CN113144395A - Urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department - Google Patents

Urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113144395A
CN113144395A CN202110479293.6A CN202110479293A CN113144395A CN 113144395 A CN113144395 A CN 113144395A CN 202110479293 A CN202110479293 A CN 202110479293A CN 113144395 A CN113144395 A CN 113144395A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dilator
limiting
cylinder
sleeve
urological
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Granted
Application number
CN202110479293.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113144395B (en
Inventor
吕满义
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Jiangsu Jusheng Intelligent Transmission Technology Co ltd
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Quan Yuhe
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M29/00Dilators with or without means for introducing media, e.g. remedies
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/10Trunk
    • A61M2210/1078Urinary tract
    • A61M2210/1089Urethra

Abstract

The invention discloses a urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department, which relates to the technical field of urethral dilators.A supporting rod comprises a limiting rotating rod, a clamping sleeve, a clamping groove, a sliding block, a sliding rail and a hanging block, wherein one end of the clamping sleeve is connected with the clamping sleeve; the expansion cylinder comprises a limiting cylinder, a movable cylinder, a round head small end and a brake rod, one end of the brake rod penetrates through the limiting cylinder through a bearing, the other end of the brake rod is movably connected to the inner side of the movable cylinder, and the round head small end is arranged at one end of the movable cylinder; the diameter of the expansion part can be adjusted, the dilator which is not in the model is not required to be frequently replaced to expand the urethra, and the discomfort of a patient is reduced; moreover, when the urethra is expanded, the dilator does not need to be supported all the time, and the burden of medical care personnel is reduced.

Description

Urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of urethral dilators, in particular to a urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability in urology department.
Background
Urology is a medicine specially researching male and female urinary tract and male reproductive system, and is mainly divided from surgery, male urinary tract and reproductive system are inseparable, female urinary tract is opened in the external genitalia, and diseases of male and female urinary tract and reproductive tract are closely related, and the diseases of both are often influenced mutually, and urology can further divide into various secondary departments of urinary oncology, urinary calculus, dysuria, infantile urology, sexual dysfunction, male sterility and the like;
when male urination is obstructed, the urethra stricture is more likely, particularly, the urethra of the corpus cavernosum of the penis needs to be expanded by using a urethra expander, and the part of the urethra stricture is expanded, so that urination is facilitated;
at present, when the urethra dilator is used in a hospital to help male expand the urethra, the urethra dilators of different models can be taken out at one time, and then are changed from small to large one by one, so that the process is complex, and the frequent change can cause great discomfort to the patient, and meanwhile, when the dilator is used to expand the urethra of the patient by using the mineral length device, medical staff need to support the dilator all the time, and the burden of the medical staff is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
Therefore, in order to solve the above disadvantages, the present invention provides a urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability in urology department, which can adjust the diameter of the dilating portion, and reduce the discomfort of the patient without frequently replacing the dilator of different type to dilate the urethra; moreover, when the urethra is expanded, the dilator does not need to be supported all the time, and the burden of medical care personnel is reduced.
The invention is realized in such a way that the urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability in the urological department is constructed, and the urethral dilator comprises a bottom frame, wherein the top of one end of the bottom frame is hinged with a support rod, one end of the support rod is connected with a limit sleeve, and an expansion cylinder is arranged inside the limit sleeve.
Further, the bracing piece includes spacing bull stick, centre gripping cover, centre gripping groove, slider, slide rail and hanger block, and centre gripping cover one end is connected with the centre gripping cover, and the centre gripping groove has been opened to the centre gripping cover inboard, and centre gripping groove both sides top is equipped with the slider, and the slider top is equipped with the slide rail, and slider one end terminal surface is equipped with the hanger block.
Furthermore, the expansion cylinder comprises a limiting cylinder, a movable cylinder, a round head small end and a brake rod, one end of the brake rod penetrates through the limiting cylinder through a bearing, the other end of the brake rod is movably connected to the inner side of the movable cylinder, and the round head small end is arranged at one end of the movable cylinder.
Further, the stop collar includes spout, spacing rail groove and spacing square hole, and the spout top is located to the spacing rail groove, and spout one end is seted up in spacing square hole.
