CN112841677A - Special fresh peanut belt cleaning device in laboratory - Google Patents

Special fresh peanut belt cleaning device in laboratory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112841677A
CN112841677A CN202110108916.9A CN202110108916A CN112841677A CN 112841677 A CN112841677 A CN 112841677A CN 202110108916 A CN202110108916 A CN 202110108916A CN 112841677 A CN112841677 A CN 112841677A
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
tank
fixed
water
motor
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CN202110108916.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112841677B (en
Inventor
颜冬云
崔玉照
王文昊
孙伟
谭慧婷
杨羽
刘洋
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Qingdao University
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Qingdao University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D21/00Separation of suspended solid particles from liquids by sedimentation
    • B01D21/02Settling tanks with single outlets for the separated liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D21/00Separation of suspended solid particles from liquids by sedimentation
    • B01D21/24Feed or discharge mechanisms for settling tanks
    • B01D21/245Discharge mechanisms for the sediments

Abstract

The invention discloses a special peanut cleaning device for a laboratory, which is characterized in that a box body of the special peanut cleaning device is divided into an upper feeding and discharging area, a middle cleaning area and a lower settling area, a material inlet and outlet is arranged at the lower part of the material inlet and outlet area and used for taking out or putting in the cleaning basket, the bottom of the cleaning basket is fixedly connected with the supporting plate through a self-locking device, a cleaning tank is fixedly arranged at the middle part of the cleaning area, the bottom of the cleaning tank is connected with a water collecting funnel, fixed ultrasonic device between washing tank and box, the fixed sedimentation tank upper portion intercommunication of collection water funnel bottom and settling zone, the mud water control valve is fixed to be set up at collection water funnel and sedimentation tank junction, the sedimentation tank bottom sets up the mud valve, the machinery belt cleaning device top is connected with drive arrangement, drive arrangement drives mechanical belt cleaning device round trip movement between business turn over material district upper portion and washing tank, the layer board side is connected with drive arrangement, drive arrangement drives the layer board round trip movement between business turn over material district lower part and washing tank. The deep cleaning of the peanuts is realized through two cleaning modes of mechanical cleaning and ultrasonic devices.

Description

Special fresh peanut belt cleaning device in laboratory
The technical field is as follows:
the invention relates to the field of cleaning equipment, in particular to a special fresh peanut cleaning device for a laboratory.
Background art:
the peanut is one of the main oil crops and economic crops in China and is an important guarantee for the development of national economy. In order to promote economic development, improve the agricultural production level and meet the demand of people on the continuous rising of peanuts, scientific experimental work aiming at the peanuts is strengthened by some research institutions. After the fresh peanuts are picked from the field, the peanuts are required to be cleaned before an experiment according to different amounts of silt which are carried by the fresh peanuts according to different soil qualities, so that the requirements of analysis and test are met. The common laboratory adopts a manual cleaning mode, which wastes time and labor; meanwhile, the risk of mildew or germination of the peanuts is increased due to the prolonging of the cleaning time, and the experimental process and the subsequent test results are seriously influenced. In addition, in the cleaning process, sediment or attachments such as roots, stems and leaves on the peanuts are discharged into a sewer line along with the wastewater, so that the pipeline is blocked, the resources and time for treating the wastewater and dredging the pipeline are wasted, the burden of environment treatment is increased, and the method is contrary to the concept of scientific research on high efficiency and environmental protection.
