CN113084675B - Multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and process thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113084675B
CN113084675B CN202110340499.0A CN202110340499A CN113084675B CN 113084675 B CN113084675 B CN 113084675B CN 202110340499 A CN202110340499 A CN 202110340499A CN 113084675 B CN113084675 B CN 113084675B
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China
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rust
workpiece
box body
groove
shaft
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CN113084675A (en
Inventor
金越洲
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Jiaxing Yongshida Hardware Co ltd
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Jiaxing Yongshida Hardware Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/033Other grinding machines or devices for grinding a surface for cleaning purposes, e.g. for descaling or for grinding off flaws in the surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/12Devices for exhausting mist of oil or coolant; Devices for collecting or recovering materials resulting from grinding or polishing, e.g. of precious metals, precious stones, diamonds or the like
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D13/00Electrophoretic coating characterised by the process
    • C25D13/20Pretreatment

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of electrophoresis processing, in particular to a multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and a process thereof, wherein the rust removal system comprises a box body, a rust removal roller, a clamping unit and a recovery unit; the bottom of the box body is uniformly provided with a group of universal wheels, the derusting rollers are derusting steel wire brush rollers, and the derusting rollers are uniformly arranged at the positions close to the bottom in the box body; according to the invention, the surface of the rust removing roller is contacted with the impurity removing rod on the second shaft, the end part of the impurity removing rod is embedded into a gap between iron wires on the rust removing roller, and the iron wires vibrate violently, so that iron rust scraps mixed in are shaken off under the vibration action, and the damage of the iron rust scraps to the surface of a workpiece is further reduced; and the recycling disc is recovered by pulling the handle on the second groove, so that the rust scraps in the device can be more conveniently recovered.

Description

Multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and process thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of electrophoresis processing, and particularly relates to a multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and a process thereof.
Background
The charged particles move under the action of an electric field towards an electrode of opposite polarity, known as electrophoresis. A technique of achieving separation by utilizing a difference in moving speed of charged particles in an electric field is called an electrophoresis technique. The electrophoretic coating is a coating process with relatively high requirements on the surface of a workpiece, and the workpiece needs to be pretreated when the surface of the workpiece with high requirements is required to be obtained. The treatment aims at removing the painting obstacles on the surface of the workpiece and eliminating factors influencing the combination of the electrophoretic paint and the workpiece. For example, oil stain, rust stain, oxide layer, dust and other impurities provide the following excellent conditions for the smooth completion of electrophoretic coating: the surface of a workpiece with good conductivity, flatness and smoothness is provided with a uniform, fine and relatively good conductive protective film, the protective film can prevent the precoated workpiece from being rusted before electrodeposition, and meanwhile, the adhesive force and the quality of an electrophoretic paint coating film can be improved. The surface of the precoated workpiece has extremely high cleanliness, impurities cannot be brought into the workpiece to pollute the electrophoresis tank liquid, and the surface of the precoated workpiece is in a wet state so as to be beneficial to electrodeposition.
The prior art also discloses a technical scheme of a rust removal device for surface treatment in electrophoresis production, for example, a chinese patent with application number CN2018206581473 discloses a rust removal device for surface treatment in electrophoresis production, which comprises a base and a box body, wherein the bottom of the base is provided with a universal wheel, the central position of one side of the base is provided with a groove, and a first motor and a second motor are arranged to respectively drive a first steel wire brush wheel and a second steel wire brush wheel to rotate in opposite directions, so that in the rust removal process, a workpiece to be subjected to rust removal can automatically rotate while being subjected to rust removal, the rust removal process is more thorough, the abrasion of the workpiece can be reduced, the loss rate is reduced, and the rust removal efficiency is improved; the self-locking universal wheels are arranged, so that the movement of the rust removing device caused by rotation is avoided in the rust removing process, the stability of the rust removing device is improved, the rust removing device is convenient to move, and the working efficiency is improved; the base is provided with the removable cleaning box and the first circular through hole, so that scrap iron after rust removal of the workpiece is easy to clean. However, the above patent still has the defect that when a plate-shaped iron workpiece is processed, rust scraps generated in the processing are easily mixed on the steel wire brush wheel, so that the steel wire brush wheel affects the surface quality of the workpiece due to the rust scraps mixed in the middle when acting on the surface of the workpiece, and after the steel wire brush wheel is used for a long time, steel wires are easily wound together, so that the processing on the surface of the workpiece is affected; so that the technical solution is limited.