Further, the chassis includes bottom plate, spacing branch and magic subsides, and spacing branch articulates in bottom plate one end, and the magic is pasted and is located the bottom plate both sides.
Furthermore, limiting rotating rod one side is equipped with the screens groove, and limiting rotating rod one end is close to centre gripping cover position and is equipped with the damping pivot.
Furthermore, the other end of the brake rod is provided with a thread section A and a thread section B, the outer side of the thread section A is movably connected with a thread sleeve A, the outer side of the thread section B is movably connected with a thread sleeve B, the outer side of the thread sleeve A is hinged with a connecting rod A, the outer side of the thread sleeve B is hinged with a connecting rod B, and a twisting plate is arranged on the part of one end of the brake rod, which penetrates through the limiting barrel.
Furthermore, one end of the hanging block is provided with an armature sheet.
Furthermore, a magnetic sheet is arranged on the inner side of the limiting square hole.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the method has the advantages that: the medical dilator mainly plays a role in a movable barrel part, after the movable barrel is inserted into the urethra of a patient, a medical worker holds the limiting sleeve again, the twisting plate is twisted to drive the brake rod to rotate, the brake rod rotates to drive the threaded sleeve A and the threaded sleeve B to slide relatively and be close to each other through the threaded section A and the threaded section B, at the moment, the threaded sleeve A and the threaded sleeve B respectively push the connecting rod A and the connecting rod B to gradually rise, meanwhile, the connecting rod A and the connecting rod B gradually rise to slowly support four movable plates in the movable barrel, the urethra of the patient is also gradually supported when the four movable plates in the movable barrel are slowly spread, the twisting plate is reversely twisted to drive the brake rod to reversely rotate, so that the threaded sleeve A and the threaded sleeve B gradually open to form a distance, the connecting rod A and the connecting rod B are respectively driven to reset and fall, and the four movements in the movable barrel are simultaneously reset and folded;
the movable cylinder can adjust the diameter without frequently replacing the movable cylinder, thereby greatly reducing the discomfort of the patient.
The method has the advantages that: the penis standing and rotating state is kept by holding the limiting sleeve, then the limiting rotating rod is lifted from the other end of the underframe to drive the clamping sleeve to lift up, then the small rod of the limiting rotating rod is adjusted through the damping rotating shaft, the clamping sleeve is aligned and matched with the sliding groove when lifted up, meanwhile, the sliding block is supported at the bottom of the sliding groove, the sliding rail is embedded into the limiting rail groove, the hanging block slides into the limiting square hole, then the clamping sleeve is continuously held by hands to keep the standing inclination angle of the expansion cylinder and the penis, one end of the limiting support rod is pulled up to be embedded into the corresponding clamping groove on one side of the limiting rotating rod, the limiting rotating rod is supported, and at the moment, the limiting rotating rod, the limiting support rod and the bottom plate form a stable triangle and are not easy to collapse;
through the above, when the medical nursing bed is used, the burden of medical care personnel is relieved without being supported by hands all the time.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a preferred urological dilator for urological clinical adaptation according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a retainer according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the hanging block of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the retaining groove of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the stop sleeve of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram NN of the N-N direction of FIG. 5 according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the expansion cylinder of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the expansion cylinder of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a brake lever construction of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of a connecting rod A of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view MM taken along line M-M of fig. 8 in accordance with the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises an underframe 1, a support rod 2, a limit sleeve 3, an expansion cylinder 4, a bottom plate 11, a limit support rod 12, a magic tape 13, a limit rotating rod 21, a clamp sleeve 22, a clamp groove 23, a slide block 24, a slide rail 25, a hanging block 26, an armature sheet 261, a clamping groove 211, a damping rotating shaft 212, a slide groove 31, a limit rail groove 32, a limit square hole 33, a magnetic sheet 331, a limit cylinder 41, a movable cylinder 42, a round-head small end 43, a brake rod 44, a thread section A441, a thread section B442, a thread sleeve A443, a thread sleeve B444, a connecting rod A445, a connecting rod B446 and a twisting plate 447.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the attached drawings, and the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without any creative effort belong to the protection scope of the present invention; furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," "upper, lower, left, right," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. Meanwhile, in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, for example, as being fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; the connection can be mechanical connection or electrical connection; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. To those of ordinary skill in the art, the specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be specifically understood, and unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meanings as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs.