The peanuts are continuously and automatically cleaned by adopting an advanced mechanical technology, so that the cleaning time can be effectively shortened, and the aims of quality guarantee, water saving and environmental friendliness are achieved. Chinese utility model patent CN 211091785U discloses a cleaning device for rhizome type agricultural products, but has the following disadvantages: the material can not be effectively controlled during cleaning, so that incomplete cleaning is caused; when peanuts needing to be cleaned are poured into the cleaning barrel from the top, a device convenient for taking out the peanuts is not arranged, and a user needs to stretch hands into the cleaning barrel for taking the peanuts, so that the working strength is improved, and the cleaning time is prolonged; the water and silt after washing are mixed and directly discharged, which causes serious waste of water resource, increases the risk of sewer blockage, and the content of the device is easy to cause sludge accumulation and inconvenient to clean. Chinese utility model patent CN 111280464 a discloses a peanut belt cleaning device for agricultural, though the cleaning quality improves to some extent, has also considered the accumulational problem of mud, nevertheless the peanut cleanliness still can not reach laboratory test requirement, and mud waste water discharges at will not only polluted environment but also extravagant resource. Chinese patent CN 210520047U discloses a peanut cleaning device for edible agricultural product research, which realizes water recycling, but performs mud-water separation through a filter screen, and not only the separation effect is poor, but also the filter screen is easy to be blocked and is inconvenient to clean. Therefore, at present, China does not have a high-efficiency environment-friendly peanut cleaner suitable for scientific research in laboratories.
Based on the above, a special fresh peanut cleaning device for a laboratory is developed, can achieve various aims of efficient cleaning of fresh peanuts, water recycling, bottom sediment collection and the like, can be applied to cleaning work of different industries through equal-proportion amplification, and has a good demonstration effect on the future cleaning equipment industry.
The invention content is as follows:
in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the fresh peanut cleaning machine which can efficiently, water-saving, continuously, automatically and finely clean the peanuts and is beneficial to laboratory test analysis.
In order to achieve the purpose, the peanut cleaning device comprises a box body, a mechanical cleaning device, a feeding and discharging port, a first water injection port, an ultrasonic device, a cleaning basket, a supporting plate, a self-locking device, a driving device, a water collecting funnel, a mud water control valve, a sedimentation tank, a mud valve and a cleaning tank, wherein the box body is divided into an upper feeding and discharging area, a middle cleaning area and a lower sedimentation area, the feeding and discharging port is formed in the lower part of the feeding and discharging area and used for taking out or putting in the cleaning basket, the bottom of the cleaning basket is fixedly connected with the supporting plate through the self-locking device, the middle part of the cleaning area is fixedly provided with the cleaning tank, the cleaning tank is externally connected with tap water through the first water injection port, the bottom of the cleaning tank is connected with the water collecting funnel, the ultrasonic device is fixed between the cleaning tank and the box body and used for ultrasonic cleaning of peanuts in the cleaning tank, the bottom of the water collecting, the bottom of the sedimentation tank is provided with a mud valve, the top of the mechanical cleaning device is connected with a driving device, the driving device drives the mechanical cleaning device to move back and forth between the upper part of the feeding and discharging area and the cleaning tank, the side edge of the supporting plate is connected with the driving device, and the driving device drives the supporting plate to move back and forth between the lower part of the feeding and discharging area and the cleaning tank.
The peanut cleaning device comprises a second water injection port, a water control valve, a buffer pool and a second motor, wherein the buffer pool is fixed in a buffer area on one side of the settling area, the buffer pool is communicated with the settling area through the water control valve fixed on the middle upper part of the joint of the buffer pool and the settling area, the second motor is used for communicating the buffer pool with the cleaning tank through a pipeline and the second water injection port, and the separated cleaning water is returned to the cleaning tank for recycling.
Further, mechanical cleaning device includes first motor, drive belt, movable plate, rubber layer and brush, and fixed the setting rubber layer under the movable plate, first motor is fixed on the movable plate, and a plurality of brush evenly distributed is in the lower part of rubber layer, and first motor passes through the drive belt and is connected with the rotation of a plurality of brush upper portion, drives the brush rotation, accomplishes the washing to the peanut.
Preferably, the hairbrush is made of nylon or bristle, the total number of the hairbrush is six, and the length of the hairbrush is less than or equal to the depth of the cleaning groove.
