CN112705001B - Peanut picker raise dust processing apparatus - Google Patents

Peanut picker raise dust processing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112705001B
CN112705001B CN202011622496.8A CN202011622496A CN112705001B CN 112705001 B CN112705001 B CN 112705001B CN 202011622496 A CN202011622496 A CN 202011622496A CN 112705001 B CN112705001 B CN 112705001B
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plate
vertical plate
fixed
rotating shaft
extrusion
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CN202011622496.8A
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CN112705001A (en
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高国杰
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/60Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D46/00 and B01D47/00
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F11/00Threshing apparatus specially adapted for maize; Threshing apparatus specially adapted for particular crops other than cereals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/54Arrangements for collecting or removing dust
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • B01D46/12Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces in multiple arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/56Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/56Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D46/62Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition connected in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/02Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath

Abstract

The invention relates to a raised dust treatment device of a peanut picker, which effectively solves the problem of serious raised dust of the peanut picker; the right side of the outer shell is in an opening shape, a partition plate in the front-back direction is arranged in the middle of the outer shell, no block is arranged right below the partition plate, and a space is reserved between the left side of the partition plate and the left side wall of the shell; an extrusion device is fixed right above the clapboard; a transverse guide rod is arranged below the partition plate, a left vertical plate and a right vertical plate which can slide along the guide rod are arranged on the guide rod, and a spring between the left vertical plate and the right vertical plate is arranged on the guide rod; a second filter screen facing to the left horizontally is fixed on the upper end face of the left vertical plate; a third filter screen is arranged below the partition plate, a water tank is arranged below the third filter screen, and an exhaust pipe which is inclined upwards is arranged on the left side of the water tank; the invention avoids dust pollution and simultaneously does not influence the discharge of sundries.

Description

Peanut picker raise dust processing apparatus
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of peanut picker, in particular to a dust treatment device of a peanut picker.
Background
The peanut picker mainly comprises a frame, a motor (diesel engine), a transmission part, a peanut picking and separating part, a fan cleaning part and a vibration mechanism. During operation, a motor or a diesel engine drives a machine to operate and enter the peanut picking system through the feeding port or the automatic feeding platform, the roller picking rod rotates and strikes to separate peanuts from stems, fruits and sundries fall onto the vibrating screen through the intaglio holes, the stems are discharged from the discharge port, the sundries scattered on the vibrating screen are transferred to the fan impurity suction port through the vibrating screen to be discharged, and clean fruits are selected so as to complete the whole process.
In order to facilitate fruit picking, peanuts are properly aired before fruit picking; thereby improving the fruit picking rate and avoiding wet stalks from winding the main shaft; however, the leaves on the stems and the attached soil of the dried peanuts are all dried, so that the common picking field has four wolfs, and the dust pollution is serious; seriously harming the physical and psychological health of operators. At present, there is not a suitable way to handle this situation, so there is a need for a device that can effectively reduce dust to avoid the raise dust hazard of a fruit picker.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation, the invention aims to provide a raised dust treatment device of a peanut picker, which can effectively solve the problem of serious raised dust of the peanut picker, and solve the problems in the prior art.
The right side of the outer shell is in an opening shape, a partition plate in the front-back direction is arranged in the middle of the outer shell, no block is arranged right below the partition plate, and a space is reserved between the left side of the partition plate and the left side wall of the shell; an extrusion device is fixed right above the clapboard; a transverse guide rod is arranged below the partition plate, a left vertical plate and a right vertical plate which can slide along the guide rod are arranged on the guide rod, and a spring between the left vertical plate and the right vertical plate is arranged on the guide rod; a second filter screen facing to the left horizontally is fixed on the upper end surface of the left vertical plate; a third filter screen is arranged below the partition plate, a water tank is arranged below the third filter screen, and an exhaust pipe which is inclined upwards is arranged on the left side of the water tank;
the extrusion device comprises a rotating shaft in the front-back direction, discs are fixed on the front side and the back side of the rotating shaft, a plurality of radial baffles are uniformly distributed between the front disc and the back disc, an extrusion plate capable of moving in the radial direction is arranged between every two adjacent baffles, and the width of the extrusion plate can stretch out and draw back; the rotating shaft drives the extrusion plate to rotate from the lower right to the lower left in a counterclockwise way, and the extrusion plate can gradually move in a direction away from the rotating shaft; the left sides of the front and the rear discs are provided with arc-shaped first filter screens fixed on the outer shell; the middle part of baffle is seted up and is being in logical groove under the pivot, and the left and right sides that leads to the groove respectively is equipped with a vertical backup pad, and the upper end of left backup pad is fixed with the lower extreme of first filter screen.
