CN112870638B - Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is with rehabilitation training equipment - Google Patents

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is with rehabilitation training equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112870638B
CN112870638B CN202110034847.1A CN202110034847A CN112870638B CN 112870638 B CN112870638 B CN 112870638B CN 202110034847 A CN202110034847 A CN 202110034847A CN 112870638 B CN112870638 B CN 112870638B
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user
sliding groove
exercise
training
plate
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CN112870638A (en
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贾瑞
张青青
赵斌
彭青珍
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贾瑞
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the abdomen, the spinal column or the torso muscles related to shoulders (e.g. chest muscles)
    • A63B23/0233Muscles of the back, e.g. by an extension of the body against a resistance, reverse crunch
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H39/00Devices for locating or stimulating specific reflex points of the body for physical therapy, e.g. acupuncture
    • A61H39/04Devices for pressing such points, e.g. Shiatsu or Acupressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the abdomen, the spinal column or the torso muscles related to shoulders (e.g. chest muscles)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the abdomen, the spinal column or the torso muscles related to shoulders (e.g. chest muscles)
    • A63B23/0205Abdomen
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/12Feet
    • A61H2205/125Foot reflex zones

Abstract

The invention discloses rehabilitation training equipment for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, which comprises a base plate, a back exercise seat, exercise splicing steps, an exercise rotary table, a secondary sliding groove, handrails and protection plates, wherein two groups of parallel support wall plates are arranged on the surface of the top of the base plate, the back exercise seat is arranged on the surface of one side of each support wall plate, two groups of protection plates which are arranged in the front-back mode are arranged on the surface of one side, away from the support wall plates, of each back exercise seat, the exercise splicing steps are arranged on the surface of the top of the base plate, the two ends of each exercise splicing step are respectively connected with the surface of one side, away from the back exercise seat, of each support wall plate, and the secondary sliding groove is arranged on the top of each support wall plate. The invention can provide the functions of recovering the sensory stimulation of the soles and relaxing massage for the user by arranging the exercise splicing steps, and can train the lifting capacity of the crotch of the user by adjusting the single-level height of the exercise splicing steps, thereby ensuring the comprehensiveness of leg training.

Description

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is with rehabilitation training equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of rehabilitation training, in particular to rehabilitation training equipment for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Background
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, most of which are general terms of two major diseases, can be divided into cardiovascular diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, easily cause recessive heart disease, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, myocardial sclerosis, sudden cardiac death, hemiplegia, apoplexy and other health accidents, greatly threaten and inconvenience the life and life safety of patients, and after receiving surgical treatment, patients need to perform a series of rehabilitation exercises to assist the patients to return to normal life states earlier, better and faster.
The existing rehabilitation training has the following defects:
1. the reference CN110353952A discloses an anti-falling walking aid vehicle for lower limb rehabilitation training and a rehabilitation training method, which comprises a vehicle frame with a wide upper part and a narrow lower part; the universal wheel is positioned at the bottom of the frame; the anti-collision frame is positioned at the bottom of the frame; a cushion located in the interior space of the frame; the elastic rope is connected with the cushion and the frame, the cushion and the elastic adjusting device; the tray frame is positioned at the top of the frame; the front end of the tray frame and the frame connecting rod can be opened. The invention ensures that the rehabilitation training process is not limited by the environment any more, and the patient can carry out the rehabilitation training activities in the outdoor environment. Moreover, the walking aid vehicle is based on the original lower limb exoskeleton rehabilitation robot, combines the robot control technology and the anti-falling walking aid vehicle, is based on the clinically common effective dyskinesia rehabilitation method, and can bring better experience to the rehabilitation training process of a patient, but the device can only support a user to carry out walking training on flat ground, neglects the sensory stimulation and massage on the sole of the patient and the lifting training on the hip joint, and has poor walking training effect;
2. the reference document CN107693301A discloses a suspended self-adaptive weight reduction device and a rehabilitation training robot for rehabilitation training, which comprises a foldable mobile training frame, a lower limb training auxiliary tool carrying device, a weight reduction vest, a pulley rope system and a self-adaptive weight reduction box, wherein the box comprises a rope winding device and a self-adaptive gravity center following device, the rope winding device is matched with a speed reducer by a servo motor and is connected with a rope roller through a coupler, and the weight reduction device provides the weight reduction for a patient by winding/releasing a rope; the rope is led out from the rope roller and is connected with the weight reduction vest through a pulley block on the self-adaptive gravity center following device, the joint rotation angle of a patient is collected to calculate the gravity center position of the patient, so that a motor of the self-adaptive gravity center following device is controlled to drive the screw rod to rotate through the coupler, the movable plate connected with the screw rod nut drives the movable pulley to do linear motion, the length of the suspension rope in the training process of the patient is adjusted, the gravity center following is realized, the approximately constant weight reduction force is maintained, but the device lacks a relatively comprehensive strength exercise effect on the back of the user, and the rehabilitation functionality of the device is limited;