As an implementation manner, the driving device further comprises a third motor, a first ball screw, a first screw nut, a second ball screw, a second screw nut, a first gear, a second gear and a third gear, the third motor is fixed on the top of the box body, the first gear is fixed on an output shaft of the third motor, the two second gears are respectively meshed with the first gear at the left side and the right side, the two third gears are meshed with the first gear at the front side and the rear side, the second gear is fixed on the first ball screw, the third gear is fixed on the second ball screw, the first screw nut fixed on the through holes at the left side and the right side of the moving plate is rotatably connected with the first ball screw, the second screw nut fixed on the through holes at the front side and the rear side of the supporting plate is rotatably connected with the second ball screw, the ratio between the rotating angular speed W1 of the second gear and the rotating angular speed W2 of the third gear is equal to the ratio between the maximum distance L1 required to be moved and the maximum distance L2 required to be moved, namely W1: w2 ═ L1: l2
As another implementation manner, the driving device further comprises a fourth motor, a first conveying unit, a fifth motor and a second conveying unit, wherein the two first conveying units are symmetrically installed along the inner walls of the left side and the right side of the box body, the sliding blocks fixed on the left side and the right side of the moving plate are connected with the first conveying unit in a sliding manner, the fourth motor is connected with the first conveying unit to drive the first conveying unit to rotate, the two second conveying units are symmetrically installed along the inner walls of the front side and the rear side of the box body, the sliding blocks on the front side and the rear side of the supporting plate are connected with the second conveying unit in a sliding manner, the fifth motor is connected with the second conveying unit to drive the second conveying unit to rotate, gaps are formed between the front side and the rear side of the moving plate.
Furthermore, the self-locking device is a first magnet fixed at the bottom of the cleaning basket and a second magnet fixed at the corresponding position of the supporting plate, and the first magnet and the second magnet attract each other to fix the cleaning basket on the supporting plate.
The bottom and the periphery of the cleaning basket are of a net structure, and four corners of the bottom of the cleaning basket are arc-shaped.
More preferably, a plurality of perforated partition plates are fixedly arranged in the cleaning basket, the aperture of the cleaning basket and the perforated partition plates is smaller than the diameter of the peanuts, the supporting plate is made of stainless steel and is in a grid shape, and the net opening is larger than that of the cleaning basket.
Specifically, a liquid outlet is arranged at the bottom of the water collection funnel, and a mud water control valve is fixed at the liquid outlet.
Specifically, a water outlet is formed between the sedimentation tank and the buffer tank, a water control valve is fixed at the water outlet, and the water outlet is located at 1/2-1/3 of the height of the sedimentation tank.
Further, the sedimentation tank bottom is for leaking hopper-shaped, and sedimentation tank leaks hopper-shaped bottom and is equipped with the mud discharging mouth, and the fixed mud valve that sets up in mud discharging mouth department, mud discharging mouth diameter are the half of sedimentation tank width, the sedimentation tank shell is transparent glass steel material.
The peanut cleaning device also comprises a sludge collecting device, and the sludge collecting device is connected with the sludge discharge port.
Furthermore, the peanut cleaning device provided by the invention further comprises a magnetic floater liquid level meter, and the magnetic floater liquid level meter is arranged outside the ultrasonic device.
Preferably, the second motor is positioned between the top of the buffer pool and the water collecting funnel; a drain valve is arranged on the right side of the buffer pool; the bottom of the stainless steel box body is provided with the roller, so that the stainless steel box can be freely placed, and labor is saved.
Furthermore, an access hole is formed in the top plate of the box body.
The patent provides a belt cleaning device of special bright peanut in laboratory has following beneficial effect:
1. the deep cleaning of the peanuts is realized through two cleaning modes of mechanical cleaning and ultrasonic devices.
2. The separate design of the supporting plate and the cleaning basket facilitates the putting in and taking out of the peanuts, and improves the cleaning efficiency.
3. The automatic treatment of waste water is realized in the cooperation of sedimentation tank and buffer pool, and the water recycling in the buffer pool reduces the waste water volume simultaneously, improves water utilization ratio, can practice thrift 40% -80% water resource.