The technical scheme of the invention is further elaborated in detail by combining the drawings and the specific embodiments of the specification, and the urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department provided by the embodiment of the invention comprises a bottom frame 1, wherein the top of one end of the bottom frame 1 is hinged with a support rod 2, one end of the support rod 2 is connected with a limit sleeve 3, and an expansion cylinder 4 is arranged on the inner side of the limit sleeve 3.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the support rod 2 includes a limiting rotation rod 21, a clamping sleeve 22, a clamping groove 23, a sliding block 24, a sliding rail 25 and a hanging block 26, one end of the clamping sleeve 22 is connected with the clamping sleeve 22, the clamping groove 23 is formed in the inner side of the clamping sleeve 22, the sliding blocks 24 are arranged at the tops of two sides of the clamping groove 23, the sliding rail 25 is arranged at the top of the sliding block 24, and the hanging block 26 is arranged at the end face of one end of the sliding block 24;
slider 24 and slide rail 25 and hanging piece 26 have two sets ofly respectively, are certain angle slope with stop collar 3, then use centre gripping cover 22 nestification to the spout 31 outside for inside hanging piece 26 embedding spacing square hole 33, centre gripping cover 22 supported stop collar 3 this moment, supported stop collar 22 through spacing bull stick 21 simultaneously.
Referring to fig. 7-8, the expanding cylinder 4 includes a limiting cylinder 41, a movable cylinder 42, a round-head end 43 and a brake lever 44, wherein one end of the brake lever 44 passes through the limiting cylinder 41 through a bearing, the other end of the brake lever 44 is movably connected to the inner side of the movable cylinder 42, and the round-head end 43 is disposed at one end of the movable cylinder 42;
a disconnection space is formed between the limiting cylinder 41 and the movable cylinder 42, so that the limiting cylinder 41 is in direct contact with the movable cylinder 42, the movable cylinder 42 is divided into four movable plates, meanwhile, the round-head small end 43 is also divided into four movable plates, the four movable plates of the round-head small end 43 are respectively connected with the four movable plates of the movable cylinder 42, and the inner sides of the four movable plates of the movable cylinder 42 are respectively movably connected with the other end of the brake rod 44;
as an example, it should be noted that the limiting cylinder 41 is made of light medical plastic.
Referring to fig. 5-6, the position-limiting sleeve 3 includes a sliding slot 31, a position-limiting rail slot 32 and a position-limiting square hole 33, the position-limiting rail slot 32 is disposed at the top of the sliding slot 31, and the position-limiting square hole 33 is opened at one end of the sliding slot 31;
when the limiting sleeve 3 is nested outside the expanding cylinder 4, the limiting sleeve 3 and the expanding cylinder are fixedly connected, after the clamping sleeve 22 is nested to the sliding groove 31, the sliding block 24 is arranged outside the sliding groove 31 to fill the two sides of the sliding groove 31, the sliding rail 25 is embedded inside the limiting rail groove 32, two groups of limiting square holes 33 and two groups of limiting rail grooves 32 are respectively arranged, and the length of the sliding groove 31 is greater than that of the clamping sleeve 22;
as an example, it should be noted that the stop collar 3 is made of light medical plastic.
Referring to fig. 1, the bottom frame 1 includes a bottom plate 11, a limit strut 12 and a magic tape 13, the limit strut 12 is hinged to one end of the bottom plate 11, and the magic tape 13 is disposed on two sides of the bottom plate 11;
the limiting rotating rod 21 is lifted by a certain angle, then the limiting supporting rod 12 is lifted by a certain angle, the other end of the limiting supporting rod 12 is supported on the inner side of the clamping groove 211, the lifted angle of the limiting rotating rod 21 is fixed, and the limiting rotating rod 21 is prevented from collapsing due to resetting.
Referring to fig. 4, a position-locking groove 211 is formed at one side of the rotation-limiting rod 21, and a damping rotation shaft 212 is disposed at one end of the rotation-limiting rod 21 near the clamping sleeve 22;
damping pivot 212 divides into bull stick and little pole with spacing bull stick 21, and the little pole one end and the clamping sleeve 22 fixed connection of spacing bull stick 21 can buckle the little pole through damping pivot 212 to further adjust the angle of clamping sleeve 22, simultaneously, the damping effect through damping pivot 212 can keep the angle of adjustment.