3. the comparison document CN110420436A discloses an orthopedic postoperative rehabilitation training device, which designs a rehabilitation training device capable of enabling a patient to generate regular rhythmic motion according to the law of rehabilitation training, and collects ultrasonic signals transmitted by a human body at the same time, thereby judging whether the motion intensity meets the intensity of the current rehabilitation training. In addition, the independently arranged device can be adjusted, and a plurality of convex columns fixed at a certain angle play a role in resisting in one direction and a role in preventing the back-off in the other direction when the rubber rod moves along the top climbing rod. Both can prevent once the motion angle too big, can prevent again that once the angle is too big when receiving the leg, have fine guard action ", but the device can't provide corresponding resistance training and promote the drive effect when the auxiliary user carries out the rehabilitation training, leads to the rehabilitation training of device to lack supplementary effect even.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide rehabilitation training equipment for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases comprises a base plate, a back exercise seat, exercise splicing steps, an exercise rotary table, a secondary sliding groove, handrails and protection plates, wherein two groups of parallel supporting wall plates are arranged on the surface of the top of the base plate, the back exercise seat is arranged on the surface of one side of the supporting wall plates, two groups of protection plates which are arranged front and back are arranged on the surface of the side, away from the supporting wall plates, of the back exercise seat, the exercise rotary table is arranged on the surface of one side of the supporting wall plates, the exercise rotary table is positioned behind the back exercise seat, the exercise splicing steps are arranged on the surface of the top of the base plate, the two ends of the exercise splicing steps are respectively connected with the surface of the side, away from the back exercise seat, of the supporting wall plates, two groups of lifting rods which are arranged front and back are arranged on the surface of the top of the supporting wall plates, and adjusting rods are slidably mounted on the tops of the lifting rods, the surface mounting who adjusts the pole has the handrail, and the installation direction mutually perpendicular of handrail and lifter, the length of handrail is the same with the installation direction of supporting the wallboard, the second grade sliding tray is installed at the top of supporting the wallboard, and the second grade sliding tray is located the rear of lifter, and the second grade sliding tray is located the below of handrail.
Preferably, temper the internally mounted of concatenation step and have the stair backing plate, the top surface both sides of stair backing plate all are equipped with the gomphosis mouth of rectangle, the degree of depth that the gomphosis mouth is less than the degree of depth of stair backing plate, the inside slidable mounting who tempers the concatenation step has the finger board, the finger board is located the below of stair backing plate, the inside slidable mounting who tempers the concatenation step has the massage convex plate board, and the top surface mounting of massage convex plate board has the lug, the massage convex plate board is located the below of finger board, the bottom of stair backing plate and finger board is the hollow structure of undercut, the top both sides surface of finger board and massage convex plate board all is equipped with the rectangle mouth that runs through, the inside slidable mounting of rectangle mouth has the press block, the size area of press block is the same with the size area of gomphosis mouth.
Preferably, fixed anchor post is installed at the top of seat is tempered to the back, and a side surface that the seat is tempered to the back is close to the support wallboard is equipped with two sets of parallel arrangement's spout, and the slide is installed to the inside gomphosis of spout, and one side surface mounting that the slide is close to the support wallboard has flexible post, and the surface of flexible post is encircleed and is installed extension spring, and the handle that carries of L type is installed at the top of slide, and the internal connection of carrying the handle has the soft cable, and the inside of soft cable is the steel chain.
Preferably, the inside of second grade sliding tray is equipped with first sliding tray and second sliding tray, the second sliding tray is located the below of first sliding tray, the positive one end that first sliding tray is close to the second grade sliding tray is close to the positive one end through connection of second grade sliding tray with the positive one end through connection of second grade sliding tray, form U type channel structure, the inside slidable mounting slider of first sliding tray, the horizontal pole is installed at the top of slider, the inside of first sliding tray is extended respectively at the both ends of horizontal pole, the one end port surface of horizontal pole is equipped with the screw thread, the one end port department of horizontal pole has the jogged joint cover through threaded connection, resistance spring is installed to the one end back wall that first sliding tray is close to the second grade sliding tray back, the bearing frame is all installed to the both sides inner wall of second sliding tray, the round bar is installed through the bearing frame to the inside of second sliding tray.
Preferably, the front surface of the protection plate is fixed with a binding belt through a rivet, the surface of the binding belt is provided with a protection sleeve, and the protection sleeve is filled with sweat-absorbing sponge.
Preferably, the exercise turntable is far away from one side surface mounting of supporting the wallboard and has a handle, and the other side surface mounting of exercise turntable has a bull stick, and the tail end of bull stick is connected with one side surface of supporting the wallboard.
Preferably, the base plate is close to the top side surface of back exercise seat and is equipped with the logical groove of longitudinal arrangement, and the inside slidable mounting that leads to the groove has the handrail frame, and the internally mounted of handrail frame has vertical distribution's vaulting pole.
Preferably, the surface of the lifting rod is provided with an adjusting knob.
Preferably, a flexible filling layer is arranged inside the handrail, a sponge block is filled inside the flexible filling layer, and a sweat absorbing belt is wound on the surface of the flexible filling layer.