4. The driving device realizes the synchronous movement of the mechanical cleaning device and the cleaning basket.
5. Can realize the categorised washing of different varieties peanut, in the cleaning process, the precipitation condition of mud impurity is observed to accessible settling zone clear glass, deposits certain thickness after, can open the mud valve and discharges mud to collect by mud collection device, avoided discharging at will and caused groundwater to block up or the ground pollution's the condition, practice thrift the environmental protection.
6. The collected sludge can be further processed, aired or dried, and then used for green planting or thrown into a field, so that the resource can be recycled.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the main structure of a special fresh peanut cleaning device for a laboratory according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a side view of the main structure of the special fresh peanut cleaning device for the laboratory.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the main structure of the top cover brush, the cleaning tank and the cleaning basket according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a structural view of a fitting relationship between a first gear, a second gear, and a third gear in a driving device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a structural diagram of a matching relationship between a driving device, a mechanical cleaning device and a pallet according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a structural diagram of a matching relationship between a driving device, a mechanical cleaning device and a supporting plate according to another implementation mode of the invention.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the invention is further illustrated by the following specific embodiments:
example 1
As shown in fig. 1-3, the peanut cleaning device according to the present embodiment includes a box body 1, a mechanical cleaning device, a feeding and discharging port 8, a first water filling port 9, an ultrasonic device 11, a cleaning basket 12, a supporting plate 14, a self-locking device 15, a driving device, a water collecting funnel 20, a mud control valve 22, a sedimentation tank 23, a mud valve 24 and a cleaning tank 28, wherein the interior of the box body 1 is divided into an upper feeding and discharging area, a middle cleaning area and a lower sedimentation area, the feeding and discharging port 8 is provided at the lower part of the feeding and discharging area for taking out or putting in the cleaning basket 12, the bottom of the cleaning basket 12 is fixedly connected with the supporting plate 14 through the self-locking device 15, the middle part of the cleaning area is fixedly provided with the cleaning tank 28, the cleaning tank 28 is externally connected with tap water through the first water filling port 9, the bottom of the cleaning tank 28 is connected with the water collecting funnel, the bottom of water collection funnel 20 communicates with the fixed 23 upper portions of sedimentation tank in settling zone, mud water control valve 22 is fixed to be set up in water collection funnel 20 and 23 junction of sedimentation tank, sedimentation tank 23 bottom sets up mud valve 24, the mechanical belt cleaning device top is connected with drive arrangement, drive arrangement drives mechanical belt cleaning device round trip movement between business turn over material district upper portion and washing tank 28, the layer board 14 side is connected with drive arrangement, drive arrangement drives layer board 14 round trip movement between business turn over material district lower part and washing tank 28. Under the drive of the driving device, the supporting plate and the mechanical cleaning device move up and down, when the supporting plate moves to the bottom, the cleaning basket 12 sinks into the cleaning groove 28, and when the mechanical cleaning device moves to the bottom, the mechanical cleaning device just extends into the cleaning groove 12, so that the cleaning of peanuts in the cleaning basket 12 is completed.
Further, the peanut cleaning device according to the embodiment includes a second water injection port 10, a water control valve 26, a buffer tank 27 and a second motor 29, wherein the buffer tank 27 is fixed in the buffer area on one side of the settling area, the buffer tank 27 is communicated with the settling area 23 through the water control valve 26 fixed in the middle upper portion of the joint of the buffer tank 27 and the settling area, the second motor 29 communicates the buffer tank 27 with the cleaning tank 28 through a pipeline and the second water injection port 10, and the separated cleaning water is returned to the cleaning tank 28 for recycling.