In view of this, the present invention provides a multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and a process thereof, so as to solve the above technical problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up the defects of the prior art, the problem that when the existing derusting device for surface treatment in electrophoresis production is used for processing a plate-shaped iron workpiece, steel wires are easy to be wound together after a steel wire brush wheel is used for a long time, so that the processing of the surface of the workpiece is influenced is solved; the invention provides a multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and a process thereof.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal process, which comprises the following steps:
s1: locking a universal wheel of a rust removal system, mounting an iron plate-shaped workpiece on a vice on a moving block, fixing the workpiece, and enabling the surface of the workpiece to be in close contact with the surface of a rust removal roller; then starting a motor connected with a first shaft, driving the first shaft to rotate by the motor, driving the first shaft to rotate and act on the surface of the workpiece by the first shaft, and removing rust and stains on the surface of the workpiece under the friction action generated by the contact of the first shaft and the rust removing roller;
s2: the second shaft is driven to rotate under the meshing action of the first gear and the second gear, so that the derusting roller on the first shaft is impacted by the impurity removing rod on the second shaft, the vibration amplitude of steel wires on the derusting roller is increased, rust scraps mixed between the steel wires on the derusting roller are removed more thoroughly, and the damage to the surface of a workpiece under the action of the rust scraps is further reduced;
s3: starting the gas tank, so that air in the gas tank flows into the impurity removing cavity through the gas inlet pipe and flows out through the gas outlet pipes uniformly distributed on the impurity removing cavity to uniformly act on the interior of the box body, so that the rust chips floating in the air in the box body flow downwards and are recovered by the recovery disc, and the air quality near the box body is ensured;
s4: after the lower surface of the workpiece is machined, the workpiece is taken down and reversed to be fixed again, and then derusting machining is carried out again, so that the surfaces of the two sides of the workpiece are uniformly subjected to derusting treatment, finally, the edge part of the workpiece which is difficult to machine due to the fact that the workpiece is fixed by the vice is manually subjected to derusting treatment, and rust on the workpiece is further guaranteed to be fully removed.
A multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system is suitable for the multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal process and comprises a box body, a rust removal roller, a clamping unit and a recovery unit; the bottom of the box body is uniformly provided with a group of universal wheels, the derusting rollers are derusting steel wire brush rollers, the derusting rollers are uniformly arranged at the positions close to the bottom in the box body, each derusting roller is connected with the side wall of the box body through a first shaft arranged at the middle part, and each first shaft is connected with a motor arranged in the side wall of the box body; a first groove is formed in the inner surface of the side wall of the box body above the derusting roller, and a clamping unit is arranged in the first groove; the clamping unit comprises a moving block, an electric driving device and a vice; the movable block is arranged on the first groove, an electric driving device is arranged at the joint of the movable block and the first groove and used for driving the movable block to reciprocate in the first groove, a cushion pad is arranged on the side surface of the first groove, and a vice is arranged on the movable block; the recovery unit comprises a recovery disc, and the recovery disc is arranged in a second groove formed in the bottom of the box body and is in sliding connection with the second groove; the second groove is communicated with the outside, and the end part of the recovery disc extends out of the second groove and is provided with a handle; second shafts are uniformly arranged on the side wall of the box body close to the bottom of the derusting roller, and each second shaft is uniformly provided with an impurity removing rod; the end part of the impurity removing rod is smooth arc-shaped and is in contact with the surface of the derusting roller.
When the device is used, the universal wheel is locked, an iron plate-shaped workpiece is arranged on the vice on the moving block and is fixed, and the surface of the workpiece is in close contact with the surface of the derusting roller; then starting a motor connected with a first shaft, driving the first shaft to rotate by the motor, driving the first shaft to rotate and act on the surface of the workpiece by the first shaft, and removing rust and stains on the surface of the workpiece under the friction action generated by the contact of the first shaft and the rust removing roller; meanwhile, an electric driving device in the first groove is started, so that the electric driving device drives the workpiece to move on the first groove in a reciprocating mode, the lower surface of the workpiece is uniformly scraped by the derusting roller, rust stains on the lower surface of the workpiece are removed more thoroughly, the surface of the workpiece is guaranteed to be clean, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the derusting efficiency of the workpiece is improved, and preparation is also made for the next electrophoretic processing; the rust chips generated in the rust removing process naturally fall into the recovery disc at the bottom, and when the electric driving device drives the moving block to be in contact with the cushion pad on the side wall of the first groove, on one hand, the impact on the moving block is relieved, the moving block is prevented from being damaged in collision, on the other hand, the moving block drives the workpiece to vibrate under the impact action of the moving block, so that the rust chips on the lower surface of the workpiece are removed more thoroughly, and the condition that the rust chips are mixed between the surface of the workpiece and the rust removing roller to cause the surface of the workpiece to be scratched under the scraping action of the rust chips and influence the surface quality of the workpiece is avoided; along with the rotation of the derusting roller, the surface of the derusting roller is contacted with the impurity removing rod on the second shaft, the end part of the impurity removing rod is embedded into a gap between iron wires on the derusting roller, and the iron wires vibrate violently, so that the mixed iron rust scraps are shaken off under the vibration action, and the damage of the iron rust scraps to the surface of a workpiece is further reduced; after the lower surface of the workpiece is machined, the workpiece is taken down, reversed and fixed again, and then derusting machining is carried out again, so that the surfaces of the two sides of the workpiece are uniformly subjected to derusting treatment, finally, the parts, which are difficult to machine due to the fact that the edge parts of the workpiece are fixed by the vice, are manually subjected to derusting treatment, and the iron rust on the workpiece is further ensured to be fully removed; in addition, after processing one end time, the rust piece accumulation in the recovery dish is too much, can be through pulling the handle on No. two grooves with the recovery dish, carry out recovery processing to the inside rust piece of device more conveniently.