Preferably, the working steps of the device are as follows:
s1, when a user utilizes the device to perform cardiovascular rehabilitation training, the user can firstly train legs and hip joints, an assistant can selectively extract the finger-pressing plate or the massage convex plate from the inside of the training splicing step according to the training requirement and the disease recovery requirement of the user, press the pressing block inside to ensure that the bottom of the pressing block protrudes out of the bottom of the finger-pressing plate or the massage convex plate and is embedded into the embedding opening on the top surface of the stair base plate;
s2, when a user walks and trains, the user moves along the installation direction of the supporting wall plate through the support of the handrail, in the advancing process, the finger-pressing plate stimulates blood vessels and related nerves of the sole of the user with serious illness so as to recover consciousness, or the massage convex plate massages the sole of the user so as to relax the muscles of the foot and smooth the blood vessels, and in addition, the height of the single-stage step of the training splicing step can be changed through the embedding and overlapping action of the stair base plate, the finger-pressing plate and the massage convex plate, so that the user can adjust the lifting training distance of legs and joints of the crotch during training, and the function of training the joints of the crotch is achieved;
s3, after leg training is finished, training of the back and the waist and abdomen can be performed, a user sits on the top surface of the back exercise seat, then the binding belts are bound, and the binding belts are matched with the protection plate to form a containment effect on the user;
s4, when back training is carried out, the back of the patient exerts force to push the chair back part of the back exercise chair against the surface of the supporting wallboard and enable the force to approach the surface of the supporting wallboard, and in the process, the extension spring resists the extrusion force applied by the user due to the function of restoring elasticity, so that the difficulty of the chair back part of the back exercise chair approaching the supporting wallboard is increased, the user is further promoted to continuously exert force to extrude, and the exercise effect of back muscles is formed;
s5, after the back training, can carry out the big arm training with the help of the second grade sliding tray, before the training, the user can slide the horizontal pole along first sliding tray, when the horizontal pole moves to the back notch of first sliding tray, can meet the blockking of resistance spring, and then make the user receive the resistance when promoting the horizontal pole and slide, can train user ' S arm strength, and then realize user ' S strength training ' S purpose, in addition when the user that the mobile capability is relatively poor trains, can promote the horizontal pole to the inside of second sliding tray, because the round bar is installed through the bearing frame to the inner wall of second sliding tray, the slider of horizontal pole and bottom when the surface movement of round bar, can make the sliding resistance of horizontal pole less, there is better supplementary drive effect to the user that the horizontal pole moves forward.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention can selectively draw the finger-pressing plate or the massage convex plate out of the exercise splicing step according to the training requirement and the illness state recovery requirement of a user by installing the exercise splicing step, press the pressing block in the exercise splicing step to ensure that the bottom of the pressing block protrudes out of the bottom of the finger-pressing plate or the massage convex plate and is embedded into the embedding opening on the top surface of the stair base plate, stimulate the blood vessels of the sole and the related nerves of the user with serious illness state through the finger-pressing plate to recover consciousness, or massage the sole of the user through the massage convex plate to realize the relaxation of the muscles of the foot and the smoothness of the blood vessels, and can change the height of the single-stage step of the exercise splicing step through the embedding and overlapping action of the stair base plate, the finger-pressing plate and the massage convex plate, so that the user can adjust the lifting training distance of the legs and the hip joints when training, plays a role in exercising the hip joints.
2. The invention is provided with the back exercising seat, the sliding plate is driven to slide along the sliding groove by the lifting handle to adjust the height, then the fixed anchor post is sleeved by the soft rope to fix the height of the sliding plate, so as to adjust and fix the positions of the telescopic post and the extension spring, so that a user can use different parts of the back to exercise when training, then the back of the patient exerts force to push the chair back part of the back exercising seat against the force to enable the chair back part to approach the surface of the supporting wallboard, the extension spring can resist the extrusion force exerted by the user due to the function of restoring elasticity in the process, thereby increasing the difficulty of the chair back part of the back exercising seat approaching the supporting wallboard, further promoting the user to continuously exert force to extrude to form the exercising effect of back muscles, and the existence of the telescopic post can provide a limit function for the extension spring in the process, the phenomenon that the extension spring displaces back and forth to influence the return rebound effect of the extension spring is avoided.