Further, mechanical cleaning device includes first motor 4, drive belt, movable plate 6, rubber layer and brush 7, and fixed the setting rubber layer under movable plate 6 avoids movable plate 6 direct and peanut contact to produce wearing and tearing to the peanut epidermis, and first motor 4 is fixed on movable plate 6, and a plurality of brush 7 evenly distributed is in the rubber subzone portion, and first motor 4 passes through the drive belt and is connected with the rotation of 7 upper portions of a plurality of brush, drives brush 7 and rotates, accomplishes the washing to the peanut. Preferably, the brushes 7 are made of nylon or bristle, six in total, and the length of the brushes is less than or equal to the depth of the cleaning tank 28.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, as an implementation manner, the driving device further includes a third motor 3, a first ball screw 16, a first screw nut 17, a second ball screw 18, a second screw nut 35, a first gear 36, a second gear 19 and a third gear 37, the third motor 3 is fixed on the top of the box 1, the first gear 36 is fixed on the output shaft of the third motor 3, the two second gears 19 are respectively engaged with the first gear 36 at the left and right sides, the two third gears 37 are engaged with the first gear 36 at the front and rear sides, the second gear 19 is fixed on the first ball screw 16, the third gear 37 is fixed on the second ball screw 18, the first screw nuts 17 fixed on the through holes at the left and right sides of the movable plate 6 are rotatably connected with the first ball screw 16, the second screw nuts 35 fixed on the through holes at the front and rear sides of the movable plate 14 are rotatably connected with the second ball screw 18, the ratio between the rotational angular speed W1 of the second gear 19 and the rotational angular speed W2 of the third gear 37 is equal to the ratio between the maximum distance L1 that the moving plate 6 needs to move and the maximum distance L2 that the pallet 14 needs to move, i.e., W1: w2 ═ L1: l2. The driving device drives the mechanical cleaning device to move back and forth between the upper part of the feeding and discharging area and the cleaning tank 28 and simultaneously drives the supporting plate 14 to move back and forth between the lower part of the feeding and discharging area and the cleaning tank 28, the two move synchronously, and the running speed ratio of the moving plate 6 and the supporting plate 14 is adjusted to be the running distance ratio through the adjustment of the specifications of the gears, so that the synchronous reaching of the cleaning tank 28 is realized.
As another implementation manner, as shown in fig. 6, the driving device further includes a fourth motor, a first conveying unit 38, a fifth motor, and a second conveying unit 39, two first conveying units 38 are symmetrically installed along inner walls of left and right sides of the box 1, sliders 40 fixed at left and right sides of the moving plate 6 are slidably connected to the first conveying units 38, the fourth motor is connected to the first conveying units 38 to drive the first conveying units 38 to rotate, two second conveying units 39 are symmetrically installed along inner walls of front and rear sides of the box 1, sliders 41 at front and rear sides of the supporting plate 14 are slidably connected to the second conveying units 39, and the fifth motor is connected to the second conveying units 39 to drive the second conveying units 39 to rotate. The first conveying unit 38 rotates under the driving of the fourth motor, the moving plate 6 slides up and down along the first conveying unit 38, so that the mechanical cleaning device moves up and down, the second conveying unit 39 rotates under the driving of the fifth motor, and the supporting plate 14 slides up and down along the second conveying unit 39, so that the cleaning basket 12 moves up and down. Gaps are reserved between the front side and the rear side of the moving plate 6 and the second conveying units 39, the second conveying units 39 cannot influence the moving plate 6 in rotation, gaps are reserved between the left side and the right side of the supporting plate 14 and the first conveying units 38, and the first conveying units 38 cannot influence the supporting plate 14 in the rotation process. The first conveying unit and the second conveying unit are existing conveying devices of conveyor belts.
Furthermore, the self-locking device 15 is a first magnet fixed at the bottom of the cleaning basket 12 and a second magnet fixed at a corresponding position of the supporting plate 14, and the first magnet and the second magnet attract each other to fix the cleaning basket 12 on the supporting plate 14.