Referring to fig. 9-11, the other end of the brake lever 44 is provided with a threaded section a441 and a threaded section B442, a threaded sleeve a443 is movably connected to the outside of the threaded section a441, a threaded sleeve B444 is movably connected to the outside of the threaded section B442, a connecting rod a445 is hinged to the outside of the threaded sleeve a443, a connecting rod B446 is hinged to the outside of the threaded sleeve B444, and a screw plate 447 is arranged at a portion of one end of the brake lever 44 passing through the limiting cylinder 41;
the tapping directions of the threads in the thread section A441 and the thread section B442 are opposite, threads are arranged on the inner sides of a thread sleeve A443 and a thread sleeve B444, the tapping directions of the threads on the inner sides of the thread sleeve A443 and the thread sleeve B444 are opposite, four connecting rods B446 are arranged, one ends of the four connecting rods B446 are respectively hinged on the outer sides of the thread sleeve B444 at equal intervals, the other ends of the four connecting rods B446 are respectively hinged on one ends, close to the middle, of the inner sides of the four movable plates of the movable cylinder 42, the number of the connecting rods A445 is four, one ends of the four connecting rods A445 are respectively hinged on the outer sides of the thread sleeve A443, and the other ends of the four connecting rods A445 are respectively hinged on the other ends, close to the middle, of the inner sides of the four movable plates of the movable cylinder 42.
Referring to fig. 3, an armature sheet 261 is disposed at one end of the hanging block 26; when the hanging block 26 is embedded in the limiting square hole 33, the armature sheet 261 and the magnetic sheet 331 are contacted and attracted with each other, so that the hanging block 26 is connected with the limiting square hole 33 more tightly.
Referring to fig. 6, a magnetic sheet 331 is disposed inside the limiting square hole 33; the limit square hole 33 is connected with the hanging block 26 conveniently through the magnetic sheet 331.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the medical staff ties the underframe 1 to the abdomen of the patient through the magic tape 13, then leads the patient to lie down on the sickbed, guides the patient to take off the trousers and open the two legs, then takes out the sterilized expansion cylinder 4, holds the position-limiting sleeve 3 with one hand, then erects the penis of the patient to incline slightly towards the abdomen of the patient with the other hand, slowly inserts the round-head small end 43 of the expansion cylinder 4 from the opening of the penis through the end until the movable cylinder 42 is embedded into the urethra of the penis section to a proper depth, then sends the hand for erecting the penis, keeps the penis in an upright rotating state by holding the position-limiting sleeve 3, then lifts up the position-limiting rotating rod 21 from the other end of the underframe 1 to drive the clamping sleeve 22 to lift up simultaneously, then adjusts the small rod of the position-limiting rotating rod 21 through the damping rotating shaft 212 to ensure that the clamping sleeve 22 is aligned and matched with the chute 31 when lifted up, simultaneously ensures that the sliding block 24 is supported at the bottom of the chute 31, and the sliding rail 25 is embedded into the position-limiting rail groove 32, the hanging block 26 slides into the limit square hole 33, then the clamping sleeve 22 is continuously held by hands to keep the upright inclination angle of the expansion cylinder 4 and the penis, one end of the limit support rod 12 is pulled up to be embedded into the corresponding clamping groove 211 at one side of the limit rotating rod 21, the limit rotating rod 21 is supported, at the moment, the limit rotating rod 21, the limit support rod 12 and the bottom plate 11 form a stable triangle, the collapse is not easy to occur, and at the moment, the upright inclination angle of the expansion cylinder 4 and the penis is fixed;
then, the medical staff holds the position limiting sleeve 3 again, screws the screw plate 447 to drive the brake lever 44 to rotate, the brake lever 44 rotates to drive the thread sleeve a443 and the thread sleeve B444 to slide relatively and draw close distance through the thread section a441 and the thread section B442 respectively, at this time, the thread sleeve a443 and the thread sleeve B444 respectively push the connecting rod a445 and the connecting rod B446 to gradually rise, and simultaneously, the connecting rod a445 and the connecting rod B446 gradually rise to slowly prop open the four movable plates in the movable cylinder 42, and the urethra of the patient is gradually propped open through the four movable plates in the movable cylinder 42;
when the connecting rod A445 and the connecting rod B446 gradually stand up to slowly expand the four movable plates in the movable barrel 42, the connecting rod A445 and the connecting rod B446 form a stable trapezoid with the corresponding movable plates in the movable barrel 42 and the brake rod 44, and when the screwing plate 447 is stopped, the movable plates in the movable barrel 42, the connecting rod A445 and the connecting rod B446 cannot return to collapse, so that the degree of expansion and expansion of the urethra required can be maintained;
after the urethra expansion is finished, the screw plate 447 is screwed reversely to drive the brake lever 44 to rotate reversely, so that the thread sleeve A443 and the thread sleeve B444 are gradually separated, the connecting rod A445 and the connecting rod B446 are respectively driven to reset and fall down, the four movements in the movable cylinder 42 are simultaneously reset and folded, and then the stop collar 3 is held to slowly pull out the expansion cylinder 4 from the penis urethra.