3. The invention can lead a user to slide a cross rod along the first sliding groove by installing the secondary sliding groove and under the driving action of the sliding block, when the cross rod moves to the back notch of the first sliding groove, the cross rod can be blocked by the resistance spring, thus leading the user to be subjected to resistance when pushing the cross rod to slide, and training the arm strength of the user, thereby realizing the aim of strength training of the user, in addition, when the user with poor mobility trains, the cross rod can be pushed to the inner part of the second sliding groove, because the inner wall of the second sliding groove is provided with the round rod through the bearing seat, when the cross rod and the sliding block at the bottom of the cross rod move on the surface of the round rod, the sliding resistance of the cross rod can be smaller, the invention has better auxiliary driving action on the user who supports the forward movement of the cross rod, and can rotationally take off the embedded sleeve at the port of the cross rod when the cross rod is not needed, avoiding unnecessary interception interference.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional partial schematic view of the back exercise seat of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a back side schematic view of the back exercise seat of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic illustration of a disassembled structure of the exercise splicing step of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the pressing block and the finger-pressure plate of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the lifter and the armrest of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a two-stage sliding groove structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of a second sliding groove of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top view of the first sliding groove of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the exercise turntable of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of the armrest of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a partial structural view of the protection plate of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base plate; 101. a through groove; 102. a handrail frame; 103. a stay bar; 2. a back exercise seat; 201. fixing the anchor post; 202. lifting the handle; 203. a slide plate; 204. a telescopic column; 205. an extension spring; 206. soft cables; 207. a chute; 3. training splicing steps; 301. a stair tread plate; 302. a finger-pressure plate; 303. a massage convex plate; 304. an embedding opening; 305. pressing a pressing block; 4. a training turntable; 401. a grip; 402. a rotating rod; 5. a lifting rod; 501. adjusting a knob; 502. adjusting a rod; 6. a secondary sliding groove; 601. a first sliding groove; 602. a second sliding groove; 603. a resistance spring; 604. a slider; 605. a cross bar; 606. fitting and sleeving; 607. a round bar; 7. a handrail; 701. a sweat-absorbing band; 702. a flexible filler layer; 8. a protection plate; 801. a binding belt; 802. a sweat-absorbent sponge; 803. a protective sleeve; 9. supporting the wall panel.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-12, an embodiment of the present invention is shown: a rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases comprises a base plate 1, a back exercise seat 2, exercise splicing steps 3, an exercise rotary table 4, a second-stage sliding groove 6, handrails 7 and protection plates 8, wherein two groups of support wall plates 9 which are arranged in parallel are mounted on the surface of the top of the base plate 1, the contact area of the device and the ground is increased by the base plate 1, the integral installation stability of the device is ensured, in addition, a relatively flat installation support plane is provided for the device, the mutual matching of training components of the device is ensured, the support wall plates 9 can provide support for the installation of a lifting rod 5, the back exercise seat 2 and the exercise rotary table 4, the back exercise seat 2 is mounted on one side surface of the support wall plates 9, the support for the comprehensive back strength training of a user can be provided, two groups of protection plates 8 which are arranged back and forth are mounted on one side surface of the back exercise seat 2 far away from the support wall plates 9, can provide maintenance for a user sitting on the top surface of the back exercise seat 2, one side surface of the supporting wall plate 9 is provided with an exercise rotary table 4, the exercise rotary table 4 is positioned at the rear part of the back exercise seat 2, the shoulder joint and the elbow joint of the user can be exercised by rotating the exercise rotary table 4 to enhance the flexibility, the flexibility of limbs is kept, the top surface of the base plate 1 is provided with an exercise splicing step 3, the two ends of the exercise splicing step 3 are respectively connected with one side surface of the supporting wall plate 9 far away from the back exercise seat 2, the functions of sole sensory stimulation recovery and massage relaxation can be provided for the user by the exercise splicing step 3, the hip lifting capability of the user can be trained by adjusting the single-stage height of the exercise splicing step 3, the comprehensiveness of leg training is ensured, the top surface of the supporting wall plate 9 is provided with two sets of lifting rods 5 which are arranged back and forth, the top of the lifting rod 5 is provided with an adjusting rod 502 in a sliding way, the height of the armrest 7 can be adjusted by adjusting the vertical distance between the adjusting rod 502 and the lifting rod 5, so as to adapt to the rehabilitation training of users with different heights, the surface of the adjusting rod 502 is provided with the handrail 7, the installation directions of the handrail 7 and the lifting rod 5 are mutually vertical, the length of the handrail 7 is the same as the installation direction of the supporting wall plate 9, can provide a supporting function when a user walks and trains, and avoids falling down, the top of the supporting wall plate 9 is provided with a secondary sliding groove 6, the secondary sliding groove 6 is positioned at the rear of the lifting rod 5, the secondary sliding groove 6 is positioned below the handrail 7, and through the arrangement of the first sliding groove 601 and the second sliding groove 602, can assist this device to provide the function of big arm resistance training and supplementary drive training for the user, strengthen the training variety of device.
The stair base plate 301 is arranged inside the exercise splicing step 3, rectangular embedding openings 304 are formed in two sides of the top surface of the stair base plate 301, the depth of each embedding opening 304 is smaller than that of the stair base plate 301, a finger pressing plate 302 is slidably arranged inside the exercise splicing step 3 and is positioned below the stair base plate 301, a massage convex plate 303 is slidably arranged inside the exercise splicing step 3 and is provided with a convex block on the top surface of the massage convex plate 303, the massage convex plate 303 is positioned below the finger pressing plate 302, the bottom portions of the stair base plate 301 and the finger pressing plate 302 are both of an upward-concave hollow structure, rectangular openings penetrating through the surfaces of two sides of the top portions of the finger pressing plate 302 and the massage convex plate 303 are arranged, a pressing block 305 is slidably arranged inside each rectangular opening, the size area of the pressing block 305 is the same as that of the embedding openings 304, and the requirements of training and recovery of a user can be met, selectively extracting the acupressure probe 302 or the massage convex plate 303 from the inside of the exercise splicing step 3, pressing down the inner pressing block 305 so that the bottom thereof protrudes from the bottom of the acupressure probe 302 or the massage convex plate 303, and fitting into the fitting hole 304 formed on the top surface of the stair tread 301, stimulation of the blood vessels and associated nerves on the sole of the patient's foot is achieved by the acupressure probe 302, to restore consciousness, or the soles of the feet of the user are massaged through the massage convex plate 303 to realize the relaxation of the muscles of the feet and the patency of blood vessels, and in addition, through the embedded superposition effect of the stair liner plate 301 and the finger-pressing plate 302 and the massage convex plate 303, the height of the single-stage step of the training splicing step 3 can be changed, so that a user can adjust the lifting training distance of legs and crotch joints during training, and the function of training the crotch joints is achieved.