As shown in fig. 3, the bottom and the periphery of the cleaning basket 12 are in a net structure, and the length of the cleaning basket 12 is as follows: width: high 14:10: 4. Preferably, the four corners of the bottom of the cleaning basket 12 are arc-shaped, so that peanuts can be prevented from entering dead corners and cannot be sufficiently cleaned, and simultaneously, silt is prevented from entering the dead corners and accumulating to influence the subsequent cleaning process, and the peanuts are comprehensively cleaned. More preferably, a plurality of perforated partition boards 13 are fixedly arranged in the cleaning basket 12, the cleaning basket 12 is divided into a plurality of areas, different types of peanuts can be cleaned conveniently, the hole diameters of the cleaning basket 12 and the perforated partition boards 13 are smaller than the diameter of the peanuts, and the mixing of different groups of peanuts is avoided. The supporting plate 14 is made of stainless steel and is latticed, and a net opening is larger than a net opening of the cleaning basket, so that silt washed away in the cleaning process in the cleaning frame 12 can directly fall into the cleaning tank.
Specifically, a liquid outlet 32 is arranged at the bottom of the water collection funnel 20, the mud control valve 22 is fixed at the liquid outlet 32, the opening degree of the liquid outlet 32 is controlled, and the size of the liquid outlet 32 is controlled to be one fourth of the area of the cleaning basket 12. The mud water control valve 22 is made of martensitic stainless steel, has excellent magnetic shock absorption, better corrosion resistance and low-temperature impact resistance, is wear-resistant, and avoids damage caused by long-time use.
Specifically, a water outlet 34 is formed between the sedimentation tank 23 and the buffer tank 27, the water control valve 26 is fixed at the water outlet 34, the water outlet 34 is located at 1/2-1/3 of the height of the sedimentation tank, and preferably, the water outlet 34 is located at the top of the buffer tank 27, so that separation of mud and water is facilitated.
Further, 23 bottoms of sedimentation tank are for leaking hopper-shaped, and the mud of being convenient for subsides, 23 funnel-shaped bottoms of sedimentation tank are equipped with mud discharging port 33, locate fixed mud valve 24 that sets up in mud discharging port 33, the discharge of control mud, and mud discharging port 33 diameter is the half of sedimentation tank width, 23 shells of sedimentation tank are transparent glass steel material, conveniently observe sedimentation zone mud-water separation's degree, and the clear water that controls 23 separations of sedimentation tank through water control valve 26 gets into the time and the water yield of buffer tank 27. The peanut cleaning device related to the embodiment further comprises a sludge collecting device 25, and the sludge collecting device 25 is connected with the sludge discharging port 33.
Further, the peanut belt cleaning device that this embodiment relates to still includes magnetism float level gauge 21, and ultrasonic device 11 outside is equipped with magnetism float level gauge 21, extends to the box 1 outside, is convenient for the water level and observes.
Preferably, the second motor 29 is located at the middle position between the top of the buffer tank 27 and the water collecting funnel 20; a drain valve 30 is arranged at the right side of the buffer tank 27; the bottom of the stainless steel box body is provided with the roller 31, so that the stainless steel box body can be freely placed, and manpower is saved.
Furthermore, an access hole 2 is formed in a top plate 5 of the box body, so that the whole device is convenient to maintain.
The invention relates to a special fresh peanut cleaning device for a laboratory, which comprises the following specific working procedures:
(1) primary cleaning: put into washing basket 12 with the peanut, will wash basket 12 through business turn over discharge gate 8 and put into belt cleaning device, wash basket 12 and be fixed in layer board 14 through self-lock device, drive arrangement drives layer board 14 and moves down, makes washing basket 12 get into washing tank 28, and simultaneously, drive arrangement drives mechanical belt cleaning device and moves down, and brush 7 stretches into in washing basket 12, and movable plate 5 will wash basket 12 top opening cover just, prevents that the peanut come-up from causing the peanut to wash thoroughly. Tap water is injected into the cleaning tank 28 through the first water injection port 9, and the injection condition of clean water is observed through the magnetic float level gauge 21. In the cleaning process, the brush 7 continuously rotates to be in full contact with peanuts immersed in water, meanwhile, the peanuts can be further cleaned through slight friction, and the cleaning efficiency and the cleaning degree of the peanuts are improved. After the brush 7 is stirred and cleaned, more than ninety percent of silt on the surface of the peanut can be cleaned.