The invention avoids dust pollution and simultaneously does not influence the discharge of sundries.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front sectional view of the present invention (the extrusion apparatus is not cut).
Fig. 3 is a front sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention (with the extrusion apparatus removed).
Fig. 5 is a partial enlarged view at a in bitmap 3.
Detailed Description
The following description will explain embodiments of the present invention in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the invention comprises an outer shell 1, the right side of the outer shell 1 is open, a partition plate 2 in the front-back direction is arranged in the middle of the outer shell 1, no block is arranged right below the partition plate 2, and a gap is reserved between the left side of the partition plate 2 and the left side wall of the shell; an extrusion device 3 is fixed right above the clapboard 2; a transverse guide rod 4 is arranged below the partition plate 2, a left vertical plate 5 and a right vertical plate 6 which can slide along the guide rod 4 are arranged on the guide rod 4, and a spring 7 which is arranged between the left vertical plate 5 and the right vertical plate 6 is arranged on the guide rod 4; a second filter screen 8 which faces to the left horizontally is fixed on the upper end surface of the left vertical plate 5; a third filter screen 9 is arranged below the partition plate 2, a water tank 10 is arranged below the third filter screen 9, and an exhaust pipe 11 which inclines upwards is arranged on the left side of the water tank 10;
the extrusion device 3 comprises a rotating shaft 301 in the front-back direction, discs 302 are fixed on the front side and the back side of the rotating shaft 301, a plurality of radial baffles 303 are uniformly distributed between the front disc 302 and the back disc 302, an extrusion plate 304 capable of moving in the radial direction is arranged between every two adjacent baffles 303, and the width of the extrusion plate 304 can be expanded and contracted; when the rotating shaft 301 drives the extrusion plate 304 to rotate from the lower right to the lower left counterclockwise, the extrusion plate gradually moves away from the rotating shaft 301; the left sides of the front and the rear discs 302 are provided with an arc-shaped first filter screen 305 fixed on the outer shell 1; the middle part of the partition board 2 is provided with a through groove 306 which is positioned right below the rotating shaft 301, the left side and the right side of the through groove 306 are respectively provided with a vertical support plate 307, and the upper end of the support plate 307 on the left side is fixed with the lower end of the first filter screen 305.
In order to realize the installation and the extension and retraction of the extrusion plate 304, the extrusion plate 304 is a flat plate with a cavity inside, two extension plates capable of moving along the cavity are inserted in the cavity, and a pressure spring is connected between the two extension plates; a plurality of radial support rods 308 are arranged between two adjacent baffles 303, and the plurality of support rods 308 are linearly and uniformly distributed along the front-back direction of the rotating shaft 301; a plurality of support rods 308 between two adjacent baffles 303 simultaneously penetrate through the extrusion plate 304, and the extrusion plate 304 can slide along the support rods 308; each support rod 308 is sleeved with a tension spring 309 between the rotating shaft 301 and the pressing plate 304.
In order to realize that the rotating shaft 301 drives the pressing plates 304 to rotate from the lower right to the lower left in the counterclockwise direction, the pressing plates gradually move in the direction away from the rotating shaft 301, worm-shell type cam plates 310 are fixed on the inner parts of the front and rear sides of the outer shell 1, two fixing rods 311 are fixed on the front and rear sides of each pressing plate 304, sliding grooves 312 are formed in the front and rear discs 302, and the fixing rods 311 extend out of the sliding grooves 312 and are in contact with the outer edge surfaces of the cam plates 310.
In order to better support the left vertical plate 5 and the right vertical plate 6, the guide rods 4 are multiple.
In order to better enable the dust to be blended into water, a left stirring rod and a right stirring rod which can rotate are arranged in the water tank 10, and stirring blades 12 are arranged on the stirring rods.