In conclusion; the urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability in urology can adjust the diameter of the dilating part, does not need to frequently replace dilators of different types to dilate the urethra, and reduces the discomfort of patients; moreover, when the urethra is expanded, the dilator does not need to be supported all the time, and the burden of medical care personnel is reduced.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein, and it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made by one of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present application. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. A urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department comprises a chassis (1), and is characterized in that: the top of one end of the chassis (1) is hinged with a support rod (2), one end of the support rod (2) is connected with a limit sleeve (3), and an expansion cylinder (4) is installed on the inner side of the limit sleeve (3).
2. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 1, wherein: bracing piece (2) are including spacing bull stick (21), centre gripping cover (22), centre gripping groove (23), slider (24), slide rail (25) and hanger (26), centre gripping cover (22) one end is connected with centre gripping cover (22), centre gripping cover (22) inboard has been seted up centre gripping groove (23), centre gripping groove (23) both sides top is equipped with slider (24), slider (24) top is equipped with slide rail (25), and slider (24) one end terminal surface is equipped with hanger (26).
3. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 1, wherein: the expansion cylinder (4) comprises a limiting cylinder (41), a movable cylinder (42), a round head small end (43) and a brake lever (44), one end of the brake lever (44) penetrates through the bearing to form the limiting cylinder (41), the other end of the brake lever (44) is movably connected to the inner side of the movable cylinder (42), and one end of the movable cylinder (42) is arranged at the round head small end (43).
4. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 1, wherein: stop collar (3) include spout (31), spacing rail groove (32) and spacing square hole (33), spacing rail groove (32) are located spout (31) top, spout (31) one end is seted up in spacing square hole (33).
5. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 1, wherein: the base frame (1) comprises a bottom plate (11), a limiting support rod (12) and magic tapes (13), the limiting support rod (12) is hinged to one end of the bottom plate (11), and the magic tapes (13) are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate (11).
6. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 2, wherein: a clamping groove (211) is formed in one side of the limiting rotating rod (21), and a damping rotating shaft (212) is arranged at one end of the limiting rotating rod (21) close to the clamping sleeve (22).
7. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 3, wherein: the other end of the brake lever (44) is provided with a thread section A (441) and a thread section B (442), the outer side of the thread section A (441) is movably connected with a thread sleeve A (443), the outer side of the thread section B (442) is movably connected with a thread sleeve B (444), the outer side of the thread sleeve A (443) is hinged with a connecting rod A (445), the outer side of the thread sleeve B (444) is hinged with a connecting rod B (446), and a screwing plate (447) is arranged on the portion, penetrating through the limiting barrel (41), of one end of the brake lever (44).
8. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 2, wherein: one end of the hanging block (26) is provided with an armature sheet (261).
9. A urological dilator having improved clinical fit according to claim 4, wherein: and a magnetic sheet (331) is arranged on the inner side of the limiting square hole (33).
CN202110479293.6A 2021-04-30 2021-04-30 Urethral dilator with better clinical adaptability for urology department Active CN113144395B (en)

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