(2) Separating mud from water: and (3) opening the mud water control valve 22, enabling water with mud and sand impurities to enter the sedimentation tank 23 at the lower right side through the opening at the bottom of the cleaning area, opening the water control valve 26 after observing that mud and water are completely separated from the sedimentation tank of the transparent glass, enabling part of separated supernatant to enter the buffer tank 27 through the water control valve 26, and closing the water control valve 26.
(3) Secondary cleaning: running water is injected into the cleaning tank 28 through the first water injection port 9 again, the ultrasonic device 11 is turned on, the peanuts are cleaned in an ultrasonic mode, and the peanuts are guaranteed to reach the cleaning degree required by laboratory tests. After the ultrasonic cleaning is finished, the muddy water enters the sedimentation tank 23 through the bottom opening 32 of the water collection funnel 20, and after a period of sedimentation, the supernatant of the sedimentation tank 23 enters the buffer tank 27.
(4) Taking out the peanuts: and starting the driving device, driving the mechanical cleaning device to ascend to the top of the cleaning machine by the driving device, driving the supporting plate 14 by the driving device to lift the cleaning basket 12 to the feeding and discharging area, and ascending to the position of the feeding and discharging port 8 to be taken out. The cleaning basket 12 is drawn out from the feed/discharge port 8, and the cleaned peanuts are taken out.
(5) Water circulation: the clean water entering the buffer tank 27 can be pumped into the upper cleaning tank 28 by the second motor 29 to perform one-time cleaning of the second group of peanuts, so that the waste of water resources is reduced.
(6) And (3) silt collection: opening the mud valve 24 to discharge the silt impurities precipitated in the sedimentation tank 23 through the mud discharge port 33 and collecting the silt impurities by the mud collection device 25, wherein after the silt is discharged, part of clear water which does not flow into the buffer tank 27 can be discharged from the mud discharge port 33 to clean the mud discharge port 33 and be collected by the mud collection device 25. The collected silt is further treated and utilized, and resources are saved.

Claims (10)

1. A peanut cleaning device special for a laboratory is characterized by comprising a box body, a mechanical cleaning device, a feeding and discharging port, an ultrasonic device, a cleaning basket, a supporting plate, a self-locking device, a driving device, a water collecting funnel, a mud water control valve, a sedimentation tank, a mud valve and a cleaning tank, wherein the box body is internally divided into an upper feeding and discharging area, a middle cleaning area and a lower sedimentation area, the feeding and discharging port is formed in the lower part of the feeding and discharging area and used for taking out or putting in the cleaning basket, the bottom of the cleaning basket is fixedly connected with the supporting plate through the self-locking device, the middle part of the cleaning area is fixedly provided with the cleaning tank, the bottom of the cleaning tank is connected with the water collecting funnel, the ultrasonic device is fixed between the cleaning tank and the box body and used for ultrasonic cleaning of peanuts in the cleaning tank, the bottom of the water collecting funnel is communicated with the upper part of the sedimentation tank fixed in the sedimentation, the top of the mechanical cleaning device is connected with a driving device, the driving device drives the mechanical cleaning device to move back and forth between the upper part of the feeding and discharging area and the cleaning tank, the side edge of the supporting plate is connected with the driving device, and the driving device drives the supporting plate to move back and forth between the lower part of the feeding and discharging area and the cleaning tank.
2. The laboratory-specific peanut cleaning device of claim 1, wherein the driving device further comprises a third motor, a first ball screw, a first screw nut, a second ball screw, a second screw nut, a first gear, a second gear and a third gear, wherein the third motor is fixed on the top of the box body, the first gear is fixed on an output shaft of the third motor, the two second gears are respectively meshed with the first gear on the left and right sides, the two third gears are meshed with the first gear on the front and back sides, the second gear is fixed on the first ball screw, the third gear is fixed on the second ball screw, the first screw nut fixed on the through holes on the left and right sides of the moving plate is rotatably connected with the first ball screw, the second screw nut fixed on the through holes on the front and back sides of the supporting plate is rotatably connected with the second ball screw, and the ratio between the rotational angular speed W1 of the second gear and the rotational angular speed W2 of the third gear is equal to the maximum distance L1 that the moving plate needs to move and the supporting plate The ratio between the maximum distance L2 that the plate needs to move, i.e. W1: w2 ═ L1: l2.
