 are parallel to each other in the direction of the pulling force and in the same plane, so as to ensure that the two front lifting points 5 on the vertical rotation structure unit 4 are lifted synchronously. Meanwhile, a monitoring instrument is installed on the vertical rotation system to dynamically monitor the change condition of the vertical rotation system in the vertical rotation installation process. In this embodiment, the lifting frames include a front lifting frame 8 and a rear lifting frame 9, and 16 lifting frames are arranged, wherein the front lifting frame 8 is arranged in the field core area, and the rear lifting frame 9 is arranged in the top area of the high-area stand. Wherein, 8 front lifting frames 8 in the field core area are connected by adopting transverse connecting beams 15 so as to enhance the integral rigidity and strength of the front lifting frames 8 to resist the tensile force acting on the front lifting frames 8; the rear lifting frame 9 is arranged because each vertical rotation structure unit 4 is provided with three connecting nodes with the outer housing shed, the connecting nodes at two sides are provided with vertical rotation hinges 7, the middle connecting node area is disconnected in the vertical rotation process, meanwhile, the disconnected rod piece 14 is longer and heavier, in order to reduce the deformation of the rod piece 14 under the self-weight, the rear lifting frame 9 needs to be arranged, a lifting device 12 and a pushing device are arranged on the rear lifting frame 9, and the pushing device ensures that a buckle cable 13 connected with a rear lifting point 6 device is always kept vertical in the vertical rotation moving process of the rear lifting point 6, as shown in fig. 6 and 7.
And S7, after all the vertical rotation installation procedures are ready, the limiting device 11 is arranged when the horizontal splicing, assembling and vertical rotation structural unit 4 is released.
And S8, after the limiting devices 11 on the horizontal splicing, assembling and vertical rotating structural units 4 are released, checking whether the vertical rotating system is complete and good.
And S9, after the vertical rotation system is inspected to be intact, starting to vertically rotate and lift the vertical rotation structural unit 4 by 100mm around the vertical rotation hinge 7 under the conditions of no wind or breeze and good weather, and standing for one day. In the present embodiment, the unit 4 is configured to be symmetrical in groups, wherein the 1# unit and the 5# unit are grouped into a group, the 3# unit and the 7# unit are grouped into B group, and the 2# unit, the 4# unit, the 6# unit and the 8# unit are grouped into C group. And in the process of trying to vertically rotate and lift, sequentially trying to vertically rotate and lift the group A, the group B and the group C.
And S10, after the vertical rotation lifting stage is finished, continuously lifting the vertical rotation structural unit 4 to the designed elevation according to the planned lifting speed. In this embodiment, during the vertical rotation lifting process, the group a, the group B, and the group C are lifted in sequence. Meanwhile, the position of the center-penetrating oil cylinder on the rear lifting frame 9 is continuously adjusted to enable the radial sliding distance between the center-penetrating oil cylinder and the rear lifting point 6 to be consistent, so that the buckling rope 13 is ensured to be lifted vertically all the time.
And S11, after the vertical rotation structural unit 4 is lifted to a designed elevation, installing a limiting device 11 to prevent the vertical rotation structural unit 4 from swinging in the air. Meanwhile, the vertical rotating hinge 7 is packaged and welded, so that the connection node of the vertical rotating structural unit 4 and the outer awning is complete, and the node can meet the structural stress requirement.
And S12, after all the vertical rotation structural units 4 are lifted to the designed elevation in a vertical rotation mode, corresponding limiting devices 11 are installed, and the vertical rotation hinges 7 are packaged and welded, the rod pieces 14 among the vertical rotation structural units 4 are installed in an embedding mode through hoisting equipment, and the method is shown in the figure 7.
And S13, after all the embedded rod pieces 14 are installed, removing the limiting device 11 installed when the vertical rotation is installed in place.
And S14, after the limiting devices 11 which are installed when the vertical rotation installation is in place are all dismantled, releasing the lifting force according to a proposed unloading scheme to complete the system conversion of the steel structure roof.
And S15, after the system conversion of the steel structure roof is completed, removing the temporary support measures.
In this embodiment, the vertical hinge 7 in S5 is a vertical hinge 7 formed by disconnecting the vertical structure unit 4 near the node region where it is connected to the housing shed and then connecting it by an ear plate and a pin. Meanwhile, the lifting point device in the CS5 is also composed of an ear plate and a pin shaft. In the construction method, the lifting point device is arranged in a rotatable pin shaft mode, so that the buckling cable 13 is prevented from being twisted in the lifting process.
In this embodiment, the lifting device 12 in S6 includes a piercing cylinder, a buckling rope 13 (steel strand), a hydraulic station, a fixing device, a cable saddle device, a monitoring system, and the like. Meanwhile, the vertical rotation system in the CS6 comprises a vertical rotation structural unit 4, a vertical rotation hinge 7, a lifting point device, a lifting frame, a lifting device 12 and the like.
In this embodiment, in the processes from S7 to S15, the change condition of the vertical rotation system needs to be dynamically monitored, and a data collection and data analysis report needs to be made.
The invention utilizes the outer covering shed which is closed into a ring to resist the horizontal thrust generated at the vertical rotating hinge 7 in the vertical rotating process of the vertical rotating structural unit 4. By utilizing the structural form of the stand in the yard and installing the horizontally split supporting jig frame 10 along the structural form of the stand, the installation height of the horizontally split supporting jig frame 10 is obviously reduced. The vertical rotating structural unit 4 is assembled and vertically rotated at low altitude, so that the high altitude operation amount is obviously reduced, the construction efficiency and the construction safety coefficient are improved, and the construction quality is also ensured. The vertical rotation structural unit 4 has short time for vertical rotation in place, large vertical rotation angle, high vertical rotation height, large space size of the vertical rotation structural unit and heavy weight.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other. The device disclosed by the embodiment corresponds to the method disclosed by the embodiment, so that the description is simple, and the relevant points can be referred to the method part for description.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (7)