Preferably, the second shaft is rotatably connected with the side wall of the box body, a first gear is arranged on the first shaft and positioned between the end part of the derusting roller and the inner surface of the side wall of the box body, a second gear is arranged on the second shaft and corresponding to the first gear, and the first gear and the second gear are meshed with each other; and the first shaft and the second shaft penetrate through the partition plate and are rotationally connected with the partition plate.
When the first shaft rotates, the second shaft is driven to rotate under the meshing action of the first gear and the second gear; the first gear and the second gear are externally meshed, so that the rotation directions of the first shaft and the second shaft are opposite; therefore, the rust removing roller on the first shaft is more severely impacted by the impurity removing rod on the second shaft, and the vibration amplitude of the steel wires on the rust removing roller is increased, so that rust scraps mixed between the steel wires on the rust removing roller are more thoroughly removed, and the damage to the surface of a workpiece under the action of the rust scraps is further reduced; in addition, because of the rotation of the second shaft, the rust scraps attached to the surface of the second shaft and the surface of the impurity removing rod are separated out under the action of centrifugal force and fall on the recovery disc at the bottom; and the baffle plays effectual separation effect to the rust piece of whereabouts, avoids the rust piece that wafts to fall to the teeth of a cogwheel of a gear and No. two gears on, influences the normal meshing of a gear and No. two gears.
Preferably, be equipped with No. three grooves on the edulcoration pole, No. three inslots are embedded to have a rack, the surface of keeping away from No. two axles on a rack evenly is equipped with the edulcoration tooth.
When the rust removing roller is used, the steel wires on the rust removing roller are likely to be mutually wound and unevenly distributed in the long-term use process, so that a large amount of rust fragments are hindered by the mutually wound steel wires and are difficult to separate, and the rust removing treatment on the surface of a workpiece is influenced; when the second shaft drives the impurity removing rod to rotate and act on the derusting roller, the first rack in the third groove on the impurity removing rod is in contact with the surface of the derusting roller, and the end part of the impurity removing tooth on the first rack is embedded into a steel wire winding part on the derusting roller, so that the winding part is combed, the steel wires on the derusting roller are distributed more uniformly, and the friction action on a workpiece when the workpiece is in contact with the derusting roller is distributed more uniformly; and as the steel wires on the rust removing roller are combed, the iron rust scraps mingled in the steel wire winding part are taken out in the combing process and smoothly separated from the rust removing roller and fall into the recovery disc at the bottom.
Preferably, the cross-sectional area of the third groove is larger than that of the first rack, and the first rack is eccentrically arranged on the third groove.
During the use, because the cross sectional area in No. three grooves is greater than the cross sectional area of a rack, and a rack and No. three groove eccentric settings, consequently when No. two axle rotations, a rack around with No. three groove reciprocating swing for the iron rust piece that the edulcoration tooth on a rack is attached at carding wire in-process is shaken off under violent vibration effect, thereby makes the adnexed iron rust piece on a rack clear away more thoroughly.
Preferably, the side wall of the box body is provided with an impurity removing cavity, the surface of the impurity removing cavity, which is close to the bottom of the box body, is uniformly provided with a group of air outlet pipes, and the impurity removing cavity is communicated with an air tank arranged on the outer side of the box body through an air inlet pipe; the bottom of the recovery tray is uniformly provided with air outlet grooves, filter screens are arranged in the air outlet grooves, and air outlet holes are uniformly formed in the positions, below the air outlet grooves, of the bottom of the box body.
When the device is used, when a workpiece is subjected to rust removal processing, the air tank is started, so that air in the air tank flows into the impurity removal cavity through the air inlet pipe and flows out of the impurity removal cavity through the air outlet pipes uniformly distributed on the impurity removal cavity, uniformly acts on the interior of the box body, and is discharged from the air outlet holes; in the process, the air flowing downwards drives the rust chips drifting away from the air in the box body to flow downwards and enter the air outlet groove of the recovery disc, and then the rust chips in the air are separated out under the blocking action of the filter screen, so that the condition that a part of the rust chips with smaller particles are diffused into the air to influence the air quality near the box body is avoided.
Preferably, go out the air groove lateral wall and evenly be equipped with a set of electro-magnet, the position that lies in the air groove both sides on the recovery dish bottom surface is equipped with wooden baffler, the electro-magnet is arranged in the iron rust piece in the abundant recovery outflow air after the circular telegram.
When the air tank is used, the electromagnet is electrified when the air tank is started, so that rust debris with small particles mixed in the air passing through the ventilation groove is separated from the air under the attraction effect of magnetic force and is attached to the surface of the electromagnet, the rust debris mixed in the outflow air is further removed, and the air quality near the tank body is ensured; in addition, under the action of the electromagnet, the rust scraps collected in the air outlet groove are concentrated at the part, close to the electromagnet, in the air outlet groove, so that the middle part, far away from the electromagnet, of the filter screen is kept smooth, and the smooth outflow of air is ensured; the rust fragments on the bottom surface of the recovery disc are blocked by the blocking plate, so that the blockage of the gas outlet groove caused by the fact that a large amount of rust fragments enter the gas outlet groove under the action of magnetic force is avoided; when taking out the recovery dish and clearing up inside rust piece, to the electro-magnet outage for the rust piece no longer receives magnetic attraction, makes the clastic clearance of rust more smooth.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and the process thereof, the surface of the rust removal roller is in contact with the impurity removal rod on the second shaft, the end part of the impurity removal rod is embedded into a gap between iron wires on the rust removal roller, and the iron wires vibrate violently, so that iron rust scraps mixed with the iron wires are shaken off under the vibration effect, and the damage of the iron rust scraps to the surface of a workpiece is further reduced; and the recycling disc is recovered by pulling the handle on the second groove, so that the rust scraps in the device can be more conveniently recovered.