In order to pull the left vertical plate 5 and the right vertical plate 6 to move rightwards, a transmission shaft 13 is arranged on the right side of the outer shell 1, a reel 14 is installed on the transmission shaft 13, a first rope 15 is wound on the reel 14, and the other end of the first rope 15 penetrates through the right vertical plate 6 and is fixed on the left vertical plate 5; meanwhile, a second rope 16 is fixed on the left vertical plate 5, and the free end of the second rope 16 is arranged on the outer side of the outer shell 1 and is connected with a balancing weight 17; a shifting piece 18 positioned on the right side surface of the right vertical plate 6 is fixed on the first rope 15.
In order to realize the extrusion effect between left riser 5 and the right riser 6, shell body 1 on install the elastic pin 19 that can upwards reset, elastic pin 19's upper end is articulated to have the end 20 that can deflect left and reset to vertical state, the upper end of end 20 is globular.
For the convenience of drainage, the bottom of the water tank 10 is provided with a drainage valve 21.
In order to realize the graded filtering, the mesh number of the first filter screen 305 is smaller than that of the second filter screen 8 and the third filter screen 9.
In order to realize driving, a gear is installed at the end part of the transmission shaft 13, the gear is driven by an incomplete gear to rotate, the transmission shaft 13 and the stirring rod rotate synchronously through a belt and a belt pulley, and the incomplete gear and the rotating shaft 301 rotate synchronously through the belt and the belt pulley.
In order to better exhaust and dust suction, a suction fan is installed in the exhaust pipe 11.
When the peanut picker is used, the peanut picker is firstly required to be arranged at an air outlet of the peanut picker, namely, a large number of stems, leaves and branches can be blown out from the air outlet after being crushed and extruded, and meanwhile, the rotating part of the peanut picker and the rotating shaft 301 in the peanut picker rotate together through a belt and a belt pulley.
Before use, proper water needs to be added into the water tank 10, and the water level submerges three-fourths of the lower end of the exhaust pipe 11; and a quarter of gap is reserved, so that the air flow is convenient to discharge.
After the fruit picking machine is started, the fruit picking machine is violently broken and blown by strong wind power in the fruit picking machine, and then sundries such as stems and leaves, branches and soil blocks containing a large amount of dust can be blown to the inside of the outer shell 1 of the device.
Firstly, as the extrusion device 3 is arranged right above the partition board 2, and the extrusion plate 304 in the extrusion device 3 is on the right side, referring to fig. 2 and 3, the extrusion plate 304 on the right side is in a state of being close to the rotating shaft 301 under the action of the tension spring 309, and impurities fall into the area between two adjacent extrusion plates 303; then, along with the counterclockwise rotation of the rotating shaft 301, the partition board 2 will also rotate along with the rotating shaft, and drive the sundries to rotate counterclockwise and be conveyed to the left side of the box body.
Due to the design of the cam plate 310 in the shape of a "volute", and the cam plate 310 is fixed on the inner parts of the front and rear sides of the outer casing 1 and does not rotate, the cam plate 310 will press the fixing rod 311, so that the fixing rod 311 will drive the pressing plate 304 to move outwards away from the rotating shaft 301, and at this time, due to the first filter screen 305 arranged on the left side, the impurities existing between the two adjacent baffles 303 will be pressed, and the dust and air contained in the impurities will be pressed out and pass through the first filter screen 305; because the mesh size of the first screen 305 is small, part of the stems and leaves and small-particle soil blocks also pass through the first screen 305.
After pivot 301 continues to rotate, the position that corresponds with logical groove 306 on the baffle 2 can be moved to by the extruded debris this moment, and the material after the extrusion can drop downwards from leading to groove 306 this moment, because debris have passed through the extrusion, consequently dust content reduces in a large number, and kinetic energy reduces simultaneously, can not take place raise dust and all around loss. After the rotating shaft 301 continues to rotate, the extrusion plate 304 can reset the rotating shaft 301, so that circulation is formed, material receiving rotation, extrusion dust exhaust and blanking circulation are realized, a large amount of sundries can be discharged from the extrusion device 3, the throughput of the device is improved, the second filter screen 8 and the third filter screen 9 with large meshes are prevented from being blocked, and the dust cleaning effect is reduced.