3. The special peanut cleaning device for laboratories of claim 1, wherein the driving device further comprises a fourth motor, a first conveying unit, a fifth motor and a second conveying unit, wherein the two first conveying units are symmetrically installed along the inner walls of the left and right sides of the box body, the sliding blocks fixed on the left and right sides of the moving plate are slidably connected with the first conveying unit, the fourth motor is connected with the first conveying unit to drive the first conveying unit to rotate, the two second conveying units are symmetrically installed along the inner walls of the front and rear sides of the box body, the sliding blocks on the front and rear sides of the supporting plate are slidably connected with the second conveying unit, the fifth motor is connected with the second conveying unit to drive the second conveying unit to rotate, gaps are formed between the front and rear sides of the moving plate and the second conveying unit, and gaps are formed between the left and right sides of the supporting plate and.
4. The special peanut cleaning device for laboratories according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising a second water injection port, a water control valve, a buffer tank and a second motor, wherein the buffer tank is fixed in the buffer zone at one side of the settling zone, the buffer tank is communicated with the settling zone through the water control valve fixed at the middle upper part of the joint of the buffer tank and the settling zone, the second motor communicates the buffer tank with the cleaning tank through a pipeline and the second water injection port, and the separated cleaning water is returned to the cleaning tank for recycling.
5. The laboratory-specific peanut cleaning device according to claim 4, wherein the mechanical cleaning device comprises a first motor, a transmission belt, a movable plate, a rubber layer and brushes, the rubber layer is fixedly arranged below the movable plate, the first motor is fixed on the movable plate, the brushes are uniformly distributed on the lower portion of the rubber layer, and the first motor is rotatably connected with the upper portions of the brushes through the transmission belt to drive the brushes to rotate, so that the peanuts are cleaned.
6. The laboratory-specific peanut cleaning device of claim 5, wherein the self-locking device comprises a first magnet fixed to the bottom of the cleaning basket and a second magnet fixed to a corresponding position of the pallet, and the first magnet and the second magnet attract each other to fix the cleaning basket to the pallet.
7. The special peanut cleaning device for the laboratory as claimed in claim 6, wherein the bottom and the periphery of the cleaning basket are both of a net structure, four corners of the bottom of the cleaning basket are arc-shaped, a plurality of perforated partition plates are fixedly arranged in the cleaning basket, the aperture of the cleaning basket and the perforated partition plates is smaller than the diameter of the peanuts, the supporting plates are made of stainless steel and are in a net shape, and the net opening is larger than the net opening of the cleaning basket.
8. The special peanut cleaning device for the laboratory as claimed in claim 7, wherein a liquid outlet is arranged at the bottom of the water collection funnel, a mud water control valve is fixed at the liquid outlet, a water outlet is arranged between the sedimentation tank and the buffer tank, the water control valve is fixed at the water outlet, and the water outlet is positioned at 1/2-1/3 of the height of the sedimentation tank.
9. The laboratory-dedicated peanut cleaning device according to claim 8, wherein the bottom of the sedimentation tank is funnel-shaped, a sludge discharge port is formed in the funnel-shaped bottom of the sedimentation tank, a sludge discharge valve is fixedly arranged at the sludge discharge port, the diameter of the sludge discharge port is one half of the width of the sedimentation tank, and the outer shell of the sedimentation tank is made of transparent glass fiber reinforced plastic.
10. The laboratory-specific peanut cleaning device of claim 9, further comprising a sludge collection device connected to the sludge discharge port, wherein the brushes are six of nylon or bristle, and the length of the brushes is less than or equal to the depth of the cleaning tank.
CN202110108916.9A 2021-01-27 2021-01-27 Special fresh peanut belt cleaning device in laboratory Active CN112841677B (en)

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