2. According to the multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and the process thereof, the third groove is formed in the impurity removal rod, and the first rack is embedded in the third groove, so that the steel wire wound part on the rust removal roller is combed, the steel wires on the rust removal roller are distributed more uniformly, and the friction action of a workpiece contacting the rust removal roller is distributed more uniformly; and as the steel wires on the rust removing roller are combed, the iron rust scraps mingled in the steel wire winding part are taken out in the combing process and smoothly separated from the rust removing roller and fall into the recovery disc at the bottom.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram of a rust removal process in the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a rust removing system in the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at B;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at C;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at D;
in the figure: the device comprises a box body 1, a universal wheel 11, a first groove 12, a buffer pad 121, a second shaft 13, a second gear 131, an impurity removal rod 14, a third groove 141, a first rack 142, impurity removal teeth 143, a partition plate 15, an impurity removal chamber 16, an air outlet pipe 161, an air inlet pipe 162, an air tank 163, a rust removal roller 2, a first shaft 21, a first gear 211, a clamping unit 3, a moving block 31, a vice 32, a recovery unit 4, a recovery disc 41, a handle 411, an air outlet groove 412, a filter screen 413, an air outlet 414, an electromagnet 415, a blocking plate 416 and a second groove 42.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removing process comprises the following steps:
s1: locking a universal wheel 11 of a rust removing system, mounting an iron plate-shaped workpiece on a vice 32 on a moving block 31, fixing the workpiece, and enabling the surface of the workpiece to be in close contact with the surface of a rust removing roller 2; then, a motor connected with a first shaft 21 is started, the motor drives the first shaft 21 to rotate, so that the first shaft 21 drives the derusting roller 2 to rotate and act on the surface of a workpiece, and rust and stains on the surface of the workpiece are removed under the friction action generated by the contact of the rust removing roller 2;
s2: the second shaft 13 is driven to rotate under the meshing action of the first gear 211 and the second gear 131, so that the derusting roller 2 on the first shaft 21 is impacted by the impurity removing rod 14 on the second shaft 13, the vibration amplitude of steel wires on the derusting roller 2 is increased, rust scraps mixed between the steel wires on the derusting roller 2 are removed more completely, and the damage to the surface of a workpiece under the action of the rust scraps is further reduced;
s3: starting the air tank 163 to enable air inside the air tank 163 to flow into the impurity removing chamber 16 through the air inlet pipe 162 and flow out through the air outlet pipes 161 uniformly distributed on the impurity removing chamber 16 to uniformly act on the inside of the box body 1, so that the iron rust chips floating in the air inside the box body 1 flow downwards and are recovered by the recovery disc 41, and the air quality near the box body 1 is ensured;
s4: after the lower surface of the workpiece is machined, the workpiece is taken down and reversed to be fixed again, and then the derusting machining is carried out again, so that the surfaces of the two sides of the workpiece are uniformly subjected to the derusting treatment, finally, the derusting treatment is carried out on the part of the edge of the workpiece which is difficult to machine due to the fact that the edge of the workpiece is fixed by the vice 32, and the iron rust on the workpiece is further guaranteed to be fully removed.
A multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system is suitable for the multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal process and comprises a box body 1, a rust removal roller 2, a clamping unit 3 and a recovery unit 4; a group of universal wheels 11 are uniformly arranged at the bottom of the box body 1, the derusting rollers 2 are derusting steel wire brush rollers, the derusting rollers 2 are uniformly arranged at the positions, close to the bottom, in the box body 1, each derusting roller 2 is connected with the side wall of the box body 1 through a first shaft 21 arranged at the middle part, and each first shaft 21 is connected with a motor arranged in the side wall of the box body 1; a first groove 12 is formed in the inner surface of the side wall of the box body 1 above the derusting roller 2, and a clamping unit 3 is arranged in the first groove 12; the clamping unit 3 comprises a moving block 31, an electric driving device and a vice 32; the moving block 31 is mounted on the first groove 12, an electric driving device is arranged at a joint of the moving block 31 and the first groove 12, the electric driving device is used for driving the moving block 31 to reciprocate in the first groove 12, a buffer pad 121 is arranged on the side surface of the first groove 12, and a vice 32 is mounted on the moving block 31; the recovery unit 4 comprises a recovery disc 41, the recovery disc 41 is arranged in a second groove 42 arranged at the bottom of the box body 1 and is connected with the second groove 42 in a sliding way; the second groove 42 is communicated with the outside, and the end part of the recovery disc 41 extends out of the second groove 42 and is provided with a handle 411; second shafts 13 are uniformly arranged on the side wall of the box body 1 close to the bottom of the derusting roller 2, and each second shaft 13 is uniformly provided with an impurity removing rod 14; the end part of the impurity removing rod 14 is smooth and arc-shaped and is contacted with the surface of the derusting roller 2.