The top of the back exercising seat 2 is provided with a fixed anchor column 201, one side surface of the back exercising seat 2 close to the supporting wall plate 9 is provided with two groups of sliding grooves 207 which are arranged in parallel, a sliding plate 203 is embedded in the sliding grooves 207, one side surface of the sliding plate 203 close to the supporting wall plate 9 is provided with a telescopic column 204, the surface of the telescopic column 204 is provided with an extension spring 205 in a surrounding mode, the top of the sliding plate 203 is provided with an L-shaped lifting handle 202, the inner part of the lifting handle 202 is connected with a soft rope 206, the inner part of the soft rope 206 is a steel chain, the sliding plate 203 is driven by the lifting handle 202 to slide along the sliding grooves 207 for height adjustment, then the fixed anchor column 201 is sleeved by the soft rope 206, the height of the sliding plate 203 is fixed, further the position adjustment and the fixation of the telescopic column 204 and the extension spring 205 are realized, so that a user can utilize different parts of the back to exercise during the exercise, and then the back of the patient exerts force, the back of the chair part that tempers seat 2 with the back supports and makes power make it be close to the surface of supporting wall board 9, at this in-process extension spring 205 can be because of the effect of replying elasticity, the extrusion force of exerting with the user resists, and then increase the back and temper the degree of difficulty that seat 2 back of the chair part is close to supporting wall board 9, and then impel the user to continue to send out power and extrude, form the exercise effect of back muscle, the existence of flexible post 204 can provide limiting displacement to extension spring 205 at this in-process, avoid extension spring 205 to take place the displacement from beginning to end, influence extension spring 205's the rebound effect that replies.
A first sliding groove 601 and a second sliding groove 602 are arranged inside the secondary sliding groove 6, the second sliding groove 602 is positioned below the first sliding groove 601, one end of the first sliding groove 601 close to the front of the secondary sliding groove 6 is connected with one end of the second sliding groove 602 close to the front of the secondary sliding groove 6 in a penetrating manner to form a U-shaped channel structure, a sliding block 604 is slidably arranged inside the first sliding groove 601, a cross rod 605 is arranged at the top of the sliding block 604, two ends of the cross rod 605 respectively extend out of the inside of the first sliding groove 601, a thread is arranged on the surface of one end port of the cross rod 605, an embedded sleeve 606 is connected with one end port of the cross rod 605 through the thread, a resistance spring 603 is arranged on the rear wall of one end of the first sliding groove 601 close to the back of the secondary sliding groove 6, bearing seats are arranged on the inner walls of two sides of the second sliding groove 602, a round rod 607 is arranged inside the second sliding groove 602 through the bearing seats, and the driving action of the sliding block 604, the user can slide the cross bar 605 along the first sliding groove 601, and when the cross bar 605 moves to the back notch of the first sliding groove 601, the resistance spring 603 is blocked, thereby causing the user to experience resistance when pushing the cross bar 605 to slide, training the arm strength of the user, further, the purpose of strength training of the user is achieved, and in addition, when the user with poor mobility is training, the cross bar 605 can be pushed into the second sliding groove 602, since the inner wall of the second sliding groove 602 is provided with the round bar 607 through the bearing seat, when the cross bar 605 and the sliding block 604 at the bottom thereof move on the surface of the round bar 607, the sliding resistance of the cross bar 605 can be made smaller, has better auxiliary driving function for the user who holds the cross bar 605 to move forward, when the cross bar 605 is not needed to be used, the engaging sleeve 606 at the port of the crossbar 605 can be rotated and removed to avoid unnecessary interception interference.
The front of guard plate 8 has constraint area 801 through fix with rivet, the surface mounting of constraint area 801 has protective sheath 803, the inside packing of protective sheath 803 has sweat-absorbing sponge 802, constraint area 801 can form the maintenance to the user who sits on back exercise seat 2 surface, avoid the user to fall the seat when training, sweat-absorbing sponge 802 can provide flexible protection when the user trains in addition and can absorb the sweat that the chest produced when it trains, and protective sheath 803 then can avoid sweat-absorbing sponge 802 directly to expose in the external environment, protect it not torn the damage.
Exercise carousel 4 keeps away from one side surface mounting who supports wallboard 9 has handle 401, and exercise carousel 4's opposite side surface mounting has bull stick 402, and the tail end of bull stick 402 is connected with one side surface that supports wallboard 9, and the user holds handle 401, drives exercise carousel 4 and rotates under the support of bull stick 402, stands the east through holding handle 401, can train user's shoulder joint and elbow joint, strengthen and the flexibility ratio of the two.
The top side surface that the bed plate 1 is close to back exercise seat 2 is equipped with longitudinal arrangement's logical groove 101, the inside slidable mounting that leads to groove 101 has handrail frame 102, handrail frame 102's internally mounted has vertical distribution's vaulting pole 103, when the user carries out the back exercise, if user's back power is comparatively difficult, can slide handrail frame 102 along leading to groove 101, make it be located one side that back exercise seat 2, user's both hands are grabbed afterwards and are held vaulting pole 103, utilize vaulting pole 103 to provide and block, so that the user can exert oneself and support the back of the chair part that back exercise seat 2 trains.