On the other hand, after first filter screen 305 filters, the tiny particle soil piece, the stem leaf, branch and trunk and a large amount of dust can be followed the interval downstream between baffle 2 and the shell body 1 left side, and enter into the region between left riser 5 and the right riser 6, because the below of left riser 5 and right riser 6 is equipped with the great third filter screen 9 of mesh number, consequently under the filtration of third filter screen 9, only the dust can continue to pass third filter screen 9, and enter into water tank 10, along with the stirring of puddler and stirring vane 12, make the dust be merged into the aquatic, realize the effect of scrubbing.
After a period, debris on the third filter screen 9 are piled up, incomplete gear can drive the epaxial gear revolve of transmission 13 this moment, and make 14 pulling left riser 5 of the last line wheel of transmission 13 remove right, earlier stage, because be equipped with the elastic pin 19 that blocks right riser 6 on the shell body 1, consequently right riser 6 is motionless, only left riser 5 removes right, thereby can make left riser 5 extrude right riser 6, and extrude the debris between left riser 5 and the right riser 6, make the further discharge of dust, the further scattered four of avoiding the tiny particle debris simultaneously. Then after right riser 6 atress was big enough, right riser 6 also can remove right this moment, and the debris of granule this moment can be followed the below of baffle 2 and dropped.
Then incomplete gear is not in the rotation of drive transmission shaft 13 after, because left riser 5 is connected with balancing weight 17 through second rope 16 this moment, so balancing weight 17 can stimulate left riser 5 and remove left, and because be equipped with plectrum 18 on the first rope 15, so plectrum 18 can stir right riser 6 and also remove left, and promote the end 20 swing left of elastic pin 19 upper end, and remove to the left side of elastic pin 19, realized the restoration of left riser 5 and right riser 6.
Simultaneously at the in-process that left riser 5 moved right, because left riser 5 upper end is connected with second filter screen 8, consequently second filter screen 8 can block the interval between baffle 2 and the 1 left side of shell body, avoids debris to fall between the left side wall of left riser 5 and casing, is not convenient for clear up. Left riser 5 can also be scraped the third filter screen 9 simultaneously, avoids the jam of third filter screen 9 and excessively piles up. After the left vertical plate 5 is reset leftwards, the side wall of the outer shell 1 can push sundries on the second filter screen 8 to fall between the left vertical plate 5 and the right vertical plate 6 again.
Extrusion device 3 in this device can discharge the quick extrusion back of a large amount of debris, has reduced subsequent miscellaneous volume to can effectually extrude the dust in the debris, make the dust enter into the inside of shell body 1 and carry out the dust absorption operation, extrusion device 3 can realize connecing the circulation of material, extrusion, row material simultaneously, need not clear up, and is simple high-efficient.
This device is through left riser 5, right riser 6, first filter screen 305 and second filter screen 8 and water tank 10's cooperation, can make further the filtering of tiny debris, makes the dust purified by the water in the water tank 10 simultaneously, has avoided the pollution of dust, utilizes the extrusion between left riser 5 and the right riser 6 simultaneously, can also realize further debris extrusion, avoids the debris loss, and extrusion department dust wherein.
The device discharges dust in the sundries by extrusion, reduces the kinetic energy of the sundries and avoids dissipation; meanwhile, the water tank 10 is used for filtering dust, so that dust pollution is avoided, and discharge of sundries is not influenced; the environment and the physical and psychological health of operators are protected.