When the device is used, the universal wheel 11 is locked, an iron plate-shaped workpiece is arranged on the vice 32 on the moving block 31, the workpiece is fixed, and the surface of the workpiece is in close contact with the surface of the derusting roller 2; then, a motor connected with a first shaft 21 is started, the motor drives the first shaft 21 to rotate, so that the first shaft 21 drives the derusting roller 2 to rotate and act on the surface of a workpiece, and rust and stains on the surface of the workpiece are removed under the friction action generated by the contact of the rust removing roller 2; meanwhile, an electric driving device in the first groove 12 is started, so that the electric driving device drives the workpiece to move on the first groove 12 in a reciprocating mode, the lower surface of the workpiece is uniformly scraped by the derusting roller 2, rust stains on the lower surface of the workpiece are removed more thoroughly, the surface of the workpiece is guaranteed to be clean, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the derusting efficiency of the workpiece is improved, and preparation is also made for the next electrophoretic processing; the rust chips generated in the rust removing process naturally fall into the recovery disc 41 at the bottom, and when the electric driving device drives the moving block 31 to be in contact with the buffer pads 121 on the side walls of the first groove 12, on one hand, the impact on the moving block 31 is relieved, damage to the moving block 31 in collision is avoided, on the other hand, the moving block 31 drives the workpiece to vibrate under the impact action, so that the rust chips on the lower surface of the workpiece are removed more completely, and the condition that the rust chips are mixed between the surface of the workpiece and the rust removing roller 2 to scratch the surface of the workpiece under the scraping action of the rust chips and influence the surface quality of the workpiece is avoided; along with the rotation of the derusting roller 2, the surface of the derusting roller 2 is in contact with an impurity removing rod 14 on a second shaft 13, the end part of the impurity removing rod 14 is embedded into a gap between iron wires on the derusting roller 2, and the iron wires vibrate violently, so that iron rust chips mixed with the iron wire are shaken off under the vibration action, and the damage of the iron rust chips to the surface of a workpiece is further reduced; after the lower surface of the workpiece is machined, the workpiece is taken down, reversed and fixed again, and then derusting machining is carried out again, so that the surfaces of the two sides of the workpiece are uniformly subjected to derusting treatment, and finally, the derusting treatment is carried out on the part of the edge of the workpiece which is difficult to machine due to the fact that the edge of the workpiece is fixed by the vice 32 manually, and the iron rust on the workpiece is further ensured to be fully removed; in addition, after a period of time, the rust chips in the recovery tray 41 are excessively accumulated, and the recovery tray 41 can be pulled by the handle 411 on the second groove 42, so that the rust chips in the device can be more conveniently recovered.
As an embodiment of the invention, the second shaft 13 is rotatably connected with the side wall of the box body 1, a first gear 211 is arranged on the first shaft 21 between the end of the derusting roller 2 and the inner surface of the side wall of the box body 1, a second gear 131 is arranged on the second shaft 13 corresponding to the first gear 211, and the first gear 211 and the second gear 131 are meshed with each other; the partition plate 15 is arranged between the first gear 211 and the second gear 131 and the derusting roller 2, and the first shaft 21 and the second shaft 13 penetrate through the partition plate 15 and are rotatably connected with the partition plate 15.
When the device is used, the first gear 211 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the first shaft 21, and the first gear 211 is meshed with the second gear 131, so that when the first shaft 21 rotates, the second shaft 13 is driven to rotate under the meshing action of the first gear 211 and the second gear 131; since the first gear 211 and the second gear 131 are externally meshed, the rotation directions of the first shaft 21 and the second shaft 13 are opposite; therefore, the rust removing roller 2 on the first shaft 21 is more severely impacted by the impurity removing rod 14 on the second shaft 13, and the vibration amplitude of the steel wires on the rust removing roller 2 is increased, so that rust scraps mixed between the steel wires on the rust removing roller 2 are more thoroughly removed, and the damage to the surface of a workpiece under the action of the rust scraps is further reduced; in addition, because of the rotation of the second shaft 13, the rust scraps attached to the surface of the second shaft 13 and the surface of the impurity removing rod 14 are separated out under the action of centrifugal force and fall on the recovery disc 41 at the bottom; and the baffle 15 plays effectual separation effect to the rust piece of whereabouts, avoids the rust piece that drifts off to fall on the teeth of a cogwheel of a gear 211 and a gear 131, influences the normal meshing of a gear 211 and a gear 131.
As an embodiment of the present invention, a third groove 141 is formed on the impurity removing rod 14, a first rack 142 is embedded in the third groove 141, and impurity removing teeth 143 are uniformly arranged on the surface of the first rack 142 away from the second shaft 13.
When the rust removing roller is used, the steel wires on the rust removing roller 2 are likely to be mutually wound and unevenly distributed in the long-term use process, so that a large amount of rust fragments are hindered by the mutually wound steel wires and are difficult to separate, and the rust removing treatment on the surface of a workpiece is influenced; when the second shaft 13 drives the impurity removing rod 14 to rotate and act on the rust removing roller 2, the first rack 142 in the third groove 141 on the impurity removing rod 14 is in contact with the surface of the rust removing roller 2, and the end part of the impurity removing tooth 143 on the first rack 142 is embedded into a steel wire winding part on the rust removing roller 2, so that the winding part is combed, the steel wires on the rust removing roller 2 are distributed more uniformly, and the friction action on a workpiece when the workpiece is in contact with the rust removing roller 2 is distributed more uniformly; and as the steel wires on the rust removing roller 2 are carded, the iron rust scraps mingled in the steel wire winding part are taken out in the carding process and smoothly separated from the rust removing roller 2 and fall into the recovery disc 41 at the bottom.