The surface mounting of lifter 5 has adjust knob 501, through rotatory adjust knob 501, can adjust the vertical distance between adjust lever 502 and the lifter 5, and then makes adjust lever 502 can drive handrail 7 and carry out altitude mixture control from top to bottom to adapt to not co-altitude user's training needs.
The internally mounted of handrail 7 has flexible filling layer 702, and the inside packing of flexible filling layer 702 has the sponge piece, and the surface winding of flexible filling layer 702 has sweat-absorbing area 701, and sweat-absorbing area 701 can absorb the sweat of palm when the user trains to the reduction skids, and the sponge pad of the inside packing of flexible filling layer 702 then can make handrail 7 keep soft comfortable laminating sense of use when using.
The working steps of the device are as follows:
s1, when the user uses the device to do rehabilitation training in cardiovascular aspect, the user can firstly train the legs and the crotch joints, the assistant can selectively draw the finger-pressing plate 302 or the massage convex plate 303 out of the training splicing step 3 according to the training requirement and the illness state recovery requirement of the user, press the inner pressing block 305 to make the bottom of the pressing block protrude out of the bottom of the finger-pressing plate 302 or the massage convex plate 303, and embed into the embedding opening 304 on the top surface of the stair base plate 301;
s2, when a user walks and trains, the user moves along the installation direction of the supporting wall plate 9 through the support of the handrail 7, in the advancing process, the finger-pressing plate 302 stimulates blood vessels and related nerves of the sole of the user with serious illness so as to restore consciousness, or the massage convex plate 303 massages the sole of the user so as to relax muscles of the foot and smooth the blood vessels, in addition, the height of the single-stage step of the training splicing step 3 can be changed through the embedding and overlapping action of the stair base plate 301, the finger-pressing plate 302 and the massage convex plate 303, so that the user can adjust the lifting training distance of legs and hip joints during training, and the function of training the hip joints is achieved;
s3, after leg training is finished, training of the back and the waist and abdomen can be performed, a user sits on the top surface of the back exercise seat 2, then the binding bands 801 are bound, and the binding bands are matched with the protection plate 8 to form a containment effect for the user, before the user performs back exercise, an assistant can drive the sliding plate 203 to slide along the sliding groove 207 through the lifting handle 202 to perform height adjustment, then the fixed anchor column 201 is sleeved with the soft rope 206, position adjustment of the telescopic column 204 and the extension spring 205 is achieved, so that the user can use different parts of the back to perform strength training during training, and accordingly comprehensive training of the back can be performed;
s4, when back training is carried out, the back of the patient exerts force to push the chair back part of the back exercise chair 2 against the surface of the supporting wall plate 9, and the force makes the chair back part approach the surface of the supporting wall plate 9;
s5, after the back training, the big arm training can be carried out by means of the secondary sliding groove 6, before the training, a user can slide the cross rod 605 along the first sliding groove 601, when the cross rod 605 moves to the back notch of the first sliding groove 601, the resistance of the resistance spring 603 can be met, and then the user can bear resistance when pushing the cross rod 605 to slide, the arm strength of the user can be trained, and the purpose of strength training of the user can be further achieved.
The working principle is as follows: when a user carries out cardiovascular rehabilitation training by using the device, the legs and the crotch joints can be trained firstly, an assistant can selectively extract the acupressure plate 302 or the massage convex plate 303 from the inside of the training splicing step 3 according to the training requirement and the disease recovery requirement of the user, press the inner pressing block 305 to ensure that the bottom of the inner pressing block is protruded out of the bottom of the acupressure plate 302 or the massage convex plate 303 and is embedded into the embedding opening 304 on the top surface of the stair base plate 301, the acupressure plate 302 stimulates blood vessels and related nerves of the sole of the user with serious disease to recover the consciousness, or the massage convex plate 303 massages the sole of the user to realize the relaxation of foot muscles and the smoothness of the blood vessels, in addition, the single-step height of the training splicing step 3 can be changed through the embedding and overlapping action of the stair base plate 301, the acupressure plate 302 and the massage convex plate 303, therefore, when the user trains, the lifting training distance of the leg and the crotch joint can be adjusted, the function of training the crotch joint is achieved, when the back training is carried out, the user sits on the top surface of the back training seat 2, then the binding belt 801 is bound, the protection effect is formed by the binding belt and the protection plate 8, before the back training is carried out, the back of the user exerts force, the chair back part of the back training seat 2 is propped against the surface of the supporting wall plate 9, the force is enabled to be close to the surface of the supporting wall plate 9, in the process, the extension spring 205 can resist the extrusion force exerted by the user due to the effect of the resilience, the difficulty of enabling the chair back part of the back training seat 2 to be close to the supporting wall plate 9 is increased, the user is enabled to continuously exert force to extrude, the training effect of back muscles is formed, and then the large arm training is carried out by the aid of the secondary sliding groove 6, before training, the user can slide the horizontal pole 605 along first sliding tray 601, when the horizontal pole 605 moves to the back notch of first sliding tray 601, meet the block of resistance spring 603, and then make the user receive the resistance when promoting the horizontal pole 605 to slide, can train user's arm strength, and then realize user's strength training's purpose, in addition when the user that the moving power is relatively poor trains, can promote the horizontal pole 605 to the inside of second sliding tray 602, because the pole 607 is installed through the bearing frame to the inner wall of second sliding tray 602, horizontal pole 605 and the slider 604 of bottom when the surface of pole 607 removes, can make the sliding resistance of horizontal pole 605 less, have better supplementary drive effect to the user who holds up the horizontal pole 605 and move forward.