Claims (9)

1. A raised dust treatment device of a peanut picker comprises an outer shell (1), and is characterized in that the right side of the outer shell (1) is open, a partition plate (2) in the front-back direction is mounted in the middle of the outer shell (1), no baffle is arranged right below the partition plate (2), and a gap is reserved between the left side of the partition plate (2) and the left side wall of the shell; an extrusion device (3) is fixed right above the clapboard (2); a transverse guide rod (4) is arranged below the partition plate (2), a left vertical plate (5) and a right vertical plate (6) which can slide along the guide rod (4) are arranged on the guide rod (4), and a spring (7) which is arranged between the left vertical plate (5) and the right vertical plate (6) is arranged on the guide rod (4); a second filter screen (8) which faces to the left horizontally is fixed on the upper end surface of the left vertical plate (5); a third filter screen (9) is arranged below the partition plate (2), a water tank (10) is arranged below the third filter screen (9), and an exhaust pipe (11) which is inclined upwards is arranged on the left side of the water tank (10);
the extrusion device (3) comprises a rotating shaft (301) in the front-back direction, discs (302) are fixed on the front side and the back side of the rotating shaft (301), a plurality of radial baffles (303) are uniformly distributed between the front disc (302) and the back disc (302), an extrusion plate (304) capable of moving in the radial direction is arranged between every two adjacent baffles (303), and the width of the extrusion plate (304) can stretch out and draw back; the rotating shaft (301) can gradually move in a direction far away from the rotating shaft (301) in the process of anticlockwise driving the extrusion plate (304) to rotate from the lower right to the lower left; the left sides of the front and the rear discs (302) are provided with arc-shaped first filter screens (305) fixed on the outer shell (1); a through groove (306) is formed in the middle of the partition plate (2) and is positioned right below the rotating shaft (301), the left side and the right side of the through groove (306) are respectively provided with a vertical supporting plate (307), and the upper end of the supporting plate (307) on the left side is fixed with the lower end of the first filter screen (305);
the extrusion plate (304) is a flat plate with a cavity inside, two extension plates capable of moving along the cavity are inserted in the cavity, and a pressure spring is connected between the two extension plates; a plurality of radial support rods (308) are arranged between every two adjacent baffles (303), and the plurality of support rods (308) are linearly and uniformly distributed along the front and back directions of the rotating shaft (301); a plurality of supporting rods (308) between two adjacent baffles (303) simultaneously penetrate through the extrusion plate (304), and the extrusion plate (304) can slide along the supporting rods (308); each support rod (308) is sleeved with a tension spring (309) positioned between the rotating shaft (301) and the extrusion plate (304).
2. The peanut picker raise dust processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the inner parts of the front and rear sides of the outer casing (1) are fixed with worm-shell type cam disks (310), the front and rear sides of each pressing plate (304) are fixed with two fixing rods (311), the front and rear disks (302) are provided with chutes (312), and the fixing rods (311) extend out of the chutes (312) and contact with the outer edge surface of the cam disks (310).
3. The peanut picker raise dust treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a left stirring rod and a right stirring rod capable of rotating are arranged in the water tank (10), and stirring blades (12) are arranged on the stirring rods.
4. The peanut picker raise dust treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a transmission shaft (13) is arranged on the right side of the outer shell (1), a wire wheel (14) is mounted on the transmission shaft (13), a first rope (15) is wound on the wire wheel (14), and the other end of the first rope (15) penetrates through the right vertical plate (6) and is fixed on the left vertical plate (5); meanwhile, a second rope (16) is fixed on the left vertical plate (5), and the free end of the second rope (16) is arranged on the outer side of the outer shell (1) and is connected with a balancing weight (17); a shifting sheet (18) positioned on the right side surface of the right vertical plate (6) is fixed on the first rope (15).
5. The peanut picker raise dust treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the outer shell (1) is provided with an elastic pin (19) capable of returning upwards, the upper end of the elastic pin (19) is hinged with an end head (20) capable of deflecting leftwards and returning to a vertical state, and the upper end of the end head (20) is spherical.
6. The peanut picker raise dust treatment apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a drain valve (21) is provided at the bottom of the water tank (10).
7. A peanut picker fly ash handling device as claimed in claim 1 wherein the mesh size of said first screen (305) is less than the mesh size of the second (8) and third (9) screens.
8. The peanut picker raise dust treatment apparatus according to claim 4, wherein a gear is mounted at an end of the transmission shaft (13), the gear is driven by the incomplete gear to rotate, the transmission shaft (13) and the stirring rod rotate together through a belt and a belt pulley, and the incomplete gear and the rotating shaft (301) rotate together through the belt and the belt pulley.
9. The peanut picker raise dust treatment apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an exhaust fan is installed in the exhaust pipe (11).
CN202011622496.8A 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 Peanut picker raise dust processing apparatus Active CN112705001B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN112705001B true CN112705001B (en) 2022-06-14

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