In an embodiment of the present invention, a cross-sectional area of the third groove 141 is larger than a cross-sectional area of the first rack 142, and the first rack 142 is eccentrically disposed on the third groove 141.
When the carding machine is used, because the cross-sectional area of the third groove 141 is larger than that of the first rack 142, and the first rack 142 and the third groove 141 are eccentrically arranged, when the second shaft 13 rotates, the first rack 142 swings around the third groove 141 in a reciprocating manner, so that rust scraps attached to the first rack 142 in the carding process are shaken off under the action of violent vibration, and the rust scraps attached to the first rack 142 are removed more completely.
As an embodiment of the invention, the sidewall of the box body 1 is provided with an impurity removing chamber 16, the surface of the impurity removing chamber 16 close to the bottom of the box body 1 is uniformly provided with a group of air outlet pipes 161, and the impurity removing chamber 16 is communicated with an air tank 163 arranged outside the box body 1 through an air inlet pipe 162; the bottom of the recycling tray 41 is uniformly provided with air outlet grooves 412, the inside of the air outlet grooves 412 is provided with a filter screen 413, and the bottom of the box body 1 below the air outlet grooves 412 is uniformly provided with air outlet holes 414.
When the device is used, when a workpiece is subjected to rust removal processing, the air tank 163 is started, so that air in the air tank 163 flows into the impurity removing chamber 16 through the air inlet pipe 162 and flows out through the air outlet pipes 161 uniformly distributed on the impurity removing chamber 16, uniformly acts on the interior of the box body 1, and is discharged from the air outlet holes 414; in the process, the air flowing downwards drives the iron rust fragments drifting away from the air in the box body 1 to flow downwards and enter the air outlet grooves 412 of the recovery disc 41, and then the iron rust fragments in the air are separated out under the obstruction action of the filter screen 413, so that a part of the iron rust fragments with smaller particles is prevented from diffusing into the air and influencing the air quality near the box body 1.
In one embodiment of the present invention, a set of electromagnets 415 is uniformly disposed on the sidewall of the air outlet groove 412, and a wooden blocking plate 416 is disposed on the bottom surface of the recovery disk 41 at the two sides of the air outlet groove 412, wherein the electromagnets 415 are used for sufficiently recovering rust debris in the outflow air after being electrified.
When the air tank 163 is started, the electromagnet 415 is electrified, so that rust debris with small particles mixed in the air passing through the ventilation groove is separated from the air under the attraction effect of magnetic force and is attached to the surface of the electromagnet 415, thereby further removing the rust debris mixed in the outflow air and ensuring the air quality near the box body 1; in addition, under the action of the electromagnet 415, the rust debris collected in the air outlet groove 412 is concentrated to the part, close to the electromagnet 415, in the air outlet groove 412, so that the middle part, far away from the electromagnet 415, on the filter screen 413 is kept smooth, and the smooth outflow of air is ensured; the rust chips on the bottom surface of the recovery disc 41 are blocked by the blocking plate 416, so that the blockage of the gas outlet groove 412 caused by the fact that a large amount of rust chips enter the gas outlet groove 412 under the action of magnetic force is avoided; when taking out recovery dish 41 and clearing up inside rust piece, cut off the power supply to electro-magnet 415 for the rust piece no longer receives magnetic attraction, makes the clearance of rust piece more smooth.