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is with rehabilitation training equipment, includes bed plate (1), back exercise seat (2), tempers concatenation step (3), tempers carousel (4), second grade sliding tray (6), handrail (7) and guard plate (8), its characterized in that: the top surface mounting of bed plate (1) has two sets of parallel arrangement's support wallboard (9), one side surface mounting of support wallboard (9) has back exercise seat (2), one side surface mounting that back exercise seat (2) kept away from support wallboard (9) has guard plate (8) of arranging around two sets of, one side surface mounting of support wallboard (9) has exercise carousel (4), and tempers carousel (4) and be located the rear of back exercise seat (2), the top surface mounting of bed plate (1) has tempers concatenation step (3), and tempers a both ends of concatenation step (3) and be connected with one side surface that back exercise seat (2) was kept away from with support wallboard (9) respectively, the top surface mounting of support wallboard (9) has lifter (5) of arranging around two sets of, the top slidable mounting of lifter (5) has regulation pole (502), the surface of the adjusting rod (502) is provided with a handrail (7), the mounting directions of the handrail (7) and the lifting rod (5) are mutually vertical, the length of the handrail (7) is the same as the mounting direction of the supporting wall plate (9), the top of the supporting wall plate (9) is provided with a secondary sliding groove (6), the secondary sliding groove (6) is positioned behind the lifting rod (5), and the secondary sliding groove (6) is positioned below the handrail (7);
the stair base plate (301) is arranged inside the exercise splicing step (3), rectangular embedding openings (304) are formed in two sides of the top surface of the stair base plate (301), the depth of each embedding opening (304) is smaller than that of the stair base plate (301), finger plates (302) are arranged inside the exercise splicing step (3) in a sliding mode, the finger plates (302) are located below the stair base plate (301), massage convex plate plates (303) are arranged inside the exercise splicing step (3) in a sliding mode, convex blocks are arranged on the surface of the top of each massage convex plate (303), the massage convex plates (303) are located below the finger plates (302), the bottoms of the stair base plate (301) and the finger plates (302) are of hollow structures which are sunken upwards, rectangular openings which penetrate through are formed in the surfaces of two sides of the tops of the finger plates (302) and the massage convex plates (303), pressing blocks (305) are arranged inside the rectangular openings in a sliding mode, the size area of the pressing block (305) is the same as that of the embedding opening (304);
a first sliding groove (601) and a second sliding groove (602) are arranged in the secondary sliding groove (6), the second sliding groove (602) is positioned below the first sliding groove (601), one end of the front surface of the first sliding groove (601), which is close to the secondary sliding groove (6), is in through connection with one end of the front surface of the second sliding groove (602), which is close to the secondary sliding groove (6), so as to form a U-shaped channel structure, a sliding block (604) is slidably mounted in the first sliding groove (601), a cross rod (605) is mounted at the top of the sliding block (604), two ends of the cross rod (605) respectively extend out of the interior of the first sliding groove (601), a thread is arranged on the surface of a port at one end of the cross rod (605), an embedded sleeve (606) is connected at the port at one end of the first sliding groove (601) through the thread, a resistance spring (603) is mounted on the rear wall of one end, which is close to the back surface of the secondary sliding groove (6), of the first sliding groove (601), bearing seats are installed on the inner walls of the two sides of the second sliding groove (602), and a round rod (607) is installed inside the second sliding groove (602) through the bearing seats.
2. The rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to claim 1, characterized in that: fixed anchor post (201) are installed at the top of back exercise seat (2), one side surface that back exercise seat (2) are close to supporting wallboard (9) is equipped with two sets of parallel arrangement's spout (207), slide (203) are installed to the inside gomphosis of spout (207), one side surface mounting that slide (203) are close to supporting wallboard (9) has flexible post (204), the surface of flexible post (204) is encircleed and is installed extension spring (205), the handle of carrying (202) of L type is installed at the top of slide (203), the internal connection of carrying handle (202) has soft cable (206), the inside of soft cable (206) is the steel chain.
3. The rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to claim 1, characterized in that: the front of protection plate (8) is fixed with constraint area (801) through the rivet, and the surface mounting of constraint area (801) has protective sheath (803), and the inside packing of protective sheath (803) has sweat-absorbing sponge (802).
4. The rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to claim 1, characterized in that: exercise carousel (4) keep away from one side surface mounting who supports wallboard (9) has handle (401), and the opposite side surface mounting who tempers carousel (4) has bull stick (402), and the tail end of bull stick (402) is connected with one side surface that supports wallboard (9).