1. A construction method for the spatial vertical rotation of a steel structure roof of a large-scale venue is characterized by comprising the following steps: dividing the steel structure roof into a vertical rotation mounting area and a non-vertical rotation mounting area according to the structural characteristics and the stress form of the steel structure roof; the vertical rotation installation area is an inner awning of the steel structure roof, and a space vertical rotation construction method is adopted by a vertical rotation structure unit in the inner awning; the non-vertical rotation mounting area is an outer awning of the steel structure roof, and the outer awning is mounted by adopting a high-altitude bulk method; after the construction of the concrete main structure of the venue is finished, constructing an outer shed, simultaneously installing a horizontally spliced supporting jig frame on a stand structure in the venue, installing a plurality of lifting frames in the venue core, and connecting adjacent lifting frames by adopting transverse connecting beams; after the construction of the outer awning and the vertical rotation structural unit is completed, two vertical rotation hinges are arranged at the joint of the vertical rotation structural unit and the outer awning, two front lifting points are determined on the vertical rotation structural unit and lifting point devices are installed, lifting equipment is adopted to be connected with the lifting point devices, the vertical rotation structural unit is lifted to the designed elevation in a vertical rotation mode, the vertical rotation hinges are packaged and welded, rod pieces between the vertical rotation structural units are installed in an embedding mode through lifting equipment, and the vertical rotation construction of the space of the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue is completed;
the two vertical rotating hinges are arranged on the same elevation, and the two vertical rotating hinges are ensured to be concentric and coaxial; the two front lifting point devices are arranged on the same elevation and have equal distance to the center connecting line of the two vertical rotating hinges, and the lengths of the buckling cables on the lifting point devices connecting the two front lifting points are consistent, so that the two front lifting points are ensured to be synchronously lifted in the vertical rotating process.
2. The method for constructing the spatial vertical rotation of the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue as claimed in claim 1, wherein the vertical rotation installation area is divided into n vertical rotation structure units according to the well-defined vertical rotation installation area, and the vertical rotation structure units are numbered as 1# unit and 2# unit in sequence until the vertical rotation structure units are divided into n # unit; the n divided vertical rotation structural units are symmetrical, and the vertical rotation structural units are ensured to be in a geometrically-invariant system and stable in a plane.
3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein after the installation of the hoisting frame is completed, the hoisting device is installed on the hoisting frame, and the hoisting point device and the center-penetrating cylinder are connected by the buckling rope, so as to ensure that the buckling rope acting on the vertical rotation structure unit is parallel to each other in the direction of the pulling force and in the same plane, thereby ensuring that the two hoisting points on the vertical rotation structure unit are hoisted synchronously; and installing a monitoring instrument on the vertical rotation structure unit, and dynamically monitoring the change condition of the vertical rotation structure unit in the vertical rotation installation process.
4. The method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the lifting frame comprises a front lifting frame and a rear lifting frame, the front lifting frame adopts a lifting device to lift two front lifting points on the vertical rotation structure unit; the vertical rotation structural unit is also provided with a rear lifting point, the rear lifting point is positioned between the two vertical rotation hinges, and the rear lifting frame adopts lifting equipment to adjust and control the rear lifting point on the vertical rotation structural unit.
5. The spatial vertical rotation construction method for the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue according to claim 4, wherein during the vertical rotation lifting process, the position of the center-penetrating oil cylinder on the rear lifting frame is continuously adjusted, so that the radial sliding distance between the position of the center-penetrating oil cylinder and the rear lifting point is consistent, and the buckling rope is ensured to be always lifted vertically.
6. The method for constructing the spatial vertical rotation of the steel structure roof of the large-scale venue as claimed in claim 1, wherein after the vertical rotation structure unit is inspected to be intact, the vertical rotation structure unit is lifted by 100mm around the vertical rotation hinge under the condition of no wind or breeze and good weather, and then is left for one day; and after the trial vertical rotation lifting stage is finished, continuously lifting the vertical rotation structure unit to the designed elevation according to the proposed lifting speed.
7. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein after the concrete structure of the venue is constructed to a certain floor height, the outer awning, the horizontally assembled supporting jig frame and the lifting frame are inserted into the concrete structure construction area in advance.
CN202110627140.1A 2021-06-04 2021-06-04 Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large-scale venue Active CN113235948B (en)

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CN202110627140.1A CN113235948B (en) 2021-06-04 2021-06-04 Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large-scale venue
PCT/CN2022/096149 WO2022253211A1 (en) 2021-06-04 2022-05-31 Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large venue

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CN113235948B true CN113235948B (en) 2022-06-07

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CN113235946B (en) * 2021-06-04 2022-06-21 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 High-altitude rotation construction method for steel cover shed of large-scale venue
CN113235948B (en) * 2021-06-04 2022-06-07 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Spatial vertical rotation construction method for steel structure roof of large-scale venue
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