The specific working process is as follows:
the universal wheel 11 is locked, an iron plate-shaped workpiece is arranged on a vice 32 on a moving block 31, the workpiece is fixed, and the surface of the workpiece is in close contact with the surface of the derusting roller 2; then, a motor connected with a first shaft 21 is started, the motor drives the first shaft 21 to rotate, so that the first shaft 21 drives the derusting roller 2 to rotate and act on the surface of a workpiece, and rust and stains on the surface of the workpiece are removed under the friction action generated by the contact of the rust removing roller 2; meanwhile, an electric driving device in the first groove 12 is started, so that the electric driving device drives the workpiece to move on the first groove 12 in a reciprocating mode, the lower surface of the workpiece is uniformly scraped by the derusting roller 2, rust stains on the lower surface of the workpiece are removed more thoroughly, the surface of the workpiece is guaranteed to be clean, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the derusting efficiency of the workpiece is improved, and preparation is also made for the next electrophoretic processing; the rust chips generated in the rust removing process naturally fall into the recovery disc 41 at the bottom, and when the electric driving device drives the moving block 31 to be in contact with the buffer pads 121 on the side walls of the first groove 12, on one hand, the impact on the moving block 31 is relieved, damage to the moving block 31 in collision is avoided, on the other hand, the moving block 31 drives the workpiece to vibrate under the impact action, so that the rust chips on the lower surface of the workpiece are removed more completely, and the condition that the rust chips are mixed between the surface of the workpiece and the rust removing roller 2 to scratch the surface of the workpiece under the scraping action of the rust chips and influence the surface quality of the workpiece is avoided; along with the rotation of the derusting roller 2, the surface of the derusting roller 2 is in contact with an impurity removing rod 14 on a second shaft 13, the end part of the impurity removing rod 14 is embedded into a gap between iron wires on the derusting roller 2, and the iron wires vibrate violently, so that iron rust chips mixed with the iron wire are shaken off under the vibration action, and the damage of the iron rust chips to the surface of a workpiece is further reduced; after the lower surface of the workpiece is machined, the workpiece is taken down, reversed and fixed again, and then derusting machining is carried out again, so that the surfaces of the two sides of the workpiece are uniformly subjected to derusting treatment, and finally, the derusting treatment is carried out on the part of the edge of the workpiece which is difficult to machine due to the fact that the edge of the workpiece is fixed by the vice 32 manually, and the iron rust on the workpiece is further ensured to be fully removed; in addition, after a period of time, the rust chips in the recovery disc 41 are accumulated too much, and the recovery disc 41 can be pulled by pulling the handle 411 on the second groove 42, so that the rust chips in the device can be recovered and treated more conveniently; the steel wires on the derusting roller 2 are likely to be intertwined and unevenly distributed in the long-term use process, so that a large amount of rust scraps are difficult to separate due to the obstruction of the intertwined steel wires, and the derusting treatment on the surface of a workpiece is influenced; when the second shaft 13 drives the impurity removing rod 14 to rotate and act on the rust removing roller 2, the first rack 142 in the third groove 141 on the impurity removing rod 14 is in contact with the surface of the rust removing roller 2, and the end part of the impurity removing tooth 143 on the first rack 142 is embedded into a steel wire winding part on the rust removing roller 2, so that the winding part is combed, the steel wires on the rust removing roller 2 are distributed more uniformly, and the friction action on a workpiece when the workpiece is in contact with the rust removing roller 2 is distributed more uniformly; and as the steel wire on the rust removing roller 2 is combed, the iron rust scraps mingled in the steel wire winding part are taken out in the combing process and smoothly separated from the rust removing roller 2 and fall into the recovery disc 41 at the bottom; when the workpiece is subjected to rust removal processing, starting the air tank 163, so that air in the air tank 163 flows into the impurity removing chamber 16 through the air inlet pipe 162 and flows out through the air outlet pipes 161 uniformly distributed on the impurity removing chamber 16, uniformly acts on the inside of the box body 1, and is discharged from the air outlet holes 414; in the process, the air flowing downwards drives the rust chips drifting away from the air in the box body 1 to flow downwards and enter the air outlet grooves 412 of the recovery disc 41, and then the rust chips in the air are separated out under the blocking action of the filter screen 413, so that a part of the rust chips with smaller particles is prevented from diffusing into the air and influencing the air quality near the box body 1; when the air tank 163 is started, the electromagnet 415 is electrified, so that rust debris with small particles mixed in the air passing through the ventilation groove is separated from the air under the attraction effect of magnetic force and is attached to the surface of the electromagnet 415, thereby further removing the rust debris mixed in the outflow air and ensuring the air quality near the box body 1; in addition, under the action of the electromagnet 415, the rust debris collected in the air outlet groove 412 is concentrated to the part, close to the electromagnet 415, in the air outlet groove 412, so that the middle part, far away from the electromagnet 415, on the filter screen 413 is kept smooth, and the smooth outflow of air is ensured; the rust chips on the bottom surface of the recovery disc 41 are blocked by the blocking plate 416, so that the blockage of the gas outlet groove 412 caused by the fact that a large amount of rust chips enter the gas outlet groove 412 under the action of magnetic force is avoided; when taking out recovery dish 41 and clearing up inside rust piece, cut off the power supply to electro-magnet 415 for the rust piece no longer receives magnetic attraction, makes the clearance of rust piece more smooth.