5. The rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to claim 1, characterized in that: the surface of one side of the top, close to the back exercise seat (2), of the base plate (1) is provided with a longitudinally-arranged through groove (101), an armrest frame (102) is installed inside the through groove (101) in a sliding mode, and support rods (103) which are vertically distributed are installed inside the armrest frame (102).
6. The rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to claim 1, characterized in that: the surface of the lifting rod (5) is provided with an adjusting knob (501).
7. The rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to claim 1, characterized in that: a flexible filling layer (702) is arranged inside the handrail (7), a sponge block is filled inside the flexible filling layer (702), and a sweat absorbing belt (701) is wound on the surface of the flexible filling layer (702).
8. A rehabilitation training device for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that it operates as follows:
s1, when a user carries out cardiovascular rehabilitation training by using the equipment, the user can firstly train legs and hip joints, an assistant can selectively extract the finger-pressing plate (302) or the massage convex plate (303) from the inside of the training splicing step (3) according to the training requirement and the disease recovery requirement of the user, press the pressing block (305) inside to enable the bottom of the pressing block to protrude out of the bottom of the finger-pressing plate (302) or the massage convex plate (303), and then the pressing block is embedded into the embedding opening (304) on the top surface of the stair base plate (301);
s2, when a user walks and trains, the user moves along the installation direction of the supporting wall plate (9) through the support of the handrail (7), during the traveling process, the finger pressing plate (302) stimulates blood vessels and related nerves of the sole of the user with serious illness so as to restore consciousness, or the massage convex plate (303) massages the sole of the user so as to relax the muscles of the foot and smooth the blood vessels, and in addition, the single-step height of the exercise splicing step (3) can be changed through the embedding and overlapping action of the stair base plate (301), the finger pressing plate (302) and the massage convex plate (303), so that the user can adjust the lifting training distance of legs and hip joints during training, and the function of training the hip joints is achieved;
s3, after leg training is finished, training of the back and the waist and abdomen can be performed, a user sits on the top surface of the back exercise seat (2), then the binding bands (801) are bound, and a containment effect is formed on the user by matching with the protection plate (8), before the user performs back exercise, an assistant can drive the sliding plate (203) to slide along the sliding groove (207) through the lifting handle (202) to perform height adjustment, then the fixed anchor column (201) is sleeved by the soft rope (206), position adjustment of the telescopic column (204) and the extension spring (205) is achieved, so that the user can use different parts of the back to perform strength training during training, and accordingly comprehensive training of the back can be performed;
s4, when back training is carried out, the back of the patient exerts force to push the chair back part of the back exercise chair (2) against the surface of the supporting wallboard (9) and enable the force to be close to the surface of the supporting wallboard (9), and in the process, the stretching spring (205) can resist the extrusion force applied by the user due to the action of restoring elasticity, so that the difficulty of enabling the chair back part of the back exercise chair (2) to be close to the supporting wallboard (9) is increased, the user is further promoted to continuously exert force to extrude, and the exercise effect of back muscles is formed;
s5, after the back training is finished, the big arm training can be carried out by means of the secondary sliding groove (6), before the training, a user can slide the cross rod (605) along the first sliding groove (601), when the cross rod (605) moves to the back notch of the first sliding groove (601), the cross rod (605) meets the blocking of the resistance spring (603), so that the user can receive resistance when pushing the cross rod (605) to slide, the arm strength of the user can be trained, the aim of strength training of the user can be further fulfilled, in addition, when the user with poor mobility is trained, the cross rod (605) can be pushed to the inner part of the second sliding groove (602), because the inner wall of the second sliding groove (602) is provided with the round rod (607) through the bearing seat, when the cross rod (605) and the sliding block (604) at the bottom of the cross rod (605) move on the surface of the round rod (607), the sliding resistance of the cross rod (605) can be smaller, has better auxiliary driving effect on the user who holds the moving cross rod (605) to move forward.
CN202110034847.1A 2021-01-12 2021-01-12 Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is with rehabilitation training equipment Active CN112870638B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20040040985A (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-05-13 정관선 Finger-pressure equipment
CN202095808U (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-01-04 山东科技大学 Fixed type fitness chair
CN205268924U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-01 侯燕 Novel rehabilitation training of fit formula department of neurology device
CN209301666U (en) * 2018-06-08 2019-08-27 张惠 A kind of department of general surgery's rehabilitation nursing mobilizer
CN111184982A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-05-22 王炯铭 Automatic rehabilitation type medical equipment for cerebral palsy patient
CN211486355U (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-09-15 李海霞 Rehabilitation training escalator

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN208693746U (en) * 2018-04-19 2019-04-05 无锡市儿童医院 A kind of Neurology lower limb massage device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20040040985A (en) * 2002-11-07 2004-05-13 정관선 Finger-pressure equipment
CN202095808U (en) * 2011-05-27 2012-01-04 山东科技大学 Fixed type fitness chair
CN205268924U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-01 侯燕 Novel rehabilitation training of fit formula department of neurology device
CN209301666U (en) * 2018-06-08 2019-08-27 张惠 A kind of department of general surgery's rehabilitation nursing mobilizer
CN211486355U (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-09-15 李海霞 Rehabilitation training escalator
CN111184982A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-05-22 王炯铭 Automatic rehabilitation type medical equipment for cerebral palsy patient

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