The front, the back, the left, the right, the upper and the lower are all based on the figure 2 in the attached drawings of the specification, according to the standard of the observation angle of a person, the side of the device facing an observer is defined as the front, the left side of the observer is defined as the left, and the like.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a multi-functional automatic electrophoresis rust cleaning system which characterized in that: comprises a box body (1), a derusting roller (2), a clamping unit (3) and a recovery unit (4); a group of universal wheels (11) is uniformly arranged at the bottom of the box body (1), the derusting rollers (2) are derusting steel wire brush rollers, the derusting rollers (2) are uniformly arranged at the positions, close to the bottom, in the box body (1), each derusting roller (2) is connected with the side wall of the box body (1) through a first shaft (21) arranged at the middle part, and each first shaft (21) is connected with a motor arranged in the side wall of the box body (1); a first groove (12) is formed in the inner surface of the side wall of the box body (1) and is positioned above the derusting roller (2), and a clamping unit (3) is arranged in the first groove (12); the clamping unit (3) comprises a moving block (31), an electric driving device and a vice (32); the moving block (31) is installed on the first groove (12), an electric driving device is arranged at the joint of the moving block (31) and the first groove (12), the electric driving device is used for driving the moving block (31) to reciprocate in the first groove (12), a buffer pad (121) is arranged on the side face of the first groove (12), and a vice (32) is installed on the moving block (31); the recovery unit (4) comprises a recovery disc (41), and the recovery disc (41) is installed in a second groove (42) formed in the bottom of the box body (1) and is connected with the second groove (42) in a sliding mode; the second groove (42) is communicated with the outside, and the end part of the recovery disc (41) extends out of the second groove (42) and is provided with a handle (411); second shafts (13) are uniformly arranged on the side wall of the box body (1) close to the bottom of the derusting roller (2), and each second shaft (13) is uniformly provided with an impurity removing rod (14); the end part of the impurity removing rod (14) is smooth and arc-shaped and is in contact with the surface of the derusting roller (2);
the second shaft (13) is rotatably connected with the side wall of the box body (1), a first gear (211) is arranged on the first shaft (21) and positioned between the end part of the derusting roller (2) and the inner surface of the side wall of the box body (1), a second gear (131) is arranged on the second shaft (13) and corresponds to the first gear (211), and the first gear (211) and the second gear (131) are meshed with each other; a partition plate (15) is arranged between the first gear (211) and the second gear (131) and the derusting roller (2), and the first shaft (21) and the second shaft (13) penetrate through the partition plate (15) and are rotatably connected with the partition plate (15);
a third groove (141) is formed in the impurity removing rod (14), a first rack (142) is embedded in the third groove (141), and impurity removing teeth (143) are uniformly arranged on the surface, far away from the second shaft (13), of the first rack (142);
the cross-sectional area of the third groove (141) is larger than that of the first rack (142), and the first rack (142) is eccentrically arranged on the third groove (141);
the side wall of the box body (1) is provided with an impurity removing chamber (16), the surface of the impurity removing chamber (16) close to the bottom of the box body (1) is uniformly provided with a group of air outlet pipes (161), and the impurity removing chamber (16) is communicated with an air tank (163) arranged on the outer side of the box body (1) through an air inlet pipe (162); air outlet grooves (412) are uniformly formed in the bottom of the recovery disc (41), a filter screen (413) is arranged in each air outlet groove (412), and air outlet holes (414) are uniformly formed in the bottom of the box body (1) below the air outlet grooves (412);
the side wall of the air outlet groove (412) is uniformly provided with a group of electromagnets (415), the positions, located on the two sides of the air outlet groove (412), on the surface of the bottom of the recovery disc (41) are provided with wooden blocking plates (416), and the electromagnets (415) are used for fully recovering rust chips in the outflow air after electrification.
2. A multi-functional automatic electrophoresis rust removal process, characterized by that, this rust removal process uses the multi-functional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system described in claim 1, the rust removal process includes the following steps:
s1: the universal wheel (11) of the rust removal system is locked, an iron plate-shaped workpiece is arranged on a vice (32) on a moving block (31) to fix the workpiece, and the surface of the workpiece is in close contact with the surface of the rust removal roller (2); then, a motor connected with a first shaft (21) is started, the motor drives the first shaft (21) to rotate, so that the first shaft (21) drives the derusting roller (2) to rotate and act on the surface of the workpiece, and rust and dirt on the surface of the workpiece are removed under the friction action generated by contact with the derusting roller (2);
s2: the second shaft (13) is driven to rotate under the meshing action of the first gear (211) and the second gear (131), so that the derusting roller (2) on the first shaft (21) is impacted by the impurity removing rod (14) on the second shaft (13), the vibration amplitude of steel wires on the derusting roller (2) is increased, rust chips mixed between the steel wires on the derusting roller (2) are removed more completely, and the damage to the surface of a workpiece under the action of the rust chips is further reduced;
s3: starting the air tank (163) to enable air in the air tank (163) to flow into the impurity removing cavity (16) through the air inlet pipe (162) and flow out through the air outlet pipes (161) uniformly distributed on the impurity removing cavity (16) to uniformly act on the interior of the box body (1), so that iron rust chips floating in the air in the box body (1) flow downwards and are recovered by the recovery disc (41), and the air quality near the box body (1) is guaranteed;
s4: after the lower surface of the workpiece is machined, the workpiece is taken down and reversed to be fixed again, and then the derusting machining is carried out again, so that the surfaces of the two sides of the workpiece are uniformly subjected to the derusting treatment, and finally, the derusting treatment is carried out on the part of the edge of the workpiece which is difficult to machine due to the fact that the edge of the workpiece is fixed by the vice (32) manually, and the iron rust on the workpiece is further guaranteed to be removed fully.
CN202110340499.0A 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 Multifunctional automatic electrophoresis rust removal system and process thereof Active CN113084675B (en)

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JPH06302568A (en) * 1993-04-12 1994-10-28 Disco Abrasive Syst Ltd Mirror polishing apparatus with fixed abrasive
CN208358511U (en) * 2018-05-04 2019-01-11 博罗县恩创五金有限公司 Derusting device is used in surface treatment in a kind of production of electrophoresis
CN208276696U (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-12-25 嘉兴隆信建设有限公司 A kind of derusting device for steel construction
CN110228002A (en) * 2019-07-27 2019-09-13 湖南高福星智能科技有限公司 A kind of civil engineering rust removing device for reinforcing steel bars and its application method
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